Engagement Essays (Examples)

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Under Fire

Words: 879 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60468177

Rules of Engagement (ROE) are necessary to a certain degree during wars and skirmishes in order to determine what actions military personnel can take when confronted with immediate and personal dangerous or violent situations. Determining a correct ROE, however, is the key to successfully addressing the overall mission and purpose for military interventions in the first place. As one recent author states "these rules are in place for reasons that both protect the military and respect the international conventions of war" (Vallely, 2013). hat is interesting about this subject is the fact that in the same report, Vallely goes on to state "ROE can be conveniently manipulated by the political objectives and military mission limitations essential to the construction and application of ROE" (Vallely, 2013). That is what seems to be happening in the current war situation in Afghanistan if what experts are saying is to be believed.

Michael Jenkins…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bobbitt, P.; (2010) The new rules of engagement, Newsweek, Vol. 155, Issue 2, pp. 42-43
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Chain of Command

Words: 927 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44899807

Vietnam War has gone down in history as one of the worst war efforts made by the United States for its sheer cost in human capital and the collective sanity of the nation. While many social and psychological issues can be cited as bearing the blame for the atrocity that was this war, one major challenge was the basic lack of communication and consistency among the levels of command. Individual soldiers, for example, were given commands and rules of engagement without really being informed of the rationale behind these (Close Air Support, 2014). Furthermore, there was no debate among the various levels of command regarding the best way forward in terms of rules of engagement. Those in the midst of battle were not free to proceed according to the demands of the situation; they were basically bound by the theories and ideals of those in command, including those in the…… [Read More]

References

Close Air Support (2014). Rules of Engagement. Retrieved from:  http://www.cc.gatech.edu/~tpilsch/AirOps/cas-roe.html
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Marginal Fringe Workers Marginal and

Words: 718 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98641354



2. Distillation of the issues into core categories

3. Emphasis on suggestions for improvement

B. Focus group with permanent employees, supervisors, managers, and company executives only.

1. Introduction of topic.

2. Discussion of personal views, biases, prejudices, and opinions of marginal and fringe workers.

3. Emphasis on what coworkers and supervisors believe the relationship between the organization and its fringe workers should be.

C. Collective focus group, engaging both marginal and traditional workers.

1. Mediated discussion based on the issues raised in focus groups A and B.

2. Pairing off one marginal worker per one traditional worker for more intimate engagement and discussion of issues.

3. Collect and summarize data for application.

MONTH TWO: Application of data

A. Create pairings of one fringe worker and one standard worker.

1. egular email and/or text messages for frequent communication.

2. The pair shares insight from their perspective on how fringe workers can…… [Read More]

References

Boris, E. & Deguili, F. (2003). Nonstandard Work, Nonstandard Workers. Labour/Le Travail. Retrieved July 23, 2009 from http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/llt/52/boris.html

Ditsler, E., Fisher, P. & Gordon, C. (2005). On the Fringe: The Substandard Benefits of Workers in Part-Time, Temporary, and Contract Jobs. The Commonwealth Fund. Retrieved July 23, 2009 from http://www.commonwealthfund.org/Content/Publications/Fund-Reports/2005/Dec/On-the-Fringe--The-Substandard-Benefits-of-Workers-in-Part-Time--Temporary -- and-Contract-Jobs.aspx

Perkin, H.J. (1996). "The Outsiders: Fringe Workers, Women, and Minorities." In The Third Revolution. Pp. 167-170.
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Levels of the Chain of Command

Words: 853 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70473037

Chain of Command and ROE

Levels of the Chain of Command

The objective of this study is to discuss the views of the six levels in the chain of command from the perspective of each during the Vietnam ar. The six levels of the chain of command includes: (1) the individual soldiers in the field; (2) battalion commanders; (3) division commanders; (4) General illiam estmoreland; Secretary Of Defense Robert McNamara; and (6) President Lyndon Johnson.

Vietnam ar

The Vietnam ar resulted in conflict in the forum of public opinion. Under the 'Rules of Engagement', the directives and orders are of a design that focus on mission accomplishment and a maintaining of the relations with the civilian population. The 'Rules of Engagement' set out how operations should proceed during crisis and are such that when followed serves in the accounting for "policy and political sensitivities." (The Chain of Command and NCO…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cole, A, et al. (2008) Rules of Engagement Handbook. Nov, 2009. Retrieved from: http://www.usnwc.edu/getattachment/7b0d0f70-bb07-48f2-af0a-7474e92d0bb0/San-Remo-ROE-Handbook

Palmer, DC (1993) Rules of Engagement as an Operational Tool. Naval War College, Newport, RI. Retrieved from:  http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a264457.pdf 

The Chain of Command and NCO Support Channel FM 7-21.13. (nd) Retrieved from: http://vadfmpco.org/downloads/NCO%20Support%20Channel.pdf
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Roe in Afghanistan

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68728157

WARFARE RULES OF ENGAGEENT (EDIT CUSTOER'S DRAFT)

One of the most contentious issues in contemporary warfare is the concept of rules of engagement (ROE). Just as the Vietnam War highlighted the concept in the 1960s, America's current involvement in Afghanistan provides the contextual background in the early 21st Century. In principle, ROI ensure that combat troops comply with the international conventions of warfare, even if our enemies are not. The Commander-in-Chief strongly supports ROI concept at both the philosophical and practical level, aiming to balance military objectives and politics. Nevertheless, problems have emerged, with the application of the primacy of rules of engagement in the field.

ost significantly, military leaders sometimes focus so much on ROE that soldiers in the field are handicapped operationally. Pausing to consider rules of engagement is less practical in the field than it is in theory. Sometimes, the cloud of ROE results in soldiers' become…… [Read More]

Michael Jenkins is a decorated combat veteran who has received the Department of the Army's highest award for his service. According to Jenkins (2013) "the Rules of Engagement in Afghanistan created an unwanted psychology in our soldiers (and) the fear of retribution and the fear of being court-martialed pre-destined the forces to lose against the nation's enemies." Jenkins understands what the ROE dilemma and how ROE-manipulation generates more of a hindrance than a help to the soldier in the field: "the ROE have become an enemy, soldiers are afraid to take risks" (Jenkins, 2013).

It can be argued that soldiers, under the duress of combat, need the ability to react in sometimes unstructured manners; they need authority and autonomy to take certain risks without fear of reprisal or retribution from superiors. At a minimum, they should have the right to protect themselves from direct threats to their lives instead of being burdened with guidelines that "can be entangled with political agendas and philosophies" (Vallely, 2013, para 3).

According to Zinke (2014), the ROE in Afghanistan seem to be making "Afghan dwellings virtual safe
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Swarovski's Customer in the Digital

Words: 5507 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43047950



Based on the attributes of luxury brand, the luxury brand requires special marketing strategy to achieve brand objectives. The strategy assists in developing global brand reputation as well as forming brand awareness within the global competitive environment. (Moore and Birtwistle 2005).

In the contemporary marketing environment, experiential marketing has become a cornerstone of marketing, and retailing for luxury brand. Experiential marketing is the technique of viewing consumer as an emotional and rational being who aims to achieve pleasurable experiences. (Atwal et al. 2008). Typically, experiential marketing offers customer memorable experiences in order to achieve customer satisfaction and competitive market advantages. The experiential marketing uses different tools to create the memorable experiences for customers. For example, experiential marketing organizes entertainment for customers in order to educate them, allow them to escape the reality, as well as giving them aesthetic objects or places to see. Experiential marketers use different tools to create…… [Read More]

References

Atkin, D. (2004). The Culting of Brands: When Customers Become True Believers. New York: Portfolio.

Atwal, G. & Williams, a. (2008). Luxury brand marketing -- the experience is everything! Brand Management .16 (5/6):338 -- 346.

Belch, G.E. & Belch, M.A. (2003). Advertising and Promotion, an Integrated Marketing Communication Perspective (Sixth Edition). The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Bruce, M . And Kratz, C .(2007). Competitive Marketing Strategies in Luxury Fashion Companies. in: T. Hines and M. Bruce (eds.) Fashion Marketing: Contemporary Issues, 2nd edn., New York: Elsevier / Butterworth-Heinemann.
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U S Military Chain of Command the Traditional

Words: 1012 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60375850

U.S. Military Chain of Command

The traditional wars that have followed the Europeans models developed by Napoleon basically incorporate the leadership in writing and training troops for rules of engagement. ules of Engagement (OE) is described as a management tool that help in keeping soldiers within control and aligned with the specific mission. This management tool has contributed to benefits and costs in which training OE in each leadership level down to the individual soldiers enables every participant to make responsible decisions and achieve the mission as stated by the battlefield commander. Notably, the chain of command basically consists of various levels since it links everyone in the uniformed service ranging from the senior ranks to the junior ranks as well as the United States President. An important example that correlates an understanding of rules of engagement with limited war ideology is the Vietnam War. The Vietnam War incorporates various…… [Read More]

References:

Boot, M. (2011, October 4). The War Over the Vietnam War. Retrieved September 29, 2012,

from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970204422404576595011469382894.html

Lester, R.E. (1990). Records of the U.S. Marine Corps in the Vietnam War. Retrieved September

29, 2012, from  http://cisupa.proquest.com/ksc_assets/catalog/11199.pdf
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Politics of Participation

Words: 2842 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61122984

Community Participation

Examining & Weighing Community Participation

Community means more than people who live in proximity and occupy the same relative environment. Community, when in reference to terms such as community participation and community engagement, means several orders of interaction and motivation. People who participate in their communities are internally motivated. They care about the community socially, culturally, environmentally, economically, and otherwise; their motivation extends into action that supports their belief in their community. Community participation in many parts of the world may be the best and fastest ways for communities to rectify their own problems and establish firm ties with public administration and government.

Bureaucracy, administration, politics, and other factors often interfere with communities receiving the assistance or allocation of resources necessary to solve a problem. They may be issues, sociological ones for example, that may only find firm resolution if it is generated and executed by the community…… [Read More]

References:

Baiocchi, G. 1999, 'Participation, Activism, and Politics: The Porto Alegre Experiment and Deliberative Democratic Theory.' University of Wisconsin: Madison.

Bovaird, T. 2007, 'Beyond Engagement and Participation: User and Community Coproduction of Public Services.' Public Administration Review, September/October, 846 -- 860.

Carr, D.S., & Halvorsen, K. 2001, 'An Evaluation of Three Democratic, Community-Based Approaches to Citizen Participation: Surveys, Conversation With Community Groups, and Community Dinners.' Society and Natural Resources, vol. 14, 107 -- 126.

Cornwall, A., & Coelho, V.S.P. (eds) 2004, 'New Democratic Spaces?' Institute of Development Studies Bulletin, vol. 35, no. 2, 1 -- 100.
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Independence Between Auditor and Client

Words: 843 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21407037

Any threats to independence of the client can be determined on whether threats are created by past services from the client or business relationships before the audit engagement.

Importance of Independence of Auditor and Client:

During financial statement engagements, the independence of auditors and clients is important because of the following reasons & #8230;

Lesser Inappropriateness:

The closer the relationship between an auditor and his/her client is the higher the probability and perception of inappropriateness. Through an examination of various studies and the wider implications of such relationship, the independence between auditor and client is the most effective way of lessening inappropriateness. This is primarily because such independence promotes and sustains integrity during the financial statement audit engagements.

Promotion of eliability:

The main goal of independence between auditor and client during audit engagements is to promote reliability through providing an independent and objective view of the financial statements. The independence…… [Read More]

References:

Greene, H.E. Accounting News: Auditor Independence. Retrieved from Federal Deposit

Insurance Corporation website: http://www.fdic.gov/regulations/examinations/supervisory/insights/siwin06/accounting_news.html

Lindberg, D.L. & Beck, F.D. (2002, November). CPAs' Perceptions of Auditor Independence:

An Analysis of Views Before and After the Collapse of Enron. Retrieved May 18, 2012, from  http://aaahq.org/audit/midyear/03midyear/papers/AuditorIndep-paper1-AuditingSection.isu.pdf
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Employer Communication

Words: 630 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37723748

Employee Engagement

There will be a number of questions answered to relating to employee engagement. The academic of the term will be offered as well as the value that it brings to an organization when it is in effect. Examples of the concept in practice will be described. Also, there will be a listing of risks in not making use of the concept and taking it seriously. Next, an evaluation personal to the author of this report relative to the subject will be offered. Lastly, there will be concluding comments on the subject. While employee engagement can be over-analyzed and over-scrutinized, it is a very real concept and all human resources professionals should take it to heart.

Employee engagement, to put it concisely, is the degree to which an employee engages as an employee rather than just shows up for a check. The value to be added to an organization…… [Read More]

References

He, H., Zhu, W., & Zheng, X. (2014). Procedural Justice and Employee Engagement:

Roles of Organizational Identification and Moral Identity Centrality. Journal Of

Business Ethics, 122(4), 681-695. doi:10.1007/s10551-013-1774-3

Mishra, K., Boynton, L., & Mishra, A. (2014). Driving Employee Engagement: The
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Motivation and Problem Resolution

Words: 1618 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13518644

Motivation and Employee Engagement

Motivation and Employment Engagement

elationship between Motivation of Followers and Motivation Theories

McClelland's needs Based theory identifies three distinct needs and explains how these needs may be able to motivate employees to improved performance at the workplace. The three needs consist of the need for achievement, the need for power, and the need for affiliation. Employees possess each of these needs at varying levels depending on their personality and innate drives. Employees who have a high need for achievement are motivated by the opportunity to prove themselves to be better than their peers by meeting or surpassing performance standards. They are willing to assume personal responsibility for solving problems and making decisions. These employees can be motivated by specifying performance standards, delegating responsibility for the outcome to them, and by giving them ongoing feedback on their performance. Employees with a high need for power are motivated…… [Read More]

References

Bassford, T.E., Offermann, L.R., & Wirtz, P.W. (2012). Considering the source: The impact of leadership level on follower motivation and intent to stay. Journal of leadership and organizational studies, 19(2), 202-214. doi: 10.1177/1548051811436279.

Chaudhry, A.Q., & Javed, H. (2012). Impact of transactional and laissez faire leadership style on motivation. International journal of business and social science, 3(7), 258-264. Retrieved from EBSCO Business Source Complete.

Cheng, P.L.K., & Robertson, R.W. (2006). Not for bread alone-Motivation among hospital employees in Singapore. Public Organization Review, 6(2), 155-166. doi: 10.1007/s11115-006-0004-1.

Robbins, S.P. (1996) Organizational Behavior. 7th edn. Prentice Hall International.
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Vedantam 2006 Americans Are More Socially Isolated

Words: 8966 Length: 36 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8258228

Vedantam, 2006), Americans are more socially isolated than they were in 1985, with the number of people with whom they can confide dropping by one third, from three close confidents to two. American is viewed as a fragmented society with splinters of people growing ever more distant with regard to intimate social ties. Despite the benefits of close social connections, people report being alone, feeling alone, and suffering alone in bad times.

The ability of digital social networks to support substantive civic engagement is more than a test of the media's capacity to convey and renew civic engagement -- it is also a test of the transformative capacity of social networks with regard to sustained interest and action. A criticism of communications and information technology (CIT) -- which includes digital social networking -- is its transience and churn. Engaging digital communication tends to cater to the tastes of an audience…… [Read More]

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Co-Curricular Activities High School Can

Words: 4210 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5312215

2007)." The authors also explain that there is a great deal of interest in the concept of school engagement because it is believed to be influenced by environmental changes (Fredricks et al., 2004; Dotterer et al. 2007). As a result of racial and ethnic achievement gaps, the study of school engagement amongst students of color is essential to closing these gaps. Previous research uncovered a pattern of underachievement in African-American students who have lower grades and receive less education than non-Hispanic White students (Dotterer et al. 2007).

According to Jimerson et al. (2003) there are three dimensions of school engagement: affective, behavioral, and cognitive. The affective dimension is associated with an emotional connection to school and the sense of belonging that students have with their school. Additionally this dimension of school engagement is often referred to as school attachment (Johnson et al., 2001). The affective dimension of school engagement "reflects…… [Read More]

References

Dotterer a.M. Susan M. McHale Ann C. Crouter. (2007) Implications of Out-of-School Activities for School Engagement in African-American Adolescents. J Youth Adolescence (2007) 36:391 -- 401

Dworkin, J.B., Larson, R., & Hansen, D. (2003). Adolescents' accounts of growth experiences in youth activities. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 32, 17-26.

Feldman, Amy F.; Matjasko, Jennifer L. (2005) the Role of School-Based Extracurricular Activities in Adolescent Development: A Comprehensive Review and Future Directions Review of Educational Research v. 75 no. 2 p. 159-210

Fredricks J, Blumenfeld P, Paris a (2004) School engagement: Potential of the concept, state of the evidence. Rev Educ Res 74:59 -- 109
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Hal Beder Is Interested in

Words: 326 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92366358

Behaviors such as writing answers to the exercises they were given, turning pages, and eye movement to indicate reading the material were looked for by Beder in this study.

When students were not engaged in learning, Beder observed them talking to one another about things that had nothing to do with the class, day dreaming, and taking breaks. These were clear indications that the students were not interested in what they were learning. People cannot learn if they are not interested and engaged in the material, so getting this engagement is critical for teachers who want to help adult learners with their literacy. Beder's main problem was that there were no previous, identifiable studies that provided this kind of information for adult learners. His conclusions, though, showed that there were three main issues where the engagement of these students were concerned: behavioral norms, the instructional system itself, and the roles…… [Read More]

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Emotional Drivers Towards Swarovski's Brand

Words: 12508 Length: 38 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47209821



The luxury brands in this age of fierce and intense competition perceive and believe that the conventional methods of advertising and promotion are only an itinerary that creates the knowledge and awareness amongst the consumers. Nevertheless, targeted marketing (that represents the emotional driving force) is becoming the primary and fundamental aspect of concern that many of the brands are focusing in order to create emotional engagement with the consumers that can provide them lasting relationships and loyalty from the consumers (Buckingham 2008).

However, looking at the perspective of the brand of Swarovski, it has been monitored that they have created a consumer-based pyramid in order to keep closely connected to the consumers' emotions and feelings. In this regard, they ensure high quality with proper detailing of the product during the manufacturing process and make the product a perfect one that can easily catch the attention of the consumers. They very…… [Read More]

References

American Birding Association 1998, Winging it: newsletter of the American Birding Association, Inc., Volumes 10-11, the Association, USA.

Baker, R 2012, 'Swarovski targets teens with new brand', MarketingWeek News, viewed September 05, 2012: http://www.marketingweek.co.uk/news/swarovski-targets-teens-with-new-brand/4000078.article

Becker, V & Taylor, JB 1995, Swarovski: the magic of crystal, H.N. Abram, Michigan

Becker, V, Langes-Swarovski, M & Le Gallais, R 2005, Daniel Swarovski: A World of Beauty, Thames & Hudson, Limited, USA.
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Swarovski's Customer in the Digital

Words: 10512 Length: 38 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31675381

Consequently, marketing efforts become more and more important.

Glyn Atwal and Alistair Williams (2009) for instance argue that the creators of luxury products have to use marketing efforts to identify new customers' needs even before the customers become aware of these needs. In other words, they have to "stay in front of luxury consumers" (Atwal and Williams, 2009, p.338). And in order to do so, the luxury products manufacturers strive to create positive experiences for their customers in order to inspire them and to stimulate their purchase decisions.

Otherwise put, in the context of luxury products, experiential marketing is growingly present and critical and this is due to the complex nature of the luxury sector. Here, the producers seek to transmit the image of high quality, product authenticity, as well as performance. However, aside from these statements, the luxury products must also transmit and sell a customer experience; and this…… [Read More]

References:

Alperovich, a.L., 2012, London Design Museum's Swarovski's exhibition features light painting, holograms and other mind blowing digital technologies, Inhabitat, http://inhabitat.com/london-design-museums-swarovski-exhibition-features-light-painting-holograms-and-other-mind-blowing-digital-technologies / last accessed on September 6, 2012

Atwal, G., Williams, a., 2009, Luxury brand marketing -- the experience is everything! Journal of Brand Management, Vol. 16

Bak, O., Stair, N., 2011, Impact of e-business technologies on public and private organizations: industry comparisons and perspectives, IGI Global, ISBN 1609605020

Bevolo, M., Gofman, a., Moskowitz, H., 2011, Premium by design: how to understand, design and market high end products, Gower Publishing Ltd., ISBN 1409418901
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Military Experience Relates to HR Concepts Most

Words: 2941 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75116483

military experience relates to HR concepts

Most of the organizations that adopt a classic approach in their management tend to follow a comprehensible, coherent, planned and premeditated strategy in their running. This is the case of a Military camp. Most of the lessons and trainings involved illustrate a close link with Human Resource concepts. This is in terms of employment skills, leadership qualities and the connection between power and politics. Having worked in a military camp for a couple of years, I can strongly link my military experience with the Hr concepts. In terms of Leadership and followership, the military has played a larger role in improving my leadership skills, since; currently I have confidence in making crucial decisions and offering potential solutions (Armstrong, 2008, P.11)

Furthermore, through motivation and engagement, I experience a new personality in my career path and I am capable of improving my relation with others…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Billsberry, J. (Ed.) (2008) Discovering Leadership. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Boxall, P. & Purcell, J. (2011) Strategy and Human Resource Management (3rd ed.). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Jackson, B. & Parry, K. (2011) a Very Short, Fairly Interesting and Reasonably Cheap Book about Studying Leadership (2nd ed.)London: Sage.

Berrone, P. & Gomez-Mejia, L.R. (2009) the pros and cons of rewarding social responsibility at the top. Human Resource Management, 48(6), 959-971.
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Theoretical Models and Path Diagramming

Words: 589 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63513936

Path Diagrams of Research Models

Business

This current research developed and tested a model of work engagement contagion in which the organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) and competitive behaviors of coworkers influence employees' engagement with their jobs. In a sample of 1,422 departments of an insurance firm, multilevel analysis revealed that coworkers' OCBs and competitive behaviors explain variance in individual work engagement over and above that explained by other individual and group-level predictors. Broadly speaking, these results suggest that coworkers' OCBs and competitive behaviors play critical roles in explaining why people are more engaged with their work. Implications are discussed.

Hypothesis 1: Coworkers' OCB is positively related to work engagement.

Hypothesis 2: Coworkers' competitive behaviors mediate the positive relationship between coworkers' OCBs and focal employee work engagement.

OCB (+1) WORK ENGAGEMENT

OCB (+2) COMPETITVE BEHAVIORS WORK ENGAGEMENT

The OCB's are the independent variables. The employees' competitive behaviors are the mediators. The…… [Read More]

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Citizen Contribution

Words: 1619 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26606650

Civil participation or civil engagement is defined as individual as well as collective actions that are designed for the identification and addressing of issues that concern the public. It is active citizenship whereby citizens have a direct input when it comes to the process of making policies and those that have direct experience of services or emerging social needs are given a voice when it comes to the determination of policy and practice. Civic participation has several elements but its most basic sense is that one of making decisions, or governance over who, how and by whom the resources of a community are allocated. The principle of civic participation underscores the basic principle of democratic governance, which means that sovereignty is found within the citizens. Civic participation is about the right of people to define what is good for the public, to determine policies which they will seek the good…… [Read More]

References

Reiss, D. (2012). Why teaching Civic Engagement is essential.

Sidney, V, Schlozman, K & Henry, B. (1997.).The big tilt: Participatory inequality in America

The American Prospect;pg. 74

Kanter, M. (2012). Civic Learning for Democracy's Future. Liberal Education Summer. Pg 23-27
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Alumni in Institutional Advancement at

Words: 3503 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17022965

..stand out in the material consulted regarding the critical closing years of the twentieth century. First, the external audiences of African universities, including UNESCO, had a sympathetic understanding of the problems that assailed them, a number of which could be said to be world-wide. One could look forward to a future that produced concrete propositions for recovering from the crisis that was being experienced. Secondly, a pattern of three generations of scholars was emerging. It comprised:

1) postgraduate students of outstanding caliber and suitable for training as future university teachers;

2) their incumbent professors, and 3) an older generation of alumni and scholars - emeritus professors and seasoned retired university teachers and writers like JF Ade Ajayi, Lamech KH Goma and G. Ampah Johnson, whose wealth of experience gave us, three years after Alexandria 1993, an unrivalled summary of the fortunes of the African University in their book, the African…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Mokubung, O. Knomo, Swatz, Derrick, and Maja, Botshabelo (2006) Within the Realm of Possibility: From Disadvantage to Development at the University of Fort Hare and the University of the North. HSRC Press 2006.

Tettey, Wisdom J. (2006) Staff Retention in African Universities: Elements of a Sustainable Strategy Commissioned by the World Bank January 2006

Bartels, Francis R. (2003) the African university at the threshold of the new millennium:

potential, process, performance and prospects Meeting of Higher Education Partners Paris, 23-25 June 2003 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Paris, 2003
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Foreign Policy Idea to Fall

Words: 738 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88145106

" hen and if the U.S. cuts back on the use of fossil fuels to reduce global warming, other nations may well follow our example.

To wit, when we allow the United Nations to conduct searches for potential weapons of mass destruction in our own country, or in countries we have disputes with, other nations may follow and allow inspectors into their country as well. It is idealistic to believe that other nations will do the right thing if only we do the right thing first, but there's no rule that says foreign policy can't have idealism. America was founded on the principals of idealism -- "In order to form a more perfect union" -- and on the other hand America was founded on realism too. If we don't cut the cord with England, we will forever be beholding to tyrants.

right understands that the U.S. can never say we…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Wright, Robert. (2006). An American Foreign Policy That Both Realists and Idealists Should

Fall in Love with. The New York Times. Retrieved February 3, 2011, from  http://www.nytimes.com .
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Difficulties in Comprehending Causal Relations

Words: 1034 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96254116

Four pieces of evidence combine to support the hypothesis that ADHD children have more difficulty in understanding causal relations of the television show when toys are present due to less sustained cognitive engagement. The evidence all points to longer looks at the television, which occurred more frequently in non-ADHD children when toys were present, lead to a greater understanding of causal relations, which attentional inertia theories link to cognitive engagement.

Finally, the reasons presented as to why longer looks do in fact lead to a better understanding of causal relations were addressed. Possibilities include that long looks are more likely than short looks to continue across content boundaries, which allows the viewer to establish causal links among events relatively distant in time. Another explanation is that long looks indicate that the children are engaged in deeper processing of more story content. The conclusion of the study is that ADHD children…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Difficulties in Comprehending Causal Relations Among Children With ADHD: The Role of Cognitive Engagement, by: Elizabeth Pugzles Lorch, David Eastham, Richard Milich, Clarese C. Lemberger, Rebecca Polley Sanchez, Richard Welsh, Paul van den Broek, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 0021-843X, February 1, 2004, Vol. 113 Issue
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Geopolitical Analysis of China From

Words: 3969 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85714287

America's engagement with China, with historic ice-breaking between the two countries carried out by Henry Kissinger, has been complicated. I would suggest that it were the U.S. domestic preoccupations and compulsions that did not allow me to take any bold stance on the issue of Dalai Lama. I disagree with notion that U.S. betrayed the cause of human rights while not choosing to visit Dalai Lama.

It must not be forgotten that unlike ussia, China's geography allows her to exert much more influence than the former. In the words of Kaplan (2010), China is both a land and a sea power. Thus, my foreign policy towards China has been reflective of this potential next power of the world. The U.S. has benefited from the Chinese market significantly in the wake of financial crisis. The author failed to acknowledge the huge compulsions that China faces in meeting its energy and other…… [Read More]

References

Barber, BR 1992 "Jihad vs. McWorld," the Atlantic Monthly 269, no. 3 (March 1992): 53 -- 65.

Cohen, MA, 2011, 'Think Again: The Two State Solution', Foreign Policy, Viewed on 18 June 2013, [http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/09/14/think_again_the_two_state_solution]

Gettleman, J 2010, 'Africa's Forever Wars,' Foreign Policy, 22 Feb 2010.

Gilboy, GJ and Read, BL 2008, 'Political and Social Reform in China,' Washington Quarterly, summer 2008, pg 143-164.
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Emotional Drivers of Consumer Toward Swarovskis Brand

Words: 5791 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39300258

Emotional Drivers Swarovski

The motives behind consumer decisions to purchase luxury brands like Swarovski have been studied in a number of researches. The general findings of these studies have been that these motives are largely emotional, and that they are evolving as the composition of the luxury market segment changes. De Mooij (2005) defines emotion as an "interaction between cognition and physiology." The characteristics of emotion that or of greater concern to luxury brand managers are that emotions are learned and that they vary from culture to culture.

The mode of expression of emotion also varies by culture. In capitalistic societies, consumption has evolved into a unique mode of expression of self-satisfaction, self-esteem and self-pleasures. These buying motives shape the perceptions of various brands among consumers, along with brand loyalty and brand image. De Mooij (2005, p. 116) explains luxury brand buying motives in terms of collectivism/individualism and masculinity/feminism. Conformance…… [Read More]

References

Chevalier, M., & Mazzalovo, G. 2008. Luxury Brand Management. John Wiley & Sons.

De Mooij, M. 2005. Global Marketing and Advertising. Sage Publications, Inc.

Fionda, A.M., & Moore, C.M. 2009. The Anatomy of the Luxury Fashion Brand. Journal of Brand Management, 16(5/6), 347-363. doi.10.1057/bm.2008.45.

Fog, K., Budtz, C., Munch, P., & Blanchette, S. 2010. Storytelling: Branding in Practice. 2nd ed. Springer.
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Disintegrating Relationships Between Organizational Leaders and Employees

Words: 3181 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83778048

Disintegrating elationships Between Organizational Leaders and Employees

Organizational leadership behavior towards employees can significantly affect their perception of the workplace, and contribute to the organization high performance and most essentially create and maintain a proper organizational culture that lead to the success of the organization . The good health of the organization depends greatly on the relationship between leaders and employees. However, the relationship that exists between organizational leaders and employees are failing at a high rate in today's workplaces and the reasons for this are not clear. Leaders in organizations have a tendency to use employees in the time of the organizational needs and them to simply ignore the employee's commitment and their potential. Committed employees should be rewarded with committed organizational leadership. Critical in organizational leadership interaction with employees is communication. Communication keeps employees informed and results in a feeling of connectedness and inclusiveness in the organizational operations,…… [Read More]

References:

Abrrow, H.A., Ardakani, M.S., Harooni, A. & Pour, H.M. (2013, July). The Relationship Between Organizational Trust and Organizational Justice Components and Their Role in Job Involvement in Education. International Journal of Management Academy, 1(1), 25-41.

Albrecht, S.L. (2010). Handbook of employee engagement: perspectives, issues, research and practice. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Broner, S. (2009). Employees' perceptions of leaders' attitudes and employee retention: a quantitative study on perceived attitudes. Ann Arbor, MI: ProQuest LLC.

Creswell, J.W.(2007). Qualitative inquiry & research design: Choosing among five approaches .(2nd ed.).Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
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Films Reflect American Culture in

Words: 1793 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12326198

These films. Swing Vote (2008), The Queen (2006) ules of Engagement (2000) The Quiet American (2002) and Jarhead (2005) clearly support this hypothesis and build on the idea that art reflects life and life reflects art.

esources

Boggs, C. & Pollard, T. (2006) The Hollywood War Machine: U.S. Militarism and Popular Culture Boulder CO: Paradigm Publishers

Bellah, .N. Madsen, . Sullivan, W.M. Swidler, A. Tipton, S.M. (1991) Good Society

New York: andom House.

Fishman, J.M. Marvin, C. (March 2003) Portrayals of Violence and Group Difference in Newspaper Photographs: Nationalism and Media Journal of Communications

Gianos, P.L. (1999) Politics and Politicians in American Film. New York: Preager Publishing

Giglio, E. (2005) Here's Looking at You: Hollywood, Film & Politics. New York: Peter Lang Publishing.

Klenotic, J. (2007) Chapter 5 "Staying in the Moment: Hollywood, History, and the Politics of 9/11 Cinema." In Constructing America's War Culture, Conroy T. & Hanson, J.…… [Read More]

Resources

Boggs, C. & Pollard, T. (2006) The Hollywood War Machine: U.S. Militarism and Popular Culture Boulder CO: Paradigm Publishers

Bellah, R.N. Madsen, R. Sullivan, W.M. Swidler, A. Tipton, S.M. (1991) Good Society

New York: Random House.

Fishman, J.M. Marvin, C. (March 2003) Portrayals of Violence and Group Difference in Newspaper Photographs: Nationalism and Media Journal of Communications
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U S National Strategy What Three United States

Words: 4520 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17089313

U.S. National Strategy

What three United States national interests do you think will be at great risk over the next five years? Describe those interests and identify which instruments of national power can be leveraged to protect or advance those national interests and how those instruments can be used.

As President Obama stated in his addresses to Congress in February 2009, the most important problem that the country faced was the economy, which was in the worst recession since the 1930s. This affected both domestic and foreign policy, since the country would probably have to reduce military spending and its commitments overseas as it did during the Great Depression, so for the Obama administration economic recovery was the primary goal. He did promise that "the weight of this crisis will not determine the destiny of this nation" (Obama Address, 2009, p. 1). He promised that the government would deal with…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Address to Joint Session of Congress. Remarks of President Barack Obama, As Prepared for Delivery, Address to Joint Session of Congress, Tuesday, February 24th, 2009.

Comprehensive Regional Strategy on Somalia: A Strategy for U.S. Engagement Report to Congress, February 2007.

JP 3-0 Chapter I.

JP 3 Extract Chapter 2.
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Social Equity Leadership Conference

Words: 5893 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74643599

Social equity is a key issue of public administration and forms the basic theme of the 2013 "Social Equity Leadership Conference," in June. This white paper discusses the key goals of the conference based on the conference issue for social equity as global engagement and local responsibility. These are the issue facing social equity among domestic and global public leaders in public and private agencies in the education, immigration, transportation, environmental, policing and corrections sectors. A review of theories on public administration identifies that public leadership networking, collaboration, and cooperation with leaders and agencies is necessary. This is associated with public leadership practices like public policy development, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation, social equity, and public advocacy.

Introduction

Conference Theme:

Globally Engaged, Locally esponsible: New Challenges for Social Equity

Emerging Issues in Social Equity and Leadership Covered in the Conference:

1. Education

2. Policing and corrections

3. At risk communities, which…… [Read More]

References

Brian, A.E., & Adam, J.N. (2010). Building the reservoir to nowhere: The role of agencies in advocacy coalitions. Policy Studies Journal, 38(4), 653-678.

Buss, T.F. & Morse, R.S. (2008). Innovations in Public Leadership Development. Armonk, New York; M.E. Sharpe, Inc.

Candler, G., & Dumont, G. (2010). The price of citizenship: Civic responsibility as the missing dimension of public administration theory. Public Administration Quarterly, 34(2), 169-201.

Cichocki, D., Laberschek, M., & Rusanowska, M. (2011). Analysis of strategy of culture development in krakow 2010-2014 as an example of public policy implementation. Zarzadzanie Publiczne, 13(1), 103-115.