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Reference Services in Libraries
Librarians and information science professionals provide a vital service to patrons by navigating them through a myriad of information and knowledge sources available. Compounding this challenge is the exponential growth of online information sources and the often confusing nature of software used for accessing these online resources. Only by interviewing patrons and getting a very clear idea of what their needs are can a library patron attain a high level of performance over time. The intent of this analysis is to evaluate how librarians and information science professionals can more effectively serve patrons by interviewing them about their information needs.
Serving Patrons By Researching Their Needs
The ability to quickly determine the information needs and wants of a patron is critical for any librarian and information science to excel in their role. The first step in accomplishing a higher level of performance and accuracy…… [Read More]
Place them inside another circle (labeled "____ Library") if they apply to that library, but not to your school library.
Place them in the middle section of the diagram (where two circles intersect) if they apply to both your school library and another library you visited.
When you have finished, ask students to name any other features of either library and add them to the diagram.
1. Now have students close their eyes and think about the layout of your school library. Have them get a clear mental picture of it.
2. On a large sheet of paper, start a drawing of a map and give the students a point of reference such as the front door. Now give each student their own map drawing supplies (paper and markers) and have them start with the front door as a visualization point.
3. Have the students label each section of…… [Read More]
Annis, personal communication, May 26, 2009).
According to Holy Annis, the main focus of the center is on what part the cultural values play in the tribal libraries and how the library interacts with the information keepers, wisdom keepers, or oral librarians in the community. She also pointed out that tribal libraries are usually adjacent to or in the midst of other social service agencies. Funding sources for libraries often come from grants and gaming operations. The key granting agency for tribal libraries is the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS). Technology was also discussed during the interview. Although her center has technology, most of the tribal libraries have limited Internet access (H. Annis, personal communication, May 26, 2009).
In rural areas, only about 9% of Native Americans have Internet access at home. "Native Americans are more likely to access the Internet at schools and libraries than any other…… [Read More]
Library Management of Information Organizations
Planning, in the context of a library is about systematic decision making anchored on library goals. Planning is integral in a library set up in that it helps in determining what, when, why, and how the existing library services and sources can be improved. Planning helps in finding out the solutions to the problems the library users contend with in their day-to-day use of a library facility (Dhawan, 2002). Planning should be done based on the needs of the customers and their satisfaction. The most important thing here is the user satisfaction. New plans can be adapted or the old ones redesigned to improve and to better service delivery to library customers. The plan that has been put in place has to be executed so that the expected standard result is achieved (Suresh, 2011). In the process of implementing the plan it is imperative that…… [Read More]
Library System: Formal Analysis of University of Westminster
The University of Westminster is a large university system located in London, England that serves global student populations. The University of Westminster has 4 campus library resource centers available for student use, including: Cavendish Campus Library, Harrow Campus LC, Marylebone Campus Library and egent Campus Library (WMIN, 2004). The libraries use ISLS, or information systems and library services to disseminate information to students, staff and visitors. Also in use is infoLinX. The purpose of a system such as ISLS is to improve accessibility to learning materials.
Currently the University serves the following: graduate and undergraduate students, international students, part time students, researchers, alumni, businesses, job applicants and external examiners. Major academic areas range from traditional sectors such as architecture, to more advanced areas such as digital media and e-commerce. The information system utilized by the University is analyzed below based…… [Read More]
hy Libraries Must Not Use Software Filters to Censor Speech: One Person's Hate is Another Person's Political Philosophy
The French 17th century freethinking philosopher Voltaire said one of the most famous quotations in regards to the freedom of speech. He said that he would, though he disagreed with every word out of his colleague's mouth, defend to the death the man's right to say such terrible things. Perhaps the 21st definition of Voltaire's remark might be, 'though I disagree with every word upon you pet causes' local URL, I will defend to the death your right to point and click to this website on the Internet, lest my own right be similarly threatened.'
Recently, the idea of 'hate crimes' became codified in the American legal system, and thus the idea of similarly correlated 'hate speech' was formed. 'Hate speech' is usually defined as speech that attempts to create…… [Read More]
Library Resources Finding and Citing Research Material
The library at the University of the Rockies is a great source for primary and secondary research materials. Its comprehensive collection of online databases includes PsycNET, ProQuest Central, usiness Sources Complete, SAGE, Oxford University Press and Counseling and Psychotherapy Transcripts, Client Narratives, and Reference Works. The types of electronic resources available to students through the University library databases include eooks, scholarly journal, peer reviewed articles, magazine articles, dissertations, conference papers and government reports. The plethora of available resources presents the problem of finding exactly the right piece of information that a researcher needs for a particular project. It can be overwhelming and confusing to navigate through the different search channels. The extensive nature of these databases also makes it particularly important to properly cite the information so that readers can trace the source for confirmation and clarification purposes. It is therefore important to…… [Read More]
Librarianship and the competency requirements
Ethics, Values and foundational principles in librarianship
Library science and librarianship as a profession is guided by ethics that help shape its professional implementation and guide it to effective service to the users on a daily basis. Just like any other profession, there are codes of conduct and modus operandi that define librarianship, making it relevant to the service it provides and the consumers of that service.
Across the world, the librarians are aware of the enormous task that faces them in ensuring the readers have access to information and books as well as other relevant materials that they may be in need of within and outside the library setting. In order to regulate the access and dissemination of this information, there are guiding ethics, values and principles that help the librarians world over in carrying out their duties professionally. Ethics and librarianship are intricately…… [Read More]
Computers and Cataloging in the Modern Library
The library has come a long way from the days of gigantic filing cabinets packed with typewritten cards. Of course, the librarian of yore got a good deal of exercise running down into the basement and racing past those long cabinets until at last she arrived at the correct drawer. Yet, the job wasn't finished there. More often than not, finding the proper card meant hauling out the entire drawer and heaving it onto the nearest tabletop. This was then followed by the amusing chore of trying to force your fingers in between cards that were inevitably too tightly packed together to be moved. ell, at least the cards were in order...that is unless a patron had had the same trouble as you and had carelessly opened that long metal bar and thrown out the cards that were in his way. At…… [Read More]
Individual's Communication Style And Ways To Improve Communication
Factors that affect an individual's communication style are associated with personality type, culture, age, gender, socio-economic background, education, and emotional and social intelligence (Cherry, Fletcher, O'Sullivan, 2013). In a library setting, understanding how these factors can impact the way that patrons and librarians may interact with one another as well as how librarians may communicate with co-workers and managers is essential in maximizing quality communication techniques. This paper will discuss these factors and show ways to improve communications in a library setting by developing social and emotional intelligence skills, which help individuals to perceive cultural, socio-economic, gender, age, and educational levels of those with whom they communicate and adjust accordingly.
As Garcia, Bautista, Coll et al. (2013) point out, "training in empathetic skills" improves the way that individuals communicate (p. 1413). Empathy is a term that means understanding and can come by…… [Read More]
The Master of Library and Information Science program competency is to be able to describe the fundamental concepts of information-seeking behaviors. Information-seeking behaviors can differ among library users according to demographics and the type of energy that the user is willing to put into the search (Wicks, 2004). As Schwieder (2016) notes, there are low-effort information-seeking strategies and high-effort information-seeking strategies.
The fundamental concepts of information-seeking behaviors stem from the work initiated by Bates (1989), Ellis (1989), Kuhlthau (1991) and Dervin (1992). Kuhlthau (1991) defines information-seeking behavior as a personal search for meaning or sense: a process by which an individual develops “a personal point of view” (p. 361). The way this information-seeking behavior works, no matter the demographic of the individual, is that the user searches for meaning/information which meshes with what the person already knows about the subject. This meaning or slice of information will differ from user…… [Read More]
Library Mission Statements
Crafting missions or mission statements of organizations is a central component of management policy in many Western countries (especially Canada, UK and the U.S.A.). The mission statements also influence the organizational culture especially for learning institutions like universities. Many leaders in ritain and the United States are aware of the importance of mission statements in information centers and libraries (Lazarev, 2001).
As the use of libraries become popular, effort should be made to ensure that the format of the library is consistent with the mission statement of the University. Librarians should hold meetings with key players in the University like the departmental heads to ensure that the demands of the patrons are met and that the library supports the goals of the institution. The purchasing procedure of the library should also be consistent with its mission statement. However, a number of institutions will likely exclude electronic technology…… [Read More]
Library Sciences Personal Reflection
My thoughts and impressions about archives and archival work have changed substantially since the beginning of the semester. Originally, I thought of it as a job where you sat isolated away from humanity in a closed room, pouring over boxes and boxes of old manuscripts, documenting each one endlessly while the world went on day to day outside. After this course, I have to say my interest in archival work has grown considerably. As Somers (2017) notes, for instance, in a big archive, there is simply not enough man power to go through all the records, piece by piece. A lot of what it stored is not really known in detail but only in a superficial—a manner that allows for records to be categorized but not really known in much depth. (That is why it is important for researchers to go into archives with a critical…… [Read More]
Libraries and Newspaper Preservation
Double Fold -- the Book that Shook the World of Librarians
The man whose name has become "mud" in the domain of librarians the world over is also a novelist, journalist, founder / head of a non-profit corporation known as "American Newspaper epository" (AN), and "library activist"; his real name is Nicholson Baker, and the book that brought so much attention to him, and to the practice of some libraries to destroy newspaper archives, is Double Fold: Libraries and the Assault on Paper.
It all began in 1993 for Baker, as he explains in the Preface to his award-winning book, when he was writing a piece for The New Yorker, and, while interviewing librarians around the country, " ... found out that the card catalogs were being thrown out everywhere. I grew less cheerful, and the essay grew longer," he wrote (vii).
And then, after establishing…… [Read More]
Changing ole of Libraries
Changing ole of Libraries in Today's Society
Changing ole of Libraries in Today's Society
Changing ole of Libraries in Today's Society
From the time when the recorded history began, all kinds of artifacts of symbolic, religious, social, and educational have been assembled together and protected in the libraries in the form of books and documents. Sumerians were the one who developed and brought into actual formation of a library. People of Mesopotamia, several millennia before, revolutionized the means of communication by using symbols and pictures which represented specific units of speech. According to Derrida (1996), the humans have undergone an "archive fever" which means the urge to preserve all kinds of information regarding the history, facts, experiences of people, etc. This impulse gave rise to libraries like temple libraries which contained organized and arranged books and this was done by trained personnel. Libraries in the…… [Read More]
In addition to that, the libraries also had to launch various training programs in order to ensure that their employees possess the appropriate skills that are being required by the operations and activities of the organization. (Foo, Chaudry, Majid & Logan, 2002)
Changing Demands of Users
Due to a significant change in the academic environment, an ever increasing emphasis was laid down on group work and self-study. The students, therefore, started looking for online information in the academic libraries. The libraries faced a challenge of increased consumer demand and had to work on customer services and proper and timely availability of information. The libraries needed to provide the consumers with user friendly services. They also had to analyze the changes in consumer demands and had to provide the services that best fit the requirements of changing academic world. (Maponya, 2004)
The academic libraries are an important component and information…… [Read More]
The relevant system administrator will gain an understanding of the client needs and be able to re-orient the system facility to accommodate the different need of use. Frustration emanating from use incapability can be dealt with appropriately through the trainings. Faculty members and students can learn from experts how to face up with the challenge of access.
When using virtual access point to library document, it is essential that the experience appear similar to physical access to library document. The relevance in this is to make the use preferred owing to it flexibility. E-resources need to offer the end user flexibility not to visit the physical library to access the information. The web-based resource makes multiple accesses to similar resource possible and this reduces the congestion in the physical library facilities. The ease of congestion will serve to improve the learners experience as-well-as reduce the workload to source moderators.
Available…… [Read More]
The librarians also allowed students to vet their services and give reports that analyzed their service delivery.
The librarians also provided questionnaires that contained questions that were inquisitive of; directions and building locations, reference and general library information etc. The librarians contacted 28 people over a period of two weeks only, which was an average turn up for the research. The target group was well established, as the librarians targeted students and the community, which were the most frequent users of the library. It would have been unjust to choose a group that hardly did any academic research. The data gathered was also reliable and relevant, because it came directly from the users of the electronic library, and they were in the best position to understand what affected their research. The researches were lenient enough to avoid biasness, as they were gender sensitive and did their sampling sensitively. The methods…… [Read More]
Mid-Manhattan Library • 455 Fifth Avenue • New York, NY 10016
he Encyclopedias were organized well with everything labeled properly. Although some of the books were in decent condition such as the Directories or the Dictionaries, the encyclopedias seemed to be in good condition. I asked one of the librarians who works there to see if any of them have been updated within the last 6 months or any new books have been put into the reference section within the last 6 months and she replied no. She also stated the newest book received was from 2013 and it was a World Book Encyclopedia. Some were bizarre like the Aromatherapy Encyclopedia, while others were of normal topics. All the books reviewed here are useful and offer information difficult to find elsewhere.
he Aromatherapy Encyclopedia: A Concise Guide to over 395 Plant Oils. Schiller, Carol (Book -- 2012) was…… [Read More]
Humanities Related Library Internet Resources
Pierce, James Smith and H Janson. From Abacus to Zeus: A Handbook of Art History, 7th ed. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2004.
There are several factors that make arts to be valuable or not. Art value is assessed via several ways including comparison to existing market standards of similar arts before they are taken for auctions. According to this article, hypothetical methods based on market values are used to find the value of arts taken for auctions. The most important factor used during the valuation is the artist who designed the art. Artists who are well-known and highly regarded have high value associated with their works. Paintings like Matisse's call for higher price than those of little known artists. The other factor vital during the valuation is the uniqueness, type and copies of the work. Art pieces produced in…… [Read More]
Intellectual Freedom in Libraries
In today's academic world intellectual freedom is a very important issue. In this paper various factors which are affecting intellectual freedom have been discussed along with efforts that need to be made in order to make the access of information possible for all. The issues being faced mainly by the librarians regarding the protection of confidential information of the library users have also been discussed in this paper. Furthermore the paper focuses on the important roles that can be played by the librarians in guiding and educating the people regarding the proper use of information.
Intellectual freedom is the liberty to express opinions in the academic world, the freedom of access to the information and the freedom of using that information (in a legal manner) without the fear of your confidential information being exploited. Intellectual freedom is very important for the academic growth of any society…… [Read More]
Wright State University Website eview and Critique
The website is an increasingly valuable medium to foster an institution of higher education's mission and, thereby, must be critiqued with rigorous standards to effectively serve the learning community. Benedict (1996) encourages student affairs professionals to embrace the personal responsibility to develop technology competencies, as he advocates technology will constitute a core competency in the 21st century (Benedict, 1996). In this regard, the following paragraphs will provide a critique of the current Wright State University Library website. To present a coherent layout, this critique will follow the current format of the website with a review of each page that warrants improvement.
This page is a key opportunity to engage the user in the site information, as this will most likely be the first page seen. Whitney (2002) asserts that the goal of every website is to increase the probability…… [Read More]
The survey also indicated that the vast majority of paraprofessionals had undergraduate degrees and of the tasks and "high-level skills required for professional positions and paraprofessional positions" there was little appreciable difference (Zhu 2012). However, there still remained tasks which library professionals alone could take on such as conducting research for scholarly publications and communication; writing grant proposals; dealing with licensing and copyright issues and developing and preserving collections.
Overall, the findings of the article suggested that "the role of paraprofessionals had been diminishing because more job duties required the broader background and greater expertise of professionals" and job prospects were shrinking (Zhu 2012). Existing paraprofessionals were taking on more tasks, which required them to have higher-level skills and more education, but there were frequent complaints that this did not result in enhanced prospects for promotion or higher salaries. For a young, aspiring professional reading this article, it is likely…… [Read More]
New King Fahad National Library in iyadh
The rise of the electronic medium of media amongst the masses has become the main motive of decrease in the progress of printed tools and materials along with the decrease in using the academic materials. Each one of these new developments combined with the data of students visiting the library has laid down numerous claims on the entire abolishment of the standard structure of a library. Nonetheless, some researchers have aggressively suggested incorporating the "social" spaces such as for example cafes, museums and theaters; creating a mutual group study and forming "information commons," while some have simply given up the idea of the subsistence of the traditional form of libraries. The assorted reactions to the down sides of the King Fahad National Library have embedded the concept that libraries facilitate a lot more than just being truly a storeroom or a storage facility…… [Read More]
g. "Remember to read this article before writing essay"; (7) the ability to save a list of search results to the personal area and also to edit a saved search; (8) Ability to add individual resources contained within search results to their personal area; (9) Personalized current awareness - searches that can be re-run automatically at a specified time; (10) the ability for the user to share their resource collections with other system users by assigning read and perhaps also edit rights to other users; (11) Ability to personalize the look of their personal area - the colors etc.; and (12) Where relevant, the ability to change the title/name of the personal area, collection names in personal area, names of resources in personal area etc." (Pearce and erko, nd) Finally, the customization functionality enables the library staff in tailoring the system to meet the specific needs of both the library…… [Read More]
The libraries are a source of knowledge and they have been linked to wisdom historically. It was a great thing to visit library (surely it is even today) and the people owning their personal libraries were considered most honored in the society. However, with the increase in population, the concept of public libraries became more popular and by mid-20th century, the public libraries were the biggest help for the researchers that wanted to access knowledge pertaining to various different areas of education. The research librarian used to be a post that helped the researchers find their specific source in book, articles, magazines and web. The post still exists but not everywhere. These research librarians were considered as helpful, even more, as the tourist guides in foreign country. This paper studies the role of research librarian and the way they help research questions.
Location of study
Millions of people in…… [Read More]
WEB ANALYSIS OF THE DAVID M. RUBENSTEIN RARE BOOKS AND MANUSCRIPT LIBRARY
Web Analysis of the David M. Rubenstein Rae Books & Manuscipt Libay
David M. Rubenstein Rae Books and Manuscipt Libay is located in William R. Pekins libay within Duke Univesity campus. The libay has moe than five thousand nine hunded and ninety-one achival collections. Among them, seven hunded and seventy-nine have a finding aid that enables eseaches, students and othe inteested paties to access the collections online. The libay segmented the website into dissimila sections to make seaching easy. These sections include a catalogue seach, a finding seach aid, a digital collection seach, a collection aea and a section to conduct eseach. The seaching options povide and demonstate useful seaching pactices and infomation (Cox & Achives Students, 2007, P. 32).
How does the institution pesent its holdings, and how useful is this pesentation fo a eseache
Fo any…… [Read More]
Kings County Library system is one of the more impressive and expansive library systems in the United States. It boasts dozens of locations and thousands upon thousands of books, magazines, journals and other resources. However, it has become clear in recent months and years that the basic form and function of the library is not what it could or should be and the modernity and selection of the facilities is starting to falter. The patrons of the library system have made notice of issues that they see and the same is true of the people that work for the library themselves. Meetings and other operational activities are handled in a haphazard and inefficient way and this has led to work not being completed in a manner that is consistent with what is possible and perhaps required and demanded given the public funds used to keep the system going. Throwing good…… [Read More]
The Registrar is further responsible for the computerized collection management system, legal documents, and files associated with acquisitions, condition reports, accessioning, cataloguing, loans, packing, shipping, inventory, insurance and storage. (Patch, 2004)
III. The LIRARY
Librarians generally focus on one of three aspects of work in the library, which include: (1) user services; (2) technical services; and (3) administrative services. Librarians utilize the most recent information technology for conducting research, classification of materials, and assisting students and patrons in their search for information. Librarians must have a broad range of knowledge relating to scholarly and public information sources and "must follow trends related to publishing, computers, and the media in order to oversee the selection and organization of library materials." (U.S. Department of Labor, ureau of Labor Statistics, 2008) Responsibilities of the librarian include management of staff and development and direction of "...information programs and system for the public" (U.S. Department…… [Read More]
United States v. American Library Association, 539 U.S. 194 (2003) saw the U.S. Supreme Court rule that libraries as well as public schools are subject to the authority of U.S. Congress concerning installation of web filtering software as a result of receiving E-Rate discounts. These discounts are part of federal funding. Any public school or library receiving such funds must install this type of software. The ruling demonstrated installation of such filtering software is not unconstitutional as it does not violate the First Amendment. This ruling provided the groundwork for the Children's Internet Protection Act to take full effect.
In 2000, Congress passed the CIPA or the Children's Internet Protect Act. This law served as the main issue for the 2003 case. In order for public libraries to qualify for and receive federal aid for internet access, they must install web filtering software. The software disabled access to pornographic/obscene images…… [Read More]
President Nixon also was personally fascinating with this area of policy has hand-written notes to astronauts are enclosed in plastic for reading and review. What's fascinating about this exhibit is the budget for the space programs including NASA is also posted. By today's figures, it looks quite small, and it's deliberately posted to show how small the investment is for how much value is generated as a result. This is one of the most patriotic exhibits there are in the entire library and museum.
Richard Nixon's involved in Watergate is lightly touched on; there is not that much investigative analysis of the events as there is an exhibit which was closed. Domestic policy including the Vietnam War and the plight of prisoners of war is shown graphically. The anti-war protests are also given equal presentation. The curators of the library and museum attempt to show how complex and…… [Read More]
Because of all these accomplishments, Mr. Lucas has a list of accolades and awards that would fill pages. His most notable accomplishments however have been the 24 films he has been directly involved with that have either won or been nominated for Academy Awards. He has won four Academy Awards personally for Best Directing and Best Writing for American Graffiti and Best Directing and Writing for Star Wars as well. One of the several companies he has founded, Industrial Light & Magic, has won fourteen Academy Awards on its own. He has also been awarded two of the most prestigious honors in filmmaking in the U.S., the American Film Institute Life Achievement Award and from the Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award. Mr. Lucas also donated $180M to his alma mater, University of Southern California, so a new film school could be built. He is…… [Read More]
access LexisNexis database Keller Library, student resources tab Course Home
According to the court in this case, the most "jealously" protected free speech is that which prohibits people from taking about matters of public interest and the ideas and notions that surround the concerns of the public.
The Supreme Court of New York originally decided that the defendant's grounds to dismiss the plaintiff's action because there was not a cause of action stated.
The fact in this case are that a radio station made disparaging remarks about a newlywed woman, Annette Esposito-Hilder, in its daily programming show called "Ugliest Bride." However, these radio station representatives did something that they do not usually do which is to provide the real name of the bride, as well as that of her place of employment and of her employers. The bride claimed that doing so was an intentional infliction of emotional stress and…… [Read More]
download Chamberlain Library) the articles uploaded, upload the articles required reading
This is for the "Telemonitoring…" article
The purpose of this research is to determine if it is advantageous to employ electronic home monitoring (EHM) for heart failure patients. Advantageous is determined by whether or not additional costs and hospital visits could be reduced with this technology, and if it could increase the length of time between hospital visits.
The research questions in this study were implicit and stated in the form of three hypotheses. The first questioned whether or not lower costs, emergency room and hospital visits could be achieved with EHM, the second was whether or not quality of life and caregiver mastery could improve while lowering rates of depressive symptoms, and the final one wondered whether or not, the combination of EHM, caregiver mastery and informal social support could decrease the risk of readmission to hospitals.
The…… [Read More]
Business Source Premier (Nielson Library) deals marketing issues. The article current ( month). efer text chapter titles heading topic suggestions. Make include article attachment include UL I refer article.
Business Article Analysis
The article that is reviewed in this paper is titled "Off and unning: Professors Comment on Olympics" and presents certain important opinions on the Olympic games. The article presents the comments and opinions of important specialists that focus on marketing and business administration, like Stephen Greyser, John Macomber, and John Gourville. These are some of the most important professors at the Harvard Business School. The most important points of this article refer to the explanations these experts try to provide on the marketing success of the Olympics in comparison with other sports competitions. In addition to this, they try to identify some of the factors that determine the success of the organizers (Greyser et al., 2012). The pricing…… [Read More]
Components contributing to the library's decision making process include the library per se; its purposes' its structure and organization' its functions and forms/kinds of data; its resources in/for staff/volunteers; its facilities; its equipment.
Management teams and other groups play a key role in strategic decision making," Nancy H. Leonard, Laura Beauvais, and Richard Scholl (2005) relate the importance of involving groups in strategic decision making. "These groups include top management teams (Hambrick and Mason, 1984), boards of directors (Forbes, 1999; Pettigrew, 1992), and planning task forces (Van de Ven, 1980)" (Leonard, Beauvais, and Scholl ¶ 2). To effectively manage work groups and decision-making teams, Leonard, Beauvais, and Scholl stress, managers must understand that underlying psychological cognitive styles and social interaction of an individual impact them and their decision making. hen mangers better understand the concept of group cognitive style, they may be able to create groups with various strengths based…… [Read More]
LibQUAL+ to assess the performance of library services
SUBJ: How to Use LibQUAL+ to Assess the Performance of Library Services
This report is to provide you with the background and an overview of LibQUAL+, how it can be used to assess the performance of library services, and what the experts have said concerning its advantages and disadvantages. A summary of the research concerning LibQUAL+ will be provided in the concluding section, together with appropriate recommendations for its potential at this library.
Public libraries are now widely recognized as being an indispensable part of community life as promoters of literacy, providers of a wide range of reading for all ages, and centers for community information services. However, there is an increasing need today for libraries to achieve outcome-based assessment, rather then relying merely on input, output, or resource metrics; pressure for this shift in focus has come from funding…… [Read More]
Environment and Organizational Settings
Compare the environments and organizational settings in which library and information professionals practice
There are various types of libraries demonstrating different environment and organizational settings. In order to make the libraries diverse and dynamic, each library has the ability to reflect characteristics of their user community. This research will focus on differentiating environment and organizational settings of the four critical library organizations: academic libraries, school libraries, special libraries, and public libraries.
In the case of the United States, public libraries have the ability to offer services to the people following their establishments by law. The main objective of the public libraries is to enhance accessibility of citizens to information through facilitating reading and borrowing of resources free of charge. This is critical towards the achievement of the public libraries in relation to creation of a more informed citizenry. Moreover, these libraries have the ability…… [Read More]
Students are encouraged by the staff to find their own goals for leaning, and this keeps them intensely motivated until the time when they complete the courses that they have undertaken to study. (Stephanie De Pinto, Axia Instructor)
Axia College, about us" etrieved at http://www.careerbuilder.com/JobSeeker/Companies/CompanyDetails.aspx?Comp_DID=C8D87Q73JJ8X88G6SDJ&cbecursionCnt=1&cbsid=b1be63891fa4449fa6edef78767a2eeb-206412479-XH-2Accessed 17 July, 2006
Axia College benefits" etrieved at http://www.careerbuilder.com/JobSeeker/Companies/CompanyDetails.aspx?Comp_DID=C8D87Q73JJ8X88G6SDJAccessed 17 July, 2006
Career Planning, goal setting" etrieved at http://workinfonet.bc.ca/youth/mycareerviews.cfm?id=137Accessed 17 July, 2006
Conducting esearch on the Internet" etrieved at http://library.albany.edu/internet/research.html. Accessed 17 July, 2006
Gorski, Paul. (December, 1999) "Towards a Multi-cultural approach for evaluating websites"
Multicultural Perspectives. Vol. 2, No. 3. pp: 28-33.
Managing Test Anxiety, ideas for Students" etrieved at http://www.interventioncentral.org/htmdocs/interventions/study/testtips.shtml. Accessed 17 July, 2006
McDonnell, Sharon. (1999) "You're Hired, Secrets to a successful job search"
Montgomery, Kristen S; Fitzpatrick, Joyce J. (2002) "Essentials of Internet use in Nursing"
Peterson's Guides. (2003) "Guide to Distance Learning Programs"
Thomson Peterson's.…… [Read More]
ethics, values, and foundational principles of library and information professionals and their role in the promotion of intellectual freedom
The American Library Association has a long history during which it focused on devising and restructuring the Code of Ethics in order for it to be as effective as possible. Its first code of ethics was issued in 1939 and was revised on a series of occasions during recent years. The Association devised its version of the code of ethics in order to have both librarians and the masses in general better acquainted with ideas that are promoted while working as a librarian or as a professional associated with the library.
hile the code of ethics provides a generalized account that librarians need to uphold when coming across certain situations, it is not intended to dictate conduct, as it can actually be interpreted and as it is meant to serve as…… [Read More]
What I like about Marymount library is the online chat function that allows me to communicate with a librarian during business hours in case I need any help finding a source or citing information. I like this function because in the past I have been reluctant to bother librarians in person at other libraries, as I don't like to bother people if I can help it -- so I would spend more time that I should have wrestling with locating a source or figuring out how to cite something. But with this library online chat function, I know that there is someone just sitting there waiting for questions, and I don't feel like I am bothering them and it is very easy to hop online and get immediate help. So that is very appealing.
Another thing about Marymount library that I like is the "free money" which is…… [Read More]
Rural poverty is a concerning matter in many areas mainly because farmers there have had access to limited education concerning attitudes they need to employ in order to be successful in their field of work. Conserving soil is not only beneficial for the environment, as it also plays an important role in helping individuals in rural areas. "Reducing land degradation is more likely to be achieved by supporting NGOs that focus on agriculture and the environment, promoting nonfarm activities, and controlling population growth or facilitating emigration from the highlands, thus reducing soil erosion and nutrient depletion" (Nkonya x).
In many cases cultural values are extremely important in influencing locals to take on a more respectful attitude toward the environment. By being provided with education emphasizing nature's dependence on them concomitantly with their dependence on nature, individuals are probable to acknowledge that it would be in their best interest to fight…… [Read More]
smells of the old library surrounded me when I entered. I could smell the passage of time in there, where dusty wooden shelves housed thousands of books. A hundred-year old door creaked behind me and shut with nary a sound. The silence that greeted me inside the musty room reminded me that this was my sanctuary, the place where I felt most alive and at home. Sure, I loved playing sports and watching movies and television and playing games. But at age ten, the thing I loved to do most was read. I headed straight for my favorite section: the young adult mystery novels. I perused the book jackets one at a time to find one that I had yet to read. My heart raced when I read the description of a story that sounded titillating, and I raced to the check out counter.
It was by the time I…… [Read More]
Most significantly, too, the library runs a free service and a book mobile to reach those who are unable for various reasons (such as being handicapped, ill, or elderly) to use the library. The book mobile has its own selection of books, toys, and a teacher who is available to instruct those who desire instruction and those who need help with their homework.
The library's vision statement is that it seeks to help people pursue lifelong leaning and discovery, as well as enjoyment of popular culture and the arts. It also seeks to help residents become well informed, to engage each other in dialogue and respectful discourse, and to actively participate in the life of the community. All of this makes it an organization that disseminates learning in the fullest sense of the word.
In a practical way -- and as per its mission statement -- it does this by…… [Read More]
Minorities in the Field of Library & information science
Crossing the language barrier requires more then moving towards the learning stage. Many of the Native Americans, Asian-Americans and African-Americans may have had the urge to adopt quick learning skills. ALA (American Librarian Association) and many such organizations have provided an identity for the minority librarians, giving them a space to overcome their past struggles, which is why a number of people are being enrolled in this program and enlarging their success rate. Opening new doors to recruit minor graduates in the field of Information Science and giving them an insight of new technologies. hile new graduates seek their opportunity and enroll themselves in the freshmen program and prove their credentials.
Minorities in the Field of Library
There are millions of Native American Indians, African-Americans, Latin
Americans and Asian-American currently residing in the United States, and the number of…… [Read More]
research databases in the Walden Library. Some may be more useful than others for finding articles related to your dissertation topic. Before you begin to search for articles, it is important to identify the databases that will be most useful. It also is important to use the best searching strategies. If you search using keywords that are too broad, you may be inundated with useless information. If you search using keywords that are too specific, you may miss articles that are pertinent to your dissertation topic. As you prepare for this assignment, be sure to visit the Walden Library web article "Searching Strategies" listed under the resources for this week.
Then provide a list of the research databases and/or scholarly resources you plan to search for your literature review. Finally, describe two techniques and/or strategies you think will be useful when searching for and identifying articles for your literature review.…… [Read More]
Achieving goals only depends on prioritizing those goals that are the most important and fulfilling them first.
Managing Time Wisely
To manage time wisely, we can create schedules for ourselves. Study time can be worked into anyone's schedule. We can reserve blocks of time for social events, sports, and other activities, too. Procrastination should be avoided at all costs; if something can be achieved now then now is the best time to do the work.
Fostering Reading Comprehension and Retention
Reading comprehension and retention require practice. The more we read the more we will understand. Our vocabularies expand and so will our understanding of how sentences are constructed. Retaining what we read demands a high level of concentration, which also takes practice to develop.
Applying Personality and Learning Styles
Personality affects the way we learn and the environment we prefer to learn in. If we recognize our learning style, we…… [Read More]
Individuals who successfully complete college will have more than the technical degree that he or she earned, but a mind that seeks new challenges and new solutions to problems. It is the fact that college builds us into a flexible machine that will inevitably push us to greater success in the future.
The final reason that everyone should go to college is that it creates greater work opportunities for the future. It has been statistically proven that those individuals who do not go to college will be severely limited in their selection of future positions. The reason is that college opens doors to future opportunities that we are not aware of at the outset. Therefore armed with a college degree we have a lot more options that ever before. Not only does this mean that we will engage in jobs that we actually have a passion for, but that our…… [Read More]
The reader does not have to wait for the administrator to make the title available or some other user releasing it for the use of other readers. This independence of multiple persons use allows the PDA model to increase the readership of title without compromising the number of people that have hold of the title (einers, et al., 2012).. Libraries only main issue has been that people keep books with them for too long and other readers have to wait too long, often up to a length of a month's period.
Disadvantages of PDA model
With greater freedom for the library administrators as well as the readers, any model with benefits has potential downsides to it as well. This model also has some limitations some of which are discussed below.
elatively smaller number of titles
The PDA model is known for its limitation of only offering limited number of titles…… [Read More]
Library Resources vs. ikipedia," authors Colon-Aguirre & Fleming-May (2012) illustrate that modern scholars are very often more likely to look for quick solutions to research issues, such as exploiting ikipedia which is not peer reviewed and therefore has always been synonymous with a lack of truth or evidence. There are a myriad of reasons why students are so much more likely to access easy information like ikipedia rather than going through the trouble of studying that campus's library resources and the researchers tried to ascertain some of the reasons directly responsible for the growing dependency on internet materials. In this study, twenty-one undergraduate students from a public university in the United States which is not named in the study for the sake of anonymity of the participants were questioned about their study and research practices. hat started out as a statistical evaluation of the percentage of students who use internet-based…… [Read More]
The local community will know that the library and the campus in general support local businesses and local efforts. They have an excellent opportunity to build community support and rapport through purchasing locally as a part of the sustainability plan.
The campus library has many reasons to commit to sustainable building design. Aside from the apparent environmental reasons, the long-term benefits to their financial well-being and contribution to the community also make this an excellent project for the library. Sustainable building design demonstrates excellent community leadership for the library. People come to the library in search of knowledge and enlightenment. esponsible building design promotes the overall goals of the library as an example of what can be achieved and as a community resource.
Sustainable building creates sustainable communities. It only takes a single act to create the need for future buildings to follow sustainable principles. This will spread…… [Read More]
Health Information esources/Services
Libraries have traditionally been safeguarded the fulfillment of goals of continuing education in their respective fields. It is felt to accord enhanced priority to the health science librarians while the continuing education experts enhance their knowledge of the learning process and the various elements that make the scope of the continuing education effective. eally, the role of health sciences libraries is enormous particularly in the sphere of the lifelong learning and Continuing Education. The concept of Continuing Education has been conveniently been divided by Gruppen as formal CE that concentrates on conventional programs concerning specific topics and aimed at particular audiences; and the informal CE that emphasizes on the learning that involves the anxiety of practitioners anxious of resolving the problems in their routine practice. (Messerle, 1990)
The role of health science libraries has been realized to be significant in both the categories of continuing education and…… [Read More]
There was little difference in terms of library use and retention between SES groups, although, "overall, the differences in library use between the SES groups were not statistically significant over the semester; however, PC logins at 1 April were significantly higher for students from low SES backgrounds than their colleagues from medium and high SES backgrounds" (Haddow & Joseph 2010: 240-241).
The study design and approach seems flawed from the beginning, given its emphasis on using the physical location of the library, which the authors admit is relatively outdated, given the number of students who access the library virtually, either at workstations or remotely, versus the relative paucity that use its physical resources. Even giving undue emphasis to the use of workstations as proof of student engagement with the library seems questionable and unwise, since less affluent students will invariably have a greater need to use the physical location of…… [Read More]
(American Lirary Association, 2006)
II. Skills that Students will Possess upon Graduation from High School
The work entitled: "Information Literacy Curriculum" states that upon graduation from high school the student will posses the following skills:
(1) Information literacy -- aility to identify, locate, access, retrieve, evaluate and use information from a variety of formats;
(2) Information management -- aility to use electronic lirary catalogs, microformats, periodical dataases, CD-ROM interfaces, school area network programs, INTERNET, and print materials;
(3) Research Strategies -- aility to use print and electronic lirary sources effectively;
(4) Classification and Grouping of Information -- aility to use word processing, manipulation of dataase files to download, copy, and print information, and note-taking skills;
(5) Organization of Information - aility to correctly cite sources and create note cards and iliography; and (6) Effective Use of Media Equipment -- aility to operate OPAC, LAN, Microfilm / Microfiche, VCR and Videotapes,…… [Read More]
Franklin Delaney oosevelt's attitude towards the Jewish problem during the War. I have read and heard such contradictory accounts spanning from Jews who congratulate for his involvement to some scholars and others who criticize him for an alleged anti-Semitism. Being that this is a famous personality that we are talking about and a prominent President of the U.S.A.; I felt that enlightenment on the subject was important. I wanted to go to the source, and therefore I accessed original documents from the collections of the Franklin D. oosevelt Presidential Library and Museum. These, compounded with other sources, are the results that I found.
By the 1940s, news had already reached the U.S.A. about the concentration camps which Edward . Murrow described (December, 13, 1942),as "A horror beyond what imagination can grasp . . . there are no longer 'concentration camps' -- we must speak now only of 'extermination camps.'" (FD…… [Read More]
Library Search: Books
nut, W. (n.d.). The Regime of Anastasio Somoza, 1936-1956. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, p. xiii.
Zimmerman, M. (2000). Sandinista: Carlos Fonseca and the Nicaraguan Revolution. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, pp.205-227.
Vilas, C. (1985). The workers' movement in the Sandinista revolution. In Harris, R. And Vilas, C. (eds.), Nicaragua: A Revolution Under Siege. London: Zed Books.
Zwerling, P. And Martin, C. (1985). Nicaragua: A New ind of Revolution. Chicago, IL: Lawrence Hill Books. Also, reviewed in Foreign Affairs. n.p., 1 Sept. 1985. [Webpage]. Retrieved http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/40113/robert-d-crassweller/nicaragua-a-new-kind-of-revolution.
Library Search: Journal Articles
Harris, R.L. (1987). The revolutionary transformation of Nicaragua." Latin American Perspectives, 14(1 Winter), 3-18.
Leogrande, W.M. (1996). Making the economy scream: U.S. economic sanctions against Sandinista Nicaragua, Third World Quarterly, 17(2), 329-348.
Paris, R. (2002). Peacebuilding in Central America: Reproducing the sources of conflict? International Peacekeeping, 9(4 Winter), 39-68.
Schroeder, M.J. (2005).…… [Read More]
Vast lands were open, and adventure seemed rampant. In fact, so compelling was the idea of the American West that Theodore Roosevelt noted, "More and more as the years go by this Republic will find its guidance in the thought and action of the West, because the conditions of development in the West have steadily tended to accentuate the peculiarly American characteristics of its people" (Roosevelt). The frontier was still available through the Dime Novel; adventures with the American Indian, gold mining, vast herds of buffalo, and even the railroad were popular; must like space adventures today. This was the great unknown, and, through a series of essays, historian Frederick Jackson Turner noted that while most of the West was at least mapped, the future of the United States would be decided in the West -- thus, once the frontier became an historical relic, it was fair game to be…… [Read More]
You are a police psychologist for a major metropolitan area. You are also a member of its hostage negotiation team. You have been called to a crisis incident at 3:15 P.M. On a Friday. It is in a residential area about three blocks from a middle school and a public library. The information you have at this time is that the subject is a 42-year-old male who is holed up in his house with his wife, son, and a family friend. He has murdered his next-door neighbor and is threatening to kill those in the house if his demands are not met. One of his demands is for immunity from the murder charge if he surrenders without harming any of the people in the house. His other demands are a case of beer and some fast food. He wants his demands met or "something will happen."u
Introduction…… [Read More]
diversity of the different cultures. The main aim is to highlight the diversity in the form of literature. Through different research methods, the paper has been compiled with the help of different reference sites and libraries.
There are different pieces of literature listed in the paper. The main aim of this is to show the different variance of culture in literature. The main focus of the paper is children's books. There is a vast variety of different story books for children. Some are universal, while others are culture specific.
This list is based on such culture specific stories for children to read. This list consists of books which are suitable for children in grades K. To 8.
Bishop, C.H. (1996). The Five Chinese Brothers.
The story is about five brothers from Chinese descent, who have the ability to do something special. The one with the ability to hold…… [Read More]
Simple, bullet point, one-sheet explanations are the preferred method of learning research methodology.
Most were unwilling to invest in classes or even seminars regarding proper use of library reference materials.
The library "information desk" was perceived as unhelpful and further, unwilling to be helpful. The "barrier" between the patron and the desk disallows the librarian to visit the computer with the client and do one-on-one tutoring.
Desk staff refer less than 10% of the questions to reference librarians, even when clearing dealing with questions far beyond their purview (Ibid 210-12).
Using the standards suggested by Kuruppu, one is able to glean a broad critique of the Massey-Burzio study:
Good as a primary identifier of questions and direction, inappropriate as a data source; responses are too broad, lack the specificity necessary to tabulate, and only "suggest" data use or further research, does not define…… [Read More]