Massage Therapy Essays Examples

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Massage Personal Statement My First

Words: 607 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38758168

Every client has different needs and every client needs a unique prescription of therapeutic techniques.

Although my medical training comes different land, I believe the perspective I bring from my original background to the United States will be an asset to my work. I look forward to working with a variety of clients from different backgrounds, of all races, genders, and ages. I hope to learn from them, and also help them feel better about themselves, regardless of how they look. A good massage therapist helps her client feel better about the client's body from the inside out, and responds to the unique demands of the patient's body and lifestyle.

The past five years have given me additional maturity and greater depth and seriousness as a person in the health care field. Now that I have a child I understand better the stresses and strains upon the body having a baby and simply being a parent from day-to-day can bring. This will further help me empathize with my patients.

I have chosen to get my Associate Degree in Massage Therapy Program from the Swedish Institute for my training because it embraces the holistic perspective regarding the treatment of the body…… [Read More]

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Massages Have Been Shown to

Words: 450 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11146973

In some instances this will mean lying prone on a massage table, or using an ergonomically design massage chair.

Relax your mind and let yourself drift close to a state of sleep and deep relaxation. Try not to talk or move unnecessarily in order to adjust your mind to a new mindset.

Communicate with your masseuse so that they will adjust pressure according to your needs. Become accustomed to their touch and relax under their guidance.

Listen to soothing music or light therapeutic candles to further establish the mood of the session.

These above guidelines will ensure that you have optimize your experience while getting a massage. The most important rule of thumb to remember is to follow the guidance of your massage therapist!

There are some easy steps to follow after a massage that will help you release your muscle strains and extend the lasting benefits of your massage. Remember these final tips and you will have a world of joy with massage therapy!

After a massage, stretch your body and feel the relaxation that courses through you.

Do not go through strenuous movement for the next thirty minutes while you wait for the affects to settle in.

Always…… [Read More]

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Massage Sometimes Referred to as

Words: 1483 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94093066

US/Western Expectations

One receiver of Thai traditional massage describes the practice thusly; "You lie on the floor mat and the masseuse is sometimes standing on you, or walking on you. He is pulling you into different positions and you just relax into it,'"

Hughes 148) the practice is essentially, and in western tradition said to increase range of motion, and especially for the sake of athletes and dancers.

Alfaro 32) a reviewer for London's Evening Standard newspaper notes that his or her experience with Thai massage;

did relieve muscle tension, stress and joint pain, all of which I had, though at times the treatment was undeniably painful itself. I like a strong massage, but wouldn't recommend it to anyone who doesn't want their muscles stretched and flexed vigorously. This is an intensive treatment, but no pain, no gain, is one of those ghastly but true quips. Seventy-five minutes went in a flash and when I left the salon I felt totally rejuvenated. It also seemed to have had an affect on my metabolism and appetite. ("FEELGOOD FACTOR; a Thai" NA)

In general the process might seem invasive and even stressful to a western receiver of the practice, especially a novice…… [Read More]

Alfaro, Nancy. "Deep Relief: Why Massage Helps You Dance." Dance Magazine Dec. 2007: 32.

FEELGOOD FACTOR; a Thai Massage Proves to Be More Vigorous and Invigorating Than This Tester Expected." The Evening Standard (London, England) 8 May 2007: NA.
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Hodgkin Massage Affects on Hodgkins

Words: 1867 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72451088

For this reason, it is important to speak with your doctor about any complementary or alternative therapies you are currently using or considering.


The prognosis for Hodgkin lymphoma has shown a gradual improvement over the years and today it is estimated that more than eighty percent of patients with this disease will recover with appropriate treatment. However, a central complicating factor and danger is the high level of toxicity that accompanies conventional treatment. This has also been linked to high levels of stress and anxiety.

While there is no proof that massage therapy can cure to reduce the risk of cancer, there is evidence that it helps alleviate stress and tension that accompany the treatment methods. Coupled with his is the fact that this disease is strongly linked to immune system response and in this regard it has been found that consistent massage therapy, as well as many other forms of complementary therapy, can stimulate immune response activity in the body.


Ahles T. ( 1999) Massage Therapy for Patients Undergoing Autologous Bone Marrow

Transplantation. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 18(3), 157-163.

Complementary & Alternative Therapies For Leukemia, Lymphoma, Hodgkin's Disease, & Myeloma: No. 8 in a series…… [Read More]

Ahles T. ( 1999) Massage Therapy for Patients Undergoing Autologous Bone Marrow

Transplantation. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 18(3), 157-163.
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Effects of Massage on Depression in Newly Widowed Elderly Females

Words: 1789 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77031574

Therapeutic Massage on Elderly, Grieving Widows

The prosperity of a country is in accordance with its treatment of the aged," states an ancient Jewish Proverb ("Massage for the Mature Adult," 2001). This is an honorable and true statement. Too often many of our elderly people's needs are not noticed or attended to by family, friends, or medical practitioners. This is especially true for older women whose husbands have died.

Widowhood can have a tremendous impact on the health of older women (Ferraro, 1989; Bowling, 1987; Gass & Chang, 1989). The death of a spouse or partner has been described as the most disruptive and difficult role transition that an individual confronts throughout the life course (Lopata, 1987). In the United States, over 49% or 8.4 million women over the age of 65 are widows (Bradsher, 2000). Houdin (1993) states that "although the literature abounds with subjective pieces concerning bereavement, little is known about the complex biological processes that follow in its wake. However, there is a growing body of evidence that suggests psychological distress may compromise immunocompetence and that support strategies may enhance immune functioning." Houdin comments further about the data from his study which indicates that women who had…… [Read More]

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Crystal Therapy Crystal Healing and

Words: 3700 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66936769

Red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet thus correspond to the seven chakras located along the spinal column." (Fuller 242) Crystal therapy is therefore based on the control and manipulation of these energies so that there is the "correct" or appropriate and balanced amount of this energy in each of the chakras.

The most touted of New Age healing techniques has been the use of crystals. Enthusiasts claim that because rock crystal is almost entirely devoid of color, it is an almost perfect capacitor of divine white light. Explanations of exactly how crystals wield their healing powers vary from practitioner to practitioner. Some maintain that the unique properties of crystals make them excellent receptors of metaphysical energies.

Fuller 242/3)

Brief history of crystal therapy

As has already been mentioned, the history of this form of therapy is to be found in many historical documents and in myths, stories and records from the distant past.

Some of these earlier records of crystal healing come for ancient Egypt and India. For example, "Primitive paintings dating back to 25,000 BC show that the ancient Egyptians used crystals for therapeutic purposes. " (What is crystal healing) There are many references to India and…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Albanese, Catherine L. "Chapter 6 the Magical Staff: Quantum Healing in the New Age." Perspectives on the New Age / . Ed. James R. Lewis and J. Gordon Melton. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1992. 68-84. Questia. 11 Mar. 2007

Bachelor B. Alternative therapies. 11 Mar. 2007.
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Use of Naturopathic Practice Interventions and Therapy

Words: 2761 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19204539

Complementary and Alternative Medicines (CAM) Systems

Complementary and alternative medicine systems are health care approaches that are characterized by a history of use or origins that are external to mainstream medicine or health care practices. These health care systems or approaches have lasted for centuries since different kinds of complementary and alternative medicines have been reported. According to the World Health Organization, different types of complementary and alternative medicines have acted as the basic health practice in developing countries and are increasingly used in countries with predominant conventional medicine (Kramlich, 2014, p.50). CAM therapies have become common in the recent past and are used for treating various conditions including chronic pain conditions. Actually, several CAM therapies and practice interventions such as acupuncture and massage therapy are increasingly used in chronic pain management.

Naturopathic Medicine

Naturopathic medicine, which is also known as naturopathy or alternative medicine, is a term that is used to refer to a unique system of primary health care that focuses on the use of non-conventional or natural therapies and self-healing process to prevent and treat diseases. Generally, this unique health care profession or system combines the various aspects of modern science with the wisdom of nature to…… [Read More]

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Manual Therapy Is Regarded as

Words: 1862 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21085628

It is evidenced that soon after lapse of two months of treatment about 67% of the patients administered with manual therapy and 27% of the patients administered with exercise therapy could return to work revealing substantial difference through the follow up period. The study concluded that improvements are noticed in both the groups. However, the improvements in respect the patients administered with manual therapy are more prominent than that with exercise therapy. (Aure; Hoel Nilsen; Vasseljen, 2003)

Thus even though manual therapies are beneficial, it has been debated upon. However irrespective of the fact that delaying methods taking into consideration the reality that it compels the athlete to a therapeutic machine, still then it is acknowledged to have the significant techniques in alleviating pain, rehabilitating the common range of motion, and treating specialized conditions like myofascial pain syndrome. (Holt, 2004) However, such advantages are to be exploited from the physical therapists having adequate and suitable scientific training and experience and those who are willing to function as a team. The experience shows that many advantages of manual therapy occur out of its co-ordination with exercise and education. (Geffen, 2003)


Aure, Olav Frode; Hoel Nilsen, Jens; Vasseljen, Ottar. (15 March,…… [Read More]

Aure, Olav Frode; Hoel Nilsen, Jens; Vasseljen, Ottar. (15 March, 2003) "Manual Therapy and Exercise Therapy in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized, Controlled Trial with 1-Year Follow-up" Spine. Vol: 28; No: 6; pp: 525-531.

Beeton, Karen. (2003) "Manual Therapy Masterclasses"
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Adlerian Therapy as With Other

Words: 1003 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38464615

That is to say that the video does not really address the crux of the problem as much as it enunciates the communication skills of the therapist.

Adlerian therapy is a more comprehensive and thorough approach, which involves understanding the self-better and is focused on change not just at the individual level but on family level and consequently at a much broader social context. It follows an equalitarian approach wherein the client does not feel any inferiority in the presence of the therapist and mutual respect, understanding and establishing good rapport are fundamental to the approach. Goals are identified and client is made to understand his behavioral tendencies, maladaptive behaviors and guided towards reorientation. Adlerian therapy is thus a holistic one, which integrates a persons mind, body and the spirit in the therapeutic process when compared to other traditional models. In short, Adlerian theory emphasizes on living life in a wholesome manner where serving others, expression of love, care and spirituality are all underlined as components of healthy living. Some psychologists however are more oriented towards Freudian theory, which is more biological where sexual drive, gender, and power are considered to be chief motivating factors. [Richard S. Sharf]

Writing about…… [Read More]

Richard S. Sharf, 'Theories of Psychotherapy and Counseling: Concepts and Cases," 4th edition, 2008, pg. 112-126

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Thermo Therapy

Words: 3365 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52189201

Thermo Therapy

Application of healing thermal agents to certain body areas that feel wounded or dysfunction is heat treatment. The main use of a heat treatment is to help alleviate pain, support muscle repose, increase function of the tissue cells, improve blood flow, and remove poison from cells and to increase the extensibility of soft tissues. Superficial and deep are the two types of heat treatment. Superficial heat treatments apply heat to the exterior part of the body. Heat aimed at certain inner tissues through ultrasound or by electric current is deep heat treatment. Heat treatments are favorable before exercise, giving a limbering up result to the soft tissues involved. Heat treatment using conduction as a form of heat transfer in hot pacts is very common. Damp heat packs are easily available in most hospitals, physical treatment centers and sports teaching rooms.

For tissue heating many thermal agents are on hand. Superficial and deep heating agents are the two groups and they usually fall within one of these two. Paraffin wax, hot packs and a hot current are some of the superficial agents. Ultrasound, which is a deep heating agent, is used to raise the temperature of deeper tissues. Application…… [Read More]

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Fibromyalgia a Physiological and Psychological Approach

Words: 2299 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70488821

Fibromyalgia is a common cause of multi-regional pain and disability. This condition shows a female preponderance and is a condition whose etiology is poorly understood, despite the various intensive and invasive investigations of modern medicine. Two hypotheses have been proposed to be the underlying etiological factors in relation to this condition. The first being an abnormality in the non-rapid eye movement sleep stage, which may be due to biochemical disturbances in the body. Abnormal pain processing is the second theory that may be responsible for the exaggerated pain in response to a stimulus. (Sarac & Gur, 2006)

Worldwide literature on the subject has established that stress is an important and established risk factor to this condition. Such life stressors can cause significant psychosocial distress. In some cases of fibromyalgia, the pain remains refractory to medications. In such cases, non-pharmacologic modalities are used, such as, psycho-social modification and relaxation therapies.

Non-pharmacological modalities can be classified into physiological and psychological methods. Chiropractic and massage therapies are examples of physiological modes of therapy. Behavior modification through cognitive behavioral therapy is an example of a psychological approach to treatment. The aim of this article is to analyze the usefulness of two non-pharmacological treatments, mentioned…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Richardson, C., Adams, N., & Poole, H. (2006). Psychological approaches for the nursing management of chronic pain: part 2. CANCER AND PALLIATIVE CARE, 17(9), 1196-1202.

Sanchez, C., Penarrocha, M., Molina, G., Manrique, A., & Rubio, Q. (2010). Benefits of massage-myofascial release therapy on pain, anxiety, quality of sleep, depression, and quality of life in patients with fibromyalgia. Evid-Based Complement Alternat Med, (12). Retrieved from

Sarac, A., & Gur, A. (2006). Complementary and alternative medical therapies in fibromyalgia.Current Pharmaceutical Design, 12(1), 47-57. Retrieved from
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Prescription Nonprescription and Herbal Medications Exploring Interactions in the Geriatric Population

Words: 3992 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42847416

Prescription, Nonprescription and Herbal Medicines

Prescription, Non-prescription and Herbal Medications: Exploring Interactions in the Geriatric Population

Geriatric medicine, generally referred to as just "geriatrics" is a branch of internal medicine and health care that focuses primarily on the diagnoses, prevention, care and treatment of disease and disability in elderly patients. Elderly patients involve those senior members of the population that develop a disability, or are suffering from a disease that is a resultant of old age or is a prompt symptom of old age. Geriatrics commonly involves treatment of these old age symptoms and disabilities such as deteriorated memory, immobility, impaired vision and hearing etc. Geriatrics, in modern times, is quite advanced. Specialized services such as psycho-geriatrics, where expert psychologists focus on treating old age related depression, memory loss and other psychological conditions that occur in the elderly population, along with development of physical therapy centers whose prime focus is the rehabilitation of diseased and discomfited patients of old age. The main aim of geriatric medicine is to relieve the senior population of the discomforts that old age brings and to promote the general good health of the elderly.

The demographics of the world are changing. For example, currently, with…… [Read More]

Administration on Aging, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2004). A Profile of Older Americans: 2004. Pg. 3,.

Alavijeh, M.S., Chishty, M., Qaisar, Z.M., & Palmer, A.M. (2005 October). Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, the Blood Brain Barrier, and Central Nervous System Drug Discovery. NeuroRx, 2(40.
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Therapeutic Touch Healing Comforting Hands

Words: 2455 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89316083

Physically, massage or TT eases muscle tension and improves circulation. In turn, it improves digestion and breathing, enhances mental clarity, and encourages better sleep. TT is particularly useful to terminally ill patients in reducing or mitigating pain to the extent of making prescription painkillers unnecessary. Emotionally, TT or massage is a gentle and compassionate experience for the dying. It reduces the sense of isolation by providing him or her with physical connectedness. It can also re-establish dwindling or lost self-esteem and self-acceptance on account of disease. As a result, it contributes to increased quality of life and a much-needed release of emotions. Medicare as yet does not cover massage therapy for hospice settings but an increasing number of group have been lobbying for its inclusion.

Useful Alternatives to Pain and Discomfort Management

These alternatives have shown to be effective in easing spiritual, emotional and psychological pain that contribute to the physical pain of disease or illness.

TT transfers subtle energy, which accounts for the effectives of these alternatives. They include Reikli or TT, acupuncture and homeopathy. Reiki masters use energy to soothe psycho-social discomfort. It not only controls anxiety and pain but also addresses spiritual suffering behind anxiety and pain.…… [Read More]


Nahid Aghabati et al., The Effect of Therapeutic Touch on Pain and Fatigue of Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy (Evidence-based Complementary Alternative Medicine: PubMed, 2010). Available at

ibid ibid
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Aromatherapy in Addiction Treatment for

Words: 5849 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23652968

S ome aromas even affect us physiologically" (p. 38). Researchers exploring human olfaction have determined that:

faint trace of lemon significantly increases people's perception of their own health.

Lavender incense contributes to a pleasant mood -- but it lowers volunteers' mathematical abilities.

A whiff of lavender and eucalyptus increases people's respiratory rate and alertness.

The scent of phenethyl alcohol (a constituent of rose oil) reduces blood pressure.

These findings have contributed to the explosive growth in the aromatherapy industry; according to Furlow (1996), "Aromatherapists point to scientific findings that smell can dramatically affect our moods as evidence that therapy with aromatic oils can help buyers manage their emotional lives" (p. 38). According to Ornstein and Sobel, one recent experiment to determine the effect, if any, of fragrances on mind/body involved subjects being wired to physiological monitoring equipment, and then being interrogated with stress-provoking questions, such as "What kind of person makes you angry?" The subjects had their moods measured while changes in their blood pressure, heart rate, respiration, and brain waves were monitored (Ornstein & Sobel, 1989, p. 69). In some cases, before the stressful questioning, a subject sniffed a fragrance. The smell of spiced apple, for example, appeared to…… [Read More]

Anderson, B.J., Manheimer, E. & Stein, M.D. (2003). Use and Assessment of Complementary and Alternative Therapies by Intravenous Drug Users. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 29(2), 401.

Aromatherapy Therapy Chart of Essential Oils by Therapeutic Effect. (2004). MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart. Available: .
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Aromatherapy Ecdriesbaugh Aromatherapy Is Considered

Words: 980 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38894

The amygdale manages our emotional response to an aroma. The memory and recognition of smell takes place in the hippocampus. The hippocampus is also where chemicals in an aroma trigger our unique repository of learned memories..." (Buckle, 2001).

Though there hasn't been much research, and most studies that have been done were small sample sizes, the healing qualities of aromatherapy look very promising. In 2005, Japanese researchers found that aromatherapy massage using lavender-based products reduced anxiety and stress and was helpful to the immune system. It was also noted that patients showed a considerable increase in lymphocytes (protective blood cells), while showing a decrease in depression.

Another study discovered that the use of aromatherapy after an operation lessoned the patient's feeling of nausea and vomiting. Antiemetics (drugs used to prevent nausea and vomiting) were reduced by almost 50% (Milivojevic, 2006). In small studies conducted in nursing homes, aromatherapy has indicated better sleep in some aging adults, and lavender aromatherapy hand massages showed the ability to lessen aggressive emotional behavior in patients with dementia from Alzheimer's. According to a group of geriatric psychiatrists, aromatherapy may ease the behavioral problems of people with dementia. Many older persons with dementia become nervous, agitated,…… [Read More]

Archer, Shirley (2003). Aromatherapy Fights Dementia. The Futurist, 2. This article gives a brief overview of the effects of aromatherapy on patients with dementia.

Buckle, Jane (2001). Aromatherapy and Diabetes. Diabetes Spectrum, 124. This article summarizes the process of how aromatherapy works, and provides a brief overview of the effects of aromatherapy on diabetic patients.
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Critical Incident Stress Management CISM

Words: 1464 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97335938

Cave Paintings

Complementary and Alternative Medicine and CISM in Diverse Populations

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) as often referred to as integrated medicine. This term refers to therapies used to enhance health that fall outside the realm of conventional or "western" medical therapies. Southern Medical therapies are often limited to pharmaceutical drugs, surgery, and other interventions that directly affect the body. CAM therapies can simply refer to culturally-based medical practices that are not part of mainstream medicine in the United States. Recently, the trend is toward using CAM therapies along with evidence-based Western medical practices. This research will explore CAM interventions for diverse populations within the scope of the CISM plan.

CAM Interventions for prevention of Stress and Resilience

One of the most widely accepted areas for the use of CAM interventions is in the area of stress reduction, depression, anxiety, chronic pain, and other conditions that are common symptoms of critical incident stress.CAM interventions for the symptoms include yoga, Tai Chi, acupuncture, besides, chiropractors, osteopathic physicians, and diet-base therapies, 2011). Integrated therapy is becoming more common in recent years. Mind-body therapies including biofeedback, guided imagery, hypnotherapy, meditation, and relaxation training are used to help regulate ones mood, make…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Ahn, A., Ngo-Metzger, Q., & Legedza, A. et al. (2006). Complementary and Alternative Medical

Therapy Use Among Chinese and Vietnamese Americans: Prevalence, Associated Factors, and Effects of Patient -- Clinician Communication. American Journal of Public Health. 96 (2), 647-653.
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Fibromyalgia One Might Consider Fibromyalgia to Be

Words: 6457 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37868620


One might consider fibromyalgia to be one of the most confounding conditions around today. It is debilitating. It results in several quality of life issues. The confounding aspect of this condition is that it is difficult to diagnose. It is also difficult to treat. Most treatment modalities today recourse to treating one or more specific symptoms -- but there is no treatment that can comprehensively treat all the symptoms. (NIAMS, 2004) More holistic treatment modes however, are being researched, explored and considered. Fibromyalgia often presents symptoms of other diseases. Essentially therefore, fibromyalgia is characterized by widespread pain that cannot be localized to any part of the body. It is also associated with fatigue and other specific (though not necessarily widespread) symptoms that will be discussed later in this work.

Fibromyalgia syndrome is often referred to in its abbreviation FMS. Some of the symptoms (though not all) enjoy significant overlap with other conditions such as chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), myofacial pain syndrome (MPS) and multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome (MCS). Some researchers have averred that FMS, CMS, MPS and MCS are part of a larger meta-syndrome called dysregulation spectrum syndrome (DSS). While there is no large concerted effort to identify DSS,…… [Read More]

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Somatic Psychology the Somatic Relationship

Words: 4540 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41758563

This was a clear gap in the research that was examined. The proposed research study will attempt to fill this gap by examining the importance of the adult child and parent relationship and its affect on the physical body.

Methodologies found

A number of different study methods were found amongst the studies in the literature review. Many of the studies that examined the use of psychotherapy with the treatment of a condition used a comparative study method. Clinical trials used a comparative study method in most cases. However, studies that were found to be theoretical in nature tended to use either a qualitative interview method or quantitative study methods.

No single method of study was found to be more prevalent in the group studied during the literature review. The method selected was highly dependant on the subject matter and the research question being asked in the study. no single method of study was found to be preferred in this group of literature.

Transactional Analysis Studies

The dynamic power interplay between child and parent is an important factor in the development of behavioural problems in children and in the mother's ability to cope with their behaviours (Gross, Shaw, & Burwell, 2009).…… [Read More]

Baranek, G. (2002). Efficacy of Sensory and Motor Interventions for Children with Autism.

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 32 (5): 397-422).
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Consultant Evaluation and Healthcare Industry

Words: 4888 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61453629

com). A certain amount of errors is to be expected, but there should not be so many that it demonstrates a certain level of skewedness about the model in its entirety. Thus, if the NHI model is the one which is selected, then it needs to be tested against a range of different scenarios. The following demonstrate some truly relevant what-ifs: what if the doctors only move half the projected volume; what if medicare slashes rates; what if competitors open a comparable program (

There are a range of factors which can change or adjust once a healthcare facility opens their doors for business. And as much as this facility is attempting to engage in a solid humanitarian effort, at the end of the day, it's still a business and people need to get paid. Thus, before engaging in further developmental activities, one needs to determine in what ways the model is sensitive and how it's more open to variation for controlling uncertainty.

Thus, one of the most important aspects of financial modeling for this scenario will be in creating a "worst case scenario" idea and plans/strategies as to how the company will adequately deal with it. Creating a presentation…… [Read More]

Brakatu Ofori-Adjei, a. (2007). Microfinance: An Alternative Means of Healthcare Financing for the Poor. Ghana Medical Journal, 193-194.

Burnstein, L., Harris, R., & Love, L. (2012, August 30). Top Four Legal Issues to Consider When Opening an Urgent Care Center. Retrieved from 
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Nursing Most Scholars Are in

Words: 2627 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36022230

" (1) What does the phrase "concept inventing" mean to you?

2) Does the process of concept inventing add clarity to a unique lived experience that aides in individualizing patient care? - or - Does the process of concept inventing add unnecessary jargon to the profession of nursing which creates barriers in collaboration with other disciplines? (3) State your stance on this issue and create a logical argument to defend your thoughts.

C. (1). "Concept inventing" can be thought of as a way to analyze situations in such a way as to contemplate their meaning to create understanding. Using both the aspects of science, including logic, rationality, and empirical analysis, and art, including intuition, emotion, integrity, honor, and compassion, nurses can process information in such a way as to create a complete conceptual picture of both the abstract aspects and concrete facts of a situation. In doing so, nurses can create a basic definition of concepts that capture both the diversity and the personality of each patient, while simultaneously incorporating the experiences of others to create a universal concept.

C. (2). The process of concept inventing adds clarity to unique experiences that assist in individualizing patient care.

(3). First, the…… [Read More]

Chen, K.M. (2000, January.) The focus of the discipline of nursing: Caring in the holistic human health experience. Nursing (Graduate Research), 2(1). Retrieved Dec 3, 2006 from Graduate Research. Website:

Nagai-Jacobson, M.G., & Burkhardt, M.A. (1996). Viewing persons as stories: A perspective for holistic care. Alternative Therapies, 2(4), 54-58.
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Smith CA & Crowther CA 2009 Acupuncture

Words: 1079 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34818684

Smith, CA & Crowther, CA (2009) Acupuncture for induction of labour, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 1, 1-26

The pregnant woman is induced when the pregnancy is becoming dangerous either for herself or for the unborn child. Generally done by drugs, Smith and Crowther (2009) reviewed the effects of induction that has been impelled by acupuncture which has been historically used to help induce labor and to reduce labor pain. Smith and Crowther (2009) conducted a review that included three trials involving 212 women. They concluded that clinical evidence of the effectiveness of acupuncture as applied to this situation is limited, although some qualitative small studies do suggest that women who receive acupuncture receive fewer methods of induction than do women who receive the standard care of induction.

This article is particularly significant given that we are living in a period when increasingly more people turn to holistic or alternative medicines for help in curing their symptoms, in treating pain, or in preventing certain symptoms (MacLennan, 2002). On the whole, however, science has provided us with very little clinical evidence about the effects of alternative medicine, and much of this is mixed. Some practitioners state acupuncture to be helpful. Acupuncture…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Ernst, E. (2002), A systematic review of systematic reviews of homeopathy, British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 54 (6): 577 -- 82

Eysenck, HJ (1994) Systematic Reviews: Meta-analysis and its problems BMJ,309:789
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Cam Persuading a Hospital to

Words: 752 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92716791

However, this at least provides patients with an introduction to the therapy, and they can weigh the costs of the treatment against the improvement in their health. Some may find certain types of CAM, such as yoga, available within their health clubs or other affordable settings.

3. How might technology help you meet your goal?

A number of major research hospitals, such as New York-Presbyterian Hospital at Columbia University, now offer CAM within the hospital environment. The hospital offers nutritional, exercise, and wellness counseling. Patients can learn about breathing techniques and the use of herbs to combat symptoms. By conducting research on CAM within the framework of a hospital, the institution can make sure that the therapies are undertaken in a safe and supervised manner. More and more people are turning to CAM as a way to cope with illness and may do so whether their hospital formally encourages them to or not. By integrating proven CAM remedies into the hospital environment, an institution can ensure that the best and most effective practices are used on patients, and are integrated within a more standard plan of care.

When CAM is offered by a hospital there is also less of a…… [Read More]

Parker-Pope, Tara. (2002, July 23). Doctors study the heath benefits of yoga. The Wall Street

Journal. Retrieved March 29, 2011 at
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Steroids -- an Introduction to Purpose Uses

Words: 3029 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80463870

Steroids -- an Introduction to Purpose, Uses and Abuses









Steroids are used for many purposes. This paper highlights the introduction of steroids i.e. its basic function. It also explains the multiple uses of steroids by people from different fields of profession. Normal perception of people is that it is used by athletes and sportsmen as a drug but there are other uses discussed in the paper as well. Advantages and disadvantages are also stated in the essay.

Steroids are short for corticosteroid drugs. It is a substance which is used to reduce swelling and inflammation quickly. These drugs are a close copy of cortisol and aldosterone i.e. A hormone produced on adrenal gland, it is also secreted by ovaries and testes. Steroids belong to the class of lipids. They have a distinguished molecular ring structure called "thecyclopentanoperhydro-phenanthrene" ring system. The basic difference among steroids is due to change in several side chains and additional rings. They are present in both animals and plants. There is a wide…… [Read More]

Bahrke, M.S., Yesalis-III, C.E., & Wright, J.E. (1990). Psychological and Behavioural Effects of Endogenous Testosterone Levels and Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids Among Males: A Review. Retrieved Feb 11, 2013, from MESO-Rx:

Clayton, L. (1998). Steroids. New York, USA: The Rosen Publishing Group.
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Compensation and Benefit Systems Implemented at a Major United States Company

Words: 1722 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46076019

Fun is Good

The Benefits of Google Inc.

The benefits and compensation system for Google Inc. is both varied and complex. It offers many options for the worker at Google Inc. And is meant to increase employee retention rates within the company. Compensation and benefits systems enable leaders to generate and maintain a chance for an effective mechanism that stimulates a culture of self-empowerment, creative modernization, and self-motivating employees. Google is among the top companies in promoting self-motivation and innovation within its employee pool leading to its continual success and high profits.

Google Inc. has become one of the top 100 companies in the world with profits increasing since its formation in 1998 and its first public offering in 2004. Ever since the mid-2000's, Google has received a steady wave of success. "Companies like Cisco Inc. And Google Inc. have structured their leadership to provide the best environment to motivate their employees with intrinsic and extrinsic rewards." (Cook 1) With the success however, comes the misses. Amidst high employee satisfaction comes high employee turnover. Although the company values its employees and tries to create a healthy work environment, some articles say Google Inc. has a high employee turnover rate due…… [Read More]

Bershidsky, Leonid. "Why Are Google Employees So Disloyal?" Bloomberg. Bloomberg, 29 July 2013. Web. 22 Feb. 2014. .

Cook, Joshua. "How Google Motivates their Employees with Rewards and Perks." HubPages., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2014. .
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Children Run Hard and Play

Words: 1002 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63089467

ER Nurses -- Evaluated situation, helped calm Hally, retook vital signs, prepared for NP

ER Nurse Practitioner -- Examined Hally, ordered X-Ray, reviewed all symptoms and signs; interpreted x-ray, with Nurse, administered muscle relaxer and anesthesia, set arm in cast.

X-Ray Technetium -- Took X-Ray films of Hally's right arm; processed for NP's review.

General Practitioner -- Follow up after ER visit, watched for signs of infection or discoloration; insured blood flow to arm, managed pain and swelling medication. Removed cast at appropriate time.

Rehabilitative Personnel -- Specialized to help Hally gain full use of her arm through exercise therapy, ultrasound, Jacuzzi, and massage therapy.

Part 3 -- in its very basic form, broken bones are quite common in children. However, there were a number of factors that needed to be assessed by health professionals during Hally's incident:

Location and type of Break -- Ensure no bone or part of bone is sticking through the skin; assess location of potential break; immobilize, consider age, level of activity and distance to treatment facility

Symptoms of Shock -- Prevent shock by keeping Hally warm, head down if necessary, and keep her calm.

Ancillary Wounds -- Check for secondary or ancillary wounds; including…… [Read More]


Tremblay, L. (January 2011) What Vitamins Promote Bone Healing?

Retrieved from:
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Human Potential Movement

Words: 1703 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92769000

New Age Movement with an emphasis on the Human Potential Movement. The New Age Movement really blossomed in the 1970s, when followers began attempting to take charge of their lives and grow to their full potential. However, the actual New Age Movement began in the early 1800s, with several writers discussing various spiritual and holistic beliefs that would grow into the New Age Movement. The term gained widespread use in the early 1970s, and the Movement spread from there. Followers of the New Age Movement may participate in meditation, simple living, holistic living, channeling, and they may believe in extraterrestrial life, and other alternative beliefs. Two authors state, "The ultimate ideal of the New Age vision is for the human being to be completely in unison with the cosmos, and through reincarnation, to develop his soul to perfect divinity" (Lewis and Melton 1992, 257). The Human Potential Movement is an offshoot of the New Age Movement, and it is often called humanist psychology, because it uses many theories of psychology in its beliefs and practices.

The Human Potential Movement grew out of a group of psychologists who objected to Freud's view of the world and psychology. They called themselves neo-Freudians,…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Borutta, Rick. 2009. Esalen and the Human Potential Movement. CBS News. 1-2.
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Media Choice The Misplaced Advertisements

Words: 1233 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78302389

This time, it was a television commercial for a community college targeted toward adults who want to go back to school. The purpose of the college, Cortiva Insitute, was to train adults returning to school in practical job related fields such as massage therapy.

The target market of this advertisement is most likely adults who are either unsatisfied with their jobs, have recently lost their jobs, or who have never been employed. The MTV audience, however, is traditionally made up of young people who are not yet ready to consider a professional career. Though an advertisement for a four-year college seeking high school students or students who had recently graduated might be appropriate for this audience, a commercial targeting adults who want to move on with their careers is not. By advertising on MTV, the marketing planner choose to advertise to an audience too young and too inexperienced with the work world to desire going back to school or moving up in their careers.

Because the commercial was aired during the daytime, however, the marketing planner may have assumed a target audience -- the unemployed -- would be watching the program. The marketing planner may have noted that unemployed people…… [Read More]

Honda Fit, Honda. The Fit Is Go! Advertisement. Game Informer. June 2008: 81

Unknown. (2008). Ad Board. Facebook. Retrieved May 30, 2008, from:
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History of Health Care Few Professions Offer

Words: 1097 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2119913

History Of Health Care

Few professions offer the opportunity to make a difference in the lives of others on a daily basis. Health care is one of those professions. There are life and death situations, but there are also quiet moments such as routine office visits in which health care professionals can make a difference to someone with a kind and genuinely caring demeanor. Being a health care professional is more than a career. It is a choice one makes as someone who cares deeply about fellow human beings. Personally, I have always had a desire to make others feel comfortable, secure and cared for. I am interested in how this aspect of health care evolved. Health care professionals treat illness and injuries but it must be remembered that along with those are whole human beings who may be frightened, confused or angry. The emotional aspects of patient care have not always been accorded the importance they deserve.

I am most interested in pursuing a career in the field of psychology. Ideally, I would like to provide long-term care in a setting such as a group home for individuals who are mentally challenged and physically disabled. I have been told…… [Read More]

Kret, D.D., 2011. The qualities of a compassionate nurse according to the perceptions of medical-surgical patients. MEDSURG Nursing 20(1), pp. 29-36.

Oreopoulos, D.G. (2001). Compassion and mercy in the practice of medicine. Humane Medicine
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Standards of Evaluation Module 2- Standards of

Words: 545 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87711197

Standards of Evaluation

Module 2- Standards of Evaluation

The overall care offered under my current Aenta health insurance plan appears to be excellent with regards to freedom of care and flexibility. The plan is a group plan meaning that it is though an employer and therefor the rates and copay is lower and subsidized by the employer. As with any plan, there are pros and cons regarding the overall coverage.

With regard to access, my Aetna plan is by far superior to other plans. My plan is a PPO. This means that I never have to ask for approval before seeing any physician or seeking treatment. Whereas with HMO plans, participants have an assigned primary care physician and they must seek approval in advance before seeing any specialists. So, my choices are unlimited with regard to physicians.

The only area where access is in question is regarding alternative healthcare services such as chiropractic and massage therapy. These services are not at all covered by the insurance. This means that should I choose to see a chiropractor regularly, it is an out-of-pocket expense. The only way that Aetna seeks to reduce the expenses for customers is by offering a contractual discount…… [Read More]

Benefit Plan. Aetna Choice POS II. 2012.

BlueCross BlueShield of Arizona. BlueOptimum Plus PPO Plan Benefit Summary. Accessed 11 March 2012 at

Medical Plan Details. Aetna. Web. Accessed 11 Mach 2012 at
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Management of Stress and Tension

Words: 6513 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7116024

Management of Stress and Tension

Goals-- What do you wish to complete?

The answer to attain a postgraduate degree can develop into a very long journey. For me, the contending aspects of time and financial resources constantly appeared to present problems and control the situation. In truth, it would be considerably much easier to provide every single argument present against returning to institution at this time. One can say that numerous considerable life-changing occasions experienced just recently would be cause or motive enough to put off the commencement of the Master's of Business Administration (MBA) program. Concerns associated with household loss and task modification can be made use of as proof in support of delay. Financial pressures can likewise exist yet an additional motive that the moment in time, endeavor, and cost needed for an MBA would not be a required use of resources. Nonetheless, regardless of every one of the extremely legitimate arguments supporting a hold-up or desertion of this objective, now is the time to start my quest in sincerity. In providing the reasoning for my choice, specifically associated with all the significant life modification I am experiencing, I am positive that everyone will agree that I am…… [Read More]

Center for Applications of Psychological Type, Inc.. (2011). What are archetypes. Retrieved from

Cohen, B. (2001, April 21). Average Salary for First Year Accountants. Retrieved from eHow Money:
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Compensation and Benefits

Words: 1169 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52158653

New Trends in Employee Compensation and Benefits

This essay examines new trends in compensation and benefits. The essay discusses the impact of benefits offerings for both employer and employee, and reviews recent trends and discusses their significance.

Reasons for working vary from individual to individual, and compensation is usually among the most important reasons. However, many people list other factors that are almost equally important to them. These factors can range from opportunities to develop new skills, to an experiencing a sense of community, to more tangible benefits such as provisions for retirement. Currently benefits programs account for approximately one third of the average worker's total compensation, based on the size, profitability and philosophy of a particular employer. Programs that are effectively designed and promoted work to the advantage of both employers and employees (Wish).

Compensation packages have changed significantly over the years. They no longer consist of a flat percentage increase once a year, but rather, have evolved to include a combination of perks and benefits. These changes have occurred in response to a shift in people's wants and needs, and companies, in their desire to remain competitive, have modified their compensation programs as well. Employers who want to…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Gioia-Herman, Joyce. (2011). Trends in Employee Benefits. Engine Builder Magazine. Web. 3 March 2012.

Society for Human Resource Management. (2011). 2011 Employee Benefits Research Report. Web. 3 March 2012.
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Leveraging the Scope and Readiness for Change

Words: 1760 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43308453

Corp Trans

Change in Organizational Culture: Sustainability Initiatives and "Speed Brakes" in the Massage Envy Chain

In his writings and theories on organizational culture and specifically on cultural changes meant to improve organizational performance and/or stability, Robert H. Miles defines and discusses six "speed brakes" that can prevent an organization form effectively implementing desired changes. He defines them -- and proposes solutions for them -- in a specific sequence as he insists that it is in this sequence that they ought to be addressed. Miles' (2010) speed brakes are cautious management culture, business-as-usual management process, initiative gridlock, recalcitrant executives, disengaged employees, and a loss of focus during execution. Though he recommends specific steps to counter each of these six speed brakes in order, Miles' (2010) plan for organizational plan can be boiled down to a very simple overarching strategy: have a well-focused initiative for change that is rolled out quickly and immediately. Using the speed brakes and the general plan for organizational change defined by Miles (2010), with reference to Schein's model for organizational culture, the following pages examine the case of the Massage Envy chain and its successes -- and failures -- with sustainability initiatives.

Massage Envy

After starting…… [Read More]

Lyons, a. (2010). Massage Envy's $600 million in annual revenue and 20,000 employees. Accessed 16 March 2013. 

Massage Envy. (2013). Accessed 16 March 2013.
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Public Health Funding Be Directed Towards Complementary

Words: 2471 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84436745

public health funding be directed towards complementary medicine?

Complementary Medicine

An Argumentative Essay

Complementary medicine describes the use of therapies and herbal medicines which are not commonly practiced by doctors. The term itself refers to getting a medical treatment by doctor and simultaneously getting such therapies so both treatments work together to improve the patient's health. Many of the therapies or herbal medicines have been a part of our lives but most of us do not know that they are under the umbrella term of complementary medicine. Another term is attached to complementary medicine and that is alternative medicine. Alternative medicine is when we use only these herbal medicine or therapies as a treatment instead of conventional medicine, which is commonly practiced by medical. With the increase in preference of complementary medicine and the requests for it to be used more regularly by patients, it is gradually replacing the term alternative medicine (Whorton, 1998). Many people have started choosing complementary medicine as treatment for their health problems instead of conventional medicine that the medical practitioners advice them to use.

Complementary medicine is shown to have proven results of curing many health problems that people face but it is said to…… [Read More]

Alameddine, M, Naja, F, Abdel-Salam, S, Maalouf, S & Matta, C. (2011, August 28). Stakeholders' perspectives on the regulation and integration of complementary and alternative medicine products in Lebanon: a qualitative study. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2011, 11(71). doi:10.1186/1472-6882-11-71.

Clement, Y.N., Williams, A.F., Khan, K, Bernard, T, Bhola, S, Fortune, M, Medupe, O, Nagee, K & Seaforth, C.E. (2005, November 18). A gap between acceptance and knowledge of herbal remedies by physicians: The need for educational intervention. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2005, 5(20). doi:10.1186/1472-6882-5-20
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Torticollis Intervention Torticollis Is a Condition Which

Words: 1054 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35301340

Torticollis Intervention

Torticollis is a condition which can be either temporary and of a minor inconvenience or it can be chronic and physically debilitating. The implications of the condition can run the gamut of severity and susceptibility to treatment. Torticollis, or a twisting of the neck, can be extremely common but its causes and impact exist across a wide range of variations. The discussion here will offer a concise overview of the condition with consideration of its various suspected causes, its most salient symptoms, strategies for its treatment and existing technologies or adaptive strategies aimed at helping individuals live with the condition.

Condition Background:

Torticollis is not an altogether uncommon presence at the time of birth. When the condition is present at the time of birth, it is referred to as congenital or inherited torticollis. According to the research provided by the Baby Center Medical Advisory Board (BMAB) (2012) "about 1 in 250 infants are born with torticollis. (Ten to 20% of babies with torticollis also have hip dysplasia, in which the hip joint is malformed."

When occurring at birth, there are a number of possible explanations for the displacement of twisting of the neck. In most cases, the twisting…… [Read More]

Baby Center Medical Advisory Board (BCMAB). (2012). Torticollis.

Cunha, J.P. (2009). Torticollis Overview. EMedicine Health.
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Healing Touch Annotated Bib Bardia A et al

Words: 1673 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8043171

Healing Touch Annotated Bib

Bardia, A., (2006). Efficacy of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Therapies in Relieving Cancer Pain: A Systematic Review. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 24 (34): 457-64.

Anecdotal evidence abounds regarding the use of complementary and alternative medicine therapies when dealing with issues of pain. One of the clear issues is that there is a lack of rigorous and well-developed scholarly literature on the subject. In this study, 18 trials were reviewed totaling 1,499 patients. Seven trials reported significant benefits using CAM, seven reported intermediate or short-term benefits, and four studies reported no benefits. The researchers conclude that there are a number of variables and a number of types of CAM, all which require more methodologically sound studies in order to determine actual efficacy of individual interventions.

Jones, T., Glover, L. (2012). Exploring the Psychological Processes Underlying Touch:

Lessons From the Alexander Technique. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy. EPub: doi 10.1002/cpp.1824.

Any behavioral psychologist knows that touch is extremely significant for human beings. It does, however, cause controversy at times, even with the physical contact of such things as a hug during psychotherapy sessions. In this case, six individuals were interviewed who had received the Alexander Technique, and 111…… [Read More]

Wardell, D., and Weymouth, K. (2004). Review of Studies of Healing Touch. Journal of Nursing Scholarship. 36 (2): 147-54.

Wardell, D., (2006). A Pilot Study of Healing Touch and Progressive Relaxation for Chronic Neuropathic Pain in Persons with Spinal Cord Injuries.

Wilkinson, D., (2002). The Clinical Effectiveness of Healing Touch. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 8 (1): 33-47.
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Social Interactions Between Alternative Therapists

Words: 4392 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99447605

There are a variety of approaches to diagnosis and treatment in American acupuncture that incorporates medical traditions from China, Japan, Korea, Tibet, Vietnam, and France. " (2002)

The American Medical Association additionally reports: "Acupuncture has been used by millions of American patients and performed by over 5,000 U.S. physicians, dentists, acupuncturists, and other practitioners for relief or prevention of pain and for a variety of health conditions. After reviewing the existing body of knowledge, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration reclassified acupuncture needles from the category of "experimental medical devices" in 1996 and now regulates them just as it does other devices, such as surgical scalpels and hypodermic syringes, under good manufacturing practices and single-use standards of sterility." (2002) Stated in conclusion by the American Medical Association relating to acupuncture is: "In addition to a positive clinical-therapeutic outcome, reported benefits to patients include avoidance of toxic side effects of pharmaceutical drugs, accelerated healing process, improved immunity, stress reduction, neuroendocrine balancing, and a greater sense of well being." (2002)

It is reported in the work of Dower (2003) that some individuals see acupuncturists "as their primary health care providers; others see them for selected health concerns or by referral from and…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Astin, John a. (1998) Why Patients Use Alternative Medicine. Journal of American Medical association Vol. 279 No. 19. 20 May 1998. Online available at

Barnes, Linda L. (2008) the Acupuncture Wars: The Professionalizing of American Acupuncture - a view from Massachusetts. Acupuncture Schools U.S. Online available at
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Facials Introduction and Consultation Layla

Words: 1130 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40242161

With problem-free skin throughout her teens and 20s, Trish has been especially anxious about her problem and wants to develop a face care regiment that prevents and treats her blemishes. I also advised Trish to watch her diet, drink a lot of water, and to take a multivitamin. Additionally, I asked Trish to find out whether her problem might be related to hormonal imbalances because some birth control pills help women deal with adult acne.

Treatment Plan

Trish's facial is a full facial but after examining her skin I noticed some of her acne is cystic. Therefore, we will treat Trish as if she also has highly sensitive skin, which she might. Trish first receives an oil-free cleanser followed by a toner. Both products are tailored for oily skin, and after using them we also use a gentle exfoliator. Next, we use steam to open Trish's pores and spend some time on the extraction process. Any of Trish's whiteheads are extracted. The steam will bring to the surface any pus in the cystic acne but any of the pimples that have not yet come to head will not be extracted. After extraction, we will massage Trish's neck and shoulders to…… [Read More]

Apply a Facial Mask for a Snappy Makeover." Retrieved Feb 18, 2008 at

Dry Skin." Holistic Retrieved Feb 18, 2008 at
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Acupuncture -- an Overview Briefly

Words: 988 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6788378

The first reference to the practice of acupuncture is found in the 4,700-year-old Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal Medicine, the oldest medical textbook in the world, which was itself a chronicle of much earlier practices to treat circulation, pulse, and heart-related conditions (Singer, 2007). Acupuncturists can use as many as nine types of needles today, though only six are commonly used. These needles vary in length, width of shaft, and shape of head (Singer, 2007).

Preclinical studies have documented acupuncture's effects, but they have not been able to fully explain how acupuncture works within the framework of the Western system of medicine that is commonly practiced in the United States, as Western medicine does not believe in the concept of energy blockage or ying and yang. Various theories as to acupuncture's efficacy have been proposed, including the theory that it stimulates pain-killing endorphins, encourages the release of neurotransmitters that promote healing of the immune system, that the treatment improves circulation, or that a combination of all of these reactions benefit the immune system and desensitize the perception of pain ("Acupuncture," 2006, NIH).

Discuss potential hazards or cautions regarding the therapy, and describe any licensing, certification, or governmental regulations related to…… [Read More]

Acupuncture." (2007). NIH/NCAM Official Website. Page last modified 7 Aug 2007.

NCCAM, National Institutes of Health. Retrieved 7 Sept 2007 at
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Fibromyalgia the Objective of This Study Is

Words: 1328 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91428457


The objective of this study is to examine the condition of Fibromyalgia. Toward this end, this study will conduct a review of current literature in this area of inquiry.

Fibromyalgia is a syndrome reported as common and one in which the individual has pain throughout their body as well as joint, muscle, tendon and soft tissue tenderness on a long-term basis.

Causes of Fibromyalgia

While the cause of Fibromyalgia is uncertain it has been linked to such as fatigue, problems sleeping, headaches, anxiety, and depression. Factors that are believed to be potential triggers of fibromyalgia include: (1) physical or emotional trauma; (2) abnormal responses to pain in areas of the brain; (3) disturbances in sleep; and (4) infection although no specific virus has been identified as being responsible for causing Fibromyalgia.

Occurrence of Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is known to occur most in women ages 20 to 50 years of age. Conditions that may appear the same as Fibromyalgia include the conditions of: (1) chronic pain to the back or neck; (2) chronic fatigue syndrome; (3) depression; (4) hypothyroidism; (5) Lyme disease; and (6) sleep disorders. (Summary of Cochrane Review, 2012, p.1, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012, p.1)

Symptoms…… [Read More]

Demirbad, B. And Erci, B. (2012) The Effects of Sleep and Touch Therapy on Symptoms of Fibromyalgia and Depression. Iran J. Public Health. 2012;41(11):44-53. Retrieved from: 

Fibromyalgia - Fibromyositis; Fibrositis (2012) Summary of Cochrane Review. PubMed Health. Retrieved from:
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Admissions Personal

Words: 575 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31759641

Admissions, Personal

The optometrists are one of those categories of people that perform quiet miracles. Perhaps not as well-known and acknowledged as the ophthalmologists, the optometrists may, at times, have an even greater role than them, mainly because of a deeper involvement in the patients' problems and a larger spectrum of solutions to solve them.

Life has given me the possibility of experimenting different activities and of having many experiences, which have taught me a great deal. A cheerleader and track runner in my early days, I took contact with life in Mexico and Italy, where I participated in different activities, including construction. However, my cultural needs and expressions were not neglected, as I joined the choir and played in different musicals, such as Peter Pan or Music Man.

My passion for optometry became quite obvious to me later on and I joined the Pre-Optometry Club, in parallel with Kappa Gamma. The pre-optometry club taught me what helping others is all about and what personal satisfaction you have when somebody you have helped is doing better because of your very own contribution. I worked for several health- related companies, including Healthy Habits, where I operated as an executive assistant, Diabetes…… [Read More]

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Jody Smith Application of the Moral MODEL& 8230

Words: 2443 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21510385

Jody Smith: Application of the Moral Model…

Applying Ethical Decision Making Model

"Jody Smith Case Study: Application of Thiroux's Moral Model"

The decision making model that will be applied in this work is the Moral Model (Thiroux 1977) and the case it will be applied to is the Jody Smith case. The reason this model was chosen is because the model lends itself best to a situation, such as Smith's where an impasse has been reached between the patients values and desires and that of family and the health care team. In this case the ethical dilemma is one clearly of informed consent as Smith has been excluded from conversations associated with her prognosis and care and this is contrary to her values and her identity. Without inclusion of this communication standard Smith has very little to go on regarding her prognosis and may be seeing her situation as insurmountable not only because of the lack of information but because she has been excluded as an informed part in the process. It is likely that there may be some resentment on Smith's part regarding this exclusion from informed consent and that her recent rehabilitation from total hip replacement is stark…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Burkhardt, M. & . (2008). Ethics issues in Contemporary Nursing. Clifton Park: Delmar.

Chorney, J., McGrath, P., & Finley, G. (2010). Pain as the neglected adverse event. CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, 182(7), 732. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
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Cam Regulatory Overview Natural Products

Words: 552 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19474849

Movement: Feldenkrais Method

The Feldenkrais Method® of somatic education considers itself to be an educationally-based therapy, as distinct from massage. According to the official website of the trademarked method, its use "is a distinct profession based on the principles spelled out in the International Feldenkrais® Standards of Practice" (FGNA position on regulation, 2011, Official Website). The Method is self-regulated, although regulating an educational practice, even one based in movement, could prove unwieldy given how many other movement-based therapies exist that are self-policed like yoga, Pilates, the Alexander technique.

Whole medical system: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM).

Most states require national board certification for TCM practitioners if they are not licensed physicians. "Practitioners must complete at least three years full-time schooling" (Is TMC Regulated, 2011, University of Minnesota). Candidates "must complete at least 2,625 hours (about 4 years of full-time study) of didactic and clinic coursework in both acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine. In most states this level of education is considered equivalent to a master's level program" (Is TMC Regulated, 2011, University of Minnesota).


FGNA position on regulation. (2011). Feldenkrais Method. Retrieved January 11, 2011 at

Is TMC regulated? (2011). Taking charge of our health. University of Minnesota.

Retrieved…… [Read More]

FGNA position on regulation. (2011). Feldenkrais Method. Retrieved January 11, 2011 at 

Is TMC regulated? (2011). Taking charge of our health. University of Minnesota.
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Treatment for Constipation Htn Seizure

Words: 877 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64324561



Constipation, Hypertension, Seizure


This is the infrequent or difficult bowel evacuation (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2012). While there are no strict standard for bowel elimination, it is generally believed that fewer than thrice a week constitutes constipation. Stools are usually hard and dry. Other common symptoms associated constipation include excessive straining during bowel evacuation, a sense of rectal blockage, a sense of incomplete evacuation and the need to perform manual measures to evacuate the bowels. Constipation may be the consequence of insufficient fluid intake or dehydration, inadequate fiber in the diet, foregoing elimination, irritable bowel syndrome, lack of physical activity, illness, abuse of laxatives and certain medical conditions. Those more likely to develop constipation are older adults, those who are sedentary, confined in bed, dehydrated, on low-fiber diet, on certain medications and undergoing chemotherapy. It is more common in women and children. Causes for alarm include fewer than thrice a week of bowel movements, intense abdominal pain, blood in the stool, thin stools, diarrhea and unexplained weight loss (Mayo Clinic Staff).

Treatments and Prevention

Constipation can be corrected with a high-fiber diet, adequate fluid intake, laxatives, regular exercise and taking time to evacuate (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2012).…… [Read More]

Education and Research. Retrieved on March 7, 2012 from

PubMed Health (2011). Seizures. ADAM Medical Encyclopedia: ADAM, Inc. Retrieved

on March 7, 2012 from
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Physiotherapy on Sport Injury Id

Words: 5926 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9059041

Supporting Research and Results

Maffulli & Almekinders (2010) conducted a comparable study on 140 patients with Achilles tendon ruptures. Treatment included a conservative protocol. Re-rupture rate using this protocol is maintained at 4%. Events of re-rupture were treated using the same conservative regime. A significant percentage of patents utilizing the conservative method were able to return to competitive athletic ability (i.e. their previous sporting level)

(Woo, Renstrom, & Arnoczky, 2007) The management of tendinopathy is often based on a trial and error basis. Use of a questionnaire asking about sport history may be useful. In contrast Beeton ( 2003) states that tendinopathy can be resistant to treatment, and symptoms may persist despite both conservative and surgical interventions. The pathology of overuse tendinopathy is non-inflammatory, with a degenerative or failed healing tendon response.

(Wasielewski & Kotsko 2007) Prolonged musculoskeletal stresses are necessary for the development of symptomatic tendinosis; as a result, certified athletic trainers are likely to see these disorders frequently. In 2003, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported more than 11-000 cases of chronic tendon injury that resulted in days away from work in the United States. Sporting activities may impose even greater stresses on tendons than occupational activities. The…… [Read More]

Achilles Tendinitis ( Tendinopathy) What is Achilles Tendonitis?. (2010). Sports Injury Clinic. Retrieved from http:/www.sportsinjury

Achilles Tendinitis Exercises. (2010). Retrieved from htto:// SessionID
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Aromatherapy Complimentary Medicines Have Long

Words: 2359 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13112800

One of the studies Halm reviewed, for instance, found an immediate reduction in respiratory rate during and immediately after aromatherapy treatment, but two hours after the treatment occurred there was no discernable effect (Halm 2008). This suggests that the commercial applications of aromatherapy, which tend to be long-term environmental applications rather than time- and person-specific treatments. Because the evidence shows that the calming effects of aromatherapy are really only present during the treatment and immediately after, long-term environmental applications of aromatherapy might be best.

There are problems with such an application in a medical setting, however. Chief among these is the entirely subjective nature of the sense of smell. Certain aromas which might be very pleasant -- and therefore presumably stress reducing -- for some might be particularly unpleasant for others. For these latter people, who do not enjoy a particular given aroma, stress might actually be increased by the constant and pervasive presence of the un-enjoyable scent. There is no scent that is universally liked, nor have enough studies been conducted comparing the effects of various aromas against others to reasonably promote the efficacy of this suggested therapy. Still, if a relatively mild scent could be found that was…… [Read More]