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Science How Have the Reform
Words: 1122 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 740151
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One of the top performers, Singapore, boasts a very different approach towards mathematics education: "hile a single lesson in a U.S. textbook might span two pages and take one class period to go through, a lesson in a Singapore textbook might use five to ten pages and take several days to complete. The Singapore texts contain no narrative explanation of how a procedure or concept works; instead, there are problems and questions accompanied by pictures that provide hints about what is going on" (Garelick 2006: 1). However, an attempt to adapt such an approach in one Montgomery, Alabama school suburban district was abandoned, as it was feared that introducing new methods of teaching math within districts might make it difficult for students to meet state standards on standardized tests at the end of the year.

True, many Asian nations such as Korea also have national science and math educations and…

Works Cited

Adams, Cecil. (1999). "What exactly was the 'new math'?" The Straight Dope. Retrieved 28 Jul 2007 at 

Blosser, Patricia E. (1989). "The Impact of Educational Reform on Science Education."

ERIC/SMEAC Science Education Digest. No. 4. Retrieved 28 Jul 2007 at 

Garelick, Barry. (Fall2006). "Miracle math: a successful program from Singapore tests the limits of school reform in the suburbs." Education Next. Retrieved 28 Jul 2007 at

Early Childhood Development -- Curriculum
Words: 322 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 1457222
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Another important strategy is that of exploring spatial relations. In such activities, children gain a better visual and practical sense of the spatial relations within mathematics. Scholastic's article portrays two girls discussing the appropriate spatial placement of a couch in a dollhouse. Such thinking methods can be influenced utilizing activities asking the children to map their house, their school, or their neighborhood in proportions. This will help open the child's mind to a more organized way of approaching spatial relations.

Using such strategies help lay the foundations of mathematics essential for later higher levels of learning. It is important to introduce elementary topics and concepts as early as possible, without boring young children to loose their interest. Early math lessons should include engaging activities which help keep the child moving and the learning environment active.

Teaching Can at Risk Student
Words: 2866 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 65369102
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Description of Learning:

Educational institutions are teaching subjects for a digital future but it is from a superficial manner however students need a deeper knowledge of it as a curriculum. When teaching students about math, it should be integrated in all subjects they are learning by being motivated by educators (Singhal, 1997). As shown in the examined scenario planning with an elementary school, it is apparent things became better for the students as far as the educational resources, and environment, which ultimately affects the learning process. Educational institutions must engage partnerships with other schools around the world. By providing student exchanges they will produce world class students, the internet is facilitating the process of globalization and providing virtual interaction with others. As it is shown in schools, technology is the key to change the educational environment and resources. The internet is encouraging students to engage in meaningful cross cultural dialogue…

Teaching for Exceptionalities
Words: 1100 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85814613
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Instructional Modifications for an English-As-Second-Language 10th Grade Student

Teaching for Exceptionalities

The student is a 15-year-old bilingual male in enrolled in 10th grade. He presents as having difficulties in his school work primarily due to his current inability to speak, read, and write English fluently. He is currently reading at approximately a 2nd-grade level, and all of his assignments are modified. Examples of the instructional modifications he experiences are as follows: Material is read aloud to him, writing assistance is provided to help him translate from his native language to English, and all story format math problems are converted to conventional number format to sidestep reading and translation difficulties. When a high level of academic support is provided, the student does not exhibit problem behaviors. However, he reports feeling overwhelmed and stressed, and these underlying emotions do contribute to occasional bouts of problem behavior.

Instructional example. I took a content-focused…


Assessing Comprehension and Communication in English State-to-State for English Language Learners. World-Class Instructional Design and Assessment. Retrieved 

Brisk, M., & Harrington, M. (2000). Literacy and bilingualism: A handbook for all teachers. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Manuel, J. (2003, December 23). Majoring In Moneyball. Baseball America. Retrieved

Statistics to Mislead Statistics Can Be Misleading
Words: 1117 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88990130
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Statistics to Mislead

Statistics can be misleading. People can use misleading statistics to persuade others to buy a product or share their point-of-view. Britain's Sunday Times, for example, alerted readers more than a decade ago to this tactic, showing that insurance companies often use misleading figures to scare consumers into buying expensive coverage they may never need (Cooper, 2001). In Mathematics in Our World, Bluman (2011) provides numerous examples of the ways statistics are presented to lead the reader to a false conclusion. This paper answers two of the questions in Bluman's textbook about misleading statistics.

No mathematical calculations were required in answering these questions. One need only to give some thought to the information presented. Statistics, when read quickly and without consideration, may appear to tell a certain story, often one that is meant to alarm the reader and/or incite action. Closer examination, however, can reveal a completely different…


Adams, M. (2006). Lying with statistics: How conventional medicine confuses the public with Absolute risk vs. relative risk. Natural News. Retrieved from 

Bluman, A.G. (2011). Mathematics in our world (1st ed. Ashford University Custom). United

States: McGraw-Hill.

Bogner, E. (2011). 11 ways to lie with statistics. Business Insider July 28, 2011. Retrieved

Piaget There Are Almost as Many Different
Words: 604 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60607073
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There are almost as many different varieties of issues that can impede a child learner from succeeding in a math class as there are particular remedies to ameliorate such a problem. One of the chief reasons that certain children find mathematics difficult is because they are overwhelmed by it. They find the concept of a never ending series of numbers (as well as similarly interminable operations which one can put them through and which are taught daily and tested weekly) beyond challenging to the point where it incites anxiety and fear.

Additionally, difficulties can arise from learning differences such as dyscalculia, or situations in which students may not be familiar with the language that the class is taught in (such as English Language Learners). These two factors can exacerbate the initial feeling of anxiety that math can produce in child learners. Moreover, it is important to realize that in…


Huitt, W., & Hummel, J. (2003). "Piaget's theory of cognitive development." Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved from

Benefits of Knowing the Bible Well
Words: 652 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92228225
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Elementary Student Achievement

Study Selection

Elementary School Achievement Study Selection

The creation and sustaining of achievement at the elementary school level is one of the most important and pivotal things that can be done to create and sustain lifelong success. As such, the factors and facets that make or break such achievement are sought out, analyzed and heavily focused on by scholars, teachers and parents alike. One way in which this paradigm is analyzed and looked at is the trajectory of lesser-achieving students and how they fare as they age and progress. Specifically, it is assessed how "holding back" a student in a grade for another year is damaging or helpful in the long run. While having a student repeat a grade can be damaging to self-esteem, pushing on a student that is not prepared for the next level just hurts that student as well as everyone else. The applicability…


APA. (2014, June 9). Journal of Educational Psychology®.

Retrieved June 9, 2014, from

Moser, S.E., West, S.G., & Hughes, J.N. (2012). Trajectories of Math and Reading

Achievement in Low-Achieving Children in Elementary School: Effects of Early

Difficulties Impact Students Performance in
Words: 2488 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43387738
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This work focuses on giving teachers concrete strategies for implementing the benchmarking and assessment techniques. It is important to develop lesson plans that include the major components of this program. Gunning gives a straightforward approach to implementing these concepts.

ithout getting into the individual strategies, let us suffice to say that these teaching methods may be the best developed over other similar experiments. Gunning's work was based on solid theory and best practices. The purpose of this research was to examine the connection between math and reading. In the first section of this study, we found that there is a high correlation between math and reading scores. Gunning's work on assessment-based teaching only discussed its use to improve reading skills. However, this same concept could also be applied to math. This is the key to improving both math and reading skills. Benchmarking will be a necessary component in the development…

Works Cited

AutoSkill Academy of MATH. The Reading and Math Connection. AutoSkill International

Inc. (2003). p. 9-18.

Borasi, R. And Siegel, M. Reading Counts: Expanding the Role of Reading in Mathematics

Classrooms. Raffaella Borasi & Marjorie Siegel, New York: Teachers College

Components of a Quality Curriculum an Annotated
Words: 2417 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2269046
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Componens of a Qualiy Curriculum

An Annoaed Bibliography

Qualiy Curriculum

The research indicaes ha a qualiy school curriculum is refleced by he curricula of is mahemaics and science componens, driven by is exbooks and eachers, and may improve if a variey of domains are included (e.g., music and he ars). Bu mah and science curricula appear useful predicors of he overall qualiy of a school curriculum. In addiion, sudens exposed o beer learning experiences a an early age will do beer laer on and a curriculum ha includes pracical and applicable maerial will also produce informed and skilled aduls.

Componens of a Qualiy Curriculum:

An Annoaed Bibliography

Developing a Qualiy Mah Curriculum

Hook, Bishop, and Hook (2007) invesigaed a new mah curriculum on he curriculums of he six leading counries in mah performance as deermined by The Inernaional Mah & Science Sudy (TIMSS) of 1995. These op six counries had…

the impact of structural standards. Early Years, 29(1), 19-31.

Zhu, Y., & Fan, L. (2006). Focus on the representation of problem types in intended curriculum:

A comparison of selected mathematics textbooks from Mainland China and the United States. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 4(4), 609-626

Inclusion of Technology in the
Words: 852 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Grant Proposal Paper #: 34325259
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Environmental classes could chronicle their observations of the weather, for example, and post the results of their class observations online. Creating attractive, scientifically literate material online is an important skill that students should learn. New equipment is also needed in the laboratories to conduct more accurate measures of experiments. This is necessary to improve student performances at local science fairs.

Funding for field trips to science museums and other on-site locations to supplement education:

Interacting with science and technology in a hands-on fashion; visiting science laboratories that use technology; and meeting with individuals who use science and technology in their vocations are all ways to get students excited about technology and its applications.

Hiring a part-time or full time teacher of technology

This professional would be officially in charge of acting as a facilitator between the math and science departments; teach elective courses in technology; and conduct laboratories and educational…


McQuinland, Larry & Louise Kennelly. (2005, November 22). New study finds. American Institute for Research. Retrieved March 19, 2010 at

Delimitations and Definitions Theoretical Background
Words: 5800 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55745057
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Therefore, the most different variable in the study is the change in treatment, i.e. The doubling of class time.

The following definitions are provided to ensure uniformity and understanding throughout this study. All definitions, not otherwise noted, have been developed by the researcher:

AYP -- Adequate Yearly Progress refers to the state-stipulated percentage of students by subject (math/English) by demographic (race/socio-economic strata) that must pass the HSPA. Schools that do not meet or surpass AYP are subject to sanctions. These may differ by state.

Class time -- The prescribed time during which a single class is conducted, i.e. one period. In this case, one period prior to the doubling of class time is initially equal to 42 minutes and subsequently equal to 43 minutes.

Doubling of class time -- Increasing class time from 42 minutes to 84 minutes plus the consumed passing time of 4 minutes for a total of…

Lesson Plans & Literacy Components
Words: 1481 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63461041
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The quality of this lesson is consistent from the beginning to the end of the project.

Lesson Plan #3: Adding Fun Game

Aim of the Lesson:

In this lesson, the students learn to decode using a chart where certain letters have an assigned number value. The students must solve the mathematical problem by decoding the word.

Literacy Elements Incorporated:

This lesson incorporates the concept that letters have a certain value. This can be tied to phonics, as the students develop the concept that a letter has a certain sound. Students use literacy skills to decode math problems and create number sentences.

How, when why, where and for whom they were used:

This lesson is designed for 3rd graders. One of the key difficulties with this age group is that consistency with skills is varied. Some students are more proficient than others at this stage. This makes it difficult to integrate…


Bintz, W., Moore, S., Hayhurst, E., Rubin, J., & Sherry, T. (2006). Integrating Literacy, Math, and Science to Make Learning Come Alive. Middle School Journal. 37 (3), 30-37. ERIC ID EJ752859.

Literacy Matters (2007). Math. Retrieved December 16, 2007 at

Education Today it Is Very
Words: 607 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85304897
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Exploring serves as a warm up, a review, and preparation to introduce a new concept. (Quine)

Next is the explanation. In this phase, the teacher explains the concept. As he/she explains the concept, he/she writes sample problems on the board and the students are writing and solving the problems on paper as the teacher explains and writes on the board. Once again, in this phase, the teacher is teaching towards all three different learning styles. (Quine)

Lastly, the teacher will expand the information. This is the phase where the students can work on the problem on their own. The teacher will want to include activities that involve all learning styles such as worksheets, games, and presentations.

Math teachers should always be consistent with the way they teach the materials. Math is hard for most students, so when they know what to expect from the teacher and the class, they can…


Cornerstone Curriculum. A Breakthrough in Math Understanding Website. Retrieved August 4, 2006 at 

Gardner, James. Learning Styles. (1995) London. P. 20.

Quine, David. Making Math Meaningful: A multi-sensory math experience. Retrieved: August 4, 2006 at

Technology in the Diverse Classroom
Words: 914 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72469161
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Against Student Tracking

Student tracking involves categorizing students according to their learning ability and placing them in classes based on this. Advanced students are placed together and students of lower ability are placed together. While this is common practice in schools there are several education bodies calling for its abolition. There are several reasons given for the abolition of student tracking: that it widens the gap between advantages and disadvantaged students; that it separates students by race and class; and that an inclusive classroom where every student learns from each other is better for students, socially and academically.

Firstly, student tracking is said to widen the gap between advantaged and disadvantaged students. Ascher (1992) notes that there is evidence that high achievers do better in accelerated classes. While this is beneficial to the students in these accelerated classes, it actually widens the gap between them and the average student. This…


Ascher, C. (1992). Successful Detracking in Middle and Senior High Schools. New York: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education New York NY.

Haury, D.L., & Milbourne, L.A. (1999). Should Students Be Tracked in Math or Science? Columbus, OH: ERIC Clearinghouse for Science Mathematics and Environmental Education.

New York State Education Department
Words: 2095 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13380312
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Time broken into hours, days, weeks, and months must also be mastered. This is the grade level where statistics are introduced. Students learn to "Collect data using observations, surveys, and experiments and record appropriately," and then turn those observations into appropriate visual representations of them which would allow them to make predictions (4.S.2).

The fifth grade set standards also aim to utilize previous points in order to get into more complex mathematical understandings of the world. Students must "Understand the basic language of logic in mathematical situations (and, or, not)," (5.PS.9). Within that language, fifth graders should be able to pick the best strategies and "Decode and comprehend mathematical visuals and symbols to construct meaning" (5.CM.11). This is the grade level where students must able to find the missing value which makes a particular equation true (_+3=5). Also understanding the nature of ratios and their different forms is an important…

Information involving curriculum development
Words: 1283 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46763471
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An educational institution’s curriculum comprises every experience encountered by a pupil under the institution’s direction. All academic systems’ curricula are designed based on societal needs. Thus, owing to society’s dynamic nature, curricula are dynamic as well; educational institutions normally alter their curricula every once in a while. In this paper, the process of math and English as a Second Language (ESL) curriculum development will be addressed, with the following curricular development stages highlighted: determining scholastic aims and goals, determining desired pupil learning experiences, organizing and testing the designed curriculum, implementing it and curriculum evaluation. Further, it will deal with a few curriculum development models.

Within the context of modern education, a school curriculum comprises every experience encountered by a pupil under the institution’s direction. Moreover, this modern notion of a school curriculum covers course program, instructional techniques adopted for individual courses, the institution’s guidance program, and extra-curricular activities. Curricular…

Curriculum Is Not a New
Words: 1803 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91859585
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These are not complex techniques that only high-school students and beyond should be dealing with. They are also not difficult for teachers to explain to their students, or for the students or parents to understand. In addition, they do not provide that much extra work for the teacher in the form of grading or for the student who has homework in other subjects, as well. Many students today are loaded down with homework, and the quality of what they are learning from this is often in question.

When writing is incorporated into the curriculum it can make the subjects more fun, make some of the homework and other assignments actually easier rather than more difficult, and awaken the interest of the students so that they will have a desire to learn more about the subjects they are studying. That interest in learning has been slipping away from the schools today,…


Braun, J.A. (2004). Technology in the classroom: Tools for building stronger communities and better citizens. Kappa Delta Pi Record, 40(2), 69-73.

Bursuck, W.D., & Munk, D.D. (2002). Research on the prevention of reading problems: Are kindergarten and first grade teachers listening? Preventing School Failure, 47(1), 4-9.

Norris, J., & Ortega, L. (2001). Does type of instruction make a difference? Substantive findings from a meta-analytic review. Language Learning, 51(1), 157-213.