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What is the Art of Leadership
Mission command is defined in the Army Doctrine Publication 6-0 as “the exercise of authority and direction by the commander using mission orders to enable disciplined initiative within the commander's intent to empower agile and adaptive leaders in the conduct of unified land operations” (McBride & Snell, 2017). The philosophy and concepts of mission command can be found in the six guiding principles of mission command, which are: 1) using mutual trust to build a cohesive team, 2) creating a sense of shared understanding, 3) being clear about what the commander’s intent is, 4) exercising an initiative that is disciplined, 5) using mission orders, and 6) accepting prudent risk (Hutchings, 2018). Thus, one can see that the most important concepts in the philosophy of mission command are trust, communication, understanding, discipline, guidance and prudence. This paper will show how I plan to apply the philosophy and concepts of mission…
Mission Command raining
EVALUAION OF HE EFFECIVENESS OF MISSION COMMAND RAINING PROGRAM
MSA 699 Project Report
For the Degree of Master of Science in Administration
(Concentration in General Administration)
he aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the MCP (Mission Command raining Program). Unlike the traditional training centers that focus on training units on the ground, the MCP uses stimulation programs to carry out training operations. he decision criteria for the research focuses on the benefits to be derived from the implementation and analysis updated literatures. he updated literature from the Department of Army reveals more benefits that the costs incurred in the operation because MCP has been able to decline the annual costs incurred in its operations.
he study collects data using quantitative technique to validate the data collected through secondary sources. he data are collected from MCP budget and logistics department and the financial data…
There is a need to train Division and Corps formations on Full Spectrum Operations in a Contemporary Operational Environment, and simultaneously train atrophied or non-resident major combat operating (MCO) skills while sustaining recently learned Stability and Counter-Insurgency Operations skills. This training must be accomplished with no addition resources/funding.
Purpose of the Research
The purpose of this research is to provide an alternative approach to the way MCTP currently conducts its training exercises. The intent is the proposed construct will provide efficient ways to train units and maximize limited resources. Gen. Casey 2007 during an
Mission and vision statements are important ways for organizations to express their purpose and goals; they are also important methods of establishing organizational culture. Developing clear mission and vision statements provide "synergy" for the members of the organization, a sense of worth and direction; and a basis for planning and strategy (David, 2011, p. 50). Moreover, large organizations especially benefit from clear mission and vision statements in that they help the members to reconcile their differences and resolve divergent views (David, 2011, p. 50). A mission statement and a vision statement are similar in their impact on the organization, but different in that a mission expresses "who we are" and "reason for being," whereas a vision expresses "what we want to become," (David, 2011, p. 44-45). Mission statements set the tone and "ensure unanimity of purpose within an organization," and vision statements offer employees motivation for work that goes beyond…
COMOPTEVOR (2013). About COMOPTEVOR. Retrieved online: http://www.public.navy.mil/cotf/Pages/aboutus.aspx
COMOPTEVOR (2013). COTF Command mission and strategic vision. Retrieved online: http://www.public.navy.mil/cotf/Pages/mission.aspx
David, F.R. (2011). Strategic Management. 13th edition.
Multinational Command Structures
According to the DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms command and control is the "exercise of authority and direction by a properly designated commander over assigned and attached forces in the accomplishment of the mission. Command and control functions are performed through an arrangement of personnel, equipment, communications, facilities, and procedures employed by a commander in planning, directing, coordinating, and controlling forces and operations in the accomplishment of the mission -- Also called C2" Staff officers and enlisted personnel assist commanding officers with the bi-directional flow of information with their subordinate military units. This information categorically represents the basis for command decisions, which are further characterized by effective management of the resources of units.
What is missing in this comprehensive definition of C2 is an explanation of the impact substantive change has this ordered, sustainable system. What, out of all these moving parts, is most disturbed…
Army doctrinal concepts in lessons C410 through C421 to answer the questions. Use the C400 online lessons and readings to help you answer the questions.
• If you state something from doctrine, the readings, or the lessons as part of your answer, you must give a citation in accordance with ST 22-2. You may use parenthetical citations, endnotes or footnotes; all citations must include page numbers.
• Type your answers directly into the spaces provided. The font and margins are already set for you; the document will expand as you type your responses. Single-space your answers; double-space between paragraphs; write in complete sentences, not bullets. The question tells you how much space (approximately) it should take.
THE SITUATION -- 30 minutes ago
You are the commander of the 1/9 Armor Brigade Combat Team (ABCT), which is the lead element of the main body in the 9th Infantry Division's attack to…
command system (ICS) as defined by Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is 'a standardized, on-scene, all-hazards incident management approach' used by all governmental levels in any type of incident however complex.
Features of an Incident command system
ICS integrates a number of management features that add up to the efficiency and strength of the system as a whole. The incident commander creates needed sections and delegates operations to other personnel. Features of an ICS include:
Standardization- since communication is absolutely critical, use of a common terminology will assist in defining organizational functions, position titles, resource description and incident facilities would be quite relevant. Plain English is the standard way to communicate; codes and jargon should not be allowed. It would be extremely hard for one to relate to someone from Japan who does not understand English to convey information that is relevant in helping curb a particular incident; this mission…
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) (2010). ICS Features and Principles. Retrieved March 9, 2012 from http://training.fema.gov/emiweb/is/IS100b/SM/03ICS100b_SM_Aug2010.pdf
National Environment Training Center (NETC). Incident Command System: Introduction and Overview. Retrieved March 09, 2012 from water.epa.gov/infrastructure/watersecurity/upload/ICS.ppt
Army egulation 600-20
Command and the different Army esponsibilities
Command aspects of medical care
It will be necessary for a Soldier at AD or ADT to submit to medical care which is important for the survival of his or her life, lessen excessive suffering, or secure or preserve the health of others. The examination of any Soldier may be ordered by Commanders when necessary. It will be decided by the medical treatment facility (MTF) commander whether the hospitalization of the Soldier is appropriate. Emergency medical care that is necessary to save the life, fitness, or aptness for duty of the Soldier may be executed. The attending physician determines this. If the Soldier should decline treatment required, and the unit commander is not present, the hospital commander may demand the treatment given. It will be made sure by the Commanders that Soldiers are educated about the significance behind both regular and…
Headquarters, D.A., & Headquarters, Department of the Army. (n.d.). AR 600-20 1999 (OBSOLETE): Army command policy. Washington, DC: Department of the Army.
U.S. Military Chain of Command
The traditional wars that have followed the Europeans models developed by Napoleon basically incorporate the leadership in writing and training troops for rules of engagement. ules of Engagement (OE) is described as a management tool that help in keeping soldiers within control and aligned with the specific mission. This management tool has contributed to benefits and costs in which training OE in each leadership level down to the individual soldiers enables every participant to make responsible decisions and achieve the mission as stated by the battlefield commander. Notably, the chain of command basically consists of various levels since it links everyone in the uniformed service ranging from the senior ranks to the junior ranks as well as the United States President. An important example that correlates an understanding of rules of engagement with limited war ideology is the Vietnam War. The Vietnam War incorporates various…
Boot, M. (2011, October 4). The War Over the Vietnam War. Retrieved September 29, 2012,
Lester, R.E. (1990). Records of the U.S. Marine Corps in the Vietnam War. Retrieved September
29, 2012, from http://cisupa.proquest.com/ksc_assets/catalog/11199.pdf
Chain of Command and ROE
Levels of the Chain of Command
The objective of this study is to discuss the views of the six levels in the chain of command from the perspective of each during the Vietnam ar. The six levels of the chain of command includes: (1) the individual soldiers in the field; (2) battalion commanders; (3) division commanders; (4) General illiam estmoreland; Secretary Of Defense Robert McNamara; and (6) President Lyndon Johnson.
The Vietnam ar resulted in conflict in the forum of public opinion. Under the 'Rules of Engagement', the directives and orders are of a design that focus on mission accomplishment and a maintaining of the relations with the civilian population. The 'Rules of Engagement' set out how operations should proceed during crisis and are such that when followed serves in the accounting for "policy and political sensitivities." (The Chain of Command and NCO…
Cole, A, et al. (2008) Rules of Engagement Handbook. Nov, 2009. Retrieved from: http://www.usnwc.edu/getattachment/7b0d0f70-bb07-48f2-af0a-7474e92d0bb0/San-Remo-ROE-Handbook
Palmer, DC (1993) Rules of Engagement as an Operational Tool. Naval War College, Newport, RI. Retrieved from: http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a264457.pdf
The Chain of Command and NCO Support Channel FM 7-21.13. (nd) Retrieved from: http://vadfmpco.org/downloads/NCO%20Support%20Channel.pdf
Mission, Vision, Strategy
Zale's spent 2011 seeking to turn the company around. ith falling incomes and several consecutive years of losses, Zale's has been forced to reconsider its strategy in the marketplace. In general, terms, the company's strategy appears to fit somewhere in between cost leadership and differentiation. hile Zale's seeks to differentiate itself based on the brands that it has, the company's large retail presence hints at a strategy that should emphasize cost leadership, as it seeks to "re-establish the price/value proposition." Overall, Zale's is probably in a difficult position because it excels neither as a high-end diamond retailer or a low cost retailer, instead falling somewhere in the middle ground that Porter's warns is a recipe for failure in the long run (QuickMBA, 2010). The company does not appear to publish a mission statement or a vision statement.
Porter's Five Forces
The five forces analysis seeks to…
MSN Moneycentral: Zale's (2011). Retrieved December 11, 2011 from http://moneycentral.msn.com/investor/invsub/results/statemnt.aspx?symbol=ZLC
QuickMBA. (2010). Porter's generic strategies. QuickMBA. Retrieved December 11, 2011 from http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/generic.shtml
White, N. (2007). Zale's new CEO, new name, old address -- has anything changed? G. Plus. Retrieved December 11, 2011 from https://www.gplus.com/apparel/insight/zales-new-ceo-new-name-old-addresshas-anything-changed-20163
Zales 2011 Annual Report. Retrieved December 11, 2011 from http://www.zalecorp.com/Zales.aspx
Vietnam War has gone down in history as one of the worst war efforts made by the United States for its sheer cost in human capital and the collective sanity of the nation. While many social and psychological issues can be cited as bearing the blame for the atrocity that was this war, one major challenge was the basic lack of communication and consistency among the levels of command. Individual soldiers, for example, were given commands and rules of engagement without really being informed of the rationale behind these (Close Air Support, 2014). Furthermore, there was no debate among the various levels of command regarding the best way forward in terms of rules of engagement. Those in the midst of battle were not free to proceed according to the demands of the situation; they were basically bound by the theories and ideals of those in command, including those in the…
Close Air Support (2014). Rules of Engagement. Retrieved from: http://www.cc.gatech.edu/~tpilsch/AirOps/cas-roe.html
Christian Church acknowledges its missionary function as truly the core of Christianity, the heart of the Church. Through Christ's teachings, mission is the foreground of His legacy to the Church, the instrument for redemption. The guiding principles at the basis of the Church's mission exist as transparently related by the ible which in itself transcends all worldly knowledge and phenomena. God, as the Holy Trinity, reveals Himself through the biblical record in order to communicate with man candidly and openly, sends His only son into the world in order to claim Him back to the offspring of wholeness, and puts forth a missionary pattern for His followers: "A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another." (John 13:34, 15:17 King James ible) "And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the…
Abraham, William, James. The Logic of Evangelism. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1989.
Blauw, Johannes. The Missionary Nature of the Church. New York, Toronto, London: McGraw-Hill Company Inc., 1974.
Bosch, David, C. Transforming Mission: Paradigm Shifts in Theology of Mission. New York: Orbis Books, 1991.
Flett, John, G. The Witness of God: The Trinity, Missio Dei, Karl Barth, and the Nature of Christian Community. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2000.
The United States Northern Command, or NOTHCOM, was created to enhance homeland security. It is part of the U.S. military, and considered a Unified Combatant Command, which is a part of the Department of Defense (Bolkcom, 2005; Cronen, 2009;). The task of NOTHCOM is to provide support for civil authorities through the use of the military. This is done throughout the United States, but also in other countries where the U.S. has a national interest. These countries include Mexico and Canada. The air, sea, and land approaches to these countries, as well as the air, sea, and land approaches to the lower 48 and other U.S. territories (such as Alaska) also fall under the protection of NOTHCOM (Cecchine, 2004; Wormuth & Witkowsky, 2008).
The creation of NOTHCOM officially came about in late April of 2002. Then-President George W. Bush created it as part of a Unified Command Plan that…
Bolkcom, C., et al. (2005). Homeland Security: Establishment and Implementation of Northern Command. In Thaler, William M. & Bea, Keith. Emerging issues in homeland security. New York: Nova Publishers.
Cecchine, G., ed. (2004). Triage for civil support: using military medical assets to respond to terrorist attacks. RAND Corporation.
Cronen, R.B., Col. (2009). U.S. Northern Command & Defense Support of Civil Authorities. Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL) Newsletter, 9(10).
Cutler, T. (2011). Navcivguide. Naval Institute Press.
Third Semester Exam
How does Command and Control and Intelligence help the JFC and staff integrate, synchronize and direct joint operations?
Joint Force Commands seek to utilize the full spectrum of abilities and strengths that our military possesses across the entire range of the battlefield. Therefore, JFCs typically focus their efforts in particular types of operations and hold back in others. Thus major operation and campaign tactics must utilize the correct balance between offense, defense and stability operations at all points in planning. It is crucial that planning for stability operations be initiated when joint operation planning begins and not to allow a simple focus on offense and defense obfuscate planning. JFCs must possess a strategic long view and anticipate the switch from combat operations (whether offensive or defensive) to the end of joint operations and the reinstitution of civilian control. A myopic focus on planning offensive and defensive…
However, it must be careful not to expand too far into venues that undercut its business model of relatively low operating costs. It also must remain vigilant against fraud -- the worse the state of economy, the more likely fraud will occur, as people try to make money any way they can.
eBay's use of the 'Bill me later' program which was designed to help consumers who had difficulty finding conventional means of credit, must be carefully monitored so that consumers who make use of this 'pay later' option actually make good on their promise to pay. After all, protections for sellers as well as buyers against fraud are one of eBay's greatest attractions for sellers. "The company's ability to profitably integrate, manage and grow businesses…and the company's ability to upgrade and develop its systems, infrastructure and customer service capabilities at reasonable cost; and the company's ability to maintain site"…
2008 annual report. (2009). eBay. Retrieved January 2010 at http://www.shareholder.com/visitors/dynamicdoc/document.cfm?CompanyID=ebay&DocumentID=2493&PIN=400276241&Page=21&Zoom=1x&Section=65180#65180
eBay Inc. reports 4th Quarter and full year 2009 earning results. (2010). Investor Relations.
eBay official website. Retrieved January 24, 2010 at http://files.shareholder.com/downloads/ebay/828325183x0x345224/b455630d-4bb9-4ba5-adb1-40dcf29e82ce/eBay_Q409EarningsRelease.pdf
eBay: SWOT. (2010). Marketing teacher. Retrieved January 24, 2010 at http://www.marketingteacher.com/SWOT/eBay_swot.htm
What long-range steps might Pacific Command (PACOM) take, as part of a broader national strategy, to help constructively engage China, while dissuading and deterring China from using force or the threat of force against others?
The challenges of today's battlefield do not provide an easy answer to this question and leaves the leader of the 21st century sometimes questioning the rationale behind defending America. As a potential member of PACOM and ultimately contributing to its success in one form or another by my service, this analysis provides both an internal and external review of the current state of my leadership as I experience it. Containing China and ensuring a peaceful coexistence with this powerful nation represents a national goal, and through this goal many individual and organizational goals are simultaneously achieved as well. The purpose of this essay is to examine this question using the three conceptual frameworks introduced…
National Security Strategy. May 2010. The Office of the President of the United States. Retrieved http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/rss_viewer/national_security_strategy.pdf .
Whetten, D. & Cameran, K.(2010). Developing Management Skills. New York: Prentice Hall.
What supplies and services (hint: 2 of each) would a Brigade Combat Team (BCT) Support Operations Officer (SPO) be most concerned about during offensive operations and why?
The supplies and services that a BCT / SPO are worried about during offensive operations include: all available ammunition, communication, medical assistance, reserve manpower, fuel, food, clothing and shelter. At the same time, they have to ensure that the supply lines will continue to deliver these products when they are needed the most. The reason why the BCT and SPO are worried about these issues; is any kind of disruptions could have an impact on the ability to continue with offensive operations. If this were to happen, it is increasing the chances that there could be some kind of counterattack (while leaving forces in a vulnerable position).
As the Executive Officer (XO) of a Heavy Brigade Combat Team (HBCT) currently transitioning from offensive…
Menter, John. The Sustainment Battle Staff. Bloomington, in: Author House, 2009.
"Brigade Military Combat Team." Global Security. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/call/call_02-1_ch3.htm (accessed March 31, 2012)
"Joint Doctrine." U.S. Strategic Command. http://www.c4i.org/jp3_13.pdf (accessed March 31, 2012)
Penderson, Richard. "Mission Command." Senior Mission Command. http://www.dodccrp.org/events/15th_iccrts_2010/papers/055.pdf (accessed March 31, 2012)
Based on the findings then, it is important for the Army National Guard to develop its infrastructure so that it responds to the KM needs. At the second level, the ANG has to align its scopes and objectives with the knowledge management effort. At this stage, the risk resides in the inability to understand and apply knowledge management in the military setting. In order to overcome this, the company will translate its military objectives into applicable KM goals.
Throughout the second and most complex phase, the Army National Guard will set out to create the architecture and design for knowledge management implementation. At this level, it will place intense emphasis on the elaboration of its infrastructure for information sharing through the creation of a collaborative platform (). Then, the ANG conducts an internal audit to assess the assets of knowledge management and to identify their threats and weaknesses.
Levinson, M. Knowledge management definition and solutions. CIO. http://www.cio.com/article/40343/Knowledge_Management_Definition_and_Solutionsaccessed on October 12, 2012
McIntyre, S.G., Gauvin, M., Waruszynski, B. (2008). Knowledge management in the military context. Canadian Military Journal. http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vo4/no1/command-ordre-02-eng.asp accessed on October 12, 2012
Quast, L. (2012). Why knowledge management is important to the success of your company. Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/sites/lisaquast/2012/08/20/why-knowledge-management-is-important-to-the-success-of-your-company / accessed on October 12, 2012
(2008). Army knowledge management and information technology. Federation of American scientists. http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/ar25-1.pdf accessed on October 12, 2012
I was pretty enthusiastic when I returned to the 56th ACT having been ordered to assume responsibility as the deputy brigade commander (DCO). I felt proud and lucky. I had held the proud and shinny image of the 56th ACT in my head for the last two years. When I returned, there had been some significant changes. It has not been long since I returned, and with the division commander losing confidence in the ability of COL Timmons to be an effective commander of the brigade, I now command the 56th ACT. On my mind always was how I was going to restore the image of the 56th. I know it will be hard and challenging, but one thing I am sure of is that it can be done. I have had vast experience in the brigade. Drawing from this experience and the CGSOC L100'S themes - notably…
Aldweiri, Maj Bashar. (2012). academia.edu. n.d. https://www.academia.edu/8997235/US_ARMY_COMMAND_AND_GENERAL_STAFF_COLLEGE_US_Army_Command_and_General_Staff_School_Command_and_General_Staff_Officer_Course_CGSOC_L100_Developing_Organizations_and_Leaders_L100_Take_Home_Exam_Case_Study_AY_13-14_The_56th_A (accessed November 24, 2014).
Chandler, Diane J. "The Perfect Storm of Leaders' Unethical Behavior: A Conceptual Framework." International Journal of Leadership Studies, 2009.
Keltner, D., Langner, C.A., & Allison, M.L. (2006).Power and moral leadership. In D. Rhode (Ed.), Moral leadership: The theory and practice of power, judgment, and policy (pp. 177-194). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Lipman-Blumen, J. (2005). The allure of toxic leaders: Why we follow destructive bosses and corrupt politicians - and how we can survive them. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Major Subordinate Element
Depict Command Relationships
JTF-50 COA Presentation Format
DJMO C340 EXERCISE MATERIAL
Air and naval strikes, in coordination with Sof and Marine for Operation theater entry.
Additional forces are brought to the shore whenever it is necessary.
With control area being denied to enemy forces
That could be of a big threat to mine clearing operations.
With central areas denied to enemy forces that could threaten other areas, mine clearing operations commence in the Strait of Mormuz
With the straight being open, some of the forces that are ashore and then withdrawn.
Phase II-Seize Initiative
Six Principles of Mission Command
Trust, understanding, clarity and discipline sit at the heart of the six principles of mission command. Prudence plays a part as well in terms of accepting risk in a mission. One of the most important aspects of successfully accomplishing a mission, however, is the ability to engage with others in effective teamwork. Teamwork amongst officers and enlisted is essential in the military. Effective teamwork relies on a secure platform of trust to serve as its foundation. Embedded in the foundation of strong leadership is the necessity for thorough flow of communication and the consent for deliberation. Providing quality leadership allows for greater influence and effectiveness within mission command.
Teamwork is built on mutual trust and commitment to the team. Every member has to have a sense of his value, of what he brings to the team and why he is essential to the team’s…
A philosophy of leadership provides the set of guiding principles throughout the initial US Army Military Training, establishing the framework and foundation from which I will develop a cohesive and strong leader identity. One of the main purposes of cultivating a leadership philosophy now is to determine the set of values from which I will not waver, even as circumstances and situations require flexibility in my responses and creative thinking in my decisions. Another purpose of developing a philosophy of leadership now is that it will allow me to empower others, inspiring them to also rise to every occasion as military leaders. My philosophy of leadership will also enhance my self-concept, as I improve my communications competencies. Strong military leaders are able to provide constructive feedback and support, inspiring trust and raising morale. As an emerging leader, I intend to be at the forefront of change, helping others to remove…
Tactical and Sustainment 1/8 ABCT Operations
Development and Analysis of Doctrinal Solutions to Tactical Problems
As an 1/8 ABCT Commander, Our core mission is to use the maneuver and fire to destroy the enemy forces and repel their attacks by close combat, fire, and counterattacks. Our mission statement is to defeat the enemy based on the northern flank in order to protect the main body of the division. Moreover, we should dedicate in seizing the OBJ BAVO, which is a city 80 Kilometers from the west of BIDGEPOT. As an important division of a decisive operation, our mission is to seize the OBJ BAVO to protect the II Corps. The 1/8 ABCT's decisive operation is to seize the OBJ BAVO to protect the main effort of the II Corps. The 1/8 ABCT will also advance as a division to achieve a decisive operation. Our mission is to exercise…
Richard, D. & Jonathan, C. M. (2013). Commander's Intent and Concept of Operations
Military Review. 93(6): 58-66.
William, M. (2009).The Air Force Commander: The Power of Interaction and Vision. Air & Space Power Journal. 23(2): 42-50.
Sustainment and Tactical 1/8 ACT Operations
The objective of this military operation is to use the decisive force to defeat the enemy on our northern flank in order to protect our division's main body. The intent of the operation is to dedicate our forces to seize the OJ RAVO, a city situated 80 kilometers west of RIDGEPORT. The important decisive operation of our division is to liberate and protect the II Corps by seizing the OJ RAVO.
Analysis and Development of Doctrinal Solutions to OJ Tactical Problems
Our core mission is to use fire as well as using the maneuvering tactic to repel the attack and destroy the enemy's forces. We will also develop our force using a unified action plan. We will exercise the authority and direction for our unified land operation, and integrate all the military functions for our mission accomplishment. Our effective approach is to…
Demsey, Richard, and Chavous, Jonathan. Commander's Intent and Concept of Operations. Military Review. 936. (2012). 58-66.
Department of Army. Mission Command. Army Doctrine Reference Publication. 2012.
Department of Army .FM 3-90-1 Offense and Defense Volume 1. Field Manual No. 201. (2013). 3-90 Volume.
Department of Army. ATP 4-90 Brigade Support Battalion. Army Techniques Publication (2014). No. 4-90.
I. Seeking to Define and Understand Joint Interoperability
There has historically been a challenge in attempting to properly understand in complexity in defining joint interoperability. This is related in the work of Faughn (2002) entitled: "Interoperability: Is it Achievable?" published by the Center for Information Policy Research at Harvard University. It is stated by Faughn that: "...the "shortfalls in operability among U.S. forces, first publicized by the press at the time of the Grenada invasion, became the catalysts for legislation and changes in defense policy, guidance, and procedures, and for numerous attempts to ensure joint interoperability. Despite tremendous planning and expenditure of funds, true interoperability, especially in the theaters with the greatest potential for conflict, continues to elude the Department of Defense (DOD)." (Faughn, 2002) Faughn relates that there are seven key factors that: "...hamper the achievement of interoperability." (p.7) These are stated to…
National Research Council, Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications, Committee to Review DOD C4I Plans and Programs, Realizing the Potential of C4I: Fundamental Challenges (Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, December 1999), Chapter Two, 1, 2, [Online]. URL: http://books.nap.edu/books/0309064856/html/64.html
Hillman Dickinson, "Planning for Defense-Wide Command and Control," in Seminar on Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence, Guest Presentations, Spring 1982 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Program on Information Resources Policy, I-82-3, December 1982), 23, [Online]. URL: http://www.pirp.harvard.edu/pubs_pdf/dickinsdickins-i82-3.pdf
Snyder, Frank M. (1993) Command and Control: The Literature and Commentaries (Washington, D.C.: National Defense University Press, 1993), 111.; as cited in Faughn (2002) p. 19
VADM Arthur K. Cebrowski, and John J. Garstka, "Network-Centric Warfare -- Its Origin and Future," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, January 1998, pp. 28-35. VADM Cebrowski has since retired and is currently the Director of the Secretary of Defense's Office of Transformation; as cited in Roberts and Smith (2003) p.4.
GEOINT Role in Responding to Hurricane Katrina
The American federal government's response operation in the aftermath of the 2005 disaster, Hurricane Katrina, establishes a crucial military necessity of improving the nation's evaluation, decision-making, and response processes. Operational art, design and other similar concepts apparently offer a means for framing the operational issue. However, both the aforementioned elements are unable to effectively improve commanders' capacity of grasping the condition. Processes like those mentioned above prove inadequate when it comes to solving key questions and conveniently translating into missions for troops to execute. The process of situation evaluation commences with the examination of a map by military staff members and commands. This is where GEOINT (Geospatial Intelligence) comes in. GEOINT refers to an emergent subfield in the intelligence domain responsible for offering comprehensive information analyses, an operational environment evaluation, and a way to examine potential issues which might surface. GEOINT represents the…
David J. Macguire, Michael Batty, and Michael F. Goodchild. GIS, Spatial Analysis and Modelling. Redlands, CA: ESRI Press, 2005.
Department of Defense. Joint Publication 2-03 Geospatial Intelligence Support to Joint Operations. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office, March 2007
Department of the Army. Field Manual 6-0: Mission Command. Washington, D.C.: Department of the Army, 2003.
ESRI. "Homeland Security: GIS for Preparing and Protecting a Nation." www.esri.com/industries/federal/homelandsecurity. March 20, 2007. http://www.esri.com/industries/public_safety/homeland_security/homeland_security.html (accessed April 10, 2017).
Managing Army Change
Force Management Discussion Paper (ASSIGNMENT)
You may use the lessons (please request additional information if needed), readings and references (have been provided) to help you answer the questions. Reference the documents titled "F100 Lessons Overview" for determining if additional topic discussions (lessons) may be needed. Cite the sources you used to answer the discussion topics. Use footnotes (Turabian style) of documentation; do not use parenthetical citations. This includes direct quotations, paraphrases, and summaries of the assigned readings, doctrinal references, or outside sources.
In academic writing, do not use first-person or passive voice.
Read the question thoroughly, and make sure you are answering the question being asked. As you formulate your responses, do NOT provide a simple summation to the question or your opinion. Use evidence (specific examples or concepts) from F100 as part of your answers. Imagine that you are submitting your answers to the…
2012 Army Equipping Strategy. F106 Army Force Generation.
2013 Army Strategic Planning Guidance Excerpt. Lesson F101: Strategic Change.
Dempsey, Martin. "Chairman's Strategic Direction to the Joint Force."
Gen Odierno AUSA Winter Symposium. F103 Total Army Analysis.
This is the importance of the DO in Be-Know-DO-Learn.
And finally, the Army adds "learn" to the strategy. It seems pretty obvious what this part of the strategy means, but on the other hand there is an important ingredient here that may not be obvious. A leader doesn't just go to a prestigious officer's training school like est Point, learn a lot and come out ready to stay an effective leader. He needs to be willing to and have the capacity to "learn continuously." He must have a strong desire to be updated, to see himself as an educated educator; he must ask questions and not just disseminate information.
Ask questions and seek new knowledge. That's what General Savage did very well, and it rubbed off on his men, just the way he planned it. But even the best laid plans of Generals and Colonels can go awry, if there…
Be-Know-Do-Learn. (2006). U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Original Publication written by Francis Hesselbein & Eric Shinseki. Retrieved May 14, 2008, at http://hq.usace.army.mil/cepa/learning/2.htm.
Twelve O'Clock High. (1949) Twentieth Century Fox. Director, Henry King.
Vincent, E. (2003). Nelson and mission command: Edgar Vincent analyses the Spectacularly successful, and surprisingly modern, leadership strategy of Horatio
Nelson. History Today, 53(6), 18-20.
CCIR Commander's Intent
The element of Describe is essential in when commanders are using the Mission Command Concept to influence the development of their commander's intent. Describing is simply about adding detail to the boundaries of the argument. To simply say "attack" does nothing to enlighten the situation, unless a description is added such as " attack that hill."
Description is a commander's tool and needs to be utilized in the proper respects. Too much description may make the order impossible to follow and understand, while not enough description will also cause confusion as there are no shared reference points within the operating units.
The information contained within an written operations order or a verbal order must pertain to a shared sort of circumstances that are understood by all. Language and the selection of the correct words when describing certain situations is also key and critical to ensuring success on…
Battle of Zhawar in the Soviet-Afghan War
"Afghanistan is a country of strong beliefs and traditions in the population oppose the Soviets and the hostile communist ideology of the government of Afghanistan. The communist ideology directly attacked the ethnic structure, community structure and religious beliefs of the people and the people violently rejected this ideology," which eventually led to the most embarrassing Soviet defeat in the history of the Soviet Union. There were a number of decisive battles where the Soviets completely dropped the ball, including the Second Battle of Zhawar, partly because of their reliance of poor commanders. In this battle, LTG Nabi Azimi of the Democratic epublic of Afghanistan, which had sided with the Soviets, illustrated his shortcomings as a commander and failed to execute the mission because he had clearly underestimated the Mujahideen fighting force in the caves around the Ghar Mountains and provided poor guidance for…
Bahmanyar, Mir, 2012. Afghanistan Cave Complexes 1979-2004: Mountain Strongholds of the Mujahideen, Taliban, & Al Qaeda. Osprey Publishing.
Clements, Frank, 2003. Conflict in Afghanistan: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO.
Grau, Lester W., 1996. The Bear Went Over the Mountain: Soviet Combat Tactics in Afghanistan. National Defense University Press.
Garu, Lester W., 2004. "The Soviet-Afghan War: A Superpower Mired in the Mountains." The Journal of Slavic Military Studies, 17(1), Web. http://fmso.leavenworth.army.mil/documents/miredinmount.htm
For the modern military, command is more an art than a science, but certainly has characteristics of both. The "art of command" requires performance of highly tuned leadership skills combined with intuition and a sense of direction that, most often, cannot be gained through only study or education. Command also requires a conscious exercise of authority so that responsibilities of decision making and leadership can be controlled through delegation when appropriate. Command and control both require the several divergent aspects of leadership that will combine leadership, the art of command, and the science of control: 1) visualization of the operation; 2) understanding both sides of the geo-political and tactical forces; 3) the ability to force a feasible outcome; 4) the ability to foresee and communicate the dynamics between opposing forces; 5) to describe, direct, and plan for eventual success. Finally, the ability to be successful within any of this rubric…
Gradually, over the eight years since it was first instated, as Kosovo's Provisional Institutions of Self-Government (PISG) were established "UNMIK has moved back from an executive role to one of monitoring and support to local institutions. UNMIK, in its present form, is now into its final chapter before status resolution" ("hat is UNMIK," UN, 2009). Customs, banking regulation, and general governmental functions are some of the other responsibilities assumed by local authorities since the establishment of UN control. However, the UNMIK Department of Justice (DOJ) continues to prosecute serious crimes, "including cases of corruption, terrorism, war crimes and March 2004 riot cases" and other cases that are the fall-out of the type of longstanding ethnic rivalries that precipitated UN intervention and the creation of UNMIK in the first place ("hat is UNMIK," UN, 2009).
Although the UN has declared UNMIK as success, in recent years, Kosovo state authorities have begun…
"Ban Ki-moon: Kosovo wants to discontinue UNMIK mission." New Kosovo Report.
March 19, 2009. March 31, 2009.
"UNMIK -- at a glance." UN Website. 1999. March 31, 2009.
It was an independent strategic interdiction campaign designed to disrupt the flow of Soviet supplies, as the North Vietnamese had few resources of their own at the time. Thus, although painted as an alliance between South Vietnam and America in the press, it was by and large an independent effort. "Operation Freedom Train began in April 1972 in response to the North Vietnamese Army's massive Easter Offensive invasion. Freedom Train consisted of U.S. Air Force, Navy and Marine strikes against North Vietnamese targets. The operation was renamed Linebacker I in May 1972." (Phan, 2002) Again, in all of these missions, the United States armed forces dominated, the only variation being that the air force took temporary prominence over the usually dominant land conflict.
Command & Control of Air Assets
Cargo skips like Sky hawks manned with machine guns, cargo ships, and lightly armed planes designed to mark targets were all…
Humphrey, David C., "Tuesday Lunch at the Johnson White House: A Preliminary Assessment." Diplomatic History. Volume 8: Winter 1984.
Thies, Wallace J. (19800 When Governments Collide: Coercion and Diplomacy in the Vietnam Conflict, 1964-1968, Berkeley: University of California Press.
Phan, Quong. (2002) "An Analysis of Linebacker II Air Campaign: The Exceptional Application of U.S. Air Coercion Strategy." Lubbock, TX, Vietnam Center, Texas Tech University. Available online at 23 Jan 2005 at http://www.vietnam.ttu.edu/vietnamcenter/events/2002_Symposium/2002Papers_files/linebacker.htm
Imagine that it's your responsibility to select an ethics officer for your organization. What qualities, background, and experience would you look for? Why? Would you ever be interested in such a position? Why or why not?
An ethics officer plays a significant role for an organization. In the selection of the right ethics officer for my organization, I would have to consider several major factors such as the personal qualities, background and experience. First of all, the ethics officer should posses the following qualities: honesty, truthfulness, integrity, fairness, accuracy, and significance of moral values. These qualities are the basic ingredients that should be searched thoroughly in the ethics officer during the selection process.
The background of the ethics officer should be related to any field such as business, medicine, engineering, sociology, psychology or armed forces, but it should be kept in mind that the ethics officer belongs to a…
Luthans, F. (2003). Organizational Behavior."Ethics," 2nd Ed, .pp.441-494.
Trevino, L.K. & Nelson, K.A. (2007). Managing Business Ethics -- Straight talk about how to Do it Right -- Fourth Edition John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Copyright 2007 ISBS 0-471-75525-7
United States to Respond to a WMD Attack Within Our orders?
The objective of this study is to answer how prepared the United States is to respond to a WMD attack within its borders and to answer whether there is enough capability to effectively respond to such an attack. This study will further answer as to whether the response plan and command control structure clearly understandable and whether everyone has a role or if there are gaps or redundancies. Finally, this study will answer as to how intelligence supports this response with restrictions imposed upon intelligence operations within our borders.
The challenges to an effective response to a WMD attack within U.S. borders are diverse in nature. Some of the challenges are technology related while others relate to communication among agencies and operation teams. In addition, there is presently funding issues relating to effective management of homeland security initiatives making…
Joint Publication 2-38 (2007) Civil Support.
National Strategy for Countering Biological Threats (2009) National Security Council.
Steps Have Been Taken to Improve U.S. Northern Command's Coordination with States and the National Guard Bureau, but Gaps Remain (208) GAO report to congressional requesterse. USGAO. April 2008.
United States Northern Command (2007) DISAM Journal of International Security Assistance Management 29. A3 (Jul 2007): 1-2.
Programs and Services
§ Briefly describe the major programs and services, and the population intended to be served.
Before choosing the programs it is pointed out that about three decades ago, the term 'organizational culture', came in vogue. It resulted in a study of the different styles of organizing. Today the organizational change can be achieved easily and the methods of conducting programs themselves can be a part of a project that involves multiple organizations. Non-profits also came into the scrutiny of these concepts. (Wright, 1994)
The theory now is to see that maximum benefits and opportunities are extended to the subjects by the organization in this case the disadvantaged groups, particularly women and children. The programs seem to be created and managed on the general principles that all organizations follow. There does not seem to be any specific study that was done to incorporate the persons who belong to…
Alternativestodv. (2013a) "Administrative Staff" Retrieved 22 April, 2013 from http://www.alternativestodv.org/aboutus/staff.html
Alternativestodv. (2013d) "History of the organization" Retrieved 22 April, 2013 from http://www.alternativestodv.org/aboutus/advhistory.html
Alternativestodv. (2013c) "Financial Information" Retrieved 22 April, 2013 from http://www.alternativestodv.org/aboutus/financials.html
Alternativestodv. (2013b) "ADV Federal 990 form" Retrieved 22 April, 2013 from http://www.alternativestodv.org/images/ADV_Federal_990_Form.pdf
A philosopher makes "logoi," discusses, and cross examines about virtue, is short of wisdom, and is aware of it. However, in as much as one is a philosopher, one desires wisdom and searches for it. In historical Greek, this notion is virtually a tautology, prompting Socrates to hold that the wise no longer philosophize. Socrates believes that philosophy is gathering knowledge; however, going by valid evidence, philosophy is the process of acquiring knowledge (Reeve 899).
Socrates is viewed as inventing another mission for philosophy because of the manner in which he practiced it. He thinks that he is acting in line with divine wishes. His reiteration that he is acting under divine orders qualifies him as a prophet. Divine orders are not philosophical knowledge to be debated and modified. It calls for unquestionable loyalty and demand direct honor to command. At this point, if Socrates is not a prophet then…
Fagan, Patricia and Edward John. Reexamining Socrates in the Apology. Evanston:
Northwestern university press, 2009.
Plato. The apology. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2000.
Reeve, C. Socrates in the apology: an essay on plato's apology of socrates. S.I.: Hacket
Rumor of ar
In 1977, Philip Caputo wrote A Rumor of ar, to document his experience as a Marine during the Vietnam ar. Caputo does not "pretend" to write about history, politics, "power, strategy, influence, national interests, or foreign policy," (xiii). A Rumor of ar is about what it is like to be a soldier: it is a "simple story about war, about the things men do in war and the things war does to them," (Caputo xiii). The events chronicles in A Rumor of ar cover Caputo's service in 1965 and 1966. However, the war dragged on a lot longer than that. Caputo therefore writes an epilogue years later with more commentary.
Caputo traces the changes in his own perspective, as well as in the perspectives of his fellow soldiers. hen he first joins the marines, the troops believe that they are fighting a small and relatively insignificant war.…
Caputo, Philip. A Rumor of War. New York: Henry Holt, 1977.
Englehard, M.L. Morale and Demoralization in Vietnam. Englehard, 1986.
Waller, Douglas, Cray, Dan, and Gibney, Frank. "Victims of Vietnam's Lies." Time. June 24, 1996. Retrieved online: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,984731,00.html
"The second line comprised the two battalions of Foot Guards, the Light Infantry, and the Grenadiers… Tarleton's Light Dragoons formed the final reserve." ("The Battle of Guilford Courthouse 1781.")
ithout much of a choice, due to the terrain, Cornwallis was forced to make his attack head-on, straight at the center of the American line. hile suffering major casualties, the British, stopped on the flanks, were able to break the center of the Americans' first line and continued to advance toward the second. The Americans of the second line inflicted even greater casualties on the British before they too were forced to retreat in the face of the British onslaught. As they British destroyed the second American line, they then encountered rough terrain on their way to the third American line. It was in this rough terrain that the flanks of the American third line attacked the advancing British; forcing the…
"Babits, Lawrence Edward, and Joshua Howard. Long, obstinate, and bloody: the Battle
of Guilford Courthouse. The University of North Carolina Press, 2009. Print.
"The Battle of Guilford Courthouse 1781." British Battles. Web. 06 Mar. 2012.
Strategic Management and Strategic Competitiveness in Coca Cola Company
Assess how globalization and technology changes have affected the Coca Cola Company
Technology and globalization are part of the mechanistic avenues that have played a critical role in the growth and development of Coca Cola Company. Technology is a lucrative avenue of the entity that has contributed to changes in the global business and organizational performance. In most institutions and places of work, technological applications have upraised the general procedures and execution duties that are found within the available measures of performance. In order to have a genuine and a competitive scale in the market, Coca Cola Company has embraced advancement in technological production. Through technology, the company has managed to increase its trading avenues in the market.
For instance, the company has involved numerous technological approaches in marketing its products and services in the market. In order to have an…
Hitt, M.A., Hoskisson, R.E., & Ireland, R.D. (2013). Strategic management:
Competitiveness & globalization: cases. Mason, OH: South-Western, Cengage
Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D., & Hoskisson, R.E. (2011). Strategic management:
It was more important for Saul to be baptized than to eat and therefore, spirituality is more important that even physical life.
Next, the Book of Acts stated "He stayed some time with the disciples in Damascus. ithout delay he proclaimed Jesus publicly in the synagogues, declaring him to he the Son of God. All those who heard were astounded." (Acts 9.20-21)
It is no wonder that those who heard Saul, at this time called Paul, were astounded. After all, he had been the leader of those who not only rejected Jesus Christ, but actively sought the destruction of his followers. Paul had very little credibility, or Ethos, among early Christians as many of those he tried to join with were wary of his intentions. Many thought his "conversion" was a trick to gain information about the membership of the Christians.
This began to changed when those who doubted Paul…
Suggs, Jack, Katherine Doob Sakenfeld, and James Mueller. The Oxford Study Bible:
Revised English Bible with the Apocrypha. New York: Oxford UP, 1992. Print.
This passage is in contradiction with what Paul wrote in his first letter to the Galatians. In Galatians 1:16-24 Paul describes the aftermath of his conversion and does not mention that he stayed with the disciples in Damascus and preached the word of Christ. Instead Paul stated that "without consulting a single person, without going up to Jerusalem to see those who were Apostles before me, I went off to Arabia, and afterwards returned to Damascus." (Gal 1.16-24)
Military Bearing to the Mission Readiness and Camaraderie
The Military culture is extensively wide-ranging, but distinctive amongst them (Branches). This is for the reason that its affiliate are drawn from across the citizens as well as resident aliens from other countries and it's as diverse as every personality, except attached together with core principles as well as customs inherited from generation to generation of Military. In almost every military setting, the official as well as unofficial customs of the Military Corps serve up to strengthen camaraderie as well as set the service separately from others. The solders clinching of its loaded traditions as well as accounts are quoted as grounds for its elevated esprit de corps. For this reason, this paper is going to give a brief definition of the words Military Bearing and camaraderie and goes further to highlight the effect of military bearing to the mission readiness as…
Rules of Engagement (ROE) are necessary to a certain degree during wars and skirmishes in order to determine what actions military personnel can take when confronted with immediate and personal dangerous or violent situations. Determining a correct ROE, however, is the key to successfully addressing the overall mission and purpose for military interventions in the first place. As one recent author states "these rules are in place for reasons that both protect the military and respect the international conventions of war" (Vallely, 2013). hat is interesting about this subject is the fact that in the same report, Vallely goes on to state "ROE can be conveniently manipulated by the political objectives and military mission limitations essential to the construction and application of ROE" (Vallely, 2013). That is what seems to be happening in the current war situation in Afghanistan if what experts are saying is to be believed.
Bobbitt, P.; (2010) The new rules of engagement, Newsweek, Vol. 155, Issue 2, pp. 42-43
One of the great challenges the military faces is remaining current and preparing the current and future generations of soldiers for inevitable shifts to the geopolitical environment, technological changes, and shifts in both domestic and foreign policies. The importance of preparing officers for the new realities of unpredictable environments and non-state actors cannot be underestimated.[footnoteef:1] The roles and goals of the AMSP and SAMS have not changed. These educational programs provide the requisite advanced and specialized knowledge to foster critical thinking and strategic analysis among military leaders. What must be remembered, however, is the need for organizational awareness and the willingness to change. [1: Edward B. Bankston, Boards vs. Bureaucracies: Field Grade Officer Education in the United States Army, 1946-1985. School of Advanced Military Studies Monograph, 2013.]
This analysis points out the importance of analyzing post-Cold War realities and adapting AMSP and SAMS programs accordingly to include such things…
Bankston, Edward B., Boards vs. Bureaucracies: Field Grade Officer Education in the United States Army, 1946-1985. School of Advanced Military Studies Monograph, 2013.
Beck, William T., Developing Army Leaders Through CGSOC/AMSP and BCTP. School of Advanced Military Studies Monograph, 2005.
Goble, Jeffrey J., Wants and Needs: SMAS' Relationship with the Army. School of Advanced Military Studies Monograph, 2008.
McKinley, Matthew R., An Assessment of the Army Officer Education System from an Adult Learning Perspective. School of Advanced Military Studies Monograph, 2005.
William Carey -- Father of Modern Missions
William Carey, a Baptist preacher, is considered to be the Father of Modern Mission. Carey believed absolutely that the Word of God was to be taken to all nations, devoted his own life to this endeavor, and challenged other believers to engage in this sacred work. In terms of sheer numbers of converts, Carey's accomplishments would be considered small, particularly when measured against the standards in place today. William Carey demonstrated that one man's vision be the catalyst for a movement that will serve God and others in s manner that adheres to the great commission. When Carey first made his ideas about carrying the Word to people around the world, he was told by his ministering peers to sit down and give up the unrealistic and non-mandated idea. But Carey's vision stood fast on the…
Author. William Carey: A Baptist Page Portrait," Wholesome Words, Worldwide Missions. 2001 [Webpage]. Retreived www.baptistpage.com
Carpenter, John, (2002) New England Puritans: The grandparents of modern Protestant missions. Fides et Historia, 30(4), 529.
Carey, S. Pearce - William Carey "The Father of Modern Missions," edited by Peter Masters, Wakeman Trust, London. 1993 ISBN 1870855140
Kennedy, D. James. "William Carey: Texts That Have Changed Lives," Truth in Action Ministries. [Video]. Retreived http://www.truthinaction.org/
Intermountain was started as a small healthcare nonprofit organization, situated in Salt Lake City. With its well-crafted mission, a clearly stated vision, patient's oriented philosophy and a strategy to manage the organization effectively; it was soon able to manage over 32,000 employees. Helping the acute healthcare needs of Southeastern Idaho and Utah's residents, Intermountain's well-managed system of about 23 hospitals, clinics, physicians and health strategies; deliver clinically exceptional medical care and at an affordable rate.
Intermountain health care has a properly drafted and well-communicated mission. Intermountain understands that a mission lays the basis of an organization and is a pre-requisite for its ultimate success. It explains the reason of an organization and identifies the type of business that it intends to engage in. Understanding these basic requirements, Intermountain has setup a mission which promises:
"Excellence in the provision of healthcare services to communities in the Intermountain…
Business, E. o. (2012). MISSION AND VISION STATEMENTS. Retrieved from http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/management/Mar-No/Mission-and-Vision-Statements.html#b
Datamonitor. (2006). Health care industry. Retrieved from http://h20247.www2.hp.com/PublicSector/downloads/HP%20blade%20sols%20in%20hc%20-%20final%201%20case.pdf
Healthcare, I. (2012). Strategic Partnerships. Retrieved from http://intermountainhealthcare.org/about/overview/Pages/partnerships.aspx
Healthcare, I. (2012). Vision and Mission. Retrieved from http://intermountainhealthcare.org/about/overview/pages/mission.aspx
A further development in American Baptism was the evolution of its missionary organization. The rapid growth of missionary zeal, partly as a result of the many accounts by missionaries such as the Judsons, soon resulted in more than one societal ministry supported by the convention.
Meanwhile, Dr. Carey informed Adoniram Judson that he might as well abandon Burma as a missionary destination. He related the experiences of his son William, who had been in the country for four years and was all but ready to give up
. Unable to remain in India any longer, the Judsons then abandoned the Burmese idea in favor of Java or Penang. However, this was not to be. The East India Company continued hounding them to leave the country; the time-sensitive nature of their departure then led the couple to take the only ship available from Madras, which was bound for angoon in Burma.…
Anderson, Courtney. 1978. To the Golden Shore: The Life of Adoniram Judson. Valley Forge: Judson Press.
Bradshaw, Robert I. 2010. The Life and Work of Adoniram Judson, Missionary to Burma. Theological Studies. http://www.theologicalstudies.org.uk/article_judson.html
Christian, John T. 2010. The History of the Baptists, Vol. 2. Providence Baptist Ministries. http://www.pbministries.org/History/John%20T.%20Christian/vol2/history_of_the_baptist_vol2.htm
Fritzius, John M. 2005. Luther Rice (1783-1836). Tlogical. http://www.tlogical.net/biorice.htm
successful management is that of the United States Army, which is the main branch of the United States Armed Forces and is responsible for land-based military operations on both a national and international level. The U.S. Army is both the largest and oldest established branch of the U.S. military and has labored for years under its mission to provide necessary forces and capabilities in support of defending the United States in regard to its security and defense. In viewing this organization, one immediately understands that when the safety of millions is at stake, clear and distinct management standards must be set in place within the U.S. Army to ensure that no stone is left unturned in terms of operations, intelligence, planning and enacting its duties. In understanding this basic relationship between the U.S. Army and management, one can better understand how certain strategies apply to different areas of specialization within…
Adubato, Steve. "Making the Communication Connection," in Nursing Management,
35(9): pp. 33-36. 2004. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
Edmonds, John. "Making Change Happen," in Training Journal, April Edition, pp: 33-
37. 2011. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
Walmart essentially has a foul image to most consumers, and that thus creates a negative stigma regarding working there.
ecommended Corporate Strategy
Based on all the intelligence gathered on Walmart the most vital corporate strategy it needs to engage in would be one which works hard to change its image. As already established, Walmart is essentially neck and neck with its major competitors on a price-based aspect; one could argue that the element which really deters people from shopping there is knowing that it doesn't treat its employees well. Many people view Walmart as a cold, unfeeling corporation that would rather line the pockets of its executives than give the people who do the really back-breaking work, a livable wage. In this era of the Internet, when information is readily at people's fingertips, and more and more shoppers are becoming educated, Walmart cannot afford to engage in such unpalatable business…
Banjo, S. (May, 17 2012). Can Wal-Mart Think Small? Retrieved from Online.wsj.com: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702303879604577408540682212740.html
Jalan, P. (2005). Encyclopaedia of Economic Development, Volume 3. New Delhi: Sarup & Sons.
Kavilanz, P. (2011, March 8). Low, low prices: Target beats Wal-Mart. Retrieved from Cnn.com: http://money.cnn.com/2011/03/07/news/companies/walmart_target_better_price/index.htm
RapidBI, & Morrison, M. (n.d.). Michael Porter's Five Forces. Retrieved from Rapidbi.com: http://rapidbi.com/porterfiveforces/
The Alignment of Organizational Components, Mission and Strategy at Kraft Foods
Key Strategic Controls
Primary Human esource Concerns
Alignment of Organizational Components, Mission, and Strategy
Kraft Foods are a major North American Food manufacturer. The firm has a duel mission, to be the best food and beverage firm in North America selling products that people love and becoming the best investment in the industry. To achieve these goals and overcome, the challenges of the past, the firm has developed a new divisional structure based on products to increase the focus on the individual brands. The culture values the employees, and one of the main areas of focus is the &D, with more than 500 staff employed in 2 &D centers. The past culture of Kraft saw innovation associated with failure, this has now been turned around using an approach referred to "positive discontent',…
Buchanan, D; Huczynski, A, (2010) Organizational Behavior, Harlow, FT/Prentice Hall
CSI Market (2014), Kraft, accessed at http://csimarket.com/stocks/competitionSEG2.php?code=KRFT
Forbes, (2013, March 22), How Kraft Changed the "Change" Perception, Forbes, accessed at http://www.forbes.com/sites/johnkotter/2013/03/22/3822/
Kraft Foods, (2014), accessed at http://ir.kraftfoodsgroup.com/
The Porter Five Forces Model has also shown these strengths and their ability to provide the company with resilience in the face of significant competitive threats. Weaknesses include too much fo a dependence on the iPhone and iPad products, a lack of products at the low-end of the market, and a lack of control of the gray market in China for their products (Apple Investor elations, 2012). The opportunities for Apple are very significant and include selling more iPads and comparable products into the enterprise, greater market penetration into emerging markets including Brazil, ussia and China, in addition to the advances being made with Apple TV. Threats include extreme price competition at the low-end of the market; lack fo control in gray markets over their products, and their high dependence on key suppliers for advanced components for their future products (Apple Investor elations, 2012).
ecommendations for Future Strategies and Conclusion…
Apple, Investor Relations (2012). Investor Relations. Retrieved August 23, 2012 from Apple Investor Relations and Filings with the SEC Web site: http://www.apple.com/investor/
Robert E. Cole, Tsuyoshi Matsumiya. (2007). Too Much of a Good Thing? Quality as an Impediment to Innovation. California Management Review, 50(1), 77-93.
Douglas B. Holt (2003). What becomes an icon most? Harvard Business Review, 81(3), 43-49.
Kawasaki (1990) -- the Macintosh Way. Harper Collins. Reprint Edition. September, 1990
The ambition is to promote organic chocolate and its implied benefits outside of historically niche markets.
One year marketing objectives include a penetration of U.S. sales markets, where it is predicted that by 2011, the organic chocolate market will have experienced a 71% increase in sales over five years. It is the ambition of Everday to have accounted for every 20th bar of chocolate bought in the United States by that juncture. This would make for a market share of 5% by 2011, which would in all likelihood make Everyday the biggest organic player in the candy bar market.
Knudson, .A. (2007) The organic food market. Online at http://220.127.116.11/search?q=cache:GahEBVSBncJ:www.aec.msu.edu/Product/documents/orking/organicfood1.pdf+%22health+food%22+market+growth&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=7&gl=us
Organic Nature News (ONN). (2009). Organic Chocolate. Online at http://www.organic-nature-news.com/organic-chocolate.html
Organic Trade Association (OTA). (2009). hy Choose Organic Chocolate? The O'Mama Report. Online at http://www.theorganicreport.com/pages/194_what_s_behind_organic_chocolate_.cfm
Knudson, W.A. (2007) The organic food market. Online at http://18.104.22.168/search?q=cache:GahEBVSBnWcJ:www.aec.msu.edu/Product/documents/Working/organicfood1.pdf+%22health+food%22+market+growth&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=7&gl=us
Organic Nature News (ONN). (2009). Organic Chocolate. Online at http://www.organic-nature-news.com/organic-chocolate.html
Organic Trade Association (OTA). (2009). Why Choose Organic Chocolate? The O'Mama Report. Online at http://www.theorganicreport.com/pages/194_what_s_behind_organic_chocolate_.cfm
(Apple iPhone: Revolutionary Phone)
Revenue and Profit & Loss for 2005:
For the fiscal year 2005, Apple nc. earned revenue of $13.93 billion and a net profit of about $1.335 billion thereby showing an annual growth of 68% and 384% respectively. This represents the highest revenue on an annualized basis and net profit in the history of the company. (Apple Reports Fourth Quarter Results)
Apple nc. is headquartered at "1 nfinite Loop, Cupertino, CA 95014-2083, U.S." incorporated in the year 1976. t operates in every major country and location as stated in its website www.apple.com.(Apple, nc. (Apple)
2) Competing in global markets:
Apple has an illustrious past of always making application of cutting edge technology, slick design and customer friendly software to break the usual lock jam in which our machines have the potential to perform some works, nevertheless the developers have not been able to see the…
Its latest iPhone displays a rare implementation of the ultra-modern features such as integrating contacts with the phone function. The simply outstanding feature Visual Voicemail lets one view on screen the complete. According to the CEO, Steve Jobs, the iPhone is the most excellent iPods the company has ever been able to make. As regards competing in the global markets is concerned, web browsing happens to be the point where the iPhone leaves competitors a whole generation behind. It actually performs the job of compressing the Internet on a palm sized machine. Apple has been working strongly at enchaining the inaugural version of the iPhone by inviting web-based applications for it iPhone. Even the people who never buy the product are going to benefit from its excellent features. Nevertheless, for all its virtues, the iPhone continue to be a still risky proposition as it is yet to be demonstrated that, regardless of the wow factor, a lot of people are prepared to shell out several thousands of dollars higher compared to the present rate for the phones. (at Last, the iPhone)
3) Personal insights and opinions on Apple Inc.:
Steve Jobs together with his high school friend Steven Wozniak developed the Apple I computer in 1976 which saw the birth of Apple computer. Following a slew of subsequent launches, Apple was able to launch the Macintosh or Mac which is a PC for $500. After that a series of Powerbooks and iBooks were launched including the iBook. At this point, Apple made a strategic shift towards digital music and video such as the iMovie and the iDVD. The company hoped making Mac the "Digital Hub" of the new Digital Lifestyle" which would refurbish the sales of Apple and assure its long-term security. In 2001, Apple launched the iPod which
The 56th Heavy Brigade Combat Team is suffering from a shortage of effective leadership, a factor that appears to be impacting nearly every functional aspect of the brigade. Hard-wired coordination has given way to fractured, piece-meal functioning that is particularly in evidence within and across S1, S3, and S4. Several variables appear to be associated with the diminished leadership, including the following issues that I observed or noted during my review.
The Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL) study conducted for the 56th in Afghanistan indicated that "leadership performed well given the circumstances" but this qualification pointed to several substantive challenges that need to be addressed. Communication was hampered by the number of communication systems in use and the fact that many of them were incompatible; the digital networks were insufficiently robust, causing frequent lost communication between the brigade and subordinate battalion headquarters. The historical unit status reports (US)…
After the departure of LTC wood the lieutenant colonel that was in command a battalion in the 56th Heavy Brigade Combat Team (HBCT), there was a change of command. There was a new brigade leadership team that assumed responsibility for the period of pre-deployment and train-up. The paper will look at an analysis of the leadership problem that the new brigade leadership had. There will be a proposal on the solving of the leadership problem and finally an analysis of the expected outcome from the solutions that have been proposed.
There was an indication that the leadership performed well within Afghanistan given the circumstances. However there were various leadership challenges that were presented which required attention. First of all there were incompatible communication systems that crippled command and communication throughout the brigade. Due to the varied battlefield, electronic and environmental conditions leaders were often required to carry…
Cherry, K.(2013).What is problem solving? Retrieved July 20, 2013 from http://psychology.about.com/od/problemsolving/f/problem-solving-steps.htm
Sieck, W.(2013). Critical Thinking Skills: What are They and How Do I Get Them? Retrieved July 20, 2013 from http://www.globalcognition.org/head-smart/critical-thinking-skills/
SkillsYouNeed.com.(2013). Problem Solving. Retrieved July 22, 2013 from http://www.skillsyouneed.com/ips/problem-solving.html
University of Kent Careers and Employability Service. (2010). Problem Solving and Analytical Skills. Retrieved July 20, 2013 from http://www.kent.ac.uk/careers/sk/problem-solving-skills.htm
South African Perspective on United States Africa Command
As the United States continues its drawdown of troops in the Middle East and reevaluates its prosecution of the global war on terrorism following the recent elimination of key Al-Qaeda leaders, most especially Osama bin Laden, it is important to assess the impact of these events on American military forces elsewhere, especially in sub-Saharan Africa in general and South Africa in particular. The so-called BIC (Brazil, ussia, India and China), with China taking the lead, are taking an increasingly active interest in developing improved trade and political ties with sub-Saharan African nations, and misperceptions of American global hegemonic intentions may interfere with the legitimate goals of the U.S. military in establishing improved relations with these countries. To help identify key challenges and potential solutions, this paper reviews the relevant literature to describe current U.S. military strategy in South Africa to provide salient…
"AFRICOM." (2011). (2011). GlobalSecurity.org. [online] available: http://www.globalsecurity.
Gilbert, L. D,. Uzodike, U.O. & Isike, C. (2009). "The United States Africa Command: Security
for Whom?" The Journal of Pan African Studies 2(9): 264-266.
(Combating Terrorism: FEMA Continues to Make Progress in Coordinating Preparedness and esponse: Participation in Interagency and Intra-agency Groups and Committees)
CIMS: The Office of Emergency Management --OEM who has been collaborating with NYPD & FDNY and other City agencies to develop the CIMS, the adoption of which was declared by Mayor Bloomberg in March, 2004. CIMS makes a uniform incident management structure for every City agency that is broadly based on the Incident Command System model. The setting up of CIMS ensures a system for management of emergencies with a universal understanding of terminologies and roles and responsibilities among all agencies. CIMS makes use of the combined lead agency/unified operations section. In case of the majority of the incidents where multiple agencies are needed to act on several emergency situations, a unified operations post is made. The core competencies of the primary agencies will establish command of authority for immediate…
About FEMA" Available at http://www.fema.gov/about/ . Accessed 7 September, 2005
About FEMA: FEMA History" Available at
Army Problem Solving Model Process and the Rapid Decision Making and Synchronization Process Comparison
When comparing the Army Problem Solving Model Process and the Rapid Decision Making and Synchronization Process, there are fundamental characteristics that hold true for both processes. When each is investigated more deeply, the contrasts become evident. he surface comparisons can be seen as follows:
Both decision processes are used by the military to arrive at a viable solution as called for by certain situations.
Both processes are well established and often used by the Army.
Both decision capabilities are developed by Army personnel by means of practice and training.
Both capabilities are utilized according to the demands of specific situations.
Both capabilities involve a number of steps to arrive at the decision made according to the nature and demand of the situation at the time.
Steps of Rapid Decision Making and Synchronization Process
he Rapid Decision…
The six key mission areas in the 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review report are:
Those six are: defend the United States and support civil authorities at home; conduct counterinsurgency, stability, and counterterrorist operations; build partnership capacity; deter and defeat aggression in anti-access environments; impede proliferation and counter weapons of mass destruction; operate effectively in cyberspace.
Being a military commander, General George W. Casey Jr. seems to be more focused on the well-being and capability of military personnel serving in combat. In terms of the six mission areas, he is therefore particularly concerned with enabling his subordinates to conduct counterterrorist operations and deter and defeat aggression, as well as counter weapons of mass destruction. He was very concerned with doing this in such a way as to maximize the well-being of those who served under him.
It provides health-related advice on its website that all readers can benefit from, not simply those who use its services. As well as reaching out to the wider population of patients, it honors those within its fold who serve the organization with nights such as its "Celebrating Our Talent" ceremony designed to honor organizational members who have shown excellence in their duties (Boyd 2012).
The climate at the organization stresses valuing employees as well as clients, and serving the needs of its employees is included in the organization's statements of its critical functions. This acknowledges the need for caregivers to be cared for as well as patients. There is also a commitment to technological change to facilitate care: the organization was praised in 2003 for completely reconfiguring the way in which it kept track of patient data, switching to an entirely online system, to comply with changes in regulation and…
Boyd, Tracey. (2012). VNSNY home care agency praises nursing talent. VNSNY. Retrieved:
Mission and vision. (2013). VNSNY. Retrieved:
He also developed into a masterful fighter pilot who was able to transfer his skills to others efficiently and in detail. His contributions in Korea and Vietnam were immediate and final. He killed over 100 North Korean troops in one single mission, and the Bolo sweep was the most successful MiG attack in Vietnam. He saved countless other pilots and soldiers lives by his actions, and he helped develop maintenance and flight techniques that worked in dogfight situations.
His long-term impact is still being felt. His son entered the Air Force in 1968 and became the first black Director of the Air National Guard, and he served 38 years, retiring in 2006. He is still remembered as a strong, tactical fighter who could maneuver his planes with skill and alertness, and who was fiercely loyal to his men and their mission. He developed tactics in Korea that helped provide close…
Editors. "Black Wings: Contributions of African-Americans to Air Force History. http://www.nationalmuseum.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-070319-145.pdf
Phelps, J. Alfred. Chappie: America's First Black Four-Star General: The Life and Times of Daniel James, Jr. Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1992.