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Laughter and Healing
The Effects of Laughter on the Healing Process and the Use of Technology to Track Statistics
How Laughter Works
enefits of Laughter
Using Technology in Humor Research
The Effects of Laughter on the Healing Process and the Use of Technology to Track Statistics
In the United States, billions of dollars are spent every year on medical treatments (Diggs, 2004). However, according to Diggs, people often "overlook the coping mechanisms we have been endowed with." The human body has innate mechanisms that provide self-care, which is often better than drugs. The ible says: "A merry heart doeth good like a medicine, but a broken spirit drieth the bones."
There has been a great deal of research on the effects of laughter on a person's physical and mental health (Diggs, 2004). These studies show that when we laugh, there is an actual chemical change in our bodies…
Berk LS, Felten DL, Tan SA, et al.: "Modulation of neuroimmune parameters during the eustress of humor-associated mirthful laughter." Alternative Therapies 2000; Vol. 7, No. 2, Pages 62-76.
Berk, Lee, Dr. P.H., M.P.H. & Stanley Tan, M.D. Ph.D. (1996). "The Laughter-Immune Connection." Available from: http://www.touchstarpro.com/laughbb3.html (17 April 1997).
Bunnell T: "The effect of 'healing with intent' on pepsin enzyme activity." Journal of Scientific Exploration 1999; Vol. 13, No. 2, Article 1.
Cousins, Norman (1979). Anatomy of an Illness As Perceived by the Patient. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc.
Life can be very stressful. It would be helpful if there were actually "time outs" during the day for hearing a couple of jokes or watching a 15-minute humorous video. If it is true that it can be as healthy as aerobics, then we are getting double the advantage -- both a mental and physiological benefit.
ecently I have read a few articles about nursing homes hiring "comic coaches," to come in and cheer up the residents. Given the fact that many of these individuals have been alone for days except for staff, because they either do not have family or people live too far away to visit often, this added humor can surely be of great benefit. As noted by Berk, many of these elderly men and women are bedridden or in wheelchairs. What better way to have their body respond than through laughter?
Overall, it amazes me that…
Berk, R.A. (2001) the active ingredients in humor. Educational Gerontology. 27, 323-339.
Burchowski, M., Majchrazak, K., Blomquist, K. Chen, K., Byrne, D., and Bachorowski, J. (2007). Energy expenditure of genuine laughter. 31(1), 131-137
Martin, R. (2002). Is laughter the best medicine? Current Directions in Psychological Science. 11(6), 218-220
Miller M & Fry W.F. (2009) the effect of mirthful laughter on the human cardiovascular system. Med Hypotheses. 73(5), 636-639.
Laughter is the Best Medicine?
A 2099 University of Maryland study of individuals with heart disease yielded the striking finding that there is scientific evidence that the act of laughing does have health-promoting effects. A study of 300 participants compared the responses of multiple-choice questionnaires designed to measure how much the subjects laughed in certain situations and general responses to anger and hostility. Half the subjects were known to have had heart disease and the other half did not and the individuals who had not suffered from heart disease had significantly more humorous responses to everyday situations than the experimental group (Murray 2009).
In this quantitative study, the design was purely correlational rather than causative. It could be argued that participants who responded with what the researchers considered to be more positive, lighthearted choices could have better had healthcare, not have been a part of historically discriminated-against groups and have…
Murray, M. (2009). Laughter is the best medicine for your heart. University of Maryland
Shah, Y. (2014). New study proves laughter really is the best medicine. The Huffington Post.
Retrieved from: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/04/22/laughter-and-memory_n_5192086.html
Redeeming Laughter: Chapter 14 Summary and Reaction
In the last section of his book, Redeeming Laughter, "PART III. TOWARD A THEOLOGY OF THE COMIC," Peter Berger teases out the fundamental project of his entire text, which is to make an argument for the comic as a critic of society today, much as the fool or jester was a critic of ages past. If this does not sound so different from his valorization of the satirist over the mere crafter of wit, it should be noted that Berger does not see comics merely a la John Stewart, that is political gadflies, but also redeemers of the human spirit.
In Chapter 14 of his text, Berger states that although a comic might stand outside of the cultural milieu, but a comic never sees him or herself as above humanity. Rather, comics help their fellow, although sometimes less perspicuous, fellow humans gain a…
" Hence, Ayan adds, with laughter, the lives of people with elevated levels of cortisol might be saved. Arguably that's a bit of a stretch, but for the purposes of his article Ayan is justified in using it.
Keeping anxiety "at bay" through humor is the sum and substance of a 1990 study conducted by psychologists; 53 college students were told they were going to get an electric shock in 12 minutes albeit there was no such shock forthcoming. hile waiting for this inevitable shock, some of the students were given a funny tape to watch while others watched a boring tape or nothing at all. The results were predictable: those exposed to humor "rated themselves as less anxious as the fictitious shock approached than did those in the other two groups" (Ayan).
In yet another study presented by Ayan to make his point, 56 women were asked to stick…
Ayan, Steve. (2009). How Humor Makes you Friendlier, Sexier. Scientific American.
Redeeming Laughter: The Comic Dimension of Human Experience
In his book, Redeeming Laughter: The Comic Dimension of Human Experience, the author Peter Berger's Chapter 9: "The Comic as Game of Intellect: Wit "and Chapter 10: "The Comic as Weapon: Satire" takes on two of the most frequently derided yet feared forms of inspiring humor and catalogues examples of comics who make use of these two forms of humor which he alleges are essentially linked, but also possess certain crucial distinct differences between the two of them. At first glance, the similarities between wit and satire may seem to be obvious -- however, although the title of Berger's book is Redeeming Laughter, neither wit nor satire is often thought of as potentially redeeming. Both tend to be thought of as deflating, harsh methods of inflicting humor upon others. However, Berger makes the case that highly crated witty forms of wit such…
Each chapter provides sufficient entertainment material to draw the interest of lay people, while balancing this with a good amount of academic information for those who wish to study the country and its people. The narrative throughout the book is bound together well by starting each chapter with a narrative about Gloria or those who share her world. Another strong connecting factor is the quotation at the start of each chapter, which is relevant to the specific topic of the chapter as well as to the general ideas in the book as a whole. While these are excellent techniques, I think the structure of the chapters themselves could have been handled better by more consistently organizing the information in each.
One shortcoming of the book is the internal structure of each chapter, which can be haphazard in some cases, and also a lack of consistent focus on the laughter element.…
Humor and Health:
The evolutionary benefits of laughing easily
According to Mora-ipoli (2012), the old cliche that laughter is the best medicine is really true: laughter, even in the absence of something that is funny, can actually be healing. "Laughter can lead to direct physiological changes to the muscular, cardiovascular, immune, and neuroendocrine systems, which would have immediate or long-term beneficial effects to the body" (Mora-ipoli 2013:57). Although humor can provoke laughter, the two are not necessarily conjoined and even forced laughter produces positive physiological changes in the body in terms of heart rate, blood pressure, and other critical factors that have benefits for the subject. This suggests that laughter is not a cultural product but an advantageous biological 'adaption' of the human species as a social animal.
The unique benefits of laughter (as opposed to humor or enjoying something entertaining) are tied to its mutuality. Although it is certainly…
Blue, L. (2010). Recipe for longevity. Time Magazine. Retrieved:
Bokur, D. (n.d.). What's funny? Yoga Journal. Retrieved:
And Sellers plays the repressed social engineer Strangelove, the timid Merkin Muffley, and the persevering Mandrake -- all with mechanical precision. Kubrick's unflinching camera acts as a character, too, slyly observing the exposition of humanity in all its grimly humorous glory.
This film belongs to a culture that has rejected the status quo -- the quaint picturesque comedies of the 1940s and 1950s; it belongs to a culture that is bordering on nihilism, anarchy, revolution -- anything that will help it to get away from the culture that has brought us the faceless, nameless idiots running the ar Room in Dr. Strangelove. The film offers no solutions -- it only asks us to present ourselves to world with fresh eyes, a pure soul able and willing to laugh at its human foibles and failings, and begin to meditate upon a new direction, a new solution perhaps to the problem of…
Aristotle. Poetics. Sacred-texts. 13 May 2013. Web. < http://www.sacred-
Bergson, Henri. Laughter: An Essay on the Meaning of the Comic. NY: MacMillan,
Each author subsisted to two (2) different kinds of perspectives, which make up the second and third critical elements of the comparative analysis component of this paper.
Berger analyzed humor based on social and political perspectives. Usage of these perspectives was most useful in discussing the two typologies of humor he thoroughly discussed in the book: satire and folly. Satire as a type of humor drew upon important concept that makes up its core: "militant irony" (158-9). Folly, meanwhile, was best characterized through the concepts "absurd" and "reality in a looking glass" (176).
Satire gives humor a political aspect to it, as illustrated in the term "military irony," which Berger defined as "a term derived from war, it is an attitude of attack that is part of a campaign against someone or something." Interestingly, the author qualified that satire need not have the 'brutality' that comes with military irony; however,…
Berger, P. (1997). Redeeming Laughter: the Comic Dimension of Human Experience. Walter de Gruyter.
Critchley, S. (2002). On Humour. Routledge.
Similarly, I often spend time with friends, rather than time with my family.
My goals do not necessarily coincide with what matters to me. When I think of my goals, I generally think of owning things such as a car or house, going to school, and earning a specific amount of money. If my goals were perfectly in line with my stated values, they would likely focus more on building and maintaining important family relationships.
However, I believe it is possible to achieve my goals and keep my values at the same time. This can be easily achieved if I manage my time carefully in order to always allow time for my relationships with my family and friends.
__1_ Having Fun
____ Time Alone
____ Intellectual Discussions
theory counseling exist, giving a background fit views personality. My views: Life experiences play a vital role's life. These experiences negatively positively effect future. Our life choice, decide destiny.
In today's mental health services, almost anyone either with a university degree or by paying some fees upon following specific courses, can call himself a therapist or a counselor. That professional training is not required when practicing psychotherapy is either something to be worrying us a lot or something we should be thankful for. In the first case, people may be misleading themselves into thinking they can treat patients with mental health issues simply because they've been accredited by nonaccredited training programs. When information is poor and experience is less, we must consider that patients' situation can either not improve or even worsen. On the other hand, there may be a lot of individuals out there with prolific abilities into treating…
Corey, G. (2012). Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy (9th ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
May, R. (1950). The meaning of anxiety. New York, N.Y.: The Ronald Press Company.
Stewart, I. (1992). Eric Berne. London, California, New Delhi: SAGE Publications Inc.
The Japanese people do not seem to be too happy, and this makes sense after what they had been through, but it makes them seem inhuman or at least unemotional and distant, something that most Americans do not appreciate. The biggest differences between these cultures seem to be this distance and the Japanese habit of keeping to themselves and not communicating with other people. They keep their emotions inside, and that is not true for many white Americans.
This book is very lyrical and uses vivid descriptions of the natural world to tie the Japanese love of beauty and the natural world into the story. The author writes, "Slender and sinuous, olive green, mahogany, red, scarlet, and ash, they were weighted with broad gleaming leaves and velvet berries" (Guterson 106). The book is full of writing like this, which adds to the authenticity of the immigrant experience while painting a…
Guterson, David. Snow Falling on Cedars: A Novel. New York: Vintage, 1995.
But each has very individual needs. The practice of nursing encompasses the art of knowing when and how to motivate patients back to health.
This poem speaks to some of the core values embedded in nursing. Caring is central what to nurses do. Nurses must promote health, healing, and hope in response to the human condition. For many nursing is a way of giving back. They enjoy helping others; this provides a sense of purpose to their lives. The lines that begin, "The kiss has everything to do with sons who look at us and disappear, daughters who line their eyes with blue and borrow our too-loud laughter," reminds us that the recipient of nursing care is not limited to just the patient; family, friends, and others are all recipients of the care being given. Everyone that comes in contact with the process is affected in one way or another.…
Watson, J. (2003). The implications of caring theory. Watson caring science institute. Retrieved on January 26, 2012, from http://www.watsoncaringscience.org/index.cfm/category/88/the-implications-of-caring-theory.cfm
For example, the popular sitcoms Good Times and Sanford and Son showed working class neighborhoods and the problems of violence, crime, and social oppression, and yet how humor always finds its way into these character's lives.
The 1970s also brought about a new late night live comedy show, called Saturday Night Live. This show had its first run from 1975 to 1980, and made political humor the centerpiece of Saturday night television. The original cast consisted of Dan Aykroyd, John Belushi, Chevy Chase, George Coe, Jane Curtin, Garrett Morris, Laraine Newman, Michael O'Donoghue and Gilda Radner, a diverse mix of young comedians from around New York City. Saturday Night Live is famous for its portrayals of U.S. Presidents, from Gerald Ford to Barack Obama, and has helped to shape Americans impressions of how these presidents have reacted to events in the world. (Boskin, 46) Saturday Night Live created a demanding…
Boskin, J. (1997). Rebellious laughter: People's humor in american culture. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.
Dudden, a. (1989). American humor. (p. 184). New York: Oxford University Press.
When that rocket took flight, in that moment I knew that learning was something that would never end for me. I knew that learning would be a life long process that would take me through highs and lows. However, in this instance the lows would never be seen in a negative light, not by me anyway. These moments would be more opportunities to grow from mistakes and perfect my approach.
There are times when people may overlook how powerful a college education is and can be. This is not an opportunity that I will take for granted. I recognize that there are other students that want an education just like me. However, the only difference is my determination and drive, as well as the lengths I will go through to learn and gain the knowledge I need to make a difference. If given the opportunity to attend your higher institution…
Nabokov's father studied criminal law at St. Petersburg University, but then channeled his legal background into political activism. He was against capital punishment, pogroms, and many tsarist practices. Nabokov explains how his father's "antidespotic" writings have gotten him into trouble (175).
In "Old World," Charles Simic celebrates a moment of contemplating eternity as he gazes on the ruins of an ancient temple in Sicily. The first line of the poem starts, "I believe in the soul," but "it hasn't made much difference." Later, the poet states that as dusk fell it was like "eternity eavesdropping on time." Motifs of soul and of timelessness permeate the poem. The imagery of ancient ruins allows Simic to examine the theme of eternity, and the potential timelessness of the human soul. Likewise, the poet engages imagery of the Sicilian shepherd way of life, which has largely remained untouched for centuries. The speaker discovers the…
tales we know to be true. They begin with "once upon a time." They end with "happily ever after." And somewhere in between the prince rescues the damsel in distress.
Of course, this is not actually the case. Many fairytales omit these essential words. But few fairytales in the Western tradition indeed fail to have a beautiful, passive maiden rescued by a vibrant man, usually her superior in either social rank or in moral standing. Indeed, it is precisely the passivity of the women in fairy tales that has lead so many progressive parents to wonder whether their children should be exposed to them. Can any girl ever really believe that she can grow up to be president or CEO or an astronaut after five viewings of Disney's "Snow White"?
Perhaps, perhaps not. But certainly it is true that modern popular culture contains a number examples of characters and stories…
Bacchilega, C. (1997). Postmodern Fairytales: Gender and Narrative Strategies. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania.
Rohrich, L. (1970). Folktales and Reality. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.
Waddell, Terrie. "Revelling in Dis-Play: The Grotesque in Absolutely Fabulous" in Seriously Weird: Papers on the Grotesque, Alice Mills, ed. New York: Peter Lang, 1999 (207-223).
As a top manager, the person possesses three distinct categories of self-efficacy beliefs (Yun, 2007). These are his individual participant's abilities, his team's capabilities, and the organization's capabilities. Team capabilities are not simply the sum of the abilities of the individual members. And organizational capabilities are different from team capabilities. These being distinct from one another, the top manager can build his efficacy beliefs on himself, the team and the organization. Organizational efficacy can then proceed from the top manager's belief in the organization's capabilities to create competitive advantage as well as attain high performance (Yun).
Self-Efficacy in the Work Environment
According to Newstrom and Davis, self-efficacy is the conviction that one can successfully perform a given task and make meaningful contributions (Edralin, 2004). Causes of powerlessness and low self-efficacy in the workplace are job-related, boss-related, and reward system-related. Unclear roles and expectations, lack of opportunity to…
Bandura, a. (1994). Self-efficacy. Vol 4: 71-81 Encyclopedia of Human Behavior:
Academic Press. Retrieved on March 24, 2010 from http://www.des.edu/mfp/BanEncy.html
Beckman, R.H., et al. (2007). Effect of workplace laughter groups on personal efficacy beliefs. 28: 167-182 The Journal of Primary Prevention: Springer Science- Business
Media. Retrieved on March 23, 2010 from http://www.laughterlinks.com/research/AuthorsFullText.pdf
And as to Foxworthy and Engvall using material that ertainly would be onsidered in bad taste in some soial environments, Kant writes, "...The judgement of taste is not a ognitive judgement...and hene, also, is not grounded on onepts, nor yet intentionally direted to them." The judgement of taste on the "Blue Collar Comedy Tour" is that whih produes laughs, not that whih neessarily mathes up with the values expounded by syndiated radio host "Dr. Laura" or "Miss Manners" in the newspapers.
James P.T. Fatt, "Why do we laugh?" Communiation World 15.9 (1998): 12-15.
Jeroen Vandaele, "Humor Mehanisms in Film Comedy: Inongruity and Superiority," Poetis Today 23.2 (2002): 221-228.
John Morreall, Taking Laughter Seriously (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1983) 15-16.
Jeffry H. Goldstein & Paul E. MGhee, The Psyhology of Humor (New York: Aademi Press, 1972) 10-11.
Franis Hutheson, "Refletions Upon Laughter," Eighteenth Century British Aesthetis, ed.…
cited in turn."
In this case, the mentioning of Astroglide also comes under the "relief" theory of humor, as obviously, the panning cameras on the DVD production shows women putting both hands to their mouths in the body language of embarrassment.
Conclusion: To the comedian, the "agreeable" and the "good" is an audience howling with laughter, no matter whether the humor is in good or bad taste. And, along those same lines, in the words of Immanuel Kant, "Both the agreeable and the good involve a reference to the faculty of desire, and are thus attended, the former with a delight pathologically conditioned (by stimuli), the latter with a pure practical delight."
And as to Foxworthy and Engvall using material that certainly would be considered in bad taste in some social environments, Kant writes, "...The judgement of taste is not a cognitive judgement...and hence, also, is not grounded on concepts, nor yet intentionally directed to them." The judgement of taste on the "Blue Collar Comedy Tour" is that which produces laughs, not that which necessarily matches up with the values expounded by syndicated radio host "Dr. Laura" or "Miss Manners" in the newspapers.
James P.T. Fatt, "Why do we laugh?" Communication World 15.9 (1998): 12-15.
There is an idea of longstanding that humor has power as a curative. The Reader's Digest has long had a section entitled "Laughter: The Best Medicine," reflecting an old saying about this issue. In his book Laugh Again, Charles R. Swindoll approaches this idea from a Christian perspective, recognizing the many ills and sadnesses to which life is subject and finding in humor and laughter the means to overcome these ills and banish these sadnesses.
The author makes his intention clear in the Introduction when he says, "This book is about joy" (11). He wants people to relax more, release tension, and refuse to let negative circumstances dominate their thinking. Swindoll says we can all remember when life was joyful if we think back to our childhood, as he recalls his: "I neither expected much nor needed much. Life was to be enjoyed, not endured, and therefore every…
Swindoll, Charles R. Laugh Again. Dallas: World Publishing, 1992.
The more absurd the outcome and the more unexpected, the greater the chance the audience will have in finding the situation humorous. Changing the audience's perception of a situation creates humor and the incongruous relationship between human intelligence and mechanical behavior serving as a social corrective helping people recognize behaviors that are inhospitable to human flourishing (Kant, Critique of Judgment I, I, 54).
Completely separate from the above theories is the Theory of Play. Play theories try to classify humor as a theory of play stating that similarities between what is true of play might be true of humor as well.
By looking at laugh triggers, Play Theorists suggest that humor in the behavior of animals such as tickling amongst chimps and even tail wagging amongst dogs is similar to laughing amongst humans. These behaviors are all products of evolutionary development. Meaning that we are born with the instinct to…
Bergson, Henri. "Laughter." Trans. Wylie Sypher, in Comedy, eds. Wylie Sypher.
Baltimore; Johns Hopkins UP, 1980.
Hobbes, Thomas. Human Nature in English Works, vol. 4, ed. Molesworth (London: (Bohn, 1840).
Kant, I. (1951). Critique of Judgment. (J.H. Bernard, Trans.). New York: Hafner.
How does one describe the nature of comedy? Comedy is both simple and complicated. How comedy works is simple, but what is funny is complicated. Comedy describes the nature of the universe in universal terms. Every culture has a sense of humor. Every culture across the global and across time values humor. There are figures in literature and culture such as "the fool," and "the jester." These kinds of figures in literature and history and culture are valuable. The voice of comedy is often one that is able to cross social boundaries/construction, class, institutions, etc. The Shakespearean fool gets to speak the truth when often many other characters cannot. As Shakespeare wrote in "Hamlet," "Much truth is said in jest." Comedy as a psychological expression or function is also very interesting. The ways people use comedy say a lot about who they are and what they think. Comedic…
Swift, Jonathan. "A Modest Proposal." 1729
Wilde, Oscar. "The Importance of Being Earnest." 1895.
Wodehouse, P.G. "Jeeves & the Unbidden Guest." 1915.
The fog is actually generated by two painful experiences in Chief's past: first, the fog in his mind is a recurrence of the brain treatments ordered by Nurse Ratched, and secondly, the fog is a direct reference to the actual fog machine of World War II operated by military intelligence in order to obscure what was occurring on the airfield (Lupack 70) as Chief recalls: "Whenever intelligence figured there might be a bombing attack, or if the generals had something secret they wanted to pull -- out of sight, hid so good that even the spies on the base couldn't see what went on -- they fogged the field" (Kesey 116).
Generally speaking, the themes of a particular novel cannot be fully understood outside the social context of the plot. This also largely applies to "One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest" whose plot is set in the 1950s which also…
Kesey, Ken. One flew over the Cuckoo's Nest. Penguin Classics, 2003.
Ferrell, William K. "A Search for Laughter: One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest." Literature and Film as Modern Mythology. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2000. 75-85.
Tepa Lupack, Barbara. "Hail to the Chief: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest." Insanity as Redemption in Contemporary American Fiction: Inmates Running the Asylum. University Press of Florida, 1995. 63-99.
Valentine, Virginia. "Kesey's One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest." Explicator 41.1 (1982): 58-59.
O does not. She uses repetition of "from Tyler" to confirm accuracy reception. This is a sequence of repetition in which interaction is confirmed cooperatively. We see that . orients his social identity to his institutional identity as an "interviewer" responsible for ensuring the communication of information.
In line 15 . says "cause she lives on the East coast (.) and it's cold." This statement is inspired by O's side comment that "only hers is a hardtop." We can see again a structure of clarification in the interaction. It is not a criticism but a request for further information that would confirm a possible meaning. As the interviewer, is perhaps thinking here of the audience who might not understanding the significance of the hardtop statement. While we cannot say anything about 's motivation here, he demonstrates sensitivity to the incompleteness of O's explanation and to the interview context (the live…
B's next interaction is laughter. Laughter is a procedural part of conversational interaction. B's laughter does not break a rule of politeness or act to offend his interlocutor, O. Nor does it operate strictly as a turn since the laughter is overlapping with O's continuous speech. That is, B's laughter does not break the flow of O's story. It is synchronous with it and in a low enough key so as not to create hesitation or pause in the speaker. It is possible that O. expects her story to initiate a humorous response. B fulfills this obligation as part of his interactional co-participation, but maintaining a level of formality, he refuses to engage in banter or teasing.
Then B. inserts "from Tyler" in line 13 into a situation of pause. This may be a case of B "repackaging" O's point for the benefit of the audience. Hutchby has pointed to the significance of Heritage's notion of "cooperative recycling" in media contexts (2006: 129). What it does is to give O. A chance to challenge his comprehension of the story. O does not. She uses repetition of "from Tyler" to confirm accuracy reception. This is a sequence of repetition in which interaction is confirmed cooperatively. We see that B. orients his social identity to his institutional identity as an "interviewer" responsible for ensuring the communication of information.
In line 15 B. says "cause she lives on the East coast (.) and it's cold." This statement is inspired by O's side comment that "only hers is a hardtop." We can see again a structure of clarification in the interaction. It is not a criticism but a request for further information that would confirm a possible meaning. As the interviewer, B is perhaps thinking here of the audience who might not understanding the significance of the hardtop statement. While we cannot say anything about B's motivation here, he demonstrates sensitivity to the incompleteness of O's explanation and to the interview context (the live audience present) as a function of the interaction itself. It is through the pause at the end of O's statement and her gaze that she indicates the possibility for B. To insert his comment. O gives an overlapping "yaah so" which fails to hear his last addition "and it's cold." While O's marker affirms again the accuracy of B's assessment about the "hardtop," it seems to ignore him by rushing on with the story. She moves on quickly as though
Similarly, Mademoiselle Reisz fascinates and inspires Edna beyond words, yet Edna cannot possibly duplicate her life. Adele, kind and sympathetic as she is, in conversation with Edna, still cannot even begin to understand Edna's deep yearnings for freedom and independence; for she shares none of them. Even the longed-for Robert, upon returning from a protracted trip to Mexico, tells Edna that his own view of their future life together (should they ever have one) would be heartbreakingly similar to her present life with her husband.
Within Kate Chopin's the Awakening, noises, conversations (pleasant and unpleasant) laughter, sobbing, and sounds associated with eating and drinking, fill the novel. Symbolically, many of these, such as Edna's breaking of the glass vase in frustration near the beginning of the story, underscore the essential action, as well as the feelings of the main character. Other sounds, such as party chatter at various Creole gatherings…
Job 34, for example, reveals some of the lamentation embedded in Jewish humor: "here were you when I laid the foundation of the earth?" Sarcasm is a prevailing tone in Biblical literature. In Exodus 14:11: "as there a lack of graves in Egypt, that you took us away to die in the wilderness?" Sarcasm has made its way firmly into modern Jewish humor.
More lighthearted types of Jewish humor can also be located in Biblical texts. Puns, for instance, are inherently lighthearted. Giving rise to "groaner" jokes in a modern context, the Bible's puns are cute when considered in context. The Book of Proverbs also contains lighthearted humor, sometimes in the form of slapstick or hyperbolic descriptions. In Proverbs 11:22, for example: As a gold ring in a swine's snout, so is a beautiful woman from whom sense has departed." Similarly, situational comedy occurs on several occasions in the Bible.…
Cohen, Sarah Blacher. Jewish Wry: Essays on Jewish Humor. Wayne State University Press, 1990.
Friedman, Hershey H. "Humor in the Hebrew Bible." Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, Vol. 13:3, Sept. 2000, 258-285. Retrieved online: http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/economic/friedman/bibhumor.htm
"Humor and Laughter in the Bible." Retrieved online: http://www.biblestudymanuals.net/humor.htm
Jews for Jesus. "Jewish Humor…In the Bible?" Issues: A Messianic Jewish Perspective. 1 April 2005. Retrieved online: http://jewsforjesus.org/publications/issues/15_10/biblehumor
And somewhere between the time you arrive
And the time you go
May lie a reason you were alive
But you'll never know.
A lone cloud drifted across the deep blue sky briefly casting its shadow on me as I sat reading a book on a wooden bench in the middle of campus. Countless people of all sorts and colors scurried by engrossed in their iphones, tablets and other technological pleasures oblivious to the beauty of the day. The flowers were vibrant in their spring dress and the scent of freshly cut grass wafted through the air.
As the hour turned a group of my friends arrived as if on schedule (after all it was Wednesday) and gathered around to kill their time.
"Whatch ya reading?" asked Bristol between smacks on her gum.
I said, "The Great Gatsby."
"I had a date with the Great Gatsby last…
People often ignore the importance of humor in their lives and this can lead to a series of problems as a result of them failing to use this concept as a tool to improve life in general. Sharing laughter is likely to improve social relations as individuals feel happy and the level of intimacy increases. In addition to this, laughter also causes healthy physical changes in the body, as humor and laughter improve the condition of a person's immune system, reduce the level of pain, and are probable to reduce one's chances to become stressed. To a certain degree, one could consider humor to be a type of medicine that is effective, cheap, and particularly easy to use.
Even with the fact that it was not until modern technology was actually able to prove that humor can have a positive effect on people's well-being, humanity has long suspected this…
Hockenson, Jan. "The Idea of Comedy: History, Theory, Critique." (Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press, 1 Jan 2006)
McGhee, Paul Edward. "Humor: The Lighter Path to Resilience and Health." (AuthorHouse, 20 Jan 2010)
Colors were essential as a means of expression in art as well.
Explanation of laughter
Laughter is rarely allowed in public, a cordial smile being always preferable. This limitation is yet again a proof of the influence Buddhism had on the aesthetic values of the world. (Clasquin, 2001)
Buddhist religion, as one of the oldest in the world, represents the expression of the constant quest for the meaning of life and the overcoming of suffering.
The philosophical system it set in place, the artistic standards it established, along with the moral percepts it promoted, Buddhism is an important influence on the aesthetic values of modern civilizations.
Clasquin, M. (2001) eal Buddhas don't laugh: attitudes towards humor and laughter in ancient India and China. [electronic version] Social Identities, vol. 7, no. 1. University of South Africa. etrieved, March 28, 2007, at http://www.thezensite.com/ZenEssays/Philosophical/Buddhas_Dont_Laugh.pdf
Indianchild. (2000) Buddhism in India,…
Clasquin, M. (2001) Real Buddhas don't laugh: attitudes towards humor and laughter in ancient India and China. [electronic version] Social Identities, vol. 7, no. 1. University of South Africa. Retrieved, March 28, 2007, at http://www.thezensite.com/ZenEssays/Philosophical/Buddhas_Dont_Laugh.pdf
Indianchild. (2000) Buddhism in India, ancient Buddhism in India, India and Buddhism. Retrieved March 28, 2007, at http://www.indianchild.com/buddhism_in_india.htm
Kumar, N. (2004) Love and Passion in Tantric Buddhist Art. Retrieved, March 28, 2007, at http://www.kheper.net/topics/Buddhism/tantra.html
Lefebure, L. (2001) Ultimate journey: retracing the path of an ancient buddhist munk who crossed asia in search of Enlightment- book review. Retrieved, March 28, 2007, at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1058/is_17_118/ai_75496693
In addition for many years it was indeed considered impolite to laugh out loud in public which had an impact on the aesthetic value of the period in history.
The faith of Ancient Buddhism is perceived to be one of the oldest faiths in the world. Its teachings are still followed today in much of the Eastern part of the world and its simplistic view of life and the meaning of life can be seen in many other areas and cultures.
There is no denying the aesthetic value that the faith had on the period of ancient times when one examines the art being located on digs today. The beliefs of Ancient Buddhism have carried over to impact the aesthetic value of Western cultures as well as can be evidenced in the color lessons at designers schools and the study of color by modern day mental health professionals.
Ultimate Journey: Retracing the Path of an Ancient Buddhist Monk Who Crossed Asia in Search of Enlightenment. - Review - book review Christian Century, May 23, 2001 by Leo D. Lefebure http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1058/is_17_118/ai_75496693
Color Symbolism in Buddhist Art http://www.kheper.net/topics/Buddhism/colors.html
Real Buddhas Don't Laugh:Attitudes towards Humour and Laughter inAncient India and ChinaMICHEL CLASQUINUniversity of South Africa http://18.104.22.168/search?q=cache:0ZC9clSD9mMJ:www.thezensite.com/ZenEssays/Philosophical/Buddhas_Dont_Laugh.pdf+aesthetic+%22ancient+Buddhism%22&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=5&gl=us&ie=UTF-8
"Inner-directed mockery, Jewish self-satire, and self-criticism are found in the Pentateuch itself, as when the Children of Israel look up at Moses just before the parting of the Red Sea and say, "Are there no graves in Egypt, that you have taken us to die in the desert?" (Ex. 14:11, cited by Kirschenblatt-Gimblett and ex).
Laughter becomes a healing salve, which is uniquely human. Freudian views of Jewish humor are among the richest and most accurate interpretations of the phenomenon of masochism because Freud was unafraid to explore the darkness of the human experience. Jewish humor is "dipped in tragedy," ("Laugh and the orld Laughs ith You" 2011). As Ben-Amos states, "The current conception of Jewish humor originated, as many modern ideas have, with Sigmund Freud," (112).
The Freudian view of Jewish humor is absolutely applicable to Jewish humor in America. American Jewish humor begins with the premise that a…
Abrami, Leo M. "Psychoanalyzing Jewish Humor." My Jewish Learning. Retrieved online: http://mobile.myjewishlearning.com/culture/2/Humor/What_is_Jewish_Humor/Defining_Jewish_Humor/Psychoanalyzing_Humor.shtml
Ben-Amos, Dan. "The "myth' of Jewish humor." Western Folklore 32(2), April 1973.
Kirschenblatt-Gimlett & Wex.
"Laugh and the World Laughs With You," (2011). Living a Jewish Life. Retrieved online: http://www.mazorguide.com/Culture/Humor/background-2.htm
comedians obbin Williams Jim Carrey. I love actors favorite comedic actors. obin Williams Jim Carey a slapstick stand routines.
Comparing and Contrasting Jim Carrey and obin Williams
Brief intro into comedy history and it's transformation
What comedy means
Compare both characters
apid fire verbal and physical comedy
Stand-up comedy when first started career
Contrast both characters
Williams has had longer career than Carrey
Types of comedy when first began career
Carrey more physical
Williams more "silly" and "off the wall"
Success rates with other genre besides comedy
Williams has had more "serious" roles than Carrey
Williams has a higher success rate than Carrey in other venues besides cinema iii. Williams more awards than Carrey
Williams in more roles outside of comedy
a. Summary of paper
b. How the two comedians have made…
Robin Williams and Jim Carrey have been known for doing very similar comedic routines. Both actors started off with stand-up comedy and moved onto slapstick and physical comedy as their next career move. Williams acted in Mork and Mindy (1978), which made him into a household name and sealed his success rate with viewers from then on. Jim Carrey was a regular on In Living Color (1990) and also aided in helping Carrey advance his career. Both actors have been recognized for their contribution to Hollywood, since both of them have won awards for their performances inside and outside of the comedy genre. Both actors have also been invited to perform on Saturday Night Live for their amazing sketch comedy. Although Jim Carrey and Robin Williams have both had about the same amount of influence in Comedy history, they have made their impact in very different ways.
Both actors have had tremendous success rates in comedy and both have moved on to become icons in this generation, but the way they have done so has differed. Williams has had a longer career than Jim Carrey has, giving him more opportunity for success. Carrey has always had a more physical aspect to his comedy in his career than Williams has. Carrey's focus in cinema has tended to always deal with comedy (except for some roles in movies like The Majestic (2001) and Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004)), while Williams on the other hand, has more than dabbled into more genres, including Drama, Children's Cinema, Action, and Science Fiction. Williams has also been recognized more for his other roles outside of Comedy; he has won an Academy Award, which Carrey is yet to do. Robin Williams is also known for being the most "off the wall" comedian out of the two. His routines have been more provocative than Carrey, giving Williams the edgier career. Although both comedians have been successful at what they specialize in, comedy, only Robin Williams has truly mastered the art of acting outside of the comedic role.
In conclusion, both comedians have had such an important impact on our society, that it is nearly impossible to imagine Hollywood and Cinema without these two characters. From the 1970's until now, and probably for a while, both Robin Williams and Jim Carrey will continue to entertain viewers with their charismatic personas and their great talent.
Several of the scenes bring the contrast of the two characters' personalities onto sharp contrast. By this I am speaking of the way ozart is able to change Salieri's welcoming music without much thought, the stunned expression upon Salieri's face when he sees the genius in the unfinished manuscripts that ozart has given to his wife, and ozart's ability to internalize and visually recognize the music as he dictates the Requiem to Salieri on his death bed. These scenes show in their turn a movement from anger to amazement and jealousy to finally Salieri's growing realization that he sits in the company of a genius and he is overcome by the beauty of the music which he struggles to transcribe as ozart ostensibly dies (arshall, 1997). As we see this shift in Salieri, we also see a shift in ozart from childish little boy to musical bad boy, to eventually…
Marshall, Robert L. "Film as Musicology: Amadeus." Music Quarterly 81.2 (Summer 1997): 173-78.
Shafler, Peter. "Screen Speak." Film Comment 20.5 (Oct. 1984): 51-57.
____. Amadeus. New York: Harper, 1981.
Collision of Meaningful Coincidences
The theory that attracted me to my ideas about this paper is Jae's theory of openness, which posits that the more open a person is in the process of communication, the more creative that person will be when it comes to solving problems. Much of life, as we know, is about learning to solve certain problems that arise. Hence, according to this theory, the key to finding answers to things that puzzle us and stand in our way is learning openness in communication that leads to creativity and problem solving.
Communication Creates a Collision of Meaningful Coincidences
A couple summers ago (in 2010) I was driving to San Diego on Interstate 8 with a couple friends for a holiday away from my home in Houston, Texas, and the odometer in the 8-year-old Ford was 88,880. I remember that because one of my friends asked how many…
Tale From Childhood
The blazing sun and the freezing water balloons invigorate us and stimulate our appetites. One breaks against my sunburned skin and I howl with laughter at the same time as I hurl one at my best friend. We're soaked, all of us. This is the best birthday party I've ever had. I feel popular, surrounded by so many kids from school. Soon my father emerges from the house carrying a platter full of hotdogs and burgers, and the twelve of us kids squeal. In spite of being soaking wet, we run up to all 6' 4" of my dad and practically knock him and our lunches over. Luckily, his sense of humor is as reliable as his barbequing and the hotdogs survive. He places them gently on the grill, one at a time, and heads back to the house to grab some more food. On the way…
Language and Culture
In many, if not all, instances culture is not beneficial to its subscribers. Inherent within a culture is language. Language itself is very fluid and flexible and can elicit many emotions and feelings within a person or larger group of people. The purpose of this essay is to investigate the social influences of language by describing several issues that deal with interpersonal communication and more specifically the use of language to manipulate, hypnotize and ultimately inspire others. The essay will investigate the issues of jokes, speech laws, and specified slur-words to illuminate the qualities that language brings to society.
Humor is a gift that should be enjoyed by all. Laughing makes us feel good and provides a deeper psychological function. Lickerman (2011) agreed when she wrote "perhaps laughter could be most properly considered as a weapon against suffering and despair. If we can joke about a disappointing…
American Civil Liberties Union (1994). Hate Speech on Campus. December 31, 1994. Retrieved from https://www.aclu.org/free-speech/hate-speech-campus
Floyd, K. (2011). Interpersonal Communication 2nd ed. McGraw-Hill, Oct 10, 2011.
Lickerman, A. (2011). Why We Laugh. Psychology Today, 23 Jan 2011. Retrieved from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/happiness-in-world/201101/why-we-laugh
Developmental Milestones Unit
Developmental Milestones: Birth to Age Two
CE114-(add your course section)
Birth to Age 1
Age 1 to Age 2
Physical and Motor
Moves head at 90 degree angle. Strategy; allow child flexible movement.
Purposeful Grasp: Strategy: Allow child to play with graspable toys.
Crawling: Strategy: Allow child free space to roam and encourage movement.
Walking: Child needs to be encouraged to walk.
Climbing Stairs. Strategy: safely allow child to explore stairs.
Toilet Training: Strategy: eward child for using poddy training materials instead of diapers.
Social and Emotional
Cries when comfortable: Strategy; reinforce non-crying behaviors.
Hugs and kisses others. Strategy: babies should want to hold other people.
Expresses anger; Children should begin expressing anger at this age.
Child expresses loneliness. Strategy: Allow periods of solitude.
Laughing; Strategy: Encouraging laughter with fun and games.
3. Expresses love for his family. Strategy. Provide a loving environment.
Shonkoff, J.P., & Phillips, D.A. (2000). From neurons to neighborhoods: The science of early childhood development. National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Lockbox 285, Washington, DC 20055.
Martinez-Beck, I., & Zaslow, M. (2006). Introduction: The Context for Critical Issues in Early Childhood Professional Development. Paul H. Brookes Publishing. Nair, M.K.C., & Rekha.
Radhakrishnan, S. (2004). Early childhood development in deprived urban settlements. Indian pediatrics, 41(3), 227-238.
Gradien spin-echo, echo-planar sequence which is sensitive to blood-oxygen level-dependent contrast (T2*) was used to collect the functional brain images.
The analysis of the data provided evidence that humor detection and humor appreciation do indeed use separate neural pathways within the brain. Humor detection was linked with increased activity in the left inferior frontal cortex and the posterior temporal cortex. Humor appreciation, however, showed increased brain activity in separate areas, including the bilateral regions of the insular cortex as well as the amygdala, well-known for its role in emotional processing and responding. Thus, in order for humans to appreciate humor, and derive the emotional benefits from a funny situation, they must first cognitive process the situation in a way that makes sense of the humor, or rather detects the humorous situation.
The areas related to humor detection have previously been linked to language tasks that involve retrieval and appraisal…
Moran, J.M., Wig, G.S., Adams, R.B., Janata, P., & Kelley, W.M. (2004). NeuroImage, 21, 1055-1060.
You were a blessing I will always be grateful for, and one I wish I knew how to reclaim and make a part of my journey through life again.
We didn't just have "our song," we had whole genres of music. There are some albums on my shelf that I can't really play anymore without growing despondent just thinking of you. There was never any boredom that crept into our many hurts together, but instead there was always laughter and excitement, not to mention passion. Even though we were together at work at the bar and together at home, we never seemed to get tired of each other or even really need a break from each other -- in fact, we took our breaks together, too, and our vacations -- remember our first Christmas at your parents house? Or the next year at mine? Even our families, crazy though they…
Not that people should make fun of their own situations, no matter how good or bad, but that humans function better when they can see the humor in every day life. When they begin to understand that humor is all around them, and begin to take themselves less seriously, they can begin to open up to the many other wonderful experiences around them when they otherwise may not have been able to. Humor is a key that unlocks a different facet existence.
All great comedians and humorists have one thing in common: they are able to take something humorous, adapt it to their current audience or context, and unite a group of people through laughter. It is this shared pleasurable experience that creates a bond between the audience and the comedian as well as between each audience member themselves. They are all sharing the same experience, and through humor, are…
It is certainly what we have learned to take for granted about our planet. "I am Al Gore, I used to be the next president of the United States," and there is laughter in the audience. So far, no science, but emotional and political emotions are played upon. The scene goes to the view of the planet Earth from the moon, "Earth Rise." Now Gore has appealed to the Apollo space generation - but there remains no science. Time lapsed images of the rotation of the Earth, but no science.
Then, as Al Gore talks about his experiences in school, not college, but high school, there is science. It is the science of a sixth grade student who points out the west coast of Africa and the east coast of America, and asks the science teacher if they ever were together; to which the science teacher replies, "Of course not."…
Guggenhiem, Davis (Dir). 2006, an Inconvenient Truth, film documentary. Lawrence Bender Productions, United States.
We would arrive there around dusk, and walk along the beach till the last of the fishermen had disappeared. Then we would head to the end of the pier, just to talk about life. Every once in a while we would see boats off in the distance, and we would make up wild stories about the adventures that the people on the boats were having. One time, a fisherman had left something tied to the pier, and we were horrified to pull it up and find a baby hammerhead shark on the line, eaten up by other animals, a huge crab still attached to it as we pulled it up. Another time, we headed there during a storm, in retrospect, a very dangerous and stupid thing to do. The waves crashed high against the pier, and we could actually feel it sway beneath us. We were full of dangerous behavior…
speech version Bank Workspace
Greetings, Thanks! I'm NAME, I used to be in banking, until the S&L crisis.
in fact my first job was as a teller; I moved up the normal channels, our branch became so successful I was promoted into regional management. We did so well our bank was taken over, and I was downsized, along with all the rest of middle management, and so I started this consulting firm.
So now I just use banks. Why? Well I have to, to some degree, but because I want to make money, and that's what banks do.
Why do you go to work every day? Well, to make money! Why does the bank open its doors every day? To make money. Anyone here want to make more money? Who wants to make more? I'm here to tell you today how you can do that, and also…
Dr. Gloria Galanes tells us how "[d]ialectical theory describes all human relationships as grounded in contradictions" (Galanes, 2009, p. 409), because have opposing drives and want to satisfy both at once. She points to simultaneous desires for autonomy and connectedness; stability and adaptation; task-oriented vs. socio-emotional orientation; and a list of examples which you could probably add to yourselves. These drives create ambiguous demands between individuals in probably every conceivable relationship, many of which have been studied explicitly. Dialectical theory is particularly useful for explaining small group relationships, which become "inherently paradoxical" because "members encounter a variety of feelings and actions they experience as contradictory but that exist simultaneously within the group (Smith & Berg, 1987b, qtd. In Galanes 2009).
I see some of you nodding: I expected that, because all individuals (to our knowledge so far) share these conflicting desires in many ways to different degrees. How can this play out in the bank? Time passes faster when there are more customers at the till but some of them are grouchy so you both want and don't it to get busy at the same time. You are a social person but sometimes others become more personal or intimate too quickly so you remain aloof, which they take as something completely different. The result is lonely people who both do and don't want someone to talk to. I know these things happen because they happen to all of us, including me.
What happens next is that we internalize these dialectical ambiguities and their tensions into 'self-talk.' It is apparently very rare to find people who don't constantly have a conversation with themselves -- not out loud, although we find those too! [laughing; 'there's one in every crowd' etc.] Most people discuss the world they observe with themselves in an ongoing conversation that is never verbalized, which Dr. Patrick Jenner argues convincingly is how we explain the reality we find outside ourselves, to ourselves (2009, 37). What happens as we encounter change in the world around us is we continually renegotiate the definitions underlying our prior assessment of relationships, individuals, situations and objects to cope with new information. When this
The higher the humor score, the more the individual was able to place positive distance between their actions and tangible outcomes; they did not interpret their performance on the exams to be as indicative of their own personal worth as much.
Theoretical Support - The key to the brain mind connection can be found in a complex set of molecules called neuropeptides. Petptides are made up of amino acids, the very basic building blocks of protein strucutres. There are, in fact, 23 different amino acids, and peptides are amino acids strung together very much like a string of beads on a necklace. Peptides are found in most areas of the body, but especially the brain and immunie system. Neurally, there are a number of different peptides, including endorphins. Neuropeptides are the way that cellular communication occurs, including brain-to-brain messages, brain-to-body messages, body-to-body messages, and body-to-brain messages. Individual cells have receptro…
Kupier, N., Martin, R. (1993). Coping Humour, Stress and Cognitive Appraisals. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science. 251 (1): 81-96.
" Young children are more likely to benefit from tasks and activities that offer a real challenge than from those that are merely frivolous or fun." (Katz) Children can help prepare meals, care for pets, and do other projects that are productive. The child will be able to translate that the parent trusts him or her with a truly important task -- not just a make-believe one -- into a sense of being trustworthy, useful, and able to accomplish things. When children show interest in a parent's activities, if that parent includes him or her in that activity and takes that interest seriously, it can be a strong self-esteem boost. Encouragement is vital, and it is important to acknowledge progress as well as rewarding achievement.
Parents also show trust in the child to accomplish things by setting a few reasonable rules for even toddlers to follow; "Knowing that certain family…
Hart, Louise. "Self-Esteem: The Best Gift You Can Give Your Child -- and Yourself." Mothering Magazine. Spring, 1989. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0838/is_n51/ai_7512259
Henry, Sarah. "Ten Ways to Build Your Child's Self-Esteem." ParentCenter Medical Advisory Board. http://parentcenter.babycenter.com/refcap/preschooler/pdevelopment/65569.html
Katz, Lilian. "How Can We Strengthen Children's Self-Esteem?" ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education. Summer, 1995. http://www.kidsource.com/kidsource/content2/strengthen_children_self.html
Especially now, as I stare outside at another bleak New Jersey winter's day, I know that one of the hugest challenges for those who must adapt to new surroundings is to differentiate between adaptation and assimilation, to embrace change without sacrificing core elements of our identity.
Welcoming necessary change once again, I hope to advance my career and further my professional interests in clinical psychology. My Masters Degree in Social Work and my subsequent professional work applying psychological principles toward helping others has prompted me and prepared me to turn my attention toward more theoretical knowledge and inquiry. While I appreciate the groundwork I have already laid as a social worker, I desire to now shift my attention toward active academic and clinical awareness of specific psychological problems. Therefore, with my continual hunger for scientific inquiry and understanding, I am seeking admission into the graduate program in clinical psychology.
Experts report improved interactions with peers, support for the parents to act as teachers at home, improved motivation for the child, and aiding the family in learning about other support available in the community (mmerman & Herson, 2000).
Medications may play a role if the child has other concerns such as D/HD or seizures (mmerman & Herson, 2000).
Inclusion with Mental Retardation
Educationally, some research suggests that students with mental retardation learn more in general education classes than in special education. Studies on inclusion aren't quite as clear. Students may benefit from inclusion when younger, but when older it may have more negative effects unless the non-handicapped students are supportive of the program (Turnbull et. al.). In addition to behavioral and socialization support, students need functional as well as academic skills. For instance, they should be taught how to use public transportation and information about handling money (Turnbull et. al.).…
Ammerman, Robert T., and Hersen, Michel. Advanced Abnormal Child Psychology. 2000: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Michel Hersen; Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2000.
Swartz, Stanley, L., Ph.D. "Positive Behavior Support: An Inclusion Strategy." Accessed via the Internet 6/10/05. http://www.stanswartz.com/positivebehaviorsupport.htm
Turnbull, Rud; Turnbull, Ann; Shank, Marilyn; and Smith, Shean J. Exceptional Lives.
An intergalactic space mission from Earth tries to create a scientifically-based cooperative. The name of the ship is the Nefertiti, after the ancient Egyptian Queen. Captain Reeftart, his first mate Jane, and their enthusiastic crew first set foot on the friendly planet Stauron. The Stauronians share the Earthlings' hope for an interplanetary federation based on science. Although the Stauronian leader Glastia is skeptical, Reeftart believes that the Dirgonians will be receptive. However, Dirgon is a xenophobic, insular, and isolationist planet who, though benevolent, do not generally support measures to collectivize resources. Reeftart's optimism is tempered by Jane's pragmatism.
Faced with the potential for failure, Reeftart conspires to trick the Dirgonians into starting their own collective; he believes that if the Dirgonians believe that they initiated the idea they would feel fully in charge. Reeftart obviously knows little about Dirgon or their core culture, for when the Nefertiti arrives on…
However, it is not all violence, and that is what makes Lee's film so real, as well. It is a mixture of what life is like in that one day in New York: In addition to anger, is humor, personal interaction at all levels and the beat of music and time. Lee provides "the saving laughter." At one point, the Korean seeking to save his store from the angry mob declares, "me Black, me Black, me no White, me Black too."
Lee's style of catching life at its fullest and most real also confused the white audiences, who had trouble understanding the language as well as the culture. As Gordon notes: "Lee stops the narrative and allows characters to speak to the camera. They cast both angry and comical aspersions on race at the audience. These slurs suggest the real hatred that underlies racial and ethnic humor and underscore…
Gates, Henry Louis. "Spike Lee: the do-the-right-thing revolution." Interview with Spike Lee. 24.10 (1994), 156-159.
Gordon, Dexter B. "Humor in African-American discourse: speaking of oppression."
Journal of Black Studies. 29.2 (1998), 254-267.
Greene, B. "Audience Will Find the Right Movie." Chicago Tribune. p. V-1.
When thee Lady says that's he wants both the men to keep their hands off their respective swords and sit down to discuss the matter in a civil and proper manner, and states that's he does not want to hear any more raised voices, Brodie loses his temper and says "Guidsakes Woman! You're no addressin' twa weans." (Farewell Ploy)
When Lady Kate responds by saying "at times I wonder," the entire audience cannot help but burst into laughter at this comment aimed at two elderly men who have been quarrelling and arguing over nothing very serious enough to warrant the drawing of swords and other such actions. Another similar comical moment comes when Sir Henry Milburn says that yes, Brodie Broadsword had indeed kidnapped his son and was keeping him against his will in an unknown place, and he had indeed sent Sir Henry a ransom note with various demands…
Alan Richardson. Retrieved at http://www2.bc.edu/~richarad/hpage.html. Accessed on 14 June, 2005
Brodie the Broadsword. Retrieved at http://www.playsbyalanrichardson.co.uk/ brodie.htm. Accessed on 14 June, 2005
Brodie the Broadsword: Scottishplays.co.uk. Retrieved at http://www.scottishplays.co.uk/cgi-bin/showplay.asp?playno=254Accessed on 14 June, 2005
Farewell Ploy. Retrieved at
The Contest" draws attention to the level of humor that pervades the lives of television show characters, especially characters on sitcoms. hile many people do enjoy hearty laughter and excitement with their friends on a regular basis, few in real life do so to the extent of the Seinfeld characters. It is possible that people who watch the show are attempting to discover ways to enliven their real-life friendships, to infuse more humor and outrageousness in them. hether through devising masturbation contests or not, individuals use ideas from shows like Seinfeld to add color and lightness to their often troubled lives. hen our relationships fall short of being as lighthearted as the relationships depicted on Seinfeld, we may be disappointed.
In the spirit of "The Contest," when we claim that we are "master of our domain," we are relying on Seinfeld to provide us with euphemisms related to sex. Seinfeld…
Crawley, Mark. "Favorite Seinfeld Episodes." Movieprop.com. Retrieved July 21, 2005 online at http://www.movieprop.com/tvandmovie/Seinfeld/favorite.htm
David, Larry. "The Contest." Dir. Tom Cherones. Starring: Jerry Seinfeld, Michael Richards, Jason Alexander, Julia Louis-Dreyfus, Estelle Harris (as Mrs. Costanza), and Jane Leeves (as Marla). Broadcasted November 18, 1992. Script retrieved online July 21, 2005 at http://www.seinfeldscripts.com/TheContest.htm
(Southwest Airlines Corporation)
The employees are always put first at Southwest Airlines, and according to the CEO Herb Kelleher, who was responsible for founding the company Southwest Airlines, the philosophy that employees come first is deeply embedded in the psyche of the company, and if the employees of the company are happy and contented and fully satisfied with their work, then they will most definitely take better care of the customers of the company, and this is exactly what happens at Southwest Airlines. When the customers are happy at the treatment that they receive at Southwest Airlines, they, quite naturally keep coming back for more, and this in turn makes the shareholders extremely happy and satisfied. The employees at Southwest Airlines are some of the best and most highly paid employees of any airline, and in general, all the walls of the company are always filled with several pictures of…
Abenes, Fiorello B. "Marketing Study of Southwest Airlines" Retrieved at http://www.csupomona.edu/~lbabenes/MBA/SouthwestMarketingStrategies.doc. Accessed 30 August, 2005
Aviation Accident Brief" (2002) Retrieved at http://www.ntsb.gov/publictn/2002/AAB0204.htm . Accessed 30 August, 2005
100 Best Corporate Citizens for the year 2005" (Spring 2005) Business Ethics Magazine.
Retrieved at http://www.business-ethics.com/whats_new/100best.html . Accessed 29 August, 2005
" Does she have faith that a more clear understanding of those problems among the medical establishment will become evident? "I wonder," she wrote, cryptically.
HAT PARENTS HO HAVE PD SHOULD SAY to THEIR CHILDREN: The Parkinson's Disease Society (www.parkinsons.org.uk) offers pertinent advice and counsel to those parents who have both PD and children. "A key message seems to be open and honest" when talking to your kids, the PDS Information Sheet suggests. "Don't keep it a secret." As soon as you are diagnosed with PD, explain to them what it means to your health and to their lives as part of the family as a whole.
Don't be vague or apologetic, the PDS suggests. Be specific and clear, and fully explain that PD is not contagious. Because of the fatigue associated with PD - and the "on-off fluctuations" that are inevitable - parents with PD may not be able…
Ali, Rasheda. "Muhammad Ali's Daughter Writes Children's Book on Parkinson's. ABC
News. 2005. Retrieved 23 Oct. 2006 at http://abcnews.go.com/GMA/print?id=913265 .
Lees, Lesley. "Living with Parkinson's disease - a child's perspective." British Medical
Journal 324.1562 (2002): Retrieved 23 Oct. 2006 at http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/short/324/7353/1562?eaf .
Leaning does not only imply facts, but continual and fluid evolution of the brain. This is the identical process that the brain takes when improving itself and reducing aging. If the brain continues to receive stimuli and appropriate chemicals for energy, then it follows tat there will be increased brain function and activity. If the voltage, just as in a battery, becomes stronger, then activity increases. As the brain is continually stimulated, more building materials are produced that allow information to become part of our experience. Interestingly, the variety and frequency of certain exercise programs, in fact, "teach" the body at different rates. Using different intensities of movement, concerns of overeating, weight regulation, quality of life, and especially depression are mitigated (Douglas, 2009).
Finally, the healthcare and other market modifiers will need to change and evolve as the population ages. The global baby bust will change financial markets, investing, products,…
Aging Statistics. (2010, June 30). Retrieved from Administrator on Aging - U.S. Health & Human Services: http://www.aoa.gov/aoaroot/aging_statistics/index.aspx
Does Population Aging Affect Financial Markets? (2012). National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved from: http://www.nber.org/bah/winter05/w10851.html
Dynamics of Population Aging in the Modern World. (2002, January). Retrieved from Longevity-Science.org: http://longevity-science.org/Population_Aging.htm
Family Caregivers: The Issues They Face Are Everyone's Concern. (2010). Capella University,
Orthodoxy G.K. Chesterton
The most prudent way to analyze a work of literature that is as diverse and as complicated (as well as unconventional) as G.K. Chesterton's Orthodoxy is to do so from a two-fold perspective in which one considers both the form of this narrative and its effect upon the content. Part of the inherent difficulty in undertaking this body of work lies in the incongruities that exist between both of these elements of Orthodoxy. On the one hand, this is a work of non-fiction that is based on the pious and austere subject of religion, and on Christianity in particular. Yet at the same time, the author writes fairly freely in a transformative tone that vacillates between both poetry and prose, and makes a number of salient points while utilizing the former of these. Despite this contradiction between his topic and the way he chooses to address it,…
Chesterton, Gilbert.. Orthodoxy. Catholicfirst.com 1908. Print. http://www.catholicfirst.com/thefaith/catholicclassics/chesterton/orthodoxy/orthodoxy.html
Weingart, Philip. "Orthodoxy G.K. Chesterton." Scholarscorner.com. 2012. Web. http://scholarscorner.com/bookreviews/orthodoxy
Admission to Nursing Training
Thank you in advance for the opportunity to apply for admission to your program. I am a motivated, caring professional in the nursing field and I have powerful goals that push me forward towards a high level of competency and professionalism. My first big step was to become an LPN, and next is my objective to achieve my associate degree in nursing. I am excited at the prospect of obtaining more knowledge, more experience, and more credibility in my chosen field not just for my own career advancement but also that I may better serve patients.
How has the patient care I have provided influenced my career and my decision to continue my education?
I have been working full time as an LPN in a nursing home -- a geriatric setting -- for the past ten years. The experience that an LPN acquires after ten years…
Hans Rosling's ashing Machine Video
Rosling presents a video that is part humor, part social studies, and part practical application for the viewers. His ultimate and salient point seems to be how technology has helped to change the social status of women, but in fact he is making a moral and sociological argument as well; and he arrives at his point with an audience's laughter in the background.
The ashing Machine Revolution
By bringing a grandmother into the video Rosling is providing a perspective for his audience. After all, her whole life grandmother has been washing clothes by hand, after first heating water over a wood-burning stove. The primitive clothes-washing strategy grandma is familiar with juxtaposes dramatically with the white machine that does all that for the mother or grandmother. hen grandmother asks to be the one to push the "start" button on the machine, she is literally and figuratively…
Rosling, Hans. Hans Rosling and the magic washing machine. Gapminder.
When I first met Dan (not his real name), I was a shift nurse filling in for a colleague. I had never before worked with a bariatric patient. His size shocked me at first. What we colloquially call "morbidly obese" certainly applied to Dan, who had to have an emergency tracheotomy due to his hypoxia. Dan was closer to death than he realized when I first encountered him on my rounds. As he came to work with us, he gradually started to fathom the seriousness of his situation. I would say that Dan was in denial when I first met him. Through the course of knowing him, I saw this patient change and grow in dramatic and inspiring ways.
Dan has a super sense of humor, which is the feature that most stood out about him when I worked. It became so that I looked most forward to the…
ASPB. Retrieved online: http://www.asbp.org
Clinical Narrative 2
Interpersonal Efficacy -- Using Empathetic Listening
Empathetic listening is a form of listening that takes into account more than just the words spoken. Empathetic listening involves a more holistic approach to listening and communication in general. Empathetic listening is sometimes also called active listening. It is a type of listening where the meaning of a communication lies in the verbal and non-verbal cues. Empathetic listening is a technique of listening that requires that the listener follow the words of the speaker and understand the intent behind the words, as well as the aspects involved during the delivery of the words. To empathetically listen without much practice is pretty strenuous and requires substantial concentration. Empathetic listening requires self-control on behalf of the listener because very often while people are speaking, the people who are listening have thoughts that they want to express that are directly related to statements made…
Bookbinder, PhD, L.J., & Johnson, J. (2006) Empathy, Listening Skills & Relationships. Available from: www.touch-another-heart.com. 2012 August 20.