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Extracurricular Activities and Student Success: a Connection
Extracurricular activities are very popular with students from elementary school through college. These activities can run the gamut of things from sports to drama, from chess to yoga, and everything in between; extracurricular activities really cater to a student's individual interests, and there are groups for just about every imaginable interest. Extracurricular activities are normally conducted outside of the normal school day, are entirely voluntary, and students do not receive grades for participating in them (Holloway, 1999). Nevertheless, these activities remain extraordinarily popular, thereby reinforcing the notion that school is not just about grades to most students. However, despite the fact that extracurricular activities are not associated with academics (in most cases) and have nothing to do with grades, a growing body of research suggests that participation in extracurricular activities may in fact have a beneficial effect on a student's academic performance. This…
Bleeker, Martha M., et. al. (1998). "The Effects of Extracurricular Activities on Self-Esteem, Academic Achievement, and Aggression in College Students." Psi Chi: The National Honor Society in Psychology. 3(1).
Eccles, J.S., and Barber, B.I. (1999). "Student Council, Volunteering, Basketball, or Marching Band: What Kind of Extracurricular Involvement Matters?" Journal of Adolescent Research. 14(1), 10-43.
Extracurricular Activities." (1995). The Condition of Education. Retrieved on July 2, 2003 at http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/ce/c9543a01.html .
Gerber, Susan. (1996). "Extracurricular Activities and Academic Achievement." Journal of Research and Development in Education. 30(1), 42-50.
We had prepared presentations for the college authorities as well as for the students.
We explained to the college administration and senior professors about the ways in which our organization can benefit their students in long run. Moreover, we also took permission to give presentation to the students in the college and encouraged them to join our firm as internees now and employees afterwards. Handouts were also provided to them, which also contained details about our company and the skills and abilities that internees can learn by working with us. We also pitched the colleges to advertise us on their notice boards so that the students who missed to attend the presentation can also avail the opportunity of working at a better place.
As a result of our efforts, many internees joined our company and were provided training. I also joined their group and learned so much about the basic…
Gender and Career Success
On many resumes, the applicant will list their extracurricular activities and interests. If nothing else, it gives the interviewer something with which to break the ice, a conversation starter that is not all that relevant to the job for which the applicant is being interviewed. Or is it? People put down their extracurriculars in part because they think that companies want to know those things. It can look good to say that you help the homeless, or referee youth soccer. But does any of that actually matter in terms of career success?
There has not been much work done to measure the link between extracurricular activities and career success. A lot of the research that does exist comes from the education field and relates to students. At that level, at least, there is evidence to support the idea that extracurricular activities are beneficial. Students who participate…
Career Building (2014). Extra-curricular activities -- why are they important on a resume? Performance Education Group. Retrieved November 17, 2015 from http://www.performance.edu.au/news/Extra-curricular-activities-in-your-resume
Chickering, A. (1994). Empowering lifelong self-development. NACADA Journal Vol. 14 (2) 50-53.
Fabricant, F. & Miller, J. (2014) Creating career success: A Flexible plan for the world of work. Wadsworth: Boston.
Mahoney, J., Cairns, B. & Farmer, T. (2003). Promoting interpersonal competence and educational success through extracurricular activity participation. Journal of Educational Psychology. Vol. 95 (2) 409-418.
extracurricular activities encompass the activities that students take part in, which are not constituted in the sphere of normal curriculum of the schools. These activities are perceived in all school levels. Extracurricular activities (ECA) include different activities, such as clubs, sports, art, music, drama and even the school student newspaper (Massoni, 2011). The purpose of this paper is to highlight the positive impacts of ECA on the eventual career prospects of the students and their level of success through different literature reviews.
esearch shows the level of participation in extracurricular activities is significant to companies. This is for the reason that, participation in these activities signifies potential soft-skill capabilities and proficiencies, such as leadership skills, organizing skills, social and relational skills and cooperation. Ming Chia (2005) examines the impacts of emotional intelligence, extracurricular activities and academic performance with respect to prospective accounting-major graduates on the results of their individual cross-examining…
Huang, Y. R., Chang, S. M. (2004). Academic and co-curricular involvement: Their relationship and the best combinations for student growth. Journal of College Student Development 45, no. 4: 391-406.
Massoni, E. (2011). Positive Effects of Extra Curricular Activities on Students. ESSAI, 9(1), 27.
Ming Chia, Y. (2005). Job offers of multi-national accounting firms: The effects of emotional intelligence, extra-curricular activities, and academic performance. Accounting Education, 14(1), 75-93.
Vermeulen, L., & Schmidt, H. G. (2008). Learning environment, learning process, academic outcomes and career success of university graduates. Studies in Higher Education, 33(4), 431-451.
Extra-Curricular Activities and Career Success
Leadership is defined as a set of attitudes and skills, which can be practiced and learned at a very young age. Through community service activities, sports, and school clubs, the adolescents explore their strengths and learn how to make a difference on their parts. Several adolescents who have taken active part in the extracurricular activities have reported to have strong opportunities of leadership and a much greater voice in the process of decision making. Different extracurricular activities have provided different success patterns in the adolescents; studies have suggested that those who were involved in the sports activities had positive results as compared to the ones who were not involved in organized activities (Hancock, Dyk, & Jones, 2012 ).
An environment that involves learning increases student motivation, resulting in the increase in learning results. This shows an important relationship with the success in the beginning phases…
CHIA, Y. M. (2005). Job Offers of Multi-national Accounting Firms: The Effects of Emotional Intelligence, Extra-curricular Activities, and Academic Performance. Accounting Education: an international journal, 75-93.doi: 10.1080/0693928042000229707
Hancock, D., Dyk, P. H., & Jones, K. (2012 ). Adolescent Involvement in Extracurricular Activities: Influences on Leadership Skills. Journal of Leadership Education, 84-101.
Storey, K. L. (2010). Bridging the Gap: Linking Co-Curricular Activities to Student Learning Outcomes in Community College Students. Dissertations.
Vermeluen, L., & Schmidt, H. (2008). Learning environment, learning process, academic outcomes and career success of university graduates. Studies in Higher Education, 431-451.doi: 10.1080/03075070802211810
During the proposed study's process, the researcher plans to fulfill the following objectives.
Objective 1: Address each of the proposed study's research questions during literature review:
Examine the effect athletic participation has on student GPAs;
Identify the effect athletic participation has on student DC CAS math scores;
Determine the effect athletic participation has on student DC CAS English eading scores;
Explore the effect music participation has on student GPAs;
Investigate the effect music participation has on student DC CAS math scores;
Discover the effect music participation has on student DC CAS English eading scores.
Complete study with 150 tenth grade student participants in the first semester of school year 2008-2009.
Analyze test results and compare with findings from literature reviewed.
One of the Best Investments
Despite current reported budget cuts and constraints in education, high school activity programs continue to constitute one of the best…
Baker, Christina. (2008, August). Under-represented college students and extracurricular involvement: the effects of various student organizations on academic performance. Social Psychology of Education, Volume 11 (3). Retrieved January 27, 2009 at http://www.springerlink.com/content/b6432j1361233004/
The case for extracurricular activities. (2008). National Federation of State High School Association. Retrieved January 23, 2009 at http://richwoodstrack.com/extracurricular_case.htm
The Columbia World of Quotations. (1996). Columbia University Press, New York. Retrieved January 27, 2009 from www.bartleby.com/66/.
Draper, Michelle. (2008, September 7). Vic: Principals link mental health to academic achievement. (www.highbeam.com/Search.aspx?q=publication:%22AAP+General+News+(Australia)%22&sort=DT&sortdir=DAAP General News (Australia). Retrieved January 28, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-156068940.html
My broadcasting career began early, when I anchored for our high school's Hawk News Network (HNN). It was then that I realized for certain what I wanted to do for the rest of my life: to be of service to all people and leave a legacy through effective communication and journalism.
A plan to pursue broadcast journalism by taking rigorous courses that directly pertain in my field of interest. I also intend to stretch my boundaries and step outside of my comfort zone by taking challenging coursework in unrelated areas, areas that might expose and therefore strengthen my weaknesses. Another way I intend to pursue my academic interests is through clubs, organizations, and other extracurricular activities that relate to broadcast journalism. Just as I became actively involved in student-run television stations in high school and college, I will also involve myself deeply with such resources at USC (CHRISTINE: YOU MIGHT…
Significant findings were that the survey revealed that "participants in any type of extracurricular activity were significantly more likely than non-participants to exercise and consume nutritious foods, to like school and do homework, and to express positive attitudes about self, peers, teachers, and parents. Involved students were less likely to skip school, get into fights, vandalize property, smoke cigarettes or marijuana, binge drink, or have sexual intercourse. Students who participate in sports are less likely to suffer depression than non-participants. "
3. The Involvement Principle:
Reported in the Journal of Higher Education (1995) the work entitled "The Other Curriculum: Out-of-Class Experiences with Student Learning and Personal Development" sought to understand the relationship between leadership and socialization skills in relation to the personal development that seemingly takes place during extracurricular activities. According to the author of this work George D. Kuh, graduates believe that participation in student's organizations, part-time work as…
Porter, A.C. (1991) Creating a System of School Process Indicators. Education and Policy Analysis 13(1), 13-29.
Chambers, Elisha A. (2002) After-School Pursuits, Ethnicity and Achievement for 8th and 10th Grade Students. The Journal of Educational Research 1 Nov 2002.
Gopalakrishman, Narayan (2003) Differences in Behavior, Psychological Factors, and Environmental Factors Associated with Participation in School Sports and Other Activities in Adolescence. Journal of School Health 1 Mar 2003.
Kuh, George D. (1995) The Other Curriculum: Out-of-Class Experiences Associated with Student Learning and Personal Development. Journal of Higher Education 1 March 1995.
2007)." The authors also explain that there is a great deal of interest in the concept of school engagement because it is believed to be influenced by environmental changes (Fredricks et al., 2004; Dotterer et al. 2007). As a result of racial and ethnic achievement gaps, the study of school engagement amongst students of color is essential to closing these gaps. Previous research uncovered a pattern of underachievement in African-American students who have lower grades and receive less education than non-Hispanic White students (Dotterer et al. 2007).
According to Jimerson et al. (2003) there are three dimensions of school engagement: affective, behavioral, and cognitive. The affective dimension is associated with an emotional connection to school and the sense of belonging that students have with their school. Additionally this dimension of school engagement is often referred to as school attachment (Johnson et al., 2001). The affective dimension of school engagement "reflects…
Dotterer a.M. Susan M. McHale Ann C. Crouter. (2007) Implications of Out-of-School Activities for School Engagement in African-American Adolescents. J Youth Adolescence (2007) 36:391 -- 401
Dworkin, J.B., Larson, R., & Hansen, D. (2003). Adolescents' accounts of growth experiences in youth activities. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 32, 17-26.
Feldman, Amy F.; Matjasko, Jennifer L. (2005) the Role of School-Based Extracurricular Activities in Adolescent Development: A Comprehensive Review and Future Directions Review of Educational Research v. 75 no. 2 p. 159-210
Fredricks J, Blumenfeld P, Paris a (2004) School engagement: Potential of the concept, state of the evidence. Rev Educ Res 74:59 -- 109
The visits would also include the distribution of basic food items to help alleviate the food shortages and associated hunger in the area. The country is one that has a high reliance on agriculture and subsistence farming, but with the recent civil war the poverty is exacerbated with a need to recover. Recovery is needed for both production and the access to funds that may be realized from the sale of agricultural goods. This is an ongoing issue which one is constantly aware of when handing out food, knowing it is a short-term solution to a long-term problem. However other projects do exist which are seeking to address this issues.
The visits also involve medical checks, with doctors and healthcare workers visiting people in their homes to help with medical issues to carry out checks and to give advice. This was also a learning experience, seeing the range of medical…
This study used quantitative techniques to measure the dependent variables, but the answers obtained have a high level of subjectivity present in them.
Aside from the independent and dependent variables, almost every study has a number of factors present that affect the results obtained in the study and the ability to interpret them. In this study, there are a number of factors that must be addressed in regards to the teacher responses to the survey. Confounding variables can be internal or external factors over which the researcher has no control. It id difficult to find a study that has absolutely no confounding variables that could affect the results.
In this study, the first confounding variable is dependent on the interactions of other confounding variables. The student's type and severity of emotional disturbance are the first factors that affect the results obtained in this study. Neither the teachers, nor…
Hyatt, K. & Filler, J. (2007). A Comparison of the Effects of Two Social Skill Training
Approaches on Teacher and Child Behavior. Journal of Research in Childhood
Education. 22 (1): 85.
Lane, K., Wehby, J., Robertson, J. & Rogers, L. (2007). How Do Different Types of High
To these kids playing video games is an extracurricular activity and they don't see any reason to do anything else.
The major problem with this is that the incidence of childhood obesity in the U.S. is three times higher than it was 40 years ago. esearch shows that the increased use of technology by children during leisure time has transformed play from what used to be more physically active to sedentary. Children are often engaged in an environment that exposes them to food advertisement that encourages even more caloric consumption. Despite the linkage between technology and sedentary behavior, no consistent policy exists at the federal level that articulates government's role to address this issue (Campbell, Gilmore, McGinty, Pickering and amos, 2009).
A new study shows that every hour that a child plays video games or watches television may double their risk of obesity. This is not the first study to…
Campbell, Casie, Gilmore, William, McGinty, James, Pickering, Jennifer and Ramos, Joseph.
(2009). Minimizing Technologies' Contribution to Childhood Obesity. Retrieved March 2,
2010, from Web site: http://wmgilmore.iweb.bsu.edu/technology_assessment.html
Do violent video games contribute to youth violence? (2010). Retrieved March 2, 2010, from Pro
Learning should be a natural part of life, not seen as something confined to the classroom.
To improve my school, first and foremost, I would allow for periods of class discussion, so students would have the freedom to question what they have learned. I would have smaller classes, so students could have enough time to discuss the lesson in a meaningful fashion and engage in hands-on problem-solving activities in math and science. I would allow for more open-ended and creative assignments in my humanities and social science classes. I would make the arts, including music and drama, an integral part of the curriculum so students could enjoy the pure pleasure of learning and use their knowledge in the process of creation and self-discovery.
Introducing greater number of extracurricular activities at my current school is essential: sports are a passion of mine, but I would also like to write for a…
With Kim's help, I saw that I had a knack for helping people. I was able not just to be supportive of others, but I could really connect with people and help them. I also had a great knowledge of course planning for almost every major at UConn, because I liked to read through the course booklet and see what kinds of classes were out there and see the different majors and what the requisites were for each. Also, I realized that I often helped my friends with their course selections and major planning before they went to their own advisors. Therefore, I decided to major in Human Services, where my concentration was in academic advising.
Thus, in my own way, I was able to travel through each of the seven vectors identified by Chickering and elucidated by eisser, ultimately arriving at the final point: the development of purpose in…
Chickering, a.W. Education and Identity. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1969.
Straub, C. And Roberts, R.F. "An Exploration of Chickering's Theory and Women's
Development." Journal of College Student Personnel, 1986, 27, pp. 216-224.
Reisser, L. "Revisiting the Seven Vectors." Journal of College Student Personnel, 1995, 36, pp.
According to the Kohlberg theory, the post-conventional level is when a person develops social contract orientation and becomes principled. I believe I felt that I owed society an obligation to work and try to make it better, so I sought public welfare work (Fowler, p. 56).
Eventually, a better job opportunity came to me in the form of a state job in the Department of Youth and Family Services, so I decided to leave the school system. I transferred from my city job and was able work in my chosen field. Between working there and at Families Matter, New Jersey, I learned quite a bit. I would spend hours with parents who did not have the skills to help themselves and children who were in crisis. This motivated me even more to finish my bachelor's degree. This experience made me realize how lucky I was to have supportive family and…
Colby, a and Kohlberg, L. (1987). The Measurement of Moral Judgment, Vol 2. Standard Issue Scoring Manual. Cambridge University Press.
Fowler, J.T., Hennesey, T. (ed.) (1976) "Stages in faith: the structural developmental approach," Values and Moral Development. New York: Paulist Press.
Harder, a.F. (2002). The developmental stages of Erik Erikson. Learning Place Online.com. Retrieved August 8, 2007 at http://www.learningplaceonline.com/stages/organize/Erikson.htm .
Kohlberg, Lawrence (1973). "The claim to moral adequacy of a highest stage of moral judgment." Journal of Philosophy. 70: 630-646.
o what extent do headmasters and teachers agree or differ of the hidden curriculum of these schools? his question is extremely important in determining the effects of the hidden curriculum of students in public junior high schools. If the headmasters and teachers differ on the hidden curriculum there may be a problem with the infrastructure of the school, students may not be taking away the attributes and values meant to be taught, students could be confused about society's norms in general and may fail in one or more aspects of American society, or students may even be leaving public schools armed with values that may be dangerous to the well-being of our current social structure. he questionnaire will include questions that can be used to answer this query. Each headmaster and teacher may be asked what he or she believes the hidden curriculum of his or her school teaches. Do…
To what extent do headmasters and teachers agree or differ of the hidden curriculum of these schools? This question is extremely important in determining the effects of the hidden curriculum of students in public junior high schools. If the headmasters and teachers differ on the hidden curriculum there may be a problem with the infrastructure of the school, students may not be taking away the attributes and values meant to be taught, students could be confused about society's norms in general and may fail in one or more aspects of American society, or students may even be leaving public schools armed with values that may be dangerous to the well-being of our current social structure. The questionnaire will include questions that can be used to answer this query. Each headmaster and teacher may be asked what he or she believes the hidden curriculum of his or her school teaches. Do these lessons align with the headmasters' or teachers' own personal value set? Does the headmaster or teacher believe the hidden curriculum is effective in preparing students to be an effective part of American society? A comparison between the headmaster's answers and teachers' answers of the same school will be used to determine to what extent headmasters and teachers agree or differ of the hidden curriculum.
Wren (1993) suggests a checklist that educators can use to help determine the hidden curriculum of schools. This checklist asks questions such as does the school have a motto, colors, ect.; Are there regularly scheduled field trips?; Are there regular inter- and intrascholastic competitions, pep rallies, and school wide assemblies?; Are there opening convocations and appropriate end-of-the-year ceremonies and activities?; Do students regularly receive recognition for outstanding conduct, grades, and other achievements?; Are documents available for faculty and community members (handbook, announcements, mission statement, newsletters, and reports on school/community service projects)? The questionnaire for this dissertation may include questions similar to those suggested by Wren (1993).
Structuring the questionnaire as a combination of essay questions and yes or no questions should provide enough information to effectively form a knowledgeable answer. By keeping the questionnaire to between ten and twenty questions it should be short enough to provide a large volume of feedback. It could be formatted into five sections with an average of three questions per section. The five sub-questions should serve to form the five sections with the questions, or similar questions mentioned throughout this paper serving as the questionnaire. In this way, enough information should be gathered to effectively reveal the hidden curriculum present in public junior high schools in the U.S. And to discern any negative aspects of this implicit curriculum.
Academy, as part of its attempt to instill reflective learning in students has created the GOWTH program, a school, community-based program in which students who have interpersonal difficulties are given specific assignments to promote reflection and change. "Every student that serves a GOWTH lunch is required to do a GOWTH CENTE EFLECTION SHEET that consists of various questions and an apology letter. The purpose of the sheet is to allow students to reflect on the choice that they made, why the choice was wrong, how they could've handled the situation differently using better choices, and what they have learned from their experience" (GOWTH, 2013). Thus, relationships between students and deans are fostered via GOWTH; however there is no little direct family contact in the program -- the emphasis is on personal responsibility for the student.
The program is considered community-based given that it relies upon concepts of conflict diffusion embraced…
I like to think that my ability to focus and make their success as important as my own has prepared me for managing and inspiring others. When I was young, I never felt like I was alone, even after our father left. I always felt like I was a part of a greater good, a greater family. My mother instilled this way of thinking in me and I believe that we were all able to overcome strife by holding onto each other and never forgetting that we were all in the same boat together.
As a business manager, I believe that inspiring people, listening to people, showing them and making them feel that they count are some of the most important aspects of running a great business. I feel that I am a good communicator and that I am good at understanding the differences in how each distinct person communicates.…
Columbia University Summer Program Admissions Essay
I have always been a highly motivated individual and, for this reason, have always believed in setting goals. Despite some minor setbacks, I never gave up on my dreams and have continued to set goals for myself throughout high school. My curricular and extracurricular interests involve writing, business, politics, and film. I have taken numerous courses in these subjects, and have pursued activities that could broaden my understanding of them. Yet I now believe that in order to truly understand these interesting fields one must take one's education a step further. For this reason, I am now setting another goal, namely, to attend the Columbia University summer program.
My qualifications for pursuing this program rest both in my high motivation, as well as in my academic results and proven skills. For instance, and with specific regard towards the subject of writing, I…
The research I perform while at the Wharton School of Business will be in part how to start and manage such an organization, how to receive and maintain reliable funding, and also how to contend with regulations. On the other hand, I also intend to extensively study business and international law to the extent that it impacts my business model.
While at the Wharton School of Business I will not only be studying hard and working with academic advisors on how to craft an ideal path for the future. I will also be one of many other students. The social aspects of my degree program are important to cultivate, and will require a great degree of time management as I balance work, school, and social life. The University of Pennsylvania campus offers a wealth of extracurricular activities, and so too does the vibrant city of Philadelphia. I look forward to…
Leadership Plans for Upcoming Academic Year
Over the course of the upcoming academic year, I hope to pursue opportunities that will ground my academic work in educational experiences outside of the classroom. I will become part of an undergraduate research program that will enable me to marry my real-life work in the world with what I have learned about marketing theory in school. I also will join more activities that will enable me to connect with other students of similar interests and aptitudes. One difficulty with working full-time and pursuing an undergraduate degree is that time is often scarce; obtaining a scholarship would free up more of my time to delve deeper into extracurricular activities. I have come to realize how the opportunities afforded to me to network with my peers and future employers are essential. I seek new opportunities to lead and to learn from other student and professional…
Even in my current extracurricular activities, such as on my Varsity football team, sacrificing my need to be a 'star' and instead serve the common good is a necessity. Teaching the novice debaters is an integral part of my duties on my school's Lincoln-Douglas Debate team. I must help them see the world from competing perspectives, and to see issues in terms of grey, rather than stark black and white.
I am so thankful for the people in my life who have taught me this spirit of community: the people I met over the summer in Texas taught me what it means to be a good neighbor, the children and senior citizens I have befriended who have shown me that friendship knows no age or socioeconomic status. I have, despite the shortness of my life, tried to craft an open soul with few fences, with no barbed wire around my…
Over the course of the project, I took the responsibility for ensuring that all of the bureaucracy and paperwork regarding the needed permits for the addition's plumbing, electric work, and building materials remained in order. I became more fluent in the legal language as well as the technical aspects of a major construction effort. After the addition was built, I had to ensure that the work passed its inspection within the time of the contract -- and check for the company's own peace of mind that the work was sound from the bottom of its foundation to the top of its rafters.
This experience brought about an intense sense of self-actualization, as I gained confidence in my own leadership abilities and competence. Nothing could be taken for granted, and it was my duty to check and double-check even the work of 'experts.' Because of my thoroughness, my ability to speak…
boundaries between religion and science have always been thin, in spite of the triumph of reason in modern societies. For example, science is frequently called upon to aid those in times of need, from offering miraculous organ transplants to the terminally ill to engineering new homes and communities for those whose lives have been devastated by natural disasters. On the other hand, religion and religious ideals help guide the moral hand of the sciences, providing an ethical framework within which scientists can operate. Through the integration of science and spirituality, individuals can contribute to a more just and joyous world. In my personal life I have witnessed the power of blending science and spirituality. Especially as an aspiring practitioner of dental medicine, I feel I must not neglect ideals like compassion in favor of competitive advantages or financial gain. My specific field of interest therefore reflects my commitment to improving…
McVeigh (Oklahoma City bomber) terms acts violence, childhood background, situational factors,
Timothy McVeigh will long be remembered as the Oklahoma City bomber and as the principle culprit of the bombing of that city's Murrah Federal Building the morning of April 19, 1995. The mass media was quick to vilify the then 26-year-old as an aberration -- someone who was driven by an unprovoked pathology to commit this act that resulted in 168 dead (including approximately 20 children in an on-site day care center) and which was inexplicable. However, a prolonged analysis into the background of McVeigh from his childhood through his days in the Armed Forces to the erratic behavior he exhibited prior to the bombing of the federal building demonstrates that from a psychological perspective, there are certainly explanations for McVeigh's actions. This document attempts to examine the myriad facets of McVeigh's life through the five axes of the…
Brown, B.L. (1999). "Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) Scale (DSM - IV Axis V)." www.facstaff.gpc.edu / Retrieved from http://facstaff.gpc.edu/~bbrown/psyc2621/ch3/gaf.htm
No author. (2001). "Timothy McVeigh: convicted Oklahoma City bomber." CNN. Retrieved from http://archives.cnn.com/2001/U.S./03/29/profile.mcveigh/index.html
Linder, D.O. (2006). "The Oklahoma City Bombing & The Trial of Timothy McVeigh." www.law2umkc.edu. Retrieved from http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/mcveigh/mcveighaccount.html
Walsh, D. (2001). "Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh: the making of a mass murderer." International Committee of the Fourth International. Retrieved from http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2001/04/mcve-a19.html
I don't shy away from hard work and effort. I have already taken several computer science courses that enriched and stimulated me, offering me the basic knowledge that will prepare me for further education in the field. Therefore, I apply to Montclair State already aware of the particular set of challenges computers pose.
As a college applicant, I am also aware that university entry is highly competitive, every bit as competitive as football. With my unique background and special set of talents, however, I am confident that I make an ideal candidate for admissions. Not only have I excelled at computer science classes, but I also do well in general math and science as well as the humanities. Moreover, I am focused and determined to succeed in my chosen field, while at the same time open and interested in learning new things.
Collaboration and cooperation are two other reasons why…
My work experience and responsibilities have included retail and sales, and working at the Blackwell Hotel. The hotel is affiliated with the Fisher College of Business. In this job, I have had opportunities to meet many professors and graduate students from the College while working as a server for the Grab 'n' Go sandwich shop. This work experience has helped to increase my knowledge of service-related business practices and of people in general, professionally and personally.
In addition, I have worked in the past for my aunt, who is an accomplished, and very experienced, business entrepreneur. My aunt has taught me a great deal about the business world and about interfacing with varied and diverse groups of people in a constructive business capacity. She owns a business that focuses on helping women from all walks of life begin their careers through investing in their own businesses, and themselves.
Role of Nutrition in Health
Nutritional Assessment is a detailed evaluation of objective as well as subjective data, relating to an individual's food intake, along with giving due consideration to factors such as medical history and lifestyle of the said individual. The purpose of a nutritional assessment is to identify the malnourishment and/or undernourishment in an individual's diet and to eradicate the factors that make it unhealthy and unfit. Once the data relating an individual's eating habits has been collected and organized, it can be used to evaluate the nutritional status of that person. The assessment is followed up by a plan to either intervene or to devise a new proper nutritious diet plan to help the individual attain a healthier status (Carol Rees Parrish, August 2003).
In keeping up with the current obesity and overweight statistics, the need for a balanced nutrition profile has increased tenfold. Australia today is…
Ageing, D. o. (1998). Australian Guide to Eating Healthy. http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/content/E384CFA588B74377CA256F190004059B/$File/fd-cons.pdf .
Carol Rees Parrish, M.R. (August 2003). Nutritional Assessment: Current Concepts and Guidelines for the Busy Physician.
Institute, M.O. (June 2012). Obesity in Australia.
Institute, N.H. Obesisty. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/obesity/ob_gdlns.pdf .
attitudes and values of high school students. eforms to the high school system in the United States are also explained. Additionally, the reason why students need not be involved in the planning of reforms is elucidated.
High School Students: their Attitudes and Values
Of a crucial age, climbing a milestone, conscious to their fullest with no fear of prospects, high school students have interested researchers and policy makers for centuries. They have quite a few common traits -- they behave as individuals of their own age group in a rather full-fledged way. They are go-getting to achieve their independence, they are show-offs, impressionable persons desiring to be their best (something to be learned) and to suit the times they live in. Their self-esteem is fragile and they are pretty sensitive to criticism, attention, and dilemmas, for instance, within their families.
Students from different socioeconomic backgrounds behave differently as has been…
Barber, A. (1997. March). Rough language plagues schools, educators say. USA Today, pp 06D.
Committee for increasing high school students' engagement and motivation to learn. National Academies. Internet. http://www4.nas.edu/cp.nsf/Projects+_by+_PIN/BCYF-I-01-01-A?OpenDocument.Available on August 25, 2003.
Doyle, M. Failing to connect: Schools face increased pressure when students flunk classes. The Columbian, March 16, 2003, pp Front Page.
Educational reforms and students at risk: A review of the current state of the art. (1994. January). Internet. http://www.ed.gov/pubs/EdReformStudies/EdReforms/.Available on August 25, 2003.
Secondly, the student must meet the requirements for a home education program, which include the same curriculum as listed in Florida Statutes, 232.246(1) (Florida Statute 232.0201, 1993). During the time of participation, the student must show evidence of academic progress, as determined by an evaluation which may include a review of the student's work by a certified instructor, grades obtained through correspondence courses or community colleges, or standardized test scores (Florida Statute 232.0201, 1993). The student must register with the school at the beginning of the term in which they wish to participate (Florida Statute 232.425, 2003).
These requirements are difficult enough to enforce, but as noted, with proper testing and evaluation by qualified instructors, the curriculum and grading of home educated students appears to be very manageable. In the State of Florida, then, the academic requirements for sport participation are equal for both public and home educated students. Although…
Colb, S. (2005). Should home-schooled have access to public school programs? Retrieved from FindLaw database through CNN.com. Web site: http://www.cnn.com/2005/LAW/06/30/colb.home.school/ .
Craig Dickson Act, Florida State Statute, 2003, 232.425.
Exceptional Student Support Services (ESSS). (2002). Home School Brochure. Sanford, FL: Exceptional Student Support Services.
Florida State Statute, 1993, 232.0201.
people join fraternities and sororities, and do others not?
You may be a fresher in college or a student who has got transfer. Certainly you have taken up the college to attain a degree. Also you may be in search of some work to perform with all the leisure time you possess when you just are not doing anything in the class. There are umpteen groups of particular interest situated in the campus. You can enroll in one of these to enhance your extracurricular activities or render something for a valuable cause. It is recurrently convenient to make a decision about which group of particular interest you want to enroll in. But we see that the chosen lot of college students challenges the viability of joining a brotherhood group or sisterhood campaign. Each and every person has their own cause to enroll in or turn down these sororities or fraternities.…
Advantages of Being Greek" Retrieved at http://studentlife.tamu.edu/greek/Information/advantages.htm . Accessed on 12/02/2003
Parent's Guide to Greek Life" University Union and Student Centre: Clemson University. Retrieved at http://union.clemson.edu/sa/greek_life/parents_guide.asp. Accessed on 12/02/2003
Boan, Cliff. "In Praise of Greek Organizations." The Retriever - Opinion October 30, 2001
Retrieved from www.trw.umbc.edu/. Accessed on 12/02/2003
" (Halpin and urt, 1998) Duois states: "The history of the American Negro is the history of this strife -- this longing to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his double self into a better and truer self. In this merging he wishes neither of the older selves to be lost. He would not Africanize America, for America has too much to teach the world and Africa. He would not bleach his Negro soul in a flood of White Americanism, for he knows that Negro blood has a message for the world. He simply wishes to make it possible for a man to be both a Negro and an American, without being cursed and spit upon by his fellows, without having the doors of Opportunity closed roughly in his face. (Duois, 1903)
The work of Pope (1998) conducted a study to make examination of the relationship between psychosocial development and racial…
Alessandria, Kathryn P. And Nelson, Eileen S. (2005) Identity Development and Self-Esteem of First-Generation American College Students: An Exploratory Study. Project Muse January/February 2005 Vol. 46 No. 1 Online available at http://muse.jhu.edu/demo/journal_of_college_student_development/v046/46.1alessandria.pdf
ARMY ROTC: The John Hopkins University (nd) Training and Curriculum. Online available at http://www.jhu.edu/rotc/training.htm
Astin, a.W. (1984). Student involvement: A developmental theory for higher education. Journal of College Student Personnel, 25, 297-308.
Astin, a.W. (1993). What matters in college? Four critical years revisited. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Traditional vs. Non-Traditional Student Issues
Tones, Fraser, Elder, and White (2009) argue that there are two major student groups which are of significant importance to research as a result of their adjustment to the university system, the resulting study experiences and the persistence they carry in their studies. The first of the two groups is the traditional students who face issues in transitioning from their adolescent or teenage years to adulthood which takes place at the university or college level where they separate from their friends and family and have to adjust to the new social and academic environments which creates stress for them. The second group is the non-traditional or more mature students who have to balance their day-to-day activities such as work or business with this new academic environment. The diversity of non-traditional students is the major reason for the problems that they face. This is because they…
Anderson, L. (2012). 4 Advantages of Traditional Classroom Learning in Nursing Education Retrieved November 26th, 2012, from http://www.nursetogether.com/Education/Education-Article/itemId/2232/4-Advantages-of-Traditional-Classroom-Learning-in-.aspx#.ULQ_n2ejSSo
Andrews, B.H. (2001). Art and Ideas: Reaching Nontraditional Art Students. Art Education, 54(5), 33-36. doi: 10.2307/3193933
Apollo Research Institute. (2011). Traditional and Nontraditional Students: Is a Bachelor's Degree Worth the Investment? Retrieved November 26th, 2012, from http://apolloresearchinstitute.com/research-studies/return-educational-investment/traditional-and-nontraditional-students-bachelors
Bell, S. (2012). Nontraditional Students Are the New Majority | From the Bell Tower Retrieved November 26th, 2012, from http://lj.libraryjournal.com/2012/03/opinion/nontraditional-students-are-the-new-majority-from-the-bell-tower/
Internet: Privacy for High School Students
An Analysis of Privacy Issues and High School Students in the United States Today
In the Age of Information, the issue of invasion of privacy continues to dominate the headlines. More and more people, it seems, are becoming victims of identity theft, one of the major forms of privacy invasion, and personal information on just about everyone in the world is available at the click of a mouse. In this environment, can anyone, especially high school students, reasonably expect to have any degree of privacy? High school students, after all, are not protected by many of the same constitutional guarantees as adults, but their needs for privacy may be as great, or greater, than their adult counterparts. To determine what measure of privacy, if any, high schools students can expect at home and school today, this paper provides an overview of the issue of…
Alarming Number of Teens Addicted to the Internet. (2001, February 1). Korea Times, 3.
Albanes, R., Armitay, O., Fischer, B., & Warner, J. (1998). Marijuana, Juveniles, and the Police: What High-School Students Believe about Detection and Enforcement.
Canadian Journal of Criminology, 40(4), 401-20.
Black's law dictionary. (1990). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.
Academic Profile of Home Schooling - a Case Study
Home Schooling vs. Traditional Educational Methods
Home Schooling Methodology
Focus of the Practicum
Area of Inquiry
Home Schooling as an Alternative
Curricula and Materials Used for Home Schooling
The Success of Home Schooling
Conditions for Change
Maryland: A Legal Analysis
State Laws and Regulations - Maryland
Goulart and Travers vs. Calvert County
Home-schooled Kids Find Social Growth"
Home Schoolers in the Trenches"
Home School Academic Advantage Increases Over Time"
Home Schooling." ERIC Digest, Number 95.
The Academic Profile of Home Schoolers
The focus of this applied dissertation proposal is to examine and analyze home school families' academic environment, the institutional materials they use, and to gain an understanding of their academic success.
Prince George's County Public School System is the nineteenth largest school system in the nation with a…
Buchanan, Jim (1984). Home Instruction: A Growing Alternative to Public Schools. Monticello, IL.
Lande, Nancy (2000). Home school Open House: Interviews with 55 Home schooling Families. Bozeman, MT
Waring, Bill and Diane (1999). Emerald Books: A look back on what they learned along the way by veteran home schooling parents of varying approaches.
Family to Family
Pipes, Jerry & Victor Lee. (1999). Family to family. Alpharetta: North American Mission Board,
The Christian-focused psychology text Family to family offers family counseling with a spiritual orientation. The book is designed to address the difficulties many modern families face, including competing schedules, generational clashes, and having a sense of strong moral values in a secular society. Spending time together in a spiritual fashion can give families an oasis of stability in a fast-paced, increasingly impersonal world (Pipes & Lee 1999: 11). Creating a sense of community within the church and creating a community between members of the family are the essential building-blocks of the author's stated goal to save the modern family.
Family members must learn to establish more meaningful relationships with one another and with God -- rather than just focusing on themselves or blaming others. The authors wrote their book to address a common…
oles in Environmental and Social Sustainability
The field of environmental and social sustainability is characterized by different roles and responsibilities that are accomplished by various professionals in the field. As evident in previous analysis, environmental and social sustainability is wide given the varying components of this profession. The broad nature of the profession is evident in the fact that people in this sector are trained on various aspects including sustainable, economic, environmental, social, and economic development. In essence, environmental and social sustainability is a broad discipline that provides students with insights regarding various aspects of the human world including business, technology, social sciences, and the environment (Environmental Science, 2015). It is important to identify a specific role and pursue it in order to be successful in the field of environmental and social sustainability.
Correlation of oles in this Discipline
As previously mentioned, the field of environmental and social sustainability has…
AccountAbility. (2012). Certification as a Sustainability Assurance Practitioner. Retrieved January 21, 2016, from http://www.accountability.org/images/content/5/5/554/Criteria%20for%20CSAP%20Programme.pdf
Binghamton University. (n.d.). Transferable Skills. Retrieved from State University of New York website: https://www.binghamton.edu/ccpd/quick-reference-guides/transferable-skills.pdf
Environmental Science. (2015). What is Sustainability and Why is it Important? Retrieved January 21, 2016, from http://www.environmentalscience.org/sustainability
Hamilton, J. (2012, August). Is a Sustainability Career on Your Green Horizon? Retrieved from U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics website: http://www.bls.gov/green/sustainability/sustainability.pdf
Prestigious Leadership Program School
Every individual is influenced by core values that enable him or her to successfully extract meaning and significance from life. A number of my own specific achievements are directly related to attributes I have cultivated in response to the values that are important to me. These attributes are the defining points of my character and have consistently influenced my approach to and success in dealing with life itself. By nature I am analytical, disciplined and responsible, and these strengths have consistently allowed me to overcome obstacles and achieve my goals.
My ability to utilize logic and reason to analyze situations has played a significant part in my academic achievement, and allowed me to succeed in subjects in which others might necessarily not. I have always had the propensity to search for causes in relationship to determine the effects they produce. More importantly, I learned at a…
isk and esilience:
Accommodating the Needs of Our Children
The children and adolescents in today's America are at a high risk of failure, based on certain internal and external factors that may or may not have been chosen by them. The societal failure lifestyle does not have to be the future of any of America's children, each of who are able to lower such risk through personal choice and habitual experiences until the growth into their adulthood. When a child is placed under certain optimistic and good natured demands for personal success from educational institutions, parents, and themselves, it is then that they will be most capable in functioning in today's society.
The purpose of the article "isk and esilience," by Darlene Brackenreed was to introduce and discuss how risk and resilience relate to at-risk children. "At-risk" children were defined in the article as those with a predictable vulnerability or…
Brackenreed, D. (2010). Resilience and Risk. International Education Studies, 3(3), 111-121.
Retrieved from Education Research Complete database.
Downey, J. (2008). Recommendations for Fostering Educational Resilience in the Classroom.
Preventing School Failure, 53(1), 56-64. Retrieved from Education Research Complete database.
Further, Robinson and Sirard posit that applying a "Litmus Test" helps to identify the specific research questions, study designs, and methods that will most likely contribute to improving individual and overall population health (198). The researchers suggest that a study should only be performed if the researcher(s) knows what the conclusion from each possible result (negative, null, positive) will be, and how the result will incline intervention to address policy, clinical or a public health problem like childhood obesity. If research is conducted as suggested, the authors maintain that studies with a greater possibility of advancing science and directly, not suggestively, improving well being and health, would be the result. Therefore, greater assurance that will be provided that ethical responsibilities of not devaluing the contributions of research participants, and responsibly responding to the need for useful research to the public, particularly if public funds are used for the project,…
Allison, D.B., Pietrobell, A., Faith, M.S., Fontaine, K.R., Gropp, E., & Fernandez, J.R.
(2003). Genetic influences on obesity. In Eckel, R. (ed). Obesity: Mechanisms
and Clinical Management. Elsevier: New York, pp. 1-74.
Ballard, M.B., & Alessi, H.D. (2004). The impact of childhood obesity upon academic.
Desecration of Public Education in Urban Settings
Desecration of Public Education
Attack on Public Education
Public Education: A Democratic Demand
Government's Interest in Charter Schools
Why Charter System Needs to be Opposed
Division of the Community
Failing Public Schools will Loose Funding to the Charter Schools
Difference between Public and Charter Schools
No Standard Policies
Peer Pressure and Violence
Lack of Extracurricular Activities
Authority and their igid System
Ignorance about Children's Bad Habits
Following measures can be taken to improve public schools
Charter Schools vs. Public Schools
The Basics of Educational Policy: The Pressure for eform in American Education
The Pressure for eform in American Education
Traits of Charter Schools
Why Charter Schools Exist in Urban Settings
Why to Save Public Schools 21
The purpose of this research paper is to decipher the truth about…
Behrman, J.R. (1997). The Social Benefits of Education. London: CIP.
Hassel, B.C. (1999). The Charter School Challenge: Avoiding the Pitfalls, Fulfilling the Promise. Washington: Congress Cataloging.
Lieberman, M. (1993). Public Education: An Autopsy. New York: Congress Cataloging.
Buckley, J., & Buckley, J. (2007). Charter Schools: Hope or Hype? London: Princeton University Press.
Students in these kinds of schools do not attend school longer, but they do not have a summer break that is longer than any of the other breaks that they take during the school year.
esearch done by McMillen (2001) indicated that there were 106 schools in the state of North Carolina that operated on the year-round school calendar for third through eighth grades during the 1997-1998 school year. McMillen (2001) then conducted an analysis of the academic achievements of these students and compared them to the academic achievements of students in the same grades that attended schools where the traditional calendar was still used.
Data for the study came from a database of statewide testing in which 95% of the public schools in the state participate. In order to determine the academic achievements of the students, McMillen (2001) looked at achievement test scores and demographic information that was collected…
References. Retrieved April 17, 2008, at http://www.ericdigests.org
Painesville City School District. (2008). Year Round Education. Retrieved February 20, 2008, at http://www.painevillecityschools.org
Polite, V.C. (1999). Combating educational neglect in suburbia: African-American males and mathematics. In V.C. Polite & J.E. Davis (Eds.), African-American males in school and society: Practices and policies for effective education (pp. 97-107). New York: Teachers College Press.
Poplin, M., & Weeres, J. (1992). Voices from the inside: A report on schooling from inside the classroom. Claremont, CA: Claremont Graduate School, Institute for Education in Transformation.
Pothering, S.L. (1998). The decision-making processes of higher education undergraduate academic program development in a public liberal arts institution. (Doctoral Dissertation, University of South Caroline, 1998). UMI Dissertation Services.
Moseley, chair of the Coalition advisory board and president and CEO of the Academy for Educational Development. "It is not a luxury that can be addressed at some point in the future, but rather it provides people with the tools to survive and improve their lives" (Basic Education Coalition 2004). There is no one magical, quick fix solution to Bermuda's dropout problem. The problem is complex and requires a complex array of solutions. It is the intent of this paper to study the scope of this hidden crisis, the poor dropout and graduation rates of Bermuda's Public High School System, by reviewing the most recent and accurate data on graduation and dropout rates, exploring the reasons that young people drop out of school, and presenting the most promising models for helping high school students graduate with their peers.
CHAPTER TO: LITERATURE REVIE
This chapter provides a review of the…
Winters, K.C.; Rubenstein, M.; and Winters, R.A. An Investigation of Education Options for Youth-at-Risk, Ages 9 to 15: Demographics, Legislation, and Model Programs. Research Report No. 88-10. Washington, DC: National Commission for Employment Policy (DOL), May 1988.
Wood, G.D., & Ellis, R.C. (2003). Risk management practices of leading UK cost consultants. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 10(4), 254-62.
Wood, L.A. "An Unitended Impact of One Grading Practice." Urban Education 29/2 (1994): 188-201.
Description of Learning:
Educational institutions are teaching subjects for a digital future but it is from a superficial manner however students need a deeper knowledge of it as a curriculum. When teaching students about math, it should be integrated in all subjects they are learning by being motivated by educators (Singhal, 1997). As shown in the examined scenario planning with an elementary school, it is apparent things became better for the students as far as the educational resources, and environment, which ultimately affects the learning process. Educational institutions must engage partnerships with other schools around the world. By providing student exchanges they will produce world class students, the internet is facilitating the process of globalization and providing virtual interaction with others. As it is shown in schools, technology is the key to change the educational environment and resources. The internet is encouraging students to engage in meaningful cross cultural dialogue…
classroom assessment, a teacher determines his or her current point within the instructional sequence of a unit of study and identifies the student academic learning goals to measure.
"Select one class, a content area, and a unit of study to work with as you complete this performance task. Respond to the prompts below about the unit of study and its assessment."
Content Area: Math:
Grade level: 5 Content area: Mathematics Subject matter: _Graphs, Functions and Equations
"List the state-adopted academic content standards or state-adopted framework you will cover in this unit."
Graphs, Function Probability and statistics, and Equation: Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability:
1.1: Arranges the raw data to plot graph and interprets the meaning of the data to produce information from the graph.
1.2: Understands the strategy to produce pair correctly .
Functions and Equations:
1.1: Uses the information collected from the equation or graph to answer…
ith these things being understood I believe it is safe to say that therapeutic boarding schools are not the same as juvenile prisons.
Explains what you think will happen once the problem child leaves the school?
I believe that once the child leaves the boarding school he/she will have discovered the root of their problem and discovered ways to deal with the problem in a manner that is positive instead of negative. It is also expected that the child will no longer cope with their problems through behaviors that are detrimental to themselves and others.
Overall I believe that time in a boarding school would help a child better understand their worth. In doing so, the child will have great self-esteem and greater self-respect. Children and people in general who value themselves also value other people along with their property and their lives. Therefore the child will be more inclined…
The Benefits of Board Schools for Children"
Boot Camp Programs Help troubled youth"
Hoover, John H., and Melissa V. Ries. "Troubled Children and Youth." Reclaiming Children and Youth 13.2 (2004): 118+.
Our Program." 26 Apr. 2008 http://www.swiftriver.com/our_program.htm
Personal Model of Helping
Therapists do whatever they can to help their clients overcome a wide range of problems ranging fromdeath of a pet to major life changing crisis, such as sudden loss of vision. However genuine a therapists' desire to help is, they will be limited by the tools he or she uses. It makes sense, then, as a therapist to design and integrate webs of models that have shown to yield efficacy. This new, personally designed model should work to assist and meet the requirement of every client. To embark upon this task of designing a personal model of helping, it is important to be aware of existing theories and models.
The first is the humanistic approach based on Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Maslow's triangle consists of basics needs at the base followed by needs of safety, love and belonging, achievements and lastly self-actualization at the top.…
Brew. (2007, Nov 27). Models of Helping. Retrieved April 3, 2011, from http://www.uk.sagepub.com/upm-data/18616_chapter3.pdf .
Eysenck 1965; Thomas et al. 1968; Heatherington and Parke 1986; Sheldon 1994a
Brian Sheldon, Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy: Research, Practice, and Philosophy (London: Routledge, 1995) iii, Questia, Web, 3 Apr. 2011.
Violence in video games and the role of culture.
The video game industry is a multi-billion dollar industry representing about $9.9 billion dollars in retail sales in the U.S. alone in 2004 (Greitemeyer and Osswald, 2010). In this paper, video games refer to electronically controlled games played on any platform including console units, computers, internet, hand-held devices or various technology toys. In recent years, video games have redefined leisure activities among children as studies conducted in U.S. estimated that 99% of boys and 94% of girls play video games (Whitaker and Bushman, 2009), with children age 2-7 years spending an average of 3-5 hours a week playing games, while 8th and 9th grade students spend an average of 9 hours per week (Greitemeyer and Osswald, 2010). According to Whitaker and Bushman (2009), violence in video games is also commonplace with violent content available in over 85% of video games.
Anderson, C.A., & Bushman, B.J. (2002). Human aggression. Annu Rev Psychol, 53, 27-51.
Bushman, B.J., & Anderson, C.A. (2002). Violent Video Games and Hostile Expectations: A Test of the General Aggression Model. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28(12), 1679-1686.
Dill, K.E., & Dill, J.C. (1998). Video game violence: A review of the empirical literature. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 3(4), 407-428.
Funk, J.B., Buchman, D.D., & Germann, J.N. (2000). Preference for Violent Electronic Games, Self-Concept, and Gender Differences in Young Children. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 70(2), 233-241.
These codes go too far in punishing acts like alcohol and tobacco abuse without attempting in any real way to have an open discussion about these topics.
A more effective code of conduct is one that outlines general ethical and moral principles without listing specific punishments for specific offenses. In this way, students can be judged on the whole of their merits, rather than on a single incident, which renders the code more fairly applicable and efficient, too. The Colorado High School Activities Association Code of Ethics outlines such principles, including the principle to "strongly encourage the development of proper health habits," which includes not drinking and smoking (CHSAA, 2009). This code still promotes the same behaviors as the stricter codes, but with room for the realities of being a high school student facing various pressures and desires. It is doubtful that the adults who develop these codes of conduct…
Alamance-Burlington School System. (2009). "High School Extracurricular/Cocurricular Code of Conduct." Accessed 18 February 2009. http://abss.k12.nc.us/modules/groups/homepagefiles/cms/32236/File/policies_procedures/extracocurcode.pdf?sessionid=0544
American Athletic Institute. (2006). "Alcohol Use in Adolescents: The Scope of the Problem and Strategies for Intervention." Accessed 18 February 2009. http://www.americanathleticinstitute.org/prevention/index.html
Colorado High School Activities Association. (2009). "Code of Ethics." Accessed 18 February 2009. http://www.chsaa.org/about/pdf/code_of_ethics.pdf
Denison High School. (2007). "Code of Conduct." Accessed 18 February 2009. http://www.denison.k12.ia.us/High%20School/codeOfConduct.asp
Based on these findings, a number of assessment tools are used to evaluate students' abilities and the most appropriate level of participation in general educational settings (A Parent's Guide, 2002).
Early childhood education programs in District 75 have been affected by other federal mandates, including the Governmental Performance eporting Act (GPA) and the Program Assessment ating Tool (PAT); both of these initiatives require that all federal programs (e.g., Head Start, childcare, and programs for children with disabilities) must provide performance data concerning the progress that has been made toward meeting the goals of the program, which in turn are used to formulate federal budget allocations (ous et al., 2007). Current performance data for District 75 is presented at Appendix A.
Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP). In those cases where the District 75 assessment committee finds that children require services and a special education setting, they are provided with an Individualized…
About us. (2011). New York City Department of Education. Retrieved from http://schools.nyc.
Annual yearly progress. (2011). New York State Department of Education. Retrieved from http://www.p12.nysed.gov/specialed/ spp/2011/ind3.htm' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
interview was my mother Saleena Irani, who was born to Mexican and Parsi parents in Germany, and who spend the greater portion of her childhood in Berlin. Because Saleena attended an international school in Berlin and grew up in a multicultural and multi-linguistic household as well, her educational background and socialization experiences differed significantly from those of her peers. This interview elucidates many of the aspects of education that may be traditionally overlooked in the emphasis on test scores.
The interview took place in person, over the course of an evening. Having dinner and after-dinner drinks allowed for a long and pleasant conversation that allowed my mother to reflect deeply and provide her story in a non-linear fashion in accordance with the order in which her memories arose. Moreover, Saleena was able to bring photographs to the interview in order to trigger her memory and enhance the accuracy of my…
Query: How can we overcome sexual harassment in our schools?
Sexual harassment needs to be framed as a community issue and not as isolated incidents. A complex issue, sexual harassment becomes embedded in a culture of violence, one that condones normative gender bias and other forms of power abuses. Resolving the problem of sexual harassment in our schools requires honest self-insight, into the values that guide the organization. On a conscious level, most educators will recognize that sexual harassment does violate core concepts of social justice, yet patterns of violence and conflict are frequently unconscious and irrational. Conflict is subtle and often manifests below “conscious awareness,” (Holton, 1995, p. 79). Thus, formal policies are sometimes ineffective for addressing sexual harassment because they fail to uncover and deal with the underlying issues that are triggering the violent behavior.
To cultivate the values of social justice, educators need to create a culture…
".. If you can dream it, you can become it," that reminds me of what I dream of becoming is an overall "humanist" in the sense of studying and coming to understand more thoroughly and critically the humanities fields like philosophy; history, and literature.
I know that for many students entering college right now or already in college, choosing to focus on humanities subjects over, say business; accounting, computers, or something more "marketable" is not a popular choice because it does not lead toward a specific career that earns high pay. But I would argue that while studying humanities does not in fact prepare one to succeed in any one career, it prepares one to succeed optimally in any career, by being able to think critically and solve problems from a rational and humanistic perspective.
My academic interests and aptitudes also include math, science, computers, foreign languages and cultural studies.…
He also showed considerable personal initiative by co-founding a T-shirt company during his fifth form, and co-founding an advertising company, named The Five Seconds, in his sixth form.
This student's character and personality, as demonstrated by his extracurricular activities and academic success, will ensure his future success in economics. He is motivated, intelligent, and exceptionally well-suited to pursuing study in this specific field. I am deeply impressed by this student and recommend him unhesitatingly, as I am certain that he will excel in his studies with UCAS.
Girls Inc. Of Orange County. About Girls Incorporated of Orange County, California. 18 May
Health24.com. Teen pregnancy prevention. http://www.health24.com/sex/General/1253-1267,11605.asp or http://184.108.40.206/search?q=cache:j4x_fnz0rUJ:www.health24.com/sex/General/125
3-1267,11605.asp+Teen+Pregnancy+Prevention+Program+article& hl=en& client=firefox-a
Lederman, egina P. And Mian, Tahir S. 2003. The Parent-Adolescent elationship Education
Program: a curriculum for prevention of STDs and pregnancy in middle school youth.
Behavioral Medicine, Spring, 2003, 29(1), 33-41. .
Girls Inc. Of Orange County. About Girls Incorporated of Orange County, California. 18 May
Health24.com. Teen pregnancy prevention. http://www.health24.com/sex/General/1253-1267,11605.asp or http://220.127.116.11/search?q=cache:j4x_fnz0RrUJ:www.health24.com/sex/General/125
3-1267,11605.asp+Teen+Pregnancy+Prevention+Program+article& hl=en& client=firefox-a
" (ean, 2006) ean notes that a "dramatic decline in the influence of father involvement has been shown to be correlated with fathers' maintaining a residence other than that of their children." (2006)
According to the work entitled: "Theoretical Models of Juvenile Delinquency" developmental pathways of adolescent delinquency has been examined by researcher "through both longitudinal research and meta-analyses." (Theoretical Models of Juvenile Delinquency, nd) Resulting from these empirical investigations are "numerous insights...key indicators and predictors of behavior of those youths who engage and those who persist in delinquent behavior." (Theoretical Models of Juvenile Delinquency, nd) According to this work there have been a number of studies which had made identification of characteristic patterns of parent-child relationships that are strongly associated with juvenile delinquency." (Theoretical Models of Juvenile Delinquency, nd) the work of Juby and Farrington (2001); Patterson and Stouthamer-Loeber (1984); and Steinberg (1987) state that "evidence clearly demonstrates the…
Allen, Sarah; and Daly, Kerry (2007) the Effects of Father Involvement: An Updated Research Summary of the Evidence Inventory. FIRA-CURA Centre for Families, Work & Well-Being University of Guelph, Ontario Canada. Online available at http://18.104.22.168/search?q=cache:9pJUiihSv0YJ:fira.ca/cms/documen ts/29/Effects_of_Father_Involvement.pdf+CORRELATION+BETW EEN+the+ABSENCE+of+PATERNAL+INVOLVEMENT+and+SEXUAL+RISK+TAKING+BEHAVIOR+in+ADOLESCENT+FEMALES&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=26&gl=us
Bean, Matthew (2006) Understanding Father's Roles: An Evidence-Based Practice Guide for Family Therapists. Kansas State University 2006. Online available at http://22.214.171.124/search?q=cache:R_K1C-afXJ8J:krex.k-state.edu/dspace/bitstream/2097/314/1/MatthewBean2007.pdf+CORRELATION+BETWEEN+the+ABSENCE+of+PATERNAL+INVOLVEMENT+and+SEXUAL+RISK+TAKING+BEHAVIOR+in+ADOLESCENT+FEMALES&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=37&gl=us
Brooks, Constance M. (2007) Environmental Risk Factors and Risky Sexual Behavior Outcomes: Attitudes as a Mediating Factor. Online available at http://edt.missouri.edu/Winter2007/Dissertation/BrooksC-051107-D6584/research.pdf
Duncan, G.J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.) (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. New York: Russell Sage Foundation Brooks, Constance M. (2007) Environmental Risk Factors and Risky Sexual Behavior Outcomes: Attitudes as a Mediating Factor. Online available at http://edt.missouri.edu/Winter2007/Dissertation/BrooksC-051107-D6584/research.pdf
Swanson, Ph.D., University of California, Irvine, CA 92715
Age: ____ Grade:
Ethnicity (circle one which best applies): African-American Asian Caucasian Hispanic
Completed by:____ Type of Class:
For each item, check the column which best describes this child:
Not at Just a Quite
1. Often fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork or tasks
2. Often has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities
3. Often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly
4. Often does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork, chores, or duties
5. Often has difficulty organizing tasks and activities
6. Often avoids, dislikes, or reluctantly engages in tasks requiring sustained mental effort
7. Often loses things necessary for activities (e.g., toys, school assignments, pencils, or books)
8. Often is distracted by extraneous stimuli
9. Often is forgetful in…
The Columbia World of Quotations. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. Retrieved April 16, 2008, at http://www.bartleby.com/66/3/33503.html
Cloward, Janessa. "ADHD drugs pose heart risks, federal panel says," University Wire, February 15, 2006. Retrieved April 17, 2008, at http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1118518952.html
DeMarle, Daniel J.;Denk, Larry;Ernsthausen, Catherine S.. "Working with the family of a child with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.(Family Matters)," Pediatric Nursing, July 1, 2003. Retrieved April 16, 2008, at http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1107215868.html
Edwards, Jason H.. "Evidenced-based treatment for child ADHD: "real-world" practice implications." Journal of Mental Health Counseling, April 1, 2002. Retrieved April 17, 2008, at http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-87015306.html
Risk factors are often found in clusters and their cumulative effect may lead to a greater probability that youth will become involved in crime (Garbarino, 1999). As a result then, there are not one or two factors that could cause someone to join a gang, but rather a collection of factors (Garbarino). It is possible then, by eliminating even one factor among the cluster, that programs could reduce gang involvement.
According to Esbensen (2000), many major cities have introduced gang prevention programs throughout the United States over the past 60 years. Community groups, social workers, and law enforcement personnel manage the different prevention programs in a variety of formats. he national government has also addressed the seriousness of gangs; President George W. Bush has proposed that funding be used for a three-year project to help keep youth out of gangs. First Lady Laura Bush will lead the new effort, Helping…
The approaches to gang prevention for youth have been developed using a wide variety of methods. Individual counseling can be used for behavior modification to decrease aggression, impulsiveness, and inflexible behaviors (Lipsey, M.W., Wilson, D.B. And Cothern, L. 2000). Family involvement using counseling and providing parental training techniques such as modeling, role-playing instruction, and story-reading have been found to be effective (Seitz and Apfel, 1994). School-based programs are offered across the country, which often follow a rigid curriculum over varying amounts of time. Community-based organizations provide a variety of programs using supervised mentors (McGill, Mihalic, and Grotpeter, 1998) and curriculum designed to teach social skills and problem solving techniques (Wong, Catalano, Hawkins, and Chappell 1996).
Utilizing incarcerated or former gang members can also provide a powerful means to reach out to youth. The Gang Violence Reduction Program of East Los Angeles draws on former gang members to influence and prevent youth gang involvement, which was also reported to be successful (National Youth Gang Suppression and Intervention, 1994).
Types of Prevention
Understanding why crime occurs requires an appreciation for the complexity of human behavior. Behavior is not determined by one factor, but rather influenced by a host of interrelated factors. Modern biological theories in criminology differ from previous theories in that they examine the entire range of biological characteristics, including those that result from genetic defects (those that are inherited) and those that are environmentally induced. In addition, theories developed since the 1980s do not suggest that biological characteristics directly cause crime. Instead, researchers argue that certain biological conditions increase the likelihood that an individual will engage in some antisocial behavior that can be defined as criminal (Fishbein, 1990). Modern theories increasingly focus on the interaction between biological characteristics and the social environment, rather than looking solely at the effects of biology.
his paper explores the research regarding genetic causes or pre-dispositions to criminal behavior and examines the evidence which…
Thornberry (1987) incorporates social learning theory, social bonding, cognitive theory, and social structure theories of criminal behavior to explain delinquency. Thornberry sees delinquency activities as changing over time. As youths enter adolescence, their bonds to their parents and social institutions are said to weaken. Peer groups become more important to them.
If these young people reside in socially disorganized environments, they are at high risk to have weak social bonds and peers who engage in deviance. Adolescents who are from more stable environments may engage in deviancy (they are, after all, adolescents), but their actions are better controlled by stronger social bonds and associations with peers who engage in more conventional behaviors.
Thornberry sees delinquent behaviors as influenced by age. As young people enter their late teens, the influence of peers gives way to perceptions of their roles in society. Thornberry
Mentoring foster children: Psychoeducation in action
One of the developmental challenges for foster children is finding positive role models, particularly if they experience frequent upsets in their daily routine as they shift from one home to another. Other adults can act as mentors to provide a stabilizing force in children's lives such as adults involved in Big Brothers/Big Sisters-type programs. Positive authority figures, both formal and informal are necessary to support normative development. Outside activities; spending time with children; and offering academic and personal support such as tutoring and counseling must be conducted in an appropriate way but can provide a vital source of positive reinforcement. Ideally, mentoring should be an enriching and entertaining experience but should also contain elements of psychoeducational interventions which encompass problem-solving strategies for the child's problems. Psychoeducation encompasses the principles of "behavioral therapy, self-assertiveness training, problem-solving training, communication training, and further family…
101 activities. (2015). Big Brothers / Big Sisters of Island County. Retrieved from:
Baum, J., Frobose, T., Kraemer, S, Rentrop, & Pitschel-Waz. (2006). Psychoeducation: A basic psychotherapeutic intervention for patients with schizophrenia and their families.
Schizophrenic Bull, 32(Suppl 1): S1 -- S9. Retrieved from:
Gangs in Public School
Many schools especially in urban and suburban areas continue to register gang-related activities within their premises and involving their students. This study appreciates the dangers associated with such gangs to the schools and other stakeholders around them. Various laws and regulation have been passed in different states in the U.S. allow parents to withdraw their children from certain public schools. Schools reputed for gang-related problems stand to lose students. This paper provides the scope of action steps in which schools take to intervene, prevent, and suppress the scope of violent gang activity while establishing crisis response plans. The strategies are developed to address potential actions of school violence including gang activity.
Gang members bring in their attitudes, behaviors, and conflicts to the school compounds. The dangerous gang issues and activities of a given community take place within local schools. Gang members take on each other within…
Branch, C., (2013). Adolescent Gangs: Old Issues, New Approaches. New York: Routledge.
Garot, R. (2010). Who You Claim: Performing Gang Identity in School and on the Streets. NYU Press
Kinnear, K.L. (2009). Gangs: A Reference Handbook. New York: ABC-CLIO.
Macnab, N. (2012). Uncle Sam's Schoolhouse: Bullying, Predators, and Students. New York: Dog Ear Publishing