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Hunger of Memory: Contradictions from Experience
In Richard Rodriguez's autobiography Hunger of Memory: The Education of Richard Rodriguez, the authors paints a portrait of himself, his family, his work, and his society as they all developed and converged or diverged over the decades of his life to this point. Through his experiences first as a student and then as an educator, Rodriguez has encountered many problems arising from his ethnicity and his native language and culture as well as from his adoption of English language and American culture in the later periods of his life. This has led to a certain juxtaposition of ideals and observations that at times makes it unclear precisely how Rodriguez truly perceives things, or if there might not be some ambiguity in many of his perspectives. This paper will explore some of the apparent contradictions that Rodriguez makes in this book and in…
It is estimated that 22 million children are stunted in their growth worldwide.
Economic consequences: it is estimated that 67 million children are malnourished which effectively means they will not achieve the expected schooling level like any average child, and if they do, it could be late. The repercussion of that is that they will not be able to earn at equal rate as other age mates who are not malnourished, with a continued cycle, he economy of the society will end up suffering.
In order to bring an end to hunger in the world, there should be systems put in place that protect the weak and vulnerable from organized rogue groups and protected multinationals that construe the food production process to their own evil desires.
There should be very well managed and coordinated trade especially on food items so that the third world can reclaim good use of their…
GMO Compass (2008). Maize. Retrieved February 24, 2011 from www.gmo-ompass.org/eng/grocery_shopping/crops/18.genetically_modified_maize_eu.html
In 2009, 6.9 million infants and children relied on IC benefits to eliminate hunger ("IC"). However, this program also has limited benefits, with specific items that program participants can receive.
The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) offers free and reduced price lunches through the school. More than 19 million children received free or reduced price lunches, through the NSLP, in the 2008-2009 school year. All schools are eligible to participate, and participating schools "also receive agricultural commodities (unprocessed or partially processed foods) as a supplement to the per-meal cash reimbursements, in amounts based on the number of lunches they serve" ("National School Lunch"). Although this program helps ensure school-aged children receive at least one meal each day, it does not provide food for other meals, on weekends, or during school holidays, including summer break.
The School Breakfast Program (SBP) was created to help ensure school children were receiving a nutritious…
"Clients: Food Insecurity." Feeding America. 2010. Web. 3 Dec. 2010. .
" Health Consequences of Hunger." Food Research & Action Center. n.d. Web. 3 Dec. 2010. .
"Hunger Report 2010." Feeding America. 2010. Web. 3 Dec. 2010. .
"Hunger and Poverty Statistics." Feeding America. 2010. Web. 3 Dec. 2010. .
This particular programs was created not only to address to issue of hunger but also of health and nutrition.
4. Technology Project-this program encourages the uses of computer hardware and software to assist clients. The technology project supports organizations by instructing them on how to use technology to have benefits outreaches, track clients, network to find jobs for clients and to improve nutrition. All of these things allow the organizations to assist people in a manner that is more effective.
5. Volunteer Matching Center- Designed to match volunteers to organization that need assistance. This ensures that volunteers will be organized and able to assist clients effectively.
6/7. Americorps State and VISTA service programs- These programs are designed to allow those with much experience (VISTA) as well as those with little experience (State) to work directly with the coalition in multiple capacities. This includes everything from preparing food to writing grants.…
About the Coalition. http://www.nyccah.org/aboutus
Benefits Access. http://www.nyccah.org/programs/benefits-access
Emergency Food Action Center. http://www.nyccah.org/programs/emergency-food-action-center
Farm Fresh Initiative. http://www.nyccah.org/programs/farm-fresh-initiative
S. On the one hand, this has been a continuous process. "it is currently estimated that 31 million people live in food insecure households, meaning that at some time during the previous year, they were unable to acquire of were uncertain of having enough food to meet basic needs due to inadequate household resources." (Siefert et al.171) There are additional figures that indicate "poverty on the rise -- the United States experienced the biggest jump in poverty in a decade in 2001, to nearly 12% of the population" (Lieberman 17) Considering these two aspects, food insecurity is strictly related to poverty as a general trend, which in turn is a result of a mismanagement of federal authority.
Hunger tends to affect all the segments of the population. In this way, it weakens the systemic organization of the society. Because the family is considered to be the nucleus in every society,…
25 Million Depend on Emergency Food Assistance." Policy & Practice of Public Human
Services Jun2006, Vol. 64 Issue 2. 2 April 2007. Academic Search Premier EBSCO
Egendorf, Laura K. "How Can Hunger Be Reduced." Food. Roberto Salazar. Detroit, MI:
Greenhaven Press, 2006. 160-168.
Increasing drought, flooding, and changing climatic patterns requiring a shift in crops and farming practices that may not be easily accomplished are three key issues ("2012 World Hunger and Poverty Facts and Statisics" 2011).
Hunger and Poverty in Afghanistan
According to a United Nations Security Council report 25 time as many Afghan citizens die every year as a result of hunger and poverty than from violence. One of the world's poorest nations, 7.4 million, or about one third of the population is "food insecure." Another third of the population is on the borderline to that status (Loewenberg, 2009).
Over 40% of the country subsists on less than 45 cents a day. Over half of Afghan preschool children are chronically malnourished. An estimated 1.2 million children younger than 5 and 550,000 pregnant or lactating mothers are at risk of falling into severe malnutrition. The country has the third highest child mortality…
"2012 World hunger and poverty facts and statisics." (2011, December 11). Hunger notes. World Hunger Education Service. Retrieved April 24, 2012, from http://www.worldhunger.org/articles/Learn/world%20hunger%20facts%202002.htm #Hunger_concepts_and_definitionss
Loewenberg, S. (2009, November 6). Hunger is Afghanistan's biggest killer. The Huffington post. Retrieved April 24, 2012, from http://www.aolnews.com/2009/11/06/hunger-is-afghanistans-biggest-killer/
Hunger has invaded our universe with the tyranny of a thousand Napoleon armies. This agent of destruction exists all around the world and affects millions of people. It is my determination that world hunger is eradicated in every corner of the world. The removal of this dreadful quandary is of the utmost importance if we are to ensure a hunger free environment for generations to come.
orld hunger is one of the most critical problems facing our world today. It is estimated that 24,000 human beings die each day of starvation and hunger related diseases; 74% of these people are children. These statistics are staggering because it means that one person dies of starvation every 3.6 seconds. (Daily Results)
ithin the developing world, 17% of the population was malnourished during 1997-1999, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. This means that 777.2 million people did not…
Daily Results . http://www.thehungersite.com/cgi-bin/WebObjects/CTDSites.woa/213/wo/I30000Qk300At500zI/0.0.41.1.188.8.131.52.29.0.CustomContentLinkDisplayComponent.0.0
Hunger Facts. http://www.hungerfreeamerica.org/facts/index.cfm
Trends and Current Status of Malnutrition in the World. http://www.worldhunger.org/articles/global/ray.htm
Hunger Free Communities
The following will look into ways of addressing hunger as an important public health issue. It will also consider programs like WIC and SNAP with the aim of ascertaining if these programs are public health interventions.
Hunger: A Public Health Problem?
Hunger is a major public health challenge, perhaps, the most prevalent public health problem plaguing the world today. The 193 United Nations member nations as well as 23 international bodies in 2000 said their major goal was to eradicate hunger and poverty totally by the year 2015 (O' Neal, 2012). During the 2012 summit where the progress of this goal was assessed, there was a reaffirmation of this goal. Despite this stated global commitment, hunger remains one problem most people ignore easily, especially in the United States.
In the U.S. (O' Neal, 2012):
Nearly 49 million people, representing 1 out of every 6 people struggle with…
Food and Nutrition Service (2013, April). Nutrition Assistance at Farmers Markets: Understanding Current Operations (Summary). Retrieved October 7, 2015, from http://www.fns.usda.gov/sites/default/files/FarmersMarketsOps_Summary_0.pdf
Food and Nutrition Service (n.d.). Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Food and Nutrition Service. Retrieved October 7, 2015, from http://www.fns.usda.gov/snap/supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-snap
New York State Department of Health. (n.d.). WIC Program - Women, Infants, Children. Retrieved October 7, 2015, from http://www.health.ny.gov/prevention/nutrition/wic/
O'Neal, P. (2012, October 1). WSU Hunger Awareness -- Hot Dogs, Tuna Mac, Ramen Noodles: Are you food insecure?. Hunger is a public health problem! WSU Hunger Awareness. Retrieved October 7, 2015, from http://wsuhunger.wordpress.com/2012/10/01/hunger-is-a-public-health-problem/
Hunger is a global problem with many people in underdeveloped and developed nations experiencing malnutrition. Although some countries like the United States, produce a surplus of food, enough to feed the 300 million people in it and then some, there are still people in America that go hungry each night and suffer from health problems attributed to malnutrition. In underdeveloped countries like Guatemala and Ethiopia, many children experience starvation and die young. What can the world to solve the hunger epidemic?
Food exists in many forms from natural to process to raw to cooked. In Australia, raw fruit is imported from other countries making the cost of fruit there high. The same can be said of fruit in Japan and South Korea. Countries like Indonesia and Thailand however, have low priced fruit. One of the reasons why food, especially nutritious food like fruits and vegetables are so expensive is due…
The Independent. (2014, July 12). Japanese plant experts produce 10,000 lettuce heads a day in LED-lit indoor farm. Retrieved from http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/japanese-plant-experts-produce-10000-lettuces-a-day-in-ledlit-indoor-farm-9601844.html
Causes of orld Hunger
Hunger may be one of the most serious and least understood of all world problems. Many people believe that hunger is the result of a lack of available food, which is a myth that is perpetuated by many well-meaning news organizations. Discussions of famine and drought make it seem as if hunger occurs because there is simply not enough food to feed people. The reality is that worldwide food supplies significantly exceed worldwide food demand. Moreover, even in those countries with excess food production and the means to distribute food to starving people, people starve. Instead, there are a multitude of causes of the world hunger problem: poverty, free market economics, large land ownership, food exports, diversion of land to non-food production, foreign aid, and last, but certainly not least, misconceptions about the causes of poverty that perpetuate, rather than alleviate the problem.
ithout discussing the…
Knight, Danielle. "It is a Myth that World Hunger is Due to Scarcity of Food." PSRAST. N.p.
16 Oct. 1998. Web. 19 Feb. 2012.
Madakufamba, Munetsi. "Unequal 'Freetrade' Threatens Food Security." The Mail & Guardian.
N.p. 13 Aug. 2001. Web. 19 Feb. 2012.
Extreme Poverty and Hunger Eradication 7
I. Problem Overview
While the world has realized accelerated achievement in reducing extreme poverty over the last decades, poverty and hunger remain a chronic challenge in Africa. The Work Bank reports a decline in the global population living in extreme poverty (less than $1.90 a day) plunged to a low of 10% by 2015 which is equivalent to 736 million living below the poverty line (World Bank, 2018). The significant progress has been disproportionate, with the progress mainly recorded in South Asia, East Asia, and Pacific. South Asia has realized a decline of the poor population by more than a half from 500 million in 1990 to 216 million people in 2015 (FAO, 2018). However, a stark difference has been reported in Sub-Sahara Africa where extreme poverty is concentrated. The Poverty and Shared Prosperity report indicate an increase in the population living in extreme…
Global and National Hunger
Hunger can be described as a physical sensation of desiring food. Usually even the highly privileged may experience mild hunger, however brief experience will never be harmful. People suffering from hunger are a larger scale reference to individuals who are unable to eat sufficient food in meeting their basic nutritional needs for a sustained period of time. A large proportion of the world's populations are affected by hunger throughout history. Occasionally it result originates from plagues, war or adverse weather changes.
Several inter-related issues that cause hunger tend to be related to economic as well as other factors that cause poverty. A part from the named above causes of hunger we have drought, famine, diversification of land use to non-productive use, poor eating habit, inefficient agriculture, land right and ownership as other causes of hunger, (Anup Shah, 2010). As we try to solve the problem of…
References Anup Shah, ( 2010). Solving World Hunger Means Solving World Poverty" Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://www.globalissues.org/article/8/solving-world-hunger-means-solving-world-poverty
Miguel De La Torre, (2012). Will You Eat Less to Reduce Global Hunger? Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://www.ethicsdaily.com/will-you-eat-less-to-reduce-global-hunger -- cms-19941
World Hunger Education Service, (2011). "2012 World Hunger and Poverty Facts and Statistics" Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://www.worldhunger.org/articles/Learn/world%20hunger%20facts%202002.htm
Biological Mechanisms of Hunger
What Causes Hunger: The Biological Mechanisms of Hunger
The biological mechanisms that trigger hunger are rather complex. In that regard, several theories have been proposed in an attempt to explain hunger and the biological mechanisms that control it. It is therefore important to note that the feeling of hunger has no single source. Indeed, as Pastorino and Doyle-Portillo (2012) point out; although the stomach plays a role in the initiation of hunger, it is not the only source of the same.
The liver according to Pastorino and Doyle-Portillo (2012) plays an important part in the regulation of hunger. This it accomplishes by closely monitoring not on the levels of glucose but also the levels of glycogen in the body. In basic terms, glucose (a form of sugar) is burnt by our bodies for energy. On the other hand, glycogen according to Pastorino and Doyle-Portillo (2012) "is…
McGuire, M. & Beerman, K.A. (2009). Nutritional Sciences: From Fundamentals to Food (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.
Pastorino, E.E. & Doyle-Portillo, S.M. (2012). What is Psychology? Essentials (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.
Wagner, H. (2004). Physiological Psychology. New York, NY: Garland Science.
For example, in countries such as India, Mexico, and the Philippines, grain production and exports have increased, yet hunger persists (Knight Pp). Although nature is easy to blame for the world's hunger, food is always available for those who can afford it (Knight Pp). In places such as south Asia and Africa, many people are deprived of land ownership by a "powerful few," and/or are "trapped in the unremitting grip of debt, or miserably paid" (Knight Pp).
Another common myth concerning world hunger is population growth, however, according to the report, "For every Bangladesh, a densely populated and hungry country, we find a Nigeria, Brazil or Bolivia where abundant food resources coexist with hunger" (Knight Pp). Costa Rica, with only half of Honduras' cropped acres per person, has a life expectancy of eleven years longer than that of Honduras (Knight Pp).
Large farms, the free-market, free trade and more aid…
Knight, Danielle. "Food: New Report Exposes Myths About World Hunger."
Inter-Press Service English News Wire. 10/17/1998; Pp.
As he becomes frustrated by onlookers' questions, he shakes the bars of the cage like some wild animal. The artist's cage is literal and figurative in this case. He is confined to his life of suffering and his is a prisoner of it. His psychological cage is just like his physical one. He willingly accepts both. He was never appreciated and this led to even more dissatisfaction. The artist can find no peace within and no appreciated from without. People walked by him without glancing his way. Soon they forget about him and leave him for dead. The artist believes he cheated the world because he never achieved success but in actuality, it was the world that cheated him by treating him as nothing more than an exhibition on the way to the "excitements of the menagerie" (396). He likes the cage and the suffering it brings because he feels…
Kafka, Franz. "A Hunger Artist." Literature, an Introduction to Reading and Writing. Edgar V.
Roberts, Ed. New York: Prentice Hall. 2000. Print.
Second Harvest Food Bank
What does hunger look like? The image many people hold of what hunger is and who it afflicts does not reflect reality. With changing economic conditions in Florida, as well as the entire country, the face of hunger now reflects the images of our friends and neighbors. It is the mission of Second Harvest Food Bank of Central Florida to battle hunger in Central Florida in order to achieve freedom from hunger in the region.
There are several objectives and activities established by Second Harvest in order to work toward achieving a hunger-free Central Florida. One of the most primary activities conducted by the Food Bank is the provision access to grocery items and food to individuals and families in need. ecipients of this service are diverse and do not fit into one mold, whether it be, race, age-group, or perceived social class.
Another main activity…
Krepcho (2011). Top 10 Reasons for Central Florida's Need. Retrieved 12 February 2012 from http://blogfeedhopenow.org/tag/statistics/
Living Hungry: Hunger in Central Florida (2010). http://www.foodbankcentralflorida.org /site/DocServer/SHF_048_Hunger_Brochure_FINAL.pdf?docID=961' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Action Against Hunger -- USA is a not-for-profit charity based in New York City. This international, non-governmental, humanitarian relief organization's stated purpose, as stated on the nonprofit Internet directory of Guidestar.com, is to lead the fight against hunger and malnutrition worldwide. Founded in 1979, Action Against Hunger states that its efforts saved over 4 million people a year in the year 2000 in 40 countries. This is indeed an admirable and impressive statistic, although verifying its accuracy is not possible with the parameters of this paper.
What are feasible questions to pose within the parameters of this paper, however, are questions about whether the grants and contributions made to Action Against Hunger are being used appropriately by the organization. A donor to this organization might wish to know how much in need this relief organization is in terms of funds -- does the organization need the donor's money. A federal…
President of the World
Hunger, war, poverty, human rights abuses, incurable diseases, climate change, drug abuse (most particularly amongst the youth) just to name but a few are some of the real problems we face as global citizens today. Each and every jurisdiction from Africa to America to Asia faces more or less similar problems and in my opinion, very little is being done both at the political and civil society front to tackle the underlying problem. In my view, we fail to tackle these global problems because we keep ducking real issues. What would I do differently if I were to be elected president of the world?
With a single government running the world, I am convinced that global issues would be addressed in a more efficient and all-inclusive manner. What if I were to be elected president in such an arrangement? If such an unlikely eventuality came to…
A lot of recipients also knew each other and shared their tables, talking while they ate. What struck me was that nobody was in any particular rush to finish eating, although the line outside was still long and the kitchen was filling up fast. As soon as someone got up, a new person took his or her place.
When we were ready to sit down, I couldn't find an empty seat anywhere. Suddenly, a deep voice behind us said "Hey, you're new, come and sit with us." The owner of the voice was a tall black man in a tan trench coat. His smile was big and friendly. A small old Indian woman shared the table with him. She eyed us a little warily, but didn't make any objection when we sat down. The black man's name was Tom and the woman was called Areena. As we sat down and…
Please do not shout" (McCullers 55).
However, it should be noted that simply being sublimely articulate is no insurance that one can be understood. In the case of the African-American Dr. Copeland, his learning becomes a barrier between himself and others. Copeland left for the North to be educated, and returned to the South to teach and heal his people. However, Copeland is a remote man because of the way he uses his intelligence as a barrier between himself and others. hen he argues about Marxism with Blount, he is so erudite that his fellow Marxist grows angry because he cannot understand him. Copeland throws a Christmas party for the African-American people of the town, but even he knows that no one will remember the impassioned speech he gives about racial injustice. "This is one of the commandments Karl Marx left us, 'from each according to his abilities, to each…
McCullers, Carson. The Heart is a Lonely Hunter. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2004
When food insecurity is therefore effectively addressed, minority communities can be uplifted to become part of the American way of life in a sustainable and viable way. he statistics demonstrate the demographic inequalities: According to the Food Research and Action Center (hereafter referred to as FRAC), as of 2005, 35.1 million people in the U.S. - over 10% of the population - were experiencing "food insecurity." Among African-Americans and Hispanic populations, this percentage is considerably higher, at 22.4% and 17.9% respectively (Adach-Vollinger, 2006). According to FRAC, the ten states where food insecurity is most likely include the West and South: New Mexico, Mississippi, exas, South Carolina, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Utah, Idaho, North Carolina and ennessee. Clearly, if the American Government were to be truly concerned with creating prosperity for all its citizens, these communities and their needs should be urgently addressed with sustainable programs.
In the light of the above,…
The demographics related to the problem are significant in demonstrating the specific poverty levels and racial discrepancies within the country. When food insecurity is therefore effectively addressed, minority communities can be uplifted to become part of the American way of life in a sustainable and viable way. The statistics demonstrate the demographic inequalities: According to the Food Research and Action Center (hereafter referred to as FRAC), as of 2005, 35.1 million people in the U.S. - over 10% of the population - were experiencing "food insecurity." Among African-Americans and Hispanic populations, this percentage is considerably higher, at 22.4% and 17.9% respectively (Adach-Vollinger, 2006). According to FRAC, the ten states where food insecurity is most likely include the West and South: New Mexico, Mississippi, Texas, South Carolina, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Utah, Idaho, North Carolina and Tennessee. Clearly, if the American Government were to be truly concerned with creating prosperity for all its citizens, these communities and their needs should be urgently addressed with sustainable programs.
In the light of the above, it is the objective of this document to propose ways in which a sustainable solution can be created for food insecurity, particularly in communities where this problem manifests itself most prominently. With sufficient funding, such a program can be greatly successful in addressing the problem of food insecurity in a targeted and effective manner. As such, the objective of the program (to be known as DEAL - DEcentralize and Localize) is to make low SES communities more self-sufficient. The ideal is to create ways in which such communities can cultivate a large amount of their own food products - particularly vegetable-based foods - by means of cooperative gardens and "mini-farms." These will exist in and around urban and suburban areas, with land provided through the program. The ideal is that such programs will be funded by direct grants to the communities that are affected. Initial seeds and equipment are provided, as well as an advisor/support person, who is trained in agricultural and environmental science, for each community. Such a program will have several benefits. In addition to the environmental benefits already mentioned, communities will be uplifted by a sense of self-sufficiency and the concomitant power of caring for themselves. This will have a tremendous impact not only upon the general outlook of such communities, but also upon their sense of self-worth and motivation. In this way, while directly providing employment and lowering unemployment levels, the program can also do so indirectly by motivating community members to start their own businesses - whether food related or not. Furthermore, cultivating land will result in rising natural resources and a sustainable way of providing communities with food. In general, the program can
Malnutrition and Children in the U.S.
How serious is the effect of undernourishment and malnutrition on children and infants? According to The orld Bank, a child that is undernourished can expect "devastating and enduring" problems in life. Behavioral and cognitive development can be impaired, and whether or not a child is well-nourished in his or her first years can have "a profound effect on his or her health status" (orld Bank). This paper reviews the results of undernourishment and malnourishment on children, and suggests ways to reduce childhood malnutrition and the undernourishment of children in the United States.
American Kids Do Go Hungry
A report broadcast by ABC News reveals that up to 17 million children struggle daily with what is called "food insecurity"; that is, one in four children do not have access to "enough nutritious food to live a healthy life" (Brown, 2011). ABC New got its data…
Brown, K. (2011). Shocking Need: American Kids Go Hungry. ABC News. Retrieved April
4, 2014, from http://abcneews.go.com.
Feeding America. (2013). Call Congress! Take Action. Retrieved April 4, 2014, from http://feedingamerica.org .
World Bank. (2011). Nutrition. Retrieved April 4, 2014, from http://web.worldbank.org .
video was the working poor and food insecurity and how this group is being excluded from access to the food they need to live healthy lives.
Explain which conceptual framework applies to the major issue you selected.
Food insecurity tends to exclude some demographic group from the same level that exists for other groups which can be conceptualized as existing along a continuum ranging from transitory insecurity to chronic food insecurity (Concepts of food security, 2016). This continuum is comprised of four main dimensions as follows: (a) physical availability of food; (b) economic and physical access to food; (c) food utilization; and (d) stability of these dimensions over time (Concepts of food security, 2016). Therefore, the issue of the working poor and food insecurity can be evaluated in terms of these four dimensions and how they operate to exclude the working poor from these four dimensions compared to mainstream society.…
Concepts of food security. (2016). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/docrep/013/al936e/al936e00.pdf .
Gill, A. & Mathur, N. (2011, March). The effects of empowerment and transformational leadership on employee intentions to quit. International Journal of Management, 28(1), 217-220.
Patti, R. J. (Ed.). (2009). The handbook of human services management (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Salamon, L. M. (2015). The resilient sector revisited: The new challenge to nonprofit America (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press
This way, the U.S.-lead NGO can collaborate with other NGOs in order to determine an action plan, discuss issues of importance, and foster cooperation. According to alsh, the international community has entered a new era in which entities must work together in order to affect change. hile alsh specifically discusses the partnership that for-profit companies can have with NGOs, his point is more generally applicable. Indeed, it is the very definition of global civil society. Global civil society is an international community that functions and works together in order to solve shared problems. By entering the NGO arena by working with other arenas, the director and advisors of Obama's U.S.-sponsored NGO will represent its willingness to enter that global civil society.
After meeting with other NGOs, the U.S.-sponsored NGO must decide on a series of bylaws that will mold its behavior. First and foremost must come the development of a…
Korten, David C., Perlas, Nicanor, and Shiva, Vandana. "Global Civil Society: The Path
Ahead." The People-Centered Development Forum. http://www.pcdf.org/civilsociety/default.htm
McDonald, Chris. "Ethics for NGOs & Charities." The Business Ethics Blog. 5 April 2008. http://www.businessethics.ca/blog/2007/04/ethics-for-ngos-charities.html
Walsh, Brian. "Making Business-NGO Partnerships Work." On Philanthropy. 06 July http://www.onphilanthropy.com/site/News2?id=6551&page=NewsArticle
This puts katniss in a tough situation because it would mean that she has to kill the member of her own district. She managed to make the judges withdraw their announcement due to her intelligence. Katniss knew that the game makers would not allow both of them to die. Therefore, she takes out some poisonous berries and gives some to her mate from the district. They plan to eat them so that they can both die which would mean the game makers would lose. That way, the game makers stopped them and both of them emerged winners. Katniss learns that, at such an instance, one has to take a risk even if it means her and the mate dying (Collin 290).
Katniss realized that she had to be rebellious against the capital and the game makers. This was the only way to win the game. Her aim was for them…
Cosslett, Tess." History From Below." Time-slip Narratives and National Identity" the Lion and the Unicorn. 26.2(2002): 243-253. Print.
O'sullivan, Anne.m."Structure and Narrative Point-of-View in Playing Beatie Bow" the
Literature Base.2.1(1991): 14-16. Print.
Goss, Jax."The Mother With the Button Eyes." An Exploration of the Story Construct of the
However, when looking at such pictures, one has difficulties to understand the reasons for which hunger is a problem in the American states. There is a certain luxury in the meetings and forums which does not reveal the actual situation among the common people.
Overall, it can be concluded that the online communication is indeed a great step forward for promoting ideals, ideas, values, and most importantly initiatives. In the case of the OAS and the Hunger Project, these two entities chose to promote such values and initiatives differently. This is largely due to the different nature of the two, of the different cultural background, and in particular to the different approaches the two have on issues such as hunger.
Ghadessy, Mohsen. Text and context in functional linguistics.. Amsterdam: John enjamins, 1999.
Hunger Project. 2010. Accessed 28 May, 2010 from http://www.thp.org/
Hunger Project. Learning the True Meaning of "Comfort"…
Ghadessy, Mohsen. Text and context in functional linguistics.. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1999.
Hunger Project. 2010. Accessed 28 May, 2010 from http://www.thp.org/
Hunger Project. Learning the True Meaning of "Comfort" with THP-Ghana . N.d. Accessed 28 May, 2010 from
He does his share of complaining but he does little else to remedy the situation. The truth of the matter is that Gregor did not enjoy much of his life away from work. He never expresses a desire to have more in his life nor does he express any regret, until he is a bug. In "A Hunger Artist," our hunger artist chooses to live a considerable amount of his life behind bars being a public spectacle. hile he can communicate with onlookers, he is separated from them by the bars and the setting in which he finds himself only forces him to interact with individuals for a short amount of time. Once they have become satisfied with his spectacle, they move on and leave the artist to his own thoughts. Our hunger artist is aware of the world that exists around him but it does not seem to affect…
Freed, Donna. The Metamorphosis and Other Stories. New York: Barnes and Nobel Books. 1996.
Goldfarb, Sheldon. "The Metamorphosis." Short Stories for Students. 2001. Gale Resource Database. 1963. Site Accessed November 22, 2008. http://www.infotrac.galegroup.com
Kafka, Franz. "A Hunger Artist." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction R.V. Cassill, ed. New York W.W. Norton and Company. 1981. pp. 779-86.
Kafka, Franz. "The Metamorphosis." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction R.V. Cassill, ed. New York W.W. Norton and Company. 1981. pp. 740-78.
innovations in agricultural technologies, the dire predictions of global famine made by Stanford University Professor Paul . Ehrlich in his book, The Population Bomb (1968) have not materialized to date. Nevertheless, hunger continues to persist in many regions of the world, especially its major cities, due in large part to urbanization and 7.5 million people die of hunger each month (Holmes, 2008). The hunger that does exist in the world today is largely the result of increased urbanization and national political leadership that either uses food as a weapon or lacks the resources or will to ensure that adequate food distribution is achieved in their countries (Wurwag, 2014). To determine the facts, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature concerning urbanization and the urban structure to identify those factors that are most responsible for preventing adequate distribution of food to urban residents. A summary of the research and…
Ehrlich, P.R. (1968). The population bomb. New York: Ballantine Books.
Gonzalez-Pelaez, A. (2005). Human rights and world trade: Hunger in international society. London: Routledge.
Holmes, J. (2008, June-September). Losing 25,000 to hunger every day. UN Chronicle, 2-3, 14-
Pop Culture, Celebrity, and New Media
As Michael Serazio (2012) points out, thanks to the Internet, we now live in a "premediated" world, in which press releases prepare the public to stay tuned for further press releases, as an all-out ad-campaign is unfolded to promote the latest movie, music release, or show (p. 416). Everything is prepped ahead of time, from the celebrity appearances to the photographers, to the clothing the celebs will be wearing, to the timing of events so that buzz reaches its greatest height when the product hits the shelves. Two websites created to drum up interest in two feature films, the latest installment of The Hunger Games series and the latest installment in the James Bond franchise, illustrate exactly what Serazio sees. This paper will compare and contrast the two sites and show how, in terms of an academic perspective, they illustrate just how "premeditated" and…
007. (n.d.). Inside the World of James Bond. Retrieved from http://www.007.com/
The Hunger Games. (n.d.). HungerGamesMovie. Retrieved from http://www.thehungergames.movie/#/?lang=us-en
Marwich, A., Boyd, D. To see and be seen: Celebrity practice on Twitter. Convergence:
the International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, 17: 139.
3.The social movements of the 70s and 80s were largely characterized by a strong militarism against the war and especially those in which the United States was engaged. In this sense, these often were violent and radical in the sense that a lot of people suffered as a result of such protests. One of the most important movements and one which still exists today is the Punk movement (Clark, 2004). Although it is most famous for its image of the different music this movement adopted, its initiatives are considered to be wider in range and scope. In this sense, they tend to rebel mostly against the capitalist nature of the economies, the pressures third world countries have to endure as a result of globalization, but most importantly they tend to be anarchists. In general, it can be said that the 70s and the 80s saw an increase in…
Clark, D. 2004. The raw and the rotten: punk cuisine. Ethnology. University of Colorado..
Common Dreams.org. 2006. War Protesters to "Turn Themselves in" to Federal Agents, Stand Up for First Amendment Food Not Bombs and its co-founder Keith McHenry are subjected to FBI spying. 1 August 2008, http://www.commondreams.org/news2006/0330-05.htm
Crass, C. n.d. San Francisco Urban Politics and Food Not Bombs. Practical Anarchy. 1 August 2008, http://www.practicalanarchy.org/fnb_crass2.html
Food not Bombs. 2008. The story of FNB. 1 August 2008. http://www.foodnotbombs.net/story.html
Transmedia Property. Case study related a media property (e.g., comic, film, television, ). This analysis existing property development a transmedia plan property. Break movie's elements starting introduction, music, back ground, audience engage movie, flow movie All typed papers assignments double-spaced, 12- 11-point font -inch margins.
Summary of the property
The transmedia concept is not a novelty these days, as the concept was first patented at the beginning of the 1990s. According to researchers, "The term transmedia was coined in 1991 by then-USC professor Marsha Kinder, while the transmedia storytelling concept was developed by current USC Annenberg professor Henry Jenkins. He describes transmedia storytelling as "a process in which integral elements of a fiction get dispersed systematically across multiple delivery channels for the purpose of creating a unified and coordinated entertainment experience. Ideally, each medium makes its own unique contribution to the unfolding of the story." (Tenderich, 2013) More precisely, transmedia…
Bauckhage, Tobias. "Digital Box Office Drilldown: How this week's wide releases are shaping up on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and Google," in Variety, 21 march 2014, available online at http://variety.com/2014/digital/news/social-media-buzz-young-audiences-focused-on-divergent-at-weekend-box-office-1201142237/
Box Office Mojo. "Divergent," 2014, available at http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?page=main&id=divergent.htm
Cheney, Alexandra. "Lionsgate and Summit look to lay claim to another franchise, hot on the heels of 'Hunger,' 'Twilight' films" in Variety, 26 February 2014, available online at http://variety.com/2014/film/news/will-movie-be-divergent-enough-to-lure-young-adult-audience-1201119322/
Divergent Fans. 2014, available at http://www.divergentfans.com
Nathaniel Hawthorne's beliefs concerning ethics, morality, and guilt as made evident in one of these stories. Consider how beliefs affect characterization, setting, plotting, and theme.
In the story of Rappaccini's daughter, the narrator becomes infatuated with a young woman whose life literally has become poisoned, because of her father's influence. Unlike a conventional Christian system of morality, as is typical of most of the author's other tales, the girl is being 'punished' for no real crime, other than being born the daughter of a mad scientist. The European setting is also atypical of the author. It takes place in exotic Italy, where the fantastical narrative seems more appropriate than Puritan New England.
The title character's father is a botanist who has created a beautiful garden, but because of his extensive scientific knowledge, he has hubristically attempted to transcend the laws of nature. He has created a girl whom literally has…
Traditional Interpretation of Images: Class Stratification in John erger's Ways of Seeing and Sexual Politics in Susan ordo's Hunger as Ideology
The proliferation of popular or mass culture following after the emergence of the Industrial Revolution in 19th century gave birth to new ideologies that seek to understand how these new social phenomena (pop culture and industrialization/capitalism) affected the life of human society over the years. One of the most popular theories that developed in light of the Industrial Revolution is the critical theory perspective, which posits that in the society, there will always be an existing conflict between the elite or bourgeois and middle class/working or proletariat classes. Indeed, this stratification in terms of race, class, gender, and even religion has become the focus of modern studies nowadays. John erger and Susan ordo, adopting the classical Marxist approach, attempted to analyze how popular culture has affected human society, and…
Berger, J. Ways of Seeing.
Bordo, S. Hunger as Ideology.
Thomas Szasz's the Myth of Psychotherapy and Bilingual Education in Richard Rodriguez's Hunger for Memory
How can psychotherapy be a myth? How can the internal speculation in regards to the soul be wrong? However, both Richard Rodriguez's Hunger for Memory and Thomas Szasz's The Myth of Psychotherapy say that the current cultural obsession with self-reflection and the idea that reconstituting, reliving, and recapturing memory, at least in an idealized and primal 'perfect' form is impossible, a lie, and would be dangerous to the psyche and soul's self-development and sense of efficacy in the world, if this were possible. Szasz critiques modern psychotherapy as an attempt to make morality a mental and medical issue. Rodriguez critiques modern moral educators within the educational establishment whom would excuse poor performance by minority students, and students from non-English speaking homes. Both suggest objective, external standards to live up to, rather than internal reflection is…
Rodriguez, Richard. Hunger Of Memory. New York: Bantam Books, 1983
Szasz, Thomas. The Myth of Psychotherapy: Mental Healing As Religion, Rhetoric, and Repression. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1988.
According to the pure mathematics of utilitarianism, then, there is very little debate regarding this issue. No matter what the circumstance, a person who is experiencing true biologically-driven hunger due to a lack of enough food to eat will get far more utility out of the most basic morsel of nutrition and substance that could be achieved by the most magnificent meal for those who are used to plenty (and this comparison is even unfair, as the magnificent meal could be traded to feed that many more hungry people). It is an ethical duty, then, for those of us privileged enough to have plenty to share it with those who do not have enough.
Extending this logic further allows us to answer the question of whether this duty is greater amongst our neighbors, or if there is a global mandate for all mankind. The answer would be very different two…
The goal of quantitative research is to determine whether there is a truth in the predictive generalizations of a theory which assists in explaining understanding the phenomenon.
By contrast, qualitative research base its inquiry in understanding the human problem using multiple perspective, and the research is conducted in the natural setting in order to understand the phenomenon. While quantitative research uses survey, experimental and Quasi-Experiments methods to collect data, qualitative research uses the interview, case study and focus group as methods of data collection. The survey method involves using questionnaires for data collection with the intent of estimating the interest of the large population based on the smaller sample population. The qualitative research uses the phenomenological approach to understand the human experience. The goal is to immense into the phenomenon to understand the people being studied. The qualitative method also uses the case studies to explore the phenomenon being studied.…
Al-Hamdan, Z. & Anthony, D. (2010). Deciding on a mixed-methods design in a doctoral study. Nurse Researcher. 18 (1):45-56.
Aykut, D. (2010). Outward FDI from developing countries are up, notably South-South flows. World Bank Report.
Bradley, E.H., L.A. And Devers, K.J. (2007). "Qualitative Data Analysis for Health Services Research: Developing Taxonomy, Themes, and Theory." Health
Services Research 42 (4): 1758 -- 72.
However, the narrator eventually comes to acknowledge his ignorance after the blind man presents him with matters as seen from his point-of-view. John 14:22 applies perfectly in this situation, considering that it promotes the concept that individuals are probable to express more appreciation toward the world as a whole and toward things that previously seemed uninteresting. James 3:16 also applies in this situation because it emphasizes that jealousy and selfish ambition are probable to disrupt the peace within a family. The narrator has trouble enjoying life to the fullest because he is jealous and envious with regard to his wife's friends.
"The Lottery" shows Mr. Adams as the first persons who draws a ticket during the lottery and it would be absurd for someone to consider that this does not stand as a reference to Adam as the first man that God created. The fact that Tessie Hutchinson refrains from…
Carver, Raymond, "Cathedral," (Random House, 01.12.2009)
Jackson, Shirley, "The Lottery," (Dramatic Publishing Company, 1953)
Ross, Gary, "The Hunger Games"
Social Ecology of Health Promotion
Modern day examples of human modification of an ecosystem
Module 01 Question 01: Preservation of the existing ecosystems
Various measures have been put in order to modify and contain the natural state of the ecosystem. Preservation is one of the approaches that have been used to foster equitable management of the ecosystem. Through preservation, it has become evident that the ecosystem has taken a different understanding from the avenue of human perception. For instance, rules and regulations that help to protect the ecosystem have changed the entire perception of the ecosystem globally. Initially before the establishment of preservation approaches, the ecosystem was getting devastated gradually. Nonetheless, modification has come with the introduction of laws and regulations that work towards protection and preservation of the available avenues in the market.
Through the rules and regulations created, the ecosystem has achieved a new state of protection in…
Callan, S., & Thomas, J.M. (2010). Environmental economics & management: Theory, policy, and applications. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.
Corwin, J. (2009). 100 heartbeats: The race to save earth's most endangered species. New York, NY: Rodale.
FAO/IRRI Workshop on Judicious and Efficient Use of Insecticides on Rice, International
Rice Research Institute. & Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Prospects of a brighter future for Cote d'Lvoire
Cote d' Lvoire has finally recovered from a decade old socio-political crisis which plagued it from 2002-2011. This crisis hindered the almost all efforts in attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). The MDG indicators have shown a decrement in performance over the past years. Now growth is on its way and relations are being established with international financial institutions. The MDG goals will be attained by the latest 2012-2015 via the National Development Plan which has been enforced by Ivorian government (World Bank, 2011).
Situation of the MDGs in Cote d'Ivoire
The case for MDG's in Cote d'Lvoire
Birth of MDG indicators: A short introduction
According to MDG's, it's clear that there has been delay in eradication against poverty and education sector, gender discrimination in education, lack of women empowerment, child and mother health to name a few. The only work done…
AfDB (2011).The Middle of the Pyramid: Dynamics of the Middle Class in Africa. Market Brief, 20 April 2011, AfDB.
AfDB, OECD and UNECA (2010). African Economic Outlook 2010. Paris: OECD.
AfDB, OECD, UNDP and UNECA (2011).African Economic Outlook 2011. Paris: OECD.
Berg, Andrew, Pedro Conceicao, Ayodele Odusola et al. (2012).Enhancing Development Assistance to Africa: Lessons from Scaling- Up Scenarios. New York: IMF.
This is my old bar. Everything about it, from the broken dartboard on the wall to the waitress with the cigarette voice who knows what I want to drink before I even open my mouth, is the same as I've ever known it to be. My buddies have only aged a year since I've last seen them. They're holding an impromptu party for my return. it's basically just a few beers and a discussion of old times. A few of them have changed jobs or gotten new girlfriends. Some have packed on a few extra pounds or grown a beard. Not that much has outwardly changed. it's no different than if I'd gone away to college or gotten a job transfer cross-country. I know that I'm just supposed to act like "long time no see."
I can't really talk about what I've been up to. No one wants to hear…
Rodriguez, Richard. Hunger of Memory: the Education of Richard Rodriguez: an Autobiography. New York: Dial, 2004.
Eating Disorder Group Sessions
Group Session 1 Obesity:
Hello, My name is Nancy and I am a counselor and a registered dietitian and I specialize in working with people who are seeking help for eating disorders. First when we talk about why people eat and why they do or do not gain weight we must talk about the balance between activity and calorie intake. In general when you eat more calories than your body needs to maintain your body and expend energy in movement the calories not needed for maintenance will be used by the body to build more tissue. Though weight does level off after time any temporary increase in calories over time will create a higher weight and the only way to lose this weight is to increase the amount of energy you use while decreasing the number of calories you eat, and this must be maintained even…
Abraham, S., Boyd, C., Lal, M., Luscombe, G., & Taylor, A. (2009). Time since menarche, weight gain and body image awareness among adolescent girls: onset of eating disorders?. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, 30(2), 89-94. doi:10.1080/01674820902950553
Eating can cause low blood pressure. (2010). Harvard Heart Letter, 20(11), 2. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
James, K. (2010). Living beauty. Thethruth about food additction. Better Nutrition, 72(10), 44. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Katan, M.J. & Ludwig,, D.S.(2010) JAMA.;303(1):65-66. doi: 10.1001/jama.2009.1912
Andre Lorde "Beams" Explication
In Audres poem "Beams" she suggests that the process of aging and the loss of the vigor youth is something that cannot be halted. The poem expresses the sadness and loss of innocence that results from the perception of aging. It also expresses her sense of nostalgia and loss at the passing years and lost opportunities. The poem describes the poet's desire and efforts to regain the exuberance of youth. A number of poetic techniques are used in the poem. Imagery is used extensively to express the intention of the poet. Rhythm is also used as a means of enhancing meaning. One of the central devices used in the poem is word usage or diction; where various words can have double or ambiguous meanings.
The first two lines of the first section introduce images and content that relate to the past as well as to the…
Crafting an Executive Strategy
Strategic Plan: Amber Snack Company
The creation of a strategic plan for any business is vitally important. It is designed to help the company move forward and focus on the changes that need to be made over time, so the company can see continued success in the future (Burkhart & euss, 1993; Olsen, 2012).
The mission statement is a part of that strategic plan, and essential to the success of the company because any company must know where it is headed in order to plan how to get there. (Kono, 1994)
The mission of Amber Snack Company is: delivering the world from hunger, one chip at a time.
A vision statement for the company supports the mission statement and is for the employees of the company, not for the customers (Mckeown, 2012).
A vision statement for Amber Snack Company could be: a focus on making the…
Burkhart, P.L. & Reuss, S. (1993). Successful Strategic Planning: A Guide for Nonprofit Agencies and Organizations. NY: Sage Publications.
Kono, T. (1994). Changing a Company's Strategy and Culture. Long-Range Planning, 27(5): 85-97.
Mckeown, M. (2012). The Strategy Book. NY: Prentice Hall.
Olsen, E. (2012). Strategic Planning Kit for Dummies, 2nd Edition. NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Huckleberry Finn is the closest we have to a national hero. We trust the story of a boy with no home and who is restless as the river -- The genius of America is that it permits children to leave home; it permits us to be different from our parents. But the sadness, the loneliness, of America is clear too.
What is odriguez telling us about a central feature of the American Character, and about tensions within our core values? What reasons, what causes, might contribute to this national tendency? Which authors and/or other course materials support your ideas?
There is a tension within the American character. On the one hand, we pride ourselves so our individuality. On the other, we seek to conform, fit in, be a part of the 'melting pot'; but we are forever lonely.
Individualism has been an intrinsic part of the American myth. It is…
Ole Rolvaag, Giants in the Earth, Harper & Bros., 2002
Anzia Yezierska, Bread Givers New York: Persea Books, 1979
Lawrence Levine, Black Culture and Black Consciousness
Gene Yang, American Born Chinese
Biofuels Production and Food Production
Biofuels and bio-products have emerged as important and positive elements for the environment with regards to lessening greenhouse gas emissions and decreasing the usage of fossil energy. In the past few years, the modern world has been characterized by increased biofuel development, which is primarily fueled by subsidies, mandates, and policies of exports and imports across various countries. While biofuels have helped in dealing with the emission of greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming, it has also contributed to significant impacts on food production. The effect of biofuel production on food production has been evident in the increase in food prices throughout the globe. This major impact has emerged from the increased use and diversion of food crops to production of biofuels, which in turn significantly increases food prices across the globe.
Despite being produced in other countries, biofuels are mostly produced in Brazil,…
"Agriculture." (n.d.). Chapter 10. Retrieved from Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Schools
"Effects of Biofuels on the Environment, Crop and Food Prices." (2011, July 1). The Crop Site.
Retrieved April 7, 2015, from
United States is a large nation that is presently facing a multitude of problems. For many Americans the most important of these problems is the plight of the workforce and the unemployment rate among that workforce. The importance of this problem is reflected through the result of opinion polls conducted by a number of the country's leading pollsters. Displacing concerns with the economy as the nation's number one problem, the fact that unemployment now ranks as the primary concern highlights how serious unemployment has become in the United States. It indicates that the American workforce is eager to get back to work.
The unfortunate thing about the present unemployment figures is that they do not reflect the seriousness of the present situation. The figures do not reflect those who have ceased seeking employment, those working in positions below their capabilities, and those working two or three part-time jobs in order…
Autor, D. (2006). The Growth in the Social Security Disability Rolls: A Fiscal Crisis Unfolding. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Ayton, M. (2007). Conspiracy Thinking and the John F. Kennedy, Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King Assassinations. Retrieved from http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/ayton2.htm
Meyer, D.S. (1994). Social Movement Spillover. Social Problems, 277-298.
Perraton, H. (2000). Open and Distance Learning in the Developing World. New York: Routledge.
Whole Foods Market
Significant key points
Key financial indicators
Graph of sales growth from year 2002 until 2011.
SWOT and TWOS analysis
TOWS Strategic Alternatives Matrix
Pros and Cons
Evaluation and control
The Whole Foods Market is a progressive and focused corporation with presence in three developed markets including U.S., United Kingdom, and Canada. The company has achieved growth since its inception. The increasing market share of the company has enabled it to expand in international markets. The company envisions becoming global leader in organic and natural foods market. The competitors in the sector are large stores, supermarkets, and retail outlets with increased presence. The product range of these companies includes a number of related products along with the natural and organic foods.
The company requires maintaining its double digit growth strategy and aims to expand in global market. However the cost of natural and…
Form 10-K. United States Securities and Exchange Commission, (2011). Form 10-k annual report pursuant to section 13 or 15(d) of the securities exchange act of 1934. Retrieved from Whole Foods Market website: http://www.wholefoodsmarket.com/sites/default/files/media/Global/Company Info/PDFs/2011_10K.pdf
Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D., & Hoskisson, R.E. (2012). Strategic Management Cases: Competitiveness and Globalization. USA: South-Western Pub.
Lederer, M., Schott, P., Huber, S., & Kurz, M. (2013). Strategic Business Process Analysis: A Procedure Model to Align Business Strategy with Business Process Analysis Methods. In S-BPM ONE-Running Processes (pp. 247-263). New York: Springer.
Ngai, E. (2009). RFID in operations and supply chain management: research and applications, edited by T. Blecker and GQ Huang.
Family Affluence and Morality
Famine, Affluence, Morality by Peter Singer
Peter Singer's article has been reviewed with the intention of understanding his basic ideas about poverty and hunger alleviation. Simultaneously the many criticisms associated with his arguments have also been highlighted with a view to rebutting them and proving the feasibility of Singer's noble ideas.
"Famine, Affluence, Morality" is a famous dissertation scripted by Peter Singer in 1971. It aims to modify the standard estern culture by urging people to perform acts of charity. It articulates that more affluent individuals are morally and ethically obligated to donate as much as they can to the people who need resources the most. It is as such, an essay that is considered a humanitarian doctrine of sorts which authentically argues over the reasons as to why one ought to give more. It is based on the less than favorable conditions of Bangladesh's ar…
Coope, C.M. (2003, October). Peter Singer In Retrospect. The Philosophical Quarterly, 53. Retrieved February 2013, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/3542922
Singer, P. (1972). Famine, Affluence, Morality. Philosophy and Public Affairs. Retrieved February 2013
Singer, P. (1999). The Solution to World Poverty. The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved February 2013
The process was also significant for me because it showed that it was possible to spread wealth from a highly centralized location (the corporation) to a more widespread and evenly distributed location (my financially struggling high school).
Tell us about a personal quality, talent, accomplishment, contribution or experience that is important to you. What about this quality or accomplishment makes you proud, and how does it relate to the person you are?
I believe that my greatest quality is perseverance. History is often told to us as the chronicle of great people doing great things, and while these stories are important, the majority of us experience life through smaller moments. It is the small choices and the small decisions that add up over time to create our life as a patchwork of these choices. Our choices and decisions define who we become, and ultimately it is the sum of all…
While France relied on direct involvement of the royal power, either through the King or his ministers, ritain had a more formal royal patronage, that encouraged the activity, but did not sponsor or finance it. This also meant that in the former case, the activity was directed towards studies that could directly help the state, while in the latter case, the activity was much less directed by royal interest.
1. Saunders, Stewart. Louis XIV: Patron of Science and Technology. From The Sun King: Louis XIV and the New World, edited by Steven G. Reinhardt, pp. 155-67. (New Orleans: Louisiana Museum Foundation, 1984.)
2. History of the Royal Society. On the Internet at http://royalsociety.org/History-of-the-Royal-Society/. Last retrieved on July 22, 2010
3. Findlen, Paula. Founding a Scientific Academy: Gender, Patronage and Knowledge in Early Eighteenth-Century Milan. Republics of Letters: A Journal for the Study of Knowledge, Politics, and the Arts 1,…
1. Saunders, Stewart. Louis XIV: Patron of Science and Technology. From The Sun King: Louis XIV and the New World, edited by Steven G. Reinhardt, pp. 155-67. (New Orleans: Louisiana Museum Foundation, 1984.)
2. History of the Royal Society. On the Internet at http://royalsociety.org/History-of-the-Royal-Society/ . Last retrieved on July 22, 2010
3. Findlen, Paula. Founding a Scientific Academy: Gender, Patronage and Knowledge in Early Eighteenth-Century Milan. Republics of Letters: A Journal for the Study of Knowledge, Politics, and the Arts 1, no. 1 (May 1, 2009)
4. Thomas Dereham to James Jurin. 22 June 1722, in Early Letters, Royal Society in London, D.2.12
Tenure -- Literature Review
Academic tenure is a system that many universities and colleges use to protect a senior academic's contractual right to a lifetime job unless terminated for just cause. It is typically reserved for academics who have made Assistant or Full Professor, and requires following a strict hierarchical rubric that demonstrates a strong record of published research, teaching, and administrative services. Most institutions allow for a certain period of time to establish this record; although there are a number of non-tenure track positions still available within the university system (Adjust Professor, Lecturer, Research Professor, etc.) (Amacher, 2004). The idea of academic tenure, at least in the United States, is primarily intended to guarantee the right to academic freedom, in that it protects the academic when they publish or dissent from prevailing or common opinion, or spend time and research on topics that may be politically unfashionable or controversial.…
Board of Regents of State Colleges v. Roth, 408 U.S. 564 (U.S. Supreme Court June 29, 1972).
Perry v. Sindermann, 408 U.S. 593 (U.S. Supreme June 29, 1972).
Percent of Teachers with Tenure. (2008, June). Retrieved March 2011, from Department of Education Statistics: http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d08/tables/dt08_264.asp
Issues in Higher Education. (2011, January). Retrieved March 2011, from American Association of University Professors: http://www.aaup.org/AAUP/issues/
This can come in a number of forms, including rules, "best practices" and job descriptions. Output controls place the focus squarely on the output, with significantly less attention on the behaviors that lead to the output. For example, when a sales person has a quota, that is an output control because the behavior is driven entirely by the end result. Input controls works by placing constraints on process inputs as a means of exerting control. An example might be setting a strict budget for a project. This focuses the manager on sticking to that budget, a process that the organization feels will result in the goals being achieved.
Benchmarking is useful for most firms. The exception would be firms that for one reason or another are not in a competitive environment. For those firms that are in a competitive environment, they can benefit from benchmarking because the benchmark sets the…
McNamara, Carter. (2008). Basics of Action Planning. Free Management Library. Retrieved May 9, 2009 from http://managementhelp.org/plan_dec/str_plan/actions.htm
No author. (2009). Create an Entrepreneurial Culture Among Your Employees. Score. Retrieved May 9, 2009 from http://www.score.org/culture_employees.html
Wheelen, T.L., and Hunger D.J.,(2008). Strategic Management and Business
Policy, (11th ed) Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall
Chaplin's role in the movie is a cog on the assembly line where he fixes nuts to moving machinery parts. Indeed, one of the funniest moments is the sheer panic when his work is out of sequence and he attempts to hide the nuts that he has to assemble but cannot keep up with the speed of the factory process.
Chaplin is also making another important, perhaps a prescient point. This is reminiscent of George Orwell's caution against the ever-increasing role of "Big Brother" that was the primary theme of several of his novels. In Modern Times, the factory boss uses two video cameras to monitor his workers and even something as natural as a smoke break is met by a severe reprimand.
In conclusion therefore, Modern Times is a comedy classic; but it also carries some very…
The comparisons make me feel better about myself if I determine that I have better features such as bigger biceps. However, I will always feel worse if the person I am comparing myself to is better-looking in some department.
I would like to change some of my attitudes, perceptions, and beliefs about what I am supposed to look like, what other people want me to look like, and what society expects from me. The bottom line should always be health: exercise and eating right should be about how I feel more than about how I look.
3. Anorexia, bulimia, and binge-eating disorders are all psychological problems that have physical manifestations. They are behavioral issues and while there is a strong physiological component, the root causes of these diseases is in the emotional or mental make up of the person. Still, an eating and exercise regime that promotes total health can…
" Of these respondents, over 50% of them stated that they lack a disaster recovery plan (Anthes, 1998). However, most of the problems stem from the lack of communication at the corporate level. (Hawkins, et al., 2000).
Business Continuity Plans (BCP) and other forms of strategic planning are no longer a luxury, but a must-have factor and an important element of any organisation's risk management system. Organisations are increasingly dependent upon it systems and infrastructure and eventually subjected to many risks, so business is inherently risky. How long can your organisation afford system downtime? How long does it take to recover a disaster; and, what does it cost? These kinds of questions are the ones that have to be addressed for BCPs. Also important, however, is using strategic planning to look toward the future and determine where a business wants to be at a specific point, so that plans to…
Bolman, LG & Deal, TE (1997). Reframing Organisations: Artistry, Choice and Leadership, 2nd ed, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.
Bowden, P (1985). Organisation and Strategy, McGraw-Hill, Roseville.
Byrne, JA. (1996, August 26). Strategic Planning. BusinessWeek. http://www.businessweek.com/1996/35/b34901.htm .
In addition to these 'syndromes,' many women do not have adequate psychological support or counseling to help them with their mental health woes. Between 10 and 31% of all mothers on welfare have physical disabilities that limit their ability to work or the kinds of employment they can take, as well as mental health conditions that make stable employment extremely difficult. The presence of preschool children in these women's lives are another impediment to free and full access to the world of employment, a reason that creates what Hays calls "feminization of poverty" inherent to modern American life.
Hays stresses that the barriers to a successful transition from welfare to work are emotional and practical. Even women who wish to comply with the requirements of law have trouble finding decent childcare, care for their relatives, or transportation, and the law shows little compassion for their struggles, as they must meet…
Hays, Sharon. Flat Broke With Children: Women in the Age of Welfare Reform.
New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.
" There is a more calm feeling to his description. This is not to say that the author was portraying war as being a patriotic act, but the author was not as graphical in his describing what the soldiers were seeing and going through. The reader is more connected to the actions of the poem and not the fact that someone is dying. He ends his poem by referencing "hell" and the reader is left wondering whether the hell that he is referring to the war that is being left behind, or to dying itself.
3) Rites of Passage Activity
In speaking to my grandmother, I was able to find out what it was that she took when she first left her home. At the age of sixteen, she was married to my grandfather and was getting ready to start her knew life as a wife and very soon, as…
Ironically, only 1% of the world's fresh water is readily accessible for direct human use. Translated into something we can understand readily: one American taking a 5-minute shower uses more water than the typical person living in a developing country slum uses in an entire day -- and most Americans take far longer than 5-minute showers. This is a crisis that must be addressed, if it is not, over the next two decades the average supply of water per person will drop by over 30%, condemning millions of people and animals to death (Atlas of a Thirsty Planet).
This assignment opened my eyes to a new way of looking at food -- I will be unable to go into a grocery store and look at rows and rows of perfect fruits and vegetables; knowing that half are thrown out while people starve. In the same manner, knowing that each American…
"Atlas of a Thirsty Planet." July 2002. Nature.com. May 2012. .
Cultivating Food Justice: Race, Class and Sustainability. Boston, MA: MIT Press, 2011. Print.
Holt-Gimenez, E. And R. Patel, Food Rebellions: Crisis and the Hunger for Justice. Oakland, CA: Food First Books, 2009. Print.
Local Harvest. "Family Farms." March 2009. Localharvest.org. May 2012. .
A mission is valueless if it does not truthfully motivate and guide the force of every worker in the similar course. Everyone has to consider the mission is sensible and achievable and not just unfilled speechifying (11).
usiness leaders must "outshine" by setting the model for all workers. They do not merely converse about missions, but they develop into a perfect example of the contemporary value; they should live by it day by day. A mission is vital to directing the firm in these unstable times and to establishing a competitive lead (5).
The businesses that have dedicated themselves to apply the strategic management process have accomplished considerable sensation by using the formulating missions after a careful assessment of the environment. This triumph can be calculated in terms of real evolution in concentrating on the organization's mission and of exclusive escalation in customer contentment and loyalty (5).
1) Barley, Stephen R., and Gideon Kunda. "Gurus, Hired Guns, and Warm Bodies: Itinerant Experts in a Knowledge Economy." Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004.
2) Benko, Cathleen, and F. Warren McFarlan. "Connecting the Dots: Aligning Projects with Objectives in Unpredictable Times." Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2003.
3) Black, J. Stewart and Hal B. Gregersen. "Leading Strategic Change: Breaking Through the Brain Barrier." Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002.
4) Bossidy, Larry and Ram Charan. "Execution: The Discipline of Getting Things Done." New York: Crown Business, 2002.
The ad can appeal to women who want to be women in an old world view sort of way -- and not have to be the leader in a relationship or in a family. This dual appeal may also be discernible in the John hite shoe ad, which at first glance appeals mainly to men.
The John hite shoe ad features a nude woman holding a John hite men's shoe over her groin. The nudity of the female form is sure to lure a man's eye, but the bold sexuality of her nudity is sure to catch the woman's attention as well and tell her what she can do to lure a man's attention. The woman's body is thin and fit, with large breasts and trim waist. hile it can arouse the desire of the man viewing it, a woman might find the ad appealing if she believes such a…
Bordo, Susan. "Hunger as Ideology." Eating Culture. (ed. By Ron Scapp). NY: State
University of NY Press, 1993. Print.
Gans, Herbert. Popular Culture and High Culture. NY: Basic Books, 1999. Print.
Hall, Stuart. "Spectacle of the Other." Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices. UK: Open University, 1997. Print.