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Art After 1980
hat is art? That question has been dissected and examined from every perspective for millennia. hen the concept of modern art is brought up, the immediate impression is a large canvas with solid-colored geometrical shapes that is supposed to have some deeper meaning about humanity. This perspective is obviously very limited. Those who have understanding of the reality of modern and contemporary art know that this is far from the truth. The contemporary art movement allows for the acceptance of all forms of art, from sculpture, to paintings, to digital art, to photography, and anything else that can be imagined. The contemporary artist works from the perspective of this cultural moment and in so doing leaves a permanent impression of that perspective. Two such artists are Paul McCarthy and Barbara Kruger. Thought both working from the current moment, the two artists have very different perspectives and the…
Kino, Carol. "Fairy Tales, but Strictly Adults Only." The New York Times. Nov. 2009. Print.
Kruger, Barbara. Remote Control: Power, Cultures, and the World of Appearances. USA: MIT.
Robertson, Jean and Craig McDaniel. Themes of Contemporary Art: Visual Art After 1980.
There he exhibited 125 of his large Pacific coast views and had more than a thousand images accessible for view through stereoscopes. During these years, he traveled further afield in search of new subjects: he sailed to the barren Farallon Islands, twenty-six miles off the California coast; he photographed the geysers of Sonoma County; he traveled to Mount Shasta in the northern part of the state; and he documented the massive hydraulic gold mining operations in the Sierra Nevada foothills (Watkins' Life and Works, 2010).
Watkins received support in his travels from his friend Collis Huntington, a principal in the Central Pacific ailroad, who offered him a flatcar to carry his van filled with photographic materials. By 1869 the Central Pacific line had pressed through the Sierra Nevada Mountains, allowing Watkins to take photographs of the wilderness landscapes that could now be seen by railroad travelers. Throughout the final years…
Friedel, Megan K. (2010). Carleton Emmons Watkins (1829-1916). Retrieved July 31, 2010,
from The Oregon Encyclopedia Web site:
Hill, Eric. (2004). Carleton E. Watkins. Retrieved August 5, 2010, from Web site:
High enaissance Movement and Its Most Celebrated Artists
The enaissance is referred to as a period of time where there was a great cultural movement that began in Italy during the early 1300's. It spread into other countries such as England, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Spain. This era continued into the late 1400's and ended during the 1600's. The enaissance times were a period of rebirth and during this time many artists studied the art of ancient Greece and ome. Their desire was to recapture the spirit of the Greek and oman cultures in their own artistic, literary, and philosophic works. The cultures of ancient Greece and ome are often called classical antiquity. The enaissance thus represented a rebirth of these cultures and is therefore also known as the revival of antiquity or the revival of learning.
The artists' works include many aspects of the medieval times and incorporated…
Leonardo da Vinci." Authors and Artists for Young Adults, Volume 40. Gale Group, 2001. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: The Gale Group. 2004. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BioRC
Michelangelo Buonarroti." Authors and Artists for Young Adults, Volume 43. Gale Group, 2002. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: The Gale Group. 2004.
and, I did. (Gallimore and Tharp, p. 178, quoting Tafoya).
Tafoya taught her own children and grandchildren in a similar fashion. Even at the age of 95, Tafoya was continuing to make pottery and passing:
her knowledge on to her descendants. Among them is her grandson Nathan Youngblood... [who] describes learning from Tafoya. "My grandmother and I would sit directly across from each other," he says. "I would mirror everything she was doing." Although Youngblood's pots contain traditional Santa Clara symbols, he has incorporated innovative forms, such as an egg shape, into his style. (Brown).
In this way, Tafoya's descendants not only continued the traditional Native American art form, but also her flair for innovation.
To truly understand how Tafoya approached making pottery, it is useful to study how her granddaughter, Nancy Youngblood, describes the pottery-making process. The family gathers to dig up clay in the fall. "The clay is…
Brown, Margaret. "Reinventing Tradition." Southwestart.com. 2008. Southwest Art
Magazine. 8 Mar. 2008 http://www.southwestart.com/document/759 .
Gaffney, Dennis. "The Tafoyas: Legends of Pueblo Pottery." Follow the Stories. 2005.
Antiques Roadshow. 8 Mar. 2008 http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/roadshow/fts/stpaul_200401A42.html .
artists be given free rein in the producing and displaying of works that are offensive, objectionable, or disparaging of certain people's beliefs and values? What responsibilities do artists have to their society? What responsibilities does the society have to its artists?
The job of artists is to hold up a mirror to society and comment on both the beauty and ugliness that exists in the real world. It is easy to showcase things that are beautiful. The museums of the world are full of pretty pictures which depict landscapes and lovely people in fancy dresses. However, there are also works of art in museums or galleries which are controversial, unsettling, and perhaps even downright ugly. Some works of art show things that most people do not want to see, such as material which is offensive, or objectionable, or even disparaging of the beliefs and values of others. Such works are…
Dancing appears glamorous, easy, delightful. But the path to the paradise of the achievement is no easier than any other. There is fatigue so great that the body cries, even in sleep. There are times of complete frustration; there are daily small deaths. (Graham).
Are there ever any outstanding artists who create a new style or have a completely different vision of expression who are not compulsive, driven and somewhat disturbed? Or, is it actually these personal characteristics that make them become geniuses? Some of the stories related about the great dance innovator Martha Graham's impatience, anger, and obsessive personality are disquieting. Yet she was one of the most important individuals in Western art. As noted in an article by Porterfield about Graham's contribution: "(she) was to dance what Picasso was to painting and Joyce was to literature. One of the most influential dancers, choreographers and teachers of…
Bannerman, Henrietta. Overview of the Development of Martha Graham's Movement System. Dance Research, 17(2),Winter 1999.
Campbell, Mary. "An American Original." Dance Magazine. March, 1999.
Cohen, Selma Jeanne (Ed). Dance as a Theater Art. Princeton, NJ: Dance Horizons, 1992.
Daily Worker. "Graham Interprets Democracy." 7 October 1938.
Matisse and O'Keeffe: Modern Artists with Talent and Connections
hat Paul Johnson calls fashion art in the 20th century grew out of the experimental and impressionistic work of the late 19th century. It may be said to have originated with Picasso and Braque and Cubism, which helped launch a number of techniques and movements, such as Abstractionism and Surrealism. Like Picasso and Braque, Henri Matisse had connections with the rich American art patron in Paris, Gertrude Stein. (She purchased Matisse's La Femme au chapeau (oman with a Hat) and sat for Picasso) (Johnson 657). The American painter Georgia O'Keeffe was not connected to Stein, but she did study fashion art and transpose it (after a series of skyscraper works) onto the natural world. Matisse and O'Keeffe, though disconnected by the Atlantic, both found support from the art establishment (Matisse through Stein, O'Keeffe through her husband Alfred Stieglitz, "the owner of…
Chave, Anna C. "O'Keeffe and the Masculine Gaze." Art in America (Jan 1990), pp.
Johnson, Paul. Art: A New History. NY: HarperCollins, 2003. Print.
Wolfe, Tom. The Painted Word. NY: Picador, 1975. Print.
He began with very fuzzy looking works of light and sun, then began to paint more sharply drawn works, especially of women. His earliest works have urban subjects. They are typical "Impressionist snapshots of real life, full of sparkling colour and light," but by "the mid-1880s," Renior "had broken with the movement to apply a more disciplined, formal technique to portraits and figure paintings, particularly of women" such as his "Bathers," painted slowly over the course of the years of 1884-87. (Picoch, 2002)
Edgar Degas -- representing movement and the working class
Of all the Impressionists, Edgar Degas is acknowledged as the master of drawing the human figure in motion. Degas worked in many mediums, preferring pastels to oils. He is perhaps best known for his paintings, drawings, and bronzes of ballerinas and of race horses. Movement's ability to engage in the expressive aims of impressionism is what is important.…
Hello, Mr. Bosch. Thank you for meeting with me today. Please tell me how and why you decided to become a painter.
Becoming a painter was a natural choice for someone whose father was also a painter. The real question for me was, what kind of painter do I become? hat is the best way to improve my skills and earn a living from my work? In 's-Hertogenbosch, it was fairly easy to acquire the tools and training that I needed, and my father provided to me as much as he could. My father, Anthonius van Aken, worked closely with local religious organizations to train their painters.
Please describe for me what it was like for you growing up in 's-Hertogenbosch, and what it is like to live here now.
e were always a fairly well-to-do family, and 's-Hertogenbosch was in fact as pleasant when I was growing…
Bosing, Walter. Hieronymus Bosch, C. 1450-1516: Between Heaven and Hell. London: Taschen, 2004.
Falk, Kurt. The Unknown Hieronymus Bosch. Singapore: Factorum, 2008.
Moxey, Keith. "Hieronymus Bosch and the 'World Upside Down': The Case of The Garden of Earthly Delights. In Visual Culture: Images and Interpretations. Eds. Norman Bryson, Michael Ann Holly, and Kieth P.F. Moxey. Wesleyan University Press, 1994.
Pioch, Nicholas. "Bosch, Hieronymus." 14 Oct, 2002. Retrieved online:
Female Artists Who Worked in the American West
The subject of female artists working in the American West has often been overlooked due to pervasive Western male stereotypes. These stereotypical images include popular media overlays of cowboys, male hero icons and male activities. Yet, the environment of the American West has been the inspiration for many American female artists. One of these is the landscape photographer, Laura Gilpin. Gilpin's relation to the West and the connection of that particular landscape to her work is obvious from the following quotation:
What I consider really fine landscapes are very few and far between," Laura Gilpin wrote to a friend in 1956. "I consider this field one of the greatest challenges and it is the principal reason I live in the West. I am willing to drive many miles, expose a lot of film, wait untold hours, camp out to be somewhere at…
Brayer, Elizabeth. "A Show of Her Own." Afterimage 23.3 (1995): 16. Questia. 24 Apr. 2004 http://www.questia.com/ .
An exhibition review of women artists that questions the lack of representation of these artists in relation to the quality of their work.
Women Artists of the American West. Laura Gilpin. Perdue University. 23 April, 2004. http://www.sla.purdue.edu/waaw/Sandweiss/index.html
An excellent overview and detailed description of various less-known female artists working in the American West.
Portraits: Talking ith Artists at the Met, The Modern, The Louvre, And Elsewhere
Attempting to put art into words can be like trying to put that proverbial lightning in a bottle: art often seems to defy description, much as art critics attempt to do so. Even artists themselves often struggle with articulating the concepts behind their works. Various attempts over the years have been made to make art, particularly abstract modern art more intelligible, including trying to film the artist Jackson Pollock painting one of his famous 'drip' paintings from below the surface of a piece of glass. In the book Portraits: Talking with Artists at the Met, the Modern, the Louvre, and Elsewhere, the New York Times art critic Michael Kimmelman adopts a different technique and actually asks prominent modern artists to talk about art in front of paintings and photographs at various museums. Not only does he ask…
Kimmelman, Michael. Talking With Artists at the Met, the Modern, the Louvre and Elsewhere.
New York: Random House, 1998.
Lives Artists: Volume 2 Giorgio Vasari, Peter Murray, George Bull, Book Review -The audience read book, give
Essentially, the author of the work of literature entitled Lives of the Artist, Volume 2, created this work in order to immortalize artists who painted approximately during the time of the Renaissance. Some of these individuals who are depicted in this book are famous and are known by posterity without this piece of literature; others, however, are decidedly less so. In the latter case Vasari's work serves to preserve some of the memorable facets of the character behind the artist. In all cases, he helps to build the legend of these devoted artists while also portraying them as regular humans. To the end that Vasari is simply issuing a collection of remembrances and overviews of a plethora of different artists, this manuscript does not explicitly have a thesis. Additionally, the author is not…
Bull, George. Vasari, Giorgio. The Lives of the Artists Volume 1. New York: Penguin Classics. 1988. Print.
Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. "Vasari, Giorgio." Literary Reference Center. 2014. Web. http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/eds/results?sid=8bc6a794-575a-4634-acb1-a5f7391f5e0e%40sessionmgr4005&vid=23&hid=4110&bquery=%28Vasari%29+AND+%28lives+%22of%22+the+artists%29&bdata=JmNsaTA9RlQmY2x2MD1ZJnR5cGU9MSZzaXRlPWVkcy1saXZlJnNjb3BlPXNpdGU%3d#ResultIndex_2
Another political and public sidewalk mural done by Beever is his Politicians Meeting Their End, drawn on the night of the 1997 General Elections outside the Bank of England. In this work, Beever creates the illusion of a deep well in the middle of the sidewalk with unpopular politicians being pulled in. Again, like most of his works, this one demands the viewers attention and gives a clear message.
ulian Beever's work encompass several post-modern ideas. First, his works is often focused on current events or celebrities, and therefore encompass the pop-art trend often found in postmodern art. Further, his work is a type of installation art in that it is created and displayed in extremely public places, often causing a disruption in the general flow of the area it is placed. As such, his work is the essence of post modern's focus on the real and the current, making…
Julian Beever's Home page: http://users.skynet.be/J.Beever/
Images of Julian Beever's chalk art:
Beever's success has skyrocketed from his skill in this realism. As a result, he has been eagerly contracted for various special events of both political and social regard.
Often referred to as the 'Pavement Picasso,' Beever has produced his art on the streets of Birmingham where he directly correlated pieces to the celebration of the Chinese New Year. In Edinburgh's city center, he connected a piece to the G8 summit that proved to influence a persuasion of art, politics and humanity. Beever has also recently been asked to create a distinct work on the driveway of a soon-to-unveil New York City fire station in commemoration of the fallen firefighters in 9-11.
As Julian Beever's esteem cultivates to further audiences, his work continues to be heavily anticipated and eagerly followed. He has begun a trend in modern art that is hardly comprised of direct competition and thus, will undoubtedly prevail in…
incongruous to try to compare the artists illiam Shakespeare and Bob Marley. These two men, separated by centuries and embodying two very different forms of art, both make up part of the history of popular culture. One man is considered the premiere playwright in the history of the English language, a man whose name is synonymous with high culture. The other man is known for his success in a musical genre and a culture that uses a different meaning for the word high. hat could these men possible have in common one might ask? Examining the history and writings of both Renaissance writer illiam Shakespeare and reggae musician Bob Marley it becomes evident that they both use emotional appeals and heavy symbolism to prove points about the human condition and to promote understanding between people from different stations of life, all of which are used to persuade others that the…
Backus, Truman J. 1897. "William Shakespeare." The Outlines of Literature: English and American. Sheldon: NY. 90-102.
Laroque, Francois. The Age of Shakespeare. Harry N. Abrams: London.
Marly, Bob, 1973. "Get Up, Stand Up." Burnin'. Tuff Gong.
Marley, Bob, 1973. "I Shot the Sheriff." Burnin'. Tuff Gong.
women artists," feminists have reflexively responded by trying to find great women artists from the past who were undiscovered or to emphasize little-regarded female artists from past artistic movements dominated by men. However, this can create the impression of feminists being 'desperate' to find examples of female greatness and over-inflating the reputation of relatively minor artists. Other feminist art historians have criticized the notion of what constitutes 'greatness' as overly masculine in quality and tried to create a new, specifically female-centric notions of artistic greatness. Feminist critic Linda Nochlin sees this as problematic given that there is no clear feminine principle uniting women artists through the ages: in fact, women artists and writers are more apt to resemble males of their respective periods than they are of all women throughout the ages.
Instead, Nochlin asserts that the absence of great female artists is similar to the reason why there are…
Hoffman, Lewis. "Premodernism, modernism, and postmodernism." Postmodern Psychology.
2008. 24 May 2014. http://www.postmodernpsychology.com/Philosophical_Systems/Overview.htm
"Postmodernist art." Art Encyclopedia. 24 May 2014.
An artist must be taught, by another artist -- or through trial and error, the artist can teach him or herself.
But sometimes the pencil teaches me. I will be doodling, and suddenly find myself amazed at the strange, symmetrical beauty of the shapes of the squares, triangles, and hexagons furling out from the nib. The presence of the pencil has released something from my unconscious mind. I will be staring at a line, attempting to draw my other hand or even just write my name and the strange turn and twist of the lines will urge me on to newer, more fruitful creative heights. A tropical flower, a dog jumping rope, or an abstract image will suddenly come, generated by the presence of the pencil and the inspiration of the lines it makes, not my thinking mind at all.
Richard Selzer has said that a surgeon is like a…
These different elements are used to provide balance, scale and proportion through illustrating the natural movements / actions that are taking place. Repetition, variety, rhythm and unity are demonstrated based upon the way the image is represented and how it changes as it moves further away from the subject. ("John Biglin in a Small Skull")
From a historical context, this is showing the traditions the elite are continuing to embrace (such as: rowing). However, there are economic and political changes with this group of society growing from a new class of affluent that is emerging. This is illustrating how there are ideological shifts in the views and beliefs of everyone. From a social perspective, these areas are highlighting the way society is becoming wealthier with more people having the opportunity to participate in these activities. ("John Biglin in a Small Skull")
"John Biglin in a Small Skull." Met…
"John Biglin in a Small Skull." Met Museum, 2013. Web 24 Apr. 2013
"Kindred Spirits." Met Museum, 2000. Web. 24 Apr. 2013
"The Veteran in a New Field." Met Museum, 2013. Web. 24 Apr. 2013
"View from Mount Holyoke." Met Museum, 2013. Web. 24 Apr. 2013
The sculptures of the Asuka period also show how Japan considerably adopted and assimilated the Chinese and Korean styles into their artwork. The Horyu-ji treasures are so rare, because they date back to the seventh century. They are among the world's most precious antiquities.
The temple and pagoda allow people today to see a wonderful example of architecture done in the Six Dynasties Chinese style. Because of this temple design, the shrine has been utilized over the centuries as a model for following and making repairs to other buildings that have been damaged by fires, namely the Golden Hall (Lee, 1994:167). The temple is also very special because it includes a statue of the Bodhisattava Kannon although "the multitude of small embossed Buddha-figures on the doors and walls of the interior... suggests that the original image was a figure of Shaka" (Mizuno, 2003: 48). The temple's four sides have paintings…
Bai, S. (2001) Notes on Visits to the Hoyuji Temple. Journal of East Archaelogy.
Lee, E. Sherman (1994). A History of the Far Eastern Art. New York: Harry N. Abrams Inc., 1994.
Mizuno, S. (1974). Asuka Buddhist Art: Horyu-ji. New York: Weatherhill.
Popham, P. (1990) Wooden Temples of Japan. London: Tauris Parke Books, 1990.
Jonathan Swift (1667-1745)
Satire and Irony in Dublin
LIFE OF JONATHAN SWIFT
Jonathan Swift is widely regarded as the greatest writer of satire in English literature. Yet it is crucial for understanding Swift's satire to know that he was not really English. Swift was born in Dublin in 1667, to a family that originally had emigrated from England -- for this reason, he is generally described as "Anglo-Irish." Swift did his university studies in Dublin at Trinity College, graduating in 1686. From here he became the personal secretary to a politician and writer, Sir William Temple, and moved to England. Political machinations, however, hampered Swift's advancement in a political career -- instead he would end up taking a position in the Protestant Church of Ireland, ultimately rising to the position of Dean at Saint Patrick's Cathedral in Dublin.
Swift's career encompassed both literature and politics. As a wit and satirist,…
Not only do his designs blend well with their settings, they are extremely functional and usable. In addition, his designs strictly adhere to the tenets of marketability and production that are the backbone of industrial design. The Elephant Stool is molded out of one sheet of fiberglass, and stacks for storage, display, and shipping. The Butterfly Stool pieces nest together when they are not assembled, making them easy to store and ship, and there is only one part that must be attached to make the stool functional, the brass rod or stretcher that holds the two pieces together. Many of his other designs use these same elements to combine simplicity with ease of production and marketing.
His other designs include many functional pieces that can be mass-produced, just like his stools. They include teakettles made out of metal and stoneware, dinnerware, flatware, and even office products like Scotch tape dispensers.…
http://www.dwr.com/designers/?designer_id=166May 8, 2007. http://www.kettererkunst.com/bio/sori-yanagi-1915.shtml . May 8, 2007. http://www.japon.net/yanagi/indexe.shtml. May 8, 2007. http://www.tortoiselife.com/new/itempage/soriyanagi.html . May 8, 2007. http://www.velocityartanddesign.com/syes.html . May 8, 2007.
Dada and Degenerate Art in Germany
At the end of WW1, Germany found itself in a period of transition. Held responsible for the war and forced to pay reparations, the Weimar Republic was in a disastrous state. The Kaiser Willelm II had abdicated, hyperinflation decimated the value of the mark, and erlin was fast becoming vice capital of the world with "New Frau" poster-girl Anita erber taking pride in her position as the high priestess of immorality.[footnoteRef:1] It was a new Germany in every respect -- but not one that was destined to last: it was new in the sense that for the first time in its culture, the Germans were embracing the end -- the end of the old order, of the old code, of the old art and moral imperatives; life was short and falling apart at the seams as fast as the mark was becoming worthless. Jobs…
Altshuler, Bruce. The Avant-garde in Exhibition. NY: Abrams, 1994.
Barron, Stephanie. Degenerate Art: The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi Germany. NY:
Droste, Sebastian; Berber, Anita. Dances of Vice, Horror and Ecstasy. UK: Side Real
The films Pickford brought to life as a producer later in her career were often nothing like those she starred in as an actress: For example, "in 1945, during the independent production boom at the end of orld ar II, she organized Comet Pictures to make medium-budget films with Ralph Cohn, the son of Columbia Pictures cofounder Jack Cohn. At Comet she produced probably her finest later film, the noir hit Sleep, My Love (1948)" as well as the broad, comedic-style films My Little Chickadee (1940) with .C. Films; Love Happy (1950), with the Marx Brothers comedy and (briefly) Marilyn Monroe and the war movie the Story of G.I. Joe (1945) (Aberdeen 2005).
Pickford defended the role of independent producers in 1934, in a speech that noted that for film to continue to remain relevant in the 20th centuries, it must be innovative and challenging, particularly given that radio and…
Aberdeen, J.A. "Mary Pickford: The SIMPP Years." Hollywood Renegades. Reprinted by Cobblestone, 2005 on the web in excerpted form. May 4, 2010.
Dirks, Tim. "Film history of the 1920s." Film Site. AMC Movie Classics. May 4, 2010.
In this piece van der Weyden depicts the words of blessing from low to high and rightward toward Christ, and the words of damnation are high and move downward toward those that have been damned. The rise and fall of the verbal decisions of the traditional locations of those that have been blessed and those that have been cursed. The artist even went so far as to use color to support the words, which was uncommon at the time; helping to make the distinction in a very visual way.
Acres maintains that although some conclude that a significant amount of modern interpretation of the work of 15th century Netherlandish paintings has been misguided, the most prevalent lesson is a reminder that images' meanings were and are able to "circulate well beyond the purview of contracts and other remnants of early documentation" (p. 109).
According to Pacht in his…
Acres, A. (2000). Rogier van der Weyden's painted texts. Artibus et Historiae, 21(41),
Baldass, L. (1952). Jan van Eyck. London.
Campbell, L. (1998). The fifteenth century Netherlandish schools. London: National
Albrecht Durer (1471 -- 1528
Albrecht Durer was born in Nurembourg on May 21, 1471. Albrecht Durer's father, Albrecht Durer the Elder was a famous goldsmith. In 1455, he travelled from Germany to Nurembourg and got married to Barbara Holper. Albert Durer was the third kid of his parents. He had eighteen siblings. Albert Durer's father was a really hard working man. He used to work eighteen hours a day that apparently shows that he had no extra time for his children, but he was a great father. He used to take time out to teach art to his son. He actually was Albert Durer's first art teacher.
As Albert's passion and skills for art started to polish, Abert and his brother developed a wish to study artistry at Nurnberg academy. But unfortunately, it was not possible for both of them to study in such a high…
COTTER, HOLLAND. nytimes. 21 March 2013. 29 April 2013 .
jennycoreblog. jennycoreblog. 7 April 2013. 29 April 2013 .
Mezzanine, East Building. nga.gov. 24 March 2013. 29 April 2013 .
WATT, HILARY-MORGAN. examiner.com. 15 April 2013. 29 April 2013 .
movie industry in America has been controlled by some of the monolithic companies which not only provided a place for making the movies, but also made the movies themselves and then distributed it throughout the entire country. These are movie companies and their entire image revolved around the number of participants of their films. People who wanted to see the movies being made had to go to the studios in order to see them. They made movies in a profitable manner for the sake of the studios, but placed the entire industry under their control and dominated over it. The discussion here is about some of those famous studios inclusive of that of names like Metro Goldwyn Mayer, Culver, RKO, Paramount Studios, Warner Bros, 20th Century Fox, Walt Disney Studios, Universal Studios, Raleigh Studio, Hollywood Center Studio, Sunset Gower Studio, Ren-Mar Studios, Charlie Chaplin Studios and now, Manhattan Beach Studio.…
"What better way to annoy the Hollywood liberals than to remind them every single day that
George W. Bush is STILL the President?" Retrieved from https://www.donationreport.com/init/controller/ProcessEntryCmd?key=O8S0T5C8U2 Accessed 15 September, 2005
"What's interesting about the business is that it's no longer the movie business" Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/hollywood/picture/corptown.html Accessed 14 September, 2005
In brief, this painting is essentially a representation of the court of Philip IV and the focal point of the work is the Infanta Margarita who is surrounded by various figures, including her maids of honor, dwarfs and a dog. Las Meninas depicts a large room in the palace of King Philip IV of Spain and most of the figures can be identified as members of the Spanish Court. The figure of the painter is also prominent .There is also a mirror at the back of the figures that depicts the King and Queen.
This complex and mysterious work of art has been the subject of much debate, especially with regard to the theme of illusion and reality in art. It has therefore become one of most widely discussed and analyzed paintings in the Western art discourse. The following commentary provides some ideas of the contemporary interest in this painting.…
GOYA, Francisco. Retrieved November 10, 2009, from http://www.artchive.com/artchive/G/goya/may_3rd.jpg.html
Greco, El. Retrieved November 9, 2009, from
Museums in Paris
The Louvre Museum can be categorized as one of the world's largest and most magnificent museums. It also marks a monument and an attractive sightseeing location for tourists from all over the world. Standing near the River Seine and stretching over 60,000 meters square, this museum has its own unique history.
The museum was a transformation from the Louvre Palace, built as a fortress for King Louis XIV. He considered the Palace too small for his needs and then went on to making the Palace of Versailles. He left behind this beautifully structured monument to become the museum of beautiful art. The Louvre Museum was initiated in 1793 with initially just 537 paintings. Many of these were the confiscated church paintings and the others were donations from the prestigious and powerful people of the time. Slowly and gradually, the collection of the museum started increasing under Napoleon…
Danilov, Victor J. Museum careers and training: A professional guide. Greenwood Press, 194.
Dean, David. Museum Exhibition: Theory and Practice. Routledge, 1996.
Friedlander, Max J. Early Netherlands Painting: From Van Eyck to Bruegel. Phaidon Publishers, 1956.
Greenhill, Eileen Hooper. Museum, Media, Message. Routledge, 1995.
Symbolism first developed in poetry, where it spawned free verse. Forefathers included the poets Baudelaire, Verlaine, and Rimbaud; practitioners included Laforgue, Moreas, and Regnier. The Swiss artist Arnold Becklin is perhaps the most well-known Symbolist painter; his pictures are like allegories without keys, drenched in melancholy and mystery. Other artists working in this vein include Odilon Redon and Gustave Moreau. The Surrealists drew heavily on the Symbolists later on.
Catalan masters played a major role in the development of 20th Century modern art in many fields. For example, modernism expressed by Gaudi, Rusinol, Gimeno, Camarasa, Picasso, Nonell or Miro epitomized the efforts of the Catalan people. Still, most of them expressed their talents outside Spain in Paris where many of them lived and worked before going home to continue their expression. Like anyone honing a craft, they needed a foundation of knowledge for their art and Paris offered…
2000. Catalan Masters. Available at http://www.artcult.com/na125.html" http://www.artcult.com/na125.html. Accessed on 9 January 2005.
2002. Notes on Picasso: Important Terms, People, and Events. Available at http://www.tamu.edu/mocl/picasso/archives/2002/opparch02-281.html . Accessed January 2005.
Art Nouveau in Catalonia. Available at http://www.gaudialigaudi.com/A0003.htm;. Accessed 9 January 2005.
Catalan Painting. Available at http://www.mnac.es/eng/dinou/s6.htm . Accessed January 2005.
Premier Portraits: Online Branding Proposal
Premier Portraits is a luxury brand. Its customers are not interested in bargain prices but in quality and the prestige of having a custom photographic portrait of themselves or a loved one ("Different Types of Goods," 2016). Given that the target audience comprises corporate executives, sports figures, politicians, actors, and other people in the media or with significant income, price not a concern versus crafting an image of exclusivity. In the case of some media figures, the portraits may be used in marketing their own personal brand.
The core product should be a personalized digital photograph altered and retouched to customer specifications. For example, some of the portraits may be altered to look as if they were painted by famous artists like Rembrandt in his traditional chiaroscuro style. Other portraits may have handcrafted touches, like actual oil painting superimposed upon them. Each product…
Instead of the hobby of kings and professionals, learning was for all -- from soldiers to noblemen ("Renaissance" 2008). In addition, the Renaissance appreciated learning and curiosity for its own sake. In the same way, art was appreciated simply because it was art, instead of being commissioned for a certain purpose. Furthermore, the Renaissance focused more on the individual's ability to make creations and to decide than the occurred during the Middle Ages ("Renaissance" 2008). Although these high ideals of art and learning were praised, patronage was an important feature of the Middle Ages, and patron's major players in the time period. Patrons, which could be wealthy individuals or organizations, could either have a household artist, like one would have a household maid, or commission a specific work from an artist "Discussion of the role" nd). In Florence, the Medicis were major patrons, and popes were also common patrons ("Discussion…
Discussion of the role of patrons in the Renaissance." Retrieved January 1, 2009, from Patronage of Raphael." nd. Retrieved January 1, 2009, at http://www.geocities.com/rr17bb/patronage.html
Renaissance," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2008
http://encarta.msn.com© 1997-2008 Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
art is changed by the changes that occur in political culture. The writer presents examples and contrasts two of the following areas Baroque, ococo, Neoclassicism, and omanticism and argues the point of how the eras drive changes in artwork. In addition the writer devotes two pages to comparing three works of famous artists.
Art has always been influenced by the masses. Political culture, and change have been driving forces behind the changes in art that history has witnessed. When political and cultural changes occur it is generally because of changing attitudes of those who live in the era and drive those changes. This extrapolates to changes in many things including taste in artwork. Two periods in history provide classic examples of such change occurring and being directly related to political and cultural changes that were taking place in society during the time.
The Neoclassical period and the omantic era are…
http://www.oceansbridge.com/art/customer/product.php?productid=38385& cat=4037& page=19& maincat=M
Pierre Bonnard The Terrace
Marsden Hartley epitomizes the transition in American art towards abstractionism. In fact, Hartley was integral to fomenting the shift in American art, which had until then tended to lag behind its European avant-garde counterparts. Hartley spent more than a quarter of a century in Europe before and during World War One, in both Paris and Berlin, where he learned emerging techniques from cubism and abstract expressionism to fauvism. When Hartley returned to the United States, he retreated from the avant-garde styles and became known more as the "rooted-in-Maine American artist," (Slenske, 2014). Hartley's achievements lie as much in his versatility as in his encouragement of abstraction and experimentalism in American art.
Hartley was born in Maine and exhibited a predilection for visual art at a young age. He was formally trained and got his start exhibiting in Alfred Stieglitz's Gallery 291 in New York. Stieglitz gave Hartley an exclusive exhibition,…
"Marsden Hartley (1877-1943)" Retrieved online: http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/famous-artists/marsden-hartley.htm
Peltakian, D. (n.d.). Marsden Hartley: American expressionist. Retrieved online: http://www.sullivangoss.com/marsden_Hartley/
The Phillips Collection (2016). Marsden Hartley. Retrieved online: http://www.phillipscollection.org/research/american_art/bios/hartley-bio.htm
Slenske, M. (2014). Deciphering Modernist Marsden Hartley's Coded Paintings. Architectural Digest. Retrieved online: http://www.architecturaldigest.com/story/marsden-hartley-lacma
Art During Renaissance
The Evolution of Art During the Renaissance
The Renaissance period is defined as a cultural movement that spanned approximately from the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Italy in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe (rotton 2006, p. 6). This period in the history of art included the painting, decorative arts and sculpture of the period and for many was considered a reawakening or rebirth of historic and ancient traditions based on the classical antiquity and the inclusion of more recent developments by applications of contemporary scientific knowledge.
The Renaissance was seen as a bridge between the Middle Ages and the modern era. The period also marked a cognitive shift from religious perspectives to a more intellectual and social focus. Classical texts previously lost to European scholars became readily available and included science, drama, poetry, prose, philosophy, and new considerations…
Acidini, Luchinat Cristina. The Medici, Michelangelo, & the Art of Late Renaissance Florence. New Haven: Yale UP in Association with the Detroit Institute of Arts, 2002. Print.
Adams, Laurie. Italian Renaissance Art. Boulder, CO: Westview, 2001. Print.
Barter, James. Artists of the Renaissance. San Diego, CA: Lucent, 1999. Print.
Bartlett, Kenneth. The Civilization of the Italian Renaissance. Toronto D.C.
He expeimentation with new techniques and the fact that she was unafaid to ty new things with he at helped he populaity immensely. Peston's elationships to famous atists and the pomotion of he wok in aea magazines wee also unique and offeed a lage vieweship audience.
Not eveyone enjoys looking at Peston's wok, but she had definitely held a stong pesence in Austalian society thoughout he lifetime, as well as since he death. Peston definitely new exactly what she wanted to do thoughout he life and wasn't afaid to implement unusual and new techniques into he wok. He studies of both Aboiginal at and Japanese at seems to have influenced much of the at she poduced.
He use of publicity sets Peston apat fom othe atists duing that time peiod. As a woman atist who was making he way independently finally, Peston appealed to women thoughout Austalia by poducing he…
references to Aboriginal art . Australia: Art Library.
McPhee, J.A. (1982). Australian decorative arts in the Australian National Gallery . Australia: Australian National Gallery.
Nice, R. The Australian scarf / Historic Houses Trust of New South Wales. New South Wales: Greenway Gallery.
Butel, E.R. (1986). Margaret Preston: the art of constant rearrangement . New South Wales: in association with the Art Gallery of New South Wales.
The art of Margaret Preston, Margaret, 1875-1963 . (1980). Adelaide: Art Gallery Board of South Australia.
H.P. Lovecraft wrote him fan letters and composed a poem about his art. The fine hatching and pebble board were all used to give his images a texture and depth beyond anything seen in the field. Finlay and another illustrator at this time named Lee F. Conrey (see above) both provided lots of imaginative drawings for both magazines and books (BPIB).
Comics were another genre that started hiring illustrators. Born in Humbolt, Minnesota, Austin Briggs studied at the Wicker Art School in Detroit, and then attended the Art Students League in New York City. He settled there and worked for an advertising agency and freelanced for various magazines, like the Dearborn Independent, Collier's, McClures and Pictorial eview. He started his comic strip career as an assistant on Flash Gordon, then took over the Secret Agent X-9 strip, and began anonymously illustrating the Flash Gordon daily in the 1940s and early…
American Art Archives. 16, November 2007. http://www.americanartarchives.com/
Ask Art Blue Book. Oscar Edward Cesare, Artist. 16, November 2007. http://www.askart.com/askart/c/oscar_edward_cesare/oscar_edward_cesare.aspx
BPIP. Jessie Wilcox Smith Biography. 16, November 2007. http://www.bpib.com/illustrat/jwsmith.htm
Comic Art Fans. 16, November 2007. http://www.comicartfans.com/forums/topic.asp?TOPIC_ID=1127
evolutionary history of Mexico [...] interrelationships of art and events in Mexico for the revolutionary period. It seems that revolution in a country also breeds artistic development and reform. As freedom beckons, so does the creative process and the need to document the events of the revolution. This is certainly the case in the history of the Mexican evolution and the resulting onslaught of artwork and creativity that resulted. Some of Mexico's most famous artists, such as Diego ivera, came out of the revolutionary period, and their influence on world art cannot be denied.
In the case of the Mexican muralists, the art directly reflected the events of the period; in fact, many muralists like ivera used real revolutionary figures and events as part of their subject matter. ivera painted a modern, cubistic Zapatista Guerrilla in one of his most famous paintings, and he did several murals depicting the history…
Berger, M. (Ed.). (1994). Modern art and society: An anthology of social and multicultural readings. New York: Icon Editions.
Hopkinson, A. (2004, May 3). Bread and roses: A Communist with a string of colorful lovers. New Statesman, 133, 48+.
Miller, Robert Ryal. (1986). Mexico: A history. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press.
To say that McCollum's resources were limited in this case is an understatement.
"Working on busts is not only capturing a protege's face; a lot of it has to do with hair, beard, look in the eyes, clothes, etc.," McCollum says. The goal, he argues, is that, "You want the people looking at a bust or a sculpture to be able to recognize the protege." Part of the victory of the artist is for the audience to know who the subject is; the rest is to give the bust some expression. This is the real challenge, McCollum says.
To achieve these goals and win these victories requires passion and motive, McCollum says. He argues that if an artist doesn't feel inspired, then it is very difficult to create a work of art that is attractive or conveys any feeling. Even beginning the process requires "that you have been inspired and…
Scandinavian Architecture: The Evolution of Vernacular
All types of art are normally influenced by both the social and the political factors within a geographical region. These social aspects are reflected in the designs of the time and most of the inspiration that the designers get is from history. In Scandinavia, it is easy to define the style as straightforward. The logic behind the simplicity of this was due to the limited resources which emphasized saving and proper utilization (Pile, 335). It is also democratic in the manner that its main intention was to please, the masses. Architects in Scandinavia share an inherent bond with nature and the natural landscape. hen studying the geographical locations of these nodes and, therefore, cross referencing their localities to similar cultural conditions a trend is found. It is the intention of this research to research just how the natural landscape is invited into the manmade…
Bandle, Oskar, Kurt Braunmu-ller, Lennart Elmevik, and Gun Widmark. The Nordic Languages:
An International Handbook of the History of the North Germanic Languages. Berlin: de
Gruyter, 2005. Print.
Fallan, Kjetil. Design History: Understanding Theory and Method. Oxford: Berg Publishers,
A Comparison between the Italian and Northern European enaissance
World history is a fascinating subject, especially when one takes into account the multi-dimensional, often heavy impact changes that are constantly taking place, and that often change the course of history in a way in which it could have never been imagined. After the Dark Ages, for instance, the enaissance or "rebirth," a period of artistic-related growth across Europe, was one such change that literally pulled Europe out of the deterioration in which it found itself after the fall of the oman Empire, and put it on a path of regrowth that was so replete with creativity that many scholars are still talking about it today. In order to better understand these historical changes, this paper will examine the enaissance, for it was a very complex movement, in order to understand it better, and will do so by comparing the…
Referenced from: Esaak, S. (2011). The Renaissance in Northern Europe. About.com. Retrieved October 28, 20110, .
Famous Artists of Italy (n.a.). (2011). Oracle.com. Retrieved October 28, 2011, from < http://library.thinkquest.org/2838/artgal.htm>.
Italian Renaissance Art (n.a.). (2011). Retrieved October 28, 2011, from < http://vlib.iue.it/carrie/texts/carrie_books/gilbert/07.html >.
Some have speculated that the work may have been commissioned by one of those families, and that the work was stored in a private residence, as opposed to being on display (the Birth, No date).
In its historical context, Birth of Venus is important because it gives us a glimpse into the Italian psychology at the time. The painting shows that even as the church tried to exert total influence in Italy, the people had not completely forgotten their old traditions and still thought fondly about the days of Rome. Because so many pagan-themed paintings were destroyed by the Catholic church, Birth of Venus also allows us to consider the other great works of pagan art from the 15th century that we will never get to see.
Birth of Venus by Sandro Botticelli is an important work in the study of art. This late-15th century painting reflects the struggle…
Art archive: Venus (No date). Retrieved March 29, 2007, at http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/mythology/images/venus_art_archive.html.
The Birth of Venus: Spring (No date). Retrieved March 29, 2007, at http://www.bergerfoundation.ch/Sandro/44venusprintemps_english.html .
Botticelli (2002). Retrieved March 28, 2007, at http://www.loggia.com/art/renaissance/botticelli02.htm.
Botticelli, Sandro, real name Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi (No date). Retrieved March 27, 2007, at http://www.latifm.com/artists/Botticelli_Sandro.html .
Incase paint needed to be removed from the painting it was done using a palette knife. When the painting was finished and had dried for almost on year, the work was sealed with a vanish layer.
This particular artwork is figurative. This is because the painting has combined symbolism with optical illusions as well as the estranging of familiar motifs which leads to the creation of a visual language.
Subject matter of the painting
This painting was made as a retrospective look of life by Dali. The whole scene of the painting is within a bullfighting ring.in the painting; Dali has effectively displayed the dislike his wife has for bull fighting.
The formal aspect of the work and subject matter work together to create a significant meaning and content which can be interpreted easily. This is through the use of the various colors in the painting. The bullfighting is submerged…
Man's Ability To Treat Humans Like Animals
It is a vivid fact that the feelings of cruelty, discrimination and racial distribution are embedded well in to human nature since its very inception. This world depicts several cases where humans treat other humans like animals and ignore their right of living peacefully and according to their own will. This article highlights the work of several writers who have depicted the different ways in which humans have been treated brutally by other humans. Majority of the cases deal with racial discrimination and poverty-based cruelty issues encountered by humans. The article presents an in depth analysis of the works of seven different writers and how their works represent the ill treatment encountered by the human race.
Charles Chestnutt's "Po Sandy" and its Linkage to Human Cruelty
"Po' Sandy" written by Charles Chestnutt is basically the story of Sandy, who is made the slave…
Chestnutt, Charles. Charles W. Chesnutt: Stories, Novels, and Essays, USA: Library of America,
Esposito, Scott, "The Changeling by Kenzaburo Oe," Los Angeles Times,468, 7 March 2010.
Mackay, Marina. The Cambridge Companion to The Literature Of World War II, New York,
Total ork of Art: Charles Renee Mackintosh
Born on June 7, 1868, in Glasgow, Mackintosh, worked as an apprentice under one of the local architects named John Hutchison, however, he changed to the more stable and established Honeyman and Keppie city practice in 1889. As a way of complementing his architectural apprenticeship, Mackintosh got enrolled into evening classes at the school of art in Glasgow, where he partook in a number of drawing programs. hile in the art school, Mackintosh in the company of Herbert MacNair, his friend and colleague, ran into the famous artist sisters, Frances and Margaret Macdonald. These four talented artists formed a group and specialized in furniture designs, illustration and metalwork, and developed several weird-looking images, which were very distinctive. Such images included abstracted female images and certain metamorphic lines that reminded one of Aubrey Beardsley. They got to be known as the spook school, a…
Charles Rennie Mackintosh Society, Charles Rennie Mackintosh. Web. 10 March 2016. http://www.crmsociety.com/crmackintosh.aspx
Current, Karen. Greene & Greene: Architects in the Residential Style, Fort Worth, Texas: Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, 1974. Print.
Finger, Anke and Danielle Follett (eds.) The Aesthetics of the Total Artwork: On Borders and Fragments, The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011. Print
Harris, Nathaniel. The Life and Works of Charles Rennie Mackintosh. Bath: Lomond Books, 2000. Print.
This exhibition shows the artists as young men struggling to make it on their own, showing the influences of their key friends including the Stein family.
In addition to Picasso who would go on to become world known and the most famous of all artists living in the area of Paris ertrude Stein was living at the time, Paul Cezanne, Edgar Degas, Paul auguin, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec were also regular visitor to the Stein's apartment. The influence of ertrude Stein as a benefactor of their works is evident in how they portray the Stein family in general and ertrude specifically. Two of the most celebrated French painters of the 19th century, Edouard Manet, and Auguste Renoir, are also included in the exhibition. Seeing paintings from these two French impressionistic masters is worth the trip to New York alone. Their work is exceptional and technique so unique no one has been…
Gertrude Stein knew Pablo Picasso personally and often watched him paint the works shown in this exhibition. There are a few self-portraits of Gertrude Stein as well in the collection. In 1903 Gertrude Stein arrived in Paris and opened her bookstore on the South Bank of Paris. Over time she made friends with the leading artists living in and around Paris, including Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso. Both of them were unknown and struggling to make ends meet, often painting pictures of wealthy Parisians for pay, staying with Gertrude Stein and her brothers when they could not afford their own apartments. it's stories like this that make the exhibition so fascinating to look at, as these world-famous artists were creating these works of art before they were globally recognized and much more wealthier. This exhibition shows the artists as young men struggling to make it on their own, showing the influences of their key friends including the Stein family.
In addition to Picasso who would go on to become world known and the most famous of all artists living in the area of Paris Gertrude Stein was living at the time, Paul Cezanne, Edgar Degas, Paul Gauguin, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec were also regular visitor to the Stein's apartment. The influence of Gertrude Stein as a benefactor of their works is evident in how they portray the Stein family in general and Gertrude specifically. Two of the most celebrated French painters of the 19th century, Edouard Manet, and Auguste Renoir, are also included in the exhibition. Seeing paintings from these two French impressionistic masters is worth the trip to New York alone. Their work is exceptional and technique so unique no one has been able to imitate it.
The exhibition shows how an arts benefactor, Gertrude Stein, has been able to create a lively, active artistic community in Paris in the early 20th century. Her involved and support for these artists made it possible for them to turn their great ideas for art into finished works, and the world is richer for it. The exhibition also includes sculptures and artifacts that Gertrude Stein collected during those years. It will be like stepping into a time machine and walking out in the early 20th century on the left bank of Paris, which would have been fascinating.
The ethics of free downloads has been tested in research and shows it won't stop without some threat of punishment (Taylor, 2004).
One of the ways this problem can be addressed is for the government to implement laws that increase the fines for free sharing while providing benefits by way of reduced taxes to companies that offer downloading for a reasonable cost. Paying the artists a portion of each sale is not as difficult as it sounds. Each time a particular song from an artist is downloaded the computer software can generate that the funds paid get divided between the artist and the site and a monthly check gets sent to the artist.
If this is not done and the downloading from free sites continues music as society knows it will change forever. A world without new music is a world without joy. How many songs do you know that…
Retail Music Industry Battles Extinction; Mintel Report Cites Labels Slow to Respond to Consumer Needs; Downloads Steal the Spotlight. Business Wire 2006
Taylor, Susan (2004) Music piracy -- differences in the ethical perceptions of business majors and music business majors.(Cyber Dimensions) Journal of Education for Business
Music Industry in Transition: Digital Music Libraries Expand as CD Sales Lag; Legal Digital Music Services Potential Has Only Just Begun to Be Tapped, According to Recent Data from the NPD Group. Business Wire
Targets Warned of Music Download Suits
The article also includes links to and explanations of art-oriented software applications, online digital art galleries, and how-to articles. Addressing controversial topics too, such as the role of digital design vs. traditional execution, the Web site is extensive. For example, an article by Sue Chastain addresses whether graphics design software weakens an artist's drawing skills. The author also offers tips for would-be professional designers for finding careers and exploring options artists might not have been aware of otherwise. Although not a scholastic source, the About.com page on computer design and graphic art introduces students to the subject and afull range of subtopics.
3. The Computer Graphics Society (http://www.cgsociety.org/).The Computer Graphics Society offers networking opportunities for digital designers and graphic artists. Articles that are published on the Computer Graphics Society Web site are reputable because society members screen them. Moreover, the articles address a range of topics, artists, and products related…
2. "Design and Create: Computer Graphics and Digital Art." About.com. http://graphicssoft.about.com/od/designandcreate/Design_and_Create_Computer_Graphics_and_Digital_Art.htm . An extensive collection of articles and links related to graphic design and computers at About.com. Although About.com is not a scholastic source, the information contained on the site can be used to trigger ideas for topics related to graphic design.
The About.com article includes subtopics such as digital scrapbooking, pixel art and pixel paintings, techniques of digital art, vector drawing, and Web-specific graphics and issues associated with designing for the Web. The article also includes links to and explanations of art-oriented software applications, online digital art galleries, and how-to articles. Addressing controversial topics too, such as the role of digital design vs. traditional execution, the Web site is extensive. For example, an article by Sue Chastain addresses whether graphics design software weakens an artist's drawing skills. The author also offers tips for would-be professional designers for finding careers and exploring options artists might not have been aware of otherwise. Although not a scholastic source, the About.com page on computer design and graphic art introduces students to the subject and afull range of subtopics.
3. The Computer Graphics Society ( http://www.cgsociety.org/ ).The Computer Graphics Society offers networking opportunities for digital designers and graphic artists. Articles that are published on the Computer Graphics Society Web site are reputable because society members screen them. Moreover, the articles address a range of topics, artists, and products related to graphic design. Well-known graphic artists like those working in the film industry are detailed in articles, thereby exposing students of graphic design to multiple techniques and inspiring stories of famous artists. Similarly, students of graphic art will find the industry news sections helpful. A forums section on the Website allows students and artists to post questions and receive responses from other Computer Graphics Society members. The main drawback with the Computer Graphics Society Web site is that it requires full membership to access much of the material contained on the site.
paintings and gives opinions about which ones are neo-classical and romantic, which ones use impressionism and how so. There were six sources used to complete this paper.
Throughout history art has been a universal language. The love or emotion that is elicited from a painting can happen regardless of the language the viewer speaks. Paintings do not require interpreters or language commonality. They speak to hearts and do so with a silent voice that draws emotion from those who view them. There are different styles of painting and different explanations of those styles. One can take several of the more well-known paintings and hold them against stylistic measure to determine how well they were followed and why those styles work for those particular works.
There are two paintings that are well-known and can be compared to determine the styles used and the efficiency of those styles. In Watteau's The…
sher, Emma, Huck Finn, they all have a mentor at some point in their lives. Huck is guided by Jim, who although described like a child who needs constant guidance (like all the slaves were thought to be in that time), is often sounding like the voice of reason. sher is helped to follow his love for art by his mother first, then the Rebbe steps in and brings him under the guidance of Jakob Kahn, an experienced and famous artist who will act as his final mentor.
The protagonists in all three novels are very strong willed, intelligent young people who are willing to sacrifice a lot for their personal freedom and for their right to remain true to themselves. They are prepared to go a long way to find their vocation or the meaning of their life. lthough acting in their own interested, they are also dedicated to…
Austen, J. Drabble, M (contributor). 1996. Emma. Signet Classic
Potok, C. 2003. My Name is Asher Lev. Anchor
Twain, M. 1994. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn: unabridged. Courier Dover Publications
Aaron Copland Outline
INTRODUCTION a. The purpose of this paper is to introduce and discuss the life and works of composer
Aaron Copeland. It will discuss some of the composer's well-known works, and analyze his contribution to modern classical music.
The purpose of this paper is to introduce and discuss the life and works of composer Aaron Copeland. It will discuss some of the composer's well-known compositions, and analyze his contribution to modern classical music.
Aaron Copland was born in New York City on November 14, 1900, the son of Jewish Russian immigrants. His childhood was typical. He worked in his father's department store on Saturday's, and attended public schools in Brooklyn. From a very early age, Copland enjoyed making up songs, and he knew by the age of fifteen that he wanted to compose music.
He learned to play…
Chew, Robin. " Aaron Copland: American Composer." Lucid Cafe. Nov. 1995. http://www.lucidcafe.com/library/95nov/copland.html#related
Copland, Aaron. "When Private and Public Worlds Meet." New York Times. 9 June 1968.
Gregor, Katya. "Aaron Copland." Heart's Ease.13 March, 2000. http://www.hearts-ease.org/cgi-bin/conservatory_index.cgi?ID=74
Hampson, Thomas. "I Hear America Singing: Aaron Copland." PBS.org. 4 Feb. 2002. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/ihas/composer/copland.html
If individual releases his "Dionysian nature" he will be free by himself and will have a wider space for self-realization having internal freedom.
These concepts were supported by humanists of renaissance who glorified human, as a living creature who was the master of his destiny and his will. As it's well-known Renaissance, in many ways, was simply a return to the values of ancient Greeks who worshiped the cult of Dionysus and Apollo as two integral parts of a human soul. Adoption of these concepts resulted in the relatively liberal morality of bourgeois societies in Europe in 18-19th century that exist and that proceeded up to the sexual freedom of nowadays. Dionysian origins of human nature have much in common with Freud's psychology, which implies that human behavior is dominantly motivated by his instincts and primary sexual instincts.
Dionysian cult, which is associated with physical beauty of a person, pleasures,…
Nietzsche, Fridrich the birth of tragedy Dover Publications, 1995
Hemingway's A Moveable Feast provides remarkable insight into the life and times of one of the world's great modern authors. However, what makes A Moveable Feast timeless is that it captures an era. In the posthumously released memoirs, Hemingway writes about one of the glory days of Parisian life. The bohemian ambiance is palpable, told in Hemingway's characteristically subdued and deceptively simple prose. Paris was a hotbed of creative energy during the 1920s. eaders already know that from terse encounters with film, literature, and art history. Hemingway brings Paris in the 1920s to life. The author recreates scenes, conversations, and situations that deliver the reader right there into the street life, bars, parties, and bedrooms of the people that Hemingway encounters.
The title of the memoirs derives from one line in Hemingway's writing, that Paris is itself a "moveable feast." Hemingway uses this deft metaphor to capture the multisensory experience…
Hemingway, E. (1996). A Moveable Feast. Scribner.
Miller and Eliot on Beauty
Comparing and Contrasting "Beauty" in Miller and Eliot
Arthur Miller and T.S. Eliot are two 20th century American playwrights. hile the latter is more commonly noted for expatriating to Britain and writing some of the most memorable poetry of the early 20th century, the former is noted for his famous depiction of the common man's struggle to find meaning and fulfillment in Death of a Salesman. As distinct as the two writers may seem, they both conceive of and treat the theme of beauty -- Miller analyzing its absence in Salesman, and Eliot analyzing its abandonment in several poems like "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" and "The asteland." This paper will compare and contrast both writers and show how they deal with the theme of beauty in their works.
The Absence of Beauty in Salesman and "Prufrock"
Beauty is missing from illy Loman's…
Aristotle. "Poetics." Internet Classics Archive. Web. 12 Oct 2011.
Barstow, Marjorie. "Oedipus Rex as the Ideal Tragic Hero of Aristotle." The Classical
Weekly 6.1 (1912): 2-4. Print.
Blasing, Mutlu Konuk. American Poetry: The Rhetoric of Its Forms. New Haven: Yale
Robert Frost "The Road Not Taken" (lines 18-20):
In the final lines of this poem, the narrator says some of the most famous lines in American poetry: "I took the one less travelled by, / And that has made all the difference" (19-20). Many have interpreted these lines as a celebration of individuality, but on closer inspection, it becomes evident that in reality, the narrator is lamenting that he has made these choices. Instead of following the path of others, he has gone on his own path. His conclusion is that it was this choice, choosing "the path less travelled by" that has marked the rest of his life. The tone of the piece is not one of self-congratulation but rather depression and despondency. He does not say that he regrets the choices that he has made, but acknowledges that his life would be very different had he made other…
Cummings, e.e. "Nobody Loses All the Time." Print.
Dickey, James L. "Cherrylog Road." Print.
Eliot, T.S. "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock." Print.
Frost, Robert. "Birches." Literature. 11th Ed. 1042-1043. Print.
An option to display "hot spots" highlights select paintings on the wall.
Viewers can also easily zoom in and out to focus on objects contained in that room, and the QuickTime interface also allows virtual visitors to enter an adjoining room visually. Thus, the QuickTime version may be more useful for working with elementary-age children because of the more fun, game-like atmosphere the virtual tour creates. Older children and adults, however, would enjoy the QuickTime and standard versions of the tour equally. In both the QuickTime and the standard interface, clicking on one of the hypertext items or on the floor plan map allows visitors to move from room to room. Virtual visitors using on the standard interface can pan the camera in each room, too, using the arrows below the image. Except for the heightened, point-and-click ability to pan, zoom, and view "hot spots" on the photographic image itself,…
Vincent Van Gogh's Van Goghs." Virtual Tour: National Gallery of Art. Retrieved Oct 6, 2006 at http://www.nga.gov/exhibitions/vgwel.shtm
Education of omen in Renaissance
Several methods relating to the education of women in Renaissance changed the world. However, these methods of Humanists and the queries of religious reformers had no impact on the lives of early modern European omen. Education, changing drastically between the 15th and 17th centuries was certainly kept from women although the rich and powerful were able to receive some education: it was not always used. Opportunities arose for the daughters of the rich and wealthy. However, the eventuality of all their efforts in education narrowed down to the typical role of a woman: a housewife. They still faced choices and challenges unique to their gender. hile some women did receive this education alongside men, the options of what to do with that education were cut severely. It is evident from the study that women did not have a Renaissance because of lack of education and…
Bell, Susan G. Women: from the Greeks to the French Revolution. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth Pub. Co., 1973. Print 181-209
Rice, Eugene F., and Anthony Grafton. The foundations of early modern Europe, 1460-1559. 2nd ed. New York: W.W. Norton, 1994. Print. 77-109
The Metropolitan Museum of Art currently presents three fascinating special exhibits including one on cubism, another on enaissance tapestry, and a third on ancient Assyrian art. Each of these three special exhibits is different, and exciting in its own way. The exhibit on enaissance tapestry is entitled "Grand Design" and focuses on the work of Pieter Coecke van Aelst. Some of the tapestries are lavish and intricate, such as the "Seven Deadly Sins." Having never before encountered tapestries from this era, I was stunned at the workmanship and marveled at the amount of time it must have taken to weave these incredible patterns. As if on cue, the museum's curator had prepared several information panels informing viewers about the process of tapestry making, its history, and its relevance during the enaissance. Van Aelst had produced tapestries for Europe's elite, including the Medici family. This made me ponder the nature…
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. [Personal Visit].
Georg Cantor: A Genius Out of Time
If you open a textbook, in high school or college, in the first chapter you will be introduced to set theory and the theories of finite numbers, infinite numbers, and irrational numbers. The development of many theories of math took years upon years and the input of many mathematicians, as in the example of non-Euclidean geometry. This was the case with most math theories, however set theory was primarily the result of the work of one man, Georg Cantor. In his time, these hypotheses were considered greatly controversial by other mathematicians. However, now they are an integral part of the study of mathematics. Georg Cantor received more criticism than complement in his time and it eventually led him to mental illness. However, one must remember that many other things, once thought to be controversial are now considered to be fact. Georg Cantor should…
Breen, Craig. Georg Cantor (1845-1918) History of Mathematics. July 2000. Retrieved at http://www.geocities.com/CollegePark/Union/3461/cantor.htm. July12, 2002.
Johnson, Phillip E. The Late Nineteenth Century Origins Of Set Theory. Department of Mathematics. UNC Charlotte, NC.Volume V, 1997. Retrieved at http://www.aug.edu/dvskel/JohnsonSU97.htm. July11, 2002.
Rucker, Rudy. Infinity and the Mind: The Science and Philosophy of the Infinite. Princeton University Press, Princeton University. 1995
Dunham, William. Journey through Genius: Great Theorems of Mathematics. New York: Wiley.
Of course, I am incidentally exposed to non-commercial art throughout my day, as well. My home is decorated with original paintings by unknown artists, so I see art as I glance around my home. My work is also decorated with artwork, though the works there are reproductions of the works of famous artists. I also hear music during my commute to work, and my office plays jazz music in the background.
Examining my experience with art in my daily life, it becomes clear to me that art is an essential part of a civilized life. Though I have not formally studied any of the fine arts, I believe that they have been very helpful to me. I believe that art serves as a reminder to me and to my fellow human beings that we are elevated above other animals. In addition, I believe that the tone and nature of a…
The Power of the Situation and the Fundamental Attribution Error
As noted by Sommers (2009), while there is a tendency within our culture to view the human character as stable and unalterable, the contextual power of a situation can cause individuals to behave in unexpected ways. Perhaps the most powerful example of situational influence is during times of war, where individuals are socialized to become obedient to a commanding officer's orders and to put aside their own ethical codes as they can view other human beings as 'the enemy.' This can be seen at the notorious Iraqi prison Abu Ghraib, where ordinary American soldiers from otherwise stable, normal backgrounds committed human rights abuses against prisoners. This was in violation of military protocols, but the 'us vs. them' culture in which the soldiers were immersed clearly had an influence upon their behavior. The soldiers became so habituated to the abuses…
Bright lights, loud noises. (2011). Your Little Professor.
Retrieved April 9, 2011 at http://www.yourlittleprofessor.com/noises.html
Leung, Rebecca. (2004, April 27). Abuse of Iraqi POWs by GIs probed. CBS News. Retrieved April 9, 2011 at http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2004/04/27/60II/main614063.shtml