Hypothetical Essays (Examples)

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Counseling and Psychotherapy

Words: 660 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18541946

Hypothetical Session: Family Systems Therapy

In the last session with the adolescent Abigail, her mother Grace, and her father Don, all three members of the family were encouraged to talk to me as the therapist, not to one another. This was designed to allow them to speak honestly and to reduce direct confrontation. Abigail and her parents had come to participate in family therapy because Abigail had, according to her parents, been 'acting out' in various ways such as cutting school and acting defiant. I engaged largely with the two parents to discern what conflicts were occurring between the two of them. In keeping with Bowen's techniques I interviewed family members separately, allowing them to listen to the speeches of the other members individually. Grace said that she felt that her daughter was disrespectful to her and was worried about Abigail's future if Abigail did not get better grades. When…… [Read More]


Bowen family systems theory and practice: Illustration and critique. (2014). Family Systems

Institute. Retrieved from http://www.familysystemstraining.com/papers/bowen-illustration-and-critique.html
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Conflict With a Student's Parents

Words: 1359 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96045482

Hypothetical Conflict Situation and Analysis of the Conflict

The Nature of the Conflict and the Events Leading to It

Kevin Eaton, a third-grade student at Thomas Jefferson Elementary School, is an average boy with average interests. He likes soccer and video games and riding his bike. He has lots of friends and is friendly and outgoing. In school, he does well, but is not a straight -- A student. He makes a few A's, mostly B's, and a few C's. He likes history and music the best. He also enjoys reading; although his skills in that area are not quite at grade level, they are steadily improving, and his teacher is pleased with his progress. He does not like math at all, but shows some aptitude for science, although only the areas of dinosaurs and planets hold any real interest for him. He is a good student, bright but not…… [Read More]

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Ethics and Corporate Responsibility

Words: 2000 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69505526

hypothetical firm -- Pharmacare -- and address the issues of corporate responsibility and ethics.
Background Information on Case

New Jersey-based company, Pharmacare (We CARE about YOUR health®) counts among the leading pharmaceutical firms across the globe. It is reputed for being an ethical, well-managed and caring corporation that manufactures superior-quality products aimed at saving the lives of millions and enhancing the QOL (quality of life) of millions of other people. Its offering constitutes discounted and free medicines to people with low income. Furthermore, the company has a charity sponsoring scholarships and health education programs. Pharmacare's Chief Executive is a Phrma (Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America) board member (Background Information). A short while ago, the organization commenced a novel program "We CARE about YOUR world®" in which it vows to adopt green practices such as recycling and packaging changes to demonstrate its responsibility to safeguard the environment. This step has…… [Read More]

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Auditing and Assessing Financial Condition

Words: 642 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60796614

financial condition of a hypothetical town; Swobodaville. The paper analyzes the town's revenue structure, and expenditure profile among others. In addition, paper outlines how public organizations within this town use data from audits and assessments to increase their effectiveness.

Financial Condition

There are several factors that are likely to influence the town's revenue structure. These factors are economic growth, taxations among others. The town has taxation waivers which may have led the increase in revenues from the first to the fifth year. There is a likelihood that the town has been having an increasing revenue base which has led to the increase in revenues. The level of government spending has steadily risen. The increase in government spending on state-provided goods and services including public and merit goods is likely to result in increased revenues for the town's households (Kirchler, 2007). Besides, incorporating revenue neutral individual income tax change that integrates…… [Read More]


Carroll, D.A. (2009). Diversifying Municipal Government Revenue Structures: Fiscal Illusion or Instability? Public Budgeting & Finance, 27-48.

Kirchler, E. (2007). The Economic Psychology of Tax Behaviour . Cambridge University Press.

Thorndike, J.J. (2002). Tax Justice: The Ongoing Debate. Washington DC: The Urban Institute Press.
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Philosophy in Kant's Groundwork of

Words: 649 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69487949

Since a hypothetical imperative represents one of many possibilities that are only means to an end, they cannot be objectively necessary, and therefore do not have the same command over human behavior as a categorical imperative. As Kant notes, commands are laws that we must obey, even when they contradict our inclinations (27).


If we treat others as a means to an end, then we use them in service of another goal. However, if we treat others as an end in themselves, then we respect them without regard to any other goals or ends. To treat someone as a means to an end is to make them less important than some end result, whereas to treat someone as an end in themselves makes them the final and most important consideration. Slavery may be the most offensive example of using others as a means to an end, but there are…… [Read More]

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Criminal Justice Final Define the

Words: 2030 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45567698

This was due to the fact that defense attorneys often attempted to prove consent by showing that a victim did not resist the assault or had a sexual history suggesting that she would have consented to the sexual contact. Now, N.J.S.2C:14-2 no longer contains a requirement that the perpetrator overcame a resisting victim. Instead, in cases of forcible rape, the Code simply requires that the defendant: committed the assault during the course of certain specified felonies (N.J.S.2C:14-2(a)(3); was armed or seemed to be armed (N.J.S.2C:14-2(a)(4); acted with another and used physical force or coercion N.J.S.2C:14-2(a)(5); used physical force or coercion N.J.S.2C:14-2(a)(5) and -(1); the victim is physically or mentally incapacitated N.J.S.2C:14-2(a)(7). Therefore, the Code names a variety of situations where sexual intercourse between a victim and a defendant is rape, without evidence of any type of coercion.

Maria, a single mother, goes on her third date with John. They return…… [Read More]

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Student Retention in High School

Words: 936 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86818175

They establish identities or are confused about what roles to play. Additionally, Cherry (2011) states that child must have a conscious sense of self that is developed through social interaction. A child's ego identity is constantly evolving as he or she acquires new experiences and information. Processing these new experiences and information embodies and shapes one's sense of self.

According to Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development (Berger, 2010), thoughts and expectations profoundly affect attitudes, beliefs, values, assumptions, and actions. In turn, these factors have a direct correlation to the sense of self that motivates competence, positive behaviors, and actions. If a void occurs in developing a sense of self relative to others, he or she will have psychological barriers that are translated into a defense mechanism to conceal one's lack of motivation, fear of failure, and social dysfunction (Berger, 2010). Lowering the affective filters are critical to foster social development…… [Read More]


Berger, S. (2010). The developing person: Through childhood and adolescence. New York: Worth Publishers

Cherry, K. (2011). Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. Retrieved from  http://psychology.about.com/od/psychosocialtheories/a/psychosocial.htm
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Egan's 3 Stage Model Various Counseling Practices

Words: 3026 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10997386

Egan's 3 Stage Model

Various counseling practices allow individuals to identify, cope with, and manage areas of self-improvement and to address physical, mental, and emotional needs. The reasons why individuals seek counseling range from romantic relationship issues, adjustments to chronic illness, spiritual concerns, grief, to career choices, stress, addiction, and adjusting to the effects of trauma. In the counselor-client relationship, the counselor aims to listen to and question the client to establish how the client understands, to clarify thoughts, provide new perspective to the situation, and generate approaches to the problem (owland, 1993, p. 18-19). One effective model that structures the counseling theory within the counselor-client relationship is Egan's 3-Stage Skilled Helper model. Egan's model offers a framework to help individuals discover solutions to their problems and develop new opportunities. Egan's Skilled Helper model is comprised of three stages, in which each stage involves three sub-stages. Clients and guided through…… [Read More]


Crago, H. (2000). Counselling and psychotheraphy: is there a difference? Does it matter?.

Australlian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 21(2), 73-80.

Forrest, D. (n.d.). Egan's skilled helper model. Informally published manuscript, Continuing

Professional Development Unit, Birmingham City University, Birmingham, United Kingdom. Retrieved from  http://www.gestaltuk.com/Resources/Egan_skilled_helper_model.pdf
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Enzymology and Catalytic Mechanism Carbohydrate Metabolism Adenosine Triphosphate ATP

Words: 752 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44116037


Explain how enzymes are involved in processes such as the breakdown of fructose.

Enzymes are integral to processes such as the breakdown of fructose, a monosaccharide. Thus, a deficiency in enzymes can cause malabsorption of fructose or other sugars. Chemically, enzymes are complex proteins. Some enzymes like fructokinase transform molecules into available energy via processes of metabolism. For example, fructokinase and aldolase B. are enzymes involved in the breakdown of fructose. Any imbalance or absence of these and other enzymes can lead to fructose intolerance in the person, leading to a number of medical symptoms. When fructose cannot be metabolized by enzymes, it may lead to reduced absorption of water in the intestines, which in turn may lead to "bloating, diarrhoea or constipation, flatulence, and stomach pain due to muscle spasms. (Breakspear Medical Group, n.d.).

Found throughout the human body, enzymes can be considered to be chemical catalysts that…… [Read More]


Breakspear Medical Group (n.d.). Fructose metabolism -- acumen. Retrieved online:  http://www.breakspearmedical.com/files/documents/fructosemetabolism230910_AM_.pdf 

"Citric Acid Cycle Summary." Retrieved online:  http://www.elmhurst.edu/~chm/vchembook/612citricsum.html 

"Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, and other Energy-Releasing Pathways," (n.d.). Retrieved online:  http://www.uic.edu/classes/bios/bios100/lecturesf04am/lect12.htm 

United Mitochondrial Disease Foundation (n.d.). What is mitochondrial disease? Retrieved online:  http://www.umdf.org/site/c.8qKOJ0MvF7LUG/b.7934627/k.3711/What_is_Mitochondrial_Disease.htm
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Neo-Confucianism Is a Philosophy Which Was Born TEST1

Words: 1373 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Array

Memory, Identity, And Body

In a hypothetical situation, Barack Obama and Miley Cyrus are both involved in a horrific accident. As a result they are both horribly injured and only one can live. They undergo an operation wherein the parts of the brain that support specific episodic memories, but only those specific parts, are transferred. The body of Miley is given the brain pieces of Obama and the body of Barack Obama is given the brain pieces of Miley. The person who is now in Miley Cyrus's body awakens and the doctor states that Miley has survived. hile the body is now that of Miley Cyrus as well some would say is the soul, the memories she has, memories which shape personality; are those of Barack Obama. The doctor makes this supposition only because of how Miley looks, but does not consider the impact of the inclusion of a brain…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Nimbalkar, Namita. "John Locke on Personal Identity" Mens Sana Monographs 9.1 (2011): 268-

75. Print.

Sacks, Oliver W. The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat. London: Picador, 1986. Print.

Williams, Bernard. "The Self and the Future." The Philosophical Review 79.2 (1970): 161-80.
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The Best Approach to Human Resources

Words: 3660 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82197345

HR Shared Services

When it comes to the craft and practice of human resources, one of the unmistakable trends that is emerging and changing the face and shape of the work field is the use of a "shared services" framework. Something that is common and inherent to these shared services frameworks is a passionate mission and vision behind the department and how precisely their iteration of human resources will be used to assist and empower the organization via the effective utilization of human resources practices and procedures. This may come off as navel-gazing and self-aggrandizing corporate speak to many people. However, there are so many connections between the people and the company that they work for. These connections include making a living, benefits, the corporate culture of the company, the facilitating of a work/life balance and beyond. This report shall manifest with a hypothetical organization and how precisely their strategic…… [Read More]

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Small Business Gov't Marketing Enviro

Words: 1000 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84782493

Through these websites, the company could also stress that its services would be recognized worldwide and the U.S. would improve its standing in the world community relating to this subject and therefore gain the respect of other countries.

With regards to utilizing edBizOpps, the company must also be aware of the services that this websites provides, and utilize what it needs only. or instance, the website is very useful for marketing activities, due to the fact that it would provide both opportunities, and allow other to seek for opportunities provided, such as those by Enviro LTD. According to the website, in the Buyers/Engineers section, "Government users may post, manage, and award opportunities."

In the Vendors/Citizens section, furthermore, it states, "Vendors and citizens may search, monitor, and retrieve opportunities."

In this latter section, one can preview, at no cost, various opportunities and sign up. When signing up, one can include, in…… [Read More]

Frequently Asked Questions about Government Contracting. (2011). Small Business Notes. Retrieved November 13, 2011, from <  http://www.smallbusinessnotes.com/starting-a-business/frequently-asked-question-about-government-contracting.html#b >.

FedBizOpps. (2011). FedBizOpps.gov. Retrieved November 13, 2011, from <  https://www.fbo.gov/ >.

FedBizOpps. (2011). FedBizOpps.gov. Retrieved November 13, 2011, from <
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Recovery Plan Biological Attack in the U S

Words: 2773 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17134066

ecovery Plan: Biological Attack in the U.S. Congress

The havoc and deaths caused by the weaponized anthrax spores that were mailed to members of the U.S. Congress following the attacks of September 11, 2001 and the repeated attempted uses of botulinum toxin on U.S. Naval bases make it abundantly clear that governmental offices are vulnerable to biological pathogens. These agents have been and likely will be used by terrorists again to achieve their goals of bringing harm to the United States and it interests at home and abroad. The hypothetical comprehensive recovery plan developed in this project is in response to this type of food-borne pathogen attack and takes place in the cafeteria situated in the ayburn House Office Building in the U.S. Congressional complex in Washington, D.C. which serves members of Congress, staff members and visitors. The scenario begins with the telephonic notification to the Capital Police that all…… [Read More]


Botulinum toxin. (2011). State of Delaware Health and Social Services. Retrieved from http://


Dando, M. (2001). The new biological weapons: Threat, proliferation, and control. Boulder,

CO: Lynne Rienner.
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Boyhood Organized Sports and the Construction of

Words: 1089 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22499068

Boyhood, Organized Sports, and the construction of Masculinities" offers insight into a study he completed regarding male attributes and how masculinity is defined within organized sports. Following is a summary of the article denoting the hypothesis, dependent and independent variables if identifiable as such, the data source, methodology and answers to the posited hypothetical question(s).

Messner makes it very clear from the outset what the questions or hypotheses are in his study and the answers that he seeks in conducting the study. The questions Messner raises includes: "In what ways do males construct masculine identities within the institution of organized sports? In what ways do class and racial differences mediate this relationship and perhaps led to the construction of different meanings and perhaps different masculinities?" And the last hypothetical question is "what are some of the problems and contradictions within these constructions of masculinities?" (Messner, p. 88).

Messner is also…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Messner (the source article needs to be cited here)
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Outsourcing Advantages and Disadvantages Over Time a

Words: 721 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6387627

Outsourcing: Advantages and Disadvantages

Over time, a number of businesses have embraced outsourcing for various reasons. This is more so the case for companies operating in the global arena. In this text, I discuss the various advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing. In so doing, I will utilize a hypothetical example of a multinational firm by the name Company X.

In basic terms, outsourcing according to Haberberg and ieple (2007) is "the contracting out of part of an organization's operations to a separate company." In the next section, I will discuss some of the key benefits and disadvantages of outsourcing.

To begin with, Company X could make some cost savings should it resort to outsourcing. According to Hill and Jones (2012), an entity could have its costs reduced if the price the said entity pays to a particular specialist firm to have a particular activity completed happens to be less than…… [Read More]


Haberberg, A. & Rieple, R. (2007). Strategic Management: Theory and Application. New York: Oxford University Press Inc.

Hill, C.W.L. & Jones, G.R. (2012). Strategic Management: An Integrated Approach (10th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

Morgan, N. & Smit, E. (Eds.). (1996). Contemporary Issues in Strategic Management. Cape Town: Pearson.
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Ending a Spousal Relationship A Spousal Relationship

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81538948

Ending a Spousal Relationship:

A spousal relationship can generally be regarded as a marriage that can be ended through various ways depending on the partners' choice. Generally, a spousal relationship can be terminated through annulment, legal separation, dissolution, and divorce. While annulment is the legal way of proving that the relationship was never valid, legal separation entails a formal decree of the rights and responsibilities of every spouse while living apart ("our Ways to End a Marriage," n.d.). On the contrary, dissolution is a legal process of concurring on issues and moving on through cooperation from each spouse whereas divorce is an alternative used when there are huge differences between the parties on how to end the relationship. The annulment method requires the proof of various aspects such as a close blood relationship between the partners, the possibility of one party being underage, and inability to consummate the marriage.

While…… [Read More]

Formation of a Contract:

A hypothetical situation for the formation of a contract where an offer, acceptance and consideration is made is where Martin Brown is the buyer while Harvey Thomas and Nancy Thomas are sellers. The buyer is represented by Broker Hank Adams of NC Buyers First, Inc. whereas the seller is represented by Brokers Sue Ellen Sellars of We Sell Homes, LLC, which are real estate firms with current and active licenses ("Contract Practical Exercise," 2011). The buyer seeks to purchase a property situated at 313 Harmony Rd. that was developed in 1979 and provides an offer which he signs and delivers to the sellers.

The offer has several considerations including the purchase price, due diligence fee and period, settlement date, and initial earnest money deposit. The other considerations are the lack of exceptions, the lack of an addenda attached to the offer, uncertainty about proposed or confirmed assessments, and the lack of Contingent Sale Addendum though the buyer
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Enzymology and Catalytic Mechanism Carbohydrate Metabolism ATP

Words: 1091 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14480472

Doctor Determine Treatment for a Diagnosis of Hereditary Fructose Intolerance:

Explain how enzymes are involved in processes such as the breakdown of fructose.

The enzymes work as a lock and key process where the relevetn active part of the enzyme fits into the substrate (i.e. The molecule on which the enzyme acts) and activates it. There are various active sites on the enzyme and only the enzyme that will 'fit' in the substrate will work. After part of enzyme matching with substrate, enzyme breaks down substrate into two smaller products.

The following image illustrates:

(adapted from http://waynesword.palomar.edu/molecu1.htm)

At times the process can be blocked by an impediment that stops the 'key' from 'turning, as happens in the case of a lack in aldolase B. which can prompt hereditary fructose intolerance

Explain how a deficiency in aldolase B. can be responsible for hereditary fructose intolerance.

Hereditary fructose intolerance is a disease…… [Read More]


Berg JM, Tymoczko JL, Stryer L. (2002) Biochemistry. 5th edition. New York: WH Freeman

Cross NC, de Franchis R, Sebastio G, et al. (1990). Molecular analysis of aldolase B. genes in hereditary fructose intolerance. Lancet 335 (8685): 306 -- 9

Huntington's Disease Outreach Project for Education at Stanford Coenzyme Q10: An Antioxidant Drug

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Neo-Confucianism Is a Philosophy Which Was Born TEST1

Words: 908 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Array

Toulmin Model and Sherlock Holmes

The Toulmin Model of argumentation asserts that a good argument consists of six parts which intend to develop a practical argument. The first element is the "claim," or the conclusion that the argument must establish. The next part is the "data," or the facts and evidence collected and used to confirm the argument. In order to support the data, general, hypothetical, or logical statements are used, these are called "warrants." A good argument should limit itself to what can be proven and so it requires "qualifiers" which restrict the argument to a point where it can be supported by facts. In order to support the warrants made during the argument, sometimes "backing statements" are used to add credence to the statements made during the argument. These backing statements may not directly support the claim, but should always support the supporting warrants. Finally, since there are…… [Read More]

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Philadelphia the Five Components of a Reading

Words: 1147 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7374411


The five components of a reading program -- phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary development, and comprehension -- build on one another to help students become readers. At a hypothetical all-African-American elementary school in Philadelphia's inner city, there would be similarities and differences in the way the five components would be taught in first grade, third grade, and fifth grade classrooms.

Phonemic awareness is the first stage in a comprehensive reading program. It is the foundation upon which other reading skills are built. The International eading Association (IA) defines phonemic awareness as "the ability to segment and manipulate the sounds of oral language" (2011). The IA points out research shows that a child's awareness of the sounds of spoken language are a strong predictor of success in learning to read. Language "play" helps children develop this awareness of sounds. ead-alouds, songs, riddles, poems, and rhyming activities are effective ways to…… [Read More]


Morris, D. (2011). Practicum training for teachers of struggling readers. Phi Delta Kappan 92(8),

pp. 5457.

Penner-Wilger, M. (2008). Reading fluency: A bridge from decoding to comprehension.

International Reading Association. Retrieved from  http://eps.schoolspecialty.com
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Civil Legal Issues in the Workplace

Words: 1989 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88804538

Business Law: Saukars, Nib Corp, and Guesthouses.

In order to examine the potential legal issues between the parties, it is important to look at the contractual relationships between those parties. First is the relationship between the guesthouses and their customers. Food service is part of that relationship. Customers at the guesthouses may have a claim against the guesthouses stemming from them contracting food poisoning from the food served to them at the guesthouses. Because the customers' contractual relationship is with the guesthouses, they would be an appropriate object of suit, but the guesthouses may be able to enjoin or seek indemnification from other parties for those damages. Tort liability for food poisoning is relatively straightforward. Most states have strict product liability laws covering food safety, so that the supplier of contaminated food products is assumed to have been negligent. As long as the customers can demonstrate that the food that…… [Read More]

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Diversity Socialisation for Newcomers

Words: 1587 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50387244

Diversity Socialisation for Newcomers
Head of Human Resources
XYZ Investment Limited

Dear Sir,

Re: Diversity Socialisation for Newcomers

The significance of organisational socialisation cannot be overemphasised. Through the process, new employees are equipped with the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviours necessary for successful organisational membership (Cable, Gino & Staats, 2013). In most cases, however, the process of socialisation focuses on aspects such as the goals of the organisation, individual role and responsibilities, behavioural patterns, as well as rules and principles pertaining to the organisation. Often, there is little or no attention to workplace diversity issues (Mcmillan-Capehart, 2005; Graybill et al., 2013). This is particularly true for XYZ Investment Limited, a hypothetical investment firm with operations across the U.S. The organisation could be at a considerable disadvantage given that workplace diversity has increasingly become a vital source of competitive advantage for organisations of different sizes and in diverse sectors and industries. Though…… [Read More]

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Globalization Discussion Questions Globalization and

Words: 2376 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14993886

The study by Darrag et al. uses HRM as a mode to identify several clear obstacles to effective recruitment on an international scale. A major point of concern for MNCs, the article indicates, is the difficulty of penetrating culturally ingrained models of hiring and promoting. In such contexts as Egypt, Iran and Taiwan, the article reports that nepotism remains a powerful force preventing the use of merit in recruitment situations. These are concrete examples of the culturally-bound challenges facing the international human resource manager.

The Human Resource Planning theory states that these challenges require an HR department that is formulated according to the cultural particulars of a host country. The article by Darrag et al. concludes that where MNCs are able to make adjustments through their Human Resource Management departments, host countries are likely to see greater economic benefits. Yielding this presumption based on its case examination of MNCs operating…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Ardalan, K. (2008). Globalization and Culture: Four Paradigmatic Views. International Journal of Social Economics, 30(5), 513-534.

Brewster, C.; Sparrow, P. & Vernon, G. (2007). International Human Resource Management. London: CIPD.

Darrag, M.; Mohamed, A. & Abdel Aziz, H. (2010). Investigating Recruitment Practices and Probmes of Multinational Companies (MNCs) operating in Egypt. Education, Business and Society: Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues, 3(2), 99-116.

Morley, M.J. & Collings, D.G. (2004). Contemporary Debates and New Directions in HRM in MNCs. International Journal of Manpower, 25(6), 487-499.
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Post-Tenure Review the Four Worldviews

Words: 959 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15600206

192). his begs for an empirical objective analysis of performance.


In a constructivist approach, which was essentially that used by O'Meara (2004), the more open-ended and subject-driven the research is, the better (Creswell 2009, pp. 8). his approach leads to very clear results given the scope of questioning and sampling used by O'Meara (2004); focusing on the perceived benefits of post-tenure review on faculty performance amongst a group of individuals (faculty and administration) who in this case were well-aligned in their perspective would necessarily lead to conclusive results according to this worldview. A similar analysis of public and student views on the topic, however, would likely lead to very different results, and this worldview inherently lacks appropriate structures for synthesizing such disparate conclusions in an objective manner.


his worldview has specific bearings on certain aspects of the study's finding's. O'Meara (2004) specific concerns concerning the effects of post-tenure…… [Read More]

The pragmatic worldview has both the clearest and the least applicable bearing on the issue at hand. On the one hand, t is easily argued that all that really matters in the issue are the practical outcomes -- post-tenure review is meant to improve faculty performance, and pragmatism would therefore hold that it is a good practice if it succeeds in this, and useless if it doesn't (O'Meara 2004, pp. 179-82; Creswell 2009, pp. 10). This is abundantly clear, but there is little to no agreement amongst various groups as to the actual practical effects of post-tenure review. This study showed that faculty consistently believe they are doing exemplary work, and thus that post-tenure review will have no effect (O'Meara 2004). Student groups and certain administrators (not in this study) have established a need for greater accountability in tenured faculty, and advocate the use of post-tenure reviews for this purpose. An empirical study of the practice's actual effects would be necessary before a true pragmatic conclusion could be drawn regarding post-tenure review.


This makes it clear that no single worldview is adequate in addressing this issue. There is a need for advocacy and the inclusiveness of the constructivist approach, but given the disparity in views ultimately an empirical (i.e. postpositivist) and pragmatic determination will need to be made. An understanding of each of these four worldviews and their perspectives on the post-tenure review is necessary to a full understanding of the issue.
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Institutional Type of This University

Words: 2374 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77243358

(Birnbaum, 1998)

This decision at the opportune time ensured that the SAT scores returned to their normal level during the current year, and the core admission processes have remained as in earlier years. However, in case the scores plummeted to more depths and minor tweaking was not sufficient to amend them, the Program Director would make endeavor to make important modifications in the admission procedures in an endeavor to ensure that the scores return to their earlier acceptable state of affairs. For instance, such a marked decline in the previous years resulted in the development of a new high school relations program giving courses to higher juniors and seniors in the span of two years, the SAT scores bounced back to the original levels. (Birnbaum, 1998)

7. What quality assurance processes are in place within the institution?

Quality assurance processes in a cybernetic system as that of Huxley is that…… [Read More]


Birnbaum, Robert. (1998) "How Colleges Work: The Cybernetics of Academic

Organization and Leadership" Jossey-Bass Inc.

Calas, Martha. B; Smircich, Linda. (1992) "Re-writing gender into organizational theorizing: Directions from feminist perspectives" in Rethinking organization: New directions in organization theory and analysis. Michael Read and Martin Hughes (eds.), 227-253. London: Sage.
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Information Technology Amazon com Situation Analysis

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42484077

Hence the development of the Open Systems Interconnect (OSI) Model which lead to the development of the Internet and the Ethernet standard and the TCP/IP protocol, both of which nearly the entire Internet runs on today.

#9, in what way have phones and computers converged? Why is this convergence occurring?

The personal productivity tasks of communication as it relates to the use of telephones and computer systems has long been an area developers and entrepreneurs have poured time and money into. Now with the concept of the Mobile Web, it's possible to have PDAs and cell phones that make it possible to access any website, any e-mail account, from any location there is a cell phone signal. The impetus is the overlap of personal productivity processes.

Computer Security):

Q.#9, Read the information on the Thawte Web site about how users can be authenticated (Web of Trust). Briefly explain how the…… [Read More]

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Code of the Street Anderson in Code

Words: 1235 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98137358

Code of the Street

Anderson in "Code of the Street" seeks to highlight many of the ills and problems that seem to plague inner-city African-American families and communities, and highlights aggression and interpersonal violence as the most prominent factors (p. 171). The propensity for violence, according to Anderson predisposes 'a cultural adaptation' that has hampered growth and development within this particular part of society. Following is an examination of The Code of the Street by Elijah Anderson. The examination seeks to determine the proposed hypothesis, dependent and independent variables, source of the data, methodology and analysis, and whether or not the author serves to effectively answer the hypothetical questions posited.


Anderson takes an ethnographic approach in looking at the culture of what he determines as control, respect and violence in inner city streets. According to Philipsen in "Speaking Culturally: Explorations in Social Community" ethnography is a qualitative research design…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Philipsen, G. Speaking Culturally: Explorations in Social Communication. Albany, New

York: State University of New York Press. 1992. Print.

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Practice Theory Building Is Requisite

Words: 1064 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78722202

He understood, "The greatest real way of making a strong intelligence of efficacy is through mastery involvements" (p. 3).

Person Environment Occupation model

The PEO model (Broome, 2009) is a famous and recognized conceptual model and model of exercise inside Canadian occupational therapy. It bids groundwork for managing valuation and interference through all practice surroundings and customer inhabitants. The planned device is able to transport the PEO model to life in the process of a humble and cheap instrument that can bring clinicians a real-world theoretical foundation for their clinical procedure. The circle instrument performs as a vehicle for unfolding what occupational therapy is about, describing the foci, and what the clinician can offer to the client.

Figure 2: Person Environment Occupation model

Clinical Reasoning

The PEO model that aims for the best fit to enhance occupational performance can be used to guide the occupational therapy process. This procedure, as…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Alter, K. (2006). Fueling the Engines: A Role For Occupational Therapy in Promoting Healthy Life. Occupational Therapy in Healthcare, 21(3).

Broome, K. (2009). A literature review applying the Pearson Environment Occupation Model. Scandanavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 3(12), 16.

Fisher, G.S. (2008). A Model of Occupational Empowerment for Marginalized Populations. Occupational Therapy in Healthcare, 22(1).

Gupta, J., & Sabata, D. (2010). Maximizing Occupational Performance of Older Workers: Applying the Person-Environment-Occupation Model. AOTA Continuing Education Article, 15(7), 12-15.
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Power Laws Describe the Power

Words: 1498 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6509726

The crux of this challenge however is the distribution and fulfillment system, an area Amazon.com for example had streamlined for low-quantity orders before ever launching their website and online store. This equates to what Elberse and Oberholzer-Gee (2006) mention as the ability of online retailers to in effect feed the creation of long-tail markets by representing thousands of products online and fulfilling them through synchronized order management and supply chain systems.

According to Newman (2005) the network centricity of the Power Law is a contributing factor to its efficiency. From the standpoint of online retailers, this network effect is illustrated by the level of supply chain integration, synchronization, and the use of real-time shared data to create stronger hub-like efficiencies within a Power Law-dominated industry. One assumption and area of future research is in the definition of velocities of information throughout a Power Law network. Figure 2 shows a graphical…… [Read More]


Columbus (2001) - Defining Your Direction in Guided Selling. AMR Research. November 1, 2001. Louis Columbus. Accessed from the Internet on September 24, 2006 at http://lwcresearch.com/filesfordownloads/DefiningYourDirectioninGuidedSellin.pdf

Elberse and Oberholzer-Gee (2006) - Superstars and Underdogs: An Examination of the Long Tail Phenomenon in Video Sales. Harvard Business School Working Paper Series No. 07-015. September 5, 2006

Newman (2005) - Power laws, Pareto distributions and Zipf's law. Contemporary Physics. Volume 46, Number 5, September 2005. Pages 323-351.