Use our essay title generator to get ideas and recommendations instantly
Diet Analysis Project
Day Food ecord
Having a diet does not necessarily mean a balanced diet where proteins, carbohydrate and vitamin-rich food are spread out in the individual's daily eating habits. The first day's diet for 28th January 2013 is therefore highlighted below.
tbsp. canola oil margarine
1/2 apple sliced
piece whole-grain bread
cups green tea
tuna sandwich on whole-grain bread w/lettuce and tomato and 1 tbsp. low-fat mayonnaise
1/2 cup baked chips
whole orange and 4 slice of 3-4-inch celery sticks with peanut butter
cup chicken casserole with mozzarella cheese, onions, scalloped potatoes, low-fat milk
cup green salad with 1 tbsp. olive oil and vinegar dressing
pieces whole grain bread (baguette)
3/4 cup chocolate frozen yogurt
The daily food and beverage consumption for the second day 29th January is given below as well as…
Press, V., Freestone, I., & George, C.F. (2003). Physical activity: the evidence of benefit in the prevention of coronary heart disease. QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, 245-251.
Dieting Makes People Fat
The rising epidemic of obesity makes the news nearly every day: We are constantly reading or hearing about how Americans are getting heavier and heavier. This in turn subjects Americans to a range of possible other ills including increased cardiac disease, increased chance of stroke, diabetes, and arthritis. It also subjects Americans to a range of fad diets. These latter might seem to be far less pernicious and dangerous than the terrible diseases listed first, but in fact they themselves take a terrible toll on the physical health of those who turn to them time and time again. They also pose costs in terms of mental health and -- and this is no small cost itself -- they also deplete people's wallets. Often, in fact, a person's wallet is the only thing that gets any lighter.
Before I distributed a survey to my fellow students I…
Larson-Duyff, R. (2007). American Dietetic Association Complete Food and Nutrition Guide. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley & Sons.
Lightsey, D. (2006). Muscles, Speed, and Lies: What the Sports Supplement Industry Does Not Want Athletes or Consumers to Know. Guilford, CT: Lyons Press.
Reid, T. (2009). The Healing of America: A Global Quest for Better, Cheaper, and Fairer Health Care. New York: Penguin Group.
Rinzler, C.A. (2004). Nutrition for Dummies. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley & Sons.
According to a famous TV dog-trainer, a regular daily walk is the first step to a well-behaved dog. Therefore, I am hoping that my daily walks will have a positive impact on my home life.
The second change I plan to incorporate is to avoid eating meat for most lunches. Instead of eating lunch choices like tuna fish sandwiches or cheeseburgers for lunch, I will try to select choices that are higher in fiber, incorporate vegetables, and might feature legumes. For example, I could eat hummus with flatbread, and spinach. The hummus would provide me with protein, but is also a vegetable product. In addition, the spinach would provide me with a serving of the green, leafy vegetables that I lack. Therefore, I need to stock my refrigerator with easy, healthy lunches that are not meat-based. The other thing I need to do is make sure that I make appropriate…
I am female, 40 years old, and I exercise frequently. My height is 5'5," and my weight is 120 lbs. I undertook the dietary analysis for two days in order to gain more insight into my diet. The diet recorded is indicative of my normal eating habits, and reflects my active lifestyle in its composition.
The total number of calories for the two days was 2088. The total number of carbohydrates was 95.16 grams. The total number of fiber was 71.4 grams. The total amount of protein was 190.3 grams and the total amount of fat was 49.7 grams.
The macronutrient content of each input must be calculated in order to determine my macronutrient distribution. Carbohydrates contain 4 calories per gram; protein the same and fat is 9 calories per gram. My macronutrients per day were as follows:
Macronutrient distribution (g)
This put me far short of the mark.
The matter is complicated by the fact that foods only list whole proteins in the nutrition facts. In third world countries where food is scarce and meat is at a premium, the primary fare is rice and beans, which combine to form a complete protein.
The primary failing of the food pyramid is that the USDA was under pressure to communicate simply to a vast number of people with varying ages, levels of education, and backgrounds. "Nutritionists fell victim to a desire to simplify their dietary recommendations" (illett 23). Ultimately, dietary concepts must be applied at an individual level. The issue with my diet was not too little or too much of anything; rather, it was a saturation of unhealthy foods with a high percentage of saturated fat and a minimal amount of protein and a modest amount of carbohydrates. hile the…
Clerk, Nancy. "Protein Power: How Much Protein Do You Really Need?" LookSmart, Find Articles. July-Aug. 1997. American Fitness. 24 Oct. 2006 http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0675/is_n4_v15/ai_19575701 .
Greene, Lisa. "Food Pyramid History." The USDA Food Pyramid. University of Florida. 24 Oct. 2006 http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/projects/Fall02/Greene/history.htm.
Willett, Walter C., and Meir J. Stampfer. "Rebuilding the Food Pyramid." Scientific American 17 Dec. 2002: 23-28.
This is the first step in making diets for young people more realistic, achievable and more aimed at health and less about perpetually attempting to win favor with peers.
Second, educational and awareness programs need to concentrate on assisting young people to see the value of themselves as innately who they are. The use of Myers-Briggs personality tests to assist young girls with the discovery of their innate strengths and abilities in addition to tests to capture their innate cognitive abilities would give them an opportunity to see themselves more in a holistic perspective of total abilities. This would get them out of seeing their values only in the context of their image or appearance. As the cases in Argentina indicate, the valuation of beauty as a proxy for competence dominates their culture (Ballve, 2006) yet does not produce any increase in women who have advanced degrees or seek PhDs…
Marcelo Ballve. (2006, November). A Model Society. Psychology Today,
Bennett, J.. (2009). A focus on child weight management. Practice Nurse,
Did your choices provide enough folate to meet your requirement?
My folate levels were insufficient. Had I added some foods with grain, I may have been closer to the recommendations.
What are the sources of niacin in your day's meals?
My cereal had the most niacin in it at approximately 10.9 mg per 200 calories. The pastrami in my lunch sandwich was also a contributor to the niacin levels at approximately 10.7 mg per 200 calories.
What about Vitamin C? What percentage of your daily need of Vitamin C did your meals provide? Which individual foods were the main contributors? To what food groups do they belong?
My Vitamin C levels were not very good, and were somewhat reflective of my poor vitamin and nutrient intake. My recordings showed that I was roughly 20% off from the recommended amounts. The main food contributors in my intake that…
Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion. 2007. Retrieved from the World Wide Web; August 24, 2007; http://www.cnpp.usda.gov/
1) CNPP. 2007. Retrieved from the World Wide Web; August 25, 2007; http://www.health.gov/dietaryguidelines/dga2005/document/html/chapter6.htm#table10
2) CNPP. 2007. Retrieved from the World Wide Web; August 25, 2007;
The Reformation altered forever medieval life in estern Europe and initiated the era of modern history (Reformation pp). Although the movement is generally dated from the early 16th century during Luther's era of defying Church authority, the conditions that led to this revolution actually existed for hundreds of years and involved complex doctrinal, political, economic, and cultural elements (Reformation pp).
The German scholar and religious reformer Melanchthon authored a conciliatory statement of the Lutheran tenets in 1530, known as the Augsburg Confession, which were submitted to Emperor Charles V as well as to the Roman Catholic faction (Reformation pp). And although it failed to heal the differences between Roman Catholics and Lutherans, it remained the basis of the new Lutheran church and creed (Reformation pp).
Charles V was prevented for using military force against the Lutherans because he was busily involved in a series of wars with France and the…
Audi, Jean M.V. (1992 January 01). Luther Begins The Reformation In Germany. History of the World. Retrieved October 31, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.
History of the Reformation. Retrieved October 31, 2005 at http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ad03
Coastline, Julius. (1992 January 01). Luther Begins The Reformation In Germany:
Part I. History of the World. Retrieved October 31, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.
Dieting makes you fat:" Old wives tale or scientific fact?
'Dieting makes you fat.' On the surface, this assertion seems counterintuitive. After all, dieting for weight loss usually involves calorie or carbohydrate reduction; restricted eating; eating by certain 'rules;' and/or exercise. This usually results in weight loss in varying degrees for the dieter. Yet most dieters gain the majority of the weight they lose back. The lack of success of most popular 'diets' has caused many people to assert that dieting 'makes' the dieter fat, based upon metabolic damage combined with the psychological deprivation that dieting causes. This paper will argue that, given the weight of the evidence, although the physiological evidence is inconclusive that dieting itself leads to weight gain due to metabolic damage, there is substantial evidence that dieting can lead to a negative relationship with food that causes weight gain in the long run.
"A decreased rate…
Amber, R. Standish, et al. "Dieting And Unhealthy Weight Control Behaviors During
Adolescence: Associations With 10-Year Changes In Body Mass Index." Journal Of Adolescent Health 50.1 (2012): 80-86. CINAHL Plus with Full Text. Web. 27 Oct. 2012.
Dulloo, A., Jacquet, J., & Montani, J. "How dieting makes some fatter: from a perspective of human body composition autoregulation." Proceedings Of The Nutrition Society, 71.3 (2012), 379-389. CINAHL Plus with Full Text. Web. 27 Oct. 2012.
Savage, JS, L Hoffman, and LL Birch. "Dieting, Restraint, And Disinhibition Predict Women's
" The patients in the study had "previously failed to lose weight in multiple medically supervised attempts, and were given a standardized form with instructions on the amylase-free diet (Jancin, 2001)." There was no exercise program provided, as the patients were unable to exercise without extreme difficulty.
The results showed that "three-quarters of participants who were compliant with therapy averaged a 4.6% loss in body fat and a 3.1 pound gain in lean body mass in 12 weeks (Jancin, 2001)." Researchers are hopeful this program will work for individuals who have not achieved results from a low-fat diet and exercise.
Overweight individuals have an increased risk of contracting diabetes. Some patients are now being diagnosed with 'pre-diabetes', which "indicates a partly elevated blood sugar level that will likely develop into full diabetes within 10 years if nothing is done to stop it. Scientists now have proof that something can:…
Citron, Judy. "DIET COACH: How can I lose weight without exercise?" Sunday
Mercury (Birmingham, England). (2005): 06 February.
Crenson, Matt. "Dog Study Shows Value of Diet, Exercise." AP Online.
2005): 26 January.
High Fat Diet
High-fat diets have caused a major controversy during the past decade. In fact, the Western diet, ketogenic diet and other types of high-fat diets have become more and more popular even though studies have been produced that link high fat diets to obesity, brain damage, cardiac disease, liver disease and cancer (Branco et al., 2016; Francois et al., 2016; Freeman, Haley-Zitlin, Rosenberger & Granholm, 2014; Wilson, Deasy, Hayes & Cooke, 2017). Therefore it is extremely important to understand both the benefits and negative effects of a high fat diet on the human body. New research has unmasked the myths that have been believed and applied through the years about this type of diet and its effects on morbidity and mortality in the long run. This paper will examine those issues by defining the high fat diet, where it is practiced, who is impacted by it, when…
Branco, A. F., Ferreira, A., Simões, R. F., Magalhães?Novais, S., Zehowski, C., Cope, E.,... & Cunha?Oliveira, T. (2016). Ketogenic diets: from cancer to mitochondrial diseases and beyond. European journal of clinical investigation, 46(3), 285-298.
François, M., Barde, S., Legrand, R.,. . Fetissov. (2016). High-fat diet increases ghrelin-expressing cells in stomach, contributing to obesity. Nutrition, 32(6), 709-715.
Freeman, L. R., Haley-Zitlin, V., Rosenberger, D. S., & Granholm, A. C. (2014). Damaging effects of a high-fat diet to the brain and cognition: a review of proposed mechanisms. Nutritional neuroscience, 17(6), 241-251.
Honors, M., Hargrave, S., & Kinzig, K. (2012). Glucose Tolerance in Response to a High-Fat Diet Is Improved by a High-Protein Diet. Obesity,20(9), 1859-1865.
Uranga, R. M., Bruce?Keller, A. J., Morrison, C. D., Fernandez?Kim, S. O., Ebenezer, P.J., Zhang, L., ... & Keller, J. N. (2010). Intersection between metabolic dysfunction, high fat diet consumption, and brain aging. Journal of neurochemistry, 114(2), 344-361.
Willi, Oexmann, Wright, Collop, & Key. (1998). The effects of a high-protein, low-fat, ketogenic diet on adolescents with morbid obesity: Body composition, blood chemistries, and sleep abnormalities. Pediatrics, 101(1), 61-7.
Wilson, C. (2015). How high-fat diet for epilepsy affects the brain. New Scientist, 228(3049), 12-13.
Wilson, R. A., Deasy, W., Hayes, A., & Cooke, M. B. (2017). High fat diet and associated changes in the expression of micro?RNAs in tissue: Lessons learned from animal studies. Molecular nutrition & food research, 61(6), 1600943.
Lifestyle Choices and a Plan
Part I: Identifying Ares in My Current Lifestyle That Need Improvement so That I Can Get Back to a Healthy Path
Three areas to make improvements in my current lifestyle are: 1) the area of exercise, 2) the area of diet, and 3) the area of commitment to spirituality. Each of these areas is important in and of itself—but together they form a holistic approach to physical, mental and spiritual health that I feel, if embraced, can lead to the flourishing of health and positivity in my own life—which I would then expect to be able to transfer to the patients I serve. The more that one is satisfied and happy in one’s own life, the more likely that person is to provide quality care to one’s patients (Laschinger, 2008). Additionally, it has been well established that physical exercise and diet and two of the…
Claas, S. A., & Arnett, D. K. (2016). The role of healthy lifestyle in the primordialprevention of cardiovascular disease. Current cardiology reports, 18(6), 56.
Cobb-Clark, D. A., Kassenboehmer, S. C., & Schurer, S. (2014). Healthy habits: The connection between diet, exercise, and locus of control. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 98, 1-28.
Henderson, A. K., & Ellison, C. G. (2015). My body is a temple: Eating disturbances, religious involvement, and mental health among young adult women. Journal of Religion and Health, 54(3), 954-976.
Laschinger, H. K. S. (2008). Effect of empowerment on professional practice environments, work satisfaction, and patient care quality: Further testing the nursing worklife model. Journal of nursing care quality, 23(4), 322-330.
Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370.
Muros, J. J., Cofre-Bolados, C., Arriscado, D., Zurita, F., & Knox, E. (2017). Mediterranean diet adherence is associated with lifestyle, physical fitness, and mental wellness among 10-y-olds in Chile. Nutrition, 35, 87-92.
Cereals and pulses are also one of the most important constituents which form my diet. It is extremely important to consume Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, Fibre and Mineral salts. I make it a point to eat fruits every day; this ensures sufficient Fibre intake takes place in my body. To satisfy other important aspects, I make it a point to include meat, cereals and pulses etc. In my diet. I drink a lot of water to ensure sufficient mineral intake, in addition to this I drink fruit juices to ensure that I get good energy to burn at work or when I work out in the gym. This sums up my diet and I believe that only a healthy body can have a healthy mind and this paper certainly has got good dietary tips which when followed can keep any human being healthy.
diet and diabetes.
Review 2-3 sources of information on diet and its effects on diabetes.
Diet and diabetes are closely linked and very often this diet can be diet controlled.
Diabetes is a disease that makes it hard for the body to control the level of glucose (the main form of sugar in the body) in the blood. There are three main types of diabetes: Type 1 which is insulin-dependent, Type 2 which is the most common and is not insulin-dependent and Gestational which occurs during pregnancy and goes away when the baby is born.
Diet is an integral part of managing diabetes and is based on the treatment goals and a nutritional assessment that will take into account blood lipids, caloric needs and prevention of diabetes related complications.
Because the body's ability to make and use insulin is compromised, the body can't regulate glucose and therefore, the diabetic has…
Diet for Diabetes." Kimberly Tessmer, RD, LD. http://www.health.discovery.com.2001
Diabetes and Diet. Http://www.diabetes-and-diet.com.2003.
The third group served as a comparison group. They were not put on a diet at all, they simply received information on healthy eating. All women received the same advice to increase physical activity, especially walking.
The women were followed for 40 weeks, with an additional follow-up visit at 65 weeks. The researchers took weekly measures in a variety of areas. These included body weight, episodes of binge eating, depression levels and difficulty sticking with the diet.
The different data from the groups were collected and measured statistically to see if there were any differences in the areas looked at in the study, in particular, if women on a low-calorie diet were more likely to develop a binge eating disorder.
The original belief of the researchers as they went into this study was that the women in the two diet conditions would be more likely than the non-dieting women to…
Wadden, T., et al. (2004, September). "Dieting and the development of eating disorders in obese women: results of a randomized, controlled trial." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 80(3). pp. 560-568.
diet and cancer. The orks Cited five sources in MLA format.
Food, Diet and Cancer
Diet is fuel for our body. On the same account a balanced nutritious intake is what a human body needs more than anything. Hence food is one of the most cardinal factors that determine the quality of our healthy as well as the longevity of our lives. Knowing which food to eat in what quantity and how food helps us in building our defence mechanisms is essential.
This argumentative essay based on thorough analysis as well as extensive research revolves around and proves the following thesis statement:
There is a correlation between diet and cancer
Correlation between milk as well as other dairy products and Cancer
There are several forms of cancer killing thousands of people worldwide. One of the most common types of cancer is breast cancer affecting women under the age of 50…
Got breast cancer. Available at: http://www.milksucks.com/breast.html (March 20,2003)
Cancer fighters for food. Available at: http://www.umdnj.edu/umcweb/hstate/fall99/cancer_f99.htm (March 20,2003)
Fried Food Link to Some Cancers Disputed. Available at: http://forum.lowcarber.org/t82676.html (March 20,2003)
Study doubts acrylamide in food causes cancer. Available at http://bhagh.nhshealth.org/HealthNews/reuters/NewsStory0128200320.htm (March 20,2003)
One of the functions of the lymphatic system is to be the body's "sewer system," drawing toxins from the cells and dumping them into the blood. The heart powers the blood system. Body movement powers the lymphatic system. Therefore, metabolic waste products cannot be completely cleared unless you are physically active. A second important reason for exercise is perspiration. The skin is a major outlet for waste products; when you perspire, you are disposing of waste products through the skin. A third benefit of an active lifestyle is to retain muscle mass. Muscle cells are where fat is burned. T he more muscle cells a person has and the stronger he/she is, the more fat he/she burns (http://www.connecticutcenterforhealth.com/health-factors.html#sec1,2004).
With all facts and figures presented, it can be realized that in order to somewhat prevent more the entire America from burden of obesity thus preventing the American people from…
CDC. (2002). Overweight and Obesity: Obesity Trends among Adults -- 1985-2001. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.
Crane, Milton G.M.D. 2004.The Massive Problem of Degenerative Diseases. 2002.Get Healthy Get Smart, http://www.gethealthygetsmart.com/articles/degenerative_diseases.asp
Middleton, J. 2006. "Extreme obesity in women and associated risks." JAMA. 5;296(1):79-86.
Seven Key Factors that Determine Health or Illness. 2004. Connecticut Center for Health. http://www.connecticutcenterforhealth.com/health-factors.html#sec1
Therefore, equal amounts of weight loss should not be expected" (Paez and Kravitz). However, other studies led to different conclusions, including increased body fat loss by participants who only exercised and did not control their calories. Thus, there is disagreement with the ACSM conclusions, and other scientists have research that indicates at least some of the conclusions were false.
The conclusions of the research indicate that exercise alone will not help combat obesity. However, challenges to that conclusion maintain that the studies the ACSM and scientists used did not effectively measure or compare "caloric restricting programs to increased energy expenditure programs. They conclude that if these factors were equal, exercise alone can be as effective as caloric restriction for weight loss" (Paez and Kravitz). Ultimately, losing weight requires discipline, and adding exercise to calorie control can only aid in overall weight loss and successful treatment of obesity.
Paez, Christina J. And Len Kravitz, Ph.D. "Exercise vs. Diet in Weight Loss." 2000. 12 March 2007. http://www.unm.edu/~lkravitz/Article%20folder/exandwtloss.html
A general plan for a person who is seeking to maintain a 2000 calorie/day diet must ensure that the proper nutrients are being consumed form optimum health. The following is a useful template that can be uses to help provide the necessary guidance for such a plan.
One cup of a whole grain cereal with 1 cup of low fat milk with one slice of whole wheat toast with peanut butter, can provide a nutritious breakfast that provides enough calories and vitamins to help begin the day. A 6 oz glass of orange juice or other fruit drink can also be added to help provide the Vitamin C that is necessary as well. Calorie count: 450
To help keep the metabolism moving at a quick pace, a mid morning snack is required. This should include, 1 cup of low fat yogurt and an apple. Calorie…
Deurenberg, P., Weststrate, J.A., & Seidell, J.C. (1991). Body mass index as a measure of body fatness: age -- and sex-specific prediction formulas. British journal of nutrition, 65(02), 105-114.
Prentice, A.M., & Jebb, S.A. (2001). Beyond body mass index. Obesity reviews, 2(3), 141-147.
Osteoporosis is a condition that one has when bones lose their density. They become porous like a fossilized sea sponge. Anyone who has ever been to the beach and found one of these knows how brittle and fragile they are. They slightest bump and they can break or shatter into a hundred pieces. When you have osteoporosis, this is what your bones are like. As Ferrara (2016) points out, bones are living tissues. Like the exterior of bodies, which replaces dead tissue with new tissue, bones replace old bone with new bone. In order to keep that process going, we have to keep our bodies in excellent shape.
What causes osteoporosis? It can have a number of causes. Sometimes it occurs in older women after menopause, when the body goes through a major change (Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, 2009). Sometimes people develop it at an earlier age because…
Diet, Ageing, And Longevity
Does a Longevity Diet eally Exist? What does it Constitute of?
Certain groups have been found to lead exceptionally longer lives than others, and are, to this end, usually referred to as the 'lucky lot'. The islanders of Okinawa in the Pacific Ocean, for instance, enjoy a significantly high life expectancy of eighty-one years - three years more than the average life expectancy in the U.S. (Jaret, 2014). Of even more significance is the four to seven-year difference in life expectancy between Seventh Day Adventist members, who are largely vegetarians, and the rest of the society (Jaret, 2014). So what then causes these differences and makes these groups so lucky?
Studies have, in the past, suggested that there indeed is such a thing as a longevity diet, and that diet is, in fact, one of the most fundamental components of anti-aging and longevity. So, what then…
Davies, W, (2011). Wheat Belly: Lose the Wheat, Lose the Weight and Find Your Way Back to Health. New York: Rodale.
Delaney, B. & Walford, L. (2005). The Longevity Diet: Discover Calorie Restriction -- the Only Proven Way to Slow the Aging Process and Maintain Peak Vitality. New York: Da Capo Press.
Dibell, J. (2007). The Fast Supper. New York News and Politics. Retrieved from http://nymag.com/news/features/23169/
Fanson, B., Fanson, K. & Taylor, P. (2012). Cost of Reproduction in the Queensland Fruit Fly: Y-Model vs. Lethal Protein Hypothesis. Proceedings of the Royal Society. Retrieved from http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/early/2012/10/18/rspb.2012.2033.full
Americans spend billions of dollars on weight-loss products and programs every year. Despite this, most people do not lose the amount they would like or, if they do, regain the weight after a short period of time. The problem lies with following specific fads that emphasize one type of eating pattern. The low-carbohydrate diet, which has been popular off-and-on-again since the mid-1800s, exemplifies such a diet program. Studies do show that the low-carbohydrate diet can offer some benefits, but over the long-term does not offer any more advantages than any other diet. Other factors, such as adherence to the diet and lifestyle are more important to the equation.
Americans spent approximately $60 billion in 2009 on weight loss products and programs, including so-called "special" diet foods, appetite suppressants, diet books, exercise memberships, workout videos, and stomach-clamping surgery (World Health Organization, 2010). Yet obesity, especially among children and youth,…
Dansinger, ML, Gleason, J., Griffith, J.L., Selker, H.P., & Schaefer, E.J. (2005) Comparison of the Atkins, Ornish, Weight Watchers, and Zone Diets for Weight Loss and Heart Disease Risk Reduction. A Randomized Trial JAMA. 293:43-53.
Hellmich, N. Success of Atkins diet is in the calories. USA Today
Foster, G.D. et al. (2003) A multicenter, randomized, controlled trial of a low-carbohydrate diet for obesity. New England Journal of Medicine 348:2082-2090
Lecture material from course.
My nutrient report reveals a number of different things. The first thing that is interesting is that the three day period for which I tracked my diet was perhaps not indicative of my normal consumption levels. I was traveling to hang out with friends and as a result, I ate more junk food, exercised less and drank more than I usually would. I was actually surprised when entering the results that I ate burritos on each of the three days. While I do enjoy a nice burrito every now and again, I do not normally eat one every single day. But, the thing about having a nutrition plan is that people often stick to it, and then blow it up for special occasions like travel or holidays, leading to weight gain that can be hard to remove later. So it is important to track one's consumption even while…
In most of the studies, low carb and low fat dieters have been compared. In one of these studies, two groups of people were chosen. One of these groups was given the low fat diet and the other group was given the low carb diet. Exercise routines were designed for these groups. In the end of the study that was carried out for a period of two years, it was found that the same amount of weight was lost by the two groups and, health parameters in the two groups were the same. Most of the studies have shown that there could be a greater degree of weight loss in the first 3 to 6 months of using low carb diets. Nevertheless, after some months, there are no differences in the weight. Calories are the most important factor in the case of these two kinds of diets.
D'Arrigo, T. (2007). "Low-fat vs. low-carb. What really works?" Diabetes Forecast 60(7):16.
Flynn, Mary. Low-Fat Lies: High Fat Frauds and the Healthiest Diet in the World. Regnery Publishing, 2000.
Kim, J.Y., Yang, Y.H., Kim, C.N., Lee, C.E., and Kim, K.I. (2008). "Effects of very-low-carbohydrate (horsemeat- or beef-based) diets and restricted feeding on weight gain, feed and energy efficiency, as well as serum levels of cholesterol, triacylglycerol, glucose, insulin and ketone bodies in adult rats." Ann Nutr Metab.53 (3-4):260-7.
Lutz, Wolfgang., Allen, Christian., and Allan, B. Christian. Life Without Bread: How a Low Carbohydrate Diet Can Save Your Life. McGraw-Hill Professional, 2000.
Acheson, K.J. (2012). Diets for body weight control and health: the potential of changing the macronutrient composition. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. etrieved from PubMed: doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2012.194.
Austin et al. (2011). Trends in carbohydrate, fat, and protein intakes and association with energy intake in normal-weight, overweight, and obese individuals:
1971 -- 2006. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. etrieved:
Barnard, Neal D. (et al. 2009). A low-fat vegan diet and a conventional diabetes diet in the treatment of type 2 diabetes: a randomized, controlled, 74-wk clinical trial.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 89(5): 1588S -- 1596S. etrieved from Pub Med:
Davis, N., Forbes, B., & Wylie-osett, J. (2009). Nutritional Strategies in Type 2 Diabetes.
Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine, 76(3), 257-268. etrieved from EBSCOhost
Foster, G.D., Wyatt, H.., Hill, J.O., Makris, a.P., osenbaum, D.L., Brill, C., & ... Klein, S.
(2010). Weight and metabolic outcomes after 2…
Acheson, K.J. (2012). Diets for body weight control and health: the potential of changing the macronutrient composition. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Retrieved from PubMed: doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2012.194.
Austin et al. (2011). Trends in carbohydrate, fat, and protein intakes and association with energy intake in normal-weight, overweight, and obese individuals:
1971 -- 2006. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Retrieved:
Nutritional needs vary depending on people and rely on other aspects such as weaknesses of genetics, disease predisposition, diet, age, health state, work, nutrition imbalance, climate, daily activities and emotional activities. Exposure to physical and mental stress may ridiculously cause an increase in certain amounts of nutrients, which exceeds the daily-recommended intake. Poor health will deny people the freedom to work towards achieving their goals and so on. In case of any health disorder, this will interfere with the normal functioning of an individual. The people who are mostly around that individual will be affected. Many of the daily activities would be affected, and relationships will suffer a terrific deal (Brug & Oenema, 2009).
Brug, J. Oenema, a. & Ferreira, I. (2009) Theory, evidence and intervention mapping to improve behavior nutrition and physical activity interventions. California: Cengage Learning.
Croll, K., Neumark-Sztainer, D. & Story, M. (2006) Healthy eating. Michigan:…
Brug, J. Oenema, a. & Ferreira, I. (2009) Theory, evidence and intervention mapping to improve behavior nutrition and physical activity interventions. California: Cengage Learning.
Croll, K., Neumark-Sztainer, D. & Story, M. (2006) Healthy eating. Michigan: ABC-CLIO
Kristiansen, M. (2010). The role of values in the relation between gender and health behavior.
California: Learning EMEA
Diet on the Metabolism in Mice
Metabolism is enzyme-controlled reactions that allow organisms to grow and reproduce, maintain their structures, and respond to their environments. In addition, metabolism implies all chemical reactions occurring in living organisms, such as digestion and transportation of substances between cells. Metabolism is classified into two; catabolism which is the breakdown of organic matter and anabolism which entails using energy to build cell components such as proteins and nucleic acids (Michie & Lowe, 2006). Metabolism is dependent on enzymes since enzymes catalyze metabolic reactions and allow the regulation of metabolic pathways in response to changes in the cell's environment. In addition, the metabolism of an organism determines which substances it will find nutritious and which it will find poisonous. Moreover, metabolic rate influences how much food an organism will require, and also affects how it is able to obtain that food (oach, 2002). Just like humans,…
Michie, K & Lowe, J (2006). Dynamic Filaments of the Bacterial Cytoskeleton. Annual Biochemical Review, 75: 467-492.
Roach, P (2002). Glycogen and its Metabolism. Current Molecular Medicine 2(2): 101-120.
Almind, K & Kahn, CR (2002). Genetic Determinants of Energy Expenditure and Insulin
Resistance in Diet-Induced Obesity in Mice. Diabetes 53: 3274-3285.
However, bowel movements were more frequent during the high-fiber than during the control diet." (Nutrition Research Newsletter, 2002)
The work of Ruixing, et al. (2007) entitled: "Comparison of Demography, Diet, Lifestyle, and Serum Lipid Levels between the Guangxi ai Ku Yao and Han Populations" states that dyslipidemia is a condition "...in which there is an abnormal lipid or lipoprotein concentration. It is well-known that dyslipidemia is determined by genetic, demographic, and lifestyle factors." (Ruixing, et al., 2007)
It is reported that "...High levels of plasma total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TGs), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and apolipoprotein (apo) and low levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) are correlated with the progression of atherosclerosis and a higher incidence of coronary artery disease (CHD). To prevent the development of these diseases, a great deal of research has been focused on determining the relationship between these lipid phenotypes and dietary intake and…
Ballesteros, Martha N. (2001) Dietary Fiber and Lifestyle Influence Serum Lipids in Free Living Adult Men. Journal of the American College of Nutrition. Vol. 20, No. 6. 2001. Online available at: http://www.jacn.org/cgi/content/full/20/6/649
Cater, Nilo B. And Garg, Abhimanyu (2007) The effect of dietary intervention on serum lipid levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Journal of Current Diabetes Reports. Vol. 2 No. 3 May 2002.
Dietary Fiber Health Claims and Serum Lipids -- Cardiovascular Disease (2002) Nutrition Research Newsletter, June 2002. Online available at: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0887/is_6_21/ai_87852135/
Gangi, Vijay and Kuo, Jennifer (2008) Serum Lipid Responses to Psyllium Fiber: Differences Between Pre and Post-Menopausal, Hypercholesterolemic Women. Nutrition Journal 2008. Vol. 7, Issue 22. 26 Aug 2008.
The study concludes that, "These few observations provide a fascinating window into the way in which new dietary regimes can affect neurotransmitter synthesis and thereby influence broad-based activity patterns in the brain" (lumenberg et al. 598).
There are many theories about the way that diet affected evolutionary selection in hominids. There is little doubt that diet played a significant role and that brain size is related to a radical change of diet in the distant past. However, what scholars are also at pains to point out is that diet should be seen in conjunction with and in relation to other factors, such as social structure. As Spuhler (1959) states,
The change to a partially carnivorous diet had extremely broad implications for the social organization of early hominoids" (Diet, Evolution, and Culture). Diet and other factors should be considered in the intricate and immensely complex task of attempting…
Dobzhansky, Theodosius. Evolution, Genetics, and Man. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1955.
Aiello L. And Wheeler P. The Expensive-Tissue Hypothesis: the Brain and the Digestive System in Human and Primate Evolution. Current Anthropology, Vol. 36, No. 2. (Apr., 1995), pp. 199-221. December 2, 2007. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0011-3204%28199504%2936%3A2%3C199%3ATEHTBA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-9
Blumenberg B. et al., the Evolution of the Advanced Hominid Brain
Current Anthropology, Vol. 24, No. 5. (Dec., 1983), pp. 589-623. December 1, 2007. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0011-3204%28198312%2924%3A5%3C589%3ATEOTAH%3E2.0.CO%3B2-W
("Very Low Calorie Diets").
Some risks may be associated with both the LCD and the VLCD. Side effects of a very low calorie diet may include fatigue, nausea, or constipation ("Very Low Calorie Diets"). The formation of gallstones may also accompany the rapid weight loss associated with the VLCD ("Very Low Calorie Diets"). A low calorie diet like those recommended by the NHLBI may result in fewer side effects.
A low calorie diet may become a relatively long-term solution to chronic health care issues that require weight loss and maintenance. The VLCD is more suitable for short-term use. In the case with severely obese individuals with health care issues, use over several months may be necessary. However, in the long-term, doctors and their patients should work together to craft an eating regimen that is low in calories yet enjoyable enough that the individual incorporates it as part of an overall…
American Dietetic Association. (2002). "Weight Management." Journal of the American Dietetic Association 102: 1145-1155. Retrieved 20 Oct 2007 at http://www.eatright.org/cps/rde/xchg/ada/hs.xsl/advocacy_adar0802_ENU_HTML.htm
Lower Calorie, Lower Fat Alternative Foods." Retrieved 20 Oct 2007 at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/obesity/lose_wt/lcal_fat.htm
Sample Reduced Calorie Menus." Retrieved 20 Oct 2007 at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/obesity/lose_wt/sampmenu.htm
Very Low Calorie Diets." Weight Control Information Network. Retrieved 20 Oct 2007 at http://win.niddk.nih.gov/publications/low_calorie.htm
Too much fat, on the other hand, leads to problems like high blood pressure, fatigue, joint problems, heart issues -- the list goes on. My recommended daily intake of calories from fat is 662.02 out of a total of 2364.36, or 28%. On Day Three, my total intake of calories from fat was 433.9 out of a total caloric intake of 1237.2, or 35%. This suggests that I need to watch the amount of fat I am including in my diet, even while it appears as though need to increase my basic caloric consumption.
The type of fat consumed is also important; 35.6% of the fat I consumed on Day Three was saturated, compared to the 32.1% recommended daily allowance. Though fats are essential, saturated fats really aren't, and taking in even less than the recommended daily allowance of saturated fats would be advisable. The fact that I am eating…
Therefore, the only value of a diet is in its capacity to be maintained over the course of a lifetime; otherwise there is no point to it.
To lose excess body weight and maintain a healthy weight and body composition without excess fat over the long-term, the nutrition plan must eliminate fats of all kinds as much as possible as well as simple carbohydrates. Both fats and simple carbohydrates are readily converted to body fat if calorie consumption exceeds calorie expenditure. With respect to body weight issues, all sources of fat (i.e. both "good" fats and "bad" or saturated fats) are equally problematic. Meanwhile, complex carbohydrates need not be avoided or substantially restricted. Whereas simple carbohydrates (such as sugars, white flour, regular pasta, white rice, white potatoes, and some fruits) are easily converted into blood sugar and then stored as body fat, complex carbohydrates (such as dark wheat,…
Larson-Duyff, R. (2007). American Dietetic Association Complete Food and Nutrition
Guide. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley & Sons.
In the STAI, the researcher asks the subjects how they feel at the moment and in the recent past, and how they anticipate feeling in the future (enazon & Coyne, 2000). This test is designed to overlap between depression and anxiety scales by measuring the most common anxiety symptoms which are minimally shared with depression (American, 1994). oth physiological and cognitive components of anxiety are addressed in the 21 items describing subjective, somatic, or panic-related symptoms (Kingsbury & Williams, 2003).
Once those tests are completed, the volunteers will be asked to cycle on an ergometer for 30 minutes. The Talk Test, Target Heart Rate Evaluation, and the org Rating of Perceived Exertion Scale will all be administered while the volunteer is cycling. This is done to determine the energy level - or the perceived energy level - of the volunteer. All of these tests and this same specific pattern will…
American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Benazon, N.R., & Coyne, J.C. (2000). Living with a depressed spouse. Journal of Family Psychology, 14 (1), 71-79.
Dietz, W., MD, Ph.D. (2002). The obesity epidemic: Causes, consequences and solutions. Retrieved from University of Michigan, School of Public Health Web site: http://www.sph.umich.edu/symposium/2002/keynote.html .
Hewitt, P.L., et al. (2001). Death from anorexia nervosa: Age span and sex differences. Aging and Mental Health, 5(1), 41-46.
processed foods and diet has had a negative effect upon many populations, particularly contributing to obesity and potential Type-II diabetes and a host of other problems. Medical doctors, scholars, researchers are all in agreement that there is a complete link between what we eat and drink, and the consequences to our overall health. Technology has certainly done wonders for learning, but has also contributed to children preferring video games to outdoor exercise. This, in combination with diet and sugary sodas at school has negatively impacted children's health. Dutch researchers in public health and epidemiology were so alarmed by these trends they developed a study to measure the effects of using fruits and vegetables as an intervention during mid-morning school breaks (Tak, et.al., 2010). These researchers are very well qualified on this topic, as they are professionals in Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Public Health with major universities in Holland. The information contained…
Sample Selection- The study included 705 mixed gender children aged 9-10 years old in 4th grade. Fifty-five schools participated; 31 segmented for intervention and 24 as control. There were schools in five cities that met all participation criteria and there were slightly more girls who completed the study than boys. Enough extra participants were recruited during the initial stages of the study to result in the 705 completed; thus having a large enough population that was statistically viable and longitudinally appropriate. However, the Schoolgruiten research group selected the intervention cities, set the control parameters, and although there were baseline differences between the intervention and control groups, quantitatively speaking there was not necessary adequate adjustments for many demographic or psychographic variables within the study groups. From a quantitative perspective, a more clustering of variables (income, age of parent, educational level, and more) should have been structured into the study as opposed to using governmental mandates for certain groups (Halkidi and Vazirgaiannis, 2001). The research groups provided consent, teachers knew which groups had fruit and vegetable intervention, but the governance of the research was more administrative and political than scholarly in orientation.
Design and Data Collection- The design of the study was quasi-experimental and included a pre -- and post-test. Baseline measurements were conducted prior to the start of the intervention and the first follow-up was 1 year later, the second 2 years later. Both children and their parents completed questionnaires about the child's intake of food. Children completed the questionnaire within one school hour and were guided by teachers. All responses were treated confidentially, tagged and coded by independent researchers, and all had appropriate levels of consent. Questionnaires contained parallel questions for parents and children and a single item focus was done to see what the children brought to school vs. their consumption, then habits over the course of two years. Schools were not obliged to change their school policies, although teachers were asked to encourage students to bring fruits and vegetables and a specific section in a special lunch-box was given to students. The major focus of the intervention was to give a piece of fruit or vegetable (apple or orange slices, sherry tomatoes, baby carrots) free, twice a week during the mid-morning break in their own classroom, supervised by the instructor.
This approach used a mixed method of both qualitative and quantitative interpretation methods. Because the data was self-reported, longitudinal, and some of the groups were chosen by a non-research body, much of the material measured was not precisely quantitative in nature. From a quantitative standpoint, the numeric analysis of this data did show patterns, and was validated through statistical means. It focused more on the aspects of collecting and analyzing the intervention methods than explaining the causative factors influencing the basic hypothesis of the research. Too, while the data
Beneficial effects of the Mediterranean Diet on Type 2 Diabetic Patients in the United Kingdom.
The beneficial effects of the Mediterranean Diet on Type 2 Diabetic Patients in the UK
Science of the problem
Type II diabetes progresses through two stages. The initial stage is referred to as insulin resistance. During this stage, the pancreas produces enough insulin, but the body's cell are unable to respond to insulin. The pancreas increases the production of insulin in the body to compensate for the resistance. The body cells absorb more and more insulin resulting in the pancreas continuously increasing its insulin production. Eventually, the pancreas will shut down the production of insulin because it is unable to keep up with the demand, which results in type II diabetes. The lack of sugar for conversion to energy results in the starvation of cells and there is a buildup of glucose levels in the…
Carter, P, et al. "A Mediterranean Diet Improves Hba1c but Not Fasting Blood Glucose Compared to Alternative Dietary Strategies: A Network Meta-Analysis." Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 27.3 (2014): 280-97. Print.
Ceriello, Antonio, et al. "The Protective Effect of the Mediterranean Diet on Endothelial Resistance to Glp-1 in Type 2 Diabetes: A Preliminary Report." Cardiovascular diabetology 13.1 (2014): 140. Print.
Huo, R, et al. "Effects of Mediterranean-Style Diet on Glycemic Control, Weight Loss and Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Type 2 Diabetes Individuals: A Meta-Analysis." European journal of clinical nutrition (2014). Print.
InterAct Consortium. "Mediterranean Diet and Type 2 Diabetes Risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (Epic) Study the Interact Project." Diabetes Care 34.9 (2011): 1913-18. Print.
Premise/Theory: Functional foods are all the rage nowadays. As such, a fad diet that focuses on those functional foods, which are usually fruits and vegetables (or involve them to some degree) would be a great cornerstone for a fad diet. The diet will be known as the "Functional Foods Diet."
Dietary Recommendations/Guidelines: A person who wants to partake in the Functional Foods Diet just needs a litany of what are known as functional foods and a blender. In practice, it will break down like this:
The meal system will basically mimic that of Slimfast in that a person will have a functional food "smoothie" for breakfast and then another one for lunch.
The person will then need to eat a responsible dinner to close out each day.
For snacks, people can eat low-calorie fruits and vegetables like carrots or a small salad. Again, there will be focus on…
Cherry Creek Nutrition. 'Top 10 Functional Foods For Your Health | Cherry Creek Nutrition'. Cherrycreeknutrition.com. N.p., 2009. Web. 15 July 2015.
Food Insight. 'Functional Foods Fact Sheet: Antioxidants - IFIC Foundation - Your Nutrition And Food Safety Resource'. Foodinsight.org. N.p., 2015. Web. 15 July 2015.
WebMD. 'FDA Warns Cheerios On Health Claims'. WebMD. N.p., 2015. Web. 15 July 2015.
[Donaldson S, 2004] A diet rich in refined sugar creates a high glycemic load. The present culture of eating packaged and fast foods on a regular basis implies the consumption of high levels of refined sugar in our diet. This results in induced dysregulation of glucose metabolism, which is reported as a high risk factor for cancer. [Donaldson S, 2004] A recent European study by Dr. Par Stattin et.al (2007) has confirmed abnormal glucose metabolism as a high risk factor for cancer. Red meat is associated with cancer. Many recent studies such as Bingham SA (2002) and Norat T. et.al (2002) have attested this correlation between red meat consumption and cancer.
In conclusion we can say that the chemopreventive effects of a diet comprising of vegetables and fruits is due to the synergestic effects of many plant-based nutrients. While most of the phytochemicals act as effective antioxidants, some nutrients such…
9. Padayatty SJ, Sun H & Wang Y et.al (2004), 'Vitamin C pharmacokinetics: implications for oral and intravenous use', Ann Intern Med 2004, 140:533-537
10. Butt M.S & Sultan MT, (2009), 'Green tea: nature's defense against malignancies', Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2009 49(5): 463-73
11. OSU, 'Cruciferous Vegetables', Accessed Apr 27th 2009, Available at, http://lpi.oregonstate.edu/infocenter/foods/cruciferous/
Although human calorie restriction has been shown to improve blood pressure, blood lipids, insulin sensitivity, and glucose tolerance; there are risks associated with this diet.
here are a variety of risks that are associated with calorie restriction diets. hese include: loss of muscle mass, reduced bone density, memory loss, anemia, dizziness, and depression. Due to the reduced caloric intake, malnutrition is also a concern, with inadequate intakes of vitamins and nutrients leading to heart failure and death ("Calorie restriction," 2007). Of primary concern is the reduced intake in fatty acids, which is often associated with a low-fat, calorie restricted diet (sai et al., 2004).
As humans continue their pursuit of evading the aging process, one method has gained considerable scientific interest -- the calorie restriction diet. By reducing the amount of calories consumed by 20 to 40%, studies have shown an increase in life span in organisms from yeast…
Tsai, E., Brown, J., Veldee, M., Anderson, G., Chait, A., & Brunzell, J. (2004). Potential of essential fatty acid deficiency with extremely low fat diet in lipoprotein lipase deficiency during pregnancy. BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth, 4. Retrieved April 21, 2009, from Academic Search Complete.
Wei, M., Paola, F., Hu, J., Ge, H., Cheng, C., Li, L., & Long, L. (Jan 2008). Life span extension by calorie restriction depends on Rim15 and transcription factors downstream of Ras/PKA, Tor, and Sch9. PLoS Genetics, 4(1). Retrieved April 21, 2009, from Academic Search Complete.
Zelman, K. (2009). The anti-aging diet. Retrieved April 21, 2009, from http://www.webmd.com/healthy-aging/guide/anti-aging-diet .
The typical American diet is one high in sugars and processed foods. Accordingly, The United States has earned the unfortunate nickname of "Fast-food Nation." The initiation of the rapid growth in fast-food consumption rates in America is likely a result of this country's lack of a widely embraced and highly diverse national cuisine. The United States as a country is truly a melting pot for cultures, religions, ethnicities and beliefs. This vast assortment has certainly carried over into the world of food. That is, most Americans have easy access to a large array of different cuisines on a daily basis and this chronic presence of other cultural food choices has virtually destroyed any possibility of creating a truly American cuisine. Therefore, American citizens along with the rest of the world have transfixed fast-food into this national category. Without question, on the global stage, McDonald's and urger King are…
Allison, C. (2010, May). Barbecue Master. Retrieved October 18, 2011, from http://barbequemaster.blogspot.com/2010/05/chopped-pork-bbq-sandwich-with-sam-dog.html
Baker, E.A., Schootman, M., Barnidge, E., & Kelly, C. (2006, July). The Role of Race and Poverty in Access to Foods That Enable Individuals to Adhere to Dietary Guidelines. Preventing Chronic Disease: Public Health Research Practice and Policy, 3 (3).
Bedell, J. (2008). Food, Fitness, Obesity and Diabetes in the Bronx. Retrieved October 17, 2011, from New York City Department of Health: www.phanyc.org/files/food-fitness-obesity-in-bronx-bedell.ppt
Block, J.P., Scribner, R.A., & DeSalvo, K.B. (2004). Fast Food Race/Ethnicity, and Income: A Geographic Analysis. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 27 (3).
Exercise and Proper Diet:
Solutions to Circulatory System Health and Coronary Heart Disease Management
Coronary heart disease is the nation's single leading cause of death." For American Heart Association's 2003 report on Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics, coronary heart disease will prove to be significant and responsible for almost 1.1 million Americans that have the potential of having "recurrent coronary attack." This figure implies the degree of significance that heart diseases does to the increasing mortality rate and deteriorating health of many Americans. Coronary heart disease is a "chronic illness in which the coronary arteries become narrowed and unable to carry a normal amount of blood" (Microsoft Encarta 2002). Heart diseases occur precisely because there occurs a clogging of the arteries that are vital for the regulation, supply, and flow of oxygen-containing blood in the circulatory system.
Two of the most common and prevalent cases of coronary heart diseases are…
Change Your Life." Heartsavers Web site. 22 May 2003 http://www.heartsavers.co.uk/.
Coronary Heart Disease." Microsoft Encarta Reference Library 2002. Microsoft Inc. 1998.
Know the Facts, Get the Stats." Journal prepared by the American Heart Association (AHA). December 2002.
Risk Factors and Coronary Heart Disease." American Heart Association Web site. 22 May 2003 http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4726 .
By educating patients on early warning signs of hepatotoxicity, this rare but potentially fatal consequence could be detected early to allow appropriate intervention." (Wright and Vandenberg, 2007) it is extremely critical to understand the nature of psychiatric nursing in today's clinical environment.
IV. ROLE of NURSE PRACIIONER in RANSIION
Specifically stated in the work of Kathryn R. Puskar entitled; "he Nurse Practitioner Role in Psychiatric Nursing" published in the Online Journal of Issues in Nursing is: "Commercialization of psychiatric care is underway. Psychiatric inpatient admissions have decreased, admissions to general hospitals have decreased, while outpatient admissions are increasing. Academic centers are purchasing smaller hospitals as affiliates; satellite clinics and networks of services are being established. Physicians in solo practice are merging into group practices. New health care professional roles must be restructured and "cross trained" to maintain competitiveness by offering flexible, cost-saving effective care. his is the background environment in…
To improve participation in outpatient programs, social workers can identify and address client barriers to keeping appointments, such as inadequate transportation, non-cooperative employers or family members, limited financial or child care resources, or even poor client motivation. Pairing newly diagnosed patients with "diabetic sponsors" -- individuals who are experienced and successful at managing their diabetes -- also may enhance attendance. Rather than relying on clients to come to clinics, social workers may need to bring the clinics to clients by organizing diabetic health fairs, outreach, or training programs in work settings, church facilities, or community centers. It is related that: "For people with Type 2 diabetes, Medical Nutritional Therapy (MNT) is often the "first-line therapy of choice" (Lipkin, 1999). The goal of MNT is to maintain near-normal glucose levels by matching dietary consumption with actual caloric (energy) needs, necessitating that the right foods in correct proportions be eaten at prescribed times for many MNT may include a secondary goal -- weight loss. Nutritional self-management or compliance with a prescribed diet can be handicapped by many of the same factors that impede self-care knowledge and skill mastery. In MNT, food assumes an almost medicinal quality, and many may resist altering long-held consumption patterns, inasmuch as food plays a part in their cultural heritage or serves as a source of pleasure; therefore, dietary changes are interpreted as loss of either function. For some patients, making these lifestyle changes may require assistance with concrete resources. As resource brokers, social workers can assess needs and link clients with community agencies for nutritional assistance, fitness training, additional diabetic education (professionals or material), medical care, health insurance, insulin and glucose monitoring supplies, prescription assistance, transportation, and counseling or support groups" (Lipkin, 1999)
VII. RESOURCE-BROKERING and COLLABORATION AMONG PROFESSIONALS
The social worker is also experienced in 'resource brokering' and as related by Lipkins (1999): "As a therapist, the social worker may practice independently or in conjunction with other professionals (such as psychiatrists and psychologists) to treat more serious mental health issues inhibiting the management of diabetes. In this role a social work practitioner may screen and treat illnesses with high rates of comorbidity among diabetes patients, such as major depression or eating and anxiety disorders. The social worker also may ensure the management of preexisting chronic mental illnesses like schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and alcohol or substance abuse." (Lipkin, 1999) the social worker also has the capacity to: "...coordinate a comprehensive assessment, treatment plan, and intervention, striving for an optimal level of collaboration among professionals, patients, and families. Financially, social work case management can effectively and efficiently use community resources, creating an optimal environment that promotes glycemic control to delay complications and reduce hospitalizations."
Dieting: How to Live for Life, in light of research on the nutritarian diet suggested by the author, Joel Fuhrman. Given the wide range of health problems associated with bad eating habits, books like these can be important for patients to read and understand. In this paper, I will assess the credibility of Fuhrman's argument by focusing on two specific points in the book. I will review the literature on these two topics of interest, and then reach an assessment about whether The End of Dieting is a good book to recommend to patients.
I selected this book because it is written for a general audience and therefore its language is accessible and I would be able to suggest it to patients or clients. Patients may be spoiled for choice when it comes to popular culture books about diet, health, and nutrition. Most of those books offer tips…
Fuhrman, J. (2014). The End of Dieting. Harperone.
Fuhrman, J. & Singer, M. (2015). Improved Cardiovascular Parameter With a Nutrient-Dense, Plant-Rich Diet-Style. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, October 15, 20151559827615611024
Rolls, B.J., Drewnowski, A. & Ledikwe, J.H. (2005). Changing the Energy Density of the Diet as a Strategy for Weight Management. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 105(5): 98-103.
In fact, she already had all of that information written in the margins right next the photographs. Every picture had a description of how many calories, and how many grams of protein, carbohydrates, and fats she consumed in between the consecutive pictures. She explained that her diet changed much more than her training during that time and I was very surprised at the difference that could be seen so clearly from picture to picture, and especially at the differences in her physique and muscularity from the beginning to the end of each contest preparation cycle. According to her, she maintains the same basic workout routine all year long and the real difference that accounts for the extreme changes in her muscularity before contests is almost exclusively a function of her diet.
My friend helped me understand that I had arrived at narrow-minded conclusions about the relationship between exercise, diet, and…
Pro and Cons of the Paleo Diet
It is widely accepted that some basic changes in lifestyle and diet that took place, following the Neolithic evolution, and mostly following the Industrial evolution and the Modern Era, are very recent, when weighed on an evolutionary time-measuring scale. This mismatch that exists between western lifestyles and diet, and our ancient physiology, triggers several modern day diseases such as type 2 diabetes, obesity, epithelial cell cancers, etc., which were rarely or never seen in ancient non-westernized populations. It has therefore been proposed that one way of reducing these degenerative chronic diseases is to copy the diets and lifestyles of the ancient men. This research seeks to add to these issues by carrying out the analysis of the benefits and disadvantages of the Paleo diet to the health of humans through the nutrients it contributes to the human body (Coerdain 2011).
Purpose and Scope…
Berardi, J. (Nov 17, 2014). The Pros and Cons of the Paleo Diet. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/john-berardi-phd/paleo-diet_b_5774200.html on 6 February 2016
Carrera-Bastos, P., Fontes-Villalba, M., O'Keefe, J.H., Lindeberg, S. & Cordain, L. (2001). The western diet and lifestyle and diseases of civilization. Research Reports in Clinical Cardiology. 2:15-35.
Cerling, T.E., Manthi, F.K., Mbua, E.N., Leakey, L.N., Leakey, M.G., Leakey, R.E, Brown, F.H., ... & Woodi, B.A. (2013). Stable isotope-based diet reconstructions of Turkana Basin hominins. Proc Natl Acad Sci .110 (26):10501-6.
Cordain L. (2011). The Paleo Diet Lose Weight and Get Healthy by Eating the Foods You Were Designed to Eat. Rev. ed. Hoboken, N.J: Wiley.
outstanding fact: Americans love to diet. The South Beach Diet, Lo-Carb Diet, Slimfast, Weight Watcher's, diet pills, gastric bypass sugary. These are all examples of ways that adults in America are trying to lose weight. This obsession with losing weight seems to be spinning out of control. The question is why do people diet? Is it to lose the couple pounds you packed on during the holiday season, to look like all the other stick figures on television, or, is there a deeper reason? The reality of it is that there are 100 million overweight adults living in America today, and that 300,000 people a year die from diseases that are directly related to obesity. Obesity in America has become such a problem that it is the 2nd cause death that can be prevented, only narrowly behind smoking. There must be some positive, even essential reasons to diet. The most…
U.S Department of Health and Human Services. The Surgeon General's Call to Action
To prevent and decrease overweight and obesity. [Rockville, MD]: U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Office of the Surgeon General; .
Managing ADHD with a Diet
Diet has attracted considerable attention in the healthcare sector with regards to its significance and role in addressing childhood and adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). As shown by recent research, this increased focus on diet is influenced by the fact that ADHD's development is strongly linked to nutrition since it's characterized by deficiencies in minerals, omega-3 fatty acids. There are reports that improved nutrition through intake of mineral and vitamin supplements. While this evidence is yet to be fully determined scientifically, there are proofs that omega-3 fatty acids could have impacts on a child's behavior. The other dietary factors that allegedly have significant effects on behavior include refined sugars as well as food additives and allergies (Collingwood, n.d.).
The role of omega-3 fatty acids in enhancing the behaviors of ADHD patients, especially children, has been strongly supported by evidence that show the link between…
Collingwood, J. (n.d.). Managing ADHD with Diet. Retrieved February 18, 2017, from https://psychcentral.com/lib/managing-adhd-with-diet/
Justification and Evidence for Nutrition Promotion in Fruits and Vegetables in our diet 'Eat your fruits and vegetables' is one of the original recommendations that we get for a healthy diet. This is a good argument. Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables can help individuals fight heart disease and stroke, keep blood pressure and cholesterol under control, avoid certain kinds of cancer, prevent a painful intestinal ailment known as diverticulitis, and remain on caution against cataract and macular degeneration, which are two common factors leading to vision loss. You should not consider potatoes as they should be regarded as a starch instead as a vegetable, then the average American eats a total of just about three servings of fruits and vegetables during the course of a day. The recent dietary guidelines mention that individuals should take five to thirteen servings of fruits and vegetables a day, with a variation based…
Ageing and Aged Care. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Retrieved October 12, 2005, from the World Wide Web http://www.aihw.gov.au/agedcare/index.cfm
An Intervention Portfolio to Promote Fruit and Vegetable Consumption. Retrieved October 12, 2005, from the World Wide Web http://www.nphp.gov.au/publications/signal/intfv1.pdf
Current Projects. Australian Centre of Health Promotion. Retrieved October 12, 2005, from the World Wide Web http://www.achp.health.usyd.edu.au/projects/p-current.html
Executive Summary: The Dietary Guidelines for Americans. 2005. Retrieved October 12, 2005, from the World Wide Web http://www.health.gov/dietaryguidelines/dga2005/document/html/executivesummary.htm
The meat comes from a local independent packing company that doesn't buy beef that has been injected with growth hormones; the buns are from a bakery in Pueblo, Colorado; and two hundred pounds of potatoes are "peeled every morning in the kitchen and then sliced with an old crank-operated contraption." The cooks make $10 an hour, and all other employees earn $8.00 an hour. hen asked why the Conway family provides health insurance for all full time employees, Rich Conway said, "e want to have healthy employees."
The author also calls for changes in the way the U.S. Congress oversees advertising, asserting on page 262 that Congress "should immediately ban all advertisements aimed at children that promote foods high in fat and sugar." The justification for that ban would be that 30 years ago, congress banned cigarette ads from TV and radio, because of course cigarettes were seen as a…
Robbins, John. (2001). The Food Revolution: How Your Diet Can Help Save Your Life and Our
World. Boston: Conari Press.
Schlosser, Eric. (2001). Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal. New York:
Houghton Mifflin Company.
The Effect of Three Elements on Students: Diet, Smoking, and Oral Hygiene
Smoking among students in secondary and intermediate schools is prevalent, and this prevalence is expected to have a negative impact on the health of teeth and oral hygiene (Bassiony, 2009). Students are also engaging in poor dietary health (Al-Rethaiaa, Fahmy & Al-Shwaiyat, 2010) which results in the increased risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes (Wilmot & Idris, 2014; Cunningham-Myrie, Theall, Yonger et al., 2015). As Davis (2012) has shown, addressing dietary issues and getting people to eat a healthier, more organic diet that is low in fats and sugars can help individuals to improve their health and reduce the risk of the development of heart disease and diabetes.
The purpose of this study would be to obtain data about students who smoke or use tobacco products, their dietary habits, and their teeth and gum care habits. This…
The idea of sitting being the new smoking is that evidence is mounting that sitting is unhealthy. In particular, being seated all day at work is an unhealthy practice. Constant sitting has a number of negative health outcomes, including back pain, reduced longevity, obesity and a number of other conditions.
NEAT is "non-exercise activity thermogenesis. This is energy that one needs to perform basic, everyday tasks such as doing dishes, standing in line or grocery shopping. When you are seated, you are not burning NEAT calories as efficiently, because the body has been signalled to basically stop using calories; in other words too much sitting conditions the body to being even more sedentary. NEAT helps to control weight because NEAT activities result in many more calories being burned in a day. Someone whose job entails them to be on their foot and relatively active can burn 1000 calories more…
To get enough sleep, students might have to resist the temptation to drink coffee during evening study sessions. Drinking coffee not only upsets sleep cycles; students to grab a cuppa joe with their roommates in the evening probably also grab a snack to go along with it. Too much partying can also upset sleep cycles and lead to irregular eating habits.
However, Bowe claims that partying and being lazy are not the primary causes of the freshman 15 for most students. Students with heavy work and study schedules have little time for exercise and may miss out on strict dining hall hours. Often the food served in dining halls is unpalatable too.
The freshman 15 is usually nothing to be concerned about. Being thrust into adulthood s a good thing for most college students, who learn quickly that their parents are no longer telling them when to do their homework,…
Bowe, Kristen. "Freshman 15." The Gainsville Sun. 17 Oct 2007. Retrieved 23 Oct 2007 at http://newsies.gainesville.com/default.asp?item=689903
Hellmich, Nanci. "Freshman 15 Drops Some Pounds." USA Today. 23 Oct 2006. Retrieved 23 Oct 2007 at http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/2006-10-22-freshman-weight_x.htm
Hirsch, Larissa (Medical reviewer)> "Beating the Freshman 15." Nemours Foundation: KidsHealth.org Jan 2007. Retrieved 23 Oct 2007 at http://www.kidshealth.org/teen/school_jobs/college/freshman_15.html
Peck, Jamie. "Freshman 15." Baltimore Sun. 29 Aug 2002. Retrieved 23 Oct 2007 at http://www.baltimoresun.com/entertainment/visitor/college/bal-hl-freshman15,0,7637105.story?coll=bal-artslife-college
Product Struggles and Consumer Changes: Rebranding Ideas
In the 1950s, no one would bat and eyelash if a gentleman had three martinis at lunch during the week. Nowadays, such actions would be considered egregious: the person doing this might be viewed as having a drinking problem, not taking his job seriously, exposing his workplace to unprofessional behavior, and might even be grounds for dismissal. Society evolves and with it do the habits and trends of society members. This most notably includes consumers. Fortune.com has long noted that iconic brands that seemed to be timeless and seemed to be impenetrable to the whims of consumers, and shielded from the fickleness of the ages now seemed to struggling in ways they never expected. Brands that had always been above the struggles so common to many products and companies are now teetering in ways they’ve never experienced, many of them not knowing how…
Examining Cultural Influences of Behavioral Nutrition: The Traditional and Nutritional Values of the Chinese Cultural Diet
It is a general belief that adequate nutrition equals healthy living. From time immemorial, human beings have understandably placed a premium on diets. Rightly so as lives have been saved or lost through food. However, while nutrients will always be a significant factor which decides what people eat or do not eat, there are other as worthy elements that influence human eating behavior. One of those other several factors that determine people's choice of food is cultural influences. This explains why food is one of the crucial elements that define people's way of life. People’s culture cannot be holistically discussed without good attention to their diets. One of the world's cultural groups that are very popular for their diet culture are the Chinese people. Of several other components of the Chinese, food is a…
daily dietary log reveals a relatively balanced diet, with mainly vegetarian sources of protein, whole grains providing complex carbohydrates, and wholesome fats such as olive oil offering lipids. Over the three days, I consumed two eggs, a package of tofu, and several cups of beans as my primary sources of protein. Also during this period, I consumed several cups of whole grains, cooked fresh at home including brown rice and quinoa. To this base of whole grains, I usually add steamed or wok-fried vegetables including kale, carrots, chard, broccoli, or whatever happens to look fresh at the market. I usually add garlic, onions, chili peppers, and other spices to enhance flavor and sometimes cook a coconut milk-based curry. Breakfasts often consist of whole grain cereals with nut milks, but once or twice a week I will switch to yogurt because I appreciate the probiotics. To the yogurt I may add…
Daily Intake Guide (2016). Nutrients. Retrieved online: http://digwebsite.squarespace.com/nutrients / iProfile. Retrieved online: http://edugen.wiley.com/edugen/student/main.uni
Langton, N. (2015). What will happen if your diet lacks lipids? Retrieved online: http://www.livestrong.com/article/309929-what-will-happen-if-your-diet-lacks-lipids/
Mercola, D. (2013). The health benefits of fiber. Retrieved online: http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2013/11/25/9-fiber-health-benefits.aspx
Rail, K. (n.d.). Amino acids in a balanced diet. Retrieved online: http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/amino-acids-balanced-diet-2189.html
The pathophysiology of Type 2 diabetes is found in the way the body's relationship with insulin. Either the body produces too little of it to meet the body's own needs or else there is a resistance to the insulin that the body has developed (which makes the insulin unable to do what it should -- thus there could be enough insulin in the body, it is just that cells in the body do not respond to it). The cause is due to "a combination of genetic factors related to impaired insulin secretion and insulin resistance" and impacts from external factors "such as obesity," inadequate exercise, aging, etc. (Kaku, 2010, p. 41).
Wilmot and Idris (2014) show that there is an age continuum risk associated with separating Type 2 diabetes diagnosis onsets into two separate categories -- pediatric (under 20 years of age) and adult (over 20). They assert that…
Billings, L., Florez, J. (2010). The genetics of type 2 diabetes: what have we learned from GWAS? Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1212: 59-77
Cunningham-Myrie, C., Theall, K., Yonger, N., et al. (2015). Associations between neighborhood effects and physical activity, obesity, and diabetes: The Jamaica Health and Lifestyle Survey, 2008. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 68(9): 970-978.
Davis, B. (2012). Defeating Diabetes: Lessons from the Marshall Islands. Today's
Dietitian, 10(8): 24.
Diet and Nutrition Analysis
Diet & Nutrition Analysis - FITDAY
Using the FITDAY nutritional, diet, and lifestyle program, I tracked my daily intake of food for five days. All of the food logs and the nutrition charts for each day are included as an appendix.
The Estimated Average Requirements for Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) for my life stage group, gender, and age were obtained from a table published by the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine, National Academies. The table includes DRIs for the following: Calcium, CHO, protein, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, copper, iodine, iron, magnesium, molybdenum, phosphorous, selenium, and zinc.
According to the reports on my food intake over a five day period, I need to increase consumption of foods that will contribute higher levels of the following to my diet: Fiber, vitamin A,…
Diet Plan (Anemia)
The following iron rich diet plan is designed to help my 18-year-old sister address her iron deficiency anemia. Health needs include a more balanced diet and healthier eating habits with more consistency. This includes 18 milligrams of iron per day (based on age, condition and gender). This nutritional recommendation will decrease anemia effects such as general fatigue and body chills.
Three meals (with 2-3 snacks) per day are recommended for a balanced diet. This includes the appropriate intake of iron and other basic nutrients. Limits should be placed on white sugar, soda and sweets; they should be consumed in moderation or eliminated from her diet due to their low nutritional value. Iron rich foods are recommended -- lean poultry and fish are more easily absorbed sources of iron and foods high in Vitamin C aid in absorption. Choices include citrus juice and fruits,…
Pynaert, Delanghe, Temmerman, & De, H. (2007). Iron Intake in Relation to Diet and Iron Status of Young Adult Women. Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, 51(2), 172-181. doi:10.1159/000103278
So, advertising is not just bad because it lures us into eating unhealthy diets, the diets to lose some of the weight we gain are just as bad. Why? ecause they teach fast weight loss -- lose 10 pounds in two weeks. Is that possible? Yes, but it's usually "water" weight -- that weight that is most quickly put back on when we go back to a normal diet. ut just as the ads and promos don't tell us about all the calories in those RTE cereals and fast foods, when they push the fad diets, they don't mention that "water" weight problem.
And, sure enough, that's why people on fad diets eventually get frustrated. They lose ten pounds in a couple or three weeks, go back to their regular diet, and gain it right back. Eventually, the frustration level reaches a point that they give up and go have…
Atkins, B. (2007, August 7). Advertising affects children's food choices. Retrieved May 13, 2009, from Mydietexercise.com: http://www.healthcentral.com/diet-exercise/news-152468-29.html
Cohen, M. (2008, November 6). An investigation of the role of advertising in diet choice. Retrieved May 13, 2009, from http://www.macohen.net/prospectus_Job_Market.pdf
Elliott, V. (2007, February 3). TV's new junk food rules allow chips with everything. Retrieved May 13, 2009, from Timesonline.com: http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/health/article1426542.ece
Kluger, J. (2009, April 22). Dieter self-control: Why you make bad choices. Retrieved May 14, 2009, from Time.com: http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1892943,00.html
In males, the canine teeth tend to be longer, and sharper. Additionally, there appears to be greater variation in size and shape of male canines, in comparison to the relatively stable size and shape of the female canine. Often, the size differences between male and female teeth are seen more in the height of the crown of the tooth than in the length or width of the lower portions of the tooth (Plavcan, 29).
Further dimorphism can be seen in the anterior surface of the canine teeth. Researchers note that, in males, there is a groove that runs the length of the tooth, whereas in females, this groove in generally absent. Additionally, even in cases where the female tooth does have this groove, it is much less pronounced than that of the male primate (Plavcan, 29).
The mandibular premolar also appears to show signs of dimorphism. In males, this tooth…
Bramblet, Claud. "Evolution of Primates." Primate and Human Evolution. 2004. Department of Anthropology, University of Texas. 19 April 2005. http://uts.cc.utexas.edu/~bramblet/ant301/thirteen.html#anchor261261.
Ciochon, Russell L., and John G. Fleagle. "Part I Primate Origins." Primate Evolution and Human Origins. New York: Aldine De Gruyter, 1987: 1.
Eaton, Boyd, and Eaton, Stanley. Evolution, Diet and Health. 2004. Center for Advanced Spatial Technology. 19 April 2005. http:/www.cast.uark.edu/local/icaes/conferences/wburg/posters/sboydeaton/eaton.htm.
Fleagle, John, and Kay, Richard. "Platyrrhines, Catarrhines, and the Fossil Record." In New World Primates: Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior. Ed. Kinzey, Warren G. New York: Aldine De Gruyter, 1997, 3-21.
The Benefits and Risks of the High-Protein Diet
Finding a healthy diet, achieving nutritional balancing an attaining an ideal body weight may be lifelong challenges. Myriad competing theories and philosophies drive an almost infinite range of possibilities for comporting one's consumption of calories. Among them, one that has gained increasingly popularity and scientific evaluation is the high protein diet. This nutritional strategy is based on the premise that the body is best served by a diet that is lean, low on sugars and carbohydrates but high on proteins. This is a diet that is especially preferred for individuals seeking to lose fat, to gain muscle mass or to support the greater levels of energy consumption required by regular athletic or physical activity. However, some medical debate remains about how beneficial, healthy or balanced this dietary strategy is. The article here considers some dimensions of this debate.
One of the…
WebMD, 2011. High-Protein Diet for Weight Loss. WebMD.com.
Yeager, S., 2012. Protein: Your Secret Weight-Loss Weapon. Women's Health Magazine.
Zaretsky, K., 2012. Nutrition and Healthy Eating. Mayo Clinic.com.