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Immigrants' access to resources
Immigration policy has become one of the most contentious topics in American political life today. America proudly proclaims itself a nation of immigrants, but there has been growing backlash against what is perceived as a 'tide' of illegal immigration to the United States. Of particular concern is undocumented workers' access to social services such as healthcare, education, and other benefits. This inability to reach a political consensus on how to deal with immigrants' access to government resources has resulted in the stifling of initiatives such as the as-yet-to-be passed DEAM Act (Development, elief, and Education for Alien Minors Act), which would allow the children of illegal immigrants the ability to become citizens, even though they were not technically born in the country. Concerns over illegal immigrants gaining access to healthcare was even used as an argument against the passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) although…
Camarota, Steven. (2004). The high cost of cheap labor. Center for Immigration Studies.
Kurtzleben, Danielle. (2013). What immigrants mean to the U.S. economy. U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved: http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2013/02/04/what-immigrants-mean-to-the-us-economy-in-5-charts
In contrast, 'Irina' could not remember what Russia was like. Her parents were Jewish, and also had a great deal of difficulty immigrating to America. Irina was so young at the time she could hardly remember the experience of living in the Soviet Union. Her parents raised her in a Russian-speaking household at first, but after entering public school, she soon acquired English and it became her primary language. She spoke without any accent, unlike Martina, although she said her Russian-Jewish heritage was an important part of her life. Because her parents lived in an area with many other Russian immigrants, she had been exposed to the culture for most of her existence, and because she could not remember some of 'the bad times,' she had mostly positive feelings about being Russian, although she could not imagine living in Russia, she said. Her parents had experienced persecution as Jews, but…
This made the legal attempt to gain reparation for those who were imprisoned and lost so much very difficult. The acceptance of a plan for reparation was not achieved until 1988, and the completion of a memorial in honor of those Japanese-Americans who served in the armed forced and those who were interned in the camps during orld ar II was not completed until late in the year 2000.
The world of the Japanese in America had inextricably changed and the reality of their lives would never be the same. Having no material or intellectual connection remaining in their nation of origin, some even being not immigrants but second and third generation Japanese-Americans they were still considered a threat to national security and worthy of containment. Public challenges to the plan existed but where not heeded and many majority Americans and even those of German or Italian decent…
Immigrants" by Pat Mora
There are three underlying themes in the poem by Pat Mora entitled "Immigrants." The poem's main purpose is to convey what immigrants experience as they attempt to settle down into their new lives in America. The first theme has to do with the process of assimilation that immigrants try to have their families undergo through here. The second theme has to do with immigrants attempting to retain parts of their old cultures in their new homes. Finally, the third theme has to do with the anxiety immigrants often feel over whether or not their children will be recognized as American citizens.
Mora's most dominant theme within the poem has to do with how immigrants attempt to openly assimilate their families, particularly their children, into American society. Many instances of assimilation are mentioned here, beginning with the figurative meaning behind wrapping babies in the American flag. In…
immigrants to obtain a driving license. The writer examines several aspects of the issue and presents the opposing viewpoint. The writer details the reasons it is a good idea to issue licenses to immigrants. There were six sources used to complete this paper.
In recent years the topic of immigration has moved to the forefront of America's news. Immigrants entering the nation by the millions come seeking a better life. America is known worldwide as a melting pot and a place that opens its arms and heart to those who want to come. More recently however, there have been problems with exactly what to do when it comes to the many life issues that American residents face. One of those issues is the driver license. There have been heated debates about whether or not illegal immigrants should be allowed to obtain a driving license. Those who believe they should not,…
IMMIGRATION CORNER; Gov. vetoes bill allowing driver's licenses for illegals
Filipino Reporter; 10/7/2004; Gurfinkel, Michael J.
During the years immigrants have proven a great talent in exact sciences and professions, i.e. information technology and engineering. They are hard working and more serious and manage to get ahead of the students born in the United States. Moreover, these are also the most important fields of business where brain-drain is mostly applied. Whole American IT companies function almost entirely on employees that have not been born in the United States.
Most statistics compare immigrants with persons born in the United States to determine what both groups have to offer in terms of labor and economic growth. One of the things that are taken into consideration herein is the medium level of education that the two groups posses. It seems that the persons born in the United States have an average of 12.5 years of study, while the immigrants only 10.7 years. However this is not a fair evaluation…
Take, for example, the entertainment industry; Hollywood has set the world's standard for movies, and that has largely been due to immigrants or the early-generation Americans. Americans have a diverse selection of art, music, and food, due to the immigrant population. Put succinctly, there would be no modern America without immigrants.
Immigrants from the Ukraine are particularly attractive as immigrants. Ukrainians are, in general, very pro-western and pro-American. English is taught in most Ukrainian public schools, so that many immigrants from Ukraine do not have a considerable language barrier when immigrating to the United States. Therefore, while Ukrainians may initially head to ethnic neighborhoods, they are not cultural isolationists like immigrants from some other non-English speaking countries. Furthermore, while the Ukraine is traditionally an agricultural area that does not mean that education in the Ukraine is sub-par. There are many highly-educated Ukrainians who have immigrated to the United States, bringing…
The country was itself full of immigrants that were permitted to perform their professional and technical services and advocacy to strengthen the industrial performance of the country, and fulfill the shortage of the required manpower. The return of the migrants further supported the local government in its quest of introducing economic and industrial reforms in the country. However at parallel the government also invited and allowed the inflow of the foreign workers to handle the distribution of manpower efficiently.
OLE OF GOVENMENT
The local students who are pursue their higher education abroad are the ambassadors of the Taiwan and its ideology, these students are the country's interface with the 'global economy, managing and enhancing the solid manufacturing base promoted by the basic education policy'(Taiwan: From Developing to Mature Economy). The government has focused on Taiwanese diaspora for promoting the involvement of the internationally acquired acumen through both the physical return…
Chow, Peter. (2001) Social Expenditures in Taiwan. Washington: World Bank.
Luo, Yu-Ling and Wei-Jen Wang. (2002) High-skill migration and Chinese Taipei's industrial development. In: OECD, International Mobility of the Highly Skilled. Paris, OECD.
Ranis, Gustav. ed. (1992) Taiwan: From Developing to Mature Economy. Boulder, Colo. Westview.
Wu, Kin Bing. (1993) Science and Technology Education in Taiwan. World Bank Education and Social Policy Discussion Series Paper no. 13.
Immigrants in Classroom --
Teaching, Learning and Immigrants in Classroom
With reference to Nieto (1999), culture is described as the constantly changing customs and values, political and social affiliations as well as worldview developed, shared and transformed by group of individuals bound be a combination of different factors which could include a shared history, language, religion, social class, and geographical location (p. 78).
There are two issues which ought to be understood if culture is to have whatsoever meaning for teachers who wish to have an understanding of how it is actually connected to learning. Firstly, culture should be perceived in an unsentimental manner. Otherwise, it is at times a little more than a desire for a past which never actually existed, or a sanitized, idealized version of what it is in reality. Secondly, the culture's sociopolitical context should be recognized; cultures are situated in specific social, economic, political, and…
Mohr, K. A. J., & Mohr, E. S. (2007). Extending English Language Learners' Classroom Interactions Using the Response Protocol. The Reading Teacher, Vol 60, Issue 5, 440-450. Retrieved from Reading Rockets: http://www.readingrockets.org
Nieto, S. (1999). The Light in Their Eyes: Creating Multicultural Learning Communities. New York: Teachers College Press.
Party Machines and Immigrants
The objective of this study is to discuss party machines and immigration from the 19th Century and the methods used to manipulate immigrant votes as reported in the work of Swanstrom (2012) entitled "City Politics" in Chapter 3. Swanstrom writes that the imagery in the "smoke-filled rooms in the back of taverns" as fat politicians who smoked the cigars and passed out "buckets of coal to poor widows" as they made deals has a "sacred place in the lore of American politics." (p.49) While the politician was very committed to those who were loyal to his party at the same time those politicians were self-centered and highly dishonest. The entire syst5em was very much corrupt. Swamstrom writes that the "urban machines were organizations held together by a combination of ethnic identity and partisan loyalty." (p.50) But there were also reported as "hierarchical and disciplined, often controlled…
Swanstrom, TR (2012) City Politics. 8th ed. Longman.
Courtship Arranged Marriages and the Romantic Meaning of Love
The primary theme of The Immigrant Advantage by Kolker is that immigrants to America bring something with them in their cultures and communities that Americans can learn from. They have certain traits or habits that Americans could benefit from having if they stopped long enough to learn from their immigrant neighbors. Kolker highlights these good traits and shows how they work for immigrants. For example, she focuses each chapter on a specific lesson that immigrant groups provide through their own cultural experiences. The first chapter shows how to save money and uses the Vietnamese immigrants in America as the case study for this good habit. The second chapter focuses on how to take care of one’s parents and looks at the Hispanic-American culture for this lesson. The third chapter looks at the courting rituals of South Asian immigrants in America and…
Indians are one immigrant group that is among the top immigrant groups in the U.S. Indeed, after Mexicans, Indians make up the largest immigrant population in America (Zong & Batalova, 2017). Many individuals in this population are skilled workers, particularly in the information technology (IT) sector, and have been awarded visas as part of the U.S.’s H-1B temporary visa program, which often serves as the gateway to becoming citizens. Other Indians have expanded into the restaurant business and the gas station/convenience store industry in the U.S. Indians typically make more money than the average American in the U.S. and are thus considered part of the middle to upper-middle class, with average annual incomes of over $100,000 (Zong & Batalova, 2017). Their socioeconomic status is good in the economic sense; however, Indians are still portrayed in popular media (from The Simpsons to Deadpool) as being outside the norm.
Zong, J. & Batalova, J. (2017). Indian immigrants in the United States. Retrieved from https://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/indian-immigrants-united-states
Immigrant Chinese omen in Canada
Immigrant Histories: Chinese omen in Canada
Nothing is as difficult and as painful as uprooting oneself or one's family for a new life in a strange land. However, many have had to do so throughout history, to not only survive, but also to prosper. The New orld, fabled for its freedoms and its promises of riches, has appealed to many people across this vast world. This appeal has reached as far as China, parts of whose population started their voyage to North America almost 150 years ago (Multicultural History Society of Ontario [MHSO], 2001). This research will examine a brief history of the Chinese population in Canada, starting at the turn of the century, and will continue by describing this population's lifestyle, complete with its problems, its disappointments and its successes, in detail.
According to the Multicultural History Society of Ontario (2001), the Guangdong province,…
Anonymous. (2001). But Women did Come: 150 Years of Chinese Women in North America. Multicultural History Society of Ontario. Panel 1-5. http://www.mhso.ca/ggp/Exhibits/Chinese_Women/panel1.html
Anonymous. (2011). About Us. Chinese Professional Women of Canada. 1. http://www.cpaasv.org/hannie/cpwc/
Li, S. & Gillett, M. (1995). Chinese-Canadian women in Montreal: case studies in the importance of education. 15-23. http://digitool.library.mcgill.ca/R/?func=dbin-jump-full&object_id=23226&local_base=GEN01-MCG02
Poy, V. (2005). The Equality Deficit -- Chinese Immigrant Women in Canada. Women's Legal Education and Action Fund -- LEAF. 1. http://sen.parl.gc.ca/vpoy/english/Special_Interests/speeches/Speech%20-%20LEAF_021105.htm
With his help the family survived the ordeal of living in a big city.
The racism so common against people of Southern European descent hurt Lorenzo as a child, there was one instance where he was walking down a street to return a pan his mother had borrowed from a friend. A few 'tall white kids', as he called them, kicked the pan out of his hands and beat him down. They called him cruel names, and then left him to cry home.
Lorenzo had to endure this constant torment as he grew up, but it was nothing compared to what his parents suffered. In Spain Sofia Baltasar had been a loving and caring mother of two, educating and raising them from birth. In Boston she had to work five hours a day sewing up uniforms for the men in action. Instead of taking care of Bonita and Lorenzo, she…
There were a lot of white people around, and many of them were angry that the blacks had been freed. Some of them were actually hostile toward the blacks and their newfound freedom, so the blacks learned quickly that they had to be careful. They needed to settle a little bit away from the hostile whites and do their best not to make waves or cause trouble, in the hopes that they might one day be accepted (Reconstruction, 2002).
During the first few years after the Emancipation Proclamation and the subsequent freedom of all blacks in the United States, many blacks began working very hard to educate themselves. In there minds, education meant the ability to negotiate with whites over land, earn a fair wage to pay for it, and take care of their families. lack families were often large, so many of the members could work to help support…
Black Farming and History. 2002. Homecoming. http://www.itvs.org/homecoming/history1.html .
Carroll J. 1998. Organizational learning activities in high-hazard industries. Journal of Management Studies, 35: 699-717
Reconstruction and its aftermath. 2002. African-American Odyssey. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aopart5.html .
VandeCreek, Drew E., Ph.D. 2000. Frontier Settlement. Abraham Lincoln Historical Digitization Project. http://Lincoln.lib.niu.edu/frontier.html .
At the same time however, there were certain jobs which white citizens considered to be below their social standards and therefore refused to accepts, especially in the precarious conditions offered by employers. By comparison, taking into consideration the fact that immigrants usually left their countries precisely given the terrible conditions experienced there, were more willing to accept low paid jobs and endure severe conditions rather than go back. This feeling was exploited to the full by employers who rarely treated immigrants as employees with equal rights. This was seen as expensive, especially in the construction industry and the railroad and road building because it would have implied certain protection equipment and particular interest for the working hours and rest time, which in turn would have determined a lower productivity rate.
Overall, it can be concluded that Canada, soon after its emergence as a new young nation, was in great need…
Avery, D. (1995). Reluctant Host:Canada's Response to Immigrant Workers, 1896-1994, Chapter 1: "European Immigrant Workers and the Canadian Economy, 1896-1914. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.
Greece, G. (1988-89), Exclusion or solidarity? Vancouver workers confront the 'Oriental Problem'. BC Studies, no80, 24-25.
Hiebert, D. (n.d.) Jewish Immigrants and the Garment industry of Toronto, 1901-1931: a study of ethnic and class relations. Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.
Jenkins, P. (1997) a history of the United States. New York, Palgrave.
Weight and Obesity
The Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Immigrant Women from Sub-Saharan Africa Living in Grande Prairie, Alberta
In spite of the increased prevalence of overweight and obesity in the general population, little attention has been paid to immigrant communities, which are at a greater risk of weight gain compared to the majority. This is quite disturbing given the increased rate of migration from low-income countries. Lack of epidemiological data relating to overweight and obesity is particularly true for women of sub-Saharan African origin living in Grande Prairie, Alberta, Canada. This study will involve a cross-sectional survey, to fill this gap in literature. A sample of 100 subjects is deemed to be representative of the target population. Knowledge of the prevalence of overweight and obesity in this population will be important for designing weight management interventions for this group, thereby reducing the risk of overweight and obesity as…
Adhikari, A., (2014). Prevalence of obesity among immigrants living in Canada. American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2(1): 35-39.
Choi, J. (2012). Prevalence of overweight and obesity among US immigrants: results of the 2003 New Immigrant Survey. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 14(6), 1112-1118.
City of Grande Prairie (2015). Census population. Retrieved from: http://www.cityofgp.com/index.aspx?page=2507
Gele, A., & Mbalilaki, A. (2013). Overweight and obesity among African immigrants in Oslo. BMC Research Notes, 6: 119.
There are several ways in which immigration affects intra-generational and intergenerational contact within the family. Many immigrant families today have been in the country for at least two or three generations. This creates a sense of differentiation between the younger and older generations, where the older generations may still remember with fondness the home country, while young people experience no such connection. This could either lead to conflict or better communication between the generations. Older people could, for example, tell stories related to their memories of the old country. Conflict could arise when the younger generation is interested only in the target country, where new experiences and friends are made. Such a situation could result in a rift between the generations, where the older generation would communicate better among each other than with the young generations. In a situation where the family comes to the target country for the…
foreign immigrant groups California share similar struggles quest American citizens
Following the development of western countries in the nineteenth century, there emerged a prolonged immigration of Asian communities into the American society. Iran had a shock in their culture. Individual personality such as language proficiency, learning level, and job skill influences their ability to adapt. Immigration is a key life challenge, although well thought-out to be stressful, particularly for women coming from environments with observance to traditional gender roles, through the exposure, organizations of these societies disintegrate.
Shared struggles of Iranian & Mexican immigrants
Economic factors like financial resources, loses and gains in social status intimidates the immigrants. The attitude of the host country with the level of similarity of the two cultures is also an influential factor. Individual factors such as character strength, decision-making skills, declaration of feeling of loss, and the ability to endure uncertainty about gender roles…
Massey, Douglas S, Jorge Durand, and Nolan J. Malone. Beyond Smoke and Mirrors: Mexican
Immigration in an Era of Economic Integration. New York: Russell Sage Foundation,
Borjas, George J. Mexican Immigration to the United States. Chicago [u.a.: Univ. Of Chicago
The advent of World War II saw and end of the period of economic turmoil and massive unemployment known as the Great Depression, and thus was a time of increased opportunity for many of the nation's citizens and immigrants, but the experiences of some groups during and following the war were far less positive than others. Some of this was due to the different histories that different immigrant groups had in the country, as well as the different roles that various nations played in the war itself, but often the source for the treatment of different ethnic groups was all too similar and all too simple -- racism and ethnocentrism that made the white Americans "true" citizens while others were labeled as outsiders, and those that didn't belong.
The Japanese suffered the worst during World War II; even families that had been in the country for generations and many decades…
Library of Congress. (2008). "African-American odyssey." Accessed 29 October 2010. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aointro.html
Morgan, T. (1995). "Native Americans in world war II." Accessed 29 October 2010. http://www.shsu.edu/~his_ncp/NAWWII.html
Takaki, R. (2008). A Different Mirror: A History of Multicultural America (Rev. ed.) Boston: Little Brown Company.
Vogel, R. (2004). "Stolen birthright: The U.S. conquest and exploitation of the Mexican people." Accessed 29 October 2010. http://www.houstonculture.org/hispanic/ conquest5.html
Immigrants Affect the Economy of the United States
Whereas in the 19th century, the United States relied on immigration policies that reflected an imminent need for inexpensive labor, in 1920 the Harding administration severely restricted immigration in a way that penalized Southern and Eastern European immigrants. This lead to a humanitarian crisis when ships with Jewish refugees from Europe in the late 1930's were turned away from American ports. In the mid-1960's, policies changed again in the mid-1960's, when looser immigration controls lead to an influx of Latin American and Asian immigrants.
White immigrants in the past from Europe had readily integrated with American culture. This owed less to a common cultural heritage than to a lack of immigrants in any given area to develop the critical mass necessary to retain a language other than English. Whereas several large cities such as ew York and San Francisco retain Chinese or…
National Center for Educational Statistics (NCES) (1994). The condition of education: 1994. U.S. Department of Education, Washington, DC: NCES.
Following a cohort over time is one way of asking about the progress of groups. By plotting the progress of three foreign-born Hispanic age cohorts who entered the United States by 1980 and three native born Hispanic age groups, it is possible to evaluate the extent to which particular groups are making progress over time. The evaluation compares the proportion of the 20-29 age group who were middle class in 1980 with the proportion of those who were middle class when they were 30-39, 10 years later. Similarly, it can show how many of the age cohort 30-39, who were 40-49-10 years later, are middle class. In this analysis it is not possible to follow the individuals in an age cohort on a year to year basis, but it is possible to examine the group of 20- to 29-year-olds in 1980 and compare them with the 30-39 group ten years later, and then in turn to check that group ten years later still when they are 40-49. There will have been some deaths and some households will have migrated away, but the change in the aggregate is relatively small. Changes in the native-born will be greater for the oldest groups but mortality does not change much between 40 and 60 so we can feel relatively confident that we are capturing the overall changes in the relative economic position of the cohort. I also examine 20-29-year households in 1990 but I can only follow them until 1999. For the foreign-born, I control the cohort by examining the age group 10 years later only for those who had arrived by 1980. New arrivals are not included in the cohort.
How Immigrants Affect the Economy of the United States
Meng and Meurs (2009) examine the effects of intermarriage, language, and economic advantage. They find that immigrants who have some skill in the dominant language of the country to which they immigrate tend to intermarry and earn more income (Meng and Meurs). Marrying outside of one's culture may influence language acquisition due to social and economic needs to advance within the adopted culture.
Moua and Lamborn (2010) note that ethnic socialization practices by parents of immigrant adolescents strengthen the ethnic heritage connection between adolescent, parent, and ethnic community. These include native language use, marriage ties, taking part in cultural events, sharing history, and preparing traditional foods (Moua and Lamborn). As noted previously, immigrant parents tend to congregate in ethnic communities, where they are essentially immersed in the ethnic culture. The native language is often the most utilized if not the exclusive language in the home. However, children are acculturated into…
Akresh, I. "Contexts of English Language Use among Immigrants to the United States." International Migration Review (2007): 930-955.
Bacallao, M and P. Smokowski. "The Costs of Getting Ahead: Mexican Family System Changes After Immigration." Family Relations (2006): 52-66.
Blatchley, L and M. Lau. "Culturally Competent Assessment of English Language Learners for Special Education Services." Communique: Newspaper of National Association of School Psychologists May 2010: 1-8.
Bleakley, H and A. Chin. "Age at Arrival, English Proficiency, and Social Assimilation Among U.S. Immigrants." American Economic Journal of Applied Economics (2010): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2813069/pdf/nihms-132959.pdf .
The problems that these women have encountered have ranged from domestic issues to career issues to stereotypes. To solve these problems, the United Status must view them in the light of immigrant women.
Anderson, M.J. (1993, April). A License to Abuse: The Impact of Conditional Status on Female Immigrants. The Yale Law Journal 102(6). etrieved January 28, 2008, from No Status Quo. Web Site: http://www.nostatusquo.com/ACLU/anderson/brides/pg2.html
Grieco, E. (2002, May). Immigrant Women. etrieved January 28, 2008, from Migration Information Source. Web Site: http://www.migrationinformation.org/usfocus/display.cfm?ID=2
Jewish Women's Archive. (2009, January 27). Exhibit: Women of Valor, Emma Lazarus
Introduction. etrieved January 27, 2009, from the Jewish Women's Archive. Web site: http://jwa.org/exhibits/wov/lazarus/
Lee, a. (2008, March 10). Justice Denied for Battered Immigrant Women.
etrieved January 28, 2009, from the American Prospect. Web Site: http://www.prospect.org/cs/articles?
McDonnell, J. And de Lourenco, C.I., 2005-08-12 "Women's Stories: Brazilian
Immigrant Women as "Transnational" Migrants" Paper presented at…
Anderson, M.J. (1993, April). A License to Abuse: The Impact of Conditional Status on Female Immigrants. The Yale Law Journal 102(6). Retrieved January 28, 2008, from No Status Quo. Web Site: http://www.nostatusquo.com/ACLU/anderson/brides/pg2.html
Grieco, E. (2002, May). Immigrant Women. Retrieved January 28, 2008, from Migration Information Source. Web Site: http://www.migrationinformation.org/usfocus/display.cfm?ID=2
Jewish Women's Archive. (2009, January 27). Exhibit: Women of Valor, Emma Lazarus
Introduction. Retrieved January 27, 2009, from the Jewish Women's Archive. Web site: http://jwa.org/exhibits/wov/lazarus/
The economic divide is of primary concern because it has become a point of embittered debate. The average French citizen makes ten times that of the average North African immigrant. Industries such as hospitality and retail are almost completely closed to all North African immigrants, and channels of traditional education are much harder to break into for the immigrant class. All of this contributes to how much the North African immigrant class has suffered economically.
In addition to the socio-economic factors that institutionally affect immigrant integration, political participation plays an enormous role as well. Although the French government has an extremely strong democratic system, there are no MPs within congress who is of North African dissent. France's political system has done little other than fluff to attempt to integrate the North African immigrant class into mainstream society. From the educational perspective, North African demographics receive less educational funding and secondary…
If the foundations of the NLA are to be supported, the illegal worker will need to be provided with the complete display of NLA solutions. With that said, the tension still remains.
Statistics do show that illegal aliens are accounting for 21% of the foreign born populace in the U.S. In 2000 with that amount snowballing to 30% by 2005(Abraham, 2002). With numbers progressively going up each year, a lot have started asking why. They want to know where are the immigrants coming from and why are there so many of them that are allowed to come into the nation. Statistics display that Mexico is the major distributor of illegal and legal immigrants (http://cis.org/illegal). Statistics show that more than half of the Mexicans that are living in the U.S. In the year 2000 were illegitimate (odriguez, 2006). By 2004, 10.5 million illegal and legal immigrants that were Mexican…
Foreign sourcing decisions under the duty to bargain under the nlra. (1973). The International Executive (Pre-1986), 15(1), 17.
Abraham, S.E. (2002). The supervisory exclusion under the NLRA: Has the Supreme Court gone too far? Working USA, 6(1), 77-77.
Cimini, C.N. (2008). Ask, don't tell: Ethical issues surrounding undocumented workers' status in employment litigation. Stanford Law Review, 61(2), 355-415.
Delaney, J.T., Lewin, D., & Sockell, D. (1985). The NLRA at fifty: A research appraisal and agenda. Industrial & Labor Relations Review, 39(1), 46-46.
Education for Immigrant Children
The Importance of Education
The Immigrant Issue
The story of America as seen and known today has been built by immigrants. In fact, the motto of America is that it is a nation of immigrants. Yet many camps within today's society either look down on or fight against immigration. This is because illegal immigration from Central and Southern American nations have affected the way in which America works, and not always in a positive way. Though these individuals are not the only illegal immigrants in this country, they make up a very large population and, for this reason, many have found ways in which to attack this group of immigrants. Needless to say, this is a very 'hot' issue, and this is one of the reasons why it must be discussed and analyzed from an objective standpoint. One of the one hand, this paper will provide…
Barnes, E. (2010). Illegal Immigration Costs U.S. $113 Billion a Year, Study Finds. Fox News. Retrieved February 4, 2012, from .
Brennan, J. (1982). Plyler v. Doe. Legal Information Institute. Retrieved February 4, 2012, from .
Griffee, S.L. (2011). Are Children of Illegal Immigrants Entitled to a Public Education? New York Times. Retrieved February 4, 2012, from .
N.A. (2012). Illegal Immigration. U.S. Immigration Support. Retrieved February 4, 2012, from .
Hispanic Immigrants & Social Networks
Successful immigration of Hispanic persons to the U.S. involves much more than a shift in geographical location. or the purposes of this dissertation, 'successful immigration' denotes the successful establishment of an independent existence is the U.S., to include ease of motion within a familial, social, and political context, as facilitated by language acquisition and the development of trust in the democratic government. I consider this form of immigration successful based on past and current studies suggesting that Hispanic immigrants benefit from language acquisition and the development of political trust, while immigrants who do not learn the English language are limited in their ability to experience the American culture and, as a result, have difficulty functioning in this culture, which in turn discourages trust and supports alienation.
The term 'acculturation' refers to the process of adopting cultural attitudes, behavioral norms, values and beliefs not…
For example, while the Latino National Political Survey (LNPS) conducted in 1990 failed to measure the influence of family and civic ties on the development of trust, the Latino National Survey (LNS), conducted in 2006, included several cross-disciplinary variables -- to include family and civic ties -- however it stopped short of exploring the types of information communicated through these ties, to include information pertaining to the cultural and political climate.
Nonetheless, the cross-disciplinary nature of the LNS paved the way for further research into the influence of family and civic ties on the development of trust specific to Hispanic immigrants to the U.S. What is needed now, and what I will endeavor to present in the following pages, is a study that incorporates the findings of the LNS into a comprehensive look at the acculturation and institutional context variables that support or discourage political trust development.
The following dissertation examines the acculturation process of Hispanic-Americans in three parts: language acquisition, the potential for the development of depression, and the factors contributing to the development of political trust. As discussed in this introduction, each component of the process of acculturation informs the other, however the specific ways in which this information is passed has yet to be addressed. For example, while previous studies support the claim that language acquisition results in a more positive experience in social, educational and professional sectors, the incentives for learning language -- in addition to the sources of resistance to language -- remain unclear, or at the least incomprehensive. It is the purpose of this dissertation to present a comprehensive study of acculturation in the institution context of Mexico and the U.S., accounting for several cross-disciplinary factors, to include distance, gender, age, family and civic ties as influencing the three components of acculturation.
Therefore, the state is daily loosing important revenue that could help improve the financial situation of different Departments such as health care, social services, and even immigration policies. However, without this source of money, the federal budget would be forced to allocate funds from other destinations.
Thirdly, there is also the issue of workers' rights. In this sense, it is a rather well-known fact the idea that illegal workers are often exploited by employers by giving them wages that are below the normal tariffs. However, the inclusion of illegal workers as legal immigrants would grant them the rights each worker in the United States has. More precisely, "in past decades, labor unions often saw immigrant workers as the enemy, accusing them of depressing wages and breaking strikes. ut the executive council of the AFL-CIO adopted a more sympathetic approach, contending that too often U.S. immigration rules have enabled employers to…
Coalition for the future American worker. An Amnesty by Any Other Name is Still an Amnesty. N.d. 10 March 2008 http://www.americanworker.org/amnesty_handout2.htm
Greenhouse, Steven. "Unions Urge Amnesty for Illegal Immigrants Legalized workers would be easier for labor to organize." San Francisco Chronicle. 2000. 10 March 2008 http://www.commondreams.org/headlines/021700-02.htm
Isidore, Chris. Skilled worker shortage hurts U.S. Employers would be hiring more if they could just find the skilled workers they need. 2007. 10 March 2008. http://money.cnn.com/2007/01/04/news/economy/jobs_outlook/index.htm
Nation of Immigrants
America is sometimes referred to as a "nation of immigrants" because of our largely open-door policy toward accepting foreigners who pursuing their vision of the American Dream. Recently, there has been a clamor by some politicians and citizens toward creating predominantly closed-door policy on immigration, arguing that immigrants threaten American life by creating unemployment, taking jobs from American workers, using much-needed social security services, and encroaching on the American way of life. hile these statements seem valid for many, they are almost overwhelmingly false, and more than likely confused with the subject of illegal immigration. Immigrants actually enhance American life by creating, not taking jobs, bolster social service funds through tax payment, and bringing valuable technical knowledge and skills to our country.
Illegal immigration is defined as the trespassing across the national borders in a way that violates the immigration laws of the…
Farrell, Chris. "Imigration Can Fuel U.S. Innovation -- and Job Growth." Bloomberg Businessweek. July 19, 2010. 30 July 2011
Masters, B. "The Pros and Cons of Illegal Immigrants." National Public Radio. March 29, 2006. 30 July 2011.
Messerli, Joe. "Should America Maintain/Increase the Level of Legal Immigration?" BalancedPolitics.org. May, 18 2011. 30 July 2011.
"Pros And Cons Of Illegal Immigration." Iloveindia.com. (NDI). 30 July 2011.
According to the New York City Department of City Planning's publication, titled, "The Newest New Yorkers," between 1990 and 1994, some 925 Albanians immigrated to New York City, and between 1995 and 1996, Albanian immigration to New York City increased by 154.9%, largely due to the escalating violence in the region of Kosovo (Gorman pp).
There are many success stories among the Albanian immigrants, such as Haki Krasnigi from Kosovo (Casey pp). . He is the owner of Sal's Pizzeria. Although he comes from a country where pizza is mostly unheard of and dishes such as byrek and grosh are the norm, Krasnigi speaks Albanian in the kitchen and is very passionate concerning the fate of his native country (Casey pp). The 52-year-old immigrant is only one among scores of other Albanian immigrants who have discovered that twirling pizza dough is one way to succeed in America (Casey…
Casey, Michael. "Albanian Immigrants Spin Success."
The Record (Bergen County, NJ). June 12, 2001. Retrieved October 19, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.
Fischer, Bernd J. "Albanian refugees seeking political asylum in the United
States: process and problems." Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. January 01, 2005. Retrieved October 19, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.
Pat Mora -- "Curandera" and "Immigrants" -- are quite different and yet they both express the what it's like to be Latina and they detail experiences that are unique to Latinas in America.
"Curandera": A curandera is a woman of Latina ethnicity who practices folk medicine. In the poem, the curandera has bonded and her life has progressed with and is dependent upon nature -- the desert -- even though she lost her husband. Her craft is about healing, and the relationship to nature is powerfully presented around the theme of healing with folk medicine.
"Her days are slow, days of grinding dried snake into power, of crushing wild bees to mix with white wine." This could be suggesting monotony because she does the same thing every day, grinding and crushing, using the available resources of nature to help people heal. But the coyote and owl, too, do the same…
Mora, Pat. (1984). Curandera. Weber State University. Retrieved May 18, 2012, from http://faculty.weber.edu/kmackay/curandera_pat_mora_they_think_.htm.
Mora, Pat. (1986). Immigrants. Southwest Crossroads. Retrieved May 18, 2012, from http://southwestcrossroads.org .
Pinero, Miguel. (1997). A Lower Eastside Poem. All Poetry. Retrieved May 20, 2012, from http://allpoetry.com/poem/8582919-a?_lower_eastside_poem-by-miguel_pinero .
Pinero, Miguel. (1998). New York City Hard Times Blues. MP3 Skull. Retrieved May 19, 2012
Immigration and Immigrants
Applied Problem/Social Issue:
This paper discusses identity theory as a concept in sociological theory as related to immigration and immigrants. Should the United States continue to allow Immigrants to enter the U.S. seeking refuge and citizenship, when our nations states are already overly populated? Should Immigrants be allowed to enter the U.S. And work when there are hundreds of citizens and native-born Americans already unemployed and desperately searching for work? These are but a couple of questions that add to the conflicting messages immigrants and their children face in modern day society. They add to the increasingly complex problem of finding identity in a torn nation.
The United States is world known for its ethnic diversity, due in part to the immigration allowed over several years. Many people however, fail to find a means to foster inter-racial and ethnic identities, thus causing much conflict and a lack…
Dion, Kenneth. "Social Identity and Affect as Determinants of Collective Action: Toward an Integration of Relative Deprivation and Social Identity Theories," Theory & Psychology, 5, 1995.
Dion, Kenneth. "Gender and Acculturation in Relation to Traditionalism: Perceptions of Self and Parents among Chinese Students," Sex Roles 41(1/2), 1999 (co-author).
Herrmann, Katy. "Culture Contact." Russel Sage Foundation, March 10, 2003,
Kao, Grace. (1999). "Children of Immigrants: Health, Adjustment and Public Assistance." Journal of Psychological Well-Being and Education, Pp.410-477
Jurgis is filled with grief and despair when thinks of how "they had put their very souls into their payments on that house, they had paid for it with their sweat and tears -- yes, more, with their very lifeblood. " (Sinclair). Perhaps the most dreadful of all things is Ona's death. Her death marks a brand new low for Jurgis. Personal hardship is the backdrop for Jurgis' dream. He is learning that things do not always turn out the way we expect them to turn out. Jurgis is realizing that hard work and a good heart do not always lead toward wealth and a better life.
Jurgis also sees his American Dream die to the ways of socialism. As he begins to learn more about socialism, he gains a different sense of self. He is not shy about it and, in fact, he is very vocal about his beliefs.…
Sinclair. The Jungle. The Literature Network Online. Information Retrieved April 07, 2009.
But many other nationalities also saw a great many prejudices directed at them like the Polish, Russian, and other Baltic state immigrants. Events like the Red Scare sweeping across America as well as mass racism against our own citizens as black soldiers returned home from Europe.
There was more to this era than simply immigration into the United States from Europe. There was a strong migration period at the same time. For example, black Americans were beginning to migrate out of the southern states into the north for an opportunity to increase their wealth in northern cities like Chicago and Detroit. The Great Migration as it was known saw hundreds of thousands of Southern Blacks migrate to northern cities. ith that, new Black communities began to flourish in places like Harlem. But the negative side of the migration saw various race riots in cities like St. Louis and Houston.…
Ellis Island. (2005.) Migration. Retrieved on March 2, 2005, from Ed. Monroe K12 at http://www.monroe.k12.fl.us/kls/Immigration/EllisIsland/Ellisisland.htm .
SlaveryInAmerica. (2005) 369th Infantry Division of the United States Army. Retrieved on March 2, 2005, from http://www.slaveryinamerica.org/scripts/sia/glossary.cgi.
Make specific use of at least 3 separate texts in the paper, from the Unit's readings in the Making Connections: Reading American Cultures with accompanying CD-ROM, AIExplorer: Immigration and Migration (You may use the 2000 or 2001 edition of the text; you will need Version 1.2 or Version 1.3 of the CD-Rom)
George's marriage to Ella is his second one; his first wife was from an arranged marriage in Pakistan that left him unhappy. Yet he was able to incorporate aspects of development theory within his own life to find a new wife who he is (mostly) pleased with in a Western environment, and even owns a successful fish and chips restaurant. In his romantic life and in his economic life, George is able to evince some of the best qualities of development theory and modernization by taking his best assets and (literally) marrying them with those from a Western society to update and contemporize his life and his source of income.
However, what George does not take account of is the fact that he must allow the same degree of leniency from his religion and tradition that he permitted himself in marrying Ella to his children. In this sense, East is…
Intergenerational Conflict, Crime, and Delinquency
Becoming American for immigrant parents versus the second generation is something that has everything to do with leaving one's native place to integrate into another. First generation families experience that: they have those memories of the old country that they take with them. Second generation families do not have that: they have nothing else to compare their present situation to. They do not have the experience of being from any other place. To them, America is their native country. They may still be around family members who are first generation, who remember coming over to America, who speak of the old country and remember its customs -- but the second generation identifies mainly as American -- much more so than those who come to be American after spending some of their lives as something else. The transition for immigrant parents, then, is one that is…
Vallejo, Jody Agius. 2012. Barrios to Burbs: The Making of the Mexican-American
Middle Class. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.
Vigil, James; Yun, Steve; Cheng, Jesse. "A Shortcut to the American Dream?" Chapter
Economic Problems Faced by Mexican Immigrants
Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free... " (Lazarus) this excerpt from the inscription found on the statue of liberty represents the idealized version of American immigration. The reality of immigration for many foreign nationals, especially those from Mexico, is a completely different story. For most Mexican immigrants the road to the "American Dream" is an uphill climb, paved with economic, social, and linguistic (language) barriers.
Luis Rodriguez, the author of Always Running is no stranger to the reality of the American dream. His father, Poncho Rodriguez, immigrated to America from Mexico looking for a better life for his family. In America Poncho thought he could offer his children a life filled with dignity, hope, and promise. Instead, what Poncho found was a country filled with prejudice, economic ceilings (based on ethnicity), and poverty.
Camarota, Stephen A. "Labor Market Characteristics of Mexican Immigrants in the United States." Immigration from Mexico Assesing the Impact on the United States. 2001. Center for Immigration Studies. 3 June 2003. http://www.cis.org/articles/2001/mexico/labor.html
Camarota, Stephen A. "Poverty and Income." Immigration from Mexico Assesing the Impact on the United States. 2001. Center for Immigration Studies. 3 June 2003. http://www.cis.org/articles/2001/mexico/poverty.html
Le, CN. "The Model Minority." Asian Nation the Landscape of Asian America. 2001. 3 June 2003. http://www.asian-nation.org/model_minority.shtml
Rodriguez, Luis. Always Running La Vida Loca: Gnag Days in L.A.. New York: Shimon & Shuster, 1993.
The recent trend in international law and state practice has shown that in today's mobile world, the incidents of dual citizenships are only going to increase. It is felt that banning it in the United States will only continue a faulty notion, because if other countries are willing to issue passports there is nothing that can be done about it.
Another question that seems to get a lot of discussion is that of whether Americans are doing enough to ease the transition of new immigrants into our society. It appears that several things are being done across the country to ease the transition of the new immigrants. For example, in New York City, where 90% of cab drivers are foreign born, the Taxi and Limousine Commission boosted the industry by increasing the number of licensed cabs in the city. In the hotel industry, Marriott has done their part by offering…
Clark, Charles S. "The New Immigrants" CQ Researcher 24 March 1997:49-72.
immigration to the U.S. nd focuses on Charlotte North Carolina. The reader is given an foundational understanding of the INS and how it operates as well as information about immigrants in the Charlotte area, both documented and non-documented. There were four sources used to complete this paper.
INS the Immigrant Police
WHT IS THE INS?
The letters INS stand for Immigration and Naturalization Services. Its purpose is to document and legalize immigrants who come migrate to other nations to live and to work. The INS started in the 1800's when the government decided that merica had a policy of immigration that was to free and to open
fter certain states passed immigration laws following the Civil War, the Supreme Court in 1875 declared that regulation of immigration is a Federal responsibility. Thus, as the number of immigrants rose in the 1880s and economic conditions in some areas worsened, Congress began…
Arthur.C. "Hispanics Feel Economy Pinch ." AP Online; (2002): January.
Arthur.C. "Hispanics Feel Economy Pinch ." AP Online; (2002): January.
Arthur.C. "Hispanics Feel Economy Pinch ." AP Online; (2002): January.
Migration, Employment and UK Economy
Point 1: Perception and Reality do not always align
Duffy and Frere-Smith (2013) published their report on perception versus reality where immigration\'s impact on the UK labour market are concerned. The report highlighted several gaps between perception and reality, such as the composition of immigrants being largely asylum-seekers (most are students), and the fact that concerns about immigration have been rising recently. They also highlight that concerns are often surrounding impact on public service and benefits, but ignore positive elements like the tax contribution and economic benefits of immigrants.
This study supports the findings of Dustmann and Preston (2007), which held that residents of the UK were mostly concerned about the impacts of immigrants in terms of paying taxes and using the welfare system. They found two areas where such concerns were disconnected from reality. One being that such concerns were outsized in proportion to…
Race, Class, and the Immigrant Experience
Jose Angel N.’s “Illegal: Reflections of an Undocumented Immigrant” is a tale of an undocumented migrant whose circumstances typify the influence of the migration policy issue in shaping illegal migrants’ lives. Though the author earns upward economic and social mobility by doggedly pursuing education, his life is characterized by a shaky personal and legal limbo which serves to eclipse his occupational and academic successes. This stance definitely doesn’t convince all audiences of the need for a more empathetic immigration policy. In the end, the book might best function as a fine accompaniment to other undocumented migrant-related researches and literature for scholarly audiences (Emily 470). American migrant experiences are closely associated with individual migrants’ nationalities, socioeconomic standing and race. The writer bravely tackles a few stereotypes specific to Mexican migrants, in a candid and personal manner. Migrant stereotypes have remained a grave issue, whether…
Further the illegal aliens in the country are more than one quarter of the country's population. The controversy is mostly on illegal immigration, with over 11 million illegal residents in the U.S. Over 7 million legal migrants are recruited into important professional specialties. They also bring their relatives in, as in the case of Indians. (Swain, 16)
Though the Indian government does not give any special status to immigrants to the U.S. from India, there has been a spurt of immigrants from India to the Silicon Valley -- California. These immigrants are mostly selected for special skills and there are other immigrants who fill positions in services like nursing and doctors. The immigrants from India are mostly centered at Silicon Valley, the hub of computing and inventions. This is because immigrants from India come from some of the biggest and best electronics and engineering schools from India notably the IIT.…
Hardin, Garrett. The ostrich factor [electronic resource]: Our population myopia. Oxford University Press: New York, 1999.
Parekh, Bhikhu C; Singh, Gurharpal; Vertovec, Steven. Culture and Economy in the Indian
Diaspora: Transnationalism. Taylor & Francis: New York, 2003.
Unless the physicians can succinctly argue their case for care and services, the managed care entity will, for reasons of medical necessity, deny access to care and services.
What Cost-Added atio Based on Illegal Immigrant Population?
The argument by opponents that loopholes exist that would allow illegal immigrants to access Obama's proposed legislation on healthcare services is rendered moot in lieu of the fact that those illegal immigrants are currently receiving healthcare services Medicaid and through Immigration and Naturalization Services (INS). The Federal eimbursement of Emergency Health Services Furnished to Undocumented Aliens states:
"Section 1011 of the (Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act (MMA) (P.L. 108-173)) MMA appropriated $250 million dollars in FY 2005 through 2008 for payments to eligible providers for emergency health services provided to undocumented aliens and other non-specified citizens who are not eligible for Medicaid (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, 2009, found online, p.…
Birenbaum, A. (1997). Managed Care: Made in America, Praeger Publishers, Westport,
Birenbaum, A. (2002). Wounded Profession: American Medicine Enters the Age of Managed Care, Praeger Publishers, Westport, CT.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2009). Uninsured Americans: Newly
As a social worker, you should understand some of rights a refugee has under the law of the land and the international refugees' laws. For instance, under Article 33 of the Convention elating to the Status of efugees, it spells out clearly that a refugee is supposed not to be returned to his/her mother country where his/her life or freedom may be at risk on account of his/her religion, race, political opinion and nationality. Such are the fundamental laws which a social worker must be keen when handling a refugee (Capps, 2004).
Boundary issues can sometimes be a difficult subject. One of the roles of a social worker is to work with other stakeholders to ensure that all immigrant found within the borders of a country are taken care of. A social worker has the mandate to recommend to the immigration officers for deportation and can also stop…
National Association of Social Workers. (2009). Immigrants and Refugees. In Social work speaks (8 ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Capps, R., & Passel, J. (2004). Describing immigrant communities. Retrieved January 31, 2012, from www.fcd-us.org/usr_doc/DescribingImmigrant Communitites.pdf
Balgopal, P.R. (2000). Social work practice with immigrants and refugees. New York: Columbia University Press.
social issue that I want to discuss is that of illegal immigration, particularly where it pertains to families. Undocumented migrants face numerous social and legal challenges in America, but first and foremost they are human beings, and they are only here to seek a better life. Yet, the conditions under which they come are often trying. Many are virtual slaves, others struggle with the lack of access to public services, housing, and employment. In many instances there are children involved. There is also an element of social advocacy with respect to this issue --one need not look any further than protests in the past year or two in border states that targeted undocumented children to see how vulnerable this population is. Politically, the issue of undocumented immigrants might be highly-charged, but for the field of social work it is a human issue. These are people, after all, and the challenges…
Cleaveland, C. (2010). We are not criminals: Social work advocacy and unauthorized migrants. Social Work. Vol. 55 (1) 74-81.
Furman, R., Ackerman, A., Loya, M., Jones, S. & Negi, N. (2012). The criminalization of immigration: Value conflicts for the social work profession. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare. Vol. 39 (1) 169-185.
United States of America Anti-Immigrant Orders
In the recent times, the public has been regularly discussing about The United States immigration law. This law which is meant to rule over the movement of immigrants into a country that only belongs to God has been put in the public eye, as a result of the amendments which have been added to it especially after the current administration of Donald Trump was incepted. In a period of less than two years into Donald Trump’s term, immigration has been highly limited with some people being permanently banned from migrating into the country. This law has been taken as biased and unjust by analysts and other stakeholders because it is associated with religious and racial undertones.
As he strove towards eliminating terrorists from other countries in USA, the president has developed multiple executive bills on immigration. These orders inclusive of the one about border…
hile they may be looking to become citizens, they must watch out for individuals from all sides that might be out to get them. http://www.aspendailynews.com/section/home/128789
Not all immigrant experiences are negative. A story in the Aspen Daily News focuses on a small and growing Mexican community in Basalt, Colorado. A mobile home park, it is what the paper refers to as an "epicenter" (Travers) News of the growing Hispanic community. The article interviews Jose, an immigrant with three children. Jose ended up in Basalt because he heard there were many job opportunities there. hile Jose does not have papers, he does pay taxes. He is proud of being a good citizen and the threat of "being deported by Immigration authorities is worth the benefits my family is reaping here" (Travers). Parts of those benefits include a close-knit community.
The community is not without tensions, however. Not long ago,…
Travers, Andrew. "Basalt's Barrio." Aspen Daily News Online. Site Accessed August 18, 2008. http://www.aspendailynews.com/section/home/128789
II. HOW DID NATIVISTS DEFINE BEING AMERICAN
It was the firm belief of the Nativists, which were a sociopolitical party in America that being born in America was the favored form of citizenship and that the perpetuation of cultural traits was in direct opposition to acculturation into the American society. It was the belief of the Nativists that being American was to have the same mind as those born in America and that those coming from other countries brought a completely different mindset with them. Being an American according to the Nativists meant that the individuals were born and taught in the ways of thinking in the country of America and they believed that it would take many years for the immigrants to become a true American in their way of thinking, religious worship and beliefs.
III. SIMILARITIES BETWEEN DISCRIMINATION
The discrimination of the free African-American and the discrimination against…
Immigration can be defined as the voluntary movement of non-native persons into a different country with the goal of settling and living there (Boneva & Frieze, 2001). The major reasons that people immigrate from one country to another is that they want to improve the quality of their lives, improve the future prospects for their families, or to be closer to family or close friends (Boneva & Frieze, 2001; Skrbis, 2008). Illegal immigration has been a problem in large countries like the United States that border on other countries where the standard of living is significantly lower (such as the case of the United States and Mexico). People find these relatively unprotected borders easy to transverse and are motivated to do so by the promise of a better life for them and their families. When large numbers of people legally immigrate to another country barriers are created between the immigrants…
Boneva, B.S., & Frieze, I.H. (2001). Toward a concept of a migrant personality. Journal of Social Issues, 57(3), 477-491.
Hoeing, J. (2013). Immigration benefits America. In Capitaistpig. Retrieved on July 1, 2015
from http://capitalistpig.com/news-media/open-immigration-benefits-america/ .
Ngai, M.M. (2014). Impossible Subjects: Illegal Aliens and the Making of Modern America:
Their Impacts on Immigrants in 19th Century
Settlement Houses were an attempt of socially reforming the society in the late nineteenth century and the movement related to it was a process of helping the poor in urban areas adopting their modes of life by living among them and serving them while staying with them. What today's youth would know as a Community Center, 'Settlement Houses' initially sprang up in the 1880's? At these facilities, higher educated singles would move to Settlement Houses and get to personally know the neighborhood and immigrant people that they were converting, studying, and/or teaching. Working together, they passed labor laws and changed the way the U.S. does business. Where these educated professionals stayed with the community and served them, the main intent of these reforms was to transfer this responsibility of social welfare to the government in the long-run.
An interesting fact…
Axinn, June, and Herman Levin. Social Welfare: A History of the American Response to Need. 4th ed. White Plains, N.Y.: Longman, 1997.
Crocker, Ruth Hutchinson. "THE SETTLEMENTS: SOCIAL WORK, CULTURE, AND IDEOLOGY IN THE PROGRESSIVE ERA.." History Of Education Quarterly 31, no. 2 (Spring1991): 253-260.
Davis, Allen F. Spearheads for Reform: The Social Settlements and the Progressive Movement, 1890 -- 1914. New York: Oxford University Press, 1967.
Harvard University Library Open Collections Program, "Immigration to the United / states, 1789-1930, Settlement House Movement." Accessed June 3, 2012. http://ocp.hul.harvard.edu/immigration/settlement.html
It is interesting to note that most of the workers in the Chicago stockyards in 1906 were immigrants, just as today, and they had their rights trampled in much the same way many of the plants are accused of violating rights even today. Thus, the safety and human rights issues may have improved, but certainly not as much as one would think they would have. I believe many of the corporations are still mired in greed and corruption just as they were at the turn of the 20th century, and they will never change unless they are forced to change by the people and stricter laws. It is clear that reports and sanctions do not make a difference; they simply dispute them and continue to subjugate and mistreat their workers. They may think they have advanced from the time of Sinclair's powerful novel, but indeed they have not, which is…
Editors. "Meatpacking Safety Rules Miss Mark, Workers Still Face Risks, Study Says." Lincoln Star - Herald. 15 Nov. 2006. 1 Dec. 2007. http://www.starherald.com/site/index.cfm?newsid=17473175&BRD=484&PAG=461&dept_id=553250&rfi=8
Gonzalez, Cindy. Group Criticizes Packers: Meat Industry Officials Dismiss Human Rights Watch Report Recommendations. Omaha World - Herald. 26 Jan. 2005. 01.B.
Sinclair, Upton. The Jungle. New York: Doubleday, Page, 1906.
Political Party Machines and Immigration in 19th Century America
After a bitterly contested evolution ended in the liberation of England's former colonies, the fledgling American nation embarked on the precarious path towards a style of democratic governance that had never been enacted on so large a scale. While the latter part of the 18th century was defined by political idealism, as exemplified by contributions made by our nation's Founding Fathers, the 19th century soon gave rise to an insidious process of power consolidation and voter exploitation. The egalitarian political parties envisioned during the heady days of American Independence devolved into institutional party machines, typified by widespread corruption, fraudulent activities, autocratic rule, and a blatant disregard for the foundational importance of democracy. The most effective political party machines during the 19th century were ran ruthlessly by so-called "bosses," or political titans who maintained control over their jurisdiction through a combination of…
Judd, D., & Swanstrom, T. (2008). City politics. (8th ed.). New York, NY: Pearson Education.
ole of immigant wokes in the development of U.S. business industy.
Examine elevant infomation fo suppoting the idea that immigants played a pivotal ole in ceating Ameican industy.
Immigants played a significant ole in ceating Ameican industy and business.
Immigant Wokes: An In-depth Study of Thei Role in U.S. Business and Industy
Statement of Pupose: I plan to implement a study of the pivotal ole that immigants played in developing Ameican business and industy.
I will conduct a compehensive study that can suppot my theoy that immigation played a significant ole in the development of the Ameican economy as we know it today.
Methodology: I will eview elevant and cuent infomation that will include an oveview of seveal key figues in industy that immigated to the United States.
Expected Findings: I anticipate that my findings will identify immigants as a fomidable foce in U.S. business.
references for this research, including reviewing historical material, articles, books and any preliminary studies that may have already been completed. I will use the Internet, the library and investigate other avenues of information once I begin to delve into this topic.
Today, those workers and millions more are being supported by many politicians in the quest to gain legal status and if that legal status is gained the unionization of those workers will be extremely powerful.
Why has the growth of Hispanics' union membership failed even to keep pace with their employment growth (and thereby depressed their union density)? ecent research on Hispanic employment issues suggests that factors like immigration status, duration of U.S. residence, English-language skills, and nationality may be important parts of any explanation (Defreitas, 2003)."
At this time the number of illegal immigrants in America appears to be harming unionization because they cannot come out from the shadows and be heard, however, once reforms are passed and put into effect the unions of this nation will experience a surge of membership and strength that has not been rivaled in the nation's history.
The strength will be gained because…
Defreitas, Gregory (2003) Unionization among racial and ethnic minorities.
Industrial and Labor Relations Review
Imberman, Woodruff (2004) Immigration reform = unionization.(Power Lunch)
David Jones a Welsh immigrant, founded this departmental store in 1838 in Australia. With a vision to trade in the best and most exclusive goods as well as stocking goods tha embraces everyday wants of mankind at large, his store performed well. This store was located along the main street of Sydney and attracted both gentry and country settlers. They purchased goods such as buckskins, ginghams, fabrics, silk and other goods. David Jones later retired and handed the running of the store to his partners. This move was unsuccessful as the store underperformed with his exit. He came back from retirement borrowed heavily and recreated the stores success. At present David Jones is the oldest department store in Australia as well as in the world still in business using the original trade name (David Jones, 2012).
The board of directors as at March 2012 comprised 8 members under…
Australian Security Exchange. (2012). David Jones Limited. Retrieved April 24, 2012, from www.asx.com.au.
David Jones . (2012). Coperate Governance . Retrieved from www.davidjones.com.au: http:/ / www.davidjones, com.au
Illegal and often even legal immigrants are all too often looked upon in the these days as parasites with dark skin, too many children and no desire to learn English, as people who will come and take away jobs from "real" Americans. Such stereotypes about immigrants have been responsible for anti-immigration passed recently, such as the passage in California of Proposition 187, which was based on the assumption that illegal immigrants are an overall drawn on the economy, not only taking away jobs from U.S. citizens gut drawing from the public coffers more in social services than they return in the form of taxes paid. However, this has been found not to be the case (Scheer, 2000, p. B5). However, even if immigrants did cost the country a substantial amount in terms of social services, which they do not, they would still make immeasurable contributions to our culture, giving a…
Personality Development in Immigrant Children
Personality development is one of the most commonly researched areas of psychology. At first blush, the relation between personality and the cognitive development of immigrant children may appear somewhat nebulous. However, as contemporary research moves ever closer to an integrative approach, the fields of social and biological science -- once regarded as discrete disciplines -- are merging like the overlapping disks of a Venn diagram.
The cognitive development of children has historically been analyzed through the lens of nature-nurture theorists. The utility of this line of thought weakens under the brilliant new discoveries in the field of neuroscience, and cognitive psychologists have deepened and broadened their inquiries to encompass new findings that point to a greater integration of disciplines.
This discussion will touch on the influence that classic theories of personality development have on contemporary personality theory, referencing seminal work by pioneers in psychology and…
Almy, M. (1976). Review of 'Memory and intelligence; Understanding causality;' and' The origin of the idea of chance in children'. American Journal Of Orthopsychiatry, 46(1), 174-177. doi:10.1111/j.1939-0025.1976.tb01239.x
Baxter, G.D., & Rarick, C.A. (1987). Education for the moral development of managers: Kohlberg's stages of moral development and integrative education. Journal of Business Ethics, 6(3), 243. Retrieved http://search.proquest.com/docview/198088703?accountid=25340
Bandura, Albert (2001, February). Social cognitive theory: An agentic perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 52 (1), 1 -- 26.
Berry, J.W., Phinney, J.S., Sam, D.L., & Vedder, P. (2006). Immigrant Youth: Acculturation, Identity, and Adaptation. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 55(3), 303-332. doi:10.1111/j.1464-0597.2006.00256.x
Latin Americans in the United States
Labor immigrants formed the bulk of foreign workers in search of menial and low paying jobs. Mexicans occurred as the dominant Latin group in this category. The level of the minimum wage, approximately $4.25, about six times higher than that in Mexico lured most of the laborers from their native lands (Portes and Rumbaut 20). Demand for foreign laborers, especially those from Mexico depicts the desired attributes of the laborers that include motivation, reliability, diligence, and willingness to work for low pay. The higher wages in the U.S. enables immigrants to plow back in various investments, and the support of families left back at home. 'Yield' obtained through wages also goes to consumption and upgrade of the social status of the immigrants. After accumulation of enough savings, most of the immigrants return home to gain a position of social respectability.
Logan, John. How Race Counts for Hispanic-Americans. pp 471-484
Portes, Alejandro and Rumbaut, Ruben. Chapter 1 "Who they are and why they come" in Legacies: The Story of the Immigrant Second Generation. California: University of California Press, 2001: 1-27
Black Studies- Social Issues
Italian Immigrants in America
There was modest Italian emigration to the United States prior to 1870. Nevertheless, Italy was one of the most overfull nations in Europe and a lot started to think about the option of leaving Italy to flee small wages and elevated taxes. The majority of these immigrants were from rural neighborhoods with very little schooling (Italian Immigration, n.d.). Throughout the mass emigration from Italy from 1876 to 1976, the U.S. was the biggest sole recipient of Italian immigrants around the world. In 1850, less than four thousand Italians were reported to be in the U.S. Nevertheless in 1880, only four years after the arrival of Italian immigrants, the population escalated to forty-four thousand, and by 1900, to over four hundred thousand. From 1880 to 1900, southern Italian immigrants became the main Italian immigrant and remained that way all through the mass migration.…
Colella, Nicola. (n.d.). Southern Italian Immigration. Retrieved from http://www.italiamerica.org/id49.htm
Italian Immigration. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAEitaly.htm
The Italians. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://library.thinkquest.org/20619/Italian.html
The Story of Italian Immigration. (2008). Retrieved from http://www.ailf.org/awards/benefit2004/ahp04essay.asp
These problems persist to this day, but were especially prevalent in the 1980s; Chinese immigrants were brought into the country illegally by smugglers that often sold them into slavery in the underworld of American society, or that delivered them penniless, starving, and often barely alive (or not alive at all) to fend for themselves (Kyle & Koslowski 2001; Chen 1999). Horror stories became a reason to avoid emigrating to the United States, but both legal and illegal immigration from China to America continued to rise during this decade.
An ongoing problem that would-be Chinese immigrants have faced, including through the 1990s and into the current decades, is the control of both internal and external migration by the Chinese government (Au & Henderson 2005). This, coupled with an immigration policy that many still view as restrictive of Chinese immigration (though on amore subtle and therefore more insidious level than the previous…
Au, C. & Henderson, J. (2005). How migration restrictions limit agglomeration and productivity in China." Journal of developmental economics 80(2): 350-88.
Chen, E. (2010). Encyclopedia of Asian-American Issues Today, Volume 1. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.
Chin, K. (1999). Smuggled Chinese: Clandestine immigration to the United States. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Kyle, D. & Koslowski, R. (2001). Global human smuggling: Comparative perspectives. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.