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The essence of the spirited existence and togetherness in the community influences change and ushers the nature of human dignity, observance of the stipulated laws and orders, and the usual prescriptions of humanity around the globe. There is no common avenue of slavery and disregard of human dignity that will be allowed in the society. The world is progressing and illuminating on all the principles of existence and dominance in the world. Therefore, the nature of living a solitary or spiritual life is an innate exercising of justice and respect for human dignity in the entire world. This is the spirit of the core values of the society as also prescribed in the declaration (Puybaret 32).
The existence and proclamation of the declaration is bestowed on the virtue of human respect for one another's rights and freedoms. The core values of the society are directed at bringing a common and…
Carbone, Leslie, and Teresa Wagner. Fifty Years after the Declaration: The United Nations'
Record on Human Rights. Lanham: University Press of America, 2001.
Ledwith, Margaret. Community Development: A Critical Approach. Bristol, UK: Policy
Global Perspective on Health Policy
A macro perspective on health policy issues has been addressed in this paper. This paper identifies how health insurance problems became a policy issue and how this issue resulted in the creation of health care policy.
Controversial issue in health and how this issue has resulted a policy's creation
The American health insurance system is riddled with drawbacks, for instance, continuously escalating premiums, and finding decent coverage. Employers seldom provide health insurance; as well, car insurance and house insurance is not covered by employers (nor should they be). One deficiency of employer-provided health insurance is that there are fewer options to choose from while selecting from the sponsored health plans. This holds true for the various companies which provide various kinds of insurance for house and cars. This is because the health insurance market is not the same as the automobile and/or home insurance market.…
Basu, Rituparna. The Broken State Of American Health Insurance Prior To The Affordable Care Act: A Market Rife With Government Distortion. Ayn Rand Institute, 2013. Print
Boivin, Antoine, Lehoux, P. Burgers, J. & Grol, R. "What Are The Key Ingredients For Effective Public Involvement In Health Care Improvement And Policy Decisions? A Randomized Trial Process Evaluation." Milbank Quarterly" 92.2 (2014): 319-350. Business Source Complete. Web. 13 June 2015.
Dinitto, Diana M. "Chapter 1. Politics And The Policymaking Process." Social Welfare Politics And Public Policy (7th Ed.).Upper Saddle River, N.J.; Harlow: Pearson Education, 2010. Print.
Healthcare.Gov. Affordable Care Act. 2012a. Web. 13 June 2015
Colonialism in the Middle East
Colonialism has a long history in the Middle East. Muslim Turks, known as the Ottomans, had colonized almost the whole of the Middle East beginning in the 13th century and continued to rule the region right up to the end of the First World War. The Ottoman rule ended when Turkey, allied with the Central Powers, was defeated in WWI, and the victors led by Britain and France, decided to carve up the Middle Eastern territories between themselves.
uring the War, Britain had promised the Sharif of Mecca independence for the Arabs, in exchange for their support against the Ottomans. Later, they reneged on the promise and instead in the Belfour eclaration (1916) promised the creation of a separate homeland for the Jews in Palestine. After the War, a mandate system was evolved which envisaged "supervision" of the former Arab provinces by the members of…
Decades later, the legacy of colonialism continues to haunt the region. The neo-conservatives in the United States are expounding the same centuries' old colonialist theory of the "white man's burden" of guiding the 'lesser' nations towards the 'right path.' Forgetting the advice of Thomas Jefferson that, "The laws which must effect [a people's happiness] must flow from their own habits, their own feelings, and the resources of their own minds. No stranger to these could possibly propose regulations adapted to them," the U.S. has embarked on a crusade to create a "model" of democracy in the Middle East for the Arabs and the Muslim countries to follow. The British attempted a similar exercise unsuccessfully in the early part of the 20th century. Not having learnt the lessons of history, the U.S. is repeating the same mistake.
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Bulgaria
Letter to W. Lee, 1819
Canadian Society: Global Perspectives
This book comprises of a collection of literary works selected by Timothy McCauley and Janice Hill and is especially targeted to provide scholarly insight and understanding for students taking courses on sociology. Imperatively, the book lays emphasis on sociological points of view that take into account aspects such as diversity, ethnicity, identity, race, gender, family, as well as socialization. In this regard, the authors assimilate these sociological issues in the context of Canada and the manner in which it is linked to international patterns and processes. For instance, the authors delineate that different aspects such as the recent downward spiral of the global economy that impacted regions and nations across the world are a reminder that were are all existent in a global system. An additional example employed by the authors is the Highway of Heroes Living Tribute, which is a tribute to both the mean…
Abortion and the Media: Domestic and Global Perspectives
If anything can be agreed upon, it’s that abortion is a complex issue, one that triggers a wealth of opinions, feelings and beliefs. The way in which abortion is presented in the media is something that is also exceedingly complex, and which can both impact society and be a reflection of the beliefs of a particular society. Even in this modern era, abortion is still an issue that has the power to divide people and to cause tense debates. This paper will examine abortion in the media from a more global perspective, and will attempt to pinpoint the factors that trigger and influence both women and men alike.
The research article, “Women’s opinions on the legalisation of abortion in Chile 2009 –2013” by Palermo and colleagues (2015) shows an unsurprising finding about people’s viewpoints on abortion—and with those viewpoints, their beliefs on…
The capital requirements together with reserve policies were overhauled with the entry of new leadership and avenues of the company. Moreover, the company had to align compensation with long-term returns. The strategies, which were laid by the company after its revival was to settle the dividends of the purchasers, and pay debts, which had been accrued in payments (Stonehouse, 2004).
Porter's Five Force
The Porter's Five Forces have a great influence of the way McDonald's Company has been operating in the market. Literally, the company has embraced all the five figures making up the Porter's Five Forces. These are the forces, which influence the market as it happened to McDonald's Company. The company faced the threat of new entrants into the market. When the company was introduced, it dealt with different products, most of which were also being produced by some other companies. As such, the company had to shift…
Ahlstrom, D., & Bruton, G.D. (2010). International management: Strategy and culture in the emerging world. Australia: Southwestern Cengage Learning.
Facella, P., & Genn, a.M. (2009). Everything I know about business I learned at McDonald's:
The seven leadership principles that drive break out success. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Gilbert, S. (2009). The story of McDonald's. Mankato, MN: Creative Education.
Global Business Cultural Analysis: Brazil
Cultural backgrounds reflect the ways and standards of living, which is unique and different for each country. In fact, the business world is also profoundly influenced by the cultural differences of the counties. This focus of this research paper, in this regard, is to analyze the cultural perspectives of doing business in Brazil. Therefore, major elements and dimensions of Brazilian culture such as business structures, management styles, communication, ethics, values, and customs are discussed comprehensively.
Moreover, the discussion has also been made on how the local businessmen integrate these cultural dimensions and elements. Indeed, a detailed comparison United States business has been made with that of Brazilian culture and business elements by means of Hofstede's dimension tool (that is particularly used for measuring cultural differences). Finally, the paper concludes with the implications for the U.S. businesses that plans and desires to conduct business in Brazil.…
Aswathappa. (2010). International Business 4E. India: Tata McGraw-Hill Education.
Beekun, R.I., Stedham, Y. & Yamamura, J.H. (2003). Business Ethics in Brazil and the U.S.: A Comparative Investigation. Journal of Business Ethics, 42(3), 267-279.
Boraas, T. (2001). Brazil. USA: Capstone.
deVries, A. & Blore, S. (2010). Frommer's Brazil. 5th Edition. USA: John Wiley & Sons.
Global Financial Strategy
Critical assessment of the proposal to raise capital locally rather than in the UK
In the analysis of the proposal of raising capital locally rather than in the UK, it is essential to consider four critical aspects: costs, risks, benefits/advantages, and limitations/disadvantages. In the presentation of this critical assessment, the focus will be on the four factors or aspect in order to offer reliable analysis of the situation.
In the process of raising capital locally rather than in the UK, the organization must incur several costs. One of the essential costs is the professional cost. This refers to the amount of money or financial resources paid to the legal advisors, auditors, and reporting accountants in order to execute the process of raising the capital effectively and appropriately. Another important aspect of cost is the trading cost. These are direct costs including the brokerage commissions and financial…
Burnham, P 2010, 'Class, Capital and Crisis: A Return to Fundamentals', Political Studies Review, 8, 1, pp. 27-39,
Carvalhal, A, & Camara Leal, R 2013, 'The World Financial Crisis and the International Financing of Brazilian Companies', Brazilian Administration Review (BAR), 10, 1, pp. 18-39,
'Chad' 2013, Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition, pp. 1-3,
Chana Kok, T, & Yap Voon, C 2011, 'Risk Factors of Commercial Banks in Malaysia', Journal Of Modern Accounting & Auditing, 7, 6, pp. 578-587,
People and services are not easily moved among the various countries. Although securing work and permits in the United States for Mexican and Canadian immigrants, NAFTA has also caused considerable concern in terms of legislation.
This is particularly the case in Canadian lawmaking. Several disputes resulted from NAFTA trading activities in the country. Such disputes for example include gasoline additives and possible related health concerns and nerve damage (Weintraub, 2004). Canada was also engaged in a long dispute regarding a 27% duty on softwood imports to Canada. This lasted for years before it was finally resolved in 2006. Significantly however, the decision was not ratified by either Canada or the United States (Weintraub, 2004). According to the U.S. Court of International Trade, imposing the duty was contrary to the United States law.
Other problems include the fact that Canada has lost more than 10,000 companies to foreign takeovers since NAFTA…
CIA. (2010). CIA -- the World Factbook -- France. Retrieved February 16, 2010 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/fr.html
Dow Jones Sustainability Index. (n.d.). Retrieved January 10,2010 from http://www.sustainability-index.com/
Glass, a. (n.d.) World Economy Vertical vs. Horizontal FDI. Department of Economics,
Texas a&M University. Retrieved February, 22, 2010, from http://econweb.tamu.edu/aglass/VerticalVsHorizontalFDI.pdf
In this order of ideas then, he strives to come up with a theory that explains the construction of global networks, as well as the systems they use to grow and prosper. In order to make his case, Kendall looks at global structures constructed in various domains, including society and technology. He comes to the realization that global peace and order can only be achieved with the full cooperation and collaboration of all structures in the international system. Additionally, there must exist a will and a way in order for the mentioned goals to be achieved. While he recognizes that his arguments address a certain kind of economists and politicians who promoted the idea of a uniform and powerful globalization, he hopes that his points will the least make for an interesting reading.
inally, in the last chapter of the book's first part, The Security of Governance, author Michael Dillon…
Finally, in the last chapter of the book's first part, The Security of Governance, author Michael Dillon starts at the premise that there exists a direct connection between the three components of population, government and security. This conclusion was found throughout a previous study, which came to raise new questions that are answered in the current analysis. In a perfect world, peace would be achieved through fruitful partnerships between private and public players and would ensure the safety of all populations and all classes. Yet, this is not the case and Dillon argues that while governmentality is the collection of cooperations and collaborations, it represents more of a "technological ontology that proceeds through reflexive epistemologies."
In other words, there is a direct connection between technology and ontology as they validate each other and support each other in reaching the pre-established goals. "Here the dialogical interplay of the ontological and the technological is in evidence. If it takes a metaphysic to imagine a technic, it takes a technic to realize a metaphysic. But even that rendition fails to do justice to the co-evolutionary dynamic that exists in the power relations between technology and ontology. This is a mutually disclosive relationship in which each seems propelled by independent dynamics as well: the technologist continuously to interrogate and refine systems, the ontologist to secure the meaning of being.
Larner, W., Walters, W., 2004, Global Governmentality: Governing International Spaces, Routledge
Furthermore it has become critically necessary to be equipped technologically in handling today's increased IT demands for business communication.
Video Conferencing (2006) GlobalMedia. Online available at: www.globalmedia.com.
Hart, Amy (2001) Global Communication Warming - The CEO Refresher. Online available at http://www.refresher.com/!warming.html.
Martin, Jeannet S. And Chaney, Lillian H. (2006) Global usiness Etiquette: A Guide to International Communication and Customs. Online available at http://doi.contentdirections.com/mr/greenwood.jsp?doi=10.1336/0275988155.
Global usiness Support: Creating the Infrastructure for International usiness Communication (2006) Nova's Communication-ased usiness Activities. Online available at http://www.nova.ne.jp/english/corporation/02jigyo/jigyou_business.html.
Jarvenpaa, Sirkka L. And Leidner, Dorothy E. (1998) Communication and Trust in Global Virtual Teams - JCMC 3 (4) June 1998. Online available at http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol3/issue4/jarvenpaa.html
Global Alliance Joins the Organization of the World Congress on Communication for Development (2006) Global Alliance 5 July 2006 Online available at http://www.globalpr.org/news/industry_news_direct.asp?v1=86
usiness Communications Applications on Any Network (2005) Avaya White Paper May 2005.
Avaya White Paper, "New Era of Intelligent…
Video Conferencing (2006) GlobalMedia. Online available at: www.globalmedia.com.
Hart, Amy (2001) Global Communication Warming - The CEO Refresher. Online available at http://www.refresher.com/!warming.html.
Martin, Jeannet S. And Chaney, Lillian H. (2006) Global Business Etiquette: A Guide to International Communication and Customs. Online available at http://doi.contentdirections.com/mr/greenwood.jsp?doi=10.1336/0275988155.
Global Business Support: Creating the Infrastructure for International Business Communication (2006) Nova's Communication-Based Business Activities. Online available at http://www.nova.ne.jp/english/corporation/02jigyo/jigyou_business.html.
Global Awareness and Cultural and Racial Diversity
The need to successfully promote global awareness and cultural and racial diversity took on a completely new meaning recently. "There are over six billion people on this planet we call Earth. Diversity is more than just a notion. The term diversity has been defined by Merriam-ebster online as meaning 'differing from one another or unlike. Composed of distinct or unlike elements or qualities', this word is also used to simply mean different." (Burns) By Barak Obama becoming the nation's first black president, we have forever changed the nation's future; but in a sense, this momentous election will also alter how we will forever look at our nations past history. For more than two hundred years, the United States of America was traditionally managed by older white guys and by them being in charge, the world's thinking was shaped. The expectations of every…
Works Cited, continued
Schniedewind, Nancy. "There Ain't No White People Here!": The Transforming Impact of Teachers' Racial Consciousness on Students and Schools. Equity & Excellence in Education. 2005, 38: 280 -- 289.
I believe my background and extensive business acumen, make me an ideal candidate for admission into your PhD program. As an international student, I believe that I also possess a unique approach to healthcare that differentiates me from other applicants to the program. The combination of a strong business background, unique skillset, and a passion for health will drive my continued success in the program. I will also help facilitate the growth of other members in my cohort through my diverse background from the Middle East.
To begin, I have a very strong track record of working together with others to derive mutually beneficial results within the healthcare industry. I have experience building entirely new healthcare departments, which requires vision, foresight, and strong communication skills. Through my leadership, I have also developed healthcare infrastructure programs design to provide aid to the poor and less fortunate. Here, I was able to…
The most important development in shaping the modern world was the development of the internal combustion engine. European exploration, expansion and imperialism sits well behind that. But in terms of European expansion and imperialism, there is a lot to unpack if one is to apply a value judgment (good versus bad). Moreover, one of the main issues with that sort of framing is the unknown element of the alternatives, which could range from the expansion/imperialism of other nations, the delay of European expansion until the internal combustion engine (and subsequent advances in philosophy and governance that may have dramatically altered the shape of that expansion). European expansion likely did not occur at the best time for something like that to have occurred.
The key underpinnings of analysis with respect to European expansion and imperialism lie with the belief among the Europeans conducting such expansion that they were…
According to Cleveland and Laroche (2007), the global consumer is characterized as someone who fits in with global consumer culture. This is a culture that has certain characteristics that are static internationally, such that the global consumer can be subject to global marketing. The global consumer is understood in contrast to the local consumer. The local consumer bears strong characteristics of the local market, in their tastes and buying patterns. The global consumer trends more towards international norms. The global consumer is aware of and has some preference for international products and bears similarity to international buying patterns. In essence, the global consumer in Shanghai will have tastes and characteristics that relate more to other global consumers in Vancouver, London or Mumbai than to the people of the local Shanghai market.
Global consumers have emerged as the result of two key trends, identified in Czinkota and onkainen (2013).…
Andersson, S. & Servais, P. (2010). Combining industrial buyer and seller strategies for international supply and marketing management. European Business Review. Vol. 22 (1) 64-81.
Balabanis, G. & Diamatopoulos, A. (2004). Domestic country bias, country-of-origin effects and consumer ethnocentrism: A multidimensional unfolding approach. Academy of Marketing Science Journal. Vol. 32 (1) 80-95.
Cleveland, M. & Laroche, M. (2007). Acculturation to the global consumer culture: Scale development and research paradigm. Journal of Business Research. Vol. 60 (3) 249-259.
Czinkota, M. & Ronkainen, I. (2013). International Marketing. South-Western College Publishing.
Major Issues of the 21st Century: Who is Responsible for Addressing Global Warming?
Global warming is one of the most pressing issues in the 21st century. In the last few decades, the world has experienced higher temperatures, increased melting of ice caps, rising sea levels, more regular and more adverse weather events (such as storms, floods, heat waves, and drought), and changing rainfall patterns. We have also observed increased rain and ocean acidification, desert expansion, as well as greater species endangerment. These occurrences have largely been linked to human activity, particularly air pollution, burning of fossil fuels, greenhouse gas emissions, industrialization, and deforestation. The issue is so pressing that it threatens the ability of future generations to sustain their lives, which is ethically unfair. Indeed, global warming threatens food security, human health, human and non-human survival, as well as socioeconomic stability in the future (Cummins, 2014; Justin, 2015).…
Global Business Project Management
The objectives of a project are the expected outcomes and benefits to be received upon completion of the project. What the project is projected to achieve can either be specific, measurable or varying and materializing gradually over time. Projects are developed and executed in many settings and the type of project chosen; the time, the budget and the team size are agreed on based on the setting, the objectives of the project and the available resources among other factors. Different organizations have particular individual styles and cultures influencing the manner in which the project work is executed. This paper will look at projects, the many factors that make projects to differ, advantages and disadvantages of the functional and matrix organizations when observed from a project management perspective.
A project is understood to be a temporary endeavor that is executed by an organization, group or institution and…
Berkun, S. (2005). The Art of Project Management (Theory in Practice (O'Reilly)). Cambridge: O'Reilly Media.
Galbraith, J.R. (1971). "Matrix Organization Designs: How to combine functional and project forms." In: Business Horizons, February, 1971, 29-40.
Goodman, M., Greenwood A., Major, I. And Nokes, S. (2003). The Definitive Guide to Project Management: The Fast Track to Getting the Job Done on Time and on Budget. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Gottlieb, R.M. (2007). The Matrix Organization Reloaded: Adventures in Team and Project Management (Creating Corporate Cultures). Connecticut: Praeger.
Importance of the Global Mindset
I agree with the assertion made by Cohen that possessing a global mindset is a key and integral part to being successful in business, particularly if global expansion is an organizational goal or aspiration. To be successful in today's marketplace, leaders must understand that the world is no longer made up of only local/regional/national customers and competitors. It has been shaped by the digitized age we live in. Customers come from everywhere, for just about everything. Similarly, competition does too. This means to be truly successful, business leaders must know how to integrate a number of geographies, cultures, demographics, tastes, preferences, and business strategies from across the globe (Gumbel 2008). Leaders need an appreciation for diverse business relationships and more specialized skills to achieve their goals.
Universal cooperation is a daily business reality. The vast majority of this is due to technological advancement…
Beechler, S, & Baltzley, D 2008, 'Creating a Global mindset', Chief Learning Officer, 7, 6, pp. 40-45, Business Source Elite, EBSCOhost, viewed 17 May 2013.
Cohen, SL 2010, 'Effective global leadership requires a global mindset', Industrial & Commercial Training, 42, 1, pp. 3-10, Business Source Elite, EBSCOhost, viewed 17 May 2013.
Gumbel, P 2008, 'Big Mac's Local Flavor', Fortune, 157, 9, pp. 114-121, Business Source Elite, EBSCOhost, viewed 17 May 2013.
Massingham, P 2013, 'Cognitive Complexity in Global Mindsets', International Journal Of Management, 30, 2, pp. 232-248, Business Source Elite, EBSCOhost, viewed 17 May 2013.
Global Human Resource Management
McDonald's Company, responding to the growing need to train its employees and managers to provide excellent customer service to its 18, 380 branches worldwide, has established the Hamburger University. The Hamburger University was established in 1961 to serve as a worldwide Management Training Center, with its main headquarters located in Oak rook, Illinois. It currently educates and trains 65, 000 managers from around the world, and has training centers in England, Japan, Germany, and Australia. The Hamburger University in Illinois trains McDonald's employees to achieve global training in fast food restaurant management, which mainly centers on customer satisfaction and service. One of the most important features of the McDonald's global training is its ability to fuse both local and international standards of customer service. Since McDonald's caters fast food to numerous countries with different cultures, i.e., different food preferences and habits, the difficult task of providing…
Solomon, C. (1996). Big Mac's McGlobal HR Secrets. Personnel Journal, Vol 75, Issue 4.
e're going to get the whole "stating the obvious" out of the way. The company has ten retail stores, so obviously there is room to grow through geographic expansion even in a down market. e comprise an insignificant portion of the market share in this business, so to worry about fractions of percentages is almost silly. The focus of this report is going to be trying to figure out what the firm is doing wrong and how we can address those problems. The broad-based stuff is not really relevant to a small business because we're not in a position to be a national player.
According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, GDP in Q3 of 2011 grew at 1.8%, compared with growth in Q2 of 1.3%. e don't know Q4 yet, but we did not have a stellar holiday season regardless. Because we sell general consumer products, we…
BEA.gov. (2011). Gross domestic product. Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieved January 16, 2012 from http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/national/gdp/gdpnewsrelease.htm
BLS.gov. (2011). International labor comparisons. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved January 16, 2012 from
One need only refer to the preceding example to prove this fact. In this example, glass on the floor with spilled water and the author's testimonial to what happened all add up to the fact that there a glass was broken. In this case, there is no difference between what appears as truth (that a glass has broken), and what in fact is truth (that a glass is broken). Although reasons may exist as to why such an event happened (whether or not the author was distracted or perhaps is just innately clumsy), the fact that it took place is indisputable, and demonstrates that the author is wrong about the fact that there is "always" a distinction between appearances and reality.
In all actuality, the most suitable alternative to the philosophical position propagated by the author of this particular positing is a synthesis of global skepticism with empiricism and rationalism.…
Klein, Peter, "Skepticism," the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2011), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2011/entries/skepticism/
Chappell, Richard, "Skepticism, Rationality and Default Trust," Philosophy, et cetera (2009), URL http://www.philosophyetc.net/2009/02/skepticism-rationality-and-default.html
One of the most notable of them is the inferiority of women in the Middle East as compared to their equality with men in the West. Another example is constituted by the societies in Africa where children still die of starvation, where medicine is unavailable and where the elderly are in their 30s. In Angola and Zambia for instance, the life expectancy at birth is of 38 years -- the lowest at the global level (Central Intelligence Agency, 2010). The list of examples could go on, but fact remains that the cultural differences of states teach the individual of the importance of safeguarding human rights and supporting wealth and stability throughout the planet. Both environmental and social teachings motivate the individual to become more responsible and take action to make the world a better place.
C. Personal and group influences on other groups and cultures
The believes, attitudes, actions, values…
Hinz, M.O., Gatter, F.T., Global responsibility -- local agenda: the legitimacy of modern self-determination and African traditional authority, LIT Verlag Munster, 2006
Lenk, H., Global technoscience and responsibility: schemes applied to human values, technology, creativity and globalization, LIT Verlag Munster, 2007
Leonard, A., The story of stuff, http://www.storyofstuff.com / last accessed on October 13, 2010
The world factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, 2010, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2102rank.html?countryName=Kuwait&countryCode=ku®ionCode=me&rank=52#ku last accessed on October 13, 2010
Global Business Cultural Analysis
Synopsis of Nigerian government
Nigerian monarchy to presidential system
The evolution of Nigeria from British control to a civilian democratic government
Nigerian major commodities
The major elements and dimensions of culture in Nigeria
Model of culture
Universalism or Particularize
How is the integration of elements and dimensions that Nigerians doing business in the country?
The effects of governments on the prospects for its business around the world
How the elements and dimensions compared with the United States, culture, and business?
The role of women in the workplace
Business visitors must be dressed in an elegant and tie (for men!)
Cross-cultural business transactions between the United States and Nigeria
Thurstan Shaw and Steve Daniels, who are the founder for archaeological research proved in their research that Nigeria has been developed since 9,000…
Afolayan, T.E. (2011). Coming To America: The Social and Economic Mobility of African Immigrants in the United States. Inquiry (University of New Hampshire), 6-11. Retrieved from EBSCO host.
Alutu, O.E., & Udhawuve, M.L. (2009). Unethical Practices in Nigerian Engineering Industries: Complications for Project Management. Journal of Management in Engineering, 25(1), 40-43. Doi: 10.1061 / (ASCE) 0742-597X (2009)25:1(40)
" It caused missionaries to deal with peoples of other cultures and even Christian traditions -- including the Orthodox -- as inferior. God's mission was understood to have depended upon human efforts, and this is why we came to hold unrealistic universalistic assumptions. Christians became so optimistic that they believed to be able to correct all the ills of the world." (Vassiliadis, 2010)
Missiology has been undergoing changes in recent years and after much serious consideration Christians in the ecumenical era "are not only questioning all the above assumptions of the Enlightenment; they have also started developing a more profound theology of mission. One can count the following significant transitions:
(a) From the missio christianorum to the missio ecclesiae;
(b) the recognition later that subject of mission is not even the Church, either as an institution or through its members, but God, thus moving further from the missio ecclesiae to…
Bosch, David Jacobus (1991) Transforming Mission: Paradigm Shifts in Theology of Mission, American Society of Missiology Series; No. 16. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books, 1991.
Gelder, Craig Van (2007) the Missional Church in Context: Helping Congregations Develop Contextual Ministry. Volume 1 of Missional Church Series. Missional Church Network Series. Wm B. Eerdmans Publishing 2007.
Guder, Darrell L. (2000) the Continuing Conversion of the Church. Grand Rapids, NI: Eerdmans, 2000.
Hesselgrave, David J> (2007) Will We Correct the Edinburgh Error? Future Mission in Historical Perspective. Southwestern Journal of Theology.Vol. 49 No. 2 Spring 2007.
As the 21st century unfolds, we are told that the world is embracing globalism -- a key change in the economic, political and cultural movements that, broadly speaking, move the various countries of the world closer together. This idea refers to a number of theories that see the complexities of modern life such that events and actions are tied together, regardless of the geographic location of a specific country (political unit). The idea of globalism has become popular in economic and cultural terms with the advent of a number of macro-trade agreements combined with the ease of communication brought about with the Internet and cellular communication.
Would we not logically think, then, that countries in the developing world would be doing their upmost to encourage global thinking? That these same countries would embrace the chance to forge a nation of entrepreneurs and move into a position of self-sustaining…
Committee For Economic Development. (2006). Education for Global Leadership: The
Importance of International Studies and Foreign Language Education for U.S. Economic
And National Security. CED. Retrieved from: http://www.ced.org/images/library/reports/education/report_foreignlanguages.pdf
Graham, J.P. (2005). The Globalization of the Small Enterprise. Going Global. Retrieved from:
This in turn will lead to a rift between civilizations, one that would encourage them to rediscover their own individual cultural identity. Therefore, the globalization of the world can mean the fragmentation of cultures and the possibility of new conflicts along civilization lines.
The theory of Samuel Huntington however has had several critics who argue that in fact the neo-liberal approach of world economics and politics will increase the financial resources of the world and thus foster the creation of a global culture based on similar moral values and norms. However, it is less likely for the neo-liberal practices to have this effect on the short-term because it is rather clear from the image of today's world that globalization has led, in a constant manner, to inequality. This consideration is rather simple and revolves around the issue of the distribution of resources. More precisely, the developed world has limited resources…
Ayres, J.M. (2004) "Framing Collective Action Against Neo-liberalism: The Case of the "Anti-Globalization" Movement." Journal of World- Systems Research.. 14 May 2008. http://jwsr.ucr.edu/archive/vol10/number1/pdf/jwsr-v10n1-ayres.pdf
Forum Barcelona. (2004) "Theme 2: Is There a Global Culture? The Globalization of Media and the Culture of Societies." Session summaries. 14 May 2008. http://www.barcelona2004.org/eng/banco_del_conocimiento/documentos/ficha.cfm?IdDoc=1676
Huntington, S.P. (1996) the Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order, New York, Simon & Schuster.
Modelski, G.(n.d.) the four dimensions of globalization. 14 May 2008 https://faculty.washington.edu/modelski/Global4.html. html
One can understand how this occurs from an economic perspective. With globalization, the individual economic entity, be it company, small firm or individual member of society, will no longer interact with the state in the economic field, but rather with one another, and this will occur not in a limited, stately environment, but on a large, unlimited, global scale. At the same time, globalization goes hand in hand with liberalization, which means that in the global economic environment, the nation state loses its role as a centralized and regulatory authority in the economic events, as the economic entities will be able regulate the market freely, through their own interaction.
The hyper globalization thesis also argues that the globalization phenomenon is likely to significantly impact the nation state's regulatory ability in all areas ranging from labor to environmental regulations and to taxation. The logical reasoning for this is simple: globalization proposes…
The resolution of this policy counsel meeting is the endorsement of a refinement of Australia's terror policy with respect both to the preservation of constitutional rights and in terms of approach its relationship to the United States with balance and diplomacy. Recognizing the severity the security threat but simultaneously recognizing the need to refine policies so as to diminish the tendency toward inflaming the political and ideological anger of the developing world, Australia must spend the coming decades finding ways to quell such hostility. This will mean a closer consideration of the economic, political and trade policies that often have run aground of the interests of the developing world. Likewise, it means that Australia must function as a continued partner to the U.S. But also as a voice of conscience with respect to the discretionary use of military force or diplomatic finesse.
Aly, a. (2007). Australian Muslim…
Aly, a. (2007). Australian Muslim Responses to the Discourse on Terrorism in the Australian Popular Media. Australian Journal of Social Issues, 42(1).
Australian Federal Police (AFP). (2009). Fighting Terrorism in Australia. www.afp.gov.au
BBC News. (2006). Australian Loses Terrorism Appeal. BBC News.
Brown, M. (2009). Al-Shabaab terrorists 'living in Australia.' ABC News. Online at http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/09/23/2693927.htm?section=justin
S., who is duly aware of their hardships and struggles. Again, there are many reasons why they are not given what they need to succeed (covert imperialism, ideological differences, etc.) but one of the main reasons is global overcapacity. If there are more countries producing goods and services the supply of those goods and services continue to increase. When supply goes up, and demand remains relatively unchanged (or static) one of the only ways to earn a profit is to lower costs (Judis, 2010). Lowering costs means a smaller profit margin. A smaller profit margin means, well, less money for the CEs and shareholders.
ne may think that this theory is a bit of a reach, that there is no conspiracy to retard the efforts of fledgling countries to take a power position in this new "flat" world (Friedman, 2005). And maybe they're right, there is no coordinated effort to…
One may think that this theory is a bit of a reach, that there is no conspiracy to retard the efforts of fledgling countries to take a power position in this new "flat" world (Friedman, 2005). And maybe they're right, there is no coordinated effort to do such a thing, it's just the way the system is set up. Either way, whether it's consciously done or unconsciously done, it's the way it is. The facts bear this out.
For starters, and to circle back to that Chinese proverb, why do countries in power continue to delivery fish, instead of curriculum on fishing techniques? Here is an excerpt, from an article regarding the ill effects of food dumping, that underscores this issue, "Food aid (when not for emergency relief) can actually be very destructive on the economy of the recipient nation and contribute to more hunger and poverty in the long-term. Free, subsidized, or cheap food, below market prices undercuts local farmers, who cannot compete and are driven out of jobs and into poverty, further slanting the market share of the larger producers such as those from the U.S. And Europe" (Shah, 2010). There's two additional points to make regarding this scenario. The first is obvious and an iteration of what's just been said, the reason countries in power give away food, supplies, and other resources is because it subverts the efforts of foreign competition. The other reason countries in power donate food, food in particular, is because it helps diminish the available supply in the U.S., thus reducing global overcapacity. One has, no doubt, heard of corn farmers burning their cornfields to serve a similar end, reduce supply to keep prices high.
In the face of this evidence, one can posit that the IMF and the World Bank are two institutions that work toward helping impoverished countries make it to the big stage. After all, they provide funding and assistance to many countries in need. Well, the rebuttal to this fact is that all money comes with strings attached. Or, in short, there's no such thing as a free lunch. Here is a rather concise description of the effect the IMF and World Bank have on the countries they assist, "the way it has happened has required poor countries to reduce spending on things like health, education and development, while debt repayment and other economic policies have been made the priority. In effect, the IMF and World Bank have demanded that poor nations lower the standard of living of their people" (Shah, 2010). The IMF and World Bank don't mind loaning money to struggling nations, as long as those nations follow their orders. It's really a form of new age imperialism whereby nations in power seek to exploit cheap labor and extract resources from
This behavio is not consideed dishonest; in fact, and Indian peson would be consideed ude if he o she did not ty to attempt to give a peson what has been equested.
Anothe vey impotant aspect of business cultue in India is the meeting etiquette. Meeting Etiquette is influenced by all sots of cultual elements descibed above, including social class. Fo example, in India, one must geet the eldest o moe senio fist, and when leaving a goup each peson must bid faewell individually. Though shaking hands is common, this is only in big cities, whee the natives ae accustomed to Westenes. Men and women, howeve, do not usually shake hands.
The next pat of the business cultue is knowing Indian names, and whee they oiginate. Accoding to one aticle, names ae based upon "eligion, social class, and egion of the county." Fo Hindus fo example, in the noth, people…
references taken from "India: Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette." (2011). Kwintesential. Retrieved August 13, 2011, from .
List provided by Shukla, M. (2011). "Guide to India." Executive Planet: Wiki. Retrieved August 13, 2011, from < http://www.executiveplanet.com/index.php?title=India >.
Jayaganesh, M & Shanks, G. (2009). "A cultural analysis of Business Process Management governance in Indian organizations." Department of Information Systems, University of Melbourne. Retrieved August 13, 2011, from .
Jayaganesh, M & Shanks, G. (2009). "A cultural analysis of Business Process Management governance in Indian organizations." Department of Information Systems, University of Melbourne. Retrieved August 13, 2011, from . s
McKnight, D., Stokes, P., Vilmenay, J. (2003). "India - A Market Analysis: For Staples Incorporated." University of Maryland. Retrieved August 13, 2011, from < http://www.sixsmart.com/SSPapers/subindia.htm >.
Changes (Global, National, Region, Local, and Farm)
In the work entitled: "Climate Change and Agriculture" a brochure prepared for the UK Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food written by Muriel, Downing, and Hulme, et al. In Section 4: Impact of Climate Change on Crops report findings that:
1) Elevated temperature increased their rate of grain growth but shortened the duration of grain filling;
2) Higher temperatures may have decreased the availability of assimilates so decreasing grain size, grain yield and mass per grain; and 3) Higher temperatures reduced average mass per grain, in one experiment, by 25% in normal CO2 and 14% in elevated conditions." (Muriel, Downing, and Hulme, et al. nd)
The following chart demonstrates the effect that CO2, temperature, and CO2 combined with a higher temperature had on crop yields in this study.
Change in yield (%)
Source: (Muriel, Downing, and Hulme, 2006)
Chipanshi, a., Chanda, R., & Totolo, O. (Dec 2003). Vulnerability assessment of the maize and sorghum crops to climate change in Botswana. Climatic Change, 61(3).
Dhakwa, G. & Campbell, L. (Dec 1998). Potential effects of differential day-night warming in global climate change on crop production. Climatic Change, 40(3).
Isik, M. & Devadoss, S. (20 April 2006). An analysis of the impact of climate change on crop yields and yield variability. Applied Economics, 38(7).
Peng, S., Huang, J., Sheehy, J., Laza, R., Visperas, R., Zhong, X., Centeneo, G., Khush, G., & Cassman, K. (6 July 2004). Rice yields decline with higher night temperature from global warming. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 101(27).
Global Refugee Regime eems to Be Veering Away From Traditional Rules
As the threat of war looms large, the situation of those displaced because of violence and fights is becoming the focal point of talks amidst humanitarian groups. Many wrote about the situation in Afghanistan. The last many years have brought about quite a lot of enormous "refugee movements and humanitarian emergencies." More than 50 million people have been displaced by conflicts, war and other disasters and things may get worse.
The many organizations that offer aid to those who are forced to flee from their native lands are trying their level best to reach out and help each one of them. But nations all over seem to be hesitant to take in refugees who do not have any place else to go. What is the solution? How can humanitarian agencies cope with the increasing number of refugees? A book…
Agamben, Giorgio (1995). We refugees.(Section 2: Issuing Identity) Symposium v49, n2 (Summer):114
Appling, Cathy (1995). United Nations Involvement in Haiti from a Humanitarian Perspective. Current World Leaders 38, 4, Aug, 83-98.
Copeland, Emily (1992). Global refugee policy: an agenda for the 1990s. (Conference Reports) International Migration Review v26, n3 (Fall):992
Deng, Francis M. (1995). Dealing with the Displaced: A Challenge to the International Community. Global Governance 1, 1, winter, 45-57.
what is climate change and what is it doing?
The reality of global warming: fact vs. fiction and the marginalized greed-based business perspective
The Economics of global warming vs. The moral impact of global warming on all stakeholders including non-human ones.
Climate change, not global warming: the effects are different in different parts of the globe.
The political, social, and financial challenges that global warming creates and how the challenges can be met.
The Economic, Political, and Ethical Effects of Global Warming
Global warming, or climate change, has economic, social, and political consequences. These consequences are experienced by the non-human populations of the planet, too, and perhaps even more so. The Environmental Protection Agency points out that due to climate change and global warming, migratory birds are flying an average of thirty-five miles further north than they did just forty years ago. The recent Hurricane Sandy…
Environmental Protection Agency. "Climate Change." Retrieved online: http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/
Jacoby, Henry. Interview with the Natural Resources Defense Council. Retrieved online: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/warming/debate/jacoby.html
Kolbert, Elisabeth. Interview with the Natural Resources Defense Council. Retrieved online: http://www.nrdc.org/globalwarming/ikolbert.asp
Maslin, Mark. Global Warming: Causes, Effects, and the Future. MBI, 2007.
The company offers training sessions for their staff members and presents them with several incentives, such as discounts on the organization's services or employee empowerment. This virtually means that the individual staff members are valued as vital organizational assets, and their input is considered throughout the decision making process.
The second component of the transportation and logistics infrastructure is given by the fleet. This is composed from the following:
654 aircraft fleet, out of which 71 are Airbus A300; 56 are Airbus A310; 13 are AT 72s; 26 are ATT 42s; 79 are Boeing 727; 1 is Boeing DC10 (10s); 6 are Boeing DC10 (30s); 57 are Boeing MD 10 (10s); 12 are Boeing MD 10 (30s); 57 are Boeing MD (11s); 10 are Cessna 208As; 242 are Cessna 208Bs and finally, 24 are Boeing 757-200s
43,000 vehicle fleet over 100,000 power ships over 2 million ships and ship managers…
Marc h 16, 1995, FedEx Extends Tracking and Information Capabilities to America Online Users; Federal Express Customers already Using Services on FedEx Internet Worldwide Web Home Page, Business Wire
2000, FedEx Corporation SEC Filling, http://apps.shareholder.com/sec/viewerContent.aspx?companyid=FDX&docid=784953 last accessed on January 18, 2010
2010, FedEx Corporation, Hoovers, http://hoovers.com/company/FedEx_Corporation/rfhhti-1-1njdap.html last accessed on January 18, 2010
2010, The 9 Faces of Leadership, Fast Company, http://www.fastcompany.com/magazine/13/9faces.html last accessed on January 18, 2010
The demand for alternative energy forms is most likely going to form a very profitable niche on the market in the near future.
This is obviously the same thing as when the informational revolution began or when the industrial revolution came about. The companies who will became providers of solutions to energy alternatives and to enable the companies to abide by the governmental restrictions in the field will also be interested stakeholders in getting the governmental restrictions implemented and operational in the industry.
1. Increased governmental spending and involvement into creating alternative forms of energy.
PROS: An important pro-in this case is that the significant governmental involvement, especially in terms of promoting and financing research for new forms of alternative energy, can actually have a tremendous impact and produce immediate results.
CONS: Increased governmental spending in any area will mean potentially higher taxes and a greater burden for the…
1. Samuelson, Robert. 2006. Global Warming's Real Inconvenient Truth. The Washington Post.
2. Clark, J.R.; Lee, Dwight. 2004. Global Warming and Its Dangers. The Independent Review, v. VIII, n. 4, Spring 2004. pp 591-597
3. Shellenberger, M.; Nordhaus, T. 2005. The Death of Environmentalism. On the Internet at http://www.grist.org/news/maindish/2005/01/13/doe-reprint/.Last retrieved on October 5, 2008
One hundred thousand people packed into the Museumplein near the city's famous museums in Amsterdam, according to Jolly, et al., writing in The New York Times. In China, fans who decided to become vendors were profiting by the sale of vuvuzelas (those annoying horns that are blown throughout all the World Cup games) for $3 U.S. money. "They're all made in Zhejiang," the vendor said, working the rainy streets at Sanlitun, "the rowdiest place in the city." In ogota Columbia, vendors profited from the sale of "pink cotton candy" to the crowds watching the games at the Palace of Justice in olivar Square (Jolly, p. 3).
In Nigeria the results of the World Cup -- with the help of social media on the Internet -- helped change a politician's policy. In this African country, politicians are not known to be responsive to citizens. After the Nigerian soccer team's "dismal performance"…
Amabebe, Eremipagamo, 2010, 'Nigeria: Who changed the President's mind -- Facebook or FIFA?' Global Voices, Retrieved July 30, 2011, from http://globalvoicesonline.org .
Elliott, Stuart. 2010, 'An Underdog Amid the Giants Lining the World Cup's Fields,' The New York Times, Retrieved July 29, 2011, from http://www.nytimes.com .
Gaffer. 2010. '2010 World Cup Final: The Most Watched Soccer Game in U.S. History,' . Epltalk.com. Retrieved July 30, 2011, from http://www.epltalk.com .
Hjarvard, Stig, 2008, 'Global Media Cultures: A Research Programme on the Role of Media in Cultural Globalization,' Department of Film and Media Studies, University of Copenhagen. Retrieved July 29, 2011, from www.nordicom.gu.se/common/publ_pdf/37_hjarvard.pdf.
Global Warming: Why it is not the greatest fear of the industrializing world, why it is such a great fear for the industrialized world
There is a threat that currently looms upon the horizon, in danger of choking the fragile health of the developing economies of the so-called Third World. This threat is not the so-called global warming phenomena. The long ranging environmental results of the build up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere still remains unknown, and the data is far from conclusive. What is known by international economists is that the threat of global warming, as deployed as a kind of buzz word and media scare tactic of the environmentalist movement could impede the growth of industrialized nations and reduce the chance of Third World countries improving their living standards.
Despite the words 'Trade not Aid,' as bandied about by corporations such as the Body Shop, there is…
The study methodology is predicated on a literature review of over two dozen previous studies, stratified across both the French and U.K.-based respondent populations. Of particular interest with regard to the methodology is the researcher's detailed work on defining variations in cultural differences, which is an area that Dr. Hofstede and the Model of Cultural Dimensions is specifically designed to take into account (Marieke, Hofstede, 2010). The study is highly qualitative in nature and uses academic databases as its primary research instrument (Gloria, Wulf, Mullen, 2013). The studies cited throughout the analysis indicate the potential to break out senior citizen segments by psychographics, an areas of emerging interest for Internet marketers. There is also a thorough analysis from numerous secondary studies of the correlation of income, gender, education and Internet usage. Demographics within the study are defined more in age-based terms when psychographic delineations create through primary research and factor…
Belal, H.M., Shirahada, K., & Kosaka, M. (2013). Value Co-Creation with Customers through recursive approach based on Japanese Omotenashi service. International Journal of Business Administration, 4(1), 28-28.
Kim-Shyan Fam, Waller, D.S., Ernest Cyril, d. R., & He, J. (2013). Advertising dislikeability in Asia. Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics, 25(1), 144-161.
Gloria, a.M., Wulf, C., & Mullen, H. (2013). Internet marketing to 50+ generations in the UK and France. Journal of International Consumer Marketing, 25(1), 45.
Marieke, d. M., & Hofstede, G. (2010). The Hofstede model: Applications to global branding and advertising strategy and research. International Journal of Advertising, 29(1), 85.
Many of them are either uddhist or Taoist, and both of these religions teach respect very seriously. In order to understand the idea of respect amongst siblings in the way that the Chinese individuals see it, it becomes necessary to also understand some of the Taoist and uddhist traditions and beliefs. These are not always seen as being very significant, largely because many individuals in the west do not understand Taoism and/or uddhism, and therefore it gets largely ignored. However, it is also important to understand the importance of schooling and how this affects the way that the Chinese individuals think when it comes to the respect that they show to their siblings (ogdan & iklen, 1992).
Integration of the Elements by Locals
Religion and usiness in China
uddhism is the religion that is generally seen in the Chinese culture. uddhists seek an elimination of suffering. The uddha teaches that,…
Balfour, Frederik. (2006). B&Q stores: Renovating China's attitudes. BusinessWeek. Retrieved from: http://www.businessweek.com/globalbiz/content/apr2006/gb20060425_120572 . htm
Bass, Frank M. The Future of Research in Marketing: Marketing Science. Journal of Marketing Research 30, 1 (1993): 1-6.
Bogdan, R.C., & Biklen, S.K. (1992). Qualitative research for education: An introduction to theory and methods (2nd ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Cateora, P.R., & Graham, J.L., (2002) International Marketing 11th Ed. Mc Graw-Hill
Global Positioning System
GPS is a navigation system that gives our exact location on earth at any time and anywhere. It is a high precision tracking system that provides accurate location coordinates mapping even the remotest of locations. Though it was initially designed, developed and controlled by the U.S. department of defense for its military purposes, it soon became available for the civil users worldwide. This navigation system covers the entire surface on earth using 24 satellites (and 3 additional) that orbit around it at a height of 11,000 nautical miles. [The Aerospace Corporation]. Ground stations based in five different locations on earth receive signals transmitted by these satellites and send data, which are used to monitor and control the satellites. Considered a revolutionary breakthrough in the field of navigation, this technology is finding newer applications everyday. A brief overview would provide us a better insight into the subject.
1) The Aerospace Corporation, "GPS Primer', Accessed on 6th December 2004, http://www.aero.org/publications/GPSPRIMER/
2) Peter H. Dana, "Global Positioning System Overview," Accessed on 6th December 2004,
3) Eurofix, 'PRN Codes', Accessed on December 7th 2004, http://www.eurofix.tudelft.nl/prncode.htm
Global Nova Case Study
A Case Study in Entrepreneurship and Corruption
GlobalNova was conceived by a Brazilian Engineer while working for IBM. He allied himself with a Brazilian Politician from the southernmost State of io Grande do Sul (S). Politician approached a local business Tycoon, whose family controls the largest steel company in Brazil, for start-up financing for "a company to exploit the internet." (Gerdau, 2011) Tycoon, thinking that Politician was looking for the usual political hand out, readily agreed. Tycoon frequently mentioned that his family recognized the realities of making sure that his representative in Brasilia was treated well. Later he was astonished to learn that his money had actually been used to fund the early operations of GlobalNova. (Consultant, 2011)
Voice over the Internet
From the initial "fuzzy" objective, Engineer decided that the best opportunity would be to use the internet to transmit international long…
Business Anti-Corruption Portal, Brazil Country Profile. Retrieved February 3, 2011 from www.business-anti-corruption.com
Consultant, 2011, Personal Interview
Datora Telecom, Brazilian international outsourcing telecom operator. Retrieved February 4, 2011 from www.datora.net
Delaware, "Why do so many companies incorporate in Delaware?" Retrieved February 3, 2011 from http://corp/delaware.gov
Global and Domestic Marketing Decisions
Of course, it's tempting to think of business decisions as occurring in a perfect economic bubble -- wouldn't it be nice to simply prepare a strategic SOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) analysis based on one's industry alone? Alas -- or fortunately, depending on one's perspective, however, no company exists within such a comfortable bubble in today's business environment. (SOT Analysis, 2004) Today, companies must keep abreast of the profound technical, cultural, and ethical shifts that have occurred in today's business climate, reflecting the more forward-thinking yet bearish attitude climate of the 21st century, as opposed to the 1990s.
From a technological point-of-view, the Internet has changed global and domestic commerce. In particular, cultural industries such as the music industry have been impacted. No longer can music companies simply bank on the popularity of an individual artist. Nor can music and entertainment companies ignore…
Berenson, Alex. (September 23, 2004) "Ex-Chief of Computer Associates Is Indicted on Fraud Charges." The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com /2004/09/23/business/23computer.html
Glassman, Mark. (September 26, 2004) "And Now, a Message From Our Sponsor." The New York Times.
A good example of this can be seen with the constant declines in consumption since 1966. This is important, because it shows how despite an implosion in demand, many producers felt that their underlying business model would overcome these issues. (artlett)
How New World Growers were able to pose a substantial Threat?
New world growers were able to pose a major threat by using some the latest techniques to address the underlying problems. This can be seen through VRINE analysis, as: the lower price would represent value, the unique taste showing rarity, the same kind of wines as old world producers highlighting imitations, the growth in other regions of world signaling no sustainability and the expansion into new markets showing explore ability. These different elements are important, because they are highlighting how new world producers were able to create a shift in consumer tastes (posing a substantial threat). (artlett)
Bartlett, Christopher. (2003)." Global Wine Wars." Harvard Business School, 21 July 2003. Print.
MLA Format. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/
A direct effect of the endeavor performed by environmental agencies and programs like the 1970 Clean Air Act is the fact that the level of certain pollutants slowly decreased ever since the 80s. Even with that, such successes are rare and a great deal of the progress experienced in the time period lasting from the 70s and until the end of the twentieth century have been forgotten as pollution once again became a serious issue in Houston. During the recent decade emission levels have steadily increased as people failed to realize that they first have to discover which pollutants harm them the most and to act in accordance with this discovery (Sexton et. al.).
What most cannot understand is that air pollution is a direct effect of their living style and in order to decrease emission levels and to eventually stop pollution they have to change much about the…
1. McNulty, Sheila. Air pollution: Houston's other environmental disaster." Financial Times. September 12, 2010.
2. Sexton, Ken; Linder, Stephen H.; Marko, Dritana; Bethel, Heidi; & Lupo, Philip J. "Comparative Assessment of Air Pollution-Related Health Risks in Houston," Environmental Health Perspectives 115.10 (2007)
3. "Getting the Big Picture on Houston's Air Pollution." Retrieved September 22, 2010, from the NASA Website: http://www.nasa.gov/vision/earth/everydaylife/archives/HP_ILP_Feature_03.html
Global Business 8081
Technological and Economic Changes in Educational Sector of North America
Impact of Technological Change in Education Sector of North America
Impact of Economic Change in Education Sector of North America
Impact of Technological and Economic Changes in Educational Sector of China
The paper is providing the impact of changes in the aspects of economic and technology in the educational sector of North America. The discussion is further followed with the identification of the impacts of technology and economy changes in the China similar to that of North America.
Impact of Technological Change in Education Sector of North America
It is observed that the popularity of Massive Open Online Courses or MOOCs along with the other types of distributed learning is the form of major drivers of technological change in education sector of North America. The potential of MOOC provided the potential to open higher education to several…
Altbach, P.G., Gumport, P.J. & Berdahl, R.O., 2011. American Higher Education in the Twenty-First Century: Social, Political, and Economic Challenges. s.l.:JHU Press.
Apple, M.W., 2012. Can Education Change Society?. s.l.:Routledge.
Bangay, C. & Blum, N., 2010. Education responses to climate change and quality: Two parts of the same agenda?. International Journal of Educational Development, 30(4), pp. 359-368.
Betz, F., 2011. Managing Technological Innovation: Competitive Advantage from Change. s.l.:John Wiley & Sons.
" Both Whitman and othkopf, like Fukuyama, refer to potential of globalization to build bridges between previously isolated worlds, and to harmonize what were once disparate cultures.
Huntington is joined by countless others in a chorus of pessimism about the future of the world. Mcibben warns about the ill effects of population growth on both human societies and the environment. Huntington, Mcibben, and analysts like them make valid points about the dangers posed by globalization. Their points can be heard and taken into account while at the same time embracing the positive vision espoused by Fukuyama and othkopf. As Whitman suggests, globalization means "Passage to more than India!" Uniting the world under a blanket of common goals and ideals of freedom, liberty, and creativity, all conscientious citizens can welcome a new paradigm of peace.
McKibben, Bill. "A Special Moment in History." Atlantic Monthly. Boston. May, 1998.
othkopf, David. "In…
McKibben, Bill. "A Special Moment in History." Atlantic Monthly. Boston. May, 1998.
Rothkopf, David. "In Praise of Cultural Imperialism?" Foreign Policy. Number 107, 1997, pp. 38-53.
Whitman, Walt. "Passage to India." Leaves of Grass. Retrieve 16 Oct 2007 at http://www.bartleby.com/142/183.html
Imperialism is destructive to all but a select few persons in positions of financial and political power.
Also, because female migration is often not coerced but undertaken by some degree of choice, the type of imperialism arising from the female labor force is subtle and generally overlooked by sociologists, economists, and policy makers. As a result, humanitarian issues can easily fall by the wayside. For example, the women who leave their countries of origin sometimes leave behind family members and in some cases, husbands and children. The flow of labor from developing to developed nations depletes the sending nations' labor force and further impoverishes them, increasing their dependency on economic powerhouses like the United States. As economies in the third world collapse, workers, farmers, and families suffer from a lack of affordable health care, education and other social services. A potential side-effect in sending countries may be higher rates of…
Daorueng, P. & Yamin, K. (1998). Third World Resurgence 94. Retrieved 30 September 2005 at http://www.twnside.org.sg/title/last-cn.htm
Ehrenreich, B. & Hochschild, A.R. (2002). Global Woman. New York: Metropolitan.
" (Ungar, 2001) in the work of Jerry Williams entitled: "Knowledge, Consequences, and Experience: The Social Construction of Environmental Problems" explored are the "realist and constructionist approaches to environmental-social problems." (1998) Neither view in its current form is adequate as the actual reality is one that "moves beyond relativism and definitional constructionism" recognizing that the natural world is not dependent upon the constructions of humans. (Williams, 1998) the work of Carvalho and urgess (2005) entitled: "Cultural Circuits of Climate Change in the U.K. roadsheet Newspapers 1985-2003" provides an argument supporting "a cultural perspective to be brought to bear on studies of climate change risk perception." This article holds that those who produce and consume media texts "are jointly engaged in dynamic, meaning-making activities that are context-specific and that change over time." (Carvalho and urgess, 2005) Richard a. Kerr in the work entitled: "Global Warming: Rising Global Temperature, Rising Uncertainty" states…
Dunn-Brown, Beth (2007) Far North is 'Ground Zerio' for Global Warming. AP New Wire. 15 April, 2007. Online available at http://news.aol.com/topnews/articles/_a/far-north-is-ground-zero-for-global/20070415145709990002?ncid=NWS0001
Shelden, Ungar (2001) Moral Panic vs. The Risk Society: The Implications of the Changing Sites of Social Anxiety. The British Journal of Sociology. 52 (2) 2001 June.
Williams, Jerry (1998) Knowledge, Consequences, and Experience: The Social Construction of Environmental Problems. Sociological Inquiry. Vol. 68 No. 4. October 1998.
Carvalho, Anabela and Burgess, Jacquelin (2005) Cultural Circuits of Climate Change in U.K. Broadsheet Newspapers, 1985-2003.
Specifically, it has risen a full degree since 1957 (Crittenden & White, 2010; Muller, 2008). Similarly, there is no doubt that carbon dioxide levels have also risen significantly, thirty-six percent since their first recording (Muller, 2008). Proponents of the global warming hypothesis argue that this increasing level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is a cause of the greenhouse effect that traps warmth under the lower layers of the atmosphere and increases severe weather patterns and weather instability in general (Crittenden & White, 2010).
In many respects, the principle flaw in the global warming theory is not so much that it is illusory but that it is not necessarily harmful and also, not necessarily attributable to human behavior. The most responsible proponents of global warming acknowledge both of those uncertainties but argue that if the observed evidence is significantly related to global warming, and if global warming is the cause…
Crittenden, J.C. And White, H.S. "Harnessing Energy for a Sustainable World"
Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 132, No. 13; (2010): 4503 -- 4505.
Muller, R.A. (2008). Physics for Future Presidents: The Science behind the Headlines.
New York, NY: W.W. Norton.
A 200). The poor, members of minority groups with a genetic predisposition to the condition, and the very old are particular vulnerable to extremities of temperature (Bazilchuk 2006: 545) Temperature extremes have changed the way people live their lives, whether it is from famine, the increased rate of deaths from the increase of extremes of hot and cold, illnesses, or even simply the loss of traditional ways of life -- from the Arctic Inuit Eskimos to the Vermont maple syrup farmers who can no longer sustain their trees in warmer temperatures.
It is clear that unless we open our eyes as a nation and as a world, global warming's effects can be catastrophic. Of course it is heartening that there been the greater willingness of people in recent years, partially for self-serving reasons and partially out of the goodness of their hearts, to take proactive actions to reduce their carbon…
Bazilchuk, Nancy (1 Sept 2006). "Lethal Change in the Weather: Temperature Extremes and Premature Mortality." Environmental Health Perspectives. 114. 9: pp. A545- A545.
Driven to Extremes: Health Effects of Climate Change." (Apr., 2007). Environmental Health Perspectives. 115. 4: A196-A203
Green, Heather & Kerry Capell (6 Mar 2008). "Carbon Confusion." Business Week. Retrieved 7 May 2008 at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_11/b4075052454821_page_3.htm
An Inconvenient Truth." Directed by Davis Guggenheim. With Al Gore. 2006.
Employee development and training is an alternate zone. In the IT business, training is not simply about recognizing training needs and giving the presupposed training, but anticipating and reckoning the necessities and advancing suitable training to equip employees so that they can handle the challenges.
Another serious challenge is the way businesses have the ability to fuse all the sub-systems in H and help them in accomplishing a definitive objective: extraordinary performance. Individuals must be groomed to get in tune with the performance culture. Making an environment that invigorates the formation of information and its sustenance all through the organization is an enormous challenge. However, investments in Human esource Information Systems (HIS) must create, maintain, and enhance a performance driven culture. The role shifts to that of a facilitator. H will include the entire organization in this process and go about as an advisor and facilitator. This is a H…
Aswathappa, A. (2009). International business. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill.
Bell, M.P. (2012). Diversity in organizations. Mason, Ohio: South-Western College.
Burke, R.J. (2005). Reinventing human resource management: Challenges and new directions. London [u.a.: Routledge.
Congress, E.P., & Gonza-lez, M.J. (2013). Multicultural perspectives in social work practice with families. New York: Springer Pub. Company.
The September, 2003 supplement to the Economist, Running on One Engine contains a survey of the worlds economy, and outlines how the economic engine in America is similar to the single engine operation in a large commercial airliner. Connections are not made by the writers that an airliner operating on one engine can stay in the air for a limited amount of time, but cannot be expected to fly without problems, nor can it be expected to continue its course as if it were running on all of its multiple engines. The economists carry the metaphor to the country, and the global economy. The single engine is taxed beyond its design capacity. The overworked engine could fail, and thereby leave the airliner no other option but to plummet ground ward. In the same way, the authors say that the American economy, should it stall, could bring the entire…
Understanding this aspect is one of the keys to understanding the principle behind Flying on one Engine. The authors take great pains to describe the precarious position which the U.S. has created by becoming the sole leader in the global economy. Beginning in the 1980's the U.S. economy made larger gains as a global supplier of goods and services than did our major industrialized partners, Japan, China and Germany. According to the supplement, the momentum gained by the U.S. during the 1980's lead to increasing acceleration during the 1990's. Since 1995, domestic demand for goods and services has risen 3.7%, which is twice the rate of the rest of the modern or rich world.
The survey goes on to evaluate the economic policies of Reagan, and how these tax reductionist policies under the Bush administration are continuing to create the increased demand in the U.S., thus fueling U.S. contribution to the global economic pie. In comparison to Germany, China, and Japan, the U.S. has captured more of the global markets, and since the high amount of demand in the U.S. is also creating an import - export imbalance which is not in our favor, the authors suggest that a U.S. slow down could negatively affect the entire globe.
What the Economist supplement does not address is that the taxation policy under Reagan and both Bush's has been the source of the economic growth in the U.S. Across the globe, our major trading partners do not share our policy of reducing taxes to stimulate growth. Germany, Japan, and China all have created an interdependent relationship between business and government.
You need a stable foothold and insight into the dynamics of the marketplace from which to be able to peer effectively into the future.... Marketing research can provide real value by helping to provide the radar that will alert the enterprise to perils -- and opportunities -- ahead" (Duboff & Spaeth 2000, pp. 3-13). Proponents of market research maintain that these activities help to ensure that companies remain consumer-orientated. According to Fuglsang and Sundbo (2002), the value of market research can depend on what type of service or product is involved, and what destination country is intended for export purposes. "In practice," they advise, "this means that new products are more successful if they are designed to satisfy a perceived need than if they are designed simply to take advantage of a new technology. The approach taken by many companies with regard to market research is that if sufficient research…
Dictionary of Business. 1996. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Brewer, Thomas L. And Alan M. Rugman. 2001. The Oxford Handbook of International Business. New York: Oxford University Press.
Drummond, Lisa B.W. And Mandy Thomas (Eds). Consuming Urban Culture in Contemporary Vietnam. New York: Routledge.
Duboff, Robert and Jim Spaeth. 2000. Market Research Matters: Tools and Techniques for Aligning Your Business. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
How global warming induced natural resource shortages will cause violent conflict in the Middle East
Background on Climate Change
Implications for the Middle East
Global warming, or climate change, is no longer begging the question of when the effects of this phenomenon will begin to unfold; rather the changes in the climate are already being witnessed. There are many at risk populations all over the world. Many of these populations already are dealing with food and/or water shortages which will only become more problematic in the near future. Once resources become scarcer and exceed the carrying capacity of the local or regional population then this will introduce a new level of conflict that has the potential to easily become violent. There are few mitigation strategies that can help this point. Migration is always an option, but regional areas will be affected in similar ways. This analysis…
Britanica. (N.d.). Greenhouse Effect. Retrieved from Answers: http://www.answers.com/topic/greenhouse-effect
Brown, O., & Crawford, A. (2009). Rising temperatures, rising tensions: climate change and the risk of violent conflict in the Middle East. Retrieved from IISD: http://www.iisd.org/pdf/2009/rising_temps_middle_east.pdf
Clayton, M. (2007, March 22). Global boom in coal power - and emissions. Retrieved November 16, 2011, from The Christian Science Monitor: http://www.csmonitor.com/2007/0322/p01s04-wogi.html
CO2 Now. (2011, November 16). Earth's CO2 Home Page. Retrieved November 16, 2011, from CO2 Now.
Global Business Leadership
When I first registered for the global leadership class, I thought "isn't all business the same?" In the sense that I really wasn't sure what distinguished global leadership from any other type of leadership. Having never held a management position in the workplace, I was perhaps at a disadvantage to understand the nuances of the question of global business leadership. The course has broadened my understanding of leadership on a global scale.
I see leadership as the process of leading people. The latter point is specific to understanding what leadership is -- people. A manager is someone who manages resources, and directs them to tasks, but these resources are not necessarily people -- they can be capital, or equipment. Thus, a manager is someone who determines who and what will perform the different tasks that will bring the organization closer to its stated objectives. Leadership is somewhat…
Rost, J. (1998). Leadership and management. From Leading organizations: Perspectives for a new era. Sage Publications: Thousand Oaks, CA
Global Marketing Strategies and Management Techniques of Apple Inc.
The central objective of this report is to perform an environmental analysis of a country in which our selected company shall aim to establish a market for its products and services. The company chosen for the purposes of this report is Apple Inc. The country selected for the analysis is The People's Republic of China. The aim of this report is to assist the management of Apple Inc. In assessing whether the country presents a viable business opportunity or not. The product chosen for this purpose is the Apple iPhone 4S.
The Apple iPhone 4S is said to be the best technology that the company has come up with in the iPhone product line. With the dual-core A-5 chip, 8 megapixel iSight camera, io5 and iCloud functions coupled with a speech recognition personal assistant dubbed Siri, it is one the most…
Altucher, J., 2010. There's no stopping China, s.l.: New York Post.
Anon., 2010. Apple Form 10-K, s.l.: Apple Inc.
Anon., 2011. [Online]
Available at: http://www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2011/china?page=22&country=8016&year=2011
Over the last couple of generations, the world of business has gotten much more global and advanced. Technology, transportation and other advances have made the importation and exportation or goods much easier, much quicker and much more financially lucrative. Perhaps the best example of this is the heavy use of importation from China that Wal-Mart engages in with a litany of partner firms on the other side of the ocean. Wal-Mart is but one example of this phenomenon but it is certainly a major one that exist. This report shall explore international strategic alliances that businesses engage in and some of the details behind them. While some international business arrangements are ill-advised, a good many of them can be quite profitable and lucrative.
International Business Explored
The introduction of this report mentioned China, so this report will first explore them as a test case and example. Indeed, doing…
Matusitz, J., & Leanza, K. (2009). Wal-Mart: An Analysis of the Globalization of the Cathedral of Consumption in China. Globalizations, 6(2), 187-205.
Pangarkar, N., & Klein, S. (2004). The Impact of Control on International Joint Venture
Performance: A Contingency Approach. Journal Of International
Global Operations Management: A Discussion
When an entrepreneur first launches a company, most of the labor and materials can be covered domestically and in-house. However, as the business expands, it makes more and more sense financially to move the production overseas. For many companies, using a foreign supplier is the answer to absorbing the bulk of the burgeoning sales and administrative expenses. There are both marked benefits in the development of manufacturing outside of the United States, as well as significant disadvantages. Engaging in such an endeavor requires much preparation, flexibility and overall understanding of cultural diversity among nations, races and ethnic groups. Such an endeavor is best for only highly skilled managers who have experience in managing both delicate and nuanced interactions between peoples and cultures.
The most obvious advantage of creating a manufacturing operation outside of America is reduced cost. “Choosing to outsource your manufacturing can potentially…
As a result, demand for this type of aircraft seems to be stabilizing and we expect to return to higher production rates. In the meantime, rail transportation group, which is less vulnerable to economic woes, has continued growing. Since May 1 of this year, the company has received new orders totaling nearly 3 billion euros and spanning not only the European and American markets, but also, the Asia-Pacific market, namely, China and Australia. Moreover, the company has acquired an aircraft assembly plant and announced the development of a new intercontinental business aircraft, the Global 5000 (Swickard, 2004). The company is increasingly paying its attention on its core know-how; product and market diversification; and anticipation of emerging needs.
Putting in perspective, Bombardier is Canada's largest aerospace exporter and one of the largest exporters in the country overall. It accounted for more than half of the aerospace industry's total revenues in 2002…
Middleton, a. (2004). "Expanded Horizons," Marketing, 109, Iss. 29, pp. 8-9.
Swickard, James E. (2004) "Bombardier Global 5000 Set a Class Record," Business & Commercial Aviation, 95, Iss. 2, pp. 14-15
However, one needs to understand that the profits should be split evenly across other areas of operations as well, especially in research and development and other areas that stimulate company creativity.
1. Hoover, Jeremy. 2004. 3 Ways To Re-Invest In Your usiness For Maximum Profits. On the Internet at http://www.mlmknowhow.com/articles/managing/reinvest.htm.
Student 3: One of the reasons to reinvest is because it will make you look professional (http://www.megabizflakes.com/top-3-reasons-re-invest-business) This is not as silly as it seems. The market and success on the market is quite often based on the way the clients and partners perceive you. If this is a company that reinvests most or all of its profits, then this is a company that is likely to have greater credibility on the market than a company that pays out more dividends. The former shows more commitment to long-term growth and to sustainable development, while the latter tends to look…
1. Ven. 2010. How To Reinvest Your Online Business Knowledge ? | Money & Knowledge. On the Internet at http://emoneymakingonline.com/2010/12/21/how-to-reinvest/. Last retrieved on September 30, 2011
Student 4: Reinvesting the profit also makes sense from a financial perspective. Reinvesting the profit means that it will not be taxed or rather that it will be taxed less. This means that the company will be able to enjoy both the operational benefits of reinvesting the profit (including further developing the business), but also saving an expense, through avoiding the taxation of its profits. This should also make sense from a shareholders' point-of-view, because the value of the company they have a stake in will increase, while they will not be taxed on dividends, since they will not be receiving them.
It is never easy to determine how much to reinvest, but the general understanding is that the first years of the business should be those years where all or most of the profit is reinvested. It is more important during that phase to build the market share, retrieve new client accounts and invest in research and development. Following this initial phase, the decision of how much of the profit to reinvest should remain with the shareholders, who own the company and who are the most likely to best decide how to spend their money/profits.