Interdependence Essays (Examples)

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IR Econ Todaro Notes That

Words: 3235 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26144276

165) and he argued for a change in consciousness to go along with the economic globalization. Arias argued that the current climate is not interdependent, but actually fiercely independent and insular and moreover dedicated to self-aggrandizement, not cooperation to spread economic justice around the globe. Other voices are also arguing this, again presupposing that globalization is no longer an issue, but a fact, but that the globalization that exists is one of independence, not interdependence. Two of those voices specifically argue the twin issues of social justice in global interdependence, and ethics.

Social justice as a measure of global interdependence

Polack proposes that currently, "social work is confronted with a global system in which the world's people are bound together in a complex web of economic relationships. People's lives are now linked to lives of distant others through the clothes that they wear, the energy that warms them, and even…… [Read More]

References

Bartholomew, S. (1997). National systems of biotechnology innovation: Complex interdependence in the global system. Journal of International Business Studies, 28(2), 241+. Retrieved March 14, 2005, from Questia database, http://www.questia.com.

Breitenfellner, a. (1997). Global unionism: A potential player. International Labour Review, 136(4), 531+. Retrieved March 14, 2005, from Questia database, http://www.questia.com.

Ohmae, Kenichi. 1990. The borderless world. New York: Harper Business.

Polack, R.J. (2004). Social justice and the global economy: New Challenges for Social Work in the 21st Century. Social Work, 49(2), 281+. Retrieved March 14, 2005, from Questia database, http://www.questia.com.
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Legitimization and Effectiveness of Denationalization

Words: 3695 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18568595

" (Zurn, 2004)

VII. GATT

Zurn (2004) states of GATT that this regime is a primary example of an international institution in the traditional sense in that the form of GATT regulation has three features, which are distinctive as follows:

1) the states are the ultimate and exclusive addressees of the regulation. They are issued with directives not to increase customs tariffs or to apply them in a discriminating way. The objective of the regulation is therefore to influence state behavior in order to solve the problem in question.

2) Such regulations take effect at the borders between states, and in this sense, they primarily constitute a form of interface management, regulating the transit of goods and bads out of one national society into another.

3) There exists a relatively high degree of certainty as to the effects of such regulations. The actors are able to make relatively precise, empirically…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Denationalize (2008) Merriam-Webster. Online available at http://mw1.m-w.com/dictionary/denationalization.

Isiksal, Huseyin (2004) to What Extent Complex Interdependence Theorists Challenge to Structural Realist School of International Relations. Alternatives Turkish Journal of International Relations. Summer & Fall 2004. Vol. 3 No. 2 and 3. Online available at http://www.alternativesjournal.net/volume3/number2/huseyin5.pdf

Zurn, Michael (2004) Global Governance and Legitimacy Problems. Institute for Intercultural and International Studies. University of Bremen. Project: The G-20 Architecture in 2020 - Securing a Legitimate Role for the G-20. 29 Feb 2004. IDRC, Ottawa. Online available at http://www.l20.org/publications/25_pN_g20_ottawa_zuern.pdf

Zangl, Bernhard and Zurn, Michael (1998) the Effects of Denationalization on Security in the OECD World. The Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies. Occasional Paper. Dec 1998. Online available at http://www.nd.edu/~krocinst/ocpapers/op_15_2.pdf
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Culture Leadership and Organizations

Words: 1041 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65386748

Assume that you are the CEO of a multi-national company. What is the first thing you consider when selecting a model to use in an upcoming cross-cultural merger, joint venture, or acquisition? Why? How will this consideration assist you in selecting the best model for the situation?

Being the CEO of a multi-national company, the primary thing I would first and foremost take into consideration when choosing a model in a forthcoming cross-cultural merger is the cultural aloofness that exists between my organization's culture and the other company. The fundamental reason for doing so is because in instances of a merger, joint venture or acquisition, more often than not, the players from one end of the merging organization hold dissimilar perspectives, beliefs and points of view of the organizational culture (Graen, 2006). Therefore, by getting into a joint venture, merger or acquisition devoid of comprehensively integrating the differing cultural views,…… [Read More]

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Leadership and Strategy Question 1

Words: 1477 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73851418

For example a
monitoring surveillance strategy could tell a nation that they need more
heart specialists and possibly an entire medical clinic dedicated to heart
disease to treat both their aging population and the emergencies more
elderly visitors to their nation experience.
Conversely an evaluation strategy of surveillance would look at the
processes in use throughout the emergency room and see which are performing
well, which aren't and what can be done to make the processes physicians
and nurses use to treat patients more efficient. The underlying difference
then of an evaluation versus a monitoring strategy is the focus on
improvement to a specific goal or objective. Evaluation strategies of
surveillance focus on progress to a specific goal or objective first, while
monitoring strategies seek often to quantify the behavior of any process,
procedure or approach to treatment from a healthcare perspective.
Question 3 Response
In the nation you serve…… [Read More]

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Balloon Factory Cameron Balloon Simulation What Did

Words: 568 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46195049

Balloon Factory

Cameron Balloon Simulation

What did you learn about Cameron Balloons business process?

Perhaps the most compelling point of interest in this simulation was the indication that Cameron Balloons employs a consistent workflow process that nonetheless maintains the flexibility for innovation. As one moves through the work-flow simulation, one can see that the development of a Balloon Concept is the initial step and includes the input of the customer, the graphic design and the sales team. As the overview of the company denotes, Cameron is responsible for 80% of the uniquely shaped non-spherical balloons in flight today. The initial phase of the workflow demonstrates that this creativity is facilitated by an interconnectedness between client, concept developers and those who will ultimately be charged with pricing the output from this concept. I found this to be an extremely compelling balance between a standardized process and the output of innovation.

Briefly…… [Read More]

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Declaration of Human Rights How

Words: 1074 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59848578

In that regard, the university strives to ensure that it creates an environment conducive to the exchange of meaningful information.

The Declaration's Article 26 clearly points out that "everyone has a right to education" (UDHR). In this case, the Declaration recommends that the accessibility of higher education be enhanced. Further, in the second part of Article 26, the Declaration states in no uncertain terms that:

Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups… (UDHR)

Saint Leo's core value of community attempts to establish a spirit of interdependence, unity as well as belonging. By ensuring that the relations between people are based on respect and mutual trust, the University succeeds in promoting tolerance. This in my opinion is in line with…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Saint Leo University. "The First Florida Catholic University: Mission and Values." Saint Leo University. N.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2013.

Smith, Rhona. Textbook on International Human Rights. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. Print.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights -- UDHR. "The Universal Declaration of Human Rights." United Nations. N.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2013.
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Group Behavior the Group in

Words: 888 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70104293



The maintenance roles help to support the creative side, which is a task that can be high risk at times (Benne & Sheats, 1978). The work that the junior members do in providing support to the creatives while simultaneously challenging them to develop stronger ideas is one of the reasons that the shop's output is so highly regarded.

This group has a significant amount of trust. The different members have built this trust over the course of years and multiple projects. ith this trust, however, they are able to be stronger, in particular with task roles. Assumptions are challenged frequently, in particular with regards to the outcomes sought by the customers. The group views this is value added to the customer, by refining a vague customer concept into something that is actionable for the advertising firm.

The high level of trust that the group members have in one another allows…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Baltes, B.; Dickson, M.; Sherman, M.; Bauer, C.; LaGanke, J. (2002). Computer-mediated communication and group decision-making: A meta-analysis. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. Vol. 87 (1) 156-179.

Benne, K & Sheats, P. (1978) Shared experiences in human communication: Functional roles of group members. Hayden Publishing.
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OB A The Two Teams

Words: 957 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50277498

One of the biggest problems we have in this situation is that the two shifts are competing, rather than working together. To better align the objectives of the lunch shift with the objectives of the dinner shift, I will create a reward system. Achievement is a higher order of motivation and can therefore be highly effective.

The reward system would be store-wide so that all shifts understand that we are all working together for a common goal. At present, the only sense of motivation that any individual shift has is towards their own basic goals. By providing for a higher level of achievement, I will align each shift with an overall objective. I will, however, also maintain shift-level objectives. To do this, I will focus motivation on goal orientation. Each shift will have specific achievement objectives. By doing this, I will leverage the inherent competitiveness of the lunch shift. They…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Thomas, Kenneth W. & Kilmann, Ralph H. (1974) Conflict and Conflict Management. Kilmann.com Retrieved December 11, 2008 at http://www.kilmann.com/conflict.html
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J E Rischard the World-Bank's Vice

Words: 2838 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2840285

The growing need for interdisciplinary education in the sciences has been recognized, as well, since students have often limited themselves to a specialized field without gaining the required skill sets to undertake broader issues.

As the world becomes more complex, technology faster and business increasingly competitive, organizations are going to need "enaissance people" who have a broad background in different areas, so they can clearly see the gestalt of a situation. When they are too pigeonholed, they will have more difficulty recognizing other avenues, making changes on a regular basis, or assume other roles when needed.

Within North America, traditional corporate structure used to be tightly hierarchal and segregated. Decisions were made by a very few individuals on top of the organizational pyramid. Today, organizations that are made up of narrow functional middle managers working within vertical and functional aligned departments are changing their structure or dying out. These layered…… [Read More]

References

Ethics in Practice (Hardcover)

Andrews, Kenneth. Ethics in Practice. Cambridge: Harvard Business School Press, 1989.

Folson, Burton Entrepreneurs vs. The State: A New Look at the Rise of Big Business in America, 1840 -- 1920. Herndon, VA: Young America's Foundation, (1987).

Glatthorn, a. Developing a quality curriculum. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1994.
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Technology Conduct a Technology Analysis Organization 1 What

Words: 869 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10064819

Technology Conduct a technology analysis organization. 1.hat kinds good services organization produce? Are input, conversion, output activities source greatest uncertainty organization? 2.hat role technology form knowledge play production organization's goods services? 3.

Apple's recent technological advancement propelled the company into the group of the most profitable institutions ever. The fact that the organization expanded its focus to incorporate the mobile market played an important role in making it possible for it to market its products to a much wider audience. The fact that Apple have traditionally used their products as a means to get customers to stay with them when considering future purchases is also supported by the organization's involvement in the mobile market. Apple's value is largely owed to the combination of its sub-brands, taking into account that each of the 'i' products contributes to the company's overall success.

Technological know-how plays an essential role in assisting the company…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Daft, Richard L., "Understanding Management," (Cengage Learning, 01.01.2008)

Morrisey, Sean, "iOS Forensic Analysis: for iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch," (Apress, 21.12.2010)

Pont, Simon, "The Better Mousetrap: Brand Invention in a Media Democracy," (Kogan Page Publishers, 03.11.2012)
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Friedman vs Duiker The Dell

Words: 909 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90993761



William Duiker's "fragmentation" argument, found in his Contemporary World History, Fifth Edition (Duiker), acknowledges the fact of globalization and states that Friedman's discussion about the impact of globalization is "stimulating" (Duiker 351). Simultaneously, Duiker believes that there is a reaction to globalization. Duiker believes that societies will react to the globalization trend by trying to preserve: local interests such as local businesses and jobs; their identities; and their senses of meaning and purpose (Duiker 342). This argument also appears to be quite logical without contradicting Friedman's theory. For example, the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) among the United States, Canada and Mexico is designed to eliminate investment and trade barriers among those nations, essentially opening up all three countries to further economic globalization (Friedman 229-230). Simultaneously, the local reaction within the United States, for one, was angry protest by American laborers and labor unions because NAFTA would cause the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Duiker, William J. Contemporary World History, Fifth Edition. Boston, MA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, 2010. Print.

Friedman, Thomas L. The World is Flat 3.0: A Brief History of the Twenty-first Century. New York, NY: Picador, 2007. Print.

Siry, Joseph V. "Population." 2 February 2013. Encyclopedia of Earth. Web. 27 April 2013.
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Due to the Fact That the Concepts

Words: 648 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 334870

due to the fact that the concepts explained are intangible in nature and therefore, they can be transferred and inserted in a variety of different situations. The explanation of habits appears to be accurate as well as insightful. Many times habits have negative connotations associated with them, during this reading however habits are described as positive building tools. By understanding the composition and make up of habits one can come to better control them and use them for positive growth in different areas or aspects of life. As described by the author, a habit is "the intersection of knowledge, skill and desire" (Covey 47). The author explains that in order for habits to be effective and positive all three of the above mentioned components are required. First one must understand the role of knowledge in the equation. Knowledge is described as knowing "what to do" and why. Skill is described…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Covey, Stephen R. The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People: Restoring the Character Ethic. New York: Fireside Book, 1990. Print.
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Team Conflicts

Words: 1149 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42512450

Team Conflict Situation

Psychology

For the purpose of this paper, I am a leader of a team that is working together to complete a project of significance. Unfortunately, but not surprisingly, there is a conflict between members of my group. The conflict is escalating, which is problematic, as the deadline for the project is approaching and again, the project holds significance for us and the company for which we work. The nature of the conflict among the group members has to do with the high degree of task interdependence for this particular project. Something that is an unfortunate, regular occurrence in group projects is that some of the group members feel overworked and that they have become responsible for the majority of the work on the project. This is another aspect of the team conflict I must address as leader of this group. Besides myself, the team members are women…… [Read More]

References:

Behfar, K.J., Peterson, R.S., Mannix, E.A., & Trochim, W.M.K. (2008). The Critical Role of Conflict Resolution in Teams: A Close Look at the Links Between Conflict Type, Conflict Management Strategies, and Team Outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(1), 170 -- 188.

Bradley, B.H., Klotz, A.C., Postlethwaite, B.E., & Brown, K.G. (2013). Ready to Rumble: How Team Personality Composition and Task Conflict Interact to Improve Performace. Journal of Applied Psychology, 98(2), 385 -- 392.

Somech, A., Desivilya, H.S., & Lidogoster, H. (2009). Team conflict management and team effectiveness: the effects of task interdependence and team identification. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 30, 359 -- 378.
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Personality and Communication Styles in the Workplace

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78303262

71) points out, "Excessive concern for economic development and materialism during a major part of the last century in most of the countries of the world relegated values having bearing on the qualitative aspect of life to the background." He notes that organizations are now taking a greater interest in the relevance of the quality of work life. Parker was delighted with her higher salary but felt the money would not be worth it unless she felt good about her work and her workplace. Ilies, Scott & Judge (2006, p. 561) point out that there is an increasing amount of research being done with respect to work behavior that goes beyond traditional measures of job performance. They found that people with positive affect and agreeable personalities exhibited greater levels of citizenship than people deemed less agreeable, or even disagreeable.

Parker's co-workers would probably all agree that she has a positive…… [Read More]

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Communication Theory Social Penetration Theory

Words: 881 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24624682



2. elational Dialectics Theory

elational dialectics theory is defined as an "interpretive theory of meaning-making in familial and non-kin relationships" (Baxter a.L., 2008). The dialectical process of thinking increases in a major manner our general view of the conceptual framework on life and relationships that we form in life. Through the dialectical view, we are able to see what we could not see before in relationships, as well as seeing afresh the things that we saw at a surface level. The theory is very instrumental in crisis or conflict solution and mediation between two conflicting parties.

The dialectical theory has employed four approaches mainly in solving dialectical tensions described as follows:

(a). Totality; which recognizes that contradiction is part and parcel of the human existence and cannot be understood in isolation. It says that dialectics are related intrinsically to each other. Therefore there is a great interdependence of people in…… [Read More]

References

Counseling Central, (2011). Counseling Definition of the Week: Self-Disclosure. Retrieved March 2, 2011 from http://counsellingcentral.com/counselling-definition-of-the-week-self-disclosure/

Taylor D. & Altman I., (2008). Social Penetration Theory. Retrieved March 2, 2011 from http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/900829/social_penetration_theory.html?cat=72

Baxter a.L., (2008). Relational Dialectics. Retrieved March 2, 2011 from  http://www.communicationencyclopedia.com/public/tocnode?id=g9781405131995_yr2011_chunk_g978140513199523_ss24-1
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Group Management Organizations Are More

Words: 2115 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93561670

57). Although both teams and work groups are similar, there are some instances in which one is better suited than the other, and these issues are discussed further below.

6.

elative effectiveness of work groups compared to teams.

While some authorities suggest that team and work groups share a sufficient number of commonalities to make them indistinguishable, there are some situations in which work groups may be more effective if they are defined within certain categories (Biech, 2001). In this regard, Lewis (2001) reports that a useful definition of team is "a group of people who work together to achieve a common goal. Unless they collaborate and cooperate with each other, they cannot achieve the goal because it is too big for any one of them to accomplish individually" (p. 410). Although this general definition could well fit most work groups as well, there are some distinguishing characteristics involved. According…… [Read More]

References

Biech, E. (2001). The Pfeiffer book of successful team-building tools: Best of the annuals.

San Francisco: Jossey-Bass/Pfeiffer.

Kristof, A.L. (1999). Person-organization fit: an integrative review of its conceptualizations, measurement, and implications. Personnel Psychology, 49(10, 1-2.

Kruppa, R. & Media, A.K. (2005). Group dynamics in the formation of a Phd cohort: a reflection in experiencing while learning organizational development theory.
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Ecumene Eurasian Ecumene in the

Words: 324 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67506309

By this time, religious differences had ceased to matter quite as much, but technology was still an inhibiting factor, especially when it came to facilitating trade (Lewis & igen).

The improvement of sailing and the increased navigation that began occurring around 1400 A.D. opened up new trade to far and sometimes unknown lands. New land routes into China also brought the world together. The increasing size and degree of the ecumene from this time onward and previous partial ecumenes' benefited civilizations by providing greater sources of economic expansion and a greater variety of goods (Lewis & igen).

orks Cited

Koeller, David. "Formation of the Eurasian Ecumene." Accessed 26 July 2009. http://www.thenagain.info/webchron/world/Formation.html

Lewis, Martin and Karen igen. The Myth of Continents. Univeristy of California Press: Berkley, 1997.… [Read More]

Works Cited

Koeller, David. "Formation of the Eurasian Ecumene." Accessed 26 July 2009. http://www.thenagain.info/webchron/world/Formation.html

Lewis, Martin and Karen Wigen. The Myth of Continents. Univeristy of California Press: Berkley, 1997.
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Environmental Factors Marketing at Mcdonald's

Words: 914 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68127700



e) Political systems and international relations

The political systems raise complexities through distinctive legislations. While the political systems in the U.S. might militate for a specific business feature, foreign political system might militate for a different business feature. The complexities include the need to spend increased funds to research and comply with the laws of the political systems across the globe.

In terms of the international relations, these would not raise any difficulties in the context of a perfect market. Still, since this is not the case, the international relations between the countries might facilitate or create tensions for McDonald's marketing efforts.

f) Foreign Corrupt Practices and local, national and international legislations

Since McDonald's is registered in the United States and operates in various countries across the globe, it has to simultaneously respect the laws of both the United States, as well as the legislations of the countries in which…… [Read More]

References:

Adams, B.,2007, McDonald's strange menu around the world, Trifter, http://trifter.com/practical-travel/budget-travel/mcdonald%E2%80%99s-strange-menu-around-the-world / last accessed on October 4, 2011

2011, Website of McDonald's, http://www.mcdonalds.com last accessed on October 4, 2011

The FCPA explained, FCPA Enforcement, http://www.fcpaenforcement.com/explained/explained.asp last accessed on October 4, 2011
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Cameron Balloons Is a British Company Established

Words: 881 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79299617

Cameron Balloons is a British company established in 1971 that primarily manufactures hot air balloons. Since then they have grown to production of about 500 balloons per year, with a market share of about 70% of those produced in the United Kingdom. They are well-known for quality, novelty, and their interesting balloon shapes (Harley Davidson, the Sphinx, Beethoven, etc.) (Civilian Air Authority, 2012). With their U.S. facility the company produces over 1 balloon per day, and averages almost $10M in annual sales.

Cameron Balloons is a leader in the hot-air balloon market, a very competitive market because of the overcapacity of many competitors in many countries, all vying for a limited customer. An additional strength for Cameron is that they are designed and built by two distinct companies that are independently owned and managed but are linked and committed to building the industry's best and most unique product. In addition,…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

BizEd. (2011). Guided Tour of the Cameron Balloons Virtual Factory. Retrieved from: http://www.bized.co.uk/virtual/cb/tour/index.htm

Civilian Air Authority. (2012). GINFO Search Results Summary. Retrieved from: http://www.caa.co.uk/application.aspx?catid=60&pagetype=65&appid=1&mode=summary&aircrafttype=cameron&dereg=true

Muller, M. (2011). Essentials of Inventory Management. New York: American Management Association.

Reception
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Walmart Wal-Mart's Domestic and Global Marketing Challenges

Words: 586 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93692176

almart

al-Mart's Domestic and Global Marketing Challenges

al-Mart is at once one of the most visible retail firms in the world and one of the most consistently criticized. Due to its poor record on labor rights, its deleterious impact on local communities and businesses, and its various ethical sacrifices in the name of everyday low prices, al-Mart's marketing challenges generally center on these shortcomings in its domestic and global reputation. A consideration of the environmental circumstances impacting al-Mart's marketing conditions reveals a company a number of vulnerabilities to public impression but also with great opportunities to make improvements in this area.

One area in which balance is needed is that of global trade. In this context, al-Mart has established a level of global interdependence that demands relatively unregulated production in developing world contexts. It is this interdependence -- whereby its low everyday prices rely on the undercutting of labor and…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Humes, E. (2011). Wal-Mart's Green Hat. Los Angeles Times.

Savage, C. (2012). With Wal-Mart Claims, Greater Attention On a Law. The New York Times.

Virginian-Pilot. (2012). The Discounting of Integrity. PilotOnline.com.
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Justice and Security Free Balance in the

Words: 2493 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70449647

Justice and Security

Free Balance in the Administration of Justice and Security

Justice and Security policies have always been at the center of international politics, but their nature has changed due to the advent of nuclear weapons and their proliferation, economic interdependence, the end of the Cold War, environmental problems, technological advancements and vulnerabilities, as well as other material and cultural developments typically linked to globalization. This paper will talk about the evolution of justice security and balance rights freedoms that protect citizens a free society, respecting constitutional guarantees and individual rights. Further we will review the cumulative issues concerning the legal environment in which justice and security administration operates and also evaluates the changes in technology and mass communication that effects the justice and security areas. Last but not the least, we will talk about the issues that involved with individual rights vs. The needs of the justice system…… [Read More]

References

Booth, K. (Ed.). (2005). Critical security studies and world politics. Boulder. CO: Lynne Rienner.

Deudney, DH (2006). Bounding power: Republican security theory from the polis to the global village. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Kaldor, M. (2007). Human security. Cambridge, UK: Polity.

Lipschutz, R. (Ed.). (2005). On security. New York: Columbia University Press.
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Change Project a Variety of Technical and

Words: 5192 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52835049

Change Project

A variety of technical and management issues arise during the implementation and operation of any change process. Change management in technology projects is essential to implement and monitor mechanisms to support and control users, business, and technology (Yarberry, 2007). There are different change project modules used at any stage of a project development. These include the change curve, Lewin's change management model, and Beckhard and Harris change model used in the understanding phase. The project-planning phase uses the impact analysis, Burke-Litwin, McKinsey 7s framework, Leavitt's diamond, organization design, and SIPOC diagrams. The implementation stage uses Kotter's 8-step change model, training needs assessment, while the communication change uses stakeholder analysis, stakeholder management, mission statement, and vision statements. In this analysis, the Leavitt's Diamond, the Kotter's 8-step change model, and Leavitt's model for organizational change is concerned with the interdependence of four main factors, including structure, people, technology, and task.…… [Read More]

References

Aladwani, A.M. (2001). Change Management Strategies for Successful ERP Implementation. Business Process Management Journal 7, 266.

Bruckman, J.C. (2008) Overcoming Resistance to change: Casual Factors, Interventions, and Critical Values. The Psychologist-Manager Journal, Psychology Press 11, 211-219.

Cameron, E. & Green, M. (2012). Making Sense of Change Management: A Complete Guide to the Models Tools and Techniques of Organizational Change. Philadelphia, PA: Kogan Page

Davison, R. (2002) Cultural Complications of ERP. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM 45, 109.
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Sustainable Design Sustainable Development Searching for Sustainability

Words: 506 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88841841

Sustainable Design

Sustainable Development

Searching for Sustainability

When researchers analyzed the global resource flow trends that emerged between 1980 and 2002 they found a 25% worldwide increase in material extraction and natural resource use (Behren, Giljum, Kovanda, and Niza, 2005). The increased material extraction rates were attributed to growing economies in developing nations like China and the growing size of the consumer class in these countries. When compared to trends in economic activity in terms of gross domestic product (GDP), the percent generated by material extraction shrank by 25% during the same study period. The rapid growth in the size of the less resource-intensive service sector was blamed for this finding.

The growing size of the service sector has some advantages in terms of sustainability, including lower resource utilization and cleaner technologies, but based on the findings of Behren and colleagues (2007) the growth in material extraction and utilization outstrips…… [Read More]

References

Behren, Arno, Giljum, Stefan, Kovanda, Jan, and Niza, Samuel. (2007). The material basis of the global economy worldwide patterns of natural resource extraction and their implications for sustainable resource use policies. Ecological Economics, 64, 444-453.
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Institutions and International Relations Question

Words: 2246 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18606525

By way of introduction to the topic, Legro examines the general presumption that a state's sense of identity defines the parameter of its national interests, thus directing its domestic or international conduct. Rather than subscribing blindly to this fundamental precept of neorealism, Legro offers a competing theory of identity and its influence on international relations, surmising that "states become what they do as much as they do what they are, they desire what they do as much as they do what they desire" (20). It is Legro's contention that a state's distinct set of cultural norms, social values, and other markers of identity can direct governmental actions on the world stage, but that these actions will inevitably influence this identity, thus providing an entirely different contextual framework for international relations as time progresses and circumstances change.

Legro cites the example of America's divergent approaches to participation in each of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dunne, Tim, Kurki, Milja, and Smith, Steve. International relations theories: discipline and diversity. Oxford University Press, USA, 2007.

Ikenberry, G. John. After victory: institutions, strategic restraint, and the rebuilding of order after major wars. Princeton University Press, 2009.

Keohane, Robert O. Neorealism and its Critics. New York: Columbia University Press, 1986.

Legro, Jeffrey. Rethinking the world: great power strategies and international order. Cornell University Press, 2005.
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Healthcare Beliefs in the Hispanic Culture

Words: 686 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18564814

Hispanic Culture and Beliefs

The Hispanic culture is rich and vibrant, but there are struggles that those outside of the culture may not realize. One of these is with seeking out and receiving healthcare services. Many Hispanic people wait too long to get healthcare. For some, it is because they are not in the United States legally and they fear deportation. However, for the large number of Hispanic people who were born in the U.S. Or who are otherwise in the country legally, it is mainly cultural concerns that keep them from seeking treatment. They are often distrustful of other cultures, and the men in the Hispanic culture are a proud group who believe they can handle issues themselves. Of course, this is a generalization. Not every Hispanic person fits this particular stereotype of their culture. Beliefs about healthcare and the seeking of that care, as well as how they…… [Read More]

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Environmental Factors Starbucks Is a

Words: 957 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16574045

Starbucks' code of ethics applies to its entire operations, including its partners, irrespective of local laws, which of course are also adhered to.

Political systems have had some impact on Starbucks, compelling them to joint ventures and partnerships rather than greenfield investments. International relations are critical to Starbucks, since it needs strong trade agreements and positive relations not only to operate in its multiple foreign markets but also for sourcing its coffee. Positive international relations allow Starbucks to exploit the market opportunities with which it is presented.

As with all American companies, Starbucks is bound by the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. This law covers American firms working overseas. Starbucks' strong commitment to ethical behavior compels the company and its employees to adhere to the foreign corrupt practices act. The company also adheres to, and usually exceeds the parameters of, international legislation. Starbucks pays its workers above local minimum wage and…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Starbucks website, various pages. (2009). Retrieved November 13, 2009 from http://investor.starbucks.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=99518&p=irol-financialHighlights

No author. (2009). Starbucks' green tea success with Japanese consumers leads to worldwide popularity. JETRO. Retrieved November 13, 2009 from http://www.jetro.org/content/353

Lu, H. (2009). Starbucks pushes China sales with local brew. China Daily. Retrieved November 13, 2009 from http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/bizchina/2009-02/05/content_7447136.htm

Berfield, S. (2009). Behind Starbucks' instant coffee rollout. Business Week. Retrieved November 13, 2009 from http://www.businessweek.com/bwdaily/dnflash/content/sep2009/db20090929_148572.htm
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Demand States in a Market

Words: 3929 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2145792

Yet, they do not know exactly what it is that they want. A database would be extremely helpful at this stage as it could offer information on the type of products and services the customers need and the new market could as such be created. A relevant example of an emergent market is constituted by the it products and services within most developing countries. The second evolutionary stage occurs as the products and services introduced in the emergence stage begin to register high levels of sales. At this level, more producers are interested in promoting their own products within the growing market and the future expectations related to it are generally positive. The growth stage of the market is also supported by customers, who realize the benefits of the given product, but also by companies which develop and implement strong marketing campaigns.

The third evolutionary level is maturity, a situation…… [Read More]

References:

Grashaw, K., 2009, Recognizing the Eight Demand States in a Market, Kurt Grashaw Marketing Communications, http://www.grashaw.com/articles/EightDemandStates_060809.html last accessed on October 16, 2009

Kotler, P., Armstrong, G., 2005, Principles of Marketing, 10th Edition,, ISBN 7302114358

Perner, L., 2009, Service Outputs, University of Southern California,  http://www.consumerpsychologist.com/dist_Service_Outputs.html  last accessed on October 16, 2009

Rao, T.P.R., Jain, a.K., Key Concepts for Marketing of Information Products and Services, the International Development Research Center, http://www.idrc.ca/en/ev-114853-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html last accessed on October 16, 2009
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Attitude and Behavior Developmental Task

Words: 13216 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93148396

" (Halpin and urt, 1998) Duois states: "The history of the American Negro is the history of this strife -- this longing to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his double self into a better and truer self. In this merging he wishes neither of the older selves to be lost. He would not Africanize America, for America has too much to teach the world and Africa. He would not bleach his Negro soul in a flood of White Americanism, for he knows that Negro blood has a message for the world. He simply wishes to make it possible for a man to be both a Negro and an American, without being cursed and spit upon by his fellows, without having the doors of Opportunity closed roughly in his face. (Duois, 1903)

The work of Pope (1998) conducted a study to make examination of the relationship between psychosocial development and racial…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Alessandria, Kathryn P. And Nelson, Eileen S. (2005) Identity Development and Self-Esteem of First-Generation American College Students: An Exploratory Study. Project Muse January/February 2005 Vol. 46 No. 1 Online available at http://muse.jhu.edu/demo/journal_of_college_student_development/v046/46.1alessandria.pdf

ARMY ROTC: The John Hopkins University (nd) Training and Curriculum. Online available at http://www.jhu.edu/rotc/training.htm

Astin, a.W. (1984). Student involvement: A developmental theory for higher education. Journal of College Student Personnel, 25, 297-308.

Astin, a.W. (1993). What matters in college? Four critical years revisited. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
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Tourism Explain What Matters of

Words: 2289 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29076289

The coming of globalization and capitalism remain the power changer fight against colonialism in the world today.

The attractiveness presented by tourism can also not be overestimated for the countries whose climate, geography, and/or history seem to provide an exploitation-ready endogenous product. The potential of post-colonial ideologies to erode the potential gains from tourism are however high should room for such ideology be given. The apparent contributed success that the industry has earned should be appreciated and the notions of colonialism should not be imposed especially so for country that deserve the growth and stand to benefit from tourism. What needs to be done is management of the flow and policy brought about.

[510 words u.f.t.q.]

Question 4: Select two of the critical issues / matters listed below, and explain what has been learnt about it over the last couple of decades - according to the J& contributors and/or the…… [Read More]

References

CROTTS, J., C 1999. Consumer decision-making and per-purchase information search in A pizamand Y Mansfeld (Eds), Haworth Hospitality Press, Haworth Hospitality Press.

CROUCH, G.I. & RITCHIE, J.R.B. 1999. Tourism, Competitiveness, and Societal Prosperity. Journal of Business Research, 44, 137-152.

JAMAL, T. & ROBINSON, M. 2009. The SAGE handbook of tourism studies, SAGE.

JAMAL, T.B. & GETZ, D. 1999. Community Roundtables for Tourism-related Conflicts: The Dialectics of Consensus and Process Structures. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 7, 290-313.
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Historical Relationship and Differences Between Western and Eastern Europe From German Perspective

Words: 2655 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86422213

Germany West East

In the post-unification Germany of the present, the country seems to be caught between two worlds. Certainly, reservations about German power have tapered off. Germany has not become an irredentist nationalist power in European Union attire. In its relations with Western Europe, Germany has been successful in dispelling such fears. In Eastern Europe, the perception and the actual role of Germany is not bathed as much in the warm light of multilateralism. The challenge is not just for Germany to work harder to convince the East that it is well-intentioned. The deeper challenge however is to confront the fact that historical and structural constraints converge to create a situation of asymmetric dependence, rather than asymmetric interdependence, complicated further by the process of European integration and globalization. As being the land in between ussia and Germany, one can understand their nervousness. However, Germany is part of the West…… [Read More]

References

Adebahr, Cornelius. The Comprehensive Approach to Crisis Management in a Concerted Weimar

Effort. Genshagen: Genshagen Foundation, 2011. 1-18.

"Berlin's European Recession." German-foreign-policy.. German-foreign-policy., 16 March 2012. Web.

22 Mar 2012.
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Chain of Retail Stores -- Project Management

Words: 1105 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10201506

Chain of Retail Stores -- Project Management Case Study

Managing Project

Managing Budget

Managing Cost

Managing Project

Project management has become so refined over the course of its development that the implementation of a project based on a good project management foundation is actually more important than having any in-depth knowledge or expertise in any particular industry (Badiru & Adedeji, 2012).

he four most common compositions of teams are the purely functional project structure, the pure project organization, cross-functional team, or a hybrid or matrix team (Field & Keller, 1998). Furthermore, there are a wide array of outsourcing and project partnering opportunities that can further complicate the network structure (Cleland & Ireland, 2006).

Establishing a schedule is more than likely one of the most important critical success factors of any modern project (homsett, 2010). Many of the project management software solutions, such as Microsoft Project, can be a project manager's…… [Read More]

Thomsett, M. (2010). The Little black Book of Project Management. AMACOM.

Toan, A. (1968). Using Information to Mange. New York: New York Ronald Press.

Weygandt, J., Kimmel, P., & . Kieso, D. (2008). Tools for Business Decision Making. London: Wiley.
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Business Principles and Technology

Words: 922 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74727523

Business Principles and Technology

Job Specialization

The contemporary workplace has vastly changed thanks to the globalization effects that in itself has grown quire complex too. The previous workplace and the requirements are very different from the one that is experienced currently. The today's world has vastly changed in terms of structure, process and even content of work hence making work cognitively very complex, work is now more team-based than ever before, more dependent on the social skills of each employee, work is dependent on the technological competence, more time pressured and apparently more mobile and far less dependent on geography (Judith H., 2010). This therefore calls for a keen linkage between the organizational structure and design to the goals and expected outcomes of the organization. In the attempt to align the organizational structure to the vision and goals of the organization, there are key issues that must be observed; the…… [Read More]

References

Judith H., (2010). The Changing Nature of Organizations, Work, and Workplace. Retrieved August 2, 2013 from  http://www.wbdg.org/resources/chngorgwork.php 

Matthew W & Bertie M., (2005 ). implementing Planned Change: An Empirical Comparison of Theoretical Perspectives. Retrieved August 2, 2013 from  http://www.bsu.edu/mcobwin/ajb/?p=57 

Media Tech Publishing, (2013). Link Individual Performance to Organizational Goals. Retrieved August 2, 2013 from http://talentmgt.com/articles/view/link_individual_performance_to_organizational_goals/3
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Environmental Factors

Words: 1032 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87881388

Business Marketing

Marketing Beyond Borders

As a result of changing regulations and technological advances, businesses are now capable of ever-greater geographic reach. However, the changing competitive landscape also carries the risk of new competitors and new tools to gain insights into consumer preferences. The 21st century competitive environment emphasizes the strategic importance of capable business marketing is illustrated by considering the multitude of factors that have expanded the boundaries of the marketplace.

New Opportunities and New Values

Access to new markets presents new both new challenges and opportunities. hile socio-demographics and small regional differences, within a country, present variables for marketing, a shared experience of culture serves as a foundation. Marketing beyond borders presents the challenge of learning and adapting to different cultural values. As the research of Gert Hofstede has shown, the national culture of strong individualistic countries, such as the United States or the United Kingdom, exhibit significantly…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Burfisher, M.E., Robinson, S., & Thierfelder, K. (2001). The Impact of NAFTA on the United States. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 15 (1), 125-144.

Hofstede, G. (2012). National Culture Dimensions. Retrieved November 26, 2012, from geert-hofstede.com website: http://geert-hofstede.com/national-culture.html

Milchman, E. (2006, June 15). Yahoo 'Strictest' Censor in China. Retrieved November 26, 2012, from Wired.com Website: http://www.wired.com/politics/onlinerights/news/2006/06/71166

Savage, C. (2012, April 25). With Wal-Mart Claims, Greater Attention to Law. Retrieved November 26, 2012, from New York Times Website: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/26/business/global/with-wal-mart-bribery-case-more-attention-on-a-law.html
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Bandura A 1999 Moral Disengagement in the

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79224993

Bandura, A. (1999). Moral Disengagement in the Perpetration of Inhumanities. Personality and ocial Psychology Review, 3(3), 193-209.

Discusses the moral agency embedded in socio-cognitive theory and other self-regulatory mechanisms responsible for restraining immoral personal behavior. Focuses primarily on specific factors that lead to moral disengagement, in which individual root justification for immoral behavior. Author sheds light on the importance of having a moral agency and dangers of not have one. He maintains that in the absence of such an agency, immoral conduct becomes rampant and destroys the moral fabric of the society. The thesis revolves around the idea that "Given the many mechanisms for disengaging moral control, civilized life requires, in addition to humane personal standards, safeguards built into social systems that uphold compassionate behavior and renounce cruelty." I found the article valuable because the author backs his arguments with findings from previous studies. However a moral detailed discussion on…… [Read More]

Social work text exploring a wide range of sociological principles with an emphasis on critical analysis of each school of thought; objective consideration of the efficacy and utilitarianism of each social work paradigm.

Harrison, L.E., & Huntington, S.P. (Eds.). (2000). Culture Matters: How Values Shape Human Progress (1st ed.). New York: Basic Books.

Specifically addresses the relationship between cultural values and societal development. Concludes that changes in societal values result in subsequent shaping of the developmental process of social structures. The
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Leadership and Human Resources

Words: 820 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91749727

Leadership and Human Resources

Sunflower Electric Power Corporation certainly had compelling circumstances that motivated management to pursue cultural change. Having recently undergone debt restructuring and charges of mismanagement and corruption, employee morale was at an all-time low. The major priority for the company was to completely change its corporation culture with a huge emphasis on interpersonal relationships.

The culture of Sunflower was a command-and-control culture characterized by authoritative and conservative leadership. This culture had encouraged turf wars among managers and had inhibited effective job performance. Sunflower's new CEO, Chris Hauck, undertook many initiatives to change the culture to a competence culture in which leadership is visionary, sets high standards and encourages people to achieved new heights.

Competence cultures, unlike command-and-control ones pursue excellence and innovation. However, resistance to change would make Sunflower's cultural evolution a challenging one. There are four basic reasons for resisting change (Greene, Adam and Ebert, 1995):…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Greene, C., Everet, A, and Ebert, R. (1005). Management for effective performance. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Maxwell, J. (2003). Leadership by example is key to guiding a strong company. Houston Business Journal. Retrieved November 13, 2003 from Houston Business Journal Web Site: http://houston.bizjournals.com/houston/stories/2003/10/06/smallb2.html

Schneider, B., Competence run amok. Retrieved November 13, 2003 from Hanigan Consulting Web Site: http://216.239.39.104/search?q=cache:frizEcXV4IUJ:www.haniganconsulting.com/competence_run_amok.pdf+%22Competence+culture%22&hl=en&ie=UTF-8
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How to Build a Stronger Team

Words: 729 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8483818

Group / Team Communication

Analysis of a group I am familiar with An environmental group that I occasionally meet with and interact with as a volunteer has a great track record in rescuing and rehabilitating injured and orphaned wildlife. They had a strong leader for several years but apparently he got burned out and chose to step down. The present leader, unfortunately, has a milquetoast personality and although she is a very hard worker and a dedicated team member, her leadership abilities are seriously lacking.

Communication, diversity, power structure, decision-making and progress. The group is mostly women (two Latinas are the only minority persons involved), and they have more meetings than they need to. Last week they had a board meeting (7 board members) in which they discussed future fundraising activities. The time wasted in this meeting was terrible, because each board member should have polled volunteers that work in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Microsoft Business. (2013). How to work together effectively as a team. Retrieved September 19, 2014, from  http://www.microsoft.com .

Myatt, M. (2012). 10 Communication Secrets of Great Leaders. Forbes. Retrieved September 19, 2014, from  http://www.forbes.com .

Richards, L. (2013). Importance of Team Communication Skills. Houston Chronicle.

Retrieved September 19, 2014, from  http://smallbusiness.chron.com .
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Netflix Employees Tear Slap and Clack Through

Words: 1263 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86897493

Netflix employees "tear, slap, and clack" through a day's work can be easily understood within a classic sociological framework, using either a Marxist or a Durkheim lens. Both Marx and Durkheim would have noted that the Netflix model represents quintessential division of labor. The employees perform one task with maximum efficiency. hile Durkheim would focus primarily on the social contracts and organization of the employees within the Netflix organization, Marx would critique the means by which the Netflix associates are distanced from the owners of the means of production, their labor artificially devalued and exploited, especially given the employees come from developing countries in Africa and Asia. However, the way Sheehan describes the Netflix operation shows that Durkheim's concepts of social solidarity, specialization, and interdependence are indeed requisite to human survival and are inescapable, as the sociologists affirms in his dissertation on the function of the division of labor.

hereas…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Durkheim, Emile. The Division of Labor in Society. New York: The Free Press, 1984.

Lecture Slides.

Marx, Karl. Das Capital. Vol. I

Sheehan, Susan. "Tear, Slap, Clack." The New Yorker. 28 Aug, 2006.
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the bible zetterholm and pauls teachings

Words: 658 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11517631

According to Zetterholm (2009), God’s covenant with the people of Israel entails a bilateral relationship. In exchange for special status, the Jewish people agree to obey God’s commandments to the best of their ability. Lapses in judgment due to human nature or sin can be rectified via atonement and divine intervention. Thus, God always intended for faith to be a prerequisite for salvation. The endeavor to live by the commandments is itself insufficient.

Paul’s transformative message of faith alone being the key to salvation appears to run contrary to contemporary living in a consumer society. Likewise, Paul’s message appears, at least on the surface, to conflict with ancient Jewish teachings. It is possible to reconcile Paul’s teachings with both Judaism and modern life. For one, God did intend for mercy and grace to be embedded into the bond of the covenant. Second, no amount of mundane effort can replace the…… [Read More]

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Active Learning Style in Hands-On

Words: 4694 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94712431

Roles can be rotated regularly to give all team members experience; and 5) Task or sequence interdependence

This occurs when one group member must first complete his/her task before the next task can be completed. For example, collecting water samples might be assigned to two group members, while research on how to collect samples is done by two other group members. (Foundation Coalition, 2009)

Cooperative learning according to the University of Wisconsin cooperative learning group is stated to be structures that "...generate ideas for open-ended questions or problems. The instructor poses an open-ended question and asks groups of students to generate multiple responses. Groups then summarize their responses and report in one of several ways: in writing, random calling, groups reporting to each other, etc. A faculty member might apply one of these structures at the beginning of a new topic by briefly describing the topic and then asking groups…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Berquist, WH and Phillips, SR (1975) Getting Students Involved in the Classroom: A Handbook for Faculty Development. Council for the Advancement of Small Colleges. (pp.114-117)

Chickering, a., and Gamson, Z. (1987) "Seven Principles for Good Practice," AAHE Bulletin, 39:3-7, ED 282-491, 6pp, MF-01; PC-01.

Diesel, Elizabeth, Allen, Michael, Schreiber, Madeline, and Borrego, Maura (2006) Improved Student Learning in Large Classes by Incorporating Active Learning with a New Design of Teaching Studies. 36th ASEE/IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference 18-21 Oct 2006. San Diego, CA.

Johnson, D.W., Johnson, R.T., and Smith, K. (1991) Active Learning: Cooperation in the College Classroom, Edina, MN: Interaction Book Company
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Prevention and Early Resolution of

Words: 6691 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36350929

"Twenty-three million Americans experience workplace bullying within their work lifetimes" (cited in Seagriff, 2010, p. 575). With the economic challenges Americans are facing recently, tensions in the workplace are also on the rise, as employees increasingly worry that their jobs are in jeopardy. This fear over possibly losing their job means many employees will not risk reporting bullying to their employers.

Interdependence conflicts, as mentioned, are another common type of workplace conflict. This type of conflict centers on an employee's dependence of another person's assistance, input or output to perform their job (Kankanhalli, Tan, & Kwok-kee, 2007). In other words, task interdependence varies depending on the extent which an employee needs materials, information or support from their workplace peers, in order to do their job. "Task interdependence alters the course and consequences of conflict. Some have asserted that because high task interdependence implies the need for intensive interactions among members,…… [Read More]

References

Bacal, R. (1998). Conflict prevention in the workplace: using cooperative communication. Winnipeg: Bacal & Associates.

Bhattacharya, S. (19 Sept 2010). "Resolving conflict at work." Busienss Today, 19(9). p. 127-129.

Booher, D. (May 1999). "Resolving conflict." Executive Excellence, 16(5). p. 5.

Budd, J. & Colvin, a. (Jul 2008). "Improved metrics for workplace dispute resolution procedures: Efficiency, equity and voice." Industrial Relations, 47(3). p. 460-479.
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Romantic Relationships IT's Up and Down All

Words: 3852 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5331606

omantic elationships: It's Up and Down, All Around" by Dailey, ossetto, Pfiester, and Surra (2009). Overall, the study was considered to be of good quality, with appropriate application of qualitative theory and methods. Criticism of the conceptual framework included a reductionist approach to theoretical models, and a lack of any discussion of an audit trail.

Purpose / Significance of the Study

The researchers have clearly stated the purpose of the study, how it relates to the literature, and what phenomenon will be explored. The research questions fundamentally express the puzzle that the researchers wish to explore and provide a preliminary look at what they hope to glean from the study.

The corpus of research on dating relationships is substantial; however, the variant of couple relationships characterised by the occurrence of breakups and renewals, and the concomitant dynamics and bases of relational stability, has not received much empirical attention. The study…… [Read More]

References

Barbour, R.S. (1998) Mixing qualitative methods: Quality assurance or qualitative quagmire? Qualitative Health Research, 8 (3), pp. 352-361.

Braier, H.B., & Kelley, H.H. (1979) Conflict in the development of close relationships. In R.L. Bugress & T.L. Huston (Eds.), Social exchange in developing relationships, pp. 135-168. New York, NY: Academic Press.

Daily, R.M., Rossetto, K.R., Pfiester, A., & Surra, C.A. (2009) A qualitative analysis of on-again / off-again romantic relationships: It's up and down, all around. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 26, 443.

Denzin, N.K. & Lincoln, Y.S. (2005) The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Retrieved http://books.google.com/books?id=X85J8ipMpZEC&pg=PA22&lpg=PA22&dq=qualitative+research+constructivist+interpretive+and+naturalistic&source=bl&ots=D1J8N2T7fm&sig=Wp3XqW10yGXb7ifAFLxWIaSCiSM&hl=en&ei=-KizTf-_MY2osQP7mtnrCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCEQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=qualitative%20research%20constructivist%20interpretive%20and%20naturalistic&f=false
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Nelson Mr Nelson This Special

Words: 2842 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32407355

This time employees' compensation was to be decided by: the base salary, individual incentives centered on performance, and finally the team based incentive program. However, this system could not provide good results for the company, as money became the ultimate issue for the team members (which was affecting the decision making process). It also resulted in an increased competitive rivalry among business units. Ultimately, the company revoked this system which had already given it huge pains in terms of financial losses. Then, they tried to implement the companywide profitability-based bonus program. This is when they started using non-monetary rewards, with its employees to: invoke a sense of belonging inside their organization. (Garvey)

Effectiveness of Team-ased Compensation Systems

Various studies on team-based compensation systems have been conducted in the past, and most have demonstrated that changing an organization's pay structure from: an individual-based compensation system to team-based one can bring highly…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Auchterlonie, David." Team-Based Incentive Compensation is Vital to Successful Operating Turnarounds." Journal of Private Equity (2009): 81 -- 90. Print.

Carpenter, Mason."Top Management Team Compensation: The Missing Link Between CEO Pay and Firm Performance." Strategic Management Journal 23 (2002): 367 -- 377. Print.

Garvey, Charlotte. "Steer Teams with the Right Pay: Team-Based Pay is a Success When it Fits Corporate Goals and Culture, and Rewards the Right Behavior - Focus on Compensation." Find Articles, 2002. Web. 12 Apr. 2011

Irlenbusch Bernd." Relative Rewards within Team-Based Compensation." Labor Economics (2008): 141 -- 167. Print.
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Income Disparity and Development

Words: 2476 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13062707

Income Disparity and Development in Latin American Countries

The income disparity in the Latin American countries is the largest in the world and has a dramatic and complex impact on the development of these countries on many related levels. As one commentator states, "Inequality is as Latin American as good dance music and magical-realist fiction. Like those other regional products, it thrives." (Inequality in Latin America. A stubborn curse.)

Statistics from the World ank indicate that the richest tenth among Latin Americans earn 48% of total income, while the poorest tenth earn just 1.6%. The equivalent figures for rich countries are 29.1% and 2.5%. (Inequality in Latin America). While fifteen years of market reforms have resulted in income levels that are above those of Africa, yet " ... income disparity is the largest in the world and 222 million people live in poverty." (SANCHEZ M. 2005) Numerous studies and reports…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Barro, R. "Democracy and Growth," Journal of Economic Growth, 1, 1-27. 1996

CONSTANCE P. A yardstick for misfortune. November 6, 2005.

http://www.iadb.org/idbamerica/Archive/stories/1998/eng/e1198i.htm

Economics A-Z. November 6, 2005. November 6, 2005. http://www.economist.com/research/Economics/alphabetic.cfm?TERM=GNP
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Stephen R Covey's

Words: 2268 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92127380

Leadership at Sea and Seven Habits of Highly Effective Sailors

The irony is unavoidable. I began reading Seven Habits of Highly Effective People when I was feeling at my least effective, personally, as a human being and as a child. I suppose I'm not alone in saying this, though. The fact of a parent's death makes every child feel ineffective, unable to cope with family grief and stress, as well as forced to face one's own mortality and "principles of personal vision." (1) The loss of a father makes it easy to lose one's sense of a future perspective, and the vision one has of one's self in a family and a societal context.

However, I was also, when I began the book, feeling quite ineffective as a leader as well. Because of my father's death in mid-August, I had to leave my ship and came home to tend to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Covey, Stephen R. Seven Habits of Highly Effective People. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1999.
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Kenneth Waltz Structural Realism

Words: 1515 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82880727

Kenneth altz Structural Realism After the Cold ar

In his article Structural Realism after the Cold ar Kenneth altz, Kenneth altz makes the debate that examining interstate politics through the humanist point-of-view is still both feasible and detailed as a theoretical method. Printed almost ten years after the Soviet Union collapsed and the conclusion of the Cold ar itself, Kenneth altz's article makes the case that a realist method for examining interstate activity remains valid. The principal and possibly most noticeable point altz suggests is that balance of power theory still has a significance despite the fact the United States won the Cold ar and achieved rank as the world's lasting global force. The present time phase, where the United States likes its "unipolar instant," is but short-lived. In the future, as preceding sole powers have faced, the United States will experience inner over-spending of resources for ever growing external…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Waltz, Kenneth N. "Structural Realism after the Cold War." International Security 25.1 (2000): 5-41.
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Durkheim's Divison of Labor to

Words: 2482 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30320260

"

Nowadays, students have to choose between different academic disciplines: maybe one student prefers to be a psychologist rather than a physician. And then once the student has decided on psychology, he must choose, for example, to be a psychology major, as opposed to a physician major. Further more, there are even different categories within disciplines: social psychology, organizational psychology, clinical psychology, educational psychology etc., each with its own concepts, terminology and methods. As in many other areas of activity, the division of labor in modern academia was a necessary phenomenon in the modern society given the economic and social conditions of the modern world, when the aim of education is to prepare students for different specializations and then, through working, interdependence and collaboration is necessary in order to reach the goal and obtain the wanted results. Durkheim's theory division of labor depicts the fact that in a society based…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Clyde Hudgins, Clyde, Richards, Michael. G. Individual, Family and Community: An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Study of Contemporary Life. Introduction. http://www.accd.edu/sac/interdis/2370/intro.html

Comparative Political Systems. Lecture #2 - Theoretical Antecedents - Marx, Weber, & Durkheim. www.towson.edu/~roberts/339/A02marx.doc

Durkheim, Emile. The Division of Labor in Society Translated by George Simpson. New York: The Free Press, 1933

Grabb, Edward G. Theories of Social Inequality: Classical and Contemporary
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Work Teams Teamwork Has Become

Words: 1884 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7129866

In the context of Charters Schools, distributed leadership that connects organizational features (culture, business practices, motivation etc.) provides a greater opportunity for members to learn from one another. An increased participation in decision making is another characteristic of effective organizations that may be identified in the organizational structure of Charter Schools USA. An increased participation in decision-making leads to a greater commitment to organizational goals and group strategies are free to develop. Such form of leadership allows the increase in self-determination, and the members may anticipate and respond to the demands of the organization's environment.

Another important issue that makes Charter Schools USA effective is the use of 360 degree appraisal of performance, which involves a group of people who interact with the employee in many different ways and are able to rate his performance. esearch and practice has already proved the effectiveness of the feedback from multiple sources and…… [Read More]

References

About Charter Schools USA, Retrieved at http://www.charterschoolsusa.com/about.html

Campion, M.A., Medsker, G.J., & Higgs, a.C. (1993). Relations between work group characteristics and effectiveness: Implications for designing effective work groups. Personnel Psychology, 46, 823-850.

Peterson, K. (1995) Critical Issue: Building a Committed Team, Retrieved at http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/educatrs/leadrshp/le200.htm

Leithwood, K., (unavailable year), Educational Leadership, a review of the research, Retrieved from www.temple.edu/Lss/pdf/ReviewOfTheResearchLeithwood.pdf
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China's Economy and Foreign Policy

Words: 3282 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99523028

China's Economy And Foreign Policy

There have been radical changes in the internal political and economic scenario of China during the last two decades. (Lampton, 2001) The growing economic stability and control has increased the status of china to a great extent among its trading counterparts. Further, it has become obligatory on the part of the Chinese Government to make it certain that the economic development to restructure the political discipline whose ideology had a severe jolt with the fall of Soviet Union. (Part Two - Chinese Foreign Policy) Ever since the inception of economic reforms in China during 1978 there is a considerable enhancement in the Gross Domestic Product to the tune of 9.5% per annum on average. It is pertinent to probe on the factors responsible for such a great success. The success is attributed to the adoption of institutions and policies by the Chinese Government that could…… [Read More]

References

Burns, Robert (1997) "Gore, Gingrich set missions to woo China" The Associated Press.

Carr, Earl. (February 19, 2004) "U.S. Diplomacy Needs Chinese Characteristics" Asia Times. pp: 5-7

Chinese Foreign Policy. Program for Contemporary Silk Road Studies. Retrieved from http://www.silkroadstudies.org/china.htm Accessed on 18 March, 2005

Chow, Gregory. (2000) China's Economic Reform and Policies at the Beginning of the 21st Century. Perspectives. Vol: 2; No: 1; pp: 47-53
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Family Independence Across Cultures Independence

Words: 2234 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95096515

Once the children are of age, the parents' duty to take care of them reduces as the child takes charge to start a new life somewhere else. The parent usually has saved enough money through life insurance scheme and retirement savings to cater for himself after retirement. hen the child is grown, there is no dependence between the parents and children. Traits like hard work and honesty are encouraged towards children to ensure their survival in different societies when he grows up. In some cases when the parent is too weak and old to look after himself, he is taken to a home for the elderly since none of his children is available to take care of him (Stewart et al. 580).

The other model of family model is the model of psychological or emotional interdependence. In this model, the children are of less material help to the family. Parenting,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chou, K.L. Emotional autonomy and depression among Chinese adolescents. Journal of Genetic Psychology, pp 161-169, 2000.

Jose, P.E., Huntsinger, C.S., Huntsinger, P.R. & Liaw, F-R. Parental values and practices relevant to young children's social development in Taiwan and the United States. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 31, pp 677-702, 2000.

Misra, G., & Agarwal, R. The meaning of achievement: Implications for a cross-cultural theory of achievement motivation, from a different perspective: Studies of behavior across cultures, Lisse: Swets and Zeitlinger, pp 250-266. 1985.

Phalet, K. & Schonpflug, U. Intergenerational transmission of collectivism and achievement values in two acculturation contexts: the case of Turkish families in Germany and Turkish and Moroccan families in the Netherlands. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol 32, pp 186-201, 2001.
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Misty L Loughry and Henry

Words: 1131 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88112539

What is common to them is the fact that they both occur when individuals want their peers to improve their work efficiency. The difference between them is represented by how they are performed. For example, direct monitoring consists in directly observing the behavior and results of peers, praising or correcting them in accordance with the circumstances, reporting inappropriate behavior, and discussing other performance related subjects. This is very useful if included in a motivational system that can be used within the organization in case (Hultman, 2002). Indirect peer monitoring is based on gossip regarding the negative aspects, like poor performance, inappropriate behavior, and others. In such cases, the individuals observed by their peers may not be aware of this monitoring.

The effects of the two types of peer monitoring are slightly different. Direct peer monitoring has a positive influence on problem-free performance only when supervisory monitoring is low, otherwise it…… [Read More]

Reference list:

1. Loughry, M.L. & Tosi, H.L. (2008). Performance Implications of Peer Monitoring. Organization Science. Vol. 19, No. 6. Retrieved February 28, 2010.

2. Hause, M.L. & Woodroffe, M.R. (2001). Team Performance Factors in Distributive Collaborative Software Development. Department of Computing, the Open University. Retrieved February 28, 2010 from http://www.google.ro/search?hl=ro&q=group+performance+factors+of+influence&btnG=C%C4%83uta%C5%A3i&meta=&aq=f&oq=.

3. Hultman, K. (2002). Motivational system mapping. Organization Development Journal. Retrieved February 28, 2010 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa5427/is_200201/ai_n21322405/.

4. Goddard, W. & Melville, S. (2001). Research Methodology: An Introduction. Juta & Co, Ltd. Second edition, Lansdowne. Retrieved February 28, 2010 from http://books.google.ro/books?id=bJQJpsU2a10C&printsec=frontcover&dq=research+methodology&source=bl&ots=XqtbOeBS9k&sig=pVH4gNbRciKwK0v2RfX0YxJUjrg&hl=ro&ei=zZaKS4DmDZrimgOWo8W1DQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7&ved=0CCYQ6AEwBjgK#v=onepage&q=&f=false.
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Balanced Scorecard Using Balanced Scorecards

Words: 3977 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62950666

CMBS overcomes resistance to change by concentrating on quantifying customer satisfaction by asking for ratings of each aspect of a system installation after it has been installed. This gives each member of the team a high level of ownership in the metrics being measured, and over time they improve as CMBS system integration teams become more attuned to the unmet needs of their customers purchasing systems. In this regard BSC strategies with accountability for performance lead to continual efforts to improve scores on each metric defined as part of both the customers' expectations and the motivation CMBS integration teams have to improve their performance and gain greater financial results as well. In this way CMBS alleviates resistance to change by focusing on how to motivate employees to become active change agents for the good of the metrics measured on behalf of clients.

Defining BSC Perspectives for CMBS

The four perspectives…… [Read More]

References

Elizabeth Barber. (2008). How to measure the "value" in value chains.

International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 38(9), 685-698.

Richard Barrett. (2004). Hype and reality in performance management.

Measuring Business Excellence, 8(2), 9-14.
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Social Systems This Work Will

Words: 4601 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28778395

It is the process of interaction among family members that determines the rules by which the family is governed. This is the family's level of cohesion, its adaptability, and its communication style. Finally, these interactions work together to serve individual members and collective family needs;

(3) Family function is the output of the interactional system. Utilizing the resources available through its structure (input), the family interacts to produce responses that fulfill its needs; and (4) the family life cycle introduces the element of change into the family system. As the family moves through time, developmental and non-developmental changes alter the family structure and/or the family's needs. These, in turn, produce change in the way the family interacts." (Allen, et al., 2007)

Figure 1 -- the Family System

Source: Allen et al. (2007)

The family is stated by Allen et al. (2007) to have many "attitudes, rules and communication patterns which…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Allen, Jo Ann (1991) Understanding Families, Children's Bureau, Administration for Children, Youth and Families, Office of Human Development Services, United States Department of Health and Human Services. Online available at:

Anderson, Ralph E., Carter, Irl. E. And Lowe, Gary (1999) Human Behavior in the Social Environment: A Social Systems Approach. Aldine Transaction 1999. Google Books. Online available at: http://books.google.com/books?id=hYfv-ieHdYkC

Family Developmental Theory (nd) University of Kansas -- Department of Psychology. Online available at: http://www.psych.ku.edu/dennisk/PF642/Family%20Developmental%20Theory.pdf

Fontaine, Reid Griffith (2005) Applying system Principles to Models of Social Information Processing and Aggressive Behavior in Youth. Aggression and Violent Behavior. 11 (2006) 64-76.
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Teambuilding and Competitive Advantage Team

Words: 4096 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81985745

One aspect of the ethics of electronic communications is that people feel an insular autonomy, not necessarily true but implied by the format and that often times people chose to communicate at many times of the day and night, sometimes regretting that the communication was not made with appropriate forethought and skill. The social aspect of work communications must not be ignored as the dynamic of email communication can seriously alter the human dimension of work. (ooksby, 2002, pp. 2-3) in the management employee relationship, depending upon the size and structure of the organization, the dynamic of distance may be assumed and even relied upon for the foundation of authority. While in contrast the goal of management may be to connect more personally with individuals to ensure then that there is a common vision and understanding as well as a relationship that is demonstrative of teamwork and employee empowerment. Management…… [Read More]

References

Awadzi Calloway, J. & Awadzi, W. (2005) Trust Communication, and Leadership Challenges in Virtual Teams. The Consortium Journal of Hospitality and Tourism. 12 (2) 25-32.

Atkinson, a.S. (2004). Chapter 27 Ethics and the Corporate Communicator. In a Handbook of Corporate Communication and Strategic Public Relations: Pure and Applied, Oliver, S.M. (Ed.) (pp. 427-435). New York: Routledge.

Bielski, L. (2005). What Makes a Good Leader? The Go-to "Guy" with Vision and Passion Will Top the Org Chart -- and Lead Change Management. ABA Banking Journal, 97(12), 21.

Crossman, J.M. (2003). The Multi-Audience Memo and the International Business Interview. Business Communication Quarterly, 66(4), 72.
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Erickson Studies According to Psychologist

Words: 2702 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76573829

In Poland, a ritual exists by which a znajomy becomes a kolega: When the two parties-- regardless of gender -- give mutual permission to allow each other to drop the "Mr." And "Miss" and call each other by their first names. A celebration involving drinking frequently follows, frequently with the two drinking shots of alcohol with arms linked. The English terms closest to kolega are "buddy," "pal," and "companion."

The authors (McAndrew & ybak, 2006) hypothocized that since the Poles had more formalized and precise friendship words, they would differentiate more readily and consistently between different types of friends than Americans. They also looked at sex differences in judgments made about friendship, expecting that women in both America and Poland would probably make more discriminating judgments about relationships than would men.

Participants were either college students from the U.S. Or Poland. There were 56 Polish and 57 American participants. All…… [Read More]

References

Bell, S., & Coleman, S. (Eds.). (1999). The anthropology of friendship. Oxford: Berg.

Bond, M.H. (1988). Finding universal dimensions of individual variation in multicultural studies of values: The Rokeach and Chinese value surveys. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55, 1009-1015.

Erikson, E.H. (1968). Identity: Youth and Crisis. New York: Norton.

Greenberger, E., & Chen, C. (1996). Perceived family relationships and depressed mood in early and late adolescence:a comparison of European and Asian-Americans. Developmental Psychology, 32, 707-716.
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Relationship Maintenance Theories Have Been

Words: 2123 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71857030

).

Although not all of Davis' relational maintenance strategies are communication based, many of them are primarily work-it-out and have-it-out but also reintegration ceremonies. Davis did not empirically test his observations.

Braiker and Kelley (1979) were interested in understanding the role that conflict plays in relationship development. Employing a social exchange approach to relational maintenance, Braiker and Kelley conceptually defined maintenance as communication behaviors engaged in by members of the couple to reduce costs and maximize rewards in the relationship. Maintenance behavior was operationally defined using items primarily measuring communication with one's partner about the relationship (also included one item measuring self-disclosure and one item measuring willingness to change behavior). Thus, Braiker and Kelley also focus on metacommunication as a relational maintenance strategy.

Braiker and Kelley (1979) concluded that maintenance strategies change meaning over time, with maintenance behavior serving to increase interdependence and love in the earlier stages of development…… [Read More]

References

Ayres, J. (1983). Strategies to maintain relationships: Their identification and perceived usage. Communication Quarterly, 3-1, 62-67.

Baxter, L.A., & Dindia, K. (1990). Marital partners' perceptions of marital maintenance and repair strategies. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 7, 187-208.

Braiker, H.B., & Kelley, H.H. (1979). Conflict in the development of close relationships. In R.L. Burgess & T.L. Huston (Eds.), Social exchange in developing relutionships (pp. 135-1-68). N ew York: Academic Press.

Canary, D.J., & Stafford, L. (1992). Relational maintenance strategies and equity in marriage. Communication Monographs, 59, 243-267.
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Conflict Management Conflict Within Any

Words: 2900 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9495923

This naturally tends to exacerbate the tension and increase the potential for conflict; as with many competing visions and views there are bound to be differences of opinion and consequently conflict between different individuals." As a result many people in many organizations are forced to invent their own corporate vision. When you have different versions of goals, direction, and values among different individuals and groups, you increase the probability of unproductive conflict. " (Landau, Landau, and Landau 9)

An example given by Landau et al. illustrates this important point. The authors describe a situation where each individual working in a museum visualized the aims and goals of the institution differently.

One visualized the museum as primarily an educational institution, whereas the other saw its primary goal as entertainment. The business of the museum could not be carried out without the collaboration of these two officers, but unfortunately the difference in…… [Read More]

Figure 1. Numbers of Unauthorized Foreign-Born in the United States, 1980-2005

Source: (http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/ContentManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=13774)

Another factor to consider is that globalization has also increased the national and cultural diversity in the workplace. (Landau, Landau, and Landau 22) "People of different cultures, genders, ages, and professions may have different attitudes toward work and family, equality
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Economic Globalization Has the 2008 Financial Meltdown

Words: 2832 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9572312

Economic Globalization

Has the 2008 financial meltdown in the U.S. And the ongoing economic crisis in Europe have practically ended the era of economic globalization?

Following the financial crisis that marred the U.S. economy along with other global economies as well as the ongoing Eurozone debt crisis, there have been projected concerns that this predicament would end economic globalization. The purpose of this paper is to assess this claim. Going by Immanuel Wallenstein's World Systems Theory, the political economy of Third World economies and developed economies of the West are mutually dependent. Wallenstein's conjecture is that the growth and expansion of Third World economies relies on constant interaction with Western developed economies seeing as the world is characterized by a structural division of labor where the developing nations of the Third World provide cheap labor and raw materials while the developed economies are the holders of capital and controllers of…… [Read More]

References

Ebrahimi, H, 2012, "John Lewis warns Amazon's tax avoidance 'will drive UK companies out of business" The Telegraph

Held, David; The Open University, eds. (2004). A Globalizing World?: Culture, Economics, Politics (2nd ed.). London; New York: Routledge, in association with the Open University. p. 84.

Katz, I & Christie, R (2011) "Geithner Called Housing Giants Biggest 'Moral Hazard'" Bloomberg

Lynch, Katherine (2003). The Forces of Economic Globalization. Kluwer Law International