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The Developing World and the World Trade Organization
The World Trade Organization (WTO) was established as an international organization in 1995 as a successor of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) ("World Trade Organization" 2009). The negotiations that extended for seven years, also known as Uruguay ound gave birth to WTO with vastly stretched out responsibilities for handling and running the economic affairs on an international level. Since then, the WTO has unquestionably played a major role in the field of global governance. The WTO rules and processes have affected the economic standards and political orientation the member countries (Sampson 2001).
If compared with GATT, the World Trade Organization has been working much powerfully as owing to the fact that it has a strong institutional foundation and a proficient dispute settlement system (Kwa 1998). GATT rules had their main influence on the imports and exports of a…
Bradlow, D.D. 2001. "The Time They Are A-changin'": Some Preliminary Thoughts on Developing Countries, Ngos and the Reform of the WTO. The George Washington International Law Review, 33(3/4), 503+. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.questia.com/ PM.qst?a=o&d=5036486889. [Accessed 02 December 2011].
Coates, B., Page, S., & Denny, C. 2011. Is the World Trade Organization bad for development? - Events - Overseas Development Institute (ODI). [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.odi.org.uk/events/details.asp?id=2241&title=world-trade-organization-bad-development . [Accessed 02 December 2011].
Das, B.L. n.d. Strengthening Developing Countries in the WTO (Trade and Development Series No. 8). TWN. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.twnside.org.sg/title/td8.htm . [Accessed 02 December 2011].
Moore, M. 2001. The WTO and Developing Countries Priorities for Negotiations. inwent.org. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.inwent.org/E+Z/zeitschr/de501-5.htm . [Accessed 02 December 2011].
The condition of global financial stability implies that the world's financial institutions are healthy, that macroeconomic risks are within normal bounds and that the risk environment including appetite for risk is at normal levels (IMF, 2014). There are differences between the ways that the macroeconomic environment affects the developed and developing worlds, and this paper is going to focus on the latter. The economic structure and vulnerability levels of the developing world, as well as their often-reduced participation in the global economic system create different reactions to the condition of global financial stability.
Global financial stability as a condition is fostered by the economic health and stability of the world's largest and most interconnected economies. The European Union, United States, Japan and other modern nations contribute to the prevailing conditions in the global macroeconomic environment. These economies tend to be highly interconnected. For example, when issues emerged in U.S.…
Els, F. (2014). Mongolia foreign investment craters 70%. Mining.com. Retrieved November 15, 2014 from http://www.mining.com/mongolia-foreign-investment-craters-70-79577/
IMF. (2014). October 2014 Global Financial Stability Report. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved November 15, 2014 from https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/gfsr/2014/02/index.htm
Lange, J. (2010). Mexico sees 2010 FDI bouncing back. Reuters. Retrieved November 15, 2014 from http://www.reuters.com/article/2010/05/04/us-latam-summit-mexico-investment-idUSTRE64351D20100504
Reuters. (2014). Mexico saw record $35 billion in foreign direct investment in 2013. Reuters. Retrieved November 15, 2014 from http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/02/23/mexico-fdi-idUSL1N0LS0A220140223
good afternoon, attachment. eference material attached.
Africa: Public finance and legislative procedures
Financially-strapped African nations must make difficult choices when calculating the opportunity costs of different decisions they must make regarding financing. The goals of this hypothetical African nation are to encourage personal savings on the part of citizens but also to encourage foreign investment. One of the suggested reforms has been to institute a property tax. While property taxes have been frequently used in the United States to fund education, this paper will suggest alternative prioritization to accomplish national goals.
Property taxes are often controversial as a source of soliciting economic revenue. On one hand, they have the advantage of not taxing the income or the consumption of the poorest members of society. There is the presumption that those who are able to own property have at least some subsistence income. However, merely because someone has…
Andre, T. (2014). Shanghai's startups invest in high tech and education in Africa. Tech Cocktail.
Retrieved from: http://tech.co/shanghais-startups-invest-high-tech-education-africa-2014-07
Dimant, E., Krieger, T. & Meierrieks, D. (2013). Corruption, migration and the brain drain.
Water sustainability has been of increasing concern in academia as a political as well as an environmental problem. My dissertation will specifically focus on water sustainability in the Caribbean and how to improve methods of delivery. Water is a finite, not an infinite resource, and must be treated as such. Additional research is needed to see how best to improve current quality and availability in the region. One useful method of doing so is reviewing how governments have tried and in some cases failed in the past to improve water sustainability in other areas of the developing world.
Technology provides many potential benefits for improving water quality, according to Jha (et al. 2007). In the article "Groundwater management and development by integrated remote sensing and geographic information systems: prospects and constraints" the authors examine how the pollution and exploitation of groundwater is causing a critical problem for the…
Biswas, A. 2004. Integrated Water Resources Management: A reassessment.
Water International, 29:2, 248-256. DOI: 10.1080/02508060408691775
Jha, M. et al. 2007. Groundwater management and development by integrated remote sensing and geographic information systems: prospects and constraints. Water Resource Management 21:427 -- 467. DOI 10.1007/s11269-006-9024-4.
Jonker, L. 2007.Integrated water resources management: The theory -- praxis -- nexus, a South African perspective. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 32, 1257 -- 1263.
The text identifies one practical reason that this is the case, indicating that "One of the particularly threatening aspects of this compression of time is that people can now cross continents in periods of time shorter than the incubation periods of most diseases. This means that, in some cases, travelers can depart from their point of origin, arrive at their destination, and begin infecting people without even knowing that they are sick." (3) This means that an epidemic can be spread from multiple "ground zero" locations before it is even clear that the condition in question has come to reflect so significant a threat of proliferation. To the practical interests of preventing the disease's further spread, this denotes a real and substantial challenge to public health and safety administrators in the developed world. Quite to this point, the text reveals that the United States has experienced a greater level of…
As they are interested in increasing economic growth at all costs, while ignoring the short- and long-term impacts that their actions could have on the population. This is evidence, of the validity of the criticisms leveled against: the World ank, it policies and its role. Where, they would play a part in helping to support, various activities that are contradictory to their intended purpose. In this aspect the various criticisms are accurate, as they highlight a hypocrisy that exists between: World ank policy and its long-term effects upon a country.
About Us, 2009, World ank. Available from: [5 October 2010].
China Overtakes Japan as World's Second Largest Economy, 2010, loomberg. Available from: [5 October 2010].
Fighting Poverty, 2010, World ank. Available from: [5 October 2010].
Global Monitoring Report 2009, 2009, World ank. Available from: [5 October 2010].
Summit on Millennium Development Goals, 2010, UN. Available from: [5 October 2010].…
About Us, 2009, World Bank. Available from: [5 October 2010].
China Overtakes Japan as World's Second Largest Economy, 2010, Bloomberg. Available from: [5 October 2010].
Fighting Poverty, 2010, World Bank. Available from: [5 October 2010].
Global Monitoring Report 2009, 2009, World Bank. Available from: [5 October 2010].
On the other hand, child malnutrition is becoming worse, due to staff cutbacks from health sector reform. Healthcare workers are in the best position to develop innovative and quality improvements. hey also can guide the effective or wasteful application of resources such as drugs, vaccines and supplies.
his summer, I had the opportunity to attend the National Youth Leadership Conference in Washington, D.C., where youth from all over the country discussed pertinent issues including the need for an improved healthcare system. I was able to talk with students across the nation, and some originally from other countries, about the inequalities in the provision of healthcare. he United States is a very rich country, but ranks very high in the disparity of healthcare services due to factors such as race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status and geography. he gap between those who are rich and poor in the United States is the widest…
This summer, I had the opportunity to attend the National Youth Leadership Conference in Washington, D.C., where youth from all over the country discussed pertinent issues including the need for an improved healthcare system. I was able to talk with students across the nation, and some originally from other countries, about the inequalities in the provision of healthcare. The United States is a very rich country, but ranks very high in the disparity of healthcare services due to factors such as race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status and geography. The gap between those who are rich and poor in the United States is the widest in 70 years, and there is a close connection between poverty and poor healthcare.
It is vitally essential for policymakers and healthcare workers to seriously look at these inequities and provide high-quality health and safety for all people despite their socioeconomic status. American activities to eliminate disparities need to be part of a broader organization to alter healthcare. It will take the efforts and dedication of my generation, including myself, to work on resolving this pressing issue. If I am fortunate enough to go into the medical field, either as a practitioner or in a business area, I will be able to contribute my abilities and personal commitment to resolve this disparity of healthcare in the United States.
Resource: WHO at website http://www.who.int/en
hile the orld Bank is intended to assist in the development of the world's countries, the IMF's purpose is to keep a balance in the world's economy concerning financial operations between countries.
The effectiveness of the two has often been doubted with several other institutions from countries receiving assistance being able to take advantage of the funds provided by either the orld Bank or the IMF. Another reason for why some condemn the two institutions is the belief that the U.S. had actually created the orld Bank and the IMF in order to gain benefits from the deal.
Both the orld Bank and the IMF would certainly be more effective if their leaders would not give conditioned help and would see that all the people in the world would benefit the systems equally.
Driscoll, David. The IMF and the orld Bank: How Do They Differ?. International Monetary Fund.…
Driscoll, David. The IMF and the World Bank: How Do They Differ?. International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/index.htm (accesed 9 December 2008)
It is only through occult understanding that the forms and the archetypal images and symbols can be interpreted.
Here we see that the term unconsciousness is very similar to the Platonic ideals and forms. Another aspect that will form part of the theoretical perspective of this study is the concept of transformation. In order to understand the occult and its relationship to the forms, a process of transformation has to take place. In Platonic terms this transformation is a radical change in life, morality and ethics; while for Jung it is transformation in terms of the deeper understanding of the relation of the unconscious to the conscious mind.
Transformation also has related occult meaning and symbols such as fire. Fire is an age-old indication of change of perception and consciousness. This also refers to Jungian concepts such as the shadow. There are many other points of reference and similarity between…
Archetypes as Defined by Carl Jung) October 9, 2004. http://www.acs.appstate.edu/~davisct/nt/jung.html#shadow
Arnzen. M. "The Return of the Uncanny." 1977. University of Oregon. March 17, 2004. http://paradoxa.com/excerpts/3-3intro.htm
Boeree, G. Carl Jung. October 11, 2004. http://www.ship.edu/~cgboeree/jung.html
Christian Churches of God) Mysticism Chapter 1 Spreading the Babylonian Mysteries (No. B7_1). October 9, 2004. http://www.holocaustrevealed.org/english/s/B7_1.html
Developing country that will be focused upon for this report is Haiti. The reason the author of this report chose Haiti for this report is because the recent earthquake there that claimed roughly 50,000 lives brought it to the forefront. This is in contrast to the Dominican epublic (which is on the other end of the same island) had little to no notable news coverage during the same aftermath. Haiti is certainly not at the bottom of the barrel when it comes to developing countries but it shares a colonial past (French) with many other countries and it faces many challenges including starkly low incomes, very low literacy rates and other major life challenges for normal every-day Haitians. Facts to be covered include the name of the country, which of course is Haiti, when it became independent, its location, in what ways the country is less develop than more advanced…
Brittanica. (2013, April 28). Haiti -- Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved April 28, 2013, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/251961/Haiti
CBCNews. (2013, April 28). CBC.ca - Canadian News Sports Entertainment Kids Docs Radio TV. CBC.ca - Canadian News Sports Entertainment Kids Docs Radio TV. Retrieved April 28, 2013, from http://www.cbc.ca/
Ferreira, S. (2013, October 25). The Clintons in Haiti: Can an Industrial Park Save the Country? | TIME.com. World | International Headlines, Stories, Photos and Video | TIME.com. Retrieved April 28, 2013, from http://world.time.com/2012/10/25/the-clintons-in-haiti-can-an-industrial-park-save-the-country/
GoogleMaps. (2013, April 28). Google Maps. Google Maps. Retrieved April 28, 2013, from http://maps.google.com/
World War II
The Use of Atomic Weapons on Japan in WWII
The Second World War officially began in 1939 with the evasion of Poland by Germany. The United States of America did not officially enter this international conflict of epic scale until the Japanese attacked American and European territories in the Pacific in 1941. The war persisted until 1945, culminating with the surrender of Japan and Germany to the U.S. & Allied Forces. During World War II, the world saw the first demonstrations of nuclear weapons -- atomic bombs. There were two infamous attacks on Japan by the U.S. On Nagasaki and Hiroshima, where the atomic bombs were dropped and caused unparalleled damage. The paper will provide a historical and political context within which to consider why the United States of America resorted to the use of atomic bombs upon Japan.
War campaigns waged by Germany and Japan were…
Aviation History. (2006) World War II -- Second Atomic Bomb that Ended the War. Available from http://www.historynet.com/world-war-ii-second-atomic-bomb-that-ended-the-war.htm . 2012 June 25.
Henretta. (2009) Chapters 23 -- 26. Provided.
From the beginning of the war, there had been some variation in the Canadian attitude toward the conflict. Canada never questioned the legitimacy of the war and did not question the need for Canadian participation. There were differences of opinion, though, concerning how extensive the Canadian contribution should be. These variations affected the response to calls for enlistment and divided the country as the towns were more willing than the countryside, the prairies more willing than the Atlantic seaboard, and "it was observed that the proportion of enlistments achieved by any social group appeared to vary almost inversely to the length of its connection with Canada. On the one hand, the ritish-born -- the new arrivals with a large proportion of unattached males of military age -- gave the highest percentage of their numbers to the armed services, and, on the other hand, the French Canadians unquestionably gave the…
Ameringer, Charles D. Political Parties of the Americas, 1980s to 1990s: Canada, Latin America, and the West Indie.
Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1992.
Bothwell, Robert. History of Canada since 1867. Washington, D.C.: Association for Canadian Studies in the United States, 1996.
Boudreau, Joseph a. "Canada and the First World War: Essays in Honour of Robert "Canada and Worlod War I," the History of Canada (2007), http://www.linksnorth.com/canada-history/canadaandworldwar1.html .
According to this source, this development has been conditioned by the incorporation of the region into the capitalist mode of production for the exploitation of Latin America's resources and the negative implications linger today. To many, globalization and neoliberalism are the contemporary disguises for continued colonialism in Latin America.
The negative impacts of colonization alongside the narrow Western and U.S. understanding of the unique situations it has caused in developing countries play a very large part in limiting political and economic development. it's difficult to move forward when the developing countries do not see meaningful change in store for them.
Chiriyankandath, J. Colonialism and post-colonial development. http://126.96.36.199/search?q=cache:xcZP_4GcDIYJ:www.oup.com/uk/orc/bin/9780199296088/burnell_ch02.pdf+Latin+America+post-colonial+development&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us
Comparative politics. http://www.scribd.com/doc/5062437/Political-Diversity-Within-Developing-World
Dependency Theory & Latin America. http://www.*****/viewpaper/1702654.html
Chiriyankandath, J. Colonialism and post-colonial development. http://188.8.131.52/search?q=cache:xcZP_4GcDIYJ:www.oup.com/uk/orc/bin/9780199296088/burnell_ch02.pdf+Latin+America+post-colonial+development&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us
Comparative politics. http://www.scribd.com/doc/5062437/Political-Diversity-Within-Developing-World
Dependency Theory & Latin America. http://www.*****/viewpaper/1702654.html
Worst of all, the strenuous and, frequently, irrational efforts of the police to control drug use has resulted in a monstrous tyrannical state. Police benefit from the proceeds and from the assets seized when they arrest drug dealers. Informants are bribed by cash rewards leading children to inform on parents. Otherwise innocent and vulnerable people become hardened criminals due to their incommensurate jail sentences. The American social inequality becomes exacerbated when White influential Americans are given drug treatment whilst their fellow citizens, from lower classes, languish in jail. Prisons have become more barbaric. Prisons spate families causing children to end up without parents and in foster homes, and people die from drug overdose due to their fear of the expense and repercussion of seeking treatment. These are just some of the ramifications of America's 'war' on drugs.
Countries choose their issues and problems. America has none of the problems…
Brazilian exporters have diversified trading partners.
The emerging economies have come to the rescue of world leading economies with their financial bailouts. This they have done on condition that the International Monetary Fund (IMF) increases their voting share by around 6%. This is an indication that emerging economies are now demanding even greater share power. The United States spirited objection to joining IMF bail out fund characterized by the Congress increased embrace of isolationist economic policies is an indication that the U.S. is no longer a superpower as people initially believed. In fact, its share of global GDP which was 25% in 1980 declined to 19% in 2011 (Sachs, 2012). It is projected to hit a record low of 18% in 2017. By this time, China shall have overtaken the United States economy in absolute size.
With the emergence of BICS and smaller powers like Nigeria and Turkey we no…
Mansfield, E.D. (1993). Concentration, Polarity, and the Distribution of Power. International Studies Quarterly, 37 (1), 105 -- 128.
Peral, L. (2009). Global Security in a Multipolar world. Paris: European Union Institute of Security Studies.
Sachs, J.D. (2012). The Challenges of a Multipolar World. Retrieved from http://www.social -
Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) in the U.S.
The development of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) in the U.S. And developing countries
Type 2 diabetes was known previously as non-insulin-dependent diabetes. Unlike an individual with type 1 diabetes, a person with type 2 diabetic issues continues to produce insulin, but the individual's body fails to respond to it in a normal manner. Glucose cannot penetrate the cells and supply the required energy (it has been commonly referred to as insulin resistance). Eventually, the blood sugar levels rise and make the pancreas produce additional blood vessels insulin. In the end, the pancreas wears out because of overworking to generate surplus insulin and eventually becomes unable to generate adequate insulin to keep blood vessels sugar levels normal. Individuals with insulin resistance may or may not develop type 2 diabetic issues (Atta-ur-ahman, eitz & Choudhary, 2010). This is independent of the pancreas' ability to generate…
Atta-ur-Rahman, Reitz, A.B., & Choudhary, M.I. (2010). Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry Volume 1. Sharjah: Bentham Science Publishers.
Ginsburg, G.S., & Willard, H.F. (2013). Genomic and personalized medicine. London: Academic.
Kalhan, S.C., Prentice, A. & Yajnik, C.S. (2009). Emerging societies: Coexistence of childhood malnutrition and obesity. Basel, Switzerland: Karger.
Kumar, D. (2012). Genomics and health in the developing world. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
This is the risk countries take by entering the world economy.
China is an emerging economic power in the world. This has come about due to the enormous market there -- almost two billion people -- and their gradual movement into the global economy. China, Malaysia, and Singapore are all entering the last stage of economic development and much of their success has been a result of foreign direct investment. "Foreign direct investment has played an important role in many -- but not all -- of the most successful development stories in countries such as Singapore and Malaysia, and even China," (Stiglitz 67). Advocates of the world economy suggest that the third world nations in sub-Saharan Africa and Central America follow these examples.
However, the relative "success" of the second world nations has come about through cooperation with tyrannical governments and the exploitation of the working class. By making a…
Bush, George W. "The National Security Strategy of the United States of America." Speeches delivered September 17 and June 1, 2002.
Downing, David. Capitalism: Political and Economic Systems. Chicago: Heinemann Library, 2003.
Friedman, Thomas L. The Lexus and the Olive Tree: Understanding Globalization. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1999.
Greenspan, Alan. "Banking in a Global World." Chicago: Delivered to the Conference on Bank Structure and Competition, May 6, 2004.
The Bank has taken a proactive role worldwide. It has attempted to adopt a vocal role in addressing concerns of biodiversity, ozone depletion, narcotics, crime, corruption, and post-conflict reconstruction, particularly in the Balkans and est Bank.
The orld Bank has lent money to admittedly undemocratic, often brutal dictatorships, in the hopes that economic stability will lead to government reform. Yet "the public infrastructure projects funded by the IBRD have consistently been recognized as unmitigated disasters. Notably, Brazil's Polonoroeste road-building project set a significant portion of the Amazon rainforest on fire; the Sardar Sarovar dam project in India uprooted 240,000 Indians and was condemned by the orld Bank's own panel of investigators;...Internal reports suggest that one-third of orld Bank financed projects are failing" (eekes 2005)
There is a risk that the Bank may be duplicating the role of existing UN agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) (eekes 2005). The UN…
About us." The World Bank. Retrieved March 10, 2009 at http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/EXTABOUTUS/0,contentMDK:20653660~menuPK:72312~pagePK:51123644~piPK:329829~theSitePK:29708,00.html
Weekes, Rob. "World Bank: Success or Failure?" Ideabate.org. June 21, 2005.
March 10, 2009 at http://www.idebate.org/debatabase/topic_details.php?topicID=173
Economics & Global Health
Economically deprived nations are places where poverty is widespread, and poverty almost always leads to some form of hunger; facts show that people who do not have enough nutrients become ill. This is the deadly cycle that many developing countries face. "Poverty is the principal cause of hunger," according to the UN's Education Service; and the principal underlying cause of " ... poverty and hunger" is poorly administered economic and political systems. Control over those systems is often based on "military, political, and economic power that typically ends up in the hands of a minority"; those in power often live quite well while those at the bottom of the ladder " ... barely survive" (worldhunger.org). This paper delves into the problem of poor economics, poverty, and global health issues.
Hunger: The United Nations / orld Bank Programs
The United Nations and the orld Bank have programs…
The World Bank. (2015). Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger by 2015. Retrieved
December 9, 2015, from http://www.worldbank.org .
World Hunger Education Service. (2015). 2015 World Hunger and Poverty Facts and Statistics. Retrieved December 9, 2015, from http://www.worldhunger.org .
The presence of a border, however, allows for that market to become closed. Nations that can feed themselves will continue to do so even if there is unmet demand elsewhere, because ultimately food is more important to survival than money. The value of money for survival, after all, is dependent on the ability to exchange that money for the means of survival. During the food price run-up in the spring of 2008 many nations restricted trade in key foodstuffs, a trend that is likely to escalate in the face of rapidly increasing demand.
In Monsanto's 2009 Annual Report the company points out that a farmer today must feed 130 people, whereas 30 years ago a farmer only fed 25 people. The company's mission, therefore, is predicated on increasing the yield of agricultural land in order to help meet the needs of a growing population. Innovation is at the core…
Monsanto 2009 Annual Report. Retrieved July 16, 2010 from http://www.monsanto.com/investors/financial_reports/annual_report/2009/letter_to_shareowners.asp
Streitfield, D. (2008). A global need for grain that farms can't fill. New York Times. March 9, 2008.
Women and water in India. In the villages of North Gujarat in India, so much groundwater has been removed that water supplies are now becoming scarce, according to hawana Upadhyay, writing in the journal Agriculture and Human Values. Women in North Gujarat are basically looked upon as "…domestic water users while men are seen as productive water users, despite the fact that women make significant use of water for productive purposes as well"
(Upadhyay, 2005, p. 411). Domestic water usage in India goes well beyond drinking and cooking, Upadhyay writes. Dalit women in Nepal for example grow commercial vegetable crops with the water they draw; they utilize a drip system, which costs just $12 to install, and it results in a profit of around $80 annually. Without a source of safe water, the livelihood of these women would disappear. Still, women's use of water tends to be classified as domestic,…
Buckingham, Susan, 2004, 'Ecofeminism in the Twenty-First Century', the Geographical Journal, Vol. 170, No. 2, 146-154.
Crow, Ben, and Sultana, Farhana, 2002, 'Gender, Class, and Access to Water: Three Cases in a Poor and Crowded Delta', Society and Natural Resources, Vol. 15, 709-724.
Dobscha, Susan, and Ozanne, Julie L. 2001. 'An Ecofeminist Analysis of Environmentally Sensitive Women Using Qualitative Methodology: The Emancipatory Potential of an Ecological Life', Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, Vol. 20, No. 2, 201-214.
Eaton, Heather, 'Ecofeminism and Globalization', Feminist Theology, Vol. 8, No. 41, 41-55.
online how does that change corporate decision making and strategy?
According to the predictions of Google Executive Chairman Eric Schmidt, the entire world will be online by the year 2020 (Gross 2013). This is a bold statement, given that the International Telecommunication Union estimated that only 38% of the world was online in 2013 (Gross 2013). However, despite the infrastructure problems of the developing world, mobile technology has increased the capacities of more and more people, regardless of location, to have online access. "In South Africa, for instance, Google says, 25% of its searches during the week are via mobile devices, rising to 65% on the weekends" (Gross 2013). This will increase the importance of mobile platforms for online organizations more than ever before.
Of course, the ubiquity of online technology will not only change how companies market but to whom they market. Global online connectivity means that organizations both…
Baltzan, P. & Welsh, B. (2015). Business driven information systems. McGraw-Hill.
Gross, D. (2013). Google boss: Entire world will be online by 2020.CNN. Retrieved from:
Malthus and Overpopulation
Malthus was correct in a limited context regarding population. In some parts of the world, cities -- such as Dhaka, Hong Kong, and Mumbai -- are very densely populated and may be considered overpopulated given the square footage per person ratios (Smith). They are overcrowded and individuals are packed into these cities in much the same way sardines are packed into tins. In these regions, Malthus's assertion, that population increases geometrically while food supply increases arithmetically, can be discerned as evidently true based on the configurations of the people in the region. However, when one looks at whole countries, such as Germany, Japan, or even the U.S., one can see a decline in population that Kotkin calls a "death spiral" -- i.e., in that long-term low birth-rates are causing populations to dwindle.
The issue here is that Malthus never saw the expansion of birth control to the…
Because transportation infrastructure and services are important components of the urban system, they need to be sustainable and contribute to economic growth rather than harm the people that rely on them for their livelihoods. According to Asri and Hidayat (2005), "The expansion of social and economic activities has resulted in rising pollution and environmental degradation following the economic crisis in Jakarta Metropolitan area where environmental regulations were largely disregarded" (p. 1792). Taken together, these issues represent a growing public health threat that requires informed solutions, and these issues are discussed further below at they relate to the aims and objectives of the study.
Aims and Objectives
This research has an aim and several objectives. The aim of this research is to find out how the pollution levels occurred in several main roads in Jakarta and explore some strategies to reduce carbon pollution levels by using some schemes and scenarios. These…
Asri, D. U & Hidayat, B 2005. Current transportation issues in Jakarta and its impact on environment. Proceedings of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, 5, 1792
Barth Boriboonsomsin. 2009. Real-World CO2 Impacts of Traffic Congestion. (ONLINE)
Available at: http://www.uctc.net/papers/846.pdf (Accessed 18 May 2012)
An often-forgotten component of advancing a nation’s economy is its literacy rate. As the world grows increasingly globalized as well as sophisticated in terms of the technology demanded to function at an optimal level, a literate population is critical for developing the necessary technological infrastructure needed for the state to operate within that global framework. However, not every nation has allowed female literacy to be a focus within its developmental strategy. In the Central African Republic, Iran and Myanmar, for example, female literacy rates are lower compared to male literacy rates—though there are differences that emerge when these rates are compared among one another. High levels of female literacy have been found to have a particularly dramatic impact upon a nation’s social and economic development, given the link between female literacy and lower birth rates, lower poverty rates (as a result of smaller family sizes), and improved health outcomes.[footnoteRef:2]…
Trafficking and Prostitution in the Developing orld
The world can be a harsh place, especially if you live in a developing nation, and especially if you are a woman. Lack of food and adequate housing, lack of access to good educational and medical facilities, an oppressive, often male-dominated social system - these are just some of the problems faced by millions of women each and every day of their lives. For most there is no hope of escape. Each new dawn brings with it the same sense of despair; the same feeling that one is a prisoner of one's fate. Change is slow in the developing world. Progress, if it comes at all, comes only very gradually, painfully, and often at a high price. Many of the nations of the Third orld were only recently communist, or colonies of the estern powers. Many still have one foot in…
1. Binder, David. "Country Report: Albania - Country Sends Its Own to Europe and Beyond." MSNBC News. MSNBC.com, 2002. URL: http://www.msnbc.com/news/736680.asp
2. Binder, David. "Country report: Bosnia - In a Post-War Zone the Sex trade Flourishes." MSNBC News. MSNBC.com, 2002. URL: http://www.msnbc.com/news/736679.asp
3. Binder, David. "Country Report: Yugoslavia - After Milosevic, Country Still Mired in Crime." MSNBC News. MSNBC.com, 2002. URL: http://www.msnbc.com/news/736678.asp .
4. Binder, David and Mendenhall, Preston. "Sex, Drugs, and Guns in the Balkans." MSNBC News. MSNBC.com, 2002. URL:
Global Healthcare Ethics and the andomised HIV Trial
Healthcare professional face a range of ethical issues in the pursuance of their vocation. In the context of HIV research and the conducting of research among vulnerable population, such as poor expectant mothers in developing countries, the compete of global health ethics should provide a foundation for the assessment of ethical practices, both in planning, undertaking, and reviewing the work (WHO, 2014; Stapleton et al., 2013). Global health ethics is an interdisciplinary field, which covers not only health research, but also issues such as the provision of healthcare, and development of health policy, with the aim of understanding the moral values which should be implemented at a global level, undertaken utilising a predominantly geographic approach to macro level health issues (Stapleton et al., 2013). In this context, global health ethics is primarily concerned with issues such as pandemics, the effects of natural…
Kass. N.E., (2000), An Ethics Framework for Public Health, American Journal of public health, 91, 1776-1782
Pinto, A D; Upshur,, (2009), Global health Ethics for Students, Developing World Bioethics, 9(1), 1-10
Stapleton, G; Schroder-Back, P; Laaser, U; Meershoek, A; Popa, D, (2013), Global health ethics: an introduction to prominent theories and relevant topics, Global Health Action, 7, 235-69
World Health Organization, (WHO), (2014), Global Health Ethics, retrieved 19th December 2015 from http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/164576/1/9789240694033_eng.pdf
preferences by countries can led to different forms of the challenges that they face and the strategies they choose to address these challenges. However, in an increasingly globalized world, many modern challenges are increasingly affecting the world's population as a whole; like climate change for example. Thus the next generations of challenges will require solutions that involve an unprecedented level of global collaboration. Furthermore, these challenges can be thought of in terms of social, economic, and environmental challenges. This paper will briefly outline three development challenges that are facing development in the 21st century.
Climate change, also known as global warming, is an environmental phenomenon that has attracted significant global attention in recent decades. This is arguably an issue that can be thought of as an existential issue. Climate change stands the potential not only to threaten many animal species around the world in a new global masses…
AFP. (2013, March 14). Chavez 'devil' speech recalled at UN tribute. Retrieved from Nation: http://www.nation.co.ke/News/world/Chavez-devil-speech-recalled-at-UN-tribute/-/1068/1719726/-/2omnx2z/-/index.html
Hanna, S., & Osborne-Lee, I. (2011). Sustainable economy of the ecological footprint: economic analysis and impacts. In V. Esteve, Ecosystems and Sustainable Development VIII (pp. 313-342). Southampton: WIT Press.
Harris, G. (2014, March 25). Borrowed Time on Disappearing Land. Retrieved from The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/29/world/asia/facing-rising-seas-bangladesh-confronts-the-consequences-of-climate-change.html
Kabir, A. (2015, May 14). Democracy Departs From Bangladesh. Retrieved from The Diplomat: http://thediplomat.com/2015/05/democracy-departs-from-bangladesh/
1. Why is the state considered a central institution in comparative politics? What does state power look like, and where does it come from? Towards what ends do states use their power? Give detailed examples from three country-cases.
The state is the central institution in comparative politics because it represents the group of institutions and agencies that exercise authority over the people subordinate to it. The state mediates disputes and serves to unite the individual will and the collective will under one umbrella. The state is recognized as the legitimate authority by the people and thus they comply with the state’s rules without needing to be coerced. To understand comparative politics, one has to understand the central role of the state.
State power can take numerous forms. In America it takes the forms of the courts, the Congress, and the police—for starters. The government has three branches of government—the executive,…
Sonar esearch and Naval Warfare: 1914-1954
During both World War I and World War II, there were a number of informational tactics used by the Navy in order to gain ground on enemy troops. One of those was sonar research, because it provided them with knowledge they would not have otherwise had (Hackmann, 1984). Sonar is not perfect, but a great deal of work has gone into it since its creation, and that has helped it to become a more valuable tool for Naval operations. Sonar is used for navigation, but also for communication and the detection of objects, primarily underwater (Urick, 1983). There are two types of sonar: passive and active. In active sonar, pings are sent out to search for other objects (Hackmann, 1984). Passive sonar does not send out a signal, but only listens for the pings and signals of others (Hackmann, 1984). Both have their place,…
Abbatiello, J. (2005). Anti-submarine warfare in World War I: British Naval aviation and the defeat of the U-boats. NY: Routledge.
Adamthwaite, A.P. (1992). The making of the Second World War. New York: Routledge.
Barber, J., & Harrison, M. (2006). Patriotic war, 1941 -- 1945. In Ronald Grigor Suny, ed. The Cambridge History of Russia, Volume III: The Twentieth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hackmann, W. (1984). Seek & Strike: Sonar, anti-submarine warfare and the Royal Navy 1914-54. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.
World War II. World War II was a turning point in world history, and brought together many allies to fight strong opponents for world domination. The War was supposed to be the "last" world war fought, but other conflicts since that time show the world is still a volatile and unsettled place, and it seems there will always be wars fought in this world.
World War II was fought on two major fronts -- Europe and Asia. There was also fighting in North Africa, and many Pacific Islands. The initial war began in 1939 when German dictator Adolph Hitler invaded Poland. England and France had pledged to support Poland as Hitler continued to take over countries in Europe, such as Austria and Czechoslovakia in the late 1930s. When Hitler invaded Poland,
France and England issued ultimatums to Germany which were ignored, and the war had officially begun, even though actual…
Boatner, Mark M. Biographical Dictionary of World War II. Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1996.
Divine, Robert A., ed. Causes and Consequences of World War II. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1969.
Kitchen, Martin. A World in Flames: A Short History of the Second World War in Europe and Asia, 1939-1945. London: Longman, 1990.
orld ar II broke out, Russia was not prepared, nor did she manage to be the military threat she could have been, because the nation was weakened by lack of industrialization, the defeat by Japan in 1905, and a lack of support by the people for involvement in this new war. hat seems clear is that Russia was not prepared when the war began and had to work to muster its army, provide war materials, and protect its own territory against the German advance. The fact that Germany was indeed stopped cold in Russia shows how well the Russians did their job, but the issue is why they did not do what they could before the war started given that the whole world could see war coming long before it reached Russia. More recently, though, the question of unpreparedness has been given a new look, and a new theory of…
McTaggart, Pat. "Winter Tempest in Stalingrad." World War II 12(4)(November 1997), 30-36.
Raack, R.C. "Stalin's Role in the Coming of World War II: Opening the Closet Door on a Key Chapter of Recent History." World Affairs 158(4)(1996), 198-211.
Taylor, a.J.P. The Origins of the Second World War. New York: Athenaeum, 1985.
Tucker, Robert C. Stalin in Power. New York: W.W. Norton, 1990.
World War II (WWII) Transformed the United States Domestically
World War II was a global military conflict that, in terms of lives lost and material destruction, was the most tragic war in human history. It started in 1939 as a European conflict between Germany and an Anglo-French coalition but eventually grew to include most of the nations of the world. It ended in 1945, leaving a new world that was dominated by the United States and the U.S.S.R.
When the United States became involved with World War II, there were immediate and long-term changes in virtually every aspect of American life. Millions of men and women joined the military and saw areas of the world they would likely never have seen on their own. The labor demands of war industries caused millions more Americans to relocate, mainly to the Atlantic, Pacific, and Gulf coasts, where most defense plants were located.…
Encarta. World War. Encyclopedia Article. Retrieved from the Internet at http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761563737/World_War_II.html.
Sage, Henry. (March 23, 2004). The Postwar United States. The Library of Congress. Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.nv.cc.va.us/home/nvsageh/Hist122/topics/PostWorldWarIIDom.htm.
Stravelli, Gloria. (March, 2004). In unexpected ways WWII changed women's lives: Role in war effort helped shift societal perceptions and expectations. New Jersey: The Hub.
The New Georgia Encyclopedia. (2004). Civil Rights Movement. Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/ArticlePrintable.jsp?id=h-2716 .
This is when they would go after some highest officials in the German and Japanese governments that knew about the atrocities. Under this approach they were publically making an example of these individuals and their involvement with these activities. This created the impression that the Allies were doing everything possible to hold ex-Nazis and Japanese officials accountable. (Plesch 101 -- 118)
However, beneath the surface is when the U.S. And Soviet Union, were cherry picking individuals that could help develop new weapons programs (most notably: rocket scientists). At the end of the war, the Germans had developed the V-1 and the V-2 rockets. These were loaded with a simple warhead and fired at England. Moreover, the Germans had been able to create the first jet aircraft. (Ward 34 -- 52)
After the war was over, the Allies were rounding up these scientists and were learning everything about these secret programs.…
Plesch, Dan. America, Hitler and the UN. New York: IB Tarius, 2011. Print.
Ward, Bob. Dr. Space. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2005. Print.
NASA cannot afford to create new technology, and that is a sign of our lack of support of new science and engineering, something that could be critically short in years to come.
In conclusion, there are clearly many advantages to the flat world economy that has developed with the advent of the 21st century, and Friedman does a good job of spelling out those advantages quite well. There are disadvantages, as well, and Freidman recognizes them and gives them priority in his book. America really began this free trade idea that helped shoot technology around the world and make it possible for people to work anywhere, at anytime. America will continue to innovate and create new ideas, technologies, and innovations that will make our world a better, safer, and healthier place, and as they do, they will continue to generate the best jobs and ideas right here in this country.…
Editors. "Average mathematics literacy, reading literacy, science literacy, and problem-solving scores of 15-year-olds, by sex and country: 2003." National Center for Education Statistics. 2003. 10 July 2008. http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d07/tables/dt07_389.asp ?
Editors. "Constellation Program." NASA.gov. 2008. 10 July 2008. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/constellation/main/index.html
Friedman, Thomas L. The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century, Release 2.0. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2006. (ebook).
Developing Human Potential
When an organization makes the decision to take an individual on as a part of staff, effectively they are making a human capital investment in that individual (Lepak & Snell, 1999). Where the organization pays for the training of, insuring of, and salary to that individual they in turn are expected to perform the tasks within their job description efficiently and accurately thus allowing the organization to function successfully and more importantly profitably. However, when a human element is involved, there is always a degree of risk present. In the case of developing the potential of employees to maximize their value within the company there are many factors which must be addressed in the overall assessment of their potential and potential value relative to the risk at which they place the company (Abowd, & Kramarz, 2003).
The factors influencing employee performance and there by the…
1. Patterson, M., West, M., Lawthom, R., & Nickell, S. 1997. Impact of people management practices on business performance. Institute of Personnel and Development, 1- 39.
2. Bretz, R., Read, W., & Milkovich, G. 1992. The current state of performance appraisal research and practice: Concerns, directions, and implications. Center for Advanced Human Resource Studies, 1- 59.
3. Holzer, H., Raphael, S., & Stoll, M. 2002. Percieved criminality, criminal background checks, and the racial hiring practices of employers. Institute for Research on Poverty, 1- 45.
4. Abowd, J., & Kramarz, F. 2003. The costs of hiring and separations. U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1- 45.
Developing a network
The benefits of developing a network: Meeting goals
Networking is a critical component of preparing a new professional for the job market and for current professionals to ensure that their skills remain 'sharp' so they remain competitive candidates for better positions. "Networking is about developing long-term relationships for mutual gain and creating a lasting impression with people so that they think of you positively when an opportunity arises" (Benefits of networking, 2012, londonhr connection). The principle that 'it's not what you know, it's who you know' may be a commonly-cited cliche, but there is an element of truth to the old adage. There are many qualified candidates out in the job market today. There are also more opportunities for a wider pool of candidates to find out about jobs online through job boards like Monster.com and also company websites. Candidates today are not simply competing with…
Benefits of networking. (2012). londonhr connection
Retrieved at: http://www.londonhr.org/networking-benefits.php
Networking definition. (2012). Small Business Encyclopedia. Retrieved:
Middle East comprises a diverse group of regions, countries, peoples, customs, and cultures. On the one hand, it is daunting to offer a semester-long course that treats all Middle Eastern issues with clarity and fairness. The risk of oversimplification, however, is outweighed by the risk of ignorance. This course will explore the Middle East with as much depth and breadth as possible, stimulating student thought on political, social, religious, historical, ethnographic, and economic issues related to the region. Included in the course rubric will be current events ranging from gender issues to terrorism. In between the heavier topics, lighter lessons on local customs, culture, music, and food will reveal the ordinariness of daily life in the part of the world we call the Middle East.
Islam will be covered from a multidisciplinary perspective, allowing for nuanced and rich class discussions about the unique interface between politics, religion, and social norms.…
Anderson, Lisa. "Demystifying the Arab Spring." PDF Available: http://www.ssrresourcecentre.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/Anderson-Demystifying-the-Arab-Spring.pdf
Henry, Clement Moore and Springborg, Robert. Globalization and the Politics of Development in the Middle East. Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Kuran, Timur. "The Islamic Commercial Crisis: Institutional Roots of Economic Underdevelopment in the Middle East." The Journal of Economic History (2003), 63(2).
No individual or entity can every truly accomplish anything on their own; whether or not either party is consciously aware of it, there is always some reliance on the effort and actions of outside individuals involved. The same is true for any organization; though there might be many individuals working in tandem trying to work towards a common goal within the organization itself, any real action in the external world will necessarily involve some interaction with and even dependence on other organizations and individuals. ecognizing this dependence on interaction and consciously acting on it is an important function for organizational leaders in all organizations, and especially for human services administrators. Human service organizations filled real needs in their communities, and a failure to properly utilize inter-organizational relationships can leave individuals in the community without the support they need. For this reason, human services administrators must act as…
Myers, L., Myers, L. & Grant, L. (2010). The creation of regional partnerships for regional emergency planning. Journal of Business Continuity 4(4): 338-51.
Tsasis, P. (2009). The Social Processes of Interorganizational Collaboration and Conflict in Nonprofit Organizations. Nonprofit Management and Leadership 20(1): 5-21.
Social esponsibilty Strategy for Community
Social esponsibility Strategy for Community Hospital
Corporate Social esponsibility
The following is a fictional plan of that will describe the development of a fictional Hospital's Corporate Social esponsibility initiative. It will include things such as the philanthropic, community and environmental benefit that document Alexandria Hospital's commitment and concern in regards to the welfare of their employees and the patients that they will serve, in the community development and health, human rights, enabling people through education and material, public reporting and transparency, business ethics and providing a community benefit (ohini & Mahadevappa, 2010).
Community Benefit and Free Care
Alexandria Hospital will bring great benefit to the surrounding communities in order to be able to serve in countless methods, the hospital has future plans of giving nearly $923,000 in Community Health Improvement Services, supporting the care that will be provided to patients who are covered…
Castka, P., & Balzarova, M.A. (2008). Adoption of social responsibility through the expansion of existing management systems. Industrial Management + Data Systems, 108(3), 297-309.
Galbreath, J. (2010). The impact of strategic orientation on corporate social responsibility. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 18(1), 23-40.
Kakabadse, N.K., & Cecile Rozuel. (2006). Meaning of corporate social responsibility in a local French hospital: A case study. Society and Business Review, 1(1), 77-96.
Luu, T.T. (2013). Corporate social responsibility, upward influence behavior, team processes and competitive intelligence. Team Performance Management, 19(1), 6-33.
Organizational structures across the world have experienced significant transformation in the past decade, especially because of the rapid technological advancements that have changed the modern business environment. The transformation of organizational structures has been geared towards enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of the organizations in their respective businesses. An example of the dramatic transformation in organizational structures is the development of team-based work structures, which have contributed to the shift from organizing work around individuals. Team-based work structures have been developed as part of enhancing organizations' capabilities to achieve their strategic, economic, and technological objectives. The use of work teams in organizations has in turn attracted considerable attention among business scholars and practitioners. There are numerous studies including empirical studies that have been carried out to examine the basic organization of work in team-based structures.
Journal Reports on Team-based Work Structures
Zoltan & Vancea (2015) conducted a study in which…
LED Bulb - Marketing Plan
Marketing Situation Analysis
Implementation, Controls, and Evaluation
LED technology has made many breakthroughs in recent years. The most notable of which is its level of cost effectiveness. However, the initial investment required to implement LED light bulbs still exceeds the alternative market choices. Yet the total cost of ownership offers consumers sizable gains. The market segment that this marketing plan is catered to is composed of industrial firms who purchase items in quantity as well as consider such items as the total cost of ownership. It is reasonable to suspect that this segment will be the most receptive to LED technology.
Rationale for Research
LED lighting solutions were chosen because this technology represents the future of lighting. The LED bulbs offer better quality of lighting, have a much longer lifecycle, and require is significantly reduced amount of…
Angelie, A., 2010. Will LED Light Bulbs Best Your CFLs and Incandescents?. [Online]
Available at: http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/environment/will-led-light-bulbs-best-cfls-and-incandescents [Accessed 8 August 2011].
CO2 Now, 2011. Earth's CO2 Home Page. [Online]
Available at: http://co2now.org / [Accessed 8 August 2011].
These "worlds" are not definitive however but suggestive of how women in particular view themselves. The "worlds" can be the cause of racial, or cultural, or professional, or mere idiosyncratic in nature. Nonetheless, they are the primary structures we as humans are found in socially and intrapersonally. And since this helps shape values and personal esteem, it is important to try and understand other "worlds." For one, understanding other "worlds" helps break down cultural and racial barriers built up by isolation and an "outsider" mentality.
Unfortunately, in these "worlds" very little interaction is typically engaged. And not just that, but when "worlds" are developed based on an inferiority stemming from racial divides-in this case that of Lugones' family in an Anglo-centric society-then poor loving relations are established. So, Lugones finds that in order to reaffirm loving relationships where arrogant perceptions prevail, first, one must employ "world"-traveling. This is an exercise…
"Nothing endures but change."
Developing Human Development
The "learning organization" is without a template. Writers have tried to give it an ideal form or a template in "which real organizations could attempt to emulate." (Easterby-Smith & Araujo 1999). The learning organization, however, can be best characterized by saying that it's an organization where both individual and collective learning are crucial. Donald Schon has come up with a theoretical framework associating the experience of living in a situation of an increasing change with the need for learning. He states:
The loss of the stable state means that our society and all of its institutions are in continuous processes of transformation. We cannot expect new stable states that will endure for our own lifetimes. We must learn to understand, guide, influence and manage these transformations. We must make the capacity for undertaking them integral to ourselves and to our…
Barger, Nancy. 1995. The Challenge of Change in Organizations: Helping Employees
Thrive in the New Frontier. 1st Intercultural Press, Boston.
Castells, M. 2001. "Information Technology and Global Capitalism" in W. Hutton and A.
Giddens (eds). On the Edge: Living with Global Capitalism. Vintage, London.
The concept of a strong bench for an organization suggests that an organization becomes a fort in the today's competitive business environment if it has a strong team of employees to support the organizational goals and mission. This concept of strong bench further illustrates that the workforce is not just for the current situation but is geared to the future needs of the organization. The future needs can only be met if the company has talent and it hones the talents of its employees to prepare them for future responsibilities. So, its not just about having strong talented candidates for employees but it also involves engaging them in activities for a future position. If the company then has a strong bench meaning that a pool of honed and geared-up talent ready to assume more responsibilities then it gives that organization an edge.
This whole article emphasizes the importance…
Bruer, R., Leibman, M., & Maki, B. (1996). Succession Management: The Next Generation of Succession Planning. Human Resource Planning Journal. Vol. 19.
Ibarra, P. (2005). Succession Planning: An Idea Whose Time Has Come. Public Management. Vol. 87, January-February.
Pernick, R. (2002). Creating a Leadership Development Program: Nine Essential Tasks. Public Management. Vol. 84, August.
Food and dietary habits vary from region to region; mostly guided by cultural preferences, access to resources and income levels. It has often found that western countries rarely ever complain of malnutrition problem, while it persists in third world countries. The reason for this is grounded in income levels and access to resources. Most developing countries heavily rely on pulses and beans for calories while most western-nations exhibit a greater taste for meat and poultry. This demonstrates on the one hand, cultural tastes while on the other it also says a great deal about income and poverty. In a report and survey revealed in 1980s, it was found that there existed noticeable differences in per capital supply of calories and protein in different regions of the world (see Table 1). It was observed that developing countries had calories intake 9% lower than the world average. The developed countries on…
1. Food and Agriculture Organization, 1996a The sixth world food survey. Rome: FAO.
2. Food and Agriculture Organization, 1996b. Food balance sheets 1961-1994. Rome: FAO.
3. Grigg, D. 1995 The nutritional transition in Western Europe. Jl Hist. Geogr. 21: 247-61.
4. Grigg, D. 1996 The starchy staples in world food consumption. Ann. Ass. Am. Geogr. 86: 412-31.
Space Vehicles for Future Space Tourism
Developing Space Vehicles for Future Space Tourism
Today, certain individuals in the developing countries could be viewing "space tourism" as vocabulary. Nonetheless, in the developed countries, this term is turning to be more familiar and gradually becoming a holiday experience for world Forbes. This is an expensive venture that is exciting, stunning, adventurous, and relatively remains the least exploited phenomena in the world history. Since the first "space tour" in 2001, the rich stamps their foot on a fact that wherever they can go, the poor cannot manage to go, and what the poor can do, they can do best. Over the past few decades, the general perception about space tourism has been changing yearly. History reveals that this perception considered space tourism as a "science fiction." However, this term currently gains recognition and is becoming the most important grand target for the growing…
Ashford, D.M. (1984). Space tourism: Key to the universe? Journal of Spaceflight, 26(4), 123-
Bono, P. (1973). The reusable booster paradox: Aircraft technology or operations? Journal of Space Flight, 9(3), 379-387.
Broz, T.A. (1985). NASA administrator rules out shuttle for space tourism. Commerce on Space Tourism, 9(8), 68-77.
Gerard, M. & Jefferson, P. (1998). International cooperation in space: New government and industry relationships. Journal of Space Exploration, 9(5), 27-39.
Strategic Business Plan
Inglot Cosmetics has created a new innovative way for consumers to mix different make-up colors to suit their preferences. The company realized that there is potential in offering consumers the option to mix colors, instead of developing all color ranges. Consumers being health conscious has led to many restrictions within the different markets the company operates. Leveraging on its production facilitates the company has met the European Union regulations. There is potential for the company to expand in markets that it had earlier restricted itself. The South American market especially Brazil is considered to be a high consumer of cosmetic products, and opening a store in that location would be beneficial for the company. However, the market there is highly competitive, as other companies have already setup their stores. Within the next one year, Inglot will have opened…
AFANASYEV, M. & MENDELSON, H. 2010. Service provider competition: Delay cost structure, segmentation, and cost advantage. Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, 12, 213-235.
BHATTACHARYYA, S. & NAIN, A. 2011. Horizontal acquisitions and buying power: A product market analysis. Journal of Financial Economics, 99, 97-115.
FOSFURI, A., GIARRATANA, M.S. & ROCA, E. 2013. Building and Sustaining a Product Differentiation Advantage Through a Community-Focused Strategy. Industry and Innovation, 20, 114-132.
KOTLER, P. 2011. Reinventing marketing to manage the environmental imperative. Journal of Marketing, 75, 132-135.
Nurses Do? Many people, tropical countries Third World, die preventable, curable diseases. . . . Malaria,
Of the many challenges related to providing adequate health care in nations that are still developing, one of the most prominent is the fact that in many instances cases of both preventable and curable diseases (such as tuberculosis) are not sufficiently reported (WHO, 2012, p. 1). Without reporting that an individual is infected or even possibly infected by this particular malady or others, it is extremely difficult to provide the sort of remedy that could prevent such a disease from being fatal. In developing nations, there are a number of places in which communication is strained due to the fact that these locations are remote or are in parts of the world in which advancements in information technology (such as mobile devices and the internet) have not fully penetrated. Thus, one of the critical…
Crisp, N., Chen, L. (2014). Global supply of health professionals. New England Journal of Medicine. Retrieved from http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMra1111610?query=featured_global-health
World Health Organization. (2012). "Global tuberculosis report 2012." World Health Organization. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report/gtbr12_main.pdf
The Challenge of Improving Upon Exemplary Customer Service: Apple, Inc.
For the purposes of this task, the organisation of focus will be the international giant, Apple, Inc. Apple is an organisation and a brand with international fame conjuring instant recognition and respect from global consumers for nearly four decades. Apple has an exceptional reputation for many aspects of their business practices such as product quality, product variety, and for the paper's purposes, customer service. As the paper will demonstrate and cite, this organisation has an outstanding reputation for customer service. Apple's customer service is ranked high both nationally (domestically) and internationally. Why choose an organisation that is so far ahead of most others? It is a formidable challenge to constantly and effectively improve upon excellence; this is the task that Apple puts before itself each year, and it is the same perspective from which the paper aligns itself.
Ghobadian, A., Speller, S., & Jones, M. 1994. Service Quality -- Concepts and Models. International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, 11(9), 43 -- 66.
Hallowell, R. 1995. The relationships of customer satisfaction, customer loyalty, and profitability: an empirical study. International Journal of Service Industry Management, 7(4), 27 -- 42.
Lengnick-Hall, C.A. 1996. Customer contributions to quality: A Different View of the Customer-oriented Firm. Academy of Management: The Academy of Management Review, 2(3), 791 -- 824.
Meyer, C., & Schwager, A. 2007. Understanding Customer Experience. Harvard Business Review. Harvard Business School Publishing: Cambridge.
Successful and Effective Personal and Team Development
The objective of this work is to write a critical reflection of the personal development and growth of the writers with the oyal Air Force with a view to broadening the knowledge and skills of the writer to be a more effective manager by undertaking a personal SWOT analysis. Accepted Learning Styles Theories should be used to explain how the writer will apply that knowledge to maximize the strengths and opportunities and minimize weaknesses and threats to future self-development. Useful tools that have been suggested are learning styles 'lens' workshop materials and cognitive learning style.
This assignment intends to critically reflect on the personal development and growth over the course of the 15 years of service with the oyal Air Force of this writer. This work will examine both the extent and depth of the skills acquired by the writer of this work…
Roehler, Yvonee (2006) Gain competitive advantage. Increase profitability. Make great decisions. Do it now. Ask me how. Roehler's Solutions. Retrieved from: http://score-tvc.org/FAQ/Internal%20Communication%20Strategy.pdf
Kaplan, Robert S. And Norton, David P. (2001) The Strategy-Focused Organization. Concentrated Knowledge ™ for the Busy Executive • www.summary.com Vol. 23, No. 1(3 parts) Part 1, January 2001 • Order # 23-01. Retrieved from http://www.businesstraining.com.mx/egaii/docs/The%20Strategy%20Focused%20Organization.pdf
Environmental Management Roundtable, Focusing on Performance Evaluation and External Communications (2000) ECOLOGIA Position Paper. Stockholm, June 14, 2000. Retrieved from: http://www.ecologia.org/ems/iso14000/standards/extcomm.html
BNET Business Directory (2010) External Communication. Retrieved from: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_definition_of_external_communication
This is a case Black male 21 years of age, conceived with HIV and offered up to child care since he was five years old. He was constantly moved from one care center to another, and vulnerable to mishandling. He is experiencing issues of uneasiness/wretchedness around a considerable number of issues. These issues particularly manifest when searching for vocation. He is discouraged and would not like to connect with individuals, only in isolation, if at all, such as behind buildings or warehouses and the like. He is especially jittery, nervous in circumstances when queries need to answered or assessments about him arise, dread of dismissal, stress over breaking down and fear about appraisal. The nervousness gets under his skin and overshadows his thinking to an extent where he is scattered, that he stops thinking justifiably and rationally and can't make it in time for interviews, job or any…
Child Welfare Information Gateway (1994).Crisis intervention in child abuse and neglect: User manual series. Retrieved from
Epstein, R.M. (1999). Mindful practice. Journal of American Medical Association, 282(9), 833-839.
Germain, C.B. & Gitterman, A. (1996).Beginnings: Beginnings: Auspice, Modalities, Methods, and Skills- Chapter 3.Colombia University Press.
Hopps, J. And Pinderhughes, E. (1999).Conceptual Framework for Group Intervention with Overwhelmed Clients. Free Press
The demonstration in Tiananmen Square showed that there were alrge semgnets of the population that wanted change, but Deng's response was to crush the movement with violence and to assert the supremacy ofm centalzied rule once more..
These actions show some of the difficulties of independence and of developing a new political structure when many adhere to older political structures and ideas. One response is to try to wipe out the old with violence, but regimes tend to become reactionary about their own ideas as well and to crush any opposition, real of perceived.
9. Arab unity has not materialized for a number of historical reasons related to the different ways in which the countries of the region have developed so that the leaders of some of the states are wary of other leaders, because of differences in economic structures in the various countries, and because of different reactions to…
The shifts that are occurring in the population demographic are highlighting how a greater percentage of people are becoming senior citizens. This means that a traditional number of everyday services that most individuals take for granted will be in demand. For Widget World, this presents the company with a unique opportunity that will allow us to create a nationally-based franchise that can easily earn gross revenues of $144 million per year. The strategy that we are proposing is illustrating how these objectives will be achieved and the way we will create a unique product that will meet this growing demand in the future.
Currently, a major population shift has been occurring in America. Where, one of the largest demographics of the population (the aby oomers) is quickly approaching the age of retirement. Evidence of this can be seen by…
"Help Seniors with a Senior Errand Service." Classified Business Opportunities, 2010. Web. 16 Jul. 2011
"Implementation Control." Strategic Control, 2005. Web. 16 Jul. 2011
"SWOT Analysis." Quick MBA, 2011. Web. 16 Jul. 2011
Burton, R. "How to Grow a Cleaning Business." E. How, 2011. Web. 16 Jul. 2011.
For the past several decades, the news about cancer in the United States has been increasingly positive and that trend has continued unabated over the past decade. According to the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health, the overall incidence rate for men has declined by an average of 0.6% every year between 2004 and 2008, while for women, the incidence rate has dropped 0.5% per year from 1998 through 2006 and leveling off from 2006 to 2008 (National Cancer Institute). Just as importantly death rates from cancer have declined since 1975 and have sharply decreased between 19944 and 2008 for both men and women as shown in the graph below from the National Cancer Institute (National Cancer Institute).
There are myriad reasons for this decline in cancer deaths, including better education regarding healthy living, improved diets, and better treatment. Among the treatment options are improved…
National Cancer Institute. (2012). Report to the nation finds continuing declines in cancer
death rates since the early 1990s. Retrieved from:
Chabner, B.A., & Longo, D.L. (Eds.). (2010). Cancer chemotherapy and biotherapy:
communication through various advertising techniques. The writer explores newspapers, advertisements, direct mail, ecommerce and other methods of attempting to reach the potential consumer. The writer uses 12 sources to complete the paper.
The development and sustaining of any company that offers products or services is heavily dependent on its ability to market and advertise. The use of advertising to communicate messages to the consumer is not a new concept. It is something that has been used for many years to entice the consumer into purchase. Communication through the use of advertising is not a new concept but there are several relatively new approaches being used today.
Many years ago before there was electricity or television there was only one way for a business to advertise and that was through print advertisements. Print ads included things such as posters, newspaper ads and magazine publications. Print ads often contained pictures of the…
It Takes a Cybervillage.(analysis of web sites and Internet services for schools and teachers)
Is The End Of The Ad Slump In Sight?(First/The Question Authority)(Interview)
Perceptions and attitudes about eCommerce development in China: an exploratory study.
ENews, ECommerce, EManaged Care: Managed Care Firm Begins Online Conversion To "Virtual" Consultations.
Throughout the course of human history, the idea of traveling into space has been something that has captured the imagination. This is because it is offering everyone with an avenue for seeing new worlds and learning about the universe. The result is that a number of missions are being planned for going back to the moon and eventually Mars.
To reach these objectives, a series of space vehicles are under development. This is to address the desire to explore the unknown and ensure that astronauts can return safely to Earth. At the same time, many craft are utilizing robotic technology. This improves the ability of scientists to understand what is happening and the impact it having on stakeholders.
In the case of space tourism, these changes will encourage more firms and governmental organizations to become involved. This is because the costs for conducting these missions can be reduced.…
Czysz, P. (2009). Future of Spacecraft Propulsion Systems. New York, NY: Springer.
Doddy, D. (2013). Deep Spacecraft. New York, NY: Springer.
Wang, W. (2011). Near Space Remote Sensing. New York, NY: Springer.
Government: An Unviable Solution to a Complex Need
According to Anne-Marie Slaughter, "world government is both infeasible and undesirable," an assertion that is supported by the historical record as well as contemporary experiences. This paper provides a review of the relevant literature to determine why a world government is unviable, as well as the differences between a world government and global governance. A discussion concerning how these concepts relate to world order, globalization, international integration and the rise of new actors is followed by a summary of the research and important findings in the conclusion.
Problems with a World Government
On the one hand, people need global institutions in an increasingly globalized marketplace. For instance, according to Slaughter, "Peoples and their governments around the world need global institutions to solve collective problems that can only be addressed on a global scale. They must be able to make and enforce global…
Rachman, Gideon. 2008, December 8. "And now for a world government." Financial
Times.com. [online] available: http://ft.com .
Slaughter, Anne-Marie. 2005. "Government Networks, World Order and the L20." In Reforming
from the Top: A Leaders' 20 Summit. 2005. John English, Ramesh Thakur & Andrew F.
Questions On World Regional Geography
Generally speaking, African colonies during the colonial period were seen as expensive liabilities by the great European powers, especially in relation to trading concessions. Toward the end of the 19th century, the attitudes of these powers altered as rival industrial nations like Great Britain, Germany, France and Belgium, attempted to locate and develop overseas markets for their goods. In 1885, the Berlin Conference was convened to resolve conflicts of interest in Africa by allotting areas of exploitation to these colonial powers. As a result, the so-called "scramble for Africa" began in which these powers sought to establish their "rightful" claims to vast expanses of land.
When this conference was convened, most of Africa was under colonial control and was subsequently broken up into numerous states, made up of some fifty separate countries with very irregular geographical boundaries. One major problem linked to this break-up…
postindustrial transformation of the United States and Canada? What are its impact on the human geography of this realm?
The term "postindustrial transformation" can be thought of as the alteration of an area in response to an ending of the age of industry. This postindustrial age is dominated by the production and manipulation of information, technology, and highly skilled workers. This age indicates that the area manufactures and operates on a global scale, rather than retaining a framework of regional business interactions. The transformation that occurs in this postindustrial age is one in which new business and regions emerge, while older businesses and regions attempt to reinvent their concepts and ideas to appeal to the new global market. These alterations to human geography are accompanied by an alteration of the use of space, since technology advancements create the possibility of new ways to create and sustain space.
In terms of…
Girhard, S. (2005). Chapter 2: Europe. Retrieved October 8, 2005 from Alamo Community College database. Web site: http://www.accd.edu/sac/earthsci/sgirhard/1303.090/chap2.htm.
Lehner, B. (2003). Europe's Hydropower Potential Today and in the Future. Retrieved October 8, 2005 from the Institute for Applied Technologies database. Web site: http://www.iset.uni-kassel.de/abt/w3-w/projekte/europes_hydropower_bernhard.pdf.
Rodriguez, F. (2005). North America: The Post Industrial Transformation. Retrieved October 8, 2005 from Delmar College. Web site: http://www.delmar.edu/socsci/Faculty/Rodriguez/pptlecture/PPTLECNAM.htm .
Vershbow, A. (2003). The Reflections of the U.S. Ambassador to Moscow on the U.S.-Russian Partnership. Retrieved October 8, 2005 from Center for Defense Information. Web site: