Contemporary Worship Essays (Examples)

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Application of Genesis 12 10-20 in the Contemporary World

Words: 2551 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36035912

Genesis 12:10-20 and the Modern World:

Genesis 12:10-20 is a text about Abram and Sarai in Egypt that is considered as one of the great epos narrated in the ook of Genesis. efore the narration of this story, Abram is portrayed as an individual with several positive attributes including righteousness and humility. However, the story highlights several troubling concerns and questions regarding Abram's character, beliefs, and behaviors in relation to God and Sarai. These troubling questions and concerns have become the subject of interest and study throughout the ages. Actually, the concerns have been examined in various commentaries, adaptations and interpretations, and plot extensions. The story has mainly been examined from two schools of thought starting with a description of Sarai's beauty, attractiveness, and sexuality from the male perspective

. The second school of thought is typical expressions of male sexual discourse in light of Abram's disturbing behavior. Therefore, Genesis…… [Read More]

Bibliography:

Cochran, Brian T. "Genesis 12:10-20: "The Struggle to Walk by Faith" Redeemer Reformation

Church, April 22, 2014,  http://storage.cloversites.com/reginapresybeterianchurch/documents/Gen.%2012.10-20.pdf 

Deffinbaugh, Robert L. "When Faith Fails & #8230; (Genesis 12:10-13:41)." Bible.org. Last Modified May 12, 2004.  https://bible.org/seriespage/when-faith-fails-8230-genesis-1210-1341 

Enhancements to Inductive Bible Study. InterVarsity/USA Bible Study Task Force. Last Modified April 1999. http://www.intervarsity.org/sites/default/files/uploaded/bible-studies/communal/enhancements_to_ibs.doc
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How Do We Find Values in the Contemporary World

Words: 829 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32857366

Spiritual Intelligence: How Do We Find Values in the Contemporary World

The focus of this brief research report is to examine the issue of finding values in the contemporary world. Values, in the context of this research study relates to principles, standards, ethics, deeply-held beliefs and guides for living however, values also is akin to 'meaning'. Therefore, this research study examines how values and meaning is constructed in the life of a contemporary individual.

There has been much written in recent years concerning cognition and emotional intelligence. Studies in these two areas have yielded positive constructs, which individuals and social groups have successfully developed individually or in terms of the group upon the bases of cognitive and emotional intelligence behaviors and functional processes. Little explored however, is the area relating to what is known as 'Spiritual Intelligence."

What is Spiritual Intelligence

Spiritual intelligence is reported as a "higher dimension of…… [Read More]

References

Griffiths, Richard (2008) The Spiritual Intelligence Paradigm. SQ Institute Spiritual Intelligence Education. Retrieved from: SQ Institute, 2009

Spiritual Intelligence (2010) Mindwise. Retrieved from: http://mindwise.com.au/spiritual_intelligence.shtml

Spiritual Intelligence (1999) Illini Christian Faculty and Staff. 18 Feb. 1999. Retrieved from:
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Religion One of the Most Important Contemporary

Words: 1216 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17998202

eligion

"One of the most important contemporary developments in the religious field among U.S. Latinos has been the rapid growth of evangelical Protestantism, particularly Pentecostalism," (Vasquez 617). Pentecostalism is a charismatic, evangelical Protestant denomination. Known best for its espousal of "speaking of tongues, faith healing, divine visions and miracles," Pentecostalism has enjoyed a strong presence in Latin America alongside Catholicism (Kunerth). Pentecostalism is growing among American Hispanics, too, both because of immigration from countries with an already strong Pentecostal base but also because of social, political, and personal psychological changes within the Hispanic-American community. Many new immigrants from Latin America, especially Nicaragua, Honduras and the Caribbean, are already Pentecostal because of the religion has flourished there for decades (Kunerth)

However, Pentecostalism was born in the United States. The religion reflects a uniquely American religious culture. William J. Seymour is widely credited with being the "father of Pentecostalism," after starting what…… [Read More]

References

DePalma, Anthony. "God's Word, Echoing in English; Hispanic Pentecostal Churches Face Bilingual Problem." The New York Times. 02 Jan, 2003. Retrieved online: http://www.nytimes.com/2003/07/02/nyregion/god-s-word-echoing-english-hispanic-pentecostal-churches-face-bilingual-problem.html?pagewanted=all&src=pm

Espinoza, Efraim. "Hispanic Pentacostalism." Enrichment Journal. 2011. Retrieved online:  http://enrichmentjournal.ag.org/199904/059_hispanic.cfm 

Garza, Jennifer. "Hispanics Increasingly Drawn to Pentecostal Church." Hispanic News. 9 May, 2009. Retrieved online: http://hispanic.cc/hispanics_increasingly_drawn_to_pentecostal_church.htm

Kunerth, Jeff. "Hispanics Flock to Pentecostal Churches." Orlando Sentinel. 02 Jan, 2010. Retrieved online:  http://articles.orlandosentinel.com/2010-01-02/features/os-hispanic-pentecostals_3-20100101_1_pentecostal-churches-hispanic-congregation-pew-hispanic-center
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Cult vs Religion Contemporary Religious

Words: 1272 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97483999



Sect -- in sociology and anthropology, the term sect refers to a group that forms inside another group and takes on some individual characteristics that are based on, but not completely, like the parent or other group. In religion, for instance, denominations may be considered sects. Other academic definitions of the term tend to look at a socio-cultural definition, in that what is it that the group, the sect, is in tension with and why did it believe it had to separate (e.g. The Episcopalians separating over the ordination of a gay Bishop) (Wilson, 1992, 5-9).

Sects also occur in political, social, and cultural groups and, like religious sects, are splinter groups who leave a party or organization because of disagreement on some level. The early International Communist Parties of 1915-1935, for instance had numerous sects. All these were based on the doctrine of Marx & Engles, but took on…… [Read More]

REFERENCES and WORKS CONSULTED

Heidl, G. (2003). Origen's Influence on the Young Augustine. Gorgias Press LLC.

Lalich, J. And M. Langone. (2009). "Characteristics Associated With Cultic Groups."

ICSA. Cited in:

 http://www.csj.org/infoserv_cult101/checklis.htm
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Islam and Human Rights a Critique of Contemporary Muslim Approaches

Words: 1316 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60309226

Islam and Human Rights

a Critique of Contemporary Muslim Approaches

The basic objective of this research is note the errors that are committed by Muslims in their argument of human rights in Islam or in other words to explore possible means of formulation of a more coherent alternative expression of values to point out the errors committed by Muslims in their attempt to argue the case of human rights in Islam in the hope that efforts and resources expended in that direction can be derived to a more agreeable end; which is the exploration of possible means of formulating a more coherent alternative expression of values to the so-called "Islamic human rights."

A considerable amount of literature has been produced on these issues by competent Muslim thinkers and scholars but because they either

purposefully or 2) inadvertently chose to follow almost the same style as explored in the Western tradition…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Hassan, Riffat, Ph.D. ( ) Are Human Rights Compatible with Islam? The Issue of the Rights of Women in Muslim Communities, University of Louisville, KY [Online available at: http://www.religiousconsultation .org/hassan2.htm

Islam 101 "Human Rights in Islam" 2005 [Online available at: http://www.islam 101. com/rights/index.Htm 'Allamah Abu Al'A'la Mawdudi at Tawid Journal 'Vol.. IV No. 3 Rajah-Ramadan 1407 ajab-Ramadahan 1407 Human Rights in Islam.]
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Transforming Culture Sherwood Lingenfelter the

Words: 2912 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39950327

"Be not conformed to this world" means that while we have to live in it, we do not have to believe in it or be led by it. We cannot free ourselves completely from the influence of culture (we live within it, after all), but we can achieve a high degree of insight about it. We can learn to let our lives be guided by God and thus be free-er than those people whose lives are guided by cultural assumptions, norms, practices, opinions, attitudes, and moral standards. Those people who are influenced and guided by the often conflicting forces of culture, without the mitigating guidance of Christianity, are the most enslaved. Jesus described them as "like sheep not having a shepherd." An extreme example of cultural enslavement is middle-eastern youths who grow up to become suicide bombers. They absorb from their culture the idea that they can be heroes by…… [Read More]

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Christianity the Roman Way Rome Exerted Tremendous

Words: 2900 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72036816

Christianity

THE ROMAN WAY

Rome exerted tremendous pressure on its colonies to conform, and do things in the Roman Way. When in Rome, one does as the Romans do. The Via Romana is a road referring to the Roman way. Rome conquered Alexander's vast empire and then imposed the Imperium (the imperial right to rule) upon the world. Religio-Romana refers to the Roman religion of paganism and polytheism. Roman religion. Romans are to practice Rome's religion without changing it. The Roman practices will be executed as they have always been since the beginning of Roman civilizations. This includes worshipping the Roman emperor as god. The political connection between Rome's religion and the people impose the belief and practice: Roman religion is the truth. Mos Maiorum refers to the living traditions. People are to live their lives according to Roman traditions. This is the daily life of Romans extant in the…… [Read More]

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Ethnic Music Humanities A Origin and Development

Words: 3389 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49648099

Ethnic Music Humanities

a) Origin and Development of Traditional and Contemporary Ethnic Music

My personal experience in learning this subtopic reveals to me that music is a global cultural practice found in every known culture, both in the past and present, but with a wide variation with regards to time and place of practicing it. Since every ethnic group around the world, including some of the most secluded tribal groups, depicts their own forms of musical practices, I conclude that music might have been present among the ancestral populations prior to the dispersion of human populations around the world. This confirms that music must have been existing and evolving into different forms for over 50,000 years, and the first music might had been invented in Africa, which is regarded as the cradle of humankind. Then the music evolved through diverse parts of the world during human dispersion to become the…… [Read More]

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Biblical Prophetic Literature and Hosea

Words: 689 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22409236

Exegesis Hosea 10: 5-6
Close Reading

Hosea is a prophetic book and like many books in this tradition, it is a critique of the current ways of the Israelites and an explanation of why their words and deeds are in error. One of the central images of Hosea 10: 5-6 is that of idolatry, specifically that of the "calf" at which the inhabitants of Samaria "tremble" despite the explicit prohibition of worshipping graven images in Exodus; the calf specifically recalls the idolatry of the golden calf while the Israelites were in exile in the deserts.[footnoteRef:1] The priests that "wail" over it are said to be idolatrous themselves, specifically underlining their worship of graven images but also the sense of despair reflected in Hosea as a text. The fact that the calf will be taken to Assyria may be read as a symbolic warning of Israel being conquered by that nation…… [Read More]

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Plea to the Hearts and Minds of

Words: 4130 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42448624

plea to the hearts and minds of people who are being knowledgeable of the distinctive qualities and assert from the Episcopal Church. The charm from the Church tends to be realized all over our land. Its extensiveness of empathy for every situations of people, the highly convincing perspective regarding the joys of life, the liberty from peculiarity of practice and faith, have unveil the Episcopal Church to the awareness of a lot of people whose religious association have been interfered with or destabilized. e always come across some evident problem, Steve Klein (2007), which makes a lot of people not to join the Episcopal Church. The Church tends to be rather odd, or cold, or complex. It tends not to fulfill the condition that training which is done earlier results to majority anticipation in a church. The services are somehow rigid and obscure; the ways are complex; it has strange…… [Read More]

WORK CITED

Episcopal Church "The Columbia Encyclopedia" sixth edition, Columbia University Press 2001.

Episcopal Church "Encyclopedia Britannica" Enclopedia Britannica. Inc. Retrieved. 2007

Steve Klein," The solution to Episcopal Church Problems" by Vista Church of Christ. 2007.

Sydnor William,"Looking at the Episcopal Church" USA. Morehouse Publishing.1980
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Representation of the Human Figure

Words: 1494 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5455490

The Vairocana Buddha on the back wall has a Bodhisattva to his left wearing a crown and pearls. Bodhisattvas were still 'of the world,' beings in Mahayana Buddhism who temporarily did not seek Enlightenment to bring Enlightenment to the rest of the world. On his other side, a "divine general treads an evil spirit underfoot" ("acred Destinations," Longmen Caves, 2010). The combined images of the most spiritual and enlightened of all manifestations of the Buddha, a spiritual deity still striving to Enlighten those in the world, and national symbolism illustrate how Buddhism was not seen as innately contradictory with the aims of the nation-state.

ources:

"Longmen Caves." acred Destinations. March 1, 2010.

http://www.sacred-destinations.com/china/longmen-caves

O'Brien, Barbara. "The Five Dhyani Buddhas: Vairocana Buddha" About.com.

http://buddhism.about.com/od/thetriyaka/ig/Five-Dhyani-Buddhas/Vairocana-Buddha.htm

Category D

ummarize the history of the porcelain traditions in China from the Yuan to the present. Give examples.

The Yuan Dynasty saw the development of what…… [Read More]

Sources:

"Japanese architecture." Asian Info. March 2, 2010.

 http://www.asianinfo.org/asianinfo/japan/architecture.htm 

"Temples and Shrines." Japan Culture. March 2, 2010.

http://www.japanvisitor.com/index.php?cID=359&pID=350
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Abrahamic Religion Comparing and Contrasting

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3840482

Before the Torah is replaced near the end of the service, it is carried throughout the assembled congregation. Worshippers may reach out and touch the Torah with prayer books (hands are not supposed to be used), then kiss the object that touched the Torah, a gesture of affection, respect, and loyalty to God. This ritual is (arguably) symbolically equivalent to Catholic Communion, where believers symbolically ingest the blood and the body of Christ (a sip of wine and a Communion wafer) thereby taking the Lord into themselves. Both practices reaffirm personal relationships to God. Such contemporary (and past) ceremonies and liturgical practices may or may not actually aid worshippers in understanding God (or on the other hand, provide roadblocks for interpretation of the sacred). However, both are powerful signs of a personal relationship between congregants and God.

Many sections of the Old Testament reaffirm monotheism. In Exodus 31-33, Moses leaves…… [Read More]

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Isaiah 57 Can Be Divided

Words: 3043 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32732809



In verse 13, God directly challenges the false Gods to save the Israelites. God tells them that their idols will do them no good and that he can and will destroy them. God also reiterates his promise to the righteous that he will keep them safe and the land will be theirs. This verse demonstrates God's ultimate authority and superiority over the old pagan gods. It proclaims his undisputed position and his intolerance for the worship of other deities.

Chapter 57: It's Place in Isaiah

According to Isaiah, it is the duty of every Israelite to adhere to the morals and commandments of God

. Isaiah viewed Assyria as God's tool for doling out punishment to the rest of the world for transgressions

. Isaiah, Chapter 57 is a plea for the Israelites to take action as a nation so that they do not collectively suffer as sinners.

The Great…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Dancy, J. The Divine Drama. The Old Testament as literature. Cambrridge, UK. Lutterworth press. 2001.

Gordon, C. And Rendsburg, G. The Bible and the Ancient Near East. W.W. Norton and company.

1998.

Jackson, W. The ACU Commentary and the Unity of the Book of Isaiah. February 24, 2009.
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Western Religion

Words: 6937 Length: 21 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99571749

Western Religion

In his book, "Western Ways of eing Religious," (Kessler, 1999) the author Gary E. Kessler identifies the theological, philosophical and societal ramifications of the evolution of religion in the West. Christianity, Judaism and Islam can be traced to a single origin but their divergence has been very marked. Kessler sets his thesis very early in the book. He avers that there are two approaches to religion. One is to be immersed in it -- as a practitioner; the other is to study it as an objective observer, looking in from the outside. This work is unique. The author challenges the traditional notions with his own opinions then follows it with the views of an expert on that notion (in the form of a speech or an essay). He avers that a student of religion has to approach the topic with honesty and openness. This often involves imagining the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Kessler, Gary E. Western Ways of Being Religious. Mountain View, Calif.: Mayfield Pub., 1999.pp.

Edwards, Rem Blanchard. Reason and Religion; an Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion. New York,: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1972.pp. 386

Paden, William E. Religious Worlds: The Comparative Study of Religion. Boston: Beacon Press, 1988.pp. 192

Proudfoot, Wayne. Religious Experience. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.pp. 263
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James II

Words: 1086 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28247163

Scriptures of James and Hosea

There are a few poignant similarities between the messages in the scriptures of James 2: 8-11 and Hosea 11: 1-3. A thorough analysis of these passages indicates that they each adhere to the same thematic issues and deal with similar subject matter. However, there appears to be a hierarchy in the way that these two scriptures relate to one another. The passage in James sets forth a specific principle in which the passage in Hosea provides an example.

The dominant theme found in the aforementioned verses from James is for individuals to heed the word of God. The word of God is law, and is referenced in this passage as royal law -- which is an allusion to the Ten Commandments. In buttressing this theme, the author of this passage expressly forbids favoritism and keeping some, yet not all, of God's commandments. However, the principle…… [Read More]

References

Akers, T. (2005). How to read the bible for all its worth. Grace Communion International. Retrieved from http://www.gci.org/book/feestuart

James (1973). James 2: 8-11. www.biblegateway.com Retrieved from http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=James+2&version=NIV

Hosea (1973). Hosea 11: 1-3. www.biblegateway.com. Retrieved from http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Hosea+11%3A1-3&version=NIV

Thomas, R. (1994). Introduction to biblical interpretation. Master's Seminary Journal. Retrieved from http://www.tms.edu/JournalBookReview.aspx?ID=252
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Lives Jesus Mohammed Relation Respective Religion The

Words: 1353 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63298253

lives Jesus Mohammed relation respective religion. The paper formatted APA guidelines, include research sources. Be complete steps paper: 1. Trace lives Jesus Mohammed historically.

Jesus and Mohammed

Standing as the two principal religions on the planet, Christianity and Islam are most recognized for the individuals who made it possible for them to exist. Jesus is the major figure in the world of Christianity while Mohamed is the central figure in the Islamic world. Given religion is presently one of the most debated topics, one of the best methods of understanding each of the two religious faiths would be to analyze the characters that stand at the base of each of them.

Although there is no exact evidence to demonstrate when Jesus was born, most sources point toward the belief that the act occurred somewhere before the death of King Herod the Great. There are a series of scholarly accounts meant…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Rausch, Thomas P. "Who is Jesus?: an introduction to Christolog." (Liturgical Press, 2003).

Sarker, Abraham. "Understand My Muslim People." (Barclay Press, 2004).
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Black Churches New Pastors

Words: 4891 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99514907



There are some generalizations from the survey that are useful in the sense that they offer solid social reasons why pastors should be in touch with today's unmarried parents, in order to provide services for them outside their attendance for Sunday sermons: one, unmarried parents are "twice as likely to live below the poverty line as married parents"; two, unmarried parents are "twice as likely to have dropped out of school as married parents"; three, unmarried parents are "twice as likely" to have reported being in some degree of trouble with alcohol or with illegal drugs; four, unmarried parents "are younger than married parents" by an average of 7 years; and five, forty-three percent of unmarried mothers "have children with at least two men," while just 15% of married mothers "have children with different fathers."

In conclusion, Parke writes that the data from the research helps to dispel the myth…… [Read More]

References

Baldwin, Lewis. 2003. Revisiting the 'All-Comprehending Institution': Historical

Reflections on the Public Roles of Black Churches, in New Day Begun: African-

American Churches and Civic Culture in Post-Civil Rights America. Durham, NC:

Billingsley, Andrew. 1992. Climbing Jacob's Ladder: The Enduring Legacy of African-
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Temple Beth Am Site Visit Jonathan Zaun

Words: 1189 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16043960

Temple Beth Am Site Visit

Jonathan Zaun

For people living in prior generations, the practice of one's religious beliefs was a private expression of faith to be shared only with fellow adherents. Christians worshipped alongside fellow Christians and seldom found either the opportunity or the desire to explore the religious beliefs of neighbors and friends who happened to be Jewish, Muslim, Hindu or any of the hundreds of creeds which are followed freely in the United States. Fortunately, this exclusionary attitude towards religion has been cast aside by today's youth, and people are now encouraged to visit places of worship with which they may not be familiar. As a practicing Roman Catholic, I have always been curious about Judaism, a faith which shares many of its influences with Christianity but has evolved throughout the ages to become the distinctly unique belief system we know today. In order to fully immerse…… [Read More]

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Christian Transformation The Evolution of

Words: 3036 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95648775

In contrast, the exterior was almost undecorated" (25). Another significant church that was built contemporaneously with the Hagia Sophia was the cruciform Church of the Holy Apostles (536-546), which featured five domes (Nickel).

Figure 3. Cross-domed church. Most important type of ground-plan of the Middle Byzantine period. In addition to the central dome, more elaborate examples have domes over the corner chapels -- quincunx. From the tenth century onwards, the cross-domed church becomes widespread throughout Bulgaria. In Russia it develops into the dominant church type of the Middle Ages, the cruciform domed church. (Church of Theofokos, Monastery of Hosios Lukas, Greece, tenth century)

Source: Nickel 25

Constantine clearly set the architectural bar very high, and Christian architects would be hard pressed to match the Hagia Sophia in terms of size, organization and decorations, but the structure was clearly a model for future efforts. In this regard, Nickel reports that, "Compared…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Curran, John R. Pagan City and Christian Capital: Rome in the Fourth Century. New York:

Oxford University Press, 2000.

Giliberto, Tracy. (2010). Fish Eaters. [Online]. Available: http://www.fisheaters.com/church building.html.

Hodges, Richard. (1996, May). "Aphrodite's Temple at Knidos." History Today 46(5): 61-63.
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Religion Should Be Eliminated From

Words: 2379 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55729778



Essentially, science utilizes the power of reason and logic in its search for the truth while religion depends almost wholly upon faith, being a belief in something without any evidence whatsoever to support it. In the realms of science, investigators seek to understand natural phenomena through direct observation and experimentation which makes it mandatory that all interpretations of the facts be provisional and testable. Statements made by any authority, revelation or appeal to the supernatural are not part of this process, due to the absence of supporting evidence.

Thus, in the eyes of religious scholars and authorities, all opposition to what science has uncovered is based on faith and mythological revelation which takes precedence over evidence. Also, the tenets of religion have not, for the most part, changed much over time and cannot be validated when subjected to the scientific method.

Like many others that study the natural world, scientists…… [Read More]

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Athletes as Role Models Has Been a

Words: 1438 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45649078

Athletes as role models has been a topic of discussion for many years. The debate of whether athletes who are only famous because they know how to throw a ball or catch one is debated among those who believe that to worship such superficial individuals is to do our society harm (Kelley 2010). For years athletes themselves have denied the idea of being role models and have at times refused to live up to that expectation (Jones 2008). Some believe that holding regular individuals who are just playing a game and not having any real impact on a progressive society is to do harm to the people doing the worshipping. While others view this notion as being unfair to the athletes who literally just want to play a game because they are good at it, it cannot be denied that these individuals have a profound impact on the youth and…… [Read More]

References:

Jones, B. (March 1, 2008). Bush: Athletes have role model responsibility. In USA Today. Retrieved August 30, 2011, from

Kelley, R. (March 10, 2010). They're not role models. In Newsweek. Retrieved August 30, 2011, from

Biskup, C., & Pfister, G. (1999). Would like to be like her/him: Are athletes role-models for boys and girls? European Physical Education Review. 5(3):199-218.
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Global Changes in the Missiology

Words: 9755 Length: 35 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77300433

" It caused missionaries to deal with peoples of other cultures and even Christian traditions -- including the Orthodox -- as inferior. God's mission was understood to have depended upon human efforts, and this is why we came to hold unrealistic universalistic assumptions. Christians became so optimistic that they believed to be able to correct all the ills of the world." (Vassiliadis, 2010)

Missiology has been undergoing changes in recent years and after much serious consideration Christians in the ecumenical era "are not only questioning all the above assumptions of the Enlightenment; they have also started developing a more profound theology of mission. One can count the following significant transitions:

(a) From the missio christianorum to the missio ecclesiae;

(b) the recognition later that subject of mission is not even the Church, either as an institution or through its members, but God, thus moving further from the missio ecclesiae to…… [Read More]

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bosch, David Jacobus (1991) Transforming Mission: Paradigm Shifts in Theology of Mission, American Society of Missiology Series; No. 16. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books, 1991.

Gelder, Craig Van (2007) the Missional Church in Context: Helping Congregations Develop Contextual Ministry. Volume 1 of Missional Church Series. Missional Church Network Series. Wm B. Eerdmans Publishing 2007.

Guder, Darrell L. (2000) the Continuing Conversion of the Church. Grand Rapids, NI: Eerdmans, 2000.

Hesselgrave, David J> (2007) Will We Correct the Edinburgh Error? Future Mission in Historical Perspective. Southwestern Journal of Theology.Vol. 49 No. 2 Spring 2007.
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Price Beauty 'For Though Beauty Is Seen

Words: 6265 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40095914

Price Beauty?

'For though beauty is seen and confessed by all, yet, from the many fruitless attempts to account for the cause of its being so, enquiries on this head have almost been given up"

illiam Hogarth, The Analysis of Beauty, (1753)

Not very encouraging words, but if the great artist illiam Hogarth felt himself up to the task, we can attempt at least to follow his lead. That beauty is enigmatic goes almost without saying. Different ages, different cultures, and even different individuals, will have their own definitions of "beauty." The problem is more than skin deep. Any term that can be so widely and irregularly employed is bound to trap the casual researcher ... Or reader ... Or viewer ... Or for that matter, any other human being who attempts to define what is and what is not "beauty." People, places, things -- even ideas dreams -- can…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Al-Braizat, Fares. "Muslims and Democracy: An Empirical Critique of Fukuyama's Culturalist Approach." International Journal of Comparative Sociology (2002): 269+.

Browne, Stephen H. "EDMUND BURKE (1729-1797)." Eighteenth-Century British and American Rhetorics and Rhetoricians: Critical Studies and Sources. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994. 42-50.

Callaghan, Karen A., ed. Ideals of Feminine Beauty: Philosophical, Social, and Cultural Dimensions. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.

"The Eighteenth-Century Beauty Contest." Eighteenth-Century Literary History: An MLQ Reader. Ed. Brown, Marshall. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1999. 204-234.
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Xhosa People Are Black Africans

Words: 2830 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16898998

This entertainment is the ceremonial or festive taking of alcoholic drinks at events called "beer parties." Researchers noted the significance of the festive element of work among the laborers but showed beer as an essential aspect of work. The rule in these beer work parties are adjusted to the particular workers involved. It invokes the overall value and morality of helpfulness and reciprocity, which are part of beer-drinking events. It is an expression of a general interdependence between homesteads. Ordinary beer parties emphasize the general principle of mutual helpfulness and mutual relationships in homesteads. ut beer parties for harvest give thanks to ancestors for the homestead's harvest. These parties give recognition to those who plow the homestead's garden (McAllister).

A recent analyzed the relation between cooperative work and beer drinking. It found that beer drinks served as a contact point of everyday activity and ideas in the Xhosa society in…… [Read More]

Bibliography

CESA. The Xhosa. People Profile. Central Eastern Southern Africa, 2008. Retrieved on May 8, 2008 at http://cesa.imb.org/peoplegroups/xhosa.htm

Christian Action. The National Suicide of the Xhosa. Vol 2. The Christian Action

Magazine, 2004.

Cornwell, Jane. Sweet Sounds of Freedom. The (London) Independent: Independent
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Extra Lines Paragraphs Use Footnotes Endnotes

Words: 2179 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96911040

extra lines paragraphs. Use footnotes endnotes ( author, title book, page number needed).

The contemporary society largely owes its advancements to ancient peoples such as the Egyptians, considering the technological progress experienced in Egypt in times when the rest of the world was struggling to survive given the harsh conditions available. hile Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome were diverse civilizations and spread over several territories, Ancient Egypt concentrated on a particular geographical area. Even with this, the complex nature of this particular civilization makes it difficult for one to describe it similar to how he or she would describe the other two.

In order to have a better understanding of Ancient Egypt one would first have to consider its location. Most people associate it with the African continent as a whole while others are inclined to associate it with the northern part of the territory, considering that these people generally…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Donadoni, Sergio, "The Egyptians," (University of Chicago Press, 1997)

Loken, Israel P. "The Old Testament Historical Books:

An Introduction," (Xulon Press, 30.05.2008)

Modrzejewski, Joseph, "The Jews of Egypt: From Rameses II to Emperor Hadrian," (Princeton University Press, 27.10.1997)
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High Degree of Misinformation I Had Received

Words: 3132 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33587097

high degree of misinformation I had received from traditional teachings about the church and the beginning of Christianity. Moreover, I was struck by the notion that most other people in the Western world receive this same degree of intentional misinformation, so much so that I have even heard people defend the idea that knowledge of the historical church is irrelevant to modern Christianity. Reading through the class material, I was struck by how critical this historical information was to the understanding of the actual church. One critical piece of information is the idea of Jesus as the head of the church, despite him not establishing Christianity as a separate religion. Another critical idea was that prophets could play a continuing role in Christianity, when my traditional understanding had suggested that after Jesus there would be no more Jewish prophets. I also found myself wondering about the very obvious and significant…… [Read More]

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Conception of Project Management Is

Words: 6580 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32692490

1)" Yuen 10. However, in order to consistently be successful in this profession and in the completion of projects, there is a significant more amount of consideration and work to be done within this field. These additional considerations form an indelible component of the present research, which has stratified these concerns in ways that are germane to the proper implementation of project management, and which should not merely focus on the abilities of an individual (such as a project manager), but include a gestalt of "knowledge and skills from the areas of expertise of "project environments," "general management skills," and "Knowledge of the application area" (Yuen 386), that are "a deliberate orchestration of all these areas of expertise to complete a project."

By analyzing what these different environment areas were in previous centuries for the completion of successful projects in Europe and the Near East, the research contained within this…… [Read More]

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Redemptive Role of the Black

Words: 2354 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72409999

44). She affiliated with the African Methodist Church (AME), preaching from New York State to Ohio and down South as well. She published her autobiography in 1849 and received "strong resistance and biting criticism," according to Frances Smith Foster (1993). "Lee used her alleged inferiority to emphasize the power of her message and in so doing, she…implies an authority superior to those whom she addresses" (Foster, p. 57). Indeed, Lee used the New Testament assertion that "the last shall be first" and in her autobiography she said she was an example of God's "ability to use even 'a poor coloured female instrument' to convert sinners…" (Foster, p. 57).

Another worthy source utilized for this paper is Dr. Edward R. Crowther, Professor of History at Adams State College in Colorado. Crowther published an article in the Journal of Negro History explaining how African-Americans got away from the white man's church after…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Blount, Brian K. (2005). Can I Get a Witness? Reading Revelation Through African-American

Culture. Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press.

Clayton, Obie. (1995). The Churches and Social Change: Accommodation, Moderation, or Protest. Daedalus, 124(1), 101-119).

Collier-Thomas, Bettye. (1998). Daughters of Thunder: Black Women Preachers and Their
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Platforms and Pyramids Have Served

Words: 2297 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86024868

" The Evening Standard (London, England), October 7, 2005, 37 http://wwwquestiacom/PMqst?a=o&d=5011236624

"WELCOME TO BLING TOWN! Stupendous Skyscrapers, Mountains of Money and a Surreal Sense of Style - Veteran Reporter MICHAEL BUERK Is Dazzled by Dubai Arabia's City of Excess" The Daily Mail (London, England), February 10, 2007, 62 http://wwwquestiacom/PMqst?a=o&d=5019361201

http://wwwquestiaschoolcom/PMqst?a=o&d=10506319?Charles Green, Sutton Hoo: The Excavation of a Royal Ship-Burial (London: Merlin Press, 1963), 127, http://wwwquestiacom/PMqst?a=o&d=10506319

http://wwwquestiaschoolcom/PMqst?a=o&d=54339630?William H Stiebing, Ancient Astronauts, Cosmic Collisions, and Other Popular Theories about Man's Past (Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 1984), 131, http://wwwquestiacom/PMqst?a=o&d=54339630

http://wwwquestiaschoolcom/PMqst?a=o&d=10506293?Charles Green, Sutton Hoo: The Excavation of a Royal Ship-Burial (London: Merlin Press, 1963), 101, http://wwwquestiacom/PMqst?a=o&d=10506293

http://wwwquestiaschoolcom/PMqst?a=o&d=103063549?A R David, The Pyramid Builders of Ancient Egypt: A Modern Investigation of Pharaoh's Workforce (New York: Routledge, 1996), 104, http://wwwquestiacom/PMqst?a=o&d=103063549

http://wwwquestiaschoolcom/PMqst?a=o&d=5011236624?"Touching the Void; Skyscrapers Are Brash Symbols of Money and Masculinity; No Wonder Developers, Architects and Mayors Are Eager to Erect Them But with the Minerva Building…… [Read More]

. http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=110182873?Abdalla Abdelaziz Attia, "Cities Spanning the Millennia: Cairo/Alexandria," in Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat: Cities in the Third Millennium (New York: Spon Press, 2001), 284, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=110182873.

. http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5027182576?Cecilia Tortajada, "Challenges and Realities of Water Management of Megacities: The Case of Mexico City Metropolitan Area," Journal of International Affairs 61, no. 2 (2008), http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5027182576.

. http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5021336786?Michael E. Long, "Presidential Temples: How Memorials and Libraries Shape Public Memory," Presidential Studies Quarterly 37, no. 1 (2007), http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5021336786.
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Loss Read P 305 Leaving

Words: 7913 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75963209

" The differences in these two lines seem to be only a matter of syntax but in actuality, it also differs in the meaning. The King James Bible version makes it seem like the Lord is making the individual do something, as if by force or obligation, while the Puritan version states that the Lord causes the individual to do something, as if out of their own will. This alone relays the message that faith itself is driving the action, not a perceived obligation.

Another distinction between the two translations can be found with the lines "Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: / and I will dwell in the house of the Lord forever" (King James Bible) and "Goodness and mercy surely shall / all my days follow me. / and in the Lord's house I shall / dwell so long as days…… [Read More]

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Successfully Argue That Apollo Has

Words: 379 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35377610

Finally, it is noteworthy to mention that all poetry was attributed to Apollo -- as such the classic literature conceived of and which defines western culture is a testament to Apollo's greatness.

Apollo was also worshipped in ancient Greece as the god of the sun. In ancient Greece and even in contemporary times (albeit to a lesser extent), the sun is considered a harbinger of light and learning and the spread of knowledge. Thus, a great deal of scholasticism and scholarship in Western civilization has its roots in Apollo's status as the god of the sun. Another cultural aesthete of a particular civilization is the degree of knowledge it has encompassed and produced. Greece was long renowned as a center of learning, and with advancements in technology, contemporary western culture leads the world in this application of knowledge. Thus, the aspect of knowledge associated with the sun and of a…… [Read More]

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Old Testament by Elemer L Towns the

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Old Testament by Elemer L. Towns the organization PDF book review

Noble Attempt

In many respects, Elmer Towns' non-fictional narrative, A Journey Through the Old testament: The Story of How God Developed His People in the Old Testament, serves as a helpful guide for correctly reading, and interpreting, the most influential events and people that occur throughout the first half the Bible (which is, of course, the Old Testament). Towns' writing style is academic, yet not so scholarly that it is difficult for the layman to comprehend. Furthermore, the author offers a number of direct quotations and passages from throughout the Bible (including some passages from the New Testament) to corroborate his findings. One of the key facets about this particular narrative is that it offers a chronological perspective of the people who directly influenced the events that are the most important in the Old Testament. By doing so, Towns…… [Read More]

References

Towns, E 1996, A Journey Through The Old Testament: The Story of How God Developed His People in the Old Testament, Harcourt Brace, Fort Worth, TX, http://elmertowns.com/books/online/journey_ot/journey_through_the_old_testament%5Betowns%5D.pdf
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Laurie Long

Words: 1785 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29399157

Laurie Long, a contemporary American artist, has a style most uniquely her very own. What she does is to fuse together disparate elements of pop culture, humor, and more predominantly, feminism and feminist culture. This combination is often seen in all her works of art, and today, one of her more fascinating pieces is that of 'The Secret History of Goddess Sites' wherein Laurie Long documents the several places in Europe where female deities are being worshipped, even today. The artist states that some of the sites may have been real, some of them dubiously reconstructed, and some more of them replaced by churches and other significantly archaeological treasures, and these were reconstructed by the artist with the help of several photographs and prints and so on. She has managed to re-contextualize each site, and also address important issues such as feminism and other gender issues within the artwork, and…… [Read More]

References

A Provocative Look at the Construction of Female Identity. San Jose Museum of Art. January 21, 2005. Retrieved From http://www.sanjosemuseumofart.org/content/aboutUs/press/press_info.phtml?itemID=57 Accessed on 11 March, 2005

DeVaney, Scott. Panty Rave: Laurie Long's Girl Power! exhibit probes the dimensions of female power. Retrieved From http://www.thewavemag.com/pagegen.php?pagename=article& articleid=25193 Accessed on 11 March, 2005

Download Postcards Home Contemporary Art and New Technology in the Primary School. Retrieved From  http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/bpl/jade/2005/00000024/00000001/art00002  Accessed on 11 March, 2005

Gant, Michael S. Drew Stories: In 'Girl Power!' exhibit at SJ Museum of Art, Laurie Long spies on her own life. Retrieved From  http://www.metroactive.com/papers/metro/02.16.05/girlpower-0507.html  Accessed on 11 March, 2005
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Community Outreach

Words: 1677 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83681436

Troubled Youth and Aged Individuals: Contemporary Community Case Study

There are two age groups in the present population with specific needs required to fulfill and direct them at a pivotal moment in their life's development when paired together represent reciprocal provision of care during a critical stage in the lives of each of these two representative groups of contemporary society. The two age groups at focus in this study are today's youth and the present aged population in the community. Youth are disproportionately characterized as having behavioral problems and the community elders are a reservoir of guidance for these youth who in return have much to offer the aged as well.

The research proposed in this specific study involves collaboration with teacher, the school board, and counselors to prepare a method of providing school credits in return for volunteer work on the part of students who are also categorized as…… [Read More]

Bibliography

A Year's Worth of Mentoring Activities: 52 Ideas -- One for Each Week of the Year, Legacy Project. Retrieved from:  http://www.legacyproject.org/valentinekit/part1/yearsworthmentoring.pdf 

Bosak, SV (nd) Effective Mentoring. Retrieved from:  http://www.legacyproject.org/guides/mentors.html 

Elements of Effective Mentoring Practices (nd) Legacy Project. . Retrieved from:  http://www.legacyproject.org/valentinekit/part1/effectivementoring.pdf 

MENTORING INITIATIVES: An Overview of Youth Mentoring. A Center for Substance Abuse Prevention Conference and Meeting Document. April, 2000. Retrieved:  http://www.nationalfamilies.org/parents/mentor.pdf
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Columbus in Retrospect What's Your

Words: 545 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25579702

Queen Isabella initially challenged the basis of Columbus' right to enslave the subjects entrusted to her by the Pope.

4. How did Spain explain the purpose of the Encomienda system?

According to their view, the Indians were to be rightfully Christianized by Spanish forces. Since they resisted their efforts, the Encomienda suggested that enslavement was a tool necessitated to overcome the Indians' reluctance to work and their "laziness." Their enslavement into forced labor was a means of imposing order on them and of disciplining them as part of the duty of the Spanish to motivate the Indians to convert to Christianity.

5. How did the Spanish colonists and the King respond to Montesinos' critique of their treatment of the Indians? Why did the King have this reaction?

The Spanish colonists and the King responded that the Indians had a natural obligation and duty to accept their Christian teachings. In the…… [Read More]

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Terrorism Defining and Justifying Terrorism

Words: 685 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82811950

289). Coady (cited in Halwani, 2006) points out that lack of a good definition makes it difficult, if not impossible, to address the moral implications of terrorism. Coady defines terrorism as "the organized use of violence to attack noncombatants ('innocents' in a special sense) or their property for political purposes" (p. 290). This definition focuses on the targets, innocent "noncombatants" and does not consider the goals the terrorists aim to achieve. It does specify for "political purposes" rather than criminal, and does not mention causing fear. There exists some disagreement on whether threats, for example, as opposed to real acts, constitute terrorism. If the goal of inducing fear is part of the definition, then threats would be included, but if terrorist goals are limited to "political purposes," then threats would not qualify as terrorist acts.

Coady (cited in Halwani, 2006) points out that some "acts of political violence may be…… [Read More]

References

Brock, B.L. (2002). The use and abuse of terrorism. The Michigan Citizen (December 1):  http://www.uwosh.edu/faculty_staff/palmeri/commentary/brock1.htm 

Halwani, R. (2006). Terrorism: Definition, justification, and applications. Social Theory and Practice, 32 (2), April, 289-308. Retrieved on February 8, 2007 from Academic OneFile database.

Saul, B. (2005). Definition of "terrorism" in the UN Security Council: 1985-2004. Chinese Journal of International Law, 4 (1), 141. Retrieved on Februray 8, 2007 from Academic OneFile database.
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Polisci American Political Identity Has

Words: 1937 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41363054

" Real Americans support the right of religious people to worship, and would never base legislation on a religious conviction rather than a conviction based on constitutional rights, constitutional law, and Enlightenment ethics.

American political identity is continually changing also because of the incredible ethnic and cultural diversity within the nation's borders. hen gender, sexual identity, socio-economic class, and other factors are also included in the mix, America's political philosophy is naturally heterogeneous. hen new immigrants enter the United States, they contribute to the common ideals of a nation founded on principles like universal liberty and justice. "Debates about immigration and national identity cut to the core of our national self-image as a nation of immigrants, and invariably includes allusions to the past -- real and idealized -- as a way of under- standing and coping with social and demographic changes today," (Segura 278). hite supremacist Americans are currently in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brooks, David "One Nation, Slightly Divisible." The Atlantic Monthly; Dec 2001; 288, 5; ABI/INFORM Global pg. 53

Hartz "The Concept of a Liberal Society"

Hooks, Bell. "Postmodern Blackness." 19 Apr 1994.

King, Martin Luther. "Letter from a Birmingham Jail." 16 April 1963.
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War in Afghanistan

Words: 3312 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62121514

ar in Afghanistan

After the terrorist group al Qaeda attacked the United States on September 11, 2001, the American military was sent to Afghanistan to attack the Taliban, and destroy their governing position. The Taliban became the target of the U.S. because they had allowed Osama bin Laden to use their country as a training ground for terrorist activities directed against the United States. However, the U.S. is now bogged down in what seems to be an unwinnable war against Taliban insurgents that cross the border from Pakistan. Moreover, there are militants in Afghanistan who object to foreign troops being in their country, and they have apparently joined with the insurgents and continue fighting the American and NATO forces in Afghanistan. This paper reviews the historical and contemporary causes of the war in Afghanistan, and critiques the positive outcomes as well as the negative outcomes of the U.S. engagement in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Associated Press. (2011). Suicide Bombers Kill Worshippers In Afghanistan. Retrieved November, 2011, from http://www.npr.com.

This is an article that brought to light the ongoing violence in Afghanistan, in specifics the proverbial suicide bomber situation, where an radical Islamic terrorist is willing to blow himself up in order to kill others. In this case the people killed with fellow Muslims -- worse yet, he killed people exiting a mosque following their worship services -- but clearly the message to the world was this: the NATO and U.S. presence in Afghanistan will never stop terrorists from doing whatever they want to do whenever they wish to do it.

Baktash, Hashmat, and Magnier, Mark. (2011). Suicide bombing in Kabul kills as many as 13

Americans. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 19, 2011, from  http://www.latimes.com
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Islam and Women Not a

Words: 3597 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87451701

She is warm and straightforward, considerate and humble. She is not a hypocrite or a cheat, does not speak falsely and offers good advice in a prudent way and for the general welfare. She has a word and keeps it. She is modest in appearance and in manners. She respects others as she respects herself and keeps out of matters where she is not part of. She does not sow dissension or seek out hidden faults. No matter how achieved or excellent she may feel, she does not show off. She is not oppressive, but is, instead, fair and generous. She does not delight in the misfortune of another person but endeavors to help overcome it.

The bigots who put her down have ironically benefited the ideal Muslimah. They believe that the Muslim woman or any woman should keep her mouth shut as a result of her "original sin" in…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Ahmed, Leila. Women and Gender in Islam. Yale University Press, August 19, 1993

Al-Hashimi, Muhammad Ali. The Ideal Muslimah. International Islamic Publishing House, 1998. http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/humanrelations/womeninislam/idealmuslimah

Al-Qaradawi, Yusuf. The Voice of a Woman in Islam. Sister's Page, Islamic World Net.  http://www.islamic-world.net/sister/the_voice.htm 

Godlas, a. Women in Islam: Muslim Women. Islamic Studies, 2004. http://www.arches.uga.edu/~godlas/Islamwomen.html
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Art Period's Styles Represent a Theme Art

Words: 1416 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82468619

art period's styles represent a theme art. Your comparison focus artists period styles. The pair choose drawn period styles. For essay, I compare a High Classical Greek artwork Early Italian Renaissance artwork.

The Artemision ronze vs. Donatello's bronze David

While most people are inclined to look at the Italia Renaissance as being innovative and as bringing new concepts to society, the artistic movement actually inspired from Ancient Greece. y looking at the Early Renaissance period and at the Classical Greek artistic movement one is likely to observe a series of parallels, as the more recent artists did not hesitate to inspire themselves from individuals that they considered to be particularly refined in producing artwork. To a certain degree, one can consider the two movements to have had a similar effect in individuals living contemporary to them, considering that they both brought on artistic revolutions. The Artemision ronze and Donatello's bronze…… [Read More]

Bibliography:

Kleiner, Fred S. "Gardner's Art Through the Ages: The Western Perspective," (Cengage Learning, 2009)

Mattusch, Carol C. "Greek Bronze Statuary: From the Beginnings Through the Fifth Century B.C.," (Cornell University Press, 1988)

Shaked, Guy, "Masters of Italian Sculpture," (Lulu.com, 2007)

"Donatello's David," Retrieved May 11, 2012, from the Suny Oneonta Website:  http://employees.oneonta.edu/farberas/arth/arth213/donatello_david.html
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Galatians Believers Had Tried Hard in Keeping

Words: 668 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6406276

Galatians believers had tried hard in keeping the law to attain some spiritual perfection, but all these did not succeed. Most of the churches were torn apart because of the conflicts and differences they had among themselves. The believers were seen to be biting as well, as devouring one another (v.15). The believer's devotion concerning the law did not let them to commit one another in love, thus made them to break the law. These issues generated many questions to Galatians believers since they were wondering where they could find motivation as well as, the power to resolve their conflicts, and renewing love among themselves.

Paul was astonished, and told them to try and live by the strength or the spirit (v. 16). Paul told them so because he knew that, the Christian life normally starts with the Spirit, and it is the only power which can sustain the life…… [Read More]

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Turning Points in Christianity

Words: 1570 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56823256

Religion

Christianity started as a literary faith, one firmly rooted in Scripture. Scriptural adherence grew out of the Jewish appreciation for sacred text. Therefore, it is no wonder that Christianity evolved as a literary and literate faith. The evolution of Christianity from the fall of the Temple in 70 CE to the 21st century is one punctuated and formed by writing and historical documents. Christian historiography reveals both the development of Christian religious thought including cosmology, theology, and metaphysics. Ethics and philosophy are also covered in the Christian canon. However, Christian historiography also goes beyond sacred wisdom. Christian texts have laid out methods by which Christianity -- and the Catholic Church in particular -- can and should function in the world as a political institution. Both spiritual and the political debates have led to conflicts in Christian identity development. Conflicting views of theological matters such as the nature of Christ's…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Augustine. City of God. Retrieved online: http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/etcbin/toccer-new2?id=AugCity.xml&images=images/modeng&data=/texts/english/modeng/parsed&tag=public&part=2&division=div2

Calvin, John. Institutes of the Christian Religion. Retrieved online:  http://www.reformed.org/master/index.html?mainframe=/books/institutes/ 

The Chronicle of St. Denis, I.18-19, 23. Retrieved online: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/496clovis.asp

Gregory VII. Dictatus Papae, 1090. Retrieved online: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/g7-dictpap.asp
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Bible Esoteric and Dated Fee and Stuart

Words: 1747 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29993464

Bible esoteric and dated. Fee and Stuart in How to Read the Bible for All Its Worth, however, show the applicability of the Bible and provide readers with the tools of applying the Bible to their contemporary lives. For them there is no "then and there" to the text, rather than "then and there" of the text can equitably be applied to the "here and now" of contemporaneous living. The authors in effect build two bridges; there is the bridge between Church and lay man and the bridge between Church and exegetical scholar. Whilst the exegetical scholar approaches the text from the past trying to see 'what it meant," the author tell us that the text is far more than that: it is applicable not only for the "then" but also for the "now" and, therefore, people should approach it with the intent of 'what does it mean" and "what…… [Read More]

Qutb, S. (1988). In the shade of the Koran. Beirut: The Holy Koran Publishing House

Swearer, D.K. (1991). Fundamentalistic movements in Therevada Buddhism. In Fundamentalisms Observed, ed. M.E. Marty, R.S. Appleby, pp. 628-691. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press.

Voll, J. (1991). Fundamentalism in the Sunni Arab world. In Fundamentalisms Observed, ed. M.E. Marty, R.S. Appleby, pp. 345-403. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press.
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Communicative Theory of Biblical Interpretation Any Theory

Words: 2664 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53620833

Communicative Theory of Biblical Interpretation

Any theory is a composite of residual aspects of earlier theories and fresh compositions illuminated by the present context. The several theories that have been applied to the study of Scriptures are no exception, and this discussion will explore how several theories have come to coalesce in the communicative theory of Biblical interpretation. The relation of literary criticism, structural criticism, and reader-response criticism to the Biblical interpretation as seen through the lens of communicative theory will be discussed. Aspects of contextualization, relevance theory, and speech-act theory are explored with regard to the influence of these constructs on the development of modern communicative theory.

Communicative theory. The written word is a special form of communication -- a mysterious way for people to experience the inner thoughts of another being. The Bible, as a written record of the experiences and history of ancient Israelites and Christians, provides…… [Read More]

References

Allen, R. (1984). Contemporary Biblical interpretation for preaching. Valley Forge, PA: Judson Press.

Brown, J.K. (2007). Introducing Biblical hermeneutics: Scripture as communication. Ada, MI: Baker Academics.

Definition of reader response criticism. Critical Approaches. VirtuaLit - Interactive Poetry Tutorial. Retrieved http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/virtualit/poetry/critical_define/crit_reader.html

Fish, S. (1970). Literature in the reader: Affective stylistics. New Literary History, 2 (1), 123-162.
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Culture and Capitalism

Words: 1494 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90554407

Capitalism and Culture

The works of Smith, Marx, Freud and Wolf center around the history of capitalism and its meanings as it has emerged from the west: first from western Europe and subsequently from the United States of America. However, this is not the only light in which world economy might be seen. There are various economic systems that are viable in various cultures. These will be considered in terms of the above-mentioned authors, together with authors who write from a different perspective, including Sahlins and Appadurai.

Western Capitalism.

The main characteristic of the capitalist system is that those who produce actual goods are employees. They do not own and cannot buy their own equipment and materials. Through this system, and especially through the advent of the machine, workers have been separated form the production process. Such displacement has occurred through coercion, especially during the early stages of the system,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Kilcullen, R.J. "Marx on Capitalism." 1996. http://www.humanities.mq.edu.au/Ockham/y64l06.html

Sahlins, M. "The Original Affluent Society," 1998. http://www.hrc.wmin.ac.uk/campaigns/ef/dt/affluent.html.

Szeman, I. Review: Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization by Arjun Appadurai. Public Worlds Volume 1. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996.

Wolf, Eric R. Europe and the People Without History. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982.
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Tensions Ambivalence Yet Christian Ignore Paul's Theology

Words: 2724 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2372915

tensions ambivalence. Yet Christian ignore Paul's theology pressed letters. Discuss The rationale essay critically explore, evaluate discuss questions: ho St. Paul-hat Paul write letters churches individuals ministry? hat cultural, social, political religious contexts readings received Paul's writings? How contemporary church reads interprets Paul's writings 21st century evangelism, mission, ministry, Christian character formation ethical teachings.

Theology of Paul

Saint Paul (originally named Saul of Tarsus) was one of the most influential individuals in the Christian world and a person who is largely responsible for how society perceives Christianity. Even with the fact that he was not one of the original Twelve Apostles, his involvement in taking Jesus' words further increased his role as an imposing Christian figure. Paul's letters to individuals and churches were meant to provide these bodies with more information concerning Christianity. The Apostle likely considered that it was essential for the world to gain a complex understanding of…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Branick, Vincent P. "Understanding Paul and His Letters," (Paulist Press, 2009)

Connybeare, William John, "The Life and Epistles of St. Paul, Volume 2," (1856)

Freed, Edwin D. "The Apostle Paul and His Letters," (Equinox Publishing Ltd., 1 Jan 2005)

Lenski, R.C.H. "The Interpretation of St. Paul's Epistles to the Ephesians and Philippians," (Augsburg Fortress, 15 Sep 2008)
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True Buddha Diamond Temple of New York Inc

Words: 1135 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8310174

Preliminary Report follow a, B, C . The temple: True Buddha Diamond Temple New York Inc. located Murray Hill, Flushing; The current revered grand master (Living Buddha Lian Shen), lineage guru True Buddha School.

The True Buddha Diamond Temple of New York Inc. provides visitors with the opportunity to interact with Buddhism in a series of ways. One does not necessarily have to be a Buddhist in order to access its services or to acknowledge the effect that its values has on a person. I chose to study this location as a consequence of observing its tendency to change people and make it possible for them to gain a more complex understanding of their role in the world. The temple is both aimed at changing matters on a local level and at being a part of a larger process of change.

b. The temple's address is 3332 148th Street Flushing,…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Senzaki, Nyogen, "Like a Dream, Like a Fantasy: The Zen Teachings and Translations of Nyogen Senzaki," (Wisdom Publications Inc., 31 Aug 2005)

"True Buddha Diamond Temple of New York," retrieved November 8, 2014, from http://www.tbdtny.org/index.html

"True Buddha Diamond Temple Of New York Inc.," Retrieved November 8, 2014, from http://www.yelp.ie/biz/true-buddha-diamond-temple-of-new-york-inc-flushing
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Weblogs and Their Influence Weblogs Have Developed

Words: 6204 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36852070

Weblogs and Their Influence

Weblogs have developed from a personal hobby and an Internet specialist niche to an important contemporary mainstream communications phenomenon. Weblogs or blogs have entered into almost every sphere of communications and knowledge sourcing. While blogging is relatively easy to explain in terms of the mechanics of its functioning, it is much more difficult to understand in terms of the implications and potential for development; particularly with regard to the fields of politics, journalism, academic research and education.

One of the essential functions of Weblogs is to filter the masses of online information, which is growing at an exponential rate. This is a crucial aspect as, through technology such as RSS syndication, the user can selectively access and edit large amounts of information from thousands of formal and informal sources. RSS and news reading software is one of the latest developments in the Weblog field and are…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Andrews, Paul. "Is Blogging Journalism? A Blogger and Journalist Finds No Easy Answer, but He Discovers Connections." Nieman Reports Fall 2003: 63+. Questia. 6 May 2005 .

Blood R. Weblogs: a history and perspective. 7 September 2000. Accessed May 3, 2005.  http://www.rebeccablood.net/essays/weblog_history.html 

Cooper Katz Launches New Service to Help Corporations Address Issues Bubbling Up from Blogs and Other Online Channels. Accessed May 7, 2005

http://www.wwwcoder.com/main/parentid/283/site/4323/266/default.aspx
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Dao and the Interpretations of

Words: 1240 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9202180

Religious Taoism is the third objective of all Taoist followers although it entails a deep commitment into the priesthood. Priests in ancient China were more than just religious leaders -- they were the doctors, lawyers and intellects of the times as well as the individuals who could deal with evil spirits and the occult. Some things that have come from this function are ideas like Feng Shui where the church helped communities become in sync with nature or the absolute.

Confucianism

Confucianism can be considered to be nothing more than a type of humanism. In other words, it is a philosophy that focuses on just that, human beings. By dictating human achievements, interests and social conduct rather than with abstract ideas like god or heaven, Confucius made life simple.

Confucianism entails that man is the center of the universe but he must also share the universe with his fellow man…… [Read More]

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Post-Cold War Era Far From

Words: 2162 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20067512

Typically, Japanese marry before a Shinto altar and are buried, after cremation, in a Buddhist funeral. Many people, young and old, pay a New Years visit to a Shinto shrine and visit family graves once or twice a year. Young couples take their children to a Shinto shrine at the shichi-go-san festival to celebrate the ages 3, 5, and 7. For funeral and periodic memorial services, a family invites a priest from a Buddhist temple that belongs to the same Buddhist sect with which the family ancestors were affiliated.

Kamachi 29)

The Japanese, both officially and unofficially resisted the influence of the western religions, while at the same time conglomerating the traditional faiths of the region into an amalgamated faith of sorts.

In the past, every family in Japan had to be registered at a Buddhist temple to comply with the antiChristian policy of the Tokugawa government (1600-1868). After the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=14315057

Allen, Douglas and Henry Warner Bowden, eds. Religion and Political Conflict in South Asia: India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=102417825

Bhatt, Chetan. Hindu Nationalism: Origins, Ideologies, and Modern Myths / . New York: Berg, 2001. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002437782

Ceuster, Koen De. "The Nation Exorcised: The Historiography of Collaboration in South Korea." Korean Studies 25.2 (2001): 207+. Questia. 29 Apr. 2005 http://www.questia.com/. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002319318
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Psychology a Science And if

Words: 1590 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30645106

180). Effectively, social constructivism is helping "reconstruct" the field of psychology (Bohan, 1990, p. 86). In that, it seems the future of social constructionism can only grow and alter, just as the field of psychology has grown and altered since its inception. The role of the social constructionist is to always question, and because of this, when it is applied to psychology, it can only bring change, new understanding, and continued growth and comprehension to the entire field.

In conclusion, social constructionism and psychology go hand-in-hand, especially in the modern world. Psychology is certainly a science, and science may explain many outcomes in the psychological profile. However, social constructionism is much more viable in the modern, socially complicated world society exits in today. Social interactions, constraints, and expectations all help mold the modern individual, and social constructionism makes the science of psychology more relevant and helpful in the modern world.…… [Read More]

References

Belzen, J.A. (1996). Perspective: Beyond a classic? Hjalmar Sunden's role theory and contemporary narrative psychology. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 6(3), 181-199.

Bhabha, H.K. (1996, October). Laughing stock. Artforum International, 35, 15+.

Bohan, J.S. (1990). Social constructionism and contextual history: An expanded approach to the history of psychology. Teaching of Psychology, 17(2), 82-89.

Burr, V. (2003). Social constructionism. New York: Routledge.
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Giotto's Method of Teaching Religious

Words: 1626 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8167848



These remarks could be applied equally to anything in Giotto's oeuvre. The total effect of Giotto's work is one of bold religious feeling. It inspires the viewer to accept the mythology and challenges him to understand his relationship to the God both preached by the Church and challenged by heretics. Giotto's works, like Pisano's or Duccio's, certainly inspire religious feelings and thoughts. They are dignified, spiritual, and affirmative. They put into realistic terms the very humanity of the saints, prophets, patriarchs, and the Christ by depicting each as a real human being in a realistic setting. They emphasize the reality of the Faith -- which was being challenged already by men like yclif, and which would undergo its most formidable test yet with the coming Protestant Reformation.

In conclusion, Giotto di Bondone depicted traditional religious subjects but drew the viewer into a more personal relationship with the ideas didactically expressed…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Johnson, Paul. Art: A New History. NY: HarperCollins, 2003. Print.

Kren, Emil; Marx, Daniel. "Legend of St. Francis: 15. Sermon to the Birds." Web

Gallery of Art. Web. 1 Sept 2012.

Shearer, Robert. Famous Men of the Renaissance and Reformation. TN: Greenleaf
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Postliberal Theology and Its Relationship

Words: 3627 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47705288

As Jeffrey Stout has it, following James' "Will-to-Believe," "We need not agree on all matters of moral importance to agree on many, and where our judgments happen to coincide we need not reach them for the same reasons." (Fackre, 2003)

Fackre states that there are five pluralist views as follows:

View 1: Common Core. At the center of all the great religions of humankind is found a common core of divine (however conceived) doing, disclosing and delivering. Each faith approaches it through its own heroes, expresses it in its own language, celebrates it in its own rituals, formulates it in its own rules of behavior, and passes it on in its own communal forms. While the rhetoric of each religion may claim that its way, truth and life are for all, these absolutist professions are, in fact, "love talk," the metaphors of commitment, not the metaphysics of reality. Jesus is,…… [Read More]

Marmion, Declan (2005) Rahner and His Critics: Revisiting the Dialogue. Australian EJournal of Theology. February 2005, Issue 4. Online available at: http://dlibrary.acu.edu.au/research/theology/ejournal/aejt_4/marmion.htm

Thiselton, Anthony C. (2007) the Hermenutics of Doctrine. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing 2007.

Th, Anthony C. (2007) the Hermenutics of Doctrine. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing 2007
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Japanese History Attribute Meiji Masculinity

Words: 4126 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99910135



Disorder does not descend from Heaven,

It is the spawn of a woman. 10

Contemporaneous with relocating the capital from Edo to Tokyo was the drawing up of the 'Memorandum on Reform of the Imperial Palace' in which Article 1 states that the emperor would 'deign to hear about all political matters' in the front throne room adding that 'women are to be prohibited from entering the front throne room' 11.

Yoshii Tomozane, enior ecretary for Court Affairs peremptorily dismissed all court ladies, after which a rare few were reselected for appointment. In his dairy, he noted: 'this morning, the court ladies were dismissed in their entirety… the power of women already lasting for centuries has been erased in a single day. My delight knows no bounds." 12.

In this way the power of the 'hens' was removed from the 'Enlightened regime' of Meiji rule and suppressed throughout the country.…… [Read More]

Sources

Adler, Philip. World Civilizations. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth / Thomson, 2008

De Vos, George & Wagatsuma, Hiroshi, "Value Attitudes Towards Role Behavior of Women in Two Japanese Villages," American Anthropologist, 63, (1961).

Hastings, S.A. "Gender and Sexuality in Modern Japan" a Companion to Japanese History, Blackwell Pub., 2007

Hendry, Joy, Understanding Japanese Society. London: Routledge, 1991.
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Ruth 3 1-18 the Objective of

Words: 1997 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27533149

"

Schultz relates in this work that the child of God carries' the essence of God wherever they go and that even during the time of Naomi's loss and bitterness that Ruth was drawn to her because of having been drawn to God.

At the beginning of the story of Naomi and Ruth, it is obvious that Naomi does not acknowledge and clearly does not recognize Ruth for her true value and all that she represents for Naomi's future. However this story does inform the reader that a child was born to oaz and Ruth who was named Obed and that this child, upon his birth was taken and laid into the arm's of Naomi, a woman's whose hands had been so empty.

Summary & Discussion

There are several lessons learned from this study and the first of which is the lesson of hope, faith, and the everlasting love of…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Schultz, Rev. John (2002) Commentary to the Book of Ruth Bible Commentaries 2002.

Copeland, Mark a. (nd) the Book of Ruth. Executable Outlines. Online available at  http://executableoutlines.com/ruth/ruth_so.pdf 

Smith, Russell (2004) Great Expectations: A Sermon on Ruth 3:1-18. IIIM Magazine Vol. 6, No. 11, 13 Mar to 5 Feb 2004. Online available at http://reformedperspectives.org/newfiles/rus_smith/OT.Smith.Russell.Ruth3_3.31.04.html

McCullough, David (2007) Book Review: Ruth 3: 1-18- Expectation or Midnight Rendezvous, but it's Not What You Think!" Theology and Steak: Meat for the Mind, Body, and Soul. 28 Oct 2007. Online available at http://theologyandsteak.wordpress.com/2007/10/28/ruth-3-1-18-expectation-or-midnight-rendezvous-but-its-not-what-you-think/
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Islamaphobia Is One of the

Words: 1489 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46384391

Dhimmis (minorities of other religions) participated as equal citizens in this renaissance and Muslim scholars made more scientific discoveries during this time than in the whole of previously recorded history (Goldschmidt & Davidson, 2007). The break between the hiis (those who considered Ali to be legitimate ruler of the nation) and the unnis (those who revered Muhammad and all four rashidun) occurred during this period. Mystic Islam (best known as ufism), or esoteric groups were born during this period as well as Muslim philosophy.

Today, approximately 80-90% of Moslems are unnis whilst 10-20% are hiites. The key difference between unnis and hiites is that unnis believe that the first four caliphs were rightful successors to Mohamed and that caliphs should be chosen by the whole community. The alafi sect (otherwise notoriously known as Wahabbissm) is an extreme Islamic movement derived from unnism. hiites, on the other hand, believe in the…… [Read More]

Sources

Armstrong, K. (2000). Islam: A Short History The Modern Library: UK.

Brown, D. (1999). Rethinking Tradition in Modern Islamic Thought Cambridge: Cambridge Univ,. Press

Goldschmidt, A. & Davidson, L. (2010) A concise history of the Middle East Boulder, CO: Westview Press

Hourani, A. (1991) A History of the Arab People London: Penguin
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Islam and Christianity Religion Serves

Words: 3432 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63930398

The first five books were separated from the whole about 400 B.C. As the Pentateuch. Jean Astruc in the eighteenth century noted that the Pentateuch is based on even earlier sources. The two chief sources have since been identified in Genesis on the basis of their respective uses of Yahweh or Elohim in referring to the deity. They are called J. For the Jehovistic or Yahwistic source and E. For the Elohistic source, and P. For the Priestly source was later separated from the E. source (Miller and Miller 698-699).

Consider just the complexities involved in the construction of the first book of the bible, Genesis, in its present form. It is believed that at an early time in human history, perhaps as early as the eleventh or tenth century B.C., someone put together the stories of God's dealing with the fathers from oral forms then in circulation. Such a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Blair, Edward P. Abingdon Bible Handbook. New York: Abingdon Press, 1975.

BrJhier, Louis. "Crusades." The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume IV. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908.

Dimont, Max I. Jews, God and History. New York: Mentor, 1994.

Jomier, Jacques. How to Understand Islam. New York: Crossroad, 1991.
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Language and Identity

Words: 904 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99910380

Language/Identity

Language and Identity

A large part of culture has to do with the language that people speak. It is a unifying concept that allows a group of people to identify one another as belonging to the same group. It does matter how the group is bounded, usually more by geographical bounds than ethnic of racial, it matters more how the person related to the world through the spoken word. This paper looks at the culture of the Caribbean, especially those people who were brought to the region as slaves from the African continent, and how they have maintained their identity through the commonality of language.

Many examples exist in literature that solidify the notion that language and identity are very closely intertwined. As a matter of fact, one author states "Language and identity are inseparable. The quest for identity is another prevalent concern in Caribbean literature" (Dance 5). hy…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bennett-Coverly, Louise. "Colonization in Reverse." 1966. Web.

Dance, Daryl Cumber. Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographic-Critical Sourcebook. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc., 1986. Print.

Morris, Mervyn. "On Reading Miss Lou Seriously." Caribbean Quarterly 28.1/2 (1982): 44-56.

Narain, Denise DeCaires. Contemporary Caribbean women's Poetry: Making Style. London: Routledge, 2002. Print.
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Anthropological Culture

Words: 1368 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80281263

American culture.

One of the most curious aspects of American culture to residents of other industrialized democracies is the American attitude towards freedom, as currently expressed in the healthcare debate. Americans have articulated a great deal of hostility about being 'forced' to buy health insurance, despite the fact that 1. National and state government-run programs already exist in the form of Medicare and Medicaid and 2. Healthcare is a necessity. Bankruptcies due to health-related issues are nonexistent in nations such as Great Britain and Canada, where participation in the national system of health insurance is mandatory, yet in America there is a tendency to view that 'what you get is what you deserve,' and those who fall behind in their healthcare bills are somehow exhibiting moral failings regarding their ability to budget or to find work that provides health insurance.

Given that self-employed businesspeople often lack health insurance, while the…… [Read More]

References

Belief systems and social perception structures. (2011). Leading Edge International Research

Group. Retrieved:

 http://trufax.org/general/beliefsystems.html 

The definition of ritual. (n.d). Anth 311. University of Waterloo. Retrieved:
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Theological Position of Dwight N Hopkins

Words: 2887 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81337637

Theological position of Dwight N. Hopkins

The biblical presentation of human existence and its origin and our own experience of human life in this world are to accept the fact that Adam and Eve were real persons and they are the descents of all human beings. The biblical representation is not limited to the Genesis but it represents a broader perspective which is related to the God's creation. The biblical representation reveals the God's presence in this world in the form of light and playing a unique role and dignity for mankind. This is what we all experience in our daily lives. All human desire for God and need Him, depends on Him to fulfill their wishes and forgiveness of their sins. Thus all the aspect of human creation and their living is governed and known by God (Collins, 2010).

The essay on theological position of Dwight N. Hopkins will…… [Read More]

References

Barth, K.(1959) Dogmatics in Outline

Collins, J. (2010) Adam and Eve as Historical People, and Why It Matters. Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith. Volume 62, Number 3, September 2010.

Cone, J.(1990) A Black Liberation Theology, Philidelphia, J.B. Lipencott

Fairbanks, S. (2010). The Dynamics of Faith and Revelation. Theology: Faith, Beliefs,