Use our essay title generator to get ideas and recommendations instantly
Digital signatures are comprised of a series of algorithms and mathematical constructs that ensure the authenticity and verifiability of a person signing a specific document. The reliance on digital signatures continues to increase as virtual work teams, the development of automated contract management, compliance, financial reporting and advanced workflows in the fields of financial services continues to grow (Keenan, 2005). The intent of this analysis is to define the properties and usage of digital signatures, evaluate how legal digital signatures are to stand up in court, and explain the security challenges of digital signatures as well.
Properties and Usage of Digital Signatures
The foundational technology elements of digital signatures are predicated on mathematical algorithms used for supporting advanced asymmetric cryptography including the option of repudiation and non-repudiation (orasky, 1999). These two areas of repudiation and non-repudiation are essential for ensuring the authenticity and veracity of the person(s) signing are in…
Borasky, D.V. (1999). Digital signatures: Secure transactions or standards mess? Online, 23(4), 47-50.
Keenan, C. (2005). Digital signatures: Worth the paper they're written on? Community
Banker, 14(11), 20.
Levin, R. (2007). Digital signatures - coming soon to a document near you. AIIM E - Doc Magazine, 21(6), 24-25.
An investigation into the effects of DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES on U.S. PRINTING INDUSTRY
US Printing Industry
usiness Segmentation of Print Market
Digital Technology for Printing
Effects of Digital Technology on Printing Industry
Work Flow Redefined
Digital Media to Plate
Challenges of Digital printing Industry
Comparison of views on Issues
Similar conclusions of Research
Critical Aspects of Methodology
Gaps in Research
Previous Studies and Current Research
Relatedness with Literature in General
Method of Data Collection
Results and Findings
Positive Impacts of Digital Technology on U.S. Printing Industry
Industry Wide Impact
Change in Printing usiness Processes
Negative Impacts of Digital Technology on U.S. Printing Industry
Industry Wide Impact
usiness Processes and Eliminated Roles
5. Analysis and Discussion
Work Flow Process
6. Conclusion and Future Research
Andrade, LC, Miguez, CG, Gomez, MC, & Bugallo, PM2012, Management strategy for hazardous waste from atomized SME: application to the printing industry, Journal of Cleaner Production.
Bienvenu, J 2011a, U.S. And Worldwide Production Color Printer 2011 -- 2015 Forecasted and 2010 Vendor Shares, IDC, Vol. 1. Retrieved from: www.idc.com
Bienvenu, J 2011b, World Wide and U.S. Laser / LED and Continuous Feed Printer 2011 -- 2015 Forecasted Vendor Shares, IDC, Vol. 1. Retrieved from: www.idc.com
Bienvenu, J 2012, IDC Survey Shows Significant Growth in Production, Print Page Volume, Color Usage, and the Shift from Offset to Digital Devices, IDC, Vol. 1. Retrieved from: www.idc.com
Digital Signature Scheme Based on Factorization
The objective of this study is to discuss an issue in cryptography or computer security. Digital signatures are described as "an analog of handwritten signatures" which are based on "the physically idiosyncratic way of signing one's name. But they can be easily forged." (Grabbe, 1998) The digital signature is "a mathematical method of attaching one's identity to a message" and is held to be more difficult to forge than a handwritten signature." (Grabbe, 1998) Public key cryptography is used for digital signatures and is such that uses two keys: (1) Take an ordinary plain-text message and apply one of the keys to it in an encryption process, and you end up with a scrambled or "encrypted" (or, in the current context, "signed") message; and (2) Apply the other key to the scrambled message in a decryption process, and you end up with the original…
Abdalla, M. And Reyzin, L. (2000) A New Forward-Secure Digital Signature Scheme. Advances in Cryptology -- Asiacrypt 2000. Retrieved from: http://www.cs.bu.edu/~reyzin/papers/forwardsig.pdf
Al-Saidi, N. (2011) Signature Identification Scheme Based on Iterated Function Systems. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 80, 2011. Retrieved from: http://www.waset.org/journals/waset/v80/v80-81.pdf
Diaz, RD, Encinas, H. And Jasque JM (nd) A Group Signature Scheme Based on the Integer Factorization and the Subgroup Discrete Logarithm Problems. Retrieved from: http://digital.csic.es/bitstream/10261/39204/1/CISIS11-GT-1888_GroupSignature.pdf
Goldwasser, S. et al. (2011) A Digital Signature Scheme Against Adaptive chosen-Message Attacks. Siam J. Comput. V. 17 No.2, April 1998. Online available at: http://people.csail.mit.edu/silvio/Selected%20Scientific%20Papers/Digital%20Signatures/A_Digital_Signature_Scheme_Secure_Against_Adaptive_Chosen-Message_Attack.pdf
Digital Privacy in an Information Technology Age
Information privacy refers to the desire of individuals to control or have some influence over data about themselves. Advances in information technology have raised concerns about information privacy and its impacts (Belanger & Crossler, 2011). There are many definitions for information privacy, but there is little variance in the elements of the definitions, which typically include some form of control over the potential secondary uses of one's personal information. Secondary use refers to the practice of using data for purposes other than those for which they were originally collected. Digital privacy has been a concern since the Internet became such a popular means of communication. The abundance of computers and smart phones, the proliferation of communication, and the explosion of digital information has precipitated people's disclosure of very personal information online, thus creating concerns with three types of technology that invades the privacy…
The technological capabilities of digital television are enormous, and the future of digital television can be seen as being on par with web pages and compact disc technology, all through the television. The broadcasting standard, however, can be traced back to the time when analogous television was first introduced as a viable medium in the time of World War II. It was in 1940 that the NTSC - National Television Systems Committee decided to set certain standards for the broadcast of television signals. (Digital Television: Has the evolution Stalled?)
The technology that was decided upon at that time still remains in the U.S.A. today, as for example in the 525-line low-resolution channel on which the Evening News is telecast everyday. However, even though this fact demonstrates that the U.S.A. was indeed a trendsetter, it is a sad fact that the U.S.A. is still entrenched in the same standards and is…
Anti-Piracy Measures in Digital and Interactive TV. January 24, 2003. Retrieved at http://whitepapers.tmcnet.com/detail/RES/1047900544_543.html
Broadcast Flag Kills Mickey Mouse. Retrieved at http://www.p2pnet.net/8464.html
Glossary of Acronyms and Definitions. Retrieved at http://www.intellibyte.com/glossary1.html
Glossary of Terms. Retrieved at http://www.wviz.org/digitaltv/glossary.asp
Drawbacks and Solutions in Transitioning from Print Textbook to Digital Textbook
The first challenge that this transition may face is the immediate requirement of an inflated budget intended for gadget purchase. Though print textbooks were dismissed as the cheaper option, digital textbooks do also have a considerably expensive budget to purchase and maintain. Furthermore, in cases where students were to fully sponsor themselves in the purchase of such material, division will fast be observed as the gadgets are somehow too expensive for some individuals. This would be despite the set curriculum basing itself on the digital textbook curriculum. A solution for this would, however, be to initiate engagement and commitment to the government implementing the very education curriculum to help service the finance for buying the equipment. This would better the speed of transition and will further ensure that such gadgets are school-owned, ensuring subsequent classes and students have enough…
Frabish, H. (2009, November 30). Big Advantages in Schoolbooks going Digital. Retrieved from http://www.caller.com/news/2009/nov/30/big-advantages-schoolbooks-going-digital/
Fioriello, P. (2010). Get Ready for Digital Textbooks in K-12 Education. Retrieved from http://drpfconsults.com/get-ready-for-digital-textbooks-in-k-12-education/
Catone, J. (2009, August 18). Digital Textbooks: Reasons Students aren't Ready. Retrieved from http://mashable.com/2009/08/17/digital-textbooks/
Sager, M. (2011, June 11). Schools Weigh Benefits of Digital Textbooks. Retrived from http://www2.tbo.com/news/news/2011/jun/14/schools-weigh-benefits-of-digital-textbooks-ar-237064/
Digital forensic can be described as a branch of forensic science surrounding the recovery as well as investigation of materials which are found within digital devices, in many occasion regarding computer crime. Originally the term was always used as a synonym for computer forensics; however it has spread out to be used in investigations of the entire devices with capability of storing digital data. Having its grounds in the personal computing revolution of the late 1970s and 1980s, this idea escalated in a disorganized way during the 1990s, but this ended in early 21st century after the emergence of national policies.
Digital forensic investigation has been associated with many applications. A widely known one is to refute or support a hypothesis in a civil or criminal courts. Private sectors may also apply forensic, like when there is internal intrusion investigation or corporate investigation. An investigation technical aspect has been categorized…
Carrier, Brian D. (2006). "Risks of live digital forensic analysis." Communications of the ACM
Casey, E. (2002). Handbook of Computer Crime Investigation: Forensic Tools and Technology. Academic Press.
Casey, Eoghan, (2000) Digital Evidence and Computer Crime (Second Edition). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Farmer, Dan, (2005) Venema, Wietse. Forensic Discovery. Addison-Wesley Professional.
Digital Divide Crosses All Borders, Culturally and Geographically, Discuss How the Digital Divide Affects Society in 2014
The global segregation in myriad aspects owes due to deference of information because technology or rather the lack of it is the causation of the term digital divide. The manifestation is observed glaringly in the realms of schools, commercial activities, connectivity with the global elements and so on and so forth. In the following treatise, the issues that are causative to and the solutions to narrow down the gap are explored.
Digital divide's most referred manifestation is the economic deprivation of the unfortunate to the emerging economic possibilities offered by technology. It is the already affluent who have easy access to and advantage in the new construct (Neilsen, 2006). There are more ways, but most importantly two, in which this divide will be affected in the coming years. One of them is simple…
Ferreira, J, (2014), "The Digital Divide and America's Achievement Gap," Jan 23
Foroohar, R, (2014), "The Real Threat to Economic Growth Is the Digital Divide," TIME, Jan 22
Llorenz, J, (2014), "What Separates Internet Advocates?" Huffington Post, Nov 7
Neilsen, J, (2006), "Digital divide: the 3 stages," Neilson Norman Group, Nov 20
1997: School Technology and eadiness eport: From Pillars to Progress The CEO Forum on Education and Technology
9. 1999: School Technology and eadiness eport. Professional Development: A Link to Better Learning The CEO Forum on Education and Technology
10. 2000: The National Technology Education Plan, e-Learning: Putting a World Class Education at the Fingertips of All Children U.S. Department of Education
a. 2000: The Power of the Internet for Learning Web-based Education Commission
b. 2000: The Secretary's Conference on Educational Technology, Measuring Impacts and Shaping the Future U.S. Department of Education
c. 2000: School and Technology eadiness eport. The Power of Digital Learning: Integrating Digital Content The CEO Forum on Education and Technology
11. 2001 Any Time, Any Place, Any Path, Any Pace: Taking the Lead on e-Learning Policy National Association of State Boards of Education
a. 2001: Education Technology Must Be Included in Comprehensive Legislation CEO Forum on Education…
Conte, C. (1996). The learning connection: Schools in the information age. Report in the What's Going On series. The Benton Foundation, Communications Policy and Practice: Washington, DC. Available online at http://www.benton.org/publibrary/schools/connection.html
Dickard, N. (Ed.) (2003). The sustainability challenge: Taking edtech
McDevitt, J.A. (2007). New students, new tools, new possibilities Creating digital learning environments, NewBay Media LLC, Technology & Learning
McMIllan, K, Margaret H, and Mandinach, E. (2003). A Retrospective on Twenty Years of Education Technology Policy. Education Development Center for Children and Technology U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Technology.
Digital Copyight poblem of the Digital Age is that while infomation is easy and economical to publish and disseminate, exploitation of digital copyight and intellectual popety ights emains a contentious issue. The question of who owns the ight to digital infomation is one of the most hotly contested issues on the Web today. The subject of intellectual and digital copyight is fast becoming a topic that is expected to have a majo impact on shaping the futue of the netwoked wold.
The vey natue of the Intenet with its wide ange of fomats and divese types of data has made the issue of intellectual popety ights a minefield of contending voices. The complexity of online copyight, which often involves wide legal and ethical amifications, has even become a contempoay pseudo-philosophical issue with questions like "Who owns what?" And "What, exactly, is owned?" And "What ights does owneship convey?" becoming the…
references, it's a model for the "decentralized system of creativity" that Boyle says copyright was meant to provide.
Zaret offers a broad and integrated solution, which includes a balance of the different aspects.
Everybody needs to keep their eyes on the prize,... which is a market where the Net and the devices that connect to it are valuable to people because there's lots of good stuff in there; a market where rights are basically protected for intellectual property holders, but that fair use is admitted; where there is digital rights management to reduce the incidents of serial copying; and where because of this low-distribution cost environment, you get companies willing and able to offer an enormous variety of differentiated products to people at low cost with helpful tools and assistance and add-ons that make cheap and great better than free and sort of crummy.
While the thoughts in Zaret's solution are laudable, they are in my opinion somewhat idealistic and less practical in the final analysis than Morgan's more specific ideas. Both articles however agree that the imposition of draconian copyright laws, which would restrict creative information flow, is not the correct path it take in the Digital Age. Both articles focus on the meaning and the ramifications of the new technologies and both emphasize and suggest radical changes in existing copyright laws to come to terms with contemporary reality.
This did not end the matter, of course, and appeared to be addressed more at the copier than at sites facilitating sharing, which would become the next target.
File Sharing Services
Napster was the best known but hardly the only website devoted to facilitating file sharing among subscribers. After the courts caused Napster to shut down, at least in its original form, other sites emerged to take its place. A court ruling against two peer-to-peer file-sharing networks created a sense of uncertainty even as other sites took their place, and critics charged that such rulings were stifling innovation and making the next generation of computer uses less sure, to the detriment of all (Zeller C1).
The top five companies are unified in the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), the group that sued Napster to stop the trading of copyrighted music online (though this suit was only the first of…
Cayne, B. And Jessica Azulay. (2005, July 14). "File Sharing Cases Heading Back to Lower Court." The New Standard (14 Juloy 2005). April 25, 2007. http://newstandardnews.net/content/?action=show_item&itemd=1989.
Dalrymple, Jim. "Jobs: an End to DRM?." Macworld (1 April 2007), April 30, 2007. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-160716293.html .
Digital Rights Management and Copy Protection Schemes." Electronic Freedom Foundation. April 29, 2007. http://www.eff.org/IP/DRM/ .
Gardner, Bonnie. "What's Wrong to Copy Under Copyright?" NEA Today 16(4)(November 1997), 19.
Digital World Beauty Strategies
Beauty and the digital marketplace
Technology and innovation
The marketing strategy for products and services rests on the principles of market demand and consumption. The consumers hold the primary importance in marketing and studies of consumption patterns. The fashion articles including beauty products also fall in the similar category. The products designed are towards a particular type of consumers. The online and physical fashion articles marketing require users profiling. The consumers of the products are profiled using market data and research facilities (Leung 2008). The examples of brands include Mac Jacobs and Vuitton. The marketing strategies are towards targeting a particular type of personal profiles fantasizing the beauty concepts.
The consumer buying preferences are particularly important in profiling the beauty products. These personal preferences are easy to measure in the digital marketplace. However research is the primary…
CIA 2013, The World Fact Book, Central Intelligence Agency, [Online] Available On: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uk.html . [Accessed: 2nd January 2014].
Deloitte 2011, The changing face of retail, [Online] Available On: http://www.deloitte.com/assets/Dcom-Germany/Local%20Assets/Images/06_CBuT/2013/CB_R_store_of_the_future_2013.pdf. [Accessed: 2nd January 2014].
Gay, R Charlesworth, A & Esen, R 2007, Online marketing: a customer-led approach, Oxford University Press, USA.
http://www.mintel.com/press-centre/beauty-and-personal-care/beauty-retail-market-preens-as-consumers-develop-a-skimp-and-splash-attitude-to-beauty . [Accessed: 2nd January 2014].
Thus focusing on the digital divide only in terms of physical access to technology provides only a narrow and limited view of the actual problem. Digital divide is a multidimensional issue that needs a more thorough approach. Also, the core issue of functionally illiteracy (21% of Americans) and limited literacy of tens of millions of American people has to be addressed. [May Monten, 2007] Combating digital divide therefore extends beyond guaranteeing access to the information highway and necessitates solving these core educational issues by implementing reforms in educational policies that target these central problems. There is a need for a change in the strategic objective from just increasing penetration and access to information technology tools for communities towards a plan that involves the integration of these technological tools into the existing community programs. Only such a practical, integrated approach would yield the full potential that the Internet and…
1) Harouna Ba, 'What is the digital Divide', retrieved Dec 10th 2009, from, http://tcla.gseis.ucla.edu/divide/politics/ba.html
2) Su-Houn Liu, Yu-Hsieh Sung & Hsiu-Li Liao (2006), 'Developing Sustainable Digital
Opportunity: The Case of Lalashan DOWEB Model', Issues in Information Systems,
Volume VII, No. 1, 2006, retrieved Dec 10th 2009, from http://www.iacis.org/iis/2006_iis/PDFs/Liu_Sung_Liao.pdf
These countries mainly obtain their domestic product income from agriculture, and not from information technology, because they simply do not have the resources nor the expertise to make a place for themselves in the digital world. Once again, this widens the gap between rich and poor countries, in that the latter do not have the means or opportunity to learn how they can also reap the benefits of digital technology.
Many solutions have been offered for overcoming the digital divide. The first and most important is that a paradigm shift must occur in terms of perceptions and belief. The rich must understand the need of the poor to make use of the opportunities offered by digital technology. econdly, the paradigm shift must be supplemented with action, and indeed, programs have already been implemented to accomplish this. According to Flexibility Ltd., for example, Arizona has created a program through which to…
Digital divide.org. Digital Divide: What it is and Why it Matters. 2007. http://www.digitaldivide.org/dd/digitaldivide.html
Flexibility Ltd. Tacklig the "digital divide" 2007. http://www.flexibility.co.uk/issues/debates/divide.htm
This makes transportation both more user-friendly and efficient for the transportation infrastructure as a whole. It lessens the chances of riders getting on wrong buses, misreading different schedules, and informs riders when a bus will be cancelled or late so they can call their companion or find a new connecting bus. It also keeps tourists and strangers well-informed about points of interest in the area, such as restaurants or local historic attractions.
One of the reasons people are sometimes reluctant to regularly use public transportation is its lack of convenience. This new technology increases convenience and makes transportation even more user-friendly for tourists, as well as local commuters. As people grow more comfortable with GPS systems, it is likely that they will be more comfortable using them in other arenas of their lives. The use of digital signage in public transport, incorporating some of the ease of a car into…
Omnivex wins DIGI Award for digital signage on bus system in Norway. (October 16, 2008).
Business Wire. Retrieved from Find Articles at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EIN/is_2008_Oct_16/ai_n30907589?tag=content;col1
This article examines digital signage from a business perspective. It highlights a new form of technology that has been honored by the industry, and speculates about digital signage's place in the future. Business Wire is a business-oriented publication that informs its readers about new trends in technology that may affect commerce around the world.
I chose Dan Brown's Digital Fortress because it is the type of book that I would normally read and because I find this particular subject interesting. The subject of cyber security is a matter that is/should be important to individuals and governments all over the world. The character I chose to write about is Commander Strathmore because he is not everything he appears to be. He begins the book in a controlled, and calculating, yet likeable, persona but develops into a character that is despicable and pathetic at the same time.
Dan Brown creates a character in Commander Strathmore that is central to Digital Fortress. In the beginning, he is a main thread that holds together the operation, TANSLT; that thread as well as his character slowly unravels throughout the story to reveal someone who is not what he seemed to be and brings down the whole operation…
Brown, Dan. Digital Fortress. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998.
This cannot be considered as the author's omission: it shows a lack of published ethnographic studies that use transactional information as a technique of observation. However, this has led to a narrow interpretation of observations, involving watching images and texts on a computer screen rather than watching people in offline environments. As an ethnographer, the author has routinely gathered information in-person that is quite similar to machine-collected transactional information (Freelon, 2014).
5) Do the authors present recommendations for future research and studies that build on the topics addressed in this article?
Yes, the author has presented recommendations for future research on the topic addressed in this article. He recommends that more data are not useful to educational scientists or policy makers, unless they are examined and modified to generate knowledge and information. Knowing the variations between kinds of trace data, and how they correspond with techniques of analysis should be…
Freelon, D. (2014). On the Interpretation of Digital Trace Data in Communication and Social Computing Research. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 58(1), 59-75. doi:10.1080/08838151.2013.875018
There are also important racial issues that are examined throughout "A Touch of Evil"; these are accomplished through what Nerrico (1992) terms "visual representations of 'indeterminate' spaces, both physical and corporeal"; the "bordertown and the half-breed, la frontera y el mestizo: a space and a subject whose identities are not fractured but fracture itself, where hyphens, bridges, border stations, and schizophrenia are the rule rather than the exception" (Nericcio, 1992 p. 54). There are some important musical and visual elements present in the opening scenes of "A Touch of Evil" that help set the stage for what is to follow, and it quickly becomes clear that there are some highly charged oppositional forces involved that are going to create some sticky problems for themselves as well as the audience, but the cinematographic elements helped to make these issues more digestible for the America of the 1950s where segregation was…
Arnold, Gary. 1998. 'Re-Edit' Inserts Welles' Final Touches in Thriller. The Washington Times, September 20, 3.
Case, Sue-Ellen. 1996. The Domain-Matrix: Performing Lesbian at the End of Print Culture. Bloomington, in: Indiana University Press.
Dirks, Tim. 2005. Greatest Films: "A Touch of Evil." [Online]. Available: http://www.filmsite.org/touc.html .
Merrill, Robert. 1993. Mailer's Tough Guys Don't Dance and the Detective Traditions. Critique, 34(4):241.
Digital and Physical Presence: Advertising Needs
DIGITAL AND PHYSICAL
Space and place in terms of business refer to online and brick-and-mortar presence. Many organizations today enjoy both since website presence has become exceptionally critical for reaching a wider audience and more customers. Marketing has become easier with online presence but at the same time, it also needs to be used effectively in order to reach the right set of customers. We must understand that marketing done online as well as through regular channels may require different kind of preparation since the market segments targeted through differ and also the techniques required are not the same.
egular marketing channels include print and electronic media such as newspapers, magazines, television and radio. These have a wide reach but the reach is significantly limited to one set of customers. For example print media works for older and more learned group of people. Youth…
"Internet is powerful complement to traditional advertising media" 2002. http://www.iab.net/about_the_iab/recent_press_releases/press_release_archive/press_release/4473
Burton, J. A Marketer's Guide to Understanding the Economics of Digital Compared to Traditional Advertising and Media Services. Accessed online from http://ams.aaaa.org/eweb/upload/catalog/pdfs/MG18.pdf
The Roles of Traditional Advertising and Branded Social Media in a Successful Marketing Communications Campaign. Accessed online from http://www.communicus.com/pdfs/Communicus-Branded_Social_Media.pdf
Cinema Short Movie Series ($1M) - These cinema shorts would play right before feature films, and would include a story line featuring the Zap autos in several storylines. These would then be shown before the start of automotive-based movies.
Pre-emptive Web Marketing ($750K) - Starting by analyzing click stream data of visitors to the site and seeing if by reading their cookies if they have visited other competing sites, direct the prospect immediately to pages that show the advantages of Zap over the specific competitor they have visited. This area also includes analytics to define which Zap Auto is best to show the visitor to the site, and also the continual development of Search Engine Optimization (SEO) strategies to drive up the Zap brand as an electric car in Google, MSN, and Yahoo searches.
ich Media Advertising on Google, MSN and Yahoo ($750K) - Developing vehicle-specific rich media advertisements and…
Corporate Executive Board (2004) - Emerging Marcom Strategies. The Corporate Executive Board Marketing Council. Washington, DC. 2004
Digital Dog Security
A method for secure data transition is the use of an SSL security certificate. Security certificates like this are very popular and have been used for a variety of reasons and by a variety of companies. They are so popular and widely used, in fact, because they are so successful. The SSL security certificate on a website will allow for secure data transmission. This means that if individuals create accounts online, including personal information, credit card information, or any other important information that could be stolen, the SSL security certificate will create a barrier for this information. The only people that will have access to the security certificate itself will be the administrators in control of the certificate (those creating the accounts), and access to this can also be limited by other security measures, if decided upon by the managers. SSL certifications will protect all data transfer…
And new capabilities are being added to chips. These include microelectromechanical systems (MEMs), "such as sensors and actuators, and digital signal processors that enable cost reductions and extend it into new types of devices. Examples of MEM devices include ink-jet printer cartridges, hard disk drive heads, accelerometers that deploy car airbags, and chemical and environmental sensors" (Gulliksen 2000).
Trends toward improvements in microelectronics and MEMs are expected to continue as well in information storage, networking and applications of information technology (it).
Information storage is necessary for a digital computer. Its process, not being analogous, need to be stored and then reused as the problem advances. Disk drives and other storage for information are improving in cost and performance. The amount of original information that can be stored has expanded so much that it is now estimated that most of the information in the world is now stored on various kinds…
Bianchi, Luigi M. Analog vs. Digital. York University. 2007. http://www.yorku.ca/sasit/sts/sts3700b/lecture20a.html.
Gulliksen, J.E. "MST vs. MEMS: Where Are We?" Semiconductor Technology 1. 10/Oct 2000. http://www.semi.org/web/wmagazine.nsf/ .
"Integrated Circuit." Encyclopedia Britannica.
Significance of Information Technology: Trends in it." Science and Engineering Indicators 2002. Washington D.C.: National Science Foundation. 2002. http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/seind02/c8/c8s1.htm .
It uses a great deal of expensive and cutting-edge technology, and none of this is cheap. hile DR can do a great deal for a hospital radiology department, that department also must have the funds available to support what needs to be purchased and accomplished where DR is concerned if the department chooses to use this technology.
Image quality, other than cost, is quite probably the largest issue that is faced by those that wish to use this new technology. Therefore, it is important to discuss and compare the differences between the image quality of CR and the image quality of DR, so that more can be understood regarding the differences between them. One study looked at the plate readers that are used for CR images, and found that there were enough statistically significant differences between different plate readers as to indicate that there may be problems with…
Cesar, LJ. 1997. Computed radiography: its impact on radiographers. Radiologic Technology.
Daniels, C. 1998. The benefits of digital radiography. Radiologic Technology.
Demonstrated Clinical Benefits and Competitive Prices to Drive Digital Radiography Market. 2004. BusinessWire.
FUJIFILM Computed Radiography for Mammography Progresses From Market Entrant to Market Leadership Worldwide. 2002. PR Newswire.
Summary & Conclusion
The advantages of D are stated to be: (1) no processing time and immediate image acquisition; (2) no imaging plates or cassettes to hassle with; and (3) excellent image quality. Disadvantages of D include the fact that it is more expensive than C imaging, mobile radiography necessitates a wire between computer and imaging system, the D cannot perform corss table radiography if the imaging sensor is attached, the imaging sensor is more expensive to replace than an imaging plate, and the inability to retrofit to existing x-ray equipment. Even so, the advantages of D outweigh the disadvantages which exist and most particularly so in a situation where immediate imaging is critical. (Ibid)
Pinkernelle, J.G. et al. (2002) Use of portable computed tomography in non-transportable patients on the intensive care unit: preclinical experience ofo. 2002 Jun;174(6):747-53.
Wonk, S.K. & Polunin, N. (1998) Portable chest radiography: comparison…
Pinkernelle, J.G. et al. (2002) Use of portable computed tomography in non-transportable patients on the intensive care unit: preclinical experience Rofo. 2002 Jun;174(6):747-53.
Wonk, S.K. & Polunin, N. (1998) Portable chest radiography: comparison of high-resolution digital displays with laser printed digital film.
Ann Acad Med Singapore. 1998 Mar;27(2):178-81.
MacMahon, H. et al. (1991) Direct comparison of conventional and computed radiography with a dual-image recording technique Radiographics. 1991 Mar;11(2):259-68.
Digital media then becomes an essential part of any channel management strategy in that it delivers a virtual experience of the product before it is purchased. Visit any auto manufacturer, hotel or realty site and you'll be able to virtually tour the auto, hotel room or property of interest online. All of these virtual visits are meant to alleviate anxiety and increase trust with consumers leading to them purchasing products more readily than before. Digital media in its many forms is accelerating sales cycles as a result.
Josh Bernoff, Charlene Li. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management eview, 49(3), 36-42. etrieved August 3, 2008, from ABI/INFOM Global database. (Document ID: 1458948591).
Terry Daugherty, Hairong Li, Frank Biocca. (2008). Consumer learning and the effects of virtual experience relative to indirect and direct product experience. Psychology & Marketing, 25(7), 568. etrieved August 4, 2008, from ABI/INFOM…
Josh Bernoff, Charlene Li. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42. Retrieved August 3, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1458948591).
Terry Daugherty, Hairong Li, Frank Biocca. (2008). Consumer learning and the effects of virtual experience relative to indirect and direct product experience. Psychology & Marketing, 25(7), 568. Retrieved August 4, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1497435411).
Bill Merrilees, Tino Fenech. (2007). From catalog to Web: B2B multi-channel marketing strategy. Industrial Marketing Management, 36(1), 44. Retrieved August 5, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1176668411).
These protocols allow client/server applications to communicate in a way designed to prevent eavesdropping, tampering and message forgery. IPsec is a standard that provides security at the network layer by encrypting and/or authenticating IP packets.
Watermarking, Fingerprinting and Access control are other important DRM techniques. Watermarking is the process of embedding information into a data source in such a way its existence is hidden. It essentially serves as a copyright stamp. Another method to protect digital media is to fingerprint each copy with the purchaser's information. Thus, if the purchaser makes illegitimate copies, they will contain his or her name. Access control attempts to find ways for limiting the access to copyrighted material and/or inhibiting the copy process itself. Examples of copy protection include encrypted digital TV broadcast, access controls to copyrighted software through the use of license servers and technical copy protection mechanisms on the media.
Arsenova, E. Technical aspects of Digital Tights Management. http://wob.iai.uni-bonn.de/Wob/images/01212504.pdf
Digital communications could be described as being borne from the first electronic transmission of words via a wire uttered by Alexander Graham Bell. Those words; "Watson, come here. I want to see you" (American Treasures, 2010) will live on in historical fashion as a changing of not only the manner in which individuals communicate, but the changing of an entire world. From that era to today's digital communication accessibility almost anywhere in the world took nearly 140 years yet advanced society light years into the future.
In today's modern communication modes there are a wide variety of methods for communicating not only the spoken word, but the written word, text, images, pictures, books and entire libraries of information at a press of a button. There are also a number of digital methods for transmission, including but not limited to; TETA (terrestrial trunked radio), the Internet via Widebrand and Broadband, and…
American Treasures (2010) Alexander Graham Bell lab notebook, Library of Congress, accessed at http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/ , on July 3, 2011
Daga, V.; Manuel, N.; Narasimhan, L.; (2010) Riding Asia's digital tiger, McKinsey Quarterly, Issue 4, pp. 16-19
Evans-Pughe, C.; (2011) Call for back-up! Emergency services communications, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 6, Issue 1, pp. 74 -- 77
Rubinson, J.; Micu, A.C.; Dedeker, K.; Lewis, I.; Moran, R.; Netzer, O.; Plumer, J.; (2011) Guest editorial: The shape of marketing research in 2021, Journal of Advertising Research, Vol. 51, issue 1, pp. 213 -- 221
This is a valuable social and interpersonal skill, which will help kids to grow into effective and cooperative adults.
The approach of the Kids n Clicks program will function on a personal, educational, and technological platform.
Personal assets kids can expect to gain from the program include:
Increased self-confidence, self-esteem, and independence;
Respect for each other, the community, and technological equipment;
The ability to work effectively as team members and leaders;
The ability to give and receive constructive feedback;
A more positive attitude towards education.
Educational benefits associated with the Kids n Clicks program will include:
Creative self-expression and learning by means of visual media.
Cultivating marketable skills like digital image production, graphic design, web page design, digital and online publishing.
Small groups, including no more than eight children in a singles session.
A combination of classroom and field work.
Potential income from…
Digital Supply Chain
Companies that do not have good supply chain systems and processes often experience lower customer satisfaction levels, order lead times, and inefficient production processes vs. those that do. Before the widespread expansion of the Internet, most supply chains operated according to a very traditional and linear model -- business partners worked together directly with separately managed linkages between suppliers and customers. Today, the advent of the Internet has had a significant impact on supply chain management. Digital supply chain is an emerging trend especially in the music, publishing, and library industries. It provides a rare opportunity to use electronic means to impact the delivery of goods and services, offering a unique view of the process at critical points between the origin of raw materials to final delivery to the customer.
A number of companies have used the Internet to lower costs and add value to their business.…
Gulledge, T. And Chavusholu, T. (2008) "Automating the Construction of Supply Chain Key Performance Indicators," Industrial Management & Data Systems, Vol. 108, No. 6, pp.750-774.
Tarantillis, C.D., Kiranoudis, C.T., and Theodorakopoulos, N.D. (2008) "A Web-based ERP System for Business Services and Supply Chain Management: Application to Real-World Process Scheduling," European Journal of Operational Research, Vol. 187, No. 3, pp.1310-1326.
Wehlage, C.J. (2008) "How the Digital Supply Chain Made Apple No. 1 on the Supply Chain Top 25," AMR Research, July 28, 2008
Many important revolutions and transitions in power have occurred in non-democratic countries in the past several months, sparking a great deal of debate regarding the role of social media and contemporary technology in empowering populations to demand change. The matter of the critical mass with regards to public opinion and its impact upon international attention and intervention is central to the discussion of digital resources and communications supplanting rights and privileges of democratic freedoms. It has been widely promulgated in democratic nations, such as the United States, where digital media are protected by free speech laws, that the internet has the ability to enhance communication freedom in places where governments have made efforts to restrict social and civil liberties.
In an article for Foreign Policy Magazine, Evgeny Morozov termed the belief of democratic nations in the internet's ability to catalyze democratic revolution the Internet Freedom Agenda. Key to…
Edge. Org. (2010). "Edge: Digital Democracy and Its Discontents" Retrieved from: http://www.edge.org/3rd_culture/morozov_shirky10/morozov_shirky10_index.html
Morozov, Evgeny. (2011). "Freedom.gov." Foreign Policy Magazine.
Shirky, Clay. (2008). Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing without Organizations. Penguin Books: New York.
Digital Ethics Critical Response
Dan Richards coins the phrase "netiquette," or a hybrid word combining "network" and "etiquette," to describe a new social code that is developing in digital spaces (Richards, N.d.). All groups form social norms when they interact with each other that develop over time. Groups will collective form opinions and norms about a range of different issues. Some of the issues that Richards presents include are related to technology and ethics and include items such as:
How does an online discussion board community handle flaming?
Is it right to give support to pirating sites?
hat images are appropriate for re-tweeting?
Just how private should privacy policies be when agreeing to Terms of Services?
The environment online is much different than other forms of networking. ith a face-to-face relationship you can experience more cues from non-verbal language and things that are not available in the digital world. There…
Richards, D. (N.d.). Digital Ethics. Retrieved from Writing Commons: http://writingcommons.org/open-text/new-media/digital-ethics
Digital Growth Corporation
The Digital Growth Corp. is seeking to determine its intrinsic value per equity share. The future value as well as the present value must be determined in order to observe the intrinsic value. The intrinsic value of the stock is calculated by obtaining the increase in underlying asset value of the company due to the retention of earnings per share outstanding, which is a function of the market capitalization rate of 15% per year. The earnings are reinvested over the first 5 years and there are no cash dividends distributed to shareholders.
The firm is also expected to grow at 20% per year over the next 5 years. This is to say, earnings per share will grow at a compounded rate of 1.20 per year over 5 years. FV = 1.20^5. The following year, or year 6, the firm will start distributing dividends to shareholders equivalent to…
We owe our engineers a pat on the back for the part they have played in creating, designing, implementing, and perfecting these new technologies. Technologies that many people take for granted works because of good digital design. Digital cameras, wireless networking hubs, and digital voice recorders all work because of digital logic. Video game consoles and game boy technologies would be absolutely unthinkable without digital design wherewithal. Even cars come with digital circuitry. Next-generation smart technologies such as wired kitchen appliances, home electrical systems, security systems, and entertainment systems, are also becoming commonplace in many countries, testimony to the vast strides we have taken to improve consumer technology for the better.
Critics of digital design usually make two main claims about the way digital design has failed the modern consumer. The first camp claims that digital technologies have made life more complicated. Pointing to the frustration they feel when their…
How do information and information sharing impact the digital culture of today’s world?
This question can best be answered by understanding the ways in which today’s digital culture uses information. Grassegger and Krogerus note that Big Data is the big elephant in the digital room: this is the collection of information on every Internet user on the planet, stored and provided so that today’s advertisers can market their organization’s products exclusively to Internet browsers. Those ads that pop up everywhere you go, no matter what type of site you’re on, that seem to know exactly what type of product you’re currently interested in? They know what you’re interested in because your personal browsing habits are being watched are recorded: that’s what Big Data is. And it’s also more than that—because today even your Amazon Fire is watching and listening: your phone is taking note of where you…
Most importantly, that problem may also be somewhat transitory and merely a function of the fact that computer gaming environments are still relatively new phenomena. Ultimately, it is quite probable that the next generation of young people will not be as interested in those types of recreation for the exact same reasons that contemporary teenagers are so much less interested in television than previous generations: because television is no longer novel.
Evans, H. (2004). They Made America: From the Steam Engine to the Search Engine
Two Centuries of Innovators. New York: Little Brown & Co.
Gelernter, D. "Computers and the Pursuit of Happiness" Commentary, (Jan/1991).
Healey, J.F. (2009). ace, Ethnicity, Gender, and Class: The Sociology of Group
Conflict and Change. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge.
Henslin, J.M. (2006). Essentials of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. Boston:
Allyn and Bacon.
Turkle, S. "Constructions and econstructions of Self in Virtual eality: Playing…
Evans, H. (2004). They Made America: From the Steam Engine to the Search Engine
Two Centuries of Innovators. New York: Little Brown & Co.
Gelernter, D. "Computers and the Pursuit of Happiness" Commentary, (Jan/1991).
Healey, J.F. (2009). Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Class: The Sociology of Group
Digital Camera: Lesson Plan
Students will learn how to use a digital camera in an age-appropriate way.
Students will be able to identify steps in using a digital camera.
Students will be able to identify parts of a digital camera necessary for use.
Students will be able to describe camera.
Students will understand special uses for digital camera -- why it is different from other varieties of cameras.
Students will be able to use digital camera to creatively express themselves, within their own personal desires and artistic limits, abilities, and desires.
Include the grade or age level of the students to be tested.
Grade five, ages 9-11.
Describe the unit of instruction.
Introducing hands-on learning methods in the visual arts and computer science.
List the five objectives again, and to the right of each specify the level of Bloom's Taxonomy of Cognitive Skills to which it corresponds.
Students will be…
Bloom's Taxonomy."(2004). Adopted from Bloom, B. (1956) Taxonomy of educational objectives. Retrieved on July 1, 2004 at http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/bloom.html
General uses for your digital camera."(2004) Retrieved on July 1, 2004 at http://www.semo.net/suburb/mgilmer/digcam/general.htm
I especially enjoyed the way Schaeffler links digital signage to other aspects of our constantly evolving technological society. This book in part examines the changing trends in the way we receive and respond to various communications, a topic which is of great personal interest to me. Communication is essential to the way we perceive and interact with the world, and I believe that Schaeffler does a decent job of demonstrating this fact's importance. Some of the conclusions he draws strike me as perhaps a little far-fetched, but only time will tell if digital signage will have the full individual impact Schaffler credits it with. Technologies, especially those involving changes in communication, have a way of surprising us, and Schaeffler and I are both excited to see what changes increased digital communication will bring.
Schaeffler, Jimmy. Digital Signage. Burlington, MA:…
Schaeffler, Jimmy. Digital Signage. Burlington, MA: Focal Press, 2008.
digital games is quite relaxing, as no adequate research has been carried out yet, so nearly anything goes. Writing, in general, about gaming and games is also very much similar. Sadly, and with startling cumulative consequences, games are under-theorized. Although there is the work of authors such as Ehrmann, Huizinga, and Caillois, game theory, philosophical ideas such as the work of Wittgenstein, and libraries teeming with research on board games, one can not get far into the field of computer games using only the above resources. As well, if there is, or will be, a proper computer game research field, it can also be said to be at risk of colonization and intrusion from existing scholarly tribes (Eskelinen 2001). Computer games have to be secured against the colonizing effect of textual and narrative analysis. In the case of semiotics, the idea of "text" generalizes to everything in material existence; however,…
Adams, Ernest. 1999. "Three Problems for Interactive Storytelters.." Gamasutra.
Engberg, Maria. n.d. Markku Eskelinen. Accessed July 14, 2015. http://www.elmcip.net/person/markku-eskelinen.
Eskelinen, Markku. 2001. "The Gaming Situation." The international journal of computer game research.
Eskelinen, Markku. 2001. "Towards Computer Game Studies, Part 1: Narratology and Ludology." Helsinki.
Digital Perceptions is a four-year-old company that manufactures digital cameras that are sold to retailers at a wholesale price of $150 each. It employs 100 workers that work 20 days per month and produces 6,000 units of output. The firm's total expenses per month exceed the total revenue. Retained Earnings has declined $100,000 as loses have been apparent every month for the last six months. Fair market value of the total assets is $350,000. Total long-term liabilities are $250,000. Last year's Annual Income Statement showed a profit of $50. ecause of the company not being able to pay the monthly bills, the credit rating has taken a decline in the rate. The major competitors are Panasonic, Sony, Nikon, Canon, Kodak, and Fuji.
Environmental risk factors include a recession, rising interest rates, deterioration of the financial markets, rapid declines in product prices, and financial difficulty of customers (Annual Report 2010, 2010).…
Annual Report 2010. (2010, Mar 31). Retrieved from Panasonic Corporation: http://panasonic.net/ir/annual/2010/pdf/panasonic_ar2010_e.pdf
Cancelled Debt. (n.d.). Retrieved from IRS: http://www.irs.gov/publications/p4681/ch01.htm
Turnaround Step 2: How Do You Know That Your Business is in Trouble? (n.d.). Retrieved from Critical Care: http://www.criticalc4c.com/step2_bustrouble.html
Ways to improve profitability. (n.d.). Retrieved from Fundamentals of Business: http://www.history-society.com/ways-to-improve.html
What follows in this report is a narrative and summary of the e-marketing strategy as it will be implemented for Namshi and their online e-commerce portal. Of course, e-commerce is the present as well as the future and thus Namshi will want to make sure to have an e-commerce portal that has all the right facets and parts, including the right marketing. The items that will be included in this broader plan include the strategies and tactics that will be used to achieve the desired objectives, customer service/loyalty avenues, timeline for the promotion strategies in question and what the future holds when it comes to all of the above and beyond.
There are a number of key issues that Namshi must deal with as part of its e-marketing strategy, in addition to its broader e-commerce strategy. The facets and factors that must be dealt with include…
New media can seem threatening at first, as it signals deep and meaningful changes in the ways information is created and shared in the society. In "Mind Over Mass Media," Steven Pinker (2010) argues that new technologies are typically perceived as threatening until they become commonplace. Early hysteria and fear about new media soon subsides, as the actual effects of the new media are not as adverse as was initially believed. Even the printing press was considered evil in its day, according to Pinker (2010). New media has improved scientific research and has made vast amounts of quality information available more quickly to more people. One of the reasons why new media is not threatening is that the brain tends to keep information fragmented. Learning how to condense one's thoughts into a PowerPoint presentation does not imply that the same person will consistently condense his or her thoughts in other,…
Search Engines and Online Libraries
There are several people who might fall into the class of people who create intellectual property. First, there are creatives, for example writers, visual artists, or even project managers such as directors or the team who write code for software. All of these are actively involved in the creative process. When they are doing as employees or contractors of a company, then typically the rights flow to the company, as the financier of the project. But someone creating on their own should have full right to distribute as they please, whether or not this involves active digital rights management. There are examples of star acts that have sought to exert greater control over their work, using digital distribution models to bypass record companies. This is an example of a content creator exerting their natural control over how they distribute and control their work…
electronic signatures as is used for the purposes of e-commerce. The writer explores their use, their problems and some of the legislature for their use. The primary focus is on the differences and similarities in three states regarding electronic signatures. There were three sources used to complete this paper.
With the advent of the internet came the ability to sign for things electronically. Electronic signatures have become a topic of debate as people are able to purchase things online, sign contracts online and perform banking functions online. The problem stems from two main areas. The first problem is the fact that electronic signatures are easily "forged" while the second problem revolves around the fact that different states mandate different laws when it comes to the care, use and legality of using electronic signatures.
There has been talk of mandating electronic signatures from a federal level but thus far it is…
Patrick Thibodeau, E-Signature Standards Battles Are Looming., Computerworld, 11-01-1999, pp 12.
California Digital Signature Regulations http://www.ss.ca.gov/digsig/regulations.htm
United States - Electronic Signatures
Digital Book Production
Practical advice on publishing eBooks.
Which digital formats and platforms to convert to... pdf, ePub, Kindle, etc..
Lipton (2014) in his study assessed the current norms of the digital printing industry with focus on publishing and copyrights in America and European Union. He reveals that popular eBook formats are few rounding up in single digit figures. In case of United States, the industry frontlines such as Amazon, Apple and Barnes & Noble are quite open to their users in order to pave way for easier reading. Due to this simplistic idea, the nuisance of multiple file formats to be used is cut down as most book readers don't like to shift from one file format to another. It's just too much nuisance and hassle for a reader.
In case of European Union, he adds that the digital eBook market is slowly growing as publishers are indulged in…
Electric Book Works. (2014). Backlist conversions vs. frontlist plans. Retrieved from: http://electricbookworks.com/kb/digital-decisions-what-book-publishers-should-know-about-ebooks/product-decisions/backlist-conversions-vs.-frontlist-plans/
Friedman, J. (2012). 10 Questions to Ask Before Committing to Any E-Publishing Service. Retrieved from: http://janefriedman.com/2012/02/10/10-questions-epublishing/
Kenner, A. (2014). Designing Digital Infrastructure: Four Considerations for Scholarly Publishing Projects. Cultural Anthropology, Vol. 29(2), pp. 264 -- 287.
Khaledi, H. And Reisi-Nafchi, M. (2013). Dynamic production planning model: a dynamic programming approach. Int J. Adv Manuf Technol, 67:1675 -- 1681
Digital badges are electronic images that reflect a level of attainment students have achieved in different types of learning environments and spaces. The significance of a digital badge is that it serves as validation that a student has reached a certain level of competence in area that will enable the student to use the skills in a variety of ways that would not be possible without the certification that the badge indicates. Some examples of educational environments in which students could conceivably earn digital badges include summer institutes, weekend workshops, after-school programs, K-12 classrooms, and courses in institutions of higher education.
In 2010, the Mozilla Foundation held an event in Barcelona, Spain during which the concept of digital badges was introduced (Ash, 2012). A driver of the idea seems to be the informal learning that is occurring in non-institutional settings where highly motivated, self-driven (mostly) young people gather to share…
Ash, K. (2012, June 13). "Digital badges" would represent students' skill acquisition: Initiatives seek to give students permanent online records for developing specific skills. Education Week. Retrieved from http://www.edweek.org/dd/articles/2012/06/13/03badges.h05.html
Grant, S. (2014). Digital Badges. Humanities, Art, Science, Technology Alliance and Collaboratory (HASTAC).Retrieved from http://www.hastac.org/collections/digital-badges
Digital World and Luxury Brands
Why do companies need a digital marketing strategy?
What is the importance of digital marketing strategy in a company? The simplistic answer is the loss of opportunities and business. Digital marketing strategy formulation helps in making informed decisions about ones foray into digital marketing arena and ensuring that all the hard work is focused towards the fundamentals of digital marketing, which happen to be the most pertinent to a business. This is the initial step towards understanding the dynamics of the evolution of digital technology on the market place and its relation to the company. Increment in target market doesn't necessary depend on the type of business, but on digital technology to research, assess as well as buy the products they intend to consume. A coherent strategy of initially engagement and subsequently retention via digital technology helps a business in utilizing available opportunities thus being…
Digital Forensics to Capture Data ources
Prioritizing Data ources
Live ystem Data
Intrusion Detection ystem
Event Log Analysis
Prioritizing data sources
Insider File Deletion
Prioritizing data sources
Use of Uneraser program Recovers the Deleted Data
A recent advance in information technology has brought about both benefits and threats to business organizations. While businesses have been able to achieve competitive market advantages through the internet technology, the hackers are also using the opportunities to penetrate the organizational network systems to steal sensitive data worth billions of dollars. A recent wave of cybercrimes leads to the growth of forensic investigation dealing with a collection of evidence to track cyber offenders. The study investigates different data sources that can assist in enhancing digital forensic investigation. The study identifies event log analysis, port scanning, account auditing, and intrusion detection system…
Stallings, W. (2011). Cryptography and Network Security Principles and Practice (Fifth Edition). Pearson Education, Inc. Prentice Hall.
Vigina, G. Johnson, E. Kruegel, C. (2003). Recent Advances in Intrusion Detection: 6th International 6th International Symposium, RAID 2003, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, September 8-10, 2003, Proceedings, Volume 6. Springer Science & Business Media.
Xu, M., Yang, X. Wu, B. et al. (2013).A metadata-based method for recovering files and file traces from YAFFS2. Digital Investigation. 10 (1); 62-72.
Digital Forensics and Cyber Crime Investigation
HCC Partner is the top healthcare company in the United States, and the management has noticed an intrusion in the systems based on the alerts from their IDS (Intrusion Detection System) logs that causes the management to question the reliability of the system. Analysis of their systems reveals that HCC uses the Snort IDS that is running in Linux system. Moreover, the HCC database administrator has received and downloaded the strange email from the Human Resources Department, which makes the system behaving strangely after they open the attachment.
he objective of this project is to analyze the HCC database server, the network system and other workstations suspected leading to data leakage. he project will investigate whether there is a possibility of evidence of data breach.
A: Plan for Processing the Incident Scene and Potential Crime
he study uses the staircase model for the investigation…
The next step is to develop a documentation of the evidence. The study suggests using the digital camera take the photos of all the evidence. The photo must ensure 360-degree coverage of the scene. The photo must reveal the location of all the seized computer systems. The front, back, and, side by all photos must photograph. However, there is a need for a videotaping of the active screen monitor. The photographs should reveal the position of mice, computer components, cables and other evidence.
Casey, E. (2011). Digital evidence and computer crime: forensic science, computers and the Internet. Waltham: Academic Press.
The company emerged atop the buzz trouncing Samsung's Galaxy and Apple's iPhone (Siren).
Overall, Nokia's global outreach is especially impressive; they have traversed the digital revolution through subtle online marketing strategies geared towards creating a formidable marketing framework to enable the company reclaim its rightful place in the global market. Commentators and researchers alike have commended Nokia's aggressive marketing strategies noting that other mobile manufacturers should emulate it. There is still some room for improvement for the company. For instance, they should put on ad campaigns for online sweepstakes, quizzes and competitions. They should also liaise with mobile service providers such as Sprint and Verizon to bring up special offers (Niccolai).
As the world transforms into a small digital ICT village, marketers have expressed the need to alter the traditional mode of reaching out to consumers. This has called for a paradigm shift in marketing and advertising strategies for…
Bold, Ben "Nokia Recruits City Analysts to 'Understand Opportunity' of Social Media" Marketing 12 February 2013
Khoury, Rita El "Graphing the Winners and Losers across the Mobile Industry" The Wall Street Journal October 17, 2010
Niccolai, James "Nokia buys mapping service for $8.1 billion." IDG News Service (InfoWorld) 1 October 2007.
Niccolai, James "Nokia Lays Plan for More Internet Services." IDG News Service (New York Times) 4 December 2007.
digital age include worlds that are highly imaginative (eg. Harry Potter films). Films are sometimes conceived in a literary form and then turned into a script and a film. Films since the 1920s and into the 21st century have used physical models and stage properties of some kind (eg. Metropolis, Blade Runner, 2001: A Space Odyssey and Harry Potter). In the digital age, visual effects are created by composite images and ongoing production techniques, practices and narratives. Discuss.
What this question primarily conveys is the feasibility associated with the growing trend of using digital techniques in filmmaking. The importance of digitalization, computer generated imagery and visual effects, has grown tremendously and that can be proven with the help of various relevant examples. In the essay, the technological value added by digitalization along with the advantages and disadvantages of digitalization have been discussed. Finally the future of digital filmmaking…
Harmony, History, Shopping & Digital Privacy
HARMONY, HISTORY, SHOPPING
Growing numbers of people are turning to online access for a number of rather ordinary activities. And increasingly they are learning that in doing so they are becoming involved in a world of business and to some extent deception that is at best built on a rather fragile foundation of trust and market forces. We have known for some time that as users of the virtual universe of opportunities, we are sharing with others information about us and what we want. ut the extent to which this information is otherwise being used has been left in the hands of a relatively unguarded concept of openness and honesty. We seem to like the idea of putting ourselves out in the world to see what happens of its own accord, no matter whether we are looking for love, our family's past or good…
But this search for convenience has tremendous disadvantages that we often easily overlook. Clearly, it involves giving away information whose value we have little appreciation for. But just as importantly, we do this without recognizing that those who gather this information do so with the intention of reshaping our future. They use the information to determine where we might like to go in future searches for information. The privacy pages of sites like Ancestry.com (2012), as one example, openly tell us if we read them that their software is using the information they give us to decide what we might like -- effectively cutting out the world of luck or chance in the searches we seem to want to make for ourselves.
PROTECTIONS: For the most part the experience of exploring the virtual world of access is very much like the adventure itself: it is built on us having a sense of trust that the system itself will guard our interests. Most advanced nations have some acceptance in core human rights being based on people being free to exploit their own privacy; but how this happens in practice remains unclear. So what we find is that collectively we seem to use the power of our numbers and this interest in privacy to be its own source of protection. There are consumer protection laws and common sense rules (Privacy Rights Clearinghouse, 2011), and these make up the majority of what we count on for protections.
Mostly though we trust that if people or businesses do something with the information that we provide them that is not as expected, masses of people -- usually through the media -- will create a
This phenomenon is referred to as the filter roll-off generally expressed in Decibels of attenuation per octave of frequency. When a filter is designed there is the intention of making the roll-off as narrow as achievable which gives the filter a chance to get as close as possible to the intended design in terms of performance.
There is a difference that exists between the upper and the lower cutoff frequencies which is referred to as the bandwidth of the filter while the ratio of bandwidths which is obtained by using two distinct attenuation values in order to find the cutoff frequency is referred to as the shape factor. For instance, when the shape factor is said to be 2:1 at 30/3 dB then it means that the bandwidth obtained between frequencies at 30 dB attenuation is double that obtained at 3 dB attenuation. The electrical symbol of a band pass…
"digital-to-analog conversion." The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2008. Retrieved
March 01, 2010 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-digtal2a.html
Hasan, Pavel (1991). "Monte Carlo simulation of the PLL demodulator" pg 2-3.
Knoll, G.F. (Ed.), (1989). Radiation detection and measurement. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Personal Digital Assistants in Healthcare
Current Applications and Future Trends in the Use of Personal Digital Assistants in Healthcare
Today, healthcare practitioners enjoy a wide range of digital equipment that can help them provide more efficient healthcare services, including laptop computers, cellular telephones and personal digital assistants, or PDAs. These devices have been used in various ways by clinicians to improve their ability to deliver more timely and accurate diagnoses and treatments, and it is clear that the use of these devices will continue to increase in the future. The purpose of this study is to provide a current snapshot of how personal digital assistants are being used in various healthcare settings, including military and government tertiary facilities and the use of PDAs on the battlefield in times of war, but with a specific focus on how PDAs are being used in nongovernmental healthcare facilities today. To this end, a…
Blow, F.C., Barry, K.L., Walton, M.A. et al. (2006). The efficacy of two brief intervention strategies among injured, at-risk drinkers in the emergency department: Impact of tailored messaging and brief advice. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 67(4), 568.
Cieslak, D.M., & Van Winkle, M. (2004). Carry your office in the palm of your hand; a pocket-size device is your computer when you're on the road. Journal of Accountancy, 198(2), 52.
Corbett, M.L. (1996, January). Choosing the perfect PDA: Personal digital assistants help busy professionals. Black Enterprise, 26(6), 34.
Greisler, D.S., & Jackson, J.R. (2000). The changing nature of physician power: Understanding physician power and its future. Journal of Power and Ethics, 1(4), 260.
A iTunes expansion in the digital video space seems to be a no-brainer from a business perspective. The digital music market developed first, aided by peer-sharing sites such as Napster and Kazaa, and it is understandable that much of Apple's current focus through the iTunes store has been on selling digital music tracks and albums. However, the digital video market is growing significantly, and we can expect iTunes to provide even more robust video offerings in the future. According to the iTunes eb site, users already can download thousands of music videos and more than 350 television shows. In a sign that Apple is serious about growing its video services, the company recently launched a movie service that allows users to download feature films for $9.99 a movie. iTunes video services will only grow more as Apple faces growing competition from online music and video providers. As was discussed, Apple…
Angell, L.C. "iTunes revenue surges 84% in 2006." iLounge, Dec. 2006. 1 Aug. 2007. http://ilounge.com/index.php/news/comments/comscore-iTunes-revenue-surges-84-in-2006-q1-to-q3/ .
"Apple settles iTunes lawsuit." Mac News Network, Sept. 2006. 1 Aug. 2007. http://www.macnn.com/articles/06/09/01/iTunes.lawsuit.settled/
Dean, Katie. "New Napster, iPod don't play nice." Wired, Oct. 2003. 1 Aug. 2007. http://www.wired.com/entertainment/music/news/2003/10/60729
Gohring, Nancy. "Apple faces U.S. lawsuit over iTunes-iPod link." Computer World,
Physical vs. Digital Products -- Physical products are those that can be touched, felt, have physical presence, must be produced, warehoused, packaged, shipped and purchased. However, physical products are most certainly not limited to brick and mortar stores. The Internet has opened up an entirely new world for commerce online -- in both physical and virtual worlds with e-Commerce. E-Commerce is the buying and selling of products and services over electronic means, usually the Internet. As Internet usage grows, so does trade conducted electronically, allowing for a number of improvements and innovations that follow suit. Most economists see e-commerce as a market segment that leads to intensive price competition and consumers armed with greater knowledge. In two particular industries, e-commerce has actually changed the way the market works on those industries, causing the brick and mortar versions to fade away. In fact, larger e-commerce firms like Amazon.com, use…
Microsoft's Seventh Seal. (October 23, 2009). The Economist. Cited from: http://www.economist.com/node/14732175
Physical Product vs. Digital Product -- Pros and Cons. (September 17, 2010). Online Business Watch. Retrieved from: http://www.onlinebusinesswatch.com/online-business-from-home/physical-product-vs.-digital-product-pros-cons.html
The Click and the Dead. (July 1, 2010). The Economist: Retrieved from:
Advances in Digital Medical Imaging
In the past few decades advances in healthcare have emerged, as new forms of technological integration are implemented as part of the overall healthcare management system. Healthcare providers, doctors and patients require more technological integration into the system providing real time data analysis and the possibility of enhancing medical knowledge. Sharing that knowledge can lead to what many describe as "digital medicine" where stored clinical data can generate medical knowledge which can be widely distributed, incorporated into decision support systems, and lead to more effective medical practices (ouler & Morgenstern, 2005). Digital medical image processing within the healthcare area has its origins in the 1970's when computed tomography was introduced as the first digital modality. In the decades that followed, advances in digital medical imaging technology have dramatically affected the planning and design of diagnostic interventional radiology facilities. Soon after the advent of computerized…
Bang, C. (2005). Digital Imaging Drives Health Care Design. Building Operation
Becker, S. (1994). Costs and Benefits of Picture Archiving and Communication Systems.
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, vol. 1, no. 5: 361-371.
Digital photography presents a whole new world of opportunities for casual and professional photographers alike. Probably the most significant contribution of digital photography is the ability to change pictures at any stage. The act of taking a digital picture itself is akin to first mixing the paints on a palette before actually applying brush to canvas. Taking the picture is only a jumping off point. Digital cameras convert a scene from humanity into countless zeros and ones which best approximate that reality. We as photographers or simple beneficiaries of the digital photograph may then take the zeros and ones and add or subtract countless other zeros and ones.
In other words, we may modify the picture as we choose. We may invert the colors, touch up areas of dullness, covert the photograph into a black and white sketch and even put the photo in an impressionist painting style.…
5). Although Web portals also provide executives with the ability to aggregate large amounts of data from various sources, there is still the issue of sorting out all of this information in meaningful ways. Indeed, many executives are faced with so much information that it is comparable to trying to sip from a fire hose. In contrast to Web portals, digital dashboards "is a personalized portal that provides consolidated information for an individual user" (Abel, p. 6). Finally, digital dashboards also provide executives with the ability to view the information offline, thereby adding portability to the EIS approach (Abel).
Examples of Executive Information Systems and Digital Dashboards. One of the more popular EISs in use today is SAS, described by one of its vendors as "the market leader in providing a new generation of business intelligence software and services that create true enterprise intelligence. SAS is the only vendor that…
Abel, T. (2008). Microsoft Office 2000: Create dynamic digital dashboards using Office, OLAP, and DHTML. Microsoft Corporation. [Online]. Available: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/cc301554.aspx.
Desouza, K.C. (2002). Managing knowledge with artificial intelligence: An introduction with guidelines for nonspecialists. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
Glenn, R.W., Panitch, B.R., Barnes-Proby, D., Williams, E., Christian, J., Lewis, M.W., Gerwehr, S. & Brannan, D.W. (2003). Training the 21st century police officer: Redefining police professionalism for the Los Angeles Police Department. Santa Monica, CA: Rand.
Lilly Software. (2008). Infor Global Solutions, Inc. [Online]. Available: http://www.lillysoftware.com/software_solution/business_performance/executive_information_ system.asp.
(Computed Radiography Digital Solutions)
The advantages of the system can be numerous. One of them is better image quality, wherein better trabecular details would be seen; another advantage is that there is absolutely no need for retakes. This would save time and money, as well as avoid additional radiation for the patient. There will also be no loss of films, because there is no danger of these images being misplaced or lost, unlike as in the case of conventional x-rays. It is also possible to obtain multiple images with one single exposure, and the images can be manipulated according to the need of the attending physician/s. In addition, it is also possible to obtain multiple images on one film, and images can also be provided on medium other than film, like for example, on a CD, on paper, or they can even be viewed on a monitor. These are some…
Because of these factors being taken into account, the online market has gone through much more rapid market consolidation over time, as is shown in the analysis of competitors in Figure 1.
Figure 1: Market Shares of e-Commerce book etailers
In contrast, the value chain for traditional book retailers is far more difficult to replicate from a competitive standpoint and pricing is driven my multi-tier distribution channels. The result is a much more fragmented competitive landscape as is shown in Figure 2.
Figure 2: Market Share Traditional Market
What differentiates the e-commerce value chain and corresponding digital market vs. The traditional market is that accuracy and speed of information use in the former (Shih, Fang, 2005). Comparing the pricing structures of each of these industries illustrates how critical the role of multi-tier distribution is in traditional markets, and how essential the ability to tailor experiences and build trust is…
Syed Alwi, S., & Da Silva, R.. (2007). Online and Offline Corporate Brand Images: Do They Differ? Corporate Reputation Review, 10(4), 217-244.
Porter, Michael E., & Millar, Victor E.. (1985, July). How Information Gives You Competitive Advantage. Harvard Business Review, 63(4), 149
Ya-Yueh Shih, & Kwoting Fang. (2005). Customer defections analysis: an examination of online bookstores. The TQM Magazine, 17(5), 425-439.