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Goal-Setting & Task Performance
In the journal article "Managing time: the effects of personal goal setting on resource allocation strategy and task performance," authors Strickland and Galimba (2001) centered their discussion on the relationship between goal setting and task performance among undergraduate students. Using an experimental design for the study, the authors explored whether goal-setting influences task performance or not. Furthermore, they also determined whether there are differences between the task performances of undergraduate students with and without set goals.
Findings of the study supported these hypotheses. Indeed, it was noted from the experiment that students with set goals have better task performance than those without while undergoing a series of activities that tested their verbal, numerical, and spatial-relations skills and abilities. 'Better task performance' meant that students who have set goals performed efficiently, without having to resort to repeated "task switching." Those who do not have a set of…
Spieker, C. And V. Hinsz. (2004). "Repeated success and failure influences on self-efficacy and personal goals." Social Behavior & Personality: An International Journal, Vol. 32, Issue 2.
Strickland, O. And M. Galimba. (2001). "Managing time: the effects of personal goal setting on resource allocation strategy and task performance." The Journal of Psychology, Vol. 135, Issue 4.
Components of goal theory and its benefits in the workplace
The goal theory suggests that by allowing employees to set goals, they can be influenced to work harder to meet these goals by motivating them. This will lead to a significant boost in employee performance and translate to benefits for the organization as well. The basic principles of the goal setting theory are clarity, commitment, challenge, complexity, and feedback. The theory posits that goals that are set by employees need to be SMAT. This means they should be specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, and time-bound. This is important for the goals to be clear to both the employees and the organization. The theory also states the second attribute of goals as commitment from the employee to meet the goals. Employees should be motivated to feel like the goals and goal-setting process is important for them to be committed to…
Eccles, J.S., & Wigfield, A. (2002). Motivational beliefs, values, and goals. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 109-132.
Elliott, E.S., & Dweck, C.S. (1988). Goals: An approach to motivation and achievement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 5-12.
Goal Setting Theory Application
The goal setting theory was a product of the research conducted by Edwin Locke and Gary Latham who carried out more than 400 separate studies in this regard. They indicated that goals have a pervasive effect on the behavior of the people working within a given organization hence there is need for care and attention while setting goals since with the right conditions, goals can be powerful ways of motivating employees. The theory hence indicates that high and specific goals often lead to higher performance by individuals as compared to vague and low goals set (Locke E. & Latham P., 1990). There are various character traits that need to be explicit in a goal according to this theory:
Goals need to be specific; when there is requirement to meet some specific high standards then there is a likelihood of the organization realizing higher performance from the…
Locke E. & Latham P., (1990). New Directions in Goal-Setting Theory. Retrieved August 31, 2013 from http://home.ubalt.edu/tmitch/642/Articles%20syllabus/Locke%20et%20al%20New%20dir%20goal%20setting%2006.pdf
Goal - setting theory (urtis 37) starts with the situationally specific, conscious motivational factors closest to action: goals and intentions. Goal theory then works backward to determine what causes goals and makes them effective. The specific, close-to-action goal - setting approaches have been more successful in explaining performance than the general, far from-action motivational approaches that stress general needs and motives based on subconscious values. Only when ideas become goals based on beliefs about what is important or what one wants to attain or should attain do they affect action. Having a goal affects task performance because people will do things (take action) to attain the goal.
Goals affect task performance in at least three ways. First, they energize performance by motivating people to exert effort in line with the difficulty or demands of the goals or task. It is not simple physiological arousal that produces high performance, but rather,…
Challenging goals lead to high performance only if the individual is committed to them. Commitment refers to one's attachment to or determination to reach a goal, regardless of where the goal originated. It is inclusive of the term acceptance. Expectancy is a significant predictor of goal commitment -- that is, the individual's belief that exerting effort will produce a certain level of performance and that performance will lead to valued outcomes.
Goal setting would only work if like stated above the individual is personally committed. This would be an effective means if there were an opportunity for a bonus or paid day off. By using this method, you would have to pinpoint only individuals that are driven by setting goals and have a personal stake in whether or not those particular goals are met.
Expectancy Theory-This model, suggests that individuals, acting through self-interest, adopt courses of action perceived as maximizing the probability of desirable outcomes for themselves. This desire to maximize self-interest provides aspiring leaders with unique opportunities to assume leadership roles by simultaneously meeting both follower needs and organizational requirements. "V. H. Vroom (1964) suggested that people consciously choose particular
Goal Setting Theory
Describing Goal Setting Theory and Summarizing a Sample of esearch on the Theory
Goal-Setting Theory: Overview and current research
Goal-setting theory was first developed by (Locke & Latham 2005) for the benefit of industrial/organizational (I/O) psychology. The theory's basic tenant is that setting higher goals lead to higher levels of task performance vs. easier or more abstract goals. The follower must be committed, have the ability to accomplish the goal, and must not be troubled by conflicting goals. The organization must also identify a clear discrepancy between the present, where there is a deficit regarding goals, and the future where the goal must be realized for the organization to thrive (Locke & Latham 2005: 265). Several central mechanisms are at play regarding the theory. The first and foremost is the notion that people will only reach goals if they have a psychological awareness of the extent…
Locke, E & Latham, G. (2005). New directions in Goal-Setting Theory. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15 (5); 265
Lunenburg, F. (2011). Goal-setting theory of motivation. International Journal of Management,
Business, and Administration, 15 (1): 1-6
Seijts, G.H., Latham, G.P., Tasa, K., & Latham, B.W. (2004). Goal setting and goal orientation:
Goal setting is a powerful process for thinking about your ideal future and for motivating yourself to turn your vision of this future into reality" (Personal goal-setting, 2011, Mind Tools). Many people have said that they key to achieving long-term goals is to achieve a series of short-term goals. After all, there is only one way to scale a mountaintop -- step-by-step! "When you have determined where you want your life to be in one year -- or five -- or even 20, it will have an impact on what you do TODAY. A person who dreams of being a lawyer will not have much success obtaining that goal if they don't first make the time to fit studying and school into their schedule today" (Setting goals: Long-term and short-term goals, 2005, Time Management), However, to ensure you are moving forward in the direction of meeting critical short-term goals, you…
Chaffee, John, (2009). Thinking critically, 10th edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Personal goal-setting. (2011). Mind Tools. Retrieved October 9, 2011 at http://www.mindtools.com/page6.html
Setting goals: Long-term and short-term goals. (2005). Time Management.
Retrieved October 9, 2011 at http://alcwebmarketing.com/Time_Management/Setting_Goals_Long_Term_and_Short_Term_Goals.html
Social Work with IndividualsPractice Skills: Goal SettingHope restoration: The client should be become more hopeful about the future and what it holds, be capable of formulating medium-term and long-term goals, etc. As per the psychotherapy model, one of the key suicidal ideation contributing factors happens to be hopelessness (McLeod, 2013). For this reason, the relevance of eliminating hopelessness cannot be overstated on this front. Towards this end, the client will be tasked with the accomplishment of happiness and morale boosting tasks. These could be inclusive of, but they are not limited to participating in visits to child shelters, active engagement in spiritual activities.Adapt/vary though processes: In this case, deliberate actions ought to be taken to ensure that the client is able to not only identify faulty thoughts, but also replace them with thoughts that are more rational or accurate. For instance, in the present scenario, the client appears convinced that…
McLeod, J. (2013). An Introduction to Research in Counselling and Psychotherapy. SAGE.
Measuable goals allow students to know when they have achieved thei goals.
Achievable goals ae those within a student's each.
Reasonable goals achieve a balance between pushing students to thei limits and not fustating them.
Time-limited goals ceate due dates that push students to complete a goal. A timeline should include peiodic checks on pogess (NRS Tips: Leane Goals and NRS Goals -- Making the Connection, n.d.).
Establishing adult leane goals defines the aeas in which instuction and leaning will be focused in addition to poviding a benchmak by which pogams and students epot pogess. To seve this dual pupose, it is essential to diffeentiate between shot- and long-tem milestones.
It is necessay to update the student's goal selection if thei situation changes.
It may be suitable to estict the choice of cetain goals when thei selection is inappopiate.
Pogams must povide guidance so that adult leanes select epoting goals…
references: Goal-setting and self-assessment activities in a tertiary education environment. Language Teaching Research. 13(2), p177-199.
Kelly, Michelle H. (2006). Teach an Old Dog New Tricks: Training Techniques for the Adult
Learner. Professional Safety. 51(8), p44-48.
NRS Tips: Learner Goals and NRS Goals -- Making the Connection. (n.d.). Retrieved March 24,
2010, from Web site: http://www.nrsweb.org/docs/tips/NRSGoalsSetting.pdf
Locke's Goal-Setting Theory
Most people want and need to know what is expected of them in the workplace, and Locke (1964) proposed that goal-setting theory can help explain why. Subsequently, Locke (1996) conceptualized goals as being the objective or purpose that serves to guide individual actions at work (Perrone & Smith, 2003). The main points of Locke's goal-setting theory are as follows:
Specific high goals lead to higher performance than setting no goals or setting an abstract goal such as "do your best";
There is a linear relationship between goal difficulty and performance and the higher the goal the higher the performance; and,
Factors such as feedback, participation in decision making, and competition only affect performance to the extent that they lead to the setting of and commitment to specific high goals (Latham, 2001, p. 1).
According to Latham, "Three of the four mediators of the goal setting performance relationship…
Baird, T. & Tempest, S. (2010, August). Service users' perceptions and experiences of goal setting theory and practice in an inpatient neurorehabilitation unit. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 73(8), 373-377.
Curran, K. & Reivich, K. (2011, May). Goal setting and hope. Communique, 39(7), 1-5.
Gerhardt, M.W. & Luzadis, R.A. (2009, November). The importance of perceived task difficulty in goal orientation-assigned goal alignment. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 16(2), 167-172.
Latham, G.P. (2001, February). The reciprocal effects of science on practice: Insights from the practice and science of goal setting. Canadian Psychology, 42(1), 1-7.
This provides a competitive edge in that the company not only caters to a widely diverse public, but also in that they can understand and meet the needs of this public. Customer satisfaction would then lead to increased customers and better business.
The other three questions, relating to the employees' experience in the workplace, provide employees with the opportunity to voice any concerns or trouble they have, while also ensuring that the company not only remains diverse, but also truly integrated within this diversity. This leads to worker satisfaction, which would in turn mean a higher level of worker retention. The company therefore saves significantly in terms of recruiting new employees or using worker hours to train these employees.
The open communication platform created by the Diversity Index cultivates a sense of trust between employees and managers, which is further conducive to companywide excellence. Employees who trust their employers to…
Achieving and Maintaining Individual Excellence
For any organization, effectively motivating everyone is the key to ensuring their continuing happiness and well-being. This means that the strategies which are used will have an impact on how they feel about the management and the firm. Those organizations which understand and can apply flexibility in the process are more capable of connecting with them. To fully comprehend which approach is the most efficient requires carefully examining three different theories. During this process, there will be a focus on managing the environment, planning / program design, organizational design, human resource development, supervision, financial management, information systems, program evaluation, leadership, personal mastery, mental models, shared vision, team learning and systems thinking. Together, these elements will highlight how to use these tools to motivate and encourage everybody to do more. (Cherry, 2013) (Beck, 2004) (Weiner, 2013)
Managing the Environment
Job satisfaction is when an employee will…
Hertzberg's Theory of Motivation. (2010). You Tube. Retrieved from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Ub8R5c6tkE&feature=related
Want to Motivate People? (2010). You Tube. Retrieved from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LjArLRXMH58&feature=related
What is Organizational Learning. (2012). Sol Online. Retrieved from: http://www.solonline.org/?page=Abt_OrgLearning
Akanbi, P. (2013). Exploring the Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment. Journal of Business and Management Sciences, 2, 18 -- 22.
Richard Bolles states in his best-selling book What Color is Your Parachute? "We want to feel we were put here on Earth for some special purpose, to so some unique work that only we can accomplish. We want to know what our Mission is," (309). Bolles likens one's career goals to a religious mission, a significant undertaking that demands total commitment, dedication, and love. A mission entails more than just a job, and even more than "just" a career. Rather, a mission implies total fulfillment in all areas of life. When I fulfill my dreams, I will not only be financially secure but I will also enjoy a rich social and spiritual life. Initially formulating a mission statement forced me to examine my moral values as well as my talents, dreams, needs, and desires. On page 8 of What Color Is Your Parachute? Bolles suggests that the first step in…
What follows in this report is the Final Project for this class. There will be several questions that are answered as part of this final project. First up will be two to three short-term goals. These are goals that are expected and desired to be completed over the next year to four years. After that will be two to three long-term goals. These are goals that are to be completed and realized over the next fifteen to twenty years. There will be a brief explanation as to why defining short-term and long-term goals is important. Finally, there will be an identification and sharing of the resources that the author of this report might use to help define organization goals that are relevant, complete and defined. While planning five to twenty years down the road may seem too abstract or unreasonable to some, it is important to define both…
Kumar, S. (2015). The Importance of Goals. Level Ten Dallas, TX. Retrieved 16 October 2015, from http://getlevelten.com/blog/sumeeta-kumar/importance-goals
Saft, J. (2015). Allocating for all your assets, including human capital: James Saft. Reuters. Retrieved 16 October 2015, from http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/07/17/us-saft-wealth-idUSKCN0PQ2M520150717
Time. (2015). Behind the Enron Scandal - TIME. TIME.com. Retrieved 16 October 2015, from http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/0,28757,2021097,00.html
Goals Athletes Set in Training and Competition
Perhaps the biggest mistake a researcher can make it to assume that if research has been done, that means the research is good research. In actuality, there is a significant amount of bad research available and those who rely upon it can easily draw bad conclusions. While there are an infinite number of ways that research can be bad, probably the most significant risk in bad research is research that detects a relationship (correlation) between two or more different variables and, from that relationship, seeks to suggest that there is causation between two or more of those variables. This can be due to an improper conclusion, but it can also be due to faulty research design that has failed to account for all of the other variables that could impact the results.
Defining Good esearch
It can be difficult to define good research…
Denscombe, M. (2007). The good research guide for small-scale social research projects, 3rd
Ed. Poland: Open University Press.
Munroe-Chandler, K., Hall, C., Weinberg, R.S. (2004). A qualitative analysis of the types of goals athletes set in training and competition. Journal of Sport Behavior, 27(1), 58-74.
Shuttleworth, M. (2008). Validity and reliability. Retrieved March 9, 2012 from Experiment
Define the Goal
The goal that I am setting for myself for the next three-four months is to go the gym regularly. I feel that going to the gym and getting exercise is very important for one's health. I have seen the impact that going to the gym has made on some people in my life, and want to have the same positive experience. I know that inherently, exercise is a part of being healthy. The healthier that I am, the better my quality of life will be. To support having a better quality of life, I want to start regular exercise. Further, I look at the next four months as being important because that will take me into summer. In the warmer months, you wear less clothing, and I want to feel good, fit and confident to just go out and look great, and not have any…
Setting the Stage for Business Process Improvement
Recently, many top managers have shifted their thinking regarding production. Rather than focusing on quality alone, they have improved their competitive edge by improving quality, increasing productivity, reducing costs, and increasing customer satisfaction. Businesses have discovered that the "best way to ensure external customer satisfaction is to satisfy every internal customer at each step pf the process.
Improving business processes varies from industry to industry. For example, manufacturing companies may want to concentrate on better technology while service companies may be more interested in efficiency.
Regardless of the industry, all companies can benefit from removing barriers that interrupt the flow of work and streamlining processes to reduce waste and lower costs. The best way to do this is through business process improvement (BPI), which is critical in cutting costs and improving competitive strategy.
According to Harrington, one of the most important aspects of…
Harrington, James. Business Process Improvement: The Breakthrough Strategy for Total Quality, Productivity, and Competitiveness. McGraw Hill, New York, 1991.
Harrington, p. 26.
Setting Policies and Procedures
In every organization the Human esource Manager plays a very critical role.as the Human esource Manager there are several things that I will be expected to do. This paper will look at some of the tasks that are set before me.
The influence of the Joint Commission on basic functions of the HM
The Joint Commission is a non-profit organization in the United States that is charged with the duty of the accreditation of both healthcare organizations and programs within the United States. The main mission of the organization is to improve the healthcare of the public. They also collaborate with other stakeholders through the evaluation of health care organizations and strive to inspire them into excelling in the provision of effective and safe care which is of high quality and value. The joint commission has had a significant impact on the basic functions of HM.…
Anderson, A.(2011). What Are Behavior-Based Measures by Performance Review? Retrieved August 10, 2013 from http://www.ehow.com/info_8588256_behavior-based-measures-performance-review.html
Authenticity Consulting, LLC. (2010). How to Address Employee Performance Problems.Retrieved August 10, 2013 from http://managementhelp.org/employeeperformance/problems.htm
Rotan, B.L.(2012).Guide to Designing Benefit packages for cooperatives. Retrieved August 10, 2013 from http://www.rurdev.usda.gov/rbs/pub/sr36.pdf
One of the key ways organizations are saving money is by outsourcing tasks, whether small or non-business critical tasks or large, important strategic development projects.
There are many steps vital to the success of an outsourced project, plan or organization. In this case the company is taking steps to outsource business critical administrative and clerical tasks. To achieve these goals successfully, the organization must follow a seven step model proposed by Greaver (1999). Greaver points out there are many reasons to outsource, and many factors involved that cannot be overlooked. Outsourcing may result in enhanced organizational flexibility and effectiveness, organizational transformation, improved product and service value and improved operational performance (Greaver, 1999).
Despite these potential benefits, outsourcing often fails when not properly planned, implemented, evaluated and maintained (Khanna & andolph, 2005). H executives play a key role in helping organizations plan and transition for outsourcing. Their role includes vendor selection,…
Blumberg, L. (2004). "The Outsourcing Institute: How to engage in a strategic sourcing relationship." The Outsourcing Institute. Retrieved August 1, 2006: http://www.bnet.com/abstract.aspx?&scid=1610&docid=56085
Greaver, M. (1999). Strategic Outsourcing: A structured approach to outsourcing decisions and initiatives. New York: American Management Association.
Khanna, S. & Randolph, J. (2005). An HR Planning model for outsourcing. Human Resource Planning, 28(4): 37.
Perkins, B. (2004). "First ask why." Computerworld, 38(45): 60.
The article suggests that the teacher looks at the classroom through the eyes of an ADHD student, rather than through his or her own eyes, and monitors the environment with an eye upon the types of distractions that can overwhelm the consciousness of an ADHD child. It also stresses the need for the teacher to remain constantly upon his or her 'toes' and look for potential pitfalls to the child's success, such as overly chatty neighbors. Children who discourage rather than reinforce the ADHD behaviors should surround the most distractible students in the classroom.
Keeping the room at an appropriate temperature will facilitate learning for all students, as well discouraging the use of 'toys' from home. However, while these suggestions may be valuable, it could be argued that a 'dull' and unstimulating environment could actually make it more, rather than less difficult for the child to concentrate, given the inability…
"Setting up your classroom to help ADHD children." ADHD in school.
Retrieved November 7, 2010 at "Setting up your classroom to help ADHD children"
Setting Up Toddler Environment
Just like several other kids, Bella, a 2.5-year-old girl, entered her early childhood schooling setting during the initial years of her life, at a time when brain development and growth are considered most active. The main domains in her well-being include:
Language and cognitive development
beliefs, and mental health, social and emotional well-being
Bella's physical health underscores her physical development and growth, lifestyle and bodily health. This domain differs from other domains, in that, Bella's pre-birth circumstances and experiences, and early-infancy contributes to her present status of physical well-being. Further, Bella's emotional, social, and mental well-being can be seen from her early manifestations of emotion and temperament. Language and cognitive development forms one among the most critical elements of her well-being. Irrespective of whether it is agreed that emphasis on early childhood achievement is an ideal aspect, Bella's cognitive growth reflects significant continuity with…
Baby Development Guide (n.d). 2.5-Year-old Development Milestones. Retrieved January 30, 2016, from http://www.babydevelopmentguide.com/baby-development-by-months/2-and-half-year-old-milestones-2.html
Bergen, D., Reid, R., & Torelli, L. (2001). Educating and caring for very young children: The infant/toddler curriculum. New York: Teachers College Press.
Bovey, T., & Strain, P. (2003). Using environmental strategies to promote positive social interactions.
Child development (6) - two to three years. (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2016, from https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/healthyliving/child-development-6-two-to-three-years
There is confusion about laws which are subject to different interpretations and this result in critical information not being made available. This is caused by such laws like the "Educational ights and Privacy Act -- FEPA, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act -- HIPAA and a number of legislations that seek to protect the privacy of the family." ("eport to the President on Issues aised by the Virginia Tech Tragedy," 2007) Many state laws are also interpreted in such a way that they retard the work of agencies involved in monitoring health and safety issues. ("eport to the President on Issues aised by the Virginia Tech Tragedy," 2007) the complex nature of the law and the state laws, with a small percent of the laws applicable in a federal scale, it is not possible to enforce uniform standards.
It is to be concluded that the federal laws must be…
Billi, John E; Agrawal, Gail Bopp. (2001) "The Challenge of Regulating Managed Care"
Gostin, Larry Ogalthorpe. (2002) "Public Health Law and Ethics: A Reader" University of California Press.
Grim, Charles W. (2005, Jan) "IHS Focuses on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention"
Retrieved 11 February, 2008 at http://www.usmedicine.com/column.cfm?columnID=193&issueID=70
SMAT Goal 1: Leadership Development
Who is involved in the goal, what is the goal, where will it take place?
Self, Colleagues, Supervisors and Subordinates. The development of leadership comes with not only "doing," but in learning to listen, to find opportunities to exert leadership in a number of ways, and to use leadership theory to buttress a tool box of information that will help in a variety of situations.
(How are you going to achieve the goal?
Goals will be measured and achieved based on three factors: personal inventory of success or failure; feedback from stakeholders; feedback (written and verbal) from supervisors.
What resources/expert available to assist you with attaining your goal?
Bibliographic sources on leadership theory, use of contemporary nursing theories (Watson, Lenninger, etc.) on specific aspects of leadership behavior, feedback from stakeholders.
Is this goal something that is realistically obtainable in…
Bridon, M. (September 8, 2008). In the Know: Sharpen Your Organizational Skills. Stressed Out Nurses.Com. Retrieved from: http://www.stressedoutnurses.com / 2008/09/in-the-know-sharpen-your-organizational-skills/
Buchwach, D. (2009). Time Management for Nurses. HC Pro. Retrieved from: http://www.hcmarketplace.com/supplemental/7538_browse.pdf
Katzenbach, J. (1996). Change Management: Real Change Leaders. The McKenzie Quarterly, 1(1), 148-63.
Kuzmenko, T., Montagno, R., & Smith, B. (2004). Transformational and Servant Leadership: Content and Contextual Comparisons. Journal of Leadership and Organization Studies, 10(4), 80-91.
Even people that work odd hours or unconventional jobs still often find that it makes more sense if they keep their goals for their personal life apart from the goals for their public life.
These goals, whether public or private, are important in improving human performance. When people do not have any goals, they do not have anything to work toward. They may feel as though they have no sense of purpose, or that their life does not have much of a point. Despite the fact that every human being has value, those that have goals are often more secure, they work harder, and they are more determined to follow through with what they start. While there are many motivating factors that come with setting goals, sometimes the highest degree of motivation can come from something simple, like a job well done.
Every organisation should have a set of underpinning values, and this is especially true of non-profit organisations, which exist for reasons other than earning profit. The values are typically embedded not only in the strategic objectives that leadership sets for the organisation but also in the methods by which the organisation seeks to attain those objectives. The values set the cultural tone for the organisation, and the culture influences organisation actions and outcomes. The amount of study on this subject, however, has been minimal in management literature. This paper will examine the relationship between organisational culture, organisational values and organisational strategic objectives, with an emphasis on the non-profit sector. The values that underpin an organisation should be reflected both in the culture and the objectives, but the nature of this relationship remains relatively unexplored. This is the gap that the present paper will seek to fill.
Berson, Y., Oreg, S. & Dvir, T. (2008). CEO values, organisational culture and firm outcomes. Journal of Organisational Behavior. Vol. 29 (5) 615-633.
Boxx, W., Odom, R. & Dunn, M. (1991) Organisational values and value congruency and their impact on satisfaction, commitment, and cohesion: An empirical examination within the public sector. Public Personnel Management. Vol. 20 (2) 195-205.
Colley, S., Lincolne, J. & Neal, A. (2013). An examination of the relationship amongst profiles of perceived organisational values, safety climate and safety outcomes. Safety Science. Vol. 51 (2013) 69-76.
Gregory, B., Harris, S., Armenakis, A. & Shook, C. (2009). Organisational culture and effectiveness: A study of values, attitudes and organisational outcomes. Journal of Business Research. Vol. 62 (2009) 673-679.
An article by Bernard Stahl, "The responsible company of the future: reflective responsibility in business," that the one thing that is certain about the future is its uncertainty. While uncertainty has always been a constant of human life, due to technological and social developments, risk and uncertainty are going to be defining features that future companies of the future will have to face. Acting responsibly will allow companies to face risks and uncertainties, to adhere to moral standards and at the same time improve their economic viability. Developing and implementing a plan for responsible action will demand costly and significant resources, patience and the acceptance that failure can still occur. However, this approach will be much better for our country and the world at large. I look forward to having such a company after graduating.
Similarly, an article by Ken Petress, "Some thoughts about deception," stresses that "Deception is shown…
Strategy for a Non-Profit Trying to Establish Itself
Our Lady of Mt. Carmel (OLMC) is a non-profit organization whose mission is to provide seminary training in a learning environment where young men can gain some knowledge of the pre-Vatican II teachings of the oman Catholic Church. Acting as an independent mission from the diocese in which it is situated, the leaders of OLMC depend on contributions from their own supporters, as they are provided no assistance from the local diocese because with it they have no affiliation. The leaders of OLMC are independent priests.
Stakeholders and Goals
The stakeholders of OLMC include the priests in the administration, the seminarians who are there to receive training, the supporters from within the community who come to the seminary chapel for sacraments, and the teachers/professors/cooks/grounds crew, and other professionals who assist in the running of the facilities.
Because the seminary of OLMC is…
Anand, V., Ashforth, B., Joshi, M. "Business as usual: The acceptance and perpetuation of corruption in organizations" Academy of Management Executive, 19, no. 4 (2005): 9-23.
Bazerman, M., Tenbrunsel, A. "Stumbling into Bad Behavior." The New York
Times. 2011. Web. 21 Oct 2015.
Bryson, J. M. (2011). Strategic planning for public and nonprofit organizations: A guide to strengthening and sustaining organizational achievement (4th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
President/CEO of a company should concern him or herself with the following strategic goals:
Create a working culture that embraces diversity.
Improve external and internal customer satisfaction.
Developing a mission statement and business strategy.
Prepare employees and the organization as a whole to meet increasing global challenges.
Create strategic partnerships or alliances between competitors, vendors and suppliers.
Deliver the highest quality product or service to customers.
Tactical Goals For Other members of an organization include:
Ensure the organization is operational.
Make sure knowledge is shared between business units and departments.
Perform internal and external analysis of current marketing presence and techniques.
Adopt marketing strategies to propel the organization to the forefront o the market.
Streamline business processes to manage financial transactions.
Establish reporting mechanisms that correlate with business units needs.
Ensure the organization maintains a profit and establishes a reasonable budget for conducting day-to-day…
"Developing a strategic business plan." 23, Sept. 2005:
setting of a story can reveal important things about the narrative's larger meaning, because the setting implies certain things about the characters, context, and themes that would otherwise remain implicit or undiscussed. In their short stories "The Lottery" and "The Rocking-Horse inner," Shirley Jackson and DH Lawrence use particular settings in order to comment on the political and socio-economic status of their characters without inserting any explicitly political or socio-economic discussion into the narrative. In the case of "The Lottery," the setting transforms the story from a one of simple horror to a more nuanced critique of American society, and particularly its dedication to arbitrary, destructive beliefs. Lawrence's "The Rocking-Horse inner" makes a similar point, but in this case the setting serves to implicitly critique the consumerism encouraged by capitalist hegemony in England. Comparing and contrasting these two settings allows one to better understand how each story makes an identifiable…
Jackson, Shirley. The Lottery and Other Stories. New York: Farrar, Strauss, and Giroux, 2005.
Lawrence, DH Selected Short Stories. Toronto: Dover Publications, 1993.
Settings: Dulce et Decorum Est and the Open Boat
The two pieces of literature chosen for comparison for this essay both reflect the insignificance of life and the arbitrary nature of the universe. Both works are set to reflect man's struggle to survive under extraordinary circumstances. Dulce Et Decorum Est by ilfred Owen is a poem set on the battle fields of the First orld ar. The Open Boat by Stephen Crane is set on a life boat on a raging sea. In Owen's poem it is society that is indifferent to the significance of a man's life, while in Crane's short story it is nature that is indifferent to the significance of a man's life. Both works take place in the early twentieth century. In each case men are thrown together because of circumstance and are faced with life and death situations.
Owen's poem speaks of the horrific…
Crane, Stephen. "The Open Boat." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction. Eds R.V. Caccill and Richard Bausch. New York W.W. Norton & Company Inc., 2000, 176-194. Print.
Owen, Wilfred. "Dulce et Decorum Est." The War Poetry Website. Saxon Books, 1998, Web. 20 February 2013.
Clickers/esponses Phonics Lesson
Phonics Long Vowel - Silent e Lesson Plan for Special Education
Students will recognize and say words that follow the c-v-c-e and v-c-e rule where the first vowel is a long vowel and the final e is silent. By using the Clickers/esponses as a classroom game they will utilize them after hearing the correct sounds.
Students with the will be able to spell and write out some basic long vowel words that have c-v-c-e and v-c-e spelling patterns and will use the Clickers/esponses when they hear the right sound.
About the Concept:
There are several regular long vowel spelling patterns in the English language. The c-v-c-e pattern (consonant-vowel-consonant-final e) is a long vowel spelling pattern which occurs quite frequently in early reading and spelling. Essentially, the phonics rule for this design mentions that when a vowel and final e are separated by a single consonant, the…
Indiana Standards. (2010, March 3). Retrieved from Learniing Connection: https://learningconnection.doe.in.gov/Standards/About.aspx?art=11
Classroom Resources. (2012, September 5). Retrieved from ReadWritethink: http://www.readwritethink.org/classroom-resources/lesson-plans/
Elementary K-5 Writing Curriculum. (2012, September 5). Retrieved from Melrose Public Schools: https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:aLFi5i1eLl4J:www.melroseschools.com/lincoln/MPS_Writing_Curriculum_K_5.pdf+writing+curriculum+for+elementary&hl=en&gl=us&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEEShGXpwCDU3mdB2rQVO2e3Dav6AgQn-3Ng2vDjsDa_f50Pd5k8wDn4zmQH2cTwV3P7kAA2v9zu
Gates-MacGinitie Reading Tests® Online. (2012, September 5). Retrieved from Online reading test: http://www.riversidepublishing.com/products/gmrtOnline/index.html
Setting the stage for the group
Psychological intervention might be most efficient when females start modification by leaving the abuser and get in a shelter. Shelters are an essential resource for victims because they offer females and kids security and link them with social, legal, and financial resources (Dutton, 1992). Furthermore, battered females in shelters have a greater threat for PTSD than those who do not look for shelter (Jones et al., 2001). Provided the problems connected with PTSD, these signs might disrupt victims' capability to successfully utilize resources made to enhance their security once they leave the shelter (Foa, Cascardi, Zollner, & Feeny, 2000).
Unlike various other PTSD victims, damaged ladies in shelters deal with continuous security issues. Numerous of their viewed dangers are genuine (Foa et al., 2000). For that reason, conventional PTSD therapies that include exposure are contraindicated, as habituation to feared stimulations might enhance their danger…
Baer, R.A. (Ed.). (2006). Mindfulness-based treatment approaches: Clinician's guide to evidence base and applications. New York: Academic Press.
Bagshaw, D., Chung, D., Couch, M., Lilburn, S. And Wadham, B. (2000), Reshaping Responses to Domestic Violence: Final Report, University of South Australia.
Beauchamp, T.L., & Childress, J.F. (2001). Principles of biomedical ethics (5th ed.). New York: Oxford.
Betan, E.J., & Stanton, A.L. (1999). Fostering ethical willingness: Integrating emotional and contextual awareness with rational analysis. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 30, 295-301.
How Settings Define Characters:
Into the ild and Sex and the City
Every year at the Oscars, an academy award is awarded to the best costume designer, to the best in visual effects, to the best sound editing and best sound mixing. All of these individual elements work in harmony to create the setting of a motion picture- a setting that the audience will remember, so incredible that it makes the plot better. Settings are extremely important facet in any story- a book, a movie, a television show, as it helps the audience imagine that they are there and walking alongside the characters on the screen or through the pages of a novel. Settings are also important in propelling the individual characters through the plot- the setting helps meld their personalities, their actions and reactions to certain situations. The idea that settings aid in the shaping the main characters…
Hiott, Taylor. "Into the Wild - Critical Review of the Novel About the Journey of Christopher McCandless." Associated Content. Yahoo!, 26 May 2009. Web. 11 Aug 2011. .
Wisniewski, Chris. "Sex and the City." Reverse Shot. Web. 11 Aug 2011. .
Just as clearly no individual who is logical would consider Charles Manson or Theodore undy as eligible profiles for the restorative justice program or even for rehabilitation program or indeed of any other than imprisonment or death by execution There are however, very potentially productive, useful, and worthy individuals who are shuffled into the correction system due to their inability to hire a lawyer or lack of knowledge concerning their rights to having representation appointed to them that with education and knowledge or skills acquisition can be successfully rehabilitation or restored to society and within the community. Recently there has been documented an additional strategy in criminal justice corrections which is described as a 'transformational' process and is a cognitive-behavioral approach in treatment.
RECOMMENDATIONS for FUTURE CORRECTIONS
Cognitive behavioral approaches are being used in transforming the dysfunctional thinking of the individual. The work of Mahoney and Lyddon (1988) relate approximately…
MacKenzie, DL and Hickman, LJ (1998) What Works in Corrections? An Examination of the Effectiveness of the Type of Rehabilitation Programs Offered by Washington State Department of Corrections. Submitted to: The State of Washington Legislature joint audit and review committee. Crime Prevention effectiveness Program - Dept. Criminology and Criminal Justice. Online available at http://www.ccjs.umd.edu/corrections/What%20Works%20In%20Corrections.htm
Van Ness, DW (nd) Restorative Justice in Prisons. Session 204: The Practice of Restorative Justice in Prison Reform. PFI Centre for Justice and Reconciliation. Prison Fellowship International. Online available at http://www.restorativejustice.org/editions/2005/july05/2005-06-21.9036003387 .
Complexity of the Social Contract (2001) Prisoner Life Online available at http://www.prisonerlife.com/s_writings6.cfm .
Erikson, Kai. Wayward Puritans. New York: John Wiley, 1966.
Although every research setting will be unique in some fashion, there are some generalities involved in content analysis that can be followed by novice researchers. For example, according to Riffe, Lacy and Fico (2005), "Usually, but not always, content analysis involves drawing representative samples of content. The data collected in a quantitative content analysis are then usually analyzed to describe what are typical patterns or characteristics, or to identify important relationships among the variables measured" (p. 2).
Narrative analysis. This research methodology considers the narrative stories provided by narrators as representing their authentic social reality (Etherington, 2004). According to Etherington, "Narrative analysis views life as constructed and experienced through the telling and re-telling of the story, and the analysis is the creation of a coherent and resonant story" (2004, p. 81). Narrative analyses is not intended to identify commonalties or conceptual themes among narrative accounts, but rather relies on the…
Correlational research. This type of research identifies and evaluates the natural relationship that exists between different variables. According to Groat and Wang, "This characteristic means that it is particularly appropriate in circumstances when variables either cannot be manipulated for practical reasons or should not be manipulated for ethical reasons" (2003, p. 244).
Developmental designs. This type of research is used to measure changes that occur over lengthy periods of time (Developmental research, 2012). For example, a developmental design would be suitable for analyzing the differences in academic and social development in low-income vs. high-income neighborhoods. This research design is most common when working with children as subjects and can be undertaken using several methods: longitudinal, cross sectional, and cross sequential (Developmental research, 2012).
Survey research. Survey research collects data from a large number of respondents in an attempt to gain a better understanding about this sample as a whole (Grinnel & Unrau, 2005). According to Grinnel and Unrau, "It is essential, therefore, that survey research procedures produce data that is accurate, reliable, and representative so that findings can be generalized from a sample to the larger population or to different research situations" (p. 272). One of the main strengths of survey research concerns its flexibility for data-gathering purposes. De Vaus (2002) notes that, "A survey is not just a particular technique of collecting information: questionnaires are widely used but other techniques, such as structured and in-depth interviews, observation, content analysis and so forth, can also be used in survey research. The distinguishing features of surveys are the form of the data and the method of analysis" (p. 3). This main strength, though, is offset somewhat by the constraints that are inherent in the approach, but these constraints are frequently related to
S. y individuals such as Edward Deming. Meanwhile, other business managers were also looking for ways to enhance quality and speed up production. In 1951, the concept of total quality management was introduced along with its quality circles. In 1982, Tom Peters' book in Search of Excellence shook the industrial world by making companies look seriously at their production mode. Statistical process control (SPC) was also making a comeback in industrial areas. Ford Company started to look seriously at was happening with automobile production in Japan.
It is in the midst of all these changes that Israeli-born physicist and business manager Goldratt used the unique novel form instead of a textbook to introduce his theory of constraints. When reading the book, it now seems "ho hum," because in most companies looking for the bottlenecks is second nature. Yet going back to the early 1980s, these were radical ideas concerning continuous…
Beyond the role of this book in an historical sense, is the fundamentals that it stresses. By using a simple-to-understand example of boyscouts, it demonstrates the means for speeding up a process -- in this case, hiking. It looks at production as an overall system of integrated parts, or the whole company working together to bring results. There are different organizational units working together and becoming greater than the whole, rather than each standing separately and doing its own thing. In addition, it shows the value of thinking by using the Socratic method to answer questions and encourage people to think out of the box and share best practices.
In addition, the Goal is just a good read. It has some mystery and suspense, romance and relationship problems, humor and an easy-to-understand way of making a more complicated subject. Since 1984, this book has sold millions. There is a reason for this. It should be read by all new business and industry majors. It will continue to be a "classic" in industrial literature, and Goldratt one of the first "gurus" on his time.
Goldrutt, Eliyahu. The Goal. Great Barrington, MA: North River Press, 1984.
He also held weekly cookouts and he stood in line with all the crew to show he was on equal footing for that day.
One of Abrashoff's heroes was Peter Drucker, often referred to as the "father" of the modern management theory. Drucker predicted the emergence of the innovative knowledge worker -- the kind of talented employee that electronics firms hire as often as they can -- and he developed a management style that sought to "…embrace team members' creativity and intellectual contributions," according to M.E. Oss, writing in Behavioral Healthcare. Drucker developed the idea of decentralizing the workplace, and viewing the workplace as a "human community" that should be built on full trust and deep respect for the worker, not just a place where profit is the sole motive (Byrne, et al., 2005). Drucker treated the workers as "assets" rather than "liabilities" and long before other management…
Abrashoff, Michael D. (2002). it's Your Ship: Management Techniques from the Best Damn
Ship in the Navy. New York: Warner Books.
Alic, John a., and Harris, Martha Caldwell. (1986). Employment lessons from the electronics
Industry. Monthly Labor Review, 27-31.
My Goals For The Next Five Years
Setting goals: SMART
Setting goals is an important part of moving forward in life. Martin Luther King Jr. once said: "If you can't fly then run, if you can't run then walk, if you can't walk then crawl, but whatever you do you have to keep moving forward." Of course, all of us would like to fly forward and reach our goals easily. But often long-term goals take a great deal of work to achieve, and are the cumulation of a series of short-term goals that are undertaken step-by-step. My ultimate personal goal in life is to be a good mother to my son and to financially as well as personally support him on his journey to becoming a pilot while I pay off my house. My long-term academic goal is to complete my major successfully. I am studying to be…
I must put aside the desire to have fun and instead study as hard as I possibly can. I must also focus on my career satisfaction, advancement, and financial stability in the future, despite the uncertainty of the present moment.
Are you willing to try to correct your weakness to meet the goal?
Learning better time management skills and when to put myself first are not simply essential parts of becoming an effective nurse, but also living a fulfilling life. I am convinced that becoming a better nurse will also make me a better human being.
Does this goal fit you?
My concern for others combined with my love of scientific learning makes the profession ideal for me: and there will be a need for more nurses in the future. I am satisfying my own needs, the needs of my patients, and the needs of society in becoming a nurse.…
Clark, Kim. (2009, October 9). 7 reasons to work your way through college. U.S. News
and World Report. Retrieved March 29, 2010 at http://www.usnews.com/blogs/college-cash-101/2009/10/09/7-reasons-to-work-your-way-through-college.html
Halsley, Ashley. (2009, April 4). Demand for nurses lessens during economic downturn.
The Washington Post. Retrieved March 29, 2010 at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/04/04/AR2009040402871.html
Team Process Selection:
Setting SMAT goals and avoiding social loafing
For the purpose of this paper, I agreed to volunteer on a local committee designed to reduce childhood obesity in our immediate area. As is the case with many communities, the increasing BMI of children due to unhealthy food consumption and a lack of places to exercise are of great concern, especially to parents of elementary and middle school-age children. The committee was designed to create a less obesegenic environment through a variety of initiatives for this age group.
The committee works closely with the local elementary and middle schools, providing suggestions and support to make it easier for children to walk to school. ecent efforts have included putting in new bike racks on school grounds and hiring an additional crossing guard, to make walking to school less hazardous. The school has also eliminated bake sales as a source of…
"Creating SMART goals." Top Achievement. [3 Nov 2013]
"Important differences between groups and teams." Hogan Assessments. [3 Nov 2013]
http://info.hoganassessments.com/blog/bid/166201/Important-Differences-Between - Groups-and-Teams
Leadership Path Goal Theory
The Boy Scouts" using the "path- goal theory
Path Goal Theory
Explain how the theory works and include an example
Explain the effect of power and influence that leaders have on followers in the organization
Are the followers receptive?
Would you recommend another strategy?
Evaluate the role of transformational and transformational leadership in the organization
Effectiveness of transformational and transactional leadership in the organization
Assess the traits and characteristics of an effective team leader within the organization
Explain how the leadership supports vision, mission, and strategy in the organization
If you were the leader in the organization, what would you change and why?
The leadership theories are different in their relevance and approach, however, the importance of effective leadership cannot be undermined in operations of a successful organization. The boy scouts and other military organizations also…
Bolman, L.G., & Deal, T.E. (2011). Reframing organizations: Artistry, choice and leadership. USA: Jossey-Bass.
Samson, D., & Daft, R.L. (2009). Fundamentals of management. Australia: Cengage Learning.
Winkler, I. (2010). Contemporary leadership theories. USA: Springer.
Good researchers tend to pull methods out of a tool kit as they are needed" (2006, p. 54). Notwithstanding these criticisms and constraints, though, most social researchers seem to agree that classification by some type of research paradigm is a useful approach based on the need to determine which approach is best suited for a given research enterprise. In this regard, Corby concludes that, "The contested nature of research makes it impossible and unhelpful to ignore the different aims and purposes of various research projects and the methods and approaches being used to carry them out" (2006, p. 54). Therefore, the different aims and purposes of the positivist research paradigm, the constructivist research paradigm and the pragmatic research paradigm are discussed further below.
Positivist Research Paradigm
The positivist research paradigm is a quantitative-based approach that generally seeks to identify trends and patterns that can be used to formulate predictions concerning…
Ames, S.L., Gallaher, P.E., Sun, P. & Pearce, S. (2005). A Web-based program for coding open-ended response protocols. Behavior Research Methods, 37(3), 470-471.
Authors provide a description of a Web-based application that provides researchers with the ability to analyze participant-generated and open-ended data. Authors note that the application was developed in order to take advantage of online surveying based on its ease of use and flexibility. Authors note that this application may be of particular value to researchers who are employing large sample sizes that are frequently needed for projects in which frequency analyses are required. The application uses a grid-based set of criteria to establish codes for participant-generated and open-ended data collected from online surveys and can be applied for scoring results from stem completion,-word or picture associations, and comparable purposes in which such participant-generated responses require categorization and coding. Authors advise that they use this application for their professional online surveying purpose in experimental psychology to examine substance abuse patterns derived from participant-generated responses to various verbal and nonverbal associative memory problems, but that the application is also appropriate for other research areas as well. Authors also note that the application helps improve survey reliability by providing a systematic approach to coding participant-generated responses as well as evaluating the quality of coding and interjudge reliability by researchers with little or no specific training for the purposes. Authors conclude that the coding application is helpful for survey research that uses open-ended responses in virtually any research area of interest.
Austin, T.M., Richter, R.R. & Reinking, M.F. (2008). A primer on Web surveys. Journal of Allied Health, 37(3), 180-181.
Authors report that survey research has become a widely accepted research methodology that has been facilitated through the introduction of computer-based and online survey methods. Authors also emphasize that although electronic survey methods are useful in a wide range of settings for a variety of purposes, they are not appropriate in every situation. Online surveys involve various technologies that have not been available (or required) for paper-and-pencil surveys and require special considerations involving their design, pilot testing, and response rates. Authors present the results of their empirical observations and professional experience in using Web-based surveys to illustrate some of the advantages and disadvantages of the approach, including security and confidentiality issues (they make the point that electronic surveys are particularly vulnerable to compromise and that survey data must be protected as the research progresses) as well as the special considerations that must be taken into account as they apply to this surveying approach. Authors also discuss issues such as sampling error, a "how-to" guide to writing survey questions for online media, and how to order questions to ensure that respondents answer accurately and faithfully. All in all, this was a very timely guide for researchers for identifying when Web-based surveys are most appropriate and what factors should be taken into account in the design, posting and analysis of online surveys.
corporations, Skype is setting benchmarks by embracing the Nadler-Tushman's Congruence Model. Skype is focusing on various variables that may be a source of influence on its success of embracing change. This means that Skype has the capability to understand the challenges experienced by organizations in the process of introducing change. Skype has used the Nadler-Tushman's Congruence Model to develop several strategies that will ensure that the organization will detect any changes in the external environment. The company achieves this through well-organized interactions within its subsystems. Skype has enhanced its payment methods and the capability of its development through embracing a new payment strategy. This payment strategy is much cheap compared to other softwares; it is convenient for Skype a user.
Alternatively, Skype has embraced another convenient strategy of working together with other partners. This helps the company to realize opportunities for revenue as well as improve the experience of customers.…
Cameron, E. (2004). Making sense of change management: a complete guide to the tools, models, and techniques of organizational change. London: Kogan Page.
Nadler, D.A. & Tushman, M.L., (1997). Competing by design: the power of organizational architecture. New York: Oxford University Press.
Managing Quality in Practice Settings: Six Sigma at Floyd Medical Center
By examining an organization's approach to establishing, measuring, and evaluating performance and outcomes, it is possible to develop a firmer grasp on how the quality control process functions in practice. To this end, this paper provides a review of the literature concerning quality management practices at Floyd Medical Center in ome, Georgia, followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues in the conclusion.
Meaning of "managing quality" and what it means at Floyd Medical Center
Managing quality at Floyd Medical Center is the responsibility of all staff members and the hospital's stated goal in this regard is to "provide excellent care while ensuring the comfort, privacy and safety of our patients and visitors"; the medical center adds that its healthcare teams are "dedicated to continually improving your experience by providing quality health care that…
Cohen, J. (2008, May). CHAP and the Department of Veterans Affairs. Nursing and Health Care
Perspectives, 21(3), 151.
Gowen, C.R., Stock, G.N. & McFadden, K.L. (2008). Simultaneous implementation of Six
Sigma and knowledge management in hospitals. International Journal of Production
The activity will begin with two warm up exercises, the first being a short session with theraputty, to get Jack's fingers warmed up as the assessor notes can be helpful to him. (p.7) the second warm up activity will be a freeform painting session, where Jack will be offered the supplies and asked to be creative. (p.2) if the structured painting, of figures and shapes proves, very difficult for Jack, this freeform painting may actually be used as a physical break for Jack, so he may have the opportunity to have a physical break to rest and be creative, between each figure or shape. Each session will then begin, after the warm-up with the imitation of a geometric shape, with the single color and the paintbrush on the paper. The therapist will place a copy of the shape next to Jack on a directly adjacent easel, placed on Jacks dominant,…
Laura, (December 2000) "Occupational Therapy Evaluation: Jack."
Other techniques for improving the yields of agriculture included rudimentary means of employing pesticides to keep crops from being destroyed by insects and other such parasites. The development of improved tools for farming would also play a significant role in the increase of production.
As a direct role of changing from a hunter-gatherer society to an agriculturally-based society, there would be a number of specific changes to the way that particular group of people functioned. In many ways, agricultural societies are responsible for capitalism, or at least responsible for the need for capitalism. Once crops are produced at a level in which there can be a surplus created from their yields, there then becomes two forms of goods with which existence in such a society is based upon. The first would be consumptive goods, which are materials than can be consumed and which are, in the example of an agricultural…
CERNER software is built to allow for an enterprise-wide view of a patient\'s clinical information in order to coordinate patient care and document at which point care was delivered especially in acute patient settings. Using the software providers will have access to the right information and at the right time within the clinical workflows in order to make the best possible decision regarding patient care (Curry, 2010). In acute patient settings, it is vital that a nurse has the right information before they start attending to a patient. This is mainly beneficial to ensure that they understand the patient\'s condition or problem before they can begin to offer care. Using the CERNER software, it is easy for a nurse to access this information and make informed decisions based on the information that has been entered regarding the patient’s condition. In acute care, real-time information is vital to the provision of…
As the saying goes, 'two heads are better than one' so teams working together can find solutions better than a person working alone. Collective wisdom is important in business and as such, given the diversity in the workforce, professionals are required to be adaptable and willing to evaluate the way they conduct business. According to the Anti-Defamation League diversity has a direct impact on the marketplace, talent, and organizational effectiveness.
Moreover, according to them, when companies value diversity and effectively manage it, they can build better relationships, improve decision-making, stimulate effective team building, expand the ability to change problems into opportunities, provide employees with skills that promote organizational effectiveness, increase employee initiative, camaraderie and morale, and reduce conflict among many other benefits. In today's economy, successful organizations "recognize that managing diversity is an opportunity to increase productivity and create effective business strategies." (Anti-Defamation League, 2003).
Anti-Defamation League. (2003).…
Anti-Defamation League. (2003). The Business Case for Diversity. Retrieved from http://www.adl.org/education/edu_awod/anti-Bias_in_workplace.pdf
Kelly, E., Young, A., Clark, L. (1993). Sex Stereotyping in the Workplace: A Manager's Guide -- Women in Business. Business Horizons, March-April. Retrieved from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1038/is_n2_v36/ai_13815063/?tag=content;col1
Taggart, A. (2007). Beyond Diversity: Becoming a Culturally Competent Organization. Ivey Business Journal, September-October. Retrieved from http://www.iveybusinessjournal.com/article.asp?intArticle_ID=712
Workman, D. (2008). International Trade Communication: Smart Business Negotiators Adapt to Audience Cultural Styles. Retrieved from http://internationalbusiness.suite101.com/article.cfm/international_trade_communication
In health care, leadership is one the most critical factors in determining how to deal with a host of challenges. These issues will decide the way staff members should address various problems and improve quality. Two SMAT goals that were chosen include: enhancing patient safety and team coordination. These areas were selected based upon the number of difficulties impacting different health systems. (Manser. 2009)
For instance, Manser (2009) determined that these variables were interconnected with each other. Evidence of this can be seen with him saying, "The staff's perceptions of teamwork and attitudes toward safety-relevant team behavior were related to the quality and safety of patient care. The perceptions of teamwork and leadership style are associated with staff well-being, which are impacting clinician's ability to provide safe patient care." As a health care professional, these goals will help me to have a better understanding of the best ways…
Medical Teamwork and Patient Safety. (2012). AHRQ. Retrieved from: http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/final-reports/medteam/index.html
Lyu, H. (2013). Patient Satisfaction. JAMA, 148 (4), 362 -- 367.
Manser, T. (2009). Teamwork and Patient Safety. ACTA, 53 (2), 141 -- 151.
Prybril, L. (2010). Board Oversight. American Journal of Medical Quality, 28 (1), 34 -- 41.
Path Goal Theory
THEOY AND PACITCE: PATH GOAL THEOY
DEFINITION OF PATH GOAL THEOY
Path Goal theory is reported to be about "how leaders motivate subordinates to accomplish designated goals." (Northhouse, 2010, p.125) Path Goal theory is reported to have first been written early in the decade of the 1970s "in the work of Evans (1970), House (1971), House and Deasler (1974) and House and Mitchell (1974)." (Northhouse, 2010, p. 125) The goal of this theory of leadership is reported to enhance of performance and satisfaction of employees through a focus on motivation of employees. (Northhouse, 2010, paraphrased) eported as the basis for Path Goal theory is that which is gained from "expectancy theory, which suggests that subordinates will be motivated if they think they are capable of performing their work, if they believe their efforts will result in a certain outcome, and if they believe that the payoffs for…
Northouse, P.G.(2010) Leadership Theory and Practice, 5th edition, Sage Publication. Read the chapter 7 on Goal Path theory.
In my case, that time is in the mid-afternoon because I have learned that this is the time when I tend to be able to concentrate the best ([email protected], 2011). Another aspect of time management I have learned is that it is extremely important to control my environment to prevent distractions from wasting my time. That means that if it is difficult to concentrate on my work in my dorm room because other people are socializing, I have the responsibility to change my environment to one that is more conducive to studying ([email protected], 2011). I have combined those two elements in the following way: regardless of what else is going on, I go to the library at 4:00 PM on Monday, Wednesdays, and Fridays and I plan out in advance exactly what my goals are for that time period on each a particular day.
I have also learned that catching…
. (2011). 57 Time-Management Hacks for College Students. Retrieved http://www.collegeathome.com/blog/2008/05/21/57-time-management-hacks-for-college-students/
Lucier, K.L. (2008). "8 Steps for Strong Time Management for College Students
Learning How to Manage Your Time in College Can Be Critical for Your Success." About.com. Retrieved from:
People working teams achieve goals efficiently effectively people working '. Draw theories team design effectiveness give practical examples relating organisational/work University study experience discuss statement
Efficiency of team projects over individually handled projects
The current research project t is focused on the discussion of the following statement:
People working in teams always achieve their goals more efficiently and effectively than people working alone.
In order to address it, a twofold approach is implemented -- the review of the specialized literature and the analysis of the practical implications within a real life context -- the working teams at Wal-Mart. It is eventually concluded that the teams are indeed more efficient than individuals, but that the development and management of a team is a matter to be decided upon based on the unique particularities of every business situation.
Table of contents
2. Key issues / findings from the literature…
Alberts, D.J., 2007, A model of multidiscipline teams in knowledge-creating organizations, Team Performance Management, Vol. 13, No. 5/6
Armstrong, M., 2008, Chapter 05: Team building, Kogan Page Ltd.
Capozzoli, T., 2006, How to succeed with self-directed work teams, Super Vision, Vol. 67, No. 2
Castka, P., Bamber, C.J., Sharp, J.M., Belohoubek, P., 2001, Factors affecting successful implementation of high performance teams, Team Performance Management, Vol. 7, No. 7
competency goal which New & Cochran (2008) identify as "to establish and maintain a safe, healthy learning environment" can be broken down into a number of areas (functional) which include safe, healthy and last but not least; learning environment.
When it comes to the safe functional area, my goal is to ensure that children appreciate the need to adhere to rules and regulations in a way that would ensure they remain safe as they explore. It can be noted that when it comes to exploration, the relevance of safety cannot be overstated. Indeed, it is through exploration that children learn better and hence safety here should be of the essence. To provide a safe environment so as to bring down the chances of injury, I always ensure that I inspect all the equipment used for play. Here, I ensure that such equipment does not have any breakage, cracks, loose parts…
New, R.S., & Cochran, M. (2008). Early Childhood Education: A-D. Greenwood Publishing.
Robertson, C. (2009). Safety, Nutrition and Health in Early Education. Cengage learning.
National Health Goals and Behavioral Influences
Nurse Educators in Downstream, Midstream, and Upstream Obesity Interventions
The professional nurse has numerous opportunities to advocate for changes in social policy, community awareness, and behavioral risk factors associated with the choices of individual patients. With respect to obesity intervention, nurses can contribute their efforts to upstream, midstream, and downstream interventions. McKinley describes a framework that details the manner in which professional nurses can intervene to reduce the risk factors in obesity at three distinct levels: upstream, midstream, and downstream.
The types of obesity risk factors that exist at the upstream level include the prevalence of poor dietetic choices in the community, advertisement campaigns for unhealthful food choices targeted to children and other vulnerable populations, and the absence of government regulation over areas where appropriate legislation could reduce some of those risk factors by mandating socially conscious behavior on the part of food manufacturers…
Kovner, A.R., and Knickman, J.R. (2011). Health Care Delivery in The United States
(10th ed.). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.
Patient expectations and goals
When one is unwell, there are expectations that the individual has and these vary from one patient to another bearing the peculiarity of the sickness the person suffers from. However, there is the other level that determines the differing in the goals that the patients have, and that is the duration or type of care that the patient is put under, be it long-term care, acute care or home care. All these present varying goals and expectations due to the different needs that the patients have.
Long-term care patients
Long-term care is when one needs help of another on the emotional or physical needs over a prolonged period of time. This is often given to people with the patients who need the greatest medical care needs. Due to their health condition, the expectations and goals of these patients include having a highly trained medical practitioner,…
National care Planning Council, (2013). About Long-Term Care. Retrieved September 6, 2013 from http://www.longtermcarelink.net/eldercare/long_term_care.htm
The Regents of University of California, (2013). Acute Care or Emergency. Retrieved September 6, 2013 from http://www.ucsfhealth.org/acute_care_or_emergency/
In terms of the messages it transmits, these have a triple value -- to customers, to organizations and to the academicians. To customers, it transmits that demand for certain products can be increased or decreased through marketing efforts. To economic entities, it sends the message that consistency across marketing endeavors is crucial for ultimate success. For the academic community, it constitutes a new angle for assessment of marketing efforts.
An extension of the study could go deeper and assess if there exists a link between customer perceptions related to goal fluency and the type of product sold, not just brand. It could assess different categories of products, such as every day commodities or luxury products.
Labroo, a.A., Lee, a.Y., 2006, Between Two Brands: A Goal Fluency Account of Brand Evaluation, Journal of Marketing esearch, Vol.…
Labroo, a.A., Lee, a.Y., 2006, Between Two Brands: A Goal Fluency Account of Brand Evaluation, Journal of Marketing Research, Vol. 43, pp.374-385
. This process is shown to be applicable to the many different areas of
the divisions and the overall areas of change most needed, including
suppliers and customer relationships.
. After finding the five-step process in the previous chapters' lessons
learned the team experiments with the steps and creates a revised set
. Step one - identify the systems constraints including all
bottlenecks and all variables including in the constraint
. Step two - define strategies for how to cope with,
overcome, and capitalize on constraints within the model
. Step three - take all tasks to step two decisions
. Step four - evaluate all systems constraints and look to
. Step five - If in the previous steps a constraint was
encountered, then broken, the process needs to go back to
. The team finds for the first time…
Write a summary of this interview. Do not submit a transcript of the interview.
5. Using the information from your reading, this interview and any journal articles that you find, discuss the impact that public policies have on the roles and responsibilities of clinical mental health counselors working in diverse communities. Be sure to discuss the roles and responsibilities of counselors providing services to clients of diverse ages, backgrounds, and exceptional abilities, including strategies for differentiated interventions. (How do counselors ensure that interventions "fit" for diverse clients?)
6. Discuss how the policies of professional, governmental, and accrediting organizations have impacted the practice of this counselor.
. Share your impressions of the information that the counselor shared, anything that you found particularly interesting, surprising, or that you expected to hear. Discuss the impact that the interview had on your beliefs, expectations, and goals related to becoming a clinical mental health counselor…
7. Share your impressions of the information that the counselor shared, anything that you found particularly interesting, surprising, or that you expected to hear. Discuss the impact that the interview had on your beliefs, expectations, and goals related to becoming a clinical mental health counselor working in this setting.
Summary of the interview
The ability of a clinical mental health counselor to work with a socially and culturally diverse population (e.g race, gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation, economic status) is noted by the American Mental Health Association (AMHA, 2011) to be an important quality of all professional clinical mental health counselors. The work of Patterson (1996) indicated that multicultural counseling is important in order for the inadequacies of the mental health services targeting the minority groups to be eliminated. Such inadequacies include the lack of bilingual counselors, discrimination, and the lack of counselors who are members of the minority groups as well as prejudice in counselors. In this paper we discuss the impact that public policies have on the roles and responsibilities of clinical mental health counselors working in diverse
Early Detection and Management of Diabetic Neuropathy in a Clinical and Homecare Setting
The objective of this study is to examine early detection and management of diabetic neuropathy in a clinical and homecare setting and specifically through examination of articles published after 2002. The information from each source will be summarized listing the strengths and weaknesses of each article in separate paragraphs. As well, this work will utilize table or graphs to present the findings.
O'eilly, Caryl Ann (2005) Managing the Care of Patients with Diabetes in the Home Care Setting, Diabetes Spectrum, July 2005. Vol. 18. No. 3. etrieved from: http://spectrum.diabetesjournals.org/content/18/3/162.full
The work of O'eilly (2005) reports that more patients than ever before are released earlier from hospitals and rehabilitation center and that those with diabetes are included in this trend. Diabetes is reported to be ranked second following congestive heart failure as the primary diagnosis at…
Zieger, Anne (2009) Studies Offer Mixed Grades for Remote Diabetes Care. 6 July 2009 Retrieved from FierceHealthIT at: http://www.fiercehealthit.com/story/studies-offer-mixed-grades-remote-diabetes-care/2009-07-06
O'Reilly, Caryl Ann (2005) Managing the Care of Patients with Diabetes in the Home Care Setting, Diabetes Spectrum, July 2005. Vol. 18. No. 3. Retrieved from: http://spectrum.diabetesjournals.org/content/18/3/162.full
McLaughlin, Sue (2005) From Research to Practice/Diabetes Care in Special Settings: Meeting the Challenges: Diabetes Care in Special Settings Diabetes Spectrum July 2005 18:143-145. Retrieved from: http://www.vnsny.org/research/projects/1_implemetation.html
Desecration of Public Education in Urban Settings
Desecration of Public Education
Attack on Public Education
Public Education: A Democratic Demand
Government's Interest in Charter Schools
Why Charter System Needs to be Opposed
Division of the Community
Failing Public Schools will Loose Funding to the Charter Schools
Difference between Public and Charter Schools
No Standard Policies
Peer Pressure and Violence
Lack of Extracurricular Activities
Authority and their igid System
Ignorance about Children's Bad Habits
Following measures can be taken to improve public schools
Charter Schools vs. Public Schools
The Basics of Educational Policy: The Pressure for eform in American Education
The Pressure for eform in American Education
Traits of Charter Schools
Why Charter Schools Exist in Urban Settings
Why to Save Public Schools 21
The purpose of this research paper is to decipher the truth about…
Behrman, J.R. (1997). The Social Benefits of Education. London: CIP.
Hassel, B.C. (1999). The Charter School Challenge: Avoiding the Pitfalls, Fulfilling the Promise. Washington: Congress Cataloging.
Lieberman, M. (1993). Public Education: An Autopsy. New York: Congress Cataloging.
Buckley, J., & Buckley, J. (2007). Charter Schools: Hope or Hype? London: Princeton University Press.
How important is the setting of long-term financial goals/objectives in the financial planning of the Nike Inc. Please explain your reasoning
Long-term financial planning is beneficial for all stakeholders both directly and indirectly involved with Nike Inc. Long-term financial planning is what has allowed Nike to be considered the preeminent sporting brand in the world (Schwartz, 2010) Too often, the emotional characteristics of the marketplace place undue financial pressures on a particular organization. One only needs to look at the current global environment to see the implications on short-term gyrations on business sentiments. These sentiments serve as a self-fulfilling prophecy of sorts that distorts the long-term financial objectives of a company with the short-term business initiatives in which it undertakes. By focusing primarily on the long-term, companies are better prepared to effectively navigate the natural vicissitudes of short-term market fluctuation. Nike is a prime example of this long-term focus.…
1) Peters, Jeremy W. (August 19, 2009). "The Birth of 'Just Do It' and Other Magic Words." The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/20/business/media/20adco.html?_r=3&ref=business . Retrieved September 11, 2012
2) Schwartz, Peter (February 3, 2010). "The World's Top Sports Brands." Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/2010/02/03/most-powerful-sports-names-tiger-woods-nike-cmo-network-sports-brands.html . Retrieved September 18, 2012
3) Zabarenko, Deborah (June 19, 2007). "Reuters report." Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/environmentNews/idUSN1840883720070619?feedType=RSS . Retrieved September 11, 2012