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Curriculum Model

Words: 680 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84268371

Curriculum Models

Bellevue School District in Washington recently underwent series changes to its mathematics curriculum. The primary goal of these changes was to better prepare all students for college educations. Thus, the district implemented a subject-centered development model focusing on the discipline to help standardize mathematics education across the board and better prepare students for what they would encounter in college life.

In an era where college is so important, Bellevue School District wanted to ensure that all students graduating from high school within the district were properly prepared for college. According to the research, "Bellevue's goal was to create a coherent K -- 12 aligned mathematics curriculum with support structures for teachers and students to ensure all students would be prepared to attend and graduate from college" (Dana, 2008). The district is now partnering with higher education facilities to help build curriculum that prepare students for college. The changes…… [Read More]


Dana, Charles A. (2008). K-12 Aligned Mathematics Curriculum. Practices Worthy of Attention. Bellevue School District.

Hoeger, Jami & Roghan, Kerry. (2013). Bellevue School District Mathematics. Web.
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Curriculum Evaluation Models Ornstein and

Words: 508 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25763643

Teachers will need to look at process models for implementing these two approaches to achieve the benefits of both outcome-based education which emphasizes what students are expected to learn as well as open-ended education which encourages teachers to create a positive learning experience for the student. The former is best served by technical-scientific approaches while the later is best accomplished by nontechnical-nonscientific approaches. Fortunately, the approaches do appear to be complimentary more so than conflicting ideologies as positioned by some.

Therefore, teachers should seek out an integrative approach to their curriculum development approaches that weds process models. Practically speaking, this will mean striking a balance between student-centered and subject-centered curriculum and forming measurable expectations for the general student population as well as the flexibility to aim for highly individualized expectations that are unique to each student and that may be more subjectively assessed. and, of course, a broader community will…… [Read More]


Curriculum development.

Ornstein & Hunkins (2003). Curriculum: Foundations, principles, and issues (4th ed). Boston: Allyn and Becon.

Ritz, J. Curriculum development.
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Curriculum What Are the Dominant Influences on

Words: 758 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97867745


hat are the dominant influences on school curriculum in America? hat was the approach to curriculum development in the past? Those issues are addressed in this paper.

The Literature on Curriculum and its Influences

Philosopher and educator John Dewey wrote in 1906 that there was a wide gulf between the child of that era and the curriculum being offered. He posed a picture of the "…narrow but personal world of the child" put up against the "…impersonal but infinitely extended world of space and time" (Dewey, 1906, p. 11). In other words, Dewey was trying to make the point that curricula should attempt to allow the child to proceed "…step-by-step to master" each separate parts of a lesson rather than present "…an abstract principle of logical classification and arrangement" (11-12). The road is long when you're asking a child to view a subject in its entirety, Dewey continued (12),…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dewey, John (1906). The Child and the Curriculum. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan


Phillion, JoAnn, Connelly, F. Michael, and He, Ming Fang. (2007). The SAGE Handbook of Curriculum and Instruction. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Pinar, William F. (2004). "The Reconceptualization of Curriculum Studies," in The Curriculum
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Curriculum Evaluation According to Carl

Words: 547 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46565059

The evaluation facilitator will explain that curriculum evaluation is a necessary process to help foster student growth and that evaluation is not a negative critical review; rather, it is to recognize progress and to identify areas for future improvement. This is important because evaluation has traditionally been focused on the identification of shortcomings and, for this reason, has caused anxiety and resentment which can impede constructive participation.

Second, the facilitator will explain the process of curriculum evaluation. The process will be described as an analysis of current curriculum, the expression of key goals in a formal mission statement, allocation of resources, implementation of curriculum change and the monitoring of progress over time. In this way, teachers will know exactly what to expect and this will help allay their fear of change. Plus, showing that there are well-defined processes will help lend credibility to the curriculum evaluation program.

Third, the facilitator…… [Read More]


Carl, AE 1995: Teacher empowerment through curriculum development: theory into practice. Kenwyn, Cape Town: Juta, p. 178.

Evaluation and assessment: Curriculum evaluation. 

The three discussion groups.
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Curriculum the Principals Role in

Words: 9119 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 69665171

Human relations are vital. Teachers must trust each other, there must be norms that support productive criticism, and there must be techniques in place for combining and resolving disputes. Arrangements need to be in place that generates discussion for problem identification and decision making. These arrangements could be things such as normal team meetings amid teachers at the same grade level or department meetings within high schools and middle schools. Frequently useful are school connections to inside and outside sources of knowledge and scrutiny coupled to a readiness to learn from such sources. Also, schools must work to secure the power to proceed with actions that might go against existing policies and practices. By doing this they master the micro-politics of their districts and their communities.

In schools where circumstances to maintain collaborative problem solving are not in place, leaders must expertly manage two plans at the same time. They…… [Read More]


Adkins, D. (1990). The Relationship between visionary Leadership and instructional leadership behavior of secondary school principals: regression analysis and hermeneutic

Balsamo, M. (2004). Assessing principal practices in a standards-based environment and examining the association between principal practices and student achievement.

Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY.

Bialystok, E. (2001). Bilingualism in development: language, literacy and cognition. New York: Cambridge University Press.
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Curriculum for Healthcare

Words: 1185 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16741165

Curriculum Design


The obj3ective of this study is to review and research issues and trends in curriculum design relating to healthcare and to elaborate on recommendations dealing with the issues and in view of the trends.

Gone are the days in education when the issues were simple and the lessons followed course since in today's society there are healthcare issues such as AIDS, premarital sex and needed birth control measures as well as other non-sexually related diseases including cancer and other health issues. The curriculum for healthcare education is a touchy issues because of the various religion, political, social, and familial values that exist in a diverse society with many races, ethnicities, and backgrounds. For this reason, the educator in healthcare must understand the volatile ground on which curriculum design may tread and the various view of parents, communities, as well as religious and…… [Read More]


Albert LJ (2010) Curriculum Design: Finding a Balance. The Journal of Rheumatology. Retrieved from: 

McKimm, J. (nd) Curriculum Design and Development. Retrieved from: 

Olsen, LK (1994) Trends and Issues in Health Education Curriculum. Liberty University. 1994. Department of Health Professions. Retrieved from: 

Stevenson, KR (201) Educational Trends Shaping School Planning, Design, Construction, Funding and Operation. National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities. Retrieved from:
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Curriculum Approaches

Words: 1018 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39729860

Montessori & High Scope

In order for students understand the contemporary curriculum, it is important that they be able to connect it to themselves in a meaningful way. This is particularly true in the modern classroom that is more diverse than ever before. Connection involves drawing on prior knowledge and experience in order to relate to the text. In this way, the students become participants in the story and are apt to be engaged in the reading process. There are a number of approaches to early-childhood education that range in nature and focus. The HighScope program was developed using the work of both John Dewey and Jean Piaget, as well as the constructivist approach to classroom learning from educational philosopher Lev. Vygotsky. The basic presumption is taking the child's development at present and helping them build upon it continually, pushing the "zone of development" up through a series of steps…… [Read More]

Works Cited

What is HighScope? (2004, June). Retrieved from 

Hainstock, E., 1997. The Essential Montessori. New York: Plume Publishers.

Hohmann, M., et al. (2008). Educating Young Children. Ypsilanti, MI: HighScope Press.

Kim, S. (2005). The Effects of A Constructivist Teaching Approach. Asia Pacific Educational Review, 6(1), 7-19.
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Curriculum Evaluation Plan Essay

Words: 2648 Length: Pages Document Type: Paper #: 96091354


This evaluation plan provides a description concerning how the curriculum committee will collaborate to achieve an improved language arts curriculum for grades 6 through 8 at Haddonfield Middle School (hereinafter alternatively “Haddonfield” or “the school”), a public school located in Haddonfield, New Jersey.The Middletown Township Public Schools recognize the need for ongoing curricular evaluation. Based on its stated mission (described below), Haddonfield’s educators are committed to providing the highest quality curricular offerings possible that help young learners prepare for life in the 21 century. Therefore, a revision of the English/Language Arts (ELA) curriculum is needed. To this end, a curriculum committee will be organized to achieve the following objectives: (a) the committee will ensure that the curriculum continues to align with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), (b) effectively prepares the students for the Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) standardized testing as aligned with…… [Read More]

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Development Issues for Children

Words: 957 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27090101

Early Childhood Development Issues

Module One of Chen's work Early Intervention in Action... presents a number of different aspects of the experience of families raising children who have multiple disabilities. It is quite different to consider these aspects from a clinical or even educational perspective rooted in theory, versus doing so from the perspective of the impact of this situation on one's family. There seems to be a greater amount of difficulty in raising children with multiple disabilities that can challenge a family in numerous ways. Based on the information in this module, it seems almost certain that one of the most exacting is simply modifying one's schedule and accounting for the different people and places that such a child must interact with and go to, respectively, in order to achieve success in life.

Perhaps the most vital facet of this module is the way that it is able to…… [Read More]


Chen, Deborah. (2008). Early Intervention in Action: Working Across Disciplines to Support Infants with Multiple Disabilities and Their Families. Module 1. Retrieved from ***

Chen, Deborah. (2008). Early Intervention in Action: Working Across Disciplines to Support Infants with Multiple Disabilities and Their Families. Module 2. Retrieved from ***

WIDA (2014). THE EARLY YEARS: Dual language learners. Retrieved from ***
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Curriculum for Medical Training Intervention

Words: 897 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 24921450

Medical trauma triage management requires skillful curriculum development, which in turn depends on an assessment of needs and an anticipation of potential barriers to implementation. The initial needs assessment has revealed required resources of about four or five medical services providers such as physician assistants and nurse practitioners. Support personnel may be provided, but an additional challenge will arise when implementing the curriculum in a real world setting such as a trauma center, emergency room, or intensive care unit. Adequate space and time must be carved out for the curriculum implementation, without disturbing standard operating procedures. At the same time, improving trauma triage management will ultimately facilitate patient service delivery and maximize care outcomes, goals that should continually be communicated to the institutional administration as well as all participants in the program.

Each phase of the ADDIE model, an industry benchmark for curriculum development, "requires constant evaluation," (Allen, 2006, p.…… [Read More]


Allen, W.C. (2006). Overview and evolution of the ADDIE training system. Advances in Developing Human Resources 8(4): 430-441.

Bass, E.B. (n.d.). Step 1: Problem identification and general needs assessment.

Swanson, R.A. & Holton, E.F. (2009). Training and development practices. Chapter 12 in Foundations of Human Resource Development.
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Curriculum Foundations in Recent Years

Words: 753 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47270542

The political climate within the United tates is one moving away from conventional medical practices and moving toward alternative medicine. With President Obama's healthcare reform bill, it was made clear that costs within healthcare and the liability from certain procedures is unacceptable. Educating nurses in natural birthing techniques saves hospitals the excessive expenses associated with interventions and results in a happier and less likely to complain patient. Very few hospitals within the United tates open support natural birth techniques. In fact, most nurses at the hospital were unaware of different birthing positions, the advantages of walking while in labor, or the advantages of water during labor. This ignorance will only result in a loss of patients who will seek out those hospitals with educated staff. Finally, the demographics within the hospital I observed demand better care. The families entering the labor and delivery floor were educated upper-class families who expected…… [Read More]

Sargent, Carolyn & Stark, Nancy (2009). Childbirth Education and Childbirth Models: Parental Perspectives on Control, Anesthesia, and Technological Intervention in the Birth Process. Medical Anthropology Quarterly. Vol 3.1 (36-51)

Simkin, Penny (2007). Just Another Day in a Woman's Life? Women's Long-Term Perceptions of Their First Birth Experience. Birth. Vol 18.4 (203-210)

Zwelling, Elaine (2006). Childbirth Education in the 1990s and Beyond. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing. Vol 25.5 (425-432)
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Curriculum History Importance of Curriculum

Words: 1995 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74526882

(a new history of Iraq)

Psychologically, it is very difficult for them to believe that Islamic believers, meaning Arabs in this case have lost wars with the infidels. Islam is the religion of victors and one day, God willing Islam will rule the world is their belief. This is what leads Sheikh Abdul Settar Jabber head of the Muslim Awareness Association; a leading Sunni group to feel that the entire role of the schools should be changed to one that trains students in Islamic law and in how to be good Muslims. (a new history of Iraq) This is the psychological reaction of a child which when frightened hides near its mother and in this case is hiding within its language. The curriculum of Arabs has to reflect what their culture tells them, and religion is a very important part of their culture along with their language.

4. Future for…… [Read More]


Eaglesfield School" Retrieved at Accessed on 21 July, 2005

Al-Khatib, Mahmoud a. (2000) "The Arab World: Language and Cultural Issues" Language

Culture and Curriculum. Volume: 13; No: 2; pp: 121-125. Retrieved at . Accessed on 21 July, 2005 new history of Iraq" (25 November, 2003) Retrieved at,14062,1092208,00.html . Accessed on 21 July, 2005

Neyman, Julia. (24 August, 2004) "Colleges embrace homeland security curriculum" USA
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Curriculum the Learning and Skills Sector Lss

Words: 2712 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3375925


The learning and skills sector (LSS) is an Essential part of educational development in the United Kingdom. For many years this educational program faltered and was not taken seriously. However in recent years Legislators in the UK have dedicated a great deal of time and resources to improving LSS. According to Maxwell (2009)

The Learning and Skills Sector (LSS) in England is diverse, comprising further education (FE) colleges, sixth-form colleges, personal and community development learning and work-based training and learning in other adult settings such as prisons and the uniformed services. Over the last 15 years the sector has moved from a position of 'benign neglect' (Young et al. 1995, 7) to being placed 'at the forefront of UK's attempt to raise its skill profile' (Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills, and Department for Children, Schools and Families 2007, 3). Developing the workforce needed to support this ambitious agenda…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Curriculum for diversity guide. Retrieved January 4, 2011 from:

Fisher, R., and Webb, K. (2006) Subject specialist pedagogy and initial teacher training for the learning and skills sector in England: the context, a response and some critical issues. Journal of Further and Higher Education. 30(4), 337 -- 349

Foundation Learning Curriculum for adults. Retrieved January 4, 2011 from:
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Curriculum Implementation an Implementation of

Words: 586 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95548352

Negative feedbacks and criticisms cannot be avoided at this point, especially upon knowing that it is necessary for them to undergo training on how this program will be implemented, including its advantages for them as teachers.

Educators, especially those who have been practicing the profession for a long time have a greater tendency to abhor going through the learning process once more. As a principal, they should be encouraged to undergo the learning process again and become students, therefore, joining their trainings would promote confidence in learning new ideas once more.

As the teachers become students, the idea of the students becoming teachers at some point upon the implementation of the program would somehow alleviate their fear of integrating the use of technology in their learning process. ithin the 30 minutes math lad, they should be allowed to explore the program and share among their classmates what they have learned…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Franklin, J. (2002) the Importance of Instructional Leadership. The Necessary Principal.

Allen, R. (2002) Honing the Tools of Instruction: How Research Can Improve Teaching for the 21st Century.

Shu-Sheng, L. (2004) Considerations for developing constructivist Web-based learning. International Journal of Instructional Media.
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Curriculum Curricula Associated With Lss Are Important

Words: 1368 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50745443


Curricula associated with LSS are important and must be carefully considered in Maths and electronics teaching. The purpose of this discussion is to carry out further research connected with the topic of curricula and evaluate the extent to which this research might have an impact on personal practice in subject specialism and future professional development.

Impact of Curriculuum

Understanding of maths is essentially important to ensuring that adult learners will have the capacity to work well in the work place. The type of curricullum utlized to teach math is therefore essential to guaranteeing that students master the appropriate skills.

In addition maths teaching, electronics teaching is also important and the use of technology is an essential aspect of maths and electronics instruction. As it relates specifically to LSS and electronics, the graph on the left depicts the utilization of technology in the Classroom. Information Technology (IT) serves a vitally…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Keeley-Browne L. (2007) Training to Teach in the Learning and Skills Sector: From Threshold Award to QLTS Longman

Leading Mathematics in the Learning and Skills Sector.

Owston, Ronald. (2007) Contextual factors that sustain innovative pedagogical practice using technology: an international study. Journal Educational Change 8:61 -- 77
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Curriculum Changes Scenario You Are

Words: 399 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76496005

" (Hunzicker, 2004) in fact Hunzicker states that changing a teacher's beliefs makes a requirement of new information presented repeatedly to the point that the teacher "begins to feel disequilibrium between current beliefs and new information." (2004) Leading curriculum change in the school is often difficult and requires that the principal ensure a continuous and ongoing dialogue concerning the necessary changes and the positive impacts that these changes will bring about.

RECOMMENDED STRATEGY: The strategy recommended for bringing Mrs. Nagal around to the changes in curriculum that are necessary and required involve first speaking with the teacher and discovering what it is about these curriculum changes that she is so set against and then mitigating the fears and trepidations of this teacher. Bringing Mrs. Nagal more firmly into the curriculum change process is advised and this can be accomplished by appointing Mrs. Nagal as lead over some aspect of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hunzicker, Jan (2004) the Beliefs-Behavior Connection: Leading Teachers Toward Change. Principal. November/December 2004. www.
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Curriculum Evaluation Ornstein & Hunkins

Words: 647 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87158756

and, some teachers focus mainly on staff development issues related to changes in curriculum, measures and/or desired outcomes.

Of these various roles, I am most interested in how to change instruction so that it can meet desired standards and measurements. Ultimately, I believe that this is what makes the real difference in being able to achieve outcomes, particularly with the growing need for differentiated teaching strategies to achieve the same results for students with unique learning needs.

As I have mentioned, I am an advocate of summative and formative assessments because I believe they serve two very different, but complimentary purposes. That being said, I also believe there needs to be the right mix of the two. Currently, our school relies too much on summative assessments due to increased standardized test requirements by our district and state. This has affected every role that teachers play in our assessment process. This…… [Read More]


Ornstein, a.C., & Hunkins, F.P. (2003). Curriculum: Foundations, principles, and issues. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Shavelson, R.J., Dylan, P.J. And Coffey, J. On linking formative and summative functions in the design of large-scale assessment systems.

Swearingen, R, (2002). A orimer: Diagnostic, formative, & summative assessment 

Thiel, T. & Feeny, M. Literature synopsis.
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Curriculum Design There Is No

Words: 684 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26656708

Making principals and school administrators involved in the process along with parents creates additional support and potential for learning reinforcement at home and in creates greater cohesiveness in terms of the school's overall learning environment. hile any number of step-by-step curricular models exists for individual teachers, since the underlining principle of all curriculum design is to impart skills to students that build upon previous units of learning, it is better that there exist some continuity in curriculum planning between teachers. Also, if all teachers take a similar approach there is a greater chance that learning outcomes will build on one another, throughout a student's educational career.

Curriculum design will no doubt be different 10 years from now, as state and perhaps even national standards require learning outcomes to be more measurable and clearly defined within individual units. This may create more homogeneity in terms of basic skills demanded between schools.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hlynka, Denis. (30 Nov 2005). "Course Syllabus: Theory and Practice of Curriculum

Design and Development." Retrieved 30 Jan 2007 at

Learning Outcomes." (2004). Learning Development Unit. Retrieved 30 Jan 2007 at 

Ornstein & Hunkins. (1998). Curriculum: Foundations, Principles, and Issues.
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Curriculum Design the Course I

Words: 631 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38872427

By the end of this portion, I had gained confidence in the processes and the procedure and could remember all the requirements.

The learning outcome of the course was to educate nurses on the new protocols and technology to complete this procedure on difficult patients. I feel that the curriculum attended very well to these goals. It was always on task and efficient in its training. I'm guessing that it was so efficient because it was through the hospital to train the staff and they did not want to waste time.

After the training I was certified and expected to use this technique on difficult patients. The only lacking competency was using this technique on children. I had not had any previous experience of inserting lines into children and was unaware of protocols or strategies to ease the child's nervousness. This was addressed by more senior nurses in the pediatric…… [Read More]


Brannam, Larry (2008); et al. Emergency Nurses' Utilization of Ultrasound Guidance for Placement of Peripheral Intravenous Lines in Difficult-access Patients. Academic Emergency Medicine. Vol 11.12, 1361-1363.

Overton, David (2005). Ultrasonography-Guided Peripheral Intravenous Access vs. Traditional Approaches in Patients With Difficult Intravenous Access. Annals of Emergency Medicine. Vol 46.5, 456-461.
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Curriculum Is a Matter Often Decided Based

Words: 1302 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30654651

Curriculum is a matter often decided based on earlier curriculum, and not changed even when the changes are required and approaches have changed. This leads to opposition from existing students, teachers and parents to the recommended curriculum in schools. It is interesting to find out about the attitudes of these groups to specific subjects on the matter.

It is very important for the involved groups within the schools -- teachers, students and parents to find out regarding as to what is the general opinion on matters important to the school students. This is the method of deciding a curriculum which will be suited for the development of students and also meeting the needs for development of the school curriculum by the principals. The help to principals is in terms of their being able to mobilize their staff, students, parents and community interest groups in becoming proactively involved in the issues…… [Read More]


AARE paper. (December, 2000) University of Sydney. Retrieved from  Accessed 14 October, 2005

Boyd, Graham; Hemmings, Brian; Braggett, Eddie. The development of a career education program for gifted high school students. Retrieved from  Accessed 14 October, 2005
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Curriculum Concept-Based Curriculums What Is

Words: 688 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31063128

Students, by seeing that a concept can unite so many different aspects of an idea are better able to draw connections between what is learned in the classroom and subjects that are common to their daily lives.

For example, take the broad curricular concept of 'travel.' The most obvious application of this concept is in a literature class, where students can learn about travel from stories about other lands, or about people traveling over the course of a story. But students can also apply the concept to math class, as they learn to budget for a trip, and calculate the speeds of various modes of transportation. They can learn about the science of how trains and planes are propelled, as well as research the weather conditions and geography of a possible destination. They can learn about the different people, cultures, religions, and wildlife of a land, and even create art…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gail G. Muir & Sally S. Blake. "Foundations of Collaboration." (2006). The Professional

Organizational Development Network in Higher Education. Retrieved 19 Jan 2007 at .

What is concept-based curriculum?" (18 Jun 1998) District 118 Curriculum Design. Retrieved 19 Jan 2007 at

Ornstein, Alan C. & Francis Hunkins. (1998). Curriculum: Foundations, Principles, and Issues. 3rd Edition, Allyn and Bacon.
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Curriculum Technology Standards and Curriculum

Words: 1036 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62552502

My view was that each classroom should implement computer technology in the teacher process. Therefore my superiors also had to be convinced of the current benefits of implementing a computer system that students could use almost constantly.

Once I was able to effect this, each classroom was furnished with 4-6 computers, depending upon the average number of students that entered the class per week. tudents were then able to work on the computers in a group capacity, where each group member had an opportunity to work with the technology with the help of the rest of the group. Once this was done, my second challenge was to help my diverse students to become used to the technology and be able to use it effectively. This was particularly challenging, as some students have been working regularly with the library computers, while others have used them as little as possible. Contributing to…… [Read More]


Klopfer, E. Osterweil, S., Groff, J. And Haas, J. (2009). Using the Technology of Today, in the Classroom Today. The Education Arcade. Retrieved from:

Stanford University (2000). Standards-Based Education: Advantages and Disadvantages. Retrieved from:
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Regulatory Influences on Curriculum

Words: 926 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71391016

Regulatory Influences on Curriculum

Curriculum development and learning drivies learning in the nursing discipline. In this vein, the NLNAC and the National League of Nursing (NLN) do this in the various states. By using case studies, their impact upon curriculum development/revision within the nursing discipline will be analyzed by the author in this short essay. These regulatory agencies will be analyzed and the author will explore which of their subcomponents set policy and standards related to required curriculum content and development.

Unfortunately, the impact is not always positive. Indeed, there have been many bureaucratic barriers that have been erected in the way of effective curriculum development. In this essay's literature review, the importance of graduate education will noted and seconded. However, what disturbs this author is the lack of emphasis upon basic nursing education, especially in the LPN and four-year nursing ranks. This issue will also be addressed.

The mission…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Shultz, C.M. (2011). Embrace diverse pathways to advanced nursing practice:

let's not throw out the baby with the bathwater. Nursing Education

Perspectives, 32(3), 145.

Holly, C. (2009). The case for distance education in nursing. MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 5(2), 506-510.
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Conceptualizing Curriculum Describe the Ways

Words: 973 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 7036505

More qualitative goals are needed to reflect a student's progress.

English (2000) makes mention that reformers must be aware of the hidden functions of schools if they are to make meaningul changes. Meighan (1983) explains:

The hidden curriculum is taught by the school, not by any teacher...something is coming across to the pupuls which may never be spoken in the English lessor or prayed about in assembly. They are picking-up an approach to living and an attitude to learning." concrete example of the hidden curriculum manifests in girls that early on have lower scores on math and science tests than boys. Some believe that cultural differences between boys and girls have a negative impact on girls' acquisition of skills or values for achievement in math and sciences (Holladay, 2007). Girls are believed to become sensitive to the roles of men and women in the real-world at an early age and…… [Read More]

Bibliography guide to curriculum development: Purposes, practices, procedures. 

English, F.W. (2000). Deciding what to teach and test: Developing, aligning and auditing the curriculum. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Corwin Press.

Holladay, J. (2007, February). How stereotypes undermine test scores. 

Meighan, R. (1983). A sociology of educating. British Educational Research Journal, Vol. 9, No 2, pp. 177-178.
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Nursing and the Modern Curricula

Words: 997 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31941852

curriculum development must be a dialogue between its designers and the affected stakeholders: if a curriculum is imposed upon students and faculty members, they will inevitably resist it. Common agreement amongst faculty members also fosters greater agreement in regards to shared standards between teachers when grading. I also agree that it is important that students feel they are being evaluated fairly and that certain standard classes used to meet requirements are not substantially easier or harder than the same classes taught by different teachers. In particular with a nursing education, uniformity is desirable since nurses are taking classes to attain professional qualifications and pass licensure exams.

However, although getting people 'on board' with the curriculum is important, it is also vital that the curriculum is flexible enough and able to change with today's needs. The nursing curriculum cannot be static and mired in outdated standard operating procedures. "Today's educators are…… [Read More]


Sprang, S. (2010). Making the case using case studies for staff development. Journal for Nurses

in Staff Development, 26 (20): E6-E10. Retrieved from: 

Q4. Technology has proven to be a great asset in improving healthcare delivery. It has also proven to be an asset in the education of new nurses, expanding the range of ways in which nurses can be exposed to the profession. As well as hands-on simulations with computers, large portions of nursing education have been shifted online. Nurses can engage in continuing education, bolstering their credentials as the market demands by going to school online at night while still working during the day.

Online learning allows nurses to experience simulated stressful environments without endangering real patients. Given the risks posed by lawsuits to institutions, the need for a safe space for students to make mistakes is critical. Of course, "a major limitation of simulation is the fidelity; no matter how high the fidelity is, it is not real .It is often impossible to imitate actual physiological signs or symptoms" (Hicks et al. 2009: 4). Particularly in the later years of nursing education, no high-fidelity simulation can replicate clinical experiences. However, high-fidelity simulation can act as an important preparation for a residency's rigors, as well as the first year of the nurse in actual practice. Although the technology may be costly, the costs of an unprepared nurse are even greater.
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Implied Curriculum

Words: 1029 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38309723


Within the modern cultural experience, classroom curriculum takes on a greater role than ever. As society continues to evolve, so must the classroom in order to maintain the rubric necessary -- to educate and prepare students for the challenges of the modern world. There remains a set of challenges, though, for educators, parents, and students alike. With so much new information available, how does the modern school add important new subjects into the curriculum while not crowding the basics and diminishing the ability to provide important tools that each student needs? Thus, the political, social, and cultural changes, most especially those that have occurred since 1970, are in direct conflict with skills in reading, math, and science -- all of which show an uncomfortable stagnation in America's school systems (Erwin, 2004).

In many ways, though, the set of learning of objectives that are planned or guided by the school…… [Read More]


Physical Education and Sports. (2011). HubPages. Retrieved from: 

Erwin, J. (2004). The Classroom of Choice: Giving Students What They Need and Getting What You Want. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

George, J. (2009). Classical Curriculum Design. Arts and Humanities in Higher Education. 8 (2): 160-79.

Kelly, A. (2009). The Curriculum. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
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Standards-Based Curriculum for English Language

Words: 1551 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 51554388

(Farah and idge, 2009)

The successful shift from textbook, memory-based curriculum to a standards-based curriculum is therefore dependent on three things: the development of national standards and goals for curriculum; the development of corresponding assessment tools; and the re-education of teachers towards the objective of altering teachers' attitudes and views of their role in the education system. ather than simply drilling memorized facts, words or phrases into a student's consciousness-as is the case with a memory-based curriculum-teachers in a standards based, student-centered curriculum are responsible for helping students to apply such knowledge to practical situations for social success, over and above academic success.


English as a Second Language. (2010). etrieved December 30, 2010, from

English Teachers Network. (2010). Why Have a Standards-Based Curriculum and What are the Implications for the Teaching-Learning Assessment Process?. etrieved December 30,

2010, from

Farah, S., & idge, N. (2009). Challenges to Curriculum…… [Read More]


English as a Second Language. (2010). Retrieved December 30, 2010, from 

English Teachers Network. (2010). Why Have a Standards-Based Curriculum and What are the Implications for the Teaching-Learning Assessment Process?. Retrieved December 30,

2010, from

Farah, S., & Ridge, N. (2009). Challenges to Curriculum Development in the UAE. Dubai
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Hidden Curriculum the Other Side

Words: 1355 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 66186506

The methods by which technology is utilized in the learning and instructional processes, and in many instances the lack thereof, creates a hidden curriculum that can define the value that is associated with such technologies (DiBello 2005). This will also influence the expectations of success that students have in the use of these technologies over the course of their lifetimes (DiBello 2005).

Personal Experience

In the course of my own teaching experiences I have unwittingly transferred certain conclusions and worldviews of my own to students in a manner that was entirely unintended. While I do not believe that these perspectives and modes of classifying information were especially if at all harmful to my students -- they were not borne of any significant prejudice or other form of socially frowned upon narrow-mindedness -- they certainly limited the degree to which students were left truly free to explore information and knowledge acquisition…… [Read More]


Bender, W. (2008). Differentiating instruction for students with learning disabilities. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

DiBello, L. (2005). "Are We Addressing the Digital Divide? Issues, Access, and Real Commitment." Childhood Education, 81(4), 239-241. Retrieved October 18, 2010, from Career and Technical Education. (Document ID: 830047881).

Myles, B.; Trautman, M. & Schelvan, R. (2004). The hidden curriculum. Shawnee Mission, KS: AAPC.

Wiles, J. & Bondi, J. (2002). Curriculum development: A guide to practice, Sixth edition. New York: Prentice Hall.
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Conceptualizing Curriculum in the Book

Words: 615 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79247245

Although in the long run, this approach will bring all the curriculums together, at the present moment the school is caught between the expeditionary learning curriculum and the curriculum mandates given by the local district and federal government. Thus, a curriculum audit will only reveal the obvious: that there are competing and contradictory curriculums occurring at the school. Unfortunately, at least at this point, a curriculum audit will not do any good as state and federal mandates are controlling.

In general, I agree with the assumptions presented by F.W. English. In today's standardized test-driven school environment, the testing curriculum is driving the written and taught curriculum. Although this results in a form of alignment, it is not the alignment that English has in mind. English does not argue that school's should bring their curriculums into one single curriculum (such as testing), but align the three curriculums so that they work…… [Read More]


English, F.W. (2000): Deciding What to Teach and Test: Designing, Aligning and Auditing the Curriculum. (Millennium Ed.) Thousand Oaks, CA.: Corwin Press, Inc.

Linn, Robert L. And David M. Miller. (2004): Measurement and Assessment in Teaching. New York: Prentice Hall.

Popham, James W. (2003): Test Better, Teach Better: The Instructional Role of Assessment. Baltimore: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
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Conceptualizing Curriculum in His Book

Words: 786 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51642231

Alignment, in the curriculum sense, is the relationship between the test and the written curriculum. The goal of curriculum alignment is to find a happy-medium between back loading and front loading, or a system where the curriculum and the test are lined up and compliment each other because they are developed together.

Currently, my school is in the process of alignment. Currently, according to the school board, alignment has been successfully accomplished in the fields of social studies and science from throughout the K. To 12 system. However, prior to this alignment, and currently in all other subject fields, the school is back loading. The primary reason for this is that my school caters to a low-income population and, due to the new No Child Left ehind provisions, must perform well on the exams in order to stay licensed. Thus, in reaction to this, the curriculum was changed in order…… [Read More]


English, F.W. (2000): Deciding What to Teach and Test: Designing, Aligning and Auditing the Curriculum. (Millennium Ed.) Thousand Oaks, CA.: Corwin Press, Inc.

Linn, Robert L. And David M. Miller. (2004): Measurement and Assessment in Teaching. New York: Prentice Hall.

Popham, James W. (2003): Test Better, Teach Better: The Instructional Role of Assessment. Baltimore: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
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Building Class Curriculum

Words: 681 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56933323

uilding Class Curriculum in Private Schools

The purpose of this work is to research five credible and informative articles about how to build a course curriculum for use in private schools.

Historically, private schools have failed to meet the national standards required for students to graduate from high school.

In the work entitled, "Regular Classroom Practices With Gifted Students: Results of a National Survey of Classroom Teachers state is that The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT) to determine the extent to which gifted and talented students receive differentiated education in regular classrooms across the United States that Four questions guided this research pertaining to modification of instructional practices and curriculum materials to meet the needs of gifted and talented students. Through use of survey samples that were drawn in stratified random sampling procedures and a survey instrument called the "Classroom Practices Questionnaire (CPQ) was developed to…… [Read More]


Archambault, Jr. Francis X. et al. (1991) "Regular Classroom Practices With Gifted Students: Results of a National Survey of Classroom Teachers Office of Educational Research and Improvement [Online available at ERIC Digest]

Ingersoll, Richard; and Rossi, Robert (1995) Who Influences Decisionmaking about School Curriculum: What Do Principals Say? Issue Brief National Center for Education Statistics Washington DC July 1995. ERIC Digest Online

Broughman, Stephen; and Rohr, Carol L. (1995) Private School Graduation Requirements, Issue Brief. National Center for Educational Statistics Washington DC January 1995. ERIC Digest Online

Turner, Jeannine (1996) Final Report on the NSF Grant to the Science Academy of Austin, 1994. Publication Number 94.04 Austin Independent School District. TX Department of Performance Audit and Evaluation. National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA. March 1996. ERIC Digest Online
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Professional Development the Objective of

Words: 1731 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 32458220

Differentiated instruction offers the possibility for all students to meet their own personal and optimal potential in the learning environment of the classroom.


ellai, Mariann (2008) Professional Development Plan. Schenectady City Schools. Online available at:

Corley, Mary Ann (2005) Differentiated Instruction: Adjusting to the Needs of All Learners. Focus on asics Vol. 7 Issue C. March, 2005. National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy.

Differentiated Instruction (2007) Council for Exceptional Children. News & Issues. Arlington, Virginia. Online available at

Empowering Students to Succeed (2007) Title II Professional Development Plan. Dekalb County School System 2006-2007. Online available at:

Heacox, D. (2002). Differentiating instruction in the regular classroom: How to reach and teach all learners, grades 3-12. Minneapolis, MN: Free Spirit Publishing.

Moore, etty (2008) Using Assistive Technology, Differentiated Instruction and Professional Learning Teams. CODE Chronicles, Issue No. 1, 2006 November.

Tomlinson, C. (1999). The…… [Read More]


Bellai, Mariann (2008) Professional Development Plan. Schenectady City Schools. Online available at:

Corley, Mary Ann (2005) Differentiated Instruction: Adjusting to the Needs of All Learners. Focus on Basics Vol. 7 Issue C. March, 2005. National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy.

Differentiated Instruction (2007) Council for Exceptional Children. News & Issues. Arlington, Virginia. Online available at 

Empowering Students to Succeed (2007) Title II Professional Development Plan. Dekalb County School System 2006-2007. Online available at:
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Curricular Development and Design for

Words: 2404 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13643440

The National Curriculum publication entitled: "The Secondary Curriculum" relates the national challenge in creation of the secondary curriculum to include the challenges as follows:

1) Raise achievement in all subjects and most particularly in mathematics and English; (2) to equip learner with skills (personal, learning, and thinking) needed to succeed in education as well as in life and capacity for employment;

3) Motivate and engage learners;

4) enable a smooth progression from primary, through secondary school and onward;

5) encourage young individuals to pursue higher education;

6) Provide the flexibility needed by schools to tailor instruction to individual and local needs;

7) Ensure that assessment supports effective instruction and learning; and 8) Provide more opportunities for focused support and challenge. (National Curriculum, 2008)

In order that curriculum be designed effectively to meet the individualized and personalized needs of learners in the secondary school it will be absolutely necessary that all…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Motivans, a.; Bruneforth, M. And Kennedy, a. (2005) Global perspectives on growth in secondary education IIEP Newsletter Volume 23 Number 2, June 2005.

Tennant, Jessica (2005)Transition from primary to secondary schooling: valuing alternative literacies as a strategy for fostering academic success" Practically Primary Volume 10 Number 2, June 2005; Pages 39-40

Hernes, Gudmund (2001) Mind Over Matter. International Institute for Educational Planning - IIEP Oct-Dec 2001. Vol. XIX, No. 4 Online available at 

Alchemists of the Mind - Excerpt from the Director's address to the participants in IIEP's 35th Annual Training Programme in Educational Planning, and Management at the end of their training, Paris, 23 May, 2000. Online available at
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Corporate Universities -Investigation of Their Development

Words: 16387 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62224137

In summary, we recommend that the IESBA reconsiders the proposals in the Exposure Draft and provides more guidance on safeguards applicable to sole practitioners and small accounting firms to ensure that the benefits of the changes outweigh the costs to SMEs. Under a principle-based approach, there should be safeguards and practical relief for all practitioners rather than rules-based outright prohibitions. The rewrite of this Independence component of the Code is substantially rules-based rather than principles-based. In this regard, we also encourage the IESBA to prioritize the redrafting of the entire Code using a similar drafting convention to that used by the International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board in its Clarity project" (IESBA Exposure Draft of Sections 290 and 291 of the Code of Ethics on Independence - Proposed Additional equirements in relation to Internal Audit Services, elative Size of Fees and Contingent Fees 2007).

There will also be an all-time…… [Read More]


Kreitner, R., and Kinicki, a. (2004). "Organizational behavior," 6e; [Chap. 17]; [Chap. 18]. Accessed December 19, 2007, from MBA520, eResource, week 5, eBook Collection database.

McShane, and Von Glinow. (2005). "Organizational behavior" (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

); Muret, Don. (1999). "Former Disney VP stresses teamwork at cafe." Amusement Business, 111(49), 22. Accessed August 17, 2007, from EBSCOhost database.

Frazee, Bonnie. (2004). "Organizational Behavior and the Learning Process" Accessed December 19, 2007, at
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Extraordinary Developments in Technology Have

Words: 4030 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 17072616

If we take the average cost of just one text, say a science text ($40), add 3-4 public domain novels (e.g. Huckleberry Finn at $5 ea.), and then a set of encyclopedias per classroom ($750), we find that even one small classroom of 25 students can save almost $2,000; which is now enough to purchase 4-5 computer stations at educational discount rates.

Math and Science teachers are often at the cutting edge of technology integration into the classoom, largely due to their networking and personal interests. The skills required to function at all levels in 21st century society are different than even those needed in the 1990s (Bitner, 2002). Primarily, this is due to the efffects of technology, cultural advancement and particularly how information is accessed, organized, proceeded, and distributed. In the 21st century classroom there are now far more motivating tools used to teach, reinforce, and apply what might…… [Read More]


Aguirre, J. e. (1990). Student-Teachers' Conceptions of Science, Teaching, and Learning. International Journal of Science Education, 12(4), 381-90.

"Alternative Techniques for Teaching About HIV / AIDS in the Classroom."

(March 1994). Peace Corps Information Center. Cited in:

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Educational Platform Development

Words: 1536 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75737894

This paper is a reflection on the aims of education, the image of the learner, the image of the teacher, the value of curriculum, and pedagogical ideas. The paper discusses how education is important not just for students but for the whole community. It shows how teachers and parents must work together to provide a positive example for students, and how teachers and administrators can form a collegial culture for guidance and support in the school.
Keywords: educational platform, educational experience, pedagogy, school administration
Educational Platform Development
Education is an important aspect of life not just for students but for communities as well. A community is only going to be as strong as its devotion to education. For that reason, education is not just an exercise that is confined to the school building. On the contrary, it encompasses everyone within a community as its stakeholders range from teachers and…… [Read More]

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The Role of Art in the Development of Children

Words: 4304 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60696362

Psychology and Teaching- The Importance of Art

How Childhood Events develop a lifetime in Art

One of the crucial times in an individual's life is early childhood. Early childhood acts as the basis for all later undertakings in one's life. It is not only the kids who suffer in case we, as a community, fall short in meeting their needs. We, the community, also suffer as a result. It is essential to note that their achievements are also our achievements. According to a recent report, the cost of every high school dropout is approximately at $292,000 (Sum, Khatiwada, McLaughlin, & Palma, 2009). Dropping out from high school is not a singular incident, but also a conclusion of several factors, commencing in early childhood. Encouraging parents and kids in the childhood years would possess some influence into elementary school, high school, early years of adulthood, and far beyond. The executives of…… [Read More]


Adolf Hitler: Biography and Character. (2015, September 20). Retrieved from

Brown, J. (2008). Educating the whole child Curriculum Development. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and.

Clark, E. (2012). A Psychological Analysis of Adolf Hitler. Washington DC: University of Mary.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1990). Flow: The psychology of optimal experience. New York, NY: Harper & Row.
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Curriculum of Nursing Education

Words: 1355 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71152410

Dynamic curriculum offers diversity, growth, caring, self-care, development, adaptation, the nursing process, evidence-based practice, and a way in which relevance for future practice can be identified. By including all the important concepts, the curriculum is better able to provide exactly what is needed for nurses who want to provide the best care to their patients. The competencies that are studied and the knowledge that is required are both centered around how nurses get their education and what they do with their knowledge once they have acquired it. There are several current trends in health care that affect the development of curriculum and the outcomes of the programs nurses must take. These include understanding the increasing severity of patient illnesses in both community-based and acute care settings, along with the rising demand for affordable prices and good care. Quality assurance and safety for the patients is another area where emphasis is…… [Read More]


Billings, D., & Halstead, J. (2009). Teaching in nursing: A guide for faculty (3th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders.

Billings, D., & Halstead, J. (2012). Teaching in nursing: A guide for faculty (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Saunders.

Faison, K., & Montague, F. (2013). Paradigm shift: Curriculum shift. ABNF Journal, 24(1), 21-22.

Morris, T.L., & Hancock, D.R. (2013). Institute of medicine core competencies as a foundation for nursing program evaluation. Nursing Education Perspectives, 34(1), 29-33. Retrieved from
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Curriculum Books Have Been Written Since the

Words: 3875 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59141556

curriculum books have been written since the turn of the [20th] century; each with a different version of what 'curriculum' means (Ackerman, 1988). I define classroom curriculum design as the sequencing and pacing of content along with the experiences students have with that content. My use of the qualifier classroom is important. By definition, I am considering those decisions regarding sequencing, pacing, and experiences that are the purview of the classroom teacher. Some aspects of curricular design are addressed at the school level if, in fact, a school has a guaranteed and viable curriculum. egardless of the direction provided by the school (or district), individual teachers still need to make decisions regarding curricular design at the classroom level given the unique characteristics of their students. Indeed, in a meta-analysis involving 22 studies, Anderson, (2003) found a strong relationship between a student's knowledge and experience with content and the type of…… [Read More]


Ackerman, P.L. (1988). Determinants of individual differences during skill acquisition: Cognitive abilities and information processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 117(3), 288-318.

Anderson, J. (2003). The architecture of cognition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Anderson, J. (2009). Rules of the mind. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Brooks, C. (2000). Knowledge management and the intelligence community. Defense Intelligence Journal, 9(1), 15-24.

Anderson, J.R., & Fincham, J.M. (2004). Acquisition of procedural Skills from Examples. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 20(6), 1322-1340.
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Curriculum Content That Implements Strategies and Methods

Words: 1817 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99974665

curriculum content that implements strategies and methods that enhance language acquisition. This is done in light of the relevant theories that surround the proper development of linguistics in kindergarten children from vast socio-cultural backgrounds.

The teaching of linguistics to Kindergarten children is indicated by Ellis and McCartney (2011) to be quite a challenge. This is more dominant for the wide range of linguistic diversity as well as literacy development that exists within the 21st century classroom setting (p.44). This challenge is most common among pre-service teachers and the diversity in linguistics is noted to transcend continents as in never limited to the United States (Gerald and Hussar,2003). The diversity is noted to be present in other places that bear the same demographic trends as noted by Portes and umabaut (2001).In this paper we develop a curriculum content that implements strategies and methods that enhance language acquisition.

Strategies and methods

Most…… [Read More]

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Curricula Notices to Parents Interview

Words: 1825 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94527874

Relevant quotes and excerpts from these journals and materials can be included in the staff handbook, and in letters to parents as well as promotional material.

Like it or not, education is also integrally connected to politics and the nation's political life. Monitoring the impact of national legislation, like No Child Left Behind, on how Americans view education as well as local changes in certification of teachers and daycare facilities and how this will impact staffing and financing the center is a must. Examining changes in what parents want from daycare centers, based on shifting demographics, requires educators to read popular literature as well, such as Parenting magazines and other magazines that might be read by users of the center.

Tracking changes in literature and trends written for children, like the Harry Potter series, or new multicultural offerings ensures that student's passions and interests will be aroused in the lesson…… [Read More]

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Curriculum Analysis as Seen Through

Words: 548 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96075932

One way to take learning in a direction relevant to student interest is to invite student dialogue about the lessons and units of study. Given the opportunity for input, students generate ideas and set goals that make for much richer activities than I could have created or imagined myself. When students have ownership in the curriculum, they are motivated to work hard and master the skills necessary to reach their goals (Sample Educational Philosophy Statements (accessed 4-26-07) ("

The philosophical footprints being used today can help one gain a better understanding of the school's curricular policies in several ways.

The first and most important philosophy is that every child can learn. Today's educators have been taught that children have different learning styles and that if these styles are identified and addressed than every child with rare exception is capable of learning.

This helps teachers understand the curriculum because it allows…… [Read More]


Sample Educational Philosophy Statements (accessed 4-26-07) ( )
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Curriculum Are Social Forces Human

Words: 3065 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18898865

The third step is creating which is doing. It is taking action on what you find, what you suspect, what you think will make a difference. The last step is confirming. In this stage, you are evaluating your efforts, learning from feedback, and starting the cycle again.

6. Define "data-driven" decision making.

Data driven decision making uses student assessment data and relevant background information, to inform decisions related to planning and implementing instructional strategies at the district, school, classroom, and individual student levels. Data literacy consists of a person possessing a basic understanding of how data can be used to inform instruction. Studies have often shown that if instructional plans at the state, county, district, school, classroom, and individual student levels are based on assessment information relevant to the desired learning outcomes for students, the probability is increased that they will attain these desired learning outcomes.

Data from a variety…… [Read More]


Allen, Janet. (2004). Tools for Teaching Content Area Literacy. Stenhouse Publishers: Tyler

Kowalski, T.J., Lasley II, T.J., and Mahoney, J.W. (2008). Data-driven decisions and school leadership: Best practices for school improvement. Pearson: Boston.

Parkay, F.W., Anctil, E. and, Hass, G. (2010). Curriculum leadership: Readings for developing quality educational programs, 9th Edition, Allyn and Bacon: Needham Heights,

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Curriculum Analysis Is Conducted on

Words: 767 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22960579

Less emphasis, too, should be placed on material values (such as driving, consumer education, and business) and more on academic traditional values that last and promote value. It is these that can produce a multi-faceted individual and serve the individual in all manners of his existence.

Lastly too, the school might consider offering workshops such as on ethics or social skills in its curricula. This would help the student more effectively deal with post-graduate existence and the challenges of living in an increasingly complex, diversified world.

Summary of Findings

A Curriculum Analysis provides a resource for the school to help them make certain that their philosophy/mission is begin carried out in the curriculum and make recommendations on how they can improve the means in which they align the school philosophy and policies to the curriculum.

This curriculum analysis recognizes that the philosophical beliefs and policies of LTHS are somewhat misaligned.…… [Read More]


Lyons Township High School (LTHS). About LTHS. Retrieved on January 27, 2011 from: ( ).

Lyons Township High School (LTHS). Code of Conduct. Retrieved on January 27, 2011 from: ( ).
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Curriculum Design Implementation and Evaluation

Words: 1391 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27813777

curriculum of all the schools of a district. It uses 5 sources and is in APA format.

The main aim of my curriculum that I have designed for five elementary schools, 4 middle schools and one high school of the district, is that I intend uniformity in the curriculums of all the schools so all the schools impart the same educational quality and therefore there is no discrepancy and the whole community remains satisfied. y this design model, which will be introduced in all the schools of the district, there will be coordination between the schools, the teachers from all the schools will have identical training and the administration will also be trained to monitor and coordinate such a program. The administration of all the schools will have a head administrator to see that all the schools correctly comply to the curriculum and work as one big system of schooling.…… [Read More]


Theory of Instruction: Principles and Applications, 1991 (Rev. ed.), by Siegfried Engelmann and Douglas Carnine (Association for Direct Instruction)

Direct Instruction Reading, 1997 (Rev. ed.), by Douglas Carnine, Jerry Silbert, and Edward Kameenui, (Prentice Hall)

Designing Effective Mathematics Instruction: A Direct Instruction Approach, 1997 (Rev. ed.), by Marcy Stein, Jerry Silbert, and Douglas Carnine (Prentice Hall)

Designing Instructional Strategies, 1990, by Edward Kameenui and Deborah Simmons (Prentice Hall)
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Curriculum Assessment Is Currently a

Words: 820 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34540792

" (Scheibe, 2004)

Part of the problem for teachers in relating to the children of modern learning curricula is the tremendous competition from television programs that force children to process information in an entirely different manner. This assessment is a function of my observations with regard to the interest and understanding of children with regard to environments outside of their immediate radius. The television program appears to limit the viewpoint and concentration of many of my students, up to 1/3 of the class is unable to properly process information regarding a different environment, inclusively foreign and domestic.

According to Scheibe (2004), "In using a curriculum-driven approach, teachers sometimes take a narrow focus for a particular topic or lesson (e.g., linking current advertising appeals to a sixth-grade unit on Greek myths) or weave media literacy into ongoing activities in their classrooms (e.g., in a weekly discussion of current events). Sometimes media…… [Read More]


Hlebowitsh, P.S. (2005). Designing the School Curriculum. First Edition. Published: Allyn and Bacon. Copyright by Pearson Education, Inc.

Oberg, C. (2010). Guiding classroom instruction through performance assessment. Journal of Case Studies in Accreditation and Assessment, 1, 1-1-11. Retrieved from 

Scheibe, C.L. (2004). A deeper sense of literacy: Curriculum-driven approaches to media literacy in the K-12 classroom. The American Behavioral Scientist, 48(1), 60-60-68. Retrieved from
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Curriculum Resource Guides Bullock Patricia

Words: 1211 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 78986970

A reader would presume that these students find the materials appropriate for use in some way in the classroom, either as background information for themselves or in designing an actual curriculum, but the information provided does not reflect any such analysis. For instance, students wrote about Hearing Us Out: Voices from the Gay and Lesbian Community, "Sutton provides insights to understanding lesbian and gay communities through individuals' unique stories." This statement is so vague that it could have been written without actually looking at the book. A teacher would find this recommendation much more useful with more information: for what age level did the group think it was appropriate? Did the book provide insights that were directly applicable to school, such as stories from these people's experiences while they were in school? Does it include language some might find objectionable or excessively graphic?

The group that looked at "ability" reported…… [Read More]