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Instead, he believed from the charts he had studied that it would be possible to steer safely through the sharp rocks of the reef, shortening the time and distance of the trip (Streissguth & Chandler, 2003). Just after midnight, the ship struck the reef, and the disaster began. Soon thereafter, accusations began flying. Hazelwood had a history of drunk driving (of his car), and admitted to having several drinks between six and eight hours before the incident, and prosecution in his trial attempted to prove that he was drunk when the accident occurred. Instead, he was found guilty only of a misdemeanor charge, fined $50,000 and ordered to complete one thousand hours of community service, despite his claim to complete innocence (Streissguth & Chandler, 2003).
egardless of who caused the accident, its effect was immediately recognizable, and continues to this day (Piatt et al., 1990; Valdez, 2007). In all, an…
Exxon Valdez Oil Spill." (2007) Valdez convention and visitors bureau. Accessed 24 January 2009. http://www.valdezalaska.org/history/oilSpill.html
Piatt, J., Lensink, C., Butler, W., Kendziorek, M. & Nysewander, D. (1990) "Immediate impact of the Exxon Valdez oil spill on marine birds." The Auk, vol. 107, no. 2, pp. 387-397
Streissguth, T. & Chandler, G. (2003) the Exxon Valdez: The oil spill off the Alaskan coast. Mankato, MN: Capstone Press.
This has also been suggested by the survey of Forbes (2012). When some people are overpaid and the majority is underpaid, it leads to economic and social disparity in the society. Social disparity results in an increase in the crime rate as people are frustrated by lack of opportunities and consider crime as the only means which can provide them with their basic necessities. Economic disparity deprives people to meet their basic needs as the prices increase when economy grows. But this growth is limited to the elites in the society and there is no regard for the middle and lower class communities. Both the factors are unhealthy for the prosperity of a society as a whole.
acism is another issue portrayed in the movie. Although there have been stringent regulations regarding racist remarks but research has shown that almost 51% Americans engage in abusive comments towards the black community…
Brazile, D. (2012). Brazile: Racism's tenacious hold on U.S. [Online] Retrieved March 19, 2013 from http://edition.cnn.com/2012/11/01/opinion/brazile-race-sununu
Economist. (2010). Social Mobility and Inequality. [Online] Retrieved March 19, 2013 from http://www.economist.com/node/15908469
Forbes. (2012). How Income Inequality is Damaging the U.S. [online] Retrieved March 19, 2013 from http://www.forbes.com/sites/frederickallen/2012/10/02/how-income-inequality-is-damaging-the-u-s/
Kramer, R.M., & Pittinsky, T.L. (2012). Restoring trust in organizations and leaders: Enduring challenges and emerging answers. New York: Oxford University Press.
Friday Night Lights is a movie about the Permian Panthers, who are a high school football team in Odessa, Texas. The town is racially prejudiced and the economy is bad. The one exciting night in the week is Friday night because that is when the Permian Panthers play their football games. Because of problems on the team and the ways they face the problems, the Permian Panthers teach lessons in character, discipline, team work and also show some things that are wrong with football.
"Friday Night Lights" shows how the good qualities of character, discipline and team work can be developed in football. Dictionary.com says that "Character refers especially to moral qualities, ethical standards, principles, and the like" (Dictionary.com). It also says that "Discipline" is "behavior in accord with rules of conduct" (Dictionary.com). Finally, Dictionary.com says that "Team ork" is "cooperative or coordinated effort on the part of…
Abrams, Zac. Internet Movie Data Base Web site. 2004. Web. 20 January 2012.
Bissinger, Buzz. "NFL Playoffs: Why Football Needs Violence." 17 January 2011. The Daily Beast Web site. Web. 20 January 2012.
Dictionary.com. character, discipline, team work. n.d. Web. 20 January 2012.
Mayer, Larry. "Paralyzed Football Player Rocky Clark Passes Away." 7 January 2012. Chicago Bears Web site. Web. 20 January 2012.
Friday Night Lights
It's just a game, right? And everyone loves football? Combined with the recent media examples of parents who get a little bit too worked up about their children's sports, all of these factors might seem to indicate that the setting of H.G. Bissinger's modern sports classic Friday Night Lights is totally arbitrary. But the fact is, this story of the tragedies of a Texas high school football team couldn't happen just anywhere, in any town USA. Instead, Bissinger paints an impressive picture of a 1980's town in Texas where everything revolves around high school football. The town is economically and racially torn. The Panthers are largely white (with some exceptions) and the town, which was once prosperous, is now suffering a bust after a period of boom in the oil industry. People have lost everything they own, with no hopes of getting it back, thus the town's…
Bissinger, J.S. (2000) Friday Night Lights. New York: De Capo Press.
Friday Night Lights: A Town, a Team and a Dream, by H.G. issinger. Specifically, it will discuss the philosophical, psychological, social, and ethical views from the book, in regards to life, sports, coaching, and the students/players. Football in Odessa is the only reason most people live, and "Friday Night Lights" vividly shows the petty small town bigotry, small mindedness, and mentalities that create a culture out of football, and create life or death drama over winning or losing.
FRIDAY NIGHT LIGHTS
Friday Night Lights" is the story of Odessa, a small town in Texas, and the importance high school football plays in the community. The author writes about the town, "You drive into Odessa the first time and become immersed in a land so vast, so relentless, that something swells up inside, something that makes you feel powerless and insignificant" (issinger xi). Clearly, this is not just a book about…
Bissinger, H.G. Friday Night Lights: A Town, a Team, and a Dream. Reading, MA: Perseus Publishing, 1990.
On Friday 6/15 I went to home depot to see a speech on "How to Manage You Lawn and Garden." I had seen a flyer in the store on a previous visit and decided that this would be an interesting event to attend so that I could learn how to take care of my yard at home. This was a free event that just required showing up at the specified time. I was hoping to pick up some tips on how to better care for my flowers and grass as I always seem to have hard time making it look good all summer long.
Evaluation of Speaker
The speaker was a representative from expertvillage.com. He had been invited to speak to the audience in regards to how to manage ones yard and garden. His motivation for giving this speak came from his intense passion for sharing with others…
Instead, it is a problem that the entire community must address. We all contributed to the deaths of these teens by remaining silent, but not holding a community vigil to stop such tragedies from repeating themselves. And so they did repeat themselves, more than fourteen times. And no one can be blamed but us -- the community?
So how can we make these lives that so many believe to be wasted matter? What can we do to honor the memory and stop the tragedy? The answer is simple: we must be upfront about our community's problems. Local schools, government agencies, parents' forums, and the media must band together so that we can broadcast our problem, telling teens that it is no longer acceptable. We won't stand for them to take another drink. It is no longer an action that fathers will smirk about and mothers will dismiss. Instead, we'll view…
That would be nice, like the old times.' But eventually, they did find a parking space in an alley behind a Dunkin' Donuts and the girls piled out.
Alison had never seen a place move and shake quite like the frat house: the building was dilapidated and strobe lights from within poured out of the windows. At first, the brothers at the door weren't going to let them in, but then Jackie's brother appeared, the girls had stamps on their hand, and they were wandering through the beer-stained rooms.
At first, all of the girls were uncertain about what to do. Then, Bethany and Jackie had an inspiration. "Dance and pretend like you're having fun," whispered Bethany to Alison, and shoved her onto the makeshift dance floor on the first-floor common room.
"I don't know anyone."
"Look like you're having fun and you will," said Jackie.
Alison eventually wandered away…
The Aztecs believed 13 to be a sacred number. The Aztec week was thirteen days long and the number was respected as a measure of time and completion (Number 13, 2010). The Aztec calendar year was 260 days long, which was calculated as 20, thirteen day periods, called Trecenas. The goddess Tlazolteotl was the ruler of the 13th Trecena, who was the goddess of sin and could forgive sins (Number 13, 2010). In Hinduism, the thirteenth night of the waning moon in the month of Maagha is sacred to Shiva, and notes a cause for celebration of creation and preservation (Number 13, 2010). For those reading tarot cards, the tarot 13 is the card of death. In Scandinavia, the day of the Saint Lucia celebration is December 13th (Number 13, 2010). egarding United States currency, the number 13 is seemingly glorified. On the one dollar bill, there are 13 leaves…
Lachenmeyer, N. (2004). Thirteen: the story of the world's most popular superstition. New York, NY: Thunder's Mouth Press.
Number 13. (2010). Retrieved 3 February, 2012, from: http://mysticalnumbers.com/Number_13.html
Radford, E., & Radford, M. (1949). Encyclopedia of superstitions 1949. New York, NY: Philosophical Library Inc.
Scanlon, T., Luben, R., Scanlon, F., & Singleton, N. (1993). Is friday the 13th bad for your health?. British Medical Journal, 307, 1584-1586.
Constructive discharge materializes when an employee's only option is to quit their place of employment due to the employer making working conditions unbearable. In the scenario with the religious employee, the employee made it clear that he/she cannot work on a holy day due to his/her religious principles that are guarded under Title VII of the Civil ights Act of 1964. This mandatory shift forced on the employee created an unbearable condition in his/her workplace. Unbearable conditions may consist of: discrimination, harassment, or getting an undesirable modification in reimbursement or work for aims that are not professional.
Because the work shifts fell on days of religious observance for the employee and the company did not yield in providing an alternative shift, schedule, or option for the employee, he/she was faced with diminished work or to leave the job and quit thus creating an unbearable work condition. While employees who willingly…
American Law Institute-American Bar Association Committee on Continuing Professional Education (1988). Advanced employment law and litigation: ALI-ABA course of study materials. Philadelphia, Pa. (4025 Chestnut St.: American Law Institute-American Bar Association, Committee on Continuing Professional Education.
FindLaw (2003, January 24). GOLDMEIER v. ALLSTATE INSURANCE COMPANY, No. 01-3888., July 24, 2003 - U.S. 6th Circuit | FindLaw. Retrieved from http://caselaw.findlaw.com/us-6th-circuit/1483827.html
Labor & Employment Law Practice Group (2007, November 5). SIXTH CIRCUIT COURT DENIES EMPLOYEE'S RELIGIOUS ACCOMODATION AND DISCRIMINATION CLAIMS. Retrieved from http://www.plunkettcooney.com/publications-145.pdf
Lawson v. State of Washington (2002, April 10). Liebert Cassidy Whitmore | Court Concludes There Was No Constructive Discharge Due to Religious Beliefs. Retrieved from http://www.lcwlegal.com/64942
Cousins issued right rudder commands to result in the desired course change and took the ship off autopilot. While such efforts did not result in turning swiftly Cousins ordered further right rudder with increasing urgency. The bumpy ride and six very sharp jolts occurred at 12:04 AM. The vessel grounded towards southwest balanced across its middle on a pinnacle of Bligh eef. Eight of the eleven oil tanks punctured flooding about 5.8 million gallons out of the tanker in the first three and quarter hours. The confessions at NTSB indicated that Cousins may have been awake and normally at work for up to 18 hours preceding the accident. There is the evidence of direct impact of fatigue on human performance error and recognized that about 80% or more of marine accidents are attributable to human error. (Details about the Accident)
The circumstantial factors like prolonged duty hours, poor working conditions,…
Details about the Accident" Retrieved at http://www.evostc.state.ak.us/facts/details.html . Accessed 3 October, 2005
1989: Exxon Valdez creates oil slick disaster" (24 March, 1989) Retrieved at http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/24/newsid_4231000/4231971.stm . Accessed 3 October, 2005
Exxon Valdez disaster: 15 years of lies" (24 March, 2004) Retrieved at http://www.greenpeace.org/international/news/exxon-valdez-disaster-15-yearAccessed 3 October, 2005
Keeble, John. "Out of the Channel: The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill in Prince William Sound"
Such a parsing of into which school Samuel Beckett can be slotted may seem to be nothing more than intellectual engagement -- not that there is anything wrong with this -- but it also serves as an important way of assessing both the "Irishness" and the humor of Beckett's writings. Unlike a writer like John Synge, for example, or illiam Butler Yeats, Beckett is generally not clearly identifiable as Irish from the dialect or settings or historical references in his writings. (This is especially true, of course, once he begins to write in French.) But there are hints of his nationality in this back-and-forthing that he does with literary genres and literary conventions. Such liberty with self-identification in terms of artistic identity is not solely Irish, of course. But an unwillingness to be categorized neatly does seem to be clearly associated with colonial identity. Ireland in Beckett's time was still…
Barrett, William. Real Love Abides. The New York Times, September 16, 1956.
Beckett, Samuel. The Complete Dramatic Works. New York: Faber and Faber, 2006.
Cronin, Anthony. Samuel Beckett: The Last Modernist. New York: HarperCollins, 1997.
Fiedler, Leslie, Search for Peace in a World Lost. The New York Times, August 3, 1997.
PIA and the British Government's esponse
The war between the Provisional Irish epublican Army (PIA) and the British State from 1969 to 1998 was a complex situation in which various entities pursued similar and dissimilar aims through various channels (political as well as militaristic/terroristic). Even in the midst of the most violent clashes, secret talks were held between leaders of the PIA and the British State, with the political face of epublican beliefs (Sinn Fein) gaining popular support over the years and to some degree undermining the aims, objectives and capacity of the PIA to operate effectively (O'Brien, 1999; Tonge, 2002). The PIA's strategic effectiveness, however, was also complicated by its own inability to overcome specific problematic features of its own organization -- such as the factors of security and territoriality. Likewise, the British State had enacted a program of using informants and infiltrators to undermine the PIA from within.…
Beggan, D. (2009). Understanding Insurgency Violence: A Quantitative Analysis of the Political Violence in Northern Ireland 1969-1999. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 32: 705-725.
Bell, J. B. (2008). The Secret Army: The IRA. London: Transaction Publishers.
Bennett, H. (2010). From Direct Rule to Motorman: Adjusting British Military Strategy
for Northern Ireland in 1972. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 33: 511-532.
..if you really want the Christ and truly love him, there is nothing that will prevent his coming and taking up his abode with you provided your love for him manifests..." through loving inner spirit of Christ instead only the outside. One may appear to be a Christian yet the Lordship of Christ in the life of the Christian means that present is love, compassion and forgiveness for others. The Christian loves the 'inner spirit of Christ because to desire only the outside of Christ will not allow Christ true Lordship in our lives. Loving the inner spirit of Christ requires loving the spirit of love...faith...compassion... The spirit of forgiveness." (Lindsey-Weinman, 19?
Humanity tends to only: "...desire the outside of Christ..." (Lindsey-Weinman, 19?
-2000) the Christian loves more than simply an image of Christ as 'Lordship of Christ' does not mean loving the image of Christ in his white…
Article I - God (2007) UMC Online available at http://archives.umc.org/interior.asp?ptid=1&mid=1654
Article V - of the Sufficiency of the Holy Scriptures for Salvation. (2007) Online the United Methodist Church available at http://archives.umc.org/interior.asp?ptid=1&mid=1649
Free Grace: The Sermons of John Wesley (1703-1791) Global Ministries: The United Methodist Church. 2007.
Jones, Rev. Dr. Gregory (nd) the Practice of Ministry and Your Understanding of God, Divine Grace, Humanity, the Lordship of Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit dean of Duke Divinity School" FIX
It is not intended for the contemplation of the reserved sacrament. Under this new principle, Roman Catholic tabernacles are now set in separate chapels or other more appropriate places (ELCA).
Guidelines for Lutheran Churches
These Churches do not recommend the placement or use of eternal flame lamps in the worship area (ELCA 2011). Doing so will give the erroneous belief that God is present only because of the light or that He is absent if the light is off. Lutheran theology affirms the real presence of Christ in the sacrament and the maintenance of the elements for the sick and the homebound. Some Lutheran congregations keep a clear encased light near the elements to honor or indicate the area where these elements are kept but not to worship them (ELCA).
Symbols at the First Presbyterian Church
An acolyte carries a torch during a liturgical procession (FPCreidsville 2011). This light represents…
Anderson, Sherridan. The Use of Candles as a Symbol in Worship. Canadian Centre for Worship Studies: CCSW and Sherridan Anderson, 2003. Retrieved on May 19, 2011
Anderson, Todd D. The Lord be with You! Church of the Master United Methodist:
Otterbein University, 2011. Retrieved on May 19, 2011 from http://www.chmaster.org/education/articles/worship
Terrorism and Counterterrorism.
M5D1: Winners and Losers
Has a nation ever "won" a struggle against a terrorist organization? Was te victory sort-lived or seemingly permanent? Has a terrorist organization ever "won" in its conflict against a nation?
Peraps te closest example to a 'win' tat as ever been attained by eiter a terrorist group or its victim is tat of te IRA in Great Britain. Britain was terrorized by a series of attacks by tis organization. Te IRA demanded tat England leave Nortern Ireland. "From 1969 troug 1997, te IRA splintered into a number of organizations, all called te IRA… Te IRA began its terrorist attacks on te Britis army and police following a summer of violent rioting between Catolics and Protestants in Nortern Ireland," te most infamous of wic was called 'Bloody Sunday' (Zalman 2006). "For te next generation, te IRA carried out bombings, assassinations and oter terrorist attacks…
M5D2: Combating International Terrorism Do international terrorist organizations or movements, such as Al-Qaeda, that operate across international borders require an international agency to track and combat them? If so, which international agency or body should be responsible for combating cross-border terrorism? If not, how should nations fight these cross-border organizations?
"No state, however powerful, can defend itself unilaterally against transnational terrorism. Terrorist networks move operatives, money and material across borders and through the crevices of the global economy. Only through extensive cooperation on financial flows, intelligence, and police action can the risk of terrorism be reduced" (Policy brief on combatting international terrorism, 2008, The Brookings Institute: 1). Even if international agencies are not the only means by which to police international terrorism, they are surely some of the most effective. Terrorism is so difficult to contain and detect because it is a borderless crime. Increasingly terrorist organizations are non-state actors with relatively vague, undefined missions. Their outreach is international and so are their ambitions. While nations can and
Lord's Supper by authors Oscar Cullmann and Franz Jehan Leenhardt
One of the most perplexing issues facing any Christian today is the issue of how to view the taking of the Lord's Supper every Sunday. The ancient images of wine, bread, and physical and spiritual sacrifice have undergoing extensive debate and reinterpretation throughout all of Christianity. These images, despite the controversy they have inspired, however, still are central to Christian ritual and communal life and doctrine today.
Their controversial nature has spanned from the doctrine of transubstantiation established in the early Catholic Church, to the more flexible and metaphorical definition of some of today's Christian communities. In their book, Essays on the Lord's Supper the authors Oscar Cullmann and Franz Jehan Leenhardt offer their own faith perspectives on the issue. Their duality of perspective is particularly instructive, not simply from a theological point-of-view, but because Oscar Cullmann was a professor…
Cullmann, Oscar and F.J. Leenhardt, Essays on the Lord's Supper, London: Lutterworth Press, 1958.
But to a certain extent his distanced perspective, his hope and optimism, and also his willingness to listen to the grievances of both sides is what made him such a historically great peacemaker ("George Mitchell," Understanding Northern Ireland: BBC News, 2008). He refused to take 'no' for an answer, when people said that no compromise was possible.
Patience is one of Mitchell's most notable qualities, even though at the time some of his critics said "he gave too much latitude to participants in the talks who were over-fond of their own opinions" ("George Mitchell," Understanding Northern Ireland: BBC News, 2008). But without such unfailing patience, the final peace settlement could never have occurred. The final talks that cumulated in a politically inclusive agreement, the establishment of a chief executive agreeable to both parties, and the agreement of all paramilitary groups to hand over their weapons took thirty-six hours of nonstop…
George Mitchell." Understanding Northern Ireland: BBC News. 3 Mar 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/northern_ireland/understanding/profiles/george_mitchell.stm
It has also set off bombs in towns in the North of Ireland. The group is said to be the only military group in Ireland never to have yet killed or targeted a civilian. As of 2004, the CIRA is not believed to have an established presence or capability of launching attacks on the island of Great Britain. In 2004 the U.S. government believed the CIRA to consist of fewer than fifty fully active members. The U.S. government suspected the CIRA of receiving funds and arms from supporters in the United States. It is also believed that, in cooperation with the "Real" IRA, the CIRA may have acquired arms and material from the Balkans.
The Irish Republican Army first emerged as the army of the Irish Republic that had been declared at the Easter Rising of 1916 and affirmed by the irst Dail in January 1919. It was an amalgamation…
For a minority of nationalists, the home rule conceded was judged to be too little, too late. In the Easter Rising of 1916, these nationalists staged a rebellion against British rule in Dublin and in some other isolated areas. Weapons had been supplied by Germany, under the auspices of a leading human rights campaigner, Sir Roger Casement. However the plot had been discovered and the weapons were lost when the ship carrying them, the Aud, was scuttled rather than allow the arms to fall into British hands.
The rebellion was largely centered on Dublin. The leaders seized the Dublin General Post Office (GPO), raising a green flag bearing the legend "Irish Republic," and proclaiming independence for Ireland, though ironically some republicans in the GPO talked of making Prince Joachim of Prussia the King of Ireland if Germany won the First World War. Although many Irish people believe that the Rising and its leaders had public support, in reality there were calls for the execution of the ringleaders coming from the major Irish nationalist daily newspaper, the "Irish Independent" and local authorities. Dubliners not only cooperated with the British troops sent to quell the uprising, but undermined the Republicans as well. Many people spat and threw stones at them as they were marched towards the transport ships that would take them to the Welsh internment camps.
Public opinion gradually shifted, initially over the summary executions of 16 senior leaders, some of whom, such as James Connolly, were too ill to stand. Opinion shifted even more in favor of the Republicans in 1917-18 with the Conscription Crisis, when Britain tried to impose conscription on Ireland
The economy is market-oriented, and highly technologically advanced. Primary sectors include petroleum, steel, motor vehicles, consumer goods, aerospace, and telecommunications (CIA the World Factbook, United States).
Both Ireland and the United States have a high degree of economic freedom. The Heritage Foundation ranks Ireland as the world's 7th freest economy, with high levels of investment, financial, business, and property rights freedom. However, labor freedom is the weakest area for Ireland (Heritage Foundation, Ireland).
The Heritage Foundation ranks the United States as the world's 4th freest economy. Interestingly, the Hertiage Foundation notes "America could do slightly better in fiscal freedom and freedom from government" (Heritage Foundation, United States), while Ireland has more freedom from government (Heritage Foundation, Ireland).
CIA the World Factbook. 2007. Ireland. https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/print/ei.html
CIA the World Factbook. 2007. United States. https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/us.html
Heritage Foundation. 2007. Ireland. http://www.heritage.org/research/features/index/country.cfm?ID=Ireland
Heritage Foundation. 2007. United States. http://www.heritage.org/research/features/index/country.cfm?ID=Unitedstates
Commanding Heights, PBS. United Kingdom. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/commandingheights/lo/countries/uk/uk_political.html
CIA the World Factbook. 2007. Ireland. https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/print/ei.html
CIA the World Factbook. 2007. United States. https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/us.html
Heritage Foundation. 2007. Ireland. http://www.heritage.org/research/features/index/country.cfm?ID=Ireland
Heritage Foundation. 2007. United States. http://www.heritage.org/research/features/index/country.cfm?ID=Unitedstates
The History of Resurrection Tradition
According to Merriam-ebster dictionary, the word 'resurrection' stands for "the state of one risen from the dead." Generally, resurrection refers to restoration to life of the person who is clinically dead.
Concept of resurrection has been in existence in one form or the other since the very birth of the first human being in this planet. Over the centuries, different religions and mythological schools of thought have defined and taken the tradition of resurrection in different ways; therefore, it is always hard to find any commonly agreed fact about it.
For further clarification, it will be necessary to point out that resurrection stands apart from the concepts of 'immortality of soul' and 'resuscitation' as it involves the rebirth of both body and soul (Harrington).
It will not be wrong to say that the tradition of resurrection is closely associated with the philosophy of…
Harrington, D., J. Jesus: A Historical Portrait. Cincinnati, OH: St. Anthony Messenger Press, 2007.
Inplainsite.org. 9 October 2011
Keathley, J.H."The Resurrection of Jesus Christ."09 October 2011 <
Although the novel ends with an open-ended question about the fate of the two titular characters, it is clear that Margarita has the power to create her own reality.
Mikhail ulgakov uses three literary elements in the novel the Master and the Margarita: a multiple layered reality, symbolism, and magical realism. Each of these three literary devices helps the author to convey the central themes of greed, corruption, and social control during and after the Russian Revolution. The multiple layers of reality allow ulgakov to explore the central themes from multiple points-of-view and perspectives. The multiple layers of reality also prevent the novel from becoming a didactic commentary on life in Moscow. Symbolism also permits the exploration of greed, corruption, and social control without directly implicating Stalin or Soviet bureaucracy in the degradation of humanity. Finally, magical realism allows the author -- and his readers -- to imagine how human…
Bibliography." Library of Congress: European Reading Room. Retrieved online: http://www.loc.gov/rr/european/bulgaklc.html
Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky. Mikhail Bulgakov. The Master and Margarita (1997). Retrieved online: http://lib.ru/BULGAKOW/master97_engl.txt
At this time, African-Americans were not allowed to enroll in this institution Autherine only stayed for three days not because she could not cope with the education, but because her life was in danger. Majority of the white students protested because of her presence. There is also the George allace incident that has also been mentioned bringing the University of Alabama into the limelight.
The university is also well-known for its prowess in football which was initiated in 1892 in the institution. Football in the University of Alabama is on a professional level ranked next to clubs in the league (Brad, 3). Many students receive football scholarships thus providing career opportunities to the students not only through education.
Alabama has been at the centre stage of civil rights activities involving fight against segregation, and providing inspirational individuals who will forever be celebrated like Reverend Martin Luther King and Rosa…
Alabama . Infoplease. 2005. 18 Oct. 2010.
Brad, Jason. Alabama Is No. 1 in Preseason Poll. New York Times
Oct. 18, 2010: 3
(Classical Net, 1) Because of his "overtly religious" compositions and his strict traditionalism, Bach is recognized as the father of Baroque. (Classical Net, 1)
Blanning, T.C. (2008). The triumph of music: The rise of composers, musicians and their art. Harvard University Press.
Classical Net. (2010). Johann Sebastian Bach. Classical.net.
Online at http://www.classical.net/music/comp.lst/bachjs.php
Hanford, J. & Koster, J. (2010). Home Page. Jsbach.org.
Smith, T.A. (1996). The Canons and Fugures of J.S. Bach. Sojourn. Online at http://janus.ucc.nau.edu/tas3/bachindex.html
Towe, T.N. (2002). The Face of Bach. Nathan P. Johansen. Online at http://www.npj.com/thefaceofbach/09w624.html
Wikipedia. (2010). Johann Sebastian Bach. Wikimedia, Ltd. Inc.
Online at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Sebastian_Bach#CITEREFMendel1999
Personal Reflection on The Well Tempered Clavier:
The Well Tempered Clavier is an exhaustive songbook which stretches across two books intended for keyboard performance. The first of these books is often also referred to alone as The Well Tempered Clavier. For our purposes, discussion has been narrowed to consider "Fugue…
Their prostration before the Job had come to replace God for so many immigrants, even constituting something reflective of the mythological characterization of the circles of Hell. The author, once again describing the Lean, tells, "The barrow that he pushed, he did not love. The great God Job, he did not love. He felt a searing bitterness and a fathomless consternation at the queer consciousness that inflicted the ever mounting weight of structures that had to! had to! raise above his shoulders! hen, when and where would the last stone be? Never . . ." (Di Donato1, 8)
This last passage reflects a major device for punishment in Dante's Inferno, a classic literary description of the Seven Circles of Hell. The concept of a never-ending task which never gets smaller or larger, and which never proceeds any closer to or further from its goal, is described as a punishment designed…
Di Donato, P. (1993). Geremio: Chapter 1. Christ in Concrete: A Novel, Penguin Classic.
Di Donato1, P. (1993). Geremio: Chapter 2. Christ in Concrete: A Novel, Penguin Classic.
Di Donato2, P. (1993). Job: Chapter 1. Christ in Concrete: A Novel, Penguin Classic.
Atzerodt also made a statement claiming knowledge of a Confederate plot to bomb the White House. The Union's failed raid on Richmond was also approved by Lincoln, and it was later believed that he ordered the death of Jeff Davis in a strategy to end the war. Such speculations were extremely damaging for the strength of the government, and similar conspiracy theories fascinate historians to this day. In this, at least one part of ooth's ideal was realized: government weakness. This however did not result in a revival for the South, which was in fact the ultimate aim.
In conclusion, Lincoln's death meant that his attempts at countrywide reform were immediately nullified. Without his leadership, and in concomitance with the many conspiracy theories at the time, the government was unable to carry further such work. The country was not nearly strong enough to benefit from the good work done by…
Norton, R.J. 1996-2008. The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln. The Abraham Lincoln Research Site http://home.att.net/~rjnorton/Lincoln75.html
Norton, R.J. 1996-2008. Conspiracy Theories. The Abraham Lincoln Research Site http://home.att.net/~rjnorton/Lincoln74.html
The White House History. 2008. Abraham Lincoln. http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/al16.html
Lincoln's speech during the dedication ceremony of the military cemetery at Gettysburg (the White House History. 2008. Abraham Lincoln. (
Photo from ArtToday.com Published with permission.
Photograph by David Messent, courtesy of Jorn Utzon/Utzon Architects and the Pritzker Prize Committee
Nighttime aerial view of the Sydney Opera House
Photograph by David Messent, courtesy of Jorn Utzon/Utzon Architects and the Pritzker Prize Committee
Photograph by David Messent, courtesy of Jorn Utzon/Utzon Architects and the Pritzker Prize Committee
Photograph by David Messent, courtesy of Jorn Utzon/Utzon Architects and the Pritzker Prize Committee
Aerial view of the Sydney Opera House
Photograph by John Garth/Max Dupain
Courtesy of Jorn Utzon/Utzon Architects and the Pritzker Prize Committee
Sydney Opera House Under Construction, 1957-1973
Craven 2008 NP
Craven, 2008, NP
On commission, Dupain took thousands of photographs of the Sydney Opera House, revealing its construction from beginning to end. Later he described the completed building from a photographer's perspective: 'As the light moves across it during the day, it changes…
Baird, George. The Architectural Expression of Environmental Control Systems. London: Spon Press, 2001.
Bereson, Ruth. The Operatic State: Cultural Policy and the Opera House. London: Routledge, 2002.
Craven, J. "Great Buildings: Sydney Opera House" 2008
This includes the need to maintain chastity, a test Perceval passes when he "has a close call with sexual temptation: slipping into bed with a demon in alluringly feminine form, he is only saved when his glance falls on the red cross inscribed on his sword pommel. The 'lady' and her silk tent disappear in a flash and a puff of smoke, leaving the tell-tale sulphurous stench of hell. A distraught Perceval stabs himself through the left thigh in penance" (Kaeuper 258). Such ability to resist is the mark of a knight, though many of the stories also suggest that the knight often fails this test at some point and then has to do penance to make up for his failure.
hether the Grail derives from Christian ideas first or from Celtic images and stories, over time the idea of the Grail did become more associated with Christian symbols so…
Kaeuper, Richard W. Chivalry and Violence in Medieval Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Loomis, Roger Sheman. The Development of Arthurian Romance. London: Hutchinson University Library, 1963.
Change, however, rather than pure survival propels newly female created and depicted Italian women -- in Barolini, women are not forces of the home front and reaction and religion, as they are in male urban narratives. Rather, beginning even in Barolini's Italian Calabria, women propel a family destiny of fundamental change. After the first years of struggle, the woman and her husband relocate the family to upstate New York where it is Umbertina's determination and innate intelligence that propels her family to unexpected and unanticipated middle class success and security. Thus, because of the determination of a successive generation of women the family can live out the destiny of the American dream that their forbearers set in motion so many years ago in Italy and resolving the tensions between the Italian-American women's conflicts between their socially constructed dual identities and their yearnings for both success and security, family life and…
Barolini, Helen. "Pietro Di Donato (1911-1992)." 2005. http://www.georgetown.edu/faculty/bassr/heath/syllabuild/iguide/didonato.html
Barolini, Helen. Umbertina. Feminist Press, 1999.
Barolini. Chiaroscuro: Essays of Identity. VIA/Bordighera, Inc.: Purdue University, 1997.
Diomede, Matthew. Pietro Di Donato, the Master Builder. Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 1995.
George's marriage to Ella is his second one; his first wife was from an arranged marriage in Pakistan that left him unhappy. Yet he was able to incorporate aspects of development theory within his own life to find a new wife who he is (mostly) pleased with in a Western environment, and even owns a successful fish and chips restaurant. In his romantic life and in his economic life, George is able to evince some of the best qualities of development theory and modernization by taking his best assets and (literally) marrying them with those from a Western society to update and contemporize his life and his source of income.
However, what George does not take account of is the fact that he must allow the same degree of leniency from his religion and tradition that he permitted himself in marrying Ella to his children. In this sense, East is…
In or around the year 1325, an unknown German artist sculpted a dramatic scene central to the story of Christ: the moment at which ary laments the death of her only son. This poignant moment is known as "the pity," or pieta. The pieta scene was popularized toward the end of the thirteenth century, making the Roettgen pieta one of the earliest and most historically significant representations this particular moment of passion. The scene is one that would become pervasive in Christian art and iconography, and studies of pieta sculptures can serve as proxy studies of the evolution of Western art, and Christian-themed Western art in particular. At the time the Roettgen pieta was created, pieces like these were known in German as Andachtsbild, or images used for contemplation[footnoteRef:1]. These images were especially common in Germany during the late medieval and Romanesque periods.[footnoteRef:2] oreover, "as affective meditations increased…
Mercer, Christia. "A Mother's Loss: The Medea and the Roettgen Pieta." Lecture. June 29, 2010.
Mercer, Christia. "Knowledge and Suffering in Early Modern Philosophy: G.W. Liebniz and Anne Conway." http://blogs.cuit.columbia.edu/cm50/files/2011/10/Mercer-Philosophy.pdf
Sullivan, R. "Deformity: A Modern Western Prejudice with Ancient Origins." Proceedings of the College of Physicians Edinburgh 31: 262-266.
Dunlop's Web ules
The topic of industrial relations has been considerably important for both the employers as well as the employees. The topic is generally discussed in terms of relationship between both employer and the employees and moderating factors that govern outcomes of this relationship. John Dunlop was an eminent British economist who published his famous book called 'Industrial elation System' in 1958. In this book, Dunlop presented the theory called systems theory of industrial relations. Briefly, Dunlop's systems theory observed that industrial relation/s is a system composed of four main elements. Thus, industrial relation system is composed of certain actors, ideology that bonds the industrial system, contexts of the relationships, and certain rules that govern and moderate the relationship of governance of these actors. This also implied that an industrial relation system can be having distinct subsystem from economic or societal system in which the employer operates. Thus, four…
Australian Government. (2010). Overview: Fair Work Act 2009. Australian Government: Department of Education, Employment, and Workplace Relations. Accessed 3 Sep 2013, < http://www.rcsa.com.au/documents/Fair_Work/DM2-552754%20-%20Final%20-%20Overview%20of%20the%20FW%20Act%20module.pdf >
Bisom-Rapp, S 2009. 'What We Learn in Troubled Times: Deregulation and Safe Work in the New Economy'. Wayne L. Rev., vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 1197-1250.
Department of Education, Employment, and Workplace Relations. 2013. 'Fair Work Fact Sheets'. Australian Government. Accessed 3 Sep 2013,
Dunlop, JT 1984. Dispute resolution: Negotiation and consensus building'. Greenwood Publishing Group.
Twelve-Step Program to Escaping Dante's Hell
Dante's The Inferno paints an incredibly vivid picture of what Hell is like. The journey Dante undertakes in order to progress past his 'lost' stage and escape Hell can be likened to the 12-Step Program a recovering alcoholic must complete in order to finally escape from the clutches of drinking to excess. This paper endeavors to explore Dante's journey through the perspective of this 12-Step Program. y going through each step, one can witness the introspective and emotional self-examination Dante goes through, with a little help from his support group, in order to get out of Hell.
The first step that every recovering alcoholic must take involves the process of admitting his or her problem. Alcoholics must acknowledge that they are helpless when battling their addiction and they must admit that this addiction to drink has wreaked havoc on their lives to the point…
Alcoholics Anonymous (1955) The Story of How Many Thousands of Men and Women Have Recovered From Alcoholism. New York City: Alcoholics Anonymous Publishing, Inc. http://www.recovery.org/aa/misc/12steps.html
ClassicNote on Inferno. http://www.gradesaver.com/ClassicNotes/Titles/inferno/fullsumm.html
Dante's Inferno. http://www.*****/essays/Literature/danteinferno.shtml
Dante's Inferno: Character List. http://www.sparknotes.com/poetry/inferno/characters.html
Numerology and the Political Overtones of 'Inferno'
There are many layers contained within Dante's "Inferno." There is a spiritual layer, a literal layer, a political layer and many other subtle, underlying themes. One of the key elements in "Inferno" is the use of chronology and numbers to express certain ideals about his foes and political views. Numbers play and important symbolic role in the Catholic Church and their use as symbols cannot be ignored, especially that of the chronological placement of his foes on the road to Hell. Many authors of the time used a standard numerology system to express certain viewpoints or ideals (Guzzardo, p. 7). The following research will support the thesis that Dante's experiment was successful in the use of allegory to hide underlying political ideas, that were otherwise dangerous in his time, and that chronology and numbers played an important role in his ability to do…
Alighieri, Dante. The Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri. Trans. Henry F. Cary. New York: P.F.
Collier & Son Corp., 1960.
Alighieri, Dante. The Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri. Trans. John Carlyle. New York:
Vintage Books, 1959.
Tin Drum concentrates on the prime character of the book named Oskar. This paper explains the psyche behind Oskar's thinking and why he had become the sort of person he was. This paper primarily emphasizes on the main theme of the book, i.e. guilt and explains whether this feeling turned Oskar into a better person or just caused an evasion in his personality.
The Tin Drum
The Tin Drum written by Gunter Grass is one of the most outstanding novels that represents the cruelties inflicted by the German army on others. The Tin Drum written in 1959 won the Nobel Prize in literature. The Tin Drum is Grass's first novel that drove him from indistinctness to an exciting neoteric role as a spokesperson for the entire generation of leftist German coming to provisos with the repercussion of nazism. The prime character in the story is Oskar Matzerath, who according to…
Gunter G. The Tin Drum. Oct. 1999. Pantheon Books.
The Tin Drum By Gunter Grass. 21 Feb. 2001. Available on the address http://www.sidekickmagazine.com/feb01/bookclub.html. Accessed on 13 Feb. 2004.
baptism was "dipping." The word was widely used in the New Testament in Jesus' teachings and also in the letters of Paul. Jesus uses the term 'baptism' to refer to the death/suffering that awaited him (Mark 10:38)[footnoteRef:2]. He draws parallels between the suffering that awaited him and some form of immersion -- which he was to be drowned in. He says that the immersion was necessary and until he emerged from it, his work is incomplete (Luke 12.50). It therefore means that, right from the start, baptism symbolized Christians sharing in the suffering of Jesus Christ by immersing themselves into a mold similar to that of the suffering of Christ. Paul talks of baptism 'into' Jesus' death (Romans 6.3). Christians experience this as they celebrate Good Friday and also during the Holy Communion as they break the bread.[footnoteRef:3] [2: Williams, Rowan. eing Christian: aptism, ible, Eucharist, Prayer. 2014: 1] [3:…
"Baptism Is a Public Statement about Your Relationship with Jesus." NorthRidge Church. Accessed May 26, 2015.
Best, Thomas F. Baptism Today: Understanding, Practice, Ecumenical Implications. Collegeville, Minn.: Liturgical Press, 2008.
Britton, Dennis Austin. Becoming Christian. Oxford: Fordham University Press, 2014.
Ervin, Howard M. Conversion-initiation and the Baptism in the Holy Spirit: A Critique of James D.G. Dunn, Baptism in the Holy Spirit. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1984. Print.
ethnography of the local Traditional Catholic community which practices at a nearby church. This group is very dissimilar in appearance and behavior from the surrounding neighborhood, even from the surrounding mainstream Catholic or "novus ordo" Catholic community, as the Traditional Catholic community calls it. This difference is rooted in the belief system that the community holds, which informs their practices, behaviors and modes of dress. Their main concern is with being "traditional" in all things. Thus, their appearance has a very dated look to it (a kind of 1950s style of dress among the men and women) and their worship is very Old World in terms of being in Latin and having lots of statuary in the church. However, they are easy to talk to and they seemed to have a sincere interest in converting me, which was flattering in a way. This paper discusses these people, their culture and…
Schensul, S., Schensul, J. (2013). Initiating Ethnographic Research: A Mixed Methods
Approach. UK: AltaMira Press.
Resistance, Imprisonment & Forced Labor: a Slovene Student in World War II by Metod M. Milac is a memoir and primary source of his experience as a non-Jewish person during the Holocaust. Told through the perspective of Metod, his experiences between 1934 to 1950 allowed readers a glimpse of what it was like for non-Jewish victims experiencing Nazi occupation and encroachment in their homeland. Like another notable Holocaust figure, Anne Frank, both had to deal with incredible hardships brought on by an army that disregarded human rights, yet for someone like Metod, who was a student at the time, he had to deal with such difficulties in the open and with little hope for solace or comfort. The Jewish victims of the Holocaust had to hide or perform illegal actions to evade capture and imprisonment. Non-Jewish victims had to deal with the armies and the brutal treatment they would often…
The Inferno: Cantos IV
The epic poem The Inferno, the first part of The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri, tells the story of the author on Good Friday in the 14th century. Lost in the forest, he encounters the spirit of the poet Virgil, who promises to reunite him with his beloved. In order to do so, they must take a path through hell. The Inferno is Dante’s tale of the underworld and subtle commentary on sin. There is much that is revealing regarding all the separate parts of this epic poem. This paper will discuss the many themes of the fifth Cantos. This Cantos shows us Dante’s panache for mixing history and myth as a means of confusing the reader, making the backdrop of hell appear more hellish. Also the relative innocuousness of the sins of the sinners of this level of hell also gives the entire presentation of…
This dissociative process was so powerful that Julia was able to endure what her physician referred to as agony, in a state in which she was blissfully unaware of the excruciating suffering she was feeling. The ramifications of this incident, of course, illustrate what Stout was stating about the consciousness' human ability to adapt and survive. Because Julia had endured so much suffering during her childhood by tuning out or disassociating herself from it, that reflex became her automatic reaction to situations in which there was actual, real danger -- all of which merely underscores how little of her life Julia had been present for.
To say the least, Stout's essay demonstrates that it is extremely safe to say that one's memories of the past definitely shape one's perceptions of the present. Moreover, it would be a little more accurate to state that one's memories of the past have the…
Moreover, there are a number of people who are not able to even sustain a lasting marriage, nor produce and nurture a pair of twins the way Seth, who has been plagued with disassociation all his life, has. Julia is able to continue through her mentally demanding job while disassociating for days at a time. Neither of these two examples of Stout's patients engages in behavior that is deemed an act of lunacy while disassociating, which proves that they are very much sane and have reasons for being unable to perceive reality the way they usually can during these periods. Additionally, we can attempt to stabilize the unreliability of our memories by choosing to confront those issues, however dark and scary they may be, that our minds choose to disassociate from in that respect there is no wishful thinking involved in the adage "Know Thyself," because with will, desire, and…
The first installment of the Iron Man franchise can be analyzed in the context of whether it either reaffirms or criticizes mainstream culture. Indeed, the film does a bit of both. The movie script itself as well as the underlying method and motives of the filmmakers and actors in terms of how the film is being marketed and portrayed potentially irrespective of what is being asserted directly in the movie itself will also be assessed.. Iron Man and films like it play a two-sided game of both glorifying and condemning ideas that are political and ideological in nature but often does so in a way that is not even-handed or is otherwise not grounded in reality.
Iron Man Observations
hat is clear straight away with the interactions and the developments surrounding Tony Stark (Downey) and Obadiah is that the movie is making a statement about corporate greed and…
Fisje, John "The Cultural Economy of Fandom," pp. 30-49, in Adoring Audience
Friday, Kirster "A Generation of Men Without History": Fight Club, Masculinity, and the Historical Symptom," Postmodern Culture 13:3 (2003),
Henry A. Giroux and Imre Szeman, "Ikea Boy Fights Back: Fight Club, Consumerism,
You are a police psychologist for a major metropolitan area. You are also a member of its hostage negotiation team. You have been called to a crisis incident at 3:15 P.M. On a Friday. It is in a residential area about three blocks from a middle school and a public library. The information you have at this time is that the subject is a 42-year-old male who is holed up in his house with his wife, son, and a family friend. He has murdered his next-door neighbor and is threatening to kill those in the house if his demands are not met. One of his demands is for immunity from the murder charge if he surrenders without harming any of the people in the house. His other demands are a case of beer and some fast food. He wants his demands met or "something will happen."u
Alaxander, D., & Klein, S. (2010). Hostage-taking: motives, resolution, coping and effects. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 176-183.
Cooper, H. (1981). Hostage-takers. Retrieved from National Criminal Justice Reference Service: https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=75936
Goldaber, I. (1979). Typology of Hostage-Takers. Police Chief, 21-23. Retrieved from Hughes, J. (2009). A Pilot Study of Naturally Occuring High-Probability Request Sequences in Hostage Negotiations. Journal of Applied Behavioral Analysis, 491-496.
McMains, M., & Mullins, W. (2010). Crisis Negotiation (4th ed.). New Providence: Lexis/Nexis/Anderson.
Ethical Advantages and Disadvantages of an Appointed vs. An Elected Judiciary: The Case of Justice Harry L. Carrico
Following more than four decades of noteworthy judicial service, Justice Harry L. Carrico retired simply because he finally became too old to remain on the bench after he turned 70 years old. The valuable service by Justice Carrico is a good example of one of the advantages of an appointed judiciary, but his retirement has raised some questions concerning the ethical advantages and disadvantages of an appointed vs. An elected judiciary. To gain some further insights in this area, this paper provides a review of the article, "Carrico Ending 42 Years On High Court, Virginia's Chief Justice etires After 42 Years of Judicial Service," followed by a summary of the research and important findings in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
A wide range of appointed and elected approaches are in place for…
Carrico ending 42 years on high court, Virginia's Chief Justice retires after 42 years of judicial service. (2003, January 31). Richmond Times Dispatch.
Dubofsky, J.E. (2007). Judicial performance review: A balance between judicial independence and public accountability. Fordham Urban Law Journal, 34(1), 315-317.
Tarr, G.A. (2007). Designing an appointive system: The key issues. Fordham Urban Law,
Christians and the Environment
When it comes to the environment, Christians are as beholden to it as anyone regarding its preservation and restoration. The environment is a physical manifestation of God's love and it's for us to preserve. This notion is found clearly in scripture which asserts in Colossians 1:1619, "For by Him [Jesus] all things were created, in heaven and on earth… whether on earth or in heaven…" This clearly demonstrates the undeniable responsibility that all Christians have in preserving and protecting the environment and how they have an obligation to protect the earth not just for themselves but for future generations.
One of the major articles of proof for such a thesis is in the belief or viewpoint that the environment is a gift from God and thus the responsibility of all Christians. As one scholar explains, "Our environment is one of the greatest examples we have of…
Belknap, J. (2013). God's Gift, Our Responsibility. Retrieved from Christianitytoday.com: http://www.christianitytoday.com/iyf/hottopics/faithvalues/belknap.html
Dwyer, R. (2013). Caring for God's gifts: the natural environment and faith. Retrieved from spsmw.org: http://spsmw.org/2009/04/20/caring-for-gods-gifts-the-natural-environment-and-faith/
Escrivia, J. (2013). The environment should mirror the creative love of God. Retrieved from JOsemariaescrivia.info: http://www.josemariaescriva.info/article/the-environment-should-mirror-the-creative-love-of-god
UPI.com. (2013, February 25). Poll: Environment is low global priority. Retrieved from UPI.com: http://www.upi.com/Science_News/2013/02/25/Poll-Environment-is-low-global-priority/UPI-97081361826137/
entrapment' and 'outrageous Governmental conduct'. Entrapment is usually permitted within confines of the law even though it contradicts the fourth and fifth amendments. It refers to entrapping the suspect into a situation where it is clearly seen that he was willing and ready to violate the law. 'Outrageous Government conduct,' on the other hand, refers to cases when the Government's conduct was so egregious that it provoked the accused into committing the transgression. Usually conducted out of undue zeal, particular Government official(s) can be egregious in their 'entrapment' conduct and generally, although not always, consequent in running afoul of the law.
The distinction between 'entrapment' and 'outrageous government conduct' is illustrated by the following fictitious case history, "Alabama vs. Billy Bob," where, on the grounds of 'Outrageous Governmental conduct', I appeal to the Judge to exonerate Mr. Bob.
There is no doubt in my mind that, firstly, Mr.…
Bardhan, P. (1997). Corruption and Development: A Review of Issues Journal of Economic Literature, 3. pp. 1320-1346.
Coleman, Stephen (2004). When Police Should Say "No!" To Gratuities. Criminal Justice Ethics, p. 33-50.
In fact, he repeatedly told officer Friday that he had no interest in doing so. In Sherman v. United States, the Court held that "a line must be drawn between the trap for the unwary innocent and the trap for the unwary criminal." 356 U.S. 369, 375. Furthermore, in Sorrells v. United States, the decision that officially established the entrapment defense, the Court asked "whether the defendant is a person otherwise innocent whom the government is seeking to punish for an alleged offense which is the product of the creative activity of its own officials." 287 U.S. 435, 451. Looking at the facts as developed at trial, it is clear that Billy Bob's agreement to take the drugs on consignment and distribute them was the product of Friday's creative activity, and that Billy Bob was otherwise innocent of possession with intent to distribute.
Interestingly enough, although entrapment would apply in…
Hampton v. United States 425 U.S. 484 (1976).
Sherman v. United States, 356 U.S. 369 (1958).
Sorrells v. United States, 287 U.S. 435, 451 (1932).
United States v. Russell, 411 U.S. 423 (1973).
Those two instances music was used to tell the story vs. simply dialog.
The film is filled with Capra quips, parts of business, and artistic tropes such as the invisible baseball game Willoughby performs when discussing fixing up his arm. Norton constantly cleaning his glasses and a duet between John and his fellow tramp the Colonel with the harmonica and ocarina are just some of the memorable and charming scenes Capra became well-known for. Capra also did, much like Welles, an assortment of montages and self-parody. Meaning, Capra had vertically challenged people signifying the "little people" in promotional photos for Doe.
The setting and set design of "Citizen Kane" was quite lush and grandiose. Everything from the animals in the zoo and the fake octopus puppet were larger than life. Music seemed narrate the movie just as much if not more than the dialog. Even when in the newspaper setting,…
Welles, O. (Director). (1941). Citizen Kane [Motion picture]. United States: Warner Home Video.
Hawks, H. (Director). (1940). His girl Friday [Motion picture]. United States: Columbia TriStar Home Video.
Capra, F. (Director). (1941). Meet John Doe [Motion picture]. United States: Alpha Video Distributors.
Hate and Violence
Perhaps one of the greatest challenges we face in the United States today is the need to reduce hate and violence in ourselves and our society. As a teacher in a juvenile detention facility, I have struggled with ways to teach children nonviolent approaches to conflict, and the importance of tolerance and respect for others. This paper will describe student responses to a movie program designed to teach core values of non-violence and tolerance, and discuss these findings in the larger context of the juvenile criminal justice system and society.
In my last eight years as a teacher at a juvenile detention facility, I have struggled to find meaningful ways to reach my students. Students are often highly resistant to both authority and advice from sources that they initiated a Friday afternoon movie program at the juvenile detention facility as a way to encourage nonviolence as a…
Monk, Richard C. 2000. Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Controversial Issues in Crime and Criminology, 6th ed. McGraw-Hill/Dushkin.
QuoteGarden. Quotations about Books & Reading. 27 May 2004. http://www.quotegarden.com/books.html
Walker, Samuel. 1997. Sense and Nonsense About Crime and Drugs: A Policy Guide (Contemporary Issues in Crime and Justice Series). Wadsworth Publishing.
Project Libra: To Terminate or Not to Terminate
Visit www.itweek.co.uk/News/11329438 to see the string of news stories related to Project Libra. Identify some of the sources of the problems the project faces.
Project Libra exemplifies several attributes of failed projects the most notable of which is the breakdown in project team, Fujitsu Services (ICL) system integrator and enterprise software vendors. Most evident of a filed project management structure is the ballooning size of payments made during the project with literally nothing to show for it.
These are the most significant lessons learned from the failure of Project Libra. First, the British government should have had a series of measurable goals and objectives in place first and required monthly updates on project status and delays. This would have drastically reduced the confusion over just what the status of the project was, as is evident from background readings on this…
Frame, J.D. (2008). Reinventing project management: The diamond approach to successful growth and innovation. Project Management Journal, 39(1), 96-96.
Gardner, D.J. (2000). How to avoid IT project failures. Consulting to Management, 11(1), 21-23.
Sutterfield, J.S., Friday-Stroud, S., & Shivers-Blackwell, S. (2006). A case study of project and stakeholder management failures: Lessons learned. Project Management Journal, 37(5), 26-35.
Tsoukakas, J. (2001). Stop IT project failures through risk management. Interfaces, 31(6), 133-135.
Jewish religion also known as Judaism -- is the religion of the Torah, which begins with the "Five Books of Moses and encompasses the Old Testament" (Neusner, 1992, 8). Judaism honors its beginnings as part of the creation of the whole world, Neusner explains. Jews believe that God created the world "…and for ten generations, from Adam to Noah, despaired of creation." Following those ten generations, from Noah to Abraham, God was waiting for humans to finally "…acknowledge the sovereignty of one God," who was authentically the unseen power that created heaven and earth (Neusner, 9).
Most historians explain that Judaism is a "monotheistic faith" (there is but one God) and Jews in turn often find this God "…beyond [humans'] ability to comprehend" and nevertheless Jews believe God is present in everyone's life every day (Pelala, 2013). Moreover Jews believe that each person was created "b'tzelem Elohim" (meaning "in the…
Kol Emeth. (2012). About Us. Retrieved April 15, 2013, from http://www.kolemethskokie.org .
Neusner, Jacob. (1992). A Short History of Judaism: Three Meals, Three Epochs. Minneapolis,
MN: Fortress Press.
Pelala, Ariela. (2013). What do Jews believe? Jewish Beliefs. About.com. Retrieved April 15,
Frank tocktons and Langston Hughes. It has 2 sources.
Comparing the two characters, the king's daughter in Frank tocktons' "The Lady or the Tiger," and Nancy Lee in Langston Hughes' "One Friday Morning," one can predict their actions considering their social positions. This is possible because of the life patterns that both the characters exhibit.
Nancy Lee is a character in 'One Friday Morning' who believes in hard work to get to where she does. It is clear too that she is talented too. However, due to the fact that she lives in a period during which people like her are discriminated against she is denied opportunities that she fully deserves. This can be something quite discouraging for her, but she manages to emerge as one of the best students in her class. Her work was also well appreciated so much so that her teachers felt that she should be…
Stockton, F. . The Lady, or the Tiger. Available at http://www.selfknowledge.com/ladyt10.htm
Hughes, L. . "One Friday Morning" from Short stories [of] Langston Hughes / Langston Hughes; edited by Akiba Sullivan Harper; with an introduction by Arnold Rampersad. Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967. New York: Hill and Wang.
THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN FILM:
HIS GIRL FRIDAY, SEMI-TOUGH
FLIRTING WITH DISASTER
The history of women in the cinema can be traced back to the early days of film production, beginning ca. 1896 with films by director Alice Guy lache, such as "The Cabbage Fairy" and "The ewitched Fianc?." With the advent and popularity of the so-called "silent era" of film production, women began to be depicted as various stereotypes, such as "damsels in distress," weak-minded, timid city girls and impoverished "white trash," while men played an overwhelming majority of lead roles, usually as heroic figures who rescue these "damsels" from a plethora of dangerous situations. In a study of one hundred films released between 1930 and 1940, part of the "Golden Age" of American cinema, "eighty percent focused on the love/hate of a man with a good/bad girl, while fifty percent had the good/bad girl opposing…
4 vols. Rutherford, NJ: Associated University Presses, 1990.
Subject should also increase fat intake to better balance his diet.
Subject's fiber consumption was so far in excess of DV that negative digestive consequences cannot be ruled out.
Salt intake was more than the DV, but could be easily corrected with some minor dietary changes.
The Food Standards Agency has developed the Eat Well Plate as an easy to follow nutritional guideline.
The Eat Well Plate is a visual display and quick reference for consumers to better balance their diets in compliance with the DV's. Analysis revealed a shortfall in fruits and vegetables as well as bread, rice and pasta - the two largest sections of the plate. Subjects fat consumptions were well below the DV's, but per the Eat Well Plate are the smallest category recommended.
ecommendations for Subject's improved nutritional balance would include increased caloric intake, weighted heavily in the fruits and vegetables, breads, rice and pasta…
Nutritional Analysis Tool 2.0, created July 1999, retrieved January 31, 2009 http://www.nat.uiuc.edu/nat.pdl http://www.nutrition-matters.co.uk/misc/1991COMAreport.htm
In that regard, we are never too busy to talk to parents about their children. If you had called me to explain Hillary's concerns, I might have been able to get her an exemption from detention under the circumstances. Even if I could not have done that, I could at least have assured Hillary (and you) that detention would have, essentially, allowed her to do exactly what you allowed her to do at home: she would have been asked to sit in the classroom under the supervision of a teacher and to read her book during that period or to do any other schoolwork she wished to do. Had we been able to discuss the matter in advance, Hillary might have received an exemption from detention, or at least an explanation to allay her fears about what it was. However, it would have been much more beneficial to Hillary to…
Nietzsche (1873) argued that truth and falsity were not actually states of reality in nature but only exist as a function of the interpretation that human beings assign to them in communication and that for animals without human intellectual communication, there is no such thing as truth. For that reason, Nietzsche questioned whether it is appropriate to give people moral credit for telling the truth and to consider them immoral for lying.
In some respects, I do agree with Nietzsche, but not in any that would justify the way I used to use language to lie. Specifically, I do believe that it is immoral to lie in most situations and that people who lie easily and often are unlikely to be moral in their lives in general. That is because, in principle, the purpose of lying is, in one way or another, to trick other people into doing things they…
Nietzsche, F. (1873). On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense.
The research question examined in this study poses the following question: "How does one person's behavior affect another person's behavior?" Specifically, this study is intended to assess the various mechanisms through which people communicate, both verbally and non-verbally. The study is intended to examine the different methods in which males vs. females communicate, and explore whether a difference in gender correlates with a different approach to communicate. Also examined is whether or not males or females are likely to be influenced by each others communication cues, and whether one gender is more influenced by certain settings/cues than the other.
Non-participant observation was the methodology selected for this study. Specifically, in order to best assess and observe gender relationships, our group decided to split the observations between two social settings: bars where people might "hang out" casually and the student center. Four members of our group went to Pete's…
Source 1: The Arts of Impression Management
Source 2: Studies of the Routine Grounds of Everyday Activities
Digby, Devin. Communication Minutes.
Mehta, Radhi. College Avenue Student Center, Food Court
The American Association of Retired persons found that pension plans' coverage is quite unstable, differing greatly based on ethnicity, age, pay grade, and education.
In addition, the AARP also found that social security benefits are becoming a problem in many countries, as the number of retired persons who receive benefits rise and the number of births fall.
As people who live in troubled economic times, some are not following government advice to save for retirement.
The United States Department of Labor advocates managing a retirement account with the same amount of attention and importance one would give a bank account.
Mr. C did not follow this advice, and his reliance on government and employer-based plans fell through.
He and his wife were both forced to work after retirement.
This cut into the traveling and relaxing plans that he had made.
Now, Mr. C cannot live the lifestyle that he always…
John is 30 years of age, has a resting heart rate of 70 bpm, is 73 inches tall, weighs 200 pounds and has 18% body fat. He played sports in high school and college. He is in good health. Based on this information provide the following information:
Calculate John's BMI.
inches is 6 ft.1 inch. John is 26.4
Calculate John's BMR.
He can eat 1,921 calories per day
Calculate John's THR at 60% and 80% using the Karvonen formula.
maximum heart rate is: 190
Maximum training heart rate is: 164
Minimum training rate is: 138
Maximum heart rate is: 190
Maximum training heart rate is: 168
Minimum training rate is: 146
Discuss what methods of testing or evaluation you would use to assess John's current fitness level.
There are numerous tests that can be used.
ome of these categories are:
Cardiovascular Endurance -- which measures how well heart and lung…
Free Workout Plans for Sport Athletes
Mortgage Communications Director
We have before us both a significant challenge and a tremendous opportunity. The first few weeks of a new operation can establish the course that the company will follow for years to come and so I'm very excited to have been hired as the new Director of Communications for this group of mortgage professionals who are taking over this mortgage group. We have a number of key issues immediately before us and I will be issuing a series of memos to address these in turn.
This first memo addresses the most pressing need facing our Group, which is the need to raise $3 million in capital to complete the acquisition. This must be done quickly or a number of key personnel will be lost. While the company has some real assets - including its name, its current contractual agreements and its IT system, the real worth…