22+ documents containing “les miserables”.
After the publication of the book, France underwent further upheaval, and Hugo returned to France only at the proclamation of the Third Republic (Kirjasto).
Hugo continued his work with the poor, the oppressed and the revolutionaries in that he fought and provided shelter where he could. His work was rewarded with his election as senator of Paris in 1876. Given his life of service to those in need, it is little wonder that his funeral was attended by two million people.
Clearly Valjean, like many other Hugo characters, share many characteristics with the author. While Hugo was not born into poverty, Valjean was helped by Monseigneur Myriel to achieve a level of wealth similar to that of Hugo. From this basis of power, both Valjean and Hugo work to uplift and empower the poor. Indeed, Hugo's sympathy with the plight of the poor does not diminish to his dying day, as….
Aref, Mahmoud. La Pensee sociale et humaine de Victor Hugo dans son oeuvre romanesque: etude critique et litteraire. Geneve: Slatkine, 1979.
Bauer, Henri Francois. Les "Ballades" de Victor Hugo Geneve: Slatkine, 1975.
Brombert, Victor. "A novelist and his century - Victor Hugo." In UNESCO Courier, November 1985.
Hamel, Ernest. Victor Hugo. Paris: Tinterlin, 1860
e will confine ourselves to saying that the love of Fantine was a first love, a sole love, a faithful love."(Hugo, 145) in the endeavor to survive and sustain her child she is forced to become a prostitute, thus enduring extreme humiliation. For Hugo thus, she represents another 'miserable' being, part of the dregs of society who is nevertheless pure and luminous because of her inner goodness, the divine essence that cannot be corrupted by the extraneous influence of man: "Fantine was one of those beings who blossom, so to speak, from the dregs of the people. Though she had emerged from the most unfathomable depths of social shadow, she bore on her brow the sign of the anonymous and the unknown."(Hugo, 145) Fantine thus represents the poor and ignorant woman who is forced to practice prostitution as the ultimate resource for survival, but who nevertheless remains pure and….
Brosman, Catherine Savage. "Victor Hugo," in Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 119: Nineteenth-Century French Fiction Writers: Romanticism and Realism, 1800-1860
Grossman, Kathryn M. Figuring Transcendence in 'Les Miserables': Hugo's Romantic Sublime.
Hugo, Victor. Les Miserables. New York: Penguin, 1971.
Lynd, Robert. "Jean Valjean," in Books and Writers, J.M. Dent & Sons, 1952
religious themes of the three works mentioned, those being Les Miserables, Notes on Nursing and the Calling of Katie Makanya, are all fairly easy to see. A major fact about Les Miserables is that Jean Valjean spends a lot of time in jail for doing something relatively minor, stealing food to feed a starving family, and then this gets compounded three to four times over when Valjean tries to escape. In all, Valjean is in prison for nineteen years before being released. He is then treated like a leper by innkeepers because of his convict past. As the story progresses, there are some obvious themes relating to the law, the enforcement thereof and grace. There is a common theme from Valjean needing to be forgiven and allowed to gain redemption despite the past at hand but there is a common theme of people not doing that in the book.….
Regarding the facets and conditions that typify the "ideal" society in a Western culture, there are a few. Of course, the "ideal" Western culture of the late 19th century would be typified by earlier American (post Civil-War) and Europe at around the same time. There are two conditions and facets that could be seen in either Europe at the time, America at the time or both. First, there was a demand for rule of law and compliance with the government. Indeed, America had just emerged from the Civil War, even if it was still allowing for the disgusting treatment of blacks while the Jim Crow era was going on. Both Europe and American treated women like second-class citizens at the time as the suffrage movements. Indeed, the women's right to vote was not passed as an amendment to the United States Constitution until 1919.
The plight of blacks and women were still commonly bad in both Europe and the United States. Even if the laws supposedly freed and unrestricted their life, they were still both treated like second-class citizens that were expected to not make a lot of noise and fuss despite their being treated like a secondary citizen to the whites males that ruled over them. They spread this ideal through the imperialism (Britain, France and Spain in particular) as well as with the conquering and taking over of new lands in general (America). This was a means of control of not only the blacks and the females but also of the middle and lower class at the time. The social safety nets as we know them today (especially in America) did not exist and this allowed for a greater degree of control that could be exploited and taken advantage of.
Nana focuses on the outstanding novel written by Emile Zola called Nana. This paper analyzes the character traits of all the characters in the novel, especially a young prostitute named Nana. It was through this novel that Zola exploited the weaknesses of the Parisian society. The paper also illustrates how Nana goes about making her living and how she exploits men's weaknesses to gain temporary wealth.
Emile Zola, a French novelist and a critic was the founder of the Naturalist movement in the world of Literature. He redefined Naturalism by stating it to be "Nature seen through a temperament. Nana was one of Emile Zola's most profound literary works. It was written in 1880 to expose the true state of prostitution in France. The book mainly intended to take its audience to the world of sexual exploitation.
Zola was convinced that that nobody had yet the courage or the ability to….
Because of its strong ethical overtones and themes, Victor Hugo naturally gravitates towards imagery of light and darkness in Les Miserables. Light and darkness symbolize their respective moral poles, the binaries of good and evil, beneficence and maleficence, right and wrong. Drawing attention to ethical polarities helps the reader to better understand and appreciate moral ambiguity. The protagonist Jean Valjean epitomizes moral ambiguity, as the reader follows his journey from sin to salvation. Ultimately, Hugo shows the reader how formal systems of justice and institutions of law and order cannot accurately determine moral polarities; the human heart is far too complex. Using imagery of light and darkness, Hugo shows that most of life manifests in various shades of grey.
The Bishop is the first major symbol of light in Les Miserables, and is an overt representative of religious fortitude and spiritual salvation. “He gazed incessantly beyond this world through these fatal….
Through this experience, I realized that these characters could help other to understand themselves and to resolve the internal conflicts that drive young males in their actions. As I began to study the characters in the novel more closely, I began to realize that Valjean and Javert were not the only characters that represented Jungian archetypes. It became apparent that gaining a better understanding of the characters and the archetypes that they represented could provide valuable clues to the psychotherapist who must work with young males where were now going through many of the same challenges that I experienced at that sensitive age. The archetypes found in the novel are prominent and necessary for the development of a healthy, individuated male (James and Gillaland, n.d. p. 13).
eading Les Miserables changed my life. I saw many parallels with the character if Jean Valjean. I was abused by my father and,….
Bischoff, H. (2005). At the Edge of Contemplation. Journal of Evolutionary Psychology. 26
Blix, G. (2007). The Prison-House of Revolutionary Memory: The Politics of Oblivion in Michelet, Hugo, and Dumas. French Forum. 32(3): 39+.
Hugo, V. (1862). Les Miserables -- English Translation. Project Gutenberg. Retrieved June 6,
Emotions of Love and Lust in the orks of Victor Hugo
Victor Hugo is easily one of the major figures of world literature. Hugo has been responsible for painting some of the most compelling portraits of the struggle of the human condition and how certain emotional conditions continue to subsist among untold levels of depravity and suffering. One can examine The Hunchback of Notre Dame and Les Miserables as portraits of not only human suffering but as literary demonstrations of how even lust can continue to subsist throughout the human condition even when under intense strain. This paper will examine how Hugo is able to showcase the carnal longings of humanity throughout those works.
The Hunchback of Notre Dame demonstrates two different types of lust, emotional lust and sensual lust (Chris, 2010). Emotional lust in this case is first represented by the words and actions by the gypsy Esmeralda and the most….
Chris, T. (2010, November 10). Two Kinds of Lust: Lessons from The Hunchback of Notre Dame. Retrieved from Wordpress.com: http://mytwocents.wordpress.com/2010/11/09/two-kinds-of-lust-lessons-from-the-hunchback-of-notre-dame/
Grossman, K. (1994). Figuring Transcendence in Les Miserables: Hugo's Romantic Sublime. Springfield: SIU Press.
Hugo, V. (2010). Les Miserables. London: Courier Dove Publications.
-- . (2013). The Hunchback of Notre Dame. New York: United Holdings Group.
Romantic ritings of Victor Hugo
The romantic period was partly in reaction to the impact that the industrial revolution had on the psyches of artists of all stripes. The move toward an industrial culture had moved many people from the pastoral scenes of the country into the grungy hearts of the cities. Many of the people worked in the factories six days a week for many hours a day, or they worked in mines and other industries to support the industry in the cities. The response from the artistic community was to remind the public of two things. They wanted people to remember where they came from and they wanted to help people see the true emotion of life.
One of the most influential writers of the period was a young Frenchman who was known for his poetry early in his career (Halsall x), but who gained international fame for his….
Halsall, Albert W. Victor Hugo and the Romantic Drama. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998. Print.
Hugo, Victor. Selected Poems of Victor Hugo. Trans E.H. And A.M. Blackmore. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001. Print.
Hugo, Victor. Ruy Blas. Boston D.C. Heath & Co., Publishers, 1888. Print.
Post-Impressionist artists were interested in the ideas of Friedrich Nietzsche, particularly in his concept of the Ubermensch, a superman who would be capable through intense struggle of surmounting the lower forces that would limit his ability to achieve. The idea that man could evolve beyond his present capacities influenced the relationship of European man to previous cultures and to contemporary but less "civilized" societies. This paper explores the ways in which Paul Gauguin applied the Ubermensch concept to his art and to his life, and examines parallel motifs in the oeuvres of his contemporaries.
The Artist Gauguin: Man, Nature, Ubermensch and God
At the beginning of the enaissance, Massacio painted The Expulsion of Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden, and initiated a new view of humanity: an intensely personal and emotionalized struggle against fate. In spite of the Neo-Classical return to the formal norms of the past, the human agony….
Biography of Gauguin. http://www.abcgallery.com/G/gauguin/gauguinbio/html (November 14, 2002).
Dillon, John K. (1997) The Death of Tragedy: The philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche's Ubermensch. http://www.nsula.edu/scholars_college/Thesisabstracts/HSTtheses/dillon.html (November 14, 2002).
Gauguin, Paul. (1897) Noa: The Tahitian Journal. 1985 ed. Dover Publishing.
Norris, George. (1996) Expressionism: Its Spiritual and Social Voice. http://www.br.cc.va.us/vcca/norris.html (November 15, 2002).
However, most people who are looking for verifiable information are not going to sift through the detritus of YouTube, but will instead go to reliable sources: books, journals, studies, and reports that present verifiable facts and information. There is a place for YouTube as an entertainment medium, but that is perhaps its limits -- at this point in time. Peter Levinson (1999, p. 146) sums up YouTube when (speaking of the internet) he says:
"In other words, in terms of our understanding of media, the biggest contribution of the personal computer revolution and the Internet may be the light they shed on television as they render it, incredible as it may seem to our television age sensibilities, into an art form."
The art form meaning that we can rely upon television news media in a journalistic way, and as one that saves us from suffering hours upon hours of amateur home….
It is more concerned with understanding the way that ethnical ideas are presented, than judging those concepts within the construct of the society. However, when one looks at the history of any philosophical subject, it is important to note that differing concepts of philosophy often arise "out of" that very historical and cultural fabric of the time -- and then evolve so that they become more acceptable to future generations rather than contemporaneous ones. Individuals tend to justify unethical behavior based on these concepts; if the behavior results in what they perceive to be the best choice for everyone, or if they have self-interests and are able to find a reason for their action. A classic example is in the Victor Hugo book Les Miserables. The main character is imprisoned for stealing a loaf of bread for his starving sister and seven children. He is imprisoned for 19 years….
The use of a retractable plateau allows for the creation of new places in the woods, and also makes the woods seem like an ever-shifting place, where identity is continually disturbed and questioned. The impression is as if the viewer shifts suddenly from a community center theater production for children to the darkness of Les Miserables, another famous musical with a moving set.
The woods are not entirely a place of freedom, however. Set designer Aaron Kennedy makes use of multiple layers within the context of the scenery to convey different 'realms.' For example, Rapunzel, the adopted child of the witch, is kept high in a tower, far from the other characters. Until Rapunzel is cast out from the tower, she can only interact with others in a limited fashion, through her singing and letting down her glowing, golden hair. A lighted knothole represents the spirit of Cinderella's mother, who….
"hen (the stage-director) interprets the plays of the dramatist by means of his actors, his scene-painters, and his other craftsmen, then he is a craftsman - a master craftsman; when he will have mastered the use of actions, words, line, color, and rhythm, then he may become an artist," wrote Craig (Pepiton 2008). Because of Craig, set designers are revered as artists and equal partners with directors, actors, and authors. ithout Craig, classes in set design would not have the prestige they do today. No director would dare to embark upon a 'black box' production of Shakespeare or opera. Because of Craig, even those directors and designers who still see the value of realism strive to create impressions in the hearts of the audience, rather than literal representations of a drawing-room reality.
Duncan, Isadora. "On Gordon Craig." 1999. 2 May 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20010910184730/http://bondo.wsc.mass.edu/faculty/cslaughter/OGCDuncan.html
Pepiton, Charles. "Edward Gordon Crag & the Modern….
Duncan, Isadora. "On Gordon Craig." 1999. 2 May 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20010910184730/http://bondo.wsc.mass.edu/faculty/cslaughter/OGCDuncan.html
Pepiton, Charles. "Edward Gordon Crag & the Modern Theater of Devising." Perspicacity. 2 May 2008. http://perspicacity.goose24.org/20033152323.shtml
Jason, Gillian. "Edward Gordon Craig 1872-1966." Modern & Contemporary Art
May 2008. http://www.gillianjason.com/pages/artistinfo/39.html
"O Sylvan ye! thou wanderer thro' the woods, / How often has my spirit turned to thee!" (http://www.uoregon.edu/~rbear/ballads.html) Now, the poet wishes to "transfer" the healing powers of nature that he himself has experienced to his sister. By stating."..Nature never did betray / the heart that loved her" (http://www.uoregon.edu/~rbear/ballads.html) ordsworth assures his sister that she will also find peace in the middle of nature if she believes in the communion with nature. This prediction is an artifice of the poem and is not simple. "ordsworth's ability to look to the future to predict memories of events that are happening in the present is ingenious and complicated. But ordsworth beautifully clarifies this concept by using nature as the ideal link between recollection, foresight, and his relationship with another."(Eilenberg, Susan. Strange power of Speech: ordsworth, Coleridge, and Literary Possession. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992).
Moreover, by imagining the future of his….
Classical criminology was an idea formed because there was no formal understanding of what caused criminal behavior. In an attempt to make sense of what was deemed socially irresponsible behavior, Cesare Beccaria was determined to formulate a theory that not only helped explain criminal behavior, but also helped to streamline punishment. Before this theory was developed, crime was not studied and the enforcement of crime was very arbitrary. Many times crime was considered a class issue. People in the lower classes were thought to be prone to crime whereas those in the upper classes were generally upstanding citizens. Of course, this could have been because the gentry were making and enforcing the laws. Therefore, the primary context around which Beccaria based his premises was that of justice which was not a primary concern previously. His theory was based on the fact that people are in control of their own fate.
Cullen, F.T., & Agnew, R. (2002). Criminological theory: Past to present (Essential readings). Los Angeles: Roxbury.
Jones, S. (2005). Criminology (3rd Ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Tierney, J. (2005). Criminology: Theory and context (2nd Ed.). London: Prentice Hall.
White, R., & Haines, F. (2005). Crime and criminology: An introduction (3rd Ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
After the publication of the book, France underwent further upheaval, and Hugo returned to France only at the proclamation of the Third Republic (Kirjasto). Hugo continued his work with…Read Full Paper ❯
e will confine ourselves to saying that the love of Fantine was a first love, a sole love, a faithful love."(Hugo, 145) in the endeavor to survive and…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - Women
religious themes of the three works mentioned, those being Les Miserables, Notes on Nursing and the Calling of Katie Makanya, are all fairly easy to see. A major…Read Full Paper ❯
Nana focuses on the outstanding novel written by Emile Zola called Nana. This paper analyzes the character traits of all the characters in the novel, especially a young…Read Full Paper ❯
Because of its strong ethical overtones and themes, Victor Hugo naturally gravitates towards imagery of light and darkness in Les Miserables. Light and darkness symbolize their respective moral poles,…Read Full Paper ❯
Through this experience, I realized that these characters could help other to understand themselves and to resolve the internal conflicts that drive young males in their actions. As…Read Full Paper ❯
Emotions of Love and Lust in the orks of Victor Hugo Victor Hugo is easily one of the major figures of world literature. Hugo has been responsible for painting some…Read Full Paper ❯
Victor Hugo Romantic ritings of Victor Hugo The romantic period was partly in reaction to the impact that the industrial revolution had on the psyches of artists of all stripes. The…Read Full Paper ❯
Post-Impressionist artists were interested in the ideas of Friedrich Nietzsche, particularly in his concept of the Ubermensch, a superman who would be capable through intense struggle of surmounting the…Read Full Paper ❯
However, most people who are looking for verifiable information are not going to sift through the detritus of YouTube, but will instead go to reliable sources: books, journals,…Read Full Paper ❯
It is more concerned with understanding the way that ethnical ideas are presented, than judging those concepts within the construct of the society. However, when one looks at…Read Full Paper ❯
The use of a retractable plateau allows for the creation of new places in the woods, and also makes the woods seem like an ever-shifting place, where identity…Read Full Paper ❯
"hen (the stage-director) interprets the plays of the dramatist by means of his actors, his scene-painters, and his other craftsmen, then he is a craftsman - a master…Read Full Paper ❯
"O Sylvan ye! thou wanderer thro' the woods, / How often has my spirit turned to thee!" (http://www.uoregon.edu/~rbear/ballads.html) Now, the poet wishes to "transfer" the healing powers of…Read Full Paper ❯
Classical criminology was an idea formed because there was no formal understanding of what caused criminal behavior. In an attempt to make sense of what was deemed socially irresponsible…Read Full Paper ❯