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" He experiences sunshine and snow, something that the climate control eliminates in their community, and he sees how the government controls every aspect of their lives. He begins to rebel against this controls, and he wants to give his memories to everyone so that they know just how much they have given up. The Giver tells him, "There's nothing we can do. It's always been this way. Before me, before you, before the ones who came before you. Back and back" (Lowry 154). Jonas still rebels, and wants to give the community some of the memories The Giver is giving him, like colors, grandparents, and love. The Giver does not encourage him, but Jonas decides to leave the community with the young child Gabriel, so the community will have their memories back.
The underlying theme of this book is how far the government has gone in an attempt to…
Lowry, Lois. The Giver. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1993.
Giver Lois Lowry. Exposition (decent man/Indecent man discussion).First sentence
The paradox that can be found within Lois Lowry's The Giver is that the decent inclinations of the primary characters are often contextualized and viewed as indecent by the surrounding community. This observation may be found the most lucidly in the dialogue, thoughts and actions of Jonas, as well as in those of the character named The Giver. The natural proclivities of both of these characters are understandable, particularly in light of their special talent and charge of the community in which they live -- which is to preserve all of the memories that have existed within the particular community to spare other residents the burden of the pain and discomfort which the evocation of those memories would inevitably create. Lowry sets up this paradox, however, to readily demonstrate how what may have been regarded as a Utopian society…
Babbitt, Natalie. "The Hidden Cost of Contentment." Washington Post. 1993. Print.
Silvey, Anita. "Interview with Lois Lowry, Margaret A. Edwards Winner." School Library Journal. 2007. Web. http://www.libraryjournal.com/slj/printissuecurrentissue/863262-427/interview_with_lois_lowry_margaret.html.csp
Ray, Karen. "Children's Books." New York Times. 1993. Web. http://www.nytimes.com/1993/10/31/books/children-s-books-335293.html
Campbell, Patty. "The Sand in the Oyster." Horn Book Magazine, 717-721. 1993. Print.
As a result, while assimilating into the new culture, they simultaneously, inevitably, grow alienated from their original cultures and selves, in terms of language; cultural values and practices; priorities; world view - and even food, clothing, music, art, sports, games, and social associations and preferences.
The goals and philosophy of diversity in California classrooms are, of course, to preserve, celebrate, and honor diversity as much as possible (i.e. To notice and positively appreciate Jonas's light-colored eyes, although they are different), which is all to the positive. Still, in honest reality, those goals and that philosophy do not (and cannot) take into full account the realities of actual, real-life, cultural assimilation.
Most foreign-born children in California schools indeed desire to assimilate, the sooner the better. Who, after all, would not prefer to be comfortable at school; to easily speak and understand the language spoken there; and to be fully accepted by,…
He wants everyone to experience the ability to feel passion and deep emotion, regardless if it brings tears or laughter. This, he believes, is much better than feeling nothing at all. The Giver and Jonas decide to leave the community and take with them a baby, who can provide a future and begin life anew. The conflict of the story is that Jonas wants to change the world by releasing the memories, but does not know if people will be able to handle the emotions and even if they want to change their mundane lives at all. The story ends, but with a mixed and vague resolution. The reader must decide whether or not Jonas and the baby Gabriel reach a better world where they are free to remember and feel emotion. Are they imagining that they have reached Elsewhere, or are they indeed at their destination? As the sled…
Lowis Lowry's The Giver is a futuristic work of science fiction about a society that is devoid of memories and emotions. The reason that this society represses these vibrant expressions of life is that it perceives them as too much of a burden on people. To that end, the society believes that it is actually helping people by relieving them of memories and emotions, for the simple fact that many of them are associated with pain. However, a close examination of this book reveals that ultimately, this society is only masking what in fact are important aspects of human life through a beneficent conception of "sameness" (Ray). Instead of creating an ideal world in which there is no pain and suffering because of emotions and memories, this society has actually created a world that is based on lies and deceptions and in which only too few people know the…
Hipple, Ted, Maupin, Amy B. "What's Good About the Best." English Journal, 40-42. 2001. Print.
Lowry, Louis. The Giver. New York: Laurel-Leaf. 2002. Print.
Ray, Karen. "Children's Books." New York Times. 1993. Web.
This is not simply culturally but also because Bread Givers emerges as a far more hopeful work. Steinbeck shows the blood, toil, and tears it takes to produce the grain that the women of the bread givers make for the men studying Torah. Although the Grapes of rath became a novel, by reading John Steinbeck's Harvest Gypsies: On the Road to the Grapes of rath, the reader gains access to the real-life portraits of the California's white migrant farm workers that inspired the book. These people were denied access to the American dream of the bounty of the family farm and the right of every American to his or her own plot of land in a way that seems far more insurmountable than Yezierska's immigrants. These migrants, rather than moving up in the world, suddenly lose everything and find themselves with no opportunities for social advancement and education.
Steinbeck, John. Harvest Gypsies: On the Road to the Grapes of Wrath. Heyday, 1996.
Yezierska, Anzia. Bread Givers. Persea Books, 2003.
Bread Givers by Anzia Yezierska. Specifically, it will focus mainly (without ignoring the rest of the novel) on the concept of the father, as well as on the concepts of Nativism and Nation. "Bread Givers" is the moving story of one young woman's struggle to make something of herself in a new country. She struggles against the old world ideals of her family, especially her father, who hangs on to his native customs even though he has come to America to better his family's lives. He is a cruel and demanding man who rules his home with an iron fist, until Sara stands up to him to create the life she wants for herself.
"Bread Givers," as with most of Yezierska's works, is semi-autobiographical. Like her heroine Sara, Yezierska came to America when she was young, lived on the Lower East Side in the Jewish Ghetto of New York, and…
Bloom, Harold, ed. Jewish Women Fiction Writers. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 1998.
Kessler-Harris, Alice. "Introduction." Bread Givers. New York: Persea Books, 1999, pp. xvi-xxix.
Yezierska, Anzia. Bread Givers. New York: Persea Books, 1999.
Bread Givers -- America gives nothing, not even opportunity freely, without demanding something in exchange
America is the land of the free, in its political theory and its popular rhetoric. Yet in the harsh realities of American capitalism, especially for recent immigrants with few social support networks, there is no such thing as a 'free lunch.' In other words, no one gains anything without sacrifice, in America -- one must sacrifice in financial terms, but also in terms of personal and cultural power and currency. Anzia Yezierska depicts this in the chronicles of the Smolinsky family in her novel The Bread Givers. The main focus of the novel is a family, the Smolinksys, whom have come to the America of 1930's East Side Manhattan in search of opportunity and freedom of persecution. But the Orthodox Rabbi who leads the clan is unwilling to give up his old European economic ways…
Yezierska, Anzia. The Bread Givers. New York Persea Book, 2003.
Weatherford Indian Givers
Brief summary of the book: What date was it published? What is the main subject? What time frame does the book cover?
Jack Weatherford's 1988 book Indian Givers: How Native Americans Transformed the World, described the many contributions that the Native peoples of the Americas have made to world civilization from the 16th Century to the present, which have generally been ignored by mainstream academics and the general public.
Who is the author? What is his/her background?
Weatherford received his B.A. In political science (1967) and M.S. In sociology (1972) from the University of South Carolina, and his Ph.D. In anthropology from the University of California, San Diego. He has taught cultural anthropology at Macalester College in Saint Paul, Minnesota since 1983, specializing in tribal cultures and the influence of the Native Americans on world history. His other publications include Genghis Khan and the Making of the…
Columbus C. et al. (1992). Four Voyages of Christopher Columbus. Penguin Classics.
Morison, S.E. (2007). Admiral of the Ocean Sea: A Life of Christopher Columbus. Morison Press.
Morison, S.E. (1974). The European Discovery of America: The Southern Voyages 1492-1616. Oxford University Press.
Weatherford, J. (1988/2010). Indian Givers: How Native Americans Transformed the World. NY: Random House.
Natives developed many ways of farming that are still used today, and they taught Europeans many agricultural ideas, including tapping trees for their syrup, making essences out of herbs and plants, and drying peppers and other foods. The author writes, "The spread of American foods around the Old World began in 1492, when Columbus gathered the first plants to take with him back to Spain, and the process has not yet stopped (Weatherford 94-95). With these new foods, came new ways of growing them, directly as a result of Native American agriculture.
In one of the most interesting chapters of the book, the author talks about the advanced government of the Iroquois Nation, and how our country's government is based on it, whether intentionally or not. Many aspects of the protocol in Congress, and how Congresspeople are elected come directly from the Iroquois system. The author writes, "Another imitation of…
Weatherford, J. McIver. Indian Givers: How the Indians of the Americas Transformed the World. New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1988.
This idea strengthened the concept of prisons and fair treatment of captives currently seen in the United States and elsewhere. The U.S. is now one of the countries with the largest prison systems in the world. The North Atlantic Native Americans also helped instill political ideas of equal representation and democracy. Many tribes of the North Atlantic Coast ruled through a democratic process. This later helped influence the American desire for independence and the democratic style of government which came to be after the American Revolution.
After everything the U.S. had done to the Native Americans, it is still important to cherish their original traditions and cultures. The various tribes which made up the native peoples of the North Atlantic held a great influence on early life in the colonies which would later become the United States of America. In our remembrance of such influences, we must also remember the…
Compassion, Fatigue, Caregiver Burnout, And elated Issues
Many healthcare providers such as the nurses, doctors, and physiotherapists among other individuals enter healthcare filed with the key objective of helping others and their patients to achieve their positive health outcomes. The healthcare providers give a wide range of services that aim at optimizing the mental, social, spiritual, and physical needs of their patients. However, empathetic health care providers often become the victims of continued stress associated with meeting patients and their significant others needs such as their families. Extreme cases of continued stress results in burnouts and compassion fatigue (Matzo & Sherman, 2010). Compassion fatigue and burnouts affect the health care provider in not only terms of their job satisfaction but also high staff turnover rate and decreased productivity. Such occurrences cost the healthcare systems and the quality of healthcare provided to the clients as it increases the need…
Berne, K.H. (2001). Chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia & other invisible illnesses: a comprehensive and compassionate guide (3rd ed.). Alameda, CA: Hunter House.
Campling, F., & Sharpe, M. (2008). Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS/ME) (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.
Matzo, M., & Sherman, D.W. (2010). Palliative care nursing: quality care to the end of life (3rd ed.). New York: Springer Pub. Co..
Read, S., & Parks, M. (2014). Supporting People with Intellectual Disabilities Experiencing Loss and Bereavement Theory and Compassionate Practice.. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
I wish to begin by thanking you earnestly for supporting the 'Jonathan Giver Scholarship for Academic Excellence' and for choosing me as one of its recipients for this academic year. I am immensely grateful as I am certain this scholarship will grant me access to several opportunities that I sincerely intend to avail myself of. I am wholly dependent on student loans, financial assistance and grants for funding my higher education. Thus, this scholarship is a welcome relief that will decrease my financial challengesas I pursue further studies (SDSU, n.d).
I have always aspired to graduate from San Diego State University. It is here that my parents met one another as students, and I remember my vacations in high school when I used to visit San Diego and this campus often with my parents to attend basketball and football matches. I am a resident of Bear Valley, California, where I…
person creative? In what ways do you think creativity can be supported and enhanced by the environment?
What makes a person creative is the combination of imagination and will and exercising of that interaction. A creative person is one who can do things in a unique way -- one who is imaginative and likes to take part in the creative process by developing ideas and utilizing latent skills within the individual that all concepts and expressions to be manifested in any number of ways. Creativity stems from a desire to produce works, whether art or writing or sewing or knitting or architecture -- anything that one can put the mind to accomplishing -- in a manner that is pleasing. It does not even have to be something that is aesthetically pleasing to all. For some creative people, what they make is only admired by a few or maybe even by…
Abel, V. (2013). Insight into Psychology of Aging. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q-31glZYYr8
Carstensen, L. (2012). Emotion and Aging: Exploding the Misery Myth. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BXhrrbQCElw
Cavanaugh, J. C. & Blanchard-Fields, F. (2015). Adult development and aging. (7th
Edition). Stanford, CT: Thompson Learning.
As in the first story, culture is not just a sub-theme; it is defined in the setting, in the conflict, in the characters and the tone of the story. In this case it involves leaving one culture (low income) and joining the high-tone community of wealth. Mrs. Jordan did not have to start suckling babies for a living, although when her son Leo, her own flesh and blood, becomes wealthy, and shuns his mother. Leo leaves his poor mother just a thousand shillings a month for her subsistence. It is obvious that Leo -- due to his rise into the cultural stratosphere of great wealth -- has become aloof, selfish, and lost his interest in family matters, or perhaps his humanity per se; he's been giving his aging mother a thousand shillings for twenty years without a raise to cover inflation. Notwithstanding the shabby treatment, Mrs. Jordan is in denial…
Bachmann, Ingeborg. "The Barking." In German Women Writers of the Twentieth Century,
E. Herrmann & E. Spits, Eds. London: Pergamon Press, 1978, pp. 78-86.
Devi, Mahasweta. "Breast-Giver." In Other Worlds: Essays in Cultural Politics, G.
Spivak, Ed. New York & London: Metheum, 1987, pp. 222-240.
The conflict between Sara and her father mirrors that of Ana and her mother. Reb and Carmen both try to control and manipulate their daughters by appealing to traditional cultural values. Gender is at the heart of their struggle, as gender norms are critical to their old-fashioned worldviews. Interestingly, there are traditionalists in both Bread Givers and in Real Women Have Curves who retain their ethnic identities while promoting gender equality. For example, Ana's grandfather relays a tale about a treasure-filled mountain in Mexico. He tells the tale to a captivated Ana before telling her that he wants Ana to "find her gold" too. Ana's father and grandfather support her academic achievements and want her to take advantage of the scholarship. In Bread Givers, Sara meets another traditional Polish-American. Although Hugo is not Jewish, he and Sara bond over their cultural identity and prove that ethnic pride does not need…
Nothing stays with us in life as powerfully as the images of our parents we take with us into adulthood. A harsh father, a loving mother, a single parent who was on the edge of exhaustion, but always available... The emotions attached to these memories affect our adult decisions. These recollections influence how we see ourselves, who we believe we can be in the adult world, and who we see when we look in the morning mirror.
In the equity of the universe, it seems unfair that the species which spends the most time in its home before heading into the world is most influenced by its parents. When looking across the animal kingdom, lion cubs are ready to hunt for themselves after a number of months. Sea turtles are born on the beaches, devoid of any parental influence.
Those lucky enough to make it back to water are…
Bloom, Harold. Blooms Major Poets: Langston Hughes. PA: Chelsea House, 1999
Cooper, Floyd. Coming Home from the Life of Langston Hughes. NY: Philomel Books.
The Holy Bible, American Standard Version. IA: Parson's Technology Inc. 1998
Hughes, Langston. The Big Sea. NY: Knopf. 1940
Bread Givers, by Anzia Yezierska. Specifically, it will answer the question: How would you go about trying to understand and explain Reb Smolinsky? Although a work of fiction, "Bread Givers" is in truth based on the real life of writer Anzia Yezierska, who, like Sarah in the book, left home to acquire an education, something fairly unheard of for young Jewish women of her time. Sara's father, Reb, is a cruel and demanding man who stands in the way of everything his daughter hopes for, and his actions are based on old-world customs, rather than new world sensibilities.
The author, Anzia Yezierska, came to America in 1890 when she was a young girl. Her family emigrated from Poland, and settled in New York City in the Jewish section of the Lower East Side. Her story is in many ways a mirror image of the young Sara in "Bread…
Kessler-Harris, Alice. "Introduction." Bread Givers. New York: Persea Books, 1999, pp. xvi-xxix.
Yezierska, Anzia. Bread Givers. New York: Persea Books, 1999.
I felt a little said I couldn't take them all home and show them to Grandma, but that was soon overcome by feeling good about letting them go instead of being greedy and wasting nature's beautiful resources.
That just had to be one of the best days of my life because I still remember it with warmth in my heart, appreciation for what I learned, and a deep love for Grandpa for taking the time to teach me.
He saved my cousin Richard's life too. I was eight. Richard was twelve, and almost didn't make it to thirteen. It was Christmas vacation at Grandma and Grandpa's house in Arkansas. A heavy snow had fallen, and us kids were having an all-out snowball fight near the lake. Of course, Grandpa had warned us several times not to go near the lake, but, hey, we were kids and we were having fun,…
Passion Home Health is a provider of home health care services in Camarillo, CA. The company`s challenge typically revolves around a shortage of care workers given the number of clients. There are two sides to this issue - one is the demand side. That challenge can be addressed in a different ways, but ultimately the goal of management is to have as many clients as possible for the capacity that it has. Thus for this task, the challenge will be on the supply side, for labor. It will be assumed that there will be sufficient demand for whatever the optimal labor configuration is going to be.
Care givers come in a number of different varieties, with different degrees of training. They typically visit the home site of the client. They perform a variety of duties for the client, including sometimes daily chores, for other care givers more of physiotherapy,…
The title character is a foster girl living in Munich during the time of World War II, who lives largely by stealing, and begins adding books to her store of illicit goods and takings when she is taught to read by her foster father. She and the cast of characters she shares her treasured books with find them a welcome escape from the fearful and hungry lives they lead. The slice of history that is presented in the book along with the fiction of the story itself makes this as much an educational novel as it is a coming of age story, and the plot touches on many other deeper and more universal themes, as well. Narrated by Death, it is known that doom eventually comes to each of the characters, but the mechanisms by which this occurs and the poignancy of the tale maintains both suspense and enjoyment of…
collaborative setting, the individual members of the team bring a variety of skills and strengths that, if effectively identified and incorporated, can result in extraordinary outcomes. The key to realizing these outcomes is for the different members of the group to understand and respect the different learning and personality styles that are brought to the group and then consider the means through which the various members can contribute.
Logical-mathematical individuals excel at identifying the relationships or connections between objects, ideas, and actions. They are able to see these relationships because of their highly-developed reasoning and logic skills. (Inspiring Breakthrough Ltd., 2003). Logical mathematical thinkers make excellent collaborators in group settings because they thrive in settings that allow them to use their abstract- and deductive-reasoning abilities to "provide solutions and to overcome complex mathematical and logical challenges as well as solv[e] critical and creative problems" (Ld Pride). They excel…
Bishop, G. (2010, November 9). Personality Spectrum. Retrieved November 11, 2010, from Coastline Community College: http://cvc3.coastline.edu/bishop/Handouts/5pgmi.pdf
Inspiring Breakthrough Ltd. (2003, May). Multiple Intelligences. Retrieved November 11, 2010, from Inspiring Breakthrough Ltd.: http://inspiring-breakthrough.co.uk/learning-styles/visual-spatial-learning.htm
Ld Pride. (n.d.). Learning Styles. Retrieved November 11, 2010, from LdPride.net: http://www.ldpride.net/learningstyles.MI.htm
Tate, A. (2010, March 8). Communication and Collaboration. Retrieved November 11, 2010, from Lifestyle: http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/2772830/communication_and_collaboration.html?cat=41
Boundaries for Children
ules and norms are an expected way of social living. They are predictable and part of our lives, and, therefore, we rarely stop to question their roots. We accept them as part of our routine, as demonstrative of our progressiveness as a nation, and are comfortable in their security. When children don't have boundaries, their lives take a much different turn than parents ever plan. Even if parents don't start out setting boundaries for children, it is never too late to start. The older the child the harder it gets, but the importance of setting boundaries never declines. Setting boundaries for children is important for all who come into contact with them from educators to child care givers to parents, of course, themselves.
Whilst some parents inculcate parenting styles from their own parents, either deliberately, in which intent they may seek to transmit inculcated patterns, or, at…
Baumrind, D. (1996). Parenting style and adolescent development . In J. Brooks-Gunn (ed.) The encyclopedia of adolescence (pp. 746-758). NY: Garland.
Barrish, H., Saunders, M. & Wolf, M. (1969) Good behavior game.. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2, 119-124.
Charles, C. (2005). Building classroom discipline. USA: Pearson Pub.
Darling, N. & Steinberg, L. (1993). Parenting style as context, Psyc. Bulletin, 113, 487-496
Huckleberry Finn is the closest we have to a national hero. We trust the story of a boy with no home and who is restless as the river -- The genius of America is that it permits children to leave home; it permits us to be different from our parents. But the sadness, the loneliness, of America is clear too.
What is odriguez telling us about a central feature of the American Character, and about tensions within our core values? What reasons, what causes, might contribute to this national tendency? Which authors and/or other course materials support your ideas?
There is a tension within the American character. On the one hand, we pride ourselves so our individuality. On the other, we seek to conform, fit in, be a part of the 'melting pot'; but we are forever lonely.
Individualism has been an intrinsic part of the American myth. It is…
Ole Rolvaag, Giants in the Earth, Harper & Bros., 2002
Anzia Yezierska, Bread Givers New York: Persea Books, 1979
Lawrence Levine, Black Culture and Black Consciousness
Gene Yang, American Born Chinese
com. You are aske to briefly aress each of the following issues. Be sure to substantiate your answers with reliable sources. See Moule Six -- " Ethical Business Practices on the Web to assist in you with your answers.
a. Describe any customer concerns that may affect the use of a website to purchase customize cosmetics.
The greatest concern customers have is if they can trust the quality an valiity of the personalize care proucts they buy online. Trust is the overriing an most critical issue there is when purchasing personal care prouct online (Lalisan, Rubio, et.al.). In conjunction with trust, many consumers want expert-level guiance when it comes to efining which ingreients to use on a cosmetic prouct (Groves, et.al.). A customize cosmetics website must also convince customers that the unique prouction processes use to prouce their proucts is safe, secure an reliable. The aspect of prouct personalization an…
d. What are the main lessons entrepreneurs can learn from the Reflect.com Internet venture?
First, it is critically important to design the entire value chain of a business to meet and exceed customer requirements (Porter, et.al.). Second, just concentrating on one aspect of the business that the consumers see, especially on a mass customization-based website, ignores the more important functional areas of managing one-off production and shipping in addition to customer data management (Gaffney, 1). Third, the demographics and psychographics of the customer base need to align with the purchasing process. In the case of Reflect.com, the ideal customer may be too busy with their job and life responsibilities to create designer make-up for himself or herself.
Question 3 in the summer of 2010 a company was formed to sell customized perfume online. The business targets primarily male gift givers and is designed to enable them to create a customized perfume based on the recipient's personality traits. They feel the business will be a huge success. The founder, Wendy Zhang has said, "This a one-of-a-kind gift. It will make the recipient feel special every time she puts it on. Because she will know that, it is perfectly formulated to accent her personality." In the future
This is similar to third wave thinking; however, post modern feminists tend to embrace academic writing and academic feminism, and third wave feminists generally reject academic feminism (Frederick, 2004). In addition, postmodern feminists are considered more grounded in theory, and very specific with regard to their intent and vocalizations, whereas third wave are also seen as appealing more to the masses (Frederick, 2004; Tong, 1998). Postmodern feminism is also viewed as embracing the idea of 'disruptive sexuality' without analysis (Frederick, 2004).
People say that Feminism is messier today (third wave) than in the first and second wave because feminists have complicated the very nature of feminism. In the second wave women were dealing with traditional things such as basic human rights, but now most women don't know what is happening. Women already have many basic freedoms thus don't know where to turn. Feminists in the third wave still attempt to…
Bailey, Cathryn. (1997). "Making waves and drawing lines: The politics of defining the vicissitudes of feminism." Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy 12(3) 17-28
Frederick, J. "Breaking the Waves: Continuities and Discontinuities between Second and Third Wave Feminism." (2004). Available:
Rosen, R. (2001). "The world split open: How the modern women's movement changed
What are three rewards and three challenges that you will face as a teacher?
As a rabid student of popular culture, I have been interested in the so-called "achievement gap" in education, popularized in the media, the political spectrum, and even within contemporary business culture. There is clearly a demonstrable gap in educational relevancy; second, there are basic skills that are absolutely vital in order to participate in the modern global village that are not universal with the U.. educational environment. cholarship also points out that the earlier the attention to this "gap," the earlier the attention to potential reading disabilities, and the earlier the intervention towards socialization issues, the higher rate of success and inclusion. This, too, engenders challenges within the profession. For instance, today's classrooms are more diverse than ever, they are multi-dimensional as well. To help fill the gap, teachers need to be able to jump…
Kauchak, D. And Eggen, P. (2011). Introduction to Teaching, Becoming a Professional,
4th Edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
Activity #1: Discuss the pros and cons of testing from two perspectives: (1) as a test-taker and (2) as a test-giver
From the point-of-view of the test-taker, the 'cons' of taking a test seem obvious. Besides the nerves and the fear of being put under pressure, from the test-taker's point-of-view being tested requires subjecting something quite unique, namely their individual human mind, to an objective test that cannot take into consideration adverse circumstances, from a lack of engagement with the material, poor teaching, or an eccentric learning style. Testing can thus discourage creativity and a sense of fun in learning for the test taker. Test can also encourage students to learn how to take a particular teacher's tests, rather than to truly learn and actively engage with the material on an individual basis like a research paper.
This is also the downside of testing from the teacher's perspective as…
ABC Teach. (2004). "Charlotte's Web." Retrieved on July 13, 2004 http://www.abcteach.com/directory/theme_units/literature/charlottes_web/
Bloom's Taxonomy. (2004) Retrieved on July 13, 2004 http://www.fgcu.edu/onlinedesign/designDevd.html
College Board. (2004) Retrieved on July 13, 2004 at collegeboard.com
Fair Test. (2004) Retrieved on July 13, 2004 at http://www.fairtest.org/facts/nratests.html
Caring for the Old
The End of Life Care
End of life care refers to the total care of a person that has an advanced illness that is incurable and does not equate with death. This end of life care can last for a number of weeks, months or even years depending on the state an individual is.it is usually the care which helps those that have advanced, progressive and illnesses that can not be cured to live life as well as possible until they meet their death. End of life care makes it possible for the patient and their family to get supportive and palliative care needs identified and met throughout the last phase when they are living and into the bereavement period. Supportive care is care which helps a patient and the family to cope with the condition and the treatment of that condition right from the pre-diagnosis…
Boswell, Kahana & Worth-anderson, 2006). Spirituality and Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors: Stress Counter-balancing Effects on the Well-being of Older Adults. Retrieved April 30, 2014 from http://www.case.edu/artsci/soci/documents/Spiritualityandhealthylifestylebehaviors.pdf
U.S. Department of State, (2012).Legal & Financial Issues In Caregiving for Older Adults. Retrieved April 30, 2014 from http://www.state.gov/m/dghr/flo/142266.htm
American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), (2014). Caregiving Considerations. Retrieved April 30, 2014 from http://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/older-adults/caregiving-considerations
The Joanna Briggs Institute, (2011). Age-friendly nursing interventions in the management of older people in emergency departments. Retrieved April 30, 2014 from http://connect.jbiconnectplus.org/ViewSourceFile.aspx?0=7127
S., experts estimate the genuine number of incidents of abuse and neglect ranges three times higher than reported. (National Child Abuse Statistics, 2006) in light of these critical contemporary concerns for youth, this researcher chose to document the application of Object elation, Attachment Theories, and Self-Psychology to clinical practice, specifically focusing on a patient who experienced abuse when a child. Consequently, this researcher contends this clinical case study dissertation proves to be vital venture, which will contribute to enhancing research in the field of psychology.
For this clinical case study dissertation exploring Object elation, Attachment Theories, and Self-Psychology, along with researching information for the application of these theories to clinical practice, this researcher answered the following research questions.
What is Winnicott's elational Model Theory?
What is Bowlby's Attachment Theory?
What is Kohut's Self-Psychology?
How may components of these three theories be applied to the clinical case chosen for…
American Psychiatric Association, (2004). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Test Revised. Washington DC.
Blatt, S. (1974). Levels of object representation in anaclytic and introjective depression. New York: International University Press.
Bowlby, J. (1969) Attachment. Volume One of Attachment and Loss, New York: Basic
Victimology and the Problem of Elder Abuse
Just as criminology is the study of crime and the criminal’s role in crime, victimology is the study of victimization and how victims are impacted by crime and how they in turn also impact crime. There are five typologies of victimization, each one illustrating different ways in which the perpetrator and the victim (if there is one) interact in the crime. For the specific population of elderly people, one problem in victimology is the focus on elder abuse, which is defined as “a single or repeated act, or lack of appropriate action, occurring within any relationship where there is an expectation of trust which causes harm or distress to an older person” (Jackson, 2016, p. 265). According the World Health Organization (2002), elder abuse tends to be manifested in a variety of forms: (a) physical abuse, (b) psychological abuse, (c)…
In a study of the prevalence of elder abuse in the United States, financial difficulties on the part of the abuser did appear to be an important risk factor (Krug, 2002, pp. 130-131).
elationship factors - in the early theoretical models, the level of stress of caregivers was seen as a risk factor that linked elder abuse with care of an elderly relative. While the accepted image of abuse depicts a dependent victim and an overstressed caregiver, there is growing evidence that neither of these factors properly accounts for cases of abuse. Although researchers do not deny the component of stress, they tend now to look at it in a wider context in which the quality of the overall relationship is a causal factor. Today, the belief is that stress may be a contributing factor in cases of abuse but does not by itself account for the entire phenomenon.
Brandl, Bonnie. (2000). Power and Control: Understanding Domestic Abuse in Later Life.
Generations. 24(2), p. 39-45.
Elder Abuse and Neglect. (2009). Retrieved February 11, 2010, from Helpguide.org Web site:
29). The procedural technician, recorder, evaluator-critic, orienter, coordinator, and elaborator roles all help identify different components for the solution (Text, p.83). The evaluator-critic plays an important role in evaluating the submitted solutions (Text, p.83).
Discussion-management competencies concern group communication dynamics and include: maintaining the task focus and managing interactions between group members (Text, p.29). The group-building and maintenance roles are important to the discussion-management competencies. The group building and maintenance roles include: encourager, harmonizer, compromiser, gatekeeper and expediter, standard setter, group observer, and follower (Text, p.83-84). The encourager offers praise, understanding, and acceptance of other group members (Text, p.83). The harmonizer manages interactions between group members by mediating disagreements among group members, while the compromiser plays a similar role by seeking to find compromises between seemingly opposing positions (Text, p.83). Finally, the gatekeeper tries to ensure that all group members have an opportunity to participate in the group (Text, p.84).…
Last Name, First Initial. (Year of Publication). Textbook title. Place of Publication: Publisher.
This paper will focus on the geriatrics service line. Elderly patients are coming in at higher rates and the geriatric population is trending upward (Advisory Board, 2018). One problem the department is having is the identification of elder abuse among geriatric patients. Elder abuse has been defined as “a single or repeated act, or lack of appropriate action, occurring within any relationship where there is an expectation of trust which causes harm or distress to an older person” (Jackson, 2016, p. 265). According to the World Health Organization (2002), elder abuse can take any one of or combination of forms: (a) physical abuse, (b) psychological abuse, (c) sexual abuse, (d) neglect, (e) abandonment, and (f) financial exploitation or theft. Recognizing and addressing elder abuse is important for the geriatrics service line because it will help to better serve the elderly patient and the geriatric community overall and it will…
Collaboration and Communication among different personality types can also be optimized by knowledge. The three personality types identified include the Thinker, the Organizer, and the Giver. Thinkers tend to reflect independently upon new information. They are good at analysis and abstract thinking, and devising new approaches to complex issues. The organizer in turn prefers clear, concrete task definitions in a structured, stable environment. They tend to carefully organize both their work and their schedules, and require feedback to ensure that they are on the right path. They are responsible and reliable and work well within social settings. The Giver enjoys studying with others, as well as teaching them. Their main aim is to be helpful to others, while also being honest and clear in expressing their feelings. They are also good at negotiation and aim to communicate openly.
In a group setting, these three personality types can work well together…
Parenting is a challenging occupation. Indeed, how a parent raises his or her child is the cumulative result of the mental and emotional character of the parent, the background of the parent, the financial circumstances of the parent, how the parent was raised as a child, and also the emotional character of the child or the actions of the child. Consider a situation where the parent indulges in corporal punishment. As an action agent, the parent firmly believes that this punishment is of a corrective nature, meant to discipline the child. For the child receiving this punishment, certainly it is momentarily painful. The child might resent the punishment; alternatively, the child might recognize that the punishment is in response to instances of mischief.
The spectator might as the moral purveyor of this scenario might see this as a virtue or a vice. The spectator might believe that the corporal punishment…
I do not use a pattern to design these sacred baskets. My grandmother and my mother taught me the skills to construct them, how to doubleweave a flexible basket-within-a-basket with a single common rim, for example, but the actual design comes from listening to the cane itself. It speaks to me as it moves through my hands. It tells me what it wants to be, how it wants to be shaped, what is will be used for.
It is not the first time this has happened. Stands of cane all around us have been destroyed. The white settlers do not understand Cherokee ways, and they think women's work is unimportant. I overheard one say not long ago to another white man that Cherokee "squaws" are "beasts of burden" because we do the farming work. I could tell by his tone of voice he was ridiculing us. The white settlers don't…
These persons do experience a very high level of anxiety coupled with low avoidance. Therefore they get preoccupied and do feel on a constant basis, a sense of unlovabililty along with that of unworthiness that is combined with an affirmative evaluation of others. The preoccupied style is usually formed whenever a primary care giver is inconsistent in their manner of parenting. This is marked with being loving while being responsive. This is however true only when they are able to manage but not in their response to the child's signals as pointed out by Cassidy (2000).
Several adults have been shown to be exhibiting this style and they are known to be in a constant quest to be accepted by others through the gaining of acceptance of other individuals in the community.
Fearful avoidant style
This is the last type of avoidance styles It comprises of highly negative…
Ainsworth, M.D.S., Blehar, M.C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.
Bartholomew, K. (1990). Avoidance of intimacy: An attachment perspective. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 7, 147-178.
Crnic, L.S., Reite, M.L., & Shucard, D.W. (1982). Animal models of human behavior: Their application to the study of attachment. In R.N. Emde & R.J. Harmon (Eds.), The development of attachment and affiliative systems (pp. 31-42). New York: Plenum.
Fonagy, P. (2001) Attachment Theory and Psychoanalysis. New York: Other Press.
The emphasis is on normal, everyday activities provided for residents. According to the authors, however, little research has been conducted to investigate the actual effect of such activities and settings upon residents. The assumption is that such settings have a better effect that traditional institutions, but there is little empirical research to support this.
Hence, Verbeek et al. (2010) conducted a study to compare small-scale living with regular care in nursing homes in the Netherlands. Interestingly, they found no significant difference between the quality of life experienced by residents in traditional institutional settings and those in small-scale living facilities. Furthermore, there was also no significant difference in the job satisfaction levels of nursing staff between both types of institution was found. Another important aspect, namely neuropsychiatric symptoms and agitation were also significantly similar for both institution types. According to the authors, a difference was found in the satisfaction level of…
Gaugler, J.E. (2005, Mar.). Family Involvement in Residential Long-Term Care: A Synthesis and Critical Review. Aging and Mental health, Iss. 9, vol. 2. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2247412/
Lyness, J.M., Yu, Q., Tang, W., Tu, X., and Conwell, Y. (2009, Dec.). Risks for Depression Onset in Primary Care Elderly Patients: Potential Targets for Preventive Interventions. American Journal of Psychiatry. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2982671/
Simonazzi, a. (2009, Jun). Home care and cash transfers. Effects on the elderly care-female employment trade-off. Retrieved from: http://www.aiel.it/bacheca/SASSARI/papers/simonazzi.pdf
Verbeek, H., Zwakhalen, S.M.G., Van Rossum, E., Ambergen, T, Kempen, G.I.J.M., and Hamers, J.P.H. (2010, Nov.). Dementia Care Redesigned: Effects of Small-Scale Living Facilities on Residents, their Family Caregivers, and Staff. American Medical directors Association. Retrieved from: http://www.unimaas.nl/hcns/websiteVW/publications/Publication%20scans/Verbeek.%20Dementia%20care%20redesigned.pdf
Exemplified / some of the best pesents ae those that cost the least
Pesents that come fom the heat and have special meaning fo the ecipient ae bette than pesents that ae moe expensive. Non-mateial gifts ae the best of all because they povide ecipient with lessons that emain with them fo an entie lifetime.
Gifts that have a special meaning fo the ecipient
Gifts the emind the ecipient of a special bond o time in thei lives
An annivesay gifts that celebates maiage by poviding the ecipient with a taken of the annivesay such as a napkin o candle that was saved fom the wedding eception.
A photogaph fom a family vacation o a special event can be an appeciated gift and bing back fund memoies happy family expeiences.
Pesents that ae not mateial in natue
A. Gifts that seek to eliminate a feeling of entitlement…
references. British Journal of Social Psychology. 44(1), 125-144
There are many communities that can be legitimately regarded as underserved. Often time, the needs and plight of such communities are overlooked unintentionally. The classification isn't just based on individual traits in the natural societal setup -- such as ethnicity, race, age or gender; it is also determined by a host of circumstances, which often subject some demographic entities to encounter more serious challenges with regard to health. There are many well-known and respected sources that project underserved communities on the basis of vulnerability. The American Journal of Managed Care (2006) points out that vulnerable groups constitute racial and ethnic minorities, economically deprived or disadvantaged people, uninsured populations, the elderly, low income children, homeless people, severely mentally ill people, those infected by HIV and people with various chronic ailments and conditions. ural folks that find it hard to access healthcare services are included in the group. Health care issues…
McKirnan, D. J., Du Bois, S. N., Alvy, L. M., & Jones, K. (2013). Health care access and health behaviors among men who have sex with men the cost of health disparities. Health Education and Behavior, 40(1), 32-41. doi: 10.1177/1090198111436340
The American Journal of Managed Care [AJMC]. (2006). Vulnerable populations: Who are they? American Journal of Managed Care, 12(13), 348-532.
Alzheimer’s Intervention Evaluation
This paper provides a basic evaluation plan for evaluating a health program for elderly patients with Alzheimer’s. The health program focuses on designing and implementing an open space concept for the patient, having a social worker regularly meet with the patient and loved one or caretakers to ensure support, having family therapy sessions available for loved ones acting as caretakers if they should want it and providing a falls prevention initiative through training in an exercise routine to strengthen the balance and agility of the elderly person—all of which are considered vital aspects to improving the health status of an elderly person with Alzheimer’s (Canning et al., 2015; Hoof, Kort, Van Warde & Blom, 2010; Rubin, 2011). The overall question an intervention evaluation asks is: Was the intervention implemented as planned? (Harris, 2010). The purpose of this paper is to provide an evaluation plan for the…
Also, children who do not graduate from school are also at risk for negative and risky behavior during adolescence that can transcend into adulthood. These behaviors include delinquency, drug abuse and violence as well as long-term adjustment issues.
Essentially, children in foster care are at greater risk for not succeeding in school and do have more emotional issues than children of the general population. There must be the utmost emphasis on helping them to succeed. One study conducted suggested the difference between success and failure for a child could be determined with only a few steps and relatively minimal effort on the part of care givers and educational institutions. These include making sure transcripts transfer in a timely manner, a strong working relationship between educators and social workers, the care giver (foster parent) involvement in the education process, and social workers being involved in the direction of the child's education.…
Anne Havalchak, C.R. (2009). Foster Care Experiences and Educational. Social Work Journal, 3-7.
Fernandez, E. (2008). Unravelling Emotional, Behavioural. British Journal of Social Work, 14-16.
Sullivan, M.J. (2009). School change, academic progress, and behavior problems in a sample of foster youth. Children and Youth Services Review, 7.
Ethnography and in-depth interviews are the methods that will be applied for the educators group, while ethnography, in-depth interviews, and experimental methods will be used for the students group. Meta-analysis would simply include an analysis of all quantitative studies conducted proposing new measures and tools that will help evaluate the effective of online and/or traditional learning approaches.
For the ethnography and in-depth interviews, thematic analysis will be used to dimensionalize the variables and concepts used in the study, specifically those relevant to describing the nature and dynamic of online and traditional learning. Multivariate analysis, meanwhile, will be applied in determining the effectiveness of the learning approaches in providing quality education among students.
Hughes, J. (2007). "Academic achievement and perceptions of the learning environment in virtual and traditional secondary mathematics classrooms." The American Journal of Distance Education, Vol. 21, No. 4.
Keller, C. And J. Lindh. (2009). "The impact of…
Hughes, J. (2007). "Academic achievement and perceptions of the learning environment in virtual and traditional secondary mathematics classrooms." The American Journal of Distance Education, Vol. 21, No. 4.
Keller, C. And J. Lindh. (2009). "The impact of national culture on e-learning implementation: a comparative study of Argentinean and a Swedish university." Educational Media International, Vol. 46, No.1.
Rossett, a. And J. Marshall. (2010). "e-Learning: What's old is new again." T+D.
Todd, S. And K. Schwartz. (2009). "Thinking through quality in field education: integrating alternative and traditional learning opportunities." Social Work Education, Vol. 28, No. 4.
Ruth E. Mathias and a.E. Benjamin (2003) report that social workers are becoming increasingly concerned about elder abuse in long-term care settings (p. 174). A study conducted by these social scientists/authors, reveals that Medicaid related agency care demonstrates no harmful or increase in the abuse suffered by elderly people receiving care through private agencies, but that there is little social worker oversight, and because of that, reports and information supporting that fact can be misleading at this point in time (p. 174). Mathias and Benjamin reported, too, that direct care provided by family members was proven to be less abusive to the elderly than services rendered by state and private providers (p. 174).
The most concentrated areas of consumer complaints reported was the difficulty in scheduling services, language barriers, and high care-giver/assistant turnover (p. 174). These are areas of concern, because the elderly are often suffering levels of dementia that…
Litwin, H., & Zoabi, S. (2004). A Multivariate Examination of Explanations for the Occurrence of Elder Abuse. Social Work Research, 28(3), 133+. Retrieved July 31, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5007316778
Matthias, R.E., & Benjamin, a. (2003). Abuse and Neglect of Clients in Agency-Based and Consumer-Directed Home Care. Health and Social Work, 28(3), 174+. Retrieved July 31, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001999500
Thorslund, M., & Parker, M.G. (1994). Elder Care in the Priorities Discussion. The Hastings Center Report, 24(5), 29+. Retrieved July 31, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002212664
Constantly having to 'keep up' with ornate displays of generosity can be financially draining or constrain one's individuality.
In contrast, truly beneficial gifts are part of a cyclical relationship of giving, accepting, and return in a manner that does not demand a specific response from the receiver. I would argue that the best gifts do not demand an expected type of reciprocity. Both the traditional, so-called primitive types of exchanges detailed in Mauss as well as modern, capitalist exchanges demand a scripted response on the type of the receiver, either of conformity to behavior or giving back an expected sum. In contrast, truly egalitarian gifts merely demand a response left up to the imagination of the receiver, not deference or a specific price.
Mauss views traditional exchanges as more complex because relationships are so important in the transaction, versus capitalism where anyone can buy a particular item, provided that he…
Marcel-Israel Mauss. (n.d.). Anthrobase. Retrieved June 16, 2011.
Rodriguez. (n.d.). Lecture. Retrieved June 16, 2011 at http://vimeo.com/16462462
Reciprocity in Foraging Countries
Identify and explain the major forms of reciprocity
In foraging societies, high value is placed on working together and sharing as opposed to competing with one another in order to amass individual wealth.
Called the ultimate affluent society since material abundance is extensive, foraging societies are content with what they have and thrive on little materialism, taking pleasure in one another's company and extensively sharing their possessions. Living in a band society where as many as 50 people, usually interrelated, live together, foraging societies, although living in very diverse ecosystems and practicing diverse livelihoods, commonly represent a reciprocal way of living. Here, there is a "mutual, agreed upon exchange of goods and services" with reciprocity working well since food does not need to be quickly consumed lest spoilage occur. Hunters often share their catch with others, people gather for large meals, and, in time of want,…
worked a number years office a family physician retired. You a position a busy surgical floor a local, acute-care hospital. You frequently hear references JCAHO requirements documenting a patient's pain assessment treatment, documenting medication administration, documenting verbal telephone orders.
Documenting patient's pain assessment and treatment
Pain assessment is the first step in managing pain. The suggested method of improving pain care essentially requires that the following procedures are followed properly and meticulously.
a) The pain and its intensity must be measured using an appropriate tool. There are many tools but the best is self reporting by the patient for the pain.
b) The second important thing to be followed is to repeat the assessment consistently and record the same at varying intervals to record the process of the progress of pain. The tool or format for this must be chosen before hand and the same record structure must be maintained…
Aspden, Philip; Institute of Medicine (U.S.) Committee on Identifying and Preventing
Medication Errors. (2007) "Preventing Medication Errors" The National Academies Press.
Joint Commission Resources. (2004) "A guide to JCAHO's medication management
standards" Joint Commission Resources.
As a result, economic development was redefined in terms of reduction or elimination of poverty, inequality, and unemployment within the perspective of a growing economy (Mamede & Davidsson, 2003).
Research indicates that entreprenuership can be both the cause and effect of economic development in the sense of wealth distribution. Countries in which wealth is concentrated in the hands of a small fraction of the population face greater difficulties in coordinating the major components of progress (Mamede & Davidsson, 2003). hese three components are labor, capital, resources and innovation. According to Mamede and Davidsson (2003), considering that the three driving forces of entrepreneurial success - founders, opportunity recognition, and resource requirements - are more likely to occur in a combined way, there are better chances to prosper in regions in which wealth is more equitably distributed. hese researchers have also observed that members of such societies are in a more favorable…
The 2002 GEM report also indicates the changes in the percentile of the growth of gross domestic products over a three-year period. Sweden's percentile of growth in gross domestic products for 1999 was 4.51%, in 2000, 3.61%, and in 2001, 1.21%. The change from the previous year for Sweden was -.90% from 1999 to 2000, and -2.40% from 2000 to 2001. Sweden's total entrepreneurial activity for 2001 was 6.68%, and for 2002, 4.00%. China's statistics were not located on the 2002 GEM report.
The GEM report also indicated a constantly negative relationship between the quality of the infrastructure and the level of necessity entreprenuership, as well as the lack of relationship between framework conditions (Reynolds et.al, 2002). Necessity entreprenuership was most prevalent in developing nations such as Thailand, India and China, where financial support, education, training, and infrastructure are clearly absent (Reynolds et.al, 2002). Entreprenuership-enhancing programs and policies implemented in a number of developed countries, principally in the European Union, have only resulted in modest levels of necessity entreprenuership (Reynolds et.al, 2002). This research indicates that there is substantial uniformity across the GEM countries with regard to the concepts, language, and judgments utilized. Additionally, it supports the notion that this uniformity is especially prominent among the more developed nations and may have evolved very similar infrastructures in support of entrepreneurial activity.
Most new firms receive their initial financial support from informal investments made by family, friends, and associates. An extremely small proportion of the most promising firms receive funding from venture capital firms, which are a specialized form of formal investment. Informal flows were estimated in the 2002 GEM report by means of asking all those in the adult population surveys if they had made an investment in a new firm, not their own, the past three years. The 2002 GEM report indicates the amount of venture capital invested as a percent of gross domestic product for each of the countries on the report. Nations that enjoyed year-to-year increases included Sweden, with a 101% increase. A large portion of all businesses are owned and managed by families or groups of relatives. Sweden was one of the 10 countries in which family owned businesses were started with family sponsored entreprenuership. In Sweden, the low estimate of family sponsored entrepreneurships was 26%, with the high estimate being 52%. Again, China was not included in these statistics.
The jury in Twelve Angry Men is not diverse in terms of ethnicity and gender, because it consists of twelve white males. The only diversity evident is with Juror 5, who has a social class-consciousness that is different from the other men due to his having grown up poor. This little "in" to the theme of prejudice is what helps Juror 8 eventually persuade the others that their hasty "guilty" verdict is based on prejudices rather than on the facts of the case. Moreover,, Juror 11 is also first generation immigrant, and this comes up later in as the jury deliberates.
Twelve Angry Men is squarely about personal bias. With the possible exception of Juror 8 (who might have personal biases of his own that did not surface in the trial), many men, especially Juror 10 but others too, have biases against people who live in slums and…
Twelve Angry Men. [Feature Film]
Twelve Angry Men assignment.
in "Piaf," Pam Gems provides a view into the life of the great French singer and arguably the greatest singer of her generation -- Edith Piaf. (Fildier and Primack, 1981), the slices that the playwright provides, more than adequately trace her life. Edith was born a waif on the streets of Paris (literally under a lamp-post). Abandoned by her parents -- a drunken street singer for a mother and a circus acrobat father -- Edith learns to fend for herself from the very beginning. As a natural consequence of her surroundings, she makes the acquaintance of several ne'er do wells. She rises above the lifestyles of the girls she grows up with who prostitute themselves for a living in the hope that they will eventually meet a benefactor with whom they can settle. Edith has a talent for singing and she indulges this interest by singing loudly in the streets.…
Beauvoir, Simone de, and Parshley, H.M. The Second Sex. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1993.pp. lv, 786
Eisenstein, Zillah R. The Radical Future of Liberal Feminism. The Northeastern Series in Feminist Theory. Northeastern University Press ed. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1986.pp. xi, 260
Engels, Fredrick. "The Development of Utopian Socialism." Trans. Lafargue, Paul. Marx/Engels Selected Works. Revue Socialiste. Ed. Basgen, Brian. Vol. 3. New York: Progress Publishers, 1880. 95-151.
Origins of the Family, Private Property, and the State. 1894. Retrieved April 10, 2003 from. http://csf.colorado.edu/psn/marx/Archive/1884-Family/
detection and intervention in childhood mental health help prevent mental health problems in adult life?
Disregarding the mental well-being requirements of children is an intolerable violation of our basic undertaking to protect their well-being. Unfavorable mental disposition amidst our children is a less acknowledged difficulty that influences their literary, societal, and emotional enhancement. Mental well-being is a wide attribute to be analyzed. The mental well-being requirements of children and youth demand introspection. There is prevalent refuting that mental well-being is comprehensive of the influence on the children -- amidst all age distinct ions, variety of cultural sections, and all income sections. Such miscomprehensions are recurring, and involvement and care are unlikely to be found. Many people have the belief that children having mental well-being difficulties are just under the impact of a particular passing cloud. (Promoting Access for Children to Mental Health Screens and Assessments in Medicaid and the Children's…
AAMR. "Mental retardation: Definition, classification, and systems of supports," 9th edition (1992).
Caplan G. "Principles of Preventive Psychiatry," Basic Books, New York, 1964
Children's Mental Health: Current Challenges and a Future Direction Traditional Mental Health Services for Children: Current Arrangements and Challenges." Retrieved at http://www.healthinschools.org/mhs3.asp . Accessed on 12/08/2003
Children, Youth and Mental Disorders." The Primer May, 2003
Competencies of IOM
The Institute of Medicine is an American organization founded in 1972 with the aim of training health workers, unlike other medical organizations aimed at profit making. As a non-profit organization, IOM has made remarkable progress, starting from the programs offered to the quality of services and qualifications of health personnel. Unlike earlier years when the organization offered training in only primary levels of medicine, presently IOM offers secondary and tertiary postgraduate programs in medicine, public health, traditional medicine among others. Services like neurosurgery, urology, and Cardiothoracic are now available in almost all health facilities in the United States.
Because of the tertiary programs offered by IOM, health professions highly specialized in these areas offers quality medical services and medical care to the general public. The health sector has greatly improved, and the public receives quality medical services and medical care. IOM managed to accomplish this by putting…
Edlin, M. (2013). IOM core competencies focus on collaborative care. Managed Healthcare Executive, ISSN 1533-9300,, Volume 23, Issue 12, p. 48-49
Golemboski, K., Otto, C.N. & Morris, S. (2013). Using performance tasks employing IOM patient safety competencies to introduce quality improvement processes in medical laboratory science education. Clinical laboratory science: journal of the American Society for Medical Technology, ISSN 0894-959X, 2013, Volume 26, Issue 4, p. 205-11
J Hosp Med. 5 Suppl 2:i-xv, 1-114
McNeal, G.J. (2013). Interprofessional education: an IOM imperative. The ABNF journal: official journal of the Association of Black Nursing Faculty in Higher Education, Inc., ISSN 1046-7041, 2013, Volume 24, Issue 3, p. 69-70
A ritual is an observable behavior that is exhibited by a society. There are many different types of rituals, ranging from simple ones, which a person submits to on a day-to-day basis, to more complex ones such as a rite of passage ceremony in which boys are turned into adults (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2016). esearcher Kastenbaum (2012) defines dying as one of the many transitions that everyone must experience. He goes further to state that death often commences as a psychosocial incident, then organ systems shutdowns. However, death itself is felt in the social and personal spheres of an individual's life (p. 112).
Practices Associated with Death and Dying in the United States
Kastenbaum explains that death and dying have been medicalized in the United States. And that the medicalization of death has worked to insulate medical doctors and policymakers from appreciating the mortal realities of death. There are…
Encyclopaedia Britannica. (2016). Ritual. Retrieved February 27, 2016, from ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA: www.britannica.com
Gire, J. (2014). How Death Imitates Life: Cultural Influences on Conceptions of Death and Dying. Online Readings in Psychology and Culture. Retrieved February 27, 2016 from www.scholarworks.gvsu.edu
Kastenbaum, R. J. (2012). Death, Society and Human Experience. New Jersey: Pearson.
Planned change in the eldercare advocacy organization
In the coming years, many countries will experience a dramatic shift in healthcare infrastructure due to an expanding elderly population size. However, the changes may vary across countries depending on many factors such as the kind of social welfare available in each country, the political environment which determine policies, the level of healthcare available and individual expectations in each country. Due to this wide variance, the innovations within this space will also vary greatly. What this means to the healthcare manager is that managing innovations becomes very hard (Shlutz, Andre & Sjovold, 2015 p 42). This also impacts on performance management which is fast gaining popularity in the public sector as a means to improve on accountability. Unfortunately, it has been cumbered by a series of challenges in its implementation; this is in spite of the frameworks developed over the last couple of…
Health Information Technology (HIT) is technology that is used to help make health care easier for all stakeholders—both patients and care providers. Examples of HIT include electronic health records, personal health records, e-prescribing, and online communities. HIT allows information to be communicated, stored and shared among people in the industry, whether they are patients providing care givers with access to information or care givers sharing information with other care givers. HIT allows and enables the easy transfer of medical and health information in a way that substantially and significantly reduces the amount of time and energy that would conventionally be spent in transferring, recording, storing or sharing information.
HIT can impact all aspects of health care because information is needed every time a treatment is needed, a diagnosis is made, a prescription is given—information has to be recorded, stored and shared accordingly. The easier it is for information to be…
Problem Statement and Purpose of Study Self-care regimens that require a lot of input are necessary in making the study of diabetes effective. A lot of people with diabetes undergo distress. The diabetes distress is commonly described as the distress that arises from the effect of the diabetes symptoms, regimens for self management, the fear that there would be complications and functionality failure. The diabetes stress stabilizes after some time. It has been found that about a third of all diabetes type 2 patients are prone to diabetes stress regarded as clinically significant. Diabetes distress severely affects adult diabetic patients with a poor diabetes management plan. Such patients stand a high risk of diabetes-related complications. These developments are linked to poor glycemic control and self-management (Leeet al, 2018). The current research seeks to establish whether autonomy support by the health supporters of patients such as the members of their family…
This is the strategy used in Canada, where drug costs have been substantially reduced.
The challenges presented by this law have spilled over into the current health-care reform debate. Many people and many legislators who might have been more open to engage in productive dialogue during the current debate were no doubt made more leery of the process and of the possibility that there could be significant reform that would bring benefits to more people while bringing down the federal deficit.
The fears of opponents of the bill were correct in their fears that the bill would been even more expensive than originally budgeted. The initial estimate for the net cost was $400 billion for the period from 2004-2013. However, only a month after the bill's passage, that estimate was raised to $534 billion. It has since been raised to over $550. The cost over-runs in this bill will no…
Often home-based caregivers, either a spouse or adult child, rely on institutional care only as a choice of last resort, and this is often reported only after their own health and well being begins to be perceived as degraded by caring for the individual in the home, relevant to supplemented home care services as well. (Ducharme et al. 2007, p. 3-31) Researchers in fact contend that individuals will employ a vast variety of coping mechanisms to attempt to remain independent, and though these mechanisms should be supported in the community, when they are productive and effective rather than destructive but that alternatives should be better, in a number of fundamental ways. (Robichaud & Lamarre, 2002) What this trend of last resort means, according to Clemmitt, is that those with dementia and other functionally debilitating and progressive chronic diseases, i.e. he most vulnerable of populations are those who end up in…
Though this work has briefly touched on the issue of collaborative care, regarding caregivers and family, these structures also need to be expanded to a picture that more broadly develops the idea of holistic care. In general this issue has been dealt with in the literature in the case of specialization, such as follow up care and collaboration between institutions and caregivers from hospital and surgical settings. Yet, the continuity of care issue needs to be addressed in a more formal way. The discussion of the desire of previous care providers, such as hospital staff and physicians having follow up information as well as to influence future care needs to be addressed in the future long-term care setting. The days of LTC being an oasis of its own should end as more and more previous care givers seek to have at least a minimal understanding of the future well being of patients they have treated and families as well as patients tend to seek the same connectivity. Some caregivers are in fact so concerned about this disconnect that they present the idea of creating better outcomes if intermediate care offerings were provided in hospital, rather than in separate LTC facilities. (Raj, Munir, Ball, & Carr, 2007) This call for research on this subject likely has as much to do with the overall disconnect that exists between previous care providers and LTC rehabilitative service provisions as it has to do with the medical community, as well as the public having serious and enduring questions about the quality of care offered in such facilities, i.e. real and fear poor patient outcomes. (Kane, 2001) (Torres et al., 2006)
Reinardy & Kane contend that decisions made about future care are often associated with many factors and autonomy is one of the most important to most. Many often stress the choice of an unregulated assisted living facility, even if they could benefit from more skilled care because they perceive that their privacy as well as their autonomy will be better protected in such as situation. The system of future long-term care must address this issue with regard to autonomy and privacy likely by building on more private room structures and better individualization options for individuals. The days of the stark white institutional flooring and a single hospital bed, arm chair setting may very well be over and for good reasons. Long-term care centers of the future need to integrate the ideation, physical, social and emotional aspects of each cohort, i.e. those who are primarily concerned with rehabilitative care and those who are primarily concerned with privacy and autonomy, to create an environment that would meet the needs of both cohorts, possibly improving physical/medical offerings in assisted living and improving issues of privacy and autonomy in nursing homes. (2003)
Finally, and last but certainly not least LTC facilities of the
The effectiveness of promotional strategies is highly dependent on their ability to resonate and be relevant to the target audiences over time (Reference). This is the basis of the research being undertaken; to determine which promotional tools and strategies are the most effective in attracting, training and retaining the most talented and motivated volunteers for the London 2012 Olympic Games.
The following are the aims and objectives of this analysis. The primary objective of this study is to determine which promotional tools are the most effective in recruiting and retaining volunteers. In support of this objective, the following goals are defined:
a. To understand and segment the volunteer population in westernized nations including the UK, and determine the characteristics of these markets as they relate to volunteering for events.
b. To determine the psychographic attributes of each group as they relate to propensity to participate, contribute and assist in keeping…
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