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United States Political Government
Words: 1006 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91441792
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Political Government
Congressional Ethics
Due to the level of trust the general public has on them, members of Congress ought to ensure that they conduct themselves in a manner that does not betray this level of trust. In the past, many members of Congress have been charged with various ethics violations. Those whose ethical inclination has been put to question include, but they are not limited to, Rep. Patrick Meehan, Rep. Ruben Kihuen, Rep. Trent Franks, and Rep. Anthony Weiner. On this front, I will concern myself with Rep. Duncan Hunter, where it was alleged that he did convert “tens of thousands of dollars of campaign funds from his congressional campaign committee to personal use to pay for family travel, flights, utilities, health care, school uniforms and tuition, jewelry, groceries, and other goods, services, and expenses” (Office of Congressional Ethics, 2018). On 31st Aug 2016, a recommendation was made by…

Brazan, E.B. & Henning, A.C. (2010). Impeachment: An Overview of Constitutional Provisions, Procedure, and Practice. Washington, DC: DIANE Publishing.
Committee on Ethics (2018). Code of Official Conduct. Retrieved from
McKeever, R.J. & Davies, P. (2014). Politics USA. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis
Office of Congressional Ethics (2018). OCE Report Regarding Rep. Duncan D. Hunter. Retrieved from

The Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 Policy Brief
Words: 681 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41363542
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Defining the Problem
The Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 is the Intelligence Community funding authorization tool for the Fiscal Year 2017. The bill is regarded an important congressional oversight element and, in essence, “sets policy and authorizes resources for intelligence, counterterrorism, war fighting, and cyber security activities” (U.S. House of Representatives Permanent Selection Committee on Intelligence – HPSCI, 2018).
Biblical guidelines: There are quite a number of references to intelligence gathering in the Bible. As a matter of fact, there are numerous biblical instances of intelligence gathering for not only political, but also tactical reasons. For instance, Joshua (in the Old Testament) sent spies on a covert operation to gather the relevant information in readiness for the City of Jericho’s attack. In Joshua 2:1, it is stated thus: “then Joshua son of Nun secretly sent two spies from Shittim. ‘Go, look over the land,’ he said, ‘especially…

Congressional Budget Office - CBO. (2016). Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate. Washington, DC: CBO.
Every CRS Repot. (2016). Intelligence Community Spending: Trends and Issues. Retrieved from
Sapolsky, H.M., Gholz, E. & Talmadge, C. (2017). U.S. Defense Politics: The Origins of Security Policy. New York, NY: Taylor and Francis.
The Holy Bible, the New King James Version. (1984). Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House.
U.S. House of Representatives Permanent Selection Committee on Intelligence – HPSCI, 2018 U.S. Const. Preamble.

Free and Fair trade issue
Words: 910 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11500705
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Proposed Stopgap Spending Bill
Budgetary changes are common in the public administration field. Governments make budgetary changes as part of public governance based on various factors relating to serving the interests of the public. However, the process of making budgetary changes is sometimes characterized by political issues and partisan approaches. Policymakers or politicians differ on the measures adopted by the government or public sector organization when proposing changes in the budget. This paper examines a recent publication regarding proposed budgetary change and how the change affects a particular population. The discussion includes an evaluation of the source as well as a personal opinion on the issue.
Summary of the Article
Cochrane (2020) published an article on the differing opinions between Democrats and Republicans regarding a recent spending bill. The recent looming government shutdown prompted Congressional leaders to enact a stopgap spending bill to mitigate the impacts of the shutdown. Prior…

Life of a Member of
Words: 1796 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99859203
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Bauer's personal experience taught her that members of congress are among the least respected groups in American society, and for many congressmen that is probably a worthy curse. However, the fact that many congressmen are incompetent or corrupt makes it so that even honest, hardworking representatives cannot be taken seriously or given any respect. Picketers, protesters, harasses, stalkers, and enemies from all walks of life will often be more common in a representative's life than meeting the average constituent that makes up a majority of the population he or she represents. Bauer reminds the public to keep in mind the congressperson is still a person.

Daily life as a congressman or congresswoman is demanding. If the representative is truly honest and qualified, it may be even more difficult than for those representatives who are simply going with the flow of the system. There are many qualifications that must be met…

Works Cited

Bauer, Monica. "A Personal Perspective on Congress." Chapter 11: The Legislative Branch.

O'Rourke, P.J. National Busybodies: Congress.

The Powers of Congress." Chapter Ten: Congress. Part Four: Political Institutions.

American Government Should the President
Words: 1099 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 41516617
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Suppose I was asked to donate money to "Citizens for Better Schools," what would I need to find out about the group first? The first thing would be find out if they are a bona fide public charity -- a 501 C3 -- and if they were, I would examine their bylaws and mission statement. Secondly, I would locate board members and examine public statements they have made and projects they have injected themselves into. Something with a vague title like this one has could actually be a protest group trying to remove certain board members from the school board or they might be advocating to have the science textbooks changed so evolution isn't taught. I would also look through newspaper reports to find what the group has been advocating in its public pronouncements.

Should journalists have the right to protect their sources? The answer is yes. One example relates…

Works Cited

Department of Homeland Security. (2003). "Executive Order (EO-13284): Amendment of Executive Orders, and Other Actions, in Connection with the Establishment of the Department of Homeland Security." Retrieved March 11, 2012, from

Executive Order 9066. "The President Authorizes Japanese Relocation." Retrieved March 12,

2012, from .

FindLaw. "Williams v. State of North Carolina, 317 U.S. 287 (1942)." Retrieved March 12,

Courting Disaster This Study Reviews Pat Robertson's
Words: 2315 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 64275769
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Courting Disaster

This study reviews Pat obertson's "Courting disaster: How the Supreme Court is usurping the power of Congress and the people." Pat obertson is the founder and chairperson of the Christian Broadcasting Network, founder of egent University, and The Center for Law and Justice. He and his wife have four children and thirteen grandchildren. They reside in Virginia Beach, Virginia. Using both legal and religious points-of-view, obertson attempts to prove that the current operation of the judicial system is dangerous to both the republican form of government and our individual freedoms. While seeking to strengthen his argument, the author has compiled fascinating facts, quotes, case decisions, and opinions of the Court (Mu-ller-Fahrenholz, 2007).

From this study, it is evident that obertson undertook a political expedition seeking to identify various issues that bedeviled the American society. However, he fails to provide solutions to the identified problems. This is an action…


Barrett, P., & Smolla, R.A. (2010). A year in the life of the Supreme Court. Durham [u.a.: Duke Univ. Press.

Edwards, L., & Meese, E. (2011). Bringing justice to the people: The story of the freedom-based public interest law movement. Washington, DC: Heritage Books.

Melashenko, E.L., & Smith, D.B. (2009). Rock-solid living in a run-amok world. Hagerstown, MD: Review and Herald Pub. Association.

Mu-ller-Fahrenholz, G. (2007). America's battle for God: A European Christian looks at civil religion. Grand Rapids, Mich. [u.a.: William B. Eerdmans Publ.

Powers and Rights of the Constitution Institutional
Words: 3017 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Assessment Paper #: 22986735
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Powers and ights of the Constitution

INSTITUTIONAL POWE: The Constitution gives the federal government the right to form a military service, including what is now the National Guard (Army National Guard, 2011), though it does so in cooperation with the states and localities to serve their interests as well. This section is important for a number of reasons, including the fact that it reinforces the differences between the state and the federal government without weakening the role of the states to protect and defend themselves. It also helps ensure that the troops and resources are readily available in each locality when urgent issues of various kinds result. They can be used for natural disasters, various forms of social control, helping in other times or need, as well as to address more complicated issues like war and terrorism. This latter issue has become most important recently as localities look to be…


Army National Guard (2011). Legal basis of the national guard. Viewable at

Bancuk, L. (n.d.), Right to assemble. Learning to Give. 

Crosses of Lafayette (2007). Private website. Viewable at .

Cuban Missile Crisis (2011). Viewable at .

Tennessee Valley Authority Versus Hill 1978
Words: 1031 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29179622
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Tennessee Valley

TVA v. Hill Questions

Do you agree with the Court's decision, based upon the language of the Endangered Species Act quoted above? That is, did the Endangered Species Act preclude construction of the dam? Should the ESA have precluded construction of the dam? as Congress right to amend the ESA to permit the dam to be built?

The Supreme Court acted correctly in its decidedly rigid invocation of Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act (ESA). According to its decision, Section 7 asserts that "all Federal agencies must take such action as is necessary to ensure that actions authorized, funded, or carried out by them do not result in the destruction or modification of this critical habitat area." (U.S. Supreme Court, p. 1)

Given that $100 million of federal funds had already been funneled into the Tellico Dam project, it is clear that Congress was explicitly responsible for…

Works Cited:

Church, T.W. (2007). Review: The Snail Darter Case: TVA vs. The Endangered Species Act by Kenneth M. Murchison. Law and Politics Book Review, 17(8).

Courts, Cats, and Carbon (CCC). (2013). Special Feature: Tennessee Valley Authority v. Hill.

Garrett, E. (2009). The Story of TVA v. Hill: Congress Has the Last Word.

Rizzardi, K. (2008). Tennessee Valley Authority v. Hill -- 437 U.S. 153. ESA Blawg.

Structure of the United States
Words: 832 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4491856
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This leads to a high degree of autonomy for some subcommittees, while other subcommittees have only limited autonomy. Those with a high degree of autonomy will play a more direct role in legislative issues.

In addition to the committees, Congress has an entrenched leadership system. The highest rank is the Speaker of the House. Each party also has a Leader and a hip. The leader runs the party's activities in the House. The hip keeps track of legislation and works to make sure that party members vote in the manner desired by the party leader. The Speaker is the leader of the majority party; while the Majority Leader is second-in-command of the party. The Minority Leader is the leader of the minority party.

Leadership of the Senate is the Vice President of the United States. The party leaders have more power, however. Each party has a leader, as well as…

Works Cited:

Heitshusen, V. (2007). Committee Types and Roles. Congressional Research Service. Retrieved November 13, 2009 from

Canon Law
Words: 1105 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97849422
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Orthodox Church is indeed in a state of canonical disarray and this paper aims to put together a set of plausible arguments in favor of this statement. The best place to start is likely with Viscuso's study "A Quest for Reform of the Orthodox Church: The 1923 Pan-Orthodox Congress," which looks back at the 1923 as a quintessential moment in the process of reform that the Orthodox Church could have embarked on at the beginning of the 20th century.

This reform process could have positively affected the development of the church, including by making it more adaptable to the requirements of the 20th century. Some of the initiatives that Melenios put forward at the Congress were, in fact, targeting organizational needs. With the expansion of the Orthodox creed on new continents, including North and South America, his goal was to concentrate leadership in the hands of the Patriarch of Constantinople…


1. Lossky, Vladimir. Orthodox Theology: An Introduction. New York, 1978.

2. Allen, Joseph J. Orthodox Synthesis -- the Unity of Theological Thought. New York, 1981.

3. Viscuso, Patrick. A Quest for Reform of the Orthodox Church: The 1923 Pan-Orthodox Congress. Berkeley, 2006.

Canon Law
Words: 1062 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12145904
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marriage must always precede ordination and whether priests and widowhood may be allowed to remarry after widowhood or divorce was one of the topics of discussion at the revolutionary 1923 Pan-Orthodox Congress, which aimed to produce reform-oriented results that would allow the Orthodox Church to be better adapted to the new realities of the world in the period after World War I.

On both issues, beyond any economic or social arguments, the discussion should always revert back to the Scriptures and to what the Scriptures say about these elements. For example, the Congress agreed that the Scriptures allow for marriage after ordination (or, in fact, that there is nothing in the Scriptures that prohibits that, meaning, by extrapolation and law principle, that whatever is not prohibited, is considered to be in line with the canonical law).

In his initial analysis, Viscuso also makes an important note on why that is:…


1. Viscuso, Patrick. A Quest for Reform of the Orthodox Church. Berkeley, 2006.

Big to Fail Problem Economic
Words: 2137 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47904164
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There are studies done by researchers that endorse that foreign direct investment effects the economic growth by means of different networks. Firstly, by means of the technological modification where the worth of human capital plays a vital position in attracting the technology. Secondly, the environmental circumstance of the host (receiver) nation likewise effects financial growth. The ecological situation was evaluated utilizing the expansion of the local monetary system. The answers reinforced the study done by the researchers. The development of technology through the monetary system can aid in the means of assigning foreign direct investment funds more professionally.

Internal Relations

International relation is another vital environmental aspect that can be a solution for economic growth. This is good because it will be able to measure the political friendliness that goes on among nations. If there is no friendliness among the nations than it will be very hard to receive any…

Works Cited

Plummer, P., & Taylor, M. "Entrepreneurship and human capital: Distilling models of local economic growth to inform policy. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development." Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development 11.4 (2007): 427-439.

Ricardo, a.A., & Gilberto, T.L. "A a structural economic dynamics approach to balance-of-payments-constrained growth." Cambridge Journal of Economics 31.6 (2007): 755-774.

Yeh, R., & Lawrence, J.J. "ndividualism and confucian dynamism: A note on hofstede's cultural root to economic growth." Journal of International Business Studies, 23.9 (2009): 655-655.

International Clinical Harmonisation Proper Systems in Place
Words: 1196 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10839935
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International Clinical Harmonisation


The International Congress Harmonisation

WHO Principles of Good Clinical Practice

Clinical research is conducted to insure the safety and efficacy of health and medical products and practices (WHO 2002). In the past, randomized controlled trials gave most of the information about the safety and efficacy of these products and treatments. Randomized clinical trials were considered the foundation of evidence-based medicine but reliably only when conducted according to principles and standards. These principles and standards comprise good clinical research or GCP. The guidelines were created to help national regulatory authorities, sponsors, investigators and ethics committees to implement GCP for overall clinical research. These were based on the guidelines provided by major international organizations, such as the International Conference on Harmonization or ICH GCP, and used as reference (WHO).

GCP incorporates accepted and established ethical and scientific quality standards complied with for the design, conduct,…