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Practiced for over 2,500 years in China, where it originated, acupuncture is an important part of the holistic system of traditional Chinese medicine. Acupuncture was first introduced in Europe about 200 years ago by Jesuit priests who served as Catholic missionaries in the East. Most of its modem popularity in America and Europe followed the normalization of relations between the West and the Peoples Republic of China (Pfeifer, 1988). At first, acupuncture caused quite a stir among culturally-biased skeptics in the Western medical community, but over time it has come to be recognized as a legitimate medical technique that should be integrated into standard medical practice for a number of conditions.
According to traditional Chinese Medicine, health is achieved through the harmonious balance between the opposing forces of yin (spirit) and yang (blood) (Acupuncture, Medicomm). The attraction between them creates an energy known as qi (pronounced chee) and…
Acupuncture. Medicomm. Retrieved May 7, 2005 from Web stie: http://www.medicomm.net/Consumer%20Site/am/accupuncture.htm
Acupuncture -- acupressure, Let Us Reason. Retrieved May 7, 2005 from Web site: http://www.letusreason.org/Nam10.htm
Davis, K. (1997). Exploring the intersection between cultural competency and managed behavioral health care policy: Implications for state and county mental health agencies. Alexandria, VA: National Technical Assistance Center for State Mental Health Planning.
Pfeifer S. (1988). Healing at any Price? New York: Word Books.
Cultural Competency Scenario: A Muslim, African Moroccan woman and a male, American clinical home health worker aide
Imagine this -- you are a male clinician in the home health care industry assisting in the at-home treating of an older African woman. The woman has recently come to this nation and needs assistance with bathing, meal preparation and other minor assistance performing ordinary acts of daily self-care. In her original nation of Morocco, this woman long faced government, social, and family-sponsored discrimination that rendered women unequal before the law and forbade such a close physical relationship between a man and a woman. (Human Rights atch, 2004) No matter how noble the clinician's intentions, he must accept that the woman has a profoundly different and ingrained view of the sexes than himself -- and it is not his ethical responsibility as a caregiver to overcome what he may perceive as prejudices, but…
Burden M. (Nov 2001) "Culturally sensitive care: managing diabetes during Ramadan." British Journal of Community Nursing. 6(11): 581-5.
Human Rights Watch. (2004) "Human Rights Watch: Women's Human Rights. Retrieved on 9 Jun 2005 at http://hrw.org/women/
2007). At the same institution referenced above, the high degree of "sameness" with which all students were treated precluded the concept that a student might be struggling for cultural reasons -- i.e. preconceived notions regarding the subject matter that differed from what was being taught, etc. This in essence led to blaming the victims of cultural incompetence -- or at least cultural blindness -- for problems that were largely inherent to the system and beyond the students' grasp to even perceive, let alone understand and articulate to authority figures.
There are many suggestions that could be made in order to help this institution -- and the many others that are presumably like it around the country -- move in the right direction, towards increased cultural competence and away from the ill-conceived notions of complete equality and essential similarity that amounts to cultural blindness. The most effective solution, however, is simple…
Kennedy, E.; Bronte-Tinkew, J. And Matthews, G. (2007). "Enhancing cultural competence in out-of-school time programs." Child trends: Research to results. Accessed 23 March 2010. http://www.childtrends.org/Files/Child_Trends-2007_01_31_RB_CultureCompt.pdf
Olsen, L.; Bhattacharya, J. And Scahrf, A. (2006). "Cultural competency: What it is and why it matters." California Tomorrow, Lucille Packard foundation for children's health. Accessed 23 March 2010. http://www.lpfch.org/informed/culturalcompetency.pdf
Seattle Public Schools. (2009). "What is Cultural Competence?" Accessed 23 March 2010. http://www.seattleschools.org/area/equityandrace/culturalCompetence.xml
Cultural Competency Health Professionals Canada
This paper discusses cultural competency for health professionals in Canada. Defining cultural competence for healthcare as respectful awareness of cultural differences, the importance of this perspective is discussed. Aspects of cultural competency, ranging from the purview of the healthcare insurance industry, to the perspective of the Canadian Nurses Association, are presented. Also, ani Srivastava's 'Guide to Clinical Cultural Competence' is used to guide the discussion. Also, articles from scholarly journals are explored for the analysis.
Defining and classifying Cultural Competency
According to the United States National Institutes of Health (NIH, 2015), cultural competency, as applied to healthcare, 'enables providers to deliver services that are respectful of and responsive to the health beliefs, practices and cultural and linguistic needs of diverse patients'. In another place it is defined as "a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes and policies that come together to enable a system, organization or…
Barlow, K., Loppie, C., Jackson, R., Akan, M., McLean, L., & Reimer, G. (2010). Culturally Competent Service Provision Issues Experienced By Aboriginal People Living With HIV / AIDS. PMC, 155-180.
Beach, M.C., Price, E., Gary, T., Robison, K., Gozu, A., Palacio, A., . . . Cooper, L. (2011). Cultural Competency: A Systematic Review of Health Care Provider Educational Interventions. PMC.
Betancourt, J., Green, A., Carrillo, E., & Park, E. (2005). Cultural Competence and Health Care Disparities: Key Perspectives and Trends. Health Affairs. 499-505. Retrieved from http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/24/2/499.full
Birch, J., Ruttan, L., Muth, T., & Baydala, L. (2009). Culturally Competent Care for Aboriginal Women. Journal de la sante autochtone, 27-28.
Moreover, nurses who move to working behind the scenes in education, can adapt what they have learned practicing in the field in order to translate it into an academic context. The need to teach transcultural nursing practices in a modern academic context is clear. New nurses will need to learn from others' experiences in order to best present a culturally sensitive method of care for their patients. Thus, many within nursing education have begun designing strategies to introduce the diversity into the nursing practice as early as nursing school, instead of waiting for nurses to develop their own culturally sensitive methods based on their experience in the workplace. Thus, Andrews and Boyle quote "Over the years, we have explored ways to creatively and effectively teach our students how to apply transcultural concepts to practice with the goal of developing their knowledge and skill in providing culturally competent and culturally congruent…
Andrews, Margaret M. & Boyle, Joyceen S. (2002). Transcultural concepts in nursing care. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 13(178), 178-180.
Betancourt, Joseph R. (2002). Cultural competence in health care: Emerging frameworks and practical approaches. The Commonwealth Fund. Harvard Medical School.
Douglas, Marilyn K.; Pierce, Joan Uhl; Rosenkoetter, Marlene; Callister, Lynn Clark; Hattar-Pollara, Marianne; Lauderdale, Jana' Miller, June; Milstead, Jeri; Nardi, Deena A.; & Pacquiao. (2009). Standards of practice for culturally competent nursing care: A request for comments. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 20(3), 257-269.
Sagar, Priscilla. (2012). Transcultural Nursing Theory and Models: Application in Nursing Education, Practice, and Administration. 2012. Springer Publishing Company.
Efficacy of Provider Cultural Competency Training for educing HIV Prevalence among African-American Adolescent Females
isky behavior is common among adolescents, some might even say expected, but the risks taken can sometimes lead to tragic, life-long consequences. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), for example, can cause cervical cancer or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The adolescent group most susceptible to HIV exposure in the United States is African-American females (reviewed by Aronowitz & Eche, 2013). Across all females between the ages of 13 and 19 in the U.S. African-Americans accounted for 70% of all new infections in 2006, even though only 14% of the American population is Black. More generally, a 2008 study revealed that nearly 50% of all African-American female teenagers were infected with at least one common STI.
Differences in risky behavior among racial and ethnic groups has been associated with other adverse outcomes, including substance abuse, exposure to violence, and…
Aronowitz, T. & Eche, I. (2013). Parenting strategies African-American mothers employ to decrease sexual risk behaviors in their early adolescent daughters. Public Health Nursing, 30(4), 279-87.
Gonzalez-Guarda, R.M., McCabe, B.E., Florom-Smith, A., Cianelli, R., & Peragallo, N. (2011). Substance abuse, violence, HIV, and depression: An underlying syndemic factor among Latinas. Nursing Research, 60(3), 182-189.
Harris, M.S., Purnell, K., Fletcher, A., & Lindgren, K. (2013). Moving toward cultural competency: DREAMWork online summer program. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 20(3), 134-8.
Loftin, C., Hartin, V., Branson, M., & Reyes, H. (2013). Measures of cultural competence in nurses: An integrative review. Scientific World Journal, 2013, 1-10. Available from .
HIPAA Privacy Rule Considerations
Dealing with a diverse patient population will impact the right to patient privacy as mandated by the HIPAA Privacy Rule in a couple of distinct ways. Many patients might not necessarily understand their rights to privacy, or their other rights. Such a statement is particularly relevant when dealing with immigration populations. For instance, numerous members of these populations may not speak English very well. Additionally, depending on which ethnicity they are members of, it might be difficult to find a translator or someone that can speak their native language. As such, one of the potential barriers I might come across in a medical setting when dealing with a diverse patient population is simply attempting to communicate to its members the information that they need -- and are entitled to according to the HIPAA Privacy Act. Again, depending on which ethnicity or nationality a particular patient represents,…
Department of Health and Human Services. "HHS action plan to reduce racial and ethnic health disparities." http://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/. 2011. Web. http://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/npa/files/Plans/HHS/HHS_Plan_complete.pdf
Department of Health and Human Services. "2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report. http://archive.ahrq.gov/ . 2013. Web.
Cultural Competency and Group Leadership
Group leadership is important, in that a group needs to be cohesive. Without the right leadership there will be no cohesion, which can lead to the failing of the group (DeLucia-Waack, Kalodner, & iva, 2013). While leadership does not seem particularly difficult for many people, there are many different facets to leadership that have to be addressed. One of these facets is multicultural competency. This means that a good leader must be careful to understand each person in the group and his or her culture, in order to take that culture into account when it comes to making the group work well together (Yalom & Leszcz, 2005). The cohesion of any group is difficult enough without cultural issues, but the gaps can be bridged when there is a good leader available. Learning to address multicultural issues can be taught, but some of it…
DeLucia-Waack, J.L., Kalodner, C.R., & Riva, M.T. (2013). Handbook of group counseling and psychotherapy. NY: Sage Publications.
Yalom, I. & Leszcz, M. (2005). Theory and practice of group psychotherapy. (5th ed.). NY: Basic Books.
Cultural Competency in Nursing
The basic knowledge in nursing or medical studies needs substantial facilitation in order to be effective and appropriate towards addressing the needs and preferences of the patients. Watson notes the need to integrate humanistic aspect into the career or nursing profession. He also believes on the need for the establishment of the caring relationship between the patients and nurses thus demonstration of unconditional acceptance of the patients in any condition. Nurses should integrate holistic and positive treatment with the aim of promoting health through knowledge and interventions thus elimination of interruptions during treatments or 'caring moments'. Modern patients have diverse problems and issues because of the cultural differences, races, and ethnicity thus the need to enhance the operations of the nurses. There is need to ensure that the nurses obtain cultural competencies with the aim of enhancing their ability to address diverse issues and problems faced…
Anderson, N.L.R., Calvillo, E.R., & Fongwa, M.N. (2007). Community-based approaches to strengthen cultural competency in nursing education and practice. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 18(1), 49S-59S.
Beach, M.C. (2005). Cultural competency: A systematic review of health care provider educational interventions. Cultural Competency, 43(4), 356-373.
Campinha-Bacote, J. (2002). The process of cultural competence in the delivery of healthcare services: A model of care. The Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 13(3), 181-185.
Rosswurm and Larrabee, (1999). A Model for Change to Evidence-Based
Krentzman and Townsend (2008) indicates that multicultural competence means "having the beliefs, knowledge, and skills necessary to work effectively with individuals different from one's self; that cultural competence includes all forms of difference; and that issues of social justice cannot be overlooked" (p. 7). Although improved cultural competency is widely regarded as being an important element of high quality health care services, it is not a "magic bullet" for mitigating existing inequities in the provision of such care (Larson & Ott, 2010). Nevertheless, developing cross-cultural competencies is viewed by many health care providers as an essential first step in improving access and the quality of health care services in Australia today (Sharma & Phillion, 2011). Therefore, in this context, the term "multicultural competence" is used to describe the relationship between a counselor and a patient in cross-cultural settings (An introduction to cultural competency, 2012). The focus of cultural competence is…
An introduction to cultural competency. (2012). Royal Australasian College of Physicians.
Retrieved July 21, 2014 from https://www.racp.edu.au/index.cfm?objectid=FCBB0411 -
Hawley, L.D. (2006, Fall). Reflecting teams and microcounseling in beginning counselor training: Practice in collaboration. Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education and Development, 45(2), 198-202.
We are more than welcome to assist any client who has trouble understanding anything. However, we do not offer to meet with clients whose first language is not English to decipher communications that they might not understand. Making this effort goes a long way toward promoting client health and well being.
We do have bilingual staff but Spanish is the only language besides English that is well-represented. It would be more helpful to hire people who have some command of other languages that our clients might speak. One of the areas I believe we do well in is sensitivity to diverse views of family and health. We allow extended members of the family to visit and consult with them too. I understand that people from different cultures grieve differently, too. Finally, I would be better off reading peer-reviewed journal articles as to the most current best practices that take cultural…
Culture & Social Work
Regardless of the background and upbringing of an individual, there are common threads and patterns that typify everyone's life as a child and as they develop. However, there are most certainly variations when it comes to things like culture and the society that is lived within during this process. Even when speaking of a singular cultural area like a city, state or especially a nation, there will be differing norms, values and so forth based on the culture or cultures that one is exposed to and raised within. This report will look at the common Latino experience as well as a few other notable cultures and how this can affect and vary the interactions and reactions seen when it comes to social work. While trying to treat every situation with the same cultural and societal lens might seem attractive, the underlying cultures and patterns that actually…
Cultural competence: What does this really mean to health care professionals?
Cultural Competency is a significant issue that faces health care providers today. It is important for organizations to have and utilize polices, trained and skilled employees and resources to foresee, distinguish and respond to a variety of expectations in language, cultural and religion of members and health care providers. Health literacy takes place when there is shared understanding between healthcare providers or anyone communicating health information and patients. Joint understanding is not just good medicine; it is also a right and responsibility (Health Literacy and Cultural Competency Provider Tool Kit, 2008).
Addressing disparities in health care and health results is more and more becoming a main concern on national and state levels. The Department of Health is dedicated to generating health justness and devoted to endorsing cultural competency among health care providers, to enhance affirmative results for all…
Cultural Competence. (2008). Retrieved from http://www.culturediversity.org/cultcomp.htm
Cultural Competency in Health Services and Care. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.doh.wa.gov/hsqa/professions/Publications/documents/CulturalComp.pdf
Health Literacy and Cultural Competency Provider Tool Kit. (2008). Retrieved from http://www.bcbst.com/providers/08-538CulturalCompProvToolKit.pdf
In this paper, I will reflect on my responses to the Cultural Proficiency Receptivity Scale. I will tell what my responses tell you about myself and my preparedness as an aspiring school
counselor. In this paper, I will also address cultural diversity and if there is a lack of it in my school.
Cultural Proficiency Receptivity Scale
After answering the questions on my preparedness as an aspiring school counselor I feel that overall, I am prepared to respond to cultural diversity concerns and issues in my school. I am convinced that if I fail to make an effort towards ensuring that my students are educated beyond the bare minimum, I would not be fully meeting their needs. In the words of Nieri (2012), schools “shape student’s cultural trajectories” and “these trajectories are tied to youth development and achievement.” With the world of today being largely a global village, where…
Cultural bias implies an emphasized distinction or preferential status that indicates a predilection for one culture, over another. It is often discriminative, and is characterized by an absence of integration in a group, in terms of social principles, codes of conduct, and beliefs. Cultural partisanship introduces the accepted behaviors of one group as superior, and more valued, than those of another lesser-respected cultural group. In my surroundings, most of the residents, and hence, patients are white, making us (Afro-Americans and Asians) minorities, feel different if not isolated. Such deferential factors are responsible for establishing where specific individuals live, and what opportunities are available to them, in the healthcare and educational context (Sue et al., 2009)
The presence of cultural bias within the context of healthcare-related recommendations and decision-making gives rise to significant challenges. Well-documented inequalities in health status of different racial and ethnic communities, in addition to nationally-publicized…
Resources and Services Administration (http://www.hrsa.gov/culturalcompetence/)
American Psychiatric Association's Steering Committee to Reduce Disparities in Access to Psychiatric Care (2004) (Natl. Assoc. Social Workers 2007).
These and many more substantive readings from research are listed by the author for assimilating culture-centric education. (Sue, Zane, Nagayama Hall, & Berger, 2009)
As a Counselor, I will need to be aware that being culturally aware implies delivering services in a manner consistent with the recipient's culture, through regards to linguistic variation and cultural discussion. I would seek to be more sensitive to unaccultured ethnic minority clients. In addition, I would use discretion in cases where patients of a particular community or ethnicity are prone to certain clinical problems (for which I would study the ethnic group and its history in more depth) and if certain ethnic groups respond poorly to EBT (Evidence-based Treatment). (Sue et al., 2009)
The public will also be presented with information from the experiential view of someone who in the past failed to have their child immunized. Evaluation will be conducted by distributing surveys/questionnaires about access to immunizations in the previous 12 months. The model will be modified by identifying weak points in the efforts to inform the public.
(2) providing information to the public about cancer screening: the public will be given written and verbal information about cancer screening for their family and about how to access cancer screening in the community of providers. A special speaker will provide information about how cancer screening helped save their life. Evaluation will be conducted by distributing surveys/questionnaires about access to cancer screenings in the previous 12 months. The model will be modified by identifying weak points in the efforts to inform the public.
(3) Providing information about safe sex: the public will be given…
Clement, JJ and Rea-Ramirez, MA (2008) Model-Based Learning and Instruction in Science. Springer 2008. Retrieved from: http://books.google.com/books?id=dc_14UNzOlYC&dq=GEM+model+for+learning&source=gbs_navlinks_s
Cultural Competence Education for Students in Medicine and Public Health Report of an Expert Panel (2012) Joint Expert Panel and the Association of American Medical Colleges and the Association of the Public Schools of Health. July. Retrieved from: https://members.aamc.org/eweb/upload/Cultural%20Competence%20Education_revisedl.pdf
Health education: theoretical concepts, effective strategies and core competencies (2012) World Health Organization. Retrieved from: http://applications.emro.who.int/dsaf/EMRPUB_2012_EN_1362.pdf
Kulbok, PA (2012) Evolving Public Health Nursing Roles: Focus on Community Participatory Health Promotion and Prevention. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. Vol. 17. No. 2 May. Retrieved from: http://nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ANAMarketplace/ANAPeriodicals/OJIN/TableofContents/Vol-17-2012/No2-May-2012/Evolving-Public-Health-Nursing-Roles.html
Being a counselor can sometimes be a really tough job. Counseling can only be effective and beneficial when the counselor places himself or herself in the shoes of his or her client. If he or she is unable to do so, he or she will never become an effective counselor. Placing oneself in the circumstances of someone else is not easy, let alone placing oneself in the shoes of a person who is of a different race, religion or culture. That is the real test of a counselor. In this paper I shall discuss what is required to understand the cross-cultural relationships in counseling to help the client get over their problem easily. All the dimensions pertaining to counseling (of a client of a different background that the counselor) will discussed with the case scenario.
When clients and counselors have different cultural (or ethnic or racial)…
Cannon, E.P. (2008). "Promoting moral reasoning and multicultural competence during internship." Journal of Moral Education, 37(4), 503-518.
Crethar, Hugh C. And Ratts, Manivong J. (2008). "Why Social Justice is a Counseling Concern?"
Gilbert, Jane. (2002). "Cross-cultural issues in counseling skillstraining: lessons from Lesotho."
Journal of Social Development in Africa. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
scu.edu).Andre goes on to say some critics see Hirsch's efforts to bring culture into the classroom are not so much "cultural literacy" but more like "cultural indoctrination." Not only is the Hirsch strategy and methodology seen as flawed, Andre and Velasquez continue, the "content" he prescribes is subject to criticism. For example, the question of "Whose form of knowledge, culture, vision, history and authority will prevail as the national culture?" should be asked, and Hirsch knows that is an issue. "Will they, like Hirsch, be white, middle-class males?" Andre wonders, and will they be elitist?
Hirsch meanwhile answers these accusations in his Core Knowledge Web site, saying that the contend must arise from "a broad consensus of diverse groups and interests." That consensus should include the parents, teachers, scientists, "professional curriculum organizations, and experts on America's multicultural traditions." The "central motivation behind" his core knowledge initiative is "to guarantee equal…
Booklist. "Reference Books Bulletin: The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy." (2003): 1702.
In the first edition of Hirsch's book, the author was criticized as being "elitist," but the Subsequent editions add "tools for assessing cultural literacy" that makes sense and Now it does "keep up with changes in American culture."
Chylinski, Manya S. "Hirsch, E.D. Jr., & others. The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy: What Every American Needs to Know." Library Journal, 127.18 (2002): 78-80. Chylinski writes that the book has been given "an exciting update" - "sorely needed"...for those "who like to have a great reference work..."
Giddings, Louise R. "Beyond E.D. Hirsch and Cultural Literacy: Thinking Skills for Cultural
Standards of Care/Mental Health/Cultural Competence
EMEGING STANDADS OF CAE/MENTAL HEALTH/CULTUAL
Sometime in 1999, the Surgeon General released Mental Health: A eport of the Surgeon General. Inside this report, it acknowledged that not every Americans, particularly minorities, are getting the equal mental health treatment, a discovery that provoked the Surgeon General to give out a supplemental report on differences in mental health care for individuals of color (Donini-Lenhoff, 2006). The addition, which was available in 2001, sends out one obvious message: culture does actually count. Cultural competency is considered to be one the vital ingredients in closing the differences hole in health care. It is looked as the way patients and doctors are able to come together and then talk about health issues without cultural differences stopping the conversation, nonetheless improving it. Fairly simply, health care services that are deferential of and receptive to the health beliefs, practices and cultural and…
Choi, H.M. (2006). ETHNIC DIFFERENCES IN ADOLESCENTS' MENTAL DISTRESS, SOCIAL STRESS, AND RESOURCES. Adolescence, 41(126), 263-83.
Donini-Lenhoff, F. (2006). HEALTH: Cultural competence in the health professions; insuring a juniform standard of care. The Hispanic Outlook in Higher Education, 65(45), 45.
Furler, J. & . (2012). Mental health: Cultural competence. Australian Family Physician, 39(5), 206-8.
Sawrikar, P. & . (2013). The relationship between mental health, cultural identity and cultural values in non-english speaking background (NESB) australian adolescents. Behaviour Change, 21(3), 97-113.
Global Perspectives on Leadership
Working with individuals from Latin America requires significant consideration of various factors that influence the relationship and the realization of a shared organizational objective. Firstly, taking into consideration the cross-cultural communication that will dominate the interaction with individuals from this culture is imperative. The fact that cultural differences exist translate to the communication breakdown that should be managed by the leader of an organization. Developing a culture-sensitive environment will help eliminate such barriers. The leader should also consider the context and content of understanding business setup when working with individuals with Latin America culture. Textual analysis shows that Latin business culture focuses on the broad aspects of the organizational relationship, social approaches, and broad circumstances influencing the business (Moran, 2011, p. 215).
However, the culture of other states such as the U.S. places a strong emphasis on the communication content. The content of focus includes facts,…
Moran, Robert T. Managing Cultural Differences: Global Leadership Strategies for Cross-Cultural Business Success (8th Edition).: Routledge, . (2011). Print
Critically analyze current practice to formulate researchable problems. I was able to discover the following: current practice recommendations for reducing health disparities among African-American female adolescents are lacking, but recent research findings suggested that parenting may represent a significant syndemic factor that could be influenced by nursing interventions. A review of this literature led me to propose a quantitative study examining the efficacy of cultural competency training for primary care providers who practice in an inner-city African-American neighborhood.
Evaluate current research studies for appropriateness of problem statement, sampling design, methodology, data analysis procedure, interpretation of findings, and ethical issues. In order to propose a researchable problem I needed to understand what had already been accomplished by other researchers. This required me to dig into the literature, evaluate the details of the methodologies used, and compare and contrast both findings and interpretations. The topic I chose for my research proposal…
Ethics and Culture
Ethical and Cultural Competency
Vanaki, Z., Memarian, A. (2009). Professional ethics: beyond the clinical competency. Journal of Professional Nursing, 25 (5), 285 -- 291
The author found that the professional ethics are the core determinants to perform a better duty at the workplace. The behavior of a person at work place helps in making relationship and bonds with the team members, responsibilities, the patients, the staff and helps in better understanding of workplace strategies that are termed as professional ethics. The researchers found that the personality of a person depends a lot on the expression of compassion, love, care and attention. The survey was done on the nurses working in the hospital where they explained that despite the cultural differences, if they make a bond or a relationship of care with the patients. That helps a lot in maintaining the confidence of the patient and…
Siegel, C., Haugland, G., Rose, L.R., Reid, L., Hopper, K. (2011). Components of Cultural Competence in Three Mental Health Programs. Psychiatric services, 62 (6).
Vanaki, Z., Memarian, A. (2009). Professional ethics: beyond the clinical competency.
Journal of Professional Nursing, 25 (5), 285 -- 291
Culural Competence |
Cultural Competence in the Criminal Justice System
Culture determines people's experiences of their world. It is important in the reception and delivery of services. Cultural competence starts with knowing your cultural practices and beliefs, and recognizing the different practices and values of people from different cultures. This goes beyond speaking a different language, or just acknowledging a different group's cultural icons. Cultural competence involves changing your biases or prejudgments on a different people's cultural traditions or beliefs (Continuing Education Online, 2002-2016).
Cultural competence, therefore, can be described as a group of attitudes and behavior within a culture. These attitudes and behavior are incorporated into the methods of practice of an agency, system or its experts, and helps them work productively under cross-cultural circumstances. To successfully achieve cultural competency, knowledge about groups and individuals must be incorporated and translated into certain practices and rules applied in suitable cultural…
Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. (1998). Case Management for Clients With Special Needs. Retrieved August 7, 2016, from National Center for Biotechnology Information: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Continuing Education Online. (2002-2016). Cultural Competency and Diversity. Retrieved August 7, 2016, from Continuing Education Online: http://www.getceusnow.com
Otu, N. (2015). Decoding Nonverbal Communication In Law Enforcement. Salus Journal, Issue 3, No. 2, 1-16. Retrieved from Salus Journal: http://www.salusjournal.com
Patel, S. (2016). Cultural Competency Training: Preparing Law Students for Practice in Our Multicultural World. Retrieved August 7, 2016, from UCLA Law Review: http://www.uclalawreview.org
playing ground for healthcare organizations has and continues to change; so does the relationship of health care entities to their method of access and availability, degree of consumer choice, competition, financing, effect on advanced practice nurses and other health professionals.
The course was a valuable experience for me. The thoughts were provoked and the discussions candidly professional. One major reason for the definite benefit was the student diversity in the course. The diversity of students enabled me to pose candid questions to people from different cultures thus learning more. The contents of this course have a profound effect on me as a nurse, and the entire community patient care. However, guest speakers gave encouraging and supportive comments (Basford & Slevin, 2013). As a healthcare professional, I will frequently serve patients from diverse backgrounds, personal beliefs, expectations, and experiences. I must have a sharp awareness of others and myself. This course…
Basford, L., & Slevin, O. (2013). Theory and practice of nursing: An integrated approach to patient care. Cheltenham, U.K: Nelson Thornes.
Ferrell, B., & Coyle, N. (2010). Oxford textbook of palliative nursing. New York: Oxford University Press.
Hamric, A.B., Hanson, C.M. & Spross J.A. (2009). Advanced Practice Nursing An Integrative Approach (4th Edition ed.). Missouri 63146: Elsevier Sanuders.
cultural diversity issues and its impact on nursing professionals' practice. It assesses a client hailing from a different culture, and employs information derived from the assessment determining and reflecting on health practices and beliefs of the client's culture. Lastly, nurses' role in the care of patients hailing from diverse backgrounds care is analyzed, and a conclusion is drawn.
Client Interview Data
Client's health beliefs in relation to cultural diversity
The client comes from a family-focused background, in which she plays the role of chief household organizer and attends to her family and their needs. She believes one ought to lead a life of a good and virtuous individual, and support one's family, particularly in times of need. In her opinion, sickness must be tended to, for preserving life. She believes in healthcare professionals and services they offer, for leading a healthy life. She is comfortable having healthcare professionals take care…
American Nurses Association. (1998). Discrimination and Racism in Health Care. Silver Spring, MD: American Nurses Association.
Anderson, L. (2012, October 10). Cultural Competence in the Nursing Practice. Retrieved from Nurse Together: http://www.nursetogether.com/cultural-competence-nursing-practice
Coe, S. (2013, January 15). Cultural Competency in the Nursing Profession. Retrieved from Nurse Together: http://www.nursetogether.com/cultural-competency-nursing-profession
Graue, M., Dunning, T., Hausken, M. F., & Rokne, B. (2013). Challenges in managing elderly people with diabetes in primary care settings in Norway. Scand J Prim Health Care, 31(4), 241-247.
To deal with these difficulties, several recommendations can be formulated:
1. Cross-cultural variables: Ethnic matches should be arranged between client and therapist. These will be effective in dealing not only with communication problems, but also with cultural perceptions of the disease as well as with possible social stigmas attached to the disease. The therapist, sharing similar cultural background to the patient understands the patient's concern and speaks the patient's language therefore is more able than another to 'pull' her through.
Other recommendations include items such as that Government should allocate more funding to establishing specific mental health treatments that are run by and appeal to the various ethnic minorities. In a similar manner, government should increase their funding for research and clinical training of ethnic and racial minority members (e.g. The minority Fellowship Program and the CO). Finally, general Mental health services should incorporate cross-cultural communication variables in…
Leong, F.T.L., & Lau, A.S.L. (2001). Barriers to providing effective mental health services to Asian-Americans. Mental Health Services Research, 3, 201 -- 214.
Leong, F.T.L., & Kalibatseva, Z. (2011) Cross-cultura Barriers to mental Health services in United States. Cerebrum. The DANA Foundation. http://www.dana.org/news/cerebrum/detail.aspx?id=31364
Some of these causes include shift work/long work hours, sleepiness, social/familial disruptions, vulnerable groups, long-term effects, and injuries. This is an indication that various institutions should focus on the evaluation of the causes of risks faced by nurses at the workplace in order to adopt and integrate quality interventions towards enhancing the safety of the nurses (Alison Trinkoff et al., 2008). One of the effective and influential approaches towards promotion of safety of the nurses is transformation of the working schedule to offer sufficient opportunity for the practitioners to recapture their energies following stressful interaction with the patients.
This is through minimization of the working hours as well as integration of favourable shifts to operate in the favour of the nurses as they seek to enhance their safety. It will also improve concentration levels of the nurses at the workplace thus quality relationship between the patients and nurses in addition…
Williams, L. (2008). Liability landscape: The value of a root causes analysis. Long-Term
Living: For the Continuing Care Professional, 57(11), 34-37.
Okes, D. (2008). The human-side of root cause analysis. Journal for Quality & Participation,
achievement of the course outcomes in this course have prepared you to meet the MSN program outcome #4, the MSN Essential IV, and the Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies # 7.
The achievement of course outcomes has prepared me to meet the fourth MSN program outcome: which is to evaluate the design, implementation, and outcomes of strategies developed to meet healthcare needs. Completing the course has also promoted the MSN Essential IV, and the Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies # 7. MSN Essential IV is "translating and integrating scholarship into practice," which is a core component of professional nursing. Through the course, we recognize the value of evidence-based practice as we integrate research outcomes within the practice setting. We also resolve practice problems, work as a change agent, and disseminate results.
Program Outcome #4: Evaluate the design, implementation, and outcomes of strategies developed to meet healthcare needs (MSN Essentials)
Evaluating the design,…
Campinha-Bacote, J. (2011). Delivering patient-centered care in the midst of a cultural conflict. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing 16(2).
Drenkard, K. (2012). Strategy as solution. Journal of Nursing Administration 42(5): 242-243.
Litaker, D., et al., (2006). Using complexity theory to build interventions that improve health care delivery in primary care. Journal of General Internal Medicine 21(2): S30-34.
"Population-Focused Nurse Practitioner Competencies," (2013). Retrieved online: http://www.aacn.nche.edu/education-resources/PopulationFocusNPComps2013.pdf
Therefore, in the light of these current developments, I envisage that the nurses will require much more comprehensive training in issues related to cultural diversity in the future. For example, the nurse will need to become more knowledgeable about the way that various cultures respond to conventional medicine and that alternative medicine and therapies play in the healing process.
The subject of alternative therapies illustrates the way that the role of nursing is changing. For example, it has been found that "…44% of Mexican-Americans had used alternative practitioners at least once in the previous year" and that "Mental or physical illness is seen by many Hispanics to be a consequence of behavior, or simply the result of fate" (Breeding, Harley, ogers & Crystal, 2005).
This means that in future the nurse will need to be trained in greater depth in order to understand the way that other cultures perceive…
Breeding, R.R., Harley, D.A., Rogers, J.B., & Crystal, R.M. (2005). The Kentucky Migrant Vocational Rehabilitation Program: A Demonstration Project for Working with Hispanic Farm Workers. The Journal of Rehabilitation, 71(1), 32+.
Business Case for Diversity. Retrieved June 7, 2009, from http://www.chubb.com/diversity/chubb4450.html
Kim, H.S. & Kollak, I. (Eds.). (2006). Nursing Theories: Conceptual and Philosophical Foundations (2nd ed.). New York: Springer.
Varcoe C. ( 2004) Advancing Nursing Scholarship in Diversity: Complexity and Equity. CJNR Editorial, 36 (4).
Return guests comprise approximately 15% of bed and breakfast guests with another 15% of guests being individuals who have been referred by former guests of the bed and breakfast. Therefore, it can be understood that "quality of stay and customer satisfaction" are both important factors in the decision making process of the guest when choosing to stay at the bed and breakfast as compared to staying at another establishment. Qualities of the room that contribute to the overall satisfaction of guests include the following:
Mattress and pillow quality - 88%
Towels - 84%
Linens - 82%
Washcloths - 75%
Glasses - 62%
Reading lights - 61%
Soap - 50%
Reading material - 30%
The work of Tucker and Lynch entitled: "Hospitality, Tourism and Lifestyle Concepts" states that there are several categories of host types based on social control strategies and interactions with guests. Each of these types of accommodations along…
Bull, N.H. And Passewitz, G.R. (nd) Marketing a Bed and Breakfast - Finding Customers: Market Segmentation. Ohio State University Extension Small business FactSheet Series.
Parasuraman, Leonard L. Berry, and Valarie Zeithaml, "Refinement and Reassessment of the SERVQUAL Scale," Journal of Retailing 67 (Winter 1991): 420-50
Parasuraman, a, Zeithaml, V.A, Berry, L.L (1985), "A conceptual model of service quality and its implication for future research," Journal of Marketing, Vol. 49 pp.41-50.
Parasuraman, a, Zeithaml, V.A, Berry, L.L (1988), "SERVQUAL: a multiple-item scale for measuring consumer perceptions of service quality," Journal of Retailing, Vol. 64 No. l, pp.12-40.
cultural diversity issue of non-American employees communicating frequently in their own native language creating an environment of sensitivity and bias amongst the non-Hispanic community.
Handling Diversity in an Organization
The contents of this paper focus on the cultural diversity involving Films ecovery Systems, an American company located at the heart of Chicago, Illinois. The paper takes an insight into the issue and also proposes solutions that can resolve the problem. The most important aspect of the paper is that it takes into account the material we find and read in books and compares to what degree the literature is actually applicable in real life situations.
The study of public administration includes a spectrum of many disciplines, which include psychology, sociology, philosophy and also management sciences. Even though, the nature of public administration does not conveniently classify its elements into components, public administration is primarily categorized to highlight the…
Leaders are Learned Optimists - The CLEMMER Group Management
Consulting, available at http://www.clemmer.net/excerpts/leaders_learned.shtml accessed on: March 31, 2004
Robert Bacal, Conflict Prevention In The Workplace, available at http://www.work911.com/products/i-coop.htm , accessed on March 31, 2004
QSM Consulting - Leadership Driving Change, available at http://www.qsmconsulting.com/lds/index.shtml, accessed on: March 31, 2004
Starbucks- Cultural Diversity a Management Challenge
This essay shows how Starbucks grew from its one store in Seattle to the global brand it is now. It also covers briefly how the message of diversity has evolved in recent times for Starbucks with Starbucks cooperating with ethnic organizations, promoting a more literal sense of inclusion among various ethnicities, races, ages, genders, and religions. Starbucks has a long history of being a socially conscious company. This has led to some extent, Starbucks to be viewed as a quality company that makes quality coffee.
When people see a Starbucks store, they associate quality and a slightly higher price. That is why people from the rich and famous to the everyman; go to get their cup of coffee at Starbucks. Because Starbucks is one of the largest coffee chains in the world and the largest coffee chain in merica, they must keep…
As Leavy explains, adding social value along with economic value promotes profit and growth within a company (Leavy, 2012). How did Starbucks grow to be so successful and synonymous with quality? The history of Starbucks shows the beginnings of what would one day be a worldwide, easily recognizable brand. As well as in recent history, Starbucks proves it will continue to be the brand for quality coffee for the masses.
Starbucks first opened its doors almost half a century ago, 43 years to be precise. They had a single store consisting of a roaster and retailer of ground coffee, whole beans, spices, and tea. From there after four decades, the company owns 21,160 retail stores in sixty-three countries with 175,000 employees. Most of those retail stores lie in the United States with 12,067 in total, making it one of the largest coffee chains worldwide. The company's mission statement is to nurture and inspire the human spirit, one cup, one person, and one neighborhood at a time (Morais et al., 2014).
Along with its history of ethical practices such as farmer loans and conservation, Starbucks wishes to focus on embracing diversity by including inclusion and diversity into the fundamentals of their leadership competencies. This means they expect all leaders to practice an inclusion
Starbucks wants to enter South Africa, the "ainbow Nation," and learn about doing business in Africa for future expansion across the continent. It has the conditions for success, but critical will be managing a multicultural team of employees in every store. There are 11 major languages in South Africa, highlighting the diversity of the country, and it has also become a magnet for immigrants from other African countries as well. Starbucks needs to implement programs such as employee groups in charge of multicultural initiatives and it should track the demographics of its workforce to ensure that they are diverse. Management teams should also be diverse. The company should have a multicultural management training program as one of its major controls.
The corporation to be discussed in this paper is Starbucks, and they wish to enter the South African market. Starbucks operates in dozens of countries worldwide.…
BBC. (2013). South Africa profile. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved February 21, 2014 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14094760
Japan Today. (2013). Starbucks on track to open 1000th store in Japan. Japan Today. Retrieved February 21, 2014 from http://www.japantoday.com/category/business/view/starbucks-on-track-to-open-1000th-store-in-japan
Luthans, F., Doh, J. (2009). International Management: Culture, Strategy, and Behavior. McGraw-Hill.
Cultural differences seem to play an extremely important role in almost all domains we are currently faced with nowadays. The global world implies not only intercultural relations in economics and trade issues, but also in areas such as education, social sciences, medicine and health.
If we are referring to the last two domains, it is often the case that a clinician is treating a patient whose religious and personal beliefs don't allow treatments that would otherwise be considered normal. We will not refer to extreme cases, such as sects where operations or blood transfusions are not allowed, but we will consider an example that may often occur in practice: the encounter between a clinician and a Muslim patient, with all the cultural differences problems that may arise.
For a Muslim patient, we first need to refer to the fourth ring, a ring which is defined, according to Purnell, as "biopsychosociocultural…
1. Purnell's Model. 2003. On the Internet at http://www.salisbury.edu/Schools/Henson/NursingDept/haitiancultcomp/purnellsmodel.htm
Purnell's Model. 2003. On the Internet at
Professional Communication: Cultural Sensitivity Among Native Americans
In nursing school, we are normally taught that we should respect the dignity and rights of all clients. As the "world becomes reduced" and societies and individuals become more mobile, we are progressively able to network with people that are from other cultures. Cultural respect and competence for others becomes particularly significant for us as nurses and patient supporters. Applying the principles and theories of communication is important for sufficient patient care. A lot of various communication methods are executed and have diverse focuses. Small groups use mechanisms such as objectives, standards, cohesiveness, behaviors, and therapeutic issues. Duty, process and midrange groups are separate categories. Orientation, tension, cohesion, working and dissolution are stages groups go through. Successful personal and professional communication profits the patients and other health professionals; however, the lack of applicable communication can lead to poor patient results and a hostile…
Barker, A.M. (2009). Advanced practice nursing -- Essential knowledge for the profession. Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Doane, G. (2004). Exploring the heart of nursing Ethical Pratices. Nursing Ethics, 11(3), 241-251.
Makaroff, K.S. (210). Do We speak of Ethics. Nursing Ethics and, 17(5), 566-576.
Ryan, M. (2000). Learning to Care for Clients In Their World not Mine. Journal of Nursing Education, 3(9), 25-79.
In traded industries where there is fierce competition, it is not possible to pay men more than equally productive women -- every little disadvantage can be fatal to a company's survival. This means that gender equality emerges faster in these industries, as U.S. evidence shows. On virtually every criticism of globalization, one can find good, rather than bad, things to say. So globalization does have a human face. The really interesting question is therefore what can people do through institutional design and policies -- both domestic and international -- to improve it.
d. The accelerating pace of globalization, communications, and technological innovation; the changing patterns of cross-border capital flows; the fluid state of corporate mergers and partnerships; all these have created -- and will continue to create for the foreseeable future -- fundamental shifts in the ways in which business is conducted. Where many old-fashioned -- and still widely current…
Anthony, Molly a 1999. October 1. What are your core competencies? Journal of Research Administration. July 1, 2002.
Appelbaum, L., "Mentoring: A strategy to recruit and retain top PR Professionals," Public Relations Strategist, Vol. 6 (3), 2000, 18-20.
Bonnett, Alastair. 2006. The Americanisation of anti-racism? Global power and hegemony in ethnic equity. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. September 1.
Boswell, T.,1995. "Lifelong learning: A framework for discussion," Adults learning, 258-263.
Internal and external customers are both considered important and their needs must be anticipated and satisfied in the most suitable manner. The decisions that the executive leader makes must be based on solid information. He must be aware of the consequences of his decisions. At the same time, he must have a long-term perspective and make the best choice even if at the beginning its consequences might seem negative.
A further competency that must be taken into consideration refers to the ability to efficaciously manage strategic resources including the human ones, the financial ones and the information ones. From this point-of-view, one needs to be updated with the technological development which are relevant for his work area. In addition, he must make sure that everything from the recruitment process to the selection and rewarding of the staff members is done in the manner which best serves the organization.
Executive Competencies, Retrieved November 26, 2007 from web site: https://www.opm.gov/ses/ecq.asp
Executive management, Retrieved November 26, 2007 from web site: http://www.govexec.com/features/0404-15/0404-15view.htm
Krishnan, R. (2002). Impact of gender on influence, power and authoritarianism, Women in management review, vol.17, 197-206
Leadership, Retrieved November 26, 2007 from web site: http://www.leadershiplouisville.org/programs/network
21st Century Leadership
What does leadership mean today? The 21st Century environment presents totally different challenges and needs from the previous centuries with regards to leadership. Studies have shown that emotional and social intelligence are two big areas that pertain to 21st century leadership, as they relate to how well leaders can effectively establish positive relationships with followers (Boyatzis, 2008; Den, Deanne, Belschak, 2012; Higgs, 2013; Schyns, Schilling, 2013). There are, nonetheless, many styles and theories of leadership that are discussed by both professionals and researchers today. These styles and theories range from servant leadership to authoritarian leadership. Yet as Higgs (2013) shows, in the 21st century, a "sense making" paradigm is needed in order for an appropriate model of leadership to be implemented that "is relevant to the context of complexity and change facing organizations in the early twenty-first century" (p.273). This sense making paradigm is actually a throw-back…
Also, virtue ethics must ensure that the leader acts in the best interest of those who he represents, works with, and works for. However, this does not suffice in order to implement an effective leadership style.
In addition to this, the leader must be surrounded by individuals with similar ethical behavior. This would help the leader to achieve ethical responsibilities. Also, it would make it easier to observe any unethical conduct from the leader.
As mentioned above, there are also different levels of ethics, like mandatory and aspirational ethics. The lowest level of ethics, but not the least important, is represented by mandatory ethics. This type of ethics refers to compliance with the law. In this case, things are clear. All individuals, especially leaders, must respect the law.
Aspirational ethics refer to the effects and influence that leaders' actions have on others. The first people leaders influence are represented by…
1. Finkelstein, S. (1992). Power in Top Management Teams: Dimensions, Measurement and Validation. Academy of Management Journal. No. 8. Retrieved May 13, 2009.
2. Snell, S.A., Dean, J.W. (1992). Integrated Manufacturing Resources Management, A Human Capital Perspective. Academy of Management Journal. Vol. 35, No. 2. Retrieved May 13, 2009.
3. Kings, Queens, and Dictators (2000). Forbes.com, Inc. Retrieved May 16, 2009 from http://www.forbes.com/forbes/2000/0703/6515256a.html?partner=whiteglove_google .
4. Saddam Hussein (2005). Global Security Organization. Retrieved May 16, 2009 from http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iraq/saddam.htm .
herefore, the standpoint of social embeddedness is a tool that offers to provide a clear picture if one wants to comprehend the contribution of the relational factors in the success of outsourced IS projects (Rai, Maruping and Venkatesh, 2009).
If one is to increase his/her comprehension and develop an insight about how to monitor and control outsourced IS projects, Johns' (2006 as cited in Rai, Maruping and Venkatesh, 2009) suggestions come in useful. He recommended that the theory be contextualized by assessing the effect of characteristics of social framework in the setting of outsourced IS projects. It should be assessed how the adopted cultural features of the project affect its success and performance.
Later, the social embeddedness standpoint needs to be contextualized to the setting of the outsourcing of IS projects and a cultural variation framework should be applied to assess mutual principles and standards for those projects that are…
Trent, R.J. And R.M. Monczka (2003). "International purchasing and global sourcing -- what are the differences?" Journal of Supply Chain Management 39(4): 26-37. Taken from: Mittal, R. (2010). CULTURAL CONGRUENCE in CROSS-BORDER ALLIANCES: A MULTI-LEVEL PERSPECTIVE. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL of Business RESEARCH, Volume 10, Number 3.
Uzzi, B. 1997. "Social Structure and Competition in Interfirm Networks: The Paradox of Embeddedness," Administrative Science Quarterly (42), pp. 35-67. Taken from: Rai, a., Maruping, L.M. And Venkatesh, V. (2009). OFFSHORE INFORMATION SYSTEMS PROJECT SUCCESS: THE ROLE of SOCIAL EMBEDDEDNESS and CULTURALCHARACTERISTICS. MIS Quarterly Vol. 33 No. 3, pp. 617-641.
Werner, S. (2002). "Recent Developments in International Management Research: A Review of 20 Top Management Journals." Journal of Management 28(3): 277-305. Taken from: Mittal, R. (2010). CULTURAL CONGRUENCE in CROSS-BORDER ALLIANCES: A MULTI-LEVEL PERSPECTIVE. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL of Business RESEARCH, Volume 10, Number 3.
Nursing BA vs. Associates
Nursing Competencies -- Associates vs. Baccalaureates
The difference competencies between nurses prepared at the associate-degree level nursing vs. The baccalaureate-degree level are significantly different on many levels. Today's nurses work in a healthcare environment that is undergoing a constant evolution at a speed never before imagined (NLN Board of Governers, 2011). Patient needs have become more complicated; nurses must implement requisite competencies in leadership, health policy, system improvement, research, evidence-based practice, and teamwork and collaboration in order to deliver high-quality care. Furthermore, nurses are also required to master different technologies that are also evolving extremely rapidly.
There are basically three different alternative paths to becoming a registered nurse. Some hospitals offer a three-year program that is administered in the hospital setting. Another option is a two to three-year program in which graduates receive an associate's degree and can be administered at a community college or any…
Mahaffey, E. (2002, May 2). The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. Retrieved from The Relevance of Associate Degree Nursing Education: Past, Present, Future: http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ANAMarketplace/ANAPeriodicals/OJIN/TableofContents/Volume72002/No2May2002/RelevanceofAssociateDegree.aspx
Moltz, D. (2010, January 7). Nursing Tug of War. Retrieved from Inside Higher Ed: http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2010/01/07/nursing
NLN Board of Governers. (2011, January). Transforming Nursing Education: Leading the Call to Reform. Retrieved from NLN Vision: http://www.nln.org/aboutnln/livingdocuments/pdf/nlnvision_1.pdf
Rosseter, R. (2012, April 2). The Impact of Education on Nursing Practice. Retrieved from American Association of Colleges of Nursing: http://www.aacn.nche.edu/media-relations/fact-sheets/impact-of-education
Global Business Cultural Analysis
Synopsis of Nigerian government
Nigerian monarchy to presidential system
The evolution of Nigeria from British control to a civilian democratic government
Nigerian major commodities
The major elements and dimensions of culture in Nigeria
Model of culture
Universalism or Particularize
How is the integration of elements and dimensions that Nigerians doing business in the country?
The effects of governments on the prospects for its business around the world
How the elements and dimensions compared with the United States, culture, and business?
The role of women in the workplace
Business visitors must be dressed in an elegant and tie (for men!)
Cross-cultural business transactions between the United States and Nigeria
Thurstan Shaw and Steve Daniels, who are the founder for archaeological research proved in their research that Nigeria has been developed since 9,000…
Afolayan, T.E. (2011). Coming To America: The Social and Economic Mobility of African Immigrants in the United States. Inquiry (University of New Hampshire), 6-11. Retrieved from EBSCO host.
Alutu, O.E., & Udhawuve, M.L. (2009). Unethical Practices in Nigerian Engineering Industries: Complications for Project Management. Journal of Management in Engineering, 25(1), 40-43. Doi: 10.1061 / (ASCE) 0742-597X (2009)25:1(40)
Over the course of time, this will lead to a dramatic rise in the number of cases that are being reported, based upon the kinds of foods that are being consumed by this demographic. (Dilip, 2001, pp. 81 -- 87) As a result, different cultural factors are having an impact on this problem. While at the same time, many individuals will feel pressure to consume this cuisine. Part of the reason for this, is because it is expected that they eat this to embrace their culture. If they do not, they risk the possibility of being seen as some kind outcast. (Cousins, 1992, pp. 549 -- 555)
To change what is happening, we need to leverage the relationship / expectations towards: shifting the way these foods are prepared and the frequency that they are consumed. As, we want to encourage people to begin cooking in vegetable / olive oil and…
Cousins, J. (1992). Family vs. Individual Orientated Intervention. Public Health Reports. 107 (5), 549 -555.
Dilip, K. (2001). Community Wide Coronary Artery Disease. The American Journal of Medicine. 110 (2), 81 -- 87.
RCT believes that everyone desires growth and that growth is by necessity connective in relational and cultural links. Mutual empathy and mutual empowerment foster these relationships in positive ways. (Jordan, "The role of mutual")
Sigmund Freud and Erik Erickson may arguably be two of the most influential icons in the field of human development and psychology. Their fundamental concept that human's develop over a lifetime and not just in a few stages from birth to adolescence and then are frozen into psychological patterns, revolutionized thinking in the field of developmental psychology. The term Life Span Development came to the fore as Erickson devised his eight stages of psychosocial development ranging from birth to eighty years old. Later as he himself passed eighty he realized that there is yet another stage and the count became nine. (Erikson & Erikson, 1997) One can see the striking resemblance between Erickson and Freud's stages…
Comstock, Dana L., et al. "Relational-Cultural Theory: A Framework for Bridging Relational, Multicultural, and Social Justice Competencies." Journal of Counseling and Development 86.3 (2008): 279-288.
Crethar, Hugh C., Edil Torres Rivera, and Sara Nash. "In Search of Common Threads: Linking Multicultural, Feminist, and Social Justice Counseling Paradigms." Journal of Counseling and Development 86.3 (2008): 269-276
Erikson, E.H. & Erikson, J. M . The Life Cycle Completed / Extended Version. New York:
W.W. Norton. 1997
Give profile to people in the organization who are high performers and who also use the policies to create a view that success and work-life balance can go hand in hand. Organize some social functions at times suitable for children as well as adults and specifically invite the employees' family members. Introduce awards for managers or supervisors nominated by employees for having provided an environment where both employees' work productivity as well as their personal needs are addressed and enhanced. Organize award ceremonies for those employees who are playing an important role in changing the workplace culture. Finally, allow people to have pictures or other personal objects in their work area (Workplace culture, 2009).
Developing and valuing a workplace culture does not happen overnight and requires commitment from both employers and employees. It is important to build consensus for culture change from the top down as well as the bottom…
Altman, Y. (2008). On the future of work -- and hr. People & Strategy, p18-18, 1p; Vol. 31 Issue 4(an 36354212).
Bates, S. (2002, July). Facing the future - human resource management is changing. Retrieved April 7, 2009, from Findarticles.com (from HR Magazine): http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3495/is_7_47/ai_89025017/
DeNisi, a., & R.W., G. (2004). Human resource management. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Hewitt, G. (2005). Connecting strategy and hr. In M.L. Michael R. Losey, the future of human resource management (pp. 208-216). Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons.
One of the most brilliant contributions of the Byzantium is its contribution to modern music and the development of what the world has come to appreciate as the foundations of classical music. The Byzantine "medieval" (Lang, 1997), in fact, the Byzantium influence is considered to be critical to the development of the Greek music and the relative genius behind Greek music (Lang, 1997)
The quoted sovereign melody (Lang, 1997) is the oft punctuated contribution to the sovereign nature of today's music throughout the world. The Byzantium facilitated the sovereign method of music ostensibly from what would be the earlier influences to the Byzantine Empire. Lang continues to point to such influence as having its origins in the Orient (Lang, 1997).
Sports were a major part of the Byzantine Empire and are representative of the development of competition within the Roman Empire and subsequently to the importance of sporting events within…
This is a theoretical approach which assumes that the nurse will base all treatment decisions on an interest in achieving the patient's best overall health outcome. In light of this, there may be great value in approaching treatment with a cultural sensitivity to the diversity of needs which accompany the inherent diversity of individuals to be treated. Here, the healthcare practitioner must be particular immune to prejudices of an ethnic, racial, sexual or personal nature, with equal treatment quality and personal attention expected for all patrons of the medical system. This is why it is important for members of the healthcare community to be acquainted not just with the idea of a multitude of groups in its public, but with some level of understanding as to how different ethnic groups endure different health scenarios. The way that the nursing professional approaches healing -- with respect to the balance of personal…
ANA. (2004). The Nurses Code of Ethics. The Center for Ethics and Human Rights.
President's Council on Bioethics (PCB). (2010). Being Human: Readings from the President's Council on Bioethics-Chapter 3: To Heal Sometimes, To Comfort Always. Georgetown University.
Among the Core Competencies for nursing educational components provided by the Massachusetts Department of Higher Education, "Patient-Centered Care" is listed first. The important task for nursing students in this component is to provide:
"…holistic care" that fully recognizes "an individual's preferences, values and needs," and also "respects the patient or designee as a full partner in providing compassionate, coordinated, age and culturally appropriate safe, and effective care (MACN).
ithin this milieu, the student should be assessing healthcare needs "through the patient's eyes" and the student should be respecting and encouraging the patient's opinions and decisions relative to his or her care (MACN). The student should fully understand the "multiple dimensions of patient-centered care" which includes: a) understanding the preferences and values of the patient and the patient's family; b) coordinating the integration of the care; c) providing physical and emotional comfort and support; c) communicating the patient's values, needs…
Kleiman, S. (2006). Discovering Cultural Aspects of Nurse-Patient Relationships. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 13(2), 83-87.
Ludwick, R., and Silva, M.C. (2000). Ethics: Nursing Around the World: Cultural Values and Ethical Conflicts. The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 5(3).
Massachusetts Association of Colleges of Nursing (MACN). Creativity and Connections:
Building the Framework for the Future of Nursing Education and Practice. Retrieved April 17, 2014, from http://www.mass.edu .
Multicultural Counseling Competency
A counselor's knowledge, awareness, and skills concerning multicultural differences can have a significant impact on their ability to provide quality care (Penn and Post, 2012, p. 14-17). These multicultural competencies have therefore been recognized by counseling scholars as increasingly important, especially since American society is becoming more ethnically diverse. A recent study examined multicultural competencies among play therapists and found self-perceptions of competency to be independent of training. More recently, Penn and Post (2012) expanded on this finding by attempting to identify the factors that influence a play therapist's perceptions of their multicultural competency.
Penn and Post (2012) surveyed 510 members of the Association of Play Therapy to assess self-reported levels of multicultural competency, then compared these self-reports to records of multicultural training. The first set of findings revealed self-reported multicultural knowledge was inversely correlated with ignorance about the racial issues that minorities face. The second…
Penn, Saundra L. And Post, Phyllis B. (2012). Investigating various dimensions of play therapists' self-reported multicultural counseling competence. International Journal of Play Therapy, 21(1), 14-29.
programs discussed help build core competencies and competitive capabilities at L'Oreal.
L'Oreal is an international company that strives to ensure that all of its diverse employees feel at home and work together. L'Oreal FIT (Follow-up & Integration Track) acts as a two-year, personalized integration and support program designed to facilitate the transition of the employee into the corporate culture of the company. It is "adaptable to the needs of all new employees at L'Oreal. This global integration programme allows us to enrich and perpetuate our group's professional culture while taking account of each subsidiary's cultural characteristics and local needs" (L'Oreal FIT, 2011, L'Oreal). The program focuses on educating the employee so he or she can truly understand the product and the mission of the makeup company, regardless of his or her area of expertise. It is focused on providing the employee with a "personalised schedule of meetings, training and round-table…
L'Oreal FIT (2011). L'Oreal. Retrieved November 26, 2011 at http://www.loreal.com/_en/_ww/html/careers/Your-career-at-L-Oreal/Your-integration.aspx?&profile=&profileExcl=
Data was collected and analyzed as these study and focus group discussions took place (Thomas, Fried, Johnson, and Stilwell, 2010). The data was also compiled and sent to many different human resource offices and operations in order to gain unique insight from all corners of the world. These compilations of conversations helped to identify the contributing factors to rural clinic success in the 49 different countries while, at the same time, offering up examples and ideas for how improvements could be made.
The conclusions were relatively different among each country or population that was analyzed, depending on the specificities of the rural areas in question. Overall, the case study concluded that more effective, accurate communication coupled with greater expertise and skills competencies were able to overcome the lack of physical and medical resources in nearly every situation (Thomas, Fried, Johnson, and Stilwell, 2010). This is to say that healthcare professionals…
Salkind, Neil J. (2003). Exploring Research. Prentice Hall: Upper Saddle River, NJ.
Thomas, Annamma; Fried, Grace P.; Johnson, Peter; and Stilwell, Barbara J. (2010). "Sharing
best practices through online communities of practice: a case study." Human Resources for Health. Vol. 8, No. 25. Pp. 19-28.
Complexities and Potential in Cross-Cultural Counseling
In 1897 the French sociologist Emile Durkheim wrote about the influence of culture on suicide rates among different groups. He found that while suicide seems to be the most private and most individualistic choice that a person can make (what could be more private than the dialogue that an individual has with eternity, after all) cultural values still hold sway. His research has been criticized over the decades, but its central point remains valid. Culture seeps into every level of both our conscious and unconscious behaviors, and therefore must be attended to in every aspect of the therapeutic process. However, while at least most therapists as well as most of those individuals studying to become therapists are certainly aware of this fact, this awareness does not necessarily translate into sufficient care taken to minimize the harm that cross-cultural misunderstandings or blindnesses that…
Bimrose, J. (1996). Multiculturalism, in Bayne, R., Horton, I. & Bimrose, J. (Eds.) New directions in counseling. London: Routledge.
Fouad, N. et al. (2012). Qualitative study of the dislocated working class. Journal of career development 39, 287-310.
LaFromboise, T., Trimble, J., & Mohatt, G. (1990). Counseling intervention and American Indian tradition: An integrative approach.The counseling psychologist 18(4), 628-654.
Jones, A.C. (1985). Psychological functioning in black Americans: A conceptual guide for use in psychotherapy. Psychotherapy 22 (2), 363-369.
Delta Airlines is a U.S. airline that services primarily domestic routes, in addition to some routes between the U.S. and other countries. Because of restrictions in the airline industry, airlines are barred from servicing domestic routes in foreign countries. Thus, the U.S. is effectively closed to non-U.S. airlines for travel between American cities, and Delta cannot expand to routes that do not include an American city. The socio-cultural context for Delta is therefore almost entirely related to the American market.
For the airline industry, there is actually little difference in the relationship that consumers have with airlines. Airlines provide a service that is highly standardized the world over. Where there are consumer differnces, these are reflected in the service-price dimension primarily. In some countries, consumers prefer to pay more to get a better in-flight experience. This is true of the focus country in this report, Japan. In the United States,…
Bloom, N., Genakos, C., Sadun, R. & Van Reenen, J. (2012). Management practices across firms and countries. NBER Working Paper No. 17850.
Hamamura, T. (2012). Are cultures becoming individualistic? A cross-temporal comparison of individualism -- collectivism in the United States and Japan. Personality and Social Psychology Review. Vol. 16 (1) 3-24.
Hofstede, G. (2015). Japan. Geert-Hofstede.com Retrieved October 18, 2015 from http://geert-hofstede.com/japan.html
Hofstede, G. (2015). United States. Geert-Hofstede.com Retrieved October 18, 2015 from http://geert-hofstede.com/united-states.html
Generational issues, while seemingly the obvious hindrance to a smooth flow of production, are, as Tulgan offers (198), "merely a reflection of the business issue at play - transition to the workplace of the future."
However, that said, the one pivotal / key sentence Tulgan offers, also on page 198, is very straight to the point, on the money, and a salient theme Charlie should launch in order to save his job, and the jobs of most people under his jurisdiction. "Charlie must get things back on track and restore harmony by getting people focused on mission instead of personality."
The 10 points Tulgan offers are all very cogent and wise; however, Charlie doesn't really have time to implement all those ideas. Gloria egalbuto, with Bath & Body Works, offers some common sense solutions, as do Diedra Wager, Pat Crull, and others. But Judy Corson hits the nail on the…
Zemke, Ron; & Raines, Claire; & Filipczak, Bob. Generations at Work: Managing the Clash of Veterans, Boomers, Xers, and Nexters in Your Workplace. New York:
Examples of global leadership are easily found, but it is important to make distinctions based on criteria other than fiscal gain or corporate revenue. The example of global leadership discussed in Section 2 of this paper is Dr. Paul Farmer, the founder of Partners in Health. Dr. Farmer's innovations in the global healthcare truly use Blue Ocean strategy and have altered the landscape of providing medicine to people in poverty. Farmer's primary attributes -- in addition to his extraordinary intellect -- are humility, compassion, and vision. Indeed, it is Farmer's vision and his ability to recruit followers and funds that have changed healthcare policy and practices around the world. Training executives to become competent global leaders requires a comprehensive plan such as that developed for the Global Leadership Expertise Development model. This model forms the basis for the training plan provided and recommended in this discussion.
____. (2008, May 5). Dr. Farmer's Remedy. 60 Minutes. CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/videos/dr-farmers-remedy/
Celenk, O., & Van de Vijver, F. (2011). Assessment of acculturation: Issues and overview of measures. Online Readings in Psychology and Culture, 8(1). Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.9707 / 2307-0919.1105
Dyer, J.H., Gregersen, H.B. And Christensen, C.M. (2009) 'The innovator's DNA,' Harvard Business Review, 87 (12), December, pp.60-67 [Online]. Available from: University of Liverpool Library: http://sfxhosted.exlibrisgroup.com.ezproxy.liv.ac.uk/lpu?title=Harvard+Business+Review&volume=87&issue=12&spage=60&date=2009 (Accessed: 22 February 2015).
Govindarajan, V. And Trimble, C. (2010) 'Stop the innovation wars,' Harvard Business Review, 88 (7/8), July/August, pp.76-83 [Online]. Available from: University of Liverpool Library: http://sfxhosted.exlibrisgroup.com.ezproxy.liv.ac.uk/lpu?title=Harvard+Business+Review&volume=88&issue=7%2F8&spage=76&date=2010 (Accessed: 22 February 2015).
Psychodynamic Approach Survey
This is approach to leadership is based on personality study and change by the leader and those who are under leadership. According to Psychodynamic Approach Survey, a leader is a person who is supposed to learn from analyzing and realizing the personality and reaction of the people who are being led so that he or she can know how best to handle them. A leader who has borrowed from the Psychodynamic Approach Survey is not worried of how the followers perceive him and understand him. He is not interested in how to change his personality so that he or she can appeal to the people. Nonetheless, such a leader is focused on observing the behaviors and the personalities of the followers, making sure that he captures the way they react, think, interact, and do everything, as a basis for influencing them to act in a…
McIntosh, G. L. & Rima, S. D. (2007). Overcoming the Dark Side of Leadership: The Paradox of Personal Dysfunction. New York. Baker Books
Nohria, N. & Khurana, R. (2013). Handbook of Leadership Theory and Practice: An HBS Centennial Colloquium on Advancing Leadership. Boston, MA: Harvard Business Press
Northouse, P. G. (2012). Leadership: Theory and Practice. New York: SAGE Publications
As with the general cultural perspective permeating academics and the life sciences in the early 20th century, theories on female criminality are pointedly sexist in nature and descend from an aggressively patriarchal view point. As we find in biologically driven models proposed by figures such as Lombroso, there is a proclivity to view female criminals through a completely different lens specifically informed by abnormalities or variations in femininity. According to Hamilton (1999), Lombroso "described criminal women as biologically dysfunctional. He believed that female deviants lacked maternal instincts, exhibited atavistic characteristics, and bore more masculine physical features, such as an excess of body hair." (Hamilton, p. 1) Taking this notion yet a step further, Freud argues that women prone to crime are abnormal not just in their deviation from femininity but in their penis envy. The view that female mental disorder descends from the desire to be male is,…
Hamilton, M. (1999). Theorist: Freda Adler. FSU.edu.
Harris, M.K. (1998). Women's Imprisonment in the United States. Corrections Today.
Hedeen, M. (2012). Bail Hearing for Woman Accused of Threatening Obama Adjoured. YNN.
Nursing Heritage Assessment
The Heritage Assessment Tool is a useful way of examining how strongly a person identifies with his or her heritage. It asks questions that can give a healthcare provider information about how long the family has been in the United States, how many generations of the family have been in the United States, how close the family is with other family members, whether the person lives in an ethnically-identified community, and whether the person married someone from the same cultural background (Spector, 2000). Furthermore, the questions in the assessment tool also seem aimed at helping determine whether the person is from a minority ethnic community. While it is not always the case, people who belong to minority groups may be more likely to identify with ethnic sub-communities. This can have a tremendous impact on the healthcare choices made by the individual patient, so that understanding a patient's…
My Jewish Learning. (Unk.). Jewish health & healing practices. Retrieved September 28, 2013
The Office of Minority Health. (2013, May 9). What is cultural competency? Retrieved
September 28, 2013 from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services website: http://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/templates/browse.aspx?lvl=2&lvlID=11
Hello, Please 3 cultures compare paper. Please include Spanish, American, Indian Cultures Heritage Assessment access Heritage Assessment Tool.
A questionnaire design that is used to assess a person's culture, religion, and ethnic so as to understand the person in relation to illnesses, diseases and their general health is what is referred to as the Heritage Assessment Tool Cohn et al., 2010
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As unique as ones fingerprint is, so is their heritage in some cultures. Everyone has their own unique heritage and this heritage is very different from the heritage of another culture, a person's heritage is what determines their religious, cultural and ethnic background. It is also what deals with the person's mental, physical and their spiritual beliefs and this will be used when maintaining the person's health, protecting and restoring their health. It is important to note that in the healthcare field knowledge…
Cohn, W.F., Ropka, M.E., Pelletier, S.L., Barrett, J.R., Kinzie, M.B., Harrison, M.B., . . . Knaus, W.A. (2010). Health Heritage, a Web-Based Tool for the Collection and Assessment of Family Health History: Initial User Experience and Analytic Validity. [Article]. Public Health Genomics, 13(7/8), 477-491. doi: 10.1159/000294415
Kasten, W.C. (1992). Bridging the Horizon: American Indian Beliefs and Whole Language Learning. Anthropology & Education Quarterly, 23(2), 108-119.
Miller, J. (2000). Keeping With the Transcultural Nursing Society Mission. [Article]. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 11(3), 230.
Roland, F., Johnson, I., Bruce, E., & Khuon, K.-N. (2007). Living with Heritage: Site Monitoring and Heritage Values in Greater Angkor and the Angkor World Heritage Site, Cambodia. World Archaeology, 39(3), 385-405.
US Office of Trade Representative
The Office of the US Trade Representative (USTR) is organized through the Executive Office of the President and works to coordinate and administer trade policies all over the globe (USTR, N.d.). USTR provides trade policy leadership and negotiating expertise in its major areas of responsibility, including such services as:
• Bilateral, regional and multilateral trade and investment issues
• Expansion of market access for American goods and services
• International commodity agreements
• Negotiations affecting U.S. import policies
• Oversight of the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) and Section 301 complaints
• Trade, commodity, and direct investment matters managed by OECD and others
• Trade-related intellectual property protection issues
• World Trade Organization (WTO) issues
In order to provide such ambitious services in the effort to further world trade, the USTR works directly with the US Congress as well as team of external advisors, which…