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In short, he found that his daydreams were childish, and that the humdrum monotony of life in northern Dublin was real and adult.
Sarty Snopes, on the other hand, is conflicted between what he believes to be right internally, and the pressures upon this belief from his external reality. Essentially, he steps into manhood in a similar manner as the narrator in "Araby," but instead of being consumed by romantic visions of love, Sarty is convinced in the existence of justice or right and wrong. In many other settings, this belief would not create a conflict, however, Sarty's father is a relatively nefarious character; he resents those who possess more than him, takes affront easily, and retaliates in petty as well as in criminal ways. Yet, of course, Sarty is bound by blood to his father -- which Abner reminds him of on a number of occasions. Abner calls this…
Faulkner, William. (2007). "Barn Burning." Northern Kentucky University. Available:
Joyce, James. (1993). "Araby." From Dubliners, edited by Hans Walter Gabler with Walter Hettche. New York: Garland Publishing.
This was in keeping with the Marxist principle of a classless society. In the United Nations, the United States has had an equal standing with other nations such as ritain, France, and the Soviet Union. The United States has participated in United Nations actions and made a show of being a part of the international community while maintaining its superpower status outside of the United Nations' walls. In light of new global political conditions that emphasize global cooperation and governance, rather than government (aylis & Smith, 13), the United Nations still has an important role to play, and the United States has a role to play in it.
While the United States continues to be a member of the United Nations, it is no longer really a true team player. The United States, while still making a show of belonging to the United Nations, now more closely follows the principle…
Baylis, J & Smith, S 2005, The Globalization of World Politics, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Hirst, P 2001, War and Power in the 21st Century, Polity Press, Cambridge.
Janis, Irving 1982, Groupthink, Houghton Mifflin, Boston.
Kaldor, M 1999, New Wars and Old Wars: Organized Violence in a Global Era, Stanford University, Stanford.
Our interpretations, Mediation Strategies and Communication Types
The Nature of Conflict -- an introduction
hat is Conflict?
Conflict as Perception
Conflict as Feeling
Conflict as Actions
hat causes conflict?
Link between Interpersonal Conflicts and Effective Communication
Mediation and Dispute Resolution
The Nature of Conflict -- An introduction:
Conflict is a naturally existing problem in our society and the world as a whole. Conflict exists at all levels and it is so a certain extent quite natural and inevitable. ith a functionalist approach, it can be said that the existence of conflict is somewhat important for the society. It is however an understatement to say that we live amidst conflict. Conflict is present at every level in society and people at every second are reassuring each other as to how they are having a "discussion" instead of a conflict when…
Bellafiore, Donna. 2010. Interpersonal Conflict and effective communication. Journal.
Bolton, R. (1986). People skills: How to assert yourself, listen to others, and resolve conflicts
(2nd ed.). New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN: 067162248X
Cesaratto, T., (2006). The Good Will Hunting technique. Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies, 3, 307.328.
esolving conflicts within Internet schoolwork teams can often be a challenging task. At the University of Phoenix, as well as elsewhere, such conflict must be successfully managed in order to achieve peak team performance. While Internet-based team situations often face special challenges, the fundamentals of conflict resolution remain applicable. Successful conflict resolution involves a number of aspects, including exploring the reasons for the conflict, determining solutions, agreement on the solution, implementation and evaluation of the solution, and practicing the conflict resolution process.
Conflict is often a natural result of teamwork. However, the fact that conflict is natural does not mean that it cannot be managed in order to get the best team result.
It is important that team members understand that individual members have strong, and often different emotions and feelings, and that different opinions can be one of the most important benefits of teamwork (Penn State University).
Heathfield, Susan M. (2004). Workplace Conflict Resolution: People Management Tips. 20 October 2004. http://humanresources.about.com/od/managementtips/a/conflict_solue.htm
King, Kathleen. (1999). Group Dynamics for the Online Professor. 20 October 2004. http://ausweb.scu.edu.au/aw99/papers/king/paper.html
Penn State University. (2004). Building Blocks for Teams. 20 October 2004. http://tlt.its.psu.edu/suggestions/teams/student/conflicts.html
Townsley, Carole A. (1995). Resolving Conflict in Work Teams. Center for the Study of Work Teams, University of North Texas. 20 October 2004. http://www.workteams.unt.edu/reports/Townsley.html
narrative form, identify the similarities and differences among the three conflict perspectives. To do this, create the following two- dimensional matrix:
Group to Group
Persuasive, problem- solving ability, innovative thinking, applying external forces, seeks conflict resolution, seeks means to improve workplace environment potential (Mcfarland, 2015)
Industrious, driven, sound relationship skills, prefers collaborative problem- solving, trusting, can easy enter into conflict, may express emotions and tension readily, friction creating, competitive, although outwardly struggling to attain power, prone to jealousy (Mcfarland, 2015)
Absence of individual desire to assume independent responsibility, hard for mediators to ensure individual accountability for task- handling or results (Mcfarland, 2015)
Capable of working with managing individuals or a group if conflicts of interest arise, has frank views of coworkers' negative and positive qualities, usually concentrates on hostile occurrences, resents others, rejects others' ideas or perspectives, and typically projects unfavorable images…
Kellermann, P. F. (1996). Interpersonal conflict management in group psychotherapy: An integrative perspective. Group analysis, 29(2), 257-275.
McFarland, V. (2015). Conflict perspectives by Victor Mcfarland: SSRN. Retrieved September 9, 2016, from http://poseidon01.ssrn.com/delivery.php?ID=043105127121025114095076012089094121009036000082061091106021001025111000023082073011120058100122042024053114072116008066104076020090034037034101066119097086077089116058002086073127110087117089094008084008087007125102122029116026102125096084111098015091&EXT=pdf
"I am always concerned about corruption" Kelly said. "For me, myself, personally, it is absolutely critical to the good order, to the function of this department, that we have a well-staffed, a well-trained, a proactive Internal Affairs Bureau, and that's what we have" (Baker & McGinty 2010, p.2).
This policy has not always proved to be popular, and many officers are still resistant to the idea of heavily policing the department internally, stating that it makes officers overly cautious on patrol that the NYPD will not 'back them up' in their decision-making. However, Kelly and others state that it was vital to give Internal Affairs "equal footing with the detective, patrol and personnel bureaus" to ensure that the police department upheld its ideals " (Baker & McGinty 2010, p.2). The relationship between Internal Affairs and other departments has often been fraught. There has been resistance to the notion of 'ratting…
Baker, Al & Jo Craven McGinty. (2010, March 28). NYPD confidential. The New York Times.
Retrieved October 7, 2010 at http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/28/nyregion/28iab.html?pagewanted=all
Becker, Andrew. (2010, March 30). Homeland Security IG in conflict with agencies on corruption probe. The Washington Post. Retrieved October 7, 2010 at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/03/29/AR2010032903207.html
Conflict resolution. (2003) M&A Capital Solutions. Retrieved October 7, 2010 at http://www.macapitalsolutions.com/information/conflict.asp
Conflict in the Workplace
One of the things that makes us human is our need and ability to form groups. We thrive in groups, merge into groups, and even the process of civilization and moving from hunter-gatherers to cities was part of group behavior. owever, when groups form, any number of interesting psychological issues occur: behaviors change, organizational issues occur, bonds and alliances are formed and lost, and even individual leadership behaviors change (Johnson and Johnson, 2008). Whether it be individuals, small groups, or large groups -- sometimes behavioral issues arise that cause conflict. Breaking one or more of these rules, however, or disagreeing with them to the point where it becomes unbearable or makes the group ineffective then becomes "conflictual" (Corey, 2008, pp. 149-51). This conflict happens in most cultures and some time or another. We see it in animal behavior as internal aggression. In some human cultures, while…
Let the record show that I am James X., Human Resource Manager for Zycon Corporation, a privately held corporation located in the City of Brisbane, Australia. Today is the 28th of June, 2011, and we are meeting with Mr. B., an employee of Zycon since March, 2001. Mr. B. has steadily worked his way up from a process worker to a section Forman since Spring 2008. Our meeting today is the result of a letter sent by Mr. B. demanding a review of a recent hiring decision made for Factory Manager. According to Mr. B's letter of June 10, 2011, Mr. B. feels that he did not receive the desired position promotion because of "discriminatory and unfair" labor practices, especially those from the Operations Manager. Reviewing the situation we find the following:
In April, 2011, due to corporate growth and efficiency studies, Zycon Corporation created a new position for our Brisbane Factory -- that Zycon believed it necessary to have an overall person who would be
Conflict in DC (Case Study)
Conflict in DC
Conflict in the Democratic epublic of Congo
Background of DC Conflict
The Democratic epublic of Congo (DC), otherwise also known as epublique Democratique du Congo from their French masters and formerly Zaire is a nation situated in Central Africa boasting of a very brief coastline that runs approximately 37 Kms. DC is the third largest country in the entire Africa and stands at 12th position in terns of size in the world scale with 2,345 Square Kms (U.S. Department of State, 2010). It is the eight in the world in terms of population and fourth in Africa with the 71 million populations.
DC is neighbored by Central Africa epublic and Sudan from the northern side, the Atlantic Ocean is on its West, to the south Zambia and Angola border it and wanda, Uganda and Burundi are its neighbors to the East.
Claudia Rodriguez, (2007). Sexual Violence in South Kivu, Congo, Forced Migration
Retrieved February 11, 2011 from http://www.vday.org/drcongo/background
Electoral Institute for the Sustainability of Democracy in Africa, (2011). Democratic
Republic of the Congo. Retrieved February 10, 2011 from http://www.eisa.org.za/WEP/drc.htm
(Feldman and Slattery 201)
In this environment, it is likely that the people of Somalia would welcome the devil himself if he was carrying food and water, and these circumstances have not been lost on those who would exploit them for their own political agenda.
Historical Role of NGOs in Somalian Reconstruction.
The experiences of the United Nations and other relief agencies in Somalia are proof positive that even the best intentioned humanitarian efforts cannot succeed if nongovernmental organizations are targeted by political forces that deem their presence counterproductive for their political agendas. According to Boulden (2001), "The UN response to the Somalia crisis ran the gamut from the extreme of total disregard to total involvement then back to total disregard. During the first year of anarchy, the situation within the country became so dangerous that most nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and UN humanitarian agencies left the country" (54). This author…
Black's Law Dictionary. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co., 1990.
Boulden, Jane. Peace Enforcement: The United Nations Experience in Congo, Somalia, and Bosnia. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2001.
De Waal, Alex. (1998). "U.S. War Crimes in Somalia." New Left Review a (230):132.
Doh, Jonathan P., Hildy Teegen and Sushil Vachani. (2004). "The Importance of Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) in Global Governance and Value Creation: An International Business Research Agenda." Journal of International Business Studies 35(6):463.
"The monkey's larynx, while quite distinct from that of the human being, is not as much so as that of parrots, which clearly can speak. As to their brains, the comparison with that of the latter banishes all doubts." As the narrator tries to teach the title ape to speak, he swears that Yzur takes on a more contemplative expression. The narrator compares the ape to "ancient men of the forest, who were forced into silence and submission" as well as the mentally deficient. But because the monkey is not fully human and does not speak like him, the man sees him as inferior and ultimately drives the monkey man.
The tendency to see 'the other' as inferior is manifest in prejudice against native people as well as animals. esnick's allegorical story shows how human violence and prejudice is an endless cycle. The relationship between humans and animals is more…
Lugones, Leopoldo. (2007). Yzur. ERBZine. 1869. Retrieved December 13, 2010 at http://www.erbzine.com/mag18/yzur.htm
Naess, Arne & George Sessions. (2010). Deep Ecology Platform. Foundation for Deep Ecology.
Retrieved December 13, 2010 at http://www.deepecology.org/platform.htm
Resnick, Mike. (2001). The Elephants on Neptune. Asimov's Science Fiction.
If a violation of worker's rights occur, these unions can be contacted with complaints. Once again, if the worker's unions cannot resolve the problem adequately, consultation with higher authority figures is an option.
Being a unionized institution, collective bargaining is very much part of the employment process. This generally occurs at the departmental level. Generally, higher-level positions are filled by persons already employed by the University. The collective bargaining process entails the establishment of a contract that both an employee and employer find agreeable. uch a contract concerns the conditions of the workplace, including the hours, rules, regulations, and wages.
Once an employee is accepted at the University, the head of department encourages this person to join a union. The employee is then included in a meeting with a union representative and the head of department to discuss the terms of the contract. When an agreement is reached, the…
Bensimon, Estela M., Neumann, Anna and Birnbaum, Robert. "Higher Education and Leadership Theory.
Birnbaum, Robert. (1989, Jul). The Latent Organizational functions of the Academic Senate: Why Senates do not work but will not go away. The Journal of Higher Education. 60 (4).
Dill, David D. (1982). The Management of Academic Culture: Notes on the management of meaning and social integration. Higher Education, 11.
Downey, James (1996, Winter). The University as Trinity: Balancing Corporation, Collegium, and Community. Higher Education, Vol. 21, No. 2.
However, there were a number of influential employee leaders who objected to this approach and who made their position widely known through channels both formal and informal. The latter dissemination of discontent was particularly problematic as murmurings filled the company concerning the presence of some internal resistance. Most importantly for our company was the removal of the impulse for resistance. It was our view, and the view of the present text, that any such dissension could lead to serious morale issues. Therefore, it was incumbent upon us to at least weight the position offered by our dissenting colleagues.
Our strategy for navigating the conflict toward compromise -- as this is defined by our primary text -- would be to select those opposition leaders who had been most vocal and influential to form internal teams and develop competing proposals. These proposals would require that the selected representative developed and delineated plans…
"Divorce mediation confronts one of the most difficult conflicts that exist on earth, the breakdown and ending of the intimate, complex marriage relationship." The desire of individuals to remove divorce from the adversarial legal arena is fundamental to the growth of conflict resolution options for couples leaving a marriage. There is nothing more frightening than change, especially when the emotional stakes of the outcome of such change are so engendered in the emotions of the individuals involved, seeking a non-adversarial approach, is foundational to managing the situation effectively while attempting to avoid the pitfalls of making life altering decisions in a highly charged emotional situation, while still maintaining a sense of voice and control, a possibility the legal system does not usually allow as once again the individual must appoint a spokesperson and then trust that this spokesperson has the interest of all as their overriding goal.
Works Cited www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=105950196
Aureli, Filippo and Frans B.M. De Waal, eds. Natural Conflict Resolution. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2000. Book online. Available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=105950220 .Internet' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Conflict resolution, conflict management, and mediation are essential components for the success of an organization. Given the diversity of the workplace and the varying needs of individual organizations, developing an approach to conflict management can be tricky. The three articles: Work 911's "Organizational Conflict: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly," and Tim Hicks' "What Is Mediation And How Does It Fit Into The Workplace?" And "Steps for Setting Up an Effective Conflict Management System" examine the ways organizations can manage conflict effectively. Each article offers something new for the reader to ponder when designing and implementing a conflict management system.
"Organizational Conflict: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly" offers a unique perspective to conflict management. According to the author, there are two ways of looking at conflict. The traditional way is to see it as something to be avoided, as something inherently negative. This view of…
Hicks, Tim (2000). Steps for Setting Up an Effective Conflict Management System. Retrieved October 3, 2005 from http://mediate.com/articles/hickst4.cfm
Hicks, Tim (2000). What Is Mediation And How Does It Fit Into The Workplace? Retrieved October 3, 2005 from http://mediate.com/articles/hickst5.cfm
Organizational Conflict: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly. (n.d.) Retrieved October 3, 2005 from http://www.work911.com/articles/orgconflict.htm
Conflict and Communication Issues in Marriage and Sex
Communication lies at the root of all our conflict and resolutions. Without communication in all its forms, we as a race would be destined to live solitary and unhappy lives with very little social interaction. When conflicts enter a marriage, two people find themselves trying to engage in forms of communication that in most cases ends up making the situation worse rather than better. "Most people have a "purpose," which aligns itself with the motives behind their conflicts. Second is their "position," which often appears as their stance or strategy for trying to get their own way.
One way to resolve conflict is to identify each person's true purpose rather than argue about positions" (Warrum, 2003). Communication breaks down as a couple try to establish their own points and misinterpret their partner's point, or purpose at the same time. Misread body language…
Gray, P. What Signals Do You Send?
GP, London: May 5, 2003, pg53.
Druckman, A Words That Wound.
Psychology Today, Sept 1999.
(c) Based on what you learned in T205A concept file 02, and T551 Linear Programming:
what is meant by conflict, its nature and sources?
Conflict in psychological development theory offered by Erik Erikson is a dichotomy. It can act both as a means of moving ahead towards growth and development or on the other hand lead to a dead stop. A situation that one finds oneself in causes internal emotions that are in direct opposition to each other (Cherry). A conflict can hence result in decisions that are least anticipated, even by the individual afflicted by it. Individuals working in organizations, specially, face conflicting situations regularly even though they may not realize it. The participants in the ADEA Leadership Workshop sought out the sources of conflicts. In organizational behavior, it was evident that the younger generation was not disposed to aligning with the values professed by the senior…
1) Cherry. What Is Conflict. Available: http://psychology.about.com/od/cindex/g/conflict.htm . Last accessed 25 Mar 2015.
2) Hoelscher & Comer. (2002). Case II: Conflict Recognition -- The Case of the Misdirected Faculty. Journal of Dental Education. 6 (4), 526-532
3) Collani. (2010). "Response to 'Desired and Feared -- What Do We Do Now and Over the Next 50 Years' by Xiao-Li Meng." The American Statistician. 64 (1), 23-25.
4) Tschiesche. (2012). Logical Thinking: How to use your brain to your advantage . Available: http://bookboon.com/blog/2012/02/logical-thinking-how-to-use-your-brain-to-your-advantage/ . Last accessed 25 Mar 2015.
Political, financial and most of all ethnic interest are going to "to further muddle the results. Perhaps most dangerous is that the results did not yield a Parliament whose ethnic proportions match those of the country, and will therefore be perceived as unfair, whether the seats were won by fraud or not." (ubin, 2010).
The other two perspectives to be taken into account in terms of the development of the Afghani society revolves around the social and the economic aspects of the country. As in every economy, there is a clear connection between the way in which the economy develops and the degree to which the society evolves.
In terms of economic prospects, Afghanistan is at the moment still the largest producer of cocaine. "In 2002, Afghanistan returned to its position as the world's foremost producer of heroin. The 2002 crop reached an estimated 3,400 mt., a 540% increase on…
Filkens, Dexter."Taliban Elite, Aided by NATO, Join Talks for Afghan Peace." The New York Times. 2010. Accessed at http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/20/world/asia/20afghan.html?hp=&pagewanted=print
Jones, Seth. "The Rise of Afghanistan's Insurgency: State Failure and Jihah" International Security, Vol. 32, No. 4 (Spring 2008), pp. 7 -- 40.
RAND Corporation. "Afghanistan." America's role in nation building. From Germany to Iraq. 2004. 129-148.
Rotberg, Weak and failing states: critical new security issues. n.d.
Now that he is dying, Harry thinks that he has waited too long to write the things he really wants to write, and that he will never be able, now, to write all that he has left for a later time. As the article "The Snows of Kilimanjaro" (ikipedia, August 31, 2006) suggests "This loss of physical capability causes him to look inside himself - at his memories of the past years, and how little he has actually accomplished in his writing." He realizes that although he has seen and experienced many wonderful and astonishing things during his life, he had never made a record of the events; his status as a writer is contradicted by his reluctance to actually write.
As the now pain-ridden and dying Harry thinks to himself bitterly, for example:
So now it [his writing career] was all over... So now he would never have a…
Evans, Oliver. "The Snows of Kilimanjaro: A Revaluation." PMLA. Vol. 76, No. 5 (Dec. 1961). 601-607.
Excerpt from 'The Snows of Kilimanjaro'" [online text]. Powell's Books. 2006.
Retrieved September 8, 2006, from: http://www.powells.com/biblio?show=
It helps keep the employees motivated and involved when information is shared with them as and when the need arises. It is also critical to bear in mind that messages must be exchanged and delivered in a timely fashion. Sharing the facts that the entire world already knows is a surefire way of losing employees' trust. Stale information is of no use to the stakeholders and usually results in greater mistrust and friction. However for timely delivery of information, senior management or whoever is responsible for transferring information from one end to another must avail all forms of communication including:
Face-to-face meetings, Voicemail and email messaging, Brochures, pamphlets etc. Apart from time, another thing that must be kept in view is the content of messages or information delivered to employees. Messages must be clear and consistent at all times. Brown adds, "Make sure messages are clear, consistent and credible. While…
Gordon, Gloria the state of internal communication - three views. (Panel Discussion) Publication: Communication World; Date: 03/01/1998;
Geddie, Tom B. Internal communication: a model for the future Publication: Communication World; Date: 01/01/1995;
David Brown in DEPTH: Business STRATEGIES: Internal communications should be of vital importance to any business the Business Review (Albany) - August 19, 2002
Similar to becoming a Board Certified Physician, credentialed nurses bring a far higher quality of professionalism to the field, and allow the public and medical community a standard by which staff must be held.
Do think it is important for clinical nurses to obtain certification in their specialty areas? If so, why? If not, why not? Yes, I actually do, for many of the same reasons as above, but actually more. The half-life of information and resulting changes in technology, procedures, appropriateness of care, and pharmacology are such that changes in specialties are so regular it is necessary to receive the highest and most specific level of training possible. Starting with a base curriculum and graduation is not the middle or the end, but only the beginning -- once the basics are mastered; it is time to continue to improve.
Do you believe the nurse leader/manager position is an advanced…
Furthermore, it is the balance between the needs and requirements for peace and the application of intervention methods and techniques that will be critical focal point of this evaluation.
This also refers to various studies that discuss the limitations of various conflict resolution attempts. A study by Saner and Yiu entitled External Stakeholder Impacts on Third-Party Interventions in Resolving Malignant Conflicts: The Case of a Failed Third-Party Intervention in Cyprus, serves as initial example. This study explores the potentially positive and negative impact of intervention in terms of the influence of the effect that multiple and competing external stakeholders, such as foreign powers, supranational institutions and NGOs, can have on third-party peace building initiatives. The article describes a Swiss NGO-initiated intercommunal project in Cyprus and evaluates the failure of this confidence-building project by looking at the role of external stakeholders in the intervention.
4. Conclusion: the importance of the research…
Dale C. ( 2009) CONFLICT TRANSFORMATION AS STRATEGY FOR NATION
BUILDING IN A PLURALISTIC SOCIETY: In Search for Alternative Solution for Iraq after U.S.-UK Occupation. Retrieved November 19, 2009, from http://myresponsability.wordpress.com/2009/10/27/conflict-transformation-as-strategy-for-nation-building-in-a-pluralistic-society/
Dudouet V. ( 2006) Transitions from Revisiting Analysis and Violence to Peace
Intervention in Conflict Transformation. Berghof Report Nr. 15. Retrieved
In this sense, "During the 1950s and 1960s, especially after the falling-out between hina and the former Soviet Union, the hinese government actively relocated Han hinese to frontier provinces such as Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, and Heilongjiang, in order to consolidate the border in light of possible military threat from the Soviets"
. Therefore, the decision to intervene in the ethnic composition of the region was not only a choice related to the national identity of the country but also to geostrategic aspects.
After the end of the old War, the region remained of importance for hina form the perspective of the national identity as well as crucial natural resources, which include oil reserves. From this perspective, massive investments have been conducted in the region, stating the official reason to be the reduction of the disparities between the regions of hina. In this sense, "Rich in natural gas, oil, and warm…
hich historians Yahia Zoubir and Daniel Volman describe this way:
At the same time, they [the Judges] are in accord in providing indications of a legal tie of allegiance between the Sultan and some, though only some, of the tribes of the territory, and in providing indications of some display of the Sultan's authority or influence with respect to those tribes."
For the court to have found in the favor of Morocco based on "historic" claims, would have opened the door of a Pandora's box, and there was simply no way to legally deal with that situation. A finding in Morocco's favor would undo the modern world. Then, strangely enough, and because if he wanted to remain in the dynamics of the argument and struggle for control over estern Sahara, Morocco's King Hussan III interpreted the court's findings in favor of Morocco, and in accordance with Moroccan law. If the…
Borowiec, Andrew. 2003. Taming the Sahara: Tunisia Shows a Way While Others Falter. Westport, CT: Praeger. Book online. Available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=107024757.Internet . Accessed 14 August 2008. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002077928
Dela Rosa, Darrell. 2003. The UN Role in Western Sahara. UN Chronicle, September-November, 22+. Database online. Available from Questia,
(Harvey, 2003) the suspicion of the United States of the "Soviet Expansionist tendencies" had increased by the 1970s and Harvey states as well that "The pervasive mentality of Washington officials during these years was dominated by the communist domino theory which led many Washington politicians to believe that the Soviet Union sought to take over the entire world." (2003) the United States had always received a safeguard provided by the shah for their Middle East interest of oil and it was this that resulted in the United States perceiving the Soviet-Afghanistan relations as a "considerable threat...before 1979." (Harvey, 2003)
Harvey reports that while Department of State records from the early 1970s report that the United States was indifferent to the relationship that was developing between the Soviet Union and Afghanistan that the truth is that "...Recently declassified ntelligence reports also reveal that the "official history record is false."
Isby, David C. (1999) War in a Distant Country. New York: Arms and Armour Press, 1989. Rashid, Ahmed (2000) Taliban. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000.
Terrorism Project. (2001) "Lessons from History: U.S. Policy Towards Afghanistan, 1978-2001." 5 October 2001. Online available at; .
United States Department of State (1976) Annual Policy Assessment, March 9, 1976.
Chechnya [...] Chechen conflict with ussia, including how it started and when, along with the causes, effects, main events and attacks, and a current perspective on events in Chechnya today. Chechnya has always desired independence from ussia, and continues to fight for its' freedom today. The tiny country has not been able to shed ussian influence and government, but it has evolved into a world political crisis that has effected thousands of Chechen civilians and continues to cause strife and violence today.
Chechnya is a Soviet epublic that declared independence from ussia in 1991. However, ussia's leaders refused to acknowledge Chechnya's independence, and instead sent in troops to subdue the Chechens. They withdrew when they met armed Chechens ready to defend their country, but the current conflict had its beginnings in these events in 1991, which escalated to full-scale war by 1994. However, the roots of the problems between Chechnya…
Author not Available. " The Situation in Chechnya and Ingushetia Deteriorates." HumanRightsWatch.org. 8 April 2004. 23 April 2004. http://hrw.org/english/docs/2004/04/07/russia8408.htm
Brzezinski, Zbigniew and Paige Sullivan, eds. Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States: Documents, Data, and Analysis. Armonk, NY M.E. Sharpe, 1997.
Editors. "Country Profiles: Chechnya." BBC. 2004. 23 April 2004. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/country_profiles/2357267.stm
Shah, Anup. "Crisis in Chechnya." GlobalIssues.org. 2 April 2004. 23 April 2004. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/Chechnya.asp
States like Bangladesh, Egypt, and Indonesia have severe challenges due to the risks of flooding, drought, and deforestation. Recently Bangladesh was hit by a powerful Typhoon (same as a hurricane), which caused thousands of deaths and was so severe it was beyond the capability of its weak government to deal with the disaster.
The U.S. Department of State (DOS) has been working for many years to try and help with a solution for the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. The violence between these two states has been going on for many years, and numerous previous attempts to find a lasting peaceful solution have failed. In a document called "A Performance-Based roadmap to a Permanent Two-State Solution to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict," the DOS plan includes three phases. The first is the most crucial and pivotal - an end to the "terror and violence" and an attempt to normalize Palestinian life - in conjunction with…
Textbook Chapter 8 "Post-War Reconstruction."
Dixon, Robyn. (2007, Dec. 15). Zimbabwe may shatter, but Mugabe holds firm. The Los
Angeles Times, p. a-1 - a-5.
Foreign Policy. (2007). Failed States Index 2007. The Fund for Peace and Carnegie
Causes of Organizational Conflicts
usiness experts say that efforts to compete or even survive in the market can be obstructed or slowed down by troubles within the organization itself (Root, 2015). Everyone in the organization must focus on the singular goal of optimizing production and improving its ranks in the market. In order to do so, internal conflicts must be recognized and understood, addressed and prevented from recurring (Root). Common among these internal conflicts are inability to meet work expectations, communication gap, . mis-information or misunderstanding it, lack of accountability and all forms of discrimination.
Failure to Come Up to Expectations
An employee's job description already lists what is expected of him. For whatever reason, he is unable to fulfill any or some of these expectations. Or his manager has additional but only implied or unwritten expectations of him. A secretary, for example, is very often expected to make decisions…
Root, George N. (2015). Causes of organizational conflict. Small Business: Demand Media.
Retrieved on May 9, 2015 from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/causes-organizational-conflict-168.html
The Kurdish uprisings since late 1960s and the war with Iran during the 80s decade have significantly destabilized the political structure of Iraq. And the recent U.S.-led military aggression in the country has not helped the situation at all. The people are in Iraq are desperately looking for restoration of normalcy. And for this reason it is important to study the situations and propose a peace plan that would stabilize the government and brings decades of conflict to an amicable end.
To begin, it is extremely important for Iraq to understand that its internal uprisings are just as damaging as external aggression, if not more. Internal conflicts have caused immense damage to Northern Iraq where Kurds have been fighting for self-determination and representation since 1960s. Over the years, through active and passive activities, Kurds have managed to carve an identity and denying this would be useless as Peter…
1. Peter W. Galbraith, "Protect the Kurds," Washington Post, August 11, 2002.
Huge esearch Project
The conflict of the individual vs. society is a timeless conflict that plagues each and every one of us. It is an integral part of our genetic make-up so that despite everything we as individuals need to be part of society as our need for interdependence is so great. And that is the reason why the conflict of individual and society persists with no panacea for it, and will continue to be a war waged with either one triumphing over the other as the situation warrants.
Freud's psychoanalytic theory might have stirred up a controversy, but it was able to aptly indicate the everyday conflict that man faces being part of the society. His theory with id as the primal instincts that humans follow, the ego as the regulator and the superego as the philanthropist has enabled us to pinpoint the probable causes of this ubiquitous conflict…
Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs motivational model. 2010. 6 December 2011 .
Ebert, Roger. "Forrest Gump." Chicago Sun-Times 6 July 1994.
Elliott, Anthony. Psychoanalytic Theory: An Introduction . North Carolina: Duke University Press, 2002 .
Maslin, Janet. "Forrest Gump Film Reiew; Tom Hanks as an Interloper in History ." New York Times 6 July 1994 .
conflicts that you have encountered; one for every conflict types. The instances should have realistic substance and can either be professional or personal instances. Start by writing a short explanation of every conflict; afterwards (applying a layout same as the matrix above), single out the effect, impact or influence which each psychosocial aspects partook on the specific conflict.
The 3-by-4 matrix shown below demonstrates two scopes that is; three conflict types and four kinds of psychosocial aspects.
Come up with an array of major explanations that define the influence and relations of the events when observed across the psychosocial aspects and conflict types.
I experience internal conflict several times regarding my expenditure priorities. In spite of being aware of pending bills, upon receiving the payment, I feel the urge to shop for new jewels and clothes. During such times, I am cognizant of the unpleasant repercussions…
Gunkel, M., Schlaegel, C., & Taras, V. (2016). Cultural values, emotional intelligence, and conflict handling styles: A global study. Journal of World Business, 51(4), 568-585.
Matthews, G., Zeidner, M., & Roberts, R. D. (2004). Emotional intelligence: Science and myth. MIT press.
e. Lindle 1996). Also, the conflict management design under the SBM structure does not work well under dictatorship; in fact when the principal becomes too domineering, the researches showed obvious instances of dissatisfaction amongst the staff and decreased incentive from the students to work and engage in the learning process. The conflict management design under the SBM structure is heavily dependent upon the contribution of the committees and cannot succeed without it. Numerous studies have shown that the most ineffective principals have been the ones who have appointed committees but haven't given them enough authority over the real executive tasks or enough room to perform and contribute to the overall managerial structure. The problem, as highlighted in numerous studies, with this approach is that there is an obvious tussle for authority between the principal, the teachers and the peripheral agencies like the investors. This tussle has a negative effect on…
Arnott, M.A. And Raab, C.D. (2000). The Governance of Schooling: Comparative Studies of Devolved Management. Routledge. London.
Bryk, A., Sebring, P., Easton, J., Luppescu, S., Thum, Y., Nagaoka, J. And Bilcer, D. (1998a). 'Chicago School Reform: Linkages Between Local Control, Organizational Change, and Student Achievement. The American Educational Research Association. San Diego.
Bryk, A., Sebring, P., Kerbow, D., Rollow, S. And Easton, J. (1998b). Charting Chicago School Reform: Democratic Localism as Lever for Change, Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
David, J. (1996). The Who, What, and Why of Site-based Management. Educational Leadership, 53-4:4-9.
The choice cannot be repudiated or duplicated, but one makes the choice without foreknowledge, almost as if blindly. After making the selection, the traveler in Frost's poem says, "Yet knowing how way leads on to way/I doubted if I should ever come back" (14-15). And at the end, as one continues to encounter different forks along the way, the endless paths have slim chance of ever giving the traveler a second choice. One can see this as similar to Mrs. Mallard's change. As she looks out into the future, she sees endless possibilities for choice and nothing feels like she would ever return to the determinate state of marriage.
The final two lines of "The Road Not Taken" say, "I took the one less traveled by / and that has made all the difference" (19-20). Unlike in Chopin, the traveler determines to take the path. In Chopin, the path forces…
Carver, Raymond. (1981). Cathedral: stories. New York: Vintage.
Chopin, Kate. (2003). The Awakening and selected short fiction. New York: Barnes & Noble.
Frost, Robert. (1969). The Poetry of Robert Frost: the collected poems E.C. Lathem, Ed. New York: Holt.
Academic Skills Subscales
The Brief Battery for the WJJ-NU consists 9 tests given in the entire exam with three broad academic tests that include:
Broad Written Language, Broad Math, and Broad eading.
The Brief Battery of the tests include: Applied Problems, Letter-Word Identification, calculation, Spelling, Passage Comprehension, Writing Samples, Fluency, eading, Writing Fluency and Math Fluency.
Describe the age range: Ages 2-90+ (K to graduate school)
State the purpose of the instrument:
The instrument is designed to administer achievement measurement as well as designing the diagnostic capabilities for clinical, educational and research purposes. The Brief Battery instrument is also to assist professionals with the tool to yield information in a lesser testing time. Moreover, the testing tool is used as screen tool, instrument for monitor, tool for revaluation the progress of students, and assessing students' academic strengths and weakness. The instrument can also be used as problem solving models.
References (provide APA formatted reference based on test review found in the MMY)
Here is a sample of a correct APA reference for a pretend test review in the MMY
Yearbook and Tests in Print. Yearbook: #.
R. A. Spies, J. F. Carlson, & K. F. Geisinger (Eds.), The eighteenth mental measurements yearbook. 2010.
Personal Response: After reviewing this test and considering all that you have learned in this review, would you recommend that this test be used to assess the students that it is designed for? State why you believe that this test would or would not be useful in assessing this population.
Globalization, Genetic Modification of Crops and Agricultural Hysteria on the Left
One of the most telling images in the modern media of recent date, regarding the issue of genetically modified foodstuffs was the sight of silos of genetically modified seed being sent back from an African nation experiencing a profound crisis of famine. Despite the fact that such seeds would have helped the immediate problem, fears were too great that the nation would be rendered dependant upon subsidized food from the first world, and more to the point, become test subjects for a questionable new technology. However, amongst the strident cries in Europe and Africa against genetically modified produce, which have driven some individuals to engage in 'eco-terrorist' practices of sabotage, the American consumer has become comfortable, one might state, in a kind of blissful ignorance over the debate. American genetically modified crops are not even required to be labeled…
Bigman, David. Editor. (2002). Globalization and the Developing Countries. Oxford University Press.
DeGregori, Thomas R. (2002). The Environment, Natural Resources and Modern Technology, Ames: Iowa State Press.
DeGregori, Thomas R. (2003).
Origins of the Organic Agriculture Debate. Ames: Iowa State Press.
All teams go through a process of 'forming, storming, norming, performing, and adjourning' when they are being created. These states tend to be predictable and sequential, although some teams spend more time at particular stages than other teams. Teams can also regress, particularly if new players are added. As seen in exhibit 13.3 project managers must be aware of the different dynamics and needs of the team at different stages, when it is tentatively establishing roles (forming); when people are jockeying for position (storming); when the team goal and roles are being clarified (norming); when the team is functional and reaching its goal (performing); and finally when it disbands (adjourning).
High-performing teams (as seen in Exhibit 13.4) have clear, strong personal values which facilitate achieving both the personal rewards of members and the project results. Self-direction, personal responsibility, and a high need for achievement are some of the…
successful leadership styles, strategies and traits.
Two leadership styles that I believe are successful and effective styles are servant leadership and transformational leadership. Both of them emphasize strategies of helping followers to become better overall, and both build on positive traits of trust and integrity. Servant leadership focuses on putting the needs of the other ahead of one's own. It is truly about serving one's followers and thereby building an organization that is grounded in compassion, empathy, and the desire and ability to actually help other people overcome the obstacles they face, whether they are in a particular work habit, a personal problem, or a financial difficulty. Servant leaders look out for their followers as though they were their sheep.
Transformational leaders focus on using Emotional Intelligence (EI) and Social Intelligence (SI) to build relationships and transform their followers into the kind of workers that the organization needs to succeed.…
Eichenwald, K. (2005). Conspiracy of Fools. NY: Broadway Books.
Sanders, T. (2006). The Likeability Factor. NY: Three Rivers Press..
Conflict of Handling Styles
This is a response to two scenarios that try to solve a problem using solution solving models and leadership qualities.
Scenario Background (1)
Colleagues in internal medicine in one of the community hospitals stopped a radiologist following a staff meeting that unanimously agreed that such an action be taken. A week earlier, an internist had referred an elderly man suffering from chronic cough for an x-ray (chest). The patient had also been diagnosed of bronchitis. On a Thursday, morning, the internist had received an x-ray report which indicated that the patient had been diagnosed of bronchogenic Carcinoma. The internist wondered why the radiologist had not shared the report with him verbally. He was upset and complained about it but did not use abusive language.
Handling a conflict
This would have been the best scenario TKI would use. TKI have been on the forefront on conflict resolution…
Bernstein, & Ablon. (n.d.). Mediate.com - Find Mediators - World's Leading Mediation Information Site. Collaborative Problem Solving: An Effective Approach for Managing Conflict in The Workplace. Retrieved April 11, 2016, from http://www.mediate.com/pdf/UsingCPSInTheWorkplace.pdf
Management Training and Leadership Training - Online. Rumors in the Workplace - Team Management Training from MindTools.com. Retrieved April 11, 2016, from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTMM_25.htm
Rau-Foster, M. (n.d.). Are you looking for solutions to difficult workplace issues? Conflict in the Workplace -- Workplace Issues. Retrieved April 10, 2016, from http://www.workplaceissues.com/arconflict/
Thomas, & Kilmann. (2015). Online Courses for Conflict Management and Change Management -- Kilmann Diagnostics. An Overview of the TKI -- Kilmann Diagnostics. Retrieved April 10, 2016, from http://www.kilmanndiagnostics.com/overview-thomas-kilmann-conflict-mode-instrument-tki
The content language adopted for white collar workers will be a simple, plain one as the goal is for the message to be understood best and used by the employees in their interaction with the customers. In global communication campaigns, the language will be the same for white and blue collar workers and therefore a simple and plain one for everyone. In specific communications, the language can increase in complexity if the auditorium that needs to receive the message had a higher education level.
The content will take under consideration the cultural differences between the corporate headquarters country (e.g. UK) and the local offices (e.g. Korea) and adapt global campaigns to the local requirements. Additionally, the content will be designed to match company objectives and how these objectives can be understood by personnel. Therefore, a specialized team will be dedicated to understanding the personnel, the company values the personnel needs…
Acosta, C., Leon, V.J., Conrad, C., Gonzalez-Cervantes, R. And Malave, C.O. 2004. Case Study on Culture and the Implementation of Manufacturing Strategy in Mexico. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, vol. 23(3): pp. 173-181.
Davis, Alison. 2005. Applying Employee Demographics. Strategic Communications Management. August 1st, http://www.allbusiness.com/technology/computer-software-management/943392-1.html
Hofstede, G. 1984. Cultural Dimensions in Management and Planning, Asia Pacific Journal: pp.84-99.
Internal Comms. 2006. The Top Seven Macro-Trends in Internal Communications. April edition, www.internalcommshub.com
Only then will the moe effective use of knowledge occu and its value is de-politicized, making it moe potent in geneating pofits (Chatand, 1985).
It is a paadox that the moe challenging, disuptive and uncetain a given industy is the moe oganizations factionalize thei stuctues, ceating splinte goups and politically volatile stuctues that only acceleate a company's demise. The paadox is that in the toughest and uncetain of times in the telecommunications industy, Veizon Telecommunications needs to think moe about how they too can be a disuptive foce in the maket. Instead, the management team is focused on a highly balkanized, vey politically-diven agenda of holding onto powe by ceating smalle silos o depatments that can easily manage the data that is peceived as the most valuable asset thee is in the oganization. The paadox comes full cicle when a company is sold in pieces and the sold unit o…
Chartrand, R.L. (1985). The politics of information. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 36(6), 376-376.
Frederic Jallat, & Ancarani, F. (2008). Yield management, dynamic pricing and CRM in telecommunications. The Journal of Services Marketing, 22(6), 465-478.
Liljander, V., Polsa, P., & Forsberg, K. (2007). Do mobile CRM services appeal to loyalty program customers? International Journal of E-Business Research, 3(2), 24-30,33-40.
Piercy, N.F. (1989). Information control and the power and politics of marketing. Journal of Business Research, 18(3), 229-229.
For example, the conflict in former Yugoslavia is often studied as a case of ethnic conflict, and the Serbian atrocities against Bosnians is usually described as "ethnic cleansing." But Serbs, Croatians, and Bosnians "are all South Slavs, sharing a common ethnic origin and speaking basically the same language: Serbocroatian" (Perlmutter). Serbs and Croatians share the same religion as well (with different denominations), while Bosnians, with the exception of their Muslim identity, have experienced a shared history with the other two. And all three are former Communists. Nevertheless, all three groups have identified themselves as different ethnicities during the conflict in the 1990s.
Dominique Moisi (2007) argues that, in addition to the problem of clash of civilizations, the world today faces a clash of emotions. There is a culture of fear, displayed by the est, of foreign nationals, of losing the identity in a complex world, of losing their economic power,…
Moisi, Dominique. "The Clash of Emotions." Foreign Affairs 81.6 (2007).
Psalidas-Perlmutter, Foulie. "The Interplay of Myths and Realities." Orbis 44.2 (2000): 237.
The continued reunification of Sudan, remains to be fully realized, even some 7 years after the official end to the civil war. Oppression and lack of representation still occur as do more subtle marginalizing tactics on the part of the favored government. Secrecy and fear still abound in the nation, as do economic and social hardships that are difficult to overcome.
Works Cited www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=95248133
Deng, Francis M. "Egypt's Dilemmas on the Sudan." Middle East Policy 4.1 & 2 (1995): 50-56. Questia. 24 Sept. 2007 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=95248133.
El-Tigani, Mahgoub. "Solving the Crisis of Sudan: The Right of Self-Determination vs. State Torture." Arab Studies Quarterly (ASQ) 23.2 (2001): 41. Questia. 24 Sept. 2007 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001036026.
El-Tigani, Mahgoub. "The Sudan -- Contested National Identities." Arab Studies Quarterly (ASQ) 23.2 (2001): 111. Questia. 24 Sept. 2007 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001036042.
Fluehr-Lobban, Carolyn, and Richard Lobban. "The Sudan since 1989: National Islamic Front Rule."…
Judy Mayotte, "Civil War in Sudan: The Paradox of Human Rights and National Sovereignty," Journal of International Affairs 47.2 (1994), Questia, 24 Sept. 2007 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000189501 .
Richard Lobban, "Slavery in the Sudan since 1989," Arab Studies Quarterly (ASQ) 23.2 (2001): 31, Questia, 24 Sept. 2007 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001036022 .
Each customer's predictive score informs actions to be taken with that customer. usiness intelligence just doesn't get more actionable than that." (Siegel, 2009)
Predictive analytics involves: (1) a focus on actions; (2) rapid deployment; and (3) engagement of business and IT. (Siegel, 2009) Decision management is characterized by: (1) a focus on decisions; (2) the combination of business rules with analytics; and (3) putting predictive analytics to work. (Siegel, 2009) Irwin Speizer writes that there is a "new generation of workforce-planning tools" that offer great promise through the use of "sophisticated software and data-rich predictive-modeling techniques..." (Speizer, 2006) It is stated that the study of "internal staffing history and skill sets, external and internal business trends, demographic data and other variables" that the HR leader can "predict a company's talent-related needs years into the future." (Speizer, 2006)
V. Summary & Conclusion
Starbucks did manage to negotiate their way successfully through…
Kaczmarczyk, Pawel and Lewicki, Mikolaj (2007) "Lost In Transformation."
Cultural Encounters In Multinational Corporations Investing In Central And Eastern Europe. DIOSCURI Final Conference, Institute for Human Sciences, Vienna. 20-22 April. 20007. Online available at:
Fellner, Kim (2008) Private Sector: Starbucks Leaner, Meaner. 8 Jul 2008. Post-Gazette.com Business. Online available at: http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/08190/895381-28.stm
O'Neill, Brendan (2009) Israel, Starbucks and the New Irrationalism. 14 Jan 2009. War In Gaza. SPIKED.com. online available at: http://www.spiked-online.com/index.php?/site/article/6103/
An important aspect of the marketing management plan relates to communication. Key internal stakeholders must be kept informed of the objectives of the marketing plan, progress, as well as any relevant updates as the implementation of the plan proceeds (Ferrell & Hartline, 2014). Effective engagement of internal stakeholders is crucial if the desired outcomes are to be achieved. When internal stakeholders are well informed of the marketing objectives, they are likely to be more committed to the initiative, hence increasing the success of the initiative. At HtW, internal stakeholders mainly include the board, the management, and members of staff. The board acts as the overall decision making organ of the organization. It formulates polices and the strategic direction of the organization and supervises the management. Communicating the marketing objectives and progress to the board would, therefore, be vital. The board requires such information for purposes of decision making on aspects…
229). The John Howard government cemented the lesson as a "significant shift in our dealings with the South Pacific," (quoted in McDougall and Sherman, p. 178) and as a result Australia now effectively reserves the right to step in to maintain (or restore) the rule of law throughout the region.
If anything, Australia's relationship to Papua New Guinea is stronger than its interest in the Solomon Islands (Wainwright 2003, p. 26), given its colonial history there. Somewhat more recently, Australia provided tacit material support for Papua's invasion of the breakaway Bougainville faction (McMillan 1997, p. 8) before the Sandline mercenary scandal and ensuing general strike made policy makers rethink their role in the affair and, by extension, the nightmare prospect of a true state failure in the region:
In today's globalized world, the failure of [a] modern nation state would not simply mean that its people would revert to the…
Anthony, MC, 2005, Regional security in Southeast Asia: beyond the ASEAN way, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies: Singapore.
Checchi, F, Elder, G, Schafer, M, Drouhin, E, & Legros, D, Jul 5, 2003, "Consequences of armed conflict for an ethnic Karen population, "The Lancet, vol. 362, pp. 74-5.
Cheesman, N, 2002, "Seeing 'Karen' in the union of Myanmar," Asian Ethnicity, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 199-220.
Dixon, G, Gene, M, & Walter, N, 2008, Joint review of the enhanced cooperation program (ECP), Governments of Australia & Papua New Guinea: Canberra & Port Moresby, viewed 30 March, 2010, http://www.ausaid.gov.au/publications/pdf/ecp_final_report2008.pdf.
Empowerment Perceptions and Conflict
Modern organizations often grow beyond executive control. As a result, management process often becomes expensive to monitor. This is based on the knowledge that quality managers are scarce. However, there is an option of building internal organization mechanism; for instance, empowerment to substitute the absenteeism of management. This study shows how empowerment is applied to provide consensus in an organization. Parameters prompting an organization to apply empowerment as management supplement are identified. The study also examines the perception of power and its importance in providing solutions in a conflict situation.
Background of Empowerment in an organization
Aamodt (2012) establishes that organizations make sufficient change because managers when done their homework in matters related to employee appraisal. Previous research examined the close relation between the complexities of organization empowerment to the general quality of employee output. Empowerment is based on the knowledge that modern day organizations are…
Aamodt, M. (2012). Industrial/Organizational Psychology: An Applied Approach (Google eBook). New York: Cengage Learning.
Chen, M. (2008). National Culture and Employee Perceptions of Teamwork, Management Accessibility, Participation in Decision Making, and Innovativeness in a Multi-national Corporation. New York: ProQuest
Daft, R. (2007). The Leadership Experience. New York: Cengage Learning.
Negotiation Conflict Resolution Mergers Acquisitions You required obtain Gung Ho film, locate case articles mergers acquisitions literature, prepare a paper analyze typical leadership dilemmas conflicts occur organizations merge.
Gung Ho!: Communication complications in the wake of corporate mergers
It is an often-cited truism that if you want to seem to have great fortune-telling abilities, it is wise to predict that a corporate merger is bound to fail. The reasons for the failure of mergers to create promised added value for shareholders or employees are numerous, but one of the most common sources of conflict is a conflict of organizational cultures. As illustrated in the film Gung Ho!, cultural conflicts become even more acute when they involve a clash of national as well as corporate work cultures. According to the authors of the study "Assimilation of quality culture and its effect: An empirical study of a cross-border M&A" (Ito,…
Organizational culture is defined as "a pattern of basic assumptions -- invented, discovered, or developed by a given group as it learns to cope with its problems of external adaptation and internal integration" (Ito, Toshihiko, & Fujimura 2009: 1). In the film, a powerful Japanese automotive company acquires a failing American facility. This acquisition is willing, given that representatives from the American plant go over to Japan to convince the company to come over to the U.S. However, the Americans have no idea how to relate to the Japanese executives. When Hunt Stevenson, played by Michael Keaton, travels over to Japan to speak to the board of directors, he makes loud and boisterous small talk and inappropriate sexual jokes, clumsily tries to create a connection between himself and the executives in a personal fashion, and asks if they speak English. All of this suggests a lack of 'homework' on the part of Hunt which the Japanese clearly expected him to do. Furthermore, his familiar attitude is not in keeping with the high-context culture of Japan, in which hierarchies and duties based upon status are expected to be obeyed. However, the Japanese executives are equally tone-deaf to the corporate culture of America. They try to force American workers to do calisthenics and place no value upon individualism and insight after the merger takes place.
Although Gung Ho! is a parody, the fanatical Japanese attention to symmetry and quality, in contrast to the more lackadaisical attitude of American workers is reflected in many real-life scenarios. "When two companies with different corporate cultures are merged into a new company, cultural friction inevitably arises, creating internal inconsistency in quality culture until the completion of assimilation. This cultural inconsistency may affect quality ratings and organizational decision-making" (Ito, Toshihiko, & Fujimura 2009: 2). For the Japanese, attention to product detail is a point of collective pride in the film. Workers are supposed to put aside their personal needs in deference to the needs of the organization. This creates friction between Japanese managers and American workers.
A clash of corporate cultures regarding quality standards does not merely make
Experienced as Internal Coach in Place of Work
The objective of this study is to reflect on the challenges experienced as an internal coach within the place of work and specifically on the challenges of managing the boundaries between the writers as an internal coach, the coachee and the coach's line manager.
Coaching and mentoring are described as relationships that help people: (1) take charge of their own development; (2) release their potential; and achieve results which they value. (McGraw and Hill, nd, p. 8) Stated as nine key principles for internal coaching are the following: (1) the LEARNING relationship is at the heart of change; (2) the CLIENT sets the agenda and is resourceful; (3) the COACH OR MENTOR facilitates learning and development; (4) the CONTEXT is work; (5) the OUTCOME is change and action; (6) the APPROACH OR MODEL provides movement and direction; (7) the SKILLS…
What is effective coaching and mentoring at work? (nd) McGraw Hill. Retrieved from: https://www.mcgraw-hill.co.uk/openup/chapters/9780335243853.pdf
Change Agenda (nd) CIPD. Retrieved from: http://www.cipd.co.uk/NR/rdonlyres/5EBC80A0-1279-4301-BFAD-37400BAA4DB4/0/coachsuperv.pdf
Supporting staff working with people who challenge services: Guidance for Employers (2013) Skillsforcare.com. Feb. 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.skillsforcare.com/Document-library/Skills/People-whose-behaviour-challenges/Supporting-staff-working-with-challenging-behaviour-(Guide-for-employers) vfw-(June-2013).pdf
Coaching: A Global Study of Successful Practices (2008-2010) American Management Association. Retrieved from: http://www.opm.gov/WIKI/uploads/docs/Wiki/OPM/training/i4cp-coaching.pdf
Distinctly from John Updike's teenage character Sammy in his short story "A&P," who realizes he has just become an adult; Connie as suddenly realizes she feels like a kid again. Now she wishes the family she usually hates having around could protect her. The actions of the fearsome Arnold, are foreshadowed early on, when he warns Connie, the night before, after first noticing her outside a drive-in restaurant: "Gonna get you, baby" (paragraph 7). From then on, Arnold's quest to "get" Connie feels, to Connie and the reader, in its dangerous intensity, much like the predatory evilness of malevolent fairy tale characters, e.g., the Big Bad olf, or the evil stepmothers (and/or stepsisters) that fix on Snow hite, Sleeping Beauty, Cinderella, and other innocent young female characters as prey. And Connie at the end of "here Are You Going, here Have You Been" wishes, like Little Red Riding Hood, Snow…
Kafka, Franz. "The Metamorphosis." E-text. 28 May 2007 http://www.mala.bc.ca/Johnstoi/stories/kafka-E.htm
Oates, Joyce Carol. "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" Celestial Time
Piece: A Joyce Carol Oates Home Page. 28 May 2007 http://jco.usfca.edu / works / wgoing/text.html>
Updike, John. "A&P." Tigertown.com. 28 May 2007 http://www.tigertown.com/whatnot/updike/html
Q.1 Change agents, internal external, upheaval organization's employees. Compare contrast advantages internal vs. external interventionists. Q.2 When organizational reengineering organizational transformation approaches change management? Give instances, elaborate.
Change agents, whether internal or external, will always cause an upheaval among an organization's employees. Compare and contrast the advantages of internal vs. external interventionists.
Internal proponents of change have the advantage of knowing the organization's standard operating procedures. They can tailor their recommendations in light of their knowledge of the organization's personality, core beliefs, and central mission. However, this insider knowledge can also mean that these analysts fail to think 'outside the box' when making suggestions. They may also have additional 'baggage' regarding how they are perceived by other members of the organization, based upon past personal disputes. Change resistance is inevitable, and the last thing an organization needs is for change to be stymied by personal conflicts and resentment. There may…
Bond, Paul. (March 8, 2011). Netflix stock drops after Facebook movie streaming announcement. Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 17, 2011 at http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/netflix-shares-open-lower-as-165304
Overview. (2010). Business Process Engineering. Learning Center. Prosci.
Retrieved March 17, 2011 at http://www.prosci.com/reengineering.htm
Smashing the clock. (2006, December 11). Businessweek. Retrieved March 17, 2011 at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/06_50/b4013001.htm
" (Unknown, Culture at ork) and finally, avoidance is the final stage of conflict resolution and is best used when issues are unimportant or conflict doesn't involve some other party.
Technology, global demand and consumerism have all contributed to the need for the majority of both private and public organizations in their quest to grow. Employees are expected to increase productivity but with fewer of their peers from a few years ago to assist them. These developments and expectations of constant change disrupt work environments and therefore cause deep conflicts. One outlet for many is to strike out as opposed to try for stress and conflict relief. Ever since Volvo made the team concept famous the world of manufacturing retail and more have all initiated, many organizations have naturally migrated to that particular business model and new concepts such as just-in-time inventory has taken the team concept even further.…
De Dreu, Crsten K.W. & Annelies E.M. Van Vianen. (2001). "Managing Relationship Conflict and the Effectiveness of Organizational Teams." The Journal of Organizational Behavior J. Organiz.Behav.22, 309-328 (2001) DOI: 10.1002/job.71.
GMU. (n.d.). "5 Stages of Group Development." Retrieved on 19 May 2005, at http://www.gmu.edu/student/csl/5stages.html .
Jimeson, Merrie S. 'M.S.' (2004.) Conflict Resolution in the Workplace. The msMediationSolutions.com web site. Retrieved on 19 May 2005, from http://www.msmediationsolutions.com/pages/crwp.html.
Robin, Daniel. (n.d.). Articles on Conflict Resolution and Negotiation. Retrieved on 19 May 2005, at http://www.abetterworkplace.com .
For example, in a group meeting: 'I understand that you're angry about the fact that the administrative staff is consistently late, and you think a time clock is the best way to address this issue, but I'm not sure this addresses the real, underlying issue that most of the staff is unhappy with their schedule.' or, on an individual basis, when faced with the prospect of being forced to wait: 'I understand that the restaurant is understaffed tonight, but my wife and I were looking forward to dining here, and unfortunately we have theater tickets for a performance in an hour. Could you perhaps seat us at a table in your bar and serve us there?'
Self-awareness of how an individual functions or how a group functions is thus critical to creating an effective conflict management style. ithout understanding one's personal bias, not simply in terms of specific issues, but…
Conflict Resolution: Resolving conflict rationally and effectively."
Mindtools.com. 2007. 17 Apr 2007. http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_81.htm
Wilmot, William W. & Joyce L. Hocker. Interpersonal Conflict. 6th ed. New York:
On the other hand, Israel, Jordan, and the United States were allied in their support of the Israeli state and Israel's land acquisitions during the Six-Day War. Eventually, the Sudan dropped out of the proposal, but, "By the end of 1971 the two leaders had taken soundings in Moscow, had appointed Egypt's war minister, General Muhammad Sadiq, supreme commander of both armies, and had reached agreement on broad strategy" (abil 22). They continued to gain support from the Soviet Union, knowing they needed support of a superpower to offset the military might Israel wielded in the area.
After the war, "Six Arab states, including Egypt, broke off diplomatic relations with Washington, and were subsequently drawn closer to the Soviet Union.28 Additionally, the 1967 war created another 200,000 Palestinian Arab refugees, and more than one million Arabs from this point on lived within Israeli borders" (Mork 21). This really changed the…
Ben-Ami, Shlomo. Scars of War, Wounds of Peace: The Israeli-Arab Tragedy. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Cossali, Paul. "Arab-Israeli Relations 1967-2001." A Survey of Arab-Israeli Relations 1947-2001. Ed. David Lea. London: Europa, 2002. 39-283.
Mork, Hulda Kjeang. "The Jarring Mission: A Study of the UN Peace Effort in the Middle East, 1967-1971." University of Oslo. 2007. 2 June 2008. http://www.duo.uio.no/publ/IAKH/2007/58588/HuldaxMxrkxxMasteroppgavexixhistorie.pdf
Rabil, Robert G. Embattled Neighbors: Syria, Israel, and Lebanon. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2003.
Teams, Diversity, Stakeholders, and Organizational Conflict
The role of leadership in managing conflict in interpersonal, team, and organizational contexts in times of change, with a particular focus on downsizing
The term leadership can be defined as the actions an individual takes when he or she directs the activities of a team or group. the behavioral aspects or actions taken by a leader to influence his team and to help the team cope with change are some of the most important aspects of leadership (Abdulaziz Al-Sawai, 2013). Whenever a leader announces change in a company, it is only natural for employees to hope that the outcomes would affect them advantageously. All staffs normally hope that the management or the supervisors will take into account their efforts and needs. Hence, trust between the employees and their leaders is one of the most crucial factors in influencing how employees will react in response…
Abdulaziz Al-Sawai. (2013). Leadership of Healthcare Professionals: Where Do We Stand? Oman Medical Journal, 285-287.
Frederick P. Morgeson, D. Scott Derue, & Elizabeth P. Karam. (2010). Leadership in Teams: A Functional Approach to Understanding Leadership Structures and Processes. Journal of Management, 5-39.
Helder Moura, & Jose Cardoso Teixeira. (2016, October 6). Managing Stakeholders Conflicts. Retrieved from Repositorium: http://repositorium.sdum.uminho.pt/bitstream/1822/17572/1/Managing%2520stakeholder's%2520Conflicts.pdf
Jacob Bercovitch. (n.d.). CONFLICT AND CONFLICT Management IN ORGANIZATIONS: A Framework for Analysis. Canterbury: University of Canterbury.
Managing Human esources
Change and conflict are some of the manager's current challenges. This thesis tries to inquire into the change processes and managers response to conflicts that arise as a result of change resistance. The manifestation of conflict and the impact of conflict are also discussed. The thesis also looks into the different theories formulated to explain change process and their relationship to conflict management. Also covered is the way decision makers can mitigate conflict and bring sanity in their organizations.
Today's managers are faced with the trade off between change and conflict. Change has become an irresistible part of organization and managers must therefore come up withy strategies and policies of managing change in an order to reduce conflict that may hinder the performance and also to reduce performance gap.
Conflict is bound to occur when different individuals have different perception, opinion, ideas and thought. Change and…
Knudsen T.(2003).Human Capital Management: New Possibilities in People Management. Journal of Business Ethics, 21(2),42-45.
Humphreys, M. (2005). Natural Resources, Conflict, and Conflict Resolution: Uncovering the Mechanisms. The Journal of Conflict Resolution, 49 (4), 23-36.
Kindler, H.S. (2005). Conflict Management: Resolving Disagreements in the Workplace. London: Thomson/Course Technology.
Kotter, J. (1995, march-april). Leading Change:Why Transformation Efforts Fail. Havard Business School Review, 59-67.
Intercultural Conflict Management
Today's society is a multicultural environment that holds both extreme promise and conflicts (Adler, 1998, pp. 225-245). Through rapid developments in technology, global communication has been revolutionized in the past few decades. By the end of the twentieth century, new technology made it simple for people in different cultures to communicate with each other at lightning speeds.
As a result, a greater number of people are exposed to cultures other than their own. Due to communication technology, people are no longer isolated by borders and other obstacles and have ample opportunities to experience different cultures.
However, this incredible occurrence has brought conflict amongst people from different cultures, due to differences in language, manners, opinions, lifestyles and other factors. As a result, intercultural conflict management has become necessary in helping people to understand one another.
Conflict occurs at all levels of human interactions, whether it is…
Adler, Peter S. Beyond Cultural Identity. (1998) Reflection on Multiculturalism. MA: Intercultural Press.
Augsburger, David. (1992) Conflict Mediation Across Cultures. Louisville: Westminster/John Knox Press.
Avruch, K. (1998). Culture & Conflict Resolution. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press.
Avruch, Kevin and Peter Black. (1991). The Culture Question and Conflict Resolution. Peace and Change Vol. 16.
Business Psychology/consulting/Industrial Psychology
Business Psychology/consulting/industrial Psycholog
Transformational leadership plan is a process moving leadership positions from one person to another or from one generation to another. Two major theories in relation to leadership transition plan are contingency theory and behavioral theory. Contingency theory emphasizes that there is no leadership style, which can stand alone as a proper leadership style. From the internal and external environmental factors, a leader should adapt to any given situation because leading has no redefined path. Behavioral theory emphasizes that great leaders are not born but made. The theory states that any leader can be more effective through teaching, experience, and observation. The theories can be applied in case of a sudden departure, for strategic leadership succession, and a possible planned departure (Ismail & Yusuf, 2011).
Merger transition plan is a process where two or more companies joined such that they can benefit on large capitals,…
Bass, M.B. (1990). From Transactional to Transformational Leadership: Leaning to share the vision. Organizational Dynamics. Volume 18, Issue 3: 19 -- 31
Cohen, A. & Golan R. (2007). Predicting absenteeism and turnover intentions by past absenteeism and work attitudes: An empirical examination of female employees in long-term nursing care facilities. Career Development International, Vol. 12 Iss: 5, pp.416 -- 432
De Dreu, C.K. W & Weingart, L.R. (2003). Task vs. relationship conflict, team performance, and team member satisfaction: A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol 88(4), Aug 2003, 741-749. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.88.4.741
Emery, M. (2010). When the Cure is the Cause: the Turnover and Absenteeism Problems. The Innovation Journal: The Public Sector Innovation Journal, Volume 15(1), Article 6: 1-17
Problems can arise from consequences of business rules that change due to external forces or a team member generates a new idea that creates a problem. This can create conflict with the values of the team members and overall team that can cause emotional behaviors to arise. The collective feedback from all team members helps build the knowledge of the manager. The combination of feedback from all team members and the manager's knowledge of the goals, assumptions, and experience helps enable the manager to express an opinion where all team members understand.
Openness, open to new experience, extraversion, outgoing and high spirited, and neuroticism, a general tendency to experience emotions, are correlated with emotional intelligence (Godse). If a manager is open to new experience, outgoing, and experiences their own emotions, emotional intelligence comes easier because it becomes a shared experience among team members. Openness allows the manager to learn about…
Godse, a. & . (n.d.). Perceived emotional intelligence and conflict resolution styles among infomraiton technology professionals: Tesing the mediating role of personalityp. Singapore Management Review, 32:1, 69-83.
Liu, C. & . (2010). A system maintenance process for facilitation requests management and conflict resolution. International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, 20:7, 899-920.
Third Party Intervention in the Middle East
The headlines everyday report more violence in the Middle East than ever before. Television broadcasts offer viewers a barrage of suicide bombers, massacres, garden-variety atrocities of all types, and a group who hails themselves as "Freedom Fighters." With so many women, children, and others who do not support their position as victims, one must wonder for whose freedom do they fight? This conflict has been going on for many generations and with no real resolution, only a temporary lull in the fighting now and then.
The two sides of the conflict have been unable to resolve their differences to this point and the fighting and violence continues to escalate and involve more and more innocent victims. Due to their inability to resolve this conflict on their own, it is now necessary for third parties to intervene with solutions to end this senseless conflict,…
ABC News. Arafat-Sharon Timeline. http://abcnews.go.com/sections/world/popoff/dailynews/arafat_sharon_timeline_020418.popoff/index.html . Accessed May 5, 2002.
Guardian Unllimited. World trade Organization. 2002. http://www.guardian.co.uk/wto/flash/0.6189.380127.00.html . Accessed May 5, 2002
Jerusalem Post Internet Edition. May 5, 2002. http://www.jpost.com/NASAApp/cs/ContentServer?pagename=Jpost/A/JPArticle/Fu;;&cid=1020337077104 Accessed May 5, 2002.
Ramzy Baroud, So, How Do You Define A Massacre? Thursday, May 02, 2002. Palestine
15. I see teachers tease students.
16. I tease other students.
17. I see students hurting others physically.
18. I hurt others physically.
19. I hurt others emotionally.
20. I am interested in coming to school.
21. I am a good listener.
22. I am involved in extra-curricular activities.
23. I do my homework.
24. I get good grades.
25. Adults listen to me.
26. I am lonely.
27. I feel lonely when I'm at school.
28. I share my feelings easily.
29. I used tobacco within 2 weeks.
30. I used alcohol within 2 weeks.
31. I used drugs within 2 weeks.
(not at all) to 10 (a lot).
Low Substance Culture:
32. Students in this school use tobacco.
33. Students in this school use alcohol.
34. Students in this school use drugs.
What methods will be used to answer the evaluation…
Be the change action plan. (2008). Challenge Day. [Online]. Available: http://www.challengeday.org/downloads/BTC-Plan.doc.
Ferber, S., Robertson, B., Leigh, G., Fleuridas, C. & Marachi, R. (2007). Summary of Challenge Day student survey. Challenge Day. [Online]. Available: http://www.challengeday.org/downloads/CDStudentSurveyData.pdf.
Frequently asked questions. (2008). Challenge Day. [Online]. Available: http://www.challengeday.org/our_program/faq.html#Q1 .
Maklin, M. (2002, May 20). for-profit PC workshops. Insight on the News, 18(18), 45.
The definition of democracy intensifies the ideals of the individual, as it regards the individual as a very important cog in the wheel of representation. In fact as the work points out the collective idea of social unrest lies not in individualism but in the fact that the individual ideal was to strong for third world political institutions to bear up under. (30) Yet, the individualistic ideals of today's society, are incongruent with true representation. We as members of "democratic" nation are taught to celebrate our differences and yet the human ability to celebrate any differences but our own is inherently flawed as individuals cannot recognize value in an "other" without much exposure and ideological challenge to themselves as a valuable individual defined by their differences. The self is, by its very nature associated with the ideal of better than, simply by the virtue of its separateness.
The stanch democratic…