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Since that time, hunting has been considered a manly sport. Thus for a young boy like Dave, having a gun conjures of all those images of masculinity and he feels that once he is powerful, others would respect him more. In this story, Dave is completely oblivious of the link between age and respect. He doesn't want to be ordered around but he fails to understand that people don't treat him like an adult because he is not one yet. He associated gun with power ("In the gray light of dawn he held it loosely, feeling a sense of power") and fails to understand the importance of personal power that comes from achievement, experience and age. His lack of experience is what gets him into trouble when he accidentally shoots a mule. The last thing he had wanted was to hear people laughing at him: "He heard people laughing. Dave…
James Joyce," MSN Encarta. Accessed online 1st March 2007 at http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761568953/James_Joyce.html
Richard Wright. A Man who was Almost a Man. Accessed online 1st March 2007 at http://www.barksdale.latech.edu/Engl%20308/the%20Man%20Who%20Was%20Almost%20a%20Man.doc .
A shameful consciousness of his own person assailed him. He saw himself as a ludicrous figure, acting as a pennyboy for his aunts, a nervous, well-meaning sentimentalist, orating to vulgarians and idealising his own clownish lusts, the pitiable fatuous fellow he had caught a glimpse of in the mirror. Instinctively he turned his back more to the light lest she might see the shame that burned upon his forehead."
Not all of Joyce's sexual revelations are as dark as "Araby" and "The Dead," however. In the Boarding House," the sexual revelation of the main protagonist is treated in a far more comic fashion -- sexuality becomes the crude vehicle of upward mobility for Mrs. Mooney, the owner of a boarding house. Mrs. Mooney's daughter Polly has been having an affair with one of the borders, Mr. Doran, and Mrs. Mooney manipulates Mr. Doran into proposing to the girl, even though…
The boys play in the neighborhood streets until their skin "glowed" (382) and their "shouts echoed in the silent street" (382). Here we see a glimpse of Ireland that is not fantastic or glamorous. It is just the kind of setting a young boy needs to be consumed with a mysterious girl. hen the narrator finally makes it to the bazaar, he is met with disappointment, which forces him to be honest and realize Mangan is simply a fantasy that will let him down as well. He also realizes he is a "creature driven and derided by vanity" (386). Like Gabriel, he realizes not all things are what they seem
In "Counterparts," the epiphany is painful because it involves us taking a look at a seedier aspect of life. Farrington realizes the dreadful routine in his life. For Farrington, there is no escape from any of the stresses in his…
Joyce, James. "Araby." The Norton Introduction to Literature. 5th ed. Carl Bain, ed. New York:
W.W. Norton and Company. 1991.
Joyce, James. "Counterparts." Dubliners. New York: Dover Thrift Edition. 1991.
Joyce, James. "The Dead." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction. Cassill, R.V., ed. New
The scene is full of hope and joy, and the use of light helps to illuminate this mood.
Once Laura crosses the road, the scene is described quite differently. At first it is "smoky and dark," however Laura does manage to see in some of the cottages flickers of light in the shadows. These flickers of light represent flickers of hope, but they are far less luminous than those which were presented during the garden party.
"The Indian Camp" also makes use of light and dark imagery as a means of signifying elements of the initiation process. Nick and his father start off their journey in the dark of night, which signifies the lack of knowledge that surrounds Nick, and his blindness to the events that are about to take place in the shanty in the Indian camp. Like Laura's experience in the village, Nick too is able to see…
Hemingway, Ernest. "Indian Camp." Stories of Initiation. Stuttgart: Ernst Klett Sprachen GmbH, 2009. 7-12..
Mansfield, Katherine. "The Garden Party." Stories of Initiation. Stuttgart: Ernst Klett Sprachen GmbH, 2009. 46-64.
Mordecai, Marcus. "What is an Initiation Story?" Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, Vol. 19, No. 2 (Winter, 1960), pp. 221-228
Flannery O'Connor "Parker's Back" in the form of a Literary Analysis Question" (better known as a "Research Question")
An epiphany involves a person having an intense experience that makes him or her see things and life differently. This concept is generally associated with religious occurrences, as people often report turning their lives around as a consequence of going through an episode that changes their understanding of the world and that makes them want to get actively involved in putting across religious attitudes. Although it would be difficult to relate to an epiphany solely by discussing about religious concepts, many individuals agree that an epiphany has to contain a sort of a supernatural aspect.
There are several situations that can be linked to the definition of an epiphany in Flannery O'Connor's "Parker's Back." The moment when he sees a man covered in tattoos is the first experience that he undergoes and…
This skilled use of ironic prose is also observable in "A Jury of her Peers" by Susan Glaspell, as when the woman who has just committed murder tells the investigators: "after a minute...'I sleep sound.'" the tale depicts how a group of women gradually deduce, through small and simple clues, how Mrs. right killed her husband, and why. The women's observations are more astute than the male investigator's analysis, according to police protocols. The point of the story is not murder, but the fact that the murder's quiet wifely desperation has gone ignored for so long, and that only fellow female sufferers can see this sorrow after the fact. Likewise, the point of O'Connor's story, more than the lurid aspects, are the ways that families and human beings fail to connect and communicate with one another, before it is too late.
A naysayer might sniff and ask why use murder…
Glaspell, Susan. "A Jury of her Peers." 6 May 2007. http://www.learner.org/exhibits/literature/story/fulltext.html
Faulkner, William. "A Rose for Emily." 6 May 2007. http://www.ariyam.com/docs/lit/wf_rose.html
O'Connor, Flannery. "A Good Man is Hard to Find." 6 May 2007. http://pegasus.cc.ucf.edu/~surette/goodman.html
Q3. Explain the importance of the Fisher King in Modern Literature.
The Fisher King is the wounded king that motivates Sir Galahad to find the Holy Grail to heal him and his people: the quest narrative is one of the most significant narratives in all of literature, and the Moderns despaired of finding a quest in the modern, faithless, directionless world. The Fisher King's wound symbolizes his lack of fertility, which leaves his kingdom hungry and barren. T.S. Eliot's poem "The Wasteland" suggests that modern life is like the Fisher King's kingdom.
Q4. Explain the importance of WWI trench poetry and the works of Wilfred Owen
While some of the early poets celebrated patriotism, or eulogized the fate of the common soldier with quiet despair, Owen's poetry was harsh, gritty and realistic. In his poem "Dulce et Decorum est" Owen takes the familiar Latin phrase that it is sweet to…
Handsomest Drowned Man in the World by Gabriel Garcia Marquez
Point-of-View -- the author presents the perceptions of the villagers who live in isolation and are suddenly shaken by the arrival of someone so unlike them in stature and appearance. First, the women, then the men, construct an ideal from the tallness and overall attractiveness of the drowned man. He represents a myth, which mingles with their collective sense of reality and is moved by it. Even when they decide to throw him back into the sea as their burial tradition, they design their future according to the image of this admirable drowned man so that they too may one day be admired by others.
Genre -- Magical realism fuses magic and reality. The reality part is the everyday and routine ways of the villagers in the isolated island. The magic is the sudden arrival of the dead body of…
Introduction to Fiction by X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia, 2009. Pearson Higher
Olsen, Tillie. "As I Stand Here Ironing." An Introduction to Fiction by X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia, 2009. Pearson Higher Education: Longman
They are the same age but Buck's family is wealthy and, for all intents and purposes, he should be refined but he is not.
Twain uses satire with the Grangerfords by making fun of Emmeline, who keeps a notebook full of notations like car wrecks, other kinds of bad luck, and suffering because she would later use those records to compose poetry.
The Grangeford's are also used for Twain to point out the hypocrisy of people. They are "church goers" and one of Mr. Grangerford's sermons is about brotherly love yet his family is feuding with another family for a reason no one can remember.
Examples of imagery in Chapter 19 include the days and nights swimming by, sliding along slowly. e read about the bullfrogs "a-cluttering" (323) and the cool breeze "fanning" (323) their faces. The intent on this scene is to bring the woods alive for the reader.…
Clemens, Samuel. "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn." The Heath Anthology of American
Literature. Lauter, Paul, ed. Lexington D.C. Heath and Company. 1990. Print.
Furthermore, when his little brother starts playing the piano and gradually produces better music the narrator and all of the people in the club are captivated, making it obvious that Sonny believed that his passion could surpass heroin in putting his suffering behind.
The devastating news that the narrator's uncle was murdered has a somewhat beneficial effect on the narrator, given that he takes on the role of caring for himself and the rest of the family. Suffering and the diverse methods through which it can be subdued is the main theme of the short story. The suffering produced by the fact that society rejects him influences Sonny's passion for playing the piano. The drug bust makes the narrator aware that he does not know Sonny and that his brother is completely alone, inducing a feeling of remorse. Later on, with the narrator's daughter, Gracie, dying because of polio, the…
Baldwin, James. (1965). Going to Meet the Man -- "Sonny's Blues." Dial Press.
Likewise, "A Good Man is Hard to Find" by Flannery O'Connor illustrates the cruelties of modern life. It too begins with ominous foreshadowing. The efforts of the old grandmother to look beautiful foreshadow her fate: "Her collars and cuffs were white organdy trimmed with lace and at her neckline she had pinned a purple spray of cloth violets containing a sachet. In case of an accident, anyone seeing her dead on the highway would know at once that she was a lady." The attitude of the family is evident early on when visiting a roadside diner: "No I certainly wouldn't,' June Star said. 'I wouldn't live in a broken-down place like this for a million bucks!' And she ran back to the table." The intrusion of the Misfit into the 'happy' (yet really unhappy) middle-class family's ordinary road trip ironically highlights the pettiness of their concerns, rather than the serial…
Elder, Walter. "That Region." The Kenyon Review. 17.4. (Autumn, 1955): 661-670.
October 7, 2008 06:02 Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4333623
Jackson, Shirley. "The Lottery." Classic Short Stories. October 7, 2008. http://www.classicshorts.com/stories/lotry.html
Lootens, Tricia. "Shirley Jackson: A Study of the Short Fiction by Joan Wylie Hall." South
ho is the main character in the story (choose between Sonny and the narrator)? Also, explain why then you consider the other man to be a minor character.
The main character of the story is without a doubt the narrator. This is because the narrator is the one who is doing all of the experiencing in the film. The narrator is the one who discovers the news about Sonny and is the one who receives all information and who processes all information. Truly the narrator is the one who sets the tone and who introduces all thoughts and impressions to the reader. ithout the narrator, the reader would not have any information about the past and present, and while all of this information does revolve around Sonny, essentially the narrator is the one who is engaging in all of the actions and discoveries in the story. In fact,…
Baldwin, J. (2012). Sonny's Blues. Retrieved from swcta.net: http://swcta.net/moore/files/2012/02/sonnysblues.pdf
Gioia, D. (2001). "Sonny's Blues." Retrieved from ablongman.com: http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1477/1512649/essays/jbgioia.html
Identity Themes in Praisesong for the idow by Paule Marshall and Confessions of a Mask by Mishima
As marginalized people from around the world gain their voice in print, contemporary interpretations of identity become especially timely and relevant. Indeed, in an increasingly globalized world where multiculturalism is the norm rather than the exception, an analysis of how identity is perceived by these diasporic peoples is timely and relevant. To this end, this paper provides a comparative analysis of the identity themes in Praisesong for the idow by Paule Marshall and Confessions of a Mask by Mishima, including an examination of these issues in the peer-reviewed and scholarly literature. Finally, a summary of the research concerning these identity themes and important findings are presented in the conclusion.
Review and Analysis
Praisesong for the idow by Paule Marshall
Although people form an individual sense of identity over time, this sense change can…
Alexander, Simone A. Mother Imagery in the Novels of Afro-Caribbean Women. Colombia, MO:
University of Missouri Press, 2001.
Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge,
Sorkin's book does a good job of giving the details on what happened among Lehman Brothers, Barclays, JP Morgan, Goldman Sachs, the Fed, and Big Gov following the collapse. Essentially, everyone had egg on his face -- but some of the bigger powers had the muscle to save face -- and sink competitors at the same time: which is exactly what Goldman Sachs did to Lehman. Goldman had been placing its cronies in the hite House for years -- and it would now go through the hite House to see who got bailed out and who did not. AIG got one -- because it owed a large chunk to Goldman (who had figured out the game ahead of time and started betting against itself by buying insurance through AIG). Sorkin's work is a work full of the kind of details that other writer's like Taibbi and Lewis do not take…
Lewis, Michael M. The Big Short: Inside the Doomsday Machine. New York, NY: W.
W. Norton & Company, 2010. Print.
Sorkin, Andrew. Too Big to Fail: the inside story of how Wall Street and Washington
fought save the financial system -- and themselves. New York, NY: Penguin, 2010. Print.
If this is the case, then it seems unlikely that Dubliners would have nothing to do with Joyce's actual life while his other books would. Given this opinion, and the understanding that Joyce faced - in some way or another - many of the problems that the characters in Dubliners faced, it is almost impossible to say that Dubliners is not just a touch autobiographical in some ways. This is not meant to imply that Joyce used himself for characters in the book, but only that much of what he was thinking and feeling carried over to the feeling and tone of the book while it was being written.
Another good indication of this is the length of time that it took Joyce to write Dubliners, which would indicate that he likely struggled with the book to some degree. It seems as though most writers do struggle with books that…
Ellmann, Richard. (1965). James Joyce. New York: Oxford UP.
Hart, Clive. (1969). James Joyce's Dubliners Critical Essays. London: Faber & Faber.
James Joyce - Life stories, books, and links. (n.d.). Today in Literature. http://www.todayinliterature.com/biography/james.joyce.asp#biography
Joyce, James. (1991). Dubliners. Dover Publications, Unabridged Edition.
Kate Chopin, "The Story of an Hour"
Kate Chopin's 1894 short story "The Story of An Hour" depicts a major event in a minimalist fashion -- most of the action of the tale takes place in the mind of the protagonist, Louise Mallard. The story fits well with modern summaries of Chopin's achievement in longer fiction: her well-known novel The Awakening, published five years after "The Story of An Hour," would revisit many of the same themes depicted in the earlier story, but will dramatize them in large broad colorful strokes, endeavoring accurately to depict the vanishing world of Creole New Orleans at the same time as they depict, in Martha Cutter's words, "stronger, less conventional female characters" (Cutter 34). In his survey of the nineteenth century American novel, Gregg Crane notes that in The Awakening "Chopin convincingly dramatizes how an unnameable and relatively faint discontent grows into a very…
Bender, Bert. "Kate Chopin's Quarrel with Darwin Before The Awakening." Journal of American Studies 26.2 (Aug 1992): 185-204. Print.
Berkove, Lawrence I. "Fatal Self-Assertion in Kate Chopin's 'The Story of an Hour'." American Literary Realism 32.2 (Winter 2000): 152-8. Print.
Crane, Gregg. The Cambridge Companion to the Nineteenth Century American Novel. New York and London: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Print.
Cutter, Martha J. "Losing the Battle but Winning the War: Resistance to Patriarchal Discourse in Kate Chopin's Short Fiction." Legacy 11.1 (1994): 17-36. Print.
Bedside Story" by Mitsuye Yamada, a father relates an "old Japanese legend" to his young daughter (2). The legend involves an old woman who seeks shelter in "many small villages," looking for a place to stay for the night (6). In response to her petitions, "each door opened ... then closed," (9; 12). Finally, after an evening of rejections the old woman climbs a hill and lays down to rest. When she reaches the top the full moon peeks out from behind a cloud and the old woman is overcome with gratitude. She calls out "in supplication" and in immense gratitude for having been refused a place to stay (29). Were it not for the villagers' refusing her a bed, she might never have beheld the natural beauty of the full moon. When the father recounts this tale to his daughter in modern-day Seattle, the meaning of the story falls…
drama is tragic not only because of Willy Loman's suicide, but because he has left his family with nothing, and his sons with no hopes and abilities of their own.
Brief overview of the play
Argument for tragedy
Pro argument for tragedy
Con argument against tragedy
What the critics say
Death of a Salesman as Tragedy
This paper analyzes the play Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller. Specifically, it discusses the definition of tragedy by Aristotle, and research if it is correct to label the play as a tragedy.
Death of a Salesman is indeed a tragedy of epic proportions. The drama is tragic not only because of Willy Loman's suicide, but because he has left his family with nothing, and his sons with no hopes and abilities of their own.
Arthur Miller wrote Death of a Salesman in 1948,…
Adamczewski, Zygmunt. The Tragic Protest. The Hague: M. Nijhoff, 1963.
Amsden, Robert. "Aristotle's Definition of Tragedy." Ripon College. 2002. 29 Aug. 2005.
Bloom, Harold. Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea House, 1988.
Pranksters and Intersubjectivity
The Concept of Intersubjectivity in the Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test
Ken Kesey and the Merry Pranksters were led by a kind of nouveau-culture that had sprung out of the Beat movement like Athena out of the head of Zeus when struck by a hammer. The hammer that struck the Beat poets, of course, was LSD -- better known as acid -- an integral (and legal) ingredient in the search for intersubjectivity. Tom Wolfe's The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test is a chronicle of the Pranksters' attempt at intersubjective transcendence -- the melding of all minds into one, through drug-induced states. Wolfe's narrative style is an attempt to put into words the exact experience of the Pranksters' intersubjectivity -- yet, Wolfe, himself a master stylist and satirist, uses the narrative not only to chronicle but also to expose the absurdity at the core of the "transcendent" effort of this…
In a sense, Paul buried it when he buried the rabbit. She will look back at that place and see it as a time when things shifted in her world. Miranda lost the tomboy little girl and exchanged her for a girl facing all the pains and pitfalls of adulthood. Again, it is impossible to find blame in this tale. Miranda wanted to see the bunnies as much as Paul wanted to kill the rabbit. Perhaps Porter dismissed the memory because in real life, her bother was punished. In reality, he could not have stopped her from looking. The bright light shining behind his 12-year-old face is a symbol of redemption. As an adult, Porter can see why she told on her brother and she can also see how the event could not have played out any other way. The symbols in this story help us see these truths.
By Robert H. Brinkmeyer Jr. "On the Conclusion of the Story." Ebsco Resource Database.Web.
5 Apr. 2010.
DeMouy, Jane Krause. "Male and Female He Created Them." Katherine Anne Porter's Women:
The Eye of Her Fiction. University of Texas Press, 1983. Gale Group, 2001. Literature
The umbrella is a symbol of protection. It begins in the boy's hands and ends in the girl's. At first he is reluctant to share it with her, though he wants to -- his shyness does not allow him to be so bold. She simply wants to share in the holding of the umbrella with him -- because it is his and he is holding it. By the end of the story, she is holding the umbrella, and she cannot bring herself to return it. Her taking it suggests to the boy that now they are united -- she can share in the protection the umbrella affords against the weather. In this sense, the umbrella becomes a symbol of marriage -- which is a kind of institution that offers protection to two people against the inclemency of time and space. Her nature causes her to want to be close to…
Perhaps the clearest and most direct way to make the reading and general learning experience more personally relevant, however, is to include an analysis of text-to-self-connections in reading lesson plans and tasks. Not only does this lead explicitly to every individual developing their own context for reading a given text, making them consciously aware of the different perspectives that exist in literature and in the wider world, but a lack of ability to connect to specific texts can bring to light subtle yet profound injustices that might exist in he material chosen in many standard curricula (Boyer 1990). In this way, adjustments can be made in the curriculum and one-on-one discussions (or even classroom discussions) can help individual learners connect with texts even through the disparity in culture, class, or age that they might perceive between themselves and the text. That is, the aspect of this separation can itself be…
Baldwin, S.C.; Buchanan, a.M. & Rudisill, M.E. (2007). What Teacher Candidates Learned About Diversity, Social Justice, and Themselves From Service-Learning Experiences. Journal of Teacher Education, 58(4), 315-327
Boyer, E. (1990). Campus Life: In Search of Community. Jossey-Bass.
Farstrup, a.E. (2002). The Value of Diversity. Reading Today, 19.
Grant, C.A. & Sleeter, C.E. (2006). Turning on Learning: Five Approaches for Multicultural Teaching Plans for Race, Class, Gender and Disability. Jossey-Bass.
To that end, throughout the course of his life "he remained convinced that the drug had the potential to counter the psychological problems induced by 'materialism, alienation from nature through industrialisation and increasing urbanisation, lack of satisfaction in professional employment in a mechanised, lifeless working world, ennui and purposelessness in wealthy, saturated society, and lack of a religious, nurturing, and meaningful philosophical foundation of life'." (Telegraph, 1) To Hofmann's view, many of the psychological problems associated with the detachment imposed by modernity could be addressed by guided use of a substance that caused reflection, insight and self-awareness otherwise largely inaccessible.
It was through what was for Hofmann an unwanted combination of premature commercialization and the proliferation which this allowed into the underground market that would cause LSD to earn its dubious reputation and its relationship to recreational rather than psychiatric users. Accordingly, Sandoz would immediately jump on the opportunity to…
Hofmann, A. (1979). LSD-My Problem Child. MAPS.
Hofmann, A.; Wasson, R.G.; Ruck, C.A.P.; Smith, H. & Webster, P. (2008). The Road to Eleusis: Unveiling the Secrete of the Mysteries: 30th Anniversary. North Atlantic Books.
Hofmann Foundation (HF). (1999). The Albert Hofmann Foundation. Hofmann.org.
Nosowitz, D. (2009). LSD Creator Albert Hofmann to Steve Jobs: 'How Was LSD Useful To You?" Gizmodo. Online at http://gizmodo.com/5310549/lsd-creator-albert-hofmann-to-steve-jobs-how-was-lsd-useful-to-you
Good Man is Hard to Find
For the purposes of this essay, I chose Flannery O'Connor's short story "A Good Man is Hard to Find." "A Good Man is Had to Find" is an apt topic for research such as this, because the ambiguity of the story's position regarding a grandmother ultimately responsible for the death of her entire family leads to a wide variety of possible readings, each with its own adherents and defenders. Upon reading this story, I immediately questioned the grandmother's role in the story, and especially whether or not the story portrayed her in a positive or negative light, because although at points in the story she appears positive in contrast to the other characters, she is ultimately shown to be reactive, shortsighted, and altogether incapable of protecting either her family or herself. Using Google Scholar, I searched for academic essays and books discussing "A Good…
Bandy, Stephen . "One of my babies": the misfit and the grandmother." Studies in Short Fiction.
Winter. (1996): 1-7. Print.
Desmond, John. "Flannery O'Connor's Misfit and the Mystery of Evil." Renascence: Essays on Values in Literature. 56. (2004): 129-37. Print.
Evans, Robert C. "Cliches, Superficial Story-Telling, and the Dark Humor of Flannery
It is not intended for the contemplation of the reserved sacrament. Under this new principle, Roman Catholic tabernacles are now set in separate chapels or other more appropriate places (ELCA).
Guidelines for Lutheran Churches
These Churches do not recommend the placement or use of eternal flame lamps in the worship area (ELCA 2011). Doing so will give the erroneous belief that God is present only because of the light or that He is absent if the light is off. Lutheran theology affirms the real presence of Christ in the sacrament and the maintenance of the elements for the sick and the homebound. Some Lutheran congregations keep a clear encased light near the elements to honor or indicate the area where these elements are kept but not to worship them (ELCA).
Symbols at the First Presbyterian Church
An acolyte carries a torch during a liturgical procession (FPCreidsville 2011). This light represents…
Anderson, Sherridan. The Use of Candles as a Symbol in Worship. Canadian Centre for Worship Studies: CCSW and Sherridan Anderson, 2003. Retrieved on May 19, 2011
Anderson, Todd D. The Lord be with You! Church of the Master United Methodist:
Otterbein University, 2011. Retrieved on May 19, 2011 from http://www.chmaster.org/education/articles/worship
James Joyce's autobiographical novel, Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, is a multi-layered story. The author uses many techniques to indicate his surroundings, his attitudes, his maturity and his development. From styles of writing reminiscent of his infancy to youthful diatribes on the validity of the priesthood, Joyce takes us through his youth and his changing mindset. Furthermore, this intricate novel can be read from many different perspectives simultaneously. These perspectives include religious rebellion, sexual confusion, artistic freedom, political conviction, and family influence. It is a maze of vivid images and lucid dreams that define and describe Joyce's early years. It is my opinion that his water imagery most effectively expresses the complexity of Joyce's youthful composition
One of the most intense water images was the first one. The water is dark and dirty and cold. Another student, Welles, whose name is suggestive of water, throws…
Joyce, James, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, 11
"I seek to discern the different analytical techniques Aristotle brings to bear on the problem of what justice is" (Allen, 2004). What is interesting to be noticed is that even in the beginning of the book, when presenting the racial segregation at the high school in Little ock, Allen does not turn to religion to explain or condemn the practice, but to the social principles of the Greek philosopher (Morris, 2006).
Some of these principles promoted by Aristotle and used by Danielle Allen could be succinctly presented as follows:
fluidity of our conceptual universe the power / or lack of power of persuasion the art of generating trust the difference between means and intentions friendship and justice - "if men are friends, there is no need for justice between them whereas merely to be just is not enough - it is also necessary to be friends" (Allen 2004 quoting Aristotle)…
Allen, D., 2004, Talking to Strangers: Anxieties of Citizenship Since Brown V. Board of Education, University of Chicago Press
Morris, L., 2006, Talking to Strangers: Anxieties of Citizenship, Journal of American History
2008, the Institute for Advanced Study, http://www.ias.edlast accessed on December 4, 2008
2005, Danielle Allen, John M. Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs at Ashland University, http://www.ashbrook.org/events/colloqui/2005/allen.htmllast accessed on December 4, 2008
Media Representations of Marriage Coaching
Media Representations of Marriage Counseling
The protagonists of the film are three married couples who are all friends and attend church together. Each couple experiences tension and discontent with their marriages. Rather than each wife and each husband taking personal responsibility for their actions that contributed to the unpleasant state of the marriage, each spouse wishes to force a change upon his/her spouse. While attending a church service one Sunday, the pastor introduces another couple that invites couples in trouble to a marriage retreat in the mountains. When they arrive in the mountains, what the couples think will happen and what they actually experience are vastly different. Through various activities, therapies, and accidents, the couples come to rediscover what they love about each other, ways to strengthen their marriage, as well as ways to improve themselves as individuals. The retreat weekend is an…
Women in War and Violence
Women War and Violence
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the theory of being and becoming, and to discuss how this theory relates to war and violence in Virginia Woolf's portrayal of female characters in her novels. Being and becoming relates the theories of existence, and how one becomes and matures as an entity in society. It is evident throughout Woolf's lifetime that her character's evolve from simple creatures consumed with thoughts of darkness and death, that through a myriad of experiences with power, control, and pain they are able to transform their lives from simple existence into complex portrayals of beauty and lives that reflect the art of becoming human beings consumed with the beauty of all life has to offer.
To understand being and becoming, and how this relationship exists with regard to war and violence, and further with Woolf…
Dalsimer, K. 2002. Virginia Woolf: Becoming a writer. Yale University Press.
"Foundation of Activity Theory." Chapter 2: Being and becoming-ontology and the conception of evolution in activity theory. Pp.79-172. In, Karpatschof, B. 2000. Human activity. Contributions to the Anthropological Sciences from a perspective of activity theory. Copenhagen: Dansk Psychologist Forlag.
Johns, C. 2009. Becoming a reflective practitioner. John Wiley and Sons.
Lee, H. 1997. Virginia Woolf, Chapter 1. Books, The NY Times Company, Alfred A. Knopf.
Redefining the Role of Alcohol and Drinking in Life
The common perception is that consuming alcohol in social settings is a prerequisite for enjoying a social event and being supportive of its organizers. This is especially the case in colleges and university parties, where alcohol consumption is often seen and promoted as a perquisite for social approval (Turrisi, Mallett, Mastroleo, Larimer, 2006). It's not surprising to see the expectation of the more one drinks, the greater the level of social acceptance and approval. inge drinking then becomes more of a proxy for social acceptance and less of an activity just for pleasure (Rose, Smith, Segrist, 2010). In observing this dynamic, it is clear that the more socially insecure a person is, the more they are willing to drink heavily to the point of nearly passing out to gain social acceptance (Rose, Smith, Segrist, 2010).
Analysis of Cause and Effect of…
Rose, P., Smith, S.T., & Segrist, D.J. (2010). Too cheap to chug: Frugality as a buffer against college-student drinking. Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 9(3), 228.
Turrisi, R., Mallett, K.A., Mastroleo, N.R., & Larimer, M.E. (2006). Heavy drinking in college students: Who is at risk and what is being done about it? The Journal of General Psychology, 133(4), 401-20.
Memento and Narrative Closure
On first glance, it is difficult to apply the adjective of "satisfying" on a level of expectations or of 'questions' to the filmic narrative of "Memento." Christopher Nolan's motion picture 'feels' open-ended as cinema. It is structurally in violation of the supposed commandments of filmmaking. At the beginning the reader is introduced to 'Teddy' and 'Lenny,' the latter of whom has no short-term memory, and lives in a quest to avenge his murdered wife. At the end of the film, he is still on his quest -- but only after killing Teddy because Teddy has revealed the uncomfortable truth that in fact it was Lenny who killed his wife, in anger after she transgressed because of her frustration with dealing with Lenny's mental incapacity.
The film evolves in a lurching back and forth fashion, mainly through flashbacks, but anchored by scenes of Teddy and Lenny,…
Abbot, H. Porter. The Cambridge Introduction to Narrative. Chapters 11 and 12. Accessible on the World Wide Web at http://www.soc.ucsb.edu/projects/ct4/pages/Readings/Abbott.html
Memento. (2000) Directed by Christopher Nolan.
Khirbet Khizeh by S. Yizhar, in particular the 28 Ibis edition, concludes with intended irony. In particular it is seen through Shulman's afterword through relation to the 1949 novel to modern peace activism within the Palestinian/Israeli region as seen on page 131: Through the carrying of signs both in Arabic and Hebrew, for the benefit of soldiers and villagers alike, including the press, 'No More Khirbet Khizehs' (Yizhar, De Lange & Dweck, 2008). What was intended through this was that no longer would there be events like the one that happened in Khirbet. However because Khirbet Khizeh is not an actual region or historical event, the irony lies in the fact that this fictitious event could never be replicated because it never truly happened. Shulman then creates a confusion of reality and fiction through his unintentionally ironic message. In essence the novel is an example of political critique and literature.…
Yizhar, S., De Lange, N., & Dweck, Y. (2008). Khirbet Khizeh (1st ed.). Jerusalem, Israel: Ibis Editions.
Intercultural Communication Leadership
1) The advice was basically correct. There are a couple of issues hampered the team that relate to leadership. First, there is only so much Porter can do as a minor league manager with respect to the talent on the field, but he must recognize that talent has a leadership dynamic to it. He needs to ensure that there are strong leaders in the locker room who are among the players expected to be there for the entire season – the ability to maintain leadership in the room even when the on-field leaders move onwards is important. Losing talent does not have to mean losing leadership.
As for himself, it is clear that the laissez-faire leadership style was ineffective. That style of leadership works best when the people on the team are already strong leaders, and clearly the call-ups eroded the leadership group on the team. So…
Called a “beautiful parental love poem” (Zandy vii) and “a meditation on the fraught love between fathers and sons,” (“Those Winter Sundays” 1) Robert Hayden’s poem “Those Winter Sundays” captures the conflict between the American Dream and the Great Depression. Hayden’s poem is brief and to the point, its imagery straightforward rather than cloaked in symbolism. As such, the poem reveals itself to the reader and remains dedicated to revealing its main theme related to the generation gap between parents and their children. Deeper analyses and historical context also show that Hayden conveyed the intricacies of intersectionality: particularly between race, class, and gender. Imagery is central to Hayden’s delivery and to the conveyance of the main themes of “Those Winter Sundays.”
The title of the poem immediately envelops the reader in the narrator’s landscape: the cold, brutal “blueback cold” of the American Midwest (Hayden line 2). Hayden was himself from…
That is, though Giuliani received an insight from a simple and unplanned observation, he would not have had this insight is he had not spent a great deal of his time concerned with precisely the problem that this insight addressed. Giuliani and the two other business partners had been trying fruitlessly to develop a working prototype of their sonic toothbrush, and though this work was all scrapped in favor of the new design, the work was not wasted. Rather, it was necessary in order to provide the context and the circumstances for Giuliani's sudden insight. The idea for what would become the Sonicare toothbrush did not spring fully formed out of the ocean waves like a Minerva/Venus crossbreed, but rather the observation of the ocean waves and their erosion provided Giuliani with the final piece of a puzzle he had been working on for a long time.
Giuliani's funding solution…
Again this cannot be turned on or off in a founder, CEO or President of a company, it has to be engrained over years of commitment to the ideals. The biography of Marc Benioff for example and his messianic crusades in oracle under founder and CEO Larry Ellison to start Oracle Charitable Trust and other organization is a case in point. As Salesforce.com began an ascent in sales and global expansion became easier due to increased capital to invest, Marc Benioff still stayed true to his core beliefs that doing well by doing good, being transparent and investing in socially responsible programs was part of the company's DNA, as he says in his latest book. International entrepreneurs would do well to study Mr. Benioff because he has found an approach that capitalizes on his passion for social responsibility globally with the ability to expand into new markets using a highly…
Beth Barbee. 2005. ethics of... ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Baylor Business Review 22, no. 2, (April 1): 42.
Bernoff, J., and C. Li. 2008. Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review 49, no. 3, (April 1): 36-42.
Brenkert, G.. 2009. Innovation, rule breaking and the ethics of entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing 24, no. 5, (September 1): 448.
Robbin Derry. 2002. SEEKING a BALANCE: A CRITICAL PERSPECTIVE on ENTREPRENEURSHIP and the GOOD SOCIETY. Ruffin Series in Business Ethics: Ethics and Entrepreneurship (January 1): 197-207.
From children to adults, we see how their world is colored by preconceived notions. hen Roberta declares that she is "Mrs. Kenneth Norton," we realize she has "arrived." Twyla understands what it means to take on such a name and immediately assume that Roberta is wealthy. She is correct in her assumption when Roberta confesses that she has two servants. Roberta has no interest in what her husband does as all she knows about his work is that it involves "Computers and stuff. hat do I know?" (Morrison). hile they are reminiscing, Roberta says, "Oh, Twyla, you know how it was in those days: black-white. You know how everything was." (Morrison). This statement causes Twyla to admit that she did not know what Roberta was speaking about but it also demonstrates how children are instilled with preconceived notions. The girls were not aware of the reasons behind their behavior. However,…
Morrison, Toni. "Recitatif." Textbook. Editor. City: Publisher. Year. Print.
Walker, Alice. "Everyday Use." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction. Cassill, R.V., ed. New
York W.W. Norton and Company. 1981. Print.
There is much to the assertion by Nachman Syrkin that the Jews have persisted in history because the performed a socio-economic function that other peoples did not want to do or could not do. In his 1898 "The Jewish Problem and the Socialist Jewish State, " Syrkin lays out these ideas. Regarding this, Syrkin argued that a classless society and national sovereignty were the only means of solving the Jewish question completely. He felt that this social revolution would be the key to the normalization of the Jewish condition. ith this in mind, he argued that the Jew must therefore join the proletariat as the only way to end class struggle and redistribute power justly. Since the bourgeoisie betrayed the principles of liberalism, then Jews must be the torchbearers of Socialism.
hile Syrkin is many times seen as working on his own, however he had predecessors and contemporaries who had…
Borochov, Ber. "The national question and the class struggle." 1997. In the Zionist idea.
Edited by Arthur Hertzberg, 355-360. New York: Jewish Publication Society.
Hess, Moses. "Rome and Jerusalem." 1997. In the Zionist idea. Edited by Arthur
Hertzberg, 120-139. New York: Jewish Publication Society.
As the company's Web site points out, "We recognize our continued success depends on our ability to attract, develop and retain a highly competent workforce and on the creative, effective and productive use of human resources. Therefore, Continental is committed to a work environment that provides equal employment opportunity" (Diversity and inclusion, 2010, para. 30). The company's stated diversity policy is as follows:
1. Continental affords equal opportunity for employment to all qualified individuals, regardless of age, citizenship, color, disability, gender, national origin, race, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, genetic information, or veteran status.
2. Continental makes all personnel decisions, such as compensation, benefits, transfers, layoffs, returns from layoff, opportunities for company-sponsored training, education, and other programs without regard to age, citizenship, color, disability, gender, national origin, race, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, genetic information, or veteran status.
3. As part of its continued commitment to equal employment opportunity, Continental…
Burke, R.J. & Cooper, C.L. (2005). Reinventing human resources management: Challenges and new directions. London: Routledge.
Authors provide an overview of the recent HR initiatives that have been shown to improve organizational performance and examine how practitioners need to reevaluate their approaches in order to satisfy future demands. Of particular interest was the guidance concerning the need to ensure that diversity management practices are in place and that these initiatives are not simply relabeled affirmative action programs but are rather specifically targeted at recruiting and retaining qualified minority candidates.
Career opportunities. (2010). Continental Airlines. Retrieved from http://www.continental.
For instance, in the wife's poem, "she talked about what she had felt at the time, about what went through her mind when the blind man touched her nose and lips." The touching of the nose and lips is juxtaposed against the touching of emotions. Finally, the narrator achieves his epiphany via the sense of touch directly at the end of the story when Robert guides his hand towards a new level of insight. The narrator is literally and figuratively touched.
Finally, the literary elements converge to create irony. After all, the blind man possesses greater insight into the human condition than a sighted man. The blind man intuitively knows that the television is color instead of black and white -- not because he can see it with his eyes but because of what he senses from being around his hosts. The narrator's prejudices about the world are formed in…
Carver, R. (n.d.). "Cathedral." Retrieved online: http://www.misanthropytoday.com/cathedral-by-raymond-carver-weekend-short-story/
The boy just stood there staring at the pile of clothes and cat food and bows. I went over and asked him if I could do anything but he told me that he was used to it. I wasn't actually all that surprised by his answer.
And so I ask myself: Which story of the family are these two telling themselves? Does the boy know that he is Horus and Apollo? Or does he know that he is Bluebeard in the making? And does the woman yearn to be Demeter? Or is she still aching to be Persephone? Persephone is for Jung a symbol of completeness, for she encompasses opposites -- life and death, mother and daughter, even male and female. The whole eternal cycle of birth through to rebirth.
Then there were two women, well dressed, nice jewelry, standing in the candle aisle. I was there because --…
Jung, C.G. (1966). The practical use of dream analysis in the practice of psychotherapy. Princeton: Princeton University Press: pp 139-161.
Jung, C.G. (2009). The Red book: Liber novus. S. Shamdassani, ED and trans., M. Kyburz and J. Peck, Trans. New York: Norton.
His exorcism begins in the return to Vietnam and his final view of the doomed war. As he was first in, he is among the last out as the North Vietnamese take Saigon.
The postscript was published in 1996 and details some of the anxieties Caputo experienced while writing the memoir and the difficulties he had handling his fame and notoriety after its publication. The author on his experiences that, "My mind shot back a decade, to that day we had marched into Vietnam, swaggering, confident, and full of idealism. e had believed we were there for a high moral purpose. But somehow our idealism was lost, our morals corrupted, and the purpose forgotten (ibid., p. 345)." This is a profound change in his perception of the war when he first came to Vietnam in 1965.
The moral conflict plays through the entire book. The personal choice for him was…
Caputo, Philip. A Rumor of War. New York, NY: Holt Paperbacks, 1996. Print.
Did she on some subconscious level realize this irony and dichotomy? She does not deal with it in her book, but on some Freudian level it is certainly possible that she did.
To recap, both of the authors Elaine Tyler May and Ann Moody see the institution of the family as something that was a mixture of limiting and liberating influences both for men and women during the 1940s, 1950s, and early 1960s, but much less so in the case of Moody's book for blacks. Even the experience of the Civil Rights movement was bittersweet. These limitations were a mixture of good and bad, depending on a person's perspective. As the May book points out, the families that were established by marriages in the 1940s were especially stable.
Moody's family experience was also essentially stable. Religion gave her some succor, but essentially the issues that plagued her due to racial…
May, Elaine Tyler. (1990). Homeward bound: american families in the cold war era. New York City: Basic Books.
Moody, Anne. (1992). Coming of age in Mississippi. New York City: Dell.
While we are shown the fact that Sammy, ogles the girls and makes a queen of the leader. On one hand while he feels no pang in doing so he is disgusted by the butcher's lustful gaze. (Saldivar, 214)
There is rebellion when the manager who is a puritan rebukes the girls. The only outrage that the manager, Lengel, seem to have done is to make the queen blush. Thus Sammy quits his job against an authority that demeans people. The girls seem neither to have noticed the managers' consternation or admonition nor have they noticed Sammy standing up for them. Sammy gains nothing but loses his job in the bargain. (Saldivar, 215)
There was parody of other works for which Updike is noted. Here in this story too, apart from Araby we find the parody of the classic Vanity Fair. Parody of the Vanity Fair can be seen in…
Saldivar, Toni. The Art of John Updike's "A&P." Studies in Short Fiction, vol. 34, no.
2, 1997, pp: 212-216.
Walker, Michael. Boyle's "Greasy Lake" and the Moral Failure of Postmodernism.
Studies in Short Fiction, vol. 31, no. 2, 2002, pp: 245-251.
The most glaringly obvious difference between the tales of Little Red Riding Hood and Little Red Cap is the ending. The Perrault version ends swiftly and gruesomely with no chance of redemption, no moral being taught and no real purpose to the story other than to tell a frightening and entertaining story. The moment the wolf devours Little Red Riding Hood, that is the end. In the Grimm version however, the story continues to evolve long after the wolf swallows the girl. A hunter actually comes along and cuts the wolf's stomach open, gets the grandmother and the little girl out, alive, then kills the wolf by filling his stomach with stones. This is far less sadistic for the humans, but far more sadistic for the wolf. In addition, the vicious wolf-killing doesn't stop there, but continues on after everyone is safe and happy again. The second killing occurs when…
The title character is a foster girl living in Munich during the time of World War II, who lives largely by stealing, and begins adding books to her store of illicit goods and takings when she is taught to read by her foster father. She and the cast of characters she shares her treasured books with find them a welcome escape from the fearful and hungry lives they lead. The slice of history that is presented in the book along with the fiction of the story itself makes this as much an educational novel as it is a coming of age story, and the plot touches on many other deeper and more universal themes, as well. Narrated by Death, it is known that doom eventually comes to each of the characters, but the mechanisms by which this occurs and the poignancy of the tale maintains both suspense and enjoyment of…
Corn as a sweetener -- yes indeed, ketchup and to cook French fries -- all without providing the basic nutritional needs and taking more from the environment that is given back (pp. 109-19).
Today, my epiphany began with a Sunday morning ritual -- a trip to Starbucks for a Caramel Breve and pastry, while working on the Sunday crossword puzzle. It occurred to me that this would be an interesting test of the Pollan theory; trace the ingredients for a simple breakfast. First, the coffee plant certainly benefits from human consumption because of the vast amounts now used for the megagiant roasters. Second, Starbucks is one of those companies that puts the richest countries in contract with the poorest countries to mass produce the goods and services necessary. This $3.00 drink probably produced less than a percentage of a penny to the local farmer; then even less to the roaster.…
Buck, C. (November/December 2010). The Omnivore's Agenda: An Interview
With Anthony Bourdain. Cited in:
Levine, Ketzel. (6/4/2001). Interview with Michael Pollan on a Plant's Eye View
While both gender and race are positionalities that are difficult to hide (not that one should need or want to, anyway), sexual orientation is not necessarily something that is known about a person, and its affects on the learning process can be very different. The very fact that sexual orientation can be hidden can create a situation where the learner closes off, hiding not only their sexuality but demurring away from other opportunities of expression and engagement as well. Conversely, if an individual with an alternative sexuality was open about this fact, it could very well cause discomfort in other adult learners who have a marked generational bias against many alternative sexualities and lifestyles (Cain). Both situations could provide useful grounds for personal growth in self-acceptance and self-security, for the learner of a minority sexual orientation and for the other learners in the class, respectively (Cain).
Situated Cognition v. Experiential…
Cain, M. "Theorizing the effects of class, gender, and race on adult learning in nonformal and informal settings."
Cranton, P. (2002). "Teaching for transformation." New directions for adult and continuing education 93, pp. 63-71.
Hansman, C. (2001). "Context-based adult learning." New directions for adult and continuing education 89, pp. 63-71.
Isopahkala-Bouret, U. 92008). "Transformative learning in managerial role transitions." Studies in continuing education 30(1), pp. 69-84.
death conveniently resolves the problem of the murder of the Soc and is followed within hours as Whissen puts it, "Dally is made into a tragic antihero. He 'fought for Johnny,' and when Johnny dies, Dally, too, must die. And what he dies for is the absence of fairness in the world, for as all teenagers know, life is anything but fair. Again, though, where adults may guffaw at the sentimental silliness of Dally's way of death, Hinton makes it all quite credible -- even moving" (p. 185).
These events also serve as the basis for Ponyboy redeeming himself academically with his English teacher who cautions him that, "Pony, I'll give it to you straight. You're failing this class right now, but taking into consideration the circumstances, if you come up with a good semester theme, I'll pass you with a C. grade" (p. 178). After calling his English teacher…
Bereska, T.M. (2003). The changing boys' world in the 20th century: Reality and "fiction." the
Journal of Men's Studies, 11(2), 157.
Herz, S.K. & Gallo, D.R. (1996). From Hinton to Hamlet: Building bridges between young adult literature and the classics. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Hinton, S.E. (1967). The outsiders. New York: Viking Press.
Therefore, the setup necessarily involves a description/understanding of the characters and their relationships to each other, themselves, and their environment. This is the basis for the entire story, or the "setup."
5. Talk about the need for "concrete action" -- be sure to refer to internal and external actions.
Without concrete action, there is no story -- just people thinking and talking, if that. Concrete action provides compelling reasons for more action, and is the driving force behind the story and the story itself. Internal action can be an important decision made by a character, or actions that occurred before the time of the screenplay that influence decisions/actions within. Internal action almost always leads to external action; physical interaction with the environment/other characters that moves the plot forward.
6. "Beats" are units of action in a screenplay. In class, we've used a system of beats called plusses minuses. Explain plusses…
Third is a series of passwords and personal information chosen by the customer. On top of this they guarantee customers that if they are victims of fraudulent activity on their Egg accounts, any losses are covered in full. "This has never happened," says Andrew. "There has never been any breach of internet security." ("- -- : Safety Net for" 2001:44)
Again internet and bank security are largely overexagertated yet they are occurring more frequently all banks and many other institutions are taking daily active precautions to reduce risk to customers and they are largely successful in doing so Electronic banking can take many forms. A recent trend that is a direct threat to banks is the development of e-money which takes the jurisdiction of stored financial value away from banks. The trend is growing as an alternative way in which to do online commerce transactions without utilizing bank systems including…
Figure 5 Online Banking and Ecommerce in Europe (Meyer 2006: http://www.dbresearch.com/PROD/DBR_INTERNET_EN-PROD/PROD0000000000196129.pdf )
Figure 6 Security Breech Experience is Rare in Europe (Meyer 2006:
A deep and horrifying malaise hangs over
the images described here. To be sure, it seems that there is something
more than just the changing of the seasons which affects the speaker and
which afflicts his perspective so dramatically. He tells that "Then one
hot day when fields were rank / ith cowdung in the grass the angry frogs /
Invaded the flax-dam; I ducked through hedges / To a coarse croaking that I
had not heard / Before." (Heaney, 1)
This is a moment of ominous dread. The optimistic cycle where death
had given way to life in the first stanza-a decidedly naturalist embrace of
the wonder that is life-is now described as a threatening and mysterious
force somewhat beyond the comprehension or experience of the young speaker.
The language becomes decidedly more aggressive and far bleaker, describing
'gross-bellied frogs,' with a 'slap and plop' like 'obscene threats.' He…
Forbes, C. (2005). Seamus Heaney. Poetry Archive. Online at
Heaney, S. (1991). Death of a Naturalist. Faber and Faber.
Ireland, C. (2008). Heaney 'catches the heart off guard.' Harvard
6). Pi is, therefore, on the level of philosophical discourse because many other mathematical problems elucidated by the ancients have since been solved. Arndt et al. claim that pi is "possibly the one topic within mathematics that has survived the longest," (6). Initial pi explorations may have been prehistoric. Ancient Egyptians and Mesopotamians later developed systems of writing and mathematics that enabled rigorous investigations into crucial problems. In 1650 BCE, ancient Egyptian scribe Ahmes recorded what are likely the first formulas for pi. The formulas are written on what is referred to as the Egyptian hind Papyrus (Eymard, Lafon & Wilson).
The Ahmes formulas relate the circle to the square, foreshadowing further investigations into pi by the Greeks. The Egyptians were therefore the first to record attempts to "square the circle," or relate the area of a square to that of a circle in search of a constant variable that…
Arndt, Jorg, Haenel, Christoph, Lischka, Catriona & Lischka, David. Translated by Catriona Lischka, David Lischka. Springer, 2001
Beckman, Petr. A History of Pi. Macmillan, 1971.
Berggren, Lennart, Borwein, Jonathan M. & Borwein, Peter B. Pi, A source book. Springer, 2004.
Blatner, David. The Joy of Pi. Walker, 1999.
For much of the movie, Robert akefield is the main antagonist. akefield represents the American government's complicity in perpetuating an outmoded political policy. Thus, Traffic portrays the American government's ar on Drugs as being antithetical to American values. akefield is initially blind to his daughter's plight, and is depicted as being too career-driven and closed-minded to notice that the ar on Drugs is a war on his family and his country. However, akefield does wake up. At the end of the movie he perceives the connection between his actions as Drug Czar and the supply chain his daughter has access to. akefield's awakening is Soderbergh's call to America to end the ar on Drugs policy.
Traffic ends on a note of optimism while also leaving the ar on Drugs unresolved. Soderbergh seems aware that United States drug policy will not change any time soon. The film also offers a scathing…
Cafferty, J. (2009). Commentary: War on drugs is insane. Retrieved April 12, 2009 from http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/03/31/cafferty.legal.drugs/index.html
Drug Policy Alliance Network. What's Wrong With the Drug War? Retrieved April 12, 2009 from http://www.drugpolicy.org/drugwar/
Greer, M. (2009). Drug War Clock. Retrieved April 12, 2009 from http://www.drugsense.org/wodclock.htm
"Timeline: America's War on Drugs." NPR. April 2, 2007. Retrieved April 12, 2009 from
Both men suffer, and both men have to continue living with that suffering, while losing the people they care about the most. That tragedy is even more apparent in Dove's work, with the misunderstanding about Augustus and what he managed to do in the plantation house. His fate seems more tragic, somehow, because he is being commended for something that he did not do, and is being treated as a hero when in fact he is nothing of the sort. He will have to live up to that reputation in the slave community and it is clear that he will not be able to continue that pretense for very long.
In conclusion, both of these plays use the central theme of incest for different purposes. Dove uses it to illustrate the enduring images of slavery, relationships between blacks and whites and how they were skewed, and how slaves were abused…
Bloom, Harold, ed. Black American Women Poets and Dramatists. New York: Chelsea House, 1996.
Carlisle, Theodora. "Reading the Scars: Rita Dove's the Darker Face of the Earth." African-American Review 34.1 (2000): 135.
Dove, Rita. "The Darker Face of the Earth." American Theatre Nov. 1996: 33+.
The Darker Face of Earth. 2nd ed. Brownsville: Storyline P, 1996.
Man's struggle against the absurd emerges in Ivan Ilych's death, as he contemplates the meaning of his life. Psychological alienation results as Ivan begins to doubt his existence. Nabokov explains, "Egotism, falsity, hypocrisy, and above all automatism are the most important moments of life" (Nabokov 239). Nature, by means of death, removes all of the things to which Ivan has become accustomed. He is dying and that is all that matters. As he asks himself if he lived his life the right way, he begins to feel compassion for others. Here we see how Ivan must face the fact that the things he believed in and lived for were worthless. The absurdity is that the man had to die in order to realize certain truths about his life.
The Metamorphosis," and "The Death of Ivan Ilych," are stories that demonstrate man's psychological and spiritual struggles through absurd experiences. By capturing…
Goldfarb, Sheldon. "Critical Essay on 'The Metamorphosis.' Short Stories for Students. 2001. GALE Resource Database. Site Accessed March 10, 2009. http://www.infotrac.galegroup.com
Hibbard, John. "The Metamorphosis: Overview." Reference Guide to World Literature. 2nd ed. 1995. GALE Resource Database. Site Accessed March 10, 2009.
.." As the youth is in a constant state of seeking, eternally about to experience the joy of a first kiss.
Relatable Human Emotion
Though Keats means for the symbols to be expressed as unknown through the expression of curiosity about who these individuals might be: "hat leaf-fringed legend haunts about thy shape/
Of deities or mortals, or of both,/
In Tempe or the dales of Arcady?/
hat men or gods are these? hat maidens loth? / hat mad pursuit? hat struggle to escape?
hat pipes and timbrels? hat wild ecstasy?" This device makes the images even more approachable, as the individual viewer can then imagine the depictions as anyone or anything, even when the material is ancient. The modern viewer might not know what god is depicted in the eternal art but he or she can apply any modern character, perhaps even an individual he or she knows. It…
Blackstone, Bernard. The Consecrated Urn: An Interpretation of Keats in Terms of Growth and Form. London: Longmans Green, 1959.
Colvin, Sidney. John Keats: His Life and Poetry, His Friends, Critics and after-Fame. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1917.
Hofmann, Klaus. "Keats's Ode to a Grecian Urn." Studies in Romanticism 45.2 (2006): 251.
Keats, John. "Ode on a Grecian Urn." 905-906.
" I am not saying that Indonesians cannot be rude, but this was not exactly the introduction to American culture that I had been hoping for. Of course, I grabbed my bag and hurried to catch up with the line (which hadn't moved very far, by the way), but as I continued to stand in line with the gruff-voiced American right behind me, I began to grow both embarrassed and angry, with the latter emotion winning.
As my anger grew, however, I came to a sudden epiphany -- the diversity of people surrounding me, all with their own ways of doing things, yet all straining impatiently to get through those airport barriers and into the United States. I decided that though the American might have handled himself a little better, I could hardly blame him for behaving the way he did. We all had the same goal, and we all…
His decision that Jim is worthy of the same consideration as any other man is not only a sign of Huck's growth, but a direct statement that Twain was making to the people reading his book in a very racially divisive time.
Twain also makes many broader statements about humanity in the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. The book is full of many characters who take advantage of others, like the Duke and the King, people who hate and fight senselessly, like the Grangerfords and the Shepherdsons, and even honorable seeming men like Colonel Sherburn, who despite an eloquent speech about honor and the common man's cowardice shot and killed a defenseless drunk. Huck has a major epiphany when he sees the Duke and King, who have betrayed Huck and everyone else they met, tarred and feathered. Despite their actions against him and their obvious lack of regard for others, Huck…
He then understood that the human mind is eternally alone, and thus must force through the journey of life alone.
His first move as a solitary being is to embrace what he had previously denied -- the physical world. Through his meeting of Kamala, he begins to open himself up to allow the external world to influence him in ways he had never experienced before. He began to feel desirous of external wants, and thus breaks completely away from his previous understanding of spirituality. Yet despite understanding to his desire, he still shows restraint through controlling who he physically loves; thus showing how sex is important in exploring the physical external world.
He then connects himself further with the world of the average people, whom he would have never been able to connect with in his life in high society and the religious wanderers.
Yet this life also proves to…