External Relations Essays (Examples)

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External and Internal Recruitment External Recruitment and

Words: 1130 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79602596

External and Internal ecruitment

External recruitment and its strategy at Coca Cola Company

ecruitment refers to an act of enabling employees take after the various roles and responsibilities within an organization. The act of selecting and employing procedures that ends in having employees fill up various responsibilities within an organization is referred to as recruitment. External recruitment refers to a recruitment process that the human resource of an organization moves outside the organization. The officer in charge searches and selects the best employees who are going to fill up the empty positions of responsibilities. Unlike internal recruitment, the mechanisms that are put in place cater for the organization from outside figures. The organization uses its human resource department to search systematically for workers who can be part of the employee fraternity in the organization (Chan, 2006, p. 34-45).

In Coca Cola Company, stakeholders involve external recruitment as it engrosses various…… [Read More]

References

Bayo-Moriones, A & Ortin-Angel, P. (2006). Internal Promotion vs. External Recruitment

in Industrial Plants in Spain. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ISSN 0019-

7939, 04/Volume 59, Issue 3, pp. 451 -- 470

Chan, W. (2006). External Recruitment and Intra-firm Mobility. Economic Inquiry, ISSN
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External Analysis Motorcycle Industry External Analysis of

Words: 1275 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25160441

External Analysis Motorcycle Industry

External Analysis of the Motorcycle Industry

Harley Davidson

Harley Davidson, the heavy-bike manufacturer holds the purpose of fulfilling dreams of personal freedom (Purpose: Harley Davidson, 2013). The company functions in segments of Motorcycles & elated Products and the Financial Services. It is however globally known for heavy bikes that have engine displacement of 651+cc (Harley-Davidson Inc. 2013). The company enjoys a unique position in the market yet it is exposed to many new market challenges in recent future. The demand for heavy bikes has increased among those that are not necessarily filthy rich and other companies are also entering the industry. Here is the PEST analysis of Harley Davidson to study what challenges it is facing in external environment.

PEST Analysis

The PEST analysis offers a detailed picture of how the macro environment factors affect the performance of Harley Davidson. The PEST stands for Political, Economic,…… [Read More]

References

Engel, J., (2013), "Polaris challenges Harley-Davidson with 3 Indian motorcycles," Retrieved

from: http://www.bizjournals.com/milwaukee/blog/2013/08/polaris-challenges-harley-davidson.html?page=all

Harley-Davidson Inc. (2013), Retrieved from:

http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/busi ness/companies/harleydavidson_inc/index.html
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External Environment Analysis if We

Words: 719 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20926505

Annual reports are strong for the breadth of information discussed, but with respect to depth are better used for internal analysis. They provide an overview of external issues but that overview should be supplemented with other research. Trade magazines and academic journals often have very specific articles that may or may not be of relevance to an external analysis. hen they are relevant, they tend to provide excellent detail. Analyst conference calls, as with annual reports, are best used for internal analysis, but in these calls if management feels that external forces were the key factor in firm performance in the past quarter, the discussion will center on that performance. The Bureau of Economic Analysis is valuable for learning about broad economic trends, but those trends are not put into context of the industry. Newspaper articles may be excellent sources, but they can also be useless. Information literacy is required…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Websters Online. (2010). Retrieved May 15, 2010 from http://www.webstersonline.com/searchresults.asp?category1=company&searchvalue=southwest+airlines&state_prov=&search=Search&AddInfo=

FareCompare.com. (2010). Retrieved May 15, 2010 from  http://www.farecompare.com/ 

Bureau of Economic Analysis website:  http://www.bea.gov 

LaMotta, L. (2009). Southwest soars despite fuel costs. Forbes.com. Retrieved May 15, 2010 from  http://www.forbes.com/2009/01/22/southwest-airlines-fuel-markets-equity-cx_lal_0122markets12.html
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External Analysis for Many Companies

Words: 2957 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27325972

This could bring a flood of new competitors to the market. Verizon is working with other wireless providers to gain preferential access to new wavelengths. Previous auctions, including the 2007 auction of the 700 MHz spectrum that Verizon won, came with open-access rules. Verizon is battling the FCC with regards to the regulator's desire for openness rules on all bandwidth, something Verizon considers a threat to be actively combated (Singel, 2009). As a whole, the regulatory environment has become less favorable to the wireless industry of late, with the FCC taking a more active role in micromanaging the industry (Corbin, 2009).

Competitive Environment

An analysis of the competitive environment using Porter's Five Forces model reveals that the competitive environment for Verizon is moderately challenging. There is strong buyer power. The main driver of buyer power in wireless is the low switching cost between providers. Buyers are also savvy and have…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

MSN Moneycentral, various pages. Retrieved October 23, 2009 from http://moneycentral.msn.com/investor/research/newsnap.asp?Symbol=U.S.%3aVZ

Verizon Investor Relations website, various pages. Retrieved October 23, 2009 from http://investor.verizon.com/profile/history/

No author. (2009). The U.S. Economy. EconomyWatch.com. Retrieved October 23, 2009 from  http://www.economywatch.com/world_economy/usa/ 

No author. (2009). Federal Funds. The Federal Reserve Bank. Retrieved October 23, 2009 from http://www.federalreserve.gov/RELEASES/H15/data/Monthly/H15_FF_O.txt
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External Forces There Are a Number of

Words: 1783 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15494508

External Forces

There are a number of forces that will impact the strategy of Hot ings. The legal and regulatory environment governs a number of different aspects of the business, from licensing to human resources policies to food handling and other aspects of the business. There are regulations at the federal, state, municipal and possibly county levels. Food handling and alcohol are the most important elements within the regulatory environment as violations of these regulations can result in shut down, legal action or the closing off of revenue streams. Proper training must be given to all staff with respect to the different food and alcohol regulations in order to keep the business running.

The economic environment is of critical importance because the number of times people eat or drink outside of the home is dictated in large part by their disposable income. In good economic times, people go out more…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Chathoth, P.; Tse, E. & Olsen, M. (2005). Turnaround strategy: A study of restaurant firms. International Journal of Hospitality Management. Vol. 25 (4) 602-622.

Food Product Design. (2010). Economy key to casual, fine dining recovery. Food Product Design. Retrieved March 28, 2011 http://www.foodproductdesign.com/news/2010/11/economy-key-to-casual-fine-dining-recovery.aspx

Hamilton, R. (2010). Defending against threats to intellectual property. In Defense of Data. Retrieved March 28, 2011 from http://www.entrepreneur.com/2011/01/-all-through-the-recession.php

Horovitz, B. (2008). Casual dining chains hunger for change. USA Today. Retrieved March 28, 2011 from http://www.usatoday.com/money/industries/food/2008-10-13-casual-dining-restaurants_N.htm
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External Influences on Health Care Healthcare Today

Words: 785 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37796431

External Influences on Health Care

Healthcare today is changing dramatically. The entire structure of healthcare here in the United States completely changed on January 1, 2014. With the completion of the Patient Protection and Affordable Healthcare Act, the old way of healthcare went through a drastic evolution. This was called for by both the people and the government, as previous methods of distributing healthcare were just becoming infeasible. As such, it is clear that there are a wide number of political, legislative, and economic factors that have influenced this dramatic change and will continue to make evolutions in the health care field.

There are definitely political forces at play in regards to the recent healthcare changes, as the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act was a highly controversial law that was deeply opposed by the majority of the epublican Party. Members of Congress who opposed the law so much claimed…… [Read More]

References

ABC News. (2013). Government shutdown 2013: After defeat, tea party promises attacks on healthcare. Health. Web. http://www.wjla.com/articles/2013/10/government-shutdown-2013-after-defeat-tea-party-promises-attacks-on-health-care-95560.html

Henry J. Kaiser Foundation. (2013). Key facts about the uninsured population. Uninsured. Web.  http://kff.org/uninsured/fact-sheet/key-facts-about-the-uninsured-population/ 

Melnik, Jessica & Marquez, Chrysanne. (2012), The legislative Process: And its relation to health policy. Slideshare Healthcare. Web.  http://www.slideshare.net/melnik02/legislation-and-health-care-policy 

Obama Care Facts. (2012). Cost of Obama Care. Obama Care Facts: Dispelling the Myths. Web. http://obamacarefacts.com/costof-obamacare.php
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Policy Brief About EU-Russia Relations

Words: 3997 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66068719

The negative aspect of the matter however, is the limited breakthroughs made at the practical level, as most discussions end in declarative aims, yet no timeline for an actual implementation of them. On the one hand, the European Union did not present itself as very willing to offer economic incentives and aid to the ailing Russian Federation, and on the other hand, Russian opposition forces who argue against a westernization of the country encourage a limited enthusiasm towards an increased cooperation partnership. In this way, both parties, although are engaged in a partnership, act in such a manner as to discourage any advancements of talks.

The stalemate that has continuously characterized the Partnership was obvious in many instances. One moment that was of great importance for the European Union and to which the Russian Federation more or less opposed was the 2004 enlargement process. In that context, "Russia has transmitted…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Baranovsky, Vladimir. "Russia: A Part of Europe or Apart from Europe?" International Affairs Vol. 76, No. 3, Europe: Where Does it Begin and End?. (Jul., 2000), pp. 443-458.

BBC. "EU-Russia relations 'at low ebb'." BBC News. 20 April 2007.  http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/6574615.stm  (accessed 13 December 2007)

Emerson, Michael, and Irina Kobrinskaya. "Russia and the West." Working Paper 2004. European Security Forum. Center for European Policy Studies. International Institute for Strategic Studies.

European Commission. "EU-Russia: Preparations for the Summit on 26 October." European Parliament. Strasbourg, 24 October, 2007. http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=SPEECH/07/653&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en (accessed 13 December 2007)
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European Union Member States Relations With Their Overseas Territories

Words: 17554 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16781713

political framework of EU and OCT

European Union (EU) and Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs) are in association with each other via a system which is based on the provisions of part IV of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU (TFEU), consisting of detailed rules and measures which are laid down in the document issued on 27th November 2001 title Oversees Association Decision. The expiry date of this association decision is 31st December 2013. Stress has been laid down by the European Council in its conclusions issued on 22nd December 2009 that the relationship between OCT and EU should continuously be updated in order to reflect latest developments not only in EU and OCT but thorough out the world. The commission has also been encouraged to make revisions to the Overseas Association Decision and present it in front of the council prior to July 2012 (Hill et al.,…… [Read More]

References

Agnew John, "Geopolitics re-vision world politics," Routledge Taylor & Francies Group, pp 1-5

Alan Taylor, American Colonies: New York: Viking, 2001, pp. 57 -- 8.

Baldwin, David. Ed. Neo-Realism And Neoliberalism: The Contemporary Debate, New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.

Balzacq, T. (Ed.). Understanding securitization theory. The design and evolution of security problems. Oxon: Routledge, 2010.
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U S A and Turkey Diplomatic Relations Events Between

Words: 1203 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18088666

U.S.A and Turkey Diplomatic elations

Events between the U.S. And Turkey since the End of Cold War

Gary E. Oldenburg has it that the cold war ended with the collapse of the Soviet Union in December 1991. Various things have happened between Turkey and the U.S. since the end of this war bearing in mind that the first contests of the cold war were in Turkey, Greece and Iran.

Ceren Mutus (2011) notes that the eruption of the gulf war after the cold war served to strengthen the relations between Turkey and the U.S. unlike what people anticipated. More so the Clinton administration's support for the Turkish IMF debt guarantees was another event after the cold war between the U.S. And Turkey as registered by Turkish weekly (25th August 2011)

US's support for Turkeys EU membership is also another event between Turkey and the U.S.U.S. has been strongly advocating for…… [Read More]

References

Bruce C. & Tony K., (2008). Changing the Conventional Wisdom about Iran. Retrieved August

25, 2011 from http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1847342,00.html

Ceren Mutus, (2011). Winning Turkey: How America, Europe, and Turkey Can Revive a Fading

Partnership. Retrieved August 25, 2011 from http://www.turkishweekly.net/book/51/winning-turkey-how-america-europe-and-turkey-can-revive-a-fading-partnership.html
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External Environment That Can Impact

Words: 433 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87020302

This is a double-edged sword, so the CEO needs to keep that fact in mind. Mistakes will look bad not only personally, but will reflect poorly on the company as well. Therefore, the CEO needs to play the role of the PR flak. People respond to leaders who project a strong image of the firm and therefore the CEO can be an excellent source of good publicity.

The video highlighted the achievements of Lee Iacocca and Norman Schwarzkopf with caveats about the assistance they had. Yet, it was the organizational skills of those leaders that led to the achievements. It is important to remember not who the media assigned credit for the success but how that success was achieved -- this is the way the CEO should approach the issue of organizational skills.

Lastly, we saw Lee Iacocca issue a response to the Japanese competition. It is important to remember…… [Read More]

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External vs The Internal View in Neo-Confucian

Words: 3097 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27261842

External vs. The Internal View in Neo-Confucian Thought

Since the beginning of time, philosophers have made a living looking at how people conduct themselves and trying to make sense of it. Sometimes the philosopher will devise a theory about how the human world works by looking inside themselves and trying to determine the answer, and other times they will observe what people actually do and make comments based on that. Two Chinese philosophers and teachers, Zhu Xi and Wang Yangming, who were the most prominent Neo-Confucian thinkers, had different ideas with regard to how people developed a moral sense and translated that to the world. They also understood the law very differently. This paper looks at the two philosophers and their perspectives on some key issues so as to determine how they differed, were similar and how they relate to a modern world that often seems to be largely amoral…… [Read More]

Bibliography

De Bary, William Theodore, and Irene Bloom. Sources of Chinese Tradition, 2nd ed., vol. 1 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1999), 849.

De Weerdt, Hilde. "Changing Minds through Examinations: Examination Critics in Late Imperial China." The Journal of the American Oriental Society 126, no. 3 (2006): 367-375.

Gardner, Daniel K. Zhu Xi's Reading of the Analects: Canon, Commentary, and the Classical Tradition. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003.

Guo, Xuezhi. The Ideal Chinese Political Leader: A Historical and Cultural Perspective. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002.
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External Environment Facing Toyota the Global Car

Words: 1823 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58565868

external environment facing TOYOTA, the global car manufacturer. This paper discusses impacts of the company's internal organizational strategy (structures and management). The work is divided into two tasks. Task 1: Critically evaluates key factors (e.g. environmental, global, competition, technology) impact TOYOTA performance. Task 2: Provides strategic recommendations for senior managers of the TOYOTA.

Examine the external environment of TOYOTA and how this impacts on the internal organizational strategy (structures and management). Critically evaluate the key factors (e.g. environmental, global, competition, technology) that impact on TOYOTA performance. Findings are drawn from use of analysis tools (e.g. PESTLE, Porter's five forces, SWOT).

Strategic Analysis

We begin our analysis of Toyota by looking at the company through three analytical prisms: Porter's Five Forces Analysis, SWOT Analysis, and PESTLE. It is necessary to define what these analytical prisms are, initially, i.e., define terms, before beginning the analysis in earnest.

Porter 5 Forces Analysis

Porter's…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

1. Toyota seeks 15% of global car market: Japanese automaker targeting Russia, India, China and Brazil, MSNBC.com, November 13, 2006

2. Global Economic Research: Global Auto Report: Strengthening Car Sales Drive Global Vehicle Output To Record High -- Production increase will support global economic activity, Feb. 25, 2011, Scotiabank Group

3. Toyota Motor Corporation Global Web site, http://www.toyota-global.com / (Accessed on March 10, 2011)

4. European car makers and their suppliers: changes at the interface, RT McIvor, PK Humphreys… - European Business & #8230;, 1998 - emeraldinsight.com
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External Environment Analysis

Words: 1679 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21617757

Business - Management

External Environment Analysis

Southwest Airlines is the nation's low fair, high customer satisfaction airline. It mainly serves short haul cities, offering single class air transportation, which aims for the business commuter as well as leisure travelers. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) classifies Southwest Airlines as Scheduled Passenger Air Transportation - 481111 (North American Industry Classification System, 2011).

When conducting an external analysis it is important to look at Porter's five forces to determine the competitive strength and therefore magnetism of a market. Porter's five forces comprise five forces from horizontal competition and vertical competition. These forces are: threat of substitute products, the threat of established rivals, and the threat of new entrants, the bargaining power of suppliers and the bargaining power of customers (Porter's Five Forces a Model for Industry Analysis, 2010).

The first threat is that of the threat of new entrants into the…… [Read More]

References

Del Vecchio, John. (2000). Analyzing Industries. Retrieved from  http://www.fool.com/research/2000/features000309.htm 

How Economic Factors Affect the Aviation Industry. (2011). Retreived from http://www.myefficientplanet.com/74865/how-economic-factors-affect-the-aviation-industry/

North American Industry Classification System. (2011). Retreived from  http://www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/ 

PEST Analysis. (2010). Retrieved from  http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/pest/
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External Environment's Internal Impact on a Company

Words: 2205 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70675811

Internal company and the External Environment
Based on your research, what are the key drivers for success in the large office supply store industry? This section should be at least 2 pages in length.
There are key success factors for the large office supply store industry. One of the key success factors is location and significance. It is imperative to note that one of the most pivotal success factors for any business is its location. This is the same case for large office supply stores. It is imperative for such corporations to locate their retail stores in a high-traffic area, for instance a mall or a highly frequented intersection. Furthermore, it is essential to make certain that the business is situated near consumers that the corporation seeks to target. The utmost potential customers for office stationeries comprises of the corporate or business consumers, therefore positioning a store in the area…… [Read More]

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Relation Between Culture and Dream and Use of Those Element in the Art Work

Words: 2900 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98092538

Culture, Dreams, And Artwork

Dreams and artwork are two things that seem to provide an invitation for interpretation, and cultural perspective is almost always going to influence that interpretation. At first blush, this statement may seem to fly in the face of Jungian interpretation, since the collective unconscious and the enduring interpretation of symbols might suggest that symbols would not vary across cultures. However, such an interpretation ignores the fact that Jung acknowledges the impact that individual culture has on the interpreter. While symbols may retain a broader overall meaning across cultures, the details of those symbols are certainly influenced by the surrounding culture. Moreover, some symbols may be culturally specific. In fact, this paper will discuss the veil and its relation to Islam, and how the surrounding culture can color interpretations of the veil in art and in dreams.

Because the symbols in dreams and artwork are influenced by…… [Read More]

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Wal-Mart External Market Analysis the

Words: 1243 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46628357

1)

Also reported for Wal-Mart Stores Inc. was the following information:

(1) It is reported that Wal-Mart now ships in the U.S. alone order from 35 of its 4,000 stores in the U.S. compared to the previously reported shipping from 25. Goals have been set at 50 stores by the end of the year. It is reported that traffic to Wal-Mart's U.S. e-commerce site "exceeds 45 monthly visitors and growth and conversion are accelerating." (Davis, 2013, p.1) Davis also reports that Wal-Mart announced yesterday it had acquired two online technology startups and planned to hire 150 more staffers for its Walmart.com operations in Silicon Valley, which already employ 1,500." (Davis, 2013, p.1)

(2) It is reported that in the U.K. The "Asda supermarket chain that Wal-Mart owns is the country's second-largest online grocer, Wal-Mart says. Asda completed the rollout of Wi-Fi to its stores in the first quarter, making it…… [Read More]

References

Akkad, S., Chelune, T., and Coppola, C. (2011) Wal-Mart's Strategic BMGT495-7380. University of Maryland; University College. 22 Nov. 2011.

Wal-Mart (2011). Corporate Facts Sheet. Retrieved from http://walmartstores.com/pressroom/factsheets/

Wal-Mart Corporate (2011). About us. Retrieved from https://walmartstores.com/AboutUs/

Walmartstores.com (2008). 2008 Annual Report. Retrieved from http://walmartstores.com/sites/annualreport/2008/docs/wal_mart_annual_report_2008.pdf
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Employee Relations the Field of Employee Relations

Words: 2943 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63614107

Employee Relations

The field of employee relations encompasses the entire spectrum of the relationship between employing organisations and their employees. It rough chronological order, modern employee relations is a fully comprehensive process that includes the functions and responsibilities of recruitment, hiring, new-hire orientation, employment benefits management, promotion of organisational culture and ethical values, personnel management, change management, employee motivation, performance appraisal and review, career advancement, conflict resolution, policy enforcement, legal compliance, retirement, voluntary departure, involuntary termination, and post-employment benefits management (Robbins & Judge, 2009). More broadly, the field of employee relations also impacts the political, economic, social, and technological organisational environment (PEST). That is particularly true in connection with legal compliance with employment laws and environmental regulations, the economic prospects for organisational growth, business cycles that inform hiring and personnel management decisions, the economic considerations dictated by inflation interest, and income patterns, and numerous social or socio-cultural factors (Russell-alling, 2008).…… [Read More]

Works Cited

George, J.M. And Jones, G.R. (2008). Understanding and Managing Organizational

Behavior. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Halbert, T. And Ingulli, E. (2009). Law & Ethics in the Business Environment. Cincinnati,

OH: West Legal Studies.
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Leadership Capability Relation Accepted Model Leadership Management

Words: 2025 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13210304

leadership capability relation accepted model leadership management. Part 1. 'Situational leadership redundant a task .' As a future leader teams, present arguments statement.

Situational leadership

The internal environment within economic agents is suffering dramatic changes within the modern day society and this is the result of numerous pressures from the internal and external environments, such as technology, competition or increasing demands from the various categories of stakeholders. In such a setting, the role of the leaders and managers gradually increases, as these come to portray the link between executives and employees, and they are more essential in ensuring that the firms attain their overall objectives.

As the role of leaders and managers increases, the emphasis placed on the formation of the leaders and managers must also increase. In such a setting then, the current project sets out to discuss the situational leadership model through the lenses of its applicability within…… [Read More]

References:

Haydon, G., 2007, Values for educational leadership, SAGE

Humphreys, J., Zhao, D., Ingram, K., Gladstone, J., Basham, L., 2010, Situational narcissism and charismatic leadership: a conceptual framework, Journal of Behavioral and Applied Management, Vol. 11, No. 2

Ireh, M., Bailey, J., 1999, A study of superintendent's change leadership styles using the situational leadership model, American Secondary Education, Vol. 27, No. 4

2012, Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Online,  http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/feedback  last accessed on May 22, 2012
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Employee Relations Financial Crisis Managing Employee Relations

Words: 2413 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53303609

Employee Relations Financial Crisis

Managing Employee Relations in the Event of a Financial Crisis

A Look into Management can Effectively Navigate through Adverse Conditions

Austerity Protests (Dowling, 2012)

Employee relations can often be a difficult aspect of maintaining the overall health of an organization. In general, employee relations often refer to the act of fostering productivity, motivation, and employee morale in an organizations human resources pool. However, there are some circumstances in which it is virtually impossible to maintain high levels of morale. One example of this is during a period of economic turmoil. During the global financial crisis of 2008, the world's economy took a sharp turn for the worse. This economic downturn had many implications for businesses and their employees. The level of unemployment rose quickly in many nations and pressure was also applied to lower employee wages.

In the event of such an economic downturn, it is…… [Read More]

Works Cited

BLS, 2012. The Recession of 2007-2009. [Online]

Available at:  http://www.bls.gov/spotlight/2012/recession/pdf/recession_bls_spotlight.pdf 

[Accessed 12 September 2012].

Business and Marketing, 2009. Consumers in a Recession. [Online]
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Employee Relations

Words: 1315 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41704950

Employee relations belong to employer-employee relationships that give satisfactory productivity, motivation, and self-confidence. Employee relations are involved with preventing and resolving problems related to individuals that occur or change work situations. Supervisors are given advice on how to correct poor performance and employee misconduct (Gennard, 2005). On the other hand, employees are given information on how to promote a better understanding of the company's goals and policies. For this paper we have chosen Tesco plc and its employee relationship. Tesco plc is the largest global grocery store based in UK. This is the second largest retailer in the world when measured in terms of benefits and third when measured in terms of income. The company has employed more than 326,000 employees around the world where 237,000 of them in Europe where it has its largest private employer.

Strategy Integrating Job Performance and Training

Job Performance and training forms the vital…… [Read More]

References

Gennard, John Graham Judge. (2005). Employee Relations. London: The Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development.

Hollinshead, Graham, Peter Nicholls Stephanie Tailby. (2003). Employee Relations. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Lewis, Philip, Adrian Thornhill Mark Saunders. (2003). Employee Relations. London: Financial Times/Prentice Hall.

Roger W. Griffeth and Peter W. Hom, (2001). Retaining Valued Employees, Sage Publications, Inc., Thousand Oaks, CA, p. 2.
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IR Theory in International Relations Theory Realists

Words: 1645 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74298761

IR Theory

In international relations theory, realists generally follow the rational choice or national actor with the assumption that states and their leaders make policy on the basis of calculated self-interest. They follow a utilitarian and pragmatic philosophy in which "decision makers set goals, evaluate their relative importance, calculate the costs and benefits of each possible course of action, then choose the one with the highest benefits and lowest costs" (Goldstein and Pevehouse 127). Individual leaders will have their unique personalities, experiences and psychological makeups, and some will be more averse to risk than others, but essentially they all follow a rational model of policymaking. American presidents are generally skilled politicians as well or they would never have achieved such high office in this first place, and this means that their rational calculations will always include public opinion, the needs of their electoral coalitions and the wishes of various interest…… [Read More]

WORKS CITED

Goldstein, Joshua and Jon C. Pevehouse. International Relations, 10th Editon. Longman, 2002.

Heinrichs, Waldo, "Lyndon B. Johnson: Change and Continuity" in Warren I Cohen and Nancy Bernkopf Tucker (eds). Lyndon Johnson Confronts the World: American Foreign Policy, 1963-68. Cambridge, 1994: 9- 31.

McDermott, Rose. Presidential Leadership, Illness, and Decision Making. Cambridge, 2008.

Waite, Robert G.L. The Psychopathic God: Adolf Hitler. De Capo Press, 1993.
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Object Relation Attachment Theories and

Words: 26278 Length: 55 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34405449

During the next chapter of this clinical case study dissertation, the Literature eview section, this researcher relates accessed information that contributes a sampling of previous research to begin to enhance the understanding needed to help a patient "grow" not only in therapy, but also in life.

CHAPTE II

LITEATUE EVIEW

The theories and techniques used in psychoanalysis are very diverse; Freudian analysis is only one approach."

Thomas and McGinnis, 1991, ¶ 1)

Diverse Contentions

One recent University of New Hampshire study indicated that 63% of more than 3,000 surveyed American parents surveyed reported experiences of one or more instances of verbal aggression toward children in their homes. A Child Protective Services study, albeit reported that only 6% of child abuse cases involved "emotional maltreatment," form of abuse in which verbal abuse constitutes the most common form of maltreatment. The apparent low number of "official" verbal abuse cases likely relates to…… [Read More]

References

American Psychiatric Association, (2004). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Test Revised. Washington DC.

Blatt, S. (1974). Levels of object representation in anaclytic and introjective depression. New York: International University Press.

Bowlby, J. (1969) Attachment. Volume One of Attachment and Loss, New York: Basic

Books.
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Indian-Israeli Relations Valuable to India's

Words: 9235 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99898853

' Indians across the political spectrum, especially the country's powerful nuclear weapons establishment, are critical of the NPT, arguing that it unfairly warps international hierarchies to the disadvantage of the non-nuclear-weapon states" (1998:15). In its efforts to balance the pressures from the international community with its own self-interests in formulating foreign policies, the position adopted by India has been starkly different than other countries. In this regard, Karp concludes that, "Most states party to the NPT accept the unfairness of the treaty as a tradeoff that serves their own and global interests. India's leaders insist that fair and genuine nuclear disarmament must start with the nuclear-weapon states themselves, a demand formalized by former Prime Minister ajiv Gandhi in his 1990 global nuclear disarmament initiative" (Karp 1998:14).

As a result of these events, the 20th century witnessed the formation of various positions in Indian foreign policy that would endure throughout the…… [Read More]

References

Berlin, D.L. 2006 "India in the Indian Ocean." Naval War College Review 59(2): 58-59.

Chollett, D. & Lindberg, T. 2007 "A Moral Core for U.S. Foreign Policy." Policy Review 146: 3-

4.

Davis, C.B. & Rill, L.A. 2008 "Testing the Second Level of Agenda Setting: Effects of News
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International Relations Theory and United Nations Peace

Words: 2630 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23279245

International elations Theory and United Nations Peace:

International elations (I) field normally focuses on the study of how various state systems can be made to work more efficiently to improve the power of law, maintain order, manage interstate affairs peacefully, and lessen prospects of war. The word relation in this field is used to denote the inclusion of more than political affairs to aspects like conflict and peace. International relations field is closely linked administratively to political science departments (O'Connor, 2010). Actually, the field of international relations traces its origin from various subfields including international law, diplomatic history, and international economics. While it's still early to consider international relations as a sovereign field of study, it has broken from the analytical procedures of economics and law as well as the ongoing process of breaking from political science. Consequently, this field has become an important facet because of the conceptualizations of…… [Read More]

References:

Ahmed, S. Keating P. & Solinas, U (2007), 'Shaping the Future of UN Peace Operations: is there

A Doctrine In the House?' Cambridge Review of International Affairs, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 11-28, viewed 26 November 2011,

Cristol, J (n.d.), International Relations Theory, Oxford Bibliographies Online, viewed 26

November 2011,
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Lqbor Relations Project Labor Relations

Words: 3894 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34138801

In 1981, President onald eagan fired many striking air traffic controllers employed by Federal Aviation Administration. In the face of various challenges confronting labor unions, the union membership drastically, continue to decline. Since support from political party has declined, many workers believe that union's ability to protect their interests has drastically declined, and thus, many private workers belief that it is no longer necessary to be union members.

oberts, (1997) argue that labor unions have faced hard times and sustained membership loss. The hard times ranging from diminishing influence of bargaining to the intense of global competition and technological changes.

Added to the political influence that contributes to the decline of the union, there are other external dynamics affecting labor unions. Globalization has been identified as the one of the external dynamic that has impact on the unions' strategies.

External Dynamics affecting the Labor Unions

One of the external dynamics…… [Read More]

References

ASHHRA (2010). The Workplace Multigenerational Strategies & Solutions for healthcare employers. American Society for the Administration of Healthcare Human Resources (ASHHRA)

Devinatz V.G.(2011). U.S. Trade Unionism Under Globalization: The death of Voluntarism and the Turn to Politics. Labor Law Journal. 62 (1).

Estreicher, S. (2010). Trade Unionism Under Globalization: The Demise of Voluntarism. Saint Louis University Law Journal .54: 415-426.

Griswold, D. (2010). Unions, Protectionism, and U.S. Competitiveness. CATO Journal. 30 (1): 181-196.
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Function of Public Relations

Words: 845 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89664477

Functions of Public Relations

The line between organizational and societal functions of public relations is increasingly becoming blurred. For the purposes of this assignment, marketing communications and employee relations have been grouped into the organizational function while social responsibility and community relations have been grouped into the societal function. These segmentations have been derived primarily be examining direct links to profits and how much a company has focused on either inward or outward activities. However, companies that seek better profits are now realizing that they are tied to what they can do for the welfare of the members of society. Along with this realization comes a tighter linkage between organizational and society functions of public relations to achieve a new business vision called corporate social responsibility (CSR).

Marketing communications is more aligned with organizational functions because it helps meet the internal needs of promotion to advance sales of products and…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Global Alliance For Public Relations And Communications Management. Retrieved August 13, 2005 from Web site: http://www.globalpr.org/news/features/csr_statement_280604.asp

Pantelleva, M. Public relations and public responsibility. Retrieved August, 13, 2005 from Web site: http://66.102.7.104/search?q=cache:fwlnzBXEQdAJ:www.eprn.org/EuropeanPRNews2/Milena_Panteleeva.pdf+%22public+relations%22+%22social+responsibility%22& hl=en

Public relations FAQ. Retrieved August 13, 2005 from Web site:  http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/a/m/amm17/pr.html 

Riesterer, T. Accountability marketing. Retrieved August 13, 2005 from Web site:  http://www.marcommwise.com/articlecat.phtml?c=Marcomm%20Measurement
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Human Resources International Employment Relations

Words: 2449 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2590512



5. How have the trade unions in the industry responded to the changes in employment relations in the industry?

Since 1991, both Labor and Liberal-National governments have encouraged enterprise bargaining, marking a major shift away from a more centralized approach to employment relations. On the other hand, there is still an aspect of external regulation in the automotive sector and more generally, across the industrial relations system. The AIC, a tribunal established by the Commonwealth Government at the turn of the twentieth century continues to have the power to settle disputes through conciliation and arbitration, to certify enterprise agreements and to establish minimum standards across the workforce. The ongoing role of the AIC has meant that the legacy of external directive continues to have an influence in the automotive assembly division, as do other third parties such as trade unions (Lansbury, Wright and Bairdi, 2006).

Over the last two decades,…… [Read More]

References

Lansbury, Russell D., Wright, Chris F. And Bairdi, Marian. (2006). Decentralized Bargaining

in a Globalizing Industry The Automotive Assembly Industry in Australia. Industrial Relations, 61(1), 70-92.

Riemen, Wendy and Marceau, Jane. (n.d.). Running on Empty? Innovation in the Australian

Automotive Industry. Retrieved September 2, 2010, from Web site:
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Strategic Public Relations Discuss the

Words: 1422 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49234377

At Google, areas of interest include their intensive sustainability commitment to promote eco-friendly buildings and energy efficiency, the company's approach to managing the Chinese government relationship and messaging, and the torrent of new applications they produce. In conclusion, the organizations I'd seek out to work for after graduation would have brands that were global and could use my skill set of globally-based coordination and intercultural collaboration while also being highly creative with a pace that made programs challenging yet attainable.

Upload a 300-500-word persuasive essay that describes what you understand to be the fundamental role of public relations in society. Illustrate your commentary by citing a recent example (good or bad) of strategic public relations at work from an area of the field that is of particular interest to you.

At its most strategic, public relations seeks to unify the messaging and communications across a company while ensuring accuracy, authenticity…… [Read More]

References

Hamilton, J., Knouse, S., & Hill, V. (2009). Google in China: A Manager-Friendly Heuristic Model for Resolving Cross-Cultural Ethical Conflicts. Journal of Business Ethics, 86(2), 143-157.

James S. O'Rourke IV, Brynn Harris, & Allison Ogilvy. (2007). Google in China: government censorship and corporate reputation. The Journal of Business Strategy, 28(3), 12-22.
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Business Correspondence External Correspondence Big-1

Words: 471 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73625258

Please do not hesitate if I can be of any further assistance.

Yours truly,

Internal Document -- Memo

To: Frank Page

Re: B-1 Rental Agency Follow-up

Date: June 15, 2012

Please be advised that B-1 Franchise Oversight Manager has been contacted pursuant to your instructions to resolve the Twin Cities Airport B-1 franchise issue involving their repeatedly furnishing vehicles with inoperable systems and otherwise in need of maintenance. The following points were emphasized in that correspondence:

The situation is serious and has recurred numerous times

The situation has already been brought to the attention of management without any appreciable response

B-1 and CCC have a long-standing business relationship and mutual interests in the way B-1 vehicles are represented to the public in this region

We expect B-1 to take immediate and appropriate action to rectify this situation

An operational audit is in order to identify the source of the problem…… [Read More]

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Apple the Computer Company With Relation to

Words: 2624 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54655112

Apple (the computer company) with relation to China. The paper will need to focus on the company's product development and supplier relations within the Chinese market.

Apple

"Apple Inc. (NASDAQ: AAPL; formerly Apple Computer, Inc.) is an American multinational corporation that designs and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and personal computers. The company's best-known hardware products are the Macintosh line of computers, the iPod, the iPhone and the iPad. Its software includes the OS X and iOS operating system; the iTunes media browser; and the iLife and iork creativity and production suites. Apple is the world's third-largest mobile phone maker after Samsung and Nokia. Established on April 1, 1976 in Cupertino, California, and incorporated January 3, 1977… Fortune magazine named Apple the most admired company in the United States in 2008, and in the world from 2008 to 2012" (ikipedia: Apple Inc.)

The following essay describes Apple's relationship with China…… [Read More]

Wikipedia. Apple Inc.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_Inc.

Rathee, J. (2012) Could Apple's China Love Affair Be Over? http://wallstcheatsheet.com/stocks/could-apples-china-love-affair-be-over.html/
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Does a Strong Sense of External Community Correlate With Exceptional Company Performance

Words: 2877 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77192569

strong sense of external community correlate with exceptional company performance?

Large multinationals are well-known for their involvement in supporting the community they work in and also for their support for sports, humanitarian and social causes. The profitability and high visibility of these companies in external community activities certainly makes one believe that external community involvement and exceptional company performance go hand in hand.

A closer analysis of the community relation exercise shows that in many cases such involvement is an extension of business activities. The multi-billion dollar profits, of course give the exceptional performers the ability to buy the goodwill of political parties, news media, and the community in general to look after their present and future interests.

Whatever the motives, external community involvement shows that the company is performing well and has greater ambitions. External community involvement is also a result of increased social awareness and there are cases…… [Read More]

References

1. 'Corruption and Bribery', a Business for Social Responsibility Report, retrieved from Internet on 26 May 2005, http://www.bsr.org/CSRResources/IssueBriefDetail.cfm?DocumentID=49621

2. CEO Forum, Retrieved from Internet on 18 October 2005, http://www.ceoforum.com.au/CEO Dialogue.htm

3. China: The Ancient Road to Communism, Retrieved from Internet on 18 October 2005, http://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/sgabriel/prcancient.htm

4. Donnelly, S., Gamble, A., Jackson, G., Parkinson, J. (2000). The public interest and the company in Britain and Germany. London, England: Anglo-German Foundation for the Study of Industrial Society. Retrieved September 17, 2005, http://scholar.google.com/scholar?q=The+Community+Interest+Company& ie=UTF-8& oe
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U S Relations President Roosevelt Gave

Words: 1789 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90167505



However, the speech is rather vague and filled with generalities and idealistic views. Precisely because it is not clear and directed against a named aggressor it does not have the strength to create a major change in our foreign policy. The speech should rather be analyzed as a sign of where our security policy is headed than as a clear statement of foreign policy. Perhaps the President's speech could have had a bigger impact if the aggressors were named. It is clear that Japan, Italy and Germany can be portrayed as aggressors, but the Chicago speech does not identify any country. From this it is simple to draw the conclusion that this is the first step towards taking measures against aggressors.

The quarantine of the aggressor nations represents an alternative for America's current foreign policy and the president showed support for forming alliances against aggressive nations. The Chicago speech marks…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Roosevelt, Franklin D., Quarantine the Aggressor, October 5, 1937, available at  http://www.presidentialrhetoric.com/historicspeeches/roosevelt_franklin/quarantine.html ;

Quarantine Speech, available at  http://www.answers.com/topic/quarantine-speech ;

Reactions to Roosevelt, October 18, 1937, available at http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,758266-1,00.html.
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Organizational Behavior External and Internal

Words: 320 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29740018



However, some internal factors are more controllable than others, such as the organizational mission. ven while competitors may enter the market from the outside, and standards may change, the organization can still demand as part of its mission, high quality standards of behavior from its doctors and those whom it helps to attain appropriate certification in the United States. The impact of the economy may necessitate budget cuts or reorganization for an organization, as might, in the future, different technological innovations, as so much of our business is conducted online, but business ethics and purpose, as defined by the organization's mission, will remain constant.… [Read More]

External and Internal Factors

All organizational behavior in the business world feels the impact of both external and internal factors. For instance, one external, often uncontrollable factor is the rate of globalization. No American company, for example, can control the unity and cohesion of the European Union's rate of production, yet they still must compete with the EU for its market share. For my own organization, the Educational Commission for Medical School Graduates (more information regarding the organization is available on the web at ( http://www.ecfmg.org/ )the increasing globalization and interconnected nature of the heath care and educational community and economy has proved to be the wellspring for the organization's founding and purpose. Globalization has proved to create and continue the ECFMG's usefulness to medical students from around the world attain certification in the United States. The organization has no control over different nation's friendly relations with the United States, and in that sense it cannot fully control the external impact globalization, although on an internal level an organization can decide how responsive it will continue to be to international as well as national forces, and the ethics it will demand of the users of the service, even though it has no control over different global government standards regarding certification of doctors.

However, some internal factors are more controllable than others, such as the organizational mission. Even while competitors may enter the market from the outside, and standards may change, the organization can still demand as part of its mission, high quality standards of behavior from its doctors and those whom it helps to attain appropriate certification in the United States. The impact of the economy may necessitate budget cuts or reorganization for an organization, as might, in the future, different technological innovations, as so much of our business is conducted online, but business ethics and purpose, as defined by the organization's mission, will remain constant.
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Marketing Impact of External Influences

Words: 2454 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93633836

The people who have not yet gone in for the Plasma TV are more or less happy viewing the conventional TV, but want to go up in the value chain and aspire one day to buy a Plasma TV and like to be at par with their aspirational group who has already bought one. (the Psychology of Consumers -Consumer Behavior and Marketing)

Associative reference groups comprise of people who more practically represent the individual who are equal as regards their position in the society, income levels like co-workers, neighbors, members of clubs and organizations. As these people considers them near equals, a purchase by one member within the reference group triggers to think about the purchase by the other members of the society. The purchase of a Plasma TV, by a colleague belonging to a particular organization might instill confidence in the other employee to think about buying a similar…… [Read More]

References

Buying a Plasma TV" (November, 2004) NSW Office of Fair Trading-Department of Commerce. Retrieved at http://www.fairtrading.nsw.gov.au/pdfs/corporate/reportonpurchasingaplasmatv.pdf. Accessed on 18 February, 2005

Cassavoy, Liane. (November 03, 2003) "Should You Buy a TV From a PC Maker?" Retrieved at http://www.pcworld.com/news/article/0,aid,113009,00.asp. Accessed on 18 February, 2005

Gateway feels lure of consumer electronics" Retrieved at http://news.com.com/Gateway+feels+lure+of+consumer+electronics/2100-1041_3-1015744.html. Accessed on 18 February, 2005

Gateway Plasma TV to undercut prices" Retrieved at http://news.com.com/Gateway+plasma+TV+to+undercut+prices/2100-1040_3-964156.html. Accessed on 18 February, 2005
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PR Efforts Public Relations Is Recognized for

Words: 638 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32175253

PR Efforts

Public relations is recognized for the publicity and awareness support it brings to businesses and corporations in their marketing efforts. It can be just as effective for nonprofit organizations. This is what the Center for Child Protection and Family Support in Washington, D.C., has found through its PR activities. The center is a nonprofit 501(c)3, community-based organization that addresses the harmful long-term effects of child abuse by providing innovative school-based and parent education programming in the Washington D.C. urban area in addition to training and consulting for local professionals. The center's three main themes are: Child abuse and neglect are serious, complex health and social problems with long-term consequences; the center is a trusted resource on child abuse issues; and every child deserves a childhood that is free from abuse and neglect.

The center has to have an ongoing PR plan to continually confirm its credibility as the…… [Read More]

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International Relations Idealism vs Realism the Theories

Words: 1156 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42702682

international relations: idealism vs. realism

The theories of international relations have been seen as a mechanism thru which practitioners in the area of international politics as well as scholars tried to explain the way in which international politics function and how the behavior of states and actors on the international scene can be anticipated.

The beginning of the 20th century was a period of deep consideration for international politics, given the First World War and its aftermath. The idealistic approach on international politics tried to explain the behavior states had after the end of the war and also define the period between the two conflagrations. The realist theory on the other hand appeared as a result of the Second World War and its aftermath and, although it took into account similar elements, the points made in reference to these elements were somewhat in contrast. There are several key issues that…… [Read More]

References

Griffiths. M. 1999. Fifty key thinkers in international relations. Routledge, London.

Guzzini, S. 1998. Realism in international relations and international political economy: the continuing story of a death foretold. Routledge, London.

Kissinger, H. 1994. Diplomacy. Simon & Schuster, London.
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Realist Theory of International Relations

Words: 999 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37231950

More precisely, the sovereignty promoted by the realists acknowledges the fact that the state has the right to accept or refuse to take part in a regime. Therefore, event the regimes promoted by institutionalism still depend on the actual will of the states.

The United Nations represents a valid example in this sense. Therefore, its structure was indeed created on the basis of the idealist line of thought, giving equal representation rights to nations all over the world. However, the Security Council structure is reminiscent of the realist beliefs of the powerful ruling over the weaker ones. In this sense, while the institutional approach was used in creating the idea of a global organization that would discuss war issues and would engage in peaceful resolution of conflicts, the SC is the classical structure of the balance of power situation. This is one of the reasons for which the United Nations…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Kissinger, Henry. Diplomacy. London: Simon & Schuster, 1995.

Nye, Joseph. Understanding international conflicts: an introduction to theory and history. New York: Pearson, 2005

Russbach, Oliver. ONU contre ONU. Le droit international confisque. Paris: Edition La Decouverte, 1994

Waltz, K.. Theory of International Politics. New York: McGraw-Hill,1979.
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International Relations Study The Field

Words: 1592 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51759512

From this I would take advice from the history of the Swiss -- I would require all children were taught the use of weapons in adolescence, and that upper classes in school coincided with military training. After graduation, every citizen would be required to keep a weapon in the home, and asked to serve in their community guard, which would train a couple times a year. Defense plans would be built on a street-to-street basis, and every large metropolis would also have more advanced weaponry available to civil servants and block commanders in case of invasion. This training would both protect the future democracy of the country, and assure that any nation wishing to invade would face a true quagmire of house-to-house fighting in every city.

I would then focus on making the nation an economic asset to the larger world. I would first work to assure that the country…… [Read More]

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Power Relations and Battle of the Sexes in Naomi by Junichiro Tanizki

Words: 1264 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64519103

Power Relations in Junichiro Tanizaki's Naomi

The most powerful and lasting contributions to the literature of a given era are invariably penned by bold thinkers struggling to comprehend the ever changing world in which they live. Spanning the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the Japanese Meiji Restoration period, which was propelled by the fusion of industrialized economy and estern culture, and personified by the authorial brilliance of authors such as Jun'ichir? Tanizaki, shaped and inspired a momentous political and social transformation within one of the world's most ancient civilzations. The toppling of previously infallible Shoguns and the sudden distribution of democratic ideals across boundaries of gender and class forced many traditional Japanese to recalibrate their worldview instantly, and the result is a wealth of material, including novels, plays and works of critical nonfiction, all of which focuses intently on the crumbling conventions of age-old gender roles. ith the external…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Tanizaki, Jun'ichiro. "Naomi," trans. Anthony H. Chambers." (1986).
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Psychoanalytic Model Object Relations

Words: 951 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81813431

Psychoanalytic Model (Object elations)

The object relations concept is a variant of the psychoanalytic theory, which deviates from the idea held by Sigmund Freud that mankind is driven by aggressive and sexual drives. Instead, psychoanalytic theory puts forward the notion that man is primarily driven by a need to forge relationships with others (i.e. contact). Object relations therapists aim to aid clients in uncovering early mental pictures that can further any current problems in their associations with other people, and adapt them so as to improve interpersonal performance.

Basic Concepts in Object elations

The word 'object' in the object relations concept does not denote inanimate things but rather, it refers to significant individuals with whom one relates -- often, one's father, mother, or a primary caregiver. This term is also sometimes employed in referring to some part of an individual (e.g., the mental depictions of the important people in life,…… [Read More]

References

Good therapy. (2016, May 9). Who Practices Object Relations? Retrieved from GoodTherapy.org: http://www.goodtherapy.org/learn-about-therapy/types/object-relations

IPI. (2016). Object Relations Therapy. Retrieved from International Psychotherapy Institute: http://www.theipi.org/about-ipi/teaching-philosophy/36-general/about-ipi/82-object-relations-therapy

Scharff, J., & Scharff, D. (1992). Scharff Notes: A Primer of Object Relations Therapy. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson.
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Internal and External Compensation Riordan Manufacturing

Words: 671 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94951354

iordan Manufacturing: Internal and External Compensation

iordan Manufacturing: External and Internal Equity Compensation

iordan Manufacturers, being a leader in its industry, appreciates the need to meet the needs of its employees through a fair compensation policy - one that equates pay with the value of the task performed, because fair treatment boosts employee performance and morale, and is an effective employee retention technique (omanoff, Boehm & Benson, n.d.). Internal equity compensation describes an employee's compensation in relation to that of other employees at the same level within iordan Manufacturing (H Council, 2014). External equity, on the other hand, compares iordan Manufacturing's wages with those of organizations within the industry.

Employee compensation is fundamental to iordan Manufacturing, just as is stipulated in the company's compensation philosophy. iordan realizes the intensity of global competition and understands that in order to maintain its industry position and market share, it has to acquire the…… [Read More]

References

HR Council. (2014). Compensation and Benefits. HR Council. Retrieved 2 May 2014 from  http://hrcouncil.ca/hr-toolkit/compensation-systems.cfm 

Romanoff, K., Boehm, K., & Benson, E. (n.d.). Pay Equity: Internal and External Considerations. Pay Equity Article. Retrieved  http://theperfectpayplan.typepad.com/Pay_Equity_Article.pdf
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Total Compensation External Competitiveness and

Words: 716 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34818765

Most firms will also reward good values such as honesty, commitment, and good relations with customers.

While in most cases, employees will develop positive feelings about internal equity if they feel they are being paid fairly depending on how perfectly reward management works in the organization, but there is always a time when they will compare their salaries with those of others in the industries. This gives rise to the question of external competitiveness. What is the guarantee that an employee will not leave an organization when he learns that other firms are paying hire for the same job and title? In today's dynamic world, no such guarantees exist and retention can become a problem if employees find it easier to switch jobs. It is thus important to take external competitiveness into consideration as well.

In order to remain externally competiveness, organizations normally depend on wage and salary surveys that…… [Read More]

References:

Herman R.D. And Associates (1994), the Jossey-Bass Handbook of Nonprofit Leadership and Management, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA

John Bratton & Jeffrey Gold (2003), Human Resource Management Theory and Practice, MacMillan, London
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Functions of Public Relations PR

Words: 1191 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79467869

Therefore the pubic relations specialist has to be conscious and fully aware of his or her role as intermediary between the organization and the public. This is particularly true of P specialists who work for government and organizations affecting health and the environment.

An example of social responsible P marketing is marketing that;

Identifies areas where the firm can make a positive difference.

Makes sure local media are aware.

Informs and involve employees.

Invests in advertising and public relations to highlight the firm's efforts.

Public elations, egulations and Sponsorship Programs)

In terms of the external responsibilities and functions of the P officer in an organization, media relations often take priority. The P specialist is trained to communicate and to enable the media to write and present the organization in a light that is conducive to the good image of the company.

In order to achieve these functions the public relations…… [Read More]

References

Public Relations Specialists. Retrieved 18 February, 2007, at http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos086.htm

Public Relations, Regulations and Sponsorship Programs. Retrieved 18 February, 2007, at http://64.233.183.104/search?q=cache:eLqM0aWlAxgJ:www.cob.sjsu.edu/vitale_r/clowch13Selected.ppt+social+function+of+Public+relations&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=35&gl=za

Virtual Communities - Social Implications of Public Relations. Retrieved 18 February, 2007, at http://wiki.media-culture.org.au/index.php/Virtual_Communities_in_Public_Relations_-_Social_Implications
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Investor Relations Public Relations Investor

Words: 1098 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39697214



A new area that a public relations specialist in investor relations must deal with in the current environment is that of the new phenomenon of grass-roots Internet reviews. "Companies have always had to deal with complaints and criticisms -- both deserved and not. But the Internet has drastically increased the potential damage to a brand or a company's reputation. Frustrations with a company's practices, products and service that once were confined to relatively small circles now reach complete strangers around the world" (Martin & Bennett 2008: 6). Many companies have taken a disastrous 'do nothing' approach or have simply underestimated the influence of the speedy new media to transmit negative and positive buzz about good and bad investment prospects: "The majority of companies we contacted were either unaware their company was the subject of attacks or were taking a 'wait-and-see' approach in deciding what to do about it (Martin &…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dowling, Graham & Warren Weeks. (2008, Spring). What the media is really telling you about your brand. MIT Sloan Review. 49. 3.

Christopher L. Martin and Nathan Bennett (2008, March 10). What to do about online attacks.

Wall Street Journal (Eastern Edition), p. R.6. Retrieved June 8, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1442818571).

UC Irvine extension presents first and only online program in investor relations." (15 Jun
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Customer Relation Management Customer Relationship

Words: 1585 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80314109



Once contractors and employees recognize that CUTCO is interested in making changes, they will willingly provide the company with the information they need to better understand what the customers want and need, and how they can best meet their need. When people talk poorly of a company, customers will hear this news much more quickly than they will hear about the positive gains the company has made or intends to make. When people talk negatively word spreads much quicker. Because of this, CUTCO needs to make amends to the individuals it wronged, and provide an accurate description of its practices so it can begin building a strong customer base. Once CUTCO does this, it can then concentrate on its brand. CUTCO already has a good branding strategy; they must simply ensure this strategy aligns with their objectives and the objectives of the people and contractors working with and for them.…… [Read More]

References

Alcas Corporation. (2007) CUTCO Cutlery: Company Info, Alcas Corp, Retrieved November 27, 2007: http://www.cutco.com/company/companyInfo.jsp

ConsumerAffairs.Com Inc. (2007) "Students Sue Knife Promoters,"

ConsumerAffairs.Com Inc., Retrieved November 27, 2007:

http://consumeraffairs.com/news04/vector01.html
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Human Resource Conflict Management and Employee Relations

Words: 1898 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7686226

Integrate the elevant Information Found Both In Organizations Today and in esearch

Human resource management HM is considered to be an integral part of any organization to make it run effectively and efficiently. Fundamentally, the principal objective of HM is to upsurge the economic profitability from employees through making them organized in a productive, inventive and powered force (Price 2007, p.31).

H function includes many activities like planning, recruitment and appraisal (Pulignano, 2010). But this paper will only focus on the employee relations, with certain details about conflict resolution. The objective of this paper is to familiarize the reader to the critical concerns in conflict management. To attain this objective, employees' relations will be highlighted from H point-of-view, which will eventually reveal various levels of conflicts taking place in an organization. Different methods and disputes will be discussed which are adopted by H managers to solve employee alterations. The role…… [Read More]

References

Alasheev, S., 2005. Informal Relations in the Process of Production, in CLARKE, S., ed. "Management and Industry in Russia: Formal and Informal Relations in the Russian Industrial Enterprise." Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Demirbas, D., and Yukhanaev, A. (2011). Independence of board of directors, employee relation and harmonisation of corporate governance: Empirical evidence from Russian listed companies. Volume 33 issue 4, (pp. 444-471)

Gospel, H. And palmer, G., 1993. British Industrial Relations. 2nd ed. London: Routledge.

Hardy, J. And Kozek, W. 2011.Changing workplace relations in foreign investment firms in Poland, Volume 33 issue 4, (pp. 375-394)
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Interview That They Conducted With Labor Relations

Words: 2079 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8979808

interview that they conducted with Labor Relations Ms. Sheila Brown, a Labor Relations Specialist who works with the U.S. government in Columbia, SC. The interview paper involved an interview where she answered questions and answers about her job so that the author could get a better understanding of her type of work. In addition to the interview, the project essay will begin with a literature review that will relate labor relations theory application that links to the actual job processes and/or functions. Then, we will relate the results of Ms. Brown's interview to gain real world insights into her profession and how it functions in the U.S. government. The literature review will give us an idea of how the discipline is different in the private sector.

Literature Review

Ms. Brown is officially known as a Labor Relations Officer/Manager (LROs) or Chief Human Relations Officer (CHRO). These terms can and are…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ciccarelli, M.C. (2011). Trust at the top . Retrieved from http://www.hreonline.com/HRE/story.jsp?

StoryId=533342772.

Conaty, B., & Charan, R. (2010). The talent masters: Why smart leaders put people before numbers.

(1st ed.). New York, NY: Crown Business.
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Self-Relations in Social Relations Was Featured in

Words: 525 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3798753

Self-relations in Social Relations" was featured in the Sociological Theory journal and discusses with regard to the role that self-relation plays in social relations. The article is meant to discuss how all interactions are not only influenced by other individuals, as one's connection with him or herself also shapes how he or she is going to behave toward others. Silver and Lee emphasize that while most analysts tend to focus on external factors in trying to learn more concerning relations between different types of people, it is also important to acknowledge the significance of examining the self and the degree to which it determines people's reactions to particular ideas.

hen hearing the word social many are inclined to think about relations between individuals and factors that influence these relations. hile Silver and Lee focus on providing new information concerning this idea, most of their research is based on discussing Georg…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Silver, Daniel, and Lee, Monica, "Self-relations in Social Relations," Sociological Theory 30(4) 207 -- 237.
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Customer Relations Management Concepts the

Words: 599 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89274355



Generally, the principal means of achieving that essential integration of functions is through modern data information systems capable of storing relevant information and connecting it in ways that are conducive to promoting sales opportunities. In addition to the functions of information storage and processing, technology also provides a degree of automation that allows the easy accommodation of processes that would be either extremely difficult and time-consuming or completely overwhelming if they were performed by human beings repetitively and one task at a time (Russell-Walling, 2007).

Personal Experiences with CRM Issues

My only experience with CRM systems was within an organization that was not particularly successful at maximizing their potential. The new system was installed and employees received demonstrations of the available capabilities, but only one or two functions was ever fully exploited. The organization treated the CRM system more as a one-time IT initiative and less as a new way…… [Read More]

Sources Consulted

Kinicki, A. And Williams, B. (2005). Management: A Practical Approach. New York:

McGraw-Hill.

Robinson, R.A. "Quick Study: Customer Relationship Management (CRM)" Computer

World Magazine, February 28, 2000. Accessed 2 Aug 2011, from:
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Psychology Movie Relation

Words: 1364 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11166389

Psychology Movie elation

A ose for Emily

Diagnosing a psychological complication are a daunting task and one that requires immense responsibility of the concerned health professionals who examine the patient and decide the appropriate diagnosis (APA, 2001). Among the many variables that a psychological professional observes, are the patient's past life history. For Emily, an examination of the setting and characters in the plot, and an assessment of some of the themes in Faulkner's short story, A ose for Emily and the occurrences involving Emily's father aids the reader to comprehend the pressures with which Emily tried coping and how she might have suffered from schizophrenia. Emily came from a family of high stature and affluence in their southern community and always had a burden of enormous expectations that people had for her. Her community anticipated her to have a hereditary obligation to uphold traditions, norms that her ancestors had…… [Read More]

References

APA. (2001). Quick Reference to the Diagnostic Criteria from DSM-IV. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association.

Kinney, A.F. (2000). Faulkner's Narrative Poetics: Style as Vision. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press.

Staton, S.F. (2005). Literary Theories in Praxis. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.

William, F. (2003). "A Rose for Emily." In The Norton Anthology of American Literature. Ed. Nina Baym. 2160-2166. New York, NY: W.W. Norton.
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Non Muslim and Muslim Relations

Words: 687 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86122822

Muslim/Non-Muslim elations

The Muslim communities in North America and Europe have long experienced the test of adapting the practices and teachings of their religions to the particular problems and circumstances that they experience as citizens of the western societies, even as they maintain a robust foothold in the Islamic culture. Staying in silos is the best means of creating disagreements amidst any two groups. So as to evade such a circumstance, non-Muslims ought to make serious attempts to communicate and relate with Muslims.

elations shall assist in the eradication of misunderstandings as well as stereotypes. It shall also assist to establish a suitable relationship founded on numerous shared beliefs and values. It will also demonstrate that in their daily lives, both Muslims and non-Muslims encounter similar issues and challenges. Interfaith exchanges and conferences should also be promoted. Paying visits to the Muslim homes and mosques shall eradicate several misunderstandings and…… [Read More]

References

Khan, A. (2002). Understanding Muslim-West alienation: Building a better future. Lincoln, Neb: Writers Club Press.

Khan, A. (2007). Islam, Muslims and America: Understanding the Basis of Their Conflict. New York: Algora Pub.
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Ergonomics the Relation of Ergonomics and Anthropometric

Words: 359 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83779661

Ergonomics

The relation of Ergonomics and Anthropometric Methods & Health Care setting design

Four (4) Main Parts of Research Methods and Design in Ergonomics:

Research relationship with people's study (theory and hypothesis)

Site selection and sampling decisions (setting and population)

Data collection methods (survey, measurements)

Data analysis types and techniques (statistical analyses)

Three (3) different research methods

Descriptive

Can be qualitative or quantitative

Descriptive statistics tell "what is,"

Different from using inferential statistic

Pure fact, no relationships between cause, effect

Assess magnitude or scope of problem and suggest ideas for future research

Experimental

Manipulation of variables

Scientific Method

Use to determine causal relationship or significant correlational relationship

Evaluation

Shares elements in common with experimental and descriptive

Examines system or product

Describes relationship between subject and the system/product

Research with regards to ergonomics in health care environment: Keypoints

Case1: The Role of Qualitative Methods in Designing Health Care Organizations

Hospitals not…… [Read More]

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Establishment of Higher Education in Relation to

Words: 1175 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1491028

establishment of Higher Education in relation to accreditation begin in the early 19th century as the United States and other countries saw a need to regulate various fields of academic study. The earliest accrediting was forged from the need to develop credit transfer and degree equivalents among countries. Another reason that accreditation was needed is "to protect public health and safety and to serve the public interest" according to (ACICS, 2012). Faculty has played a role that has changed over time. There are basic processes involved in accreditation. One being peer assessment and evaluation primarily handled by Higher educational institutions and also third party agencies. The regulatory oversight is the process of promoting legislation at the state and federal level to determine policies of managing the accreditation process.

One of the earliest agencies to provide regulation of accreditation was the National Association for Accredited Commercial Schools in 1912. This was…… [Read More]

References

ACICS.org. (2012). History of accreditation. Retrieved April 13, 2012 from  http://www.acics.org/accreditation/content.aspx?id=2258 

American Assoc. Of University Professors (AAUP). (2012). Institutional accreditation a call for greater faculty involvement. Retrieved April 13, 2012 from http://www.aaup.org/AAUP/comm/rep/instaccred.htm

Crosson, F.J. (1988). The role of faculty in accreditation. Academe. Pp. 21.

Perley, J.E. (2007) The spellings commission report. Volume 134.
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International Relations Political Science

Words: 2401 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4354138

political motive should be allowed to exercise within the context of morality otherwise the strongest will flourish at the expense of the weakest. The accommodation of morality within political decision-making is the essence of the central argument presented by Immanuel Kant in his work, "Perpetual Peace." This paper begins by summarizing Kant's "Perpetual Peace" and goes on to identify the realist and liberal aspects of his work. The paper ends by discussing the compatibility of Kant's ideas with classical realism.

KANT: PEPETUAL PEACE

INTENATIONAL ELATIONS

The current international political environment is tilting towards a New World Order. This is due to the visible tension that is a product of interaction between the major world powers along with their national interests and the lesser world powers. This tension stems primarily from the desire to maintain power and protect one's own national interests at the expense of others. Several philosophers have suggested…… [Read More]

References

Kant, Immanuel. Kant: Perpetual Peace. Beck, Lewis, ed. Prentice Hall; 1998.
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Psychoanalytic Model Object Relations

Words: 3548 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18922496

Psychoanalytic Model (Object elations)

In this paper, the object relations psychoanalytic model will be employed for solving a family issue; the family in question is taken from movie. The paper will further delineate key object relations concepts, the theory's assumptions, and its application to the aforementioned movie.

The chosen model

The object relations concept is a variant of the psychoanalytic theory, which deviates from the idea held by Sigmund Freud that mankind is driven by acts of aggression and that of sexual drives. Instead, psychoanalytic theory proposes the notion that man is primarily driven by a need to forge relationships with others (i.e. contact). Object relations therapists aim to aid clients in uncovering early mental pictures that can further any current problems in their associations with other people, and adapt them to improve interpersonal performance.

Basic Concepts in Object elations

The word 'object' in the object relations concept does not…… [Read More]

References

Balk, D. (1996). Models for understanding adolescent coping with bereavement. Death Studies, 20: 367-387.

___. (1990). The self-concepts of bereaved adolescents: Sibling death and its aftermath. Journal of Adolescent Research, 5(1): 112-132.

Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human development. New York: Basic Books.

Daniel, V. (2007, October). Object Relations Theory. Retrieved from Sonoma State University: https://www.sonoma.edu/users/d/daniels/objectrelations.html
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Marketing Public Relations and Segmentation

Words: 2747 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27118545

Marketing

Mass marketing is differentiated from target marketing, in that the target customer is pretty much everybody. A firm that has a target market will either have all of its sales, or a significant portion of them, in an specific identifiable group. Thus, the product should span across race, gender, age and geography. Such a product's target market would be better understood in terms of who doesn't buy it than who does. Wal-Mart would be a good example of a mass market retailer, based on their size, their geographic spread, the wide variety of products that they sell and the ubiquitous nature of many of those products -- many mass market retailers target very broad groups (Investopedia, 2015).

A mass market product, therefore, would be a product that broadly appeals. I will go with Charmin. The target market for Charmin is almost everybody. There are only a few groups that…… [Read More]

References

Coca Cola Company (2015). The Coca-Cola system. Coca Cola. Retrieved June 13, 2015 from http://www.coca-colacompany.com/our-company/the-coca-cola-system

Investopedia (2015). Definition of derived demand. Investopedia. Retrieved June 13, 2015 from http://www.investopedia.com/terms/d/derived_demand.asp

Investopedia (2015). Mass market retailer. Investopedia. Retrieved June 13, 2015 from http://www.investopedia.com/terms/m/mass-market-retailer.asp

New Zealand Transportation Association (2013) Blazed -- drug driving in Aotearoa. YouTube Retrieved June 13, 2015 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P8KAaf45g5U
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Jasmine Dell Object Relations Case

Words: 2475 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12685037

A precursor behavior denotes to actions that happen before the difficulty. For instance, in the circumstance above there are some actions that happen before the setback. First, Jasmine parents are very strict basically forcing her to accept strict religious rules thus becoming very uncomfortable (Murdock, 2008). Also, Jasmine seems to go along with her father strict rules and seems to see everything in black and white thus making her feel as though her mother does not accept her. Jasmine begins not to like her parents because they really do not permit her to make independent decisions that are independent. Another behavior is that Danita is forced to move to America to stay with her parents. She does not agree with her parents strict rules and how they convince her. This really makes her more upset as she believes that her mother is not allowing her to make decisions of her…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Berman, P.S. (2009). Case Conceptualization and Treatment Planning. Atlanta: Penguin.

Harris, N. (2007). Modern Psychotherapy. New York: READ BOOkS.

Kramer, U., Berger, T., & Caspar, F. (2009). Psychotherapeutic case conceptualization using plan analysis for bipolar affective disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65(4), 352.

Murdock, N. (2008). Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy: A Case Approach. Canada: Peasron.
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Ncfr the National Council on Family Relations

Words: 1164 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83690127

NCF

The National Council on Family elations places a high degree of emphasis on the development of quality policy and programs. Methodical and research-based program development in particularly important, evidenced by the tenth major content area on Family Life Education Methodology (NCF, 2011). This content area refers to program effectiveness, measured by various established qualitative and quantitative means. It also refers to program progress and effectiveness specific to target populations. Education techniques, ongoing assessments, and sensitivity training needs are also taken into account by this provision of the NCF (2011). Finally, public relations are becoming increasingly important to the practice of family research, family counseling, and family law. Policy and program development are core applications. Therefore, this content area is of the utmost importance. ecent research validates the NCF (2011) provision as follows.

Fawsett, E.B., Hawkins, A.J. Blanchard, V.L. & Carroll, J.S. (2010). Do premarital education programs really work? A…… [Read More]

References

Blanchard, V.L., Hawkins, A.J.; Baldwin, S.A. & Fawcett, E.B. (2009). Investigating the effects of marriage and relationship education on couples' communication skills: A meta-analytic study. Journal of Family Psychology 23(2), Apr 2009, 203-214.

Fawsett, E.B., Hawkins, A.J., Blanchard, V.L. & Carroll, J.S. (2010). Do premarital education programs really work? A meta-analytic study. Family Relations 59(3): 232-239.

Ghysels, J. (2011). The unequal benefits of activation: an analysis of the social distribution of family policy among families with young children. Journal of European Social Policy 21(5): 472-485.

NCFR (2011). Family life education content areas. Retrieved online: http://www.ncfr.org/sites/default/files/downloads/news/FLE_Content_Areas_2011.pdf
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International Relations Challenges in Approaching

Words: 3079 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4328109

Conciliation seems to be more to the purpose, if opposing bodies are expected to work together to govern a country. Humphrey said in his study on From Victim to Victimhood, "By contrast, trials have played a much smaller role during political transition and thus have addressed far fewer victims. They have, however, been very important in re-establishing the authority of law and the state" (2003 184)

hat division of labor among states, international institutions and non-governmental organizations is likely to prove most effective in meeting the challenges of the post-Cold ar era in the future?

George . Bush, President of the United States of America, appears to believe that the United States must police the world, leading other nations into controlling what he considers dangerous policies in other countries, while taking preemptive action against them on his own. hile Bush knows that the laws of war are different from the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bass, Gary J., "Milosevic in the Hague." Foreign Affairs, 00157120, May/Jun2003, Vol. 82, Issue 3.

Decision on the Establishment of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Official Gazette of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, No. 15/2001. 30 March 2001.

Dickinson, Laura a. "The promise of hybrid courts." The American Journal of International Law, Vol 97(2) April 2003.

Freeman, Mark. "Case Study Series: Bosnia and Herzegovina: Selected Developments in Transitional Justice." International Center for Transitional Justice. Oct 2004.