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Question 10 of the interview was asked to know how the students managed their study time in which the Middle East male asserted that no particular time is fixed for study at all. The Middle East female is more organized and managed than Middle East male. She keeps friends and studies close. She has a proper timetable for herself and gives extra hours in library if necessary. Her timetable is for ten days ahead. The European female is a hardworking girl. Thus she manages her time so smoothly, it's effortless. The African girl has no particular time of study. She studies when she feels like. The African male feels the same way. The Chinese female is a bit complicated. She uses iPad to manage her life. The Chinese male is very flexible and manageable. Once again, the key finding here is that all students have their individual set of strengths…
Bologna Process., 2006. Available from: http://www.aic.lv/ace/ace_disk/bologna/index.htm
Bowyer, K. (2012). A model of student workload. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 239-258.
Cook, T.D., and Reichardt, Ch.S., 1986. Qualitative and quantitative methods in evaluation research. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, Inc.
ECTS: European Credit Transfer System., 2006. Available from: http://ec.europa.eu./education/programmes/socrates/ects/index_en.html
Is Leisure a Right or a Privilege? How Leisure Time Affects the Rich vs. the Poor
The concept of leisure is on that has been used to measure the equity within the masses and the degree to which different classes, genders or groups share the same amount of “free” time. One of the problems with examining leisure, however, is that it is a rather subjective experience—and what constitutes leisure for one may be vastly different from how another sees it. This paper examines the issue of leisure from the standpoint of class by looking at how leisure time is experience among the rich and the poor. Ultimately it shows that leisure is not a universal concept that means the same to all people or is even experienced in the same way, so it is superficial to draw comparisons between groups or classes based on how much leisure time they…
The Gender Leisure Gap
Porter (2014) points out that there is a leisure imbalance between men and women that indicates the continued inequality between the sexes. However, as Codina and Pestana (2019) note, there are time differences in the way men and women experience leisure and in the way they think about the past, present and future. As a result, men and women tend to require different amounts of leisure to maintain a healthy frame of mind. Thus, Codina and Pestana (2019) argue that women actually need less leisure time than men because women tend to get more out of a little leisure time than men get out of a lot of leisure time. In other words, women are generally more efficient in the way they use their leisure time than men are, which allows them to be comfortable with less leisure time. Even if they had more time to…
Leisure May Be the Death of Europe
Time to Kill
In his article, Time to Kill - Europe and the Politics of Leisure, Steven Muller examines the efforts of Europe to reconstitute itself in the aftermath of the Cold War. By analyzing such factors as economics, politics, social functions, labor and unemployment, the author concludes that, in contrast to the prevailing sense of optimism, Western Europe is in fact facing a period of, "acute economic stagnation, the undermining rather than the expansion of democracy, and serious social upheaval" (Muller, 26). The primary cause of this crisis, according to Muller, is Europe's inability to rapidly or effectively deal with revolutionary changes in the human condition, which will result in a decreasing number of individuals enjoying the privilege of employment, and an increasing amount of leisure and idleness. I agree with the author that, unlike the other technologically advanced nations such…
Muller, S. (1997, Summer). Time to Kill - Europe and the Politics of Leisure. National Interest, 26-37.
These wee distibuted in goup settings. Paticipating individuals wee available at all times to povide claification o answe questions if needed. Completed packets wee etuned to the investigato.
Specifically, questionnaie instuments included open-ended questions inviting paticipants to povide thei leisue activity pefeences. Responses typically povided at least thee items that students enjoyed duing thei leisue time. These wee clusteed into seven activity categoies, including Geneal Inteest, Health/Fitness, Outdoo, pefoming Ats, Wate Activities/Aquatics, Spots/Athletics, and Social.
The eseach design was Pe-expeimental, as the study was conducted via static goup compaisons between goups of diffeent gendes and ethnicity.
VI the esponse ate was 100%, but two packets had to be discaded as a esult of incomplete infomation.
VII Banett, Lynn a (2006). "Accounting fo Leisue Pefeences fom Within: The Relative Contibutions of Gende, Race o Ethnicity, Pesonality, Affective Style, and Motivational Oientation." Jounal of Leisue Reseach, Fouth Quate. Database: FindAticles. Available at…
references from Within: The Relative Contributions of Gender, Race or Ethnicity, Personality, Affective Style, and Motivational Orientation." Journal of Leisure Research, Fourth Quarter. Database: FindArticles. Available at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3702/is_200610/ai_n17193796/pg_1
The relevant topics include mental workload, cognition, decision-making, skilled performance, human-computer interaction, human reliability, work stress, training, cultural differences, attitudes, pleasure and motivation.
Organisational ergonomics: Concerned with the optimisation of socio-technical systems, including their organisational structures, policies, and processes. The relevant topics include communication, staff resource management, work design, design of working times, teamwork, participatory design, community ergonomics, co-operative work, new work paradigms, organisational culture, virtual organisations and quality management. (David, nd)
usinesses have responsibilities to those who work for them as well as to those who visit the organization. In the public sector ergonomics are "extremely important n defining standards and legislation and in ensuring compliance with the standards and legislation.
VI. Ten Top Tips for Ergonomics
Ten top tips provided by David (nd) are the tips as follows: "(1) Ergonomics should be an integral part of the design process, preferably involving qualified ergonomists within the design team. Most…
Coleman, Roger (2006) From Margins to Mainstream: Why Inclusive Design is Better. Helen Hamlyn Research Centre, Royal College of Art, London. Online available at http://www.ergonomics.org.uk/espdfs/ErgSocLecture.pdf .
Rennie, Claire (2006) Some Talk of Alexander. Ability. Issue 61 Spring 2006. Online available at http://220.127.116.11/search?q=cache:MysQIVQQ_6UJ:www.ni-libraries.net/app/content/docs/ability61.pdf+Ergonomic+needs+of+users+and+employees+of+UK+Local+Authority+Leisure+Centres&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=56&gl=us.
Mid Devon District Council Annual Report on Health and Safety; 1 April 2005-30 April 2006. Online available at ( http://www.middevon.gov.uk/media/pdf/j/k/Agenda_Item_4 (a).pdf
Employer's Forum Update September (2002) Online available at http://www.employers-forum.co.uk/www/guests/update/september2002/up0902.doc.
Art of Living" by Robert Grudin. Specifically, it will contain a critical, philosophical essay on a major theme or idea from the book. Robert Grudin's book expands on time as a way for us to make our lives more meaningful. e tend to become "impoverished in time" as we run helter skelter through our lives, and Grudin's book encourages the reader to think more about their goals and aspirations, rather than their day-to-day existence.
TIME AND THE ART OF LIVING
The author states his premise early in this book, in the Preface in fact, and he carries it throughout the text. "My premise, which is quite traditional, is that the acceptance and appreciation of nature are the only channels to its elusive bounty, the only valid foundations of boldness and achievement" (Grudin Preface). This is not a book about how to organize your time, or how to make more time…
Grudin, Robert. Time and the Art of Living. New York: Harper & Row, 1982.
The different tastes in personal pleasure can be seen in the leisure industry as a whole. Some people seek out community service vacations, some seek adventure vacations, and other people simply want a nice, pretty beach and warm sun. All seek, I believe, to become better people, even if only simply through relaxation. My standards for happiness and my virtue ethics are less stringent than Aristotle's standards. So long as pleasure does not impinge upon the lives and productivity of native inhabitants, or the pleasures of others, varied quests in the pursuit of leisure are all honorable, from the vacationing volunteer in Dafur to the Disneyland tourist seeking to give memories to a child, and finding pleasure in the child's reactions to new sights and sounds.
Defense of Rule-Based Ethics." NYU Philosophy Homepage. Retrieved 29 May 2007 at: http://homepages.nyu.edu/~rpm213/philosophy.html
McLean, Donald & Yoder, Daniel. (2005). Issues in Recreation…
Defense of Rule-Based Ethics." NYU Philosophy Homepage. Retrieved 29 May 2007 at: http://homepages.nyu.edu/~rpm213/philosophy.html
McLean, Donald & Yoder, Daniel. (2005). Issues in Recreation and Leisure-- Ethical
Decision Making. New York: Human Kinetics Publishers.
Nussbaum, Martha C. (22 March 2004). "Mill between Aristotle & Bentham."
There is an idea of cognitive and valuation confusion in the book. The writer is a professor yet the book is not academic.
There are many inconsistencies in the book yet it is something that gives a different opinion about the combination or working and leisure in the American context. Hence I will recommend this book to peers (ichard, 2008). However, there are a few things I will be telling about the books that they do not develop high expectations from the book. The book is conditionally recommended. The book offers a unique perspective on advantages of leisure time and the blessings of working less. The money we earn more is seldom spent on productive areas and normally falls prey to mere consumerism. People work more normally to be able to shop more. Besides that the people that I recommend the book will be told that the book does…
Gini, Al. (2006). The Importance of Being Lazy. NY: Taylor & Francis . ISBN: 0415978696.
O'Brien, T., (2009), "Review - the Importance of Being Lazy," Retrieved from:
Richard, C., (2008), "The Importance of Being Lazy: In Praise of Play, Leisure, and Vacation,"
Surely, many are afraid of their jobs, but others simply endure the process. One hundred years ago, working conditions were appalling and workers formed unions to air their grievances and build new labor laws that treated workers fairly. Today, workers simply accept their fate instead of fighting for reform. It makes the reader wonder what the difference is, and why today's workers are "content" with the system.
All of this work and stress directly relates to American issues in recreation and leisure. Americans are taking fewer vacations. Movie theater attendance is down; more people are watching films in the comfort of their own homes. Fast food is what is on much of the nation's dinner plate, and busy families rush from school to athletic practice to bed just about every day of the week. Where is the fun in recreation and leisure when it becomes a "job" too? Americans are…
De Graaf, J. (ed.). (2003). Take back your time: Fighting overwork and time poverty in America. San Francisco. Berrett- Koehler Publishers.
Instead, they only see the material things that they feel that they need. They are trained by society to want these materials objects, and they generally do not even understand why they feel this way. They only know that this is the way things are 'supposed to be.' While others who are not as materialistic try to tell them differently, and live with fewer possessions and more time, those who are working to make money to buy things continue in their vicious circle. It perpetuates itself by being passed on to their children, who also see only the material benefits of making a lot of money so that they can have the best homes, the most expensive cars, and all of the latest technological gadgetry that money can buy.
For many of these people, they do not realize until it is too late that there is much more to life…
Bibliography de Graff, John. (2003). Take Back Your Time: Fighting Overwork and Time Poverty in America. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
Russell Hochschild, Arlie. The Time Bind: When Work Becomes Home and Home Becomes Work. New YOrk: Owl Books, 2001.
Explain the title. What is the "Time Bind"?
The author of The Time Bind, Arlie Russell Hochschild, states that for many parents today, particularly women, when the formal, paid part of their work shift ends, another unpaid work shift begins. This second shift comprises the demands of home and family care and is effectively another full-time job. This creates a tension, or time bind between work and home, leaving no time for private leisure, much less devoting time to making a better world and community life for the next generation.
More and more women are working, and these women working full-time rather than part-time, despite the demands of their children. Also, men are working more rather than fewer hours, leaving husbands and fathers even less available to help raise the…
But, as Driver points out, recreation and leisure not only preserve cultural identities - they also allow for cultures to mix and share experiences. Baseball, for example, may be a distinctly American sport, but when a field is built or a league is formed, people who identify with a variety of different cultures and ethnicities are able to participate. The same holds true when a community holds a craft fair, a town pride day, or a festival. People from a variety of cultures are able to come together, learn from each other, and contribute to the overall strength of the community.
It seems natural to conclude that an important component of a strong community is the availability of recreation and leisure activities that are accessible and can bring together all of the cultures of the community.
As we have seen, recreation and leisure activities provide numerous benefits for…
Caldwell, Linda K.; Baldwin, Cheryl K.; and Walls, Theodore (2004). Preliminary Effects of a Leisure Education Program to Promote Healthy Use of Free Time among Middle School Adolescent. Journal or Leisure Research, Vol. 36, No. 3.
Driver, Bev (No date). The Benefits of Leisure. Retrieved Sept. 15, 2006 at http://www.academyofleisuresciences.org/alswp7.html.
Get the Facts about Lacrosse (2005). Retrieved Sept. 15, 2006 at http://www.lacrosse.org/the_sport/index.phtml .
Iwasaki, Yoshi; Mackay, Kelly; and Mactavish, Jennifer (2005). Gender-Based Analyses of Coping with Stress among Professional Managers: Leisure Coping and Non-Leisure Coping. Journal or Leisure Research, Vol. 37, No. 1.
food increasingly popular a leisure activity. Background Information: Food people solely 'food fuel'. Food,, aspects a leisure activity: shopping [ farmer's markets], eating, cooking, reading, TV viewing, blogging .
Food as a Leisure Activity
Conditions in the contemporary society have made it possible for people to change their perspective regarding some concepts and things as simple as food have come to represent a leisure activity. Individuals are no longer interested in eating with the purpose to satisfy this need, as many people presently regard cooking and eating as an art. Moreover, one needs to focus expansively on these concepts in order to harvest all the benefits associated with making and eating food. Food has reached a whole new level in first-world countries, considering that the financial condition that people in these countries have virtually enabled them to see food as being more than just a necessity. Numerous individuals are actively…
Adema, Pauline, "Vicarious Comsumption: Food, Television and the Ambiguity of Modernity,"Journal of American and Comparative Cultures 23.3 (2000)
Allen, Gary J., The Business of Food: Encyclopedia of the Food and Drink Industries, (ABC-CLIO, 2007)
Counihan, Carole, Food and culture: a reader, (Routledge, 2008)
Roberts, Kenneth, Leisure in contemporary society, (CABI, 2006)
American Vacation Time/Holidays
In the United States, people live to work while in other areas of the world people work to live. Or at least, this is a common stereotype about Americans and people who live in other parts of the world. The average working American gets two weeks (sometimes three if they're lucky) of vacation time a year while it isn't uncommon for individuals living in Spain, Italy and other parts of Western Europe to have the entire summer off, which is something that shocks Americans when they visit Madrid or ome in the middle of the summer. In the news we've heard about workers in Western Europe facing a cut in their social benefits, however, their vacation time is never touched (Geoghegan 2010). Meanwhile, American workers employed during this desperate financial time are not taking their vacations in fear of losing their jobs if they do or of…
Geoghegan, T. (2010, August 4). Why don't Americans have longer vacations? The New
York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2010/08/04/why-dont-americans-have-longer-vacations
Parker-Pope, T. (2010, February 18). How vacations affect your happiness. New York
Times. Retrieved from http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/02/18/how-vacations-affect-your-happiness/
Cultural Perceptions of Time in frica
Time is a foundational factor in every culture. The perception of time is different for most cultures and the determining factor to those differences is often based on the means of production. "Most cultures have some concept of time, although the way they deal with time may differ fundamentally." (Kokole 1994, 35) Tracing the perception of the concept of time in frica can be seen as tracing the European racial prejudices of the intellect of the indigenous populations in the colonized regions of frica. Much of the information regarding the development of time concepts in frican culture is colonial and based on the European interlopers recorded ideas.
Some of those recorded ideas are those of missionaries and others are those of capitalist adventurers, with the intermittent mark of a very few true historians.
In Mali, as in many other parts of frica, there are…
Akan" is an ethnographic and linguistic term used to refer to a cluster of culturally homogenous groups living in central and southern Ghana and parts of the adjoining eastern Cote d'Ivoire. The Akan constitute two broad subcategories: the inland Asante, Bono, Akyem, Akwapem, and Kwawu, who speak the Twi, and the coastal Fante, who speak a dialect of the same name. The Akan dialects are, for the most part, mutually intelligible. Most of these ethnic groups constituted autonomous political systems in the pre-colonial period. www.questia.com/PageManagerHTMLMediator.qst?action=openPageViewer&docId=55458430" (Adjaye 1994, 57)
Studies of Akan time perceptions and calendrical systems have been limited despite the fact that the existence of institutions and mechanisms for time-reckoning have been noted in the literature on the history and ethnography of the Akan for nearly two centuries. Beyond early sparse references by Rattray (1923) and Danquah (1968), a full-length monograph on the subject did not appear until Deborah Fink "Time and Space Measurements of the Bono of Ghana" (1974); however, the author's primary concern was with the applicability of Bono terminologies for measuring volume, weight, and time to formal education, rather than with time-marking systems P.F. Bartle brief five-page paper, "Forty Days: The Akan Calendar" (1978), was an exploratory essay into a single calendrical framework, the 40-day (adaduanan) cycle. Its treatment is consequently restrictive and limited to the 40-day calendrical structure. Similarly, Tom McCaskie "Time and the Calendar in Nineteenth-Century Asante: An Exploratory Essay" (1980) and Ivor Wilks ' "On Mentally Mapping Greater Asante: A Study of Time and Motion" (1992) are concerned primarily with a specific aspect of time: the scheduling of diplomatic and other governmental business in Asante.
(Adjaye 1994, 57)
Business and Leisure Events
Distinguishing the difference between a business event and a leisure event can be confusing. There are many differences and similarities between both. Depending on the purpose and intent of a particular event, the line between a business event and a leisure event at times, can be blurry. This paper will identify types of business events, identify the various types of leisure events and discuss the similarities and differences between the two.
A business event can be categorized as an event, occurrence or activity directly related to establishing, maintaining or promoting business. Or one used to train, educate, motivate or reward staff. Common types of business events are:
Employee/Customer Appreciation Events
From Board Meetings to weekly company meetings, meetings are business events that companies use to communicate internally to their employees, amongst managers and senior level executives.
Bischoff, BILL. "Deducting Travel Expenses When Business Mixes With Pleasure - SmartMoney.com." Online Investing: Stocks, Personal Finance & Mutual Funds at SmartMoney.com - SmartMoney.com. Web. 31 Oct. 2011. .
Guritz, Russlyn, and Charles Barrett. "Corporate Sponsorship Income." IRS. Web. 27 Oct. 2011. .
Hard, Rob. "Popular Corporate Events - Common Corporate Events." Event Planning - Meeting Planning - Special Events. About.com. Web. 29 Oct. 2011. .
The aged can also be accommodated near the bottom of the building, with low-impact aerobics and other targeted activities offered here. The medical and emergency facilities should also be incorporated close to these locations.
Young children, on the other hand, can be accommodated closer to the top floor of the facility, as they should have no difficulty accessing the higher levels of the building. Employees should be trained in providing them with adult supervision while they take part in the activities here. wimming pools of various sizes and depth levels can be included in this location. Daycare facilities can also be located on this floor, or close to it. It is important to include an intercom system from the children's and daycare floors, so that parents can be notified instantly if a child is in need of direct parental intervention. Baby changing rooms, and breastfeeding space can also be provided…
Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council. (2005-2007). "Crystal Leisure Centre - Facilities for the Disabled." http://www.dudley.gov.uk/leisure-and-culture/sports-clubs-and-centres/dudleys-leisure-centres/crystal-leisure-centre/facilities-for-the-disabled
North Ayrshire Leisure (2006-2007). "Magnum Leisure Centre. http://www.naleisure.co.uk/default.aspx?pageID=48
Public Employment Office (1999, May) "Workplace Adjustments for People with a Disability." Fair Ways Newsletter, Iss 1320-5471. http://www.eeo.nsw.gov.au/disabil/adjust.htm
Report of the Head of Property Services (2004, March 2). "North Lincolnshire Council; Leader of the Council; Disabled Access." h ttp:/ / www.northlincs.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/1F293BD4-2CA0-4354-9D9A-F3B89AA2E6B4/4409/DisabledAccess.pdf.
Spare Time Equipment
pare Time Equipment' is a newly started business located on the edge of Minneapolis in Minnesota, offers small pleasure boats, snowmobiles, jet-skies, line of trailer and pickup truck campers manufactured by different companies. Mark Zimmerman, the owner of the business has been trying for two years to bring his sales level up in order to make the business profitable. His recent strategy in this regard is to include 'mountain bikes' in the line of products he offers in this area.
In order to reach the right decision regarding the new strategy of increased products line, Mark needs to have a SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Threats, and Opportunities) analysis of the business. SWOT Analysis is an important business planning tool used to determine the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats of a business firm (Pahl & Richter, 2009). With the help of SWOT analysis, information regarding…
Griffin, R.W. (2011). Fundamentals of Management. Mason: Cengage Learning.
Pahl, N., & Richter, A. (2009). SWOT Analysis - Idea, Methodology and a Practical Approach. Nordestedt: GRIN Verlag.
Food & Leisure Business Plan
The objective of this project is to develop a business plan focusing on developing a business website for Food & Leisure Inc. Food & Leisure is a new business dedicating in providing seafood, traveling experience and lodging services for potential customers. The plan will provide a blog providing information about recipes, real-time review, and recommendation. The project will also present the projected revenue that will detail the costs of advertisement and promotions and net revenues with the goals of building a reputation that will lead to a prosperous business and marketing vehicles to other viable businesses.
Steps to Achieve the Goals
The project will design the website and provide marketing techniques to achieve the business goals for Food & Leisure. In the contemporary business environment, increasing number of micro and small businesses are taking the advantages of the internet technology to launch their…
Al Jenaibi, B.N.A. (2013). Use of Social Media in the United Arab Emirates: An Initial Study. Global Media Journal Arabian Edition,1,(2): 3-27.
Anderson, A.R. and Jack, S.L. (2002), "The articulation of social capital in entrepreneurial networks: a glue or a lubricant?," Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 14 (3): 193-210.
The working class standards of morals work as a substitute to how success is defined in terms of economics (Sachin, 2012). These people value morals more than the money and believe that morals outweigh money in having a successful life. They love to maintain dignity in their lives. Despite having their morals above money, they draw the lines between economic classes. Hence they do not separate themselves from the poor but do so while they are comparing themselves with the richer economic class (Arakji, 2012). These workers have rigid boundaries while defining dignity and consider themselves more moral and value oriented and worth-full than their peers of the people better than them in economic position. The book is a great comparison of American working class to the French working class. Both have moral values and like to pursue values rather than money yet keeping their self-dignity and self-respect intact. The…
About the Book, the Dignity of Working Men, (n.d.), Retrieved from:
Albert, K., and Weeden, K., (2013), "Occupations and Professions," Retrieved from:
Time changes everything; reading these two pieces of work reminds the author of that fact and so much more. Both The Welcome Table, by Alice Walker, and the poem What it's Like to be a Black Girl, by Smith speak out of the dust of the past to those who now live in the future. It is interesting to note that though the subject matter of racist attitudes pervades each story, both writings provide a viewpoint that is unique; The Table deals with an old negro lady on the verge of death, while a Black Girl deals with the other end of the spectrum; a young black girl addressing puberty and adolescence and the troubles and trials facing a maturing young lady. While presenting two differing points-of-view, each offers a strikingly similar stance; that racism affects those who feel its insidious influence in a myriad of ways.
Arai, S. & Kivel, B.D.; (2009) Critical race theory and social justice perspectives on whiteness, difference(s) and (anti) racism: A fourth wave of race research in leisure studies, Journal of Leisure Research, Vol. 41, Issue 4, pp. 459 -- 470
Crainshaw, J.; (2007) Living the feast: Liturgical etiquette for Beulah's table, Liturgy, Vol. 22, Issue 1, pp. 19 -- 26
Gordon, I.; (2005) Hallejuah! The Welcome Table: A lifetime of memories with recipes, Library Journal, Vol. 130, Issue 13, p. 133
Hinds, J.P.; (2010) Traces on the blackboard: The vestiges of racism on the African-American psyche, Pastoral Psychology, Vol. 59, Issue 6, pp. 783 -- 798
The Norman conquest had forever altered the face of history and the face of the English language.
The period thought of as the Middle English period roughly from 1150-1500 is a period that is demonstrative of the massive changes associated with the Norman conquest. Though there is some evidence that French did not completely overtake English in common or official use the language had a great influence upon English via the Normans and the elasticity of the language at its source.
The Middle English period (1150-1500) was marked by momentous changes in the English language, changes more extensive and fundamental than those that have taken place at any time before or since. Some of them were the result of the Norman Conquest and the conditions which followed in the wake of that event. Others were a continuation of tendencies that had begun to manifest themselves in Old…
Baugh, Albert C. A History of the English Language. 2nd ed. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1959.
Emerson, Oliver Farrar. The History of the English Language. New York: Macmillan, 1894.
McCrum, Robert & MacNeil, Robert. The Story of English: Third Revised Edition. New York: Penguin, 2003.
Spreading the Word; Restore VOA's English-Language Broadcast Funds." The Washington Times 15 Feb. 2006: A19.
Moortown Sports and Leisure Centre
The Moortown Sports and Leisure Centre (MSLC) has many challenges and obstacles to overcome to better serve the community in which it operates. In order for the organization to meet the needs of the local population, both now and into the future, MSLC will have to redesign and improve many of its operational processes to make more efficient and effective use of its current capabilities. The current facilities have unable to accommodate the local demand for their use however with a more efficient system of booking and facilities transfer the organization could meet more of the local demand. It is recommended that the organization build an IT system that can help manage scheduling of the facilities. This would effectively increase the capacity of the facilities through better management and communication.
Amazon Web Services, 2015. Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2). [Online]
Available at: http://aws.amazon.com/ec2/
[Accessed 30 March 2015].
Liew, A., 2007. Understanding Data, Information, Knowledge And Their Inter-Relationships. [Online]
Does Leisure Time Affect Work Performance?
Employees are the most valuable asset that any organization has in their possession. Many times it is difficult for employees to balance their obligations of work, yet still maintain a fulfilling life outside of the workplace. Children's Hospital of Philadelphia recognizes the importance of maintaining a healthy work and home life balance. This research measures the ability to detach from work to get quality leisure time and its impact on employees. The results found that at this organization workers did not have the ability to recover during leisure time. Suggestions were made for improving the situation at the healthcare facility.
Does Leisure Time Affect Work Performance?
Employees are the most valuable asset that any organization has in their possession. Many times it is difficult for employees to balance their obligations of work, yet still maintain a fulfilling life outside of the…
Berg, J. & Grant, A. (2010). When Callings Are Calling: Crafting Work and Leisure in Pursuit of Unanswered Occupational Callings. Organization Science. 21 (5), 573-994.
Binnewies, C., Sonnetag, S., & Mojza, E. (2009). Feeling recovered and thinking about the good sides of one's work. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 14(3),, 243-256.
Demerouti, E., Taris, T. & Bakker, A. (2007). Need for recovery, home -- work interference and performance: Is lack of concentration the link? Journal of Vocational Behavior. 71, 204-220. Retrieved August 12, 2012 from http://www.beanmanaged.eu/pdf/articles/arnoldbakker/article_arnold_bakker_153.pdf
Fullick, S., Grindey, C., & Edwards, B et al. (2009). Relationships between leisure-time energy expenditure and individual coping strategies for shift-work. Ergonomics 52 (4), 448-455.
It also assists these individuals to better understand themselves and nature and improves their understanding of their place in the world around them and their senses. For people who pursue some of the more challenging outdoor recreation activities, they have many opportunities for development of self-image and self-confidence, cooperation and trust, and physical fitness. These benefits frequently are only gained through sporting and other leisure time activities in a natural environment.
Up until now, however, the emphasis has not been on recreational facilities for this older population. In a study conducted for the YMCA (Blanding, 1994) as part of the Comprehensive Leisure and Aging Study of the University of Northern Colorado and National etired Persons Association, directors of senior centers and programs were asked to say whether or not they provided any of a select group of outdoor recreation activities. As noted by the following chart, very few senior centers…
Adtkins, D. (1994) the Leisure of the Aging: We've Only Just Begun
Illinois Parks & Recreation. Retrieved February 22, 2008 http://www.lib.niu.edu/ipo/1994/ip941128.html
Blanding, C. (1994) the changing face of outdoor enthusiasts - senior citizens. Parks & Recreation. Retrieved February 22, 2008. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1145/is_n8_v29/ai_15769902/pg_1
Cauchon, D. (May 21, 2007) Generation Gap? About $200,000, USA Today, May 21, 2007, p. 1A..
Internet on Life
hy the Internet is the Most Useful Invention of our Generation
The Internet is the most useful invention of our generation. The accumulated effects of the Internet include significant contributions in the areas of education, the creation of jobs and furthering of professions, and an exponential increase in the amount and variety of entertainment for leisure time. It is the intent of this paper to evaluate the pros and cons or advantages and disadvantages of the Internet in the areas of education, professional and leisure activities.
Advantages of the Internet in Education
There are a myriad of contributions the Internet has made to education, in addition to the many innovations occurring today in the context of individualized instruction. The development of e-learning management systems for example, which can unify an entire semesters' worth of work together into a sequential, well-defined series of steps, has shown significant potential…
Bassamboo, Achal, Sunil Kumar, and Ramandeep S. Randhawa. "Dynamics of New Product Introduction in Closed Rental Systems." Operations research 57.6 (2009): 1347,1359,1532-1534.
Bernoff, Josh, and Charlene Li. "Harnessing the Power of the Oh-so-Social Web." MIT Sloan Management Review 49.3 (2008): 36-42.
Dyer, Jeffrey H., and Kentaro Nobeoka. "Creating and Managing a High-Performance Knowledge-Sharing Network: The Toyota Case." Strategic Management Journal 21.3 (2000): 345-67.
Henry, Paul. "E-Learning Technology, Content and Services." Education & Training 43.4 (2001): 249-55.
Other things need to be taken into consideration as factors impacting the work vs. leisure decision. The wage rate should, to some degree, be directly proportional with the quantity of work provided. In this sense, if the wage rates increased, then the quantity of work provided should increase as well, in an attempt to maximize revenues. However, this is only true to some degree: at some level of the wage rate increase, the work provided will start to decrease, mainly because of a psychological effect this has on the individual. At the same time, an increase in income levels should increase the time provided for leisure, because some of the increased income can be used in leisure activities that would include additional spending.
In order to maximize the work supply of an individual, companies and organizations need to be able to identify the right incentive by which this can be…
Constructive attitudes towards work, leisure, time and change, set apart organizational models of attainment and enthusiasm, individualism as well as realization of self, and being humanistic as well as helpful that result in constructive culture that urges communications with individuals and strategies to assignments which will allow the employees to fulfill satisfaction needs of a higher plane and would bring about changes. (Aarons; Sawitzky, 2006)
As opposed to this, defensive attitudes to work, leisure and time are typified by looking for support and unanimity, being traditional and compliant, and being reliable and submissive that result in defensive culture. Defensive cultures support or completely need communication with individuals in manners that will not endanger individual safety and will not lead to changes. (Aarons; Sawitzky, 2006) Further, family, social mobility and religion are especially more vibrant that show conventional model of ancestry following and notions of family structure, as also modifications ushered…
Aarons, Gregory a; Sawitzky, Angelina C. (February, 2006) "Organizational Culture and Climate and Mental Health Provider Attitudes toward Evidence-Based Practice" Psychological Services. Vol. 3, no. 1, pp: 61-72.
Al-Nakeeb, Basil. (18 August, 2003) "Political Stability and Iraq's Privatization Strategy"
Middle East Economic Survey. Vol. XLVI, no. 33, pp: 17-20
Culture and Non-Verbal Communication" (n.d.) Retrieved 4 February, 2007 at http://www.cba.uni.edu/buscomm/nonverbal/Culture.htm
An attitude of 'firm persuasion' means that we have a sense of mission in what we do; a mission that cannot be easily diverted or silenced. At his core, Morrie's firm persuasion was that he was a teacher. Even when facing tremendous physical challenges and obstacles, he continued to teach Mitch and others about the nature of his life. One way to figure out what our life's work is and to steel ourselves with 'firm persuasion' is to ask: what would I be doing if I had my choice, more than anything else in the world? Painting? Playing sports? Writing? Although not everyone can be a teacher, painter, professional athlete, or writer, we can all find ways to ensure that we are able to pursue our passions every day.
Having a 'firm persuasion' in doing what makes our life feel meaningful means being able to tolerate and rebound from…
However we measure time, it is outside our control, and was before we learned how to measure it the linear way we do now. Time has real personal and collective qualities as our phone bill analysis demonstrated above, where distance is large enough that one person born at the exact same 'moment' as someone else, is actually older because of their position on the earth. And differences become apparent for the same individual at different periods. Sometimes time seems to pass slowly when you are waiting for something but moves faster when you have to solve an elusive problem. Likewise a period of time can seem longer beforehand than after, and in the distant past or future. So, two people, or all of them, could experience time at different rates, and place different values on those rates, all at the 'same time.'
Free time is time when an individual can…
" Johnny Miller, famous golfer and tournament champion in the 1970s and early 1980s. (Dulac, Oakmont Country Club: Awakening the Beast, 2007)
"You can hit 72 greens in regulation in the Open at Oakmont and not come close to winning." Arnold Palmer, famous golfer. (Dulac).
"The golf course is going to be one of the toughest tests we've ever played in a U.S. Open, especially if it's dry, it will be unreal because those greens are so severe." American icon Tiger Woods. (Oakmont: ock & oll ( & roll & roll & roll) nightmare, 2007)
Video and Pictures -- there are a number of graphic and video sources for the course, but some interesting additions might be:
Oakmont: ock & oll ( & roll & roll & roll) nightmare. (2007, June 9). etrieved from Pittsburg Post-Gazette: http://www.post-gazette.com/stories/sports/golf-us-open/oakmont-rock-roll-roll-roll-roll-nightmare-488737/
Oakmont Country Club. (2010, June). etrieved from National Parks Department: http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?esourceId=1880&esourceType=District
Oakmont: Rock & Roll ( & roll & roll & roll) nightmare. (2007, June 9). Retrieved from Pittsburg Post-Gazette: http://www.post-gazette.com/stories/sports/golf-us-open/oakmont-rock-roll-roll-roll-roll-nightmare-488737/
Oakmont Country Club. (2010, June). Retrieved from National Parks Department: http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=1880&ResourceType=District
Olympia Fields Country Club. (2013, January). Retrieved from GolfNow: http://www.golfnow.com/course-directory/illinois-golf-courses/olympia-fields-golf-courses/olympia-fields-country-club-south-course
Dulac, G. (2007, February 11). Oakmont clears trees to revive Scottish-lins look for U.S. Open. Retrieved from Pittsburgh Post-Gazette: http://www.post-gazette.com/stories/sports/golf-us-open/oakmont-clears-trees-to-revive-scottish-links-look-for-us-open-471759/
Contact information: 1-877-MDA-6789
Date interviewed: November 8, 2012
Company name: MD Anderson Cancer Center
Highest degree earned: LPN
College or University where the degree was earned: Houston Community College
What is your title and what are your main responsibilities?
I am a nurse. My main responsibilities are: measuring vital signs, administering medications, keeping the patient clean, handling wound care, maintaining patient records, and observing the patient.
What are some of the specific skills you need in order to perform your job?
The biggest skill I need is the ability to communicate with my patients. Through communication I can learn if they are in pain, if they have any needs, and assess their conditions. I also need a thorough understanding of biology and anatomy.
Describe what you do during a typical day?
During a typical day I work on a specific floor and am in charge of handling a set…
It wasn't until the 1920s and '30s that their blue-collar counterparts began to get paid vacations as well.
Americans in the late 20th century "worked more days per year than workers in other prosperous nations, such as those in Europe, yet on average, had less vacation time (Sabga, 2001)." Americans averaged two to three weeks off a year, in sharp contrast to many European nations which guaranteed up to six weeks a year. This is due to the fact "unlike in other countries, particularly Europe, vacations in the United States are not guaranteed by the government (Sabga, 2001)."
oles of Women
Women have played important roles in science and technology, however many times they have faced "social, economic, and intellectual obstacles (Kohlstedt, 2004)." In the early 20th century, the United States benefited from the efforts of "women of distinction like Anna
Botsford Comstock and Ellen Swallow ichards, while in Europe…
Asmar, Marwan. Dr. (31 December, 1999). "The makers of the 20th century." The Star (Jordan,
Cowen, Tyler. (January, 2000). "Who Says the Arts Are Dying?" USA Today (Magazine). (accessed 28 November, 2004). www.findarticles.com/cf_dls/m1272/2656_128/58576593/p1/article.jh).
Kohlstedt, Sally Gregory. (22 March, 2004). "Sustaining gains: reflections on women in science and technology in 20th-century United States." NWSA Journal.
In terms of the management of the risk, this can be completed through either one or more of the following techniques: (1) mitigation of the risks; (2) transfer of the risk from one unit to the other, one project to the other and so on; (3) the acceptance of the risk; (4) the avoidance of the risks; (5) the communication of the risks and the search for risk management strategies, and last, (6) the implementation of the risk management strategies (Elky, 2006).
Once the company has decided to accept and mitigate the risk, it has several solutions to managing the risk. Steve Elky at the SANS Institute points out that there are at least five methods for risk management, namely the NIST methodology (National Institute of Standards and Technology), the OCTAVE methodology, the FAP methodology, the COBA methodology and the isk Watch methodology. The challenge at this level is for…
Collier, P.M., Agyei-Ampomah, S., 2009, CIMA official learning system performance strategy, 6th edition, Elsevier
DuBrin, A.J., 2011, Essentials of management, Cengage Learning
Elky, S., 2006, An introduction to information system risk management, SANS Institute, http://www.sans.org/reading_room/whitepapers/auditing/introduction-information-system-risk-management_1204 last accessed on July 10, 2012
Cobit 5: a business framework for the governance and management of enterprise IT, ISACA http://www.isaca.org/COBIT/Pages/default.aspx last accessed on July 10, 2012
These shareholders in the military-industrial complex influence the government in various ways. These companies that produce war weapons or equipment can attach themselves to the central government and the department of defense. These individuals provide enormous amounts of money to various candidates in the congress or have a large number of lobbyists advocating for more contracts in the defense industry. Another influence from the military-industrial complex idea emerges from various political individuals who decide to work for the defense contractors when they leave office. The effect of this is a conflict of interest in the government that negatively affects the common American taxpayer. Continuous war is beneficial to the shareholders in military-industrial complex. They use their position to offer support to individuals who can serve their best interest by favoring a foreign policy that is aggressive. This enables them to influence a conflict that the government pays by engaging in…
Archer, J., & Jarvis, M. (1996). The Fourth Estate. New York, NY: Harper Audio.
Hunt, E.F., & Colander, D.C. (2011). Social science: An introduction to the study of society, fourteenth edition. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Lewis, T.T. (2002). The Bill of Rights. Pasadena, Calif: Salem Press.
Overholser, G., & Jamieson, K.H. (2005). The press. New York: Oxford University Press.
Speech: Museum's Bid For Bodies
Good evening ladies -- and yes, good evening gentleman as well.
Well, where should we begin? Ahhhh yes -- Are any of you aware of what a cadaver parade is? Have any of you ever actually heard of a cadaver parade?
Let me read to you a recent headline that I discovered: "Anatomy of competition: 2 museums bid for bodies -- what is a bid -- it is an offer or a proposal of a price."
What do you think about that? (Pause) My initial thoughts after reading those words were: "This is unbelievable, no, it is downright shocking, shameful, and certainly very offensive.
When was the last time a price was hung on us human beings? You probably already know, that's right -- During the days of Slavery. (Pause) Am I right?
I believe that the practice attaching a price to the human body…
I need you to organize this speech - grammar and sentence structure my speech is about provocative questions - please correct the question (grammar)but don't omit them and make some order, that it flows the topic is about body world (and exhibition of cadavers in California-- the web site is www.bodyworlds.com) it's gruesome -- the article is from plain dealer-- the headline is anatomy of competition 2 museums bid for bodies and if you can elaborate little be more by asking questions about the morals of the people who are behind this morbid business, you don't have to add a lot just elaborate on what I have written and organize it more -- note: I need this essay by 3pm today 12/14/04 I want you to use words like
minimum sources... research 1920 sport write ... A thesis, attention catcher, topic sentence?
1920s sport: Swimming
The 1920s was called the 'Roaring 20s' in America. It was accompanied by expanded prosperity for many middle class Americans and the rise of the 'flapper,' the sexually liberated and independent young woman. The rise of the middle class and the larger percentage of Americans with considerable disposable income and leisure time also allowed greater participation in sports. "The 1920s has been called the Golden Age of American Sports. It also has been called the Age of the Spectator" (Summer 2004:1). Thanks to the strength of the U.S. economy, more stadiums for professional and recreational sports were constructed, and radio and newspapers enabled fans to keep abreast of the latest developments of professional teams. "Improvements in roads made it possible for fans to travel to athletic events in distant cities. For the first time,…
Carter, D. Robert. 1920s swimming craze captures Provo's heart. Daily Herald. 16 Jun 2007.
[5 February 2013].
Drowne, Kathleen & Patrick Luber. The 1920s: American popular culture through history.
Pop is tomorrow's Classical"- Paul McCartney. Discuss this contention within the context of rock/classical music collaborations since the early 1950s.
Classical Rock and Popular Prophecy
To the average music-listener, musical genres are easily divided into homogenous groupings without any danger of overlapping one another. Certainly, there are rare occurrences of "cross-over" hits on the radio that find airplay on both Adult Contemporary and Country stations, or those releases which find an audience among both Easy Listening and Rock fans. Another seemingly strange occurrence that may be observed by the slightly more alert music consumer is that time shifts musical pieces from one genre to another, and yesterday's Alternative Rock is today's Easy Listening, yet even this phenomenon is considered an anomaly of the music industry. A simplicity is desired among musical elitists that preserves some musical forms as valid, labeling others as mere fads. However, the deep impact of musical…
"Classical Music." Heart & Soul. World Book. 2004. http://www2.worldbook.com/features/aamusic/html/classical.htm
Duxbury, Janell R. "The Nexus of Classical and Rock." Progression, no. 39, p70-74. Summer, 2001. http://www.geocities.com/Vienna/8660/article.html
Duxbury, Janell R. Rockin' the Classics and Classicizin' the Rock: A Selectively Annotated Discography. Greenwood Press, 1991.
Fissinger, Laura. "Jim Steinman: To 'Hell' & Back." BMI MusicWorld. Spring 1994. http://jimsteinman.com/bmi.htm
To these kids playing video games is an extracurricular activity and they don't see any reason to do anything else.
The major problem with this is that the incidence of childhood obesity in the U.S. is three times higher than it was 40 years ago. esearch shows that the increased use of technology by children during leisure time has transformed play from what used to be more physically active to sedentary. Children are often engaged in an environment that exposes them to food advertisement that encourages even more caloric consumption. Despite the linkage between technology and sedentary behavior, no consistent policy exists at the federal level that articulates government's role to address this issue (Campbell, Gilmore, McGinty, Pickering and amos, 2009).
A new study shows that every hour that a child plays video games or watches television may double their risk of obesity. This is not the first study to…
Campbell, Casie, Gilmore, William, McGinty, James, Pickering, Jennifer and Ramos, Joseph.
(2009). Minimizing Technologies' Contribution to Childhood Obesity. Retrieved March 2,
2010, from Web site: http://wmgilmore.iweb.bsu.edu/technology_assessment.html
Do violent video games contribute to youth violence? (2010). Retrieved March 2, 2010, from Pro
Sparked by my being the eldest girl in the family, my personality developed to become strong, colorful, and well-formed. From as early as I can remember, I felt a keen sense of responsibility, partly fueled by the expectations placed on my by my relatives, parents, and siblings. Automatically placed in a position of leadership since my early childhood, I continue to display initiative, decisiveness, and optimism in all my relationships. My unique personality particularly emerges within the arena of human relationships, especially friendships and family ties. My Korean heritage also has a great impact on my identity, fostering my appreciation for and curiosity about the world around me. I am inquisitive and interested in expanding my horizons. Because I have a tightly knit family with close ties to our traditions, I enjoy being helpful and nurturing to others. My parents don't speak fluent English, and I have always been willing…
This writer would like to know if Ms. Barr ever felt the need to cut down on drinking or to stop and couldn't. This writer would like to know if Ms. Barr takes any other drugs or medication in order to sleep or make her feel better and if so how much, and how often.
Mental Health Symptoms:
Mental Status: This writer would like to ask Ms. Barr if she ever thought of harming herself or someone else. If yes, did she have a plan and when was the last time she thought about harming herself or someone else? This writer would like to know if she has ever harmed anyone intentionally. If yes, does she have a plan and when was the last time she harmed someone else. This writer would observe if Ms. Barr's physical characteristics such as clothing, hair color, eye color, mannerisims, interaction with her and…
Emile Zola and Honere De Balzac were writers that embraced their century and time period. They wrote comprehensive histories of their respective contemporary societies. Although they share a similar interest in dissecting time throughout their novels, Emile shows a more modern take on time than does Honere De Balzac. In fact, his methodical approach to the social, moral, and sexual landscape of the late nineteenth century proves Zola as the quintessential novelist of modernity. Zola shows this through irregular change in his novels: The Drinking Den, Germinal, La Bete Humaine, Nana, and The Debacle. hereas Balzac, in his work, Le Comedie Humaine, Eugenie Grandet, and Father Goriot, follows an old fashioned classic style of realism that focuses on the upper class. Balzac shows time through detail and structure, Zola through change and dynamic fluidity.
Zola's epic kind of realism is shown through variety and complexity. His characters are all different…
Balzac, Honore, and Pierre G. Castex. La Comedie Humaine. Paris: Gallimard, 1976. Print.
Balzac, Honore, and Alexander G.H. Spiers. Eugenie Grandet. Boston: D.C. Heath & Co, 1914. Print.
Balzac, Honore. Father Goriot - the Original Classic Edition. Dayboro: Emereo Pub, 2012. Print.
Bell, David F. Real Time: Accelerating Narrative from Balzac to Zola. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2004. Print.
Consumption and Mass Media
What is conspicuous consumption? How does conspicuous consumption influence purchasing decisions? Think about a high-priced item (Rolex) that you would like to buy. To what extent could conspicuous consumption affect your decision?
Conspicuous consumption is consumption for the sake of impressing observers. Most consumers buy Rolex watches not because of Rolex's quality, but because the brand signifies that the purchaser is wealthy enough to afford a Rolex. Although an extremely cheap watch and an expensive watch may vary in terms of their quality, the expense of a Rolex cannot be justified by quality alone. Someone who wishes to signify his social class and economic status to friends and associates 'in the know' buys a Rolex; without these signifiers the Rolex means nothing.
Q2. What is conspicuous leisure? In what ways are leisure activities informed by social and economic class? Provide an example of a popular leisure…
Eleven (7-11, or 7-Eleven) is part of an international chain of convenience stores owned and operated by Seven & I Holdings of Japan. The company operates largely as a franchise, and is the global leader in franchising and licensing convenience stores, with almost 40,000 outlets -- surpassing McDonalds. The U.S. subsidiary is headquartered in Dallas, Texas. 7-Eleven operates stores in 16 countries, the largest markets being Japan, the United States, Canada, the Philippines, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Malaysia and Thailand. The estimated total earnings in 2009 were $16.9 billion, with over 45,000 total employees (7-Eleven World's, 2007). The world over, 7-Eleven is famous for the Big Gulp fountain drink, branded in a cup and an entire 32 U.S. fl oz. (.95 liter). Now they have Super Big Gulp (44 oz.); the Double Gulp (64 oz.), and the Team Gulp (128 oz.) that, while causing some consternation to nutritionists, have made the…
7-Eleven Shifts Marketing Strategy to Win Supermarket Customers. (November 1, 2002). AllBusiness.com. Retrieved from: http://www.allbusiness.com/retail-trade/food-stores/4250993-1.html
7-Eleven Tries out Mobile Marketing with Free Drinks. (December 10, 2009). Mobile Marketing Watch. Retrieved from: http://www.mobilemarketingwatch.com/7-eleven-tries-out-mobile-marketing-with-free-drinks-4669/
7-Eleven World's Largest Chain Store. (July 12, 2007). JNR Business. Retrieved from: http://www.webcitation.org/5dsuOCKUU
Seven-Eleven Trivia. (February 1979). Texas Monthly. Retrieved from: http://books.google.com/books?id=7S0EAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA66&dq=cigarettes+and+7leven&hl=en&ei=u7FbTuTXHcfTiALZ5PWWCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDUQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=cigarettes%20and%207-eleven&f=false
7% of respondents had previously taken a vacation with a volunteer or philanthropic component" (Ruiz 2007). People also go on vacation to experience what it is like to live and work on a farm, to be a meditating Buddhist monk or simply to engage in strenuous activities like riding horses on a ranch. For the visitor, because these unfamiliar activities are exotic, they are attractions, but for a resident they are merely work.
However, although 'voluntourism' has brought attention and revenue to many formerly hidden areas of the globe, there is also a great deal of criticism of this phenomenon. An individual's socioeconomic condition, the argument against voluntourism goes, should not be a tourist or visitor attraction. The idea of gawking at a poor area of the world, in return for a short period of 'feel good' volunteerism is deemed to be exploitative.
Regardless of one's feelings about 'voluntourism,' however,…
Harris, Robert & Joy Howard. 1996. Dictionary of Travel & Tourism Hospitality Terms. Melbourne,
Hospitality Press. Excerpted at the Western Australia Tourist Board. http://www.tourism.wa.gov.au/publications%20library/growing%20your%20business/what%20is%20a%20tourist%20attraction%20v3%20211005%20%28final%29.pdf
[November 29, 2010]
Metelka, Charles J. 1990. The Dictionary of Hospitality, Travel and Tourism. 3rd ed. Delamr, New
Colonial Authorities in Africa and Their Attempts to Curb Leisure Activities through the Law: The Conflict between African Identity and British Rule
The British colonial administrators in Africa viewed Africans like “children” in need of training in terms of how to be more masculine ala the Western tradition: for that reason, Oliver Bell, president of the British Film Institute, wrote “the native must be treated as we treat a ten-year-old white child, i.e….he must be shown films of action of the Western type” (Burns, 2002, p. 103). While it was true that Africans enjoyed cowboy films, in the years that followed Bell’s recommendation, there occurred among the settlers the sense that cowboy films were inspiring a violent attitude among the Africans and should therefore be banned. This attempt on the one hand to cultivate a Western ethic in the African and on the other to curtail aggressive or perceived hostile…
..Medical research also proves that recreation and physical, activity can enhance the learning process.... Furthermore recreational activities are recognized as ways of developing a childs social, decision-making, and problem solving skills.
Effects Of Parks And Recreation Services On Human Development And Other enefits) related factor is that leadership qualities are positively influenced by recreational activities and sports. Participating in sport allows the child to develop and learn leadership abilities in a relaxed and informal way. Psychologists point out that play and recreation are the very foundations of a child's natural development. However this aspect is also dependent on the factors such as the organization of leisure time and the facilities and equipment that are available. In this regard the planning of recreation areas is an extremely important aspect.
Recreational faculties have to be carefully planned with regards to their situation and to ensure that they are accessible to children. If…
Bell, Simon. Design for Outdoor Recreation. London: Spon Press, 1997.
Effects Of Parks And Recreation Services On Human Development And Other benefits. October 10, 2005. ( http://www.cityofsacramento.org/parksandrecreation/ppdd/benefits-effects.htm )
Nash, Jay B. Philosophy of Recreation and Leisure. St. Louis, MO C.V. Mosby, 1953.
Wetzstein, C. America's Quiet Epidemic. Insight on the News, 1998. 14, 41.
Equivalence, availability, and participation are taken for granted by people without special needs. People with special needs understand that working methods and utility help create vibrant participation in community life. Visual impairments and blindness create the need to interact with the world in completely different ways from sighted people. Likewise, a person with a developmental disorder like Asperger's also requires nuanced methods of interacting. These two conditions are prime examples of how environments and people can be adapted to suit all residents of a community, in order to foster social justice and equality.
Blindness can be congenital, meaning the individual has been blind since birth. Others lose their sight over time or suddenly as the result of an injury, illness, accident, or disease. Either way, visual impairment impacts the ability of the person to accommodate daily reality. A person who has been blind since birth has learned how…
"Blindness," (2013). Kidshealth. Retrieved online: http://kidshealth.org/kid/health_problems/sight/visual_impaired.html
Mayo Clinic Staff (2013). Asperger's Syndrome. Retrieved online: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/aspergers-syndrome/DS00551
MedLine Plus (2013). Blindness and vision loss. Retrieved online: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003040.htm
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (2013). Asperger's Syndrome Fact Sheet. Retrieved online: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/asperger/detail_asperger.htm
Management of Stress and Tension
Goals-- What do you wish to complete?
The answer to attain a postgraduate degree can develop into a very long journey. For me, the contending aspects of time and financial resources constantly appeared to present problems and control the situation. In truth, it would be considerably much easier to provide every single argument present against returning to institution at this time. One can say that numerous considerable life-changing occasions experienced just recently would be cause or motive enough to put off the commencement of the Master's of Business Administration (MBA) program. Concerns associated with household loss and task modification can be made use of as proof in support of delay. Financial pressures can likewise exist yet an additional motive that the moment in time, endeavor, and cost needed for an MBA would not be a required use of resources. Nonetheless, regardless of every one of…
Center for Applications of Psychological Type, Inc.. (2011). What are archetypes. Retrieved from http://www.capt.org/discover-your-archetypes/about-archetypes.htm
Cohen, B. (2001, April 21). Average Salary for First Year Accountants. Retrieved from eHow Money: http://www.ehow.com/info_8271661_average-salary-firstyear-accountants.html
Curtis, J. (2009). Life change stress test. WebMD. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/hw-popup/life-change-stress-test
Hansen, R.S. (n.d.). The Master of Business Administration: Is the MBA Worth the Time, Effort, and Cost? Retrieved from Quint Careers: http://www.quintcareers.com/MBA_degree.html
Popular Entertainment Venues
Family obligations are often at the heart of individual drive and guilt. They can drive a person to succeed and they can drive a person to do things that go against their very nature. In the film Alice Adams, the play Buried Child and the television series Everybody Loves Raymond the concepts of family obligation are the underlying motive to plot and action. The thing that is the same about these three programs on the thought of family obligation is that all of the characters do things for each other in the name of family obligation that they really don't believe to be the best thing for the individual they are trying to help.
In Alice Adams, Alice's not so glamorous family must make attempts to put on a show for her when she tries to improve her social status, not because they think there is a…
This will lead to a tremendous increase in the number of people belonging to this segment, which will require more attention from travel businesses.
egarding financial power, the mature segment has a very strong, healthy, and sustained position. Furthermore, the mature traveler group presents the highest net worth of all age groups. The stability of their income is also due to the fact that they do not have to support the cost of setting up a household or of raising children. In addition to this, this segment has the lowest consumer debt compared to all the other segments. The availability of their income goes hand in hand with the availability of their time, which allows them to have more leisure time that can be used for traveling than other segments of the travel market (TIA, 2000).
In the past 15 years, the mature segment of the travel market in the…
U.S. Travel Market Overview - Demographics (2005). Travel Industry Association. Retrieved March 14, 2008 at http://www.tia.org/researchpubs/us_overview_demographics.html.
Marketing Research Programs - Travel Market Segments (2006). Travel Industry Association. Retrieved March 15, 2008 at http://www.tia.org/researchpubs/travel_market_segments.html.
The Mature Traveler (2000). Travel Industry Association. Retrieved March 15, 2008 at http://www.tia.org/researchpubs/executive_summaries_mature_traveler.html.
Mature Market in the U.S. Summary (2007). Report Buyer. Retrieved March 15, 2008 at http://www.reportbuyer.com/consumer_goods_retail/demographics/mature_market_u_s.html .
wealthy Roman, a villa a retreat stresses public life? I asked role villa life a wealthy Roman a definite conclusion. as a villa a retreat, a number roles. I appeal evidence drawn Roman literature, Horace Pliny, Younger.
The Roman Villa
Romans considered villas to be more than just locations where they could live on a daily basis, as these buildings served a series of other purposes. City life imposed a great deal of stress on the wealthy and intellectual members of the Roman community and thus they needed a place where they could escape colloquial duties. City streets were dirty, unwelcoming, and filmed with violence, as they practically contrasted villas and their surrounding environments. In order for a villa to satisfy its inhabitant to its maximum potential, it had to be in accordance with his personal desires, both inside and outside. Also, the scenery where the villa was located needed…
Melmoth, William, "Elegant epistles, or, a copious collection of familiar and amusing letters: selected for the improvement of young persons, and for general entertainment, from Cicero, Pliny ... And many others," Printed for Charles Dilly, 1790, New York Public Library.
Rykwert, Joseph and Schezen, Roberto From Ancient to Modern, New York: Abrams Books, 2000
"Sketches of the domestic manners and institutions of the romans," Printed for Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy, 1821, Complutense University, Madrid.
The National League was formed in 1876 and enabled spectators to observe touring athletes play the game. The first World Series was played between the National League and its rival, the American League, in 1903. The popularity of baseball allowed for the financing of large baseball fields such as Fenway Park, Shibe Park, and Wrigley Field (Sports and Leisure, 2011). This era also saw the rise of collegiate football, boxing, and basketball.
The rise of entertainment was meteoric in the Gilded Age. With Americans working less and having a higher expendable income, they were able to enjoy entertainments such as expositions, amusement parks, vaudeville shows, sports, and music. To this day, the influence of these innovations and pastimes can still be seen in modern entertainment outlets and continue to amuse audiences everywhere.
Jim Crow Laws:
Jim Crow laws were state and local laws that were enacted between 1876 and 1965…
About Vaudeville. (1999). Retrieved from American Masters:
An Introduction to American Cultural Expression during the Gilded Age and Progressive
Era (n.d.) Retrieved from: http://bss.sfsu.edu/cherny/cultlexp/expo.htm
To afford what is considered a normal, middle class lifestyle requires an individual to work twice as much as people did in 1948 (During 73). hile "some cynics" say that additional leisure time and a shorter work week or year would result in simply more time spent in front of the television, the authors raise the intriguing possibility that the reason Americans watch so much television is a lack of creative energy. Americans work more hours than their European counterparts, are twice as productive at the office or factory than their grandparents, yet have less leisure time to enjoy the fruits of their labor. True enjoyment of leisure demands meaningful use of time, rather than the wasted time that comes at the end of a hard day. Sports, poetry, religion, and time spent with family are more valuable than the items that can be bought with money. Perhaps the current…
During, Alan T. "Are we happy yet?" From EcoPsychology: Restoring the earth healing the mind. Edited by Lester R. Brown & James Hillman. Sierra Club Publications, 2002.
Transition Experiences for Students with Disabilities
Several years ago I was privileged to teach students with cognitive disabilities in Korea. I taught in an after school program for high school students. As I thought about the subjects that were being taught, I realized that no provisions were made to provide opportunities for the students to interact within the community setting.
Even though most of the students were going to work in a sheltered workshop after graduation, a need existed for them to learn "community skills" such as paying for things with their own money, using public transportation, and interacting with various residents of the neighborhood. It was there that my strong belief that cognitively impaired students should have chances to engage in as many "normal" activities as possible as long as the students were not confused or upset by the situation or were subject to negative comments, etc. from others.…
Another component to the good life is the amount of time one can actually spend at home. In that respect, the contemporary trend in many elements of my industry (and many others) is for business professionals to spend more time working remotely from their home offices and less time working in traditional office environments. I am particularly looking forward to that aspect of my chosen profession because so many of the transactions within the modern hospitality industry are now conducted electronically rather than in the traditional face-to-face business environment.
Contribution to the Community and to the Greater Good
On one hand, I recognize that my chosen profession is not one that necessarily contributes directly to the most important needs of society, such as is the case in fields such as medicine, or scientific research, or social work, or government service. On the other hand, my chosen industry does provide the…
Description of Learning:
Educational institutions are teaching subjects for a digital future but it is from a superficial manner however students need a deeper knowledge of it as a curriculum. When teaching students about math, it should be integrated in all subjects they are learning by being motivated by educators (Singhal, 1997). As shown in the examined scenario planning with an elementary school, it is apparent things became better for the students as far as the educational resources, and environment, which ultimately affects the learning process. Educational institutions must engage partnerships with other schools around the world. By providing student exchanges they will produce world class students, the internet is facilitating the process of globalization and providing virtual interaction with others. As it is shown in schools, technology is the key to change the educational environment and resources. The internet is encouraging students to engage in meaningful cross cultural dialogue…
Senior Citizens Do Not Have to be Lonely
A study involving older adults from senior residential facilities in the Chicago area suggests that isolated seniors may experience twice the risk of Alzheimer's disease compared with those who are not lonely or secluded ("Loneliness linked…" 8). Researchers at the University of California San Francisco analyzed data showing loneliness to be particularly debilitating to older adults and may predict serious health problems and even death. There are both psychological ramifications, such as depression, and physiological ramifications that can be addressed by looking at the problem of loneliness.
The elderly are susceptible to feelings of loneliness and isolation because of life changes that often occur at this stage of life. Individuals may have spent all their adult lives in the work place and be unable to deal with too much newfound leisure time. If they had children, their children are grown,…
"Gardner Massachusetts -- Senior Calendar." City of Gardner, MA. Sep. 2012. Web.
17 Sep. 2012.
Kim, Leland. "Loneliness Linked to Serious Health Problems and Death Among Elderly."
University of California San Francisco. 18 Jun 2012. Web. 17 Sep. 2012.
WOKPLACE LEANING AND MANAGE'S PEFOMANCE IN THE HOSPITALITY INDUSTY
elationship between Workplace Learning and Managers' Performance in the Hospitality Industry
elationship between Workplace Learning and Managers' Performance in the Hospitality Industry
Manager's ole as a Leader
Why is Workplace Learning Important
The 'ideal' Workplace Learning Situation
Methods of Workplace Learning
Hospitality Industry Supports and Values Training and Learning
Management Skills in Workplace Learning
Manager's ole in the Hospitality Industry
Optimize Communication between Managers and Employees
Effective Managers in Hospitality Industry
elationship between Workplace Learning and Managers' Performance in the Hospitality Industry
Impact of Managers' Performance
Why Should Managers be Involved in Workplace Learning in Hospitality Industry?
Skills Learnt in Workplace Learning in Hospitality Industry 13
There is a direct relationship between workplace learning and manger's performance in a hospitality industry. This paper deciphers the roles and responsibilities of the manager in…
Lucas, R.E. (2003). Employment Relations in the Hospitality and Tourism Industries. New York: Routledge.
Lucas, R.E. (2003). Employment Relations in the Hospitality and Tourism Industries. New York: Routledge.
Theresa, B., Blackbourn, S., Hussey, D., & Linda, N. (2009). Developing the Local Workforce: Is Work-Based Learning the Solution? British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 18-28.
Ahu, T., & Ozbilgin, M.F. (2009). Understanding Diversity Managers' Role in Organizational Change: Towards a Conceptual Framework. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences, 45-52.