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Policy of Duty of Care for Students
Head: Analysis of Policy of Duty of Care for Students
Analysis of Policy of Duty of Care for Students
Analysis of Policy of Duty of Care for Students
It cannot be denied that the duty of care for students whether in primary or secondary schools has significant importance in Western Australian schooling system. The duty of care policy for students is considered to be a document, which provides guidelines for teachers to take positive and cautionary steps to maintain the welfare and safety of the students. The aim of this paper is to analyze the significance of duty of care for students in West Australia primary school settings.
Duty of Care for Students in Primary School Settings
The question arises that why this duty is so important in primary school settings? According to the Western Australian Duty of Care for…
The Department of Education Website. (2011). Duty of Care for Students.
Retrieved http://www.det.wa.edu.au/policies/detcms/policy-planning-and - accountability/policies-framework/policies/duty-of-care-for-students.en?oid=au.edu.wa.det.cms.contenttypes.Policy-id-3783072) [06, September, 2011]
As seen in the concept of rectification of names, people can build orderly and harmonious societies when they clearly understand the duties associated with each other of the basic relationships and strive to fulfill their duties to the best of their abilities. The father must rectify or live up to his title by providing for his son's educational and vocational training and teaching them virtue, etiquette and reverence in tradition and authority. (Slavicek, 2002:33)
Confucianism discusses social duty in terms of the family and how the individual's character in dealing with the community is shaped by the family. In the Confucian perspective, the family is the center of all values that the individual would learn and practice as the individual deals with other members of the community. This perspective shows a distinct Eastern philosophical leaning whereby the family is at the fulcrum in explaining the social duty of the person.…
Slavicek, L. (2002). Confucianism. San Diego, California: Lucent Books Inc.
Streissguth, T. (2002). Hinduism. San Diego, California: Lucent Books Inc.
Netzley, P. (2002). Buddhism. San Diego, California: Lucent Books Inc.
Weyer, R. (2003) Readings from Taoism. Mumbai India: Jaico Publishing.
Western Australia's Department Of Education Duty Care Policy Statement
Western Australia's Department of Education Duty of Care Policy Statement
Teachers have a duty to care for their students. In order to ensure that teachers are responsible and held accountable for an appropriate level of care for their students, teachers in Western Australia have to follow the tenants of the Western Australia's Department of Education Duty of Care Policy Statement. The document provides three main tenants all teachers and school facilities must obey: teaching staff has the responsibility to prevent foreseeable harm from occurring to their students, use professional judgment in the execution of responsibilities, and provide the appropriate level of supervision (Government of Western Australia Department of Education 2007).
The first scenario presents a case where a teacher is trying to teach a student better behavior through punishment strategies using a time out. In this case, the teacher removed a…
Citizens Information. (2009). Teachers duty of care. Public Service Information. Web. Retrieved October 10, 2012 from http://www.citizensinformation.ie/en/education/primary_and_post_primary_education/teachers_and_schools/teachers_duty_of_care.html
Government of Western Australia Department of Education. (2007). Duty of Care for Students. Public Sector Management.
Student's Responsibilities in School Safety
Simple everyday actions are effective in reduction of school crime. (Annual Report on School Safety, 1998) Those actions are:
Students can resolve problems and disputes in a non-violent fashion
Students can refrain from teasing, name calling, and other seemingly innocent behaviors that actually hurt others' feelings.
Respect other students, school staff, and family members.
Know and follow the schools rules.
Report Crimes and threats to school officials.
Get involved in or start anticrime programs at school.
Learn how to avoid becoming a victim.
V. School-Teacher-Staff-Management Responsibilities in School Safety
The school's responsibilities in providing safety at school and on school grounds are as follows:
Provide strong administrative support for assessing and enhancing school safety.
Assessment of the school's security needs.
Monitoring the school facility to ensure it is a clean, safe, environment.
Implementing policies that support and reward prosocial behavior.
Cook, P.J., & Laub, J.H. (1998) the Unprecedented Epidemic in Youth Violence. In M. Tonry & M.H.
Moore (Eds.) Youth Violence, Crime and Justice: A Review of Research (Vol. 24, pp. 27-64 Chicago: University of Chicago
Chapter 3: Model Programs (1998) Annual Report on School Safety Archives [Online available at: www.ed.gov/pubs/AnnSchoolRept989/Chapt3.html]
Victory for the Student Researcher: Chou V. University of Chicago 2001 Duke L. & Tech. Rev 0035-2001 October 03 [Online available at http://www.lawlduke.edu/journals/dltr/articles/2001dltr0035.html.
Proximate Causation, Duty of Care and "But for"
According to Bjorklun (1999), the largest amount of litigation in the area of personal injury consists of unintentional torts. The definition provided by Black's Law Dictionary indicates that a tort in general is "a private or civil wrong or injury including action for bad faith breach of contract for which the court will provide a remedy in the form of an action for damages" (1999, p. 1489). As Bjorklun emphasizes, though, "Not every unintentional act that results in an injury to another person or in damage to property is a tort. In day-to-day living, an individual engages in numerous activities that involve varying degrees of risk of injury to another. It is only those acts that are negligent that form the basis for a tort" (1999, p. 82). Therefore, unintentional torts are referred to as "negligent torts" by many legal…
Bjorklun, E.C. (1999). Teaching about personal injury law: Activities for the classroom. Social Studies, 86(2), 82-85.
Black's law dictionary. (1999). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.
Koch, W.J., Douglas, K.S., Nicholls, T.L. & O'Neill, M. (2006). Psychological injuries:
Forensic assessment, treatment, and law. New York: Oxford University Press.
During the middle Ages, one of the most important people in a community was the religious leader. Christianity in the time period was the preeminent religion and the leader of the church would be extremely powerful. ithin the church, there were several different jobs that a person could take and each would have specific responsibilities and duties to fulfill. One of these positions, the chaplain would have responsibilities that more directly tied him to the church building than other members of the clergy. Among the duties of the chaplain were providing spiritual guidance to laborers, supervising architecture and tending the chapel, and also clerking and keeping the accounts of the church.
By definition, the chaplain was a priest or monk who was in direct charge of the chapel. His responsibilities would include the maintenance and upkeep of his designated chapel (Medieval). This would include all building repairs, cleaning,…
Edward Lewis Cutts. 1898. Parish Priests and Their People in the Middle Ages in England.
"Medieval Jobs." 2011. http://www.medieval-life-and-times.info/medieval-england/medieval-jobs.htm
Ethical Dilemma of Sleeping on Duty
Taking naps while on duty may cause individuals to be suspended from their jobs. Particularly in the field of law enforcement, sleeping while on duty is regarded as a serious form of misconduct, generally leading to disciplinary action, and in some cases, employment termination. Individuals may intentionally or unintentionally fall asleep at work. This employee misdemeanor is considered a serious issue and is mentioned in a majority of personnel handbooks. It has adverse impacts on productivity, and may be dangerous when the person in question is supposed to be alert and on surveillance, to prevent a harmful situation from occurring. Furthermore, sleeping at work reflects unprofessionalism. Different organizations have different attitudes towards this misdemeanor - while some are tolerant and permit personnel to take naps in between work hours under their policy of improving productivity, others are strongly against it, and make use of…
Arsenault, J. (2011, February 27). Cops under investigation in Quebec for snoozing in vehicle; video posted online. Retrieved from Winnipeg Free Press: / www.winnipegfreepress.com/breakingnews/cops-under-investigation-in-quebec-f
Braswell, M., McCarhthy, B., & McCarthy, B. (2002). Justice, Crime and Ethics. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson Publishing Co.
Creek, M. (2015, August 23). Sleeping on Duty. Retrieved from SGT Says: http://sgtsays.blogspot.com.ng/2015/08/sleeping-on-duty.html
Loscher, P. (2007). Keep That Moral Compass Close at Hand.
duty-based or deontological ethics will be defined and applied to Mattel Inc.'s case.
Duty-based or deontological ethics deals with what individuals do, rather than the outcomes of their doings. Its key tenets are:
Do what is ethically right.
Do it since it's ethically right.
efrain from doing wrong things.
efrain from doing them since they're wrong.
Under deontological ethics, one cannot simply validate one's actions by proving that its end result was good; thus, this approach is occasionally termed as "non-Consequentialist." "Deontological" is derived from deon (the Greek term for "duty"). This ethical approach is commonly referred to as 'the principle of the thing', by society (BBC - Ethics - Introduction to ethics: Duty-based ethics). It teaches us that specific actions are wrong or right due to the "types" of actions they are. Further, individuals are duty-bound to act in accordance to this knowledge, irrespective of whether the…
(n.d.). BBC - Home. BBC - Ethics - Introduction to ethics: Duty-based ethics. Retrieved July 19, 2016, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/introduction/duty_1.shtml
(2015). Doing Well by Doing Good -- Maximizing Shared Value. Mattel: Playing with Ethics -- Doing Well by Doing Good. Retrieved July 19, 2016, from http://stakeholder13.wordpress.com/2015/03/31/mattel-playing-with-ethics/
(n.d.). Ethical Consumer: the alternative consumer organization. Corporate Watch: Mattel & Hasbro. Retrieved July 19, 2016, from http://www.ethicalconsumer.org/commentanalysis/corporatewatch/mattelhasbro
Gilbert, J., & Wisner, J. (2010). Mattel, Lead Paint, and Magnets: Ethics and Supply Chain Management. Ethics and Behavior,20(1). Retrieved, from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10508420903482491
HIV and duty to warn for counselors: Does Tarasoff apply?," Stanard and Hazler confront the ethical dilemma posed by a counselor having knowledge that a patient is HIV positive but that the patient has not disclosed his status to his sexual partners. In the hypothetical scenario discussed in the article, the patient is a bisexual male who has sex with his wife and with male partners. The article does not make it clear whether the patient's wife is aware that he is bisexual and is having sex with multiple partners. Generally, information disclosed to a counselor is protected under confidentiality. However, in Tarasoff v. egents of University of California, 1976, the Supreme Court held that a counselor who knew or should have known that a client posed a danger to another person had a duty to warn the intended victim (Stanard & Hazler, 1995). The question posed by this article…
Stanard, R. & Hazler, R. (1995). Legal and ethical implications of HIV and duty to warn for counselors: Does Tarasoff apply? Journal of Counseling and Development, 73, 397-400.
Kant focused on presenting the idea of good as being a concept that should not be defined by relating to a series of attitudes and behaviors that some communities are likely to identify as good. Instead, he attempted to show morality in its entirety as the only good thing and as being strongly related to good will. Even with the fact that he emphasizes occasions in which people can put across helpful attitudes toward others on account of their personal interests, he also related to how someone can actually behave morally without expecting something in return. This is, from Kant's perspective a good example of a person considering that it is his or her sense of duty that fuels them rather than the feeling that they are going to profit from the enterprise.
An individual who behaves morally practically abandons all desires in order to experience a type…
The directors of a corporation are, essentially, the representatives of the shareholders in the administration of the company. They are charged with the task of administering the corporation in such a way that preserves the assets of the shareholders, and that they receive a good return on their investments. As such, the Board of Directors is the "highest governing authority within the management structure at any publicly traded company" (Kennon, 2012).
Among the tasks that the directors perform that help them in their role are the following: to select the Chief Executive Officer and set the CEO pay; evaluate the attractiveness of and to authorize dividends; recommend stock splits and share repurchase programs; approve the company's financial statements and give advice on mergers and acquisitions (Kennon, 2012). The Board often works with the CEO on some of these issues, such as dividends and M&A activity, but the Board is…
Kennon, J. (2012). The board of directors. About.com. Retrieved November 8, 2012 from http://beginnersinvest.about.com/cs/a/aa2203a.htm
SEC.gov. (2002). SEC prepares to implement Sarbanes-Oxley Act requirement for CEO and CFO certification of SEC filings. Securities and Exchange Commission Retrieved November 8, 2012 from http://www.sec.gov/news/press/2002-119.htm
In addition, the SCO is also responsible for coordinating inter-command agreements that set forth the details of contracting support relationships between United States armed forces and coordinating operational plans or requirements that originate with the Joint Staff as well as the provision of host nation support, status of forces agreement, assistance in kind agreements, or any treaties for Contingency Contracting Officer review (Contracting Officer's Authority, 2011).
This final responsibility also requires a high level of expertise and experience in the relevant field. For example, Bianca reports that, "Senior level contracting requires more knowledge of the impact of business trends and new laws on an organization. The contracting function, under the supervision of a senior contracting officer, must help the organization achieve its strategic goals" (2010, p. 2). With respect to the coordination of joint contracting operations, Bianca adds that, "A senior contracting officer may resolve issues and disputes, terminate or…
Bianca, a. (2010, June 28). The duties of a contracting officer. eHow. Retrieved from http://
Contracting Officer's Authority. (2011). Defense Procurement and Acquisition Policy. Retrieved from http://www.acq.osd.mil/dpap/ccap/cc/jcchb/chap_2.html .
Teaching the fundamentals does not necessarily mean stripping the fun out of learning, however. In fact, the best educators know how to balance the wishes of students with core concepts. For example, teaching Homers Odyssey could include both a close reading of the primary text, an analysis of the text using literary criticism, plus an analysis of modern manifestations of the work, such as the Coen brothers' film O Brother here Art Thou. Developing a broad-based curriculum can extend fundamental knowledge about literature, making that knowledge applicable to a wide range of literary works. hen educators are able to incorporate popular culture into a traditional curriculum, their work becomes creative and powerful. Students who can apply themes and philosophies to works beyond that which they encounter in the classroom have really learned something. However, by simply mimicking popular culture, the educator deprives students of the ability to think critically. A…
Coen, J. And Coen, E. (2000). O Brother Where Art Thou? (feature film)
Parker, T. And Stone, M. (1997) South Park (television series)
Duty to Warn and Protect
The situation I have chosen assumes a subject of twenty years old who has attempted to commit suicide because his parents passed away in an accident recently. The subject has been under severe depression due to a string of traumatic experiences in his life. He feels despondent and is unaware of what to do. He feels that he is living without a purpose in this life and assumes himself as being unwanted and unaware. He has just lost the two people who according to him were the only two people who actually loved him and cared for him. He tried to kill himself recently by having sleeping pills. After being rushed to the hospital and having been saved, he is now sitting in front of me as my client waiting to be counseled.
Legal, ethical, and clinical issues of being a counselor
Schoener, G.R. (2009). A High Risk Situation: The Suicidal Client. Retrieved October 10, 2012, from Walkin.Org: http://www.walkin.org/sites/default/files/SuicidalClient_0.pdf
Schwartz, R.C., & Rogers, J.R. (2004). Suicide Assessment and Evaluation strategies: a primer for counselling psychologists. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 89-97.
White, J. (2003, February). Suicide-Related Research in Canada: A Descriptive Overview. Retrieved October 10, 2012, from Centre for Suicide Prevention: http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/mh-sm/suicide-research/pdf/suicide_research_e.pdf
duty of any state to provide its citizens security and without doubt the police are the face of this security. Time and again efforts have been made to find ways to fulfill this obligation, community policing being one such step. Community policing, often known as 'foot patrol', has become a dominant process and adheres to the idea of collaboration between the police and the community to identify and solve problems. This concept involves the community to ally the police in its efforts to ensure safety in any particular neighborhood. This concept focuses on creating a partnership and a foundation of trust which enables the community to voice their concerns, give their valuable suggestions and assist the police to address the problems. The output in any case is one; to enhance the quality of life for the community.
Community policing should not be regarded as a substitute for all other needed…
Ferreira, R. Bertus. (n.d). The use and effectiveness of community policing in a democracy. Retrieved (August 28, 2012). Website: https://www.ncjrs.gov/policing/use139.htm .
Wilson, J. Q, and Kelling, G. (1982, March). Broken Windows: The police and neighborhood safety. Retrieved (August 28, 2012). The Atlantic. Website: http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1982/03/broken-windows/304465/
Naturally, there is also some overlap because some legal duties (such as the duty not to sell or serve spoiled food) would also be ethical duties irrespective of legal issues. Others, (such as specific refrigerator temperature requirements) would not necessarily also correspond to ethical duties if the purpose of the law (i.e. avoiding food spoilage) could be accomplished even at slightly higher temperatures. In theory, organizations have no ethical duty not to discriminate by race (etc.) unless those duties are defined by law. However, a very strong argument could be made that there is indeed an ethical duty to treat people equally even without any such laws specifically mandating it.
Legal and Ethical Duties of Hospitals
Hospitals have both extensive statutory and ethical duties that go far beyond those of less essential or less important services such as grocery stores and restaurants (Judson & Hicks, 2003). Hospitals (and all healthcare…
Halbert, T. And Ingulli, E. (2008). Law & Ethics in the Business Environment. Cincinnati:
West Legal Studies.
Judson, K, and Hicks, S. (2003). Law & Ethics for Medical Careers. New York:
Instead, they carried out their missions without question, and effectively won the war with their attention to detail and sense of duty. The book makes the reader question their own sense of duty, and if they would have the resolve to fight in a war like this if it happened again. It is a powerful book, partly because it is emotional, and partly because the reader realizes that these people are real, their duty was real, and that our freedom really rests on their shoulders.
Ultimately, this is a book about dying. It follows the last days of Greene's father, but it also looks at the bigger picture of America's World War II vets and how many we are losing every day. It also looks at the lives of the Japanese lost in the atomic bomb explosions, and talks about how many more lives could have been lost if the…
goal of their ethical calling, physicians, nurses and other health care workers are obliged to treat the sick and potentially infectious patients and, in so doing, they are to take some personal risk (Murray 2003). This was the bottom line of the assessment and stand made by Dr. Henry Masur and his colleagues at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease (NIAID), particularly during the outbreak of dread global SARS in Canada and Hong Kong last year. They also referred to other epidemics, such as the HIV / AIDS.
Masur emphasized that this primary goal and obligation is voluntary and sets the medical profession apart from other professions, precisely because of the involvement of some personal risk in fulfilling that obligation. esides physicians, medical professionals are nurses, dentists and health workers. Records of the first SARS outbreaks in Toronto and Hong Kong showed that a huge 50% of those…
Katz, Laura L. And Marshall B. Paul. When a Physician May Refuse to Treat a Patient. Physician's News Digest, 2000. http://www.physiciansnews.com/law.202.html
Levin, Aaron. Doctors Willing But Not Ready to Treat Deadly Bio-terror Agents. Health Behavior News Service: Center for the Advancement of Health, 2003. http://www.cfah.org/ubns/news/bioterror09-17-03.cfm
Murray, Terry. Health Care Staff Have a Duty to Treat. The Medical Post: Rogers Media, 2003. http://www.medicalpost.com/mpcontent/article.jsp.jsessionid=NJCJNDCEAGHH?content=20020515_09
Schulman, David I. The Dentist, HIV and the Law: Duty to Treat, Need to Understand. Dental Treatment Consideration, 2000. http://www.hivdent.org/dtcblaa082001.htm
Here, criminal law is of course preemptive in all jurisdictions, yet enforcement is restricted to agencies dedicated to law enforcement investigation and apprehension of individuals.
In spite of billions of dollars spent on homeland security, in the aftermath of Katrina pediatric-specific preparations continue to lag behind. Lack of disaster readiness for hospitalized children and for those undergoing reunification process sheds light on the disjuncture of public administration duty to rescue of minors; regardless of state intervention as 'duty' in all other areas of their lives (i.e. foster care). Children's advocates argue that,
"federal and state policy makers should dedicate research funding for the development of redundant strategies for implementation in states to assure timely reunification of infants, toddlers, and children and with their correct parents and caregivers" (Dolan and Krug, 64).
Articulation of those terms and the implications of not doing so are inflected in a broader discussion that is…
Dolan, M.A. And Krug, S.E. Pediatric Disaster Preparedness in the Wake of Katrina: Lessons to be Learned. Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine. Elsvier, 2006, 59-66.
Handfield, R. In the Wake of Hurricane Katrina: Lessons Learned through the Lens of Supply Chain Disruptions - Part 1. Supply Chain Management 08 Sept 2005.
Implementation of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act And Other Organizational Changes. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), 2006. Web.
Laws and Regulations. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), 2010. Web.
behave ethically are more apt to earn the trust of their customers, employees, and stockholders. A system of ethics serves as the backbone of an organization. Without such a backbone, an organization cannot be firm enough to provide its various parts (employees, stockholders, customers) with what they need. An organizational culture supported by a system of ethics enables the company to grow, develop and attain suitable positive goals that benefit all stakeholders. When that system is evident to customers, employees and stockholders, all three are more willing to climb on board to be part of the journey. Ethical behavior on the part of organizations can take various forms -- from corporate social responsibility programs to simple workplace environment cultures. Yet some companies fail to truly understand these forms and how they work. This paper will look at one organization -- Adelphia -- and examine how it failed to embrace an…
Alexander, L., & Moore, M. (2012). Deontological ethics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-deontological/
Barlaup, K., Hanne, I.D., & Stuart, I. (2009). Restoring trust in auditing: Ethical discernment and the Adelphia scandal. Managerial Auditing Journal, 24(2), 183-203. Retrieved from Proquest.
Grant, P. (2004, May 19). Adelphia insider tells of culture of lies at firm; Government's star witness says manipulation of reports began soon after company went public. Wall Street Journal, C.1. Retrieved from Proquest.
Grant, P., Young, S., & Nuzum, C. (2004, March 2). Executives on trial: Prosecutors say Rigases stole from Adelphia; Founding family is accused of a long list of abuses as the fraud case begins. Wall Street Journal, C.4. Retrieved from Proquest.
Ethical Scenario: Skills as a Nurse Practioner
Nurses and other health care suppliers are the ones that are continuously confronted to make ethical choices in regards to things like life and death matters in giving out care to individuals, communities and families. To be pertinent and ethical, these choices need to be measured in the larger context of personal, societal, cultural and professional values and ethical ideologies. As scientific and medical technology advance, persons and society look at dilemmas and hard ethical choices. Nurses, as part of society and as frontline health care specialists, day-to-day face ethical dilemmas connected to life and death and fairness in health care. With that said, this paper examines the scenario of patient and nurse utilizing ethical principles.
As a nurse, the first thing to do is to understand that an unintended pregnancy further confuses the already confusing physical and mental changes of teens. Adolescents…
Begley A.M., 2. (2008). Truth-telling, honesty and compassion: a virtue-based exploration of a dilemma in practice. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 8, 336-341.
Lawlor, A. (2015, July 29). Morning-after pill poses moral dilemma for some MDs. Retrieved from http://www.consciencelaws.org/background/procedures/birth008.aspx
Marsh, B. (2015, July 29). Nurses' fear for morning-after pill. Retrieved from Daily Mail: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-179092/Nurses-fear-morning-pill.html
RN, M.S. (2013). The Ethical Component of Nursing Education: Integrating Ethics into Clinical Experiences. LWW; 1 edition.
In actuality, through helping the needy, we actually help ourselves and the well-being of our society in a variety of ways. By giving a poor person an opportunity or assistance to avoid homelessness, that person can oftentimes begin the ascent out of poverty and in the long-term, eventually, become a productive, tax-paying consumer, which then actually becomes a contributor to the overall economic welfare of society as opposed to an economic drain. As noted by Andrea B. Schleshinger of the all Street Journal, "It is a rare public policy initiative that promotes fairness and social justice and, at the same time, promotes productivity in the economy and in society at large. Investing in disadvantaged young children is such a policy" (Schleshinger). The United States, indeed, has several policy interests to promote by helping the poor.
Another critical policy reason to help the poor is that an investment in helping the…
Carrol, Charles. "On Morality." Letter to James McHenry. 4 Nov. 1800. MS.
Dornhoff, Prof. William. "Wealth, Income, and Power in America." Who Rules America? (2005). University of California at Santa Cruz. Web.
Phillips, Peter (2006). Censored 2007:the Top 25 Censored Stories. Seven Stories Press. P. 207.
Schlesinger, Andrea B. "The Wall Street Journal Advocates for Helping Poor Children." The Wall Street Journal [New York] 10 Jan. 2006. Print.
There are, of course, many individuals besides nurses that are essential parts of medical teams when it comes to providing effective and efficient care to patients. General practitioners (GPs) are primarily tasked with determining diagnoses and developing treatment plans for their patients, and with coordinating the efforts of the rest of the medical team (Thomas & Corney 1993). Specialists such as dieticians, diabetes educators, and physicians that practice in highly specialized fields all have their own niches that most patients require service in at some point in their lives. Nurses can support all of these roles without assuming them themselves.
From a nursing perspective, teamwork in the provision of medical services and overall patient care is heavily predicated upon mutual respect amongst the team members and acknowledgement of the competencies and skills brought to the group by each team member (Thomas & Corney 1993). Teams function most effectively when the…
ANMC. (2006). "National competency standards for the registered nurse."
Goliath. (2007). "Don't neglect the nurse's duty of care: Nurses serve as advocates for their patients." Accessed 21 October 2010. http://goliath.ecnext.com/coms2/gi_0199-7218514/Don-t-neglect-the-nurse.html
Thomas, R. & Corney, R. (1993). "Teamwork in primary care: The practice nurse perspective." Journal of interprofesssional care 7(1), pp. 47-55. Accessed 21 October 2010. http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/13561829309014958?journalCode=jic
Irrespective of whether or not AC Apartments satisfied its duty of reasonable care with respect to the safety of its tenants, the harm for which liability is claimed must relate directly to any failure to satisfy that standard. More particularly, to establish liability, the plaintiff must also establish that any negligence of AC in failing to exercise reasonable care was the proximate cause of the harm that resulted (Freidman 2005).
For example, had the apartment complex manager previously been sentenced for rape as a juvenile, even a thorough criminal background check performed by AC Apartments would have failed to disclose that information, through no fault of AC Apartments. A more interesting factual situation arises if AC failed to satisfy its duty of care owed to its tenants by neglecting to perform any pre-employment criminal background check of the manager but where the only relevant information available would have required…
Feliu, a., Johnson, W. (2002) Negligence in Employment Law. Washington, DC: BNF, Inc.
Friedman, L. (2005) a History of American Law. New York: Touchstone Halbert, T., Ingulli, E. (2000) Law & Ethics in the Business Environment 3rd ed. Cincinnati, OH: West Legal Studies
Schmalleger, F. (1997) Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century. Hoboken, NJ: Prentice Hall
Malpractice in Patient Care
Nurse A is assigned to Mr. Jones and is tasked with ensuring that the patient is protected at all times. The patient cannot do certain things that will assure him a protected and assured health process. The nurse provides every necessary help and support so that Mr. Jones can recover as expected. Presently, the nurse has been doing well on the shift. Additionally, the nurse should ensure that the patient has received equitable medical service. In the case presented, the nurse is doing well since he is at the touching distance between him and the patient. The nurse should offer an immediate observation on the health situation of the patient throughout the nursing process, which is throughout the night shift. The nurse has the duty to ascertain the feelings and changes within the patient to be accurate on what is happening and what is likely to…
ights of the employees and employers in the UAE
This paper is divided into two parts: art one highlights the responsibilities and rights of the employers working within the UAE; the second part highlights the rights of the employees, including expatriates, working within the UAE.
Employer ights and Duties
Prevalence of Arabic
In all sorts of records, contracts, files, statements and documents Arabic language will be used and its use will also be compulsory for the instructions and the circulars used in the organization by the employer to the employees and if in any case there is any sort of foreign language prevailing then Arabic shall prevail over all the other texts (Labor Law, 2001).
ATICLE (4) - Amounts payable
The amount paid to the employees or any of hidden beneficiaries under the law shall be based on the value of the movable and immovable property and items of the…
Human Rights Watch (HRW) (2006). Building Towers, Cheating Workers: Exploitation of Migrant Construction Workers in the United Arab Emirates. HRW, 18 (8).
Keane, D. And McGeehan, N. (2008). Enforcing Migrant Workers' Rights in the United Arab Emirates. International Journal on Minority and Group Rights 15, 81 -- 115.
Latham & Watkins (L&W) (2009). Employment Issues in the United Arab Emirates. Memorandum. New York's Code of Professional Responsibility.
Labor Law. (2001). Labour Law And Its Amendments. U.A.E. Labor Law Federal Law No. (8) of 1980.
The program director also typically fulfills duties in the realm of direct negotiations with recording labels and other professional management and representation in connection with establishing product or talent exposure goals that are mutually agreeable to all parties. This often requires polished negotiating and communications skills, particularly because the interests of the station and those of artists and their representation may not necessarily coincide (Hall & Hall, 2000).
Finally, the broadcast radio program director must also supervise technical elements of radio broadcast operations, including the production, recording, and airing of programs, (Paro, 2009) and for ensuring that engineering personnel follow strict FCC and other regulatory compliance requirements (Stern, 1993; Stern, 1995). The compliance element of radio operations can be extremely challenging because a radio station program
director must master the terminology and many of the complex legal concepts and standards that govern broadcast media (Paro, 2009).
While the actual legal…
Hall, C., Hall, B. (2000). This Business of Radio Programming. New York: St. Martin's
Paro, B. (2009). "What is a Radio Program Director" Music X-Press Magazine Retrieved
April 14, 2009 from:
Roles, Duties, and Influence of uffalo Soldiers in the United States
Despite the fact that uffalo Soldiers and their accomplishments may not be known by many, they played an integral role in the construction and expansion of the United States as it is known today. While the uffalo Soldiers as a cavalry only lasted from 1866 to 1944, their influence has had a lasting impact. Furthermore, they helped to pave the way for future African-American leaders and deserve to not only be recognized for their valuable services, but also need to be remembered as role models.
On July 28, 1866, the United States Congress passed legislation to establish two segregated cavalry units, the 9th and 10th regiments, and four segregated infantry regiments, the 38th, 39th, 40th, and 41st, which were to be made up of black, enlisted men.[footnoteRef:1] These six different units were later consolidated into four black regiments in…
Buffalo Soldiers Research Museum. "Who Were the Buffalo Soldiers?" Accessed June 11, 2013. http://www.buffalosoldiersresearchmuseum.org/who.htm
Davis, Stanford L. "Buffalo Soldiers & Indian Wars." Accessed June 11, 2013.
Glasrud, Bruce A. "Buffalo Soldiers." Oklahoma Historical Society. Accessed June 11, 2013. http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/b/bu005.html.
Prosecutors are governed by a set of stringent ethical and legal rules meant to reinforce their justice-seeking duty, in addition to helping them fulfill their roles as advocates (Kurcias, 2000). One of these is the Brady ule, which requires the disclosure, by the prosecutor, to the defense, of all materially exculpatory (Brady) evidence in the possession of the state (Kurcias, 2000). Brady evidence refers to any material that would either go towards negating the guilt of the defendant and thereby reducing his potential sentence, or towards a witness' credibility. In a jury trial, the prosecutor is required to "disclose such evidence to the grand jury before seeking an indictment against" the defendant (Sands et al., n.d., p. 12).
The prosecutor's failure to disclose such material could lead to the automatic suppression of evidence, especially if prejudice has ensued as a result (Kurcias, 2000). In such a case, suppression…
Kurcias, L.M. (2000). Prosecutor's Duty to Disclose Exculpatory Evidence." Fordham Law Review, 69(3), 1205-1229.
Sands, J., Miles, C. Kalar, S., Davids, P., Hansen, G. & Katchen, J. (n.d.). Prosecutorial Misconduct. FD. Retrieved from http://www.fd.org/docs/select-topics/ethics/prosecutorial-misconduct.pdf?sfvrsn=4 .
Delegation of Duties
In the civilized and fast industrializing word, there are mounting duties and responsibilities each and every day. There is always the pressure to meet some deadline or finish some contract that one won within a given period that the commitment was made. This call for a helping hand and sharing of the duties among the people concerned and are capable of handling the duties.
In the bid to delegate duties, there is a lot of care that must be taken so that the delegation is properly done. Even so, there are several obstacles that are experienced especially in the heath care department. This paper will be focusing on the best possible ways of delegating duties within the health care department and looks at the possible challenges that may come up and how to minimize or eliminate these barriers in duty delegation in the nursing department.
Business Dictionary, (2011). Delegation: Definitions. Retrieved April 15, 2011 from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/delegation.html
Human Resource Knowledge (2009). Barriers to delegation. Retrieved April 15, 2011 from http://hrknowledge.blogspot.com/2009/01/barriers-to-delegation.html
Michelle Randall (2010). The Six Steps to Delegation. Retrieved April 15, 2011 from http://www.selfgrowth.com/articles/the-six-steps-to-delegation
Merriam Webster, (2011). Delegation. Retrieved April 15, 2011 from http://www.merriam-
They are the behind-the-scenes people that get the work done and keep the office moving forward, even if most clients do not realize that they are there and are not aware of how much they actually contribute to the cases that the lawyer handles with that particular firm.
As for the skills that a paralegal must have, these are also very important. Paralegals must attend schooling so that they are qualified to perform their duties. In general, however, paralegals must be able to type quickly and accurately and they must be able to answer phones, make calls, and perform filing and other secretarial duties. Paralegals are not secretaries, however, and they have many more skills that relate directly to law. For example, they have a strong understanding of legal terminology. Many individuals struggle with what a legal document actually says because of the wording, but a paralegal must be able…
According to the pure mathematics of utilitarianism, then, there is very little debate regarding this issue. No matter what the circumstance, a person who is experiencing true biologically-driven hunger due to a lack of enough food to eat will get far more utility out of the most basic morsel of nutrition and substance that could be achieved by the most magnificent meal for those who are used to plenty (and this comparison is even unfair, as the magnificent meal could be traded to feed that many more hungry people). It is an ethical duty, then, for those of us privileged enough to have plenty to share it with those who do not have enough.
Extending this logic further allows us to answer the question of whether this duty is greater amongst our neighbors, or if there is a global mandate for all mankind. The answer would be very different two…
They were more focused on preventing what they thought was going to be a gang war. According to the officers, they noticed immediately that prisoners in the yard were acting different from the usual from differences in the way they went about their usual routines. They also noticed the extra layers of clothing on two groups of prisoners despite the warm weather, which immediately suggested to them the potential for imminent violence. Since only two groups with known pre-existing animosity were overdressed, the officers believed they were facing imminent gang violence and they followed institutional protocol for returning inmates to their cells. It was apparently preplanned that the attack on the guards came from those two gangs in that process.
Inmate's Recollection of a Riot:
One inmate advised that "not only can't you trust anyone in here, but you also can't trust anything." What he meant was the fact that…
Meanwhile Congress was reluctant to challenge Bush (members feared being termed "unpatriotic" since Bush argued that the safety of Americans depended on the secret surveillance done by NSA) immediately, but in the past few months Congress (the House Intelligence and Judiciary Committees) has demanded - and in part received - access to internal documents on the wiretapping program. "That access could ultimately help persuade skeptical lawmakers in the House, which so far has rejected the immunity idea, to sign on to the hite House's Plan" (Lichtblau 2008) according to the New York Times.
Indeed the Senate in January 2008 gave immunity for the phone companies that helped the NSA tap phones secretly, which means Verizon, at&T, et al., cannot be sued for assisting the Bush Administration with its warrantless wiretapping program (there are over 40 lawsuits pending over the phone companies' roles in the wiretapping). So here is a case…
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). "Safe and Free: Restore our Constitutional Rights."
Retrieved February 7, 2008, at http://www.aclu.org .
Cornell University Law School. "United States Constitution: Article I." Retrieved February 7, 2008 at http://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/constitution.articlei.html .
Cutler, Leonard. "Human Rights Guarantees, Constitutional Law, and the Military Commissions
Duty and public notice in the UK, PLC
The audited financial statement prepared by Bumble & Co, on behalf of Horizon PLC 'made public' the performance of the corporation: reporting earnings of £10 million. Where published, shareholders and other stakeholders may 'assume' official and final writing according to the Statute of Frauds, which stipulates that public notice of the company's profit and loss constitutes reliability to the shareholders and other stakeholders, and assumes that those parties are in agreement to those activities. Analysis of Horizon, Plc v. Bumble & Co. will be subject to decision based on UK laws on Misrepresentation and unfair commercial practices under the Unfair Commercial Practices Directive 2005/29/EC ("UCPD") which came into force 26 May 2008. The 2008 law on misrepresentation is preceded by the UK Misrepresentation Act of 1967 (OPSI, 1991).
Preface to the discussion is what rule elements are not at play…
Beale, H., Fauvarque-Cosson, B. And Rutgers, J. et al., 2010. Contract Law (Ius Commune Casebooks for the Common Law of Europe). Oxford: Hart Publishing.
Gullifer, L. And Payne, J., 2010. Intermediated Securities: Legal Problems and Practical Issues. Oxford: Hart Publishing.
Misrepresentation Act of 1967, 1991. UK Office of Public Sector Information. Available At: http://www.statutelaw.gov.uk/content.aspx?&parentActiveTextDocId=1185735&ActiveTextDocId=1185735
Misrepresentation and unfair commercial practices, 2008. Unfair Commercial Practices Directive 2005/29/EC ("UCPD"): The Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations. Scottish Law Commission. Available at: http://www.scotlawcom.gov.uk/law-reform-projects/joint-projects/misrepresentation-and-unfair-commercial-practices/
Billy Budd, Sailor
There are many themes to be considered in Herman Melville's story of Billy Budd; individualism verses society, the vulnerability of innocence, and conscience verses law. In this paper we will explore the latter in the context of the time and setting of the story.
There is a scene in chapter 21 where a small drumhead court is assembled by Captain Vere to consider the fate of Billy after he has struck Claggart, a superior aboard the ship, and killed him for lying about his alleged involvement in conspiring to incite a mutiny aboard ship. As the court waivers on what to do about the situation Captain Vere speaks, "But something in your aspect seems to urge that it is not solely the heart that moves in you, but also the conscience, the private conscience. But tell me whether or not, occupying the position we do, private conscience…
Hunt, Lester H. The Clash of Perspectives in Billy Budd. University of Wisconsin, Department of Philosophy. (NDI). 16 June 2011.
Perkins, George, and Barbara Perkins (Eds.) The American Tradition in Literature. 8th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Inc., 1994.
Dereliction of Duty by H.R. McMaster
Brigadier General H.R. McMaster's 1998 book "Dereliction of Duty" addresses a series of inconsistencies concerning the Vietnam War and the Johnson Administration's indifference regarding the most probable outcome that the conflict would have. McMaster harshly criticizes Robert McNamara as a result of his role in the war and because he is primarily responsible for having brought the U.S. In this particular clash. he book describes the Vietnam War and the events preceding it, most probably with the purpose of presenting readers with the set of events that paved the road to the conflict. In addition to expressing his perspective about McNamara's influence in the war, McMaster also focuses on the Kennedy and Johnson Administrations and on their involvement in the war.
Judging from historical facts and from their tendency to put across their regret as regards their failure to prevent the Vietnam War from…
The Vietnam War was basically meant to have the general public consider that the U.S. was willing to fight against authoritarian regimes from all over the world, given that it had apparently been one of the most virtuous democratic forces. However, political leaders were uncertain in regard to the military objectives that American troops should be given or concerning how exactly they would assist the South Vietnamese in having access to a better life. The Joint Chiefs of Staff themselves were unable to act according to their role of providing professional military advice, as they were required to be loyal to the president first. The catastrophic decisions made by the Johnson Administration thus took their toll on the troops in Vietnam, as it came to be the main actor in the conflict.
McNamara was primarily determined to act in disagreement with the Joint Chiefs of Staff because he considered that they were unable to respond rapidly to his demands. According to McMaster, McNamara gradually developed a tendency to act on account of the advices he received from presidential advisors and depending on what he thought was best. McNamara came to overestimate the power of U.S. military forces in Vietnam, and, furthermore, considered that military leaders on the front were perfectly able to take important diplomatic decisions. According to McMasters, McNamara failed to realize the fact that the military was but a tool that needed to be directed in accordance to professional military advice.
McMaster, Dereliction of duty: Lyndon Johnson, Robert McNamara, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the lies that led to Vietnam, (HarperPerennial, 1998).
Special Duties of Prosecutors
One of the major differentiating aspects of the United States of America is the fact that if arrested, you are innocent until proven guilty. This is a rare concept among legal systems. Most countries deem the suspect guilty until proven innocent. In the United States, it is the duty of the Prosecutor to find the defendant guilty, while the defense attorney is solely responsible for upholding his client's innocence. The prosecutor is seen in a special light by the public. Smith (2001) says that it is understood that prosecutors have the moral high ground, that they are the good guys and are on the "right" side. Prosecutors are representatives of the state and the government, in essence, the people. This responsibility gives the prosecutor a special light, almost making them seem noble, as they seek the truth and justice (Smith 2001). They prosecute villains, and seek…
Arenella Peter. (1979-1980). Reforming the Federal Grand Jury and the State Preliminary Hearing to Prevent Conviction without Adjudication. Mich. L. Rev. 78 507-509.
Cassidy, R., Michael. (1999-2000). Toward A More Independent Grand Jury: Recasting and Enforcing the Prosecutor's Duty to Disclose Exculpatory Evidence. Geo. J. Legal Ethics. 13 361-365
Drucker, E.M. (2013). A plague of prisons: The epidemiology of mass incarceration in America.
Smith Abbe. (2000-2001). Can You Be a Good Person and a Good Prosecutor?. Geo. J. Legal Ethics. 14, 355-400.
United States Navy
1000 Navy Pentagon
With this letter, I would like to express my interest in serving in the United States Navy as an Engineering Duty Officer (EDO).
I have a Masters Degree in System Engineering and recently graduated with a Doctorate Degree in Management in Environment and Social Sustainability.
My motivation for applying for this opportunity is because I would like to give back to the United States for enabling me receive high-quality education. The opportunity to serve as an EDO in the United States Navy will help me to further develop my civilian education, experience and skills in a way that will contribute to the betterment of officer corps. Besides, I will develop my professional and leadership skills through engaging in individual projects assigned to me or when working in a team towards building esprit de corps.
In terms of interpersonal communication, I will support…
National Incident Management Systems
Duty esponsibilities of Commander
National Incident Management System (NIMS) (PAT 1)
As the commander of the National Management System (NIMS), I have viewed the situation in a considerable amount of attention. The situation at hand needs to be carefully monitored and put into effect a counteractive method of operation. I and my unit's mission are to conduct this operation in the best way possible in order to rescue the hostages and apprehend the said terrorists who have no place in this kind of our society.
The NIMS occasionally deals with domestic incidents, but the situation at hand involves terrorists and Israeli citizens making this event a matter of international interest. My command structure will have the incident command system (ICS) which comprises of five major functional areas, the command, operations, logistics and finance/administration. The situation at hand being a complex situation has led to the need…
Walsh, D.W., Christen, H.T., Miller, G.T., Callsen Jr., C.E., Cilluffo, F.J., & Maniscalco, P.M. (2005). National incident management system: Principles and practice. Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
qualifications specifically related to the duties and responsibilities of the individual position. In regards to the department manager position, a varied and broad array of skills is needed to perform the task well. Below is a general synopsis of the core competencies needed to perform the department manager role in a successful and sufficient manner.
Knowledge, Skills and Abilities (KSA's)
Knowledge -- information which makes adequate performance on the job possible. The department manager must posses specific knowledge related to the overall retain environment as it relates to customer relations. Knowledge of fundamental numerical concepts such as adding, division, subtraction and multiplication will also be needed. Knowledge of consumer behavior would be preferred in order to effectively align merchandise and selling behaviors effectively.
Skills -- This plan defines "skill" as a proficiency that is observable, quantifiable and measurable. In regards to the department manager position skills heavily correlated to customer…
Heneman III, H.G., & Judge, T.A. (2009). Staffing organizations. NY, NY: Mendota House, Inc.
Kammeyer-Mueller, J. (2009). Tanglewood casebook. New York, NY: Mendota House, Inc.
Screwtape and Lear: hat Both Say About Duty and Christian Love
The underlying perspective that both King Lear and The Screwtape Letters share may be called a Christian perspective, in which duty, humility and sacrifice are indirectly valued as the best ideals, though, of course, Screwtape also notes that "duty comes before pleasure" (Lewis 21). hile Cordelia represents Christ in Lear, the ordeals of ormwood's patient resemble the crisis of identity that Lear suffers. The relationship between sanity and goodness is established in both works, and that relationship serves to underscore the main theme which is the greatness of Christian living and the tragedy and violence that results from unchristian living. The texts thus serve to complement one another and both agree on man's place in society (which is that he should subordinate himself to God rather than to Self or appetite or Satanic pride, etc.). So while the material…
White, David Allen. "Shakespeare." MN: St. Thomas Aquinas Seminary, 1996. Print.
Lewis, C.S. The Screwtape Letters. Bartleby. Web. 29 Apr 2015.
Lincoln, Abraham. "First Inaugural Address." Bartleby. Web. 29 Apr 2015.
New Testament. BibleHub. Web. 29 Apr 2015.
By devoting resources towards the prevention of crime, Anacortes authorities therefore help to ensure that the community remains relatively free from crimes in the first place.
Unfortunately, despite these best efforts, no community is totally free from crime. Large urban areas in particular have shown an increase in violent and drug-related crimes. hen these crimes happen, police officers are tasked with ensuring that the perpetrators are apprehended, so that they are prevented from engaging in more criminal activity, and so that justice could be meted out.
This role is seen in the amount of resources that the Los Angeles Police Department devotes towards responding to gang-related criminal activities.
Last month, the Harbor Gateway area of Los Angeles reeled from the killing of 14-year-old Cheryl Green, an African-American resident who wandered into the Latino territory of the area. Two members of the 204th Street Gang were quickly arrested and…
Kimberley Jackson. (2006). "On the beat." Anacortes American January 16: 6.
McGreevey, Patrick and Richard Winton. (2007). "FBI joins L.A. policing effort in war on gang crime." Los Angeles Times January 19: 1.
Radin, Charles a. (2007). "Police boost forces to stop unruly fans." The Boston Globe. January 20: A1.
San Antonio Police Department. (2006). Downtown foot and bike patrol. Retrieved January 20, 2007, from Official Website of the San Antonio Police
Mattel Inc.'s case study with regard to the principle of corporate social responsibility (CS).
Corporate Social esponsibility
CS requires the engagement of a corporate accountability vision to a broad array of stakeholders, aside from investors and shareholders. The main areas of interest are personnel well-being, societal/community well-being, and environmental protection in the present time as well as into future prospects (Corporate social responsibility (CS) -- Current issues). Underpinning the CS view is the theory that businesses cannot behave as separate economic units functioning detachedly from the wider society. Conventional attitudes with regard to profitability, competitiveness, and survival are disappearing. A number of organizations still neglect their supply chain-level CS -- for instance, through the importing and selling of unlawfully harvested timber. Although governmental bodies can impose fines and embargos on offending firms, it would be better for firms themselves to commit to sustainability, through a more careful choice of their…
International Institute for Sustainable Development (n.d.). -- IISD. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) -- Current issues. Retrieved July 26, 2016, from http://www.iisd.org/business/issues/sr.aspx
Kavilanz. (2009). CNNMoney - Business, financial and personal finance news. Mattel fined $2.3 million for lead-paint violation - Jun. 5, 2009. Retrieved July 26, 2016, from http://money.cnn.com/2009/06/05/news/companies/cpsc/
(2007). Knowledge @ Wharton. Trouble in Toyland: New Challenges for Mattel - and 'Made in China' - Knowledge @ Wharton. Retrieved July 26, 2016, from http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/trouble-in-toyland-new-challenges-for-mattel-and-made-in-china/
Levick, R. (n.d.). Home - CR Magazine. Lessons from the Mattel Crisis - CR Magazine. Retrieved July 26, 2016, from http://www.thecro.com/topics/communications/lessons-from-the-mattel-crisis/
All organizations and business have some form of ethical culture to carry out their goals, which cannot be inconsistent with the aims of utilitarianism. All organizations aim at the pleasure of achieving or creating something. This line of thought can be strictly infused into the awareness of employees during meetings or seminars. The goals of the theory may also be infused into new employees as part of their orientation. Existing employees may be promoted on the basis of their best contribution to organizational goals and the welfare of fellow employees. These are measurable criteria and a source of motivation to other employees.
The utilitarian theory necessarily states that it is an employee's duty to perform and behave in the best possible way to benefit the business, fellow employees, society and himself or herself. Consequently, he or she has the right to expect the same benefits from the organization, fellow employees,…
Gilani, N. (2011). Utilitarianism in the workplace. eHow: Demand Media, Inc. Retrieved
on November 30, 2011 from http://www.ehow.com/info8785999_utilitarianism-workplace.html
Lamont, J. (2007). Distributive justice. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Stanford
University. Retrieved on November 30, 2011 from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/justice-distributive
Duties of a Correctional Psychologist
An increasing rate of violation of crimes characterizes the current global environment. Different forms of violence and aggression, including drug trafficking and abuse, robbery, and rape cases among other forms of violence necessitates the need for analyzing the roles of a correctional psychologist. he special roles played by the correctional psychologists such as providing environments that improve the safety of the staff and inmates, psychological services, inmate management, and conducting an evaluation of the inmate/prison population and its influence on inmates' health necessitated the study into the topic. In addition, the fact that the correctional psychology has numerous ethical dilemmas and conflicts makes it wanting to study the topic.
he working environment, professional and personal experiences made me interested in studying the duties and challenges facing correctional psychologist. he fact that correctional psychologists work in a simulative and challenging environment attracts my interests…
The study provides a variety of opportunities for future research. For example, it provides an avenue for conducting research on the organizational factors that influence decision-making of the correctional psychologists. Organizational factors such as structure have been predicted to affect the practicing of correctional psychologists. Therefore, this study will provide the basis for studies into the issue. In addition, the study provides opportunities for future research on the contributing factors to the transformation of the correctional psychologists and their roles. Other ways in which this study will provide opportunities for future research include studies that aim at criticizing legitimacy of studies conducted on the topic.
Corriea, K.M. (2009). A Handbook for Correctional Psychologists: Guidance for the Prison Practitioner. Springfield: Charles C. Thomas Publisher, LTD
" Thus this principle is founded on an individual's ability to predict a given action's consequences. On predicting such consequences, an individual is supposed to choose the course of action which would in the end benefit the greatest number of people. In such a case, the choice selected would be considered ethically correct. For instance, if one innocent person has to be killed so as to save the entire human race, then it would be ethically right to kill such a person from a utilitarian point-of-view. An application of this principle in our scenario seems somewhat straightforward. To determine the right course of action in this case, the question to be asked is; of all the alternative courses of action at Dr. Doight's disposal, which course of action would benefit the greatest number of people? In my opinion, seeking to ensure that the situation is brought under control no matter…
Bredeson, D. (2011). Applied Business Ethics: A Skills-Based Approach. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Ferrell, O.C., Fraedrich, J. & Ferrell, L. (2008). Business Ethics: Ethical Decision Making and Cases (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Freeman, R.E. (2010). Strategic Management: A Stakeholder Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lozano, J.M. (2002). Ethics and Organizations: Understanding Business Ethics as a Learning Process. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Present, explain, and assess the thesis that only acts done from duty have moral worth
In his Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant addresses the issue of how people can determine the moral value of actions. His central claim is that only acts that are done out of duty can be considered to have any moral value. Implicit in this topic is the need to reconcile the intent of one's actions with the result of their actions. Kant explores exactly where morality can be located when identifying the value of one's actions. At stake in Kant's argument is whether there is in fact an a priori framework for how people should behave, and where virtue is found.
At the beginning of the Groundwork, Kant explains the notion of logic and defines the terms that he deploys to explain his governing thesis. These terms include: good will,…
Kant, Immanuel. (2010). Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. London: Cambridge University Press.
Corporate Governance and Ethical esponsibility
Dr. Doight recently hired President "Universal Human Care Hospital," oversees departments 5,000 employees 20,000 patients medical facility. He provided a broad set duties oversight numerous departments, including business development, customer services, human resources, legal, patient advocacy, a .
Corporate Governance and Ethical esponsibility
Duty of loyalty owed to internal and external stakeholders
According to Heath (2006)
, duty of loyalty entails good faith and honesty in best interests of a corporation's stake holders. The duty of loyalty involve the no-profit rule and no conflict rule Heath, 2006.
The duty of loyalty thus implies that, a person in-charge of overseeing the operations in an organization should not let his/her personal interest dictate performance of duty. It also governs actions which must be guided by honesty and good faith. A corporation's stake holders can be classified into two; internal and external Weaver, 2006()
Duty of Loyalty to…
Gilbert J.A. (2007). Strengthening Ethical Wisdom: Tools for Transforming Your Health Care Organization. . Chicago, IL: Health Forum, Inc.
Heath, J. (2006). Business Ethics without Stakeholders. Business Ethics Quarterly, 16(4), 533-557.
Joseph R.D., & McCall J.J. (2005). Contemporary issues in Business Ethics 5th edition Belmont, Calif: Wadsworth.
Khurana, R., & Nohria, N. (2008). It's Time to Make Management a True Profession. Harvard Business Review, 86(10), 1-8.
Interview with a Principal
List the ten most important tasks / duties performed by a principal.
In the interview conducted with the principal, she suggested there are more than ten important tasks a principal must perform, but in general she was very forthcoming and helpful. She pointed out that the ten mentioned are not necessarily in any particular order, because when comparing one principal's tasks in a small rural elementary school (with 86 students) to the principal's duties in a big city middle school with 1,200 students, there are vast differences in the priorities and duties of both principals.
First Important Task: asically, she described a principal's main job as having to do with supervising teaching so that real learning is taking place. The principal must be responsible for the implementation of the curriculum, which are the nuts and bolts of what students are expected to learn while in school.…
Bibliography -- References Used
Johnson, J. (2008). Special Topic / The Principal's Priority 1. Educational Leadership, 66(1).
State University. (2011). School Principal -- The Role of Elementary and Secondary School
Principals, Principal Duties and Responsibilities, Principal Qualifications. Retrieved October 9, 2013, from http://education.stateuniversity.com .
The EPA proved that it is a mere technology upgradation that is not impossible to meet. However, it required extensive work on the part of the manufacturers, but nevertheless, many manufacturers were meeting the standard of 0.20 g/hp-hr and this made it easier to enforce this standard. Finally, only one manufacturer cannot meet the standards and since this company was running out of credits for 2012, it is estimated that they would need an alternate technology to compete in the market from 2012 onwards.
Medium Heavy Duty Diesel NOX standard
The EPA estimated that the first two criteria have been met for the medium heavy duty diesel vehicles. As with the previous category, only one manufacturer does not meet these standards and they are running out of credits. However, they have not submitted an application for alternate technology for its 2012 models.
Emission standards are currently not being proposed for…
Based on this information, supermarkets can highlight certain areas of their floor space over others. The supermarkets can thus charge higher prices for the more premium spaces, giving suppliers a choice of where to park their products.
This practice is a win situation for supermarkets, allowing them to meet their duties to their stockholders and their employees. In fact, any increased earnings from the premium display places can be passed on to customers in the form of savings as well. Thus, it can be argued that the use of premium display areas can allow a supermarket to cater more efficiently to the needs of its customers, as well as its employees.
It is important to note that the use of premium space does not deny customers one of their most important rights in a supermarket - the right to make an informed choice. This paper has argued that given the…
Employee's Rights to Health and Safety in the Workplace
The objective of this study is to analyze the rights of employees to health and safety in the workplace in regards to the scenario as follows:
DoRight has recently been hired as the President of the "Universal Human Care Hospital," where he oversees all departments with over 5,000 employees and over 20,000 patients at the medical facility. He has been provided with a broad set of duties and oversight of numerous departments, including business development, customer services, human resources, legal, patient advocacy, to name a few. He has managers in each department that he supervises and who work with him to address the needs of the various internal and external stakeholders of the hospital. Dr. DoRight discovers that some patients within the hospital have been dying as a result of a variety of illegal procedures by doctors and nurses, and negligent…
Grush, Rick (nd) Introduction to some basic ethical orientations. Biomedical Ethics Readings. Retrieved from: http://mind.ucsd.edu/syllabi/03-04/1-Summer/readings/biomed-readings.pdf
Mossman, Douglas (2012) Physician Impairment: When Should You Report? Malpractice RX. Retrieved from: http://www.currentpsychiatry.com/pdf/1009/1009CP_Malpractice.pdf
Rabinowitz, Phil (2012) Identifying and Analyzing Stakeholders and Their Interests. Community Toolbox. Retrieved from: http://ctb.ku.edu/en/tablecontents/chapter7_section8_main.aspx
Alpers, Ann (2001) Key Legal Principles for Hospitalists. Retrieved from: http://hospitalmedicine.ucsf.edu/improve/literature/discharge_committee_literature/handoff_communication_and_discharge/key_legal_principles_for_hospitalists_alpers_am_j_med.pdf
It is crucial to study the structural behavior within organization so that the effectiveness of the organization can be improved. (obbins & Judge, 2013) The employer needs to be aware of the duties and tasks within the organization so they can be managed in a proper way. Along with managing tasks and maintaining the work output, special care needs to be given to the security measures within the company. In the competitive world today, organizations are making using of the smallest information they can attain from their rival companies. Just recently, separation of duty and role based access control (BAC) were discovered as the new mechanisms to improve the security measures within an organization.
Separation of Duties
Separation of duties is very important when it comes to keeping control. It appears that separation of duties is difficult and sometimes very difficult to manage. The main task is attained…
Blaze, M., Ioannidis, J., Keromytis, A. And Feigenbaum, J. (1999). The role of trust management in distributed systems security. Computer Science Volume, 1603 pp. 185-210. [Accessed: 14 Sep 2013].
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Clark, D. And Wilson, D. (1987). A comparison of commercial and military computer security policies. 184 p. 194.
Coleman, K. (2008). Separation of Duties and IT Security. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.csoonline.com/article/446017/separation-of-duties-and-it-security [Accessed: 14 Sep 2013].
However, those who have serious ethical and moral integrity will generally do what it takes to get a problem corrected, even if they have to lose out personally or professionally to protect the health and welfare of other people under their care. It does not appear that Dr. Doight did any of that. He determined that following procedure was enough to fulfill his duties, whether or not that procedure resulted in any resolution for the patients.
It would appear that Dr. Doight followed the deontological argument that one only has to follow the rules to be ethical. For many people, that is an acceptable choice. For others, the rules would not be important and would not have anything to do with whether something was considered to be ethical. With Dr. Doight, it is not just the possibility that he feels he has done what is ethical, but also possible that…
Becker, L.C., & Becker, C.B. (2002). Encyclopedia of Ethics, (2nd ed). New York, NY: Routledge.
Fagothey, a. (2000). Right and Reason. Rockford, IL: Tan Books & Publishers.
Kamm, F.M. (2007). Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Rachels, J. & Rachels, S. (2012). Chapters 7&8, the utilitarian approach & the debate of utilitarianism." The Elements of Moral Philosophy. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
Neither to force nor reason will men yield; Only in semblance can the wound be healed" (II.3.27-30). In other words, she seems aware of the fact that, as warriors, both men may owe allegiance to the King, but their own fierce natures are even more critical to them than this allegiance. They will not allow even the King's counsel to end their feud. The Infanta seems to consider her words, but then suggests that Chimene's feelings for Don Rodrigue will sway her father if the King cannot, but Chimene reiterates her belief that the rift cannot be healed. She also recognizes that if she asks Don Rodrigue to refrain from seeking vengeance from her father, it will compromise his social reputation. The Infanta devises a solution; she will take Don Rodrigue prisoner until the men can heal their rift, so that his failure to seek vengeance against Don Gome will…
Corneille, Pierre. Le Cid, a Study Guide. London England: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Of these, proponents like Bruce W. Fraser (2005) quote studies and statistics that support the financial viability of corporate responsibility. One study is for example the one by Oekom Research, which indicates that of the 602 companies examined, the 186 companies with the highest sustainability rating also performed better financially than the 416 remaining companies, outperforming them by 23.4%.
Critics like Vogel are however not impressed by such numbers (tavins, 2006). The much wider studies cited and compared in his book appear to indicate that results like those mentioned by Fraser are both biased and too narrow to provide a true indication of the performance/responsibility ratio.
This is a debate that will probably last for a very long time. Nevertheless, other factors should also be taken into account, especially in terms of shareholders. hareholders as entities are changing together with the environment in which they function. An increasing number of…
Fraser, Bruce W. (2005, Feb). Corporate social responsibility Internal Auditor. Database: FindArticles.com
Stavins, Robert N. (2006, April). The Market for Virtue: The Potential and Limits of Corporate Social Responsibility (book review). Environment. Database: FindArticles.com.
Teach, Edward. (2005, Dec). Two views of virtue: the corporate social responsibility movement is picking up steam. Should you worry about it? CFO: Magazine for Senior Financial Executives. Database: FindArticels.com
Kevin Golden v. Town of Collierville 06a0062n.06; 167 Fed. Appx. 474; 2006 U.S. App.
Plaintiff firefighter appealed a decision of the United States District Court for the estern District of Tennessee, which granted summary judgment in favor of defendants, a town, its administrator, a fire chief, and an assistant fire chief, on his procedural due process and equal protection claims under 42 U.S.C.S. § 1983. The district court also dismissed the firefighter's claims for civil conspiracy under state law.
The firefighter, who was white, claimed that he was offered but then denied a promotion to the position of fire lieutenant because of his race. Instead, another firefighter who was black was promoted to the position. Defendants argued that the black firefighter was promoted because he ranked above the white firefighter in the testing and interview process. On appeal from the district court's decision, the court held: the district court properly…
Biondo v. City of Chicago 2002 U.S. Dist.
Columbus Civil Service Commission v. McGlone 82 Ohio St. 3d 569; 1998 Ohio 410; 697
N.E.2d 204; 1998 Ohio
Gary L. Knapp et al. v. City of Columbus 06a0472n.06; 192 Fed. Appx. 323; 2006 U.S. App.
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), its creation and the different roles it plays. The duties of the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) are also highlighted in the paper. The paper also highlights the Intelligence eform Act of 2004 and the amendments that were made after the date of enactment. Lastly, the paper discusses the major components of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the roles played by them in order to guarantee the efficient running of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Central Intelligence Agency
The CIA is an independent agency, whose functions are not disrupted by the United States government without any necessity. This agency is dedicated towards providing national security intelligence to the senior policy makers of the United States of America. ("CIA vision, mission," 2013)
The Central Intelligence Agency, (CIA), is responsible for collecting and analyzing information in relation to the plans and strategies of the enemies…
About CIA. (2013, January 10). Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/about-cia/index.html
Canon, D. (1980). Intelligence and ethics: the CIA's covert operations. The Journal of Libertarian Studies, 4(2), 198-199. Retrieved from http://mises.org/journals/jls/4_2/4_2_6.pdf
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), (2003). National strategy for combating terrorism. Retrieved from Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) website: https://www.cia.gov/news-information/cia-the-war-on-terrorism/Counter_Terrorism_Strategy.pdf
Cia.gov (2009). Components of the CIA -- Central Intelligence Agency. [online] Retrieved from: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/additional-publications/the-work-of-a-nation/cia-director-and-principles/components-of-the-cia.html.
The June 2010 change to the manner in which dividends were deemed payable shifted the requirement from a measure of profit to a balance sheet-based formula in which dividends were only payable if assets outstripped liabilities, essentially.
This is, according to the facts of the case as presented, the only reason the dividend payment might be considered insolvent trading or otherwise contrary to the legal and financial constraints of the company under current Australian law. As the error was again solely the fault of chief financial officer George, the directors incur no liability in this instance.
As described above, the board of directors at Hampton Park Pty, td. incurred no liability in this case as they relied on information provided by a competent and informed employee in the person of the company's chief financial officer, George, which legally absolves them of liability in this case.
Whether or not…
Lipton, et al., 469.
Deloitte, "Changes to Corporations Law rules for payment of dividends." (2010).
Corporations Act 2001, Section 189.