Hypothetical Essays (Examples)

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Counseling and Psychotherapy

Words: 660 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18541946

Hypothetical Session: Family Systems Therapy

In the last session with the adolescent Abigail, her mother Grace, and her father Don, all three members of the family were encouraged to talk to me as the therapist, not to one another. This was designed to allow them to speak honestly and to reduce direct confrontation. Abigail and her parents had come to participate in family therapy because Abigail had, according to her parents, been 'acting out' in various ways such as cutting school and acting defiant. I engaged largely with the two parents to discern what conflicts were occurring between the two of them. In keeping with Bowen's techniques I interviewed family members separately, allowing them to listen to the speeches of the other members individually. Grace said that she felt that her daughter was disrespectful to her and was worried about Abigail's future if Abigail did not get better grades. When…… [Read More]


Bowen family systems theory and practice: Illustration and critique. (2014). Family Systems

Institute. Retrieved from http://www.familysystemstraining.com/papers/bowen-illustration-and-critique.html
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Conflict With a Student's Parents

Words: 1359 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96045482

Hypothetical Conflict Situation and Analysis of the Conflict

The Nature of the Conflict and the Events Leading to It

Kevin Eaton, a third-grade student at Thomas Jefferson Elementary School, is an average boy with average interests. He likes soccer and video games and riding his bike. He has lots of friends and is friendly and outgoing. In school, he does well, but is not a straight -- A student. He makes a few A's, mostly B's, and a few C's. He likes history and music the best. He also enjoys reading; although his skills in that area are not quite at grade level, they are steadily improving, and his teacher is pleased with his progress. He does not like math at all, but shows some aptitude for science, although only the areas of dinosaurs and planets hold any real interest for him. He is a good student, bright but not…… [Read More]

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Auditing and Assessing Financial Condition

Words: 642 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60796614

financial condition of a hypothetical town; Swobodaville. The paper analyzes the town's revenue structure, and expenditure profile among others. In addition, paper outlines how public organizations within this town use data from audits and assessments to increase their effectiveness.

Financial Condition

There are several factors that are likely to influence the town's revenue structure. These factors are economic growth, taxations among others. The town has taxation waivers which may have led the increase in revenues from the first to the fifth year. There is a likelihood that the town has been having an increasing revenue base which has led to the increase in revenues. The level of government spending has steadily risen. The increase in government spending on state-provided goods and services including public and merit goods is likely to result in increased revenues for the town's households (Kirchler, 2007). Besides, incorporating revenue neutral individual income tax change that integrates…… [Read More]


Carroll, D.A. (2009). Diversifying Municipal Government Revenue Structures: Fiscal Illusion or Instability? Public Budgeting & Finance, 27-48.

Kirchler, E. (2007). The Economic Psychology of Tax Behaviour . Cambridge University Press.

Thorndike, J.J. (2002). Tax Justice: The Ongoing Debate. Washington DC: The Urban Institute Press.
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Adult Learning Assessment

Words: 871 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14530132

Adult learning self-assessments can prove influential for motivating students (Stipek, ecchia, & McClintic, 1992, cited in oss, 2006, p. 7). The assessment developed for this assignment was designed to enable students to provide feedback both about their instructor as well as about the course they took from their instructor. Assessments help students who might not be able to convey their learning progress otherwise (Loacke, 2004). Specifically, this assessment was an opportunity for adult learners with students within Miami-Dade county public schools to reflect on their learning experiences with teachers in an effort to improve them in the future. As such, there were two primary facets of the assessment: a Likert-based questionnaire (in which a rating of 1 was disagree and 5 was strongly agree), and a pair of essays in which students discussed, respectively, what aspects of the course and of the pedagogue's instruction they would like to improve. Student…… [Read More]


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Philosophy in Kant's Groundwork of

Words: 649 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69487949

Since a hypothetical imperative represents one of many possibilities that are only means to an end, they cannot be objectively necessary, and therefore do not have the same command over human behavior as a categorical imperative. As Kant notes, commands are laws that we must obey, even when they contradict our inclinations (27).


If we treat others as a means to an end, then we use them in service of another goal. However, if we treat others as an end in themselves, then we respect them without regard to any other goals or ends. To treat someone as a means to an end is to make them less important than some end result, whereas to treat someone as an end in themselves makes them the final and most important consideration. Slavery may be the most offensive example of using others as a means to an end, but there are…… [Read More]

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Market Research Questions Question 1

Words: 2065 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91532247

This would
significantly increase the response rate, but I would be sure the
underlying aspects of the survey were correct first.

Question 8: Define a hypothetical situation in which you would use an
observation form in place of a questionnaire. Discuss the elements of this
situation that would make it more practical for you to use the observation

In the case of researching the development of an entirely new class of
automobiles, where people often don't know what they want until they see
it, I would rely on observation research. These are typically called new
car clinics, where potential new car models are previewed and car companies
ask for feedback on how they are perceived by the public. If I was
designing an entirely new SUV, I would go and observe how families use
their SUVs today, and how singles use SUVs for their mountain camping
hobbies. In short…… [Read More]

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Marketing Vice President Roger Smith Angrily States

Words: 1156 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13767248

Marketing Vice President Roger Smith angrily states: "I am the customer." As such, he expected the contractor to follow his request. What are the merits of Mr. Smith's assertion? To what extent is the contractor obliged to do what the customer orders?

First, Mr. Smith's assertions that he is the customer are non-meritorious. Smith is not involved in the contract in any individual capacity. XYZ Company is the customer. It does not appear that Smith was a signatory to the contract, and there is nothing in the hypothetical scenario to suggest that the contract gave Smith any type of decision-making authority or ability to direct the work of Computer Software Solution, Inc. Instead, given that McMahon was XYZ's project leader and engaged in all of the contracting duties, one imagines that McMahon was the signatory on the contract. The contract should have specified a contact point for direction from XYZ…… [Read More]

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Video Games Violence and Aggression

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27167744

Video Games, Violence and Aggression

The Effect of Video Games on Violence and Aggression

Numerous arguments over video games primarily center on topics such as sexism, nudity, racial profiling, sex and criminal behavior as well as other provocative material. Many conflicting results have been brought out of research and study of the relation between video games and its assumed effects of violence and aggressive behavior. Here, aggression is defined as behavior intended to harm another individual who is motivated to avoid that harm. Emotion, effect, or aggressive thought, plan or wish are not included .This means it includes attempts to harm regardless of if the harm was committed or not. Violence on the other hand is refers to extreme forms of aggression, such as assault and murder. In essence, all violence is aggression but the reverse is not true.

Literature Review

According to Anderson & Ford, 1986, Ballard & Wiest…… [Read More]

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Criminal Justice Final Define the

Words: 2030 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45567698

This was due to the fact that defense attorneys often attempted to prove consent by showing that a victim did not resist the assault or had a sexual history suggesting that she would have consented to the sexual contact. Now, N.J.S.2C:14-2 no longer contains a requirement that the perpetrator overcame a resisting victim. Instead, in cases of forcible rape, the Code simply requires that the defendant: committed the assault during the course of certain specified felonies (N.J.S.2C:14-2(a)(3); was armed or seemed to be armed (N.J.S.2C:14-2(a)(4); acted with another and used physical force or coercion N.J.S.2C:14-2(a)(5); used physical force or coercion N.J.S.2C:14-2(a)(5) and -(1); the victim is physically or mentally incapacitated N.J.S.2C:14-2(a)(7). Therefore, the Code names a variety of situations where sexual intercourse between a victim and a defendant is rape, without evidence of any type of coercion.

Maria, a single mother, goes on her third date with John. They return…… [Read More]

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Student Retention in High School

Words: 936 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86818175

They establish identities or are confused about what roles to play. Additionally, Cherry (2011) states that child must have a conscious sense of self that is developed through social interaction. A child's ego identity is constantly evolving as he or she acquires new experiences and information. Processing these new experiences and information embodies and shapes one's sense of self.

According to Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development (Berger, 2010), thoughts and expectations profoundly affect attitudes, beliefs, values, assumptions, and actions. In turn, these factors have a direct correlation to the sense of self that motivates competence, positive behaviors, and actions. If a void occurs in developing a sense of self relative to others, he or she will have psychological barriers that are translated into a defense mechanism to conceal one's lack of motivation, fear of failure, and social dysfunction (Berger, 2010). Lowering the affective filters are critical to foster social development…… [Read More]


Berger, S. (2010). The developing person: Through childhood and adolescence. New York: Worth Publishers

Cherry, K. (2011). Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/psychosocialtheories/a/psychosocial.htm
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Egan's 3 Stage Model Various Counseling Practices

Words: 3026 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10997386

Egan's 3 Stage Model

Various counseling practices allow individuals to identify, cope with, and manage areas of self-improvement and to address physical, mental, and emotional needs. The reasons why individuals seek counseling range from romantic relationship issues, adjustments to chronic illness, spiritual concerns, grief, to career choices, stress, addiction, and adjusting to the effects of trauma. In the counselor-client relationship, the counselor aims to listen to and question the client to establish how the client understands, to clarify thoughts, provide new perspective to the situation, and generate approaches to the problem (owland, 1993, p. 18-19). One effective model that structures the counseling theory within the counselor-client relationship is Egan's 3-Stage Skilled Helper model. Egan's model offers a framework to help individuals discover solutions to their problems and develop new opportunities. Egan's Skilled Helper model is comprised of three stages, in which each stage involves three sub-stages. Clients and guided through…… [Read More]


Crago, H. (2000). Counselling and psychotheraphy: is there a difference? Does it matter?.

Australlian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 21(2), 73-80.

Forrest, D. (n.d.). Egan's skilled helper model. Informally published manuscript, Continuing

Professional Development Unit, Birmingham City University, Birmingham, United Kingdom. Retrieved from http://www.gestaltuk.com/Resources/Egan_skilled_helper_model.pdf
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Enzymology and Catalytic Mechanism Carbohydrate Metabolism Adenosine Triphosphate ATP

Words: 752 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44116037


Explain how enzymes are involved in processes such as the breakdown of fructose.

Enzymes are integral to processes such as the breakdown of fructose, a monosaccharide. Thus, a deficiency in enzymes can cause malabsorption of fructose or other sugars. Chemically, enzymes are complex proteins. Some enzymes like fructokinase transform molecules into available energy via processes of metabolism. For example, fructokinase and aldolase B. are enzymes involved in the breakdown of fructose. Any imbalance or absence of these and other enzymes can lead to fructose intolerance in the person, leading to a number of medical symptoms. When fructose cannot be metabolized by enzymes, it may lead to reduced absorption of water in the intestines, which in turn may lead to "bloating, diarrhoea or constipation, flatulence, and stomach pain due to muscle spasms. (Breakspear Medical Group, n.d.).

Found throughout the human body, enzymes can be considered to be chemical catalysts that…… [Read More]


Breakspear Medical Group (n.d.). Fructose metabolism -- acumen. Retrieved online: http://www.breakspearmedical.com/files/documents/fructosemetabolism230910_AM_.pdf

"Citric Acid Cycle Summary." Retrieved online: http://www.elmhurst.edu/~chm/vchembook/612citricsum.html

"Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, and other Energy-Releasing Pathways," (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://www.uic.edu/classes/bios/bios100/lecturesf04am/lect12.htm

United Mitochondrial Disease Foundation (n.d.). What is mitochondrial disease? Retrieved online:  http://www.umdf.org/site/c.8qKOJ0MvF7LUG/b.7934627/k.3711/What_is_Mitochondrial_Disease.htm
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Neo-Confucianism Is a Philosophy Which Was Born TEST1

Words: 1373 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Array

Memory, Identity, And Body

In a hypothetical situation, Barack Obama and Miley Cyrus are both involved in a horrific accident. As a result they are both horribly injured and only one can live. They undergo an operation wherein the parts of the brain that support specific episodic memories, but only those specific parts, are transferred. The body of Miley is given the brain pieces of Obama and the body of Barack Obama is given the brain pieces of Miley. The person who is now in Miley Cyrus's body awakens and the doctor states that Miley has survived. hile the body is now that of Miley Cyrus as well some would say is the soul, the memories she has, memories which shape personality; are those of Barack Obama. The doctor makes this supposition only because of how Miley looks, but does not consider the impact of the inclusion of a brain…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Nimbalkar, Namita. "John Locke on Personal Identity" Mens Sana Monographs 9.1 (2011): 268-

75. Print.

Sacks, Oliver W. The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat. London: Picador, 1986. Print.

Williams, Bernard. "The Self and the Future." The Philosophical Review 79.2 (1970): 161-80.
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Small Business Gov't Marketing Enviro

Words: 1000 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84782493

Through these websites, the company could also stress that its services would be recognized worldwide and the U.S. would improve its standing in the world community relating to this subject and therefore gain the respect of other countries.

With regards to utilizing edBizOpps, the company must also be aware of the services that this websites provides, and utilize what it needs only. or instance, the website is very useful for marketing activities, due to the fact that it would provide both opportunities, and allow other to seek for opportunities provided, such as those by Enviro LTD. According to the website, in the Buyers/Engineers section, "Government users may post, manage, and award opportunities."

In the Vendors/Citizens section, furthermore, it states, "Vendors and citizens may search, monitor, and retrieve opportunities."

In this latter section, one can preview, at no cost, various opportunities and sign up. When signing up, one can include, in…… [Read More]

Frequently Asked Questions about Government Contracting. (2011). Small Business Notes. Retrieved November 13, 2011, from <   http://www.smallbusinessnotes.com/starting-a-business/frequently-asked-question-about-government-contracting.html#b  >.

FedBizOpps. (2011). FedBizOpps.gov. Retrieved November 13, 2011, from <   https://www.fbo.gov/  >.

FedBizOpps. (2011). FedBizOpps.gov. Retrieved November 13, 2011, from <
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Recovery Plan Biological Attack in the U S

Words: 2773 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17134066

ecovery Plan: Biological Attack in the U.S. Congress

The havoc and deaths caused by the weaponized anthrax spores that were mailed to members of the U.S. Congress following the attacks of September 11, 2001 and the repeated attempted uses of botulinum toxin on U.S. Naval bases make it abundantly clear that governmental offices are vulnerable to biological pathogens. These agents have been and likely will be used by terrorists again to achieve their goals of bringing harm to the United States and it interests at home and abroad. The hypothetical comprehensive recovery plan developed in this project is in response to this type of food-borne pathogen attack and takes place in the cafeteria situated in the ayburn House Office Building in the U.S. Congressional complex in Washington, D.C. which serves members of Congress, staff members and visitors. The scenario begins with the telephonic notification to the Capital Police that all…… [Read More]


Botulinum toxin. (2011). State of Delaware Health and Social Services. Retrieved from http://


Dando, M. (2001). The new biological weapons: Threat, proliferation, and control. Boulder,

CO: Lynne Rienner.
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Boyhood Organized Sports and the Construction of

Words: 1089 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22499068

Boyhood, Organized Sports, and the construction of Masculinities" offers insight into a study he completed regarding male attributes and how masculinity is defined within organized sports. Following is a summary of the article denoting the hypothesis, dependent and independent variables if identifiable as such, the data source, methodology and answers to the posited hypothetical question(s).

Messner makes it very clear from the outset what the questions or hypotheses are in his study and the answers that he seeks in conducting the study. The questions Messner raises includes: "In what ways do males construct masculine identities within the institution of organized sports? In what ways do class and racial differences mediate this relationship and perhaps led to the construction of different meanings and perhaps different masculinities?" And the last hypothetical question is "what are some of the problems and contradictions within these constructions of masculinities?" (Messner, p. 88).

Messner is also…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Messner (the source article needs to be cited here)
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Outsourcing Advantages and Disadvantages Over Time a

Words: 721 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6387627

Outsourcing: Advantages and Disadvantages

Over time, a number of businesses have embraced outsourcing for various reasons. This is more so the case for companies operating in the global arena. In this text, I discuss the various advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing. In so doing, I will utilize a hypothetical example of a multinational firm by the name Company X.

In basic terms, outsourcing according to Haberberg and ieple (2007) is "the contracting out of part of an organization's operations to a separate company." In the next section, I will discuss some of the key benefits and disadvantages of outsourcing.

To begin with, Company X could make some cost savings should it resort to outsourcing. According to Hill and Jones (2012), an entity could have its costs reduced if the price the said entity pays to a particular specialist firm to have a particular activity completed happens to be less than…… [Read More]


Haberberg, A. & Rieple, R. (2007). Strategic Management: Theory and Application. New York: Oxford University Press Inc.

Hill, C.W.L. & Jones, G.R. (2012). Strategic Management: An Integrated Approach (10th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

Morgan, N. & Smit, E. (Eds.). (1996). Contemporary Issues in Strategic Management. Cape Town: Pearson.
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Ending a Spousal Relationship A Spousal Relationship

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81538948

Ending a Spousal Relationship:

A spousal relationship can generally be regarded as a marriage that can be ended through various ways depending on the partners' choice. Generally, a spousal relationship can be terminated through annulment, legal separation, dissolution, and divorce. While annulment is the legal way of proving that the relationship was never valid, legal separation entails a formal decree of the rights and responsibilities of every spouse while living apart ("our Ways to End a Marriage," n.d.). On the contrary, dissolution is a legal process of concurring on issues and moving on through cooperation from each spouse whereas divorce is an alternative used when there are huge differences between the parties on how to end the relationship. The annulment method requires the proof of various aspects such as a close blood relationship between the partners, the possibility of one party being underage, and inability to consummate the marriage.

While…… [Read More]

Formation of a Contract:

A hypothetical situation for the formation of a contract where an offer, acceptance and consideration is made is where Martin Brown is the buyer while Harvey Thomas and Nancy Thomas are sellers. The buyer is represented by Broker Hank Adams of NC Buyers First, Inc. whereas the seller is represented by Brokers Sue Ellen Sellars of We Sell Homes, LLC, which are real estate firms with current and active licenses ("Contract Practical Exercise," 2011). The buyer seeks to purchase a property situated at 313 Harmony Rd. that was developed in 1979 and provides an offer which he signs and delivers to the sellers.

The offer has several considerations including the purchase price, due diligence fee and period, settlement date, and initial earnest money deposit. The other considerations are the lack of exceptions, the lack of an addenda attached to the offer, uncertainty about proposed or confirmed assessments, and the lack of Contingent Sale Addendum though the buyer
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Enzymology and Catalytic Mechanism Carbohydrate Metabolism ATP

Words: 1091 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14480472

Doctor Determine Treatment for a Diagnosis of Hereditary Fructose Intolerance:

Explain how enzymes are involved in processes such as the breakdown of fructose.

The enzymes work as a lock and key process where the relevetn active part of the enzyme fits into the substrate (i.e. The molecule on which the enzyme acts) and activates it. There are various active sites on the enzyme and only the enzyme that will 'fit' in the substrate will work. After part of enzyme matching with substrate, enzyme breaks down substrate into two smaller products.

The following image illustrates:

(adapted from http://waynesword.palomar.edu/molecu1.htm)

At times the process can be blocked by an impediment that stops the 'key' from 'turning, as happens in the case of a lack in aldolase B. which can prompt hereditary fructose intolerance

Explain how a deficiency in aldolase B. can be responsible for hereditary fructose intolerance.

Hereditary fructose intolerance is a disease…… [Read More]


Berg JM, Tymoczko JL, Stryer L. (2002) Biochemistry. 5th edition. New York: WH Freeman

Cross NC, de Franchis R, Sebastio G, et al. (1990). Molecular analysis of aldolase B. genes in hereditary fructose intolerance. Lancet 335 (8685): 306 -- 9

Huntington's Disease Outreach Project for Education at Stanford Coenzyme Q10: An Antioxidant Drug

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Neo-Confucianism Is a Philosophy Which Was Born TEST1

Words: 908 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Array

Toulmin Model and Sherlock Holmes

The Toulmin Model of argumentation asserts that a good argument consists of six parts which intend to develop a practical argument. The first element is the "claim," or the conclusion that the argument must establish. The next part is the "data," or the facts and evidence collected and used to confirm the argument. In order to support the data, general, hypothetical, or logical statements are used, these are called "warrants." A good argument should limit itself to what can be proven and so it requires "qualifiers" which restrict the argument to a point where it can be supported by facts. In order to support the warrants made during the argument, sometimes "backing statements" are used to add credence to the statements made during the argument. These backing statements may not directly support the claim, but should always support the supporting warrants. Finally, since there are…… [Read More]

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Philadelphia the Five Components of a Reading

Words: 1147 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7374411


The five components of a reading program -- phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary development, and comprehension -- build on one another to help students become readers. At a hypothetical all-African-American elementary school in Philadelphia's inner city, there would be similarities and differences in the way the five components would be taught in first grade, third grade, and fifth grade classrooms.

Phonemic awareness is the first stage in a comprehensive reading program. It is the foundation upon which other reading skills are built. The International eading Association (IA) defines phonemic awareness as "the ability to segment and manipulate the sounds of oral language" (2011). The IA points out research shows that a child's awareness of the sounds of spoken language are a strong predictor of success in learning to read. Language "play" helps children develop this awareness of sounds. ead-alouds, songs, riddles, poems, and rhyming activities are effective ways to…… [Read More]


Morris, D. (2011). Practicum training for teachers of struggling readers. Phi Delta Kappan 92(8),

pp. 5457.

Penner-Wilger, M. (2008). Reading fluency: A bridge from decoding to comprehension.

International Reading Association. Retrieved from  http://eps.schoolspecialty.com
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Civil Legal Issues in the Workplace

Words: 1989 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88804538

Business Law: Saukars, Nib Corp, and Guesthouses.

In order to examine the potential legal issues between the parties, it is important to look at the contractual relationships between those parties. First is the relationship between the guesthouses and their customers. Food service is part of that relationship. Customers at the guesthouses may have a claim against the guesthouses stemming from them contracting food poisoning from the food served to them at the guesthouses. Because the customers' contractual relationship is with the guesthouses, they would be an appropriate object of suit, but the guesthouses may be able to enjoin or seek indemnification from other parties for those damages. Tort liability for food poisoning is relatively straightforward. Most states have strict product liability laws covering food safety, so that the supplier of contaminated food products is assumed to have been negligent. As long as the customers can demonstrate that the food that…… [Read More]

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Globalization Discussion Questions Globalization and

Words: 2376 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14993886

The study by Darrag et al. uses HRM as a mode to identify several clear obstacles to effective recruitment on an international scale. A major point of concern for MNCs, the article indicates, is the difficulty of penetrating culturally ingrained models of hiring and promoting. In such contexts as Egypt, Iran and Taiwan, the article reports that nepotism remains a powerful force preventing the use of merit in recruitment situations. These are concrete examples of the culturally-bound challenges facing the international human resource manager.

The Human Resource Planning theory states that these challenges require an HR department that is formulated according to the cultural particulars of a host country. The article by Darrag et al. concludes that where MNCs are able to make adjustments through their Human Resource Management departments, host countries are likely to see greater economic benefits. Yielding this presumption based on its case examination of MNCs operating…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Ardalan, K. (2008). Globalization and Culture: Four Paradigmatic Views. International Journal of Social Economics, 30(5), 513-534.

Brewster, C.; Sparrow, P. & Vernon, G. (2007). International Human Resource Management. London: CIPD.

Darrag, M.; Mohamed, A. & Abdel Aziz, H. (2010). Investigating Recruitment Practices and Probmes of Multinational Companies (MNCs) operating in Egypt. Education, Business and Society: Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues, 3(2), 99-116.

Morley, M.J. & Collings, D.G. (2004). Contemporary Debates and New Directions in HRM in MNCs. International Journal of Manpower, 25(6), 487-499.
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Post-Tenure Review the Four Worldviews

Words: 959 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15600206

192). his begs for an empirical objective analysis of performance.


In a constructivist approach, which was essentially that used by O'Meara (2004), the more open-ended and subject-driven the research is, the better (Creswell 2009, pp. 8). his approach leads to very clear results given the scope of questioning and sampling used by O'Meara (2004); focusing on the perceived benefits of post-tenure review on faculty performance amongst a group of individuals (faculty and administration) who in this case were well-aligned in their perspective would necessarily lead to conclusive results according to this worldview. A similar analysis of public and student views on the topic, however, would likely lead to very different results, and this worldview inherently lacks appropriate structures for synthesizing such disparate conclusions in an objective manner.


his worldview has specific bearings on certain aspects of the study's finding's. O'Meara (2004) specific concerns concerning the effects of post-tenure…… [Read More]

The pragmatic worldview has both the clearest and the least applicable bearing on the issue at hand. On the one hand, t is easily argued that all that really matters in the issue are the practical outcomes -- post-tenure review is meant to improve faculty performance, and pragmatism would therefore hold that it is a good practice if it succeeds in this, and useless if it doesn't (O'Meara 2004, pp. 179-82; Creswell 2009, pp. 10). This is abundantly clear, but there is little to no agreement amongst various groups as to the actual practical effects of post-tenure review. This study showed that faculty consistently believe they are doing exemplary work, and thus that post-tenure review will have no effect (O'Meara 2004). Student groups and certain administrators (not in this study) have established a need for greater accountability in tenured faculty, and advocate the use of post-tenure reviews for this purpose. An empirical study of the practice's actual effects would be necessary before a true pragmatic conclusion could be drawn regarding post-tenure review.


This makes it clear that no single worldview is adequate in addressing this issue. There is a need for advocacy and the inclusiveness of the constructivist approach, but given the disparity in views ultimately an empirical (i.e. postpositivist) and pragmatic determination will need to be made. An understanding of each of these four worldviews and their perspectives on the post-tenure review is necessary to a full understanding of the issue.
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Institutional Type of This University

Words: 2374 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77243358

(Birnbaum, 1998)

This decision at the opportune time ensured that the SAT scores returned to their normal level during the current year, and the core admission processes have remained as in earlier years. However, in case the scores plummeted to more depths and minor tweaking was not sufficient to amend them, the Program Director would make endeavor to make important modifications in the admission procedures in an endeavor to ensure that the scores return to their earlier acceptable state of affairs. For instance, such a marked decline in the previous years resulted in the development of a new high school relations program giving courses to higher juniors and seniors in the span of two years, the SAT scores bounced back to the original levels. (Birnbaum, 1998)

7. What quality assurance processes are in place within the institution?

Quality assurance processes in a cybernetic system as that of Huxley is that…… [Read More]


Birnbaum, Robert. (1998) "How Colleges Work: The Cybernetics of Academic

Organization and Leadership" Jossey-Bass Inc.

Calas, Martha. B; Smircich, Linda. (1992) "Re-writing gender into organizational theorizing: Directions from feminist perspectives" in Rethinking organization: New directions in organization theory and analysis. Michael Read and Martin Hughes (eds.), 227-253. London: Sage.
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Sustainability in the UK Construction

Words: 10576 Length: 38 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48888040

Buildings will be equied to obtain enegy cetification. At the cuent time, constuction enginees ae the most likely candidate fo the job. This being the case, it is estimated that appoximately 12,000 enginees will need to be etained to cay out these functions (Covedale, 2002).

As one can see, the EPBD will place a stain on the constuction industy in tems of knowledge and the manpowe needed to cay out the task. This eseach will play a significant ole in the ability of the industy to moe closely identify its futue needs in tems of education, pesonnel, cost and othe challenges that ae a esult of the new enegy legislation. This eseach will play a significant ole in assessing the needs of the constuction industy and the actions that they need to take in ode to be eady fo the changes and challenges that the EPBD bings. It will identify…… [Read More]

references to those wishing to learn more about the implementation of sustainable practices in the construction industry. These books are likely to become essential in the library of the construction engineer. Many of them include the principles contained in this research study, but they put in more precise terms that can be used to develop sustainable practices in the industry, These guides include:

Batty S, Davoudi S. And Layard a (Eds.) Planning for a Sustainable Future (London: Spon Press, 2001).

Cox J, Fell D. And Thurstain-Goodwin M. Red Man, Green Man (London: RICS (Foundation, 2002).

I will have to send this in two parts, the document was too big to send at once. If there are any changes that need made, I will do them immediately upon receipt.
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Human Motivation it Is Often

Words: 3180 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13883152

The satisfaction of completing a task that is outside of one's perceived role or ability reduces stress, as in this case stress is associated with feelings of helplessness, and allows the individual to perceive of the ability to possibly do even more complicated tasks in the future. ("Women Becoming More Involved," 2000, p. 6) Things get more complicated if the learning needed is social. In this case one might learn by observing how others interact. We can mirror another's social behavior as an aspect of learning and therefore resolve social anxiety by doing. The result may be collaborative as it gives the individual a clue that they can achieve the social role expected of them even when they do not feel confident. Speaking with others about such perceived confidence may elicit a result of the other telling him or her that they were also initially afraid of the social situation,…… [Read More]


Ashby, J.S., Rahotep, S.S., & Martin, J.L. (2005). Multidimensional Perfectionism and Rogerian Personality Constructs. Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education and Development, 44(1), 55.

Dembo, M.H. (2000). Motivation and Learning Strategies for College Success a Self-Management Approach. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Dibartolo, P.M., Albano, a.M., Barlow, DH, & Heimberg, R.G. (1998). Cross-Informant Agreement in the Assessment of Social Phobia in Youth. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 26(3), 213.

Ellwood, D.T. (1988). Poor Support: Poverty in the American Family. New York: Basic Books.
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Information Technology Amazon com Situation Analysis

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42484077

Hence the development of the Open Systems Interconnect (OSI) Model which lead to the development of the Internet and the Ethernet standard and the TCP/IP protocol, both of which nearly the entire Internet runs on today.

#9, in what way have phones and computers converged? Why is this convergence occurring?

The personal productivity tasks of communication as it relates to the use of telephones and computer systems has long been an area developers and entrepreneurs have poured time and money into. Now with the concept of the Mobile Web, it's possible to have PDAs and cell phones that make it possible to access any website, any e-mail account, from any location there is a cell phone signal. The impetus is the overlap of personal productivity processes.

Computer Security):

Q.#9, Read the information on the Thawte Web site about how users can be authenticated (Web of Trust). Briefly explain how the…… [Read More]

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Prayer as Counseling Christian Client

Words: 916 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73735531

There are other insights, also described above, that I have gleaned form reading this particular article, which is why I chose it. Though I have my own opinions about prayer within counseling, I do believe that everyone is entitled to handle his or her sessions as they would like. However, I was quite surprised at the 82% statistic, as I had often believed that those who underwent counseling would be much more liberal and would thus be less inclined to believe in any religious component to therapy. Often times, those seeking religious therapy would see a priest rather than a psychologist or psychiatrist. Yet it was quite illuminating to see that, perhaps, even those more liberal did not necessarily shun prayer as a means to understanding themselves and their surrounding. Yet, again, there is no basis to this latter statement, though it can be a component that a further study…… [Read More]

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Code of the Street Anderson in Code

Words: 1235 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98137358

Code of the Street

Anderson in "Code of the Street" seeks to highlight many of the ills and problems that seem to plague inner-city African-American families and communities, and highlights aggression and interpersonal violence as the most prominent factors (p. 171). The propensity for violence, according to Anderson predisposes 'a cultural adaptation' that has hampered growth and development within this particular part of society. Following is an examination of The Code of the Street by Elijah Anderson. The examination seeks to determine the proposed hypothesis, dependent and independent variables, source of the data, methodology and analysis, and whether or not the author serves to effectively answer the hypothetical questions posited.


Anderson takes an ethnographic approach in looking at the culture of what he determines as control, respect and violence in inner city streets. According to Philipsen in "Speaking Culturally: Explorations in Social Community" ethnography is a qualitative research design…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Philipsen, G. Speaking Culturally: Explorations in Social Communication. Albany, New

York: State University of New York Press. 1992. Print.

*PDF needs to be added here.
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Practice Theory Building Is Requisite

Words: 1064 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78722202

He understood, "The greatest real way of making a strong intelligence of efficacy is through mastery involvements" (p. 3).

Person Environment Occupation model

The PEO model (Broome, 2009) is a famous and recognized conceptual model and model of exercise inside Canadian occupational therapy. It bids groundwork for managing valuation and interference through all practice surroundings and customer inhabitants. The planned device is able to transport the PEO model to life in the process of a humble and cheap instrument that can bring clinicians a real-world theoretical foundation for their clinical procedure. The circle instrument performs as a vehicle for unfolding what occupational therapy is about, describing the foci, and what the clinician can offer to the client.

Figure 2: Person Environment Occupation model

Clinical Reasoning

The PEO model that aims for the best fit to enhance occupational performance can be used to guide the occupational therapy process. This procedure, as…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Alter, K. (2006). Fueling the Engines: A Role For Occupational Therapy in Promoting Healthy Life. Occupational Therapy in Healthcare, 21(3).

Broome, K. (2009). A literature review applying the Pearson Environment Occupation Model. Scandanavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 3(12), 16.

Fisher, G.S. (2008). A Model of Occupational Empowerment for Marginalized Populations. Occupational Therapy in Healthcare, 22(1).

Gupta, J., & Sabata, D. (2010). Maximizing Occupational Performance of Older Workers: Applying the Person-Environment-Occupation Model. AOTA Continuing Education Article, 15(7), 12-15.
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Power Laws Describe the Power

Words: 1498 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6509726

The crux of this challenge however is the distribution and fulfillment system, an area Amazon.com for example had streamlined for low-quantity orders before ever launching their website and online store. This equates to what Elberse and Oberholzer-Gee (2006) mention as the ability of online retailers to in effect feed the creation of long-tail markets by representing thousands of products online and fulfilling them through synchronized order management and supply chain systems.

According to Newman (2005) the network centricity of the Power Law is a contributing factor to its efficiency. From the standpoint of online retailers, this network effect is illustrated by the level of supply chain integration, synchronization, and the use of real-time shared data to create stronger hub-like efficiencies within a Power Law-dominated industry. One assumption and area of future research is in the definition of velocities of information throughout a Power Law network. Figure 2 shows a graphical…… [Read More]


Columbus (2001) - Defining Your Direction in Guided Selling. AMR Research. November 1, 2001. Louis Columbus. Accessed from the Internet on September 24, 2006 at http://lwcresearch.com/filesfordownloads/DefiningYourDirectioninGuidedSellin.pdf

Elberse and Oberholzer-Gee (2006) - Superstars and Underdogs: An Examination of the Long Tail Phenomenon in Video Sales. Harvard Business School Working Paper Series No. 07-015. September 5, 2006

Newman (2005) - Power laws, Pareto distributions and Zipf's law. Contemporary Physics. Volume 46, Number 5, September 2005. Pages 323-351.
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Patients Undergoing Mechanical Ventilation Contract Ventilator Associated

Words: 2974 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20462057

patients undergoing mechanical ventilation contract Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP). This acute medical condition always results in increased death rates and associated medical costs among patients. This article reviews several literatures that try to enlighten masses on the diagnosis, medical treatments and VAP prevention methods. In addition, this article outlines recommendations medical practitioners can implement in their daily practices to curb VAP and offers an insight on controversies that usually arise during VAP diagnoses, treatment plans and prevention methodologies. This article defines VAP to be the causative agent of approximately 25 to 54% mortality rates among patients undergoing mechanical ventilation in ICUs. Factors responsible for VAP among patients include patients' population in ICUs, hospital stay durations and antimicrobial treatments. Even though antimicrobial medications are confirmed to reduce VAP casualties, further studies should be undertaken such as the ones outlined in the literatures below to help in early identification and treatment of…… [Read More]


Arroliga, A.C., Pollard, C.L., Wilde, C.D., Pellizzari, S.J., Chebbo, A., Song, J., et al. (2012).

Reduction in the Incidence of Ventilator Associated Pneumonia: A Multidisciplinary

Approach. Respiratory Care, 688-696.

Camargo, L.F., De Marco, F.V., Barbas, C.S., Hoelz, C., Bueno, M.A., Rodrigues Jr., M., et al.
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Behaviors Inherent in E-Tailing in Business-To-Consumer Relationships

Words: 1322 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39939006

behaviors inherent in e-tailing (in business-to-Consumer relationships / communications). Note the communications medium in which each behavior occurs.

Explain how each medium enables e-commerce.

E-tailing is the business of electronic retailing or retailing over the Internet (*). There are three types of e-tailing behavior: independent, intervening variables, and dependent variables.


The independent retailer will want to know two variables of the people who generally resort to e-commerce. These are: (a) personal characteristics and (b) environmental characteristics. The retailer will want to know the buying habits of the consumers in order to target a given market. These demographics include age, gender, marital status, occupation and income.

The retailer, too, will want to know the environmental variables, namely background variables of what or who influence the consumer; where the consumer shops; what the consumer would like to buy and so forth. This is so in order that the retailer would know…… [Read More]


Clark, Brian. 2010. Ten Timeless Persuasive Writing Techniques. CopyBlogger Media, LLC. Retrieved from  http://www.copyblogger.com/persuasive-writing/ 

Turban, E., King, D., McKay, J., Marshall, P., Lee, J., & Viehland, D. (2006). Electronic commerce Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
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Nueman Logical Theory Assessment Phase

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82828650

This is a situation where the environment is "all the internal and external factors that surround and influence" the environment system of each patient (316). As such, the factors that are important in the Nueman model may seem abstract, which goes against the general rule of simplicity

n regards of not only how easily the theory is understood, but also how it can be redone in actual practice. Really, Nueman's theory emphasizes the importance of focusing on the stressors and then tailoring a care strategy based in what the individual can actually perform in his or her own unique community environment.

B. Planning Phase

Using the knowledge presented by Chinn & Kramer and Alligood and Tomey (2010) as a way to evaluate Nueman's theory, the major concepts can be identified in the underlying assumptions. Essentially, these sources provide tests for how clear is the thesis in contemporary nursing theories. One…… [Read More]

In regards of not only how easily the theory is understood, but also how it can be redone in actual practice. Really, Nueman's theory emphasizes the importance of focusing on the stressors and then tailoring a care strategy based in what the individual can actually perform in his or her own unique community environment.

B. Planning Phase

Using the knowledge presented by Chinn & Kramer and Alligood and Tomey (2010) as a way to evaluate Nueman's theory, the major concepts can be identified in the underlying assumptions. Essentially, these sources provide tests for how clear is the thesis in contemporary nursing theories. One of the major elements is semantic clarity which essentially verifies the semantic meaning of underlying theoretical assumptions. Very direct language, that avoids passive voice and excessive verbiage which may complicate how the findings are expressed to the audience. This brings it out of the level of abstraction and into a more scientifically condensed perception of the model. This also includes an overall consistency in the semantic structure that allows for appropriate practical application of the theory in real practice. The implementation of Nueman nursing process really depends on the individual and the environment which is present in their recovery. Planning can be hard based on its abstract nature. But there are still hypothetical goals, interventions present. Essentially, the methodology wants the individual
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Professional Portfolio Cultural and Personal

Words: 1220 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38893848

Some of these causes include shift work/long work hours, sleepiness, social/familial disruptions, vulnerable groups, long-term effects, and injuries. This is an indication that various institutions should focus on the evaluation of the causes of risks faced by nurses at the workplace in order to adopt and integrate quality interventions towards enhancing the safety of the nurses (Alison Trinkoff et al., 2008). One of the effective and influential approaches towards promotion of safety of the nurses is transformation of the working schedule to offer sufficient opportunity for the practitioners to recapture their energies following stressful interaction with the patients.

This is through minimization of the working hours as well as integration of favourable shifts to operate in the favour of the nurses as they seek to enhance their safety. It will also improve concentration levels of the nurses at the workplace thus quality relationship between the patients and nurses in addition…… [Read More]


Williams, L. (2008). Liability landscape: The value of a root causes analysis. Long-Term

Living: For the Continuing Care Professional, 57(11), 34-37.

Okes, D. (2008). The human-side of root cause analysis. Journal for Quality & Participation,

31(3), 20-29.
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Expressive Analysis Characterized by Meanings and Processes

Words: 1194 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56012029

expressive analysis characterized by meanings and processes that are not experimentally measured or examined in terms of mathematical measurements (Leedy, 2012). Quantitative research on the other hand, builds and relies on mathematical methods and procedures, for instance quality, frequency amount and statistical process. This paper will develop three hypothetical research approaches for the Statement of the Problem and the Purpose differences and similarities between the two methods.

Correlational esearch

For quantitative study, the correlational research would work well with the Statement of the problem and the purpose of this paper. The purpose of correlational research is to define the associations among two or more variables (Xu, 2011). For instance, for Topic "Alternative Banking" Data would gathered from multiple variables such as the specific banks, customers, employees and managers. The purpose is to use Islamic Banking because other banks have failed and these types of banks have survived financial crisis. The…… [Read More]

Regina, D.L. (2003). Reconceptualizing quantitative and qualitative methods: A case study dealing with place as an exemplar. American Journal of Community Psychology, 32(3), 229-44.

Shain, E.B. (2009). A new method for robust quantitative and qualitative analysis of real-time PCR. Nucleic Acids Research, 36(14), 115-123.

Xu, W.T. (2011). Establishment and evaluation of event-specific qualitative and quantitative PCR method for genetically modified soybean DP-356043-5. European Food Research and Technology = Zeitschrift Fur Lebensmittel-Untersuchung Und -Forschung., 233(4), 685-695.
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Pursuant Attached Instructions The Argument Analysis Attached

Words: 1881 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31049642

pursuant attached instructions. The argument analysis attached article, Ellen inner. As, instructions I sources -text citations/quotations.

Argument analysis:

"Sometimes our folk theories are correct: Parents do shape their children"

Ellen inner's essay "Sometimes our folk theories are correct: Parents do shape their children" is a counter-argument to recent claims that 'nurture' is of little importance in shaping children's life paths and personalities. She argues that the results of personality tests have had far too much of an influence on recent theories which suggest that biology shapes the human character more than the environment. She adds that furthermore, the lack of 'mirroring' of parents and children on personality tests is hardly adequate testimony to a lack of parental influence. Children may react to their parents' influence, in a negative way, argues inner. To substantiate this she cites the hypothetical example of an Alex P. Keaton-like child who reacts against his parent's…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Freakonomics: How much influence does a parent have on a child's education?" Marketplace.

14 Jun 2011. 15 Feb 2012. http://www.marketplace.org/topics/life/freakonomics-radio/freakonomics-how-much-influence-does-parent-have-childs-education

Lehrer, Jonah. "Do parents matter?" Scientific American. 9 Apr 2009.

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European Union Member States Relations With Their Overseas Territories

Words: 17554 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16781713

political framework of EU and OCT

European Union (EU) and Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs) are in association with each other via a system which is based on the provisions of part IV of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU (TFEU), consisting of detailed rules and measures which are laid down in the document issued on 27th November 2001 title Oversees Association Decision. The expiry date of this association decision is 31st December 2013. Stress has been laid down by the European Council in its conclusions issued on 22nd December 2009 that the relationship between OCT and EU should continuously be updated in order to reflect latest developments not only in EU and OCT but thorough out the world. The commission has also been encouraged to make revisions to the Overseas Association Decision and present it in front of the council prior to July 2012 (Hill et al.,…… [Read More]


Agnew John, "Geopolitics re-vision world politics," Routledge Taylor & Francies Group, pp 1-5

Alan Taylor, American Colonies: New York: Viking, 2001, pp. 57 -- 8.

Baldwin, David. Ed. Neo-Realism And Neoliberalism: The Contemporary Debate, New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.

Balzacq, T. (Ed.). Understanding securitization theory. The design and evolution of security problems. Oxon: Routledge, 2010.
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Snort Author's Note With Contact Information and

Words: 2114 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26723676


Author's note with contact information and more details on collegiate affiliation, etc.

This report is my own work. Any assistance I received in its preparation is acknowledged within, in accordance with academic practice. For any material, from whatever source, quoted or not, I have cited sources fully and completely and provided footnotes and bibliographical entries. The report was prepared by me for this class, has not been submitted in whole or significant part to any other class at UMUC or elsewhere, and is not to be used for any other purpose except that I may submit this material to a professional publication, journal, or professional conference. In adding my name to the following word "Signature," I intend that this certification will have the same authority and authenticity as a document executed with my hand-written signature.


Snort was created by Martin oesch in 1998. Sourcefire, Inc. is the company…… [Read More]


Cox, K.J., & Gerg, C. (2004) Managing Security with Snort and IDS Tools. O'Reilly Media, Inc., Sebastopol, CA.

Murauer, C. (2011) Building Snort for Mac OS X Lion 10.7. Available from http://www.snort.org/assets/188/Building_Snort_for_Mac_OS_X.pdf. 2012 March 02.

Orebaugh, A., Biles, S., & Babbin, J. (2005) Snort Cookbook. O'Reilly Media, Inc., Sebastopol, CA.

Patton, S., Yurcik, W., & Doss, D. (2001) An Achilles' Heel in Signature-Based IDS: Squealing False Positives in SNORT. 4th International Symposium on Recent Advances in Intrusion Detection, University of California-Davis. Available from http://titania.addu.edu.ph/researches/TEXT%20COMPRESSION/Applications/An%20Achilles'%20Heel%20in%20Signature-based%20IDS.pdf. 2012 March 03.
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Training and Development

Words: 3221 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56856971

Training Development

"You need to be pro-active; go and seek knowledge so that you can become a valuable resource to Gulf Air and to Bahrain"

Jassim Al Marzooqi, Chief Technical Officer

(Marzooqi, as cited in Gulf Air welcomes…, 2009).

Communication Counts

"You kids need to shut your mouths and pay attention for a change!"

"Michael -- if you get up out of your seat one more time, I am going to phone your mother and ask her to keep you home from our meeting next week!"

"Tanisha, how many times do I have to tell you to turn off that cell phone and put it back in your purse!"

Staff at Equipped for Life[footnoteRef:1], a nonprofit organization for youth of prisoners, regularly experience challenges with maintaining order at the group's weekly dinner and socially-oriented meetings. Each Thursday for 46 weeks in the year, the group of approximately 19 -- 23…… [Read More]

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VA Hospital Write About the Culture and

Words: 568 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12719297

VA Hospital

Write about the culture and diversity. Describe the population/individuals in the VA hospital work environment. efer to at least four of the characteristics (such as cultural imposition, economically, cultural awareness, ethnocentric and acculturation). Then, discuss which ones have the most potential for conflict and why?

The VA serves veterans from various backgrounds. The most notable include: Caucasians, African-Americans, Asians, Latinos and American Indians. The four characteristics that will have an impact on the VA include: economically, cultural awareness, ethnocentric and cultural imposition. ("VA Mental Health," 2011)

Economically, the VA is facing challenges with the total number of patients increasing to 2.06 million last year. This is adding to their case loads and overwhelming the resources of many facilities. In the future, this can create conflict with veterans not receiving the quality of care they deserve. Cultural awareness is understanding, the needs of various demographics of patients and what…… [Read More]


VA Mental Health. (2011). GAO. Retrieved from:    http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d1212.pdf   

Farrell, C. (2008). The Abortion Debate. Edina, MN: ABDO.

Tate, N. (2012). Obama Care Survival Guide. West Palm Beach, FL: Huxman.
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Team Conflicts

Words: 1149 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42512450

Team Conflict Situation


For the purpose of this paper, I am a leader of a team that is working together to complete a project of significance. Unfortunately, but not surprisingly, there is a conflict between members of my group. The conflict is escalating, which is problematic, as the deadline for the project is approaching and again, the project holds significance for us and the company for which we work. The nature of the conflict among the group members has to do with the high degree of task interdependence for this particular project. Something that is an unfortunate, regular occurrence in group projects is that some of the group members feel overworked and that they have become responsible for the majority of the work on the project. This is another aspect of the team conflict I must address as leader of this group. Besides myself, the team members are women…… [Read More]


Behfar, K.J., Peterson, R.S., Mannix, E.A., & Trochim, W.M.K. (2008). The Critical Role of Conflict Resolution in Teams: A Close Look at the Links Between Conflict Type, Conflict Management Strategies, and Team Outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(1), 170 -- 188.

Bradley, B.H., Klotz, A.C., Postlethwaite, B.E., & Brown, K.G. (2013). Ready to Rumble: How Team Personality Composition and Task Conflict Interact to Improve Performace. Journal of Applied Psychology, 98(2), 385 -- 392.

Somech, A., Desivilya, H.S., & Lidogoster, H. (2009). Team conflict management and team effectiveness: the effects of task interdependence and team identification. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 30, 359 -- 378.
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British and American English Comparative

Words: 6793 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52117769

5). Surprisingly, however, in a corpus of 50,000 spoken words compiled from "group discussions between representatives of the EU government and national agencies of higher education" (pp. 6-7), Breiteneder (2009) did not find a large incidence of 3rd person singular - O. In only about 21% of the cases where 3rd personal singular was used was the -s left off. Perhaps, reasons Breiteneder, this is because all the speakers in the study had received formal schooling in a SE, but if so, then why was the -s used in some cases and not in others? Breiteneder posits that in some instances the interlocutors may have been purposely leaving off the -s for social reasons (2009, p. 262).

Certain verbs and expletive phrases seem to divide along dialectal lines with regard to use of modal past. Jacobsson (1975) writes that the sentences I suggested he took it with him, and I…… [Read More]


Bell, Daniel a. Beyond Liberal Democracy: Political Thinking for an East Asian Context. Princeton University Press. 2006

Brandon, L., Baszile, D., & Berry, T.. Linguistic moments: language, teaching and teacher education in the U.S. Educational Foundations (Winter-Spring), 47-66. 2009

Breiteneder, a.. English as a lingua franca in Europe: An empirical perspective. World Englishes, 28, 256-269. 2009

Davidsen-Nielsen, Niels.. Tense and Mood in English: A Comparison with Danish. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 1990
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Professional Diploma in Accounting and Financial Management

Words: 3227 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19850499

Programme: Professional Diploma Management


For a very long time now since the past up until the present moment, budgets had had a key and integral role to play in accounting and also management control. Budgeting is an aspect or notion that is by now ingrained and deep-rooted in the viewpoint of business (DeWaal, 2005; Becker, Messner and Schaffer, 2009). The following paper will seek to show what budgeting is, its importance and also its application. Furthermore, the paper will seek to demonstrate the application and integration of input data into a practical budget. In conclusion, the paper will demonstrate a hypothetical budget prepared on a spreadsheet and explain how the budget was prepared and calculated. It will also show the knowledge gained and the interesting aspects noticed whilst preparing the hypothetical budget.

Budgeting Concept, its role and use

A budget can be defined as a management's…… [Read More]


Becker, S, Messner, M and Schaffer, U, 2009, The Evolution of a Management Accounting Idea: The Case of Beyond Budgeting, Working paper.

DeThomas, A, Derammelaer, S, 2012, Writing a Convincing Business Plan, New York: Barons Educational English.

DeWaal, A, 2005, Is Your Organization Ready for Beyond Budgeting? Measuring Business Excellence, 9(2), 58-67.

Dyson, J, R, 2010, Accounting for non-accounting students, New York: Prentice Hall.