Consequences of Imperialism
For four hundred years, the world has been quite aware of the European imperialism. Examples of European imperialism were found not only in Europe but also in other continents as a result of outward European expansion. The word Imperialism was basically invented during the mid-nineteen century when the age of autocracy was on the rise. Imperialism has led to multiple effects of globalization and multiculturalization in the modern day Europe.
European imperialism was greatly concentrated in the regions of Africa and Eastern Asia. These were the only two areas that were not influenced by the Europeans till the 1870.
The decades between 1870 and 1914 speedily completed the expansion of European influence and civilization over the whole of the earth; and it was accomplished in an era when the realism, ruthlessness, and rivalries of European national governments were exceptionally great. It therefore had a temper uniquely masterful and remorseless, brooking no obstacles and pushfully self-assertive. This quality came as much from the nature of European politics as from the urges of European economic development (David Thomson, World Wide Imperialism).
Since there existed no international organization to exercise any kind of control over the colonial expansion of Europe, the naked European power flourished. The European economic conditions and the anarchic political relations were the two prime factors, which led to the expansion of imperialism.
Regions of Africa and Asia proved to be very attractive to the Europeans since they offered many raw materials needed by the European industries to flourish. As a result the European markets prospered and expanded by occupying the overseas market.
The competitive, protectionist mood of European politics they found governments responsive enough to national needs to undertake the political conquest...
For this purpose, Africa and Asia served admirably. It was in these economic and political circumstances that the urge to exploit backward territories by the investment of surplus capital could make so much headway. It began especially after 1880, and gained rapidly in momentum until 1914 (David Thomson,
World Wide Imperialism).
Africa and Asia provided excellent opportunities to the Europeans for investments but the issues of security prevented widespread venture. After 1918, imperialism resulted in a war. "It was normally the coexistence of economic interests with political aims which made a country imperialistic; and in some, such as Italy or Russia, political considerations predominated" (David Thomson, World Wide Imperialism).
The French sought excessive manpower in the regions of Africa. Among the missionaries that were sent to Africa, the most famous was David Livingstone sent by the London Missionary Society. He later returned to Europe after opening a way for both commerce and Christianity. After that, France sent more people to persuade the Africans to convert to Christianity. "By 1875 they spread from Algeria into Tunisia, and set up a religious protectorate that preceded the political protectorate. Gambetta said of Lavigerie, 'His presence in Tunisia is worth an army for France" (David Thomson, World Wide Imperialism).
Hence, European imperialism not only exploited the African and the Asian territories for commerce but also its people in the name of religion. Zadie Smith said, "the century of strangers...the century of the great immigrant experiment" (White Teeth, Chapter 12). From 1875 and onwards, Africa became the commodity of the European nations. "In the generation between 1871 and 1900 Britain added 4.25 million square miles and 66 million people to her empire; France added 3.5 million square miles and 26 million people; Russia in Asia added half a million square miles and 6.5 million people" (David Thomson, World Wide Imperialism). By 1896, France took control of Dahomey, Algeria, Senegal, Guinea…
Imperialisms in Congo Imperialism in Congo The concept of Renewed Imperialism was prominent during the nineteen century. This period saw many European nations invade Africa and scrambled for nations that they were able to colonize. The effects of this period are still being felt by many African countries up-to-date as is the case with Congo. The influences of the colonizers are thought to have caused varied levels of destruction to many communities
However, to do so would be to engage in a horrible revisionist version of history. The development of modern America was based on the concept of manifest destiny and would not have occurred without the systemic deprivation of the rights of indigenous people. Attacking Native Americans, killing off tribes, killing off of buffalo for sport and thus depriving tribes of their food sources, and forcing Native Americans into reservations
E. industrialized (Greenberger, 2004) The appearance of uncivilized territories convinced many expansionists they had a God-given mission to take new territory and to spread Christianity and the benefits of European culture. The colonial powers did provide some benefits, one might say, as a result of this assumption. The powers "built new communications and transportation systems, established universities, and introduced modern medical practices." By making the colonized look, dress, behave, and hopefully
Imperialism which is often considered to be a final stage of capitalism was a logical continuation of industrialization, development of trade and colonization. Global trade and goods exchange have united Europe, Africa, America and Asia into an integral organism. Imperial system as well as interaction between the major colonial super-powers guaranteed economical stability and peace. Colonies were perfect markets for the goods produced in metropolises and were used as emergency
Napoleon: The United States stands as a perfect example of the benefits of Imperialism, as it is one of the most successful colonies that ever existed and given that it supplied the British Empire with resources for a long period of time. Roosevelt: Matters have changed ever since the colonial era, as the U.S. is known solely interested in promoting the concept of freedom and in emphasizing the wrongness related to
The Egyptian King Faud (1922-36) repeatedly disbanded popularly elected Wafd governments, despite huge majorities, due to their distinctly nationalist platform. The fickleness of the British position is exemplified by their later coercion of King Farouk (1936-52) to appoint an enfeebled Wafd government due to their need for a neutral Egypt during the Second World War. This intense irony does not detract from the fact that the monarchs in Egypt