Literature Review Essays (Examples)

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Review of Nursing Articles

Words: 2415 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12586458

Inpatient Whiteboards

This study is a theoretical framework exploring whiteboard use preferences and recommendations for patient-centered care and communication through whiteboard use.

This study is a theoretical framework exploring whiteboard use, script-based communication, and hourly rounding to evaluate effectiveness of care associated with pain management and patient satisfaction.

The study utilizes a conceptual framework.

This article uses a conceptual framework that provides a literature review

Conceptual framework

Conceptual Framework

Conceptual Framework

A 3-week pilot involving multidisciplinary whiteboard use

The setting is Stanford University Medical Center

Sample characteristics (# of patients) Patients available for the pilot were 104 patients: 56 from inpatient units with use of whiteboards and 48 from inpatient units with no use of white boards.

internal medical residents were also surveyed.

Design: The study involved a semi-structured interview.

Setting: The interview took place in a pediatric urban academic hospital inpatient surgical service

Sample characteristics (# of patients) The…… [Read More]

References

Alaloul, F., Williams, K., Myers, J., Jones, K. D., & Logsdon, M. C. (2015). Impact of a Script-based Communication Intervention on Patient Satisfaction with Pain Management. Pain Management Nursing, 16(3), 321-327. doi:10.1016/j.pmn.2014.08.008

Brosey, L. A., & March, K. S. (2015). Effectiveness of Structured Hourly Nurse Rounding on Patient Satisfaction and Clinical Outcomes. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 30(2), 153-159. doi:10.1097/ncq.086

Cholli, P., Meyer, E. C., David, M., Moonan, M., Mahoney, J., Hession-Laband, E., . . . Bell, S. K. (2016). Family Perspectives on Whiteboard Use and Recommendations for Improved Practices. Hospital Pediatrics, 6(7), 426-430. doi:10.1542/hpeds.2015-0182

Emerson, B. L., Chmura, K. B., & Walker, D. (2014). Hourly Rounding in the Pediatric Emergency Department: Patient and Family Safety and Satisfaction Rounds. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 47(1), 99-104. doi:10.1016/j.jemermed.2013.11.098
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Review Globalization Unplugged in Globalization

Words: 2513 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24505938

Such an example
cannt be refuted withut statistical research t make an argument against
Urmetzer, and thus his arguments refuting the impact f glbalizatin n
eliminating the natin-state's svereignty are strengthened.
This sets up Urmetzer's primary pint, and the thesis f his argument-
it is a myth that because f glbalizatin "natinal brders have becme s
prus that gvernments are n lnger able t prperly manage their wn
affairs" (Urmetzer 2005: 123). In the case f Canada, a welfare state,
Urmetzer even maintains glbalizatin strengthens the welfare state. T
reach this pint, and t prve that ecnmic freedm des nt ultimately
cmpletely eliminate plitical pwer frm the ecnmic spectrum, Urmetzter
evaluates the effects f glbalizatin n the different prgrams f
gvernment invlvement within the ecnmy. Fr example, in regards t the
afrementined welfare-state services, Urmetzer ntes hw this is an ften
verlked aspect t glbalizatin (Urmetzer 2005: 142). By tuching…… [Read More]

of globalization.

Urmetzer, Peter. Globalization Unplugged: Sovereignty and the Canadian
State in the Twenty
First Century. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005.
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Empathy in Sales -- Literature

Words: 1681 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18882612

However, he also shows a high degree of empathy, sympathy, and compassion for others. Frequently a significant contributor in a service-oriented sales role" (Weitzul 1993:49). This characterization of the necessary qualities for successful salespeople is very different from the traditional persona of salespeople who, especially in prior generations, often maintained an Aggressive-Compulsive behavioural style that is normally defined as a personality type that relies on a domineering approach lacking in sensitivity and empathy, who may be a better technical sales person than a more interpersonal sales person (Weitzul 1993:139).

Ultimately, empathy is now recognized as a crucial element of successful and effective sales techniques. Ideally, empathy expressed by salespeople should be established quickly and clearly as early as possible in the sales pitch; preferably, it should be incorporated into the introductory sentence or two of the initial exchange between salespeople and their customers. Whereas dynamic and hard-hitting sales pitches were…… [Read More]

References

Abelson, R.P., K.P. Frey, et al. (2004). Experiments with People: Revelations from Social Psychology. Mahwah, NJ, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Baumann, Chris, Suzan Burton, and Gregory Elliott. 2007. "Predicting Consumer Behavior in Retail Banking." Journal of Business and Management 13:79-87.

Berlant, Lauren, ed. 2004. Compassion: The Culture and Politics of an Emotion. New York: Routledge.

Brown, Deaver, and Joseph E. Levangie. 2006. "The Often-neglected Term in the Entrepreneurial Equation -- the Purchase Order." New England Journal of Entrepreneurship 9:61-78.
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Laufer Min Language Acquisition Literature

Words: 1695 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87480316

The groups were distinguished by those who participated in language acquisition activities employing enhanced reading with word-based activities and those who participated in what the researcher called 'narrow reading,' which occurred without this supplementary instruction. The two groups were asked to retain the same scope of fifty selected vocabulary words. Min would find that those in the former group, denoted as the "RV" group, performed significantly better than those in the "NR" group. In interpretation, Min tells that "the results show that the RV group demonstrated significantly more knowledge about the target vocabulary than the NR group on the acquisition and retention tests. The researcher concludes that reading plus focused vocabulary exercises are more effective and efficient than the narrow reading approach in enhancing target vocabulary acquisition and retention among EFL secondary students." (Min, p. 75)

Min would go on to suggest that the value in this study rests in…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Laufer, B. & Rozovski-Roitblat, B. (2011). Incidental vocabulary acquisition: The effects of task type,-word occurrence and their combination. Language Teaching Research, 15(4), 391-411

Min, H.T. (2008). EFL Vocabulary Acquisition and Retention: Reading Plus Vocabulary Enhancement Activities and Narrow Reading. Language Learning, 58(1), 73-115.
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Extant Literature Has Been Dedicated

Words: 1087 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89519699

According to the study, the clinical evidence does not recommend the application of implanto-prosthetic zirconium abutments in a patient's molar region.

Nakumura et al. (2010) conducted a systematic review of Zirconium as a dental implant abutment matter. The focus of their study was to assess the already published data on the concept of concerning zirconia dental implant abutments.

The work was focused on the study of the mechanical properties of zirconium abutments, the peri-implant soft tissues that surround zirconia abutments, plaque accumulation on the zirconia as well as the survival of the zirconia abutments.

The selected studies indicated that the that the zirconium abutments were very reliable in the anterior region from both mechanical and biologic perspectives.The studies also concluded that in comparison with titanium, zirconium abutments may be a material surface that is less attractive for phenomenon of early plaque retention.

The study further indicated that 3 clinical follow-up…… [Read More]

References

Ekfeldt a, Furst B. Carlsson GE (2011) Zirconia abutments for single-tooth implant restorations: a retrospective and clinical follow-up study. Clin. Oral Impl. Res. 22,; 1308-1314 doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2010.02114.x

Gomes, a., Montero, J (2011).Zirconia implant abutments: A review. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2011 Jan 1;16 (1):e50-5.

Nakamura K, Kanno T, Milleding P, Ortengren U.(2010).Zirconia as a dental implant abutment material: a systematic review. Int J. Prosthodont. 2010 Jul-Aug;23(4):299-309

Velazquez-Cayon R, Vaquero-Aguilar C, Torres-Lagares D, Jimenez-Melendo M, Gutierrez-Perez JL.(2011).Mechanical resistance of zirconium implant abutments: A review of the literature. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2011 Dec 6.
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Therapeutic Hypothermia Review

Words: 1429 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84350015

Therapeutic Hypothermia Review

Annotated Bibliography

Lucero, Catherine (2010) Therapeutic Hypothermia. Clinical Correlations. Retrieved from: http://www.clinicalcorrelations.org/?p=2032

Lucero (2010) writes of therapeutic hypothermia "resumption of spontaneous circulation after prolonged ischemia due to cardiac arrest carries significant morbidity and mortality and much effort has been directed toward reducing the debilitating consequences." Lucero reviews the studies that demonstrate an association between therapeutic hypothermia in post-cardiac arrest patients and improved neurological outcomes.

Tran, Bau P., et al. (2010) Use of Mild Therapeutic Hypothermia to Treat Cardiac Arrest. Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants. 1 Mar 2010. Retrieved from: http://www.jaapa.com/use-of-mild-therapeutic-hypothermia-to-treat-cardiac-arrest/article/164767/

Tran, et al. (2010) reviews the key findings of research studies on the usefulness of therapeutic hypothermia following cardiac arrest.

3. Lutes, Michael and Larsen, Nathan (2007) Focus on: Therapeutic Hypothermia. Clinical Practice and Management March 2007. Retrieved from: http://www.acep.org/content.aspx?id=26776

Lutes and Larsen (2007) reviews recent studies that examine the use of therapeutic hypothermia,…… [Read More]

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Nurse Lit Review Type of Research Study

Words: 929 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40827640

Nurse Lit eview

TYPE OF ESEACH STUDY - Quantitative or qualitative

Descriptive, correlational, experimental, quasi-experimental, phenomenological, grounded theory ethnographic, historical

SAMPLE METHOD & SAMPLE SIZE

Knoll, Lautenschlager & Lipp (2009). British Journal of Nursing.

Impact of workload on hygiene practices.

Quantitative.

Experimental.

trials of nursing staff.

Statistical.

Enforcing hygiene practices has practical healing benefits for nurses.

Souweine, B. et al. (2009). Intensive Care Medical Journal.

Compared hygiene practices. Hand rubbing vs. hand washing.

Quantitative.

Experimental.

person nursing staff.

Workers completed self report questionnaires.

Hand rubbing with alcohol is preferred to handwashing in some instances.

Creedon, S. (2006). International Journal of Nursing Technologies and Classifications.

Observe health worker compliance in handwashing guidelines.

Quantitative.

Quasi-experimental.

73 doctors and nurses in an Irish ICU.

Questionnaire responses.

Knowledge of handwashing guidelines can lead to positive outcomes.

Allen, L. et al. (2014). Nevada Nformation.

Compared hand washing with hand sanitizer.

Quantitative.

Descriptive.

Literature review.

Statistical.…… [Read More]

References

Allen, L., & et al. . (2014). Professionalism in Nursing. Nevada RNFormation, 18(1).

Creedon, S.A. (2005). Healthcare workers' hand decontamination practices: compliance with recommended guidelines. Journal of advanced nursing, 51(3), 208-216.

Evans, M.W., Breshears, J., Campbell, A., Husbands, C., & Rupert, R. (2007). Assessment and risk reduction of infectious pathogens on chiropractic treatment tables. Chiropractic & osteopathy, 15(1), 8.

Knoll, M., Lautenschlaeger, C., & Borneff-Lipp, M. (2010). The impact of workload on hygiene compliance in nursing. British Journal of Nursing, 19(16), S18-S22.
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UK Welfare the Following Review of Current

Words: 5011 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7004083

UK elfare

The following review of current literature is categorized by a number of variables. Statistics and Data initiate the report and is quickly followed up with Policy Literature. From there, an Academic Literature Review focusing on five articles (with corresponding studies and citations) takes place. After the Academic Review comes a Relevant Campaigning Review and a Media Review. Finally, a quick conclusion ties the literature together in a neat little bow.

The charts below provide data that allows researchers to understand exactly how significant the problem is. Chart A (see below) shows the rates of pregnancies in the UK broken down by age. As is evident, since 1990 pregnancy rates for older women have been rising significantly, while the rates for those woman under 29 years of age (including teenagers) have been holding steady, or slightly declining for the most part. Since current public policy was first initiated in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Arai, L.; (2003) British policy on teenage pregnancy and childbearing: The limitations of comparisons with other European countries, Critical Social Policy, Vol. 23, Issue 1, pp. 89 -- 102

Bingley, P.J., Douek, I.F., Rogers, C.A. And Gale, E.A.M. (2000) Influence of maternal age at delivery and birth order on risk of Type 1 Diabetes in childhood: Prospective population-based family study, British Medical Journal, Vol. 321, pp 420 -- 424.

Brewer, M.; Ratcliffe, A.; dSmith, S.; (2011) Does welfare reform affect fertility: Evidence from the UK, Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 25, Issue 1, pp. 245 -- 266

Doling, J. & Ford, J.; (2007) A union of homeowners? European Journal of Housing Policy, Vol. 7, pp. 113 -- 127.
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Remote Nursing Review the Roles of Registered

Words: 1665 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75279981

emote Nursing eview

The oles of egistered Nursing in Shaping and Providing Care in ural and emote Locations: A Literature eview

The roles and perspectives of nursing have undergone major changes in the past several decades, continuing the rapid and profound development that this area of medical science and art has experienced in its relatively brief history. For quite some time, nursing existed either as a highly denigrated and unskilled profession looked down upon my others in the medical establishment and society at large, or as the semi-sacred and highly secret practice of healing through natural remedies and purely experiential knowledge transmitted orally and though demonstration from generation to generation. An appreciation and codification of nursing as a science -- albeit a science with certain subjective and aesthetic principles, making the designation of nursing as an art somewhat appropriate as well -- did not really occur until the nineteenth century,…… [Read More]

References

Banner, D., MacLeod, M. & Johnston, S. (2010). Role Transition in Rural and Remote Primary Health Care Nursing: A Scoping Literature Review. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research 42(4): 40-57.

Coyle, M., Al-Motlaq, M., Mills, J., Francis, K. & Birks, M. (2010). An integrative review of the role of registered nurses in remote and isolated practice. Australian Health Review 34(2): 239-45.

Naylor, M. & Kutzman, E. (2010). The Role Of Nurse Practitioners In Reinventing Primary Care. Health Affairs 29(5): 893-9.
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Search and Evaluation Task The Literature Exhibited

Words: 845 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18695226

search, and evaluation task.

The literature exhibited particular gaps with regard to the initial problem that I was considering. For example, I began thinking about the difficulties of emergency room nursing care and the jeopardy to morale and job satisfaction that was just part of on-the-job exposure to the emergency room setting. Patients were often very badly hurt, but they were just as often in need of routine medical care for common, albeit uncomfortable conditions. Treating patients in emergency room settings often meant dealing with people who were violent toward those who were trying to care for them. In addition, much of the literature -- for no apparent reason -- was based on data and studies from non-American hospitals and emergency rooms. Dwindling resources in some locations meant fewer staff members to do the same amount of work in general hospitals and in emergency rooms. Physicians were often the focus…… [Read More]

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Particularly With the American Psychological Association Literature

Words: 589 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48675433

Particularly with the American Psychological Association literature reviews provide credibility to the overall subject. Literary reviews also provide the reader with justification that the author has a complete understanding of the subject area. This is critical for the APA, as theories are form the foundation of its research. Without a thorough understanding of the subject matter, the conclusions derived for the research may be biased. A literary review therefore allows the writer to better establish a theoretical framework and methodological focus. As a result the literary review provides a comprehensive focus for both the provider and the consumer on the information (Beyea, 1998)

The literature review, as discussed above, is a discussion and summary of statistical literature. There are numerous elements within a literature review that are important. This literature must have either a general or specialize relevant to the subject area being discusses. In addition, nearly every statement in…… [Read More]

References:

1)Beyea S, Nicholl L (1998) Writing an integrative review. AORN Journal 67(4): 877 -- 80

2)Carnwell R, Daly W (2001) Strategies for the construction of a critical review of the literature. Nurse Educ Pract 1: 57 -- 63
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Feeding intolerance Integrative Review Paper

Words: 2577 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78824345

Introduction

Despite major medical advancements over several decades, nearly 10 percent of births in the US continue to occur prematurely each year (Martin, Hamilton, Osterman, Driscoll, & Matthews, 2017). Creating a significant socioeconomic burden, preterm birth is one of the leading causes of infant morbidity and mortality in the United States resulting in approximately $16.9 billion in medical care costs annually (Institute of Medicine [IOM], 2007). After days, weeks, or even months of intensive care, weight gain becomes a major criterion for hospital discharge. Feeding intolerance (FI) is a common complication among these preterm infants, which disrupts enteral feeding, resulting in feeding advancement delays, prolonging adequate weight gain and growth, and increasing hospital stays (Carter, 2012). Additionally, FI is associated with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), a gastrointestinal emergency and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in this group of patients (Moore & Wilson, 2011). The underlying cause for these problems…… [Read More]

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Ethics the Institutional Review Board IRB Was

Words: 1404 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49300806

Ethics

The Institutional eview Board (IB) was created to protect human rights in research studies. Prior to the creation of ethical standards in research individual rights were frequently violated without consequence for such actions. Extreme examples of ethical violations include the experiments conducted on individuals during the Nazi Concentration Camps and the Tuskegee Syphilis Study. In both cases individuals were inflicted with significant harm without knowledge of the study or willing participation. Currently the Department of Health and Human Services regulates federal guidelines to ensure the safety and protection of participants in research studies. Following ethical guidelines ensures protection of human beings' rights and the integrity of research. In the case study of Lucy, several ethical violations occurred including: lacking of formal IB approval for her research study, issues with informed consent, and misrepresentation of the research authorship.

Lucy, a special education teacher, sought IB approval for her proposed research…… [Read More]

References

Adam, Z., & Boyd, S. (2010). Ethical challenges in the treatment of individuals with intellectual disabilities. Ethics & Behavior 20 (6).

Roig, M. (2009). Avoiding plagiarism, self-plagiarism, and other questionable writing practices:

A guide to ethical writing. Office of Research Integrity. Retrieved from:

http://ori.hhs.gov/education/products/plagiarism/.
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Sigma This Review Addresses the

Words: 1984 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89226887



When dealing with customers, all interactions cannot be standardized. Similarly, the requirements of customers can differ significantly based on the type of product and the extent of usage of the product by the customer. Short- and long-term training courses are often used to increase worker knowledge of the product or the services being sold to the customer. As product life cycles become shorter, the training needs of the individuals dealing with the customer are also higher. It is observed often, especially with call center-based customer service, that the "interaction between the agent and the customer is divided into "talk, wrap and idle time" is suggestive of task individualization and specialization." (Mulholland, 2002) in this environment, it is difficult to explicitly state if all the needs of the customer have been satisfied based on the format on which the worker is trained.

As with any other quality improvement process in an…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Aguayo, R. (1990) Dr. Deming: the American who taught the Japanese about quality, Carol Pub. Group, Secaucus, NJ.

Antony, J. And Banuelas, R. (2002) Key ingredients for the effective implementation of Six Sigma program Measuring Business Excellence, 6, 20-27,

Behara, R.S., Fontenot, G.F. And Gresham, a. (1995) Customer Satisfaction measurement and analysis using six-sigma International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, 12, 9-18,

Crosby, P.B. (1996) Quality is still free: making quality certain in uncertain times, McGraw-Hill, New York.
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Technological Globalization Class Review

Words: 583 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54332284

Technological Globalization Class Review

I thought it was necessary to research this particular project because the business climate of contemporary times is increasingly turning towards globalization. Business is no longer conducted domestically or in one particular market; instead, it is conducted internationally in what is a global marketplace as organizations vie with one another for the best resources and services or products they can supply on the planet. Therefore, there is a growing reliance on information technology that enables globalization to take place, and which organizations must keep abreast of in order to stay competitive in today's ever-shifting business climate.

Other studies in this literature review are suggesting that there are certain aspects of globalization and IT that are changing priorities for companies. For instance, it is now much more important for a company to maintain and manage its public image in terms of its methods and how it chooses…… [Read More]

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R-Questions to Build the Literature

Words: 9245 Length: 35 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46920430



Vaughn et al. (2003) report that the identification of LD students has increased upwards of 200% since 1977, with explanations ranging from a likely outcome of the growing knowledge field, to LD as a field serving as a sink for the failures of general education to meet the needs of students of varying abilities. The study investigators find that not only is the heterogeneity of the identified students quite wide, they also find that many students are overrepresented (misidentified) or underrepresented (unidentified). One large problem is the use of IQ tests to identify those students as learning disabled. Using standardized tests fails to accurately identify those students who either have reading difficulties or those students whose first language is not English. More emphasis is needed on response to instruction type models of assessment and intervention to replace ineffective normalized standards for identifying students at risk and properly placing students for…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Aaron, P. (1997). The Impending Demise of the Discrepancy Formula. Review of Educational Research, 461-502.

Abedi, J. (2008). Psychometric Issues in the ELL Assessment and Special Education Eligibility. Teachers College Record, 2282-2303.

Ang, S., Van Dynne, L., Koh, C., Ng, K., Templar, K., Tay, C., et al. (2007). Cultural Intelligence: Its Measurement and Effects on Cultural Judgment and Decision Making, Cultural Adaptation and Task Performance. Management and Organization Review, 335-371.

August, D., Carlo, M., Dressler, C., & Snow, C. (2005). The Critical Role of Vocabulary Development for English Language Learners. Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 50-57.
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Nice Standards Nice Compliance Standards Review Nice

Words: 2746 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91738974

NICE Standards

NICE Compliance Standards eview

NICE has developed a set of guidelines and standards to help minimize the risk of VTE and ensure healthcare protocols are in place to educate patients about the risks of VTE. The purpose of this literature review is to examine a tool to access a Hospital Trust compliance with the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) published standards on Venous thromboembolism (VTE) prevention. The tool will have the capability to monitor, report, and disseminate relevant information.

National Institute for Clinical Excellence

The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, or NICE, is an institution whose goals including providing clinical quality guidelines and standards to help manage a nationwide database. The purpose of this database includes help improve total healthcare at multiple levels, including at the cardiovascular, vascular, mental, neurological at other levels of health (NICE, 2011). The goals of NICE include prevention of disease,…… [Read More]

References:

Department of Health (DH). (2010 March). "Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) Risk

Assessment." Department of Health. Retrieved July 23, 2011: Publications PolicyAndGuidance

NHS Evidence. (2011). NHS Evidence: Evidence in Health and Social Care. NHS Evidence,

Retrieved July 23, 2011:  http://www.evidence.nhs.uk/
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Systematic Review of Effectiveness of Group-Based Antenatal Education Programs

Words: 18363 Length: 67 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73902472

Antenatal Education Systematic Review

Antenatal education pogamms

In pegnant women, how does goup antenatal education compae to no antenatal education o individual antenatal education fo impoving outcomes of childbith and paenting?

In pegnant women, how does goup antenatal education compae to no antenatal education o individual antenatal education fo impoving outcomes of childbith and paenting?

Antenatal education pogams ae key in impoving matenal health all ove the wold. They have been widely embaced in most developed counties whee antenatal education pogams ae outinely povided as pat of antenatal cae. They ae associated with benefit such as inceased knowledge of labo and childbith, paent-child attachment, educed anxiety and depession, and inceased knowledge of paenthood. They often involve seveal scheduled sessions with a facilitato o cae povide (often a tained patient educato, midwife, o geneal pactitione) that last about 1 -- 2 hous and focus on diffeent aspects of labo, childbith, and…… [Read More]

references in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Women's Health Care, 2.

PERROW, F. 2004. Investing in teenage parents: what maternity services can do. RCM Midwives, 7, 250-1.

PUP PROGRAM. 2014. Parents Under Pressure Program [Online]. Available: http://www.pupprogram.net.au / [Accessed Aug 1st 2014].

REDMAN, S., OAK, S., BOOTH, P., JENSEN, J. & SAXTON, A. 1991. Evaluation of an antenatal education programme: characteristics of attenders, changes in knowledge and satisfaction of participants. Aust NZJ Obstet Gynaecol, 31, 310-6.

RENKERT, S. & NUTBEAM, D. 2001. Opportunities to improve maternal health literacy through antenatal education: an exploratory study. Health Promot Int, 16, 381-8.
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Green The Science - Literature

Words: 6746 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50357583

Aristotelian influence predominated together with the wisdom and learning of other ancient writers, while the former was often used as a framework for intellectual debates which readily expanded both philosophy and other areas of knowledge (Grant 127-131). The European university system was established alongside monasteries as centres for the propagation of knowledge. Scholars like Robert Grosseteste, Albertus Magnus, and Roger Bacon wrote about natural science to a growing audience. While Christianity did not recede as a dogmatic cultural system, it was not entirely determinative. Scholars could explore natural phenomena with an openness to past views, although often the learning acquired was purely rational rather than experimental, and was fused with a biblical worldview. In other words, the renaissance of the twelfth century played an integral part in transmitting scientific methodology within a predominantly religious environment that required thinkers to harmonise science with religion.

Other significant achievements took place in less…… [Read More]

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Employee Satisfaction With a Company's Review Process

Words: 7400 Length: 27 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74633360

Employee Satisfaction with a Company's Review Process

The following research examines the reason for a decline in employee satisfaction regarding the review process at XYZ, Inc. The results of the survey revealed that sample biases may have confounded the results and that the survey will have to be re-administered to reflect the true attitudes and results of the preliminary research leading up to the current survey. The result showed a high degree of satisfaction with the quality and quantity of management feedback. The results of this survey are inconclusive and further research will need to be conducted to eliminate the possible effects of sample bias.

Delimitations (See Leedy)

Premise

Hypothesis

Research question(s)

Evaluation Objective

Development Objectives

Participants

Researcher

Survey Group(s)

Assistants

Site contact

Timeline

Chapter II

A. Literature Review

B. Introduction

C. General Management Issues

D. Project Related Issues

E. Conclusions

F. Definition of Terms

G. References

H. Project Submission…… [Read More]

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Systematic Review of Isolation Policies in the

Words: 544 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66768452

Systematic review of isolation policies in the hospital management of methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus: A review of the literature with epidemiological and economic modelling

The rise of MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) continues to be a problem in hospitals throughout the world. In the article entitled "Systematic review of isolation policies in the hospital management of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus" Cooper (et al. 2003) conducted a literature review of various containment efforts in the UK. Isolation wards proved to be the most common method of containment but studies were conflicting as to their efficacy. The use of a common isolation ward at one hospital "reduced infection, one did not and one resulted in control for many years until a change in strain and/or an increase in the number of patients colonised on admission [and] overwhelmed the institution" (Cooper et al. 2003: 5). There was limited evidence that more proactive efforts at containment such…… [Read More]