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Hypothetical Case Study
Taking School Seriously
As a social worker, it is never easy to remove a child from their home. This is especially true when the child is going to be placed into a group home setting. In a group home, children are left to operate as a unit, but for the most part are on their own. hile there is always an adult on call to supervise, that adult is simply that, a supervisor. Any parental role such as education advocate or assistant with homework are easily forgotten and not followed (Aldgate, 1993). This becomes a problem when the children begin thinking that school is less important than day-to-day life and for some reason stop learning. This problem becomes even more serious as these children approach adulthood where they are unable to transition from their financially supported world into the real working world (Reilly, 2003). It is a…
Jackson, Sonia (2006). Educating Children in Residential and Foster Care. Oxford Review of Education, 20(3): 267-79.
Aldgate, Jane (1993). Social Work and the Education of Children in Foster Care. Adoption and Fostering, 17(3): 25-34.
Reilly, Thom (2003). Transition from Care: Status and Outcomes of Youth Who Age Out of Foster Care. Journal of Policy, Practice and Program, 82(6): 727-46.
Hypothetical Case Study Dieting
This report provides insight into a hypothetical case study regarding dieting. The case involves a patient from this point forward called; X. She tends to consider herself as an individual that has been a life long 'on again' then 'off again' dieter. She informs a counselor that she has shown minor success with dieting where she may have lost a few pounds however; she feels that dieting has lead to more failures than successes. "On occasion she has lost between two and three stone -- only to regain it again within a matter of months." It is not clear as of yet what her true cognitive motivation is. From the brief description there are more than a few possibilities such as there may be an undiagnosed mental disorder such as ADHD or OCD, she may be driven by an internal desire for perfection through weight control…
Casey, A., Dryden, W., & Trower, P. (2003). Cognitive Behavioral Counseling in Action, London, Sage.
Curwen, B., Palmer, S., & Ruddell, P. (2003). Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Brief Therapies Series. London, Sage.
SSA Publication (1998). Maladaptive Behavior. Childhood Disability Evaluation Issues, SSA Pub. No. 64-076, March, 127-137. Retrieved on December 22, 2004, from Community Legal Services, Inc. Web Site at
This is significant, because it shows how such a policy, could help to refocus the industry and improve the amount of information that consumers have available to them. (McDonald's Second Quarter Rises 2010)
Clearly, the proposal to increase fast food restaurant disclosure on calorie and other health information to consumers; can help to prevent the sharp increases in the obesity rate. This is because such polices have shown to: cause restaurant to offer larger choices of healthy foods and they allow consumers to see what they are eating. Once this occurs, it could mean that obesity rates will begin to slow and possibly reverse, because of the increased amounts of information available.
A Growing Problem, 2003, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Available from: [20 September 2010].
Heart Foundation, 2010, Heart Foundation of Australia. Available from: [20 September 2010].
McDonald's French Fries Just Got Fatter, 2008, MSNC. Available from:…
A Growing Problem, 2003, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Available from: [20 September 2010].
Heart Foundation, 2010, Heart Foundation of Australia. Available from: [20 September 2010].
McDonald's French Fries Just Got Fatter, 2008, MSNBC. Available from: [20 September 2010].
McDonald's Second Quarter Rises, 2010, RTT News. Available from: [20 September 2010].
This methodology enables researchers to determine if a cell or a gene is vital for some developmental biological process since it requires them extracting whatever cell or gene might be in question, and then seeing if the process is still able to take place. For instance, a group of researchers was able to find that the tiny mitochondrial genome that exists in plants is essential for the replication of cells by removing the genome and seeing the lack of adequate functioning that was enabled with the mitochondrial genome present (Binder, Brinnicke, 2003, p. 181).
Lastly, the most reliable way of testing hypotheses in developmental biology is known as gain of functional evidence. This method involves seeing if a particular cell or gene is needed for a particular developmental biology process by adding it to an environment and seeing if that addition allows for such a process to take place. An…
Binder, S., Brinnicke, a. (2003). "Gene expression in plant mitochondria: transcriptional and post-transcriptional control." The Royal Society. 358. 181-189. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1693100/pdf/12594926.pdf
Farquhar, M.G., Palade, G.E. (1962). "Functional evidence for the existence of a third cell type in the renal glomerus." The Journal of Cell Biology. 13 55-87. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2106064/pdf/55.pdf
Hypothetical Case Involving the 4th Amendment
I am not sure how I would rule in this case. I would need to know more about the case such as if there was other evidence besides what was obtained with the heat sensor. I am not also familiar with the rules regarding police officers and the technology they can use on public property. Don't police officers position themselves on public property and aim speed guns at traffic in order to make arrests on public streets or highways? If it is permissible for that kind of evidence to lead to a ticket or arrest, why should the heat sensor evidence be thrown out? This is why I would need to know more about the case. Have the police been monitoring this person's activities before the heat sensor was used? Did the person participate in activities that gave the police a valid…
Did Lennie cause the first officer's death? Distinguish between proximate cause and cause in fact. Are there any intervening causes? If so, are they superseding? Explain in detail every argument that could help Lennie and every argument that the prosecution is likely to use against him using only the concepts you learned in class.
"Cause in fact requires that the defendant's negligent conduct was the actual cause of the plaintiff's injuries ... Proximate cause refers to the 'foreseeability' of the injuries. That is, the plaintiff's injuries must be a foreseeable result of the defendant's conduct" (Clarke 2015). Although it could be argued that Lennie acted in a negligent manner regarding his conduct with the girl -- allowing her to play a dart game while drunk -- Lennie's defense attorney would argue there is no way he could have anticipated that she would react in such an extreme manner.…
Clarke, P. (2015) Cause in fact and proximate cause in a personal injury lawsuit. Legal Match.
Retrieved from: See more at: http://www.legalmatch.com/law-library/article/cause-in-fact-and-proximate-cause-in-a-personal-injury-lawsuit.html#sthash.XyNTfN4J.dpuf
Common legal defenses. (2015).Shouse California Law Group. Retrieved from:
hypothetical situation with a toothpaste company where the job at hand is to encourage the advertising and production groups to promote and manufacture the toothpaste more effectively. The rub is that none of the people involved are direct reports to the person answering this hypothetical question and the sources of power that do exist despite this are to be defined and clarified.
Innocent, K. (2011, January 14). Knowledge, A Power Source for Nurses. Nursing Center. Retrieved June 1, 2013, from www.nursingcenter.com/Blog/post/2011/01/14/Knowledge-A-Power-Source-for-Nurses.aspx
Welty, E. (2013, June 2). How to Be Less Pessimistic and More Optimistic. WebMD - Better information. Better health.. Retrieved June 2, 2013, from http://www.webmd.com/balance/features/accentuating-a-positive-attitude
hypothetical project of Amazon.com from the capital budgeting perspective. The first step is to estimate the capital structure of Amazon using both the book value and market value methods, and then use this information to calculate the weighted-average cost of capital. A number of different methods are used to calculate the cost of equity. .Once the WACC has been established, a discounted cash flow analysis can be done to evaluate the project, based on the cash flows given in the case. In this situation, the analysis reveals that the project would be undertaken.
Estimate Capital Structure
The capital structure of a firm refers to "the percentage of capital at work in a business type" (Kennon, 2013). Every firm has to raise capital from somewhere in order to finance its business. The main forms are debt and equity, but sometimes hybrid forms like preferred shares are also used. In general the…
2012 Amazon Annual Report. Retrieved April 21, 2013 from http://phx.corporate-ir.net/External.File?item=UGFyZW50SUQ9MTc5ODc3fENoaWxkSUQ9LTF8VHlwZT0z&t=1
Investopedia. (2013). Weighted average cost of capital. Investopedia. Retrieved April 21, 2013 from http://www.investopedia.com/terms/w/wacc.asp
IRS.gov. (2013). MACRS class guides. Internal Revenue Service. Retrieved April 21, 2013 from http://www.irs.gov/publications/p946/ar02.html#en_US_2012_publink1000270861
Kennon, J. (2013). An introduction to capital structure. About.com. Retrieved April 21, 2013 from http://beginnersinvest.about.com/od/financialratio/a/capital-structure.htm
This will include the wholesale pice in the deale's channel, the customay makup used in the channel and the analysis of sales pomotions that pass savings on to customes. Such pice and maketing analysis allows a ational husbandy of esouces in moving on in futue maketing effots. Futhe pomotion is anothe key point that needs addessing on ode to maket ou the maketing game moe successfully.
This discussion will include the need fo moe poduct sales, which can be done even with a highe pice since many of the competitos pices ae actually highe. Fo this eason, othe factos such as custome sevice complaints and defective mechandise that impede sales need to be studied, identified and dealt with.
Key leaning expeiences
The committee will examine the key leaning expeiences (good and bad that we have encounteed ove the time that we have maketed ou maketing game. This discussion will included…
We feel that if we could offer what consumers want, then the perceived value of the product may be higher and consumers who may choose our product over our competitors, allowing the repositioning of the item with our customers.
Future plans in Level 2 of TMG
In this segment of the meeting, we will discuss the above factors, but focusing upon future positioning strategies, market segmentation, marketing mixes and marketing plans for level 2 and other options as well as other marketing options for the marketing game. Previous analyses have dealt with as much as the marketing of level 1 as with level 2. In this phase, we will be looking exclusively at level 2. A variant future plan being discussed is to augment the product with relatively high-margin accessories/extra features and thus will likely provide a higher perceived value to our customer
In fact, Taylor did not only address abnormal psychology on an individual scale, but also discussed how it informs cultural ideals and norms. Taylor spoke about terrorism and how a culture of terrorism impacts the people in the culture. In many ways, what he described about those who join terrorist organizations mirrors what I already know about people in bad neighborhoods who join gangs. They are not necessarily bad people, but people whose choices are so limited and whose fear is so great that a violent choice seems to become the most rational choice available. Taylor did not seem to suggest that this type of abnormal psychology running throughout an entire culture can be fixed by an outsider approaching the culture. However, he did seem to think that how the United States responds to those innocent people who live in the countries where terrorism thrives can help shape cultural attitudes…
Taylor, J. (2009, December 14). Building a culture of peace in Baltimore. Retrieved February
11, 2013 from Audacious Ideas website: http://www.audaciousideas.org/2009/12/building-a-culture-of-peace-in-baltimore/
While elements of matrix structure will be used in the newly organised company, it will also use some elements of the divisional structure as well. In a divisional structure:
there is a centralized corporate office and under it, are various divisions each of which is dedicated to producing and/or selling a certain type of business or product, e.g., product 1, product 2, etc.. Each division that is dedicated to a certain business or product is, in turn, is organized as its own functional structure. So, for example, the division dedicated to making product 1 has its own sales department, human resources, etc. Basically, the divisional structure is a bunch of functional structures each of which reports to one central office (http://www.mapnp.org).
We can see in the company's reliance on some regional responsibilities an incorporation of some traditional divisional structural ideas (http://web.mit.edu).
In the matrix structure that Megabyte Global is contemplating,…
Hypothetical Counseling Plan
Substance Use Disorder Counseling
Maria is married and has an addiction to alcohol that is damaging their family's chances at reuniting with their daughters, as well as many marital problems in general. It seems as if she does not work, nor does she adhere to many of the household tasks. Her relationship with her husband seems on the brink of failure and without making some changes in her life she will likely continue to fall deeper into problematic situations. Changing her attitudes, belief, and values could be a difficult proposition and will mostly likely time a significant amount of time in counseling to make progress. It seems reasonable to suspect that Maria's basic human needs are not being met and her addiction is damaging her quality of life. It is recommended that counseling should initially focus on understand Maria's situation as well as treating the substance abuse…
Davis, C., Ottawa, D. S., & Moser, A. (2014). Social desirability and change following substance abuse treatment in male offenders. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 872-879.
Herrenkohl, T., Lee, J., Kosterman, R., & Hawkings, J. (2012). Family Influences Related to Adult Substance Use and Mental Health Problems: A Developmental Analysis of Child and Adolescent Predictors. Journal of Adolescent Health, 129-135.
Lee, H., & Zerai, A. (2010). 'Everyone Deserves Services No Matter What': Defining Success in Harm-Reduction-Based Substance User Treatment. Substance Use and Misuse, 2411-2427.
Maxwell, A., & Bachkirova, T. (2010). Applying psychological theories of self-esteem in coaching practice. International Coaching Psychological Review, 16-26.
To ensure that all employees have some experience dealing with common types of customer calls and complaints, a simulation session of these calls might be included along with the formal, instructional procedures of how calls should be handled, followed with information about employee benefits. This would prepare employees for dealing with some of the stressful scenarios at the call center and also allow for some 'quality assurance.' The company could feel more confident that a new, confused employee had a kind of emotional fall-back script to rely upon when a customer grows difficult, and had some experience dealing with common types of calls and complaints. Finally, an 'action oriented' training simulation scenario of calls would make the informational sessions more engaging, and increase employee attention and information retention.
Jerome was fired recently. His boss told him his work wasn't "up to par," so he was being let go. Jerome…
Patients who were admitted in medical facilities complained of muscle paralysis. This was suspected to be the reason behind the blockage of the release of the acetylcholine. The patients also suffered from diplopia, blurred vision, dysphasia, and had dry mouths. Symmetrical descending muscle weakness was also registered in a number of patients who were admitted in different hospital facilities.
This eventually led to loss of diaphragmatic functions and respiratory failure. General body paralysis ensued. The patients were nevertheless sensational and had intact mental status. Symmetric descending flaccid paralysis, lack of fever, and clear sensorium made the physician believe that the patients were in deed suffering from botulism attack. The outbreak of botulism was traced back to a city suburb. The outbreak exposed over a 100, 000 people to Clostridium botulinum for an estimated 2 hours.
A half of this population was diagnosed with the infectious dose of…
St. John, R., Finlay, B. & Blair, C. (2001). Bioterrorism in Canada: An economic assessment of prevention and post-attack response. Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, 12(5),
Wein, L.M. & Liu, Y. (2005). Analyzing a bioterror attack on the food supply: The case of botulinum toxin in milk. PNAS, 102(28), 9984-9989.
The fact that the Florida market (and, in fact, the overall market, since market designers can be hired over the Internet and this is, in fact, the type of activity that can pertain to online collaboration) has a reasonable number of marketing designers makes their power sensibly negligible in the equation.
The web hosting companies will be in charge with hosting the company's online website and, similar to the market designers, have a negligible power, since there is a sufficient number of web hosting companies to guarantee a certain level of competition between them that can eliminate pressure in the form of high prices or low quality services.
On the other hand, the staff that the company is going to have, in the form of individual providers (workforce can be identified as such), can exercise a certain amount of pressure. The first reason for this is that training and integrating…
1. Florida Politics. Florida Political News for 9/15/07. On the Internet at http://www.flapolitics.com/showDiary.do?diaryId=2107.Last retrieved on September 25, 2007 http://www.eflorida.com/ContentSubpage.aspx?id=1898/.Last retrieved on September 25, 2007
3. http://www.census.gov/epcd/susb/2001/fl/FL -- .HTML. Ast retrieved on September 25, 2007
4. http://censtats.census.gov/cgi-bin/cbpnaic/cbpsel.pl- Last retrieved on September 27, 2007
On the Internet at
Confusion Hypothetical: Can the State Enact a Statute equiring a Specific Tow Hitch?
Facts: Tanya Trucker is a trucking company owner who resides in and/or operates her business in the state of Denial. Her trucking business operates in the state of Confusion as well as other states. The state of Confusion enacted a statute requiring all trucks and towing trailers that use its highways to use a B-type truck hitch, which is manufactured by only one manufacturer in confusion. As a result, truckers either have to avoid Confusion or have the hitch installed. The federal government has not attempted to regulate truck hitches on the nation's highways. Tanya Trucker intends to file suit against Confusion to overturn the statute.
Issues: Is the Confusion state statute requiring all trucks and towing trailers that use its highways to use a B-type truck hitch Constitutional? What court would have jurisdiction over this issue?…
28 U.S.C.S. § 1331
28 U.S.C.S. § 1332(a)(b).
Southern Pacific Co. v. Arizona, 61 Ariz. 66, 145 P.2d 530 (1945).
U.S. Const. amend. XI.
delineates a hypothetical disaster plan in response to a major earthquake and tsunami in New York City. The disaster plan includes pre-disaster / pre-event preparations, actions taken during the disaster, resources available during the disaster, and post-disaster / post-event strategies. The scope of the disaster plan includes establishment of a new residence and survival plan for disasters with long-term effects. Additionally, the disaster plan contains two separate components: One disaster plan is intended for use if conditions indicate the safest strategy is to shelter in place. The second disaster plan is intended for us if conditions dictate moving to another, safer location.
"This awful catastrophe is not the end, but the beginning. History does not end so. It is the way its chapters open." (St. Augustine)
Any effective disaster plan begins with preparations at home, during periods of calm. The most basic disaster plan includes preparing a kit of…
Likewise, fire departments are now composed mainly of volunteers as well.
My mother still works as a schoolteacher but her school has also changed dramatically. Classes are held only Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, and for only four hours per day. There are no organized extracurricular activities because the school could not afford to keep on any employees other than a few teachers and also because of the cost (and difficulties) involved in obtaining liability insurance. Teachers and students are now responsible for keeping the grounds clean and parents had to sign liability waivers as a condition of continued enrolment.
My older sister is an obstetrician, but she was laid off after people stopped going to hospitals for anything except life-threatening emergencies and acute injuries. She now provides check-ups and some medical services through house calls, either without compensation or in return for home-grown food or promises to return the favor…
Unethical Accounting Behavior
Our hypothetical situation is a company that sells housing units in a resort community. We will call the company, Jones, Inc. Jones Inc. uses techniques to sell as many units as possible in a given fiscal period, financing almost all, regardless of whether the client is credit worthy or not. The sales force receives a bonus from the real estate conglomerate for selling a certain number of units, and operates on a strong of volume rather than actual cash flow. From an accounting standpoint, Jones' underestimating bad debt within certain fiscal periods as opposed to presenting appropriate quarterly reports allows the books to look far better than the actual cash flow of the organization. Clearly, utilizing proper accounting procedures, income/debt ratios should be reported during the specific quarter or time-period they occur, rather than "overstating" or "understating" within a fiscal period (See: Smith, et.al. 2003).
Corporate Conduct. (2002, July 31). The New York Times: Retrieved from:
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, (2012). Retrieved from:
ealistic, Hypothetical legal scenarios (Business Law for Accountants
The foundations of Corporate Governance demand that organizational practice follow the legal requirements. In current times, news reviews of industry wrong doings have forged uncertainty on the bottom line that submission is definitely the widespread procedure. This short article examines the impact of law on organizational practice by evaluating the law's specifications with a real organizational practice within the marketplace, reviewing the case study of Takem's Appliances and Electronics, LLC. Particularly, it examines whether or not specific legal routines are much more efficient than others in causing higher resolve for legal conformity by business actors. The final outcome drawn is the fact that the widespread lawful routine - a fuzzy common law or even legal mandate - is usually related with business practice that averts or perhaps disregards the law's requirement or its fundamental objective.
Are companies dedicated to conformity in…
American Law Institute (ALI) (1994). Principles of Corporate Governance. The Principles were a 16-year project of the American Law Institute.
Fisch, J.E. And Hillary A. Sale, H.A. (2003). The Securities Analyst As Agent: Rethinking the Regulation of Analysts', 88 Iowa L. Rev. 1035, 1040 -- 1042
Greg, I.P. (2004). A Less-Visible Role For the Fed Chief: Freeing Up Markets. Wall St. J. November 19, 2004 at A8.
Lorenzo, V.D. (2008). Business Ethics: Law As A Determinant Of Business Conduct. Journal of Business Ethics, 71:275 -- 299
Burglary -- History, Definition, and Hypothetical Case
According to Common Law, burglary was identified as the breaking and entering the premises of another person's inhabitance with the purpose of committing a crime there. It can thus be associated with ideas like the act of entering a person's house without his or her permission and the act of committing a crime at the respective location.
Individuals perceived a person's house as the place where the respective individual could retreat and feel happy with his or her position -- a place that could practically be identified as his or her castle. "It is the enjoyment of this castle, free from the midnight terror of an intruder, that the outlawing of burglary was designed to protect." (Schultz, 2009, p. 70) Common law thus promoted the idea of burglary being the breach of security of a person's house rather than a crime against his…
Schultz, D.A. (2009). The Encyclopedia of American Law. Infobase Publishing.
"Burglary," Retrieved September 30, 2013, from http://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/burglary
"History of Burglary," Retrieved September 30, 2013, from http://englishlegalhistory.wordpress.com/2013/05/30/history-of-burglary/
She has also recently experienced a "depressive episode characterized by the presence, while depressed, of two (or more) of the following:" poor appetite, insomnia and hypersomnia, low energy and fatigue, low self-esteem, poor concentration, difficulty making decisions, feelings of hopelessness, and a lack of energy that stood in notable contrast to her agitated, incessant movement and energy during her manic phase.
During her manic phase, Katherine showed clear signs of inflated self-esteem or grandiosity, a decreased need for sleep, was more talkative than usual, had a lack of need for sleep, was agitated in a manner observable to others, had racing thoughts and a flight of ideas accompanied with goal-directed social and academic activity, and also showed features of involvement in pleasurable activities such as binge drinking, shopping, sexual activities, and other types of "excessive involvement in pleasurable activities that have a high potential for painful consequences" as per the…
DSM-IV Code: Bipolar. Available from psychnet on March 30, 2009 at http://www.psychnet-uk.com/dsm_iv/dysthymic_cyclothymic_episodes.htm#Manic%20Episode:
McDougall, Tim. (2009). Nursing children and adolescents with bipolar disorder: Assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and management. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric
Nursing, 22(1), 33-9. Retrieved March 30, 2009, from ProQuest Medical
Library database. (Document ID: 1663483211).
Brian Short v. State of Florida
Is it legal for the State of Florida to prohibit the marriage of two very short people to each other, using the rationale that two short people are likely to produce short children and short children are less likely to help maintain dominance in state athletic programs and in more danger of falling into holes and not fitting properly into seatbelts?
elevant Legal Concepts from Text
The Fourteenth Amendment prohibits the making or enforcing of any laws "which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States" (U.S. Const. amend. XIV).
elevant Case Law from Text
"Marriage is one of the "basic civil rights of man," fundamental to our very existence and survival" (Loving v. Virginia). "To deny this fundamental freedom on so unsupportable a basis as the racial classifications embodied in these statutes, classifications so directly subversive of the…
Burton v. Wilmington Parking Authority, 365 U.S. 715 (1961).
Loving v. Virginia, 388 U.S. 1 (1967).
Meister v. Moore, 96 U.S. 76 (1877).
U.S. Const. amend. V.
Kennedy recognizes the need to establish a bond with all the South American leaders, thereby isolating Chavez-Chavez politically as ineffective leader in South America. Kennedy perceived the Third orld in terms of the "national military establishment," and vulnerable to the manipulations of the Soviet Union (Schwab, Orrin, 1998, 1). Kennedy had already gone around with Cuba, and did not wish to repeat his mistakes in Venezuela, but he also had no intention of surrendering Venezuela to the Soviet Union in the way in which Cuba had been surrendered before him.
President Kennedy saw South American diplomacy as the route to turning Venezuela away from bonding with the Soviet Union. He recognized that he could not alienate the rest of South America from the United States, or that would drive them into the sphere of Venezuela's influence over them towards the Soviet Union.
Kennedy calls a meeting with Chavez-Chavez, in private,…
Brown, Seyom. Faces of Power. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=100986354
Clark, General Wesley K. Waging Modern War: Bosnia, Kosovo, and the Future of Combat. New York: Public Affairs, 2001. Questia. 15 Nov. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=100986356 .
DeConde, Alexander. A History of American Foreign Policy. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1963. Questia. 15 Nov. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=65362550 .
Even without any arrest, the officer could conceivably have conducted an external pat-down or Terry search of the subjects' outer garments to detect any weapons under the doctrine of officer safety (Schmalleger, 2008; Zalman, 2008).
However, even a Terry search would not have permitted to officer to further investigate or search any soft lumps or other contents of pockets not indicative of possession of a plausible weapon (Dershowitz, 2002). Furthermore, absent evidence that Terry and Kim were jointly engaged in criminal conduct, even a valid search of Terry pursuant to a valid arrest that yielded a small amount of marijuana in his pocket would not have justified a separate search of Kim (Schmalleger, 2008).
In this case, the search of both subjects was improper because it was conducted incident to an invalid arrest. Therefore, either Kim or Terry may challenge the introduction of any contraband retrieved from their personal possession.…
Dershowitz, A. (2002). Shouting Fire: Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age. New York:
Friedman, A. (2005). A History of American Law. New York: Touchstone.
Schmalleger, F. (2008). Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st
counselors practice and learn how to properly handle each client's situation. Clients have a variety of issues that they are dealing with at any given time and sometimes need help. Clients may seek help from a counselor, allowing the counselor to help that person manage their particular areas of concern. Case studies are valuable to any counselor and require much thought and careful consideration.
In the case of Tony Cepin, who is a 45-year-old Hispanic male, we are able to evaluate a unique case study, in which Tony, a nontraditional student, has various issues going on in his life in which he needs help. His presenting problems are that he feels as if he is too old, he has little of a support system, has difficulties finishing tasks, suspects ADD diagnosis, has conflicts with his spouse and immediate family, and often overspends money. We can look at Tony's case in…
Corey, G. (1996). Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy. International:
Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.
Myers, David (2001). Psychology. New York: Worth Publishers.
Myers, David (1992). Psychology. New York: Worth Publishers.
Peer Reply 1:
I have the same concerns regarding health care costs and who will pay for it. On the one hand, I can understand the predicament: someone has to foot the bill later on down the road, but at the moment people need care and that should not be ignored. Figuring out the best approach so that the greatest common good can be achieved is especially difficult in this type of situation, as there is not a lot of commonality among people anymore, for one.
We are very divided in our beliefs and in our needs, and so just trying to get to a place where we can say for certain that this is the greatest common good over here or that this is it over there—that just seems so unlikely at this point in time. For that reason, I question the validity of the utilitarian approach…
Speech by President Bush
Prospective Deliberative Speech to the Republican National Convention in July, Directed on Television to the American Nation as a hole
Nods, smiles, acknowledges audience)
My fellow Americans, this November every one of you will be faced with a seemingly simple choice, but a choice that will affect this entire nation's future -- should you vote to change the current administration and vote democratic? Or should you vote Republican and stay the course this nation has followed over the past four years?
e have been through many difficult times together, you and I, my fellow Americans, over the course of my administration. Together, we have weathered a terrible attack on our nation's security, a devastating economic recession, and a just but sorry war against a brutal dictator. The war for our nation's security on all these fronts has yet to be won, but it will be won.…
BBC. (2004) Iraqi Q&A. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3543595.stm
This site explains the new interim government of Iraqi and the history of the United States' recent engagement with the nation
Chaddock, Gail Russell. (November 21, 2002). "Security Act to Pervade Daily Lives." The Christian Science Monitor. http://www.csmonitor.com/2002/1121/p01s03-usju.html
This news article provides an analysis of the new provisions of the Home Security Act and how they affect all Americans.
The group would consist of veterans who were members of a program designed to transition veterans from military to civilian life. ecruitment would be conducted through the director of the program who would inform potential participants of the option of taking part in a study. The director would need to stress the voluntary nature of the participation and the mutual benefits of counseling and support for participants as well as the benefits for the constructors of the study. As well as the free counseling, group members would also receive food and drink during the counseling sessions.
Selection would be determined by the willingness of individuals to participate in the program. The design of this study would qualitative and exploratory in nature. It would lay the groundwork for a larger, future, randomized control study. It is expected that the actual group size would be 7-10 members, a feasible size…
The human research protection program. (2015). USCF. Retrieved from:
Roxane, Justin, and Patrick sounds like a sensible one, but the simple fact is that Roxane's position is insane, Justin's position is out-of-touch with the reality of twenty-first century warfare, and Patrick offers a traditional pacisism in the mold of Gandhi. I hope to demonstrate that Michael Walzer's conclusion on the justice of warfare -- that it is almost impossible to justify -- it is expensive -- runs double for the peacetime attack.
Roxane's kneejerk jingoism is entirely devoid of merit. The dictator of country Z. has a terrible reputation because he slaughters civilians and has threatened to invade neighboring states -- Roxanne's proposed solution is that the U.S. should actually invade the far-away state of Z, and slaughter their civilians. To pretend that there is any ethical consistency in Roxanne's suggestion here is nonsense. Her notion that Japan became a peaceful and stable ally of the U.S. because it…
Hypothetical Session: Family Systems Therapy
In the last session with the adolescent Abigail, her mother Grace, and her father Don, all three members of the family were encouraged to talk to me as the therapist, not to one another. This was designed to allow them to speak honestly and to reduce direct confrontation. Abigail and her parents had come to participate in family therapy because Abigail had, according to her parents, been 'acting out' in various ways such as cutting school and acting defiant. I engaged largely with the two parents to discern what conflicts were occurring between the two of them. In keeping with Bowen's techniques I interviewed family members separately, allowing them to listen to the speeches of the other members individually. Grace said that she felt that her daughter was disrespectful to her and was worried about Abigail's future if Abigail did not get better grades. When…
Bowen family systems theory and practice: Illustration and critique. (2014). Family Systems
Institute. Retrieved from http://www.familysystemstraining.com/papers/bowen-illustration-and-critique.html
Hypothetical Conflict Situation and Analysis of the Conflict
The Nature of the Conflict and the Events Leading to It
Kevin Eaton, a third-grade student at Thomas Jefferson Elementary School, is an average boy with average interests. He likes soccer and video games and riding his bike. He has lots of friends and is friendly and outgoing. In school, he does well, but is not a straight -- A student. He makes a few A's, mostly B's, and a few C's. He likes history and music the best. He also enjoys reading; although his skills in that area are not quite at grade level, they are steadily improving, and his teacher is pleased with his progress. He does not like math at all, but shows some aptitude for science, although only the areas of dinosaurs and planets hold any real interest for him. He is a good student, bright but not…
The Nacirema occupy a broad and diverse geographic zone between Canada, Mexico, and the Caribbean. Their highly developed market economy belies, or perhaps informs, the evolution of elaborate body rituals. The body rituals of the Nacirema are diverse and usually gendered. The underlying assumptions of the Nacirema body rituals are that the human form in its natural, unadulterated or unadorned state, is inherently profane, impure, and aesthetically unpleasing. Therefore, the Nacirema set up shrines in their home. The shrines contain magical serums, lotions, and potions with mysterious properties. Wealthy Nacirema may have several shrines, elaborately designed, and many set aside special shrines for individual members of the family. Less well-to-do Nacirema may have only one body ritual shrine in the home, shared among all family members. Nacirema also have public body ritual shrines located in important areas of social or political importance, including the places in the hubs of their…
Since a hypothetical imperative represents one of many possibilities that are only means to an end, they cannot be objectively necessary, and therefore do not have the same command over human behavior as a categorical imperative. As Kant notes, commands are laws that we must obey, even when they contradict our inclinations (27).
If we treat others as a means to an end, then we use them in service of another goal. However, if we treat others as an end in themselves, then we respect them without regard to any other goals or ends. To treat someone as a means to an end is to make them less important than some end result, whereas to treat someone as an end in themselves makes them the final and most important consideration. Slavery may be the most offensive example of using others as a means to an end, but there are…
This was due to the fact that defense attorneys often attempted to prove consent by showing that a victim did not resist the assault or had a sexual history suggesting that she would have consented to the sexual contact. Now, N.J.S.2C:14-2 no longer contains a requirement that the perpetrator overcame a resisting victim. Instead, in cases of forcible rape, the Code simply requires that the defendant: committed the assault during the course of certain specified felonies (N.J.S.2C:14-2(a)(3); was armed or seemed to be armed (N.J.S.2C:14-2(a)(4); acted with another and used physical force or coercion N.J.S.2C:14-2(a)(5); used physical force or coercion N.J.S.2C:14-2(a)(5) and -(1); the victim is physically or mentally incapacitated N.J.S.2C:14-2(a)(7). Therefore, the Code names a variety of situations where sexual intercourse between a victim and a defendant is rape, without evidence of any type of coercion.
Maria, a single mother, goes on her third date with John. They return…
They establish identities or are confused about what roles to play. Additionally, Cherry (2011) states that child must have a conscious sense of self that is developed through social interaction. A child's ego identity is constantly evolving as he or she acquires new experiences and information. Processing these new experiences and information embodies and shapes one's sense of self.
According to Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development (Berger, 2010), thoughts and expectations profoundly affect attitudes, beliefs, values, assumptions, and actions. In turn, these factors have a direct correlation to the sense of self that motivates competence, positive behaviors, and actions. If a void occurs in developing a sense of self relative to others, he or she will have psychological barriers that are translated into a defense mechanism to conceal one's lack of motivation, fear of failure, and social dysfunction (Berger, 2010). Lowering the affective filters are critical to foster social development…
Berger, S. (2010). The developing person: Through childhood and adolescence. New York: Worth Publishers
Cherry, K. (2011). Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/psychosocialtheories/a/psychosocial.htm
Egan's 3 Stage Model
Various counseling practices allow individuals to identify, cope with, and manage areas of self-improvement and to address physical, mental, and emotional needs. The reasons why individuals seek counseling range from romantic relationship issues, adjustments to chronic illness, spiritual concerns, grief, to career choices, stress, addiction, and adjusting to the effects of trauma. In the counselor-client relationship, the counselor aims to listen to and question the client to establish how the client understands, to clarify thoughts, provide new perspective to the situation, and generate approaches to the problem (owland, 1993, p. 18-19). One effective model that structures the counseling theory within the counselor-client relationship is Egan's 3-Stage Skilled Helper model. Egan's model offers a framework to help individuals discover solutions to their problems and develop new opportunities. Egan's Skilled Helper model is comprised of three stages, in which each stage involves three sub-stages. Clients and guided through…
Crago, H. (2000). Counselling and psychotheraphy: is there a difference? Does it matter?.
Australlian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 21(2), 73-80.
Forrest, D. (n.d.). Egan's skilled helper model. Informally published manuscript, Continuing
Professional Development Unit, Birmingham City University, Birmingham, United Kingdom. Retrieved from http://www.gestaltuk.com/Resources/Egan_skilled_helper_model.pdf
Explain how enzymes are involved in processes such as the breakdown of fructose.
Enzymes are integral to processes such as the breakdown of fructose, a monosaccharide. Thus, a deficiency in enzymes can cause malabsorption of fructose or other sugars. Chemically, enzymes are complex proteins. Some enzymes like fructokinase transform molecules into available energy via processes of metabolism. For example, fructokinase and aldolase B. are enzymes involved in the breakdown of fructose. Any imbalance or absence of these and other enzymes can lead to fructose intolerance in the person, leading to a number of medical symptoms. When fructose cannot be metabolized by enzymes, it may lead to reduced absorption of water in the intestines, which in turn may lead to "bloating, diarrhoea or constipation, flatulence, and stomach pain due to muscle spasms. (Breakspear Medical Group, n.d.).
Found throughout the human body, enzymes can be considered to be chemical catalysts that…
Breakspear Medical Group (n.d.). Fructose metabolism -- acumen. Retrieved online: http://www.breakspearmedical.com/files/documents/fructosemetabolism230910_AM_.pdf
"Citric Acid Cycle Summary." Retrieved online: http://www.elmhurst.edu/~chm/vchembook/612citricsum.html
"Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, and other Energy-Releasing Pathways," (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://www.uic.edu/classes/bios/bios100/lecturesf04am/lect12.htm
United Mitochondrial Disease Foundation (n.d.). What is mitochondrial disease? Retrieved online: http://www.umdf.org/site/c.8qKOJ0MvF7LUG/b.7934627/k.3711/What_is_Mitochondrial_Disease.htm
Memory, Identity, And Body
In a hypothetical situation, Barack Obama and Miley Cyrus are both involved in a horrific accident. As a result they are both horribly injured and only one can live. They undergo an operation wherein the parts of the brain that support specific episodic memories, but only those specific parts, are transferred. The body of Miley is given the brain pieces of Obama and the body of Barack Obama is given the brain pieces of Miley. The person who is now in Miley Cyrus's body awakens and the doctor states that Miley has survived. hile the body is now that of Miley Cyrus as well some would say is the soul, the memories she has, memories which shape personality; are those of Barack Obama. The doctor makes this supposition only because of how Miley looks, but does not consider the impact of the inclusion of a brain…
Nimbalkar, Namita. "John Locke on Personal Identity" Mens Sana Monographs 9.1 (2011): 268-
Sacks, Oliver W. The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat. London: Picador, 1986. Print.
Williams, Bernard. "The Self and the Future." The Philosophical Review 79.2 (1970): 161-80.
HR Shared Services
When it comes to the craft and practice of human resources, one of the unmistakable trends that is emerging and changing the face and shape of the work field is the use of a "shared services" framework. Something that is common and inherent to these shared services frameworks is a passionate mission and vision behind the department and how precisely their iteration of human resources will be used to assist and empower the organization via the effective utilization of human resources practices and procedures. This may come off as navel-gazing and self-aggrandizing corporate speak to many people. However, there are so many connections between the people and the company that they work for. These connections include making a living, benefits, the corporate culture of the company, the facilitating of a work/life balance and beyond. This report shall manifest with a hypothetical organization and how precisely their strategic…
Through these websites, the company could also stress that its services would be recognized worldwide and the U.S. would improve its standing in the world community relating to this subject and therefore gain the respect of other countries.
With regards to utilizing edBizOpps, the company must also be aware of the services that this websites provides, and utilize what it needs only. or instance, the website is very useful for marketing activities, due to the fact that it would provide both opportunities, and allow other to seek for opportunities provided, such as those by Enviro LTD. According to the website, in the Buyers/Engineers section, "Government users may post, manage, and award opportunities."
In the Vendors/Citizens section, furthermore, it states, "Vendors and citizens may search, monitor, and retrieve opportunities."
In this latter section, one can preview, at no cost, various opportunities and sign up. When signing up, one can include, in…
Frequently Asked Questions about Government Contracting. (2011). Small Business Notes. Retrieved November 13, 2011, from < http://www.smallbusinessnotes.com/starting-a-business/frequently-asked-question-about-government-contracting.html#b >.
FedBizOpps. (2011). FedBizOpps.gov. Retrieved November 13, 2011, from < https://www.fbo.gov/ >.
FedBizOpps. (2011). FedBizOpps.gov. Retrieved November 13, 2011, from <
ecovery Plan: Biological Attack in the U.S. Congress
The havoc and deaths caused by the weaponized anthrax spores that were mailed to members of the U.S. Congress following the attacks of September 11, 2001 and the repeated attempted uses of botulinum toxin on U.S. Naval bases make it abundantly clear that governmental offices are vulnerable to biological pathogens. These agents have been and likely will be used by terrorists again to achieve their goals of bringing harm to the United States and it interests at home and abroad. The hypothetical comprehensive recovery plan developed in this project is in response to this type of food-borne pathogen attack and takes place in the cafeteria situated in the ayburn House Office Building in the U.S. Congressional complex in Washington, D.C. which serves members of Congress, staff members and visitors. The scenario begins with the telephonic notification to the Capital Police that all…
Botulinum toxin. (2011). State of Delaware Health and Social Services. Retrieved from http://
Dando, M. (2001). The new biological weapons: Threat, proliferation, and control. Boulder,
CO: Lynne Rienner.
Boyhood, Organized Sports, and the construction of Masculinities" offers insight into a study he completed regarding male attributes and how masculinity is defined within organized sports. Following is a summary of the article denoting the hypothesis, dependent and independent variables if identifiable as such, the data source, methodology and answers to the posited hypothetical question(s).
Messner makes it very clear from the outset what the questions or hypotheses are in his study and the answers that he seeks in conducting the study. The questions Messner raises includes: "In what ways do males construct masculine identities within the institution of organized sports? In what ways do class and racial differences mediate this relationship and perhaps led to the construction of different meanings and perhaps different masculinities?" And the last hypothetical question is "what are some of the problems and contradictions within these constructions of masculinities?" (Messner, p. 88).
Messner is also…
Messner (the source article needs to be cited here)
Outsourcing: Advantages and Disadvantages
Over time, a number of businesses have embraced outsourcing for various reasons. This is more so the case for companies operating in the global arena. In this text, I discuss the various advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing. In so doing, I will utilize a hypothetical example of a multinational firm by the name Company X.
In basic terms, outsourcing according to Haberberg and ieple (2007) is "the contracting out of part of an organization's operations to a separate company." In the next section, I will discuss some of the key benefits and disadvantages of outsourcing.
To begin with, Company X could make some cost savings should it resort to outsourcing. According to Hill and Jones (2012), an entity could have its costs reduced if the price the said entity pays to a particular specialist firm to have a particular activity completed happens to be less than…
Haberberg, A. & Rieple, R. (2007). Strategic Management: Theory and Application. New York: Oxford University Press Inc.
Hill, C.W.L. & Jones, G.R. (2012). Strategic Management: An Integrated Approach (10th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Morgan, N. & Smit, E. (Eds.). (1996). Contemporary Issues in Strategic Management. Cape Town: Pearson.
Ending a Spousal Relationship:
A spousal relationship can generally be regarded as a marriage that can be ended through various ways depending on the partners' choice. Generally, a spousal relationship can be terminated through annulment, legal separation, dissolution, and divorce. While annulment is the legal way of proving that the relationship was never valid, legal separation entails a formal decree of the rights and responsibilities of every spouse while living apart ("our Ways to End a Marriage," n.d.). On the contrary, dissolution is a legal process of concurring on issues and moving on through cooperation from each spouse whereas divorce is an alternative used when there are huge differences between the parties on how to end the relationship. The annulment method requires the proof of various aspects such as a close blood relationship between the partners, the possibility of one party being underage, and inability to consummate the marriage.
Formation of a Contract:
A hypothetical situation for the formation of a contract where an offer, acceptance and consideration is made is where Martin Brown is the buyer while Harvey Thomas and Nancy Thomas are sellers. The buyer is represented by Broker Hank Adams of NC Buyers First, Inc. whereas the seller is represented by Brokers Sue Ellen Sellars of We Sell Homes, LLC, which are real estate firms with current and active licenses ("Contract Practical Exercise," 2011). The buyer seeks to purchase a property situated at 313 Harmony Rd. that was developed in 1979 and provides an offer which he signs and delivers to the sellers.
The offer has several considerations including the purchase price, due diligence fee and period, settlement date, and initial earnest money deposit. The other considerations are the lack of exceptions, the lack of an addenda attached to the offer, uncertainty about proposed or confirmed assessments, and the lack of Contingent Sale Addendum though the buyer
Doctor Determine Treatment for a Diagnosis of Hereditary Fructose Intolerance:
Explain how enzymes are involved in processes such as the breakdown of fructose.
The enzymes work as a lock and key process where the relevetn active part of the enzyme fits into the substrate (i.e. The molecule on which the enzyme acts) and activates it. There are various active sites on the enzyme and only the enzyme that will 'fit' in the substrate will work. After part of enzyme matching with substrate, enzyme breaks down substrate into two smaller products.
The following image illustrates:
(adapted from http://waynesword.palomar.edu/molecu1.htm)
At times the process can be blocked by an impediment that stops the 'key' from 'turning, as happens in the case of a lack in aldolase B. which can prompt hereditary fructose intolerance
Explain how a deficiency in aldolase B. can be responsible for hereditary fructose intolerance.
Hereditary fructose intolerance is a disease…
Berg JM, Tymoczko JL, Stryer L. (2002) Biochemistry. 5th edition. New York: WH Freeman
Cross NC, de Franchis R, Sebastio G, et al. (1990). Molecular analysis of aldolase B. genes in hereditary fructose intolerance. Lancet 335 (8685): 306 -- 9
Huntington's Disease Outreach Project for Education at Stanford Coenzyme Q10: An Antioxidant Drug
Toulmin Model and Sherlock Holmes
The Toulmin Model of argumentation asserts that a good argument consists of six parts which intend to develop a practical argument. The first element is the "claim," or the conclusion that the argument must establish. The next part is the "data," or the facts and evidence collected and used to confirm the argument. In order to support the data, general, hypothetical, or logical statements are used, these are called "warrants." A good argument should limit itself to what can be proven and so it requires "qualifiers" which restrict the argument to a point where it can be supported by facts. In order to support the warrants made during the argument, sometimes "backing statements" are used to add credence to the statements made during the argument. These backing statements may not directly support the claim, but should always support the supporting warrants. Finally, since there are…
The five components of a reading program -- phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary development, and comprehension -- build on one another to help students become readers. At a hypothetical all-African-American elementary school in Philadelphia's inner city, there would be similarities and differences in the way the five components would be taught in first grade, third grade, and fifth grade classrooms.
Phonemic awareness is the first stage in a comprehensive reading program. It is the foundation upon which other reading skills are built. The International eading Association (IA) defines phonemic awareness as "the ability to segment and manipulate the sounds of oral language" (2011). The IA points out research shows that a child's awareness of the sounds of spoken language are a strong predictor of success in learning to read. Language "play" helps children develop this awareness of sounds. ead-alouds, songs, riddles, poems, and rhyming activities are effective ways to…
Morris, D. (2011). Practicum training for teachers of struggling readers. Phi Delta Kappan 92(8),
Penner-Wilger, M. (2008). Reading fluency: A bridge from decoding to comprehension.
International Reading Association. Retrieved from http://eps.schoolspecialty.com
Business Law: Saukars, Nib Corp, and Guesthouses.
In order to examine the potential legal issues between the parties, it is important to look at the contractual relationships between those parties. First is the relationship between the guesthouses and their customers. Food service is part of that relationship. Customers at the guesthouses may have a claim against the guesthouses stemming from them contracting food poisoning from the food served to them at the guesthouses. Because the customers' contractual relationship is with the guesthouses, they would be an appropriate object of suit, but the guesthouses may be able to enjoin or seek indemnification from other parties for those damages. Tort liability for food poisoning is relatively straightforward. Most states have strict product liability laws covering food safety, so that the supplier of contaminated food products is assumed to have been negligent. As long as the customers can demonstrate that the food that…
Diversity Socialisation for Newcomers
Head of Human Resources
XYZ Investment Limited
Re: Diversity Socialisation for Newcomers
The significance of organisational socialisation cannot be overemphasised. Through the process, new employees are equipped with the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviours necessary for successful organisational membership (Cable, Gino & Staats, 2013). In most cases, however, the process of socialisation focuses on aspects such as the goals of the organisation, individual role and responsibilities, behavioural patterns, as well as rules and principles pertaining to the organisation. Often, there is little or no attention to workplace diversity issues (Mcmillan-Capehart, 2005; Graybill et al., 2013). This is particularly true for XYZ Investment Limited, a hypothetical investment firm with operations across the U.S. The organisation could be at a considerable disadvantage given that workplace diversity has increasingly become a vital source of competitive advantage for organisations of different sizes and in diverse sectors and industries. Though…
The study by Darrag et al. uses HRM as a mode to identify several clear obstacles to effective recruitment on an international scale. A major point of concern for MNCs, the article indicates, is the difficulty of penetrating culturally ingrained models of hiring and promoting. In such contexts as Egypt, Iran and Taiwan, the article reports that nepotism remains a powerful force preventing the use of merit in recruitment situations. These are concrete examples of the culturally-bound challenges facing the international human resource manager.
The Human Resource Planning theory states that these challenges require an HR department that is formulated according to the cultural particulars of a host country. The article by Darrag et al. concludes that where MNCs are able to make adjustments through their Human Resource Management departments, host countries are likely to see greater economic benefits. Yielding this presumption based on its case examination of MNCs operating…
Ardalan, K. (2008). Globalization and Culture: Four Paradigmatic Views. International Journal of Social Economics, 30(5), 513-534.
Brewster, C.; Sparrow, P. & Vernon, G. (2007). International Human Resource Management. London: CIPD.
Darrag, M.; Mohamed, A. & Abdel Aziz, H. (2010). Investigating Recruitment Practices and Probmes of Multinational Companies (MNCs) operating in Egypt. Education, Business and Society: Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues, 3(2), 99-116.
Morley, M.J. & Collings, D.G. (2004). Contemporary Debates and New Directions in HRM in MNCs. International Journal of Manpower, 25(6), 487-499.
192). his begs for an empirical objective analysis of performance.
In a constructivist approach, which was essentially that used by O'Meara (2004), the more open-ended and subject-driven the research is, the better (Creswell 2009, pp. 8). his approach leads to very clear results given the scope of questioning and sampling used by O'Meara (2004); focusing on the perceived benefits of post-tenure review on faculty performance amongst a group of individuals (faculty and administration) who in this case were well-aligned in their perspective would necessarily lead to conclusive results according to this worldview. A similar analysis of public and student views on the topic, however, would likely lead to very different results, and this worldview inherently lacks appropriate structures for synthesizing such disparate conclusions in an objective manner.
his worldview has specific bearings on certain aspects of the study's finding's. O'Meara (2004) specific concerns concerning the effects of post-tenure…
The pragmatic worldview has both the clearest and the least applicable bearing on the issue at hand. On the one hand, t is easily argued that all that really matters in the issue are the practical outcomes -- post-tenure review is meant to improve faculty performance, and pragmatism would therefore hold that it is a good practice if it succeeds in this, and useless if it doesn't (O'Meara 2004, pp. 179-82; Creswell 2009, pp. 10). This is abundantly clear, but there is little to no agreement amongst various groups as to the actual practical effects of post-tenure review. This study showed that faculty consistently believe they are doing exemplary work, and thus that post-tenure review will have no effect (O'Meara 2004). Student groups and certain administrators (not in this study) have established a need for greater accountability in tenured faculty, and advocate the use of post-tenure reviews for this purpose. An empirical study of the practice's actual effects would be necessary before a true pragmatic conclusion could be drawn regarding post-tenure review.
This makes it clear that no single worldview is adequate in addressing this issue. There is a need for advocacy and the inclusiveness of the constructivist approach, but given the disparity in views ultimately an empirical (i.e. postpositivist) and pragmatic determination will need to be made. An understanding of each of these four worldviews and their perspectives on the post-tenure review is necessary to a full understanding of the issue.
This decision at the opportune time ensured that the SAT scores returned to their normal level during the current year, and the core admission processes have remained as in earlier years. However, in case the scores plummeted to more depths and minor tweaking was not sufficient to amend them, the Program Director would make endeavor to make important modifications in the admission procedures in an endeavor to ensure that the scores return to their earlier acceptable state of affairs. For instance, such a marked decline in the previous years resulted in the development of a new high school relations program giving courses to higher juniors and seniors in the span of two years, the SAT scores bounced back to the original levels. (Birnbaum, 1998)
7. What quality assurance processes are in place within the institution?
Quality assurance processes in a cybernetic system as that of Huxley is that…
Birnbaum, Robert. (1998) "How Colleges Work: The Cybernetics of Academic
Organization and Leadership" Jossey-Bass Inc.
Calas, Martha. B; Smircich, Linda. (1992) "Re-writing gender into organizational theorizing: Directions from feminist perspectives" in Rethinking organization: New directions in organization theory and analysis. Michael Read and Martin Hughes (eds.), 227-253. London: Sage.
Hence the development of the Open Systems Interconnect (OSI) Model which lead to the development of the Internet and the Ethernet standard and the TCP/IP protocol, both of which nearly the entire Internet runs on today.
#9, in what way have phones and computers converged? Why is this convergence occurring?
The personal productivity tasks of communication as it relates to the use of telephones and computer systems has long been an area developers and entrepreneurs have poured time and money into. Now with the concept of the Mobile Web, it's possible to have PDAs and cell phones that make it possible to access any website, any e-mail account, from any location there is a cell phone signal. The impetus is the overlap of personal productivity processes.
Q.#9, Read the information on the Thawte Web site about how users can be authenticated (Web of Trust). Briefly explain how the…
Code of the Street
Anderson in "Code of the Street" seeks to highlight many of the ills and problems that seem to plague inner-city African-American families and communities, and highlights aggression and interpersonal violence as the most prominent factors (p. 171). The propensity for violence, according to Anderson predisposes 'a cultural adaptation' that has hampered growth and development within this particular part of society. Following is an examination of The Code of the Street by Elijah Anderson. The examination seeks to determine the proposed hypothesis, dependent and independent variables, source of the data, methodology and analysis, and whether or not the author serves to effectively answer the hypothetical questions posited.
Anderson takes an ethnographic approach in looking at the culture of what he determines as control, respect and violence in inner city streets. According to Philipsen in "Speaking Culturally: Explorations in Social Community" ethnography is a qualitative research design…
Philipsen, G. Speaking Culturally: Explorations in Social Communication. Albany, New
York: State University of New York Press. 1992. Print.
*PDF needs to be added here.
He understood, "The greatest real way of making a strong intelligence of efficacy is through mastery involvements" (p. 3).
Person Environment Occupation model
The PEO model (Broome, 2009) is a famous and recognized conceptual model and model of exercise inside Canadian occupational therapy. It bids groundwork for managing valuation and interference through all practice surroundings and customer inhabitants. The planned device is able to transport the PEO model to life in the process of a humble and cheap instrument that can bring clinicians a real-world theoretical foundation for their clinical procedure. The circle instrument performs as a vehicle for unfolding what occupational therapy is about, describing the foci, and what the clinician can offer to the client.
Figure 2: Person Environment Occupation model
The PEO model that aims for the best fit to enhance occupational performance can be used to guide the occupational therapy process. This procedure, as…
Alter, K. (2006). Fueling the Engines: A Role For Occupational Therapy in Promoting Healthy Life. Occupational Therapy in Healthcare, 21(3).
Broome, K. (2009). A literature review applying the Pearson Environment Occupation Model. Scandanavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 3(12), 16.
Fisher, G.S. (2008). A Model of Occupational Empowerment for Marginalized Populations. Occupational Therapy in Healthcare, 22(1).
Gupta, J., & Sabata, D. (2010). Maximizing Occupational Performance of Older Workers: Applying the Person-Environment-Occupation Model. AOTA Continuing Education Article, 15(7), 12-15.
The crux of this challenge however is the distribution and fulfillment system, an area Amazon.com for example had streamlined for low-quantity orders before ever launching their website and online store. This equates to what Elberse and Oberholzer-Gee (2006) mention as the ability of online retailers to in effect feed the creation of long-tail markets by representing thousands of products online and fulfilling them through synchronized order management and supply chain systems.
According to Newman (2005) the network centricity of the Power Law is a contributing factor to its efficiency. From the standpoint of online retailers, this network effect is illustrated by the level of supply chain integration, synchronization, and the use of real-time shared data to create stronger hub-like efficiencies within a Power Law-dominated industry. One assumption and area of future research is in the definition of velocities of information throughout a Power Law network. Figure 2 shows a graphical…
Columbus (2001) - Defining Your Direction in Guided Selling. AMR Research. November 1, 2001. Louis Columbus. Accessed from the Internet on September 24, 2006 at http://lwcresearch.com/filesfordownloads/DefiningYourDirectioninGuidedSellin.pdf
Elberse and Oberholzer-Gee (2006) - Superstars and Underdogs: An Examination of the Long Tail Phenomenon in Video Sales. Harvard Business School Working Paper Series No. 07-015. September 5, 2006
Newman (2005) - Power laws, Pareto distributions and Zipf's law. Contemporary Physics. Volume 46, Number 5, September 2005. Pages 323-351.
patients undergoing mechanical ventilation contract Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP). This acute medical condition always results in increased death rates and associated medical costs among patients. This article reviews several literatures that try to enlighten masses on the diagnosis, medical treatments and VAP prevention methods. In addition, this article outlines recommendations medical practitioners can implement in their daily practices to curb VAP and offers an insight on controversies that usually arise during VAP diagnoses, treatment plans and prevention methodologies. This article defines VAP to be the causative agent of approximately 25 to 54% mortality rates among patients undergoing mechanical ventilation in ICUs. Factors responsible for VAP among patients include patients' population in ICUs, hospital stay durations and antimicrobial treatments. Even though antimicrobial medications are confirmed to reduce VAP casualties, further studies should be undertaken such as the ones outlined in the literatures below to help in early identification and treatment of…
Arroliga, A.C., Pollard, C.L., Wilde, C.D., Pellizzari, S.J., Chebbo, A., Song, J., et al. (2012).
Reduction in the Incidence of Ventilator Associated Pneumonia: A Multidisciplinary
Approach. Respiratory Care, 688-696.
Camargo, L.F., De Marco, F.V., Barbas, C.S., Hoelz, C., Bueno, M.A., Rodrigues Jr., M., et al.
behaviors inherent in e-tailing (in business-to-Consumer relationships / communications). Note the communications medium in which each behavior occurs.
Explain how each medium enables e-commerce.
E-tailing is the business of electronic retailing or retailing over the Internet (*). There are three types of e-tailing behavior: independent, intervening variables, and dependent variables.
The independent retailer will want to know two variables of the people who generally resort to e-commerce. These are: (a) personal characteristics and (b) environmental characteristics. The retailer will want to know the buying habits of the consumers in order to target a given market. These demographics include age, gender, marital status, occupation and income.
The retailer, too, will want to know the environmental variables, namely background variables of what or who influence the consumer; where the consumer shops; what the consumer would like to buy and so forth. This is so in order that the retailer would know…
Clark, Brian. 2010. Ten Timeless Persuasive Writing Techniques. CopyBlogger Media, LLC. Retrieved from http://www.copyblogger.com/persuasive-writing/
Turban, E., King, D., McKay, J., Marshall, P., Lee, J., & Viehland, D. (2006). Electronic commerce Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
This is a situation where the environment is "all the internal and external factors that surround and influence" the environment system of each patient (316). As such, the factors that are important in the Nueman model may seem abstract, which goes against the general rule of simplicity
n regards of not only how easily the theory is understood, but also how it can be redone in actual practice. Really, Nueman's theory emphasizes the importance of focusing on the stressors and then tailoring a care strategy based in what the individual can actually perform in his or her own unique community environment.
B. Planning Phase
Using the knowledge presented by Chinn & Kramer and Alligood and Tomey (2010) as a way to evaluate Nueman's theory, the major concepts can be identified in the underlying assumptions. Essentially, these sources provide tests for how clear is the thesis in contemporary nursing theories. One…
In regards of not only how easily the theory is understood, but also how it can be redone in actual practice. Really, Nueman's theory emphasizes the importance of focusing on the stressors and then tailoring a care strategy based in what the individual can actually perform in his or her own unique community environment.
B. Planning Phase
Using the knowledge presented by Chinn & Kramer and Alligood and Tomey (2010) as a way to evaluate Nueman's theory, the major concepts can be identified in the underlying assumptions. Essentially, these sources provide tests for how clear is the thesis in contemporary nursing theories. One of the major elements is semantic clarity which essentially verifies the semantic meaning of underlying theoretical assumptions. Very direct language, that avoids passive voice and excessive verbiage which may complicate how the findings are expressed to the audience. This brings it out of the level of abstraction and into a more scientifically condensed perception of the model. This also includes an overall consistency in the semantic structure that allows for appropriate practical application of the theory in real practice. The implementation of Nueman nursing process really depends on the individual and the environment which is present in their recovery. Planning can be hard based on its abstract nature. But there are still hypothetical goals, interventions present. Essentially, the methodology wants the individual