1000 results for “Management Strategies”.
The History of Apple Corporation
Strategy Development and Implementation
The History of Apple Corporation
The corporation has an exciting history, as it has transformed to the biggest and most successful technology firms in the world, under the best managers of time. Both the employees of the firm, the management and the product consumers have been linked to the firm's success. The firm was started with the two Steves, who from their early lives had shown considerable interest in electronics. Steve Jobs and Steve Woznlak were former employees at Atari and HP respectively. However, in April 1976, the two conceptualized the Apple computer, which was among the first personal computers at that time. The company has focused on products that are innovative and new in the market ever since it was started. It is Job that started developed the legendary Macintosh, which is known to many as 'Mac'. There…
Lamb, C.W., Hair, J.F. & McDaniel, C. (2011). Essentials of Marketing. New York: Cengage Learning.
Quelch, J.A. & Deshpande, R. (2004). The Global Market: Developing a Strategy to Manage Across Borders. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Schermerhorn, J.R. (2011). Exploring Management. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
I think the two top skills to possess are probably time management and interpersonal skills. The definition of time management it is the process of planning, creating awareness, and harnessing control over the amount of time spent on specific activities to increase the overall level of efficiency and effectiveness. These principles and processes vary from one company to another but they are critical to any organizations effectiveness. I would focus on time management to improve the overall efficiency and effectiveness of the organization.
Many scholars and business leaders have discussed how the principles of managing time are used in time processes and they can serves as a guide for people. If used they might help to foster manage time however there are more than one technique that can be applied to time management. Thus the specific time management plan must be chosen for the organization and management strategy.…
Deming, W. (2011, September 22). The Deming System of Profound Knowledge. Retrieved from The W. Edwards Deming Institute: http://deming.org/index.cfm?content=66
Vinzant, J., & Vinzant, D. (1996). Strategic Management and Total Quality Management: Challenges and Choices. Public Administration Quarterly, 201-221.
Zeithami, V., Berry, L., & Parasuraman, A. (1996). The Behavioral Conseqences of Service Quality. Journal of Marketing, 31-46.
All sheets must be accounted for and either closed off or re-scheduled before the new 'work to' list is formed. The maintenance superintendent checks all sheets to ensure quality of the system. Defects are entered into the system by the operations personnel who monitor the operation of all equipment or are usually the first point of contact for other personnel. The technician who rectifies a defect is responsible for issuing and completing the defect job sheet. Checks are made to ensure the same information on the job sheet is entered into the computer. Finally, regular reviews of the planned maintenance task are conducted to ensure their relevance (Allen 2003).
4. In addition, the Tunnel has thermal point detectors spaced every 15 metres over each lane; more than 40 CCTV cameras - an additional 48 cameras were installed in 2000 - facing oncoming traffic throughout both tubes; complimented by a manual…
Allen, B. (2003) 'Case Study: Sydney Harbour Tunnel Company overcomes tunnel vision to streamline maintenance management.' Mainpac. [online] available: http://www.mainpac.
Badawi, I.M. (2003) 'Globalization of the B.O.T. System and Its Taxation Problems.' Review of Business 24(2): 60-61.
Barker, A. (2000) What Happened When: A Chronology of Australia from 1788. St. Leonards,
Strategies of Laying Off Employees
Step-by-step Process of Dismissal Meeting
Generally, a layoff is a reduction in employees to fulfill strategic needs of organizations or financial challenges. The reasons behind a layoff are the strategic issues being faced by organizations or financial issues necessitating drastic changes. Being at a management's position, it is important to understand the ways of coping the negative emotions that may accompany the layoff of an employee. For this reason, it is suggested for the manager to acknowledge that such feelings and emotional strain are normal and appropriate. It is recommended to realize that a layoff can create a profound feeling for employees and the entire organization (Bagley & Savage, 2009). This paper is providing the strategies for coping negative emotions fir laid off employees along with the ways of conducting dismissal meeting.
Strategies of Laying Off Employees
It is appropriate to layoff work…
Analoui, F., & Karami, A. (2003). Strategic Management in Small and Medium Enterprises. Cengage Learning EMEA.
Bagley, C.E., & Savage, D. (2009). Managers and the Legal Environment: Strategies for the 21st Century. Cengage Learning.
Barnett, W.P., Greve, H.R., & Park, D.Y. (1994). An Evolutionary Model of Organizational Performance. Strategic Management Journal, 15, 11 -- 28.
Bartlett, C.A., & Ghoshal, S. (1994). Changing the role of top management: beyond strategy to purpose. Harvard Business Review, 79-88.
Transactional selling is done through multiple channels, as websites, telemarketers, direct sales forces, and indirect channels including distributors, channel partners, and retailers all sell the most commonly requested products more on price and availability than features. The challenge for sales professionals is to sense when their customers want to buy using the transactional approach vs. The consultative sale. Generally transaction selling works best when the customer wants little or no information on the product, and their need for sales support is low, according to Benfield, 2001.
Examples of this include the selling of pocket radios both through retailers and over the Internet.
Analysis of Strengths and Weaknesses
The strengths and weaknesses of each approach are defined in bullet form below:
Focus is on the customer and their problem areas first, not on just making the sale
Salesperson becomes the expert and eventually trusted advisor to the prospect…
Benfield (2001) - Redesigning your Sales Force. Electrical Wholesale Magazine and website. May 1, 2001. Accessed from the Internet on July 13, 2007 at http://ewweb.com/mag/electric_redesigning_sales_force/index.html
MarketingPower.com (2006) - the American Marketing Association website, Dictionary of Marketing Terms section. Accessed from the Internet on July 13, 2007 at http://www.marketingpower.com/mg-dictionary-view734.php
Yankee Group (2005) - Drive Revenue through Information-Driven Selling. Yankee Group Report. May 2005. Sheryl Kingstone. Accessed from the Internet on July 13, 2007 at http://www.oracle.com/applications/crm/yankee_group_wp.pdf
While at the same time, it is giving them the flexibility to meet the needs of customers and improve the process of delivering the final product. Over the course of time, this will help their underlying profit margins to increase. This is the point that the company can effectively meet the demands of clients.
Are there other alternatives that Pepe should consider?
The best alternative is for the firm is to establish the finishing facility in a location that is close to the manufacturing plant in Hong Kong. To do this means that we must find a location that has low labor costs and in close proximity to China. As a result there are several different countries that we have identified which o could meet the needs of the firm and reduce labor costs. The most notable include: India and China. In each of these countries their total labor costs…
Carrying Cost of Inventory. (2011). Investopedia. Retrieved from: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/carryingcostofinventory.asp
India's Organized Manufacturing Sector. (2011). BLS. Retrieved from: http://www.bls.gov/fls/india.htm
Manufacturing in China. (2011). BLS. Retrieved from: http://www.bls.gov/fls/china.htm
Shouldice Hospital. (n.d.)
The third significant risk is that of the patch not fully addressing the dependences of the operating system and browser variations in the total user base. elated to the second point, this is a major challenge at colleges and universities with wireless and WiFi networks where hundreds of types of laptops and mobile devices are used (Higby, Bailey, 2004). The sheer variety of laptops, PCs and mobile devices make patch management in larger colleges and universities a continual and costly challenge.
Cost Effective Measures for Patch Management
Spanning the spectrum from the manual to the fully automated, there are cost effective measures that organizations can take to attain a high level of effectiveness with patch management. Beginning with the most manually based approach of defining blacklists of systems that have been compromised on a network through server-based analysis (Higby, Bailey, 2004) to the use of semi-automated and automated patch management…
George Brandman. 2005. Patching the Enterprise. Queue 3, 2 (March 2005), 32-39.
Tom Gerace and Jean Mouton. 2004. The challenges and successes of implementing an enterprise patch management solution. In Proceedings of the 32nd annual ACM SIGUCCS conference on User services (SIGUCCS '04). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 30-33.
Thomas Gerace and Huseyin Cavusoglu. 2009. The critical elements of the patch management process. Commun. ACM 52, 8 (August 2009), 117-121.
Charles Higby and Michael Bailey. 2004. Wireless security patch management system. In Proceedings of the 5th conference on Information technology education (CITC5 '04). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 165-168.
Logistics and supply chain management is what Wal-Mart has as a core strength, and have consistently found new processes to accelerate inventory turns, reduce waste of time and money in the process (Dobbs, 2007). This efficiency of the Wal-Mart supply chains and its ability to move millions of products into the hands of consumers weekly is what gives the company exceptional power over supplier relationships as well (Hansen, 2009).
The unique strategies that Wal-Mart relies on for retailing emanate from their expertise in logistics and supply chain management, and the ability to manage pricing exceptionally well as a competitive strength (Appelbaum, Lichtenstein, 2006). The approach to retailing at Wal-Mart is more comparable to the end-point of a supply chain where the distribution center is actually the retail store. This is precisely the model that Wal-Mart relies on to gain process and cost efficiencies from its support and retail staff.…
Appelbaum, R., & Lichtenstein, N.. (2006). A New World of Retail Supremacy: Supply Chains and Workers' Chains in the Age of Wal-Mart. International Labor and Working Class History, 70(1), 106-125.
Raj Arora, & Charles Stoner. (2009). A mixed method approach to understanding brand personality. The Journal of Product and Brand Management, 18(4), 272-283.
Richard De Santa. (1998, January). Technology. Supermarket Business, 53(1), 18.
Dobbs, J.. (2007, October). The logistics of boosting efficiency. Retailing Today: CONNECTING NORTHWEST ARKANSAS,7.
Best practices in the retail industry come down to ensuring that employees are well-trained, adequately motivated, and that there is a high level of quantitative management with respect to both staffing levels and with respect to merchandising. Getting to know the employees is a good start to developing best practices in the industry. Star merchandisers like Sam Walton and Jim Sinegal spend time on the retail floor. They know where things are in the store, they ensure that the employees are educated and working hard, and they consistently drill lower-level managers to ensure that those managers know their stores at the finest level of detail. Also, having specific programs for employee motivation, especially ones that can be tracked. This will ensure that the workers are giving their best to the company. That alone can drive more sales, because service levels are higher, but it can also reduce costs,…
Conflict Management: Strategies
Conflict is not necessarily a 'bad' thing, and regardless of your personal comfort level with conflict, it is a part of life. However, awareness of your personal style can make conflict, when it occurs, more productive rather than divisive. Understanding what is at stake and what is the real issue behind the conflict is essential: "You may recall that one of the fundamentals of interpersonal communication is the idea of meta- communication, where one tries to objectively look at interaction between people and talk about it intelligently. We might sit back, observe a couple of friends interact, and then describe their interaction pattern to them" (Abigail & Cahn 2011: 9). We can also strive to do this, as best we can, with our own conflicts -- we must try to gain a sense of dispassionate 'distance' from the conflict to create a compromise. An inability to understand…
Abigail, Ruth Anna & Dudley D. Cahn (2011). Managing conflict through communication.
Further research opportunities will be addressed after literature review. The application of various techniques and practices will be identified and reviewed. The case study review will enable to develop a theoretic and conceptual model. The activity of formulating the theoretic framework will start along with the case study and it will be concluded at the end of 6th month. The recommendations for applicability and validity of the model will be next activity. The research will be analyzed and validated. The research results will be concluded and presented in the study report. Following chart provides a vivid view of the activities and required time.
Duration in Months
Identify Further esearch Opportunities
Identify Current Applications
Theoretic and Conceptual model development
ecommendations for Model
Flick, U. (2011). Introducing research methodology: A beginner's guide to doing a research project. USA: SAGE Publications Limited.
Kerzner, H.R. (2013). Project management: a systems approach to planning, scheduling, and controlling. USA: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Krueger, R.A. (2009). Focus groups: A practical guide for applied research. USA: Sage.
Miller, R.E., & Lessard, D. (Eds.). (2000). The strategic management of large engineering projects: shaping institutions, risks and governance. USA: The MIT Press.
isk, isk Management Strategies, and Benefits in Cloud Computing
SEVICE AND DEPLOYMENT MODELS
BENEFITS OF CLOUD COMPUTING
CLOUD COMPUTING ISKS
ISK Management STATEGIES
Centralized Information Governance
Other Organization-Level Measures
Individual-Level Security Measures
Cloud computing model
Cloud computing service and deployment models
ISO/IEC broad categories
The emergence of cloud computing has tremendously transformed the world of computing. Today, individuals, organizations, and government agencies can access computing resources provided by a vendor on an on-demand basis. This provides convenience, flexibility, and substantial cost savings. It also provides a more efficient way of planning disaster recovery and overcoming fluctuations in the demand for computing resources. In spite of the benefits it offers, cloud computing presents significant security concerns, which users must clearly understand and put strong measures in place to address them. Users are particularly…
Abiodun, A. (2013). A framework for implementation of risk management system in third party managed cloud. Journal of Information Technology & Economic Development, 4(2), 19-30.
Ahmed, N., & Abraham, A. (2013). Modeling security risk factors in a cloud computing environment. Journal of Information Assurance and Security, 8, 279-289.
Alali, F., & Yeh, C. (2012). Cloud computing: overview and risk analysis. Journal of Information Systems, 26(2), 13-33.
Alijani, G., Fulk, H., Omar, A., & Tulsi, R. (2014). Cloud computing effects on small business. Entrepreneurial Executive, 19, 35-45.
isk Management of Terrorism in the UK
The issue of designing a risk management strategy for terrorism in the UK is dependent upon understanding and identifying the commensurate risks attendant with the various extremists groups that are perceived as threats to the UK's safety and infrastructural stability. Challenges include adopting an intelligence and surveillance system, educating the public regarding attendant trouble spots (such as retaliatory violence and discrimination as well as purpose of surveillance) and adopting a position in the global network that facilitates the overall mitigation of threats. The benefits are evident in control and prevention results and good practice recommendations are provided in the conclusion. This study gives a contextual assessment of the risks facing the UK, analyzes the components of risk management that can be utilized to alleviate these risks, defines the term "terror," examines the historical challenges that coincide with these components, and discusses the benefits…
Ciftci, S. (2012). Islamophobia and threat perceptions: Explaining anti-Muslim
sentiment in the West. Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, 32(3): 292-309.
Forst, B., Greene, J., Lynch, J. (2011). Criminologists on Terrorism and Homeland
Security. UK: Cambridge University Press.
Prevention and Management of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in the Hospitals
Ventilator-associated pneumonia is an infection in the airways that develops more than 48 hours after a patient is intubated. While the prevention and management of pneumonia of any kind is considered as a commendable objective, it is characterized with several concerns given the significant effect of pneumonia linked to ventilator use. Ventilator-associated pneumonia has attracted considerable concern in the recent past because it has become the leading cause of death among infections acquired in the hospital. Actually, the rates of deaths from ventilator-associated pneumonia have exceeded those associated with central line infections, respiratory tract infections, and serious sepsis in the non-intubated patient ("Preventing Healthcare and Community Associated Infections," n.d.). It is increasingly likely that the most concerning aspect of ventilator-associated pneumonia is the high associated mortality (Kalanuria, Zai & Mirski, 2014). Consequently, several peer reviewed studies have been carried out to…
Junega et. al. (2011, May). Prevention and Management of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia: A
Survey on Current Practices by Intensivists Practicing in the Indian Subcontinent. Indian Journal of Anaesthesia, 55(2), 122-128.
Kalanuria, A.A., Zai, W. & Mirski, M. (2014). Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in the ICU.
Critical Care, 18(208). Retrieved from http://ccforum.com/content/18/2/208
Good managers must act quickly when faced with ethical dilemmas.
Leaders need ensure that dignity and respect are maintained at all times.
These different elements are important, because they are providing us with a basic foundation as to how manages can apply effective leadership inside their organization. Once this occurs, is when there will be a transformation in operating environment with everyone willing to work together on a regular basis. (Voyer, 2011)
Clearly, the different pieces of literature that we reviewed are illustrating how managers must be able to embrace certain ideas. That will help to improve the ability of the firm to deal with a host of challenges. The way that this is accomplished is through having everyone focus on certain characteristics that will enhance the operating environment to include: exercising effective leadership, having good communication and implementing a values-based system. These different elements are important, because the…
Engaging Stakeholders. (2011). Wharton. Retrieved from: http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=2814
Demichellis, S. (2008). Language, Meaning and Games. The American Economic Review, 98 (4), 1292 -- 1311.
Easty, B. (2004). Airbus A3XX. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from: http://cb.hbsp.harvard.edu/cb/web/product_detail.seam?E=8284&R=201028-PDF-ENG&conversationId=88900
Kiron, D. (2011). Analytics. MIT Sloan Management Review. Retrieved from: http://sloanreview.mit.edu/feature/achieving-competitive-advantage-through-analytics/
The Improve Phase of the DMAIC process is also essential for managing the piloting and testing of the Six Sigma solutions discovered. It is also essential during the new product development process for measuring and quantifying the unique value proposition of the product or service being produced as well. The final phase, Control, is essential in both a Six Sigma and new product introduction process as well (Pestorius, 2007).
The DMAIC process aligns very well to the new product development and introduction process and is used extensively for that purpose in applying Six Sigma to marketing. Six Sigma can change an entire company's culture and make the many processes synchronized and in unison in making new product introductions more profitable and capable of gaining market share as a result.
Brian Cocolicchio (2007). Sales and Marketing the Six Sigma Way. Quality Progress, 40(9), 79. Link: http://www.sixsigmaselling.com/six_sigma_selling/2006/07/about_sales_and.html
Fundin, a.P., &…
Brian Cocolicchio (2007). Sales and Marketing the Six Sigma Way. Quality Progress, 40(9), 79. Link: http://www.sixsigmaselling.com/six_sigma_selling/2006/07/about_sales_and.html
Fundin, a.P., & Cronemyr, P. (2003). Use customer feedback to choose six sigma projects. ASQ Six Sigma Forum Magazine, 3(1), 17-21. Retrieved from http://asq.org/sixsigma/2005/03/use-customer-feedback-to-choose-six-sigma-projects-en.pdf
Hasan, M., & Kerr, R.M. (2003). The relationship between total quality management practices and organisational performance in service organisations. TQM Journal, 15(4), 286-286.
The shared understanding is crucial in order to build strength and enough confidence necessary for the implementation of strategy and to necessitate evolution.
Second Phase: LG's strategic intent
In order to remain competitive, LG has to stick to its long-term vision which should act as stabilizers to the corporation in times of uncertainty. The vision in this case refers to as a statement of the things that can be achieved by the corporation. The concept of strategic intent is very crucial to the operating of a corporation since it acts as a magnet that pulls the present corporate dynamics and activities to the future. Any given strategic intent should be formulated in a manner that the corporation's remain with a large vision that can energize the workforce at all times. The formulation of new strategic intent options can help LG in capturing new markets while remaining competitive within the uncertain…
Chandler, AD (1962).Strategy and structure: chapters in the history of the industrial enterprise.
The American Historical Review, October 1962, Vol. 68 Issue: Number 1 p158-158
Bradford, RW (2008). Communicating Your Strategic Plan with Employees . Available online http://www.strategyletter.com/CD1103/featured_article.php retrieved 16 January 2011
Bartlett, C. And Ghoshal, S. (1994), "Changing the role of top management: beyond strategy to purpose," Harvard Business Review, Vol. 72
Strategy mapping is an approach to strategy implementation that flows from the balanced scorecard approach to formulation and measurement. Strategy mapping allows for a clearer understanding of the dynamics of strategy to be understood, especially at the implementation level. The framework was developed in order to do three things. These are to set appropriate objectives, establish a dominant value proposition, and then find critical strategies that support that position. The strategies relate to the four different elements of the balanced scorecard (Armitage & Scholey, 2006). Murby and Gould (2005) reinforce the idea that the balanced scorecard does not directly address strategy formulation, so the strategy mapping process acts as the set of guidelines for formulation in light of the findings of the balanced scorecard development process.
Strategic Mapping Process
Armitage and Scholey (2006) outline the six steps of strategy mapping. The first step is to specify an overriding objective, the…
Armitage, H. & Scholey, C. (2006). Using strategy maps to drive performance. Management Strategy Measurement. Retrieved November 16, 2013 from http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/ImportedDocuments/Tech_MAG_Strategy_Mapping_March07.pdf
Murby, L. & Gould, S. (2005). Effective performance management with the balanced scorecard. Chartered Institute of Management Accountants. Retrieved November 16, 2013 from http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/ImportedDocuments/Tech_rept_Effective_Performance_Mgt_with_Balanced_Scd_July_2005.pdf
Treacy, M. & Wiersema, F. (1993). Customer intimacy and other value disciplines. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved November 16, 2013 from http://hbr.org/1993/01/customer-intimacy-and-other-value-disciplines
If these managers are unfit at achieving such objectives, the change process will not be effective.
Establish the vision and the strategy
Any change management process must start by building a vision that the new organization will be based on. Same as all companies are built on a vision of their founders, so should the new organization that will result after the change management process, be built on a vision.
Although the manager will create the vision of the new organization, he should make sure that all the stakeholders in included in the process. The vision should not only be directed at how the museum will look like from an artistic point-of-view, but it should also be directed towards its employees and how they will participate in the change management process and in the new organization, and towards the new image that the Louvre will present in comparison with similar…
1. Change Management for Shared Services and BPO (2010). SourcingMag. Retrieved August 22, 2010 from http://www.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://www.sourcingmag.com/library/graphics/Framework_for_change_management.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.sourcingmag.com/content/c070618a.asp&h=454&w=445&sz=40&tbnid=d5hnQISSPQ2oRM:&tbnh=128&tbnw=125&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dchange%2Bmanagement&zoom=1&hl=ro&usg=__6JeBM0DmBEEc0EVToXVilzkpzrI=&sa=X&ei=fupwTOLODIPN4AbxnuzSCQ&ved=0CDcQ9QEwAw .
2. Kotter, J. (1995). John P. Kotter's eight steps to successful change. Retrieved August 23, 2010 from http://www.businessballs.com/changemanagement.htm .
3. Cellars, T. (2007). Change Management Models. Retrieved August 23, 2010 from http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/237685/change_management_models_a_look_at.html .
4. ADKAR -- A model for change management (2007). Change Management Learning Center. Retrieved August 23, 2010 from http://www.change-management.com/tutorial-adkar-overview.htm .
When employees are managed for their potential in addition to their contribution, their willingness to openly share and contribute information significantly increases. esistance to change and fear are minimized and employees perceive their role as contributor and knowledge expert over time, not as an employee who is being automated out of a job for example. The critical factors that lead to a learning organization are put into motion by transformational leaders who seek to define a culture inside their organizations of professional growth for subordinates. The focus on autonomy, mastery and purpose is critically important for organizations to grow entrepreneurs (El Tarabishy, 2006) while at the same time overcoming resistance to change as employees don't see the need to hoard information but to add rapidly to it to master their field and be an acknowledged expert or guru in their fields. The difference in behaviors is mastery over one's position…
Li Yueh Chen, & F. Barry Barnes. (2006). Leadership Behaviors and Knowledge Sharing in Professional Service Firms Engaged in Strategic Alliances. Journal of Applied Management and Entrepreneurship, 11(2), 51-69.
Karina Skovvang Christensen. (2005). Enabling intrapreneurship: the case of a knowledge-intensive industrial company. European Journal of Innovation Management, 8(3), 305-322.
El Tarabishy, Ayman (2006). An exploratory study investigating the relationship between the CEO's leadership and the organization's entrepreneurial orientation. Ed.D. dissertation, The George Washington University, United States -- District of Columbia.
Ling, Y., Simsek, Z., Lubatkin, M., & Veiga, J.. (2008). Transformational leadership's role in promoting corporate entrepreneurship: Examining the CEO and Top Management Team Interface. Academy of Management Journal, 51(3), 557.
Technology Strategies Anticipated to Accomplish Business Goals
GE Lighting Division's expectations for SharePoint were not realized, and as a result, the division moved to adopt a globally-based Partner elationship Management (PM) system that includes integration to both reseller order capture and distributed order management systems so that all channel partners could place orders and track them through manufacturing to fulfillment. GE Lightings' channel management had found that through discussions with resellers that of all applications designed for the five objectives, having a coordinated order capture and order management system was critical. Second, the objective of managing pricing both in terms of quotes and handling pricing exceptions was accomplished through the development of a Special Pricing equest application. As Columbus (2003) has stated, the automating of special pricing requests is one of the highest OI activities for a channel organization to pursue. Third, the automation of lead generation and escalation in…
AMR Research (2003) - Configuration is the Heart of Customer Fulfillment for Complex Product Manufacturers. AMR Research Report. Monday March 31, 2003. Retrieved from the Internet on May 31, 2007 at http://lwcresearch.com/filesfordownloads/ConfigurationIstheHeartofCustomerFulfillmentforComplexProductManufacturers.pdf
Columbus (2003) - Squeeze the revenue out of your Special Pricing Requests. AMR Research Alert. Tuesday November 11, 2003. Retrieved from the Internet on May 31, 2007:
Because unresolved conflict within teams can undermine the talents and efforts of even the most dedicated individuals, conflict resolution is an essential component of modern business management. Specific approaches to conflict resolution generally consist of strategies intended to prevent conflict preemptively and strategies intended to resolve conflicts after they arise. As a rule, eliminating conflict prospectively is more effective and more efficient than resolving conflict after it emerges. Generally, once conflicts erupt within a working group, more time must be dedicated to their resolution than would have been required to avoid the conflict prospectively. Likewise, conflicts that require resolution waste the time dedicated to the conflict, even before any efforts at resolution. However, the primary reason that conflict resolution strategy should emphasize prevention ahead of time is that the mechanisms for resolution are essentially the same, but preventing conflicts in advance spares the organization the lost productivity associated directly with…
Bass, B. (1985) Leadership and Performance Beyond Expectations.
New York: Free Press
Kinicki, a., Williams, B. (2005) Management: A Practical Approach.
New York: McGraw-Hill.
Managing Across Cultures
Internationalization of the economy has influenced companies to operate their business globally. The global operation has impact managers with several challenges. Market, product, and production plans must be coordinated on a worldwide basis. The global operation necessitates organization structure to balance centralized home-office control with adequate local autonomy. As companies have started their business operation on the international front, the number of their employees has increased. Increase in the employee's abroad management is faced with new global challenges. The three broad international business management challenges were identified by the management gurus as follows (obert, Kossek & Ozeki, 1998):
a) Deployment: To get the right skills where it is required in an organization regardless of the geographical location.
b) Knowledge and creativity distribution: Spreading the knowledge and practices throughout the organization regardless of where they have actually originated.
c) Talent identification and development on global basis: To identify…
Drucker, P. (1988) The Coming of the New Organization. Harvard Business Review issue
Fadel, J. & Petti, M (1997). International HR policy basics.
Global workforce issue April 1997, pp. 29-30
Maintaining professionalism, when communicating the physical security, ensures its adoption by the stakeholders. In addition, providing a cost estimate for the whole process makes the management team understand the need for the adoption of the physical security in the business/organization (Chapter 7 of Broder, & Tucker, 2011).
Cost benefit/benefit analysis enables the business to assess the risks and advantages associated with the security option. This entails evaluating the efficiency of the security program with the perceived operational costs and implications on organizational performance. This ensures proper development of security design for ensuring effective management operations management. Some of the risk management options that ensure physical security include the development of effective policies, procedures, hardware, and labor that promote utilization of security programs. ecovery can be achieved by ensuring developing the desired hardware that stores data related to operations management in the organization. Evaluating the effectiveness of a security program is…
Chapter 5 of Broder, JF. & Tucker, G. (2011). Risk Analysis and the Security Survey. Upper Saddle River,
Chapter 7 of Broder, JF. & Tucker, G. (2011). Risk Analysis and the Security Survey. Upper Saddle River,
Management of Technology in Developing Countries Such as Iran
Technology management arrangements of developing countries vary from those of first world ones. The requirement for skill in these states is not growing from within, but somewhat cropping up from new wares imported from first world countries. Technological growth in addition does not consequence from inner data and research, but resulting upon the technology transmission from abroad. In these environments, technology management by customary way is barely effective. These are troubles facing the Islamic epublic of Iran these days and as a consequence organizations controlling the technology management endure non-compliance, then technological development does not trail an accurate trend (obertson, 2002).
Lack of distinctive management, vagueness of technological precedence's, misunderstanding of policy-making roles and inter-organization implementation and management, tremendous government involvement in all fields and lack of specialist manpower are amongst the vital troubles of the topic (Sveiby et. al 2001).…
(1.) Abou-Zeid, E.S. "A Knowledge Management Reference Model." Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(5), 2002. pp. 486-499.
(2.) Bender S. And Fish A. "The Transfer of Knowledge and the Retention of Expertise: The Continuing Need for Global Assignments." Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(2), 2008. pp. 125-135.
(3.) Beveren, V.J. "A Model of Knowledge Acquisition that Refocuses Knowledge Management." Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(1), 2002. pp. 18-22.
(4.) Bhatt, G. "Organizing Knowledge in the Knowledge Development Cycle." Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(1), 2009. pp. 15-26.
Innovation in its simplest form can be termed as something new or newly introduced into the market. Innovation in the business field is quite necessary since it forms the backbone of a company's growth and that of the economy as a whole. Innovation is the success of every business and must be managed effectively and efficiently (Limerick, 2002).
The ever changing technology and instant global communication have made it easier for companies to find answers to some problems they encounter and more so come up with innovations to improve on the current ones. Companies are also faced with pressures arising from global competition and by this; most of them are seeking the need to manage their innovations. Companies are nowadays attracting and managing innovations by having rewards or prizes for individuals within the company who manages to come up with brilliant and innovative concepts. This will give the…
AFUAH, A. 2003. Innovation Management: Strategies, Implementation, and Profits, New York and Oxford, Oxford University Press.
ALEXY, O. & REITZIG, M. 2012. Managing the business risks of open innovation. McKinsey Quarterly, 17-21.
BROWN & HELEN 2008. Knowledge and innovation: a comparative study of the U.S.A., the UK, and Japan London Routledge.
DANNEELS, E. 2002. The Dynamics of Product Innovation and Firm Competences. Strategic Management Journal, 23, 1095-1121.
As our CEO is known for being technology-savvy when he started using the new CM in pilot mode on his laptop and started giving presentations based on the analytics applications still in testing, it suddenly became commonplace for see Vice Presidents, Directors and managers all doing briefings using analytics from the new CM system. The CEO had been able to squelch negative politics by making use of the analytics data ground-breaking. Our CEO also praised people and departments he found feely sharing data to make the new CM system function more efficiently. In this regard he was using a positive reinforcement strategy to unify potentially conflicting teams (Lui, Chan, 2008). This was very effective as soon Vice Presidents sent out e-mails telling everyone to look for opportunities to collaborate with other divisions, and discuss how the data they had could help other divisions. This made the task of system analysis…
Bernoff, J., & Li, C.. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.
Craine, K. (2007). Managing the Cycle of Change. Information Management Journal, 41(5), 44-46, 48, 50.
Lui, K., & Chan, K. (2008). Rescuing Troubled Software Projects by Team Transformation: A Case Study With an ERP Project. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 55(1), 171.
Maurer, R. (2009). Get Your Team Involved. The Journal for Quality and Participation, 32(1), 28-31.
These form the foundation for creating more agile, and responsive change management strategies. What makes the 7-S Model stand out however is the integration of its seven core factors with a Balanced Scorecard (BSC), which seeks to equate organizational strategies to financial performance. Specifically included in the BSC approach are financial and customer perspectives, internal process perspective, and learning and growth perspective (Kaplan, 2005). The integration of the 7-S Model and BSC Methodology taken together create the most useful framework for initiating and managing change in organizations.
obert S. Kaplan (2005). How the balanced scorecard complements the McKinsey 7-S model. Strategy & Leadership, 33(3), 41-46. etrieved January 21, 2009, from ABI/INFOM Global database. (Document ID: 858853681).
Diane Moody, Andy Smith. (2004, October). Marching to the same beat. Personnel Today,23-24. etrieved January 20, 2009, from ABI/INFOM Global database. (Document ID: 723783371).
Philip . Walsh (2005). Dealing with the uncertainties of…
Robert S. Kaplan (2005). How the balanced scorecard complements the McKinsey 7-S model. Strategy & Leadership, 33(3), 41-46. Retrieved January 21, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 858853681).
Diane Moody, Andy Smith. (2004, October). Marching to the same beat. Personnel Today,23-24. Retrieved January 20, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 723783371).
Philip R. Walsh (2005). Dealing with the uncertainties of environmental change by adding scenario planning to the strategy reformulation equation. Management Decision, 43(1), 113-122. Retrieved January 19, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 828881461).
What needs to first be improved upon is the lack of ownership on the part of the unionized workers, yet even more systemic is the challenge that Perrier management has in how workers are accustomed to prosperity in an era of economic downturn. Gaining consensus with unions during a contraction of their business cycles is going to be difficult. What needs to first happen is that the Perrier and Nestle' management teams needs to first focus on being transparent and honest about the need to change, and taking pay cuts, reductions in bonuses and in generals being the champions of the needed change first (Brown, Cregan, 2008). This will help to increase their credibility with the union workers, and also show they are willing to make sacrifices they are calling on others to do as well. Second, Perrier and Nestle' management must focus on creating measures of progress that equally…
Michelle Brown, Christina Cregan. (2008). Organizational change cynicism: The role of employee involvement. Human Resource Management, 47(4), 667.
Retrieved January 22, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1598548371).
Christina Passariello (2004, March 17). Nestle's Dispute With Perrier Could Be Coming to a Boil Soon. Wall Street Journal (Eastern Edition), p. 1. Retrieved January 22, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 580630441).
History of Reebok
he company of Reebok started in England in around 1890 to provide shoes which could help athletes run faster. he cleated running shoes were developed by Joseph William Foster and he had then started a company to make hand-stitched athletic shoes for the runners of that time. he enterprise continued in that manner and started with the name of Reebok International due to the starting of a new company by the grandsons of JW Foster. he name was taken from the name of an African gazelle. he company came to USA in 1979 when Paul Fireman bought an exclusive license for distribution of Reebok in North America. From the beginning itself, the products were the most expensive, and were being sold for $60 a pair even in 1979. he sales increased over time, and became $1.3 million in 1981, and then the production capacity of…
The international sales of Reebok were organized from the corporate office in Canton, and this office directly controlled sales in Latin America. The operations in Europe were controlled from the offices in Lancaster and London in England, as also the sales in the Middle East and Africa. There were wholly owned subsidiaries for marketing the Reebok branded products in Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Ireland, The Netherlands, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Sweden, United Kingdom, Japan and South Korea. There were also majority owned subsidiaries for India, Mexico, and Spain. There were also 26 independent distributors and two joint ventures in which the company had minority interest. The entire effort marketed Reebok products in 170 countries and territories. During 2001, the total sales from international operations reduced to $1.170 billions from the previous year's figure of $1.176 billions. This was mainly due to weakening of the currencies against the dollar.
What are Reebok's and the industry's advertising and public relations strategies?
It has been stated earlier that the main strategy for all American sports footwear company has been to depend on celebrity endorsements, apart from New Balance. Even they had tried it initially. New Balance advertising featured unknown athletes and was generally released in special magazines like Outside, New England Runner and prevention as also on cable TV channels like CNN, the Golf Channel and A&E. The main slogan of the company is 'Achieve New Balance' and the slogan has not changed in five years. The headlines for the advertising are also different and like 'Life sucks go for a run'. The media strategy is clearly targeted at older people. This is the reason for Reebok to worry as the main buyers for Reebok are older people and kids who cannot spend $80 to $90 for a pair of shoes. Will New Balance finally upset the Reebok balance?
Please see Appendix a for a give year ratio analysis of Starbucks Corporation illustrating the significant effect the recession is having on gross margins. Yet despite this pressure, Starbucks continues to be successful in keeping its gross margins above industry average at 9.67% for the latest fiscal year. Also noteworthy about their financial performance is the increase in evenue Per Employee from $53,864 in 2004 to $59,156. This speaks to the fact that Starbucks is being successful with their long-term strategy of delivering exceptional customer experiences, so much so that there is greater levels of repurchase of drinks and food even in a recession (Churchill, 2008). All of these factors point to the critical need for managing customer experiences more closely than ever, with a strong orientation towards giving customers and opportunity to have their voices heard on potential new products. Starbucks has excelled in the area of social networking,…
Bernoff, J., & Li, C.. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.
Chris Churchill. (15 July 2008). Starbucks competitors get jitters: Local coffeehouses, facing woes of their own, cast wary eye on chain's recent closings. McClatchy - Tribune Business News
Fridell, G. (2009). The Co-Operative and the Corporation: Competing Visions of the Future of Fair Trade. Journal of Business Ethics: Supplement, 86, 81-95.
Burt Helm. (2007, April). SAVING STARBUCKS' SOUL: Chairman Howard Schultz is on a mission to take his company back to its roots. Oh, yeah -- he also wants to triple sales in five years. Business Week,(4029), 56.
The vision Oracle has is one of unifying all of their enterprise applications into their Fusion architecture and creating a single unifying Service oriented Architecture (SOA) was first announced in 2006 (Krill, 13). Since that time Oracle has continually strived to create an SOA in Fusion that would appeal to its corporate customers. The proposed Fusion SOA platform has been designed to be robust and scalable enough to encompass enterprise-level applications including Enterprise esource Planning (EP) applications while also being flexible enough to provide for individualized application development. There are critics of SOA in general and Fusion specifically, with industry analysts considering it too difficult to create a process-centric model that allows for pervasive, in-depth applications necessary for mission-critical business while at the same time allowing for significant scalability (Handy, 2005). Despite these concerns however Fusion continues to gain market acceptance and provide Oracle with a path to the fulfillment…
Alex Handy. 2005. Oracle Fusion: The 'Frankenstein' of SOA? Software Development Times, October 15, 6
Paul Krill. 2006. Oracle Does SOA. InfoWorld, August 14, 11-13
In fact I sincerely wanted to help them find positions where they could excel. The lack of trust on their part and the acute resistance to change was so strong that structuring for integration to the point of even defining what conditions needed to be changed to overcome shortcomings and design a new position for them was not possible. As trust was not present and despite my best attempts to earn it through being genuinely concerned about them, all attempts were seen more as patronizing and less about attempting to help them. On the occasion that they did ask for pay increases, I told them they would need to get their cumulative customer satisfaction scores up and also call volumes. Not interested in the position or excelling at it, these employees refused to improve and when let go, saw it as very personal given my continual efforts to help them…
Alexander, Kenneth O. "Worker Ownership and Participation in the Context of Social Change: Progress Is Slow and Difficult, but it Need Not Wait upon Massive Redistribution of Wealth. " the American Journal of Economics and Sociology 44.3 (1985): 337. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 25 Oct. 2008
Timothy Bartram, Gian Casimir. "The relationship between leadership and follower in-role performance and satisfaction with the leader:the mediating effects of empowerment and trust in the leader. " Leadership & Organization Development Journal 28.1 (2007): 4-19. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 24 Oct. 2008
Douglas Brownlie, Paul Hewer, Beverly Wagner, Gran Svensson. "Management theory and practice: bridging the gap through multidisciplinary lenses. " European Business Review 20.6 (2008): 461-470. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 24 Oct. 2008
Huei-Fang Chen, Yi-Ching Chen. "The Impact of Work Redesign and Psychological Empowerment on Organizational Commitment in a Changing Environment: An Example From Taiwan's State-Owned Enterprises. " Public Personnel Management 37.3 (2008): 279-302. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest 27 Oct. 2008
Any business that seeks to become internationally viable needs an export strategy. There are certain steps that managers must follow to create such a strategy. According to Adams (n.d.), such a strategy must be well planned in order to create a profitable international venture. According to the author, this involves steps like determining the target market, recognizing internal and external expertise, establishing marketing tactics, and determining the amount of commitment to international ventures within the company. After the international venture has been implemented, there should also be a long-term strategy in terms of evaluation and re-evaluation throughout the stages of the strategy.
As the first step, proper planning is the most important component of ensuring the success of the export strategy. Planning means the assessment of information like facts, constraints, goals, and objectives. Plans also need to include time schedules and milestones. These will then help to assess the…
Adams, J.A. (n.d.). Developing a Successful Export Strategy Within a Small or Medium-Sized Business. http://smallbusiness.house.gov/UploadedFiles/Small_Business_Export_Guide.pdf
Export Strategy (n.d.) Assessing a Product's Export Potential. Retrieved from: http://www.crfonline.org/orc/pdf/exportstrategy.pdf
International Trade Centre. (2005). Innovations in Export Strategy: competitiveness through export clustering. Retrieved from:
To avoid all these hassles, corporates should take the lead. They should ensure that the environment is not harmed in any way and people are treated with respect and dignity without exploiting the people or the environment in any unfair way. Such initiatives get publicity too and this has a positive impact on the company's business interests. Therefore, technology has been another driving factor that induces companies to take the right steps to preserve and protect the environment and the people who depend on it.
Steps that should be taken by the company
Companies should have a clear strategy of how they are going to address their issues and this should be decided after taking into account its impact on the environment as well as its business interests. ecent years has seen more importance being given to shareholders and so company executives do everything possible to increase the returns for…
Melville, Nigel. (March 2010). Information Systems Innovation for Environmental Sustainability. MIS Quarterly. Vol 34(1). p1-21.
Livesey, Sharon; Hartman, Cathy; Stafford, Edwin; Shearer, Molly. (October 2009). Performing Sustainable Development through Eco-Collaboration. Journal of Business Communication. Vol 46(4). p423-454.
Bansal, Pratima. (March 2009). Corporate Social Responsibility: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. Administrative Science Quarterly. Vol 54(1). p182-184
Margolis, Joshua. Walsh, James. (June 2003). Misery Loves Companies: Rethinking Social Initiatives by Business. Administrative Science Quarterly. Vol 48(2). p268-305.
Managing Organizational Change
Cincom and Accountability of Sales epresentative for esults
Cincom is a 43-year-old developer of enterprise software applications and by virtue of the designed-in nature of their applications, has been able to literally coast on a comfortable wave of recurring revenue for a decade. This recurring revenue stream is comprised of license payments, maintenance fees, and the continual need for updates to mission-critical systems the company sold, in some cases, decades ago. With the majority of revenue being generated through a recurring revenue stream, the urgency and intensity to sell which is often found in smaller, younger, and more cash-starved businesses is not as prevalent inside Cincom. The framework for change model provides an invaluable construct in which to analyze the complacency of Cincom, what contributed to that false sense of security, and the path back to being a competitor in their core markets (Kotter, 2008).
Kotter, J.. (2008, December). Transformation. Leadership Excellence, 25(12), 20.
John P. Kotter & Leonard A Schlesinger. (2008, July). Choosing Strategies for Change. Harvard Business Review, 86(7,8), 130-139.
Anthony J. Mento, Raymond M. Jones, & Walter Dirndorfer. (2002). A change management process: Grounded in both theory and practice. Journal of Change Management, 3(1), 45-59.
Michael W. Phelan. (2005). Cultural Revitalization Movements in Organization Change Management. Journal of Change Management, 5(1), 47-56.
It is essential fo company manages, safety pactitiones and manufactuing enginees to be infomed of and gain sufficient knowledge about cuent eseach developments in this field and implement safety stategies as well as systems to minimize occupational health and safety isks. (Bie; Kuneuthe; Phimiste, 103); (Stellman, 17)
Active and pocedual isk management stategies ae impotant elements in any manufactuing unit. Active isk management efes to implementing intelocks, alams and mitigation systems that can detect a hazad and immediately shut down o set the system into a safe position. Pocedual isk management efes to implementing safety checklists, opeato taining, standad opeating pocedues and seveal such people dependent management systems. Ceating "inheently safe design stategies" in a manufactuing unit would involve fou key stategies. These ae minimizing, modeating, substituting and simplifying systems. (Bie; Kuneuthe; Phimiste, 103); (Stellman, 17)
Despite all safety guidelines, accidents still occu mainly as a esult of human complacence…
references and further reading you must purchase this article.
Ellacott, Michael V; Reed, Sue. Review: Development of Robust Indoor Air Quality Models for the Estimation of Volatile Organic Compound Concentrations in Buildings. Indoor and Built Environment, vol. 8, no. 6, 1999. pp: 345-360.
Falzon, Pierre. Enabling safety: issues in design and continuous design. Cognition, Technology & Work, vol.10, no. 1, Jan 2008, pp: 7-14.
Fleming, Mary Louise; Parker, Elizabeth. 2007. Health promotion: principles and practice in the Australian context. Ligare Book Printer, Sydney.
International Labour Organization. Occupational safety & health. 2009. Retrieved 12 November, 2009 from http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/sectors/mee/safety.htm
Management of Diversity
From America's elementary schools to the common parlance of the evolving American workplace, diversity has become one of the most popular buzzwords of today's current public discourse. How do we prepare our future leaders for a diverse and increasingly global marketplace? And more pressingly, a human resource manager must answer, in conjunction with the rest of the company leadership the question of how to manage the current world of American diversity with an eye upon the future? Management theorists Patrizia Zanoni and Maddy Janssens have noted a greater understanding of diversity management can either enable or constrain employer's success, depending on how the company chooses to deploy such diversity efforts. A company that is proud of its diverse employment and its diversity-positive policies will overall have greater success in managing relations between existing employees, and capitalizing upon its diversity-positive policies in a way to enhance its corporate…
"Dell Supplier Diversity." (2005) Dell Inc. Retrieved from website on 23 Jun 2005 at http://www1.us.dell.com/content/topics/global.aspx/corp/sup_diversity/en/index?c=us& ; l=en& s=corp& ~section=009
Janssens, Maddy & Patrizia Zanoni. (2005) "Many diversities for many services: Theorizing diversity (management) in service companies." Human Relations, Vol. 58, No. 3, 311-340.
To become successful, consequences are to be applied consistently and they never are to be physically or psychologically injurious to the student. (Wiggins, Classroom Management Plan)
Features about the techniques that I like These techniques enable to mend the behavior of the students who do not respond to conventional discipline. It promotes student involvement because it makes learning attractive and fun and particularly because of the focus being provided to the expectations and needs of the students and also because of the dignity and respect provided to the students. (Wiggins, Classroom Management Plan)
Features of the techniques about which you have reservations
While the students are not accepting the consequences for breaking the rule of the class it is sometimes imperative to infuse the Insubordination ule i.e. The student will not be allowed to remain the class until the consequence is being accepted, which is a part of the technique…
Classroom Management Plan" Retrieved at http://www.ius.edu/education/Elementary/new%20portfolio/Standard%202-all%20here/Copy%20of%20Classroom%20Management%20Plan.htm . Accessed 28 September, 2005
Enhancing Communication and Instruction via the Internet" (March 14, 2001) NYSCSS
Convention. Retrieved at http://www.socialstudieshelp.com/NYSCSS_Pres.htm . Accessed 28 September, 2005
Project Management Guide: Classroom Management Plan" Retrieved at http://k12science.ati.stevens-tech.edu/training/projectmgt/classroommgt.html. Accessed 28 September, 2005
For Apple, this strategy has translated into market dominance in the smartphone and tablet PC markets. The success of that company continues to underscore the inherent value in synchronizing these three elements of an HM framework, transformational leadership, and a continual supply of disruptive innovation for heavy investment in &D.
The Practicality of Agile HM Frameworks and Their Impact on Long-Term Financial Viability
The creation of an effective HM framework, continual improvement of transformational leaders and their skill sets, and the infusion of innovation can transform a company much like these approaches worked at Apple. For the majority of companies however the practicality of how best to manage these three areas and attain profitability remains a challenge. The majority of companies struggle with creating an agile HM framework that can balance the urgent need to get employees hired and accomplishing tasks quickly using transactional leadership vs. getting employees to buy…
Ann, G. & Pamela, D. & Jerry, W. 2008. 'Characteristics of leadership effectiveness: Implementing change and driving innovation in organizations' Human Resource Development Quarterly, vol. 19, no. 2, pp153. (Online Pro-quest)
Avolio, B. & Walumbwa, F. & Weber, T. 2009. 'Leadership: current theories, research and future directions', Annual Review of Psychology, vol. 60, no. 5, pp. 421 -- 449. (Online Pro-quest)
Brown, M. & Trevino, L. & Harrison, D. 2005. 'Ethical leadership: a social learning perspective for construct development and testing', Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, vol. 97, no. 3, pp. 117 -- 134. (Online Pro-quest)
Cshawn, B. & Dana, E. & Sims, E. & Eduardo, S. 2007. 'Trust in leadership: A multi-level review and integration'. Leadership Quarterly, vol. 18, no. 6, pp 606 (Online Pro-quest)
FEMA (2010) characterizes flash floods as a "dangerous wall of roaring water that carries rocks, sticks, mud and other debris and can sweep away most things in its path." That such floods can arise without warning, and even without rain in the area, makes them especially dangerous. As flash floods typically occur along rivers, streams or in low-lying areas, the presentation will outline some of the major flash flood threat areas in our region. Estimates of potential damage will be given, based on the density of buildings, property and people in the potentially affected areas. The patterns of flash floods are less predictable and there is little advanced warning, which means that most flash flood management strategies are preventative in nature (i.e. keeping houses out of the most threatened areas).
The resource requirements for managing these flood risks will also be outlined in the presentation. There is a considerable amount…
NRC. (1994). Hurricane Hugo: Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands and South Carolina, September 17-22, 1989. National Research Council Committee on Natural Disasters. Washington, DC: National Acadamies Press.
Chowdhury, S. & Kjelds, J. (2002). Simulation of coastal flooding with MIKE 11 and HEC-UNET. American Society of Civil Engineers. 2002. pp.205-214.
FEMA (2010). Flood. Federal Emergency Management Agency. Retrieved October 15, 2010 from http://www.fema.gov/hazard/flood/index.shtm
Management in the Justice System
Challenges in the justice system: Case management of drug crimes
Drug abuse represents one of the greatest challenges for any criminal justice professional. The question of whether drug abuse should be viewed as a medical issue, a criminal issue, or a unique combination of both remains hotly-debated question, particularly in regard to juvenile offenders. There are indications that the two are often interlinked: "research indicates that a relatively small group of serious and violent juvenile offenders who are also serious drug users accounts for a disproportionate amount (more than half, according to one national study) of all serious crimes committed by delinquents" (VanderWaal et al. 2001: 1). Given the chronic and addictive nature of drug abuse, these offenders often go on to commit more crimes as adults, unless the cycle is broken.
Case management is one of the most common techniques used to…
VanderWaal, Curtis J. (et al. 2001). Breaking the juvenile drug-crime cycle. Department of Justice. Retrieved: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/186156.pdf
Furthermore, the proper selection of the team provides a means of determining general responsibilities for each team member involved. They will need to know the overall scope of their service while also knowing their overall design responsibilities as compared to their peers. In addition, their contracts will be a directly correlated to the contract and specifications of the client involved. This is important as it aligns the motivations of the work team with that of the client. By aligning motivations and incentives, the design team has their personal interests affiliated with those of the client. This will ultimately help reduce unethical practices and mistakes within the overall process. According to the British design management standards, the design team will want to establish effective means of communication while also electing a qualified leader. More important the team must establish an overall brief. The brief, according to British Standards, should outline the…
1) Guide to RIBA Agreements 2007 (Royal Institute of British Architects) RIBA Publishing, 2008
2) Architect's Job Book Eighth Edition (Royal Institute of British Architects) RIBA Publishing, 2008
3) Briefing the Team (Construction Industry Board) Thomas Telford Publishing, 1998
4) The CIC Scope of Services Handbook (Contraction Industry Council) RIBA Publishing, 2007
Others feel Five Forces is too cumbersome in its need for data and heavy-duty analysis and does not fit today's rapidly changing, dynamic market.
So where do we go with this thought that some of today's tools may not suffice as the market moves faster and companies need these dynamic, flexible analytical tools to update their strategies?
Where Is the Field of Strategy?
Disruptive Innovation? Four actions framework? Factor conditions? Demand conditions? Preemptive strategies? Five Forces? Ten Schools? Are any of these concepts/theories new and innovative? Do they pave the path toward the future of corporate and competitive strategizing? The answer is probably yes...and no.
It is difficult to find a brand new strategizing tool or model or school that is not just a rehashed version of our current standard, and quite effective, methods to analyze strategies. One innovative strategy to arise out of an existing concept is "lue Ocean."…
Corporate Level Strategy. (2003, January). Retrieved 11-07, 2008, from BNet Business
Day, G., & Reibstein, D. (1997). Wharton on dynamic competitive strategy. Hoboken,
N.J.: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
This ensures each data entry point has a very clear purpose in the overarching development of the enterprise-wide IT systems throughout a healthcare provider (Tan, Payton, 2010). By taking this top-down governance and process management approach to defining an IT structure with data points, a healthcare organization can also ensure a much higher level of security to their entire network as well (Dwyer, einer, Siegel, 2004). Aligning IT spending to processes and governance frameworks ensures a higher level of performance.
3. Describe a situation where you would use a CHIN or HINO system to provide care. How would you utilize cloud computing?
The Community Health Information Network (CHIN) and egional Health Information Network Organizations (HINO) are best suited to serving a broad base of patients across a wide geographic and socioeconomic area. The CHIN platform has been specifically tailored to the development of metro and urban requirements, with success in…
Dwyer, S.J., Reiner, B.I., Siegel, E.L. (2004). Security
Hickman, G.T., Smaltz, DH (2008). The Healthcare Information Technology Planning Field book: Tactics, Tools and Templates for Building your IT Plan. Chicago: HIMSS. ISBN 978-0-9800697-1-6.
Tan, J., Payton, F.C. (2010). Adaptive Health Management Information Systems: Concepts Cases and Practical Applications (3rd ed.). Boston: Jones and Bartlett. ISBN 13: 978-0-7637-5691-8.
76). As automation increasingly assumes the more mundane and routine aspects of work of all types, Drucker was visionary in his assessment of how decisions would be made in the years to come. "In the future," said Drucker, "it was possible that all employment would be managerial in nature, and we would then have progressed from a society of labor to a society of management" (Witzel, p. 76). The first tasks of the manager, then, are to coordinate an organization's resources and provide a viable framework in which they can be used to produce goods and services effectively and efficiently. The second set of tasks concern guidance and control. In Drucker's view, this role is almost entirely proactive: "Economic forces set limits to what a manager can do. They create opportunities for management's action. But they do not by themselves dictate what a business is or what it does" (Drucker,…
The primary goal of both private- and public-sector medical organizations is, of course, to provide the highest standard of medical care to their patients. This requires, of course, professionals who are trained in the latest scientific and medical techniques and both private and public health-care institutions in Great Britain in general accomplish this element of their task. However, providing quality health care is not simply a medical issue: It is also a question of management principles and in this area it is all-too-often the case that health-care organisations fail. It is perhaps inevitable that publicly run health-care institutions are even farther a field in their management style from the best run corporations than are privately run health-care institutions (which are legally constituted along the lines of other for-profit firms) and this fact has a number of important drawbacks for institutions that are a part of the NHS. However,…
Brownell, J. (1986)
Building active listening skills. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Bolton, R. (1991). Listening is more than merely hearing," in People skills: How to assert yourself, listen to others and resolve conflicts, (2nd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Chaudron, D. (2000). Decisions to make before organizational change. Strategic Planning & Organizational Change Available: http://www.organizedchange.com/strthome.htm .
But a less obvious form of discrimination is gender inequality, which poisons a culture more slowly but just as surely.
Priority Four: Stop being imprisoned with expected, predictable policies. One of Morgan's more interesting metaphors is his "psychic prison metaphor"; this alludes to a company being "trapped by favored ways of thinking" (men can do a better job because they have more experience, for example, or immigrants are too new to America to be given managerial responsibilities). In other words, managers can become imprisoned in their out-of-touch thinking, and to move forward management must look outside for fresh insights and get out of the "cave" of darkness and stagnation (Morgan, 206).
Priority Five: To create a smooth-functioning, productive work culture, management must eliminate the triggers for "counterproductive work behavior" (CB). An article in the Psychologist-Manager Journal (Fodchuk, 2007) points to two CBs that must be removed in any work culture…
Fodchuk, Katherine M. (2007). Work Environments That Negate Counterproductive Behaviors
And Foster Organizational Citizenship: Research-Based Recommendations for Managers.
The Psychologist-Manager Journal, 10(1), 27-46.
Morgan, Gareth. (1998). Images of Organization: The Executive Edition. San Francisco:
Management: A Case Study
The case study being presented demonstrates the importance of the planning phase of the project and of record keeping. These are the most common mistakes in project management.
The learning objectives of this case study are:
To become familiar with the functions of project-based management.
To present the tools available in contemporary project management for managing the scope of the project, the organization, time, cost, and quality of the project.
To learn performance evaluation and control issues in projects.
To Analyze risk management strategies in projects
To emphasize the importance of proper planning
To emphasize the importance of record keeping
To examine all phases of project management from concept to completion of project
To examine some of the most common mistakes in project management and to learn to avoid
Them by example
Project-based management is quickly becoming state of the art in…
In addition to this, planning the menu is important in order to determine the types of foods that are necessary in this case.
d) the efficiency of the project can be increased by crashing other activities in addition to creating the guest list and purchasing the food. Annie can crash activities like buying decorations and planning the menu. By crashing the buying of decoration Annie reduces the costs of the project by $70 and its duration by 2 hours. It is also recommended to crash this activity because it does not depend on the number of guests and it does not influence other activities. By crashing of the planning of the menu activity, Annie reduces the cost of the project by $60 and its duration by one hour. This activity influences activities like purchasing of food, and preparing it. Therefore, the reduction of planning the menu can help increase the…
1.Meyer, B. (2002). Project Costs and Crashing. Management of Operations. Retrieved February 11, 2012.
Install exterior siding
The effort of personal development in the modern day society is more and more dynamic, complex and demanding, and in order for the individual to succeed, it is necessary to devise and employ a series of techniques to best manage the resources. And the first and most important resource of all is time, and this is so because time is the most irreplaceable and scarce resource (IslamKotob).
Therefore, time management emerged as a growingly popular discipline, defined in numerous ways. A relevant definition of the concept is provided below:
"Time management embodies the optimal utilization of time as well as other available resources in the way that leads to the achievement of objectives. This cannot be done except through commitment, analysis, planning and follow-up in order that time can be better utilized in the future. Thus, the concept of time management in an integrated one, inclusive of all…
Forsyth, P. 2013. "Successful time management" KOgan Page Publishers
Kahle, D. 2003. "10 Secrets of time management for salespeople: gain the competitive edge and make every second count." Career Press
"Time management from Islamic and administrative perspective" IslamKotob
Management Implications Associated with Different Properties of Organization
The authors of the book reframing organizations have described the organizations as having four distinct properties. These properties are: (Bolman and Deal)
Ambiguity (Bolman and Deal)
These four properties require different management strategies and steps in order to ensure the smooth operation of an organization. (Bolman and Deal)
Organizations nowadays have become very complicated. They consist of employees belonging to different cultures, countries and backgrounds. Therefore, it becomes a place with people having different thoughts about different things. As a result, management becomes more difficult. The managers should exercise care about analyzing the situations. In complex organizations, situations that seem to be same are rarely same. Therefore, every situation that requires managerial action needs analysis before action. (Richardson)
Secondly, the management of complex organizations requires agreement of all or at least most of the employees with the…
Bolman, Lee G, and Terrence E. Deal. Reframing Organizations. 1st ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2008. Print.
Eastburn, Ronald W. Making Sense Of Surprise Outcomes: Implications For Managing The Unexpected. 1st ed. Cleveland: Case Western Reserve University, 2009. Web. 10 Aug. 2014.
Fleming, Peter, and Stelios C. Zyglidopoulos. 'The Escalation Of Deception In Organizations'. Journal of Business Ethics 81.4 (2008): 837 -- 850. Print.
Lewis, Dawid. 'Non-Governmental Organizations, Business And The Management Of Ambiguity: Case Studies Of 'Fair Trade' From Nepal And Bangladesh'. Nonprofit Management and Leadership 9.2 (1998): 135-152. Print.
Horn of Africa experienced what was termed the worst drought in 60 years. The drought, caused by the failure of the rains for two consecutive seasons, led to a severe food crisis across Djibouti, Somalia, Ethiopia, and Kenya, and killed more than 100,000 people while placing hundreds of thousands at risk of starvation. According to Hiller and Dempsey (2011), the greatest tragedy was that the world had seen this disaster coming, but little had been done to prevent it. From as early as 2010, there had been clear indications of a looming crisis and its consequences. La Nina, a climate condition that would lead to drier than normal conditions over the entire area had already been confirmed. Further warnings of the crisis were repeated and became more strident in 2011. In light of all the warning signs, it is, therefore, rather surprising that proper response from the international aid system…
Bart, C., 1988. Budgeting Gamesmanship. Academy of Management Executive. vol.(2)4, pp. 285-294.
Hiller, D & Dempsey, B., 2011. A Dangerous Delay: The cost of late response to early warnings in the 2011 drought in the Horn of Africa. Oxfam International and Save the Children. Available at https://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/bp-dangerous-delay-horn-africa-drought-180112-en.pdf. [Accessed 25 April 2015]
Kaplan, R. & Norton, D., 1996. The balanced scorecard: translating strategy into action. Boston: Harvard Business Review Press
Mintzberg, H., 1987. Crafting strategy. Harvard Business Review. Vol. (65)4, pp. 66-75.
Business Operations in Your Organization: Strategies for Achieving Competitive Advantage
The company I have chosen to examine is Walmart Stores, Inc. Walmart Store Inc. became originally established in the year 1945 and is in the present day undertaking its operations in retail stores in over twenty seven countries. The company is split into three key segments. These are Walmart International, Walmart United States and Sam's Club. The business undertaken by Walmart as a company encompasses restaurants, superstores, retail stores and also warehouse clubs. The company also undertakes e-commerce through its website Walmart.com. In terms of retail products, the merchandises being sold in Walmart's retail stores include baby products, healthcare products, household goods, electronics, books, automotive products, clothing, furnishings and decor, alcohol, grocery, paper products and so much more. Walmart is a United States global retailing corporation that operates chains of massive discount department and warehouse stores (Walmart Website,…
Like many countries around the world, Australia has implemented policies associated with healthcare reform. Healthcare reform is an important issue because of the number of people that are affected by the decisions made by government and healthcare providers. Of the most concern is the drastic increase in the number of elderly patients that is expected over the next few decades.
ith these things understood, the Australian government has undergone a process of reforms designed to address the needs of the population. These reforms address concerns related to both the private and public aspects of the Australian healthcare sector that often work together to provide the population with care. Currently in Australia,
"Primary health care in Australia is delivered through a mix of Commonwealth, state and territory government funding and private funding, and publicly and privately delivered services. hile many primary health care services are delivered through privately provided general…
Background National Health Reform. viewed 31 July 2011,
Le, Q, McManamey, R 2005, 'The Discourse of Outsourcing: Some Implications for Health Services and Education,' viewed 16 July 2011, .
National Health Reform. viewed 31 July 2011 http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/resources/initiatives/healthreform/pdf/discussion_paper.pdf
Film Nation is a relatively new production company that already boasts a long leger of big hits including Chernobyl Diaries, The King's Speech, and The aven. In addition to their lists of production credits, Film Nation has distribution rights to a number of movies including Ceremony and Aftershock. A long and esteemed list of film makers have linked with Film Nation to bring a film to production including Steven Soderbergh, Terrence Malick, Pedro Almodovar, Jeff Nichols and Sofia Coppola (Film Nation). Film Nation's most recent acquisition has been the screenplay to children's book "A Tale Dark & Grimm" by author Adam Gidwitz (McNary). The announcement of the acquisition was made at the Toronto Film Festival.
According to company literature, "veteran international film executive Glen Basner" founded Film Nation in 2008 (Film Nation). The company is described as "a new kind of film company -- global, versatile and full-service; and is…
Film Nation [Web Site]. Retrieved online: http://www.wearefilmnation.com/
Foreman, Liza. Colin Firth, Michael Fassbender Set for A. Scott Berg Adaptation 'Genius'. The Wrap. Retrieved online: http://www.thewrap.com/movies/column-post/colin-firth-michael-fassbender-set-scott-berg-adaptation-genius-63286
McNary, Dave. "FilmNation feeling 'Dark & Grimm': Company acquires feature rights to children's book." Chicago Tribune. 6 Sept 2012. Retrieved online: http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2012-09-06/entertainment/sns-201209061547reedbusivarietynvr1118058801-20120906_1_dark-grimm-dark-grimm-adam-gidwitz
Strategic HM Analysis
Human resources management has been undergoing a shift for the past several decades that is meant to instill a system that is more consistent with the departments actual role in the business. "Strategic HM began to emerge approximately twenty-five years ago, and since then it has evolved to include several streams of theory and empirical investigations" (Schuler & Jackson, 2005). These theoretical variants have all proposed that HM is not the same as it was when the practice was developed more than a century ago. Although upper management is content to use the H department in the same way that they always have, this does not utilize it in such a way as it can be to help the company grow.
The practice has undergone a pretty thorough vetting among the research community because of its seeming efficacy in relation to the overall business model. "HM researchers…
Alcazar, F.M., Fernandez, P.M.R., & Gardey, G.S., (2005). Researching on SHRM: An analysis over the role played by human resources in firm success. Management Revue, 16(2), 213-224.
Bhatnagar, J., Puri, R., & Jha, H.M., (2004). Managing innovative strategic HRM: The balanced scorecard performance management system at ITC hotels. South Asian Journal of Management, 11(4), 92-203.
Cunningham, J.B., & Kempling, J., (2011). Promoting organizational fit in strategic HRM: Applying the HR scorecard in public service organizations. Public Personnel Management, 40(3), 193-207.
Hogan, P., Moxham, L., & Dwyer, T. (2007). Human resource management strategies for the retention of nurses in acute care settings in hospitals in Australia. Contemporary Nurse: A Journal for the Australian Nursing Profession, 24(2), 189-197.
isk Assessment and Management
isk management refers to s strategies adopted by an organization in order to protect itself from the foreseeable and unforeseeable dangers related to its operations. This is possible when a proper assessment of the risks and their causes is done. Uncertainties in a business may come from the change in government policy, shift in tastes and preferences, and fall in demand in the market (McClure, 2011). This study identifies ways in which business operations can be improved through proper risk assessment and management strategies.
Ways to assess risk
isk assessment in a business requires the use of several metrics and measures such as market and performance analysis in its operations (Adams, 1999). In the present times in most businesses, the role of management much includes risk management. It also includes the making of plans to incorporate all the stakeholders in the firm for the purposes of…
Adams, J. (1999). Risky Business: The Management of Risk and Uncertainty. London: Adam Smith Institute (Electronic Resource).
Borodzicz, E.P. (2005). Risk, Crisis, and Security Management. New York: Wiley
Briggs, R., & Edwards, C. (2006). The Business Of Resilience: Corporate Security For The 21st Century. Demos (Organization: London, England) 2006 (Electronic Resource)
Hood, C., & Jones, K.C. (1996). Accident and Design: Contemporary Debates In Risk Management. London: Routledge
Specifically, Caesar masterfully showed how through building alliances one may achieve power and rise to the top of the leadership tier even in a group or society as vast as the Ancient Roman Empire (Abbott, 1901, p.385).
The Roman Empire also provides an example of organizational systems within the public domain through the Republican system. In the Roman Republican system of government, one man did not have the power to make law. Instead, power was balanced amongst three different branches of government: the executive, the legislative, and the judicial ("The Roman Empire"). In fact, this form of government introduced the concept of a senatorial body to the public. In Rome, the Senate was designed as a separate body of government from that of the Emperor so as to avoid the tyranny of one leader. Through the advent of the Senate, the Romans laid the groundwork for leadership structure of Britain…
Describe How the Effectiveness of Your Organizational Change Will Be Determined Once It Is Implemented
Data analysis will be used to check the effectiveness of the change. In order to guarantee the validity of the utilization management program, accurate and estimated savings on cost computations must be derived from consistent and accurate analysis of data. Achieving such a feat means that a standard must be set up to determine the cost of pharmaceutical provision savings on cost as a result of the implemented program. It should also be determined early whether indirect costs including devices, price changes and general drug prices, inflation, labor cost and volume changes should be factored in the computations. Scientific evidence and conventional standards of practice should inform such determination. The analysis should also consider the pharmaceutical equivalence based on specific class drugs. The common approach for comparing drugs in a specific class would be…
ASHP Expert Panel on Medication Cost Management. (2008). ASHP guidelines on medication cost management strategies for hospitals and health systems. American journal of health-system pharmacy: AJHP: official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, 65(14), 1368.
Looke, D., & Duguid, M. (2011). Measuring the performance of antimicrobial stewardship programs. Antimicrobial Stewardship in Australian Hopsitals.
Process and Outcomes Evaluation. (2016, May 4). Retrieved November 11, 2016, from http://www.samhsa.gov/capt/applying-strategic-prevention-framework/step5-evaluation/process-outcomes-evaluation
WHO. (2000). Outcome Evaluations. Retrieved November 11, 2016, from http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/66584/8/WHO_MSD_MSB_00.2h.pdf
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