Mammography Essays (Examples)

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Missed Breast Carcinomas

Words: 3074 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26919318

Missed reast Carcinomas

Mammography is a particular type of imaging which use an x-ray system, which has a low-dose for the purpose of detecting breast cancer at a very early stage. ut even with the help of Mammography, in 10-30% cases of breast cancers would be missed. y way of this paper an attempt has been made to understand the factors, which cause for missed breast cancers, and discuss ways to reduce the false negative rate of mammography.

The false negative rate of mammography was around 8-10% according to the data of the reast Cancer Detection Demonstration project. Another study was of the opinion that the rate of missed breast cancers with regard to mammography was very high as 35%. (Harvey, Fajardo, Lnnis, 1993) In another study of 10 radiologists the true cases of cancers were considered to be in 74-96% cases which were understood after analyzing 150 mammograms. (Elmore,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Harvey J.A, Fajardo L.L, Lnnis C.A. (1993) Preview mammograms on patients with impalpable with breast carcinomas: retrospective vs. blind interpretation, AJR Am J, Roentegenol, 161:1167, 1172

Elmore JG, Wells C.K, Lee C.H, et al. (1994) Variability in Radiologists' interpretation of mammograms. N Engl J. Med, 331: 1493-1499

Patel MR, Whitman GJ (1998) Negative mammograms in symptomatic patients with breast cancer. Acad Radiol, 5:26-33

Burrel HC, Sibbering DM, Wilson AR, et al. (1996) Screening interval breast cancers: mammographic features and prognosis factors. Radiology, 199: 811-817
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New Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines

Words: 2607 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97455247



Dr. obb-Nicholson's data best supports the scenario that more incidents of breast cancer will be discovered due to the reduced number of screenings that the new guidelines suggest. According to the numbers she gives, the mortality rate for breast cancer decreases every year and this decrease can be attributed to the previous screening guidelines. She writes that the USPSTF has based the new guidelines on statistics rather than clinical data and the message that they are conveying to the public is that the number of deaths that regular screenings at beginning at the age of forty is too small to keep the guidelines as they were previously. (6)

The best approach would be to keep the guidelines the way they were before the change. There was not enough clinical data to support the change in guidelines. Also, because the mortality rate for breast cancer has steadily declined with women following…… [Read More]

References Cited

1. Cancer Weekly. Concerned Federal Screening Mammography Guidelines to Limit Access for Younger Women. Susan G. Komen for the Cure. 2010: 1665.

2. Earthtimes.org. Stick with Older Mammography Recommendations. Stanford Experts Say. March 3, 2010 (Press Release from Stanford Hospital & Clinics).

3. Hoppel, Ann M. To screen, and when to screen: the mammography age divide. Clinician Reviews. 2009: 19.12.

4. Journal of the American Academy of Physicians Assistants. USP-STF: no routine mammography for women younger than 50 years. 2010; 23.2, p.66.
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Healthcare for Women Health Care

Words: 1442 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29507577

As a woman enters her geriatric years, many unique problems are also faced. Her post-menopausal period leaves a woman with increased risk of osteoporosis, and hormone-replacement therapy may need to be considered or dismissed depending upon the needs and wellness of the individual women. Additionally, increased risk for obesity begins nearly at the adolescent period, when women's hormone loads change and often activity of childhood decreases. The incidence of obesity and overweight among women perpetually increases with every year of life. ("Overweight, Obesity Threaten U.S.," 2002, p. 8)Obesity and overweight, as one of the most significant conditions associated with several chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, increased risk of stroke and hypertension should be developed as a lifespan issue, as the needs of intervention and prevention change as women age and go through various stages of life.

While women have functional characteristics that require specialized health care,…… [Read More]

References

Blackwell, Daria, 2002. Women in the Healthcare Industry Reaching for the Top. Medical Marketing & Media, Dec2002, Vol. 37 Issue 12, p44, 8p.

Fleming, Carl, 2004. Healthcare Access: Conflicts of Interest Presented by Managed Care Icu Bedside Rationing and Their Impact on Minorities and Women. Georgetown Journal of Gender & the Law, Spring2004, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p663-676.

Heyman, B., & Henriksen, M. (2001). Risk, Age and Pregnancy: A Case Study of Prenatal Genetic Screening and Testing / . New York: Palgrave.

Lueck, T.L., & Chang, H. (2002). Tribune's 'WomanNews' Gives Voice to Women's Issues. Newspaper Research Journal, 23(1), 59.
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Breast Cancer Detection Methods

Words: 934 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45945883

Epidemiology

The Agency for Healthcare esearch and Quality has issued its recommendations for breast cancer screening. In this article, they make a few different recommendations. First, they recommend screening for women 50-74 years. They note that women under 50 should make the choice for themselves as to whether or not they wish to begin screening. They note that there is little evidence to support screening age 75 onward. This body, however, recommends against teaching breast self-examination.

Also noted is that "the current evidence is insufficient to assess the additional benefits and harms of clinical breast examination beyond mammography. They also find that there is insufficient evidence of incremental benefits for the use of digital mammography or MI. The lack of evidence does not mean that these things are ineffective or do not provide value, just that there is no evidence that they do, which is different.

The most controversial aspect…… [Read More]

References

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2009). U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: Screening for breast cancer. Retrieved from http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf09/breastcancer/brcanrs.htm

Dundar, P., Ozmen, D., Ozturk, B., Haspolat, G., Akydiz, F., Coban, S. & Cakiroglu, G. (2006). The knowledge and attitudes of breast self-examination and mammography in a group of women in a rural area in Western Turkey. BioMedCentral. Retrieved April 19, 2016 from http://bmccancer.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2407-6-43

Gwarzo, U., Sabitu, K, & Idris, S. (2009). Knowledge and practice of breast self-examination among female undergraduate students of Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Northwestern Nigeia. Annals of African Medicine. Vol. 8 (1) 55-58.

Rosotowich, V. (2006). Breast self-examination. SOGC Committee Opinion. Retrieved April 19, 2016 from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.174.6517&rep=rep1&type=pdf
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Marketing Plan Mercy Medical Center

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62326971

An appointment will enhance a woman's life by providing peace of mind knowing that there is no sign of breast disease or cancer or assisting with detection of breast disease or cancer and allow for a plan of action to take place for treatment.

Studies consistently show that low income, low educational attainment, lack of health insurance, inability to speak English, lack of awareness of breast cancer risks and screening methods, acculturation level and lack of physician referral play important roles in the lower rates of screening utilization by Hispanic and African-American women. Hispanic women have lower breast cancer rates but are 20% more likely to die from the disease because they are less likely to seek health care services than other ethnic groups. Breast cancer is the most common cancer among African-American women and they are more likely to be diagnosed with larger tumors and more advanced stages of…… [Read More]

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Pathology and Medical Imaging MRI

Words: 1073 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28630153

Overall sensitivity for whole-body and PET/CT was 96% and 93% respectively, while specificity was 87% and 88% respectively.

Conclusions

The study showed that both methods are relevant for detecting metastases in breast cancer patients, but also showed that the method chosen should be appropriate to the type of tumor which may be suspected based upon the laboratory and clinical findings. While the study found that both 1.5- and 3-tesla MI scanning were feasible for the purpose of finding metastases, the team discovered that there is still much work to be done on refining the methods used for 3-tesla scanning. This could lead to further improvements in the results yielded by this method.

Breast gamma imaging spots DCIS better than mammo, M

Introduction

Breast-specific gamma imaging (BSGI) is a functional study which is unaffected by dense tissue, implants or architectural distortion in the breast. The aim of the study was to…… [Read More]

References

Jeong-Sik Yu et al. (2007) Fat containing nodules in the cirrhotic liver: Chemical shift MRI features and clinical implications. AJR, 188: 1009-1016.

Pal, S. (2007) Breast gamma imaging spots DCIS better than mammo, MR. Retrieved September 5, 2007, at http://AuntMinnie.com.

Tilke, B. (2007) PET/CT, whole-body MRI each have merits in metastatic breast disease. Retrieved September 5, 2007, at http://AuntMinnie.com.
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Systematic Research Review Critique of Systemic Research

Words: 742 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37587429

Systematic esearch eview

Critique of Systemic esearch (S) ELATED TO NUSING

Critique of a Systematic esearch eview (S):

Breast self-examination, breast awareness, and practices of systemic review

Breast cancer is one of the most deadly and fastest-spreading cancers in the world today. To mitigate the tide of this epidemic should ideally include preventative measures as well as proactive treatments. The purpose of the literature review "Breast self-examination, breast awareness, and practices of systemic review" by Parvani (2011) was to assess the current research findings on the degree to which breast self-examination and more general breast self-awareness campaigns were useful in increasing the rates of early detection of breast cancer.

esearch rigor of selected studies

Studies were not screened for specific levels of research rigor. General medical databases were searched for relevant studies using Medline, CINAHL, PubMed, Science Direct, and Cochrane using words such as "breast awareness," difference," "breast self-examination," breast…… [Read More]

Reference

Parvani, Z. (2011). Breast self-examination, breast awareness, and practices of systemic review.

Professional Medical Journal, 18(2), 336-339.
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Anlayzing Nursing and its Best Practices

Words: 979 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95696483

Nursing, Best Practices

The disorder selected from the Women's Health Initiative study is breast cancer. As inferred by Amonet al (2012), breast cancer continues to be the second leading cause of cancer mortality amongst women in the United States. Similar to all kinds of cancer, the anomalous tissue that constitutes breast cancer is the patient's individual cells that have multiplied beyond normative levels. In addition, these particular cells may also travel to different parts of the body in which they are usually not found. When these cells move throughout the body randomly, the cancer is deemed to have advanced. Statistics indicate that, in the year 2015, 230,000 women in the United States were diagnosed with breast cancer and out of this, 40,000 of them died. This indicates the importance of treating the disease across the world (Ziegler et al., 2016). The stages of breast cancer range from early breast cancer…… [Read More]

References

Amon, L. M., Pitteri, S. J., Li, C. I., Mcintosh, M., Ladd, J. J., Disis, M.,... & Prentice, R. L. (2012). Concordant release of glycolysis proteins into the plasma preceding a diagnosis of ER+ breast cancer. Cancer research, 72(8), 1935-1942.

WebMD. (2016). Breast Cancer Health Centre. Retrieved 4 August 2016 from: http://www.webmd.com/breast-cancer/

Ziegler YS, Moresco JJ, Yates JR III, Nardulli AM (2016) Integration of Breast Cancer Secretomes with Clinical Data Elucidates Potential Serum Markers for Disease Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis. PLoS ONE 11(6): e0158296. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0158296

Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, & National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (n.d.). Women's Health Initiative: WHI background and overview. Retrieved August 3, 2016, from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/whi/background.htm
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Anticipatory Guidance Project Mammogram Screenings Guidelines the

Words: 1432 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85441336

Anticipatory Guidance Project

Mammogram screenings guidelines

The suitability of screening mammography has been a contentious issue because of a number of reasons. For instance, the lack of consistency of screening guidelines reveals the complexities in coming up with definitive conclusions on the suitability of the procedure. Another issue with mammographic screening is the degree to which a mammography helps to reduce mortality among women. There have been arguments from some quarters that there is no evidence that mammography reduces mortality. In addition, sometimes screening can provide false-positive results resulting in needless additional testing, which may include the probability of invasive surgical processes. These controversies have elicited intense debates from various components of the society.

Background information about the guidelines

The American Cancer Society gives a number of guidelines on mammogram screenings (The American Cancer Society, 2013). First, it recommends that women who are 40 years and older of age should…… [Read More]

References

American Cancer Society (2013). American Cancer Society recommendations for early breast cancer detection in women without breast symptoms. Breast Cancer: Early Detection. Retrieved from: http://www.cancer.org/cancer/breastcancer/moreinformation/breastcancerearlydetection/breast-cancer-early-detection-acs-recs

Brant, W.E., & Helms, C.A. (2012). Fundamentals of diagnostic radiology. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Health.

Kwabi-Addo, B., & Lindstrom, T.L. (2011). Cancer causes and controversies: Understanding risk reduction and prevention. Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger.

Nundy, S. (2010). Stay healthy at every age: What your doctor wants you to know. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
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General Electric and Philips Health Care Have

Words: 935 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44081644

General Electric and Philips health care have persistently provided forward thinking technology that have paved the way to a safe and high quality of care to patients. They possess solid foundation and have become experts in the field of health care technology such as medical imaging, information technology, and patient monitoring systems. Both organizations focus on sustainability of health care systems and quality delivery of care to patients. In addition, both organizations strive to be the best within the industry in ensuring the delivery high quality health care to patients. In this paper, we investigate how both companies have survived over the past 10 years with the health care changes and a struggling global economy. Also investigated is how both companies have managed to sustain their quality, innovation, and safety while containing costs to health care partners so that a high quality of health care can be delivered to each…… [Read More]

References

Blank, R, (July 2012). Transformation of the U.S. Healthcare System: Why is change so difficult? Sociology, 60(4), 415-426. doi: 10.1177/0011392112438327

General Electric (2012b). Qualibria Quality Management Solution.http://www3.gehealthcare.com/en/Products/Categories/Healthcare_IT/Clinical_Knowledge_Solutions/Qualibria

General Electric (2012c).Quality Control Workshop In Mammography.

http://www.gehealthcare.com/euen/clinical-education/pdf-courses/xray/XR-quality-control-workshop-mammo.pdf
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Demographic Perception Survey of Patients With Atypical

Words: 2504 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2311782

Demographic Perception Survey of Patients with Atypical CP Who Present to Cardiac Care Doctors and Patient Outcomes

This study intends to examine gender differences in individuals who present to cardiac doctors with chest pain and specifically, atypical chest pain in women. The work of Debra L. Issac (2000) states that over the past ten years "there has been increasing awareness of both the importance of CAD in women and of the significant differences between men and women who have the disease. Potential gender biases, both within the medical community and within the general population of women themselves also have been identified. These gender differences and biases have the potential to influence investigation and management of suspected or confirmed CAD in women, and should be taken into consideration when faced with a woman with potential cardiovascular disease." (p.157)

Issac also states that chest pain in women is "common and often non-ischemic.…… [Read More]

References

Cayley, WE (2005) Diagnosing the Case of Chest Pain. American Family Physician. 15 Nob 2005. Retrieved from:  http://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1115/p2012.html 

Gotzsche PC, Nielsen M. Screening for breast cancer with mammography. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. (1):CD001877, 2011.

Issac, DL (2000) Women with Ischemic Heart Disease. Presented at the Canadian Cardiovascular Congress, Vancouver, British Columbia, October 2000. Retrieved from:  http://www.stacommunications.com/journals/cme/images/cmepdf/oct01/womencv.pdf 

Khan, JJ, Albarran, JW, Lopez, V, and Chair, SY (2010) Gender Differences on Chest Pain Perception associated with Acute Myocardial infarction in Chinese patients: A Questionnaire Survey. J Clin Nurs. 2010 Oct, 19 (19-20)2720-0. Retrieved from:  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20846222
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Legal Aspects of Healthcare in

Words: 1908 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84121952

Attorneys, however, note that the suits are reflective of an increase in negligent doctors, who are hard pressed to serve a larger and more demanding patient load. Medical care is more costly and it is true that doctors fail to establish bedside relationships with their patients. Others point out that problems lie at the door of the insurance industry and management of hospitals (Committee, p. 1).

Because we discovered the problem in time, Mr. Jones was able to apologize and explain to the patients affected concerning the true nature of his outbursts. They did not have to pay for their treatment and none of them brought lawsuits against Mr. Jones or the hospital. We retained Mr. Jones, but advised him to notify the management if it appeared that there might be future outbursts. It is true that hospitals are much more diligent today because of risk management practices. Because of…… [Read More]

References

Abbott, R.L., Weber, P. And Kelley, B. (2005). Medical professional liability insurance and its relation to medical error and healthcare risk management for the practicing physician. American Journal of Ophthalmology. Vol. 140(6).

Committee to Study Medical Professional Liability and the Dellivery of Obstetrical Care, Institute of Medicine. (1989). Medical Professional Liabilityand the Delivery of Obstetrical Care: Vol I. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Grol, R. (2001). Improving the quality of medical care: Building bridges among professional pride, payer profit, and patient satisfaction. Journal of the American Medical Association. Vol. 286(20). 28 Nov 2001.

Harris, G. (2006). Senators to unveil new drug safety proposals. The New York Times. 21 Jun 2006. Retrieved January 14, 2008 at http://www.nytimes.com/2006/06/21/health/policy/21fda.html?_r=2&adxnnl=1&oref=slogin&adxnnlx=1200373850-0PNMhVh8RDTFqV4OOSZCpQ.
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Ethical Dilemma in a Department of Veterans

Words: 538 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11448902

Ethical Dilemma in a Department of Veterans Affairs Tertiary Healthcare Facility

Selection of the environment.

Selected environment. The environment for the proposed study will be a Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) medical center (hereinafter alternatively "VAMC") that provides the full complement of tertiary healthcare services. The pseudonym for the selected facility will be "Lincolnville VAMC" (because the VA's motto is derived from Lincoln's second inaugural address).

Description of environment and rationale for selection. The Lincolnville VAMC provides tertiary healthcare services for veterans living in a 25-county area in a midwestern state. Besides its operations in the main facility, the Lincolnville VAMC also operates two community-based outpatient clinics. Some of the primary services offered by the Lincolnville VAMC include:

Behavioral Health Service: This service provides consultation, evaluation, and treatment for a variety of issues that can impact emotional well-being.

2) Pharmacy: This service processes more than 80,000 prescriptions each month.

3)…… [Read More]

References

Gomulka, G.T. (2010). Saving military families. Military Review, 90(1), 111-112.

Hendin, H. & Foley, K. (2008). Physician-assisted suicide in Oregon: a medical perspective.

Issues in Law & Medicine, 24(2), 121-122.

Lighthall, A. (2010, November/December). The rules of engagement. Psychotherapy Networker,
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Swedish Medical Center Case Study

Words: 3071 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34419998



omen's Health -- Focused on prevention and care for breast health, mammography, etc.

Transplant Programs - Swedish is one of seven kidney transplant centers and one of just four liver transplant centers serving the entire Pacific Northwest. The Organ Transplant Program at Swedish is at the forefront of new advances in transplantation surgery, including pancreas transplants and transplants between unrelated living organ donors and recipients (Swedish Medical Center, 2011).

Service design, operational activities, strategic decisions- Swedish is nothing but on the move -- strategically and tactically. In October, 2011, Swedish opened a new full-care facility with a 550,000 square foot campus in the city of Issaquah, southeast of Seattle city proper. This new facility was designed to be an entirely new hospital experience. Some of the operational innovations include a new Childbirth Center with eight new Labor/Delivery/Recovery rooms that include sleeping areas for partners, iPod access and a hotel room…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Arnold, E. (2007). Service-Dominant Logic and Resource Theory. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Sciences, 36(1), 21-24.

Crosby, J. (2011, November). Human Resource - Swedish Hospital.

Institute of Medicine. (2000). To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

King, D. (2008). Designing the Digital Experience: How to Use Experience Design. Medford, NJ: Information Today Press.
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Job Posting Job Title Chief Financial Officer

Words: 826 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68233359

Job Posting

Job Title: Chief Financial Officer, CFO, Controller, Directory of Finance

Company: NW Healthcare Services, Inc.

Mission and Description: As a nonprofit health-care provider, NWHCS takes seriously our responsibility to provide access to the services, expertise and facilities needed by our communities.

Our commitment to improving the health of our region extends beyond normal patient care. Whether through physician clinics, health education, charity care, our mobile mammography program or other means of outreach, we're committed to caring for the people of our region and beyond. NWHCS is licensed for 217 beds and has 1, 2000 employees and more than 400 physicians with privileges. It is also aligned with Lutheran Medical Center, Greater Oswod Metropolitan areas largest non-profit health-care provider with 1,245 licensed beds, has three hospital campuses in Oswod (First Hill, Cherry Hill and Ballard) and a fourth under construction in Issaquah. It also operates an extensive network of…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

The Basics of Corporate Structure. (May 8, 2009). Investopedia. Retrieved from:

 http://www.investopedia.com/articles/basics/03/022803.asp#axzz1WHxOKsj1 

Lagorio, C. (April 1, 2010). How to Write A Job Description. Inc. Retrieved from:

http://www.inc.com/guides/2010/04/writing-job-description.html
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Man Made Disaster The More

Words: 1179 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21009972

" hile it is true that some plane crashes cannot be prevented, there are measures that can be taken to ensure that when a crash does occur, the proper help gets to the scene in time.

The first secondary measure for a plane crash is "Foster informed, empowered individuals and communities." hether the witness of a crash is a doctor or a hospital secretary, everyone can play a role in assisting at the scene. If nothing else, the person can call authorities and report the crash. For hospital staff, education in basic first-aid is standard at most hospitals and this includes sufficient knowledge to aid a victim in stopping bleeding or splinting a leg.

The second measure is "Develop and maintain the workforce needed for national health security." ith most hospitals understaffed, there is a real need for more nurses in the event of an emergency. Otherwise, a nearby hospital…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Baker S, Brady J, Shanahan D, Guohua L (2009). Aviation-Related Injury Morbidity and Mortality: Data from U.S. Health Information Systems. Aviat Space Environ Med, 80(12): 1001-5.

Center for Disease Control (1992). A Framework for Assessing the Effectiveness of Disease and Injury Prevention. Accessed on 30 April 2012 at  http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00016403.htm 

Chaturvedi a, Smith D, Canfield D (2001). Blood carbon monoxide and hydrogen cyanide concentrations in the fatalities of fire and non-fire associated civil aviation accidents, 1991 -- 1998. Forensic Science International, 121(3): 183-88.

Gouhua, Li & Baker, Susan (1997). Injury Patterns in Aviation-Related Fatalities: Implications for Preventive Strategies. American Journal of Forensic Medicine & Pathology, 18(3): 265-270.
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Philosophy Field Research Report Moral

Words: 1941 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37120908

If the account does this it has exhausted what matters to the person in constructing the agent's well-being. Thus a person could not care about anything beyond the extent to which it serves her interests. Self-sacrifice would be impossible." (Sobel, 1998)

But, I understand that it is important to know going in that our healthcare system and all the world around us is in a state of constant change. As important is the fact that there is a need for reevaluating systems and the enacted laws and policies that empower these systems. The notion and concept of Family Health Centers of Southwest Florida, Inc. puts to rest any preconceived notions about the healthcare system.

I felt that the professional employed at Family Health Centers of Southwest Florida, Inc. would be unique and totally different than any other medical professional. I thought that financial gain would be the only driving factor…… [Read More]

References

Falikowski, Anthony (1998). Moral Philosophy for Modern Life. Prentice Hall: Scarborough, Ontario.

Family Health Centers of Southwest Florida, Inc. (2005). Home Page. Retrieved on March 20, 2005, at  http://www.fhcswf.org/ 

Sobel, David. (1998). Well-Being as the Object of Moral Consideration. Retrieved on March 20, 2005, at http://www.bgsu.edu/departments/phil/faculty/sobel/wbasobject.html

Thottam, Jyoti (2005). Thank God it's. Time, Vol.165 No. 3, p. A58.
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Stereotactic Breast Biopsy

Words: 1132 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95494676

Stereotactic Breast Biopsy

Breast cancer is a very common disease, and is the most common type of cancer in women, although it is not unheard of for a man to have breast cancer. About one women in eight (12% of all women) will develop breast cancer at some time in her life. Approximately 50,000 women die from breast cancer every year. Early detection is an important factor in the successful treatment of breast cancer. Utilizing monthly self breast exams, periodic professional exams, and mammography breast cancer can usually be detected early. With early detection, breast cancer can be treated more effectively and patient outcomes improve. Mammograms are an essential part of this screening process. Although there is some controversy, the generally accepted recommendations for mammogram include a screening mammogram at age 35, annual mammograms every one or two years from age 40-50, and an annual mammogram after age 50. The…… [Read More]

Reference:

Robert L. Howisey, Marita B. Acheson, Ronald K. Rowbotham and Alan Morgan, A Comparison of Medicare Reimbursement and Results for Various Imaging-guided Breast Biopsy Techniques American Journal of Surgery, May 1997 395-398

International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification

(ICD-9-CM)
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Picture Archive Communication Systems PACS

Words: 7576 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35028102

This RIS includes Toshiba digital desktop telephones, plus 24 SpectraLink wireless telephones; these wireless phones were programmed to extend the features and capabilities of the users' desktop telephones to anywhere they roam at the 22-bed hospital; however, other wireless technologies such as cellular, could not be used due to the interference with sensitive medical equipment (Just the right prescription 24). The hospital's chief operating officer, Darryl Thornton, reported, "Being able to be mobile, yet still receive all our telephone calls, has greatly improved our efficiency and productivity. Toshiba's SpectraLink solution was the only one we found that would extend our desktop telephones to the palms of our hands" (Just the right prescription 24). The RIS also accommodated the needs of the hospital's remote users: "The system is so flexible that we were able to connect our remote users and still have it look like they are located at our corporate…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Abelha, Antonio, Jose Machado, Victor Alves, and Jose Neves. (2004). "Health Data Management in the Medical Arena." Universidade do Minho, Braga, Portugal. [Online]. Available: https://repositorium.sdum.uminho.pt/bitstream/1822/886/1/473-245.pdf.

Adelhard, K., S. Nissen-Meyer, C. Pistitsch, U. Fink and M. Reiser. (1999). "Functional requirements for a HIS-RIS-PACS-interface design, including integration of 'old' modalities." Method. Inf. Med. 38(1):1-8.

Albensi, B.C., E.V. Ilkanich, G. Dini and D. Janigro. (2004, December). "Elements of Scientific Visualization in Basic Neuroscience Research. Bioscience, 54(12): 1127-38.

Arenson, R.L., K.P. Andriole, D.E. Avrin and R.G. Gould. (2000). "Computers in imaging and health care: now and in the future." Journal of Digital Imaging 13(4):145-56.
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Digital Imaging in the Hospital

Words: 2187 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43212326

It uses a great deal of expensive and cutting-edge technology, and none of this is cheap. hile DR can do a great deal for a hospital radiology department, that department also must have the funds available to support what needs to be purchased and accomplished where DR is concerned if the department chooses to use this technology.

Image Quality

Image quality, other than cost, is quite probably the largest issue that is faced by those that wish to use this new technology. Therefore, it is important to discuss and compare the differences between the image quality of CR and the image quality of DR, so that more can be understood regarding the differences between them. One study looked at the plate readers that are used for CR images, and found that there were enough statistically significant differences between different plate readers as to indicate that there may be problems with…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cesar, LJ. 1997. Computed radiography: its impact on radiographers. Radiologic Technology.

Daniels, C. 1998. The benefits of digital radiography. Radiologic Technology.

Demonstrated Clinical Benefits and Competitive Prices to Drive Digital Radiography Market. 2004. BusinessWire.

FUJIFILM Computed Radiography for Mammography Progresses From Market Entrant to Market Leadership Worldwide. 2002. PR Newswire.
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Prescription Drugs Number of Medicare

Words: 1531 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92313347

The Act creates a positive balance between government interests to save money and the interests of Medicare recipients to receive a wide range of drugs for their specific needs. The current ban on government negotiations with pharmaceutical companies serves to protect Medicate recipients by using the positives of the free market, such as the experience and purchasing power of PBMs. hile there are serious potential problems with this approach, such as the potential for fraud between pharmaceutical companies and private interests, overall the ban on government negotiations with pharmaceutical companies provides a good balance between recipient and government interests.

orks Cited

American Legislative Exchange Council. Prescription Drugs. 19 October 2005. http://www.alec.org/2/4/talking-points/7.html

Barry, Patricia. New Salvos in the Prescription Drug ars: Class action suits are exposing schemes that gouge consumers. AARP Bulletin, January 2005.

19 October 2005. http://www.aarp.org/bulletin/prescription/a2005-01-06-salvos.html

Dealey, Sam. Drug Dealings: Democrats had it right before. National Review Online, May…… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Legislative Exchange Council. Prescription Drugs. 19 October 2005. http://www.alec.org/2/4/talking-points/7.html

Barry, Patricia. New Salvos in the Prescription Drug Wars: Class action suits are exposing schemes that gouge consumers. AARP Bulletin, January 2005.

19 October 2005. http://www.aarp.org/bulletin/prescription/a2005-01-06-salvos.html

Dealey, Sam. Drug Dealings: Democrats had it right before. National Review Online, May 05, 2004, 9:12 A.M. 19 October 2005. http://www.nationalreview.com/comment/dealey200405050912.asp
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Pathologies and Diagnosis Discovered Through the Use of MRI

Words: 892 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37163497

MI

The use if Magnetic esonance Imaging (MI) has greatly altered the ability of medical care professionals to diagnose illnesses in patients. The purpose of this discussion is to examine Pathologies and Diagnosis discovered through the use of MI. All of the research for this analysis will come from resources that are no more than five years old.

Pathologies and Diagnosis discovered through the use of MI

One of the diagnoses that the MI has been credited with is Pancreatic Cancer. According to an article found in USA Today, new MI's are now allowing for the early detection of pancreatic cancer, which usually spreads to other organs before it is detected. The article asserts that Until recently, the ability of radiologists to detect pancreatic cancer was limited by problems associated with existing MI and computed tomography (CT) requirements. For example, distortions in MI images caused by the pulsing of blood…… [Read More]

References

Price, J.H. Breast Cancer Best Seen by MRI; Imaging Aids Women at Risk. (2004, September 16). The Washington Times, p. A06.

Kadlecek, S. (2002, November/December). Magnetic Resonance Imaging with Polarized Gases: Although Conventional MRI Cannot Track Inhaled or Dissolved Gases in the Body, Physicians May Soon Be Able to Do So Using Specially Prepared Atoms. American Scientist, 90, 540+.

New MRI Aids Early Detection. (2005, October). USA Today (Society for the Advancement of Education), 134, 4+.

Pfefferbaum, A. Rosenbloom, M., & Sullivan, E.V. (2003). Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Diffusion Tensor Imaging to Assess Brain Damage in Alcoholics. Alcohol Research & Health, 27(2), 146+.
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Washing Journal Reflective Journal Awareness

Words: 1537 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11108254

The maintenance stage can be brainstormed with students and staff from the middle school in future months, based on the response and enthusiasm students have displayed in carrying out the initial project, and based on the number of days missed because of sickness after the hand-washing project vs. The average number of days of school missed due to illness prior to the hand-washing project. Shown that actions like hand-washing can prevent sickness, students will come on board other health-related issues.

May 29, 2006. I believe that if I have shown good research techniques in presenting my proposal for this program, and if I employ logic as well as creative planning and understanding of today's middle school-level abilities, I will succeed. Meantime, after every session on my computer, I will wash my hands in hot water for 15 seconds, because there are hundreds if not thousands of bacteria on these keys,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Duran, Lynne S. (2003). Motivating Health: Strategies for the Nurse Practitioner. Journal of The American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 15(5), 200-201.

Journal of Environmental Health (2006). Millions of Germs and Bacteria Await Kids at School.

Monk-Turner, Elizabeth, & Edwards, Donald, & Broadstone, Josh, & Hummel, Robert, & Lewis,

Selena, & Wilson, Dorothy. (2005). Another Look at Hand-Washing Behavior. Social Behavior and Personality, 33(7), 629-634.
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Circle of Life Framework in Breast Health

Words: 1427 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41464869

Circle of Life Framework in Breast Health Education

Article Critique Analysis: Use of the Talking Circle for Comanche omen's Breast Health Education, by E. Haozous, V. Eschiti, and J. Lauderdale

The journal article, "Use of the Talking Circle for Comanche omen's Breast Health Education" by E. Haozous et. al. (2010), promotion of education on breast health was explored using a specific and unique tradition as the framework of the study. This tradition, called the Circle of Life (COL), is an "intertribal cancer prevention program focused on breast health education" and is specifically implemented among American Indian (AI) women (378). Using the COL as framework, the authors aimed to achieve "cultural congruency" in exploring, discovering, and identifying the different dimensions concerning breast health education and promotion effectiveness in the context of AI women's culture -- specifically, Comanche women (378). Harmonized understanding of the Comanche community, female and health cultures led to…… [Read More]

Work cited:

Haozous, E., V. Eschiti, and J. Lauderdale. (2010). "Use of Talking Circle for Comanche Women's Breast Health Education." Journal of Transcultural Nursing, Vol. 21, No. 377.
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Evolution of Health Care Information Systems

Words: 1425 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22301011

Evolution of Health Care Information Systems

The objective of this study is to compare and contrast a contemporary healthcare facility or physician's office health care facility or physician's office operation of 20 years ago and to identify at least two major events and technological advantages that influenced current HCIS practices. The physician's office and health care facility of 20 years ago was a paper-based operation. All records were paper records, appointments were written on calendars and prescriptions were handwritten, notations on the patient's health records was done by writing on the physical paper record and all hospital orders were written by hand. During the 1970s hospital growth and expansion occurred and the expenditures for Medicare and Medicaid were on the rise. At this time mainframes were still in use and microcomputers became available and not only were they smaller but they were also less expensive. However, transformation did not come…… [Read More]

References

Costs and Benefits of Health Information Technology (nd) Evidence Report/Technology Assessment Number 132. Southern California Evidence-based Practice Center, Santa Monica, CA. Retrieved from: http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/evidence-based-reports/hitsys-evidence-report.pdf

Friedman, S. (nd) Facts About Health Care Information Systems. eHow Retrieved from: http://www.ehow.com/about_6117257_health-care-information-systems.html

History and Evolution of Health Care Information Systems (nd) Chapter 4. Retrieved from:  http://www.slideserve.com/paul/history-and-evolution-of-health-care-information-systems
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Radiologic Technology

Words: 885 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97337170

Radiologic Technology

To be part of something that I can give my absolute one hundred percent to, along with having the perpetual opportunity to challenge myself to learn and grow, is a dream that any driven person intricately decorates through the course of their life. hether one aspires to become an economist or whether one wishes to join the military, their dream is built on ambition and hope that they will find their place in something they consider their niche. My niche, if I am being perfectly honest is being challenged. I have always wanted to blend my scientific background with a chance to explore which is primarily why radiologic technology is the path for me! My interest in Radiologic Technology stems from the fact that it is absolutely quintessential when it comes to the medical field. As we know, it is used for the production of images of all…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"What Is Radiologic Technology?" What Is Radiologic Technology? Bergen Community College, n.d. Web. 19 Dec. 2012.
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Health Behavior the Theories at a Glance

Words: 7053 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74310569

Health Behavior

The "Theories At A Glance" manual discussed a variety of healthy behaviors. Select two theories that can be used to explain why people behave the way they do. Discuss the basic premise and constructs of the theories you choose. Cite two examples of how each theory could be used to explain a health behavior.

Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB)

The relationship that exists between behavior and attitudes, beliefs and intention is studied under TPB (Theory of Planned Behavior). TA (Theory of easoned Action) is also associated with TPB. According to TA and TPB, behavior is mainly determined by behavioral intention. These models show that the attitude of an individual affects behavioral intention. Hence, the behavior of a person towards the performance of some particular behavior is also influenced. In addition to this, beliefs concerning individuals who have close association (these people have the decision making power of approving…… [Read More]

References

Bandura A. Social Foundations of Thought and Action: A Social Cognitive Theory. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1986.

Bronfenbrenner, U 1994 'Ecological Models of Human Development', International Encyclopaedia of Education, Vol 3, Oxford, Elsevier.

Eddy Module 2. Dr. James Eddy. Social Learning Theory (SLT/SCT): Reciprocal Determinism, Expectations, Value Expectancies. Accessed March 18th, 2012 from: mms://mediasrv1.ccs.ua.edu/CCS-AO2/HHE520/tape2b/2b_clip1.wmv

Eddy Module 2a. Dr. James Eddy. SLT/SCT (cont'd): Observational Learning, Reinforcement, Self-Efficacy, Emotional Coping. Accessed March 18th, 2012 from: mms://mediasrv1.ccs.ua.edu/CCS-AO2/HHE520/tape2b/2b_clip2.wmv
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Emerging Standards of Care Mental Health Cultural Competence

Words: 2289 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2653470

Standards of Care/Mental Health/Cultural Competence

EMEGING STANDADS OF CAE/MENTAL HEALTH/CULTUAL

Sometime in 1999, the Surgeon General released Mental Health: A eport of the Surgeon General. Inside this report, it acknowledged that not every Americans, particularly minorities, are getting the equal mental health treatment, a discovery that provoked the Surgeon General to give out a supplemental report on differences in mental health care for individuals of color (Donini-Lenhoff, 2006). The addition, which was available in 2001, sends out one obvious message: culture does actually count. Cultural competency is considered to be one the vital ingredients in closing the differences hole in health care. It is looked as the way patients and doctors are able to come together and then talk about health issues without cultural differences stopping the conversation, nonetheless improving it. Fairly simply, health care services that are deferential of and receptive to the health beliefs, practices and cultural and…… [Read More]

References

Choi, H.M. (2006). ETHNIC DIFFERENCES IN ADOLESCENTS' MENTAL DISTRESS, SOCIAL STRESS, AND RESOURCES. Adolescence, 41(126), 263-83.

Donini-Lenhoff, F. (2006). HEALTH: Cultural competence in the health professions; insuring a juniform standard of care. The Hispanic Outlook in Higher Education, 65(45), 45.

Furler, J. & . (2012). Mental health: Cultural competence. Australian Family Physician, 39(5), 206-8.

Sawrikar, P. & . (2013). The relationship between mental health, cultural identity and cultural values in non-english speaking background (NESB) australian adolescents. Behaviour Change, 21(3), 97-113.
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Levels of Prevention

Words: 794 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40241845

Public health screening activities in programs are also essential in ensuring this level of prevention is ensured. A good example is organized screening programs targeted at the community.

The third level of prevention, tertiary prevention, involves bother rehabilitative and therapeutic measures once the person already has the symptoms and signs of the disease. Tertiary prevention has several goals, which include preventing damage and pain that may arise from the disease, slowing down the progression of the disease, preventing the disease from causing complications, giving optimum care to people with signs of the disease, and helping those with the disease to live healthy lives afterwards. A quintessential example of tertiary preventive activities includes treating diabetics to prevent complications that occur as a result of the disease such as liver and kidney failure. Other examples are management of patients with chronic heart disease with therapy and medication, physical and occupational therapy as…… [Read More]

References

Baker, J.E.L. (1992). Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Prevention in Reducing Pesticide-Related Illness in Farmers. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 9(4), 245-254. doi: 10.2307/3427201

Flaskerud, J.H. (1992). HIV Disease and Levels of Prevention. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 9(3), 137-150. doi: 10.2307/3427251

Green, M.M. (1971). The Expanded Role of the Public Health Nurse. Canadian Journal of Public Health / Revue Canadienne de Sante'e Publique, 62(2), 147-152. doi: 10.2307/41984635

Ureda, J., & Yates, S. (2005). A SYSTEMS VIEW of HEALTH PROMOTION. Journal of Health and Human Services Administration, 28(1), 5-38. doi: 10.2307/41288055
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Arroyo Fresco Community Health Center Case Study

Words: 1613 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91967080

Arroyo Fresco Community Health Center Case Study

Strategic Challenges

Organization Strategy for Arroyo Fresco Community Health Center

Strategic Goal

Strategic Goal

Strategic Goal

Strategic Goal

Strategic Goal

This paper analyzes the major strategic challenges that are confronted by Arroyo Fresco Community Health Center. In addition to that, this paper also develops a new strategy for the organization and puts light on the action plans that would be followed for the attainment of the new strategic goals.

Arroyo Fresco Community Health Center Case Study

Arroyo Fresco community health center is a community healthcare center. The organization operates in western Arizona, where it has 11 clinics and 4 mobile service vans. In the year 2005, the organization generated total revenues of around 29.7 million dollars. The organization has a total of 254,137 visits. Out of these 254,137 visits 192,403 were medical visits, whereas, the remaining 61,734 were dental visits. (Staff Members of…… [Read More]

References

Staff Members of the Community Clinics Health Network, (2008). Strategic Plan -- Arroyo Fresco Community Health Center (1st ed., p. 1). San Diego: Community Clinics Health Network.

Staff Members of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Technology Administration, Department of Commerce, Baldrige National Quality Program,. (2006). Arroyo Fresco Community Health Center Case Study (1st ed., pp. 1-48). Gaithersburg: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Technology Administration, Department of Commerce, Baldrige National Quality Program.

Staff Members of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Technology Administration, Department of Commerce, Baldrige National Quality Program,. (2006). Arroyo Fresco Community Health Center Feedback Report (1st ed., pp. 2-44). Gaithersburg: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Technology Administration, Department of Commerce, Baldrige National Quality Program.

Toyin Babalola, B., Diallo, I., & Gund, S. (2010). Arroyo Fresco _Community Health Center: Enhancing the FOCUS model (1st ed., pp. 3-25). Retrieved from http://s3.amazonaws.com/ppt-download/finalppafpresentation11202011-13218364460251-phpapp01-111120184846-phpapp01.pptx-response-content-disposition=attachment&Signature=SHUt%2FhmZJMiDXlaW%2B1zATNd9W7s%3D&Expires=1405754773&AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAI6DXMWX6TBWAHQCQ
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Need for Information Outreach in Camden City

Words: 1053 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91505835

STD Testing: Community Health Outreach

When it comes to health care in the United States, it is often those most in need that find themselves somewhat neglected and under serviced. Nonetheless, state programs and coalitions do make an effort to prevent any person, regardless of economic status or other differentiating factors, from going without the care that he or she needs. The main challenge is to make certain populations aware of programs and clinics that are available to provide for their care. As a result of low socio-economic status, these populations are often not only underserved, but also unaware of the fact that they can do something about their health status, especially when it comes to issues such as STIs. In New Jersey and Camden City specifically, statistics show that, in addition to the worsening effects of STIs and other related conditions, the population tends to neglect seeking help, mainly…… [Read More]

References

New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services. (2013, Jun.). New Jersey Part B Comprehensive Plan. Rutgers. Retrieved from: http://hpcpsdi.rutgers.edu/

State of New Jersey Department of Health (2015). Division of HIV, STD, and TB Services -- Sexually Transmitted Diseases Program Reported Sexually Transmitted Diseases Morbidity in Camden County by Municipality for Report Year 2012. Retrieved from: http://www.state.nj.us/health/std/stdstats/stdstats2012/camden.pdf

West, B. (2014, Oct.) Public Health Coalitions in South Jersey. Rutgers University, Camden. Retrieved from: http://wrand.rutgers.edu/files/FINAL-SJ-PublicHealthCoalitions.pdf
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Analyzing Facility Research and Selection

Words: 1097 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98179224

Facility esearch and Selection

The report describes the facilities, need and services offered in an Ambulatory Care Clinic.

VICTIMS IGHTS MOVEMENT

Health practitioners should expect some very dramatic changes in the area of ambulatory care within the next decade. Driven by different factors, which include double digit improvement in some major outpatient areas, health care managers should expect the trend that began in the 80s to continue. The issue of ambulatory care is now a major issue for health care providers. A lot of health care institutions experienced some growth, spanning double digit in major outpatient sectors and significant changes in some major inpatient services to the modes of outpatient only. Hospitals are expected to adopt a new philosophy and plan of action for system redesign, carrying out a scrutiny of the traditional way of making the needed care available with the aim of surviving in the future. While these…… [Read More]

References

Allen, David. W, and Weber, Daniel (1995). 'Ambulatory Care Planning for a Hospital'. Healthcare Strategic Management 13.2 (February 1995)

Dailey, David (n.d). 'Ambulatory Care Facilities: The Evolution of Healthcare'. Medical Construction and Design. Extracted from http://mcdmag.com/

Matson, Ted (1991). 'Ambulatory Care to Drive Hospital Services in 1990s'. Healthcare Strategic Management 9.3 (March 1991)

Stouffer, Jeff; Frank Kittredge, Ashley Dias (2013). 'Eight Ambulatory Design Trends'. Health Facilities Management. Extracted from http://www.hfmmagazine.com/
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Health Care Recruitment and Retention

Words: 3975 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65350176

massive shortage of radiologic technologists of the 1990s has abated, there is still some shortage of workers in the field. Most such workers ply their trade in large hospitals, which average 21 imaging workers. ural facilities have a harder time recruiting workers, so hospitals in the most desirable locations might not even experience a shortage at this point. Key to recruiting for rural hospitals is thus to outcompete the urban facilities, but they must also look to their own areas for talented people who can be guided into the profession.

ecruitment and retention are ultimately linked. Factors like training programs for career development solve problems both for facilities and workers. Workers like the control that such programs give them over career development -- this is a selling point both during the recruiting process and thereafter as well. For the hospital, such training results in workers who cost more, but who…… [Read More]

References

ASRT (2008). A nationwide survey of Radiology Department / Facility Managers and Directors conducted by The American Society of Radiologic Technologists. ASRT. In possession of the author.

Bednar, J. (2008). The can see clearly now despite less-severe shortage, radiologic technologists are still in demand. Health Care News. Retrieved June 29, 2016 from http://healthcarenews.com/they-can-see-clearly-now-despite-a-less-severe-shortage-radiologic-technologists-are-still-in-demand/

BLS (2016). Radiologic and MRI technologists. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved June 29, 2016 from http://www.bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/radiologic-technologists.htm

Coombs, C., Wilkinson, A. & Preston, D. (2007). Improving the recruitment and return of nurses and allied health professionals: A quantitative study. Health Services Management Research. March 2007. In possession of the author.
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Promoting Positive Health Behaviors

Words: 1002 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73279774

Nursing

There are many diseases that can be treated if they are detected at an early stage. A number of such diseases include cancers including colon, cervical and breast cancers. All of the mentioned diseases can be fatal if they are not treated in a timely manner. For treatment in a timely manner, it is important that the disease is detected while it is still benign and not that harmful. For that purpose people need to get screened so that they know if they have any kind of morbidity. Many campaigns are being run all over the world for creating awareness about these screening tests among women so that they can help fight their disease while it is still at an early stage. However, there are many hurdles to the effectiveness of such campaigns and one of which is the financial limitations. Therefore, there is a program that has been…… [Read More]

References:

Backer, E.L., Geske, J.A., Mcllvain, H.E., Dodendorf, D.M. AND Minier, M.D. (2005).

Improving Female Preventive Healthcare Delivery Through Practice Change: An Every Woman Matters Study. JABFP, Vol, 8 (5).

Every Woman Matters Program (2013). Helping Women Live Healthier Lives <  http://dhhs.ne.gov/publichealth/Pages/womenshealth_ewm.aspx >

UNFP. 2011. "Comprehensive Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control" http://www.unfpa.org/webdav/site/global/shared/ENGLISH-%20Cervical%20Cancer%20Guidance.pdf .
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Sources Evaluation

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67669865

Lowe, Kate. "Hong Kong's Missing History." History Today, 41.12 (1991) [8 Jun 2012]

http://www.historytoday.com/kate-lowe/hong-kongs-missing-history

Category of the source

"Hong Kong's Missing History" is an electronic version of a journal article. History Today is a journal that is geared towards a popular audience, but is written by journalists with strong academic backgrounds in history.

This article was written upon the eve of the takeover of the prosperous, capitalist British colonial possession of Hong Kong by China. It suggests that the cosmopolitan identity of Hong Kong is unique, and still evolving, and cannot be subsumed under either a British or a Chinese national character.

Q3. A quick list of key points

Hong Kong's status as part of China is described as inalienable, in terms of legitimate historical clams. However, despite the dubious nature of Great Britain's dominion over Hong Kong for so many years, the people of Hong Kong did not necessarily…… [Read More]