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For example, criminologists often reiterate the point that lack of discipline is directly linked to criminal activity, especially among adolescents and young adults. In other words, a failure to provide discipline and guidance and to develop a sense of morality in the children can lead to extremely serious consequences later in life and even arrest. In this light we can also refer to the high rate of drug and alcohol abuse among young children, which is very often associated with an undisciplined home and environment.
The psychological consequences of a lack of discipline in the home and school can range from insecurity and learning disorders to severe depression. Another issue that has been linked to an upbringing that lacks direction and parental guidance is an inability to have meaningful relationships with others later in life. In essence, the child never learns foundational aspects such as respect and caring for others,…
Consequences of an Older Population
Consequences of Older Population
A consequence of the fast growing base of older people is a burden on the younger population for their upkeep.
They have to battle out all the dilemmas of the entire population on their own because the number of older people is growing at a rapid pace.
The ageing process has begun and will continue as life expectancy increases and especially in countries like Japan where there is little immigration and few children born each year. And even though this is a sign of a healthier age and the fact that women have more control over their fertility, this process comes with a lot of repercussions as well.
Firstly, as part of the population, the elderly need to be paid, and this comes as an expense. They can contribute to the prosperity of the nation, but they also need to be…
Jonathan Gruber, Kevin Milligan, David A. Wise (2009). Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: The Relationship to Youth Employment, Introduction and Summary. In the National Buraeu Of Economic Research.
Margaret Patrickson, Linley Hartmann, (1995). "Australia's ageing population: implications for human resource management," International Journal of Manpower, Vol. 16 Iss: 5, pp.34 -- 46
Neeraj Kaushal (2009). Elderly immigrants' labor supply response to supplemental security income. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management Volume 29, Issue 1, pages 137 -- 162.
Patricia Apps, Ray Rees, Margi Wood. (2007). Population Ageing, Taxation, Pensions and Health Costs. Australian Journal of Labour Economics. Volume: 10. Issue: 2. Publication.
When compared to oil Uranium is more easily accessible and there is less likelihood of any political interferences because of the locations it is mined.
Nuclear power plants require far less space as compared to hydropower plants. This allows them to be placed in developed areas which in turn reduce the distance that electricity needs to be transported. Over short periods of time, the amount of electricity produced is very large as compared to hydropower, which requires constant turning of the turbines to produce electricity. When old reactors wear out, new ones can be created thus ensuring long-term production.
Nuclear power is quite safe, and the disaster that occurred during the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster was not caused by failure of nuclear plant or by human failure, but rather it was caused by natural causes. The tsunami of March 11, 2011 was the root cause of the disaster. The…
Levendis, J., Block, W., & Morrel, J. (2006). Nuclear Power. Journal of Business Ethics, 67(1), 37-49.
Smith, C.L., & Ward, D. (2007). The Path to Fusion Power. Philosophical Transactions: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 365(1853), 945-956.
Consequenes of Cultural Conflits After Immigrating to Ameria
"Eah Culture evolves it is own norms-rules for aepted and expeted behavior" (Myers, 2010, p.154). The norms that define our ulture and oasionally distinguish it from other ultures beome ingrained at an early age through an almost unonsious proess. The 'ultural wind' mentioned by Myers aptures in a ath phrase the ease with whih many of us transition through our soial lives when we remain rooted in our ulture of origin, beause the ultural wind, whih is made up of these norms, blows with us (2010, p. 154). Myers' suggests that when "… set adrift in a foreign land as a olletivist, you might experiene a greater loss of identity" (2010, p. 156). This loss of identity would be a soure of stress beause the ultural winds would no longer be blowing with use, but against us.
The elements of ultural identity…
cited in Kim-Goh & Baello, 2008), in discussing the problems in the United States
His disappointment with Emancipation was the same felt by many black slaves. He realized just how severe the conditions were that faced many ex-slaves, and the lack of opportunities that actually existed for most slaves that were uneducated and unsupported by strong leaders in the U.S. judicial system. For this reason Douglass was among many that eventually stepped up to the plate to argue in favor of equality for all black citizens.
ace prejudice was a widespread problem in the United States at the time that the 13th amendment was passed. Just because the government had enacted legislation making slavery illegal, didn't mean that the majority of the people living in the United States accepted that ex-slaves should have the right to the same freedoms as whites did. Many whites including plantation owners and ex-slave owners still believed that ex-slaves were less informed and ignorant of the ways of the…
Nichols, C.H. "Many thousand gone: The ex-slaves account of their bondage and freedom."
Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1969
Moller, J. "The Black Experience in America." TST site. Retrieved 30, November 2004: http://www.vgskole.net/prosjekt/slavrute/chapt08.htm
NPS. "13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution." Martin Luther King Junior National Historic
Consequences of Imperialism
For four hundred years, the world has been quite aware of the European imperialism. Examples of European imperialism were found not only in Europe but also in other continents as a result of outward European expansion. The word Imperialism was basically invented during the mid-nineteen century when the age of autocracy was on the rise. Imperialism has led to multiple effects of globalization and multiculturalization in the modern day Europe.
European imperialism was greatly concentrated in the regions of Africa and Eastern Asia. These were the only two areas that were not influenced by the Europeans till the 1870.
The decades between 1870 and 1914 speedily completed the expansion of European influence and civilization over the whole of the earth; and it was accomplished in an era when the realism, ruthlessness, and rivalries of European national governments were exceptionally great. It therefore had a temper uniquely masterful…
David T. World Wide Imperialism. 1966. Available on the address http://mars.acnet.wnec.edu/~grempel/courses/world/lectures/imperialism.html.. Accessed on 18 Mar. 2004.
Gorm R.O. Europe's And Africa's Failed States: From Development To Containment.
Available on the address http://www.theglobalsite.ac.uk/press/105olsen.htm. Accessed on 18 Mar. 2004.
Zadie Smith. White Teeth. Vintage. 12 Jun. 2001.
Consequences and Effects of Suicide From a Parent on a Child (Years Later)
While the decision to commit suicide is often a personal 'choice', friends and family are often the ones left behind to mourn, to try and find out the reasons that one might have had to take their own life, and also to try and move on with their lives. For these reasons, suicides are often devastating experiences for the loved ones left behind. The study is relevant to a case study of a father who committed suicide. The child had siblings and was living with both parents. The father had a history of abuse (domestic violence) and alcoholism, and he killed himself by hanging. The child was 8 years old at the time, and now 24. He doesn't have a good relationship with the rest of the family, and his best relationship was with the father. Those…
Cerel, J., Jordan, J. R., & Duberstein, P. R. (2008). The impact of suicide on the family. Crisis, 29(1), 38-44.
Andriessen, K., Draper, B., Dudley, M., & Mitchell, P. B. (2015). Bereavement after suicide. Crisis.
Moore, M. M., Cerel, J., & Jobes, D. A. (2015). Fruits of trauma? Posttraumatic growth among suicide-bereaved parents. Crisis.
Consequences of World War II on te United States
Te events of Second World War played a crucial role in te rise of te United States and in saping its post-war foreign policy. It was tis war, wic determined te exact nature of power and influence tat future superpowers needed to possess in order to dominate te rest of te world. Oddly enoug, 'migt' as we understood previously was replaced by diplomatic influence, wic was to be amassed more troug economic means tan military metods.
Te principle of 'Migt is Rigt' was wat governed te world till te end of 19t century. However tis principle was modified somewat in early 20t century by te two Great Wars, wic are responsible for canging te face and definition of power. Te fact tat now powerful countries dominate te rest of te world troug 'majority is autority' principle is te direct result of…
Sheldon Richman, The Consequences of World War II, November 1991, Freedom Foundation Retrieved 5 Jan 2003. http://www.fff.org/freedom/1191c.asp
Effects and Consequences of WWII on the United States
It seems they may filter or distort the results or the comparisons to get the final positive results they desire. This is also extremely interesting, and would seem to be a good candidate for further study. Do people with high self-esteem ignore negative comparisons in order to maintain their levels of self-esteem? The results of a more comprehensive study into this phenomenon would prove to be interesting reading, it seems.
Another interesting finding is the results of threats on downward comparisons. It seems that threat may actually create more downward comparisons in other areas. These comparisons actually add to the threatening feelings, rather than reduce them. In this, the results seem much like that of depression, which has been termed by some to be like a "vicious whirlpool," sucking in everything around it and creating negative results out of almost all experiences. The depressed mind becomes skewed, and sees everything…
Author not Given. "The Affective Consequences of Social Comparison: Either Direction Has Its Ups and Downs." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1990, Vol. 59, No. 6, 1238-1249.
consequences that WW2 had on United States society.
World War 2 had enormous consequences on many parts of American life. One of these was on the economy, and included in the economy was the result that the War had on the banks.
Admittedly, it wasn't just the War that impacted the banks; Franklin Delaney oosevelt's New Deal had an inextricable impact too in enhancing the security of the banking system. Initially, involvement of commercial banks in securities underwriting under-cut bank stability. oosevelt, therefore, implemented the Glass-Steagall Act of 1933 which separated between commercial and investment banking. oosevelt also introduced egulation Q, which forbade banks from paying interest on checking accounts and established a limit on interest rates paid to time deposits.
The post-World war booming era helped these new policies along. Some of oosevelt's reforms persisted into he 21st century; other have instigated discussion and have been changed…
Americaslibrary.gov. Depression & WWII.
Dull, Jonathan R. (1987). A Diplomatic History of the American Revolution. Yale University Press.
EH. Net U.S. Banking History http:/ / the.net/encyclopedia/article/grossman.banking.history.us.civil.war.wwii
Consequences of Factory Farms
Armstrong, S.J. & Botzler, R. (Eds.). (2003). he Animal Ethics Reader. New York, NY: Routledge.
his anthology that has a comprehensive review of the factory farming debate. he book is also especially useful to me given its consideration of both sides of the debate. For instance, some contributors present and effectively counter some of the arguments that have been presented by those in support of factory farming. In this case, the contributors who include but are not limited to Mary Madgley and Peter Singer are leading luminaries in this particular field. I found the introduction offered by the editors before each chapter particularly useful in helping one digest the contents of the chapter.
DeGrazia, D. (2002). Animal Rights: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Like Armstrong, DeGrazia also examines one of the most consistent arguments that has been presented in support of…
This is one of the books that successfully offer a comprehensive look at the most urgent global issues facing us today. In addition to factory farming, Seitz and Hite examine several other global concerns affecting us on the social, political as well as economic arena. On factory farms, the authors in brief offer a candid "look at factory farms and the anticipated consequences that have come with the adoption of factory techniques to produce animals for human consumption." Seitz and Hite are respected academics and professionals in their diverse fields with both offering their services as instructors at Wofford College and at the School of Advanced International Studies respectively.
Weber, K. (Ed.). (2009). Food, Inc.: How Industrial Food is Making Us Sicker, Fatter and Poorer -- And What You Can Do About it. New York, NY: Public Affairs.
This is yet another anthology that basically expands and complements subjects covered in the Food Inc. documentary. The book succeeds in challenging the reader's perception of food. In regard to factory farms, the contributors successfully highlight the harmful effects of industrialized farming to not only the affected animals but also to the environment and consumers. The only problem I have with the book is the occasional loss of focus. Although a majority of the chapters are largely concerned with the issues at hand, i.e. The factory/industrial food system, some other chapters occasionally deviate from the book's central focus. Contributors in this case are individuals and organizations of repute.
Consequences of the Industrial Revolution on English Society
The ninety years between 1760 and 1850, commonly regarded as the "First Generation" of the Industrial Revolution in Britain, were to bring about sweeping changes: technological, economic, philosophical and social. Previously, technology was low. Manufactured goods were produced by hand, often in the home or in small workshops, by skilled artisans who generally specialized in making one type of goods or one component of an item. The economy was dominated by agriculture, and the majority of the population was rural. ealthy families who owned the land rented it to tenant farmers; these tenants, while mostly illiterate, had the opportunity to grow their own food and live in somewhat appealing and healthful surroundings. They were almost a cashless society, paying their rents and buying goods largely through their produce and exchange of labor. Their diversions often centered around fairs and saints' days, and…
Chadwick, Edwin. "Report from the Poor Law Commissioners on an Inquiry into the Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Population of Great Britain." London, 1842, pp. 369-372. http://188.8.131.52/victorian/history/chadwick2.html
Gaskell, P. The Manufacturing Population of England. London, 1833 http://184.108.40.206/victorian/history/workers2.html
Hartwell, R.M. "History and Ideology," Modern Age, Vol. 18, No. 4, Fall, 1974.
Hartwell, R.M. The Industrial Revolution and Economic Growth. London: Methuen and Company, 1971.
Under Saddam Hussein, Iraq experienced years of turmoil, resulting in a war with Iran, economic mismanagement, and U.N.-imposed sanctions. Now, after 4 years of occupation by the U.S., Iraq experiences extreme poverty, unemployment and has millions of homeless. The country's infrastructure is in ruins and U.S. plans for reconstruction of its schools, infrastructure and civic buildings have been mired in fraud, mismanagement and incompetence. Commentators expect the country to suffer from the effects the war for years to come.
On November 15, 2007, the House of Representatives passed a bill that provides $50 billion to fund the war in Iraq and attached a timetable for the withdrawal of troops by the end of 2008. The bill prevented the White House from using funds to construct permanent bases in Iraq or assert U.S. control over Iraq's oil. President ush vetoed the bill, while Republicans supported this move. Congressional Democrats countered that…
Bull, Alister. "Civil War or Not, Iraq Economy Faces Vast Challenge: If the Violence in Iraq Ceased Tomorrow, Its Economy Would Still Be in Deep Trouble." Reuters. August 16, 2006
Button, Karen. "IMF in Iraq: The Second Invasion." Uruknet. May 20, 2006.
Cockburn, Patrick. "U.S. Issues Threat to Iraq's 50bn Dollars Foreign Reserves in Military Deal." Independent. June 6, 2008
Herbert, Bob. "Now and Forever" New York Times. December 4, 2007.
This quality can bridge the strengthening of ethical conduct and building ethical standards in their departments with the rigidity with which these departments are run. This indicates that raising the ethical and humanistic behavioral level of the police force is possible. Record shows that, in recent decades, police departments have gained public support in reducing corruption and of disruptive conduct to the universal rights of man by establishing and strengthening both internal and external accountability standards among their forces (O'Donnell).
. Much of harmony in society is associated with an efficient and honest police force (O'Donnell, 2011). Society still depends on the police for the perpetuation of harmony. When the police behave predictably, with restraint and according to the rule of law, ordinary people become inclined to believe in and trust in the government again. When the most disadvantaged and the poorest in society receive the same treatment as the…
Attard, B. (2010). Oversight of law enforcement is beneficial and needed -- inside and out. Vol. 30 # 5, Pace Law Review: National Association for Civilian Oversight.
Retrieved on March 30, 2013
Johnson, C. (2011). Policing the police: U.S. steps up enforcement. NPR: National
Public Radio. Retrieved on March 30, 2013 from http://www.npr.org/2011/06/12/136896719/policing-the-police-u-s-steps-up-enforcement
7 times as dense as lead, and when the shell hits the target, it burns and releases uranium oxide into the air (Eco pp). "The poisonous and radioactive uranium is most dangerous when inhaled into the body, where it will release radiation during the life of the person who inhaled it" (Eco pp). According to Robert Fisk, "there is evidence that the depleted uranium residue left in Iraq is responsible for a large increase in stillbirths, children born with defects, childhood leukemia and other cancers in southern Iraq near Basra" (Eco pp). A study on the long-term effect of DU on the Iraqi environment found the presence of isotopes of U-238 series in over a third of the collected plant samples, with some wild plant samples possessing concentrations of radioactive elements up to three times the natural background (Impact pp).
Impact of Depleted Uranium on Man and Environment…
Impact of Depleted Uranium on Man and Environment in Iraq
There can be no surprise when the "shame and pride threw a double gloom over his countenance" (52). He is so taken aback by Catherine and what she says that he must be commanded to shake her hand. hen Earnshaw tells him to shake her hand in a way this is "permitted" (52), it becomes more than Heathcliff can bear. hile Catherine claims she did not mean to laugh at Heathcliff, the damage is done. She does not realize the extent of her damage and continues to do even more damage by telling Heathcliff he is "sulky" (52) and looks "odd" (52) and things would not be so bad for him if he would just brush his hair and wash his face. This scene only lasts a few moments but it is critical in that it drives much of the plot after this point. It drives Heathcliff to do what…
Bronte, Emily. Wuthering Heights. New York W.W. Norton and Company. 1972.
Consequence of apid Advances in Science and Technology
Identify A Potential Unintended Consequence Of The apid Advances Made In Science And Technology
Potential unintended consequences of rapid advances in science and technology
The purpose of this paper is to identify the unintended consequence of radiotherapy treatment on the cancer patient. adiotherapy is the technology that is regularly used to directly kill the cancerous cells through the use of the short-wave rays. The process is intended to help the patient with a treatment option other than leaving the patient suffers from the impacts of cancer. Unintended consequences are those impacts that arise from a technology that was initially meant to have a solution to a specific problem. The unintended consequences may be positive or negative but mostly they are negative consequences that are observed. For example, the purpose of the Avandia or rosiglitazone that was intended to help the diabetes II…
Abrams, D.I., & Weil, A.T. (2008). Integrative oncology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Bonavida, B. (2008). Sensitization of cancer cells for chemo/immuno/radio-therapy. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
Handbook of philosophy of technological sciences. (2008). Amsterdam: Elsevier.
KES International Symposium on Intelligent Decision Technologies, N., K. (2009). New advances in intelligent decision technologies: Results of the first KES International Symposium IDT 2009. Berlin: Springer.
Psychological Consequences of Terrorism
Terrorism has significant and long-lasting consequences that go beyond just the physical risk of serious injury or death. There are also psychological consequences that have to be dealt with. These are seen every day in the people who come back from places like Iraq, struggling with anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress, and other difficulties. For them, and others who have been through traumas like terrorism, it is not just about what they experienced at the time, or even the way they feel about it later. It is also about the ways in which they are reminded of the trauma they experienced. Because of that, terrorism continues to affect a person and have psychological consequences long after the actual event is over with. The psychological consequences of terrorism is also about the family members and friends of the people who were terrorized or killed, as those friends and…
Ethical Consequences of Libya
As the world finally comes to realization of the Libyan crisis, why is it happening to them? That world underlies all the other questions being asked. It screams a defiant NO! From Col. el- Qaddafi, and an emphatic YES!, From the rebels of Libya. Between these two ends, lie's various responses framed by the diplomats at United Nations and Arab League. These responses are now debating over policy, among the military coalition partners and the thriving discussions in the global media.
Like so many questions out there in the global world, this one is fundamentally ethical. That's the most important point. The hoards of innocent people killed every day, it is impossible to think that all of them are master minds behind some conspiracy against the government. If other nations are ready to send their forces, it's because all that is happening in Libya crosses all…
May, Larry. "Crimes against Humanity." Ethics & International Affairs 20, no. 3 (2006): 349+.
Altman, Andrew. "The Persistent Fiction of Harm to Humanity." Ethics & International Affairs 20, no. 3 (2006): 367+.
Flynn, Jeffrey. "Habermas on Human Rights: Law, Morality, and Intercultural Dialogue." Social Theory and Practice 29, no. 3 (2003): 431+.
Mcginnis, John O., and Ilya Somin. "Democracy and International Human Rights Law." Notre Dame Law Review 84, no. 4 (2009): 1739+
.....eras are too complex to reduce to a simple set of proximal causes and immediate effects. The main reason why historians disagree on critical issues like the causes of the American Civil War or the causes of the Great Depression is that there is no one cause or even one simple set of causes. It depends on point of view, theoretical viewpoint, and a host of issues related to the intersection between different causes. Historical knowledge also evolves as new facts emerge and new theories come to light. For example, Tyrrell argues that the United States was more connected to the global economy during the Antebellum years than historians have typically given the country credit for, and that these international commercial activities are linked to some of the economic underpinnings of the war. History is systemic; the Pax Brittannica might not seem to have any relevance for antebellum America but…
Yet ergen maintains
that the true cause of the attacks was simply "collateral damage in a civil
war within the world of political Islam" with Osama in Laden on one side
and the "silent majority of Muslims" who wish to deal with the West in
diplomatic/political terms while rejecting violence ("What Were the Causes
of 9/11?" Internet).
The consequences of the attacks on 9/11 are quite obvious. First of
all, as a result of these attacks, the United States was forced to confront
a new enemy in the form of Islamic extremists who wish to overthrow
American democracy and replace it with a religious-based Islamic theocracy.
Second, the United States and its foreign allies like Great ritain were
forced to create new security systems to ward off potential future attacks.
ut the most devastating consequence is the loss of national security for
all Americans and the threat that the American…
Bergen, Peter. "What Were the Causes of 9/11?" Prospect. Internet. 2007.
Retrieved from http://www.prospect-
e. managerial, social, political, economic benefits are linked to the study's results) the proposed helpful outcomes are realistic (i.e. dealing with questions that can actually be answered through the type of data gathering and analysis you're proposing. The suggested helpful outcomes do not go beyond the data that's to be collected).
The increase in teen smoking may be abating, or may be taking a pause before it continues the climb seen in the past 10 years, from 1996 to 2005. In either case, reducing smoking at an early age has a lifelong effect on individuals' health, and can lead to better quality of life for millions of people who might otherwise take up smoking. A secondary benefit is that lessons learned may help to reduce the current 3.1 million teen smokers, many of whom try smoking and quit -- it would be useful to know why they started in the…
Bobo, J.H. (2000). Sociocultural Influences on Smoking and Drinking. Alcohol Research & Health, 225-234.
Cooper, T.K. (2003). A prospective evaluation of the relationships between smoking dosage and body mass index in an adolescent, biracial cohort. Addictive Behaviors, 501-512.
Falba, T. (2005). Health events and the smoking cessation of middle aged Americans. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, n.p.
Gies, C.B. (2007). Effect of an Inpatient Nurse-Directed Smoking Cessation Program. Western Journal of Nursing Research, n.p.
Conference Berlin consequences b)
The History of Contemporary frica
Ever since parts of its region became colonized by Europeans (which began happening fairly regularly since the early part of the nno Domini timeline), frica has suffered an abundance of problems relating to its political, social, and economic spheres of existence. fter its introduction to what is best termed a fledgling globalization through colonization in several of its countries by a number of European nations, frica has understandably endured a number of issues relating to its primary systems of government, economics, and socialization. lthough events related to the conclusion of World War II were largely responsible for decolonization in this part of the world, many nation states on the continent would struggle for several years -- and are still struggling -- to overcome the effects of colonization and the inherent instability it provided to many of the key infrastructures within today's…
A large degree of political turmoil took place in Uganda following its liberation from colonization midway through the 20th century. A number of political factions vied for power in the ensuing years; many of these were associated with religious groups set up by the European colonialists, such as Catholic and Protestant supporters. Economically, the country had a strong Indian population that was in control of much of the commerce nad industry there, which is why dictator Idi Amin expelled them in the early 1970's. Deforestation issues have affected Uganda quite significantly. Urbanization and expanding farmlands are responsible for much of Uganda's deforestation problem, while like most regions in Africa, the population housed within this country has seen an explosion in the number of victims of AIDS and HIV. Civil wars and internal fighting, however, would regularly plague Uganda into the new millennium. In more recent times, efforts have been made to reduce barriers to women owning property and being an economic influence within this country. The traditional gender equality within Uganda has certainly circumscribed its growth.
One of the most insidious instances of neo-colonization in Africa, however, was evinced in South Africa. The system of apartheid, which was essentially a legalized subjugation of people of African descent that highly favored Europeans and those of European descent, was responsible for political instability for several years as black South Africans strove to overturn such a repressive regime. Apartheid was eventually overturned in 1994 with the presidency of Nelson Mandela, but economically, unemployment was largely rampant in the country as it struggled to transition to true independence. Other contemporary issues plaguing this country are a nationwide rapid deforestation process, as well as rampant AIDS infection (South Africa may have the most people with AIDS in the world today). Women have played a significant role in the true liberation of this country from first its colonial history and then its repressive reign of Apartheid, as is evinced within the perseverance and political inclinations of Winnie Mandela.
There were several things about Africa that I learned while taking this course. One was that there was a highly planned, systematic implementation of repression that is responsible for keeping Africa socially, economically, and politically years behind many other parts of the world. This repression truly took hold during colonialism, but the bouts of neocolonialism that many countries endured even after formal colonialism was dispelled certainly contributed to this cause. I was also unaware of the contemporary problems that Africa has regarding issues of deforestation. I had no idea that the cutting down of trees and the reduction of forests could take hold of this area as quickly as it had, and continue to affect the environments there today.
Threat or perception of threat is best described by protection motivation theory:
This theory states that the extent to which people show preventive behavior in light of a threat depends on their protection motivation (. W. ogers, 1975, 1983). According to this theory, the level of protection motivation depends on the seriousness of the threat, the probability that the threat will manifest itself, the judged efficacy of the recommended behavior (called response or outcome efficacy), and the self-efficacy expectation relating to that behavior. (Wiegman & Gutteling, 1995, p. 235)
In a practical sense what this theory says about the perceived threat is that as incidences of observation occur in the lives of individuals, be they real or imagined they will likely become more protective and therefore attempt to engage in avoidance of behaviors that have been identified with the production of environmental threat. By doing so this the individual, and…
Agnew, R. (1985). A Revised Strain Theory of Delinquency. Social Forces, 64(1), 151-167.
Lesko, Wayne a (2006). Readings in Social Psychology (6th ed).
New York: Allyn & Bacon.
Lyddon, W.J., & Sherry, a. (2001). Developmental Personality Styles: An Attachment Theory Conceptualization of Personality Disorders. Journal of Counseling and Development, 79(4), 405.
Internet fame darker consequences?
Please Use (upload files) reading selection additional source. Please Be cite properly include a works cited page. Thank .
Personal learning management
The software application is being added a new functionality -- it is supposed to enter, store and recall a valuable item of learning. At this level then, it is necessary to examine the iteration control structure and the final aim is that of classifying the learning item into one of the three categories:
Significant value, and Limited value.
The first step in attaining the desired objective is that of launching the application and attesting the compatibility between the already existent data and the data to be introduced. It is then necessary to introduce the data and to store it, making it easily accessible for future usage.
At a more detailed level, the steps to be followed refer to the following:
Control structures, Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, http://www.csee.umbc.edu/portal/help/oracle8/server.815/a67842/03_struc.htm last accessed on January 16, 2012
Control structures -- iteration, IFIS, http://www.infis.units.it/fortran/controls.html last accessed on January 16, 2012
consequences of New England Puritanism. Puritanism in New England was an offshoot of the religion in England, but in the New World, the religion evolved until it was central to society and to a person's place in society.
The causes of New England Puritanism had their roots in England, where the Puritans (and other religious sects) were persecuted. When Puritans came to America, they hoped to worship in their own way with religious freedom. The Puritans longed for purity in their lives and their relationship with God. They were pious, strict, and quite rigid in many of their beliefs, and when they came to America, they were able to build on these foundations and create their own religion that ruled New England and the New World for decades. Puritanism grew in direct opposition to the opulent and flamboyant Catholic and Church of England rituals, and indeed, the Puritans were known…
Brauer, Jerald C. "Regionalism and Religion in America." Church History 54.3 (1985): 366-378.
Emerson, Everett. Puritanism in America, 1620-1750. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1977.
Lippy, Charles H., Robert Choquette, and Stafford Poole. Christianity Comes to the Americas, 1492-1776. 1st ed. New York: Paragon House, 1992.
Bonus Plan Consequences
Employers are constantly looking for ways to attract qualified employees; bonus plans have been a driving force in the business world. The implementation of bonus plans is often used by employers in an effort to attract and keep qualified employees. In recent years the consequences of such plans has been carefully scrutinized. The purpose of this discussion is to examine some of the consequences that companies face when they make a decision to implement bonus plans. The discussion will also focus on steps that can be taken to avoid the negative consequences of bonus plans. The paper will begin by discussing what bonus plans are and why they are needed.
hat are Bonus plans and why are they needed
Bonus plans are simply reward systems that are given to employees to encourage loyalty and ensure good performance. (Amsler et al. 2002) According to an article in the…
Amsler Gordon M., Beadles N.A. Ii, Lowery Christopher M., Petty M.M., Thompson, James W. (2002). An empirical examination of a merit bonus plan. Journal of Managerial Issues. Volume: 14. Issue: 1. Page Number: 100+.
Bowers, Toni. (April 15, 2003) Members describe bonus plans that actually work
Tech Republic. http://techrepublic.com.com/5100-6331-5034644.html
Dalik and Goldman. 2003.
Psychology: Environmental Problems
Facing its worst drought in 40 years, the State of California took a number of measures to conserve water. It first used positive consequences to compel a 20% reduction in water usage by homes and businesses. The disappointing results led to the addition of negative consequences to compel conservation. In addition, California is now taking emergency measures against the oil and gas industry, which was previously exempt from some of the State's environmental laws. California has shown that an environmental policy must use positive and negative consequences, along with carefully given exemptions, in order to be most effective.
ater Control During Drought
Evaluate 2 Strategies for Promoting Positive Environmental Behavior
The State of California is currently enduring a 3-year drought that is its worst in 40 years and is expected to continue for the foreseeable future (Associated Press, 2014). Californians continued to use water with too little…
Associated Press. (2014, July 16). California seeks to send message to water-wasters. Retrieved July 19, 2014 from sacramento.cbslocal.com Web site: http://sacramento.cbslocal.com/2014/07/16/california-seeks-to-send-message-to-water-wasters/
Lustgarten, A. (2014, July 18). California halts injection of fracking waste, warning it may be contaminating aquifers. Retrieved July 19, 2014 from www.propublica.org Web site: http://www.propublica.org/article/ca-halts-injection-fracking-waste-warning-may-be-contaminating-aquifers
McCarty, J.A., & Shrum, L.J. (Spring 2001). The influence of individualism, collectivism, and locus of control on environmental beliefs and behaviors. Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, 20(1), 93-104.
State of California. (2014). California drought. Retrieved July 19, 2014 from ca.gov Web site: http://ca.gov/drought/
Prostitution: Causes and Consequences
Prostitution has been termed as one of the oldest professions, with its history going back to as early the ancient period. Indeed, records of most ancient societies -- from Greeks and omans to Jews, Hebrews, Asians, and Muslims -- point to the existence of prostitution several thousand years ago (Sanders, O'Neill & Pitcher, 2009). Today, though illegal in some jurisdictions, prostitution is a widespread practice, with virtually every major urban area across the globe having numerous brothels, escort services, and joints disguised as massage parlors. Prostitution is also practiced at the sex worker's or client's residence as well as in adult entertainment locations such as strip clubs. Emanating mainly from individual and socioeconomic factors, prostitution is associated with a number of dangers on the individuals involved, and may expose one to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). This paper describes the causes and consequences of prostitution, clearly demonstrating…
Elmes, J., Skovdal, M., Nhongo, K., et al. (2017). A reconfiguration of the sex trade: how social and structural changes in eastern Zimbabwe left women involved in sex work and transactional sex more vulnerable. PLoS ONE, 12(2): e0171916
Farrell, A., & Cronin, S. (2015). Policing prostitution in an era of human trafficking enforcement. Crime, Law, and Social Change, 64(4-5): 211-228.
Gorkoff, K., & Runner, J. (2003). Being head: the experiences of young women in prostitution. Winnipeg: Fernwood Publishing.
Jeffreys, S. (1997). The idea of prostitution. 1st ed. Melbourne: Spinifex Press.
0 tool has little to do with its overall effectiveness in getting attaining learning goals and objectives for example. Controlling for the informality or formality of Web 2.0 tools use is required, as many instructors are relying on the conversational and broadcast functionality of social networks as a substitute for e-mail. Still, the informal aspects of social networking applications including Web 2.0 tools and their anticipated benefits as a learning tool must be indexed or evaluated from their actual effectiveness in assisting learned to gain mastery of subjects. Creating this link between Web 2.0 tool effectiveness and their relative perception of value with respondents to this study will require a research design that can isolate attitudinal and effectiveness measures while not introducing sampling bias or error.
Fifth, the risks that Web 2.0 tools might create for formal learning in educational institutions also faces the same dilemma from a methodology standpoint…
Ayala, G, and Yano, Y (1998). A collaborative learning environment based on intelligent agents. Expert Systems with Applications, 14, 129-137.
Bill Ashraf. (2009). Teaching the Google-eyed YouTube generation. Education & Training, 51(5/6), 343-352.
Barros, B., and Verdejo, M.F. (2000). Analysing student interaction processes in order to improve collaboration. The DEGREE approach. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 11, 221-241.
Bereiter, C. (2002). Education and mind in the knowledge age. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
The pink ribbon fluttering before him is significant because it represents Faith, his wife and faith, his religion - both of which are "gone" (Hawthorne) at this point. He is changed by what he believes is truth and he can trust no one anymore. It is difficult enough that the man looses his faith but he also comes to look upon his faith with disdain. His appreciation for all that once held dear is ruined by what he might or might not have seen in the forest. The Sabbath, once a holy day, is infected to the point that Goodman cannot listen to hymns because an "anthem of sin rushed loudly upon his ear and drowned all the blessed strain" (Hawthorne). Everything and everyone is dirty and, unfortunately, there is no relief for Goodman.
It is important to note that while Goodman never knows the absolute truth about what his…
Chopin, Kate. "The Story of an Hour." Virginia Commonwealth University. Information Retrieved November 9, 2008. http://www.vcu.edu/engweb/webtexts/hour/
Hawthorne, Nathaniel. The Literature Network Online. "Young Goodman Brown." Information Retrieved November 9, 2008. http://www.online-literature.com/hawthorne/158
It can be influenced by winds and tides. Infrequent episodic oxygen depletion occurs less than once per year. It is the first signal a system has reached a critical point of eutrophication, which combined with physical processes causes hypoxia. Persistent hypoxia occurs in systems prone to persistent stratification. It accounts for 8% of the dead zones (Diaz).
Phase one of coastal hypoxia enhances the deposition of organic matter that promotes microbial growth and respiration and produces greater demand for oxygen. DO levels deplete with stratification. Phase two hypoxia will become transiently causing mass mortality of benthic animals. Phase three, after time and continued buildup of nutrients and organic matter, hypoxia becomes seasonal or periodic. Phase four, if conditions persist, causes the hypoxia zone to expand and, as DO levels fall, anoxia establishes and releases microbial generated H2S. The critical point is the appearance of severe seasonal hypoxia.
Diaz, R.J. & Rosenberg, R. "Spreading Dead Zones and Consequences for Marine Ecosystems." Science, vol 321 (2008): 926-929. article.
I do not even know where most of my ancestors are buried. I do not even know where most of them lived, or what land they considered to be at the heart of their lives. I do not know how most of them conceived of the soul or of what happened when they buried their dead. And yet I would be troubled by knowing that researchers could dig up their bones. I would not necessarily forbid it (if I had the power), but I would be troubled. And I think that I would be close to infuriated if researchers claimed that they were pursuing such disinterring for my benefit. So must many native peoples feel.
How Does One Define Affiliation?
Key to the legal strength of NAGPA as well as the broader implications that is has for the practice of the different sub-disciplines of anthropology, including archaeology, is the concept…
American Association of Physical Anthropologists. (2000). Statement by the American Association of Physical Anthropologists on the Secretary of the Interior's Letter of 21 September 2000 Regarding Cultural Affiliation of Kennewick Man. http://www.physanth.org .
Ousley, S., Billeck, W. & Hollinger, R. (2005). Federal Repatriation Legislation and the Role of Physical Anthropology in Repatriation. Yearbook of physical anthropology 48: 2-32.
Ubelaker, D. & Grant, L. (1989). Human Skeletal Remains: Preservation or Reburial? Yearbook of physical anthropology 32: 249-287.
Weaver, J. (2002, Fall). Review essay. Project Muse.
This means training that is focused on increasing the knowledge economy of the transforming firm rather than in simply standardizing processes. According to the text by Chapman (2009), this may even call for a change in the linguistic approach to this process. Chapman advises that "training implies putting skills into people, when actually we should be developing people from the inside out, beyond skills, ie., facilitating learning. So focus on facilitating learning, not imposing training." (Chapman, p. 1) It is conceivable that an appeal to this approach might have spared much of the uncertainty that permeated Cutting Edge Paper during and after the changeover in ownership.
Another recommendation is for the opening of dialogue during the process of transformation so that leadership can become more attuned to the needs of personnel. It is conceivable that during this transformation and Cutting Edge Paper, some ambiguity might have been reduced if leadership…
Chapman, A. (2009). Organizational Change, Training and Learning. BusinessBalls.com.
Corley, K.G. & Gioia, D.A. (2004). Identity Ambiguity and Change in the Wake of a Corporate Spin-off. Administrative Science Quarterly, 49(2).
Eisenberg, E.M. (1984). Ambiguity as Strategy in Organizational Communication. Communication Monographs, 51, 227-242.
Eustis, J. & McMillan, G. (1997). Technology Initiatives and Organizational Changge: Higher Education in a Networked World. CAUSE '97.
You see, we've got another subject waiting [looks at watch] who is supposed to be in that other condition. Now Professor -, who is in charge of this experiment, suggested that perhaps we could take a chance on your doing it for us. I'll tell you what we had in mind: the thing is, if you could do it for us now, then of course you would know how to do it, and if something like this should ever come up again, that is, the regular fellow couldn't make it, and we had a subject scheduled, it would be very reassuring to us to know that we had somebody else we could call on who knew how to do it."
The point to be made here is, gain, to see how far the experimenter could push a subject to make a point, but also to see just how far one…
Even Freud believed that girls have penis envy, which is only fully resolved by marrying a male and having a male child. This desperate longing to have a man as a way of finding one's identity and place in society is parodied and mocked in Pink's video "Stupid Girls."
Individuals look to culture, including the media, as a way of defining themselves. A thirteen-year-old girl who is told that it is normal to make one's body sexually desirable to men and not to seek self-empowerment through personal growth will be extremely anxious about how she presents herself to the world in a physical manner. Even a 3rd grade boy receives messages that affect his perceptions of gender. For example, if the little boy is told that he cannot wear a pink t-shirt because 'pink is for girls,' even though his young sister wears 'boyish' blue, or if he is told…
Threats and Consequences
Terrorism does very little damage to a nation's military capacity, as well as its manufacturing infrastructure, and terrorism rarely even damages a nation's political apparatus. hat terrorism does do, however, is project an image of insecurity within a country. The effects of perception of insecurity that terrorist attacks bring most heavily hit a major sector of any nation's economy, tourism. The tourism sector feels negative impacts for years after terrorist attacks, depending on how the attack happened, and how confident tourists feel that adequate security has been implemented. The 2008 Mumbai attacks were devastating, but the poor reaction of the Indian authorities made the attacks seem even worse. hat could have been ended in just minutes of a competent counterterrorism unit, ended up taking three days as the attackers were prepared to cause as much violence as they possibly could.
Tourism in India plummeted dramatically as a…
Chandigarh, M. (2009, June 29). 'mumbai terror incident hits tourist inflow. . Retrieved from http://www.business-standard.com/india/news/mumbai-terror-incident-meltdown-hits-foreign-tourist-inflow/65960/on
Dow, R. (2011, Sept 21). Retrieved from http://www.rejuvenatemeetings.com/2011/09/21/u-s-lost-606-billion-in-tourism-after-911/
1800-1914 is characterized by the rapid development of capitalist and market relations in both hemispheres of the globe. In the 19th century most of the European states already had a developed system of colonialism in Africa and Asia that was essential for the development of industry, as the colonies became the customers of the metropolitan products produced on the base of raw materials brought from colonies. The struggle for the suppliers of the raw materials was essential during that epoch, because the existence of suppliers would guarantee the prosperity of industrial production and goods exchange.
The development of production and market relations are integral components of each other and with the growing wealth of business, their interests began to penetrate into politics as well, because they have to get the support and ensure their stability and prosperity from the side of government. This was relatively new for the 19th century…
The ethical and legal consequences of testing employees without their knowledge or consent puts Danville Airlines into a defensive position, having to both explain to David eiger why they are not letting him fly, and potentially to his attorneys how the testing took place at all. The issue of genetics testing raises ethical and legal conflicts, creating a paradox for companies who practice this type of screening (Howard, ichardson, Thorpe, 2009). Danville Airlines has been negligent in their process of medical screening, allowing samples taken from eiger to be sent to a genetics screening lab (Darden, 2004). Especially detrimental to eiger is the emotional trauma and pain of being diagnosed with Huntington's disease, the same disease which took his father's life as well (Darden, 2004). Danville is now in the paradoxical situation of having told people outside the company of eiger's condition, also informing eiger he will no…
Avitabile, C., Jappelli, T., & Padula, M. (2011). Cognitive abilities, healthcare and screening tests. Journal of Population Ageing, 4(4), 251-269.
Darden Business Publishing. (2004). DANVILLE AIRLINES. University of Virginia. Retrieved on August 24, 2012 from
Howard, DH, Richardson, L.C., & Thorpe, K.E. (2009). Cancer screening and age in the United States and Europe. Health Affairs, 28(6), 1838-47.
Hunter, D. (2005). Diversity and sensitivity issues in management: The case of the genetic screening questionnaire. The Business Review, Cambridge, 4(2), 249-252.
Environmental Hazards as a Consequence of Crude Oil/Natural Gas Exploration, Transportation, Refining and Storage
Ever since crude oil was first successfully drilled in the U.S. In Titusville, Pennsylvania, in 1859, the demand for oil has only been increasing over the years in countries all over the world. (Camden, 1883) Crude oil, from which various petroleum products are obtained, is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon component found trapped in rocks below the earth. The word "petroleum" means "rock oil" or "oil from the earth." Natural gas is another form of hydrocarbon that is also found in nature. oth crude oil and natural gas have excellent combustibility and are good sources of energy. Crude oil is not used in the extracted form; but it is refined to obtained products such as gasoline, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), naphtha, kerosene, gas-oil and fuel oil. Secondary products during the purification of crude oil are obtained are…
Associated-Press, and Reuters. World's Biggest Oil Rig Sinks. 2001. CNN. Available:
http://www.cnn.com/2001/WORLD/americas/03/20/brazil.rig.02/.August 2, 2004.
AWMA. Oil Spills - a Fact Sheet. 2000. Air & Waste Management Association. Available:
http://www.awma.org/education/oilspills.htm . August 1, 2004.
Social Media: Critical Assessment and Consequences
Organizations seeking to be competitive in this digital age ought to conduct regular social media audits so as to identify their weaknesses on the social media front, while at the same time assessing their future social media needs. For purposes of tis discussion, social media will be inclusive of all "internet-based resources that facilitate user participation and user-generated content" (Flynn, 2012). In seeking to assess my organization's current social media presence, I would first perform an internal audit of the company's online presence. This is an exercise that would call for the identification of all the social media profiles the company has. Here, I would be seeking to answer this question -- where exactly is the organization online? It would be wise to start with the big four spots, which include, Google+, LinkedIn, Twitter, and Facebook. I would also want to consider YouTube, Pinterest,…
Flynn, Nancy. (2012). The Social Media Handbook: Rules, Policies, and Best Practices to Successfully Manage Your Organization's Social Media Presence, Posts, and Potential. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons
Humphreys, A. (2015). Social Media: Enduring Principles. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
This study also aims at showing the declining attributes of those faced with the unfortunate fate of receiving a poor education. By tracking individual's professional and academic experiences after high school, results should portray a dim picture for those individuals who lack the strong foundations of a good education. Previous research has already shown the negative affects a poor education has on individual's future academic endeavors, professional achievements, as well as general physical health. By compiling these results in direct comparison with individuals from a better private school setting, these facts can be directly highlighted and also shown to the world as avoidable rather than a continuous cycle which can never be effectively broken.
One of the most blatant differences between public and private schools and their resulting educations are national and state standardized tests scores. In general, students with a private school education score higher than students…
Alt, Martha Naomi & Peter, Katharin. (2002). Private schools: a brief portrait. National Center for Education Statistics. U.S. Board of Education. Retrieved 22 August. 2008. http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2002/2002013.pdf
Chou, Shin-Yi, Grossman, Michael, Joyce, Theodore J., & Liu, Jin-Tan. (2007).
Parental education and child health: evidence from a natural experiment in Taiwan. VoxEU.org. 12 December 2007. Retrieved 23 August 2008. http://www.voxeu.org/index.php?q=node/792
Hearst Communications. (2006). Poor education and early death. San Francisco
False Beliefs new
False Beliefs and Their Behavioral Consequences
Human psychology is so amazing that it can control human behavior with and without his conscious will. People often develop habits, behaviors or routines that become a vital part of their lives and once they become used to these habits, there are often negative aspects associated to these routines and habits that develop false believe in them (False Memories Can Influence Behavior, 2008). When there are false believes in the minds of people, they observe the world with same negative believes and perceptions and respond accordingly. The paper investigates whether the childhood memories affect the behavior in later age or not and how long-term or short-term it can be that the believes affect behavior.
The false believes are such a disease that is often beyond a person's ability to control. These believe inculcate in the minds of people and…
False Memories Can Influence Behavior, (2008), Retrieved from:
Geraerts, E, Bernstein, D.M., Merckelbach, H., Linders, C., Raymaekers, and Loftus, E.F.,
(2008), "Lasting False Beliefs and Their Behavioral Consequences," Association for Psychological Science, 19(8), pp. 749-753
Norman Conquest of England: The Consequences
The Norman Conquest was a crucial event in the history of England. It was the occurrence of this event that led to further developments in the English Monarchy, as well as with regard to the government. It also influenced the English society and the language ultimately giving England a new perspective. There were numerous events that ultimately lead to the conquest of England. It all started off when, King Knute the mighty reined over England and Duke illiam the Bastard was the Duke of Normandy. England and Normandy had good relations before the conquest occurred, as Aethelred the Unready, was married to a Norman princess, and had fled the country seeking protection in Normandy. His son Edward was born and brought up in France and later his son returned to England to conquer the English throne in 1042. Edward was also known as the…
Van Houts, Elisabeth. The Norman conquest of Anglo-Saxon England, History Today, Oct 1996 v46 n10, p: 9
Baugh, Albert C. & Cable, Thomas. A History of the English Language, 3rd. ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Appleton, 1978, p: 35-36
Van Houts, Elisabeth. The Norman Conquest through European Eyes, The English Historical Review, Sep 1995 v110 n438, p: 832
Ward A.W; Waller A.R; Trent W.P; Erskine J; Sherman S.P and Doren C, Van. The Cambridge History of English and American Literature: An Encyclopedia In Eighteen Volumes, New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons; Cambridge, England: University Press, 1907-21, p: 15-17
Staffing shortages in nursing are a consequence of poor nurse retention and nurse satisfaction. Being a nurse requires a lot of dedication, patience, and ability to keep updated in a constantly evolving world. When hospitals and other medical facilities have staffing shortages or shortages in qualified nurses, the healthcare delivery of that particular place dwindles. Nurses are the backbone of any healthcare facility.
Especially in recent times, nurses provide prescriptions, treatment protocols, and diagnosis when doctors are away or busy. This literature review is meant to explain such a phenomena and how it relates directly to nurse satisfaction and nursing retention. From here, the connection crosses over to nursing care and healthcare delivery as standards of practice. Things like arrhythmias will be viewed to understand how nursing shortages attribute to lower quality of care. Utilizing Polk's theory of esilience, this review will allow a look into performance improvement concerns and…
Bosch, R., Kirch, W., Theuer, J., Pittrow, D., Kohlhaussen, A., Willich, S., & Bonnemeier, H. (2013). Atrial fibrillation management, outcomes and predictors of stable disease in daily practice: Prospective non-interventional study. International Journal Of Cardiology, 167(3), 750-756. doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2012.03.053
GIANFERMI, R., & BUCHHOLZ, S. (2011). Exploring the relationship between job satisfaction and nursing group outcome attainment capability in nurse administrators. Journal Of Nursing Management, 19(8), 1012-1019. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2834.2011.01328.x
Hudgins, T. (2015). Resilience, job satisfaction and anticipated turnover in nurse leaders. Journal Of Nursing Management, n/a-n/a. doi:10.1111/jonm.12289
Minhas, R., Vogelaar, G., Wang, D., Almansoori, W., Lang, E., & Blanchard, I. et al. (2015). A prehospital treat-and-release protocol for supraventricular tachycardia. CJEM, 1-8. doi:10.1017/cem.2014.53
Higher prices means a decrease in demand, and consumers who are already experiencing difficulty paying for basic goods and are even less apt to buy luxury items. Consumers are more likely to cut things out of their budget, and look for lower-priced items when shopping for necessities. Already, I find myself buying generic goods, looking for food on sale, and putting off replacing clothing and shoes with new items. Some people are even giving up beef, not for ethical reasons, but because it is lower in price than chicken and vegetables substitutes (Krauss 2008, p.1).
Not all industries are suffering because of higher fuel prices. Of course the oil and gas companies themselves are flourishing. Also, while the local middle-level chain restaurants in my town appear to be patronized less than they were, discount department stores seem to be doing well, as consumers can get all of their shopping done…
They less money I spend in general, but particularly on luxuries, the more manufacturers' inventories build up in warehouses, and the fewer new workers are employed. This economic 'spiraling' effect means that I face an increasingly competitive job market and the less likely I am apt to spend money on consumer goods, the more likely I am apt to face the difficulty of finding a high-paying job or any job at all, so I can pay for my student loans. In general, all workers may also have to reconsider the value of taking certain jobs, or a second job to make ends meet, because of the prohibitive costs of a long commute.
Because they too must deal with the concept of scarcity and finite resources, producers must raise prices on goods and services, because it costs more to transport all products across the country and overseas. Higher prices means a decrease in demand, and consumers who are already experiencing difficulty paying for basic goods and are even less apt to buy luxury items. Consumers are more likely to cut things out of their budget, and look for lower-priced items when shopping for necessities. Already, I find myself buying generic goods, looking for food on sale, and putting off replacing clothing and shoes with new items. Some people are even giving up beef, not for ethical reasons, but because it is lower in price than chicken and vegetables substitutes (Krauss 2008, p.1).
Not all industries are suffering because of higher fuel prices. Of course the oil and gas companies themselves are flourishing. Also, while the local middle-level chain restaurants in my town appear to be patronized less than they were, discount department stores seem to be doing well, as consumers can get all of their shopping done in one store, minimizing gas usage, and also look for bargains. I realize that I am lucky to live in an area of the country that is not suffering as much as some other regions. Not all regions of the U.S. are equally affected -- urban dwellers with access to public transportation and for whom car-pooling is more feasible are less cash-strapped than residents of extremely remote, rural areas dependent upon agricultural production. "Across broad swaths of the South, Southwest and the upper Great Plains, the combination of low incomes, high gas prices and heavy dependence on pickup trucks and vans is putting an even tighter
However, it is implied that Stampler is a sociopath; research has concluded that crimes typically committed by those that have been diagnosed with sociopathy, or psychopathy, include serial murder, mass or spree murder, and/or serial rape.
Stampler's actions were motivated by countless instances of abuse at the hands of his father and documented sexual abuse by the archbishop, which the audience is led to be believe was a trusted member of Stampler's social circle. At the end of the film, it is not Stampler's innocence that is revealed, rather Vail's. Vail's belief system is shaken to the core as he realizes that there are people in the world that are inherently evil; Vail realizes that there are instances in which crimes are committed by bad people, such as Stampler's father, the archbishop, and lastly, by Stampler. Though he must continue to operate under the concept that people are innocent until…
Arrigo, Bruce. Criminal Behavior: A Systems Approach. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey:
Pearson Education, 2006. Print.
Hoblit, Gregory, dir. Primal Fear. Paramount Pictures, 2006. Motion Picture.
One of the major organizational consequences of matrilineal descent is that it results to the dominance of women while at the same time eradicating the "territorial" nature of males. This important feature of a matrilineal organization is vital, especially in the case of the Mosuo tribe, wherein the absence of territoriality discourages the practice of marriage. That is, women are bound only to their families and not their husbands or male relatives; the dominance of women in the tribe and dependence of males to females creates a matriarchal society instead of a patriarchal one.
The men's role in a matriarchal society is parallel with women's role in a patriarchal society, that is, to aid women in the process of procreation. Apart from his role as a father (but not a husband, as in the context of the Mosuo culture), males also help in daily household chores and to serve…
Consequences of Not Properly Closing Projects
There are many consequences of not properly closing out a project that can affect the success of the project or the program for many years to come. One of the most important aspects of closing is documenting lessons learned; especially in organizations that run multiple projects. For example, in many IT projects there are lessons learned throughout the project that can affect future related projects or other projects that have similar objectives. It can also affect the serviceability of the product of an IT project. For example, if an IT project produces software, then future revisions or software updates can be deeply impaired by the failure to document critical aspects of the lessons learned during the project's closure. A software update team may not be able to trace the original steps that were taken in the project so that the team can fix bugs…
Successful Software. (N.d.). Lessons learned from 13 failed software products. Retrieved from Successful Software: http://successfulsoftware.net/2010/05/27/learning-lessons-from-13-failed-software-products/
Zincubate. (2011, March 3). Why Do Project Managers Fail to Close Projects? Retrieved from Zincubate: http://zincubate.com/why-do-project-managers-fail-to-close-projects
War of 1812
A mere thirty years after the end of the Revolutionary War -- which saw the American colonies separate from and defeat the British empire -- the fledgling United States found itself once again face-to-face with the world's greatest military power in a struggle to secure for the new nation, a mark of international status. The War of 1812 began with a "secret vote on June 4th, in which House members endorsed going to war 79-49…and a Senate vote on June 17 favoring war 19 to 13" (Langguth, A.J. 2006). How though had the U.S. arrived at this precarious position and what would the confrontation invariably mean for American interests going forward?
Causes of War
America's "second war of independence" (Langguth, A.J. 2006) had three primary causes: the impressment of American sailors, the British trade and embargo and blockade of U.S. ports, and the "incitement of Native American's…
China is still regarded as a developing country, its rapid growth has put it in a position to compete with the top players in the world economy. With the advancement of technology and globalization, for example, China has been able to communicate and do business around the globe. This has enabled the country and its people to benefit from prosperous partnerships. Although China has advanced to a top position in the world economy, it is also true that the country faces severe problems, which could affect this position in the long-term. Chinese officials and businesses will have to give urgent attention to problems such as the water shortage, the economic strength of its local currency, and the drug problem in the country if China is to keep up its long-term success.
One of the most important impacts that the rapid development in China has had is the environment. In addition…
Barr, C. (2010, March 22). Enough about the Yuan already. CNNMoney. Retrieved from: http://money.cnn.com/2010/03/22/news/economy/china.tension.fortune/index.htm
Beech, H. (2006). Chinese Junk. Time Inc. Retrieved from: http://www.time.com/time/asia/covers/1101020520/cover.html
Gerth, K. (2011, January 1). Can China Save the World, Twice? World News. Retrieved from: http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2011/01/01/chinas-environmental-problems-and-economic-growth.html
The New Agriculturist. (2004, September) China's Water Problems. Retrieved from: http://www.new-ag.info/en/focus/focusItem.php?a=1302
research database be part of the protocol development team. Perhaps the most eminent of these reasons pertains to the need to have the data collection process aligned with the efforts of the protocol development team. The sort of congruence that needs to exist between database collection and protocol development is essential to ensuring that the data that is captured for analysis directly relates to the research study as a whole. In this sense, the research database design process contributes to the development of a research study's protocol in that it provides a mechanism for determining what sort of data is possible to capture (and able to be analyzed) to support the purpose of the study. Again, it is critical to have these two elements in a research study aligned because the former directly influences the latter. If a research database is not able to capture data that is used to…
Harper, J. (2014). The vital intersection between science and technology. www.dataversity.net. Retrieved from http://www.dataversity.net/vital-intersection-science-technology/
Harper, J. (2014). Governing self-service analytics. www.dataversity.net. Retrieved from http://www.dataversity.net/governing-self-service-analytics/
Treatment for Emergency Medical Conditions and Women in Labor healthcare system is at a tipping point. This is because facilities are facing rising costs and they must provide services to individuals who are poor or undocumented. These factors are having an adverse impact on the available services in Congresswoman Moody's district. To create a workable solution she must do something that is within her power and consistent with her values. These objectives will be achieved by looking at the options available, the criteria that is used to evaluate them and the pros / cons. Together; these areas will highlight the best choices for addressing the different problems inside the Congresswoman's district. (Anderson, 2011) (Davidson, 2010)
Identify 3-5 options for Congresswoman Moody's consideration
There are a total of three options which are available to deal with the underlying challenges impacting Moody's district. The most notable include: bringing in non-profits to work…
Anderson, R. (2011). Changing the U.S. Healthcare System. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Davidson, S. (2010). Still Broken. Stanford, CA: Stanford Business Books.
Shi, L. (2009). Essentials of the U.S. Healthcare System. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.
Tate, J. (2012). The Obama Care Survival Guide. West Palm Beach, FL: Humanix Books.
There are definitely some parallels between a current account surplus and a foreign investment. In fact, it is not incorrect to consider the former as an equivalent to the latter. The reason such a statement is accurate is because of the very definition of these terms. These definitions involve both denotations and connotations. Firstly, the congruence between a foreign investment and a current account surplus is based on the denotation of a current account. This term is generally considered a record of the services and goods that go into and out of a particular country, particularly as outlined by Gerber in International Economics. In terms of connotation, this term is suggestive of the facets of trade and of international trade in particular. The goods and services that come into and leave out of a country are connotative of commerce and of the forms of trade that countries engage in…
Balanced Federal Budgets
The federal government has a wide variety of responsibilities, most of which stem from programs that the government has created. Some of these outlays are discretionary, but many are not. The trade-offs for the federal government are usually not a question economics, but politics. The current federal budget for FY2016 shows a deficit of $474 billion. The largest outlays are for social security ($891 billion), other mandatory programs ($627), defense ($589), Medicare ($529) and non-defense discretionary, which covers a wide variety of different programs. Finding $474 billion to cut there -- or some of that money in conjunction with tax increases -- is inevitably going to be a challenge. Much of government spending in the budget is in the form of mandatory programs. Further, many of these are impossible, politically, to reduce. One does not simply cut Medicare payouts without losing a strong voting bloc, for example.…
Government Finance Officers Association. (2014). Distinguished Budget Presentation Award Program (Budget Awards Program). Retrieved from http://www.gfoa.co/sites/default/files/BudgetDetailedCriteriaLocationGuideFY2015.pdf
Mikesell, J. L. (2014). Fiscal administration: Analysis and applications for the public sector (9th
ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth.
The authors explain that "Large-scale habitat loss and fragmentation…" that results from urban sprawl is a major cause of the lack of biodiversity within the insect species (Acharya, 1999, 27). Even the building of a new road, or street lights, in places where previously there were no roads or lights, what the authors call "undisturbed areas," has an impact on insect biodiversity, Acharya explains. Meanwhile, moths, which are known to be drawn to light, have trigger mechanisms that detect the echolocation signals of bats; and on the other hand bats feed "…heavily" on moths, Acharya continues; in fact many bat species use moths as their "main food item" (Acharya, 27).
The point of that information (and of this study) in this peer-reviewed piece is that if "…eared moths" exhibit behaviors that allow them to avoid bat attacks, they would not be caught as often by bats and hence this would…
Acharya, Lilita, and Fenton, Brock M 1999. 'Bat attacks and moth defensive behaviour around street lights.' Canadian Journal of Zoology, vol. 77, 27-32.
Chepesiuk, Ron. 2009. 'Missing the Dark: Health Affects of Light Pollution.' Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 117, 20-27.
Conrad, Kelvin F., Warren, Martin S., Fox, Richard, Parsons, Mark S., and Woiwod, Ian P. 'Rapid declines of common, widespread British moths provide evidence of an insect biodiversity crisis.' Biological Conservation, vol. 132, 279-291
Duverge, Laurent P., Jones, Gareth, Rydell, Jens, and Ransome, Roger D. 2000. 'Functional significance of emergence timing in bats.' Ecography, vol. 23, 32-39.
positive and negative consequences of day care on a child's psychological development.
When the child is enrolled in day care for twenty or more hours a week, parents experience difficulty in handling the children [Belsky et al., p.556-678]. Usually the behavioral problems are related to aggression, or defiance.
If a child is spending the first 3 crucial years at the day care, the parent-child bond is likely to be effected. This can lead to feelings of insecurity, low self-esteem, low self-confidence and inability to form close relationships.
The children in day care have the higher levels of verbal and mathematical abilities [Broberg et al., p.62-69]. Thus, children spending a fair amount of time in quality day care before forty months of age have higher cognitive test scores. Their cognitive abilities are reflected by the language development and competence.
The day care quality is also associated with…
Belsky, J., Woodworth, S., & Crnic, K. (1996). Trouble in the second year: Three questions about family interaction. Child Development, 67, 556-578.
Broberg, A., Wessels, H., Lamb, M., & Hwang, C. (1997). Effects of day care on the development of cognitive abilities in 8-year-olds: A longitudinal study. Developmental Psychology, 33, 62-69.
Peisner-Feinberg, E. & Burchinal, M. (1997). Relations between preschool children's child-care experiences and concurrent development: The cost, quality, and outcomes study. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 43, 451-477.
Computerized Physician Order Entry (CPOE) systems are essential towards the improvement of the ordering processes within the health centers or hospitals. These systems are also valuable in relation to improvement of patient safety and enhancement of the quality of care or service delivery (Cohen A, et al., 2005). This is an indication that the systems are vital in the achievement of quality services with reference to quality care of patients within the health centers. Despite these benefits, there are unintended consequences in association with the implementation of the CPOE systems within the context of the hospitals or health centers (Kaushal et al., 2003). The main objective of this research analysis paper is to evaluate three critical forms of unintended consequences in relation to the implementation of CPOE systems in hospitals.
More/New Work for the Clinicians
Clear identification of the unintended consequence
One of the types of unintended consequences in relation…
Koppel R, Metlay JP, Cohen A, et al. (2005). Role of Computerized Physician Order Entry
systems in facilitating medication errors J. Am Med Inform Assoc; 293(10):1197-1203
Ash JS, Berg M, Coiera E. (2004). Some unintended consequences of information technology in health care: the nature of patient care information system-related errors. J Am Med
Inform Assoc; 11(2):104-112.
Psychological Parameters of Impulse Buying
Personality -- Impulse Buying
Defining the Psychological Parameters of Impulse Buying
Impulse buying (IB) represents unplanned, impulsive purchases that make little economic sense. The occasional, inexpensive impulsive purchase may do little harm and may even be healthy, but a pattern of chronic IB can lead to financial ruin. For this reason, understanding the psychological precursors for IB will be important for the creation of effective interventions. Towards this goal, the psychological states that predict IB behaviors were examined. In addition to the cognitive and affective domains included in the Impulse Buying Tendency Scale (IBTS), this study includes for the first time an analysis of the relationship between IB and the two most relevant time perspective domains of future-oriented and present-hedonistic-oriented from the Zimbardo Time Perspective Instrument (ZTPI). In addition, six questions were incorporated into the questionnaire to assess a consumer's perspective on IB consequences that…
Lin, Y.H. & Chen, C.F. (2013). Passengers' shopping motivations and commercial activities at airports -- The moderating effects of time pressure and impulse buying tendency. Tourism Management, 36, 426-34.
Silvera, DH, Lavack, A.M., & Kropp, F. (2008). Impulse buying: The role of affect, social influence, and subjective well-being. Journal of Consumer Marketing, 25(1), 23-33.
Verplanken, B. & Herabadi, A. (2001). Individual differences in impulse buying tendency: Feeling and no thinking. European Journal of Personality, 15, S71-83.
Zimbardo, P.G. & Boyd, J.N. (1999). Putting time in perspective: A valid, reliable individual-differences metric. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77(6), 1271-88.
Extinguishing the behavior through negative reinforcement
Differential reinforcement of high-rate behaviors: positive reinforcement of desired behaviors
Antecedent: The teacher asks the student to clean up the cafeteria tables.
Behavior: The student is disrespectful and kicks over a garbage can.
Consequence: The student is given a 'time out' in the classroom with his head down.
Negative reinforcement of problem behavior
Unintended consequence: Defiant student gets to leave and not clean up classroom.
Antecedent: Teacher is not paying attention to Alicia and is helping another student with an assignment.
Behavior: Alicia tries to get the teachers' attention by banging on the metal chair with her heels.
Consequence: Teacher reprimands Alicia.
Unintended consequence: Alicia gets teacher's attention, and some attention is better than no attention at all for Alicia.
Antecedent: Brandon is asked to stay at his desk and finish his work before leaving.
Behavior: Brandon defies the teacher and leaves…