Water sustainability has been of increasing concern in academia as a political as well as an environmental problem. My dissertation will specifically focus on water sustainability in the Caribbean and how to improve methods of delivery. Water is a finite, not an infinite resource, and must be treated as such. Additional research is needed to see how best to improve current quality and availability in the region. One useful method of doing so is reviewing how governments have tried and in some cases failed in the past to improve water sustainability in other areas of the developing world.
Technology provides many potential benefits for improving water quality, according to Jha (et al. 2007). In the article "Groundwater management and development by integrated remote sensing and geographic information systems: prospects and constraints" the authors examine how the pollution and exploitation of groundwater is causing a critical problem for the environment in India. Remote sensing (RS) and geographic information systems (GIS) can work to circumvent some of these issues, although the technology is still in its nascent stages. The uses for RS and GIS include the assessment of current resources and damages;...
Groundwater is a critical natural resource because of its relatively low level of vulnerability even when the rest of the region faced with drought so maintaining it is vital to future survival.
Unfortunately, several logistical barriers exist to the use of RS and GIS technology in nations where there is the deepest and most critical need for it, such as India. A literature review reveals that current studies proving the utility of technology in improving groundwater in the region is limited and not scientifically rigorous. While the developed world is currently monitoring its groundwater using cutting-edge technology, developing world governments often impose security restrictions that prevent the free dissemination of information and there is a lack of funding for facilities. The authors conclude with recommendations for improvement, including offering more affordable technology and facilitating greater data-sharing about groundwater and training about how to use the technology. Improvements in infrastructure are also critical (Jha 2007: 461).
The Jha (et al. 2007) article highlights how simply having high-quality technology is not enough. It must be used in an effective fashion. Moreover, government intransigence can result in a failure of proper training and delivery as can financial constraints. According to Jonker (2007), in his article "Integrated water resources management: The theory -- praxis -- nexus, a South African perspective," in the nation of South…
Sustainability: What is required to stop global warming and other negative consequences of industrialization? The need for businesses and governments to be sustainable enterprises is one of the most talked-about subjects in the media today. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): "Sustainability is based on a simple principle: Everything that we need for our survival and well-being depends, either directly or indirectly, on our natural environment. Sustainability creates and maintains
While on one hand, the Nile gets the highest discharge from rainfall on the highlands of Ethiopia and upland plateau of East Africa, located well outside the Middle East region; on the other hand, discharge points of the other two rivers, Euphrates and Tigris, are positioned well within the Middle East region, prevailing mostly in Turkey, Syria along with Iraq. In other areas, recurrent river systems are restricted to
Water Awareness and Education for Sustainable Watershed Management Today, the human society continuously deals with the issue of limited resources, as compared to an extensively growing amount of needs. Among these limited resources, water is vital, not only because mankind cannot survive without it, but also because it is essential to producing so many other secondary items, including food and clothing. At the same time, water and watersheds are an essential
Sustainability Science Phase 4 Discussion Board The article that I will be reviewing is "Key competencies in sustainability: a reference framework for academic program development." This article was published in the journal Sustainability Science and directly covers the development of the academic discipline. The authors note that as the discipline matures into a full-fledged academic discipline, there is a need to understand the nature of sustainability science and what the key competencies
Water in Sub-Saharan Africa is of special interest because of my background but water is a fascinating issue in general, one that I think will play an increasingly large role in the 21st century, as the effects of population growth and climate change bring about significant changes to our water usage and availability. A lack of water in particular has a substantial destabilizing effect. Water as a social issue combines a
Both Segerfeldt and Barlow also emphasize that the crisis especially affects the developing world. Poor people are dying from dirty water, both Barlow and Segerfeldt claim. Barlow cites the World Health Organization, claiming that "every eight seconds, a child dies from drinking dirty water," (299). Segerfeldt agrees that "the shortage of water helps to perpetuate poverty, disease, and early death," (294). Finally, Barlow and Segerfeldt both acknowledge that technically