Turkey is one of the most diverse countries in the Middle East; its boundary with Europe and the ancient trade routes that run through -- not to mention the centuries it spent as one of the world's largest empires, incorporating many diverse groups of people and drawing many individuals into its cities -- have kept it essentially varied in ethnicity, religion, and even nationalistic tendencies (Arnett 2006). Though there are famous (or infamous) stories of Turkish prisons, the majority of Americans have found it relatively easy to live a happy and productive life in Turkey -- the secular government and basically free and democratic economy is conducive to the same way o life that Americans are used to (Arnett 2006). There are issues with Turkish-American relations, but these tend to be on the macro level, involving the governments of the two nations rather than the individual citizens of these countries (Arnett 2006). At heart, individuals from the two countries seem not to have too much difficulty coexisting.
Many individuals are able to get along fairly well in Saudi Arabia, as well, but despite the stronger ties between the governments of that country and the United States of America, many other individuals do not. Saudi Arabia is a strict theocracy; the only reason there are such good relations between it and the United States is the economic interdependence regarding oil and cash between the two countries (Tan 1996). The vastly different laws and legal system, however, have led to what many Americans living in Saudi Arabia feel amounts to persecution (Tan 1996). Saudi Arabian prisons are at least as cruel as Turkish prisons are supposed to be, with confirmed uses of torture and much easier ways of getting there (that is, it is much easier to break the law in Saudi Arabia) (Tan 1996). There is also less ethnic diversity in Saudi Arabia, which is almost certainly at the bottom of the other overriding issues.
Iran is also a strict Muslim theocracy, though it is not always ostensibly run as such (Ansari 2006). Few if any Americans have lived in the country long-term for several decades, but brave journalists and others have ventured into its borders for weeks or even months at a time, often with disastrous results. Relations between the two countries have been bitter for quite some time, and this has made it almost impossible for Americans...
Though there are no major populations of Americans living in this country, Iran stands as an exaggerated example of what Americans living in other countries go through. The more strict the country is in its adherence to the Muslim faith, whether as part of a social or political doctrine, the more difficult life and assimilation are for Americans; religion is what causes the great divide (Ansari 2006).
Studies conducted from within the Arab and Muslim communities have confirmed these general findings, strengthening the suggestion that the more the society and/or government of a Muslim country is dominated by the religion of Islam, the more difficult it is for others to assimilate (Sabagh & Ghazallah 1986). This is especially true fro Americans in many instances, as anti-American sentiments have been on the rise in Muslim communities as Western civilization -- as typified by the culture of the United States of America -- has come to dominate world politics in many regions (Sabagh & Ghazallah 1986). American capitalism and other features of the government and society do not mesh well or at all with certain interpretations of the Islamic faith, which can end up causing major problems between American individuals living in strict Muslim countries and their neighbors (Sabagh & Ghazallah 1986).
he findings of this research clearly imply that the more dominant the Muslim faith is in country, the more difficulty Americans will have living in that country. This does nto correlate with macro-level relations between the United States of America and individual Muslim countries; while these inter-governmental relations seem to be built primarily (if not entirely) on foundations of financial pragmatism, interpersonal relationships on the ground in Muslim countries are dictated far more by societal pressures such as religion, ethnicity, and national identity. In these areas, American citizens stand out almost without exception as markedly different, and this of course makes life and assimilation more difficult. These findings ring true n almost any multicultural situation.
Ansari, A. (2006). "Iran and the U.S. In the Shadow of 9/11: Persia and the Persian Question Revisited." Iranian studies, 39(2), pp. 155-70.
Arnett, D. (2006). "The Heart of the Matter: The Importance of Emotion in Turkish-American Relations." Turkish policy quarterly, 5(4), pp. 31-40.
Bloemraad, I.; Korteweg, A.; Yurdakal, G. (2008). "Citizenship and Immigration: Multiculturalism, Assimilation, and Challenges to the Nation-State." Annual review of sociology, 34(1), pp. 153-79.
Friedland, R. (2001). "Religious Nationalism and the Problem of Collective Representation." Annual review of sociology, 27(1), pp. 125-152.
Sabagh, G,; Ghazallah, I. (1986). "Arab Sociology Today: A View from Within." Annual review of sociology, 12(2), pp. 373-99.
Tan, C. (1996). "Protecting U.S. Citizens Abroad: Why Foreign States Should…
A recent artifact that came as a product of this intercultural relationship is an article concerning an American woman's imprisonment -- which included beatings from the police and forcing her to sign false confessions -- simply for being seen eating in public with her male business partner. Even though the woman (who allowed her name to be printed only as "Yara," fearing retribution for telling her story) was wearing the
However, in the case of Sudan, it may be said that none of the above theories applies. This is largely due to the fact that there are specific internal factors which determine the orientation of the economy in a certain direction. These are most of the times related to the historical evolution of the country under discussion. In the Sudanese case, the end of the war and the independence from
Minority Groups: Why They Have Failed to Make Significant Gains despite Having Lived in the U.S. For A Longer Time The fact that minority groups have failed to make it up the ranks in the U.S. stratification system remains a query everyone has to battle with. One cannot stop to imagine how such old groups would fail to make the gains that the ordinary u.s citizens and the recent immigrants. It will
This suggests that while slow, progress is being made by Muslim women throughout the world, and supported by the UN. References Al Faruqi, L.L. (2005). Islamic traditions and the feminist movement. Islam101.com. Retrieved October 15, 2007: http://www.islam101.com/women/feminism.html Cooke, M. (2000). Women claim Islam: Creating Islamic feminism through literature. New York: Routledge. Fattah, a.A. (2006). Status of Muslim women. Retrieved: http://www.muslimedia.com/archives/movement00/wom-status.htm Statham, P. (2004). Resilient Islam: Muslim controversies in Europe. Harvard International Review, 26(3): 54. Wyche, K.F. (2004). African-American
pre-World War II anti-Semitic depiction of European Jews to the depiction of Muslims in Western media today Part of the depiction of European Jews prior to World War Two can be viewed as a subtle manifestation of anti-Semitism, ultimately foreshadowing the blatant discrimination and persecution that would come to unfold its wrath upon the world. A certain amount of this depiction can be seen in a never before published article
Immigration and the Muslim Population 9/11 changed the world -- especially in the U.S. in terms of Muslim-American relations and the way the word "terror" and "terrorist" is used to identify or refer to a group of people.[footnoteRef:1] The issue of Islamaphobia became more pronounced and anti-Muslim immigration policies began to be discussed as a matter of national security.[footnoteRef:2] As -- has shown, the media has been complicit in both demonizing