Deaf Culture Essays Examples

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Deaf There Has Been a Dearth of

Words: 2431 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99025107


There has been a dearth of literature on the training and development of deaf and hard of hearing employees. This research attempts to highlight gaps in the research and suggest methods of improving deaf awareness in the fields of human resources and organizational development. The Americans With Disabilities Act requires all organizations to make reasonable accommodations to the workplace environment, policy, and procedure for deaf and hard of hearing employees. This applies to employee training and development as well as daily functionality on the job. Because six to nine percent of the population identifies as deaf or hard of hearing, it is critical for organizations to adapt their training and employee development programs to attract and retain deaf employees (Hersh, 2012).

To create effective training and development programs, it is important that human resources managers and staff understand best practices in adapting the workplace and making accommodations. The adaptation of all training and development programs requires respect, personalization, investment in consultation services, and the skillful use of technological tools. Both the design and application of training materials needs to change to properly accommodate the needs of deaf and hard of hearing employees, to fulfill not only the ethical policies…… [Read More]

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Deaf Community and Its Need

Words: 3490 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23751505

Equally destructive is the attitude that communicating with the Deaf person may involve more time and effort than one wishes to expend" (Zieziula, 1998, p. 193).

Moreover, and perhaps one of the most important challenges related to this issue, a large percentage of deaf individuals do not trust the hearing society. "Historically, the dominant hearing culture has relegated deaf people to social categories such as "handicapped" and "outsider." The history of oppression and exclusion of the deaf community -- although with important variations depending on the countries -- and the ignorance and rejection of the natural and preferred means of communication of many of them is a well-known and many times denounced phenomenon," (Munoz-Baell & Ruiz, 1999, p. 1).

Finally, there is a real deficiency of information in Deaf culture regarding hospice and its related services. Finding appropriate facilities can be a time-consuming and frustrating process.

The program: breaking down barriers

The purpose of this program is to meet the challenges stated above by providing hospice services that cater to the unique needs of deaf individuals. This will be accomplished through the use of educational classes and workshops provided in churches and community centers. Deaf persons skilled in ASL will…… [Read More]

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Deaf Marlee Matlin Is One

Words: 952 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8914754

Sign language has become a politically charged issue in the deaf community: a means to create a cohesive social group. For the same reason that cochlear implants are viewed as controversial, speaking is occasionally viewed as selling out. Matlin's move did not deter her, however. With moral support from Whoopie Goldberg, Matlin maintained her identity as a proud member of the deaf community while still being willing to express herself in whatever way she pleased.

Matlin is married to a police officer and has four children. She still works as an actor and views herself not as a deaf person who happens to be an actor but the reverse: as an actor who happens to be deaf (Putz 2005). Her level of comfort with the mainstream hearing society is far from threatening to the cohesiveness of the deaf community. Matlin can also be a role model for any aspiring actor needing encouragement from those who actively pursue their dreams without fear.

Matlin would not seem to be a controversial figure but she has been. Reading about Matlin reminded me of how politically charged deafness and deaf culture have become. Speech and cochlear implants can be viewed as bridges between deaf…… [Read More]


Putz, K. (2005). Marlee Matlin What my parents understood. Hands and Voices. Retrieved Mar 9, 2009 at
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Deaf the 2008 Television Movie Sweet Nothing

Words: 679 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11098408


The 2008 television movie Sweet Nothing in My Ear presents the controversy over cochlear implants in a sensitive, albeit heart-wrenching, way. Whether or not Adam receives the implant, he will be a loved child and will grow into a healthy, robust adult with the potential to fulfill his dreams. The question is whether Adam will grow into a Deaf adult or a hearing adult. His mother is Deaf, and so is his grandfather. Adam is therefore already part of the Deaf community, and if he were to not receive the implant, he would seamlessly integrate into that community. With his mother's and grandfather's support and familiarity with Deaf culture, Adam would have no trouble finding ways to thrive without hearing. On the other hand, Adam's father is a hearing person. Because Adam gradually loses his hearing, he has already had one foot in the hearing world. Adam is therefore caught between two worlds, the hearing and the Deaf. Like a bi-cultural or bi-racial child, he will always contend with problems related to fitting in completely with one or the other community. If he decides to shun the implant, he will be embraced by the Deaf community but will have…… [Read More]

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Asl the Deaf Community

Words: 1722 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90798118

ASL the Deaf Community

ASL: The Deaf Community

Although there has been a call for equality for all students with disabilities in the arena of education, the fact is that there are still inequalities that exist for individuals with deafness. It was reported September 23, 2013 that the National Association of the Deaf (NAD) and Joseph B. Espo, attorney with Brown, Golstein & Levy, LLP in Baltimore, Maryland, "filed a lawsuit against the University of Maryland College Park and several of its officials over the university's long-standing and continuing failure to provide captioning of announcements and commentary made over the public address systems during athletic events at Byrd Stadium and the Comcast Center. The complaint was filed in the United States District Court for the District of Maryland." (National Association of the Deaf, 2013, p.1) According to National Association of the Deaf, a new international human rights treaty, and specifically the 'Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) "recognizes the inclusion of sig language and deaf culture in society." (National Association for the Deaf, 2013, p.1) It is related that the CRPD has been ratified in 134 countries since 2006 although it has not been ratified in the…… [Read More]

World Federation of Deaf (2013) World Federation of Deaf News. Retrieved from: 

Kannapell, B. (n.d.) Hierarchies of Power in Deaf Community. Retrieved from:
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Technology for the Deaf There

Words: 624 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63187631


Closed Captioning/CART -- Closed captioning provides an ongoing written transcription of movies, television, and/or stage productions. With new technology, Closed Captioning has moved into Communication Access Real-Tim Translation, or CART. CART transcribes spoken words into printed text onto a screen or computer, and is much more interactive and used for not only entertainment, but court or other official meeting presentations (Nomeland, pp. 180-1).

Alert Systems -- Are relatively low-tech; flashing lights when the doorbell rings, vibrating pillows if there is a smoke or burglar alarm, etc. Most of these technologies have been supplanted by more sophisticated applications on smart phones (Nomeland, p. 187).

Internal devices are medically oriented implants that either amplifies sound in those who have a hearing disability or replace some of the inner ear mechanisms to allow the deaf person to actually "hear" sounds. These are becoming more and more sophisticated, some even with computer "smart" chips to help filter noise and enhance voice sounds. They are relatively expensive and often used for children and teens so they can more actively participate in a hearing world. The issue surrounding these medical implants focuses on the assumption that there is something wrong with being deaf, and that…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Nomeland, M., (2012). The Deaf Community in America. Jefferson, NC: McFarland

and Company.

Standard Bibliographic Reference, Not Plagairized.
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Technology for the Deaf His

Words: 3084 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34005990

Three years later, the company improved its picture clarity and introduced the "emotional intonation" feature, considered important components of visual language. But at present, only 10% of the deaf and hard-of-hearing know about VRS. The Internal Revenue Service refuses to accept VRS calls. And VRS can be performed only with high-speed internet access. But companies, like Sorenson, provide videophones for free. Those who have no high-speed internet access or a videophone may use IPP relay. It is similar to the outdated TTY but performs faster and more smoothly. The deaf user types his message on a computer.

For the working deaf who need to use the telephone, Able Planet launched the wireless device. This is a telephone and a hands-free set for a cell phone to address these difficulties in the use of a telephone. The technology enables wireless communication with a telecoil in hearing aids. At the same time, it promises to eliminate noise interferences. Trial users at the Colorado State University said the phones had a 81.6% satisfaction rate for discriminating words while traditional handsets with compatible hearing aids produced only 52.6%. Inventor Jo Waldron said that it was an option for approximately 34 million Americans with mild…… [Read More]

Rochester Institute of Technology. Integrating Deaf Employees. National Technological

Institute for the Deaf, 2009. Retrieved on October 14, 2009 from

Rosen, Jeff. Calling for Consumer-Directed and Inclusively Designed Technology. Policy and Practice: American Public Welfare Association, September 2007. Retrieved from
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Deaf Population's Stand on Cochlear

Words: 2033 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21641627

Sign language is one of the most important elements of deaf communication, and losing this element frightens and outrages some members of the deaf community.

In addition, many deaf people feel that the rehabilitation necessary after implant surgery is often neglected or not budgeted for, and so, it is not managed effectively, and the implants are not used to their full potential. In addition, the implants do not miraculously cure deafness, what implanted patients experience is a reduced and altered sense of sounds and speech at best. Some patients have described the voice as "robotic," and the device will never allow people to hear the same way that a non-deaf person hears. This is another reason the deaf community is against the implants. They believe they make a deaf person even more "handicapped," to put it one way, because they do not fit in either world. They cannot hear the way "normal" people hear, and they can hear better than many deaf people, so they do not really fit in either community, making them an outcast in both. Many deaf organizations decry implants, equating them to genocide or abuse. Another author notes, "Cochlear implants on young healthy deaf children is…… [Read More]

Blamey, Peter J. "17 Development of Spoken Language by Deaf Children." Oxford Handbook of Deaf Studies, Language, and Education. Ed. Marc Marschark and Patricia Elizabeth Spencer. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. 232-246.

Glickman, Neil S., and Sanjay Gulati, eds. Mental Health Care of Deaf People: A Culturally Affirmative Approach. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2003.
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Journey Into the Deaf-World This Book Looks

Words: 1792 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43431718

Journey into the Deaf-World

This book looks at the Deaf-World culture in depth. In the process, the authors consider many practical, legal, educational, medical and social issues facing those in the Deaf-World. While the book covers many technical issues in detail, the underpinning for all of it is that the Deaf-World is its own unique culture with its own unique language, and is every bit as much of a subculture as it is to be African-American or some branch of Hispanic.

The authors work hard to establish the Deaf-World as a legitimate subculture. They point out that although most minority groups can point to a geographic location they're from, the Deaf-World is bound by language and experience but not geography. So while Mexican-Americans can point to Mexico on the map, those of the Deaf-World cannot do that.

Throughout the course of the book, the authors demonstrate that often the beliefs of people in the Deaf-World about their culture and language are challenged by people charged with helping them: educators, psychologists, audiologists, social workers, and others all tend to think of hearing loss as a disability. Those in the Deaf-World see it as a cultural difference with a different language. They…… [Read More]

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Funding Deaf People Are Rightfully

Words: 482 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11055749

Another means for supporting and financing the education of deaf people is through the promotion of a financial package meant to improve the resources available to special schools and teachers. In this sense, schools in Great Britain for instance receive special funds for training their teachers to reach British Sign Language level 3 (Scottish Council on Deafness, n.d.), to become more aware of the special needs such persons have in the society and the academic environment. At the same time, the recruitment of already trained personal is fully funded in order to have the best teachers available for these special schools.

In theory, these projects are worth mentioning and offer a positive perspective on the issues concerning deaf people. However, not all children or grownups can benefit from such funding possibilities. In the education area, there are only specialized agencies which commit their funds to providing financial support to special schools or individual endeavors. Even so, it is important to see that at least one part of the society is thinking of the less privileged and misfortunate.


National Foundation for the Deaf - Deaf Education Scholarship. (2006). New Zeeland Culture Online. Retrieved 18 Jan. 2008, at

Scottish Council…… [Read More]

National Foundation for the Deaf - Deaf Education Scholarship. (2006). New Zeeland Culture Online. Retrieved 18 Jan. 2008, at

Scottish Council on Deafness. (n.d.) Education and training. Access to communication and language, audiology, employment, health, social work and social care. Retrieved 18 Jan, at
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Language and Culture

Words: 941 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11024449


Motherese across Cultures

Jack Sprat



Motherese across Cultures

Motherese is the universal, infant-directed speech that seems to come to women on instinct when they have a preverbal baby. Some people discourage speaking in "baby talk," because they think that children can't possibly learn good English if they are not spoken to in good English. However, there is a lot of qualitative and quantitative research to suggest that motherese provides an effective bridge between mother and baby for linguistic transfer (TeechConsult's KIDSpad, 2010). Motherese enhances attention using reduplication, the use of special morphemes and phonological modification, and grammatical simplification, helping babies find boundaries between linguistic units. That, though, is not the most interesting thing about motherese. What are most interesting are the similarities and differences of motherese across cultures and linguistic groups.

Pitch Contour Comparisons between Chinese and American Mothers

Mechthild Papousek, Hanus Papousek, and David Symmes (1991) of Munich study the pitch changes that Chinese mothers and American mothers make while speaking to two-month-olds. They chose those two linguistic groups because one is a tonal language and one is a stress language, so they are basically as different as…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Burnham, D., Kitamura, C., Luksaneeyanwin, S., & Thanavishuth, C. (2001). Universality and specificity in infant-directed speech: pitch modifications as a function of infant age and sex in a tonal and non-tonal language. Infant Behavior and Development, 24(4), 372-392.

McLeod, P.J., Pegg, J.E., & Werker, J.F. (1994). A cross-language investigation of infant preference for infant-directed communication. Infant Behavior and Development, 17(3), 323-333.
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Cochlear Implants to Many Hearing

Words: 742 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60450215

" Nancy Bloch of the National Association of the Deaf agrees that the implants will not destroy deaf culture. "Deaf culture, with its rich visual language and heritage, will nonetheless continue to endure through the ages, even with new and emerging technologies." Hearing aids are already part of the deaf culture, and so too should implants.

Another reason why cochlear implants will not destroy deaf culture is that deaf culture is far from being homogenous. "There is no such thing as the 'average' deaf person," according to Jamie Berke. "Deaf people are oral, wear implants, wear hearing aids, sign, use cued speech, use ASL, use PSE, use SEE, choose to have active deaf social lives or choose to interact primarily within the hearing world." Therefore, deaf culture is as diverse as hearing culture. Berke adds that acceptance of implants is "the key to the deaf community's growth." Belief that the implants will destroy deaf culture is rooted in unnecessary fears that the implants will undermine the strength and integrity of the community.

Like any technological advancement, the cochlear implant causes controversy. As with any issue surrounding social identity, the controversy is valid and understandable. However, the implants can broaden the…… [Read More]

Berke, Jamie. "Critique on Washington Post Article on Cochlear Implants." 23 July 2004. Retrieved online 8 Nov 2004.

Bloch, Nancy. "What long-term effect, if any, will cochlear implants have on deaf culture?" Sound and Fury. Retrieved online 8 Nov 2004.
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American Sign Language and Gallaudet University

Words: 954 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94701464

American Sign Language and Gallaudet

Gallaudet University is a college designed for the education of the deaf and hard of hearing. All of the programs are designed for the advancement of the deaf community. The majority of students and faculty are themselves deaf or hard of hearing, although a limited number of students without these disabilities are allowed into the school each year.

The university began in 1857 when the 34th Congress approved the institution of what was then called the Columbia Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb and the Blind. The year before, a wealthy philanthropist and former United States Postmaster General Amos Kendall became aware that there was a large group of young people in the Washington D.C. area who were not receiving proper care because they were disabled. He had the court declare the children his legal wards and donated two acres of his property to have a house and special school built for them. This land would become the institution we now know as Gallaudet University.

The intent of the university was never to segregate the deaf community from the outside world. Instead the purpose was to create a place where deaf and…… [Read More]

Christiansen, John & Sharon N. Barnartt. (1995). Deaf President Now!: the 1988 Revolution at Gallaudet University. Gallaudet: NY.

Foster, Brooke. (2007). "Sound and the Fury." The Washington Post. Aug. 19.
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Heather Whitestone The First Miss

Words: 1607 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55253629

Unfortunately, I could not hear any sound from my right ear even with the help of hearing aid. For this reason, I used my right ear for the cochlear implant. My right ear had been sleeping for 28 years until the cochlear implant woke it up on September 19th, 2002" ("FAQ," Heather Whitestone Webpage, 2010). Heather writes on her webpage that she strongly supports implants for children and decided to have one as an adult so she could hear the voices of her two young sons.

Whitestone was not only "the first deaf Miss America; in fact, she was the first Miss America with a physical disability of any kind" ("Heather Whitestone," Alabama, 2003). She and continues to come fire because of her public and vocal support of acoupedics and orally-based deaf education. Today, Whitestone lives in Alabama, raising her children. Whitestone married a hearing man, John McCallum, an aide to Newt Gingrich, and has worked as a conservative activist and in support of issues in line with her devout Christian beliefs. Whitestone also works as a motivational speaker promoting her program STARS program (Success Through Action and Realization of your dreamS). STARS is a program focused generally on personal…… [Read More]

"FAQ." Heather Whitestone. Official Webpage. February 23, 2010.
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Head Injuries and Resultant Deafness

Words: 1992 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98340917

(Walls, Hendricks, Dowler, Hirsch, Orslene and Fullmer, 2002). The animal will serve as a vital link between John Q. And the world around him, helping to be independent and to have quality time to himself and allow him to travel on his own.

There is a need, too, to emphasize that services are available to the family as individuals, and in a group setting, to confront and work through the issues that upcoming months, perhaps even years of hardship as a result of John Q's physical injuries will mean to them as a family and as individuals. The focus must be a positive one, for research has shown that positive and hopeful attitudes impact an individual's ability to recover faster and more fully (Schmidt, Vickery, Cotugna, and Snider, 2005).

Researcher Thoughts

Researching the conditions and needs of a family and individual as cited above, created a sense of caring and support in me as a researcher and healthcare professional. This empathy is one that serves a patient well, because study and caring arising out of the study of healthcare issues, creates an atmosphere that helps patients accomplish their goals more thoroughly and readily.


Christensen, a. & Uzzell, B.P.…… [Read More]


Christensen, a. & Uzzell, B.P. (Eds.). (1994). Brain Injury and Neuropsychological Rehabilitation: International Perspectives. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Retrieved February 8, 2008, from Questia database:
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Ethics and Morality the Experience

Words: 1743 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12785853

The inclusion of deaf persons other than the parents may defuse some of the hostility that they have displayed towards Ms.W. During the meeting, the parents should be given the first opportunity to state their case, with all the reasons for wishing to have a deaf child. I would suggest that Ms.W. bring up the issue of the hearing child by means of questions beginning with phrases such as "Do you think..." Or "How would you feel if..." It is important to open the discussion in a way that will minimize hostility. When Ms.W. feels that the discussion is open and honest, the issue can be discussed at great length and from all angles.

Whatever the conclusion of the discussion, if one is indeed reached, the parents should be allowed time to make a final decision. Furthermore, they need to understand that the final choice is with them. They should also be invited to continue the dialog at their convenience if more information is needed or uncertainties arise.

It appears to me that the parents are not truly seeing the issue from all angels, especially as concerns their hearing child. Once they are made aware of all the issues, they…… [Read More]

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Cochlear Implants Can Help Children

Words: 556 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70190393

Unlike previous studies, the current research measured results-based partly on conversational samples recorded during parent-child interactions. The real-life, natural language environment offers a unique perspective on the effectiveness of cochlear implants. The focus on natural spoken language scenarios may also be of particular importance to parents with little exposure to deaf culture.

Participants in the current study included 76 children who received cochlear implants between their first and third birthdays. Intervening conditions were ruled out, including nonverbal intelligence scores, and all participants were enrolled in oral education programs. All the hearing impaired children were deaf from birth. A control group included children with unimpaired hearing, measured by conventional tests. Sample populations were culled from all over North America.

Methods included observing a thirty-minute parent-child play session to assess real-life language scenarios. The play session was recorded twice: once when the child was 3.5 years old and again at 4.5 years. Standardized language testing was also used but only when the children were 4.5 years of age. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to determine results.

Results show that the age of implantation had a significant effect on measurable language level, and that the duration of exposure to the implant also enhanced…… [Read More]

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Self-Expression of Identity Literature Review

Words: 3575 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7364266

Each outside label has an affect on that individuals own conception of them, effectively rising or lowering self-image. These categories allow individuals of the same label to sometimes band together in order to further develop their own unique identities away from the labeling and discrimination from the larger group who may view them as abnormal, (Oxoby & McLeish, 2007: 13). Once inside a more specific group, these individuals have the capacity to flourish, and gain more and more self-esteem, (Handler, 1991: 223). However, when placed outside of these smaller groups into the larger population, this identity is once again viewed in a discriminatory manner, (Taylor & Moghaddam, 1994: 134). This occurs mainly due to the xenophobia each group portrays towards other groups, which then creates a hostile environment for the establishment of strong individual identities.

One way to examine the formations of deaf and queer identities using the Social Identity theory is to look at the entire classroom as one group with several subgroups within the larger unit. The classroom becomes a microcosm of the larger group, and so each student deals with the particular requirements of that group, "For one thing, students are acutely aware of the increasingly commodified…… [Read More]

Adam, B. 2000. "Love and Sex in Constructing Identity Among Men Who Have Sex

With Men." International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies 5(4).
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Gung Ho Negotiation Conflict Resolution Mergers Acquisitions

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10358665


Negotiation Conflict Resolution Mergers Acquisitions You required obtain Gung Ho film, locate case articles mergers acquisitions literature, prepare a paper analyze typical leadership dilemmas conflicts occur organizations merge.

Gung Ho!: Communication complications in the wake of corporate mergers

It is an often-cited truism that if you want to seem to have great fortune-telling abilities, it is wise to predict that a corporate merger is bound to fail. The reasons for the failure of mergers to create promised added value for shareholders or employees are numerous, but one of the most common sources of conflict is a conflict of organizational cultures. As illustrated in the film Gung Ho!, cultural conflicts become even more acute when they involve a clash of national as well as corporate work cultures. According to the authors of the study "Assimilation of quality culture and its effect: An empirical study of a cross-border M&A" (Ito, Toshihiko, & Fujimura 2009) integrating corporate cultures is one of the most significant determinants as to whether a merger fails or succeeds. The authors of the study give particular attention to the Japanese notion of 'quality culture,' or organizational assumptions about the best way to ensure a consistent, high-quality product.…… [Read More]

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Basic Helping Process

Words: 1553 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93954199

Cultures also define significant roles and set up expectations of the behaviors that accompany them. When these role definitions become rigid, they tend to be counterproductive because both individuals and social groups are constantly in the process of change and adaptation to the differences that are part of life (Schein, 2011). For the young child, knowing what is expected can contribute markedly to feelings of security, However, if expectations are too rigid, it can also be inhibiting to growth and lock in the developing individual so that full use of potential for adaptation to change is impossible. Attitudes and behavior develop in response to unconscious needs and drives for protection from pain, preservation of personal integrity, allowance for essential growth, and assistance in dealing with reality (Keith-Lucas, 2010). Coping mechanisms -- denial, projection, regression, fantasy, and so on -- relate to their source of stimulus and may seem inappropriate to the observer. Hence, the helping process is strongly influenced by the desire to be helped.

Problem Defined

This case study involves a 30-year-old Chinese man from Hong Kong (hereafter referred to as Mr. Kong) who is a drug addict, unemployed, abandoned by his family, and sleeps in the streets. Somewhere…… [Read More]

Bonasera, C.M. (n.d.). Pitfalls in the helping process. Retrieved from 

Keith-Lucas, A. (2010). Biblical Insights into the Helping Process. Social Work & Christianity, 37(3), 321-329.
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American Sign Language

Words: 1635 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10253866

sign language in public settings for people who are deaf.

Writing notes as a way to communicate with people who are deaf is convenient, for people with normal hearing, and recommended, by people with normal hearing. In the world of hearing people, recommendations for using note writing as a way to communicate with people who are deaf is common.

Communication at work. Employers are advised to supplement their communication with employees who are deaf by writing notes. For example, Equal Access Communication, an advocacy organization suggests that supervisors may wish to keep a white board or a chalk board by the work area of an employee who is deaf. The supervisor is reminded to keep the writing simple and concise, first establishing the subject to be discussed and then providing an explanation. Further, the supervisor is reminded that the person who is deaf may experience difficulties understanding idioms or double negatives, such as "I never told you couldn't do that." The advice to the supervisor is well meaning, but it is inadequate as it does not establish the reasons why the person who is deaf may have difficulties with written language. This omission can lead to misperceptions about people who…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Emmorey, K., Borinstein, H.B., and Thompson, R. (n.d.). Bimodal bilingualism: Code-blending between spoken English and American Sign Language, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies and University of California, San Diego. Retrieval

Teplin, E. (2008, August 26). Representing deaf and hard of hearing people: Legal requirements & practical suggestions. The Hennepin Lawyer. Retrieved
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Armstrong E Kukla R Kuppermann

Words: 3055 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26765410

Certain ethnicities were seen to have relatively high levels of participation, while women from North Africa and those from lower socioeconomic backgrounds were much more likely to refrain from taking part in such prenatal diagnostics than were Dutch women. This study could go a long way towards bridging cultural divides when it comes to healthcare, though the authors do not delve deep enough into making recommendations in this regard.

Harper, C.; Henderson, J.; Schalet, A. & Becker, D. (2010). "Abstinence and Teenagers: Prevention Counseling Practices of Health Care Providers Serving High-Risk Patients in the United States." Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 42(2), pp. 125.

The effects and types of counseling delivered to teenage girls identified as a "high risk" by clinicians was observed in this study, with the conclusion that few clinicians view abstinence-only recommendations as effective at reducing risk for pregnancy and other concerns. Presenting information regarding contraceptives, condoms, and simple relationship advice were all seen as effective additions to extolling the benefits of abstinence in adolescence. This study did not really seem to come to any new or profound findings, but really just reiterated what has long been considered common sense and public policy. I suppose there…… [Read More]


Wynn, L.; Foster, A. & Trussell, J. (2010). \"Would you say you had unprotected sex if ... Sexual health language in emails to a reproductive health website.\" Culture, health & sexuality 12(5), pp. 499.
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Body Language Is a Core Component of

Words: 1255 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74793899

Body language is a core component of communication. The hearing impaired rely almost exclusively on body language for communication, proving the importance of gestures, posture, eye contact, and other factors. In fact, recent research shows that deaf people adept at sign language "are quicker at recognizing and interpreting body language than hearing non-signers," ("Deaf Sign Language Users Pick Up Faster On Body Language," 2012). The implications for this and related research on the importance of body language for human communication are extensive. For example, reading body language is useful in security-related professions such as airport screening ("Deaf Sign Language Users Pick Up Faster On Body Language," 2012). This is because "language can be expressed by the hands and be perceived through the visual system," ("Deaf Sign Language Users Pick Up Faster On Body Language," 2012). Words are not the only ways by which human beings communicate. According to Gallo (2007), words comprise only 7% of communication, whereas 55% of communication is visual including body language and eye contact.

Using and understanding body language effectively is crucial for interpersonal communications. In the workplace, body language can be used to express tone and emotion. Body language provides the context for the actual…… [Read More]

"Deaf Sign Language Users Pick Up Faster On Body Language," (2012). Science Daily. Jan 12, 2012. Retrieved online:

Gallo, C. (2007). Body language: A key to success in the workplace. Bloomberg Businessweek. Feb 14, 2007. Retrieved online: 
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Works of Art Speak to Different People

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51170979

works of art speak to different people in different ways. Explore and explain which performances and which ideas from the course that you have seen and heard this semester have "spoken" with most impact…how and why?

Works that Speak to Me

The quote by poet Allen Ginsberg made a big impact on me. He says, "Whoever controls the language, the images, controls the race." (Maser 180). This means a lot to me because I am international student from Korea. I am trying to understand a new culture through its theater. Theater to me is like breath of fresh air when visiting other country like the United States because it gives culture and meaning to the world within it. The theater is a place where "language, images" are shown.

Everything on the stage has a meaning. It is there for reason. It serves a purpose. The lighting is put upon others to shine the clothes or the background. The music or absence of music shows the mood or setting, even build suspense.

But sometimes it is difficult to understand this because of the "language, images." They are different from what I know in Korea. I see them with eyes that do…… [Read More]

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Whorfian Hypothesis Tis Nature's Work

Words: 4032 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84919220

" The authors go on to mention that by comparing the Navajo silent film research with similar research using African-American high school drop-outs in Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania filmmakers, some "universals" and some differences as well came to light in the relationships between film and "linguistic" and cultural variables.

Zhu Zhifang, "Linguistic Relativity and Cultural Communication," Educational Philosophy and Theory. The author, a Whorf hypothesis believer, goes to some lengths in this piece to establish that due to globalization, philosophy is no longer universally believed to be the "ultimate foundation of cultural communication" (Zhifang 162). And yet, traditionalists still believe that the "merits of a culture" are given value based on how closely that culture adheres to the "objective truth and ideal morality." And there are two "presuppositions" associated with that view; one is metaphysical ("all cultures share the same worldview"); the second is the "linguistic presupposition that all languages associated with different cultures represent the world in the same way," Zhifang explains. Which leads him to offer his basic bottom line definition of Benjamin Lee Whorf's principle of linguistic reality; how a person understands reality and behaves with respect to that reality is influenced by that person's language.…… [Read More]

Adai, John; & Wort, Sol. (1967). The Navajo as Filmmaker: A Brief Report of Research in the Cross-Cultural Aspects of Film Communication. American Anthropologist, 69(1), 76-78.

Bedau, Hugo a. (1957). Language, Thought, and Reality: Selected Writings of Benjamin Lee
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Neanderthal Cultural Complexity

Words: 5339 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53358908

Glimpse into Neanderthal Culture

When one thinks of the Humanoid genus Homo Sapiens neanderthalensis (HSN) they picture a very primitive creature, simplistic in nature with few social complexities. However, upon close examination of several Neanderthan archeological sites, one will find the Neanderthal man had all of the necessary elements for the beginning of the formation of modern society. It was once thought that these elements were only present after Neanderthan culture after contact with Home Sapiens (HSS). However, evidence now exists that suggests that Neanderthals were already well on their way to developing a formal, but rudimentary, culture well before contact with HSS. This research will examine these findings using evidence gathered from the Petralona, Larga Velhol, St. Cesaire, Shanidar, and Arago sites. This research will support the thesis that Neanderthals had the beginnings of an advanced society prior to contact with Home Sapiens and that the disappearance of the Neanderthan culture was a result of the intermixing of HSN species with HSS species.

Language Use

The use of language by Neanderthal man has been as issue of contention since the first discoveries of the culture. Some archeologists paint the picture of Neanderthal man as a highly advanced mammal with…… [Read More]

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Change Proposal the Situation Spending Any Time

Words: 2484 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66642561

Change Proposal

The Situation

Spending any time at all at one of the nation's first, oldest and largest state theaters, a founding member of the League of Resident Theaters, brings to mind only one phrase above all others: "Off with their heads." The theatrical organization is run as if by the mad Queen in Alice in Wonderland. No real management is performed. Instead, edicts are issued by the CEO and founder and carried out without regard to the bottom line or any standards of acceptable organizational behavior. In short, there is the rule of fear, and nothing more.

When the theatre runs into problems, the solution is not to find remedies for those problems, but to replace personnel -- itself a highly expensive proposition -- and seek more government and corporate grants to cover the costs of operating the theater. The board of directors has been asked by more than several concerned senior staff to hire a company manager and allow the current Artistic Director to deal only with production matters, and not with finances, marketing, HR and so on. In the past seven years, they have failed to act.

Luckily, the Artistic Director is masterful at gaining grants, although…… [Read More]

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Sensory Loss in the Aged

Words: 2128 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41165511

If an underlying condition is the cause of the loss, then the logical procedure would be to treat the underlying cause. In some cases the sense of smell may return and for others the loss will be permanent.

Research supports the existence of changes in smell due to age. The causes of this loss are varied. There has not been considerable research into searching for a treatment as with other sensory declines. Loss of out sense of smell is not considered to be of greater consequence in our society. With the rare exception of those whose careers depend on it, there is little societal impact caused by a loss of sense of smell. For the person, they may not enjoy all of the things that they used to, but it does not carry any significant impairment with it.

There has been no formal effort dedicated towards research to restore the sense of smell, exclusive of any underlying conditions. The loss of a sense of smell is considered to go along with certain diseases or physical abilities. The underlying condition for the loss is treated and the sense of smell may come back. However, a loss of sense of smell is…… [Read More]

Arabi, A. (2004) Cochlear Implants: My Perspective. Term Paper. NBB421 - Effects of Aging on Sensory and Perceptual Systems. Professor Halpern. Friday, December 3, 2004. Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.

Bauman, N. (2004) Hair Cell Regeneration -- Overcoming the Challenges. Center For Hearing Loss Help. November 2004. Accessed December 15, 2006.
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Myths Myth of Marriage and Children Joseph

Words: 1995 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64860892


Myth of Marriage and Children

Joseph Campbell's The Power of Myth is a book that can potentially transform the reader's consciousness. Beyond being informative, Campbell's analysis of cultural myths is profound; it provokes genuine introspection. The author refers to the spiritual in whatever he speaks about, and yet he never lapses into religious diatribe or dogma. Subjects like marriage are elevated beyond the social to the psycho-spiritual. For example, he calls marriage "primarily a spiritual exercise, and the society is supposed to help us have the realization. Man should not be in service to society, society should be in the service of man," (8).

In light of modern society, Campbell's words hold new meaning. In America, we have few true rituals because we have turned our attention outward instead of inward. The wisdom of life is being denigrated through a preoccupation with technology and material goods. There is little sense of the spiritual or the mystical, and religions have become shadows of their original selves. I believe that the spiritual soul or the artistic soul struggles in this society, as these people tend to operate outside the norm.

In regard to children, Campbell speaks about young people who don't…… [Read More]

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La Malinche Hernan Cortes

Words: 1249 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96048465

La Malinche, essentially, betrayed her people and went against male dominance and authority, which thus threatened her culture as a whole. She did it for the love of Cortes who was her owner and her lover as well as the father of her son. The threat solidified her as a symbol of female sexuality that is at once disparaged and kept under control in the Mexican culture (Michan 2003: 34).

The dual aspect of La Malinche's legendary history shows that a woman's dependence on men for her importance and security leads to forced passivity, loss of identity, violation and abandonment. Despite the continuing scape-goating of what La Malinche stands for in the culture today, her press to develop herself and her independence, as well as her bridging function, has a still perceivable lineage, albeit in nascent form, in the individual Mexican psyche (Michan 2003: 34).

The story of Malinche and Cortes is a love story -- not a romantic story, which is important to understand when considering the presence of secrecy in their affair. They do not live happily ever after as romances almost always end; instead, Malinche is joined into a conscious union with a man who has essentially…… [Read More]

Coleman, Warren. (1995) Journal of analytical psychology. "Love, desire and infatuation: Encountering the erotic spirit." Vol. 39. pp. 497-514.

Esqivel, Laura. (2005) Malinche. D.F: Mexico.
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Ethics the Author of This Report Is

Words: 1277 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28603866


The author of this report is asked to discuss ethics as it pertains to a topic of the author's choice. The author of this report chooses to discuss the ethics topic of using factories in Asian and surrounding countries like China and Bangladesh with questionable if not outright deplorable labor laws and/or working conditions. The author of this report will now answer five questions surrounding that topic.

Ethics of Using Foreign Countries in Asia to Make United States Goods

The first question asks the author to discuss culture, values, ethics and other such elements that lead to differences in social culture (Hill, 2013). The United States obviously mimicked a lot of Asian countries in terms of working conditions and lack of labor laws and protections until about 1930. Since then, the social safety net and the associated labor and retirement frameworks have been created to help and protect workers from having nothing in retirement and no protections in the work place. Examples of the United States doing this include the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), Social Security, Medicare and even the Civil Rights Act and its amendments in the 1960's and 1990's could be looped in because of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Hill, C.W. (2013). International business: competing in the global marketplace (9 ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Irwin.

Reed, S.M., & Bogardus, A.M. (2012). PHR/SPHR Professional in Human Resources certification study guide (4th ed.). Indianapolis, IN: Wiley Pub.
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Human or Animal Behavior You

Words: 2750 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72589205

Also, the different moral patterns of between the genders, as analyzed by Gillian, remains controversial, as the inherently 'separate' moral system of men and women (to say nothing of psychologist's ability to define what constitutes adult morality at all) is part of the raging debate on how to create truly fair, gender-neutral tests and classroom environments. In terms of usefulness on a personal level, the different ways of dealing with life traumas, like near death experiences, moral dilemmas, and grief are the most salient parts of the chapter, and provide real, concrete advice for the reader.

Assignment 4: Erikson's Stages of Development.

According to Erik Erikson, every child passes through eight stages of 'man' or development. Erikson attempted to introduce a theory of development that incorporated other human needs and elements of culture into a human being's socialization process, unlike Freud who focused only on the family romance, of family dynamic, and the role personal sexuality plays in character development. Each of Erikson's stage presents socialization challenges or tasks the child must learn. For example, the first stage, infancy or the oral-sensory stage, the infant's task is to develop trust without completely eliminating the capacity for mistrust, or the child…… [Read More]

Dement, William. (Sept 1997). "What All Undergraduates Should Know About How Their Sleeping Lives Affect Their Waking Lives." Stanford University Center of Excellence for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Sleep Disorders. Retrieved 24 May 2007
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Global Changes in the Missiology

Words: 9755 Length: 35 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77300433

" It caused missionaries to deal with peoples of other cultures and even Christian traditions -- including the Orthodox -- as inferior. God's mission was understood to have depended upon human efforts, and this is why we came to hold unrealistic universalistic assumptions. Christians became so optimistic that they believed to be able to correct all the ills of the world." (Vassiliadis, 2010)

Missiology has been undergoing changes in recent years and after much serious consideration Christians in the ecumenical era "are not only questioning all the above assumptions of the Enlightenment; they have also started developing a more profound theology of mission. One can count the following significant transitions:

(a) From the missio christianorum to the missio ecclesiae;

(b) the recognition later that subject of mission is not even the Church, either as an institution or through its members, but God, thus moving further from the missio ecclesiae to the missio Dei, which, however, Western Christianity limited for some period to Christ alone (missio Christi). (Vassiliadis, 2010)

Vassiliadis (2010) states in conclusion that there are those who would believe that the biblical foundation for the new Christian missiology can be based on 1 peter 3:15-16 which states:

"Always be…… [Read More]

Shenk, Wilbert R. (1999) Changing Frontiers of Mission. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1999.

Stott, John R.W. (1975) Christian Mission in the Modern World. Downers Grove, Ill: InterVarsity Press, 1975.

Vassiliadis, Petros (2010) Reconciliation as a Pneunatological Mission Paradigm: Some Preliminary Reflections by an Orthodox. Myriobiblos Library: Artopos Cultural Center. 22 Feb 2010. Online available at:
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Protecting Nature

Words: 1473 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87024363

Ecological Conscience

Mother of Life: Developing an Ecological Conscience

The greatest assignment and commitment for the world in the 21st century is to ensure that we re-discover the lost connection we have with nature. We have to see ourselves as biological beings and as part of the intricate web of life .we also have to understand more fully compared to any generation before us how we came about along with other living creators out of the universe fabric and to know that we are supposed to remain woven into that same fabric as long as we are here on earth in a bond which is inseparable since it is who we short this implies that we have to nurture in all the diverse cultures that exist in our world a shift of consciousness is held in one eternal and fundamental reality which is that humanity and nature can never be separated. When we destroy or damage any part of the ecosystem that exists in the natural world, we are essentially damaging or hurting ourselves in one way or another. This shift of consciousness that is required of us is far from the notions held by many that wealth for…… [Read More]

Falk, C., (2010).Cultivating an Ecological Conscience: Essays from a Farmer 8-10.Retrieved February 28,2014 from

Sage, J., (2005). Gardening and the Cultivation of an Ecological Conscience. Retrieved February 28,2014 from 
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Things Fall Apart in the

Words: 350 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32439446

Okonkwo seems full of passionate intensity to preserve things as they are, and to preserve his sense of masculine, patriarchal authority. But although this sense of passion seems to have its origin sense of nostalgia for traditional forms of control, it is also too tied up the man's ego to be called a conviction. A true conviction about justice is not self-interested. It is also worth remembering that Okonkwo's father did not embody such authority within his own family structure, thus Okonkwo partly wishes to defy his own family's tradition. And Okonkwo's sense of wishing to preserve the positive aspects of his personal authority does not mean that he is not willing to kill his adopted son, for fear of looking weak, even though this hurts the tribe's future. Thus Okonkwo lacks convictions that transcend the self, and denies such positive self-sacrificing values as feminine.… [Read More]

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Narrative Inquiry the Work of

Words: 2804 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42920938

Keeping the continuous, cycle and rhythmic sense of time before us is another task we have come to associate with the study of narrative." (2000, p. 8)

V. Reflection and Deliberation

Clandinin and Connelly state that 'reflection and deliberation' are both terms which "refer to the methods of practical inquiry and are springboards for thinking of narrative and story as method." (2000, p. 8) Reflection is stated to have a sense of "looking back' or a "casting back, whereas deliberation has a forward sense, a sense of preparation for the future." (Clandinin and Connelly, 2000, p. 8)

Both reflection and deliberation are stated to be terms that "refer to practical reasoning and yield uncertain results." (Clandinin and Connelly, 2000, p.9) A narrative is sated to be "always tentative to a degree" and that the narrative 'produces likelihood, not certainty." (Clandinin and Connelly, 2000, p.10) A narrative is stated to be "inescapably practical and theoretical." (Clandinin and Connelly, 2000, p.10) A narrative construction is held by Clandinin and Connelly to be practical since it is "concerned with a person's experience in time and it is uncertain because the stories are told and retold could be otherwise as indeed can the narrative…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Riley, T. And Hawe, P. (2005) Researching Practice: The Methodological Case for Narrative Inquiry. Health Education Research Vol. 20 no.2 Oxford University Press.

Webster, L. And Mertova, P. (2007) Using narrative inquiry as a research method: an introduction to using critical event narrative analysis in research on learning and teaching. Routledge, 2007
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Self-Advocacy Steps to Successful Transition

Words: 2911 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38290680

Still, Mason indicates that the opposite is often true in public education settings, where educators, parents and institutions collectively overlook the implications of research and demands imposed by law. Indeed, "despite the IDEA requirements, research results, teacher perceptions, and strong encouragement from disabilities rights advocate, many youth have been left out of IEP and self-determination activities. For example, 31% of the teaches in a 1998 survey reported that they wrote no self-determination goals, and 41% indicated they did not have sufficient training or information on teaching self-determination." (Mason et al., 442)

This is a troubling finding, and one which implicates the needed paradigm shift discussed already in the research endeavor. Clearly, as the matter is framed by Mason et al., educators and researchers have already acknowledged the value in the strategies addressed here. By contrast, institutional change has been hard won, with schools and administrators balking at making broad-based alterations in traditional approaches to special education planning. As the Mason et al. article demonstrates, this is not simply a problem of practical shortcoming, but far more troubling, it is a civil rights issue as well. As underscored by the focus of the article by Test et al. (2005), the denial…… [Read More]

Beresford, B. (2004). On the Road to Nowhere? Young Disabled People and Transition. Child: Care, Health and Development, 30(6).

Department of Education (DOE). (2007). Guide to the Individualized Education Program. United States Department of Education. Online at
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Politics in Post-Modern America the

Words: 793 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47185654

This remained true until the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, which symbolizes a shift in American political life. After Kennedy's assassination, party politics once again raised its head and, due to the cultural effect of the Vietnam War, dominated American political life.

Although at first the war caused the parties to scramble to find their identity, with the election of Richard Nixon it was quickly established that the Democrats were the anti-war party and the Republicans were the party tough on Communism. There was no in between and these were the two choices given to the American people. This general alignment continued through the Reagan years and the subsequent collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War.

The Post-Cold War era, like the previous eras, has also been dominated by party politics. This fact is clear from the election results of both the race between Al Gore and George Bush and John Kerry and George Bush. In both elections, the nation was divided nearly fifty-fifty. The party who won claimed a mandate and gave the minority party no room for debate, regardless of the fact that nearly half the country was behind the Democrats.

Now,…… [Read More]

Kennedy, David M. Freedom from Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929-1945. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Washington, George. Farewell Address. Carlisle: Applewood Books, 1999.
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Strategic Issues in Business New

Words: 1732 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22029970

There are consumer movements and environmental lobbyists serving as watchdogs on businesses. These organizations may take businesses whose activities are affecting people or environment to court and ask that businesses to pay for damages. Government has also passed tougher health and safety laws that businesses should adopt while conducting business activities.


The findings of this paper reveal that New Zealand is a country that welcomes foreign investment based on the country economic development. While the economic development of the country may not be comparable to the economic development of European countries, Canada or USA, the country has established legal structures that protect foreign investment. Moreover, people in the country enjoy high standard of living compare to some European countries making New Zealander to have high purchasing power parity. While the country might have been affected by the economic recession in 2009 and 2010, the country has recovered in 2011, and by February 2011, New Zealand is having 1.5% increase in the GDP. The present GDP growth trends of New Zealand are 2%. (Department of States, 2011).


The paper provides STEEPL analysis of New Zealand. The paper analyzes the country based on the economic, political, legal, socio-cultural, environmental and…… [Read More]

Department of States, (2011). New Zealand. U.S. Departments of States.

Link, A.N.(2001). Evaluation of Technology New Zealand. A report for the Ministry of Research, Science & Technology Infometrics Ltd. In association with Decision Research Ltd.
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Slavery and Race Relations Slavery

Words: 1838 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29591358

But that doesn't really change the history or the reality of any event. Emancipation should have been our first concern but fortunately it was not even one of the main concerns let alone the first one. Lincoln along with other political heavyweights were more interested in appeasing the South and various efforts were made to please the Southern elite since secession was an imminent possibility.

So for various political and economic interests, the ugly practice of slavery was allowed to continue in the country that claimed to be the champion of democracy. The blacks and Americans will forever remember Abraham Lincoln as the man who emancipated the slaves and abolished this abominable practice once and for all, but the truth is that Lincoln did this only for political reasons. As research indicates: "Despite the common perception to the contrary, the Civil War was not fought primarily on the slavery issue. President Abraham Lincoln, however, saw the political advantages of promising freedom for southern slaves, and the Emancipation Proclamation was enacted in 1863."

South had much to gain on the economic front through the survival of this practice. It was an agrarian economy and a large army of slaves was needed…… [Read More]


Abraham Lincoln: Inaugural address:
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Criminal Justice Management

Words: 1991 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61413731

Criminal Justice Management

Mapping Crime Hotspots to Deter Crime

Reducing crime is a constant concern of law enforcement and community leaders. Police strategies for reducing crime rely heavily on deterrence, in the form of police patrols (reviewed by Koper, 1995, p. 649-650). Research has shown that a police presence reminds offenders and potential offenders of the certainty of punishment, which is a more effective deterrent than the promised severity of a punishment. The findings from early studies on the effectiveness of police patrols as a crime deterrent were mixed, but with publication of a well-controlled Kansas City study in 1986 the debate moved on to what factors influence the deterrence effect.

Of the variables that have been found to influence criminal activity, geographic location stands out (Koper, 1995, p. 652). A study done in Minneapolis revealed that just 3.3% of the city's addresses and intersections accounted for over 50% of the requests for police help. These 'hotspots' for criminal activity included those where serious crimes occurred, such as robbery, criminal sexual assault, and auto theft. By focusing preventive policing efforts on hotspots, deterrence would be predicted to have the greatest impact.

Another variable suspected of influencing the deterrence effect is…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Stephens, Darrel W. (2010). Enhancing the impact of research on police practice. Police Practice and Research, 11, 150-154.
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Self and the Other

Words: 2063 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24224074

Trojan Wars and Culture

The three epic stories namely, The Iliad, the Trojan Women, Pericle's Funeral Oration are powerfully written master pieces of work, that illustrate the element of horridness of war beautifully.

The Iliad

The story of Homer's Iliad focuses on the "rage of Achilles." Reading this epic poem makes one believe that it is based entirely on the totality and gruesomeness of war. However, it tells us about the details of war with full description and information. Though war is an important aspect of the tale, but the real story is based on the remarkable fighter and hero-that man is none other than Achilles.

Achilles possesses the greatest military expertise of any of the Achaean ranks and also the greatest fighting ability out of all of the warriors, Trojan or Achaean. At the beginning of the epic, Achilles becomes liberated from his fellow warriors and retreats back to his own ships of Myrmidons and after refusing to fight for the Achaean cause against the Trojans. We learn about the problems that are faced by Achilles when it comes to his fellow soldiers, but as the story proceeds we see that he has no choice but to face the…… [Read More]

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Strategies to Communicate and Educate Stakeholders in Change

Words: 1188 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96433245

Family Nurse Practitioner: Promoting Change

Strategies to communicate and educate stakeholders

I am currently employed as family nurse practitioner and am doing my DNP at a clinic under the supervision of a medical doctor. Communicating with patients is an essential component of treatment and care. If patients cannot engage in effective self-care at home, the treatment dispensed by the clinic will be of little value. The nurse must communicate clearly and seriously the full weight of the patient's condition and need for treatment. For example, if a patient is pre-diabetic, the nurse must make the patient understand what this means: that weight loss, diet and exercise modifications may be able to prevent full-blown diabetes from occurring. The fact that diabetes is not a disease that can easily be managed with drug treatments, although many new drugs and forms of glucose monitoring are available, should also be conveyed to the patient: pre-diabetes is still a serious condition. The nurse must work with the patient's schedule, budget, and knowledge when suggesting a feasible meal plan and exercise routine. Communication is much more than merely saying information: it means responding to the patient's unique needs.

As well as communicating with patients, another important…… [Read More]

Alavi, M. & Tiwana, A. (2002). Knowledge integration in virtual teams. Journal of the American Society of Information Science and Technology. 53(12):1029-1037. Retrieved from:
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Left Behind Even After Earning

Words: 602 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17601528

Chorzempa believes that two courses in literacy, the minimum for many teacher education programs, is insufficient preparation to teach the six modes of language arts. She encourages teachers to build a strong literacy base by enrolling in supplementary courses and joining professional organizations such as the International Reading Association and the National Writing Project. She also stresses the importance of building a positive classroom environment, which she calls "essential for developing a community of learners in which students show respect and support for one another" (Chorzempa, p. 74). Once again, she suggests additional coursework. She also cites professional journals, websites, and online teacher chat forums as resources for teachers seeking to enhance their classroom management skills.

University-school partnerships are a means to work collaboratively and link pedagogy and practice. Chorzempa believes there are benefits to all participants in these learning experiences, including students, in-service and pre-service teachers, and teacher educators.

Chorzempa urges teachers to prepare for teaching in the twenty-first century classroom by using technology for instructional purposes. She also charges educators to prepare to teach effectively across lines of socioeconomics, culture, language and gender and to expand their knowledge of inclusive classrooms. She advises new teachers to enroll in…… [Read More]

Chorzempa, B.F. (2011). Don't get left behind: Improve your experiences as a new teacher.

Kappa Delta Record Winter 2011,72-75.
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Socrates and Callicles We May

Words: 833 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66843879

Then, my good friend, take my advice, and refute no more." In short, you must learn to take care of yourself and deal with current circumstances -- refusing to participate in 'the system' will only cause you harm, and by extension, harm to those you care about. If politicians did not learn to deal with the real world on a practical level, nothing would get accomplished, including social justice. That is why people think little of individuals who do not work at anything practical, and merely philosophize -- often living off of the good will of others.

Callicles positions himself as a great orator, but Socrates states that the humbleness of philosophy and its necessity is what makes it great -- in other words, Callicles' advocacy of the political life does not involve real, material work, but only empty hot air. Knowing how to philosophize is as necessary as knowing how to swim: "Surely swimming saves a man from death, there are occasions on which he must know how to swim. And if you despise the swimmers, I will tell you of another and greater art, the art of the pilot, who not only saves the souls of men, but…… [Read More]