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The Allure of Fake News in America
Words: 2157 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26591962
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Over the past few years, the phrase “fake news” has become a household word in the United States. Like the term “propaganda” during the Cold War era, “fake news” has come to connote the manipulation of the public through misleading or frankly false information. Fake news can be spread by anyone with a Twitter account or Facebook page, making it far too easy for fake news to proliferate. In fact, the mainstream media can even spread fake news, knowingly or not. As beneficial as social media might be to the democratic sharing of information, social media also facilitates fake news. One of the reasons why fake news has an allure is prior exposure. When a person reads a story that resonates with them, they tend to believe that story to be true without going through the process of fact checking or verification. The phenomenon of confirmation bias ensures that individuals…

Becker, B.W. (2016). The librarian’s information war. Behavioral and Social Sciences Librarian 35(4):188-191. DOI: 10.1080/01639269.2016.1284525
Borchers, C. (2017). How to squash fake news without trampling free speech. The Washington Post. Oct 12, 2017.
“Facebook Has a New Plan to Curb \\'Fake News\\'” (2017). Fortune.
Heshmat, S. (2015). What is confirmation bias? Psychology Today. 23 April, 2015.
Kiely, E. (2018). Trump’s phony ‘fake news’ claims.
Nossel, S. (2017). The pro-free speech way to fight fake news. Foreign Policy. 12 Oct, 2017.
Papanastasiou, Y. (2017). Fake news propagation and detection.
Pennycook, G., Cannon, T.G. & Rand, D.G. (2017). Implausibility and illusory truth.

Popular Celebrity Icons and Teen Role Models
Words: 1753 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 21542567
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The impact celebrities have on youth mentality, behaviors, and thus culture is undeniable. The youth look up to their favorite celebrities as role models – routinely imitating their modes of dressing and lifestyles. However, one thing is certain: the impact that celebrities have on our youth today is both positive and negative. While there are good-natured celebrities out there who influence the youth positively, there are others whose behaviors are largely uncouth and could thus be considered bad influencers. This text concerns itself with popular celebrity icons and the influence they have on teens. In so doing, it will mostly focus on Justin Bieber - one of the youthful modern celebrities who happen to have massive following among the youth.
It is important to note that for a certain celebrity to be deemed influential, he ought to have a powerful impact on his or her follower’s perspective of…

Works Cited
Granatino, Rachel, and Daniela L. Haytko. “Body Image, Confidence, and Media Influence: A Study of Middle School Adolescents.” The Journal of Applied Business Research, vol. 29 no. 1, 2013, pp. 45-50.
Hou, Mingyi. “Social Media Celebrity and the Institutionalization of YouTube.” Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, vol. 20 no. 10, 2018, pp. 11-20.
McCool, Judith, Becky Freeman, and Helen Tanielu. “Perceived Social and Media Influences on Tobacco Use Among Samoan Youth” BMC Public Health, vol. 14, 2014, pp. 67-72.
North, Adrian, Lorraine Sheridan, John Maltby, and Raphael Gillett. “Attributional Style, Self-Esteem, and Celebrity Worship.” Media Psychology, vol. 9, 2007, pp. 291-308.

Gender Stereotypes and the Disney Channel Problems
Words: 1297 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87898445
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Media and Gender Stereotypes
Most adults are aware of how influential the media is on children, a notion that is intimidating in today’s world, as currently children have access to numerous types of media. With this massive availability of media, school-aged children are still predominantly impacted by television, watching it around three hours a day (Hentges & Case, 2013). This represents a massive power of the almighty television and puts increased pressure on parents to regulate what is and is not appropriate for them to be exposed to. This is more than just things like sex or violence, but also refers to subtler forces within media that can influence their minds and development—such as representations of gender. How characters on television act, the things they say, and how they dress can be tremendously influential to children regarding what is and is not acceptable behavior for boys versus girls. This paper…

Coyne, S. M., Linder, J. R., Rasmussen, E. E., Nelson, D. A., & Birkbeck, V. (2016). Pretty as a princess: Longitudinal effects of engagement with Disney princesses on gender stereotypes, body esteem, and prosocial behavior in children. Child development, 87(6), 1909-1925.
Hentges, B., & Case, K. (2013). Gender representations on Disney Channel, Cartoon Network, and Nickelodeon broadcasts in the United States. Journal of Children and Media, 7(3), 319-333.

Left vs Right John Oliver Fake News and Sinclair Broadcast Group Merger
Words: 1363 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98758505
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Fake News: John Oliver and Sinclair Broadcast Group
Comedian John Oliver did a segment on Sinclair Broadcast Group, essentially asserting that the television behemoth had a conservative bias, which slanted news towards falsehoods and non-facts. Oliver’s criticisms of Sinclair arose during a time when the broadcast group was close to sealing the deal on a merger with Tribune Media, a deal which was worth just under $4 billion and which would have a significant impact in the consolidation of local television networks. This is the event that caused so much of the controversy, as some political commentators seemed to think this would cause alt-right messaging in local news profiles, whereas others dismissed it as a business as usual.
Oliver used his platform on his weekly HBO show to assert that the predominantly right-wing prejudice that Sinclair demonstrated, which he said rivaled that Fox News and Breitbart, was often riddled with…

Works Cited

Breland, A. \\"John Oliver Hits Sinclair Broadcast Group for Conservative Bias.\\" TheHill, 3 July 2017, medias-conservative-slant.
Fessler, L. \\"John Oliver\\'s Last Week Tonight Exposes the Conservative Media Takeover of Local News — Quartz.\\" Quartz, 3 July 2017, last-week-tonight-exposes-the-conservative-media-takeover-of-local-news/. Accessed 28 Sept. 2017.
Locker, M. \\"John Oliver: Dangers of Corporations Taking Over Local News |\\" TIME | Current & Breaking News | National & World Updates, 2 July 2017, Accessed 28 Sept. 2017.
National Memo. \\"#EndorseThis: John Oliver Reveals Invasive Idiocy Of Sinclair Broadcast Group.\\" The National Memo, 5 July 2017, Accessed 28 Sept. 2017.
Smith, K. \\"John Oliver & Sinclair Broadcast Group: Calm Down, John.\\" National Review, 6 July 2017, sinclair-broadcast-group. Accessed 28 Sept. 2017.

Fake News
Words: 134 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77276962
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Fake News
One of Donald Trump’s common terms or catch phrases when he rants and raves on social media would happen to be “fake news”.  This pejorative is commonly aimed at news outlets like CNN and other media outlets that cover him, fairly or not. CNN et al commonly recoils and reacts to that term in very negative and reflexive ways. There is some truth to what Trump says about the media, at least in some instances. However, to suggest that lies and deceit are the only problem in the news media and/or that it is only limited to CNN or the anti-GOP side of the argument is simply not true. While the media has some issues and propaganda is indeed a problem on the social media sphere, “fake news” is far from being the only one and politicians have their own faults and flaws.


The author of this…

Works Cited
Ha, Jae Sik, et al. "Selective Exposure to Partisan Media: Moderating Factors in Evaluations of the President." The Social Science Journal, 17 May 2017. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.soscij.2017.05.003.
Klein, David O. and Joshua R. Wueller. "Fake News: A Legal Perspective." Journal of Internet Law, vol. 20, no. 10, Apr. 2017, pp. 1-13. EBSCOhost.
Miller, Emily. "Opinion | In Defense of Sarah Huckabee Sanders." Washington Post. N.p., 2017. Web. 1 Dec. 2017.
Phillips, Amber. "Analysis | 5 Very Real Scenarios That Could Lead to A Government Shutdown." Washington Post. N.p., 2017. Web. 1 Dec. 2017.
Scarry, Eddie. "Sexual Harassment Scandals Are Blowing Up the Media." Washington Examiner. N.p., 2017. Web. 1 Dec. 2017.

Colorism and Racism in the U S
Words: 1026 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 14794647
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The History of Colorism/Skin Color, Gender and the Media
The history of colorism in the U.S. and its prevalence in the media is basically the history of the U.S. and its approach to legitimate representation of race in the media. As Hunter notes, “Colorism, or skin color stratification, is a process that privileges light?skinned people of color over dark in areas such as income, education, housing, and the marriage market” (237). At the same time, media representations of darker skinned people have been viewed as being more authentic and legitimate (Hunter). This can be seen in the film The Negro Soldier, directed by famed Hollywood producer Frank Capra during WWII. In that film, the African American community was depicted for the first time as being equal to whites: the representation was authentic and legitimated by the dark skinned tone of the community. As German points out, the film was meant…

Cripps, Thomas and David Culbert. “The Negro Soldier (1944): Film Propaganda in Black and White.” American Quarterly Vol. 31, No. 5, Special Issue: Film and American Studies (Winter, 1979), pp. 616-640: The Josh Hopkins University Press.
German, Kathleen M. Promises of Citizenship: Film Recruitment of African Americans in World War 2. University Press of Mississippi, 2017.
Hunter, M. “The persistent problem of colorism: Skin tone, status, and inequality.”  Sociology Compass, 1.1. (2007), 237-254.

Breibart News and Salon com Reporting of Robert E Lee Statue Removal
Words: 1372 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97032135
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Analysis of Reporting of the Removal of the Robert E. Lee Statue by the Breibart News Newtwork and
With the proliferation of the internet, social media, and mobile technology, access to information today is far much easier than it has ever been in human history. From any corner of the globe, information can now be received and disseminated on a real time basis. Nonetheless, identifying the truth from lies has increasingly become difficult in the wake of the digital revolution. With a plethora of online platforms offering news as events happen, propagating falsehoods has become as simple as retweeting a tweet or sharing a Facebook post. The removal of the Robert E. Lee statue in Charlottesville, Virginia is one of the events that have been the subject of reporting in online news platforms. Based on three articles from the Breibart News Network and three articles from relating to…

Works Cited
Frampton, Ben. “Clickbait: The Changing Face of Online Journalism.” BBC News. BBC News, 14 Sep. 2015. Web. 8 Nov. 2017.
Ransohoff, David F. and Richard M. Ransohoff. “Sensationalism in the Media: When Scientists and Journalists May Be Complicit Collaborators.” Effective Clinical Practice 4.4 (2001): 185-188.
Understanding Media and Culture: An Introduction to Mass Communication. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Libraries Publishing, 2016.
Vognar, David. “How Important is Culture in Shaping Our Behavior?” Huffington Post. Huffington Post, 1 Aug. 2012. Web. 8 Nov. 2017.
Yu, Qiufen. “Understanding the Impact of Culture on Interpretation: A Relevance Theoretic Perspective. Intercultural Communication Studies 33.3 (2014): 83-102.