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American Military Leaders
The fighting of the First World War (WWI) started during 1914 and ended on 1918. The Second World War (WWII) started a lot later in 1939 and ended in 1945. These are the biggest military conflicts in the history of humankind. In both wars, military alliances formed by groups of countries were involved. The First World War (World War I, the War to End All Wars, the Great War) mainly occurred in Europe. The fighting nations were categorized in two groups, 'The Allied Powers' and 'The Central Powers'. Germany, Turkey, ulgaria and Austria-Hungary were in the Central Powers group[footnoteRef:1]. The Allied Powers group consisted of ritain, Italy, France, Japan, Russia and the U.S., which joined in 1917. In The Second World War (World War II), the warring groups were called 'The Allies' and 'The Axis'. Germany, Japan and Italy made up The Axis. The U.S., China, France,…
Diffen. "World War 1 Vs. World War 11." Accessed May 18, 2016. http://www.diffen.com/difference/World_War_I_vs_World_War_II .
History.com. "Douglas Macarthur." 2009. Accessed May 18, 2016. http://www.history.com/topics/douglas-macarthur .
History.com. "Dwight D. Eisenhower." 2009. Accessed May 17, 2016. http://www.history.com/topics/us-presidents/dwight-d-eisenhower .
History.com. "George C. Marshall." 2009. Accessed May 18, 2016. http://www.history.com/topics/george-c-marshall .
Civilian & Military Leaders
Why is the relationship with civilian leaders crucial to military leadership?
Much as military leaders might like to ignore the need to foster fulfilling civilian relationships, ultimately it is the civilian component of the U.S. government that makes policy-related decisions regarding peace and war. On one hand, there is a continuing trend towards democratization and transparency in the developed world, and citizens are demanding increased accountability of their governments in terms of how their leaders, particularly of the military, conduct themselves at home and abroad. On the other hand, we also live in an increasingly dangerous world, which means that the cries for vigilance regarding protecting civilians from national and non-national threats are equally strident.[footnoteRef:1] [1: Gregory Foster, "Civil-Military Relations: The Postmodern Democratic Challenge, World Affairs; Winter 2005; 167(3): 91]
Congress has the power to declare war; the executive branch selects the heads of the Departments…
Foster, Gregory. "Civil-Military Relations: The Postmodern Democratic Challenge, World
Affairs; winter 2005; 167(3): 91
McCausland, Jeffrey D. "Developing strategic leaders for the 21st century. SSI, 2008
Ethical Challenges of the ar in Afghanistan
Ten years after the start of the war in Afghanistan, military leaders still face ethical dilemmas engendered by the war. The overall discussion that develops from the literature reveals more questions than answers. The essay examines moral issues surrounding unconventional warfare or police actions. Such questions as whether it is acceptable to kill noncombatant civilians or torture detainees are explored, along with Just ar theory and unconventional warfare tactics. How much risk should soldiers be exposed to in order to minimize harm to civilians? In the absence of answers to these and similar questions, military personnel are left to make split-second life and death decisions without the benefit of training. The use of military robots also results in moral dilemmas for war fighters. Not only is there currently debate over the role of robots and whether they should be used in autonomous mode,…
Lucas, G.R. (2008). 'This is not your father's war' Confronting the moral challenges of 'unconventional war.' Journal of National Security Law & Policy (3)33, 331-342. Retrieved November 11, 2011 from: http://www.mcgeorge.edu/Documents/publications/jnslp/_06_LUCAS%20Master%2012%2008-25-09.pdf
Perry, D.L. (2004). Ethical issues in recent U.S. military engagements. Retrieved November 11, 2011 from: http://home.earthlink.net/~davidlperry/recent.htm
Singer, P.W. (2009). Military robots and the laws of war. The New Atlantis, 23, Winter, 27-47. Retrieved November 11, 2011 from: http://www.thenewatlantis.com/publications/military-robots-and-the-laws-of-war
When faced with adversary, he cannot be fearful of losing face or seeming disloyal but instead must ask 'what actions are necessary to take for the greater good?' Even when a military leader disciplines a subordinate for disobedience, these actions are because of the requirements of safety and the need for adherence to institutional rules, not because of personal anger. Military officers must hold fast to an "objective professional ethic" of responsibilities owed to themselves, to the institution, to their leaders, and to the American public.[footnoteRef:3] When personal and individual obligations conflict with those of the collective ethos, the need to preserve institutional authority must be upheld. For example, "where it would be improper for a manager at IM to invade the privacy of her employees, the officer is morally obligated to do so" rather than place others in the service at risk.[footnoteRef:4] [2: Margaret Hermann, "Assessing leadership constraints: A…
Hermann, M. "Assessing leadership constraints: A trait analysis." Social Science Leadership
Johnson, K. "Ethical issues of military leadership."
Pfaff, T. "Resolving ethical challenges in an era of persistent conflict." SSI.
The focus on team leadership within the Military employs behavior-oriented techniques as derived within the scope of works. Team leadership approaches employ behavior-oriented approaches that are derived from the respective analytic methods. Team leaders have distinct functions and roles, which are often evident when practiced on people under them. Leaders undertake diagnostic functions through the monitoring of team performance and comparing the accepted standards coupled with remedial functions of taking necessary actions towards improving group performance. Leadership performs forecasting functions through watching environmental conditions coupled with their respective effects to team performance. For a military leader, the focus also has a preventive function especially by averting negative effects in a volatile combat environment.
I deserve to take over the leadership function for the team leadership as I have the practices and skills shared by successful team leaders. Team leadership involves building trust as well as inspiration of teamwork.…
Worst Faults a Military Leader Can Exhibit:
Incompetence, selfishness, and living in the past
"If America is to meet the multiple challenges of the 21st century, it is crucial that we develop a system that places the right people in the right places in government at the right moment."[footnoteRef:1] ut just as critical as being the 'right' type of leader is avoiding making some of the most typical mistakes of poor leaders of the past. Incompetence and disorganization; fighting the last war rather than the current conflict (i.e., living in the past); selfishness and a focus on the personal ego rather than the actual needs of the nation are the three worst faults a leader can exhibit. [1: J. McCausland, "Developing strategic leaders for the 21st century," Strategic Studies Institute, 2008. Available: http://www.StrategicStudiesInstitute.army.mil / (26 Sept 2013), xi]
On a very basic level, military leaders must have basic organizational skills.…
Bartone, P, Barry, C., & Armstrong, R. "To Build Resilience: Leader Influence on Mental
Hardiness. Defense Horizons, 69 (2009): 1-8.
Hermann, Margaret. "Assessing leadership style: A trait analysis." Social Science Automation
The definition for "subversives" is a bit vague, but Fagen explains that in Argentina and elsewhere in Latin American dictatorships the victims of violent repression tended to be union leaders, liberal political leaders, artistic people in cultural circles, student protest leaders and media personalities (p. 41). The whole point of these horrendous repressive policies was to inspire fear, confusion and "distrust" among the general population. For those who believe the United States' military always stands on the side of democratic movements it may come as something of a shock that the U.S. funded and trained many military outfits during the time of dictators in Latin America.
"An entire generation of Latin American military officers and police were armed, trained, and 'professionalized'" by American police and military leaders (Fagen, 1992, p. 43). Fagen says the repression in Argentina was, in part, designed to "Purge ideological infection"; Argentine present General Jorge Rafael…
Fagen, Patricia Weiss. "Repression and State Security." Fear at the Edge: State Terror and Resistance in Latin America. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992.
Hunter, Wendy. "Continuity or Change? Civil-Military Relations in Democratic Argentina,
Chile, and Peru." Political Science Quarterly 112.3 (1997): 453-475.
Remmer, Karen L. Military Rule in Latin America. University of Texas: Unwin Hyman, 1989.
Military-Led econstruction and Fiedler's Contingency Theory
In light of the unfolding instability, violence and difficulty that characterized the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the United States military must reexamine its approach to the strategic invasion, occupation, reconstruction and power-handover that have evolved into a war-making template for the nation. Accordingly, the research conducted hereafter considers the need for a change in leadership orientation, using Fiedler's Contingency Theory as the lens for the literature review thereafter. The Findings drawn from the review of literature are presented in this account and, generally, provided confirmation of the pertinence of Fiedler's contingency theory to modern military strategy as well as the pertinence of Fiedler's Least-Preferred Coworker checklist to defining ideal military leadership. The reported findings connecting Fiedler's ideas with strategic and empirical documentation on applied military policy contribute to a number of policy recommendations. In particular, these policy recommendations revolve around two…
Conner, Maj. W.D. (2005). Understanding First in the Contemporary Operational
Environment. School of Advanced Military Studies; For Leavenworth Kansas.
Ellyson, L.M.; Gibson, J.H.; Nichols, M. & Doerr, A. (2012). A Study of Fiedler's
Contingency Theory Among Military Leaders. Allied Academies International
Military Management and the Agency Problem
Agency theory can be helpful for understanding any organizational conflict or behavior, and applies equally as well to the private and public sector. Applied to the military organization, agency theory "offers insight into how military strategies relate to political objectives," an important consideration (Petrina, 2005, p. v). When it is applied to the corporate world, agency theory also offers insight into how executive decisions are made and how executives can become corrupt when they possess significant power and separation from agents or shareholders. There are differences in corporate versus military governance and organizational culture, but those differences to do not cloud over the essential applicability of agency theory to both the private and public sector.
A traditional view of agency theory as it applies to military organizations is that "civilians set oversight measures to monitor the behavior of the military and the military responds…
military imparts in an individual many important qualities that they carry out into the real world. These qualities are leadership, versatility, character, among others. The military is an excellent place to learn, to grow, and to better one's self. Many people have had long and successful careers that they earned only through being in the military. It teaches a person the importance of hard work, communication, and bravery.
The military allows for transition into a multitude of careers, especially career in the government. And in sectors where leadership skills are rare and sought after, the military prepares one to establish a secure foothold in these areas. Non-for-profits, volunteer organizations, and businesses all require strong and fearless leaders with clear direction and focus. The military offers exactly what a person needs early on to achieve anything they set out for. Six sections will be examined to show just how military lessons…
Ambrose, S.E. (1983). Eisenhower. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Burns, J.M., & Dunn, S. (2004). George Washington. New York: Times Books.
Cunningham, J.B., & Lischeron, J. (1991). Defining Entrepreneurship. Journal of Small Business Management, 29(1), 45. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8691.1993.tb00073.x
Gowel, D. (2012, March 1). 5 reasons the military is the best training for entrepreneurs | SmartBlogs [Web blog post]. Retrieved from https://smartblogs.com/leadership/2012/03/01/5-reasons-the-military-is-the-best-training-for-entrepreneurs/
One of the great challenges the military faces is remaining current and preparing the current and future generations of soldiers for inevitable shifts to the geopolitical environment, technological changes, and shifts in both domestic and foreign policies. The importance of preparing officers for the new realities of unpredictable environments and non-state actors cannot be underestimated.[footnoteef:1] The roles and goals of the AMSP and SAMS have not changed. These educational programs provide the requisite advanced and specialized knowledge to foster critical thinking and strategic analysis among military leaders. What must be remembered, however, is the need for organizational awareness and the willingness to change. [1: Edward B. Bankston, Boards vs. Bureaucracies: Field Grade Officer Education in the United States Army, 1946-1985. School of Advanced Military Studies Monograph, 2013.]
This analysis points out the importance of analyzing post-Cold War realities and adapting AMSP and SAMS programs accordingly to include such things…
Bankston, Edward B., Boards vs. Bureaucracies: Field Grade Officer Education in the United States Army, 1946-1985. School of Advanced Military Studies Monograph, 2013.
Beck, William T., Developing Army Leaders Through CGSOC/AMSP and BCTP. School of Advanced Military Studies Monograph, 2005.
Goble, Jeffrey J., Wants and Needs: SMAS' Relationship with the Army. School of Advanced Military Studies Monograph, 2008.
McKinley, Matthew R., An Assessment of the Army Officer Education System from an Adult Learning Perspective. School of Advanced Military Studies Monograph, 2005.
military philosophies of von Clausewitz, Vegetius, and Machiavelli reveal common threads of pragmatism and political realism. Vegetius focuses less on philosophy and theory, and more on the practical details and logistics of military campaigns. Yet in so doing, Vegetius does evolve a foundational political strategy that remains relevant almost two thousand years later, even as technology and the dictums of foreign affairs have changed. Likewise, the tenets embodied by Italian political philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli are still studied in the 21st century, long after they were written. Machiavelli is not as focused on the minutia of military formations on the battlefield as his predecessor Vegetius, but he is far more focused on the ways political leaders need to comport themselves in times of war and peace. Machiavelli is likewise concerned with the ramifications of political power and how leaders can retain and wield their power to achieve self-serving ends. Just as…
Gilbert, Felix. "Machiavelli: The Renaissance of the Art of War." In Makers of Modern Strategy. Oxford University Press, 1986.
Vegetius. Epitome of Military Science. Trans. N.P. Milner. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1996.
Von Clausewitz, Carl. On War. Trans. Col. J.J. Graham.
military strategies employed by Alexander the Great and how he was able to skillfully use his political and military skills in conquering most of Europe and Asia in his time.
Alexandros III Philippou Makedonon reigned as the king of Macedonia from 356-323 B.C. He was born to King Philip and his third wife, Olympias in July 356 BC in Pella, Macedonia. He is remembered as one of the greatest military genius in history. During his lifetime, he conquered much of world, since his main ambition was to conquer the world and create world monarchy.
Alexander, was the strong, handsome commander leading his army using the best military strategies of his time. His army was armed with sarisses, the fearful five and half meter long spears. He was the first great conqueror to invade Greece, Egypt, and India. He was popular for creating ethnic syncretism between the Macedonians and the conquered…
Arrian. Campaigns of Alexander, The (~90-172 A.D.)
J.F.C. Fuller. Generalship of Alexander the Great (1958)
J. Keegan. Mask of Command, The (1987)
Lisa Jardine, Worldly Gods: A New History of the Renaissance (London: Macmillan, 1996) pp. 67-68
How the Military Changes
Organizational change is a complex process in most cases, with those at the top of the hierarchy having the authority and power to institute changes while those in the trenches generally lack both the power and the authority but often having the expertise needed to guide needed shifts. In well-functioning organizations, change travels both up and down the hierarchy, with the final authorization for any shift in policy coming from the top echelon. However, in the most hierarchical organizations, all changes must be conceptualized and initiated from the top. Such is the case in the military.
Because of the strictures of its hierarchy, the military is famously resistant to changes. However, the military has also been able to accommodate significant changes over the course of the last half century, from racial integration to a far greater inclusion of women in the armed services to…
Nielson, S. (2010). An Army Transformed: The U.S. Army's Post-Vietnam Recovery and the Dynamics of Change in Military Organizations. Retrieved from http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1020.
Pierce, J.G. (2010). Is the Organizational Culture of the U.S. Army Congruent with the Professional Development of Its Senior Level Officer Corps? Retrieved from http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1015.
Authored by Dr. James G. Pierce.
He goes on to insist that "professional military education alone is not sufficient" to develop a real NCO leader. The ability to make decisions in a split second, the ability to make the best use of technologies, and the ability to train others, to be able to evaluate the men around you -- these are the components of leadership that Maxwell emphasizes. I like the fact that Maxwell emphasizes versatility, creativity and good coordination skills for the NCO, because today's Army is isn't just about giving orders and expecting everything and every soldier to follow without question. It's about leadership, and yes a civilian education is important, and military training is pivotal to success; but, Maxwell concludes, the NCO must also be able to "apply new, innovative techniques to lead and influence soldiers." That includes encouraging those in the NCO's unit to use the Internet, to engage in distance education,…
Crozier, David. (2009). Leadership / Ethics / The Larger Moral Issues. Fort Bliss, Texas
Reading M. 1 Leadership
Leadership Assessment and Development. Reading A: FM 6-22.
Maxwell, Frederick J. (2009). Preparing the NCO Corps for the 21st century. American Civil-Military Relations Reading C161RE.
In arguing against reinstating the military draft in the United States, several things come immediately to mind. First among those, for anyone who has learned anything at all about the Vietnam ar, is that the draft can be devastating to society, causing upheaval at home as well as the return of bright, strong young men in body bags. David Halberstam, a journalist of considerable experience, wrote a book, The Best and the Brightest, about the sacrifice of these young Americans for precious little, if any, gain to this country or any other.
Moreover, that war lasted for years, ending in horrific scenes of people running through the streets of Saigon trying to leave any way they could. In the end, there was a Communist takeover despite the loss of all those young Americans.
In an article called "Thinking About the Draft," illiam Galston wrote:
In the wake of…
Galston, William A. 2004. Thinking about the Draft. Public Interest, Wntr, 6ff. http://www.questia.com/ .
Swomley, John. 2004. The Return of the Draft? The Humanist, July/August, 14ff.
ithout the integrity to understand the importance of proper maintenance, a soldier may well be risking the health and safety environment for himself and others, not to mention risking the success of a task or mission (Army 2-33).
A leader of integrity is well aware of the Army Values and how important they are in defining character traits that aid in the development of discipline and the ability to maintain that discipline (Army 1-50). These values breed integrity which in turn results in the type of discipline necessary for a soldier to recognize the right course of action and to continue that course, no matter the difficulty encountered (Army 1-50). For leaders, these qualities are even more important because soldiers follow their leaders' examples, thus a leader must demonstrate the values and integrity that encourage his soldiers to excel in every task they attempt and within every aspect of their…
The Army Noncommissioned Officer Guide. Field Manual No. 7-22.7.
Headquarters Department of the Army. Washington, DC. December 23, 2002; pp. 1-60, 2-6, 2-7, 2-8, 2-14, 2-15, 2-23, 2-31- 2-33, 5-2, 5-6.
Living the Army Values. http://www.goarmy.com/life/living_the_army_values.jsp?fl=false
Such practices led to the growth of foreign loans and investment to Chile, which were stopped during Allende's office, but at the same time it led to the domination of foreign capital in economy sector and weaking positions of national production. Mining industry was privatized by big American corporations, which restored their traditional influence in this sector:
Pinochet's neoliberal economic policies' benefits have been sharply contested. In 1973, unemployment was only 4.3%. Following ten years of junta rule in 1983, unemployment skyrocketed to 22%. eal wages declined by more than 40%. In 1970, 20% of Chile's population lived in poverty. In 1990, in the last year of Pinochet's dictatorship, poverty doubled to 40%. Between 1982 and 1983, the GDP dropped 19%. In 1970, the daily diet of the poorest 40% of the population contained 2,019 calories. By 1980 this had fallen to 1,751, and by 1990 it was down to…
Petras, James Leiva, Fernando Ignacio Democracy and Poverty in Chile: The Limits to Electoral Politics Westview Press, 1994
Pinera, Jose Latin America: a way out. An article from: The Cato Journal January 1, 2003 p.409
Constable, Pamela Valenzuela, Arturo A Nation of Enemies: Chile under Pinochet Norton, 1991
Hewitt, Kenneth Between Pinochet and Kropotkin: State Terror, Human Rights and the Geographers
Attendance will be required for all group members to optimize the effect of the sessions. Group members will be allowed to leave the group as long as the intention to leave is provided in writing. No reasons will be required.
Because of the nature of the group, a mutual confidentiality agreement will be signed by all group members, including leaders, at the first meeting of the group. There will generally not be homework, apart from the requirement to apply what has been learned to the work and home environment. Group members may report on results if they feel they want to.
There is no need for a formalized institution to determine the ground rules and structure of the meetings. This will be a collaborative process between me and the group members.
IX. Group essions
Group dynamics generally consist of four stages: forming, storming, norming, and performing (Group Dynamics, Unit 10).…
Adams, B.D. And Webb, R.D.G. Trust in Small Military Teams. Retrieved from http://www.dodccrp.org/events/7th_ICCRTS/Tracks/pdf/006.PDF
Armstrong, R. (2005) Requirements of a Self-Managed Team Leader. Leader Values. Retrieved from http://www.leader-values.com/Content/detail.asp?ContentDetailID=1004
Borchers, T. (1999). Small Group Communication. Retrieved from http://www.abacon.com/commstudies/groups/leader.html
Castano, E. Leidner B, and Slawuta, P. (2008, Jun). Social identification processes, group dynamics and the behaviour of combatants. International Review of the Red Cross, Vol 90, No. 870. Retrieved from http://www.icrc.org/Web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/htmlall/review-870-p259/$File/irrc-870_Castano.pdf
Military Draw-Down from Afghanistan
hen terrorists attacked the United States on September 11, 2001, there was very little hesitation on the part of then President George . Bush -- and the United States Congress -- to mount a retaliatory military campaign in Afghanistan, the place where bin Laden was training terrorists to kill Americans. The Taliban militants were control of Afghanistan at that time and they had provided training camps for bin Laden and al Qaeda to plan their terrorist activities against the United States. Bush gave the Taliban time to either hand over bin Laden (which they were not about to do) or prepare for a bombardment by U.S. military. The American public was fully behind the 2001 military engagement in Afghanistan, but few citizens at that time imagined that more than ten years later American soldiers would still be in Afghanistan, fighting the resurgent Taliban militants.
Aymeen Jawad, al-Tamimi. 2012. Rethinking U.S. Strategy in Afghanistan. Middle East
Quarterly 19 (Winter) 1-15.
Jones, Jeffrey M. 2011. Americans More Positive on Afghanistan After Bin Laden Death.
Gallup Poll. Retrieved January 29, 2012, from http://www.gallup.com .
S. system of communication was responsible for far too many problems, including the presidential conception of the value of the leader, Nhu Ding Diem. Key factors in this war were the misuse of technology in the south and intelligent use of simple technology by the north. The Battle of Diem Bin Phu was a classic miscalculation when the French thought that artillery could not be brought against them through the jungle. The North Vietnamese did just that, manually hauling big guns on jungle trails and over mountains, then followed with ammunition on bicycles. In addition they hid the guns in tunnels and set off charges in the jungle to confuse the French as to the sources of shelling.
After the French left, the U.S. set up Nhu Ding Diem as president of South Vietnam. Between him and his brother, they alienated more than half the population in short order with…
Works Cited www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=109396003
Best, Antony, Jussi M. Hanhim ki, Joseph a. Maiolo, and Kirsten E. Schulze. International History of the Twentieth Century. London: Routledge, 2004. Questia. 8 Oct. 2006 http://www.questia.com/ PM.qst?a=o&d=109396005.
Bull, Stephen. Encyclopedia of Military Technology and Innovation. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2004. Questia. 8 Oct. 2006
Females in Military
Should females in military be allowed to lead combat units?
Gender discrimination is a wide exercised practice that is witnessed in the military organization as well. Women in the current times are equally challenging and capable of being a significant part of combat units. However, this subject matter has come under numerous arguments and disagreements with controversial results. In this regard, this study aims and intends to carry out a profound study that can determine whether females in military should be allowed to lead in combat unit or not. The study is a synthesis of both primary and secondary research that can aid the researcher to conclude with meaningful information.
Table of Contents
Participants of the Study
Data Collection Techniques
Since time immemorial, the element of discrimination and biasness, especially based on gender have existed in many…
Kotzur, G.P. (1997). Let Us Tell It: How It Was, How It Is and How It Will Be in the Future. USA: Turner Publishing Company.
Kumar, R. 2008. Research Methodology. 2nd Edition -- Reprinted. Great Britain: APH Publishing
Pallant, J. (2010). SPSS Survival Manual. 4th Edition. China: McGraw-Hill International.
Vartanian, T.P. (2010). Secondary Data Analysis. USA: Oxford University Press
Using Hersey-lanchard leadership theory to analyze LeMay's strengths and weaknesses as a leader
Situational leadership theory and LeMay
The Japanese campaign
The Cold War
Contrasting military and civilian leadership
How first, personal successes influence leadership
Four-star General Curtis LeMay is one of the most controversial figures in the history of the modern U.S. Air Force. LeMay's philosophy can be summed up as follows: it is more advantageous and ultimately more compassionate to use massive levels of force against the enemy. This results in a quicker victory and ultimately preserves more civilian lives. However, LeMay's legacy as a military leader is complex. On one hand, he is credited with speeding the end of World War II, thanks to his superior leadership style, tactical ability and boldness. However, as a political leader and advocate of U.S. interests, his legacy is mixed. "When he retired in 1965, LeMay was widely…
Blanchard, Ken. "Situational leadership II: The article."
http://wed.siu.edu/faculty/BPutnam/566/Situational_Leadership_Article.pdf (accessed 7 Sept 2013)
Coffey, Thomas M. Iron Eagle: The Turbulent Life of General Curtis LeMay. New York: Crown
Over the course of time, these high professional standards will improve moral and allow the military to more appropriately, adapt to the different challenges that they are facing. As professional officers, will men highly trained and professional enlisted personnel. ("The Armed Forces Officer," 1988)
The fourth aspect of what society expects from officers is: a willingness to put their lives on the line for their country. This is important, because there are going to be times that key personnel are going to be in very dangerous situations. Those officers who are willing put their lives on the line for others and their country, help to advance the cause of freedom. Where, they are willing to ensure that those who are looking to do harm to the nation, are prevented at all costs from doing so. In some cases, this could mean that the officer may place their lives on the…
The Armed Forces Officer. (1988). Washington DC: U.S. Department of Defense.
He made a particularly notable commitment as head of the University of altimore to expand opportunities for lower-income students who had to work during the day so they could take classes at night.[footnoteRef:2] He also took the time to write a biography of his old friend whose military career he admired. [2: Hugel, 21]
Showing similar grit and determination, Puller refused to be deterred in his desire to see action when World War I ended and instead asked of the Marine Corps where he could be useful: again and again throughout World War II he continued to distinguish himself in shows of valor. He showed loyalty (as manifested in the close relationship he fostered with his old friend) and humility (in his respect for Pullen's very different but equally notable accomplishments). Military leaders have often been criticized for excessive rigidity in their thinking, but both men showed great flexibility in…
Hugel, David H. "The teacher and the warrior: A story of two young Virginians who met as
Marine recruits." Leatherneck, 93 (Feb 2010) 2: 18
Snider, Dan. "Dissent and strategic leadership of the military professions." Strategic Studies,
He used his skills of persuasion to convince U.S. Commander-in-Chief Jack Pershing that his ideas for a U.S. Air Force deserved attention. Mitchell then personally trained and organized the first pilots of the newly created air force, earning him the title as its "father." In addition, during the St. Mihiel offensive in 1918, he led the largest air fleet of the time, consisting of nearly 1500 allied aircraft. Perhaps most importantly, he envisioned the need for a progressively more independent air force, and he made no secret of his commitment to enacting this expectation. Unfortunately, in the process, he alienated many higher-ups in the army and the navy, making his leadership style one of questionable controversy rather than blind admiration.
Mitchell's difficulties with the military, which ultimately led to his court martial, were not, however, a result of poor leadership on the part of Mitchell, but rather a result of…
Glines, C.V. (1973) The compact history of the United States Air Force, Hawthorn Books
Kline, E. (1997, Fall). Where have all the Mitchells gone?" Airpower Journal 11(3), 69-76.
Meilinger, P.S. (2003) Billy Mitchell. Air & Space Power Journal. 17(3), 109-111
Miller, R.G. (2007, Summer) Billy Mitchell, the 3d Attack Group and the Laredo Project of 1923. Air Power History 54(2), 4-15.
Countries such as Spain and England were able to colonize other countries with their advanced military and weapons system.
With the two World Wars in the 1900s, weapons and military have evolved to meet the challenges posed by the times. States are in particular looking for more technological applications in developing their army and navy. Another branch of the military service was developed in this era, the birth of the air force. The invention of the airplane led to its development from a means of transportation to a formidable military weapon. The quest of military superiority was now determined by an advanced air force, planes well armed to drop bombs at the opposing navy and army as well as deploy infantry in the battlefield. Germany and Japan in World War II had good fighter planes that won them several battles in the onset of the war, but the consolidated air…
Stearns, Peter, Donald Schwartz and Barry Beyer. World History Traditions and New Directions. New York: Addison Wesley, 1991.
Crevald, Martin. The Transformation of War. New York: The Free Press, 1991.
Goodwin, Peter. Nuclear War - the Facts on Survival. London: Ash and Grant, 1994.
There are four types of leaders, each with a slightly different style, each with slightly different strengths. The four leadership styles are telling, selling, developing and delegating (eck and Yeager, 2001).
The first leader exercises his power by directing or telling employees what to do, when to do it and how to do it. This is the most dominant form of leadership and it can be destructive to a team.
The second leader gets together with the employees and listens to their ideas before coming to a decision. This style of leadership can be criticizes as over-involving the employees rather than making a decision and delegating authority.
The third leader develops his ideas with his staff. The leader supports the employees and solves any problems that come up. In its negative form, this type of leadership is over-accommodating, as some leaders allow the employees to simply flounder around without…
Anderson, Robert. (1977). Grinding It Out: The Making of McDonald's. New York: St. Martin's Books.
Beck, John D.W., & Yeager, Neil M. (2001). The Leaders' Window: Mastering the Four Styles of leadership to Build high-Performing Teams, Second Edition. Palo Alto, CA: Davies-Black Publishing.
Don, Kettl. (2003). Team Bush: Leadership Lessons From the Bush White House. New York: McGraw Hill.
Gates, Bill (2000). We're All Swimming in the Same Pool. Inside Out. Retrieved from the Internet at www.microsoft.com/billgat...mepool.asp.
What does the leader of the future look like?
New and distinctive challenges for leader face?
What does a blueprint for dynamic planning look like?
Competencies and Future Decision-Making
What disciplines or areas must the new leader focus on?
What lessons have past leadership behaviors taught us?
What type of leadership will the current and next generation look for?
Executive Leader Competencies and Crisis Consequences
Scientific Management paradigm influence
Network-Centric paradigm influence
Current and Future Decision-Making and Variable Influences
What does the leader of the future look like?
As the world approaches 2015-2025, leaders can expect rampant change and complexity along with inevitable crises that each change could bring (Modis, 2003).Modis suggested that at the present complexity growth rate "... [by] the year 2025 we would be witnessing the equivalent of all the major milestones of the twentieth-century[i.e. electricity, automobile, DNA structure described, nuclear energy, WWII, space travel,…
Allen, L. (2000). Competencies that count: Strategies for assessing high performance skills. Lab working paper No. 2 (Vol. TM 032-324). Providence, RI: Brown University.
Anonymous. (2003). Recognizing the symptoms of reckless leadership. Harvard Business Review, 81(10), 65.
Bracken, P. (2008). Futurizing business education. The Futurist, July-August, 38-42.
Bush, G. (Ed.). (2006). President's state of the union address. Washington, DC: White House
Heinrich Himmler, the Nazi leader of the SS. Specifically, it will discuss his direct involvement with the concentration camps and the extermination of the Jewish people. Heinrich Himmler (1900-1945) was an unsuccessful chicken farmer and fertilizer salesman who became a leader in the Nazi party in the mid-1920s. As head of the SS as well as the Gestapo, he was a cold, efficient, ruthless administrator. He was the organizer of the mass murder of Jews, the man in charge of the concentration and death camps.
HIMMLE THE EXTEMINATO
Heinrich Himmler was born in 1900, and studied agriculture. He fought in the very end of World War I, and never seemed to make much of himself until he met Hitler. "Himmler was a passionate farmer. He had studied agriculture for several years, had a degree in agriculture, and was later the chairman of the board of the Organization of Agricultural Graduates"…
Devine, Carol, and Carol Rae Hansen. Human Rights: The Essential Reference. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press, 1999.
Editors. "Who was Heinrich Himmler?" Holocaust History Project. 31 Dec. 1998. 17 Nov. 2002. http://www.holocaust-history.org/short-essays/heinrich-himmler.shtml
Friedlander, Henry. The Origins of Nazi Genocide: From Euthanasia to the Final Solution. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1995.
Eisenhower, John. "Juxtaposed with History, Inquiry into why the Nazis Did What They Did." The Washington Times. 9 June 2002.
Leadership Styles of Sam Damon and Courtney Massengale
In the military setting, it is very common to hear statements like 'you are acting like a Courtney (Sam) on that issue'. Courtney Massengale and Sam Damon are the two main characters in the novel, Once an Eagle by Anton Myrer. The two are portrayed as significantly different army officers in a story that revolves around the key themes of unchecked ambition, devotion to country, career over family, corruption of power, ethics and morality, good vs. evil, and heroism. Both are portrayed as ambitious, dedicated, and aggressive men dedicated to the service of their country and its people; however, whereas Sam acts as a selfless, caring, and kind commander, Courtney presents himself as his exact opposite -- a charming professional out to portray a can-do image at whatever cost, even if it means stepping on his subordinate's toes just to get things…
ATTP. "Commander and Staff Officer Guide." Department of the Army, 2011. Web. 3 June 2015 https://fas.org/irp/doddir/army/attp5-0-1.pdf
Bass, Bernard and Riggio Ronald. Transformational Leadership 2nd ed. Mahwah, NJ: Psychology Press, 2006. Print
JROTC. "Principles and Leadership." JROTC, n.d. Web. 6 June 2015 http://www.dimondjrotc.org/Leadership/Chapter1/Chapter1Lesson4/U2C1L4A0_Text.pdf
Mayer, Holly. Belonging to the Army: Camp Followers and Community during the American Revolution. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press. 1999. Print
Shepherd and its relevance to the Military
The Way of the Shepherd, authored by Kevin Leman and William Pentak, is a work of non-fiction pertaining to management in the world of business. The book was largely written as an interview conducted by Pentak in which he was able to glean seven principles of management that Leman utilized, and which were disseminated to the latter by one of his former professors. The reader is privy to the exchanges between these two men during the course of their interview, the most interesting aspect of which involved Leman tended to his sheep at a ranch.
Tending to sheep is both a visual and literal metaphor for a leader tending to his followers -- this metaphor is utilized through the duration of the book in which those working for an organization are likened to sheep and those leading it are likened to how a…
Lehman, Kevin., Pentak, William. The Way of the Shepherd. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 2004.
1. Lehman, Kevin., Pentak, William, The Way of the Shepherd (Grand Rapids: Zonedervan Publishing House, 2004), 23-24.
2. Lehman, Pentak, 33.
It delved into the historical record of integration of blacks into the military, public opinions and health risks and unit disruption. It also incorporated the findings of scientific literature on group cohesion, sexuality and relevant health and legal issues and their implementation. Only one policy would fulfill the President's directive. It would consider sexual orientation as not inherent in determining who may serve in the military. It would set a standard of professional conduct for all personnel in the pursuit of good order and discipline. And it would be enforced in every level of the chain of command so as to maintain effective unit performance (Rostker et al.).
Policy for Ending Discrimination
This policy binds all service members to the same standard of professional behavior (Rostker et al., 2000). It draws upon actual conduct, not behavior from presumed sexual orientation. It elicits tolerance and restraint for the good of the…
Burrelli, D.F. And Feder, J. (2009). Homosexuals and the U.S. military: current issues.
CRS Report for Congress. Congressional Research Service: Federation of American
Scientists. Retrieved on March 5, 2010 from http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL30113.pdf
Roberts, R and Roberts C. (2010). Society ready to accept gays in the military. Topeka Capital-Journal: ProQuest Information and Learning Company. Retrieved on March 5, 2010 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4179/is_20100222/ai_n50180056
According to online polls, whether and how women should serve in combat is one of the top social issues of 2017 (“The Most Popular Social Issues of 2017”). One of the reasons why this social issue is currently trending is that as of January 1, 2016, the military began phasing in a new policy that opens ground combat positions for women. Over 200,000 new combat positions have been open since January 2016, but “relatively few women have been trained or deployed for these jobs yet,” revealing important structural, human resources, and leadership impediments to gender equality in the military (Patterson 1).
Historically, women have not served in the military other than in medical and support roles (Barry). Women have, however, served in combat roles globally within the past several generations. In fact, the list of countries in which women serve in official military combat roles now is astonishingly long…
Transformational Women's Leadership
The website for Changing Minds.org describes transformational leadership in the standard way, as charismatic leaders with vision and imagination who inspire followers to achieve radical change in an organization or society. Transformational leaders are passionate and exciting and they care about their followers. They make people believe that their ideals can be achieved through their own commitment, enthusiasm and drive. In the process, their followers are also transformed and empowered to do things that they would never have believed possible. This website also points out some of the dangers of transformational leadership in that when such leaders are wrong they can lead "the charge right over the cliff and into a bottomless chasm." They may also "wear out" their followers with constant demands for high energy and commitment, especially if those at the lower levels really do not desire change (Transformational Leadership 2002-11)
Legacee.com has a very…
Goodman, D., ed. (2003). Marie Antoinette: Writings on the Body of a Queen. Routledge.
Lever, E. (2000). The Last Queen of France. Farrar, Strauss and Giroux.
Plain, N. (2002). Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, and the French Revolution. Marshall Cavendish.
Price, M. (2004). The Road from Versailles: Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, and the Fall of the French Monarchy. NY: St. Martin's.
leadership is crucial to successful political military campaigns. Close scrutiny of the military and political leaders of the First World War demonstrate how political leaders use methods like propaganda and ideology to forge their victories in the psyches of the people, helping military leaders achieve their goals by engendering trust, courage, and conviction in spite of tremendous hardships and even death. Similarly, the victories of military leaders become critical for effective political campaigns. Military leadership requires a different set of tools and tactics than political leadership but both are crucial for desirable outcomes.
One of the most successful political leaders during World War One ended up being Vladimir Lenin, who spearheaded the Bolshevik evolution and ensured the enduring success of Soviet policies. Lenin's leadership skills far exceeded those of Czar Nicholas II, who failed to inspire the people of ussia in the way Lenin had, thus leading to the demise…
Lenin, Vladimir. Appeal for Revolt Issued by Lenin, 19 October 1917. Retrieved online: http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/lenin_19oct1917.htm
Lenin, Vladimir. Lenin's Proclamation of 7 November 1917. Retrieved online: http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/lenin_25oct1917.htm
Sir Douglas Haig's 2nd Despatch (Somme), 23 December 1916. Retrieved online: http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/haigsommedespatch.htm
Sir Douglas Haig's Final Despatch, 21 March 1919. Retrieved online: http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/haiglastdespatch.htm
military topic; exclude civil war. (I chose Special Forces) • All Research Papers 8 1/2 x
white paper, margins 1" x 1." • The Research Papers a minimum 4 pages typed information exceed 6 pages
There is much controversy concerning the U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF) and the missions that they perform on a daily basis because the mass-media tends to distort people's understanding about the military organization. Some might be inclined to consider that the Special Forces take most of the good men in the army and put them in a community that typically performs actions that most military groups would be capable of doing. Moreover, many believe that these people basically take advantage of the government's determination to keep the Special Forces in operation. However, most people fail to understand the training that these people go through on a daily basis, the fact that they have the ability…
Hamilton, John, "Special Forces," (ABDO, 10.01.2007)
North, Robert, "American Heroes: In Special Operations," (B&H Publishing Group, 01.11.2010)
Olson, Eric T., "U.S. Special Operations: Context and Capabilities in Irregular Warfare," Retrieved November 16, 2012, from the National Defense University Website: http://www.ndu.edu/press/lib/images/jfq-56/8.pdf
Pushies, Fred J., "United States Army Special Forces," (Zenith Imprint, 01.10.2001)
Military Dualism in Culture
According to the argument presented by Scarborough, there is a persistent and pervasive divide between the cultures of the United States military and civilian, American culture as a whole, viewed in its entirety. Scarborough argues as if the United States military is a separate entity that stands apart from the fabric of ordinary, daily life as a special institution. Given the extremity of Scarborough's stance, and the author's perhaps own biased view from the vantage of the then-recent (at the time of the author's writing) Navy scandal, the attitude that the United States military is so unique it transforms within its framework members of ordinary American culture may be allowed to some degree. But ultimately, Scarborough's central thesis is problematic, given the leaps of logic deployed in the essay, particularly Scarborough's use of hasty generalization. The United States military is a profession and has a professional…
Works Cited and Consulted
Scarborough, Rowan. (17 March 1999)"Army to try video cameras for mixed-barracks safety." The Washington Times.
Scarborough, Rowan. (, 1 July 2004) "Zarqawi Targets Female 'Soldiers.'" The Washington Times.
Charismatic vs. servant leadership
The career of General Colin Powell is by any measure an extraordinary one. Powell was the first African-American Secretary of State and a much-talked about candidate for the presidency in his own right. From the very beginning of his career, Powell eluded conventional definitions of what it means to be black in American politics and created a unique brand of charismatic leadership. Powell self-identified as a Republican but was unafraid to be an advocate for a different point-of-view when debates about the Iraq War raged within in the administration of George ush. Powell saw the involvement of the U.S. In Iraq as a flagrant contradiction of the principles he had learned while serving in Vietnam, which was to have a clear goal for an intervention; to use military force in a rapid fashion; and also to establish the support of the American people for…
Blanken, Rhea. "8 Common Leadership Styles." ASSOCIATIONS NOW, January 2013.
http://www.asaecenter.org/Resources/ANowDetail.cfm?ItemNumber=241962 accessed 26 Aug 2013)
Butler, G. "Humane leadership." Marine Corps Gazette, 96(2012) 8, 21-25. Available:
military experience relates to HR concepts
Most of the organizations that adopt a classic approach in their management tend to follow a comprehensible, coherent, planned and premeditated strategy in their running. This is the case of a Military camp. Most of the lessons and trainings involved illustrate a close link with Human Resource concepts. This is in terms of employment skills, leadership qualities and the connection between power and politics. Having worked in a military camp for a couple of years, I can strongly link my military experience with the Hr concepts. In terms of Leadership and followership, the military has played a larger role in improving my leadership skills, since; currently I have confidence in making crucial decisions and offering potential solutions (Armstrong, 2008, P.11)
Furthermore, through motivation and engagement, I experience a new personality in my career path and I am capable of improving my relation with others…
Billsberry, J. (Ed.) (2008) Discovering Leadership. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Boxall, P. & Purcell, J. (2011) Strategy and Human Resource Management (3rd ed.). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Jackson, B. & Parry, K. (2011) a Very Short, Fairly Interesting and Reasonably Cheap Book about Studying Leadership (2nd ed.)London: Sage.
Berrone, P. & Gomez-Mejia, L.R. (2009) the pros and cons of rewarding social responsibility at the top. Human Resource Management, 48(6), 959-971.
Military Orders that May be Unethical
Utilitarianism is a philosophical theory states that ethics are determined by the social group in which the moral determination is made. It has been described by various philosophers as the great happiness principle or pleasure principle. In essence, what is ethical or moral is determined by what makes a person or a group of persons the happiest. If a course of action brings the majority of people happiness, then it is ethical. On the contrary, if a certain set of actions brings the majority unhappiness, then it is unethical. Utility is thus the ultimate form of happiness and the best way by which to achieve happiness both for the individual and for the majority of the population within a given society. This seems logical but can become complicated when applying the concept of utilitarianism to a larger group, such as a government. hether the…
Bayles, M.D. (1968). Contemporary Utilitarianism. Anchor Books.
Mill, J.S. (2002). Utilitarianism. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett.
Popkin, R. (1950). A note on the 'proof' of utility in J.S. Mill. Ethics. 61(1).
Rosen, F. (2003). Classical Utilitarianism from Hume to Mill. Routledge.
leader admire. Your selected leader a real-Life individual a fictional character television,
The style of leadership that best describes me is known as the dominance style. I focus really intently on goals that I seek to accomplish, and I largely work at them until they are accomplished in as little time as possible. As such, I actually prefer to be the one who is in charge of making decisions and actuating others to accomplish objectives. Once I have an objective, my principle concern is the proverbial bottom-line or achieving that objective with efficiency. I have realized that power is one of the ways in which dominance leaders are able to assert themselves over others to help fulfill the needs of an organization.
Much of my style of leadership involves the assertion of such power over subordinates to get them to best perform tasks that can help me and overarching organizations…
Antoine, P. (no date). Fielder's contingency theory of leadership. www.stfrancis.edu. Retrieved from http://www.stfrancis.edu/content/ba/ghkickul/stuwebs/btopics/works/fied.htm
Ivey, G.W., & Kline, T.B. (2010). "Transformational and active transactional leadership in the Canadian military." Leadership & Organization Development Journal. 31 (3): 246-262. Retrieved from ProQuest.
Northouse, P. (2010). Leadership: Theory and Practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
The second and even more enlightening idea was that the leader who influences others to follow is, indeed, a leader, but the one who influences others to lead is at the top rung of leadership.
Sociologists tell us that even the most introverted individual will influence ten thousand other people during his or her lifetime," Maxwell points out (Maxwell, 1993).
His stories and anecdotes were helpful -- everything from Eisenhower to leadership in a flock of cranes. Not only did they lighten the tone but, in all cases, were appropriate in making a point clearer.
We all have tasks that pile up unless we prioritize. According to Maxwell, "20% of our priorities will give us 80% of our production." Therefore, our time and energy are best used if we channel them to our top priorities. To me, this is a simple yet profound concept.
The most valuable lesson from this…
Maxwell, J. (1993). Developing the leader within you. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson Inc.
Developing a Strong Leader
His impetuous style however drove him in a series of aviation accidents that often caused the concern of his close ones. In this sense, he experienced three close calls from having a plane crash, once during practice run in Texas, the second time because of flying too low in Spain, and the third one in Virginia. Although these experiences point out a sense of carelessness, they are also relevant for a courageous and free spirit.
There are certain moments that are defining for establishing the true nature of one's character. Often these moments come at a time of great need and suffering and underline the best qualities in an individual. The early adulthood of John McCain was deeply marked by the war in Vietnam, as that of many young people in the 1970s America. Due to his abilities as a good aviator, he became involved in the war, motivated by…
Keepandshare. John McCain biography. 2007. Accessed 23 February 2008, at http://www.keepandshare.com/doc/view.php?u=63650
McCain. Ready from day one. 2008. Accessed 23 February 2008, at http://www.johnmccain.com/About/
McCain, John. Why Courage Matters? New York: Random House, 2004.
McCain, John, Character is Destiny. New York: Random House, 2005.
military place Zhou dynasty China? What social impact ? eference Book: A History World Societies,
Essentially, Alexander the Great incurred the displeasure of his Macedon army during the battle of Gaugamela. This battle took place in the part of Iraq that is today known as Irbil. The reason that Alexander's soldiers were displeased with their leader is because after traversing through various parts of Asia and conquering it, Alexander's contingent eventually came upon Darius' forces in the midst of the night. Alexander's army was able to tell that it was the army of the mighty Persian king, whom Alexander had a profound respect for, due to the campfires that they were able to see faintly glowing in the distance within the darkness.
A minor dispute arose between Alexander and his troops because the former were inclined to attack the Persian king in the depths of the night, hoping that…
No author. (2012). The Zhou Dynasty. Thinkquest. Retrieved from http://library.thinkquest.org/12255/library/dynasty/zhou.html
Mckay, J.P.,Hill, B.D., Buckler, J., Ebrey, P.B., Beck, R.B., Crowston, C.H., Wiesner-Hanks, M.E. (2008). A History of World Societies, Volume 1 To 1715 Eighth Edition. New York: Bedford/St. Martin.
Both World War I and II were world events that left territories, countries, nations, and individuals exhausted from the effort and from loss. These wars proved ultimately ironic when the term "the war to end all wars" proved tragically inaccurate with the outbreak of World War II. In addition to the devastation, however, were significant changes, developments and effects on the world and its paradigms. Decolonization, for example proved to be one of the most important effects. Whereas colonization was a mainly European paradigm as means of transport and new discoveries enabled increasing voyages across the world, the World Wars created the ability of territories to become autonomous, searching for their own identity rather than identities that were associated with those of their colonizers. For Italy, World War II also held its own specific events and paradigm shifts as the country became a territory affected by war and…
His plan to create a black regiment in the South failed, but black regiments were created during the war, and some of them were vital to certain battles and victories.
Perhaps the most notable black regiment formed during the war was the 1st hode Island egiment, which has become legendary in the fight for freedom. Colonel Christopher Greene commanded the egiment, and it was one of only three black regiments to fight during the war. In fact, many historians feel the war might have ended sooner if more regiments like the 1st hode Island had been formed and utilized. The Kaplans note, "Colonel Christopher Greene's First hode Island egiment distinguished itself for efficiency and gallantry throughout the war -- perhaps the war would have ended sooner if its example had been heeded" (Kaplan, and Kaplan 1989, 64). hode Island was unable to fill its quota of fighting men for the…
Bradley, Patricia. 1998. Slavery, Propaganda, and the American Revolution. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi.
Dunmore, Lord. 1775. Lord Dunmore's Appeal to the Slaves of Virginia (1775).
Editors. 2005. Black Loyalists: Our History, Our People. Government of Canada's Digital Collections. http://collections.ic.gc.ca/blackloyalists/story/our_story.htm
Kaplan, Sidney, and Emma Nogrady Kaplan. 1989. The Black Presence in the Era of the American Revolution. Revised ed. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press.
In his Pulitzer Prize winning biography, His Excellency George ashington, Joseph J. Ellis presents a balanced and comprehensive portrait on the nation's first president that steers a course between hero-worship and debunking. He based his work on the latest edition of the ashington papers, which now include virtually every scrap of written information available except for his last three years as commander of the Continental Army and the second presidential term in 1793-97. For many modern readers, ashington comes across as a cold, distant, patriarchal figure, an iconic face on Mount Rushmore or the dollar bill, but not exactly a people's president like Abraham Lincoln. At the opposite extreme, Leftist and revisionist writers regard him as the creator of a nation that "was imperialistic, racist, elitist, and patriarchal," and prefer to write social history about women, slaves and common soldiers rather than the dead, white male ruling class (Ellis,…
Ellis, Joseph J. His Excellency George Washington. NY: Vintage Books, 2005.
Grant, Susan-Mary. Book Review. History Today, Vol. 55, June 2005.
Wesiberger, R, W. Book Review. Pennsylvania History, 2006.
Military Leadership Merits of General George S. Patton, Jr.
One aspect of cultural development which seems to be universal throughout the course of humanity's history is the innate desire of society to lionize the accomplishments of triumphant military leaders. Perhaps owing to a subconscious desire for the implicit protection provided by effectual wartime figures, nearly every civilization from the ancient Greeks to contemporary suburban Americans has placed its generals, admirals, and other military authorities on a proverbial pedestal, lauding their preternatural ability to motivate men during the heat of battle while achieving strategic victories. Among this nation's long lineage of military leaders -- which begins with George Washington's revolutionary heroics and includes famed generals like Andrew Jackson and William Tecumseh Sherman -- one of the most competent and accomplished figures to ever lead American troops on the field of battle was also considered to be among the most controversial. General…
Atkinson, R. (2007). The Day of Battle: The War in Sicily and Italy, 1943 -- 1944 (The Liberation
Trilogy). New York, NY: Henry Holt and Company, LLC.
Axelrod, A. (2006). Patton: A Biography. London, England: Palgrave Macmillan.
Blumenson, M. (1974). The Patton Papers 1885-1940. Vol. I.
Canadian Forces, small group military relationships
Within the Canadian Forces, how are small group military relationships on operational deployments in Kabul, Afghanistan?
A group is mostly defined to be two or more people interacting together so they can achieve a common specific goal. The main purpose of the group would be towards a shared and desired outcome. With this in mind, Military groupings are formed to achieve a common interest like defeating a common foe, or lobbying for a specific cause. The group will have some form of leadership structure to ensure it is not mistaken for a crowd. The leadership for military groups is formal. Military groups report to one leader, and follow the orders or instructions given by their leader. For the effectiveness of the military groups, the group members should work together. Working closely together, and for long periods, the group members will form certain bonds, and…
Cox, D.R., & Snell, E.J. (1974). The Choice of Variables in Observational Studies. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series C (Applied Statistics), 23(1), 51-59.
Jiroutek, M.R., Muller, K.E., Kupper, L.L., & Stewart, P.W. (2003). A New Method for Choosing Sample Size for Confidence Interval-Based Inferences. Biometrics, 59(3), 580-590.
Johnson, B.A., & Tsiatis, A.A. (2004). Estimating Mean Response as a Function of Treatment Duration in an Observational Study, Where Duration May Be Informatively Censored. Biometrics, 60(2), 315-323.
Morgan, D.L. (1996). Focus Groups. Annual Review of Sociology, 22(ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: 1996 / Copyright © 1996 Annual Reviews), 129-152.
Control of Borrowed Military Equipment
The military equipments that may be technical like guns, warships radar and so on need to be maintained in a different process than civil equipment. The military equipment can be defined as material issued by the army or belonging to the army, be it a pencil or a battle tank. The accounting is must because of the allotment factor of resources and also because of the necessity of finding the appropriate tools at the appropriate time. Since no person can predict when a solider or a division will be called upon to act immediately it is necessary to maintain all equipments in perfect working order and be able to source all materials and locate them as and when needed. Therefore all personnel must know that it is necessary to be aware of U.S. military property in their possession and to maintain and guard it because…
APD. (2007) "Army Materiel Maintenance Policy" Army Regulation 750 -- 1 Maintenance of Supplies and Equipment. Headquarters, Department of the Army Washington, DC 20. Retrieved 22 September, 2012 from http://www.apd.army.mil/pdffiles/r750_1.pdf
APD. (2005) "Property Accountability: Policies and Procedures for Property
Accountability" Army Regulation 735-5. Retrieved 22 September, 2012 from http://www.apd.army.mil/jw2/xmldemo/r735_5/main.asp
Coll, Blanche D; Keith, Jean E; Rosenthal, Herbert H. (1958) "The Corps of Engineers:
Given the extensive demands put upon the military, which is currently fighting two wars on two different fronts, prioritization of resources, even regarding recreational services, is essential.
The men and women served must believe that the organization has a strong sense of integrity, and truly believes that it has their best interests at heart: this is true of the military in terms of how it secures the safety of personnel, but also on a much smaller level in terms of the comforts enjoyed by them on base. When people trust their leaders, they are more apt to accept changes (Maxwell 2000, p.67). Being flexible to the ever-shifting social needs of the armed services is demanded in a world characterized by change. AAFES has begun offering discounts on laptops, for example, and other electronic services that are needed when members of the military take classes or use computers to stay in…
AAFES. (2010). Army and Air Force Exchange Service. Retrieved July 14, 2010 at http://www.aafes.com/default_s.aspx
Maxwell, John C. (2000). Developing the leader within you. Nelson.
However in those days, the progress was even slower and there was deeper concern about the possibility of complete transition. Samuel Huntington's path-breaking book, Political Order in Changing Societies (1968) has been by far the most well received and comprehensive book on the subject of civilian military relations. Huntington studied the conditions in Latin America and found that in underdeveloped countries, militaries were usually more powerful because society cannot access the government and hence support military's interference. Middle classes then "compel the military to oppose the government" and restore the status quo ante. Military may be powerful but Huntington felt that it was the organizational structure that can be blamed for coups but instead the social structure and thus "Military explanations do not explain military intervention," he argued.
By the end of the 1970s, even more literature appeared on the scene to explain civil military relations and to study the…
Within the general framework of abiding by the elements of order and to respecting the indications given by the superiors, applicable to everybody in the troop, my role will be to transmit them to everybody under my direct subordination.
My role as a military officer will also be directed towards strengthening the connection between the military and the civil society. Obviously, our role is to protect the civilians, but, additionally, our role is also resuming to coordinating our policies and instruments so as to obtain the best results on the objectives we have commonly set out to reach. I have already enumerated these previously, so we know what these are. It is necessary to ensure that we stand on the same side of the barricade, that we are committed to the same goals, that we understand the plan of action and how to perform it to the best of our…
Marines build leaders that last. By preparing soldiers that are ready and able to enter into any combative situation, soldiers are not only skilled in ways of warfare, but in ways of leadership as well. This is no mistake -- by establishing a set of core values and leadership skills, the Marines are prepared for almost anything. By integrating important values with distinctive leadership skills, the Marines are one institution that develops successful leaders. This paper will examine how intense training, challenges, responsibility, mentoring, and accepting failure as experience creates model leaders in Marines.
The Marine Corps Core Values are honor, courage, and commitment. (Marines) Simply put, "the qualities of maturity, dedication, trust and dependability commit Marines to act responsibly, to be accountable for their actions, and to fulfill their obligations" (Marines). These core values are just the stepping stones to what obligations lay ahead for each Marine.
Core Values. Marines Online. Site Accessed August 28, 2003. http://marines.com/about_marines/corpsvalues.asp
Real Leadership. Marines Online. Site Accessed August 28, 2003. http://marines.com/officer_programs/realleadership.asp?format=flash
Nelson, Wallace. "Leadership." Marines. November 1995. Site Accessed August 28, 2003. http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=9603154667&db=mth
Freedman, David. "Corps Values." Inc. Online. April 1998. Site Accessed August 28, 2003. http://www.inc.com/magazine/19980401/906.html
Wesley Kanne Clark
An ideal leader inspires you to believe in yourself and makes you accomplish things that you earlier thought were not possible. An ideal leader leads by example. He does not tell you what you have to be, rather he shows you by what you have to be, by being an exemplary figure for you. An ideal leader to me is like a father figure who inspires you, motivates you and leads you without wanting the credit for himself. His aim is that you do great things with your own name, and not his. And my interaction with General Wesley Kanne Clark made me believe that he was all this, and much more.
In March 1997, I was a young sergeant (E-5) assigned as General Clark's drivers aid in Panama. He was Commander in Chief of the United States Southern Command, Panama from June 1996 to July 1997.…
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By the time Chiang's army reached Changsha in early August, it had been bolstered by defecting troops of Guizhou warlords and it overran the tricities of Wuhan after which the nationalists shifted the seat of its government from Canton to the Wuchan cities. The KMT forces, however, faced much stiffer resistance from the warlords of Jiangxi but the area too was subdued by mid-November albeit after heavy fighting and at a cost of 15,000 KMT casualties (Ibid. p. 330). The NA offensive up the east coast also went well and by mid-December, 1926, its troops had entered the Fujian capital of Fuzhou. Nationalist armies captured the industrial cities of Shanghai and Nanjing in March of 1927. By then, the deep-seated rivalry within the Communist and conservative forces within KMT had erupted and the General Labor Union in Shanghai, Influenced by Conservative Nationalist leaders and Chinese business leaders in Shanghai, Chiang,…
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The Northern Expedition" (2007). Article in Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Retrieved on April 6, 2007 at http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-71816/China
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Leaders: The 4th Armoured rigade Combat Team
Organizational development is often a challenging task for most organizations. The challenge appears in processes such as leadership development, employee management and engagement, as well as change management.[footnoteRef:1] If not handled properly, these processes may hinder the achievement of organizational goals and objectives. The 4th Armored rigade Combat Team (ACT) is currently facing significant challenges as far as organizational development and leadership processes are concerned. The challenges specifically include communication concerns, ineffective leadership, poor motivation of soldiers, lack of team work, interpersonal conflicts, as well as organizational culture issues. It is imperative for these challenges to be addressed if the team is to effectively execute its deployment goals and objectives in the future. As the new commander of the brigade, I have an instrumental role to play in addressing the challenges. This essay describes the major challenges facing the brigade and the measures…
Cummings, Thomas and Christopher Worley. Organization development and change. 10th ed. Boston: Cengage Learning, 2015.
DOTMLPF system of analysis provides defense leaders of the 21st century a holistic interpretation of today's battlefield by identifying and grouping the most important factors into an understandable and complete model. Doctrine, organization, training, material, leadership, personnel, and facilities compose this acronym's structure and are partnered together in a unique pneumonic while adhering to the systematic traditions of the American army and it's defense partners around the globe.
The purpose of this essay is to explore this system and highlight the one facet of this composition which demonstrates the most significant contribution to the entirety. While many of these facets certainly should be considered as significant, the material aspect seems to hold a significant presence beyond the others. I will explain how material supersedes the other attributes by comparing and contrasting their various special attributes. It is important to realize during this analysis that the DOTMLPF system relies on the…
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In this sense, his parent's influence was obvious. Since his early childhood he would listen to stories from the war period without any practical consideration of the actual facts those stories conveyed. However, his parents would later choose for him by guiding him towards the military education. In this sense, "in the early years of his life, Johnny's parents made one decision about which they would be unwavering: When Johnny grew up, he would follow the family model and attend the Naval Academy and would then enter the navy (...) the first demonstrative move Jack and Roberta made toward realizing their goal came in September 1946; they enrolled Johnny, then 10 years old, in St. Stephen's School in Alexandria, Virginia" as part of a higher type of academic preparation that would make him eligible for the Navy Academy later on.
In the current society, the one in which the idea…
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