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As you know, I have been at school working hard on my education. Currently I am studying issues related to health and wellness and I have learned a lot. e have been studying issues that are common in our society that greatly contribute to health risks. Examples of this include such things as smoking cigarettes, poor nutrition, tobacco use, and excessive alcohol consumption. Each of these behaviors can cause problems far beyond what I would have ever expected. I think if more people were aware of the scope of the risks that they were taking then less people would take these risks.
As a result of this I wanted to confront you smoking habit. By no means do I want to upset you nor do anything that would make you feel pressured or annoyed. That's why I'm writing this letter. I thought a letter would be…
de Leeuw, R., et al. "The relation between smoking-specific parenting and smoking trajectories of adolescents: How are changes in parenting related to changes in smoking?" Psychology & Health (2010): 999-1021. Web.
Guo, Q., et al. "Do cognitive attributions for smoking predict subsequent smoking development?" Addictive Behaviors (2011). Web.
Ussher, M., A. Taylor and G. Faulkner. "Exercise interventions for smoking cessation." Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2011). Web.
Improving the Mental Health, Healthy Lifestyle Choices, and Physical Health of Hispanic Adolescents: A andomized Controlled Pilot Study" by Melnyk and colleagues is a reaction to a seldom studied area of adolescent health research. Preventing the most common mental health disorders and obesity of some of the most dominant health concerns in America today, and Melnyk and associates are aware that the bulk of that prevention needs to come during this vulnerable time of adolescence. Giving teenagers the tools and the coping mechanisms and behaviors that they need in order to develop into healthy adults is absolutely essential for society and for the professional healthcare arena. This means that it is thus crucial to engage in concerted, focused efforts to empower such young people with practical tools they can use to become healthy, active adults. Another factor that Melnyk and colleagues have focused on is the fact that while obesity…
LoBiondo-Wood, G. e. (2010). Study Guide for Nursing Research. New York: Mosby.
Melnyk, B., & al., e. (2009). Improving the mental health, healthy lifestyle choices, and physical health of Hispanic adolescents: a randomized controlled pilot study. Journal of School Health, 575-84.
role of disease prevention through herbs and diet, and what constitutes a healthy lifestyle. Just about everyone knows that diet and exercise play a vital role in overall good health. Just about everyone knows that fresh fruits and vegetables should play an important role in a healthy diet. However, studies indicate that fresh herbs can also play a crucial role in a healthy diet, and may help prevent certain diseases and illnesses.
To biologists, herbs are any plant that is not woody and dies at the end of the season. However, to most people, herbs are special plants with aromatic properties that add flavor and appeal to foods and recipes. However, herbs have also been used medicinally for centuries, and new studies show that many herbs may help prevent many different types of diseases and conditions; from Alzheimer's disease to heart disease, and that they should be an important part…
Bianchini, Franca, and Harri Vainio. "Allium Vegetables and Organosulfur Compounds: Do They Help Prevent Cancer." Environmental Health Perspectives 109.9 (2001): 893+.
"Diet." Ebony Mar. 2004: 142.
Editors. "Understanding Free Radicals and Antioxidants." HealthCheck Systems. 2009. 14 August 2009.
Tobacco use is one of the most dangerous personal habits many Americans participate in on a daily basis. Here, the research suggests that "Cigarette smoking greatly increases your risk for heart disease," (Center for Disease Control and Prevention 1). Even worse, heavy alcohol consumption can be especially dangerous in terms of its links to many types of incredibly dangerous cancers (van Dam et al. 1). With more detailed knowledge of what your bad habits can do to you, are you ready to think of some changes?
Your case is one which is in need for behavioral interventions. These are most often most effective within an integrated approach that addresses the many layers of your lifestyle (Strong et al. 5). First of all, there is a clear need for adjustments to your dietary practices to include more healthy options like fruits and vegetables (Center for Disease Control and Prevention 1). It…
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Prevention: What You Can Do." Heart Disease. 2011. Web. http://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/what_you_can_do.htm
Strong, Kathleen; Mathers, Colin; & Beaglehole, Robert. "Preventing Chronis Disease: How Many Lives Can We Save?" Chronis Diseases 1. 2005. Web. http://www.mc.uky.edu/PublicHealth/documents/wyatt/Chronic-Disease-1.pdf
Van Dam, Rob; Spiegelman, Donna; & Franco, Oscar H. "Combined Impact of Lifestyle Factors on Mortality: Prospective Cohort Study in U.S. Women." British Medical Journal. 2008. Web. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2658866/
Health promoting lifestyle of university students in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional assessment
This study was designed to assess the health-promoting lifestyle of students in health colleges and non-health colleges.in Saudi Arabia
A total of 1656 students participated in this descriptive cross-sectional study. Data gathering was conducted from November 2016 to February 2017 at King Saud University in Saudi Arabia. All participants answered a two-part questionnaire which includes demographic data and questions about determining the healthy lifestyle behaviors of students.
The majority of the participants were females (70.4 %) and 20 % of the participants were overweight and 11.3%, were obese. Only 12.8% of the students were diagnosed with health problem. The analysis show that there was a significant difference between health colleges and non-health colleges with regards to the factors of health responsibility. Seventy percent of the students in both colleges never inspect their bodies at…
Bourre, J.M. (2006). Effects of nutrients (in food) on the structure and function of the nervous system: update on dietary requirements for brain. Part 1: micronutrients. J Nutr Health Aging. 10(5):377-85.
Butler, S.M., Black, D.R., Blue, C.L., Gretebeck, R.J. (2004). Change in diet, physical activity, and body weight in female college freshman. Am J Health Behav. 28:24–32
Chen, J., Xiang, H., Jiang, P., Yu, L., Jing, Y., Li, F., et al. (2017). The role of healthy lifestyle in the implementation of regressing suboptimal health status among college students in China: a nested case-control study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14, 240.
Demura, S., Sato, S. (2003). Relationships between depression, lifestyle and quality of life in the community dwelling elderly: a comparison between gender and age groups. J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci. 22(3):159-66.
El-Ahmady, S., El-Wakeel, L. (2017). The effects of nutrition awareness and knowledge on health habits and performance among Pharmacy students in Egypt. J Community Health, 42, 213-220.
Farghaly, N. F., Ghazali, B. M., Al-Wabel, H. M., Sadek, A. A., & Abbag, F. I. (2007). Life style and nutrition and their impact on health of Saudi school students in Abha, Southwestern region of Saudi Arabia. Saudi medical journal, 28(3), 415-421.
Fujii, T., Ohsawa, I., Nozawa, A., Mori, K., Kagaya, M., Kajioka, T., et al. (1998). The association of physical activity level characteristics and other lifestyle with obesity in Nagoya University alumni, Japan. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 8:57–62.
Garcia-Toro, M., Roca, M., Monzón, S., Vives M, Oliván, B., Vicens, E., Salva, J., Gili, M. (2012). Hygienic-dietary recommendations for major depression treatment: Study protocol of a randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry. (12)201.
Hassmen, P., Koivula, N., Uutela, A. (2000). Physical exercise and psychological well-being: A population study in Finland. Prev Med, 30, 17–25.
Additional aid from social service agencies to facilitate a better diet and breast-feeding would be optimal in such instances. Yet for all women, simply having individuals around them who stress that the lifestyle changes are important can have a critical social facilitation effect. Prenatal care also can play a role in creating such an informed support network for the woman.
Above all, the woman must be motivated to change and aware of what changes are needed. Education, age, and other factors may act as enablers for the woman to appreciate the gravity of her situation, and to appreciate the long-term affects her health decisions can have upon her fetus and subsequent postnatal development. However, although "traditionally it has been felt that women who are better educated tended to make healthier lifestyle changes" according to one survey, physicians were the most influential in their decision-making processes regarding their pregnancy, and all…
Einarson, Adrienne & Gideon Koren. (2006, February). A survey of women's attitudes concerning healthy lifestyle changes during pregnancy. JFAS International 4:e2.
Retrieved February 12, 2009 at http://www.motherisk.org/JFAS_documents/JFAS_6001_e2.pdf
The city has provided designated bright red bicycles for public use in the city in order to promote public transportation instead of driving. The rules are that they are not to go outside of certain street limits but can be picked up at any time, anywhere (means that if you leave it outside the barbershop, it may be gone when you return!). This direct support by government is not only a message but an action that can provide true results for the Healthy People 2010 goals.
Other local, public expectations of the program would be with a plethora of printed, visual, and audio messages. People need to be constantly reminded about something in order for it to be meaningful, especially if it requires such a drastic change of lifestyle. However, this also requires a serious effort at public and private industry to reach out to patients to show their dedication…
Living a Healthy Lifestyle
It is feared that the current generation will be the first to be less, rather than more healthy than its parents' generation, thanks to the growing crisis of obesity and inactivity. A number of government websites exist specifically designed to promote a healthier lifestyle, most notably the White House's 'Let's Move' campaign. Let's Move is specifically devoted to preventing childhood obesity and provides a variety of resources for readers, including statistics on childhood obesity (it notes that in African-American and Hispanic communities as many as 40% of all children are overweight or obese); suggestions on how to pursue a healthier diet via links to other government websites, and suggestions for incorporating exercise into children's lives. There are also special offers like a contest for 'kid chefs' to submit healthy recipes.
What exactly constitutes a healthy diet is, of course, controversial. The USDA provides specific dietary guidelines…
Adult obesity. (2013). CDC. Retrieved from:
Calculate your BMI. (2014). NIH. Retrieved from:
Healthy Behavior on the Healthcare System
Prepare initial statement. Understanding healthy behaviors U.S. health care system evolve make effective resources. How effectively solve problem; misuse health care dollars? How cost containment affected evolution delivery system health care U.
The effects of healthy behavior on the healthcare system
More than half of the money allocated for healthcare is misused. Giving patients defensive medicines or requesting they undertake unnecessary tests increase the amount of money spent in healthcare. There are inappropriate procedures that doctors or physicians request from the patients in order to provide a correct diagnosis Berwick & Hackbarth, 2012.
These procedures lead to the increase of health care costs and they are avoidable. Healthcare administration costs are exorbitant and account for 30% of the total bill given to a patient. The administration costs are included in the patient's final bill, and they have no option but to pay. Hospital administration…
Berwick, D.M., & Hackbarth, A.D. (2012). Eliminating waste in U.S. health care. JAMA: the journal of the American Medical Association, 307(14), 1513-1516.
Conklin, T.P. (2002). Health Care in the United States: An Evolving System. Info: Ann Arbor, MI: MPublshing, University of Michigan Library, 7(1).
Danaei, G., Ding, E.L., Mozaffarian, D., Taylor, B., Rehm, J., Murray, C.J., & Ezzati, M. (2009). The preventable causes of death in the United States: comparative risk assessment of dietary, lifestyle, and metabolic risk factors. PLoS medicine, 6(4), e1000058.
Satya-Murti, S. (2003). Health and Health Care 2010: The Forecast, the Challenge. JAMA: the journal of the American Medical Association, 290(6), 823-825.
hen an heart needs more oxygen, such in times of exercise, stress or pharmacological stimuli, blood flow is increased to fulfill this demand. However, the physiological narrowing of arteries due to plaque build up found in coronary disease restricts blood flow to the heart, especially in times of when an increase in myocardial oxygen is needed. These restrictions mean a lessened CFR for the individual, which can lead to coronary ischemia, cardiac infarction, and several other dangerous effects. This physiological change in the coronary system, through the build up of plaque, occurs for several reasons. Lack of physical activity and poor nutrition, with the consumption of certain fats and cholesterols, can facilitate plaque build up. High blood pressure, obesity, depression, and anxiety are also contributing factors (Pazoki, Nabiour, Seyednezami, and Imami).
There are different treatment options for coronary artery disease. Two treatment clinical options include lifestyle modification and revascularization. Lifestyle…
Kern, Morton, Amir Lerman, Jan-Willen Bech, Bernard De Bruyne, Eric Eeckhout, William Fearon, Stuart Higano, Michael Lim, and Martjin Meuwissen. "Physiological Assessment of Coronary Artery Disease in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory ." American Heart Association Journal 114 (2006): 1321-1341. American Heart Association. Web. 16 Nov. 2010.
Pazoki, Raha, Iraj Nabipour, Nasrin Seyednezami, and Seyed Reza Imami. "Effects of a community-based healthy heart program on increasing healthy women's physical activity: a randomized controlled trial guided by Community-based Participatory Research (CBPR)." BMC Public Health 7 (2007): 216-220. Print.
Rub, M., Cremer, J., Krian, a., Meinertz, T., Werdan, K., & Zerkowski, H. "Different Treatment Options in Chronic Coronary Artery Disease." Deutschs Arzteblatt International 106.15 (10 Apr 2009): 253-261.
Shirato, Susan, and Beth Ann Swan. "Women and Cardiovascular Disease: An Evidentiary Review." MedSurg Nursing 19.5 (2010): 282-306. Print.
Healthy People 2020; Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity
The Healthy People 2020 initiative looks at a n umber of different health issues which face the American population and sets out some goals for improving the current health status of the nation. One of the topics is nutrition, physical activity and obesity.
The consumption of a healthy diet and a sufficient level of activity are for the maintenance of a healthy weight. A major issue in the use is an increasingly level of obesity; with problems leading this is a failure including the consumption of excessive calories, high intakes of saturated and trans fats as well as high intakes of other unhealthy inputs such as sugar, cholesterol, salt and alcohol (Healthy People, 2012). This is further aggravated by lower levels of physical activity to burn off the calories consumed, which leads to the body storing the energy and weight gain taking…
CDC, (2012), U.S. Obesity Trends, retrieved 5th April 2-12 from http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/trends.html
Faith MS, Kral TVE. (2006), "Social Environmental and Genetic Influences on Obesity and Obesity-Promoting Behaviors: Fostering Research Integration" In Hernandez LM, Blazer DG, (eds.), (2006), Genes, Behavior, and the Social Environment: Moving Beyond the Nature/Nurture Debate. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (U.S.).
Healthy People, (2012), retrieved 6th April 2012 from
Healthy People as a Roadmap to Nation's Health
The objective of this work is to select a health event and discuss the implications for nursing practice if you held each of Smith's concepts. This work will determine the media exposure of individual and community risk reduction activities and specify which determinants are the focuses of risk reduction measures. These measures will be analyzed for the potential for risk reduction in individuals, families, and communities. This work will further locate two relevant websites for each lifespan group and discuss the relevance of each website as well as examining the significance of Healthy People as a roadmap for the nation's health.
One of the goals of Healthy People is to "promote health and reduce chronic disease through the consumption of healthful diets and achievement and maintenance of healthy body weights." (Healthy People, 2011) This means that individuals will: (1) Consume a variety…
Healthy Food for Healthy Living Lesson Plans
The theme I have selected for this lesson or class is healthy food for healthy living, which is an important topic given the increased in lifestyle diseases that are mainly brought by eating unhealthy foods. Generally, there are many things to learn from this theme, which culminates in promoting learning and development towards healthy eating. Through this lesson, children will learn which foods are healthy and which ones should be consumed in small quantities. Children will learn the food pyramid and obtain awareness regarding the need for every individual to consume nutritious food for healthy living (Krak & Schexnaildre, n.d.). This theme will be taught through creating lesson plans that include learning activities that are aligned with the curriculum and ensure all learning domains are taught.
My first activity for this theme is food group game. In addition to helping children learn about…
"Empowering Kids to Choose MyPlate Lesson Plan." (2011). USDA MyPlate. Retrieved August 4, 2015, from http://www.learningzonexpress.com/documents/EnergyEverydayforEveryone/MyPlateLessonPlans.pdf
"Healthy Eating Activities." (n.d.). Chapter 1. Retrieved August 4, 2015, from http://supportunitedway.org/images/chapters/ch1.pdf
Krak, J. & Schexnaildre, J. (n.d.). Healthy Food Makes Healthy Body. Retrieved August 4, 2015, from http://learningtogive.org/lessons/unit103/lesson3.html
Leaning does not only imply facts, but continual and fluid evolution of the brain. This is the identical process that the brain takes when improving itself and reducing aging. If the brain continues to receive stimuli and appropriate chemicals for energy, then it follows tat there will be increased brain function and activity. If the voltage, just as in a battery, becomes stronger, then activity increases. As the brain is continually stimulated, more building materials are produced that allow information to become part of our experience. Interestingly, the variety and frequency of certain exercise programs, in fact, "teach" the body at different rates. Using different intensities of movement, concerns of overeating, weight regulation, quality of life, and especially depression are mitigated (Douglas, 2009).
Finally, the healthcare and other market modifiers will need to change and evolve as the population ages. The global baby bust will change financial markets, investing, products,…
Aging Statistics. (2010, June 30). Retrieved from Administrator on Aging - U.S. Health & Human Services: http://www.aoa.gov/aoaroot/aging_statistics/index.aspx
Does Population Aging Affect Financial Markets? (2012). National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved from: http://www.nber.org/bah/winter05/w10851.html
Dynamics of Population Aging in the Modern World. (2002, January). Retrieved from Longevity-Science.org: http://longevity-science.org/Population_Aging.htm
Family Caregivers: The Issues They Face Are Everyone's Concern. (2010). Capella University,
The goal of Healthy People is to provide evidence-based health objectives and strategies to help empower Americans to make informed decisions. Healthy People is a program that emphasizes prevention, including lifestyle choices. The program also endeavors to eliminate disparities in health behavior and health outcomes, because risk factors are linked to issues like socio-economic class ("About Healthy People," 2012). Objectives are linked to public policy, too, as many of the health objectives pertain to improving community resources related to health such as improving public parks, boosting physical education in schools, and adding bicycle lanes in cities. Included in the Healthy People program are specific ten-year objectives to improve public and personal health in America.
The "Data" section of Healthy People 2020 is called Data2020. Data 2020 is an interactive tool designed to help people and health care professionals. The "Leading" section is for community leaders who wish to use…
Healthy Employee Pay Less for Insurance Premiums?
Statement of the Issue
The objective of this work is to examine whether the healthy employee should contribute less towards their health insurance premium than employees who are less healthy. Employers are more often offering wellness and health promotion programs focused on promoting good health among their employees and employee's families. Driving this movement is the rising cost of health insurance, as well as disability leave and sick leave benefits. Added to these cots are those associated with lost productivity due to employees being off from work. The position of this writer prior to examining this issue is that employers would benefit from reducing health insurance costs for employees who are healthy and who follow a good health program.
Background of the Issue
The position taken and supported in this work in writing is that immediate actions should be taken by expanding public…
Dowd, B.E. And Feldman, R. (1987) Voluntary Reduction in Health Insurance Coverage: A Theoretical Analysis. Eastern Economic Journal, Vol. 13, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1987), pp. 215-232
Casey, L. (2009) Incentives for Healthy Employees. The Health Council of the North Texas Region. 11 Jun 2009. Retrieved from: http://www.healthindustrycouncil.org/articles/incentives-for-healthy-employees.html
Molly French, MS, Shifting course of our nation's health, American Public Health Association April 2009. Retrieved from: www.apha.org
Appendix F -- Incentives for Healthy Behavior. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation - Office of Health Policy. Retrieved from: http://aspe.hhs.gov/health/blueprint/appendixf.shtml
Lectures, on the other hand, provide information for helping people in Contemplation move into Preparation and Action." (Lach et al., p. 91)
Partners for execution of this intervention should include local health organizations such as area clinics, hospitals and long-term care facilities as well as the local chapter of the AARP. Their support will provide the project with direct channels of communication for outreach and ongoing involvement in collective and individual health behavior changes.
Resources will be gathered through public fundraising efforts and through the charitable donation of meeting facilities and health professional expertise.
Adams, J. & hite, M. (2003). Are activity promotion interventions based on the transtheoretical model effective? A critical review. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 37, 106 -- 114. Retrieved from: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1724627/pdf/v037p00106.pdf
Burbank, P.M.; Reibe, D.; Padula, C.A. & Nigg, C. (2002). Exercise and Older Adults: Changing Behavior with the Transtheoretical Model. Orthopedic…
Adams, J. & White, M. (2003). Are activity promotion interventions based on the transtheoretical model effective? A critical review. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 37, 106 -- 114. Retrieved from: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1724627/pdf/v037p00106.pdf
Burbank, P.M.; Reibe, D.; Padula, C.A. & Nigg, C. (2002). Exercise and Older Adults: Changing Behavior with the Transtheoretical Model. Orthopedic Nursing, 4, 51-61.
Lach, H.W.; Everard, K.M.; Highstein, G. & Brownson, C.A. (2004). Application of the Transtheoretical Model to Heath Education for Older Adults. Health Promotion Practice, 5(1), 88-93.
Marquez, D.X.; Bustamante, E.E.; Blissmer, B.J. & Prohaska, T.R. (2008). Health Promotion for Successful Aging. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 3(1), 12-19.
As mentioned in the Market Needs topic, many people are heading for restaurants that offer fast food at a slightly higher price, but at a much higher quality, and delivered by employees who do not feel degraded or otherwise fatalistic about their role at work. While the latter issue may be debated by intellectuals in management school courses or readers of the current bestselling book, "Fast Food Nation," the fact remains that American society will continue to want more for less.
The meals range from $4.50 to $11.00 and can be served with extra carbs if ordered by the customer.
The promotion of the company will occur primarily on the internet to compliment the word of mouth marketing campaign. This will allow us to focus on our specific benefits that are sought by our base. For example, personalized portion control, custom meal plans, and the ability to gain…
J Health Care Mark. 1993 Fall;13(3):18-25.Identifying the health conscious consumer. Kraft FB, Goodell PW.W. Frank Barton School of Business, Wichita State University, KS.
Annexure 1: Questionnaire for Cluster Analysis
1. What criteria do you have for food that you eat?
2. What criteria do use to determine what restaurant you should eat at?
Gary Thomas shows how taking care of the body can assist in developing the spiritual strength and characteristics that Christians require for a strong relationship with God. The book consists of 15 chapters and an epilogue. Throughout, Thomas uses different individuals as examples of how improving one's body is a first step towards a more healthy spiritual life. For example, Thomas uses the example of the obese preacher, who realizes his unhealthy body weight is actually turning people off from the message of God. He also uses the example of the woman suffering from a terrible divorce who begins to develop her spiritual strength by training for a marathon. In every example, there is a direct relationship between how individuals treat their bodies and how they treat their spiritual life. What Thomas suggests is that the spiritual life needs to be worked out just as the body does, and that…
Thomas, Gary. Every Body Matters. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2011.
Mr. Coach is a 51-year-old white male who was referred by a primary physician because of his elevated blood pressure during a routine screening. Mr. Coach has had a history of heart issues, including an abnormal heartbeat in 2012 for which he underwent a medical procedure. Although Mr. Coach does not smoke and he exercises regularly, he has a family history of hypertension and other risk factors that make it important to pay closer attention to dietary and lifestyle choices. For example, Mr. Coach's blood lipid tests reveal high cholesterol and high triglycerides. Mr. Coach does report being under pressure with his job and personal life and has been experiencing stress, which is also a risk factor. Mr. Coach's diet is far from ideal, and some dietary changes might help to reduce the client's risk factors for cardiovascular disease or metabolic syndrome. Mr. Coach has expressed interested in balancing his…
American Cancer Society (n.d.). Stomach cancer. Retrieved online: http://www.cancer.org/cancer/stomachcancer/detailedguide/stomach-cancer-prevention
Mallya, V. (2015). Everything you wanted to know about -- cholesterol, lipid profile, VLDL, HDL and triglycerides. Retrieved online: http://www.thehealthsite.com/diseases-conditions/common-queries-about-cholesterol-lipid-profile-vldl-hdl-triglycerides/
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (2015). What is metabolic syndrome? Retrieved online: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/ms
Quaker Instant Oatmeal (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://www.quakeroats.com/products/hot-cereals/instant-oatmeal/variety-pack.aspx
Nutritional needs vary depending on people and rely on other aspects such as weaknesses of genetics, disease predisposition, diet, age, health state, work, nutrition imbalance, climate, daily activities and emotional activities. Exposure to physical and mental stress may ridiculously cause an increase in certain amounts of nutrients, which exceeds the daily-recommended intake. Poor health will deny people the freedom to work towards achieving their goals and so on. In case of any health disorder, this will interfere with the normal functioning of an individual. The people who are mostly around that individual will be affected. Many of the daily activities would be affected, and relationships will suffer a terrific deal (Brug & Oenema, 2009).
Brug, J. Oenema, a. & Ferreira, I. (2009) Theory, evidence and intervention mapping to improve behavior nutrition and physical activity interventions. California: Cengage Learning.
Croll, K., Neumark-Sztainer, D. & Story, M. (2006) Healthy eating. Michigan:…
Brug, J. Oenema, a. & Ferreira, I. (2009) Theory, evidence and intervention mapping to improve behavior nutrition and physical activity interventions. California: Cengage Learning.
Croll, K., Neumark-Sztainer, D. & Story, M. (2006) Healthy eating. Michigan: ABC-CLIO
Kristiansen, M. (2010). The role of values in the relation between gender and health behavior.
California: Learning EMEA
What do you think will be the most important new or expanded role for public health or health education in 2030 and beyond? Explain why.
The big thing, in my opinion, will be preventative care and lifestyle changes with a major focus needing to be on the poor. For example, the fight against obesity has largely been successful but it has been lagging, as I understand it, with the poor and the poor are often in a minority status such as black and Hispanic. That is one thing that ObamaCare did very well in that it helped with cancer screenings, physicals and so forth. There has also been a focus on pre-existing conditions…that is also good. However, it has to be recognized and realized that a lot of the conditions that cripple and kill so many Americans are entire preventable. Examples include many cancers, heart disease, diabetes and…
Resources and/or sources found through your own research.
To keep with the theme of the prior posts from the current group of responses and the Healthy People 2020 offerings, a few come to mind:
How to eat properly
How to eat properly if diabetic (either type)
How to prevent heart disease
Chapte fou is about how to intoduce healthy foods to a child without ebellion though the vaious stages of thei development, fom penatal on though teens. This chapte is loaded with helpful suggestions about what to consume, how to monito food choices, and how to push them onto the child in a way that is not off-putting. She gives suggested feeding pattens and basic hints (such as make food look and taste good). it's pactical advice that any paent can manage.
Chapte five taveses the wold of additives, pesticides, household toxins, and the micowave. He main point is to show how exposue to such things damages the immune system and has negative consequences in the life of the child. She takes he infomation mainly fom Poisoning Ou Childen by Nancy Sokol Geen.
Chaptes six though ten give moe advice on nutition and health. These ae the most infomative chaptes, chock…
references and arguments. It is primarily a motivational guide focused on bolstering childhood health based upon the author's own beliefs and experience. Its best quality perhaps is in all the resources it lists. If taken as such, it can be a practical and easy help in changing patterns of childcare related to health.
Healthy People 2020
The author of this report is asked to offer a brief summary of the role of a community nurse and the interventions that are meant to meet or exceed the four main goals of the Healthy People 2020 initiative. For each of the four main goals, the author of this report will describe at least one intervention that meets the goal in question. After that, the author will offer an example of an intervention that is already in full swing in the community of the author. While the goals of the Healthy People 2020 initiative are lofty and far-reaching, they are noble and just goals and should be achieved in any reasonable and ethical way possible.
The first goal of the Healthy People 2020 initiative is to "attain high-quality, longer lives free of preventable disease, disability, injury and premature death" (Healthy People 2020, 2015). Of course, the…
Brown, E., & Shapiro, T. (2015). Schools face new challenges as poverty grows in inner suburbs. Washington Post. Retrieved 20 June 2015, from http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/education/as-poverty-shifts-to-the-suburbs-schools-face-new-challenges/2015/02/27/e1900cd4-bdef-11e4-8668-4e7ba8439ca6_story.html
CDC. (2015). CDC | Aging | Healthy Aging for Older Adults. CDC.gov. Retrieved 20 June 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/aging/index.html
Healthcare.gov. (2015). Where to Receive Low Cost Health Care in Your Community. HealthCare.gov. Retrieved 20 June 2015, from https://www.healthcare.gov/lower-costs/low-cost-community-care/
Healthy People 2020. (2015). Healthy People 2020. Healthypeople.gov. Retrieved 20 June 2015, from http://www.healthypeople.gov/
role of Latin Grandmothers in Miami
Extended family life occupies an important place in Latin families these days. Miami, Florida is no exception. Although couples are expected to set up their own households, they often remain in close contact with the members of their larger extended families. Grandmothers play a vital role in a Latin family life. They can often serve as a peace keeper and the wise one; they also may give comfort and love to their family members, as well as spoil their grandkids. Grandmothers in Latin families, generally, also teach children and grand children how to cook, often for many. Weekends and holidays are the most common times spent with grand mothers and extended family members in order to just, be together and enjoy time spent together. Grandmothers usually take care of their mothers or grandmothers when they are of age and expect their kids and grandkids…
Black Colleges Homosexuality
In order to create more egalitarian, prosocial, and productive campus environments, it is necessary to understand attitudes toward homosexuality and homosexual students. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) students experienced relatively high rates of substance abuse, depression, and stress related to discrimination, difficulties forming social relationships, and low self-esteem (Heck, Flentje & Cochran, 2011). As Kirby (2011) points out, "Having a negative self-concept plays a major role in youth suicides, in how well one does in school, and in how one interacts with society at large." Therefore, the need for a more supportive social environment on college campuses is a pressing one.
Unfortunately, traditionally white universities and historically black universities in the United States have addressed the needs of the LGBT student community differently. Historically black colleges and institutions are defined as "institutions classified as higher education that were chartered prior to 1964 and created with the…
Burleson, Douglas A. "Sexual orientation and college choice: Considering campus climate." About Campus 14, no. 6 (January 2010): 9-14. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed October 14, 2013).
Eisen, V., & Hall, L. (Eds.). (1996). Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people and education [Special issue]. Harvard Educational Review, 66(2).
Griffin, H. (2000). Their Own Received Them Not: African-American Lesbians and Gays in Black Churches. Theology & Sexuality: The Journal Of The Institute For The Study Of Christianity & Sexuality, 6(12), 1.
Heck, N.C., Flentje, A., & Cochran, B.N. (2011). Offsetting risks: High school gay-straight alliances and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth. School Psychology Quarterly, 26(2), 161-174. doi:10.1037/a0023226
I would always focus on being the person to extend a hand and make sure the sting of ostracism didn't hurt someone else. That value is very strong in me today as the assessment shows with my affiliative value at percentile at 99% percentile. I also realized that throughout my childhood that achievement and hard work are unassailable. People and circumstances may take away where you live and force you to move, but hard work leading to achievement lasts forever. I began to believe that excellence is really all that matters, and that affiliative style I have kept me at least grounded with people. These events made me who I am and over the many moves (nine by the time I was in high school) I realized that compassion and kindness matter so much more than appearing to be important.
Conclusion and eflection
This is an excellent exercise because it…
Arond-Thomas, M. (2004). Resilient leadership for challenging times. Physician Executive, 30(4), 18-21.
Gurley, K., & Wilson, D. (2011). Developing leadership skills in a virtual simulation: Coaching the affiliative style leader. Journal of Instructional Pedagogies, 5, 1-15.
Warfield, A. (2011). The right way: The top 10 traits of a leader who instills trust and accountability. AFP Exchange, 31(8), 65.
Prospective Marketing Plan of a Healthy Fast Food Franchise Chain-to-Be
SIMON SAYS -- EAT HEALTHY, EAT SMART
Today, the average American consumer has little time to prepare home cooked meals. This fact of modern daily living has driven even the most conscientious mother and father into the arms of fast-food chain stores. The result has been the national health disaster of the expanding American waistline and also the expanding American health care budget. Americans, our chain believes, want to eat easy, healthy meals that taste good. Americans, today, in an increasingly image conscious society care about their health and looks but desire a way to have a warm and tasty family meal in a warm family environment that is emotionally as well as physically supportive of such a lifestyle. In other words, no sprouts, but not just fried spuds
The core values of our organization are that…
Thorson, Esther. (1989) "Products, Positioning, and Market Segmentation." Advertising Age: The Principles of Advertising at Word. Lincolnwood, IL: NTC Business Books.
Harrell, Gilbert. Marketing: Connecting with Customers.
incidence rates of childhood obesity are linked to socio-economic factors. Core drivers of obesity in both children and adults are diet and exercise, and research has shown that a calorie is not a calorie. That is to say that certain foods serve as triggers for metabolic responses and physiological events that impact the overall health of individuals. The old adage that people can focus on loosing weight -- the associated implication is that they will be healthy as a result -- has shown not to be true. Much of the prepackaged food consumed today -- particularly so-called junk food -- is high in sugar, fats, and calories. However, this statement is too reductionist to be of help to people who are interested in improving their diets in order to actually become healthier.
ecent research indicates that obesity is certainly a factor in the incidence of diabetes, as is total caloric…
Basu, S., Yoffe, P., Hills, N., & Lustig, R.H. (2013). The relationship of sugar to population-level diabetes prevalence: An econometric analysis of repeated cross-sectional data. PLoS ONE, 8(2): e57873. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057873
Breen, C., Ryan, M., McNulty, B., Gibney, M., Canavan, R., & O'Shea, D. (2014, February). High saturated-fat and low-fibre intake: a comparative analysis of nutrient intake in individuals with and without type 2 diabetes. Nutrition and Diabetes, 4, e104. doi: 10.1038/nutd.2014.2.
Eckel, R.H. (1997). Obesity and Heart Disease: A Statement for Healthcare Professionals From the Nutrition Committee, American Heart Association. Circulation, 96, 3248-3250. doi: 10.1161/01.CIR.96.9.3248
Healthy Food Prevent Obesity?
Now more than ever obesity has become an immense issue in the United States. What used to be a growing concern has now become a topic of constant discussion and debate. It has received great media attention, with as far as getting celebrities and athletes to sponsor healthier food and more exercise. The President and First Lady of the United States have even made it a personal concern of theirs to get America healthier. Children are at an all time high for getting Diabetes from the unhealthy food that they are eating and that are being marketed to them. Adults are getting high cholesterol levels, Diabetes, and high blood pressure, from all the unhealthy fat and high amounts of salt and sugar in the foods that they are eating. In today's society, being healthy has become not only a way of living, but also a trend.…
(1996). In this study, weight, height, and dietary patterns were obtained from 540 adolescent girls aged 12 to 18 years. These researchers used the body mass index of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANESI) as their reference for adolescence (Madani et al., 1996). The respective prevalence rates among this sample was found to be 14.7% underweight (85th percentiles). Based on these findings, Madani and his associates posited that the dietary practices of Saudi adolescents were comparable to their peers in other developed countries in the West and may reflect a tendency on the part of Saudi youth to adopt more Western-like lifestyles.
Al-Abbad (1995) assessed the prevalence of obesity and a number of the condition's associated risk factors following the same criteria used in the Madani et al. (1996) study. In Al-Abbad's analysis, 700 randomly selected students from six female intermediate and high schools in Al-Khobar city ranging…
Al-Abbar, F.A. (1995). Prevalence of obesity and risk factors among single female intermediate and high school students in Al-Khobar, Eastern Province Saudi Arabia. College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, King Faisal University, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi
Arabia, 1995 (unpublished fellowship dissertation).
Al-Nuaim a, Bamgboye E, Al-Herbish a. (1996). The pattern of growth and obesity in Saudi
Arabian male school children. International Journal of Obesity, 20, 1000-1005.
" (Halpin and urt, 1998) Duois states: "The history of the American Negro is the history of this strife -- this longing to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his double self into a better and truer self. In this merging he wishes neither of the older selves to be lost. He would not Africanize America, for America has too much to teach the world and Africa. He would not bleach his Negro soul in a flood of White Americanism, for he knows that Negro blood has a message for the world. He simply wishes to make it possible for a man to be both a Negro and an American, without being cursed and spit upon by his fellows, without having the doors of Opportunity closed roughly in his face. (Duois, 1903)
The work of Pope (1998) conducted a study to make examination of the relationship between psychosocial development and racial…
Alessandria, Kathryn P. And Nelson, Eileen S. (2005) Identity Development and Self-Esteem of First-Generation American College Students: An Exploratory Study. Project Muse January/February 2005 Vol. 46 No. 1 Online available at http://muse.jhu.edu/demo/journal_of_college_student_development/v046/46.1alessandria.pdf
ARMY ROTC: The John Hopkins University (nd) Training and Curriculum. Online available at http://www.jhu.edu/rotc/training.htm
Astin, a.W. (1984). Student involvement: A developmental theory for higher education. Journal of College Student Personnel, 25, 297-308.
Astin, a.W. (1993). What matters in college? Four critical years revisited. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Food Intake Analysis
Food Inake Analysis
Who does not want to be healthy? However, to achieve such an admirable goal, it will require diligence, motivation, and consistency. To many, this is quite a daunting task that is met with much resistance because of the level of commitment and consistency that it requires. Insomuch, with all the various types of fast foods available and society's life style, the challenge to reach and to maintain an ideal rate seems impossible. According to the Center for Disease Control (2012), the U.S. obesity rate at 35.7%; this demonstrates a significant increase since the 1990s. Since I am concern about my health and refuse to become a statistic, I will analyze my food intake for three days.
Below is my recorded 3-day food intake. Based on the data, several adjustments will should be made to reach the recommended dietary reference intake (USDA, 2012).…
Build a Heathy Body (n.d.). Let the pyramid guide your food choices.
Retrieved from http://www.health.gov/dietaryguidelines/dga2000/document/build.htm
Center for Disease Control -- CDC. (2012). Adult obesity facts. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html
MyFitnessPal. (2012). Charts and reports. Retrieved from http://www.myfitnesspal.com/
Good nutrition and healthy lifestyle are important to a better quality of life, but both can be crucial during pregnancy. Inspection of the research indicates that sound nutritional practices during pregnancy have always been considered important in the development of the unborn child Allen, 2005). However, good maternal nutrition may also be an important factor in the development of the fetus before the mother becomes pregnant and the effects of maternal nutrition on the fetus may extend well beyond childhood into adulthood (Barker, 1992).
Obviously the use of alcohol and certain drugs is not recommended during pregnancy. The consequences of alcohol and drug use during pregnancy have been well-documented and need not be discussed here (e.g., Streissguth, Barr, & Martin, 1984). With respect to pre-pregnancy plans, the National Institute of Health suggests three things that should be undertaken before a woman becomes pregnant: (1) both prospective parents should have physical…
Allen, L.H. (2005). Multiple micronutrients in pregnancy and lactation: An overview. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 81(supplement), 1206S-1212S.
Barker, D.J.P., (Ed.) (1992). Fetal and infant origins of adult disease. London: British Medical Journal Books.
Godfrey, K.M & Barker, D.J.P. (2000). Fetal nutrition and adult disease. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 71 (5), 1344-1352.
Institute of Medicine. (1990) Nutrition during pregnancy. Washington DC: National
The project is a website that compiles videos, tips, articles and other content. The site is aimed at an audience interested in a healthier lifestyle. The way of monetizing the site will be to sell advertising to health clubs, fitness professionals and others that cater to the same target market. This report will analyze this idea to test for feasibility and identify key challenges that could be present. There will be recommendations as well with respect to the future of this website.
There are several challenges that this website can be expected to face. The first is with respect to the idea of being a content aggregator. This is not 1997. Content is not free. Thus, the first hurdle that we will face with this idea is acquiring content. Most high-traffic content sites have established brands and they also have identified means of acquiring content. If we are…
Perner, L. (2008). Internet marketing. Consumer Psychologist. Retrieved May 24, 2013 from http://www.consumerpsychologist.com/intro_Internet_Marketing.html
O'Reilly, T. (2005). What is web 2.0. Oreilly.com. Retrieved May 24, 2013 from http://oreilly.com/web2/archive/what-is-web-20.html
Identify which three of the six dimensions of health you are strongest in.
According to this self-assessment instrument, my three strongest health dimensions are Social Health, Spiritual Health, and Intellectual Health. I scored a 4 out of 5 in each of those areas. By comparison, I scored a 3 in each of the other three measures (Physical Health, Emotional Health, and Environmental Health.
Describe why you think the identified three dimensions are your strongest.
I scored well in Social Health because I am comfortable with the impressions that I make on people and because I tend to get along well with others. I also participate in various social activities and genuinely enjoy interacting with others, including those who are different from me. My family relationships are healthy and fulfilling, I am fully present and available in my personal relationships, I am considerate of others, I contribute positively to…
Organ transplant recipients are more susceptible to cancer due to oncogenic viral infections and immunosuppression. What is the overall pattern of cancer following an organ transplantation?
Cancer is a major adverse outcome of solid organ transplantation.2 Previous studies have demonstrated an overall 2- to 4-fold elevated risk of cancer.3- 11 Excess risk is largely due to immunosuppression, with a spectrum of cancer resembling that seen with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, another immunosuppressing condition.11 isks are especially high for malignancies caused by viral infections, including non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Hodgkin lymphoma (both due to Epstein-Barr virus [EBV]), Kaposi sarcoma (human herpesvirus 8), anogenital cancers (human papillomavirus), and liver cancer (hepatitis C and B viruses). Certain other malignancies such as cancers of the lung, kidney, skin, and thyroid also are increased in transplant recipients. Linkage of population-based transplant and cancer registries from the same geographic region can allow for systematic ascertainment of…
Engels, E.A., Pfeiffer, R.M., Fraumeni, J.F., Kasiske, B.L., Israni, A.K., & Snyder, J.J. (2011). Spectrum of Cancer Risk among U.S. Solid Organ Transplant Recipients. JAMA, 306(17), 1891-1901. doi:10.1001/jama.2011.1592
Saaristo, T., Moilanen, L., Korpi-Hyovalti, E., Vanhala, M., Saltevo, J., Niskanen, L. . . . Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, S. (2010). Lifestyle intervention for prevention of type 2 diabetes in primary health care: one-year follow-up of the Finnish national diabetes prevention program (FIND2D). Diabetes Care, 33(10), 2146-2151. Doi:10.2337/dc10-0410
Sperling, R.A., Aisen, P.S., Beckett, L.A., Bennett, D.A., Craft, S., Fagan, A.M., . . . Phelps, C.H. (2011). Toward defining the preclinical stages of Alzheimer's disease: Recommendations from the National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer's Association workgroups on diagnostic guidelines for Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimer's & Dementia,7(3), 280 -- 292. doi:10.1016/j.jalz.2011.03.003
As a woman enters her geriatric years, many unique problems are also faced. Her post-menopausal period leaves a woman with increased risk of osteoporosis, and hormone-replacement therapy may need to be considered or dismissed depending upon the needs and wellness of the individual women. Additionally, increased risk for obesity begins nearly at the adolescent period, when women's hormone loads change and often activity of childhood decreases. The incidence of obesity and overweight among women perpetually increases with every year of life. ("Overweight, Obesity Threaten U.S.," 2002, p. 8)Obesity and overweight, as one of the most significant conditions associated with several chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, increased risk of stroke and hypertension should be developed as a lifespan issue, as the needs of intervention and prevention change as women age and go through various stages of life.
While women have functional characteristics that require specialized health care,…
Blackwell, Daria, 2002. Women in the Healthcare Industry Reaching for the Top. Medical Marketing & Media, Dec2002, Vol. 37 Issue 12, p44, 8p.
Fleming, Carl, 2004. Healthcare Access: Conflicts of Interest Presented by Managed Care Icu Bedside Rationing and Their Impact on Minorities and Women. Georgetown Journal of Gender & the Law, Spring2004, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p663-676.
Heyman, B., & Henriksen, M. (2001). Risk, Age and Pregnancy: A Case Study of Prenatal Genetic Screening and Testing / . New York: Palgrave.
Lueck, T.L., & Chang, H. (2002). Tribune's 'WomanNews' Gives Voice to Women's Issues. Newspaper Research Journal, 23(1), 59.
Wishing to Pursue Graduate Study
Dr. Paul Farmer of Partners in Health was asked in an interview if he knew at a young age what he wanted to do or if it was an idea that evolved over time. He replied: "You can…grow into what you want to do…grow into your aspirations." I took that to mean that personal experiences can open our eyes to possibilities and that small successes can focus our attention on goals that once seemed too lofty. I have learned the importance of taking one step at a time and striving to excel in every stage before reaching for the next level. Like a rock climber, I have also learned to visualize my next handhold -- and picture myself achieving that goal even as I reach for it.
Despite some difficult life circumstances, I have been graced by my origins and my experiences as an immigrant.…
"Participants were instructed to drink no more than 3 caffeinated beverages and no more than 2 alcoholic beverages per day" (pg. 2457).
Two features from this study that stand out when compared to the previous study (as read about earlier) was that this study sought to keep the participants weight relatively stable and that the participants were not obese and old, but were young and healthy. The goal of this study was measurably the same as the pervious study, but was set in entirely different circumstances. This is important to individuals seeking entry to the nursing field because it provides ammunition for lifestyle interventions even before the patient may think it is necessary.
The study's primary interest was to ascertain "the contrasts between the carbohydrate and protein diets and between the carbohydrate and unsaturated fat diets" (pg. 2459). What the study found was that for each diet (when compared to…
Appel, L.J.; Sacks, F.M.; Carey, V.J.; Obrazanek, E.; Swain, J.F.; Miller III, E.R.; Conlin, P.R.; Erlinger, T.P., Rosner, B.A., Laranjo, N.M.; Charleston, J.; McCarron, P.; Bishop, L.M.; (2005) Effects of protein, monounsaturated fat, and carbohydrate intake on blood pressure and serum lipids: Results of the OmniHeart randomized trial, Journal of American Medical Association, Vol. 294, No. 19, pp. 2455-2464
Trichopoulou, A.; Bamia, C.; Trichopoulos, D.; (2005) Mediterranean diet and survival among patients with coronary heart disease in Greece, Architecture of Internal Medicine, Vol. 165, pp. 929-935
Villareal, D.T.; Miller III, B.V.; Banks, M.; Fontana, L.; Sinacore, D.R.; Klein, S.; (2006) Effect of lifestyle intervention on metabolic coronary heart disease risk factors in obese older adults, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 84, pp. 1317-1323
Studies also indicate that the people of this area are more physically active than most Americans, and they have extensive social support, through large families, that tend to keep people healthier and happier throughout life. While there may be other factors that contribute to the longevity of people who partake in a Mediterranean diet, designing a low-fat, healthy diet based on Mediterranean principles of little red meat, lots of fruits and vegetables, a glass of red wine now and then, and use of "good" fats like olive oil, can lead to a healthier, more active and enjoyable lifestyle. Americans can learn a lot from the Mediterranean lifestyle, if they only take the time to learn about it and make the choice to live healthier, more active lives.
In conclusion, the Mediterranean diet is a healthy alternative to fast food and microwaved meals that can promote heart health and weight maintenance,…
Counihan, Carole M. Around the Tuscan Table: Food, Family, and Gender in Twentieth Century Florence. New York: Routledge, 2004.
Editors. 2008. Mediterranean Diet. Dallas, TX: American Heart Association. Online. Available from Internet, http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=46444 April 2008.
Editors. 2006. Mediterranean Diet for Heart Health. Rochester, MN: Mayo Clinic. Online. Available from Internet, http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/mediterranean-diet/CL000114 April 2008.
Editors. 2001. Tomatoes & Health. Sacramento, CA: California Tomato Growers' Association. Online. Available from Internet, http://www.ctga.org/newctga/health/studyconfirms.htm4 April 2008.
The significance of obesity in American society is hardly unforeseen; evidence of its ugly head is reared throughout all facets of America, including diverse geographic and demographic arenas. One American city lends credence to the glaring problem of obesity with the following statistics presented in a Department of Health report from 2005. The facts as presented in the report show that, 1) the percentage of adults in the state of New York who are overweight or obese increases from 42% in 1997 to 57% in 2002, 2) the percentage of obese adults increased more than one hundred percent from 10% to 21%, 3) obesity among children and adolescents has tripled during the past three decades, 4) 24% of children in grades K-5 are obese, and 5) 29.5% of high school students in New York City are obese or overweight (NY Dept of Health 2005). Additionally, the report showed that…
Burt, V.L.; Cutler, J.A.; Higgins, M.; Horan, M.J.; Labarthe, D.; Whelton, P.; Brown, C.; Rocella, E.J.; (1995) Trends in the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in the adult U.S. population, Hypertension, Vol. 26, pp. 60 -- 69
Cooper, A.; (2011) Lunch lessons, Educational Leadership, Vol. 68, Issue 8, pp. 75-78
Medicine Net.Com (2011) We bring doctor's knowledge to you, accessed on July 11,
2011 at http://www.medterms.com/script/main/hp.asp
Given the fact that indigenous culture; is based off of their unique relationship with the land, means that the basic Smart Choices initiatives must take this approach into account. (Indigenous Australian 2009) To implement this kind of a program, means that you would have to reach out leaders in the indigenous community and schools, by discussing with the problem as well as what strategies they believe would help to address the challenges. At which point, these ideas will become a part of the program. This would help to build alliances with key groups in the community and schools, by having advocates who will support the program as well as encourage others to participate. Once this takes place, the challenges of individuals following them will begin to change.
Next, you must offer some kind of economic incentive for people to eat healthier. One way that this could be accomplished is to…
Anti-Obesity Programs Miss the Mark, ABC News, 2010, viewed 28 October 2010.
Smart Choices, Queensland Government, 2010, viewed 28 October 2010.
Indigenous Australian, Greens, 2009, viewed 28 October 2010
Indigenous Australians, Department of Human Services, 2010, viewed 28 October 2010
The Diet and Lifestyle of the Followers of Mohammed
People who lived during the time of Mohammed followed a specific dietary system and lifestyle which was modeled on that of the prophet. The diet was natural and holistic and the lifestyle was as well. For example, after morning prayers, the prophet would dissolve a spoonful of honey in water and drink this, and his followers would do the same. The purpose of this was that not only would the honey sweeten the water but also it would prepare the digestive tract for the breakfast that was soon to follow (Abdalshafy, 2014). This honey juice was especially important in the life of Mohammed and his followers in maintaining a healthy, regimental lifestyle. This paper shall discuss other aspects of the lifestyle and dietary system of the followers of Mohammed at this point in time.
Breakfast for the followers of…
Abdalshafy, M. (2014). Optimum health from the Food of the Prophet. Encyclopedia of Miracles in Coran and Sunnah. Available from http://www.quran-m.com/firas/en1/index.php/prophetical/458-optimum-health-from-the-food-of-the-prophet.html
Muir, W. (1861). Life of Mahomet. London: Smith, Elder.
Muslim Health Network. (2014). Islam and Health. MHN. Available from http://www.muslimhealthnetwork.org/islamandhealth.shtml
Nigosian, S. (2004). Islam: Its History, Teaching, and Practices. IN: Indiana
As it is, obesity emerges in cultures that become wealthy and start eating fast food.
Doctors are also responsible for promoting the myth that obesity is related more to genetics than to lifestyle by misrepresenting the statistics about the disease. As ebMD points out, "If one of your parents is obese, you are 3 times as likely to be obese as someone with parents of healthy weight." hat the ebsite fails to mention is that the reason why parents pass on obesity to children might not be related at all to genes, but to lifestyle habits. A child who grows up watching a parent eat potato chips and fast food while watching television might model behavior after that parent. If the parent is obese, the child will become obese not necessarily because of genes but because of behavior modeling.
Public policy is also to blame for obesity. It is a…
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Obesity and overweight. 2012. Retrieved online: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/overwt.htm
Sifferlin, Alexandra. "Americans Are Eating Fewer Calories, So Why Are We Still Obese?" Time. 22 Feb, 2013. Retrieved online: http://healthland.time.com/2013/02/22/americans-are-eating-fewer-calories-so-why-are-we-still-obese/
WebMD. Obesity -- Cause. 2013. Retrieved online: http://www.webmd.com/diet/tc/obesity-cause
This is related to bronchitis, asthma and long-term conditions such as lung cancer and bladder cancer (obinson, 2009).
It is estimated that the chances of getting bladder cancer is high for ex-smokers and passive smokers even after thirty years later. This brings us to the question of management of bladder cancer for current and ex-smokers as well as passive smokers.
The management of bladder cancer is a three-pronged approach that involves reducing the progression of the disease, protecting the bladder and increasing the chances of survival. The course of treatment depends to a large extent on the stage of the cancer. During the earlier stages, surgery, trans urethral resection, intravesical chemotherapy and immunotherapy are used to contain the disease and prevent it from progressing further. The malignant areas are treated with one of the above procedures to remove the tumor. In the case of a more advanced stage, radical cystectomy…
Cancer Research UK. (2011). Cancer in the UK: April 2011. Retrieved from http://info.cancerresearchuk.org/cancerstats/mortality/
Friedman, Howard. (1990). Personality and Disease. Publisher: New York, John Wiley & Sons.
Abrahamson; Seligman; Teasdale. (1978). Learned Helplessness in Humans: Critique and Reformulation. Abnormal Psychology. Vol 87. pp 49-74.
McAllister, Robert. (May 1974). Viral Etiology of Cancer: Two Hypotheses with relevance to chemical exposure. Pediatrics. Vol 53 (5). pp826.
Carollo, Caterina; Lo Presti, Rosalia & Caimi, Gregorino. "Wine, Diet and Arterial Hypertension." Angiology 58, no. 1 (Feb/Mar 2007): 92-96. Database online: Available from Academic Search Premier, ISSN: 0003-3197.
Foodservice in the United States." (July 2007): 1-32. Database online: Available from Marketline.
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Overweight and Obesity in U.S. Cities. (2008). Online. Available at http://obesity1.tempdomainname.com/subs/fastfacts/cities.shtml[accessed 27 Mar 2008].
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Ruiz, Rebecca. America's Most Obese Cities. (26 Nov 2007). Online. Available at http://www.forbes.com/2007/11/14/health-obesity-cities-forbeslife-cx_rr_1114obese.html[accessed 27 Mar 2008].
Vegas FAQ. (Apr 2007). Online. Available at http://visitlasvegas.com/getfile/2006Top25Questions.pdf?fileID=106[accessed 27 Mar…
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Carollo, Caterina; Lo Presti, Rosalia & Caimi, Gregorino. "Wine, Diet and Arterial Hypertension." Angiology 58, no. 1 (Feb/Mar 2007): 92-96. Database online: Available from Academic Search Premier, ISSN: 0003-3197.
Foodservice in the United States." (July 2007): 1-32. Database online: Available from Marketline.
In Pictures: America's Most Obese Cities. (2007). Online. Available at http://visitlasvegas.com/getfile/2006Top25Questions.pdf?fileID=106 [accessed 27 Mar 2008].
Case #8: Global Strategies
Critically evaluate Dolce & Gabbana's decision to launch 15 new stores in China
Dolce & Gabbana's decision to launch 15 new stores in China is a smart one. First, the U.S. Visa process is making it difficult for Chinese tourists to shop here, so D&G will have to take business there in order to get to those Chinese consumers who cannot buy here. Secondly, sales of luxury goods in mainland China were expected to reach $16.9 Billion dollars in 2011, which is a huge market, so G&B is going after some of those Billions. Third, G&B already has 26 stores there, so they are already known in China and G&B already know they can successfully sell in China. Fourth, they can sell a lifestyle of D&G, just as Ralph Lauren did, so that people will buy new products that support that imagined lifestyle.
Health Promotion Lesson Plan
The concept of health promotion is thought of as "the science and art of helping people change their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health" (Dunphy et al., 2011, p 25). Serious heart conditions can be prevented, which is why it is so important to utilize community education techniques in order to help try to warn community members of the complications before they occur. This current lesson plan works to create three separate community lesson plans, based on specific age ranges. The age 18-29 focuses primarily on the use of social media and health advocacy efforts in association with the American Heart Association. For ages 30-49, there is also a focus on these two, combined with more community oriented issues, and for 50-60, there is much more of a focus on financial training along with community organized workshops.
Prevention has become a major issue…
References McLeod, Saul. (2010). Erik Erikson. Developmental Psychology. Simply Psychology. Web. http://www.simplypsychology.org/Erik-Erikson.html
The selective type would enable me to make optimal use of the specific factors that are relevant to my target group. This IOM type would also enable me to identify cases of prior and current drug use, and to refer these to specialized groups and programs for help. The selective type is therefore optimal for the specific sector of society that I want to target.
Best Practice Program
From the "Best Practice Programs," I chose "Athletes Training and Learning to Avoid teroids: The ATLA Program," because it specifically focuses on high school athletes as a target group. While it focuses mostly on one particular kind of drug, I would perhaps modify it to address the specific problems, risks and protective factors of my target group.
The ATLA program focuses on male high school athletes and aims at reducing the risk factors involved in the use of anabolic steroids and other…
CASAT. Best Practice: Athletes Training and Learning to Avoid Steroids: The ATLAS Program
Institute of Medicine. Projects: Adolescent Health Care Services and Models of Care for Treatment, Prevention, and Healthy Development http://www.iom.edu/CMS/12552/35625.aspx
How Fast Food Restaurants are Reacting to the Shift to More Organic Foods:
To remain competitive, fast food restaurants have had to turn to
innovative products, often redeveloping their product lines, to meet the
changing demands of consumers for organic foods specifically, and healthier
foods in general. The demand for organic foods has been the mechanism for
industry evolution. As noted, McDonalds phased out their supersize menu
items, in response to society's growing health concerns. In addition,
they've begun to offer more healthy menu choices, such as low-fat items and
fresh salads, to their customers, as well as promoting healthy lifestyles
in their marketing campaigns. In the New England area, McDonald's even
replaced their coffee with Newman's Own Organic blend, in an attempt to
take further advantage of more organically-discriminating tastes of
consumers. This move has been well-received in the region. In
addition, new fast food restaurants are being introduced…
Abelson, J., "An Overarching Goal: Innovation," Boston Globe (September 24,
2006): E2 (database online); available from ProQuest, ProQuest ID:
Brunning, R. "Organic Fast-Food Restaurant to Open in Boulder," Knight
Ridder Tribune (October 12, 2006): 1 (database online); available from
ProQuest, ProQuest ID: 1157712541.
"Fast Food in the United States." Market Line (August 2005) Database
online. Available from Datamonitor.
Green provides some clear guidelines to assist health education and promotion specialists in the identification and design of health promotion techniques for implementation in health promotion and disease prevention programs. Discuss how five of the guidelines presented by Dr. Green could assist you in the selection of an appropriate health promotion technique. Support your answer with appropriate examples.
The module gives really simple guidelines as to the how the process of health education promotion can work in today's world. Healthcare is a social industry and hence understanding the community structure and its needs is the primary concern. According to the directions given by Dr. Green, the following factors have to be considered before designing and implementing health promotion and disease prevention programs. Hence the process is structured by first identifying the needs of the community and then setting the goals (short-term and long-term) accordingly. Once this is done the following…
Adair, J.E. And Thomas, N. (2004). The Concise Adair on Teambuilding and Motivation. Thorogood. London.
Agron P, Berends V, Ellis K, Gonzalez M. (2010). School wellness policies: perceptions, barriers, and needs among school leaders and wellness advocates. J Sch Health. 2010; 80: 527-535.
Eddy, J. Module 5. Policy Development as a Health Promotion Technique- Dr. James Eddy (59:40). Accessed from: mms://mediasrv1.ccs.ua.edu/CCS-AO2/HHE530/HHE530_Module5_D_combined.wmv
Fitzhugh, E. Module 5a. The Focus Group- Dr. Eugene Fitzhugh (1:00:14). Accessed from: mms://mediasrv1.ccs.ua.edu/CCS-AO2/HHE530/HHE530_Module5_A_combined.wmv
What are some of the key issues facing businesses today in terms of continuing to offer a competitive benefits package?
Health care has emerged as one of the most important issues in contemporary American business in relation to competitive benefits packages. That is because under the current health care framework in the U.S., employer health care plans are the most common source of health insurance access (eid, 2009). Before the enactment of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), only businesses employing at least 50 employees were required by law to provide group health insurance to their employees. That meant that smaller companies often were at a competitive disadvantage in attracting the best talent because employees value health insurance so much. Since the enactment of the ACA, smaller companies will also be required to provide health insurance plans to avoid tax penalties for choosing not to do so (Pickert, 2012).…
Halbert, T. And Ingulli, E. (2009). Law & Ethics in the Business Environment.
Cincinnati: West Legal Studies.
Miller, S. "Employers Weigh Health Care Strategies: A growing number do more to mitigate costs and improve employee health." Society for Human Resource
Management (March 18, 2010).
A brief explanation of the public health need you identified.
Childhood obesity is an increasingly prevalent problem in our homes, schools and in the United States as a whole. ith obesity comes a host of health risks including heart disease, diabetes, hypertension and a significantly shorter lifespan. This is why early intervention in critical.
Describe the population whom you plan to target for your public health program and explain why.
Early intervention should take the form of addressing obesity in your elementary school aged children. It is at this age that health behaviors become habit-forming and more difficult to break. Additionally, because it appears that younger people are ever more susceptible to obesity, it is critical to take corrective action now.
Describe potential sources of funding.
Funding will largely be elicited through the combined support of government grant programs aimed at reducing childhood obesity and private companies such as…
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2011). Health People 2020. CDC.gov.
Primary Text. (?). Planning a Health Promotion Program. .
FIBOMYALGIA OUTLINE and PAMPHLET
Introduction to Fibromyalgia
Symptoms of Fibromyalgia
Effects of the symptoms on the body.
isk factors and preventive steps.
Diagnosis and Treatment for fibromyalgia.
Therapeutic and diagnostic methods for fibromyalgia.
Treatment for fibromyalgia.
Having many physical and clinical symptoms, Fibromyalgia is a syndrome whose effects are felt in form of extreme musculoskeletal pain. It is believed that many environmental, genetic and biological factors are responsible for the start and progress of this infection although its etiology is undermined. In many industrialized countries, its rate of occurrence is 0.7-4.7% amongst the general population. It is incidentally seen more in women than men and the general female-to-male ratio being 9-1. Due to the diverse nature of its symptoms, those infected experience major difficulties adapting to their working environment, family or their life. It also subjects the sufferers to use consultative health services and social resources…
Arthritis and Fibromyalgia.Plos ONE, 9(2), 1-9. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088740
Derrer, David, T.,2014, understanding fibromyalgia symptoms, webmdmd,2014,understanding fibromyalgia symptoms, retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/fibromyalgia/understanding-fibromyalgia-symptoms .
Fibromyalgia | University of Maryland Medical Center http://umm.edu/health/medical/reports/articles/fibromyalgia#ixzz3HSyCkaXF
KengenTraska, T., Rutledge, D., Mouttapa, M., Weiss, J., & Aquino, J. (2012). Strategies used for managing symptoms by women with fibromyalgia. Journal Of Clinical Nursing, 21(5/6), 626-635. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2010.03501.x
With problem-free skin throughout her teens and 20s, Trish has been especially anxious about her problem and wants to develop a face care regiment that prevents and treats her blemishes. I also advised Trish to watch her diet, drink a lot of water, and to take a multivitamin. Additionally, I asked Trish to find out whether her problem might be related to hormonal imbalances because some birth control pills help women deal with adult acne.
Trish's facial is a full facial but after examining her skin I noticed some of her acne is cystic. Therefore, we will treat Trish as if she also has highly sensitive skin, which she might. Trish first receives an oil-free cleanser followed by a toner. Both products are tailored for oily skin, and after using them we also use a gentle exfoliator. Next, we use steam to open Trish's pores and spend some…
Apply a Facial Mask for a Snappy Makeover." Retrieved Feb 18, 2008 at http://beautytalk-mix.blogspot.com/2008/02/apply-facial-mask-for-snappy-makeover.html
Dry Skin." Holistic Online.com Retrieved Feb 18, 2008 at http://www.1stholistic.com/Beauty/skin/skin_dry.htm
health promotion strategies that can be implemented upon the predictive characteristics of the family.
My health promotion strategy program will center around a Cuban-American family called the Garcias whose primary health issues center on hypertension, and the need for greater information about the importance of establishing a healthy lifestyle. This includes the importance of screening, exercise, establishing healthy habits, and monitoring one's lifestyle. Several members of the family indicate stress and hypertension whilst the grandmother also has cardiac disease and osteoarthritis, but is resilient to receiving information on how to alleviate her symptoms. In a similar way, Angelo, an addicted smoker, refuses to stop smoking and to deal with his chronic cough and mild chest pain, stating that, as man of the family, he has to continue working his overwhelming hours. Gerardo, the son, being active homosexually, seems to be vulnerable to AIDS; it is unclear whether or not he…
Boswell, T.D. & Curtis, J.R. (1984) The Cuban-American Experience. Culture, Images and Perspectives. NJ: Rowman & Allanheld Publishers
Cuban Americans http://www.everyculture.com/multi/Bu-Dr./Cuban-Americans.html
Furthermore, as Baltes makes clear, there are some events that are generally going to impact people at various stages in their lives. For example, an East European Jew who survived World War II would probably have a historical influence that changed other age-expectations, which could impact other longevity factors. Time in a concentration camp, which would be normative for the Jewish cohort in that place and time period, would also likely impact the age of marriage, parenthood, and other culturally normative behaviors that might impact health and longevity in one's old age. While that might seem to be a dramatic example, the reality is that most generations are going to have cohorts impacted by at least one event of similar magnitude. For the practitioner working with geriatric clients, knowing the historical events that are most likely to have impacted the client and how those are likely to interact with the…
Anstey, K., Stankov, L., & Lord, S. (1993). Primary aging, secondary aging, and intelligence.
Psychology of Aging, 8(4), 562-70.
Bee, H.L., & Bjorklund, B. (2010). Journey of adulthood, 7th Edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ:
Advance Nursing Practice
In order to sustain life, the human body has to have oxygen. When a person cannot breathe, or there is not enough oxygen coming into the body through the act of breathing, it is not possible for life to continue. The respiratory system is what provides the person with the opportunity to breathe and take in oxygen. Carbon dioxide is also expelled that same way. If oxygen is not received, the brain cells will start dying, followed by other cells, organs, and tissues. Addressed here is a case study dealing with the respiratory system, conditions it may face, and how those issues can be treated.
Patient Initials: Unknown Age: 65 yo Sex: Female
Client Complaints: The patient complains of a dry cough that is rarely productive. She has had the cough for two weeks, and for the last two days has also been running a…
American Lung Association (2014). COPD: Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment. Retrieved from http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/copd/about-copd/symptoms-diagnosis-treatment.html
Buttaro, T.M., Trybulski, J., Baily, P.P., & Sandburg-Cook, J. (2013). Primary care: A collaborative practice (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier/Mosby.
Cenzon, M. (2014). Emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Retrieved from http://www.symptomfind.com/health/emphysema-chronic-bronchitis/
Mayo Clinic Staff. (2014). Oral thrush. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/oral-thrush/basics/basics/definition/con-20022381?_ga=1.193450093.1798610931.1412555487
psychiatrist, Viktor Frankl, while suffering numerous hardships in his life as a prisoner of war in a Nazi work camp that included being isolated from the rest of the world including his family along with the prospect of facing at the hands of his captors death every day began to question the meaning of his own existence and the meaning of life in general. Frankl eventually came to the conclusion that people derive meaning from their lives as either as result of their suffering, their ability to love another, and their work (Frankl, 1985). A person's work helps them to define a sense of themselves, contributes to their feeling that they are useful, and helps to keep them active (Frankl, 1985; Shacklock, 2006; Waddell & Burton, 2006). These benefits occur at any age; therefore, by continuing to remain in the workforce elderly people can both produce benefits to their community…
Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2006). Retirement and retirement intentions. Canberra: Author.
Beier, M.E., & Kanfer, R. (2013). Work performance and the older worker. Sage Handbook on Aging, Work, and Society, 16, 65-97.
Center for Disease Control. (2012). Older employees in the workplace. In National Center for chronic disease prevention and health promotion. Retrieved September 25, 2014, from http://www.cdc.gov/nationalhealthyworksite/docs/issue_brief_no_1_older_employees_in_the_workplace_7-12-2012_final508.pdf .
Cummings, T., & Worley, C. (2014). Organization development and change. Stanford, CT: