Curriculum Development Essays (Examples)

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Curriculum Model

Words: 680 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84268371

Curriculum Models

Bellevue School District in Washington recently underwent series changes to its mathematics curriculum. The primary goal of these changes was to better prepare all students for college educations. Thus, the district implemented a subject-centered development model focusing on the discipline to help standardize mathematics education across the board and better prepare students for what they would encounter in college life.

In an era where college is so important, Bellevue School District wanted to ensure that all students graduating from high school within the district were properly prepared for college. According to the research, "Bellevue's goal was to create a coherent K -- 12 aligned mathematics curriculum with support structures for teachers and students to ensure all students would be prepared to attend and graduate from college" (Dana, 2008). The district is now partnering with higher education facilities to help build curriculum that prepare students for college. The changes…… [Read More]


Dana, Charles A. (2008). K-12 Aligned Mathematics Curriculum. Practices Worthy of Attention. Bellevue School District.

Hoeger, Jami & Roghan, Kerry. (2013). Bellevue School District Mathematics. Web.
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Curriculum Evaluation Models Ornstein and

Words: 508 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25763643

Teachers will need to look at process models for implementing these two approaches to achieve the benefits of both outcome-based education which emphasizes what students are expected to learn as well as open-ended education which encourages teachers to create a positive learning experience for the student. The former is best served by technical-scientific approaches while the later is best accomplished by nontechnical-nonscientific approaches. Fortunately, the approaches do appear to be complimentary more so than conflicting ideologies as positioned by some.

Therefore, teachers should seek out an integrative approach to their curriculum development approaches that weds process models. Practically speaking, this will mean striking a balance between student-centered and subject-centered curriculum and forming measurable expectations for the general student population as well as the flexibility to aim for highly individualized expectations that are unique to each student and that may be more subjectively assessed. and, of course, a broader community will…… [Read More]


Curriculum development.

Ornstein & Hunkins (2003). Curriculum: Foundations, principles, and issues (4th ed). Boston: Allyn and Becon.

Ritz, J. Curriculum development.
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Curriculum What Are the Dominant Influences on

Words: 758 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97867745


hat are the dominant influences on school curriculum in America? hat was the approach to curriculum development in the past? Those issues are addressed in this paper.

The Literature on Curriculum and its Influences

Philosopher and educator John Dewey wrote in 1906 that there was a wide gulf between the child of that era and the curriculum being offered. He posed a picture of the "…narrow but personal world of the child" put up against the "…impersonal but infinitely extended world of space and time" (Dewey, 1906, p. 11). In other words, Dewey was trying to make the point that curricula should attempt to allow the child to proceed "…step-by-step to master" each separate parts of a lesson rather than present "…an abstract principle of logical classification and arrangement" (11-12). The road is long when you're asking a child to view a subject in its entirety, Dewey continued (12),…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dewey, John (1906). The Child and the Curriculum. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan


Phillion, JoAnn, Connelly, F. Michael, and He, Ming Fang. (2007). The SAGE Handbook of Curriculum and Instruction. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Pinar, William F. (2004). "The Reconceptualization of Curriculum Studies," in The Curriculum
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Curriculum Evaluation According to Carl

Words: 547 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46565059

The evaluation facilitator will explain that curriculum evaluation is a necessary process to help foster student growth and that evaluation is not a negative critical review; rather, it is to recognize progress and to identify areas for future improvement. This is important because evaluation has traditionally been focused on the identification of shortcomings and, for this reason, has caused anxiety and resentment which can impede constructive participation.

Second, the facilitator will explain the process of curriculum evaluation. The process will be described as an analysis of current curriculum, the expression of key goals in a formal mission statement, allocation of resources, implementation of curriculum change and the monitoring of progress over time. In this way, teachers will know exactly what to expect and this will help allay their fear of change. Plus, showing that there are well-defined processes will help lend credibility to the curriculum evaluation program.

Third, the facilitator…… [Read More]


Carl, AE 1995: Teacher empowerment through curriculum development: theory into practice. Kenwyn, Cape Town: Juta, p. 178.

Evaluation and assessment: Curriculum evaluation.

The three discussion groups.
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Curriculum the Principals Role in

Words: 9119 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69665171

Human relations are vital. Teachers must trust each other, there must be norms that support productive criticism, and there must be techniques in place for combining and resolving disputes. Arrangements need to be in place that generates discussion for problem identification and decision making. These arrangements could be things such as normal team meetings amid teachers at the same grade level or department meetings within high schools and middle schools. Frequently useful are school connections to inside and outside sources of knowledge and scrutiny coupled to a readiness to learn from such sources. Also, schools must work to secure the power to proceed with actions that might go against existing policies and practices. By doing this they master the micro-politics of their districts and their communities.

In schools where circumstances to maintain collaborative problem solving are not in place, leaders must expertly manage two plans at the same time. They…… [Read More]


Adkins, D. (1990). The Relationship between visionary Leadership and instructional leadership behavior of secondary school principals: regression analysis and hermeneutic

Balsamo, M. (2004). Assessing principal practices in a standards-based environment and examining the association between principal practices and student achievement.

Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY.

Bialystok, E. (2001). Bilingualism in development: language, literacy and cognition. New York: Cambridge University Press.
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Curriculum for Healthcare

Words: 1185 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16741165

Curriculum Design


The obj3ective of this study is to review and research issues and trends in curriculum design relating to healthcare and to elaborate on recommendations dealing with the issues and in view of the trends.

Gone are the days in education when the issues were simple and the lessons followed course since in today's society there are healthcare issues such as AIDS, premarital sex and needed birth control measures as well as other non-sexually related diseases including cancer and other health issues. The curriculum for healthcare education is a touchy issues because of the various religion, political, social, and familial values that exist in a diverse society with many races, ethnicities, and backgrounds. For this reason, the educator in healthcare must understand the volatile ground on which curriculum design may tread and the various view of parents, communities, as well as religious and…… [Read More]


Albert LJ (2010) Curriculum Design: Finding a Balance. The Journal of Rheumatology. Retrieved from: 

McKimm, J. (nd) Curriculum Design and Development. Retrieved from: 

Olsen, LK (1994) Trends and Issues in Health Education Curriculum. Liberty University. 1994. Department of Health Professions. Retrieved from:

Stevenson, KR (201) Educational Trends Shaping School Planning, Design, Construction, Funding and Operation. National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities. Retrieved from:
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Curriculum Approaches

Words: 1018 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39729860

Montessori & High Scope

In order for students understand the contemporary curriculum, it is important that they be able to connect it to themselves in a meaningful way. This is particularly true in the modern classroom that is more diverse than ever before. Connection involves drawing on prior knowledge and experience in order to relate to the text. In this way, the students become participants in the story and are apt to be engaged in the reading process. There are a number of approaches to early-childhood education that range in nature and focus. The HighScope program was developed using the work of both John Dewey and Jean Piaget, as well as the constructivist approach to classroom learning from educational philosopher Lev. Vygotsky. The basic presumption is taking the child's development at present and helping them build upon it continually, pushing the "zone of development" up through a series of steps…… [Read More]

Works Cited

What is HighScope? (2004, June). Retrieved from 

Hainstock, E., 1997. The Essential Montessori. New York: Plume Publishers.

Hohmann, M., et al. (2008). Educating Young Children. Ypsilanti, MI: HighScope Press.

Kim, S. (2005). The Effects of A Constructivist Teaching Approach. Asia Pacific Educational Review, 6(1), 7-19.
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Development Issues for Children

Words: 957 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27090101

Early Childhood Development Issues

Module One of Chen's work Early Intervention in Action... presents a number of different aspects of the experience of families raising children who have multiple disabilities. It is quite different to consider these aspects from a clinical or even educational perspective rooted in theory, versus doing so from the perspective of the impact of this situation on one's family. There seems to be a greater amount of difficulty in raising children with multiple disabilities that can challenge a family in numerous ways. Based on the information in this module, it seems almost certain that one of the most exacting is simply modifying one's schedule and accounting for the different people and places that such a child must interact with and go to, respectively, in order to achieve success in life.

Perhaps the most vital facet of this module is the way that it is able to…… [Read More]


Chen, Deborah. (2008). Early Intervention in Action: Working Across Disciplines to Support Infants with Multiple Disabilities and Their Families. Module 1. Retrieved from ***

Chen, Deborah. (2008). Early Intervention in Action: Working Across Disciplines to Support Infants with Multiple Disabilities and Their Families. Module 2. Retrieved from ***

WIDA (2014). THE EARLY YEARS: Dual language learners. Retrieved from ***
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Curriculum for Medical Training Intervention

Words: 897 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24921450

Medical trauma triage management requires skillful curriculum development, which in turn depends on an assessment of needs and an anticipation of potential barriers to implementation. The initial needs assessment has revealed required resources of about four or five medical services providers such as physician assistants and nurse practitioners. Support personnel may be provided, but an additional challenge will arise when implementing the curriculum in a real world setting such as a trauma center, emergency room, or intensive care unit. Adequate space and time must be carved out for the curriculum implementation, without disturbing standard operating procedures. At the same time, improving trauma triage management will ultimately facilitate patient service delivery and maximize care outcomes, goals that should continually be communicated to the institutional administration as well as all participants in the program.

Each phase of the ADDIE model, an industry benchmark for curriculum development, "requires constant evaluation," (Allen, 2006, p.…… [Read More]


Allen, W.C. (2006). Overview and evolution of the ADDIE training system. Advances in Developing Human Resources 8(4): 430-441.

Bass, E.B. (n.d.). Step 1: Problem identification and general needs assessment.

Swanson, R.A. & Holton, E.F. (2009). Training and development practices. Chapter 12 in Foundations of Human Resource Development.
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Curriculum Foundations in Recent Years

Words: 753 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47270542

The political climate within the United tates is one moving away from conventional medical practices and moving toward alternative medicine. With President Obama's healthcare reform bill, it was made clear that costs within healthcare and the liability from certain procedures is unacceptable. Educating nurses in natural birthing techniques saves hospitals the excessive expenses associated with interventions and results in a happier and less likely to complain patient. Very few hospitals within the United tates open support natural birth techniques. In fact, most nurses at the hospital were unaware of different birthing positions, the advantages of walking while in labor, or the advantages of water during labor. This ignorance will only result in a loss of patients who will seek out those hospitals with educated staff. Finally, the demographics within the hospital I observed demand better care. The families entering the labor and delivery floor were educated upper-class families who expected…… [Read More]

Sargent, Carolyn & Stark, Nancy (2009). Childbirth Education and Childbirth Models: Parental Perspectives on Control, Anesthesia, and Technological Intervention in the Birth Process. Medical Anthropology Quarterly. Vol 3.1 (36-51)

Simkin, Penny (2007). Just Another Day in a Woman's Life? Women's Long-Term Perceptions of Their First Birth Experience. Birth. Vol 18.4 (203-210)

Zwelling, Elaine (2006). Childbirth Education in the 1990s and Beyond. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing. Vol 25.5 (425-432)
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Curriculum History Importance of Curriculum

Words: 1995 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74526882

(a new history of Iraq)

Psychologically, it is very difficult for them to believe that Islamic believers, meaning Arabs in this case have lost wars with the infidels. Islam is the religion of victors and one day, God willing Islam will rule the world is their belief. This is what leads Sheikh Abdul Settar Jabber head of the Muslim Awareness Association; a leading Sunni group to feel that the entire role of the schools should be changed to one that trains students in Islamic law and in how to be good Muslims. (a new history of Iraq) This is the psychological reaction of a child which when frightened hides near its mother and in this case is hiding within its language. The curriculum of Arabs has to reflect what their culture tells them, and religion is a very important part of their culture along with their language.

4. Future for…… [Read More]


Eaglesfield School" Retrieved at Accessed on 21 July, 2005

Al-Khatib, Mahmoud a. (2000) "The Arab World: Language and Cultural Issues" Language

Culture and Curriculum. Volume: 13; No: 2; pp: 121-125. Retrieved at Accessed on 21 July, 2005 new history of Iraq" (25 November, 2003) Retrieved at,14062,1092208,00.html. Accessed on 21 July, 2005

Neyman, Julia. (24 August, 2004) "Colleges embrace homeland security curriculum" USA
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Curriculum the Learning and Skills Sector Lss

Words: 2712 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3375925


The learning and skills sector (LSS) is an Essential part of educational development in the United Kingdom. For many years this educational program faltered and was not taken seriously. However in recent years Legislators in the UK have dedicated a great deal of time and resources to improving LSS. According to Maxwell (2009)

The Learning and Skills Sector (LSS) in England is diverse, comprising further education (FE) colleges, sixth-form colleges, personal and community development learning and work-based training and learning in other adult settings such as prisons and the uniformed services. Over the last 15 years the sector has moved from a position of 'benign neglect' (Young et al. 1995, 7) to being placed 'at the forefront of UK's attempt to raise its skill profile' (Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills, and Department for Children, Schools and Families 2007, 3). Developing the workforce needed to support this ambitious agenda…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Curriculum for diversity guide. Retrieved January 4, 2011 from: 

Fisher, R., and Webb, K. (2006) Subject specialist pedagogy and initial teacher training for the learning and skills sector in England: the context, a response and some critical issues. Journal of Further and Higher Education. 30(4), 337 -- 349

Foundation Learning Curriculum for adults. Retrieved January 4, 2011 from:
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Curriculum Curricula Associated With Lss Are Important

Words: 1368 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50745443


Curricula associated with LSS are important and must be carefully considered in Maths and electronics teaching. The purpose of this discussion is to carry out further research connected with the topic of curricula and evaluate the extent to which this research might have an impact on personal practice in subject specialism and future professional development.

Impact of Curriculuum

Understanding of maths is essentially important to ensuring that adult learners will have the capacity to work well in the work place. The type of curricullum utlized to teach math is therefore essential to guaranteeing that students master the appropriate skills.

In addition maths teaching, electronics teaching is also important and the use of technology is an essential aspect of maths and electronics instruction. As it relates specifically to LSS and electronics, the graph on the left depicts the utilization of technology in the Classroom. Information Technology (IT) serves a vitally…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Keeley-Browne L. (2007) Training to Teach in the Learning and Skills Sector: From Threshold Award to QLTS Longman

Leading Mathematics in the Learning and Skills Sector.

Owston, Ronald. (2007) Contextual factors that sustain innovative pedagogical practice using technology: an international study. Journal Educational Change 8:61 -- 77
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Curriculum Implementation an Implementation of

Words: 586 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95548352

Negative feedbacks and criticisms cannot be avoided at this point, especially upon knowing that it is necessary for them to undergo training on how this program will be implemented, including its advantages for them as teachers.

Educators, especially those who have been practicing the profession for a long time have a greater tendency to abhor going through the learning process once more. As a principal, they should be encouraged to undergo the learning process again and become students, therefore, joining their trainings would promote confidence in learning new ideas once more.

As the teachers become students, the idea of the students becoming teachers at some point upon the implementation of the program would somehow alleviate their fear of integrating the use of technology in their learning process. ithin the 30 minutes math lad, they should be allowed to explore the program and share among their classmates what they have learned…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Franklin, J. (2002) the Importance of Instructional Leadership. The Necessary Principal.

Allen, R. (2002) Honing the Tools of Instruction: How Research Can Improve Teaching for the 21st Century.

Shu-Sheng, L. (2004) Considerations for developing constructivist Web-based learning. International Journal of Instructional Media.
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Curriculum Design There Is No

Words: 684 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26656708

Making principals and school administrators involved in the process along with parents creates additional support and potential for learning reinforcement at home and in creates greater cohesiveness in terms of the school's overall learning environment. hile any number of step-by-step curricular models exists for individual teachers, since the underlining principle of all curriculum design is to impart skills to students that build upon previous units of learning, it is better that there exist some continuity in curriculum planning between teachers. Also, if all teachers take a similar approach there is a greater chance that learning outcomes will build on one another, throughout a student's educational career.

Curriculum design will no doubt be different 10 years from now, as state and perhaps even national standards require learning outcomes to be more measurable and clearly defined within individual units. This may create more homogeneity in terms of basic skills demanded between schools.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hlynka, Denis. (30 Nov 2005). "Course Syllabus: Theory and Practice of Curriculum

Design and Development." Retrieved 30 Jan 2007 at

Learning Outcomes." (2004). Learning Development Unit. Retrieved 30 Jan 2007 at

Ornstein & Hunkins. (1998). Curriculum: Foundations, Principles, and Issues.
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Curriculum Changes Scenario You Are

Words: 399 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76496005

" (Hunzicker, 2004) in fact Hunzicker states that changing a teacher's beliefs makes a requirement of new information presented repeatedly to the point that the teacher "begins to feel disequilibrium between current beliefs and new information." (2004) Leading curriculum change in the school is often difficult and requires that the principal ensure a continuous and ongoing dialogue concerning the necessary changes and the positive impacts that these changes will bring about.

RECOMMENDED STRATEGY: The strategy recommended for bringing Mrs. Nagal around to the changes in curriculum that are necessary and required involve first speaking with the teacher and discovering what it is about these curriculum changes that she is so set against and then mitigating the fears and trepidations of this teacher. Bringing Mrs. Nagal more firmly into the curriculum change process is advised and this can be accomplished by appointing Mrs. Nagal as lead over some aspect of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hunzicker, Jan (2004) the Beliefs-Behavior Connection: Leading Teachers Toward Change. Principal. November/December 2004. www.
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Curriculum Evaluation Ornstein & Hunkins

Words: 647 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87158756

and, some teachers focus mainly on staff development issues related to changes in curriculum, measures and/or desired outcomes.

Of these various roles, I am most interested in how to change instruction so that it can meet desired standards and measurements. Ultimately, I believe that this is what makes the real difference in being able to achieve outcomes, particularly with the growing need for differentiated teaching strategies to achieve the same results for students with unique learning needs.

As I have mentioned, I am an advocate of summative and formative assessments because I believe they serve two very different, but complimentary purposes. That being said, I also believe there needs to be the right mix of the two. Currently, our school relies too much on summative assessments due to increased standardized test requirements by our district and state. This has affected every role that teachers play in our assessment process. This…… [Read More]


Ornstein, a.C., & Hunkins, F.P. (2003). Curriculum: Foundations, principles, and issues. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Shavelson, R.J., Dylan, P.J. And Coffey, J. On linking formative and summative functions in the design of large-scale assessment systems.

Swearingen, R, (2002). A orimer: Diagnostic, formative, & summative assessment

Thiel, T. & Feeny, M. Literature synopsis.
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Curriculum Design the Course I

Words: 631 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38872427

By the end of this portion, I had gained confidence in the processes and the procedure and could remember all the requirements.

The learning outcome of the course was to educate nurses on the new protocols and technology to complete this procedure on difficult patients. I feel that the curriculum attended very well to these goals. It was always on task and efficient in its training. I'm guessing that it was so efficient because it was through the hospital to train the staff and they did not want to waste time.

After the training I was certified and expected to use this technique on difficult patients. The only lacking competency was using this technique on children. I had not had any previous experience of inserting lines into children and was unaware of protocols or strategies to ease the child's nervousness. This was addressed by more senior nurses in the pediatric…… [Read More]


Brannam, Larry (2008); et al. Emergency Nurses' Utilization of Ultrasound Guidance for Placement of Peripheral Intravenous Lines in Difficult-access Patients. Academic Emergency Medicine. Vol 11.12, 1361-1363.

Overton, David (2005). Ultrasonography-Guided Peripheral Intravenous Access vs. Traditional Approaches in Patients With Difficult Intravenous Access. Annals of Emergency Medicine. Vol 46.5, 456-461.
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Curriculum Design Selected Learning Theory

Words: 1149 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20001430

" How much the design of cuiculum may affect the student in tems of leaning outcomes is anothe vey impotant consideation in this humanistic theoy of Combs and Snygg.

Diffeentiation in the Peceptions of Leaning Style

Just as diffeent individuals have diffeent tastes, views and pesonalities the theoies of leaning ae diffeentiated as well. Some of the leaning styles that exist ae Leaning pefeences that exist ae based in (1) Concete leaning (2) Abstact leaning (3) Teache-stuctued leaning (4) Student stuctued leaning (5) Intepesonal leaning; and (5) Individual leaning. The diffeentiation that exists in elation to styles of leaning is that upon which the many diffeent theoies of leaning ae based in thei beliefs. Fo example concete leaning is based on a belief o a theoy that tangible, specific and pactical tasks focused on skills is the most desiable method while in the methods that suppot abstact leaning the pefeence…… [Read More]

references reflect curricular change. Medical Teacher 24(1), pp. 32-40

Richards, Ann C. Ed.D (2003) the Relationship Between Behavior and Experience: Fundamental Premise 2001 November 21. Presented at the Second National Symposium on Educator Dispositions. 21 November, 2003.

Kell, C & van Deursen, R. (2000) the fight against professional obsolescence should begin in the undergraduate curriculum, Medical Teacher, 22(2), pp. 160-163

Boeree, George C. (1998) Personality Theories: Donald Snygg & Arthur Combs. Online available at;

Selected Learning Theory: Impact on Curriculum Design
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Curriculum Is a Matter Often Decided Based

Words: 1302 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30654651

Curriculum is a matter often decided based on earlier curriculum, and not changed even when the changes are required and approaches have changed. This leads to opposition from existing students, teachers and parents to the recommended curriculum in schools. It is interesting to find out about the attitudes of these groups to specific subjects on the matter.

It is very important for the involved groups within the schools -- teachers, students and parents to find out regarding as to what is the general opinion on matters important to the school students. This is the method of deciding a curriculum which will be suited for the development of students and also meeting the needs for development of the school curriculum by the principals. The help to principals is in terms of their being able to mobilize their staff, students, parents and community interest groups in becoming proactively involved in the issues…… [Read More]


AARE paper. (December, 2000) University of Sydney. Retrieved from Accessed 14 October, 2005

Boyd, Graham; Hemmings, Brian; Braggett, Eddie. The development of a career education program for gifted high school students. Retrieved from Accessed 14 October, 2005
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Curriculum Concept-Based Curriculums What Is

Words: 688 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31063128

Students, by seeing that a concept can unite so many different aspects of an idea are better able to draw connections between what is learned in the classroom and subjects that are common to their daily lives.

For example, take the broad curricular concept of 'travel.' The most obvious application of this concept is in a literature class, where students can learn about travel from stories about other lands, or about people traveling over the course of a story. But students can also apply the concept to math class, as they learn to budget for a trip, and calculate the speeds of various modes of transportation. They can learn about the science of how trains and planes are propelled, as well as research the weather conditions and geography of a possible destination. They can learn about the different people, cultures, religions, and wildlife of a land, and even create art…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gail G. Muir & Sally S. Blake. "Foundations of Collaboration." (2006). The Professional

Organizational Development Network in Higher Education. Retrieved 19 Jan 2007 at

What is concept-based curriculum?" (18 Jun 1998) District 118 Curriculum Design. Retrieved 19 Jan 2007 at

Ornstein, Alan C. & Francis Hunkins. (1998). Curriculum: Foundations, Principles, and Issues. 3rd Edition, Allyn and Bacon.
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Curriculum Technology Standards and Curriculum

Words: 1036 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62552502

My view was that each classroom should implement computer technology in the teacher process. Therefore my superiors also had to be convinced of the current benefits of implementing a computer system that students could use almost constantly.

Once I was able to effect this, each classroom was furnished with 4-6 computers, depending upon the average number of students that entered the class per week. tudents were then able to work on the computers in a group capacity, where each group member had an opportunity to work with the technology with the help of the rest of the group. Once this was done, my second challenge was to help my diverse students to become used to the technology and be able to use it effectively. This was particularly challenging, as some students have been working regularly with the library computers, while others have used them as little as possible. Contributing to…… [Read More]


Klopfer, E. Osterweil, S., Groff, J. And Haas, J. (2009). Using the Technology of Today, in the Classroom Today. The Education Arcade. Retrieved from:

Stanford University (2000). Standards-Based Education: Advantages and Disadvantages. Retrieved from:
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Regulatory Influences on Curriculum

Words: 926 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71391016

Regulatory Influences on Curriculum

Curriculum development and learning drivies learning in the nursing discipline. In this vein, the NLNAC and the National League of Nursing (NLN) do this in the various states. By using case studies, their impact upon curriculum development/revision within the nursing discipline will be analyzed by the author in this short essay. These regulatory agencies will be analyzed and the author will explore which of their subcomponents set policy and standards related to required curriculum content and development.

Unfortunately, the impact is not always positive. Indeed, there have been many bureaucratic barriers that have been erected in the way of effective curriculum development. In this essay's literature review, the importance of graduate education will noted and seconded. However, what disturbs this author is the lack of emphasis upon basic nursing education, especially in the LPN and four-year nursing ranks. This issue will also be addressed.

The mission…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Shultz, C.M. (2011). Embrace diverse pathways to advanced nursing practice:

let's not throw out the baby with the bathwater. Nursing Education

Perspectives, 32(3), 145.

Holly, C. (2009). The case for distance education in nursing. MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 5(2), 506-510.
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Conceptualizing Curriculum Describe the Ways

Words: 973 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7036505

More qualitative goals are needed to reflect a student's progress.

English (2000) makes mention that reformers must be aware of the hidden functions of schools if they are to make meaningul changes. Meighan (1983) explains:

The hidden curriculum is taught by the school, not by any teacher...something is coming across to the pupuls which may never be spoken in the English lessor or prayed about in assembly. They are picking-up an approach to living and an attitude to learning." concrete example of the hidden curriculum manifests in girls that early on have lower scores on math and science tests than boys. Some believe that cultural differences between boys and girls have a negative impact on girls' acquisition of skills or values for achievement in math and sciences (Holladay, 2007). Girls are believed to become sensitive to the roles of men and women in the real-world at an early age and…… [Read More]

Bibliography guide to curriculum development: Purposes, practices, procedures. 

English, F.W. (2000). Deciding what to teach and test: Developing, aligning and auditing the curriculum. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Corwin Press.

Holladay, J. (2007, February). How stereotypes undermine test scores.

Meighan, R. (1983). A sociology of educating. British Educational Research Journal, Vol. 9, No 2, pp. 177-178.
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Nursing and the Modern Curricula

Words: 997 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31941852

curriculum development must be a dialogue between its designers and the affected stakeholders: if a curriculum is imposed upon students and faculty members, they will inevitably resist it. Common agreement amongst faculty members also fosters greater agreement in regards to shared standards between teachers when grading. I also agree that it is important that students feel they are being evaluated fairly and that certain standard classes used to meet requirements are not substantially easier or harder than the same classes taught by different teachers. In particular with a nursing education, uniformity is desirable since nurses are taking classes to attain professional qualifications and pass licensure exams.

However, although getting people 'on board' with the curriculum is important, it is also vital that the curriculum is flexible enough and able to change with today's needs. The nursing curriculum cannot be static and mired in outdated standard operating procedures. "Today's educators are…… [Read More]


Sprang, S. (2010). Making the case using case studies for staff development. Journal for Nurses

in Staff Development, 26 (20): E6-E10. Retrieved from:

Q4. Technology has proven to be a great asset in improving healthcare delivery. It has also proven to be an asset in the education of new nurses, expanding the range of ways in which nurses can be exposed to the profession. As well as hands-on simulations with computers, large portions of nursing education have been shifted online. Nurses can engage in continuing education, bolstering their credentials as the market demands by going to school online at night while still working during the day.

Online learning allows nurses to experience simulated stressful environments without endangering real patients. Given the risks posed by lawsuits to institutions, the need for a safe space for students to make mistakes is critical. Of course, "a major limitation of simulation is the fidelity; no matter how high the fidelity is, it is not real .It is often impossible to imitate actual physiological signs or symptoms" (Hicks et al. 2009: 4). Particularly in the later years of nursing education, no high-fidelity simulation can replicate clinical experiences. However, high-fidelity simulation can act as an important preparation for a residency's rigors, as well as the first year of the nurse in actual practice. Although the technology may be costly, the costs of an unprepared nurse are even greater.
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Implied Curriculum

Words: 1029 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38309723


Within the modern cultural experience, classroom curriculum takes on a greater role than ever. As society continues to evolve, so must the classroom in order to maintain the rubric necessary -- to educate and prepare students for the challenges of the modern world. There remains a set of challenges, though, for educators, parents, and students alike. With so much new information available, how does the modern school add important new subjects into the curriculum while not crowding the basics and diminishing the ability to provide important tools that each student needs? Thus, the political, social, and cultural changes, most especially those that have occurred since 1970, are in direct conflict with skills in reading, math, and science -- all of which show an uncomfortable stagnation in America's school systems (Erwin, 2004).

In many ways, though, the set of learning of objectives that are planned or guided by the school…… [Read More]


Physical Education and Sports. (2011). HubPages. Retrieved from:

Erwin, J. (2004). The Classroom of Choice: Giving Students What They Need and Getting What You Want. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

George, J. (2009). Classical Curriculum Design. Arts and Humanities in Higher Education. 8 (2): 160-79.

Kelly, A. (2009). The Curriculum. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
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Standards-Based Curriculum for English Language

Words: 1551 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51554388

(Farah and idge, 2009)

The successful shift from textbook, memory-based curriculum to a standards-based curriculum is therefore dependent on three things: the development of national standards and goals for curriculum; the development of corresponding assessment tools; and the re-education of teachers towards the objective of altering teachers' attitudes and views of their role in the education system. ather than simply drilling memorized facts, words or phrases into a student's consciousness-as is the case with a memory-based curriculum-teachers in a standards based, student-centered curriculum are responsible for helping students to apply such knowledge to practical situations for social success, over and above academic success.


English as a Second Language. (2010). etrieved December 30, 2010, from

English Teachers Network. (2010). Why Have a Standards-Based Curriculum and What are the Implications for the Teaching-Learning Assessment Process?. etrieved December 30,

2010, from

Farah, S., & idge, N. (2009). Challenges to Curriculum…… [Read More]


English as a Second Language. (2010). Retrieved December 30, 2010, from 

English Teachers Network. (2010). Why Have a Standards-Based Curriculum and What are the Implications for the Teaching-Learning Assessment Process?. Retrieved December 30,

2010, from 

Farah, S., & Ridge, N. (2009). Challenges to Curriculum Development in the UAE. Dubai
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Hidden Curriculum the Other Side

Words: 1355 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66186506

The methods by which technology is utilized in the learning and instructional processes, and in many instances the lack thereof, creates a hidden curriculum that can define the value that is associated with such technologies (DiBello 2005). This will also influence the expectations of success that students have in the use of these technologies over the course of their lifetimes (DiBello 2005).

Personal Experience

In the course of my own teaching experiences I have unwittingly transferred certain conclusions and worldviews of my own to students in a manner that was entirely unintended. While I do not believe that these perspectives and modes of classifying information were especially if at all harmful to my students -- they were not borne of any significant prejudice or other form of socially frowned upon narrow-mindedness -- they certainly limited the degree to which students were left truly free to explore information and knowledge acquisition…… [Read More]


Bender, W. (2008). Differentiating instruction for students with learning disabilities. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

DiBello, L. (2005). "Are We Addressing the Digital Divide? Issues, Access, and Real Commitment." Childhood Education, 81(4), 239-241. Retrieved October 18, 2010, from Career and Technical Education. (Document ID: 830047881).

Myles, B.; Trautman, M. & Schelvan, R. (2004). The hidden curriculum. Shawnee Mission, KS: AAPC.

Wiles, J. & Bondi, J. (2002). Curriculum development: A guide to practice, Sixth edition. New York: Prentice Hall.
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Conceptualizing Curriculum in the Book

Words: 615 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79247245

Although in the long run, this approach will bring all the curriculums together, at the present moment the school is caught between the expeditionary learning curriculum and the curriculum mandates given by the local district and federal government. Thus, a curriculum audit will only reveal the obvious: that there are competing and contradictory curriculums occurring at the school. Unfortunately, at least at this point, a curriculum audit will not do any good as state and federal mandates are controlling.

In general, I agree with the assumptions presented by F.W. English. In today's standardized test-driven school environment, the testing curriculum is driving the written and taught curriculum. Although this results in a form of alignment, it is not the alignment that English has in mind. English does not argue that school's should bring their curriculums into one single curriculum (such as testing), but align the three curriculums so that they work…… [Read More]


English, F.W. (2000): Deciding What to Teach and Test: Designing, Aligning and Auditing the Curriculum. (Millennium Ed.) Thousand Oaks, CA.: Corwin Press, Inc.

Linn, Robert L. And David M. Miller. (2004): Measurement and Assessment in Teaching. New York: Prentice Hall.

Popham, James W. (2003): Test Better, Teach Better: The Instructional Role of Assessment. Baltimore: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
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Building Class Curriculum

Words: 681 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56933323

uilding Class Curriculum in Private Schools

The purpose of this work is to research five credible and informative articles about how to build a course curriculum for use in private schools.

Historically, private schools have failed to meet the national standards required for students to graduate from high school.

In the work entitled, "Regular Classroom Practices With Gifted Students: Results of a National Survey of Classroom Teachers state is that The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT) to determine the extent to which gifted and talented students receive differentiated education in regular classrooms across the United States that Four questions guided this research pertaining to modification of instructional practices and curriculum materials to meet the needs of gifted and talented students. Through use of survey samples that were drawn in stratified random sampling procedures and a survey instrument called the "Classroom Practices Questionnaire (CPQ) was developed to…… [Read More]


Archambault, Jr. Francis X. et al. (1991) "Regular Classroom Practices With Gifted Students: Results of a National Survey of Classroom Teachers Office of Educational Research and Improvement [Online available at ERIC Digest]

Ingersoll, Richard; and Rossi, Robert (1995) Who Influences Decisionmaking about School Curriculum: What Do Principals Say? Issue Brief National Center for Education Statistics Washington DC July 1995. ERIC Digest Online

Broughman, Stephen; and Rohr, Carol L. (1995) Private School Graduation Requirements, Issue Brief. National Center for Educational Statistics Washington DC January 1995. ERIC Digest Online

Turner, Jeannine (1996) Final Report on the NSF Grant to the Science Academy of Austin, 1994. Publication Number 94.04 Austin Independent School District. TX Department of Performance Audit and Evaluation. National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA. March 1996. ERIC Digest Online
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Conceptualizing Curriculum in His Book

Words: 786 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51642231

Alignment, in the curriculum sense, is the relationship between the test and the written curriculum. The goal of curriculum alignment is to find a happy-medium between back loading and front loading, or a system where the curriculum and the test are lined up and compliment each other because they are developed together.

Currently, my school is in the process of alignment. Currently, according to the school board, alignment has been successfully accomplished in the fields of social studies and science from throughout the K. To 12 system. However, prior to this alignment, and currently in all other subject fields, the school is back loading. The primary reason for this is that my school caters to a low-income population and, due to the new No Child Left ehind provisions, must perform well on the exams in order to stay licensed. Thus, in reaction to this, the curriculum was changed in order…… [Read More]


English, F.W. (2000): Deciding What to Teach and Test: Designing, Aligning and Auditing the Curriculum. (Millennium Ed.) Thousand Oaks, CA.: Corwin Press, Inc.

Linn, Robert L. And David M. Miller. (2004): Measurement and Assessment in Teaching. New York: Prentice Hall.

Popham, James W. (2003): Test Better, Teach Better: The Instructional Role of Assessment. Baltimore: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
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Professional Development the Objective of

Words: 1731 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32458220

Differentiated instruction offers the possibility for all students to meet their own personal and optimal potential in the learning environment of the classroom.


ellai, Mariann (2008) Professional Development Plan. Schenectady City Schools. Online available at:

Corley, Mary Ann (2005) Differentiated Instruction: Adjusting to the Needs of All Learners. Focus on asics Vol. 7 Issue C. March, 2005. National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy.

Differentiated Instruction (2007) Council for Exceptional Children. News & Issues. Arlington, Virginia. Online available at

Empowering Students to Succeed (2007) Title II Professional Development Plan. Dekalb County School System 2006-2007. Online available at:

Heacox, D. (2002). Differentiating instruction in the regular classroom: How to reach and teach all learners, grades 3-12. Minneapolis, MN: Free Spirit Publishing.

Moore, etty (2008) Using Assistive Technology, Differentiated Instruction and Professional Learning Teams. CODE Chronicles, Issue No. 1, 2006 November.

Tomlinson, C. (1999). The…… [Read More]


Bellai, Mariann (2008) Professional Development Plan. Schenectady City Schools. Online available at: 

Corley, Mary Ann (2005) Differentiated Instruction: Adjusting to the Needs of All Learners. Focus on Basics Vol. 7 Issue C. March, 2005. National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy.

Differentiated Instruction (2007) Council for Exceptional Children. News & Issues. Arlington, Virginia. Online available at

Empowering Students to Succeed (2007) Title II Professional Development Plan. Dekalb County School System 2006-2007. Online available at:
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Curricular Development and Design for

Words: 2404 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13643440

The National Curriculum publication entitled: "The Secondary Curriculum" relates the national challenge in creation of the secondary curriculum to include the challenges as follows:

1) Raise achievement in all subjects and most particularly in mathematics and English; (2) to equip learner with skills (personal, learning, and thinking) needed to succeed in education as well as in life and capacity for employment;

3) Motivate and engage learners;

4) enable a smooth progression from primary, through secondary school and onward;

5) encourage young individuals to pursue higher education;

6) Provide the flexibility needed by schools to tailor instruction to individual and local needs;

7) Ensure that assessment supports effective instruction and learning; and 8) Provide more opportunities for focused support and challenge. (National Curriculum, 2008)

In order that curriculum be designed effectively to meet the individualized and personalized needs of learners in the secondary school it will be absolutely necessary that all…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Motivans, a.; Bruneforth, M. And Kennedy, a. (2005) Global perspectives on growth in secondary education IIEP Newsletter Volume 23 Number 2, June 2005.

Tennant, Jessica (2005)Transition from primary to secondary schooling: valuing alternative literacies as a strategy for fostering academic success" Practically Primary Volume 10 Number 2, June 2005; Pages 39-40

Hernes, Gudmund (2001) Mind Over Matter. International Institute for Educational Planning - IIEP Oct-Dec 2001. Vol. XIX, No. 4 Online available at

Alchemists of the Mind - Excerpt from the Director's address to the participants in IIEP's 35th Annual Training Programme in Educational Planning, and Management at the end of their training, Paris, 23 May, 2000. Online available at
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Corporate Universities -Investigation of Their Development

Words: 16387 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62224137

In summary, we recommend that the IESBA reconsiders the proposals in the Exposure Draft and provides more guidance on safeguards applicable to sole practitioners and small accounting firms to ensure that the benefits of the changes outweigh the costs to SMEs. Under a principle-based approach, there should be safeguards and practical relief for all practitioners rather than rules-based outright prohibitions. The rewrite of this Independence component of the Code is substantially rules-based rather than principles-based. In this regard, we also encourage the IESBA to prioritize the redrafting of the entire Code using a similar drafting convention to that used by the International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board in its Clarity project" (IESBA Exposure Draft of Sections 290 and 291 of the Code of Ethics on Independence - Proposed Additional equirements in relation to Internal Audit Services, elative Size of Fees and Contingent Fees 2007).

There will also be an all-time…… [Read More]


Kreitner, R., and Kinicki, a. (2004). "Organizational behavior," 6e; [Chap. 17]; [Chap. 18]. Accessed December 19, 2007, from MBA520, eResource, week 5, eBook Collection database.

McShane, and Von Glinow. (2005). "Organizational behavior" (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

); Muret, Don. (1999). "Former Disney VP stresses teamwork at cafe." Amusement Business, 111(49), 22. Accessed August 17, 2007, from EBSCOhost database.

Frazee, Bonnie. (2004). "Organizational Behavior and the Learning Process" Accessed December 19, 2007, at
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Extraordinary Developments in Technology Have

Words: 4030 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17072616

If we take the average cost of just one text, say a science text ($40), add 3-4 public domain novels (e.g. Huckleberry Finn at $5 ea.), and then a set of encyclopedias per classroom ($750), we find that even one small classroom of 25 students can save almost $2,000; which is now enough to purchase 4-5 computer stations at educational discount rates.

Math and Science teachers are often at the cutting edge of technology integration into the classoom, largely due to their networking and personal interests. The skills required to function at all levels in 21st century society are different than even those needed in the 1990s (Bitner, 2002). Primarily, this is due to the efffects of technology, cultural advancement and particularly how information is accessed, organized, proceeded, and distributed. In the 21st century classroom there are now far more motivating tools used to teach, reinforce, and apply what might…… [Read More]


Aguirre, J. e. (1990). Student-Teachers' Conceptions of Science, Teaching, and Learning. International Journal of Science Education, 12(4), 381-90.

"Alternative Techniques for Teaching About HIV / AIDS in the Classroom."

(March 1994). Peace Corps Information Center. Cited in:

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The Role of Art in the Development of Children

Words: 4304 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60696362

Psychology and Teaching- The Importance of Art

How Childhood Events develop a lifetime in Art

One of the crucial times in an individual's life is early childhood. Early childhood acts as the basis for all later undertakings in one's life. It is not only the kids who suffer in case we, as a community, fall short in meeting their needs. We, the community, also suffer as a result. It is essential to note that their achievements are also our achievements. According to a recent report, the cost of every high school dropout is approximately at $292,000 (Sum, Khatiwada, McLaughlin, & Palma, 2009). Dropping out from high school is not a singular incident, but also a conclusion of several factors, commencing in early childhood. Encouraging parents and kids in the childhood years would possess some influence into elementary school, high school, early years of adulthood, and far beyond. The executives of…… [Read More]


Adolf Hitler: Biography and Character. (2015, September 20). Retrieved from

Brown, J. (2008). Educating the whole child Curriculum Development. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and.

Clark, E. (2012). A Psychological Analysis of Adolf Hitler. Washington DC: University of Mary.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1990). Flow: The psychology of optimal experience. New York, NY: Harper & Row.
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Curriculum of Nursing Education

Words: 1355 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71152410

Dynamic curriculum offers diversity, growth, caring, self-care, development, adaptation, the nursing process, evidence-based practice, and a way in which relevance for future practice can be identified. By including all the important concepts, the curriculum is better able to provide exactly what is needed for nurses who want to provide the best care to their patients. The competencies that are studied and the knowledge that is required are both centered around how nurses get their education and what they do with their knowledge once they have acquired it. There are several current trends in health care that affect the development of curriculum and the outcomes of the programs nurses must take. These include understanding the increasing severity of patient illnesses in both community-based and acute care settings, along with the rising demand for affordable prices and good care. Quality assurance and safety for the patients is another area where emphasis is…… [Read More]


Billings, D., & Halstead, J. (2009). Teaching in nursing: A guide for faculty (3th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders.

Billings, D., & Halstead, J. (2012). Teaching in nursing: A guide for faculty (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Saunders.

Faison, K., & Montague, F. (2013). Paradigm shift: Curriculum shift. ABNF Journal, 24(1), 21-22.

Morris, T.L., & Hancock, D.R. (2013). Institute of medicine core competencies as a foundation for nursing program evaluation. Nursing Education Perspectives, 34(1), 29-33. Retrieved from
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Curriculum Books Have Been Written Since the

Words: 3875 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59141556

curriculum books have been written since the turn of the [20th] century; each with a different version of what 'curriculum' means (Ackerman, 1988). I define classroom curriculum design as the sequencing and pacing of content along with the experiences students have with that content. My use of the qualifier classroom is important. By definition, I am considering those decisions regarding sequencing, pacing, and experiences that are the purview of the classroom teacher. Some aspects of curricular design are addressed at the school level if, in fact, a school has a guaranteed and viable curriculum. egardless of the direction provided by the school (or district), individual teachers still need to make decisions regarding curricular design at the classroom level given the unique characteristics of their students. Indeed, in a meta-analysis involving 22 studies, Anderson, (2003) found a strong relationship between a student's knowledge and experience with content and the type of…… [Read More]


Ackerman, P.L. (1988). Determinants of individual differences during skill acquisition: Cognitive abilities and information processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 117(3), 288-318.

Anderson, J. (2003). The architecture of cognition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Anderson, J. (2009). Rules of the mind. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Brooks, C. (2000). Knowledge management and the intelligence community. Defense Intelligence Journal, 9(1), 15-24.

Anderson, J.R., & Fincham, J.M. (2004). Acquisition of procedural Skills from Examples. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 20(6), 1322-1340.
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Curriculum Content That Implements Strategies and Methods

Words: 1817 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99974665

curriculum content that implements strategies and methods that enhance language acquisition. This is done in light of the relevant theories that surround the proper development of linguistics in kindergarten children from vast socio-cultural backgrounds.

The teaching of linguistics to Kindergarten children is indicated by Ellis and McCartney (2011) to be quite a challenge. This is more dominant for the wide range of linguistic diversity as well as literacy development that exists within the 21st century classroom setting (p.44). This challenge is most common among pre-service teachers and the diversity in linguistics is noted to transcend continents as in never limited to the United States (Gerald and Hussar,2003). The diversity is noted to be present in other places that bear the same demographic trends as noted by Portes and umabaut (2001).In this paper we develop a curriculum content that implements strategies and methods that enhance language acquisition.

Strategies and methods

Most…… [Read More]

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Curricula Notices to Parents Interview

Words: 1825 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94527874

Relevant quotes and excerpts from these journals and materials can be included in the staff handbook, and in letters to parents as well as promotional material.

Like it or not, education is also integrally connected to politics and the nation's political life. Monitoring the impact of national legislation, like No Child Left Behind, on how Americans view education as well as local changes in certification of teachers and daycare facilities and how this will impact staffing and financing the center is a must. Examining changes in what parents want from daycare centers, based on shifting demographics, requires educators to read popular literature as well, such as Parenting magazines and other magazines that might be read by users of the center.

Tracking changes in literature and trends written for children, like the Harry Potter series, or new multicultural offerings ensures that student's passions and interests will be aroused in the lesson…… [Read More]

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Curriculum Analysis as Seen Through

Words: 548 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96075932

One way to take learning in a direction relevant to student interest is to invite student dialogue about the lessons and units of study. Given the opportunity for input, students generate ideas and set goals that make for much richer activities than I could have created or imagined myself. When students have ownership in the curriculum, they are motivated to work hard and master the skills necessary to reach their goals (Sample Educational Philosophy Statements (accessed 4-26-07) ("

The philosophical footprints being used today can help one gain a better understanding of the school's curricular policies in several ways.

The first and most important philosophy is that every child can learn. Today's educators have been taught that children have different learning styles and that if these styles are identified and addressed than every child with rare exception is capable of learning.

This helps teachers understand the curriculum because it allows…… [Read More]


Sample Educational Philosophy Statements (accessed 4-26-07) ( )
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Curriculum Are Social Forces Human

Words: 3065 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18898865

The third step is creating which is doing. It is taking action on what you find, what you suspect, what you think will make a difference. The last step is confirming. In this stage, you are evaluating your efforts, learning from feedback, and starting the cycle again.

6. Define "data-driven" decision making.

Data driven decision making uses student assessment data and relevant background information, to inform decisions related to planning and implementing instructional strategies at the district, school, classroom, and individual student levels. Data literacy consists of a person possessing a basic understanding of how data can be used to inform instruction. Studies have often shown that if instructional plans at the state, county, district, school, classroom, and individual student levels are based on assessment information relevant to the desired learning outcomes for students, the probability is increased that they will attain these desired learning outcomes.

Data from a variety…… [Read More]


Allen, Janet. (2004). Tools for Teaching Content Area Literacy. Stenhouse Publishers: Tyler

Kowalski, T.J., Lasley II, T.J., and Mahoney, J.W. (2008). Data-driven decisions and school leadership: Best practices for school improvement. Pearson: Boston.

Parkay, F.W., Anctil, E. and, Hass, G. (2010). Curriculum leadership: Readings for developing quality educational programs, 9th Edition, Allyn and Bacon: Needham Heights,

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Curriculum Analysis Is Conducted on

Words: 767 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22960579

Less emphasis, too, should be placed on material values (such as driving, consumer education, and business) and more on academic traditional values that last and promote value. It is these that can produce a multi-faceted individual and serve the individual in all manners of his existence.

Lastly too, the school might consider offering workshops such as on ethics or social skills in its curricula. This would help the student more effectively deal with post-graduate existence and the challenges of living in an increasingly complex, diversified world.

Summary of Findings

A Curriculum Analysis provides a resource for the school to help them make certain that their philosophy/mission is begin carried out in the curriculum and make recommendations on how they can improve the means in which they align the school philosophy and policies to the curriculum.

This curriculum analysis recognizes that the philosophical beliefs and policies of LTHS are somewhat misaligned.…… [Read More]


Lyons Township High School (LTHS). About LTHS. Retrieved on January 27, 2011 from: (

Lyons Township High School (LTHS). Code of Conduct. Retrieved on January 27, 2011 from: (
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Curriculum Design Implementation and Evaluation

Words: 1391 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27813777

curriculum of all the schools of a district. It uses 5 sources and is in APA format.

The main aim of my curriculum that I have designed for five elementary schools, 4 middle schools and one high school of the district, is that I intend uniformity in the curriculums of all the schools so all the schools impart the same educational quality and therefore there is no discrepancy and the whole community remains satisfied. y this design model, which will be introduced in all the schools of the district, there will be coordination between the schools, the teachers from all the schools will have identical training and the administration will also be trained to monitor and coordinate such a program. The administration of all the schools will have a head administrator to see that all the schools correctly comply to the curriculum and work as one big system of schooling.…… [Read More]


Theory of Instruction: Principles and Applications, 1991 (Rev. ed.), by Siegfried Engelmann and Douglas Carnine (Association for Direct Instruction)

Direct Instruction Reading, 1997 (Rev. ed.), by Douglas Carnine, Jerry Silbert, and Edward Kameenui, (Prentice Hall)

Designing Effective Mathematics Instruction: A Direct Instruction Approach, 1997 (Rev. ed.), by Marcy Stein, Jerry Silbert, and Douglas Carnine (Prentice Hall)

Designing Instructional Strategies, 1990, by Edward Kameenui and Deborah Simmons (Prentice Hall)
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Curriculum Assessment Is Currently a

Words: 820 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34540792

" (Scheibe, 2004)

Part of the problem for teachers in relating to the children of modern learning curricula is the tremendous competition from television programs that force children to process information in an entirely different manner. This assessment is a function of my observations with regard to the interest and understanding of children with regard to environments outside of their immediate radius. The television program appears to limit the viewpoint and concentration of many of my students, up to 1/3 of the class is unable to properly process information regarding a different environment, inclusively foreign and domestic.

According to Scheibe (2004), "In using a curriculum-driven approach, teachers sometimes take a narrow focus for a particular topic or lesson (e.g., linking current advertising appeals to a sixth-grade unit on Greek myths) or weave media literacy into ongoing activities in their classrooms (e.g., in a weekly discussion of current events). Sometimes media…… [Read More]


Hlebowitsh, P.S. (2005). Designing the School Curriculum. First Edition. Published: Allyn and Bacon. Copyright by Pearson Education, Inc.

Oberg, C. (2010). Guiding classroom instruction through performance assessment. Journal of Case Studies in Accreditation and Assessment, 1, 1-1-11. Retrieved from 

Scheibe, C.L. (2004). A deeper sense of literacy: Curriculum-driven approaches to media literacy in the K-12 classroom. The American Behavioral Scientist, 48(1), 60-60-68. Retrieved from
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Curriculum Resource Guides Bullock Patricia

Words: 1211 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78986970

A reader would presume that these students find the materials appropriate for use in some way in the classroom, either as background information for themselves or in designing an actual curriculum, but the information provided does not reflect any such analysis. For instance, students wrote about Hearing Us Out: Voices from the Gay and Lesbian Community, "Sutton provides insights to understanding lesbian and gay communities through individuals' unique stories." This statement is so vague that it could have been written without actually looking at the book. A teacher would find this recommendation much more useful with more information: for what age level did the group think it was appropriate? Did the book provide insights that were directly applicable to school, such as stories from these people's experiences while they were in school? Does it include language some might find objectionable or excessively graphic?

The group that looked at "ability" reported…… [Read More]

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Curriculum and Consciousness the Educational

Words: 372 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26356732

Also, Greene's stress upon art as critical method of release for students, although inspiring in her passion, neglects to consider the fact that for some students, science and math rather than the humanities may be their ultimate modality of release and achieving a sense of competence. The presence of students who do not speak English as a first language, or who experience cognitive reading difficulties further temper one's idealism for Greene's stress upon a humanities and arts-based curriculum. True, being able to articulate oneself in a number of different languages, including imagery and creative forms of expression are important, but a school must also instill basic skills within a student's cognitive framework, before such subjects can be apprehended with full understanding in the classroom, much less be deployed creatively…… [Read More]

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Curriculum Assume You Are the

Words: 520 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65449452

2) What would you change about the overall curriculum and how would you bring it about?

While the school has a strong commitment to diversity and has tackled many challenges for reform, there is still much work ahead. As mentioned, the school has been very proactive in multicultural content integration in non-technical areas of study such as social studies and humanities. However, it is challenged in how to develop methods that will help students from diverse backgrounds perform well in more technical subjects such as math and science. For this challenge, the school needs to engage in even greater levels of differentiated instruction to meet the different learning styles of unique students.

While multicultural curriculum embraces diversity, there is a need for improved contextualization. In this endeavor, teachers will need to make a greater attempt to link curriculum with what students have learned from their own homes and community. Teachers…… [Read More]

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Curriculum H Lynn Erickson's Concept-Based

Words: 702 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99591701

One weakness in Erickson's text is the expense and practicality of quantifying student performance and academic achievement using performance-based measurements. Wiggins (1990) states authentic assessments require students to be effective performers with acquired knowledge achieving validity and reliability by emphasizing and standardizing the appropriate criteria for scoring such (varied) products; traditional testing standardizes objective "items" and, hence, the (one) right answer for each. The State of California implemented the California Learning Assessment System (CLAS) test for two years in 1993 and 1994 for grades 4, 5, 8 and 10. The controversial program was abandoned largely because it was too expensive and time consuming to administer, and the validity of the results were susceptible to interpretation. (Daily News of Los Angeles, October 3, 1994).

Another weakness in Erickson's text is the assertion that the United States education system is failing its students. When we compare our test scores with another nation…… [Read More]


Erickson, H.L. (2002). Concept-based curriculum and instruction: Teaching beyond the facts. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, Inc.

Daily News of Los Angeles. (October 3, 1994) Without clas many teacher won't challenge their less advanced. Article 1 of 1, Article ID: 9402090627

Retrieved May 6, 2010, from

Wiggins, G. (1990). The case for authentic assessment. Practical assessment, research & evaluation, 2(2). Retrieved May 6, 2010, from$n=2
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Curriculum Into an Online Course

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76877948

2. Develop a filing system on the computer and a physical filing system to put everything in its place.

3. Plan the teams of people and shifts as well.

Facilitating processes:

1. Identify the risk of people not cooperating with each other.

2. Analyze environment for stress and in-competencies, accommodate.

Executing Process Group:

1. Give set schedule

2. Notify staff of teams and who they will be working with.

3. Check all the information in the DML needed to file everything

4. Buy necessary storage for the files to be stored

5. Checking on the development of online storage as well.

Monitoring and Controlling Process Group:

1. Monitoring the output of the workers through surveillance cameras and logs.

2. Check to see if the teams are getting along, IE social monitoring.

Closing: Finally, with the project's success comes a new way to file and store the approved paperwork both physically…… [Read More]

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Curriculum Develop in Learning Settings

Words: 5391 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18334351

Social Problem in a Family Context

Select a social problem, disorder, or condition that affects family dynamics.

Family Separation due to Deportation

In the introduction describe the problem, its etiology, and effects on the family system.

Problem and Etiology

Innumerable children experience the trauma of separation from their families (parents), owing to deportation. For many years, no attention has been paid to their suffering or their demands. However, of late, a glimmer of hope can be seen for such families, on account of President Obama's precise, direct position with regard to this major issue. Therefore, now is the opportune moment to broach this issue and assist researchers in making these displaced people's voices heard. Migrants from different parts of the globe are lured to the U.S. where they hope for a secure future and improved life. A number of families and individuals risk much, including their lives, for acquiring passage…… [Read More]


Applied Research Center (2011). Shattered Families: The Perilous Intersection of Immigration Enforcement and the Child Welfare System. Retrieved on May 14, 2014 from

Bakker, C. (2009). The Impact of Migration on Children in the Caribbean. UNICEF Office for Barbados and Eastern Caribbean.

Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and loss, vol. 1: Attachment. New York: Basic

Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human development. New York: Basic.
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Curriculum Is One of the Most Challenging

Words: 497 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91826012

curriculum is one of the most challenging aspects of education because it requires a broad approach that takes into account the goals of education, the mission of the institution, and the personal assumptions and worldviews of both educator and students. My understanding of college students has changed through this course, illuminating the ways students can enlighten me about shifting trends and changing norms. Moreover, I have gained a practical understanding the tools and techniques of more effective teaching. A biblical framework enhances my understanding of the mission and goals of education.

When developing curricula, it is critical to remain relevant and to review the curriculum for needed changes. Students in college are at a pivotal moment in their lives, poised between adolescence and full adulthood. They are forging their hopes and dreams for the future, and locating their role within the world. Perched on a position to learn and absorb…… [Read More]

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Curriculum Across the Nation

Words: 2494 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79834268

role of physical education in the public school system has been under pressure from a number of fronts. In the contracting budgetary environment, the amount of dollars dedicated to non-core curriculum studies have experiences forced cut backs. When academic achievement levels are suffering across the board, many school systems make the mistake of cutting phys ed budgets in order to bolster focus on core academic areas. However, school systems that make this choice are often starving the goose that can help lay the golden egg. Studies and experiential evidence demonstrate that academic achievement is tied to both proper educational methods in the classroom, and a curriculum which focuses on developing the entire student, including his or her body through physical education.

For example, according to Maier (2001) 49 states no longer have a daily requirement for physical education. Illinois is a lone exception, and the school system is reaping the…… [Read More]


Bunting, C. (1989). The compatibility of physical education and outdoor education. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 60(2), 35-39.

Chase, Matthew R. (2004, March 1) Nontraditional recreation activities a catalyst for quality physical education: these activities offer the most promising path to lifelong physical activity, and the barriers to implementation disappear in the face of careful planning. The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance.

Maier, T. (2001, Aug 27) Schools Giving P.E. Short Shrift. Insight on the News, Vol. 17.

McCracken, B. (2001). It's not just gym anymore: Teaching secondary school students how to be active for life. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
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Curriculum Evaluation Using the Saylor Alexander and Lewis Comprehensive Model

Words: 1628 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45933953

features of the Saylor, Alexander, and Lewis (1981) model of curriculum evaluation is the model requires curriculum unit to have merit for society as well as for the individual classroom or school. Thus this model of evaluation seems a particularly appropriate schema to evaluate a unit on civil rights The name and subject area of the curriculum unit chosen to evaluate along the lines of this model one designed for a series of exercises for students of American government and history, specifically of the "Civil Rights Movement Beginnings in the 20th century." (Marsh, 2005)

The lesson plan made a strong commitment to reforming the social good of the larger context of society, as well as preparing children for the challenges of a society where African-American contributions of past and present have not always been recognized. The authorship component of the unit also gave students a sense of empowerment, of being…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Marsh, Elaine. (2005) "Civil Rights Movement Beginnings in the 20th Century." Lesson Plan.

Saylor, J. Gaylen, & William Alexander, Arthur J. Lewis. (1981) Curriculum Teaching for Better Teaching and Learning. Fourth Edition. New York: William Holt.
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Development Guidance for a School or a Community Agency

Words: 2098 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67883423

Guidance and Counseling Program for a school or a community Agency

Comprehensive School Counseling Program Guide of the - Public School

Guidance and counseling has been included as a professional course by the Higher Education Commission document publicized in 2010. The teachers must have a basic know how about the school guidance and counseling techniques in order to tackle the personal and social issues which students face within the classroom as per Higher Education Commission (2012). Comprehensive School Counseling Program Guide of the - Public School is a brief explanation of design, application and assessment of SPS school counseling program (Dahir, 2009).

Objectives of the model:

The basic aims of this model are as follows:

Outlining school counseling and transitioning of conventional practice into transformed practice (Dahir, 2009).

Comprehending the different roles the guidance and counseling system entails for backing the students in their future goals and social challenges

This…… [Read More]


Connecticut State Department of Education (2008).Comprehensive School Counseling. Retrieved from

Dahir, C. (2009).Comprehensive School Counseling Program Guide. Working Document. Retrieved from

Higher Education Commission (2012).Introduction to Guidance and Counseling. Retrieved from

Gysbers, N.C., & Henderson, P. (2001). Comprehensive Guidance and Counseling Programs: A Rich History and a Bright Future. Professional School Counseling, 4 (4), 246-259. Retrieved from
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Curriculum Change Some Aspects of

Words: 2236 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33396439

When this takes place, it is up to the principal to implement the required changes through his influence on the teachers. This is a very time consuming and perseverant effort for all administrators and that includes principals. This brings us to another point that has to be enquired among principals - their perseverance. At the same time, principals are the natural leader among teachers and they are always expected to give the direction and support for all teachers.

This includes providing guidance for identification, selection and development of programs to meet the needs of the students subject to the vision of the school. He also has to ensure that teachers are provided the time, resources, and opportunities for professional development so that the entire curriculum is taken care of. This is probably the most important duty for a principal, and unless the curriculum is actually put into effect, all changes…… [Read More]


Assessment of Experience." World Education Forum. Retrieved at Accessed on 23 May, 2005

Change Process" Retrieved at Accessed on 23 May, 2005

Lawrence, Jon. "Letter from the Chair: Curricular Change" Retrieved at Accessed on 23 May, 2005

MacDonald, Brock W "Trends in General Education and Core Curriculum: A Survey." Retrieved at Accessed on 23 May, 2005
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Internal Curriculum Factors for This

Words: 838 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34401707

According to her market research, the primary reason that families do not take traditional birth courses is that the courses are expensive. In order to address this, Brio maximized the online and digital aspects of their curriculum to drastically reduce the costs to families who were primarily paying for the published course material in other classes.

The internal factor that I wish to further evaluate is that of resources within the institution. The hospital that I chose to observe and suggest the change in curriculum for was a hospital in Scottsdale. This hospital is very large and has a large labor and delivery area. Additionally, the hospital also has one-site conference space available that can be requested in advance. This space would provide the ideal place for the training, especially since the training is meant only for labor and delivery nurses within the hospital.

Additional resources to consider for the…… [Read More]


Martin, Karin (2003). "Giving Birth Like a Girl." Gender and Society. Vol 17.1 (54-72).

The Bradley Method of Husband-Coached Childbirth. Accessed 5 Feb 2012 at 

Brio Birth. Accessed 5 Feb 2012 at
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History of Adult Voc Education and Standardized Education

Words: 988 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11010871

Curriculum Development Application

Integration of more interaction between students

As an instructor in an equipment maintenance course there are several challenges that I face. One of the challenges is the interaction between the students in my class. There is a tendency in the class for minority students keeping to themselves during class. Female students are almost invisible in class and they rarely speak or interact with others in the class. This lack of interaction between students could hurt their job placement in the future when they are through with their course. There are several things I can do as an instructor to integrate more interaction between my students. Among the things I can integrate in my course work is group projects and assignments. I will ensure that groups of up to four students are set up on all the course projects. There will also be some class assignments which must…… [Read More]

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Program Development the Program That

Words: 1895 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7602836

So, in those regards the curriculum is slowly catching up with the times. Personally, I would like to see additions such as a playing of the movie, "The Business of Being Born" at one of the sessions or as homework.

The second way that the curriculum should change within the next three years is to begin allowing more nurses to become certified teachers. Currently, it is easier for a parent to become a coach than it is for a nurse. The reason, according to Bradley, is that the parents have direct experience, whereas nurses only have book-related experience. In fact, Bradley does offer the option for nurses to become a teacher, but additional reading and exam requirements must be met.

Personally, I find it to be in the best interest of Bradley to offer their curriculum with open arms to nurses for one simple reason: the more nurses who know…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Halfon, Saul (2010). Encountering Birth: Negotiating Expertise, Networks, and My STS Self. Science as Culture, 19(1), 61-77.

Hathaway, Marjie; et al. (2007). The Bradley Method Student Workbook. American Academy of Husband Coached Childbirth.

Lake, Rikki (2008). The Business of Being Born. Barranca Productions.

Lieberman, Adrienne (1992). Easing Labor Pain: The Complete Guide to a More Comfortable and Rewarding Birth. The Harvard Common Press, Boston.
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Ethics of a Prescribed Curriculum

Words: 2316 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74354717

Lawrence Stenhouse (1975) spoke 'initiation' and 'induction' as learning functions and held that these forms of learning effectively reached further than 'training' and 'instruction' which are instrumental learning. The initiation stage of learning is an independent learning stage where the learner grasps and understands for themselves the object of learning and in which the learner's dependence upon both the teacher and upon learning structures are lessened. A higher stage of independent learning was referred to by Stenhouse as 'induction' and is a stage of learning in which the learner has come to the place of owning, valuing and believing in the object of learning for themselves. Stenhouse affirmed the need for foundational knowledge upon which the higher learning skills can be constructed and held that the functional knowledge must be solidly in place before higher learning functions could begin.

Curriculum, according to the work of Grundy "is often written and…… [Read More]


Butts, Robert Freeman (1971) The College Charts Its Court: Historical Conceptions and Current Proposals. Ayer Publishing, 1971.

Fenner, David E.W. (1999) Ethics in Education. Routledge, 1999.

Moles, Joanne (2005) You Say Potato Implications of a Prescribed Curriculum on Three Irish Physical Education teachers. Paper Presented at the British Educational Research Association Annual Conferences, University of Glamorgan, 14-17 September 2005.

Murphy, Anne (2008) The Interface between Academic Knowledge and Working Knowledge: Implications for Curriculum Design and Pedagogic Practice. Dublin Institute of Technology 2008.
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Education and Spiritual Development of Children

Words: 1185 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87810501

Spiritual Development of Children and Education

Ruth Wilson (2010) in the work entitled "The Spiritual Life of Children" writes that there is an expanding body of evidence which "indicates that children have spiritual capacities and experiences which shape their lives in powerful and enduring ways." (p. 24) Included in these capacities and experiences are those of: (1) wonder; (2) wondering; (3)relational spirituality; and (4) wisdom. (p. 24) It is suggested in the theories relating to development of cognition that young children do not have the necessary "intellectual capacity for meaningful reflection and thus cannot have a genuine spiritual life." (Wilson, 2010, p. 24)

In countries such as England, Australia, the United States and New Zealand there is a growth in the interest of ensuring that "spirituality is addressed within the curriculum of both primary and secondary education in both state and church related settings." (Hyde, 2008, p. 16)The National Curriculum…… [Read More]


Grajczonek, J. (2010) Spiritual Development and Religious Education in the Early Years: A Review of the Literature. Queensland Catholic Education Commission. Retrieved from:

Hyde, B. (2008) Children and Spirituality: Searching for Meaning and Connectedness. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. 15 Jan, 2008. Retrieved from: J

Myers, Joyce Eady (nd) Children's Spiritual Development: Analysis of Program Practices and Recommendations for Early Childhood Professional. Early Childhood Education.

Richardson, R. (2010) Spirituality and Education. Mills River Educational Cooperative. Italy, Jan 2010. Retrieved from:
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Family-Centered Approach in Child Development Family Centered

Words: 2739 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59304760

Family-Centered Approach in Child Development

Family centered

Child Development: Importance of Family Involvement

Family plays a vital role in the upbringing of a child. A child has not developed his/her senses at the time of his birth. Senses are present from the time of the birth and give the child enough potential to step out in the practical world. Apart from five basic senses i.e. taste, smell, touch, sight and sound, there are countless of other senses that are fed by the family. Ideally a person must be able to utilize every resource he has in him but this does not happen. Einstein being the world's genius person utilized his potential up to 11% approximately which means 89%of his brain was left unexplored. Similarly a lot of other people can do better if their family helps them to explore their personalities while growing up. This research will investigate a family's…… [Read More]


Britto, P.R. & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (2001). The Role of Family Literacy Environments in Promoting Young Children's Emerging Literacy Skills. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Davies, D. (2010). Child Development. NY: Guilford.

Hojat, M., Gonnella, J.S., Nasca, T.J., Mangione, S., Vergare, M., & Magee, M. (2002). Physician empathy: Definition, components, measurement, and relationship to gender and specialty. American Journal of Psychiatry.

Meggitt, C. (2006). Child Development: An Illustrated Guide. UK: Hienemann.
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Staff Development Plan Staff Development Is Central

Words: 2691 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82430207

Staff Development Plan

Staff development is central to the quality performance of activities in any organization. In order for an institution to achieve its goals and objectives, a clear staff development plan is necessary in order to set priorities and initiate a common spirit of all the staff members. This study examines the necessity of a key staff development plan in an envision higher learning institution. The study explores the importance of staff development to the quality of higher education. Currently, many higher learning institutions do not consider the necessity of proper staffing and development as a key to quality performance. Instead, these institutions fail to achieve their goals or objectives, and consequently low quality of higher education.

Higher education institutions highly depend on people to deliver their missions and objectives. In this regard, the quality of staff and the motivation they receive from the institution's management highly influences their…… [Read More]


World Bank. (1994). Higher Education: The Lessons of Experience. Washington DC

Blackwell, R. (2003). Towards Strategic Staff Development in Higher Education. Berkshire:

Mukherjee, H. & Jasbir, S. (1993). Staff Development Approaches in Higher Education:

Learning from Experience. London: Common Wealth Secretariat.
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Five-Year Development Plan A Career

Words: 1740 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9310070

The significance of career training programs i.e. formal and non-formal educational measures help in quality development of personnel and promoting the achievement of career goals and objectives as well as success in the field.


The hospitality and hotel management industry provides numerous opportunities for individual development and success. Notably, success in this industry depends on the formal and informal career training and educational programs that an individual receives. These programs help in career development and management in relation to current and future career goals. Therefore, career development plan is based on the knowledge, skills, and abilities obtained from these training programs.


"Career Development Plan." (2007). Success through People. etrieved from Nova Scotia Government website:

Ladkin, a. & Juwaheer, T.D. (2000). The Career Paths of Hotel General Managers in Mauritius. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 12(2), 119-125.

Vujic, V., Becic, E. & Crnjar, K. (2008). Trends and…… [Read More]


"Career Development Plan." (2007). Success through People. Retrieved from Nova Scotia Government website:

Ladkin, a. & Juwaheer, T.D. (2000). The Career Paths of Hotel General Managers in Mauritius. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 12(2), 119-125.

Vujic, V., Becic, E. & Crnjar, K. (2008). Trends and the Need for New Professions and Forms of Education in Tourism and Hotel Management. Tourism and Hospitality Management, 14(1), 199-209.

Vokic, N.P. (2008). The Role of Training and Development in Hotel Industry Success -- the Case of Croatia. Acta Turistica, 20(1), 1-144.
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Piaget's Cognitive Development Theory Psychology

Words: 1475 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81510659

Piaget's Cognitive Development

The Webster Dictionary describes the word cognition as; the psychological means of distinguishing, including features such as consciousness, perception, reasoning and decision making (Cognition). Piaget's Cognitive Developmental theory was a novel idea at the time of its birth. In depth, this theory, was the first on the issue and continued the specification of the field for a while. All through this paper, Piaget's thesis will be torn down into its four phases and all will be methodically complete. It is the intention of this research study to see how well Piaget's ideas endured the test of time and see what developments made to the current theory.

Piaget makes the hypothesis that there were four main cognitive phases in practical development, agreeing to four consecutive methods of knowledge. All through each of these stages, children were theorized to ponder and reason in a way that was different. These…… [Read More]


Cook-Cottone, C. (2004). Using piaget's theory of cognitive development to understand the construction of healing narratives. Journal of College Counseling, 7(2), 177-186.

Goswami, U. (2001). Cognitive development: No stages please -- we're british. British Journal of Psychology, 92(00071269), 257-77.

Hinde, E., & Perry, N. (2007). Elementary teachers' application of jean piaget's theories of cognitive development during social studies curriculum debates in arizona. The Elementary School Journal, 108(1), 63.

Leppo, M., Davis, D., & Crim, B. (2000). The basics of exercising the mind and body. Childhood Education, 76(3), 142-147.
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Fine Motor Skill Development in Children Fine

Words: 1769 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93982067

Fine Motor Skill Development in Children

Fine motor skills are important for a variety of activities such as writing and feeding, so its important they develop properly in young kids. This paper talks about the importance of fine motor skills and how it can be improved with proper intervention and the right activities.

Fine motor skills and their importance

Fine motor skills are the skills that involve the use of small muscles in the hands such as fingers. The biggest challenge in fine motor skills is the coordination of the hand with the eyes and brain and it is more complicated than what many people imagine. It develops at a young age, typically before five or six and it plays an important role in the way our hands function during adolescence and adulthood.

The development of fine motor skills is vital in young children because it is these skills that…… [Read More]


Smith, Jodene. (2003). Activities for Fine Motor Skills Development Grd PreK-1. Westminster, CA: Teacher Created Resources.

No author. (2011). Fine motor control. Medline Plus. Retrieved from:

Curtis, Kathleen; Newman, Peggy. (2005). The PTA Handbook: Keys to Success in School and Career for the Physical Therapist Assistant. New Jersey: Slack Incorporated.

Charlesworth, Rosalind. (2010). Understanding Child Development. Mason, OH: South-western Cengage Learning.
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Piaget Cognitive Development

Words: 883 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15397446


Harry James Potter was born in 1980, the son of James and Lily Potter. Both of Harry's parents died when Harry was an infant. The murder of his parents literally left Harry Potter scarred for life: his lightening bolt-shaped scar is one of his most distinguishing physical features. The orphaned Harry was forced to live with distant family relatives who are Muggles, and culturally distinct from Harry. Harry Potter studies at the Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Harry has developed a process of adaptation, by which he adjusts himself to assimilate to the social environment at Hogwarts.

One of Harry's main cognitive schemas is that he aware that the Dark Lord Voldemort wants to kill him. The schema related to his personal identity and abstract concepts like good and evil evolve, revealing the process of child development throughout Potter's early adolescence. He demonstrates a process of accommodation, by…… [Read More]


Cherry, K. (n.d.). Background and key concepts of Piaget's theory. Retrieved online:

McLeod, S. (2009). Jean Piaget. Simply Psychology. Retrieved online: 

"Stage Theory of Cognitive Development (Piaget)" (n.d.). Learning Theories. Retrieved online: 

Sutton-Smith, B. (1966). Piaget on play: A critique. Psychological Review 73(1): 104-110.
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Advanced Nurse Professional and Her Development Plan

Words: 2368 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33027890

Advance Practical Nurse Professional Development Plan

Nursing is a very lucrative career. However, it takes a lot of work and determination to be a nurse. The job requires specific skills and education as well as licensing. Find below my personal Advanced Professional Development Plan (APN). I will also discuss such aspects as background, marketing strategies and curricula.

I appreciate that to get the education and practice I need as a nurse I have to follow the APN professional development plan. I have discussed in this paper how I will achieve this. The outline is as follows:







Identify My Learning Needs

I can do this in a variety of ways. First, I will reflect on my practice. I will determine which of my practicing areas I feel uncomfortable or unsure. I will evaluate if any of the areas I feel uncomfortable have something associated with…… [Read More]


1) Writer Thoughts

2) Professional Development For Nurses. (n.d.). Retrieved December 2, 2014, from

3) Scope of Practice. (n.d.). Retrieved December 2, 2014, from

4) Howell, N. (n.d.). How to Write a CV for a Nurse. Retrieved December 2, 2014, from
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Components of a Quality Curriculum an Annotated

Words: 2417 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2269046

Componens of a Qualiy Curriculum

An Annoaed Bibliography

Qualiy Curriculum

The research indicaes ha a qualiy school curriculum is refleced by he curricula of is mahemaics and science componens, driven by is exbooks and eachers, and may improve if a variey of domains are included (e.g., music and he ars). Bu mah and science curricula appear useful predicors of he overall qualiy of a school curriculum. In addiion, sudens exposed o beer learning experiences a an early age will do beer laer on and a curriculum ha includes pracical and applicable maerial will also produce informed and skilled aduls.

Componens of a Qualiy Curriculum:

An Annoaed Bibliography

Developing a Qualiy Mah Curriculum

Hook, Bishop, and Hook (2007) invesigaed a new mah curriculum on he curriculums of he six leading counries in mah performance as deermined by The Inernaional Mah & Science Sudy (TIMSS) of 1995. These op six counries had…… [Read More]

the impact of structural standards. Early Years, 29(1), 19-31.

Zhu, Y., & Fan, L. (2006). Focus on the representation of problem types in intended curriculum:

A comparison of selected mathematics textbooks from Mainland China and the United States. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 4(4), 609-626