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Ali, Jasmin. (2007). egional magnets for foreign direct investment. Gulfnews.
etrieved March 13, 2010 at http://gulfnews.com/business/investment/regional-magnets-for-foreign-direct-investment-1.261336
Beblawi, Hazem. The rentier state in the Arab world. In Hazem Beblawi & Giacomo Luciani,
(Eds). The rentier state. New York: Croom Helm, 1987.
FDI. (2010). Economy watch. etrieved March 13, 2010 at http://www.economywatch.com/foreign-direct-investment/
Foreign direct investment in Saudi Arabia up 33%. (2008). AME info. etrieved March 13,
Ghafour, P.K. Abdul & Mahmood afique. (2007). Kingdom is top FDI recipient in Arab world. Arab News. etrieved March 13, 2010 at http://archive.arabnews.com/?page=1§ion=0&article=102546&d=18&m=10&y=2007
Ibrahim, Youssef. (2007, July 30). Bush's baffling policy towards Saudi Arabia. The New York
Mahdavy, Husain. The patterns and problems of economic development in rentier states.
In M.A. Cook (Ed.). Studies in economic history of the Middle East. London: Oxford
University Press, 1970.
Motter, T.H.Vail. "United States Army in World War II: The Middle East theater.
Center of…… [Read More]
Determination of Federal Court of Appeal in the case of Canterbury vs. Spence
Canterbury filed a lawsuit against Spence in the United States. n this lawsuit, Canterbury alleged that Dr. Spence had shown negligence when performing laminectomy on Canterbury and failed to inform him fully about the risks involved in the surgery. n addition, the lawsuit argued that Dr. Spence had negligent as he allowed Canterbury to remain unattended to following his surgery. The doctor failed to offer a nurse at the time of Canterbury's fall. n fact, the lawsuit alleged that the Washington Hospital Center failed to erect a rail on the side of its beds. The lawsuit claimed damages including extensive suffering and pain, loss of earnings and medical expenses.
After years of pretrial motions and discovery, a trial was conducted. After the presentation of evidence by Canterbury's lawyers, the defendant opted for a directed verdict. The trial…… [Read More]
One interesting concept that comes up in many social science issues is that of self-determination. In the political process, the ideals of self-determination were popularized during the Enlightenment Period as a way to actualize the individual against repressive governments. From a sociological perspective, even famous novels like Mary Shelley's Frankenstein posit that the nature of humanity surrounds the idea of being able to make appropriate decisions in ways that benefit our self-interests. In fact, by nature, humans maintain a set of cognitive presumptions that hold that motivational and egoistic view of the self are based on a system of justice for ourselves and the social groups to which we belong. In some ways, this may be summed up as a utilitarian perspective that tells us that self-determination is what is the greatest good for the greatest number who can make appropriate levels of decisions about themselves, as well…… [Read More]
By glancing at the economies and the trading patterns of the world it can be deduced that the investments made in the petroleum business, forms a radical majority; as it involves huge and many a times capital intensive projects. The facts indicate that the conditions, economies and the states that form the parties to the oil and gas contracts change integrally, this variation causes disputes. Energy in today's world is an ultimate source to generate power and accumulate wealth, so this is hereby an urge of the nations to stay involved as active participants in the contracts pertaining to oil and gas development and enrichment. As petroleum sector forms a major portion of the world's investments and consequently the international structure of energy; the affiliated developmental activities often results in wide range of international investment disputes. The major issue that needs timely anticipation is to analyze a company's…… [Read More]
None of these ideals will be perfectly compatible with the ideals of other individuals or groups also attempting to realize their self-determination ideals. As such, conflicts will arise as self-determination issues clash. The world after the first World War was no exception.
One significant issue related specifically to boundaries. To some, self-determination meant not only being governed by leaders of their own choosing, but also that their boundaries would reflect either national or ethnographic divisions. In some cases, this was just not possible. In Italy, for example, the boundary shift to include a Tyrolese sector is problematic, as the latter will not be reconciled to a nation that has victimized them for centuries. To others, the self-determination term meant no more than a political tool to further their own ideologies. Neither Wilson nor Lenin intended the concept to be universally applicable. As such, many nations had the right towards self-determination…… [Read More]
True, sometimes this does take violence for it to occur. That does not make the violence right. In a perfect world, there would be no need for violence, and self-determination would exist all over the world. That world does not exist, and for some groups to gain self-determination they must use violence. The American evolution is a classic example. Would we still be under British rule if colonists had not taken up arms and fought for freedom? Perhaps. Therefore, while personally violence in any form is offensive and to be avoided, in the fight for self-determination, sometimes it is a necessary evil. That is not the way it should be, but the world is not a perfect place, and there are many people who only understand violence and bloodshed. When dealing with them, sometimes the only way to win self-determination and freedom is to fight back, and fight to win.…… [Read More]
Instead, Messali Hadj created a separate adverse party (Algerian National Movement), yet as violent in acquiring independence as FLN (Entelis, 1986).
Although having the same enemy, and the same goal, the various Algerian groups (political or military) did not succeed in providing a common and united front. Their demands were scattered in importance.
As shown in the writings of John Entelis, or Matthew Connely, it was not the chaotic liberation war that the Algerians took that led to their independence, as a victory. France, under the pressure of media, NGO, international partners, and even international law, had to grant Algeria's independence. Connely argues that "in some aspects, France's policies were behind the time [and that] their adversaries already appeared to be leading the new direction of history" (Connely, 2002, 279).
Subject to "intense political, economic, diplomatic strains" (Entelis, 1986, 55), France became entangled in a lose-lose game: the more victories…… [Read More]
This lateral "lift" is a representation of an unbalanced side force on the airplane which requires counteraction which can be by allowing a sideways acceleration of the airplane until the lateral drag resulting from the sideslip and the "lift" force are equal or by banking towards the operative engine and using a weight component of the airplane to counteract the side force induced by the rudder. These two cases will give different responses, in the first case, the wings will assume a level position, the ball in the turn and slip indicator will be in the centre position and the airplane will exhibit a moderate sideslip into the inoperative engine. In the second case, the wings will exhibit a bank of 3 to 5 degrees into the operative engine, there will be a deflection of the ball one diameter toward the operative engine, and the sideslip of the airplane will…… [Read More]
ennett's determination of the organization of a rational system surrounds the predictive behaviors of "believes" and "desires" to make a paradigm for international behavior. Rationality, for ennett, is an intentional stance, meaning predictions made from rationality are also international. The behavior is predictable because of information that directs certain goals. "It is a small step to calling the information possessed the computer's beliefs, its goals and sub-goals its desires" (ennett, 1971, p. 90). This is an example of a larger extrapolation of our treating an object rationally when we need to predict its behavior. We assign desires and then predict a rational course of action for the object or stance.
For ennett, we are unable to analyze our introspective experience because we cannot reliably conceptualize things that only we have access to. If we take experiences and conceptualize them, we imply that there may be alternative answers that…… [Read More]
Kashmir occupation by Indian forces and the breach of the right of self-determination it has led to. It additionally focuses on the boycott by the Kashmiri public of the Indian Parliamentary elections.
Kashmir; Self-determination vs. Self-destruction
Kashmir stands as the basis of a long-standing dispute between two neighbouring South Asian countries, India and Pakistan. This dispute has caused loss of life not only to the Indian and Pakistani forces but also to the local public many of whom were innocent Kashmiri citizens. One of the burning issues on Kashmiri soil at the moment relates to the second stage of elections for the Lok Shaba i.e. India's Parliament.
In Human ights Law the right of self-determination is considered a fundamental principle. The Universal Declaration of Human ights provides that "the will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government" (Parker). The right is both individual and collective…… [Read More]
Conflicting moral standards in our time have led to a new conflict in the philosophy of human rights. Increasingly homosexual individuals are going public with their sexuality, and demanding that they continue to receive equal rights with the rest of society despite their sexual preferences. The idea that gays and lesbians should have equal freedom does make a great deal of sense according to rational ideas of rights such as those proposed by Mill and his contemporaries. After all, their sexuality is a private issue of self-determination, and should not serve to abridge their basic human rights. However, many individuals who exercise their freedom of religion in order to believe that homosexuality is a mortal sin believe that society should discourage it in every way possible: whether that be through laws, abridgment of "privileges" (e.g. equal rights), or by refusing employment and housing and other such necessities. This has caused…… [Read More]
Interaction Hormones Behavior, Interactions Affect Determination Gender Identity
There are two important distinctions to be drawn, the biological determination of a human being's sex and the gender identity. The former cannot be denied as it is manifest and the complete distinction between a male and female in terms of organs and biological build up is manifest. The perception of an individual regarding who 'he' or 'she' is being defined as 'gender identity' Hormones may help create the female or male in the womb but are they having a role in determining the gender identity? The discussion on the social inequality between men and women have drawn in the interest of biological and social scientists and some arguments were forwarded by them that women make better mothers, while men are genetically molded to be aggressive and so on. Then was the debate of nature vs. nurture. (Williams; Birke; Bendelow, 2003)
This…… [Read More]
Human Resource Information ystem
Determination of Human Resource Information ystems in HR
Determination of HRI in Human Resource
Human Resource Information ystems
As compared to past years, augmentation experiences on human resources in organizations by inventing better methods of gathering, storing and analyzing information. This is achieved using Human Resource Information ystems (HRI) software and other types of software that enhance HR functionality (Barron et al. 2004). HRI has been increasingly adopted by organizations, and the increasing sophistication of this software presents the Human Resource function alongside new challenges. imilarly, the task of HR is effectuated through the conjunction of ameliorated approach towards metrics and close mechanization of subsisting administrative functions, thus, pushing HR to make great strategies. Despite this, the same capabilities have also threatened the responsibility of HR specialists, as conventional HR task is automatized and allotted to line of management.
Companies and organizations engaging in data and…… [Read More]
Anderson's determination to forge a company that is profitable and environmentally- sustainable is admirable, and no doubt an example to other companies in his industry. A common sentiment is that it is impossible to be ethical in an environmental manner and still make a profit, particularly in industries that are not image-driven. The Body Shop and Starbucks cater to environmentally-concerned consumer demographics who may buy small luxury products based upon a product's 'green' image. However, most people buy carpet based upon price and appearance.
Interface is an example that a company can strive to have a low carbon footprint and still succeed. Other companies in the modern marketplace are following suit: "Wal-Mart, Nike and McDonalds are examples of large corporations attempting to enact sustainability efforts," such as using organic foods and observing ethical labor practices (Krishnaswamy 2010). "By adopting goals like zero waste to landfill and 100% sustainable sourcing, it…… [Read More]
The determination of the suitable level of services provided during a patient's visit normally requires the identification of whether the patient is new or already established to the hospital. This is followed by the clinician's use of the presenting illness and clinical judgment as leading factors that help in identifying the extent of care services to be carried out based on the condition of the patient. In addition to this, there are key components and contributing factors that are used in the determination of the level of evaluation and management services provided to the specific patient.
Key Components and the Contributing Factors:
While a clinician can use the presenting illness and clinical judgment in evaluation and management of patients' services, there are key components and contributing factors that can also be utilized. Actually the documentation of evaluation and management services is usually based on these components ("Introduction and…… [Read More]
Wage and Benefit Determination
Individuals supply labor to the market at a price called the wage rate of labor. How much labor an individual supplies is related to his level of non-labor income, and cost benefits determination of time spent at leisure, vs. work.
A union can raise the wages of those who continue to be employed in a competitive labor market at the expense of the level of employment. So if the competitive equilibrium is at E0 and the wage is w0 employment is q0. If a union enters this market and sets a wage of W1, a new equilibrium will be established, e1. The supply curve has become w1xs0. At the new wage, W1, there will be q1q2 workers who would like to work but whom the industry will not hire. Employment will be q1. The decrease in employment due to wage increase is q1q2
Minimum wage is…… [Read More]
Protecting children from the effects of second-hand smoke and the extent by which the government can mandate repulsive images on the cigarette boxes are two cases which are causing controversy. The "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released data claiming that one in five middle and high school students are regularly exposed to secondhand smoke while in cars." (Yahanda, 2012, p. 1) Thus there are many proponents of banning smoking while in the car and children are present. This type of law is difficult because to many it impinges on individual freedom in a private location. Secondly, a U.S. District judge blocked the government mandate that required cigarette companies to place specific graphic images of the effects of cigarette smoking on cigarette boxes. This case also deals with the government authority to require corporations to compel private business to include images on their product.
1. Two pieces of…… [Read More]
Social Promotion on Students With Learning Disabilities
Prospectus: Effects of Social Promotion on Young Students with Learning Disabilities
Social promotion in various learning institutions is a practice where the students are promoted to the next grade level even if they have not attained the required learning standards by the understanding material used. In most cases, social promotion has been contrasted with retention, which is a practice of holding students back to remain in the same class or grade if they fail to meet academic expectations. Students are always expet to show that they have attained the required learning standards or academic expectations before they are promoted to the next class of grade level (Chou et al., 2016). The practice is referred to social promotion in various learning institutions because as non-academic considerations factors like societal expectations and pressures influence promotions decisions made on students from one class to the next…… [Read More]
dealt explicitly with motivating students to learn, the concept of self-motivation presents an altogether different quandary to teachers. According to Jere Brophy, much research has been done into maintaining motivation in situations where there is a readily perceivable goal or outcome; he gives the example of reading a book. owever, he maintains that the challenge of mastering a particular discipline or skill leaves us attempting to respond to a process without an object. Given the lack of this object, we are left without a finish line and its talismanic appeal.
My decision to enter teaching was one that was based on my desire for a specific lifestyle, my perceived aptitudes, and what one might call a natural proclivity for filling the role of an instructor that is in turn based on an interest in the subject matter and extroversion. owever, the struggle with motivation is one that results mainly from…… [Read More]
forward discount in predicting exchange rate modifications. The conclusion of the literature review is that the forward discount is a biased predictor and that are two possible explanations for this situation. One cause would be the presence of a time varying risk premium, and the other the failure of agents to make rational expectations (the inability to use all available information in an efficient manner).
The forward discount puzzle (as a predictor of exchange rate modifications) is a very discussed puzzle in the international finance literature, since its importance is quite high. As a result, numerous studies have concentrated on this issue, i.e. On the causes on the bias. Some authors (Fama, 1984), believe that this problem is traceable to the existence of a time-varying risk premium. Others connect it to learning effect (Lewis, 1989) or irrationality (Bilson, 1981) the "peso problem" (Krasker, 1980),
The "peso problem term" was introduced…… [Read More]
personal recitation of faith and the struggles that come with it. The latter of those two starts on page nine of the book. One thing that jumps out is when the narrator presents to her father that she is a Christian. His reaction is so visceral and borderline violent so as to be appalling. He simply tries to scare his daughter but his reaction is jarring nonetheless. Her feelings about the matter are quite notable as well given that she conflates both his influence on her as it pertains to counteracting the Christian faith and that of Satan doing the same. There is then a shift back to the historical support or persecution (usually the latter) of Christians. Indeed, Christians (and Jews for that matter) have been persecuted a great deal over the years. There were other times where one might say that Christians were doing the persecuting (e.g. the…… [Read More]
Still, Mason indicates that the opposite is often true in public education settings, where educators, parents and institutions collectively overlook the implications of research and demands imposed by law. Indeed, "despite the IDEA requirements, research results, teacher perceptions, and strong encouragement from disabilities rights advocate, many youth have been left out of IEP and self-determination activities. For example, 31% of the teaches in a 1998 survey reported that they wrote no self-determination goals, and 41% indicated they did not have sufficient training or information on teaching self-determination." (Mason et al., 442)
This is a troubling finding, and one which implicates the needed paradigm shift discussed already in the research endeavor. Clearly, as the matter is framed by Mason et al., educators and researchers have already acknowledged the value in the strategies addressed here. By contrast, institutional change has been hard won, with schools and administrators balking at making broad-based alterations…… [Read More]
Definitions / Descriptions of Trait Leadership
According to Peter Northouse's book, trait leadership focuses on identifying several qualities: intelligence, self-confidence, determination, integrity and sociability. Published in 2009, Northouse's book (Leadership: Theory and Practice) goes into great detail as to what constitutes trait leadership and what behaviors and values do not qualify vis-a-vis trait leadership. Northouse isn't alone in providing narrative that defines and describes trait leadership. A University of Cincinnati publication (Army Leadership Traits & ehaviors) explains that leadership trait theory focuses on a leader's: a) values and beliefs; b) personality; c) confidence; and d) mental, physical, and emotional attributes (www.uc.edu).
In the book The Anatomy of Leadership (West, 2000), the author asserts that trait leadership "makes the assumption" that there are "distinctive physical and psychological characteristics" -- above and beyond standard leadership -- that account for the effectiveness of a leader. Those traits include "height, attractiveness, intelligence,…… [Read More]
GENDE IDENTITY Explain interaction hormones behavior interactions affect determination gender identity. Address paper: Include roles biological factors - nature- environmental influences-nutrue- sexual differentiation gender identity.
The interaction between hormones and behavior
Essentially, the difference in the brain of males and females is mostly realized in the concepts of sex and gender aspects. Most of these realizations have been made in the recent years as researchers have focused on the structure and functionalism of the human brain. In this regard, it is realized that particular human characteristics realized in certain individuals usually relate to a particular structure of the brain of such individuals. For instance, it has been established that most students who are good in mathematics will usually have a particular brain structure coupled with certain complexities like allergies and shortsightedness Garrett, 2003.
Such unrelated characteristics usually result out of certain conditions both prenatal and postnatal.
Studies have demonstrated that…… [Read More]
Enterprise-Level Business System
Determination of Requirements -- Main Objectives
Create interactive website for consumers and vendors, rather than simply a visually interesting but non-useful website
Create functional internal system of Internet communication and a shared database for all staff at the company. Given company's limited numbers, this is feasible
Identify which specific analysis methods needed to accomplish this
Interviews with lead staff members to determine company needs and computer literacy
Submit questionnaires to current 800 phone staff to see what queries are most frequently submitted to lines
Consult with outside website creators and software analysis to construct blueprint of useable website and software analysis to determine most appropriate and comprehensive database system with firewall and anti-virus protection
B. Determination of these requirements: prototyping or, as prototyping is defined, thinking creatively about the plan for the new system and creating blueprint for new system
Prototype of website should include mandatory interactive…… [Read More]
prefrontal cortex and limbic system in the play years. What are their functions? How do they differ? What changes occur in a child's behavior as a result of a maturing limbic system and prefrontal cortex.
The prefrontal cortex and the limbic system are very central in the early childhood development and in particular during the play years of the child. The prefrontal cortex is responsible for the triggering of the spontaneous activities, initiating drive in the growing kid, keeping the kid active and helping in the coordination of the movements and behavior (Michael H. Thimble, 1990). These are very significant aspects for a growing kid. On the other hand, the limbic system is the brain area that is very important especially in the regulation and expression of emotions. The limbic system is divided into three major portions as the Amygdala; which is a tiny part of the brain that is…… [Read More]
Business income refers to any income usually realized for the execution or transaction of business activity. This indicates that business income is the aspect of earned income from the perspective of business transaction or activity. In order for the business income to apply to the aspect of the taxation system, it is essential to classify business income as ordinary income. Business income consists of business expenses, business losses, and business profits. It is the difference between revenues and expenses of the process of business transactions. This indicates that business income can be positive or negative within the financial year depending on the size of the expenses and revenues. Business income is received from the transactions or sales of products or services within the defined market.
OECD model treaty defines a clear perspective in relation to the handling of the business income. This is through indicating that the income…… [Read More]
" Further, it is held that "a material misrepresentation in the certifications (bid) generally provides a basis for rejection of the proposal or reevaluation of the award decision." Thus, it can be said that if a challenge shows a material misrepresentation in the awardee's bid, than their challenge should be upheld.
n mpresa Construzioni Geom. Domenico Garufi v. United States, 238 F.3d 1324 (U.S. App. 2001), the issue was the standard of review for decisions of contracting officers made under the Administrative Dispute Resolution Act of 1996. According to the Administrative Dispute Resolution Act of 1996, "The Court of Federal Claims and district courts shall have concurrent jurisdiction over bid protest actions, and that the courts 'shall review the agency's decision pursuant to the standards set forth in section 706 of title 5' of the APA. Accordingly, under the APA, a bid award may be set aside if the contracting…… [Read More]
alph and Manifestation Determination
In the school district of St. Paul, Minnesota, the district's process for making a manifestation determination is the following: a parent must request a meeting with the Individual Education Program (IEP) team, which must hold the meeting no more than 10 days following the request. A meeting will also be held regardless of parental request whenever a student is suspended for at least 5 consecutive days or 10 cumulative days within a school year, a disciplinary change is effected or expulsion is considered.
The team then determines if the following stipulations are met to signify that a manifestation determination can be made. First, the team must gather data regarding evaluations of the child and any diagnostic testing that has been conducted, observations made, as well as placement information or other information that can be helpful in understanding the child's background and providing context for the setting…… [Read More]
World War Turning Point Europe, Significant Change Occurred Emergence Legitimate evolutionary egimes
Self-Determination in Cuba
There are few who would dispute the fact that following the conclusion of World War II and prior to its revolution (which began in 1953 and concluded on January 1 of 1959) Cuba was a prosperous region of the world that was certainly worth fighting for. The country's leader prior to the ascendancy of Fidel Castro, Fulgencio Batista, had cleverly manipulated the assistance of a number of external forces, primarily that of the United States, to assist the country in achieving a degree of economic gain and modernity the likes of which were comparable to, if not surpassing, those of other parts of the world.
Its economic prowess may be demonstrated from the following quotation. "Cuba in 1958, prior to the government of the Communist Fidel Castro, paid its employees an average of $3.00 per…… [Read More]
Transition Experiences for Students with Disabilities
Several years ago I was privileged to teach students with cognitive disabilities in Korea. I taught in an after school program for high school students. As I thought about the subjects that were being taught, I realized that no provisions were made to provide opportunities for the students to interact within the community setting.
Even though most of the students were going to work in a sheltered workshop after graduation, a need existed for them to learn "community skills" such as paying for things with their own money, using public transportation, and interacting with various residents of the neighborhood. It was there that my strong belief that cognitively impaired students should have chances to engage in as many "normal" activities as possible as long as the students were not confused or upset by the situation or were subject to negative comments, etc. from others.…… [Read More]
American Indian Movement
The poorest people in America are the American Indians and it is also a fact that Indian reservations have unique laws that has made it a nation by itself within the United States. The modern movements focus on the American Indian reservations being empowered by self-determination. This is important for the economic, social and cultural improvement of the American Indians. It was with the Nixon administration that the welfare of the tribes became the focus of the government. The subsequent administrations encouraged the Indians to adapt to a policy of political and economic self-determination. Today many reservations have become economic hubs with tax and regulation havens for investment. Thus as of now the Mescalero and White Mountain Apaches "have become premier private managers of multiple-use forest resource economies." (Legters; Lyden, 1994)
However it must be stated that only during the eagan administration that there were major reports…… [Read More]
For example, the conflict in former Yugoslavia is often studied as a case of ethnic conflict, and the Serbian atrocities against Bosnians is usually described as "ethnic cleansing." But Serbs, Croatians, and Bosnians "are all South Slavs, sharing a common ethnic origin and speaking basically the same language: Serbocroatian" (Perlmutter). Serbs and Croatians share the same religion as well (with different denominations), while Bosnians, with the exception of their Muslim identity, have experienced a shared history with the other two. And all three are former Communists. Nevertheless, all three groups have identified themselves as different ethnicities during the conflict in the 1990s.
Dominique Moisi (2007) argues that, in addition to the problem of clash of civilizations, the world today faces a clash of emotions. There is a culture of fear, displayed by the est, of foreign nationals, of losing the identity in a complex world, of losing their economic power,…… [Read More]
This meant that men held positions of power and authority in all the public spheres including economics/business, politics/the law, and the bearing of arms. Men also possessed social status that women did not have, enabling the perpetuation of a patriarchal society.
y applying Freudian psychoanalysis and feminist theory, I will analyze the personality of the independent, strong, risk taker, and smart Alexandra ergson in Willa Cather's O Pioneer! As Smith points out in Freud's Philosophy of the Unconscious, the psychoanalytic model lends insight into the underlying psychic forces promoting personal and collective change. With regards to a singular female like Alexandra ergson, psychoanalysis takes into account the protagonist's family background, tracing her ego development across the course of her lifetime starting with childhood. The significance of my research is that it studies the possibility of female's success in life under certain circumstances and refutes the outmoded opinion that suggests the…… [Read More]
Judge roderick concluded that the Compulsory Process Clause of the Sixth Amendment does not give a defendant the right to require immunization of a witness, but that such a right is "probably" contained in the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment. Id. However, he declined to accord the defendants the benefit of this "probable" Fifth Amendment right to defense witness immunity for two reasons. First, he ruled that the defendants' motion was untimely, since it should properly have been made at the beginning of the trial. Second, he concluded that defense witness immunity would be available only to secure testimony that was material and exculpatory and that the defendants had not shown that any of the witnesses for whom they sought immunity would give material, exculpatory testimony."
The only federal appellate decisions that have ruled in favor of defense witness immunity are stated to appear to be the Third…… [Read More]
To prove either side of the argument, the sensitivity and impact needs to be assessed -- there is no blanket rule of everything being transparent, or everything being private; it is dependent upon the sensitivity and overall impact of the issue at hand.
3. ources: Hunold, C. And B. Peters. (2004). "Bureaucratic Discretion and Deliverative Democracy." Transformation in Governance. IGI Publishing; Holzer, M. And K. Yang. (April 1, 2005). "Administrative Discretion in a Turbulent Time: An Introduction. Public Administration Quarterly. Cited in: www.highbeamresearch.com.
4. How does a cost-benefit analysis used in the determination of due process?
Using, for example, Miranda v Arizona, a cost-benefit analysis is used to determine due-process in the sense of the decision's impact on law enforcement and the community needs to be taken into consideration before a ruling of using Miranda, 5th Amendment Rights, and basic procedures. The Rehnquist Court's decision in the idea of cost-benefit,…… [Read More]
Striking is not deemed to be an acceptable method of dispute resolution under the Taylor Law. According to Section 209, an impasse is deemed to exist if the parties fail to achieve agreement at least one hundred twenty days prior to the end of the fiscal year of the public employer. Specific provisions of Section 209 pertain to certain, select public employment bodies, such as police and fire unions, which must submit directly to binding arbitration because of the vital nature of the services they provide. The PERB can assist resolution by appointing mediators, and if this fails, it can create a fact-finding board with the power to make recommendations. If an impasse is still manifest the dispute is shifted to the chief executive officer of the government involved and to the employee organization involved.
Public employees are allowed to unionize by law (and, indeed, it could be…… [Read More]
History makes it possible for one to understand how the masses can be persuaded to adopt particular attitudes by being provided with manipulative information. People lose the ability to discover when they are being controlled as they are provided with more and more false information. One's inclination to act similar to a typical human being can thus be destroyed as the respective individual becomes entangled in a greater scheme. This is basically what a dehumanizing process consists of: waves of false information meant to influence people in thinking that it is in their best interest to put across a certain type of behavior.
It is easier for people to abandon their principles when they are presented with a purpose. This is exactly what happens with Ender: his energetic personality is exploited by his superiors as they constantly influence him in displaying his determination in various games that they devise. They…… [Read More]
This can subsequently result as the massive benefits to the commercial contestants devoid of the incurring of the extra cost that pertaining to such commercial participants. The participation of the export credit agencies accompanied by the existing multilateral developments institutions normally results to the lofty stage of the ecological, employment and other supplementary social standards, which are extremely expensive and cumbersome to, accomplished.
The application these existing social standards are normally highly significant to these multilateral institutions concerning the outline policy perspectives accompanied by the chief structures and the existing projects.
These policies perspectives and the chief aims enhance the best practice that pertains to the execution of communications and the whole projects. Numerous leading private sponsors and the existing commercial lenders have finally commenced the process of incorporating of these standards. These standards include the equator principles and the other existing ecological requirements that are aimed at safeguarding of…… [Read More]
These settlements make sure that the state of fragmentation and insecurity of the Palestinians continues and thereby hinders the economic, social and political development of the Palestinians. The total number of such settlements in the West bank, Jerusalem and the Gaza strip are 205, with the vast majority of them in West bank and Jerusalem. "These settlements have led to the more than 403,249 settlers in the West bank and Jerusalem itself." (Israeli Settlements on Occupied Palestinian Territories) Israel continues to expand the number of these settlements from time to time as well as the bypass roads connecting them. These new bypass roads as well as the expansions to the existing bypass roads add to the disruption of the Palestine economy, autonomy and society.
The Israeli settlements also have a negative impact on the access of the Palestinians to natural resources like water and arable land. This problem is likely…… [Read More]
In the instance of America's shameful racial history, the self-interest of southern whites combined with the violent coercion of black slavery would produce a highly objectionable variance on the 'social contract.' It is therefore a decidedly important reality that certain individuals refused this contract, One is especially inclined in such instances to recognize the importance of non-conformity in helping to drive improvements in human rights, equality and other dimensions of positive civil order. For instance, we consider luminaries such as Martin Luther King, Jr. Or the earliest participants in the American feminist movement, whose willful decision to resist the forces of authoritarianism as self-defined individuals would be essential to moving our society in a more progressive direction. In the case of Martin Luther King in particular, we recognize the considerable risk to his own person that the Civil Rights leaders undertook in spite of the prevailing cultural mores of…… [Read More]
Individual Contributions by a Cross-Functional Team:
Cross-functional teams have become important aspects in the modern business environment because of their role in enhancing integration and coordination, extending an organization's boundaries, and lessening the production cycle time during the process of developing new products. The formation of cross-functional teams is based on the effect of bringing people together from various disciplines to enhance problem solving and provide thorough decision-making procedures. The significance of cross-functional teams in an organization is that they strengthen a spirit of cooperation that eases the accomplishment of customer satisfaction and organizational objectives at the same time. As a result, cross-functional teams are beneficial to individuals on the team, the product, customers, and the entire organization (Weber, n.d.).
Since the cross-functional team consist of personnel from different disciplines such as engineering, supply management, and manufacturing, effective participation of and leading the personnel is crucial for effective execution of…… [Read More]
Economic Integration of GCC Countries: Developments Since
Economic Integration of GCC Countries: Latest Developments Since 2010
It is important to examine the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Key Economic Indicators. Primarily, 2014 Key economic indicators will present statistical information, which will seek to foster economic determination and engineer the determination of current and future performances. A collective economic indicator examines aggregate earning reports, list of economic summaries relating to this region and as well as, reflecting on various macroeconomic indices. This report will prove that the GCC (2014) economic indicators are collective in answering aggregate macroeconomic challenges. This study is a collective possible research leading to the construction of key economic indicators (2014) analysis as adopted by GCC partners. GCC economies have been growing tremendously in the past ten years. This study focuses solely on some of the serious economic developments and polices evident in the region in the past four…… [Read More]
This population of aging, having had just one child, will rely upon society as a whole to care for them, instead of an extended family as was once traditionally and culturally the case.
The Rural Subsistent Dwellers
Evidenced by the lower income figures reported widely, China's rural farming populations have perhaps been the hardest hit by the One Child Policy. here ancient traditions and customs once dominated the way of life in the rural areas, China's reform policies, especially that one limiting One Child per family, have long impacted the rural way of life and productivity in China (Diamant, Neil, 2000, 93). here families that farmed once had children, sometimes numerous children, and those children helped to farm and bring in productive crops that could sustain the family, with the results of the family's labors far reaching and providing a source of income as well; since the One Child Policy…… [Read More]
I was then able to provide him with some academic advisement by suggesting ways that he could become better organized and not procrastinate with his work.
A also listened to his problems and suggested ways that he could deal with them more easily. I suggested to him that he practice confidence and speak to the bully verbally, but that he should never use any anger toward that person. At our next meeting he informed me that he did try it and the boy had stopped bullying him. I also had the opportunity to help solve problems for other conflicts. For example, I coached a volleyball team of high school girls for three years. There came a time when I had to be a mediator, and this was really what gave me the idea to become a counselor due to the way I coached and counseled my players. It brought a…… [Read More]
.. pronounce it invalid," which is not the case in the investment contract signed by Wolf. The contract was standard, and gave authority to the broker to invest and manage the original sum of money. Although it could be argued that, given Wolf's expressed desire that the funds be invested conservatively, that the actions of the defendant were not optimal, that does not make it patently offensive to the point that the entire community would consider the contract invalid.
What does the outcome of this case mean for the affected industry? Customers of that industry?
This frees the investment banking industry from the concern that an angry investor will be able to sue a broker or the entire firm if he or she does not like the performance of his or her portfolio. It also means that a wary investor must not invest his or her funds and sign a…… [Read More]
It was no mystery to me that I was different from the others, as I was usually occupied with my homework about three or four hours per night and had to work ardently to cover my subjects, but I kept the secret to myself. When finally presented with the diagnose, I realized that it was only through my determination and great efforts that I surmounted my condition and managed to step in line along with my colleagues, all through high school. Moreover, I then realized that my grand quality was the ambition with which I proved that I was worthy as any other student.
The same fierce ambition granted my next success in college. My great wish was to enter the lacrosse team of my university in my sophomore year. I was aware that the other students possessed a remarkable talent for the sport and also had an advantage in…… [Read More]
This information is utilized to create new products and substances that are used on a regular basis. For example, chemists could use the COSY process to understand how to create a new kind of raincoat that will be even more water resistant. To determine this, the protons inside the molecules of the raincoat would have to be examined through the COSY process. This will identify the peaks inside the protons and what specific attributes are similar to other compounds. Once this happens, is when scientists can use this as a way to create specific attributes that they are looking for (i.e. A raincoat that is more waterproof). This is significant, because it is showing how the contribution of the COSY methodology allows chemists to create new compounds with specific attributes. ("Thomaston," 2006)
HETCO is useful in understanding the genetic composition of a substance and the compounds that are used to…… [Read More]
Some sources also offer a different insight for the emergent increase in need of this technology. Bernike Pasveer follows the idea that it was because there was a need for efficient diagnosis methods (Pasveer, 1993, p89). It was only after the introduction of X-rays that there was a determination of the nature of tuberculosis. The need for an efficient method that disputed the myths was necessary, and that was achieved on the introduction of X-ray technology. This is supported by Andrew Warwick who claims that the reason why this technology is still significant was due to its diagnostic properties. However, Andrew differs from Bernike by instead using fractures as his example. Andrew explains the role of X-ray technology especially in Germany where the surgeons undertook this process to determine fractures and diagnose bone discrepancies (Warwick, 2005, p4). Incidentally, this is a role of the technology that is still in practice.…… [Read More]
I now wish to move into film and express my abilities through the camera even further. I am trilingual, thus can offer not only my visual expertise but also lend my lingual skills where needed connecting my eyes and thoughts with the world I experience in the future. Now at American Inter-Continental University, I am nearing completion of the requirements for my BFA in Visual Communications, after which I intend to seek a strong, vocational training in the art that has characterized my life.
Rockport does not have to motivate me. As you can see I bring to Rockport an enduring level of commitment and passion carried on in my photographs, through my life and though the very lens through which I explore the world around me.
My determinations to realize my potential is unending. With your assistance I have every confidence I can see them through. I have learned…… [Read More]
The second factor is the independent variable being evaluated. The coefficient for determination of the population of the area is 46%. This correlation indicates that there is a high correlation between time and population. However, the correlation is this case is negative, as can be seen in the chart below.
The correlation coefficient for the overall amount spent on building and development of the community is 15%. The correlation between time and amount spent is not very close. In fact, the development appears to be highly sporadic at best. Below is a chart that represents the obtained data.
Considering the two overall factors, and the forecasting done, the population will continue to decline, as will the money spent in the community. This community is suffering financially and is not likely to spend their money on luxuries such as dining out. With this conclusion it is inadvisable that a Domino's restaurant…… [Read More]
It is difficult to see how the jury could reach an intelligent decision in this case because the defense's profit-sharing argument left so much information missing from the production costs. The jury was not given the nature of the costs: variable vs. fixed in incremental production costs for the movie; discretionary vs. non-discretionary costs, which would tend to be unreliable because the Plaintiff is the expert about them; committed vs. avoidable costs.
Based on scant testimony from the Plaintiff's expert:
Plaintiff's Minimum Damages (in $ Millions)
(Albrecht, Stice, Stice, & Swain, 2008, p. 1114).
Should Main Line's maximum and minimum lost profit amounts be revised downward for the following? hy?
a. The domestic distribution revenues of $3 million because the deal had not been finalized.
No, the $3 million…… [Read More]
10. What was the decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in Honig v. Doe?
In this case, the Supreme Court was of the opinion that free and appropriate public education also applied to children having behavioral difficulties. Further, the Supreme Court also concluded that when a student's misbehavior has a definite connection to his or her disability, such a student should not be excluded from school.
11. Explain when a school must hold a "manifestation determination hearing"
A manifestation determination hearing is held when as a result of a disabled student's inappropriate or wrongful behavior, the school deems it fit to have the student removed. Amongst other things, the said hearing is held to determine whether there is a connection between the student's disability and his or her faulty behavior.
12. Explain when a school must develop a "behavior intervention plan" (BIP) for a student
A school must develop the…… [Read More]
Beautiful Mind" -- a Film
John Forbes Nash, Jr., an American Nobel Prize-winning mathematician, is such a notable individual that he is the subject of a book, a PBS documentary and a film. The film A Beautiful Mind (Crowe, et al. 2006) eliminates aspects of Nash's life and rewrites other aspects revealed in the book and documentary, possibly to make Nash a more sympathetic character for the audience. However, the film remains true to a consistent theme: in an individual's quest for satisfaction through self-fulfillment, the abnormal can also be the extraordinary.
The book and PBS documentary tell John Forbes Nash, Jr.'s story "from the outside looking in," immediately noting his abnormality in that he is a paranoid schizophrenic. The film takes a different approach, "from the inside looking out," so we experience the world as Nash experiences it and do not realize until half-way through the film that he…… [Read More]
Canada International Trade
International trade accounts for a dominant share of the Canadian economy, led by exports of natural resources. Exports accounted for approximately 25% of Canada's GDP in 2010. Agricultural, energy, forestry and mining exports accounted for about 58% of total exports. Machinery, equipment, automotive products and other manufactured goods accounted for a further 38% of exports. The United States is by far its largest trading partner, accounting for about 75% of exports and 51% of imports (followed by China 11% and Mexico 5%.) Canada's combined exports and imports ranked 8th among all nations. Canada recorded a positive balance of trade overall in 2010: exports C$407B and imports C$ 406B. Canada enjoyed a substantial positive balance of trade with the United States in 2007 and 2008, but slipped into the red in 2009 and 2010. (See Exhibit 1) (CIA, 2010)
Among the world's wealthiest nations, Canada has the ninth…… [Read More]
The fourth allegation is that less than 12% of all Native American children in the state of South Dakota foster care system have experienced physical and/or sexual abuse. The Native American children continue to suffer from this modern-day version of forced assimilation (Ennis,2011).
Governor, I believe you have the power, influence and authority of spearheading the actualization of the proposal to amend the State ecognition Bill that also includes the adoption of the UN Declaration on ights of Indigenous Peoples to protect the Abanaki tribe and other Native tribes. I must once again commend you for signing legislative bills in April 22nd, 2011 that officially recognized two Abenaki Bands; the Nulhegan Band of the Coosuk Abenaki Nation and the El Nu Abenaki Tribe. That was a wonderful step towards realizing equality and justice to the Native tribes.
The current living condition on the reservations
Governor, the Office of Minority Health…… [Read More]
parent literally had nothing to do with a biological child in order for the child to take advantage of the Family and Medical Leave Act to care for that parent.
The family Medical Leave Act (FMLA) gives no determination that states that the known relationship or lack thereof between the child and parent will determine the child's ability to use FMLA to care for the parent. Any employee can request FMLA regardless of if the child had nothing to do at all with the biological parent. The FMLA provides the employee with up to a maximum of twelve weeks of un-paid, job-protected leave for one of the following reasons:
Care of a spouse, daughter, son or parent with serious health conditions
Due to an employee's inability to work due to a serious health condition
Placement of a child for adoption or foster care
The birth and care of a newborn…… [Read More]
As an analytic method it varies from the syntactic syllabus in simliar way as the practical and procedure syllabi, particularly in the supposition that the learner learns best when using language to converse about something. TBLT also is different from the two other logical curricula in a lot of ways. It differs from the procedural syllabus in that it stresses the importance of carrying out a needs analysis prior to instruction.
Identifying likely bases of task complexity certainly is an essential precondition for making ethical choices regarding the grading and sequencing of functions, upon which many of the worth of the TBLT will rest. Grading and sequencing of pedagogic errands is certainly a chief test for the task-based syllabus creators.
Principles and features of task-based language teaching.
Prabhu's observations, stated at the beginning of the project, guide to the first belief of task-based interaction that "language is a basically just…… [Read More]
Frazier described Garvey's brand of Black Nationalism as using contrived cultural devices to help establish a sense of solidarity among his constituents; further, Garvey was an astute student of human nature and seemed to know instinctively what people wanted to hear: "[Garvey] not only promised the despised Negro a paradise on earth, but he made the Negro an important person in his immediate environment. He invented honors and social distinctions and converted every social invention to his use in his effort to make his followers feel important" (237). In reality, though, Garvey's approach was diametrically opposed to the alternative solutions sought by liberal black intellectuals such as .E.B. Du Bois and reformist organizations like the NAACP (Marable 1998).
.E.B. DuBois and Garvey. hile .E.B. Du Bois was frequently a hostile critic of the Black Nationalist movement, he agreed with Garvey's assessment that during the Great Depression, black America was "a…… [Read More]
Modigliani and Miller famously argued that all other factors being equal, capital structure is irrelevant. In the real world, however, things are not equal. So the different assumptions that underlie the core of MM, as the theory is known, do not exist in real life. The implication of this for businesses, then, is that they need to examine the different factors that can affect their choice of capital structure and then make a decision about how they want to finance their business. This paper will analyze these factors in relation to Starbucks, and then make a determination about the optimal capital structure for the company.
Modigliani and Miller
Villamil (n.d.) outlines the different assumptions in the MM theorem that should be evaluated. These assumptions are neutral taxes, no capital market frictions, symmetric access to credit markets, and that firm financial policy reveals no information. By ruling out all of these…… [Read More]