All foundations are important, but social forces are becoming increasingly influential as planners struggle to design and develop curriculum that meet the diverse multicultural needs of students.
7. What is the difference between curriculum development and design?
Curriculum design defines learning objectives, what learning and teaching strategies should be adopted; and what evaluation strategies will ensure that the desired aims and learning outcomes are achieved. Curriculum development uses information from the design process to guide the selection of content and teaching approaches and the sequencing of the content.
8. How do you define the role of the local school people (principal & teachers) in curriculum design and development?
Curriculum development should be a cooperative partnership between principals and teachers. Principals should build a curriculum vision and create a climate where teachers are encouraged to give their input. Teachers can then use their knowledge to design and develop curriculum that fits…… [Read More]
The principal informally assessed the value of this project by looking at lesson plans and teacher collaboration and performing unscheduled walk-throughs as well as monitoring theme test scores. ecause of the positive results and teacher enthusiasm, the principal agreed to include curriculum participation in our school plan for the following year. Substitutes will be paid from our Title 1 money so that each grade-level team can be released for curriculum planning and evaluation with the curriculum support teacher and the principal three times during the next year.
While a success, there's always room for incremental improvement and I would like to see our school make advances in curriculum development and technology such as those of the Plano Independent School District in Texas after it decided to restructure its elementary curriculum and the role of technology in the classroom. The project was called the Elementary Integrated Curriculum Project. Thirty K-5 classroom…… [Read More]
Curriculum Development and Implementation
When developing curriculum for a particular course, which comes first: the determination of learning objectives or the identification of necessary content?
According to Grant Wiggins and Jay McTighe (2005) the process of backward design begins with the end in mind. One starts with the end, the desired results, or learning objectives, and then designs the curriculum for the evidence of learning as measured against the goals and standards called for and the tasks needed to ensure student understanding. The design process involves three planning stages each focused on a question: 1) What is worthy and requiring of understanding? 2) What is the evidence of understanding? 3) What learning experiences and teaching promote understanding, interest and excellence?
In the first stage, teachers focus on learning goals. These are the enduring understandings that they want their students to have developed at the completion of the learning…… [Read More]
Teachers will need professional development to integrate curricula with technology. Strudler (1994, cited in Professional development overview) suggested the need for a technology coordinator who can serve as a mentor or "translator" of technology applications and instructional integration for teachers. Teachers who engage in collaborative planning and sharing of instructional strategies with other teachers most frequently demonstrate effective use of computers in the classroom (ecker & Riel, 2000, cited in professional development overview). Still teachers must have the flexibility to develop and implement their own personalizes plans to increase chances of success (Cradler, 2002a, cited in professional development overview).
Professional development overview. San Diego Unified School District. Retrieved at http://www.edtech.sandi.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=98&Itemid=312&limit=1&limitstart=0
Scholl, J.F. (2001, March/April) Using technology to improve curriculum development. The Technology Sourc.e Retrieved at http://ts.mivu.org/default.asp?show=article&id=1034… [Read More]
While the curriculum may be changing, it should not forget that developing insight into concepts, not just learning facts is important. According to Amy McAninch (2010) of Early Childhood esearch and Practice, curriculums must reflect the principles of educational theorist Thomas Dewey and teach students how to learn. For example, when teaching geography, instead of learning facts about China and Australia, students should learn about what categories make up the idea of a 'culture' and look at different nations with these categories in mind. Sequencing, grouping, and highlighting important ideas in a passage are all vital skills and are necessary so students can cope with new information as well occur in a standardized testing situation. Having a goal for the learning, rather than simply conveying information is essential. The approach must be constructive in promoting independent thought and not merely offer different facts and figures than the traditional curriculum: for…… [Read More]
Curriculum Development and Classroom Management
Classroom Management and Curriculum Development
Discipline, punishment, behavior, and class arrangement are considered basic elements of classroom management in the present society. Despite the fact that these elements have pivotal role in describing classroom management, they are not absolute. Effective interactive skills of the teachers with students augment the concept of classroom management. esearch reveals that as compare to curriculum assessment, staff cordiality, and community participation in the child's progress, teachers have multiple impacts on the student's success in their classroom. This certainly shows the concept that performance of the students largely depends upon how the teacher manages the classroom (Marzano, Marzano 2015)
Aim of the curriculum development is to form a system that can fulfill the needs of learner without any ulterior social or political motive. The curriculum should be the pathway for the learner to progress as a self-reliant, a responsible citizen in…… [Read More]
Curriculum Development in Nursing Education Knowledge and Skills
Curriculum Development Issue in Nursing Education, Knowledge and Skills
Nurses make use of wide-ranging theories, models, knowledge and skills in nursing practice. Both their skills and knowledge are gained from diverse methods --a few are 'hidden' from practice; However, all knowledge and skills sources ought to be assessed for quality and relevance and should they fail to meet national standards, they ought to be discarded. Knowledge in the Nursing profession helps them achieve the goals of patient-care since it reinforces what they do daily. Knowledge classifies and distinguishes nurses when compared with (more or less) identical jobs of doctors or perhaps physiotherapists, and assists to distinguish nurses from support-care workers as well as even lay carers. Knowledge therefore, is what differentiates the nursing profession since possessing a 'distinctive form of knowledge' classifies a profession within a society. Therefore, curriculum holds a significant…… [Read More]
Prof Organizations / Curriculum
International eading Association www.reading.org
The mission of the International eading Association is to promote reading by continuously advancing the quality of literacy instruction and research worldwide.
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics www.nctm.org
The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics is a public voice of mathematics education supporting teachers to ensure equitable mathematics learning of the highest quality for all students through vision, leadership, professional development and research.
National Education Association www.nea.org
Our mission is to advocate for education professionals and to unite our members and the nation to fulfill the promise of public education to prepare every student to succeed in a diverse and interdependent world.
The International eading Association has been in existence since 1956. With over 70,000 members worldwide, the IA supports literacy professionals with resources, advocacy efforts, volunteerism, and professional development activities. IA "participates actively in shaping sound public…… [Read More]
However, in light of approaching accreditation review, the results of this year's testing must be responded to quickly. Therefore, a suitable time frame for curriculum development would be three months across the slowest enrollment quarter for Meadowvale. Presuming this would be concurrent with the summer months, the fall semester thereafter would correspond with a pilot period. Refinement and full implementation would following the spring semester.
Evaluation of acceptance and readiness should come in the form of close consultation. Because the positive working relationship between Dr. Lopez and the faculty will be so critical in effecting positive change, assessment should also be an open process of ongoing consultancy. Bi-weekly conferences with faculty can help to identify flaws or opportunities in curriculum going forward.
As it is presented in the case history, the faculty development system at Rosemount is highly flawed. The structure is currently a loose and…… [Read More]
curriculum is one of the hardest tasks that educators are faced with. This is because it must be made in a manner that is accommodative of all students.
Due to the swift change of events and ways of living in our contemporary society, it becomes mandatory for adults to be taught using a variety of methods and styles. Such a change would be mandatory so as to ensure that the increasing and complex need of the adult learners is well taken care of. Generally adults learn through the process of participation. This automatically invokes learning techniques and styles that rely on the visual, tactile and auditory responses. It is worthwhile to explore all the aspects of styles and approaches that can be adopted by the educators in ensuring the smooth formulation of a broad based adult learner's curriculum.
In the process of achieving a unified curriculum to cover all the…… [Read More]
The healthcare industry is experiencing change each new day. There are changes in how healthcare is delivered, increasing expectations from patients and advances in technology. With these changes the roles of healthcare professionals in nursing are evolving and growing. The new trends demand that nurses equip themselves with the most recent information in order to make it possible for them to evaluate and treat patients better. The innovations experienced in healthcare technology changes rapidly and for this reason nurses must keep up with these changes. Innovations such as advanced patient simulators and remote monitoring tools have become a common phenomenon in hospitals (Husson University Online, 2019). Bearing in mind that every facility every healthcare facility has varying levels and types of technology nurses are required to adapt seamlessly in learning to use the new equipment and systems (Iwasiw, Goldenberg & Andrusyszyn, 2009).
Over and above this, electronic communication…… [Read More]
dean of nursing at Springhaven University and the Chair of the nursing department at Mountainview Community College should discuss about leadership of the collaborative curriculum development project.
In order for the project to be a success, there needs to be a strict understanding about how the leadership will be divided in regards to curriculum development of the project. Since the project is collaborative, this means that the leadership belongs to them both. They both thus have a responsibility to have separate duties in the process of development. This gives them both equality, along with a division of power. This can allow the project to continue to engage in forward momentum, with all parties feeling like they still have distinct amounts of power and autonomy. Even so, as dual leaders, they need to bring their collective experience to the project as well. The Dean of Nursing at Spring Haven University has…… [Read More]
An educational institution’s curriculum comprises every experience encountered by a pupil under the institution’s direction. All academic systems’ curricula are designed based on societal needs. Thus, owing to society’s dynamic nature, curricula are dynamic as well; educational institutions normally alter their curricula every once in a while. In this paper, the process of math and English as a Second Language (ESL) curriculum development will be addressed, with the following curricular development stages highlighted: determining scholastic aims and goals, determining desired pupil learning experiences, organizing and testing the designed curriculum, implementing it and curriculum evaluation. Further, it will deal with a few curriculum development models.
Within the context of modern education, a school curriculum comprises every experience encountered by a pupil under the institution’s direction. Moreover, this modern notion of a school curriculum covers course program, instructional techniques adopted for individual courses, the institution’s guidance program, and extra-curricular activities. Curricular…… [Read More]
Bellevue School District in Washington recently underwent series changes to its mathematics curriculum. The primary goal of these changes was to better prepare all students for college educations. Thus, the district implemented a subject-centered development model focusing on the discipline to help standardize mathematics education across the board and better prepare students for what they would encounter in college life.
In an era where college is so important, Bellevue School District wanted to ensure that all students graduating from high school within the district were properly prepared for college. According to the research, "Bellevue's goal was to create a coherent K -- 12 aligned mathematics curriculum with support structures for teachers and students to ensure all students would be prepared to attend and graduate from college" (Dana, 2008). The district is now partnering with higher education facilities to help build curriculum that prepare students for college. The changes…… [Read More]
Teachers will need to look at process models for implementing these two approaches to achieve the benefits of both outcome-based education which emphasizes what students are expected to learn as well as open-ended education which encourages teachers to create a positive learning experience for the student. The former is best served by technical-scientific approaches while the later is best accomplished by nontechnical-nonscientific approaches. Fortunately, the approaches do appear to be complimentary more so than conflicting ideologies as positioned by some.
Therefore, teachers should seek out an integrative approach to their curriculum development approaches that weds process models. Practically speaking, this will mean striking a balance between student-centered and subject-centered curriculum and forming measurable expectations for the general student population as well as the flexibility to aim for highly individualized expectations that are unique to each student and that may be more subjectively assessed. and, of course, a broader community will…… [Read More]
hat are the dominant influences on school curriculum in America? hat was the approach to curriculum development in the past? Those issues are addressed in this paper.
The Literature on Curriculum and its Influences
Philosopher and educator John Dewey wrote in 1906 that there was a wide gulf between the child of that era and the curriculum being offered. He posed a picture of the "…narrow but personal world of the child" put up against the "…impersonal but infinitely extended world of space and time" (Dewey, 1906, p. 11). In other words, Dewey was trying to make the point that curricula should attempt to allow the child to proceed "…step-by-step to master" each separate parts of a lesson rather than present "…an abstract principle of logical classification and arrangement" (11-12). The road is long when you're asking a child to view a subject in its entirety, Dewey continued (12),…… [Read More]
The evaluation facilitator will explain that curriculum evaluation is a necessary process to help foster student growth and that evaluation is not a negative critical review; rather, it is to recognize progress and to identify areas for future improvement. This is important because evaluation has traditionally been focused on the identification of shortcomings and, for this reason, has caused anxiety and resentment which can impede constructive participation.
Second, the facilitator will explain the process of curriculum evaluation. The process will be described as an analysis of current curriculum, the expression of key goals in a formal mission statement, allocation of resources, implementation of curriculum change and the monitoring of progress over time. In this way, teachers will know exactly what to expect and this will help allay their fear of change. Plus, showing that there are well-defined processes will help lend credibility to the curriculum evaluation program.
Third, the facilitator…… [Read More]
Human relations are vital. Teachers must trust each other, there must be norms that support productive criticism, and there must be techniques in place for combining and resolving disputes. Arrangements need to be in place that generates discussion for problem identification and decision making. These arrangements could be things such as normal team meetings amid teachers at the same grade level or department meetings within high schools and middle schools. Frequently useful are school connections to inside and outside sources of knowledge and scrutiny coupled to a readiness to learn from such sources. Also, schools must work to secure the power to proceed with actions that might go against existing policies and practices. By doing this they master the micro-politics of their districts and their communities.
In schools where circumstances to maintain collaborative problem solving are not in place, leaders must expertly manage two plans at the same time. They…… [Read More]
ISSUES AND TRENDS IN CURRICULUM DESIGN
The obj3ective of this study is to review and research issues and trends in curriculum design relating to healthcare and to elaborate on recommendations dealing with the issues and in view of the trends.
Gone are the days in education when the issues were simple and the lessons followed course since in today's society there are healthcare issues such as AIDS, premarital sex and needed birth control measures as well as other non-sexually related diseases including cancer and other health issues. The curriculum for healthcare education is a touchy issues because of the various religion, political, social, and familial values that exist in a diverse society with many races, ethnicities, and backgrounds. For this reason, the educator in healthcare must understand the volatile ground on which curriculum design may tread and the various view of parents, communities, as well as religious and…… [Read More]
Montessori & High Scope
In order for students understand the contemporary curriculum, it is important that they be able to connect it to themselves in a meaningful way. This is particularly true in the modern classroom that is more diverse than ever before. Connection involves drawing on prior knowledge and experience in order to relate to the text. In this way, the students become participants in the story and are apt to be engaged in the reading process. There are a number of approaches to early-childhood education that range in nature and focus. The HighScope program was developed using the work of both John Dewey and Jean Piaget, as well as the constructivist approach to classroom learning from educational philosopher Lev. Vygotsky. The basic presumption is taking the child's development at present and helping them build upon it continually, pushing the "zone of development" up through a series of steps…… [Read More]
This evaluation plan provides a description concerning how the curriculum committee will collaborate to achieve an improved language arts curriculum for grades 6 through 8 at Haddonfield Middle School (hereinafter alternatively “Haddonfield” or “the school”), a public school located in Haddonfield, New Jersey.The Middletown Township Public Schools recognize the need for ongoing curricular evaluation. Based on its stated mission (described below), Haddonfield’s educators are committed to providing the highest quality curricular offerings possible that help young learners prepare for life in the 21 century. Therefore, a revision of the English/Language Arts (ELA) curriculum is needed. To this end, a curriculum committee will be organized to achieve the following objectives: (a) the committee will ensure that the curriculum continues to align with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), (b) effectively prepares the students for the Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) standardized testing as aligned with…… [Read More]
Early Childhood Development Issues
Module One of Chen's work Early Intervention in Action... presents a number of different aspects of the experience of families raising children who have multiple disabilities. It is quite different to consider these aspects from a clinical or even educational perspective rooted in theory, versus doing so from the perspective of the impact of this situation on one's family. There seems to be a greater amount of difficulty in raising children with multiple disabilities that can challenge a family in numerous ways. Based on the information in this module, it seems almost certain that one of the most exacting is simply modifying one's schedule and accounting for the different people and places that such a child must interact with and go to, respectively, in order to achieve success in life.
Perhaps the most vital facet of this module is the way that it is able to…… [Read More]
Medical trauma triage management requires skillful curriculum development, which in turn depends on an assessment of needs and an anticipation of potential barriers to implementation. The initial needs assessment has revealed required resources of about four or five medical services providers such as physician assistants and nurse practitioners. Support personnel may be provided, but an additional challenge will arise when implementing the curriculum in a real world setting such as a trauma center, emergency room, or intensive care unit. Adequate space and time must be carved out for the curriculum implementation, without disturbing standard operating procedures. At the same time, improving trauma triage management will ultimately facilitate patient service delivery and maximize care outcomes, goals that should continually be communicated to the institutional administration as well as all participants in the program.
Each phase of the ADDIE model, an industry benchmark for curriculum development, "requires constant evaluation," (Allen, 2006, p.…… [Read More]
The political climate within the United tates is one moving away from conventional medical practices and moving toward alternative medicine. With President Obama's healthcare reform bill, it was made clear that costs within healthcare and the liability from certain procedures is unacceptable. Educating nurses in natural birthing techniques saves hospitals the excessive expenses associated with interventions and results in a happier and less likely to complain patient. Very few hospitals within the United tates open support natural birth techniques. In fact, most nurses at the hospital were unaware of different birthing positions, the advantages of walking while in labor, or the advantages of water during labor. This ignorance will only result in a loss of patients who will seek out those hospitals with educated staff. Finally, the demographics within the hospital I observed demand better care. The families entering the labor and delivery floor were educated upper-class families who expected…… [Read More]
(a new history of Iraq)
Psychologically, it is very difficult for them to believe that Islamic believers, meaning Arabs in this case have lost wars with the infidels. Islam is the religion of victors and one day, God willing Islam will rule the world is their belief. This is what leads Sheikh Abdul Settar Jabber head of the Muslim Awareness Association; a leading Sunni group to feel that the entire role of the schools should be changed to one that trains students in Islamic law and in how to be good Muslims. (a new history of Iraq) This is the psychological reaction of a child which when frightened hides near its mother and in this case is hiding within its language. The curriculum of Arabs has to reflect what their culture tells them, and religion is a very important part of their culture along with their language.
4. Future for…… [Read More]
The learning and skills sector (LSS) is an Essential part of educational development in the United Kingdom. For many years this educational program faltered and was not taken seriously. However in recent years Legislators in the UK have dedicated a great deal of time and resources to improving LSS. According to Maxwell (2009)
The Learning and Skills Sector (LSS) in England is diverse, comprising further education (FE) colleges, sixth-form colleges, personal and community development learning and work-based training and learning in other adult settings such as prisons and the uniformed services. Over the last 15 years the sector has moved from a position of 'benign neglect' (Young et al. 1995, 7) to being placed 'at the forefront of UK's attempt to raise its skill profile' (Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills, and Department for Children, Schools and Families 2007, 3). Developing the workforce needed to support this ambitious agenda…… [Read More]
Negative feedbacks and criticisms cannot be avoided at this point, especially upon knowing that it is necessary for them to undergo training on how this program will be implemented, including its advantages for them as teachers.
Educators, especially those who have been practicing the profession for a long time have a greater tendency to abhor going through the learning process once more. As a principal, they should be encouraged to undergo the learning process again and become students, therefore, joining their trainings would promote confidence in learning new ideas once more.
As the teachers become students, the idea of the students becoming teachers at some point upon the implementation of the program would somehow alleviate their fear of integrating the use of technology in their learning process. ithin the 30 minutes math lad, they should be allowed to explore the program and share among their classmates what they have learned…… [Read More]
Curricula associated with LSS are important and must be carefully considered in Maths and electronics teaching. The purpose of this discussion is to carry out further research connected with the topic of curricula and evaluate the extent to which this research might have an impact on personal practice in subject specialism and future professional development.
Impact of Curriculuum
Understanding of maths is essentially important to ensuring that adult learners will have the capacity to work well in the work place. The type of curricullum utlized to teach math is therefore essential to guaranteeing that students master the appropriate skills.
In addition maths teaching, electronics teaching is also important and the use of technology is an essential aspect of maths and electronics instruction. As it relates specifically to LSS and electronics, the graph on the left depicts the utilization of technology in the Classroom. Information Technology (IT) serves a vitally…… [Read More]
" (Hunzicker, 2004) in fact Hunzicker states that changing a teacher's beliefs makes a requirement of new information presented repeatedly to the point that the teacher "begins to feel disequilibrium between current beliefs and new information." (2004) Leading curriculum change in the school is often difficult and requires that the principal ensure a continuous and ongoing dialogue concerning the necessary changes and the positive impacts that these changes will bring about.
RECOMMENDED STRATEGY: The strategy recommended for bringing Mrs. Nagal around to the changes in curriculum that are necessary and required involve first speaking with the teacher and discovering what it is about these curriculum changes that she is so set against and then mitigating the fears and trepidations of this teacher. Bringing Mrs. Nagal more firmly into the curriculum change process is advised and this can be accomplished by appointing Mrs. Nagal as lead over some aspect of the…… [Read More]
and, some teachers focus mainly on staff development issues related to changes in curriculum, measures and/or desired outcomes.
Of these various roles, I am most interested in how to change instruction so that it can meet desired standards and measurements. Ultimately, I believe that this is what makes the real difference in being able to achieve outcomes, particularly with the growing need for differentiated teaching strategies to achieve the same results for students with unique learning needs.
As I have mentioned, I am an advocate of summative and formative assessments because I believe they serve two very different, but complimentary purposes. That being said, I also believe there needs to be the right mix of the two. Currently, our school relies too much on summative assessments due to increased standardized test requirements by our district and state. This has affected every role that teachers play in our assessment process. This…… [Read More]
Making principals and school administrators involved in the process along with parents creates additional support and potential for learning reinforcement at home and in creates greater cohesiveness in terms of the school's overall learning environment. hile any number of step-by-step curricular models exists for individual teachers, since the underlining principle of all curriculum design is to impart skills to students that build upon previous units of learning, it is better that there exist some continuity in curriculum planning between teachers. Also, if all teachers take a similar approach there is a greater chance that learning outcomes will build on one another, throughout a student's educational career.
Curriculum design will no doubt be different 10 years from now, as state and perhaps even national standards require learning outcomes to be more measurable and clearly defined within individual units. This may create more homogeneity in terms of basic skills demanded between schools.…… [Read More]
By the end of this portion, I had gained confidence in the processes and the procedure and could remember all the requirements.
The learning outcome of the course was to educate nurses on the new protocols and technology to complete this procedure on difficult patients. I feel that the curriculum attended very well to these goals. It was always on task and efficient in its training. I'm guessing that it was so efficient because it was through the hospital to train the staff and they did not want to waste time.
After the training I was certified and expected to use this technique on difficult patients. The only lacking competency was using this technique on children. I had not had any previous experience of inserting lines into children and was unaware of protocols or strategies to ease the child's nervousness. This was addressed by more senior nurses in the pediatric…… [Read More]
Curriculum is a matter often decided based on earlier curriculum, and not changed even when the changes are required and approaches have changed. This leads to opposition from existing students, teachers and parents to the recommended curriculum in schools. It is interesting to find out about the attitudes of these groups to specific subjects on the matter.
It is very important for the involved groups within the schools -- teachers, students and parents to find out regarding as to what is the general opinion on matters important to the school students. This is the method of deciding a curriculum which will be suited for the development of students and also meeting the needs for development of the school curriculum by the principals. The help to principals is in terms of their being able to mobilize their staff, students, parents and community interest groups in becoming proactively involved in the issues…… [Read More]
Students, by seeing that a concept can unite so many different aspects of an idea are better able to draw connections between what is learned in the classroom and subjects that are common to their daily lives.
For example, take the broad curricular concept of 'travel.' The most obvious application of this concept is in a literature class, where students can learn about travel from stories about other lands, or about people traveling over the course of a story. But students can also apply the concept to math class, as they learn to budget for a trip, and calculate the speeds of various modes of transportation. They can learn about the science of how trains and planes are propelled, as well as research the weather conditions and geography of a possible destination. They can learn about the different people, cultures, religions, and wildlife of a land, and even create art…… [Read More]
My view was that each classroom should implement computer technology in the teacher process. Therefore my superiors also had to be convinced of the current benefits of implementing a computer system that students could use almost constantly.
Once I was able to effect this, each classroom was furnished with 4-6 computers, depending upon the average number of students that entered the class per week. tudents were then able to work on the computers in a group capacity, where each group member had an opportunity to work with the technology with the help of the rest of the group. Once this was done, my second challenge was to help my diverse students to become used to the technology and be able to use it effectively. This was particularly challenging, as some students have been working regularly with the library computers, while others have used them as little as possible. Contributing to…… [Read More]
Regulatory Influences on Curriculum
Curriculum development and learning drivies learning in the nursing discipline. In this vein, the NLNAC and the National League of Nursing (NLN) do this in the various states. By using case studies, their impact upon curriculum development/revision within the nursing discipline will be analyzed by the author in this short essay. These regulatory agencies will be analyzed and the author will explore which of their subcomponents set policy and standards related to required curriculum content and development.
Unfortunately, the impact is not always positive. Indeed, there have been many bureaucratic barriers that have been erected in the way of effective curriculum development. In this essay's literature review, the importance of graduate education will noted and seconded. However, what disturbs this author is the lack of emphasis upon basic nursing education, especially in the LPN and four-year nursing ranks. This issue will also be addressed.
The mission…… [Read More]
More qualitative goals are needed to reflect a student's progress.
English (2000) makes mention that reformers must be aware of the hidden functions of schools if they are to make meaningul changes. Meighan (1983) explains:
The hidden curriculum is taught by the school, not by any teacher...something is coming across to the pupuls which may never be spoken in the English lessor or prayed about in assembly. They are picking-up an approach to living and an attitude to learning." concrete example of the hidden curriculum manifests in girls that early on have lower scores on math and science tests than boys. Some believe that cultural differences between boys and girls have a negative impact on girls' acquisition of skills or values for achievement in math and sciences (Holladay, 2007). Girls are believed to become sensitive to the roles of men and women in the real-world at an early age and…… [Read More]
curriculum development must be a dialogue between its designers and the affected stakeholders: if a curriculum is imposed upon students and faculty members, they will inevitably resist it. Common agreement amongst faculty members also fosters greater agreement in regards to shared standards between teachers when grading. I also agree that it is important that students feel they are being evaluated fairly and that certain standard classes used to meet requirements are not substantially easier or harder than the same classes taught by different teachers. In particular with a nursing education, uniformity is desirable since nurses are taking classes to attain professional qualifications and pass licensure exams.
However, although getting people 'on board' with the curriculum is important, it is also vital that the curriculum is flexible enough and able to change with today's needs. The nursing curriculum cannot be static and mired in outdated standard operating procedures. "Today's educators are…… [Read More]
Within the modern cultural experience, classroom curriculum takes on a greater role than ever. As society continues to evolve, so must the classroom in order to maintain the rubric necessary -- to educate and prepare students for the challenges of the modern world. There remains a set of challenges, though, for educators, parents, and students alike. With so much new information available, how does the modern school add important new subjects into the curriculum while not crowding the basics and diminishing the ability to provide important tools that each student needs? Thus, the political, social, and cultural changes, most especially those that have occurred since 1970, are in direct conflict with skills in reading, math, and science -- all of which show an uncomfortable stagnation in America's school systems (Erwin, 2004).
In many ways, though, the set of learning of objectives that are planned or guided by the school…… [Read More]
(Farah and idge, 2009)
The successful shift from textbook, memory-based curriculum to a standards-based curriculum is therefore dependent on three things: the development of national standards and goals for curriculum; the development of corresponding assessment tools; and the re-education of teachers towards the objective of altering teachers' attitudes and views of their role in the education system. ather than simply drilling memorized facts, words or phrases into a student's consciousness-as is the case with a memory-based curriculum-teachers in a standards based, student-centered curriculum are responsible for helping students to apply such knowledge to practical situations for social success, over and above academic success.
English as a Second Language. (2010). etrieved December 30, 2010, from http://www.rong-chang.com/
English Teachers Network. (2010). Why Have a Standards-Based Curriculum and What are the Implications for the Teaching-Learning Assessment Process?. etrieved December 30,
2010, from http://www.etni.org.il/red/etninews/issue4/whystandard.html
Farah, S., & idge, N. (2009). Challenges to Curriculum…… [Read More]
The methods by which technology is utilized in the learning and instructional processes, and in many instances the lack thereof, creates a hidden curriculum that can define the value that is associated with such technologies (DiBello 2005). This will also influence the expectations of success that students have in the use of these technologies over the course of their lifetimes (DiBello 2005).
In the course of my own teaching experiences I have unwittingly transferred certain conclusions and worldviews of my own to students in a manner that was entirely unintended. While I do not believe that these perspectives and modes of classifying information were especially if at all harmful to my students -- they were not borne of any significant prejudice or other form of socially frowned upon narrow-mindedness -- they certainly limited the degree to which students were left truly free to explore information and knowledge acquisition…… [Read More]
Although in the long run, this approach will bring all the curriculums together, at the present moment the school is caught between the expeditionary learning curriculum and the curriculum mandates given by the local district and federal government. Thus, a curriculum audit will only reveal the obvious: that there are competing and contradictory curriculums occurring at the school. Unfortunately, at least at this point, a curriculum audit will not do any good as state and federal mandates are controlling.
In general, I agree with the assumptions presented by F.W. English. In today's standardized test-driven school environment, the testing curriculum is driving the written and taught curriculum. Although this results in a form of alignment, it is not the alignment that English has in mind. English does not argue that school's should bring their curriculums into one single curriculum (such as testing), but align the three curriculums so that they work…… [Read More]
Alignment, in the curriculum sense, is the relationship between the test and the written curriculum. The goal of curriculum alignment is to find a happy-medium between back loading and front loading, or a system where the curriculum and the test are lined up and compliment each other because they are developed together.
Currently, my school is in the process of alignment. Currently, according to the school board, alignment has been successfully accomplished in the fields of social studies and science from throughout the K. To 12 system. However, prior to this alignment, and currently in all other subject fields, the school is back loading. The primary reason for this is that my school caters to a low-income population and, due to the new No Child Left ehind provisions, must perform well on the exams in order to stay licensed. Thus, in reaction to this, the curriculum was changed in order…… [Read More]
uilding Class Curriculum in Private Schools
The purpose of this work is to research five credible and informative articles about how to build a course curriculum for use in private schools.
Historically, private schools have failed to meet the national standards required for students to graduate from high school.
In the work entitled, "Regular Classroom Practices With Gifted Students: Results of a National Survey of Classroom Teachers state is that The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT) to determine the extent to which gifted and talented students receive differentiated education in regular classrooms across the United States that Four questions guided this research pertaining to modification of instructional practices and curriculum materials to meet the needs of gifted and talented students. Through use of survey samples that were drawn in stratified random sampling procedures and a survey instrument called the "Classroom Practices Questionnaire (CPQ) was developed to…… [Read More]
Differentiated instruction offers the possibility for all students to meet their own personal and optimal potential in the learning environment of the classroom.
ellai, Mariann (2008) Professional Development Plan. Schenectady City Schools. Online available at: http://www.schenectady.k12.ny.us/ProfessionalDevelopment/ProfDevPlan08.pdf
Corley, Mary Ann (2005) Differentiated Instruction: Adjusting to the Needs of All Learners. Focus on asics Vol. 7 Issue C. March, 2005. National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy.
Differentiated Instruction (2007) Council for Exceptional Children. News & Issues. Arlington, Virginia. Online available at http://www.cec.sped.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Differentiated_Instruction&Template=/TaggedPage/TaggedPageDisplay.cfm&TPLID=24&ContentID=4695
Empowering Students to Succeed (2007) Title II Professional Development Plan. Dekalb County School System 2006-2007. Online available at: http://www.dekalbk12.org/TitleIIplan.doc
Heacox, D. (2002). Differentiating instruction in the regular classroom: How to reach and teach all learners, grades 3-12. Minneapolis, MN: Free Spirit Publishing.
Moore, etty (2008) Using Assistive Technology, Differentiated Instruction and Professional Learning Teams. CODE Chronicles, Issue No. 1, 2006 November.
Tomlinson, C. (1999). The…… [Read More]
The National Curriculum publication entitled: "The Secondary Curriculum" relates the national challenge in creation of the secondary curriculum to include the challenges as follows:
1) Raise achievement in all subjects and most particularly in mathematics and English; (2) to equip learner with skills (personal, learning, and thinking) needed to succeed in education as well as in life and capacity for employment;
3) Motivate and engage learners;
4) enable a smooth progression from primary, through secondary school and onward;
5) encourage young individuals to pursue higher education;
6) Provide the flexibility needed by schools to tailor instruction to individual and local needs;
7) Ensure that assessment supports effective instruction and learning; and 8) Provide more opportunities for focused support and challenge. (National Curriculum, 2008)
In order that curriculum be designed effectively to meet the individualized and personalized needs of learners in the secondary school it will be absolutely necessary that all…… [Read More]
In summary, we recommend that the IESBA reconsiders the proposals in the Exposure Draft and provides more guidance on safeguards applicable to sole practitioners and small accounting firms to ensure that the benefits of the changes outweigh the costs to SMEs. Under a principle-based approach, there should be safeguards and practical relief for all practitioners rather than rules-based outright prohibitions. The rewrite of this Independence component of the Code is substantially rules-based rather than principles-based. In this regard, we also encourage the IESBA to prioritize the redrafting of the entire Code using a similar drafting convention to that used by the International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board in its Clarity project" (IESBA Exposure Draft of Sections 290 and 291 of the Code of Ethics on Independence - Proposed Additional equirements in relation to Internal Audit Services, elative Size of Fees and Contingent Fees 2007).
There will also be an all-time…… [Read More]
If we take the average cost of just one text, say a science text ($40), add 3-4 public domain novels (e.g. Huckleberry Finn at $5 ea.), and then a set of encyclopedias per classroom ($750), we find that even one small classroom of 25 students can save almost $2,000; which is now enough to purchase 4-5 computer stations at educational discount rates.
Math and Science teachers are often at the cutting edge of technology integration into the classoom, largely due to their networking and personal interests. The skills required to function at all levels in 21st century society are different than even those needed in the 1990s (Bitner, 2002). Primarily, this is due to the efffects of technology, cultural advancement and particularly how information is accessed, organized, proceeded, and distributed. In the 21st century classroom there are now far more motivating tools used to teach, reinforce, and apply what might…… [Read More]
This paper is a reflection on the aims of education, the image of the learner, the image of the teacher, the value of curriculum, and pedagogical ideas. The paper discusses how education is important not just for students but for the whole community. It shows how teachers and parents must work together to provide a positive example for students, and how teachers and administrators can form a collegial culture for guidance and support in the school.
Keywords: educational platform, educational experience, pedagogy, school administration
Educational Platform Development
Education is an important aspect of life not just for students but for communities as well. A community is only going to be as strong as its devotion to education. For that reason, education is not just an exercise that is confined to the school building. On the contrary, it encompasses everyone within a community as its stakeholders range from teachers and…… [Read More]
Psychology and Teaching- The Importance of Art
How Childhood Events develop a lifetime in Art
One of the crucial times in an individual's life is early childhood. Early childhood acts as the basis for all later undertakings in one's life. It is not only the kids who suffer in case we, as a community, fall short in meeting their needs. We, the community, also suffer as a result. It is essential to note that their achievements are also our achievements. According to a recent report, the cost of every high school dropout is approximately at $292,000 (Sum, Khatiwada, McLaughlin, & Palma, 2009). Dropping out from high school is not a singular incident, but also a conclusion of several factors, commencing in early childhood. Encouraging parents and kids in the childhood years would possess some influence into elementary school, high school, early years of adulthood, and far beyond. The executives of…… [Read More]
Dynamic curriculum offers diversity, growth, caring, self-care, development, adaptation, the nursing process, evidence-based practice, and a way in which relevance for future practice can be identified. By including all the important concepts, the curriculum is better able to provide exactly what is needed for nurses who want to provide the best care to their patients. The competencies that are studied and the knowledge that is required are both centered around how nurses get their education and what they do with their knowledge once they have acquired it. There are several current trends in health care that affect the development of curriculum and the outcomes of the programs nurses must take. These include understanding the increasing severity of patient illnesses in both community-based and acute care settings, along with the rising demand for affordable prices and good care. Quality assurance and safety for the patients is another area where emphasis is…… [Read More]
curriculum books have been written since the turn of the [20th] century; each with a different version of what 'curriculum' means (Ackerman, 1988). I define classroom curriculum design as the sequencing and pacing of content along with the experiences students have with that content. My use of the qualifier classroom is important. By definition, I am considering those decisions regarding sequencing, pacing, and experiences that are the purview of the classroom teacher. Some aspects of curricular design are addressed at the school level if, in fact, a school has a guaranteed and viable curriculum. egardless of the direction provided by the school (or district), individual teachers still need to make decisions regarding curricular design at the classroom level given the unique characteristics of their students. Indeed, in a meta-analysis involving 22 studies, Anderson, (2003) found a strong relationship between a student's knowledge and experience with content and the type of…… [Read More]
curriculum content that implements strategies and methods that enhance language acquisition. This is done in light of the relevant theories that surround the proper development of linguistics in kindergarten children from vast socio-cultural backgrounds.
The teaching of linguistics to Kindergarten children is indicated by Ellis and McCartney (2011) to be quite a challenge. This is more dominant for the wide range of linguistic diversity as well as literacy development that exists within the 21st century classroom setting (p.44). This challenge is most common among pre-service teachers and the diversity in linguistics is noted to transcend continents as in never limited to the United States (Gerald and Hussar,2003). The diversity is noted to be present in other places that bear the same demographic trends as noted by Portes and umabaut (2001).In this paper we develop a curriculum content that implements strategies and methods that enhance language acquisition.
Strategies and methods
Most…… [Read More]
Relevant quotes and excerpts from these journals and materials can be included in the staff handbook, and in letters to parents as well as promotional material.
Like it or not, education is also integrally connected to politics and the nation's political life. Monitoring the impact of national legislation, like No Child Left Behind, on how Americans view education as well as local changes in certification of teachers and daycare facilities and how this will impact staffing and financing the center is a must. Examining changes in what parents want from daycare centers, based on shifting demographics, requires educators to read popular literature as well, such as Parenting magazines and other magazines that might be read by users of the center.
Tracking changes in literature and trends written for children, like the Harry Potter series, or new multicultural offerings ensures that student's passions and interests will be aroused in the lesson…… [Read More]
One way to take learning in a direction relevant to student interest is to invite student dialogue about the lessons and units of study. Given the opportunity for input, students generate ideas and set goals that make for much richer activities than I could have created or imagined myself. When students have ownership in the curriculum, they are motivated to work hard and master the skills necessary to reach their goals (Sample Educational Philosophy Statements (accessed 4-26-07) (http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/ed416/sample.html)."
The philosophical footprints being used today can help one gain a better understanding of the school's curricular policies in several ways.
The first and most important philosophy is that every child can learn. Today's educators have been taught that children have different learning styles and that if these styles are identified and addressed than every child with rare exception is capable of learning.
This helps teachers understand the curriculum because it allows…… [Read More]
The third step is creating which is doing. It is taking action on what you find, what you suspect, what you think will make a difference. The last step is confirming. In this stage, you are evaluating your efforts, learning from feedback, and starting the cycle again.
6. Define "data-driven" decision making.
Data driven decision making uses student assessment data and relevant background information, to inform decisions related to planning and implementing instructional strategies at the district, school, classroom, and individual student levels. Data literacy consists of a person possessing a basic understanding of how data can be used to inform instruction. Studies have often shown that if instructional plans at the state, county, district, school, classroom, and individual student levels are based on assessment information relevant to the desired learning outcomes for students, the probability is increased that they will attain these desired learning outcomes.
Data from a variety…… [Read More]
Less emphasis, too, should be placed on material values (such as driving, consumer education, and business) and more on academic traditional values that last and promote value. It is these that can produce a multi-faceted individual and serve the individual in all manners of his existence.
Lastly too, the school might consider offering workshops such as on ethics or social skills in its curricula. This would help the student more effectively deal with post-graduate existence and the challenges of living in an increasingly complex, diversified world.
Summary of Findings
A Curriculum Analysis provides a resource for the school to help them make certain that their philosophy/mission is begin carried out in the curriculum and make recommendations on how they can improve the means in which they align the school philosophy and policies to the curriculum.
This curriculum analysis recognizes that the philosophical beliefs and policies of LTHS are somewhat misaligned.…… [Read More]
curriculum of all the schools of a district. It uses 5 sources and is in APA format.
The main aim of my curriculum that I have designed for five elementary schools, 4 middle schools and one high school of the district, is that I intend uniformity in the curriculums of all the schools so all the schools impart the same educational quality and therefore there is no discrepancy and the whole community remains satisfied. y this design model, which will be introduced in all the schools of the district, there will be coordination between the schools, the teachers from all the schools will have identical training and the administration will also be trained to monitor and coordinate such a program. The administration of all the schools will have a head administrator to see that all the schools correctly comply to the curriculum and work as one big system of schooling.…… [Read More]
" (Scheibe, 2004)
Part of the problem for teachers in relating to the children of modern learning curricula is the tremendous competition from television programs that force children to process information in an entirely different manner. This assessment is a function of my observations with regard to the interest and understanding of children with regard to environments outside of their immediate radius. The television program appears to limit the viewpoint and concentration of many of my students, up to 1/3 of the class is unable to properly process information regarding a different environment, inclusively foreign and domestic.
According to Scheibe (2004), "In using a curriculum-driven approach, teachers sometimes take a narrow focus for a particular topic or lesson (e.g., linking current advertising appeals to a sixth-grade unit on Greek myths) or weave media literacy into ongoing activities in their classrooms (e.g., in a weekly discussion of current events). Sometimes media…… [Read More]
A reader would presume that these students find the materials appropriate for use in some way in the classroom, either as background information for themselves or in designing an actual curriculum, but the information provided does not reflect any such analysis. For instance, students wrote about Hearing Us Out: Voices from the Gay and Lesbian Community, "Sutton provides insights to understanding lesbian and gay communities through individuals' unique stories." This statement is so vague that it could have been written without actually looking at the book. A teacher would find this recommendation much more useful with more information: for what age level did the group think it was appropriate? Did the book provide insights that were directly applicable to school, such as stories from these people's experiences while they were in school? Does it include language some might find objectionable or excessively graphic?
The group that looked at "ability" reported…… [Read More]