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MOTHE'S DAY AND THE "HALLMAK" IMAGE OF MOM
Think about Mother's Day and the "Hallmark" image of Mom. Look at cards, ads, etc. And be specific - how does the idealized mother appear? What are the stereotypes? Expectations?
Mother's Day and the "Hallmark" image of Mom
Mother's Day and the "Hallmark" image of Mom
This is a day celebrated worldwide to recognize maternal bands, motherhood and the contributions made by mothers in the society. This day is been widely celebrated to make mothers feel appreciated for the role they play in molding and caring for the family. Celebrations for the contributions made by mothers are accentuated by the increasing volumes of cards and advertisement messages. These messages go to the extent of depicting the mother as a hero to the society undertaking duties to an extreme otherwise inconceivable (Arendell & Terry, 2000).
With the change in times, celebrations for mother's…
Arendell, & Terry. (2000). conceiving and investigating motherhood: The decade's Scholarship. Journal of Marriage and Family 62(2), 1192-1207.
Saltzman C., & Janet. (2006). "The Varieties of Gender Theory in Sociology." Pp. 3-24 in Handbook of the Sociology of Gender. New York: Springer Science.
Mother Tongue and Newman
Those who immigrate into the United States from other countries are encouraged to adapt to the culture of the majority population, namely white males of European descent. Language is the component of culture which is first targeted by those who try to force assimilation. hen a person comes to the United States, they will feel compelled to learn English and be able to read and write in that language regardless of what language is their first. Those that do not assimilate to the American cultural perspective are made to feel like outsiders, as if they do not belong. In three articles, "Mother Tongue, "One Nation, Indivisible: Is it History?," and "Newman Student's Speech in Spanish Sparks Criticism" each deals with the issue of language as a means of cultural assimilation.
Amy Tan's essay "Mother Tongue" describes the two different types of English that she uses in…
Austin, N. (2012). Newman student's speech in Spanish sparks criticism. The Modesto Bee.
Booth, W. (1998). One nation invisible: is it history?. Race and Ethnicity in America. 440-447.
Tan, A. (1990). Mother tongue. 76-80
Rhetorical Techniques in Amy Tan's "Mother Tongue"
As anyone who has ever been in an argument can tell you, what you say is often far less important than how you say it. Even in other less-aggressive circumstances, perception is generally far more important than substance -- this is certainly the case when it comes to politics, and often the case in more personal situations and relationships. When it comes to more serious and supposedly more rigorous fields such as literary analysis, philosophy, and social commentary, the playing with subjectivities of individual perception is called rhetoric, and it can occur in addition to or in spite of the factual substance of what is being said. Rhetoric is not necessarily a bad thing, though it can certainly be used to twist the truth and create negative consequences -- it is simply a tool that can be applied to language to…
To show the childlike nature of the boy's mind, all of the characters become animals and the already simple line drawings become even simpler.
Using the colors and the drawing style of the graphic novel enable the author better able to realize his ultimate purpose in creating the text, to show the mental state of family members left behind after someone dies. The fact that one of the characters is a child and the other is mentally unstable makes the fluid use of visually fantastic metaphors particularly effective. Images like when the father floats in the air at night in his dreams to look for the mother or when Thomas becomes a lion are both artistically striking and emotionally evocative. Some of the confusion the reader might feel regarding the narrative shifts from imaginative to concrete reality is alleviated with the subtle differences and shadings of color between the frames…
Hornschemeier, Paul. Mother, Come Home. Dark Horse Books, 2004.
The pictorial values, and the acting of both "Erin Brockovich" and "Good Night and Good Luck" are profoundly different than "Mother," although both show political awakenings. The more recent American films focus on extraordinary individuals, persons of physical beauty and glamour, or persons of great fame and influence, and the acting is differential, unique, and what the characters say is equally as important as what they do, unlike "Mother." It is true that Erin Brockovich is an every woman type of character to some extent because of her lower class, her status as a single mother, and her lack of education and political voice. Even Murrow is an everyman to some degree because of his status as every American in the eyes of the nation during his London broadcasts, his reputation, and his willingness to voice what many Americans thought during the McCarthy hearings but feared to say aloud.
Erin Brockovich." Starring Julia Roberts. 2000.
Good Night and Good Luck." Directed by George Clooney. 2005.
Mother." Directed by Vsevolod Pudovkin. 1926.
Eva sacrifices herself because it is her choice to do so, but mostly because she genuinely loves her daughter Sula.
The ambivalence in the relationship between Annette and Antoinette is painful at times, and leads to the mental illnesses that consume both mother and daughter. It is uncertain whether mental illness impeded the mother-daughter relationship from developing in ide Sargasso Sea, or whether the thwarted relationship caused mental illness. In any case, Antoinette is shown to be a person who needs the role of mother in her life. This is why she develops a strong bond with Christophene. This "cross-racial mothering relationship" allows Antoinette to "transfer" her love, which Annette could not accept, to a surrogate (Adalgisa 62). The role of Christophene as surrogate mother is not unusual, according to Adalgisa. In traditional cultures, and especially those of est Africa, the "othermother" was a woman who would help a birthmother…
Adalgisa, Giorgio, Writing Mothers and Daughters: Renegotiating the Mother in Western European Narratives by Women. NY and Oxford: Berghahn, 2002
Burrows, Victoria. Whiteness and Trauma. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.
Morrison, Toni. Sula. New York: Penguin, 1973.
Rhys, Jean. Wide Sargasso Sea. New York: Norton, 1966.
The Women's Media Center has a contest going to give women a chance to tell their stories of why they have chosen their own unique goals and paths in life. This is comparable to many of the contests that consumer packaged goods manufacturers have used very successfully in the past to get user-generated content to promote their brands. This promotion centers on pro-choice messaging for women. This is also highly unusual as a Mother's Day promotion because it seeks political commentary and promises the potential to have it published and potentially seen by women who are members of the Women's Media Center. As a result this concentrates on the aspects of moms being free to speak their minds and say it on video, sharing it with many others throughout the women's community. Here is the UL for the contest: http://womensmediacenter.com/blog/2010/05/tell-your-story-enter-our-mothers-day-video-contest/.
The time crunch moms feel has never been more…
Graesch, a.. (2009). Material Indicators of Family Busyness. Social Indicators Research, 93(1), 85-94
When she began writing, she chose to envision her mother as the reader because that was how she could capture the real beauty of language in its various forms: "I wanted to capture what language ability tests can never reveal: her intent, her passion, her imagery, the rhythms of her speech and the nature of her thoughts."
Amy Tan's essay is definitely an effective and powerful statement not only on variations of English and her exposure to the same but also on class and cultural discrimination that people encounter because of their inability to use proper standardized English. While the author has refused to focus on discrimination aspect in detail, she has effectively drawn our attention to this side of the issue. There is some underlying tension that one feels when reading the essay that directs our attention to the discriminatory attitude of people towards immigrants on account of their…
Amy Tan, "Mother Tongue" accessed online 12th March 2005: http://www.usao.edu/~facbassitycb/amytan.htm
Hinton, Leanne, Involuntary Language Loss among Immigrants: Asian-American Linguistic Autobiographies. 1999-12-00 ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics Washington DC.
Children born in Alto lack the traditional protection of breastfeeding, subsistence gardens, stable marriages, and multiple adult caregivers. In these shantytowns that spring up around urban centers marriages are "brittle" and single parenting the norm. Woman are forced to seek employment, working as domestics or in the fields of the sugar plantation for as little as a dollar a day, and cannot bring their babies with them, consequently older children who are not in school will sometimes serve as babysitters, however children who are not in school are also expected to find work, thus babies are simply "left at home alone, the door securely fastened." Many babies die alone and unattended.
Another factor that exacerbates the situation is religious doctrine. The Catholic Church's official position against birth control, abortion, and sterilization only adds to the number of children born into this untenable situation. Scheper-Hughes notes that the seeming indifference of…
Scheper-Hughes, N. (1989, October). Death without weeping. Natural History, Vol. 98, Issue 10, 8-16.
Even the most rebellious daughter carries some of her mother in her, whether she likes it or not.
Mothers influence values in many other ways, too. If a mother is obsessed with fashion or with her figure and beauty, she may pass this on to her daughter, who will become quite involved in the "right" clothes and hair and staying thin. Some of these values may not be the best for the mother or the daughter, but the mother still has an influence over the child. Mother's are usually the very first person a baby bonds with, and they are usually there with the baby at the very early stages of life. Thus, the mother and child have a lifelong bond that cannot be broken, and can be quite influential when it matters most. This bond grows through time, and it is quite difficult to break. It adds credence to…
Poverty, the first factor, makes nursing for newborn infants impossible for mothers who have to work during the day in order to survive everyday and provide food to eat for her children. In effect, because of parental neglect, infants die from hunger and/or neglect from his/her mother's care and attention. Moreover, apart from poverty, what further alleviates the situation and leads to the prevalence of passive infanticide is the mothers' fatalistic belief that some children who are "wanting to die," while there are also survivors, those who managed to live after five years. This reality among Bam Jesus mothers serves as evidence of the pervasiveness of poverty and religion in decreasing a mother's propensity to love and care for her child, especially if this child is expected or 'looked' as if s/he will not survive long enough, thus refuting that mothers inherently possess the instinct to love and care for…
With my mother working, I had no transportation to get to activities. I could not do any kind of volunteer work. However, there were things I could do right at school. I had had to work very hard to learn English, so I knew what it meant to struggle. I tutored friends in subjects I did very well in, math and science. In return, these friends were able to give me a ride home.
I would be the first to admit that helping friends study is not as impressive a contribution to society as working for the Red Cross, or at an animal shelter, or some other things my classmates were able to do. However, as my mother said, I played the hand I was dealt, and I believe I contributed to the small community that was my high school in this way. In addition, helping others with these studies…
Even more striking is the speaker's statement that she loves all of the children she aborted. The language of the poem certainly seems structured to convey the image of motherly love. She speaks with longing and regret about the things her children will never do, such as the baby games and giggles, growing, marriage, and love. However, the speaker begins by making it clear that she is not romanticizing motherhood. She speaks of children she will never beat or neglect, as well as missing the rewards of motherhood. These statements seem aimed to convey the speaker's understanding of what she may have done to her children if she had chosen to carry them.
In fact, it is those statements that resolve the ambiguity in the poem. The speaker is filled with a tremendous self-loathing. The speaker says that she has sinned, that she has poisoned her children's breaths, and seized…
Brooks, Gwendolyn. "The Mother." PoemHunter.com. 2005. PoemHunter.com. 2 Nov. 2005 http://www.poemhunter.com/p/m/poem.asp?poet=12896&poem=182300 .
Mother, by Gwendolyn Brooks. Specifically, it will look critically at the poem, and what other critics have to say about it.
Set in Chicago in the 1930s and 1940s, Gwendolyn Brooks fashioned one of the earliest portraits of urban, working-class Black womanhood published in the United States" (Aptheker 61). Brook's poem "The Mother," written in 1945, is a lament to a woman's unborn babies who never lived because of abortion.
It is a touching and disturbing poem, clearly written by a despairing and contrite woman who is questioning her choices, and mourning the children she might have known, but never got the chance to live. "Though why should I whine, / Whine that the crime was other than mine?-- / Since anyhow you are dead. / Or rather, or instead, / You were never made (Brooks).
Critic Harold Bloom called the poem one of her "most notable achievements"…
Aptheker, Bettina. Tapestries of Life: Women's Work, Women's Consciousness, and the Meaning of Daily Experience. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1989.
Bloom, Harold, and Pamela Loos, eds. Gwendolyn Brooks. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 2000.
Brooks, Gwendolyn. "The Mother." Virginia Commonwealth University. 2003. 27 Jan. 2003. http://www.vcu.edu/engweb/eng301/mother.htm
Crewe, Jonathan. "Baby Killers." Differences 7.3 (1995): 1-23.
Product: " SUN-CEAM " Each student working established Health wellness company sells products Australia the product a consumer product (B2C) existing health wellness market Australia ( confirm proper research, health area fact a viable Australian market).
Sun Cream Analysis
The segmentation step in the marketing strategy refers to determining which variables must be used in addressing the market of the product in case. The most important variables addressed in the case of the sun cream produced by Mother Nature are represented by demographics, like age groups, gender, educational level, income, and social class (NetMBA, 2010). Other variables used in this case are represented by geographics, like location and climate.
Profile market segments
The most important customer segment addressed by the sun cream is represented by women aged 18-25. These customers have medium incomes, medium to high education, and like to spend much time at the beach…
1. Key Economic Indicators (2012). Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved August 13, 2012 from http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/[email protected]/mf/1345.0 "opendocument"opendocument#from-banner=LN.
2. Market Segmentation (2010). NetMBA. Retrieved August 13, 2012 from http://www.netmba.com/marketing/market/segmentation/ .
MOTHE IS SUPEME
Things Fall Apart
"Mother is Supreme:" the Complex Feminine Presence in Things Fall Apart
Chinua Achebe's seminal novel, Things Fall Apart, portrays the difficult struggle of a native African society to preserve its beliefs and values when faced with a powerful and dangerous outside influence. The struggle is most poignantly captured in the story of Okonkwo, a warrior who cannot reconcile his most treasured principles with the changes occurring in his society. It is through the lens of Okonkwo's passions that we come to know the subtleties of his tribal village, Umuofia, and their complex religious and cultural practices. One of the most complicated concepts in this close-knit community is the concept of womanhood -- its weakness, its strength, and it sanctity. For both Okonkwo and the Umuofia society, the idea of the feminine is contradictory and difficult to sustain; it is at the same time a…
Achebe, C. (1959). Things Fall Apart. New York: Random House.
Hamilton, R. (2003). "Fragmenting Culture, Fragmenting Lives: Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart." Women in Literature: Reading through the Lens of Gender, J. Fisher and E. Silber, eds. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Onyemelukwe, I. (2004). "Achebe and African Womanhood in Things Fall Apart." Emerging Perspectives on Chinua Achebe, vol. 2, E. Emenyonu and I. Uko, eds. Trenton, NJ: African World Press.
Strong-Leek, L. (2001) "Reading as a Woman: Chinua Achebe's 'Things Fall Apart' and Feminist Criticism." African Studies Quarterly 5(2): 2. [online] URL: http://web.africa.ufl.edu/asq/v5/v5i2a2.htm
mother of Achilles helped to turn her son into an epic hero during the Trojan ar. During the war she was constantly by his side, consoling him through his times of grief and aiding him in becoming a renowned warrior. Thetis and her son shared such a close relationship that it enabled her to seek the help of the gods for him.
hen the dispute between Agamemnon and Achilles led to the latter's momentary withdrawal from the war, Achilles sought his mother's aid in asking Zeus to grant temporary victory to the Trojans. Thetis immediately approached Zeus about the matter and is quoted from the Iliad to have beseeched him thus, "King Agamemnon has dishonored him by taking his prize and keeping her. Honor him then yourself, Olympian lord of counsel, and grant victory to the Trojans, till the Achaeans give my son his due and load him with riches…
"The Iliad of Homer" Tr. Samuel Butler (September 18, 1999). Project Guttenberg April 30, 2005: http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/2199
Mother in Wuthering Heights" by Margarret Homans, and "Myths of Power: A Marxist Study on Wuthering Heights" by Terry Eagleton, rely very heavily on their respective critical paradigms in their analysis of Bronte's novel. In some ways, to fully understand the intricacies of their arguments the reader must be steeped in the rhetoric and discourse of Marxist and Feminist criticism. However, that being said, I believe Eagleton's article provides the most illuminating and useful interpretation of the novel. There a few reasons for this. For one, Eagleton's analysis deals more with the tensions of the novel, whereas Homan's article is more concerned with Bronte as a women writer. Secondly, Eagleton's analysis sheds light on the motives of the characters in the novel, whereas Homan's article is more concerned with the motives of the author as it is reflected in her characters. Thirdly, and most importantly, Eagleton's analysis engages with the…
Life of Mother Teresa
One of the most famous women of the 20th century in any sector, Mother Teresa has captured the minds and hearts of many. This reading helped provide me with some important biographical and background information on Mother Teresa. It was particularly interesting to learn how she received her calling to God and the Church, and how she went from being an ordinary nun to being one of the most powerful and influential members of the Catholic Church in the world. Clearly, it was her compassion and empathy that initially caused her to devote her entire life to helping the poor. The level of poverty in India might have overwhelmed some people, but Teresa was instead inspired to take action.
I also found it interesting that Mother Teresa started by focusing on providing education to girls and others who had not had the opportunity to receive an…
To Love and Be Loved:
The Rhetoric of Mother Teresa
To Love and Be Loved
In 1979 Mother Teresa traveled to Oslo, Norway to accept one of the highest honors in the world, The Nobel Peace Prize, which recognized nearly 50 years of service toward the cause of peace. In today's world peace sometimes seems like a dream when every time we hope we might get it, it moves farther away. Nevertheless, unusual people like Mother Teresa, who work to relieve the suffering of people in distress, are able to maintain hope and go on working day after day toward a better world. It's important, therefore, to look at Mother Teresa's life and message because everyone could benefit from a better and more peaceful world.
Mother Teresa knew when she was fourteen years old that she wanted to be a missionary. She came from a devout catholic family…
Mother's strength often goes unnoticed but now that I am a mother myself I can finally appreciate my mothers' sacrifices. I have come to realize that I owe everything to my mother. Being raised by her and seeing her struggle throughout her life changed me forever. Watching her work two jobs to provide my brothers and sisters and myself with all we needed was painful. I was the oldest of all the children which gave me a better understanding of the situation. I tried to help her as best I could. I watched my mother come home from work at 2am and wake up two hours later to get her children ready for school day after day without any support structure. No matter what the weather, no matter what the obstacles, she never wavered. She nursed us when we were sick, helped us with her homework, and always got to…
The sample was taken from the first consecutive 141 families which entered the project. Although this may not influence the results, excluding mothers from that may do so. For example it was not made clear why 31 of those individuals' forms were missing data. Comparisons between the two groups did however seem to indicate that there may be demographic differences between those who finished the study and those who were discounted. This could therefore indicate selection bias in the results.
The study indicated that cumulative risk factors were greater predictors of permanent loss of custody than single individual risk factors. This was interesting as it indicates the importance of considering all risk factors together when assessing the family situation. There were however some other risk factors which were not included which may also have an impact on the outcome. For example although partner violence was evaluated, there was no measure…
Larrieu, J.A., Heller, S.S., Smyke, a.T. & Zeanah, C.H. (2008) Predictors of permanent loss of custody for mothers of infants and toddlers in foster care. Infant Mental Health Journal, 29(1): 48-60.
Mothers -- Transitioning from elfare to Corporate America
elfare in the United States is both a complex and controversial subject. The issue focuses on several aspects of public policy: economics, cultural diversity, actualization, incentives, education/training, taxation and even the actual role of the government. e first begin this study with an overview of the idea of a state welfare system, its origins, development, purpose, and particularly view the manner in which the welfare system has changed since the Great Depression. It is then important to understand the implications of the 1988 Family Support Act (FSA) and the change in attitude and policy regarding welfare, and the newer focus on finding ways to train, retrain, or educate those on welfare so they can find gainful employment -- particularly those who move into the corporate world. Challenges, interventions, and potential outcomes are examined, among which looking at the juxtaposition between the fiscal…
Burnett, R. (2010, May 28). Social Welfre: Does it Really Help or Does it Really Hurt? Retrieved from The Cypress Times: http://www.thecypresstimes.com/article/Columnists/The_Hard_Truth/SOCIAL_WELFARE_DOES_IT_REALLY_HELP_OR_DOES_IT_REALLY_HURT/30509
Galster, G. (Ed.). (1996). Reality and Research: Social Science and U.S. Urban Policy since 1960. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press.
Gyamfi, P., Brooks-Gun, J., & Jackson, A. (2005). Moving Towards Work: The Effects of Employment Experiences on Welfare-Dependent Women and their Children. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 12(2-3), 39-62.
Hamilton, G. (2002, July). Moving People from Welfare to Work. Retrieved from MDRC Policy Analysis: http://www.mdrc.org/publications/52/summary.html
Mothers of Invention: Women of the Slaveholding South in the American Civil War" by Drew Gilpin Faust. Specifically, it will explain how the instabilities of the Civil War South forced southern white women to alter their behavior. What was the key issue they faced as white men were forced to go to the front? In what way did altered gender roles lead to altered clothing styles? What does clothing tell us about civil society? Southern women faced many difficulties during the Civil War. They had to take on new roles that did not fit their upbringing, and they had to make significant changes to the way they lived and worked. It was a difficult and demanding time for southern women, and some of them discovered themselves, while others discovered they were closer to their black slaves than they ever would have believed.
The South, being at a distinct disadvantage for…
Faust, Drew Gilpin. Mothers of Invention: Women of the Slaveholding South in the American Civil War. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.
Methods of Killing
The methods of committing neonaticide, infanticide, and filicide are as diverse as the women who commit the tragic crime. According to ouge-Maillart, Jousset, Gaudin, Bouju, and Penneau (2005), strangulation, head trauma, drowning, and suffocation were the four most frequent methods of filicide. However, in these researchers' study, some mothers used what they deem to be 'more active' methods. Five children died after being struck by their mothers' fists. Two women in the study used a firearm to shoot their children. Two died after being hit with a heavy object, by their mother -- one a monkey wrench the other a stone. One woman slit her 13-year-old's throat. In one case, a 3-year-old boy died by defenestration -- being thrown out of the window. Lastly, a 10-month-old died of starvation and dehydration, after being deprived of food and water for 10 days.
Krischer, Stone, Sevecke, and Steinmeyer's (2007)…
Atwood, T. (Feb 2008). Comment: National Council for Adoption's response to the Texas Safe Haven Study. Child Maltreatment, 13(1). pp. 96-97.
Craig, M. (Feb 2004). Perinatal risk factors for neonaticide and infant homicide. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 97. pp. 57-61.
Friedman, S., Horwitz, S., & Resnick, P. (2005) Child murder by mothers. American Journal of Psychiatry, 162. pp. 1578-1587.
Kauppi, A. Kumpulainen, K. Vanamo, T. Merikanto, J and Karkola K. (2008)Maternal depression and filicide. Archives of Women's Mental Health, 11. pp. 201-206.
In "On the concept of function in social science," the author considers what purpose social institutions serve. He starts by looking at Durkheim's definition, and then draws parallels between social life and organic life. He interprets the word "needs" as things that are "necessary conditions for existence." Thus, he views social institutions as directly related to survival. He suggests that societies should be analyzed in terms of morphology, physiology, and evolution or development, just as organisms can be studied in that way. The morphology, or structure, defines the inter-relations within the social institution. The physiology would describe what each component provides for the institution, and the development, how the institution continues itself in time. He notes some problems with this analogy. In particular, a social institution can change its structure in a relatively short period of time while a biological organism cannot. Thus this analogy does not describe…
Mother and Father as Individuals and as Parents
Perhaps they are the most familiar person to you, the people you are most comfortable with. Sometimes you love them for bringing you into this world; sometimes you hate them for telling you this fact over and over again. The other may be lenient in disciplining you, while the other is too strict on you. Or sometimes, both exercise their right as your parent to impose rules that you must follow as their child.
These are the situations every child experiences with his/her parents: the people who you love to hate and hate to love, who can forsake you while at the same time care for you in times of trouble or crisis. Our parents, bound to duty and responsibility in the society as parents of their children, have the tremendous responsibility to rear their children properly in order for them to…
Mother to Mother by Sindiwe Magona. Specifically, it will critically analyze the book. The book "Mother to Mother" is a touching and elegant story of race relations and misunderstanding in South Africa. The author bases her book on a true incident, but looks at it from the eyes of a mother who loves her son but recognizes his inadequacies. It is a devastating look at apartheid, violence, and anger in a society long split between black and white. Well-written with emotion and pathos, it is a book that discovers the difficulties of reconciliation and continuing with life after the death of a loved one.
This emotional book looks at both sides of a young white woman's murder in a black township in South Africa. The book begins with the haunting line "My son killed your daughter" (Magona 1), and that line grabs the reader from the beginning, and makes them…
Editors. "Magona Gives Voice to a Forgotten Mother." WritersofColor.org. 2000. 16 April 2004. http://www.writersofcolor.org/interview.html
Gray, Rosemary. "An Electronic Interview with Sindiwe Magona." English in Africa. 1 May 2002.
Harlow, Barbara. "Book Review." Race and Class. 1 Jan. 2000.
Magona, Sindiwe. Mother to Mother. Boston: Beacon Press, 2000.
An even older mythological source for the reverence of compassionate maternal figures, however, comes out of the culture in which Mother Theresa practiced, rather than from the Christian tradition she lived by. This is the figure of Durga, one of the many incarnations of Kali, the Mother Goddess of the Hindu religion.
Alternatively, Kali and the many other forms of the goddess are seen as emanating from Durga (Rajhans, par. 3). According to this view, Durga is supreme power of the Supreme Being, the force of all creation, preservation, and destruction of the world (Rajhans, par. 1). This latter element does not fit with Mother Theresa, but the first two are essential qualities that she possessed and portrayed, and which were the primary foundations of her mythological status. This also illustrates the complexity of Hindu mythological and religious figures; at times, the separate functions of the Mother Goddess are seen…
Abrams, Irwin. "Mother Theresa: Biography." Nobelprize.org. Accessed 10 March 2009. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1979/teresa-bio.html
Bierlein, J.F. Parallel Myths. New York: Random House, 1994.
Campbell, Joseph. The Power of Myth. New York: Anchor Books, 1991.
Kennedy, Dan. "In Gloucester, a Murky Clarification." Media Nation. Accessed 10 March 2009. http://medianation.blogspot.com/2008/06/in-gloucester-murky-clarification.html
"It is, of course, impossible to catalogue all the circumstances in the outer world that shape children. Children are products of their moment in history, of prevailing conventions and wisdom, of social crusades." (eissbourd 27)
Lidoff, points out the value of the diconect, as it is seen through the narration of perception, rather than reality of feeling. Reflecting that one really can not know another, no matter how close one is to them or how much they wish they could, be the key to their understanding.
Mothers and daughters especially, in "I Stand Here Ironing"... are portrayed as they exist within the minds and feelings of each other: they are imaged by reflection, without the distinction between them always being clear -- to them, to us, to the narrator. The story of one becomes the story of the other with the nearly imperceptible figure-ground reversal of an optical illusion.
Lidoff, Joan. "Fluid Boundaries: The Mother-Daughter Story, the Story-Reader Matrix." Texas Studies in Literature and Language 35.4 (1993): 398-420.
Carter, Susan ed. Mothers and Daughters in American Short Fiction: An Annotated Bibliography of Twentieth-Century Women's Literature. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1993.
Olsen, Tillie, I Stand Here Ironing Retrieved October 1, 2007 at http://ee.1asphost.com/shortstoryclassics/olsenironing.html
Weissbourd, Richard. The Vulnerable Child: What Really Hurts America's Children and What We Can Do about it. Reading, MA: Perseus Books, 1996.
The question of whether TANF is working to reduce the number of teen pregnancies is inconclusive. The literature review leaves many more questions than answers.
The literature review found many conflicting results and studies that were significantly flawed. The real impact of TANF on teen pregnancies cannot be determined from the studies conducted thus far. The mass media was found to quote inconclusive findings. The body of evidence found is in need to further studies to determine the status and effects of TANF on teen pregnancy. This research will fill the gap in research by providing a reliable assessment of the impact of TANF on the ability to teen mothers to become independent and successful.
The literature review found many effects of TANF on the status of mothers as a result of the program. However, there were many flaws found in the program as well. In order for TANF…
Acs, G. And Koball, H. (2003). TANF and the Status of Teen Mothers under Age 18. No. a-62 in Series, "New Federalism: Issues and Options for States." Retrieved March 25, 2007 at http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=310796 .
Center for Impact Resarch (CIR) (2001). Accessing TANF Assistance: A survey of Low-Income
Young Mothers in Chicago. Retrieved March 25, 2007 at http://www.impactresearch.org/documents/chicagotanfexecutive.pdf
Kaestner, R., Korenman, S., and O'Neill, J.(2003). Has Welfare Reform Changed Teenage
Women's Issues: Poor Single Mothers
Poverty single Mothers
Poor Single Mothers
Does Parker's 1971 definition of poverty still have relevance today? The purpose of this work is to discover the answer to this question as well as research the plight of single mothers in America today and explain the major economic and social problems that are faced by single mothers. Further this work will discuss the assistance available today that would have improved Parker's life in the decade of the seventies.
According to Parker, 1971 there is shame in being poor and poverty is to be viewed with anger and not pity. Poverty is "dirt," "being tired" states Parker who uses much small definition that poignantly catch the reader's attention. Parker reveals to the reader the vicious cycle of poverty. The facts concerning poverty are not the kind that are encouraging or inspiring and quite unfortunately the cycle…
Is There Such a Thing as an Absolute Poverty Line Over Time? Evidence from the United States, Britain, Canada, and Australia on the Income Elasticity of the Poverty [Online] available at: http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/papers/elassmiv.htm
Fisher, Gordon M. (1996) Relative or Absolute -- New Light on the Behavior of Poverty Lines Over Time Department of Health and Human Services [Online] available at: http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/papers/relabs.htm
Poverty Rate Among Single-Mother Families Remain Stagnant in Late 1990's despite Strong Economy (2001) Center on Budget and Policy Priorities 16 AUG 2001 [Online] available at: http://www.cbpp.org/8-16-01wel.pdf
Sherman, Arloc, et al. (2004) Employment Rates for Single Mothers Fell Substantially During Recent Period of Labor Market Weaknesss 22 June 2004 [Online] available at: http://www.cbpp.org/6-22-04ui.htm
evolt of Mother, by Mary E. Wilkins Freeman. Specifically, it will explain the concept of ideology and discuss how its "magic" is operating. "The evolt of Mother" is an amusing story of a woman who knows what she wants, has done without it for forty years, and is not about to do without it any longer. She is a strong character, who stands up to her husband and will no longer allow him to dominate the family. She uses her tough ideology to create the situation she wants, and illustrates not only the need for understanding and communication in a relationship, but also the need to stand up for yourself sometimes, no matter the cost.
The evolt of Mother
The evolt of Mother" is the story of determination and unwavering goals. Sarah Penn is a woman who has always put herself last in her family. She and her children sacrifice…
Foster, Edward. Mary E. Wilkins Freeman. New York: Hendricks House, 1956.
Freeman, Mary E. Wilkins. "The Revolt of Mother." Personal Web Page. 2000. 13 March 2003. http://www.geocities.com/short_stories_page/freemanrevolt.html
During these times, she later told me that I was her inspiration. When she wanted to give up, she simply thought of me and how I still needed a mother. She used this to work through the pain and eventually beat the cancer.
When I turned 14, it was her turn to be my inspiration. The very cancer through which I inspired her, is now the legacy that makes me a better person. Watching her overcome her pain, fear and depression and beating the cancer helped me to understand that willpower is a very important human asset. This helped me when I came to the United States as a foreign student at the age of 14. I had to learn a new language, a new culture, go to a new high school and make new friends. I was away from my family for the first time, and at the same…
American Mother's Living In Poverty
Welfare reform in the United States has been hailed as a great success, reducing the number of people on the welfare rolls from 4.4 million in 1996 to 2.1 million in 2001. But these figures hide the suffering of the multitude of American women who are living on or below the national poverty line. In this paper we will challenge the argument that the welfare reform initiative is 'working' and suggest instead that according to credible sources women are in fact penalized by the very system that has been put in place to 'help' them.
The United States Census bureau shows how the 'poverty threshold" is calculated each year. This figure is a dollar amount that the department has determined is what is required for a number of people living together. The two main characteristics of the threshold formula are the size of a family…
For Crying Out Loud: Women's Poverty in the United States. Eds. Diane Dujon and Ann Withorn. Boston: South End Press, 1996.
Hays, Sharon. Flat Broke with Children: Women in the Age of Welfare Reform. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Katz, Michael. The Undeserving Poor: From the War on Poverty to the War on Welfare. New York: Pantheon Books, 1989.
Night Mother play that portrays suicide as a solution for life's pain, Marsha Norman's "Night Mother" does not seem like school drama material. However, the poignant play permits teens to perceive the impact that their decisions have on their loved ones, and through the intense dialogue enables them to understand family dynamics. The entire play consists of a conversation between a mother and her daughter, who is in her late thirties. Jesse's age shows students that adults have similar feelings of depression and despair, of hopelessness and exasperation, as they do. "Night Mother" does not glamorize suicide or convey the message that suicide is a valid way out of troubling times. Rather, the play displays a harsh truth: many people seriously consider and often carry out suicidal plans. In fact, students who have suicidal tendencies may find some solace in the play's message and may reconsider their decisions. Other students…
Norman, Marsha. "Night, Mother."
The data collection methods were grounded in scientific theory and enabled collection of accurate information based on the results of the questionnaire's provided to patients participating in the study.
This study deals with a very private and thus ethical issue. The researchers took great care to ensure that high standards of moral and ethical virtue were maintained for purposes of this project. The authors point out that they acquired approval prior to initiating the study. In addition, intensive training was required prior to commencement of the study.
The author would have done well to detail in greater detail the exact methods that were adopted to ensure the privacy and anonymity of each of the mothers participating in the study.
Presentation of Data/Conclusions
The presentation of the final data and conclusions could be improved upon. The author would have benefited by comparing each of the result segments with…
Horowits, J.H., & Bell, M. et. al. (2001)."Promoting responsiveness between mothers with depressive symptoms and their infants." Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 33 (4), 323-329
The example Xuela sees of womanhood, and the one she later repeats, is one of jealousy and spite. At one point, this step-mother even tries to kill Xuela with a necklace, piece of jewelry. This is another example of femininity -- this time in the form of a feminine object, the necklace -- being used in a destructive way. Xuela so identifies with this picture of women that she repeats the behavior without even understanding why, such as when she seduces her step-sister's lover or sleeps with other women's husbands.
Eventually, Xuela marries a rich white man who loves her, and she uses this love to make fun of him and control her world. This is the only way she has been taught to be a woman. She has almost all of the traditional negative "feminine" traits, such as jealousy, manipulation, and selfishness, but none of the good qualities. She…
My mother recognized that my lack of self-confidence was holding me back more than my inability to memorize lines from a Shakespearean play.
A certainly didn't expect to get a part in the play when I tried out, and was more than a little surprised to be given the role of Friar Lawrence (my mother, interestingly, seemed proud but not at all surprised). it's a relatively small part in the play in terms of lines, though the Friar plays a pivotal role in the arc of the narrative. In order to avoid appearing foolish on stage in front of scores of my classmates and their parents, I worked on my lines as hard as I could muster, bringing to the surface reserves of linguistic strength that I didn't even know I'd had. The play finally came and went and was produced without any major problems -- aside from the fact…
recoding a pregnant mother-Based case study. thai primegravida multpara.
This essay is about a process recording for a pregnant mother. Process recording is a written record of an interaction with a client. Pregnant mothers are in danger of any disease but there most alarming gestational diseases; these include hypertension, cardiac disease, anemia, diabetes, hyperemis gravidarum and many more. In this essay am only going to dwell in gestational hypertension.
This is a process recording of a case study of a pregnant mother. Mrs. B is a 16 years old primigravida at 30 weeks gestation and has attended the antenatal clinic three times. All finding were within the normal range until her last visit 1 week ago when her blood pressure was 130/90mmHg.On urinalysis there was no proteinuria. The fetal heart sounds were normal, the fetus was active and uterine size was consistent with dates. She has come to clinic today,…
American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists medical guidelines for clinical practice for the diagnosis and treatment of hypertension. National Guideline Clearinghouse. Available at http://www.guideline.gov/summary/summary.aspx?doc_id=9338 . Retrieved on 11/02/2011
Benson M.D.( 1989) Obstetrician Pearls,.Philadelphia:F.A Davis.
[Best Evidence] Hedderson MM, Ferrara A (.2008) High blood pressure before and during early pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care. Dec 31(12)
Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR, et al. (.2003) The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure: the JNC 7 report. JAMA. 289(19):2560-72.
Las Madres: The Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo is a fascinating account of the women of Argentina that have become outspoken advocates of Mothers being reunited with their abducted children. These mothers wear a white scarf, often something that widowed women wear, with their lost children's names on them symbolizing the loss of their child via abduction. The powerful story of these women has certainly inspired different types of political organization and has also sparked viewers to rethink what is considered "revolutionary," "political" or "feminist."
Foremost, the political action that these women took included pressing the government for information and using as their own agent for change. The women focused on changes in legislation and how that could positively impact their cause, as well as taking judicial action against former judges that were involved in keeping mothers and their abducted children separated. The women's political organization allowed the movement…
The presence of Catholicism and Protestantism had a terrible effect on the Native Americans. People who presumably wanted to act according to the will of God only managed to deny several basic rights to the Pueblos.
hen Jesus came, the corn mothers went away: marriage, sexuality, and power in New Mexico, 1500-1846 proves the passionate convictions of Gutierrez involving the overall situation that the Pueblos found themselves in along with the Spanish conquest. The Spanish basically dissolved the Pueblo society and replaced it with one that promoted European values. As a result of this event, the Pueblos lost most of their cultural identity, being forced to subject to the absurd laws presented by the Spaniards. Gutierrez does not present his readers with solid information relating to the Spanish interventions in the Pueblo society. The fact that part of the book is based on myths and journals raises problems and minimizes…
Gutierrez, Ramon A. (1991). "When Jesus came, the corn mothers went away: marriage, sexuality, and power in New Mexico, 1500-1846." Stanford University Press.
Revolt Mother" M.W. Freeman. The professor loves women, sticking women's equality/rights. She scrutinizes plagiorism. Write success/failure Freeman's women characters strategies achieve independence & fulfillment traditional 19th century New England village society.
The traditional New England village social order in the 19th century had strict rules and the masses were accustomed to categorizing individuals on account of their gender. Women were regarded as housewives and it considered outrageous for a woman to act in disagreement with laws imposed by then male authority in her family. Mary E. Wilkins Freeman describes an episode in this society by concentrating on the relationship between men and women. Furthermore, she emphasizes the feelings experienced by a woman as she stands by and observes her forty-year-old marriage once again being dominated by her husband. One does not necessarily need to be surprised with regard to the central protagonist's behavior, as readers should actually understand the harsh…
Wilkins Freeman, Mary E. "The Revolt of "Mother" and Other Stories," (Courier Dover Publications, 1998)
African-American MOTHES AND THEI DAUGHTES
Ethical Issues in Gumdrop Northern
The Executive Officer, ABC Company
Ethical Issues in Gumdrop Northern
It has come to my attention that the actions and functions of the Gumdrop Northern are not up to standards. The company besides afflicting the American citizens, particularly the military, has lacked a sense of corporate social responsibility to both their employees, customers and the natural environment. Notably, the business world faces the notion of corporate social responsibility in all aspects of business undertakings (Bitektine, 2011). In a wide assortment of issues, corporations get motivation of to behaving in a socially responsible manner. In the contemporary world, corporate businesses focuses on the interest of the society through taking responsibility for the effect of their actions on employees, shareholders, communities and customers in all facets of their operations (Bitektine, 2011).
Nevertheless, this is contrary to what Gumdrop Northern is doing to…
Bitektine, A, 2011, "Toward a theory of social judgments of organizations: The case of legitimacy, reputation, and status," Academy of Management Review, 36: 151 -- 179.
Crouch, C. 2006," Modelling the firm in its market and organizational environment: Methodologies for studying corporate social responsibility. Organization Studies, 27:1533 -- 1551.
Pike, J. (2010). Mine resistant ambush protected (MRAP) vehicle program. Global Security. Retrieved from http://www.globalsecurity.org
Sleeer, J.(2012). Business ethics and stakeholder management: Developing a structured approach for small business owner-managers. New York: GRIN Verlag
Jesus Came, the Corn Mothers Went way
In the book When Jesus Came, The Corn Mothers Went way, Ramon . Guttierez's thesis appears to be that there are various points-of-view, specifically in terms of the Spanish colonialization of New Mexico. The thesis also has a wider application in terms of the invasion of the United States by Europeans in general. In this, by focusing on a single group of natives and invaders, the author's thesis is that there are many viewpoints inherent in the colonializing process. Men, women, cultures and professions interact in ways unprecedented before the pioneering Europeans came to merica. This is the stated point of the book: to provide a global view of several viewpoints, with emphasis on that of the Pueblo Indians in response to their Spanish invaders.
With this in mind, one strength of the book is its focus on various points-of-view, but specifically on…
A weakness of the book, however, is that its author seems unable or unwilling, even in the last decade of the 20th century, to acknowledge the efforts that have been made to rectify colonial wrongs. The author holds that there has been very little effort to provide a viewpoint that originates from the victims of invasion. He claims that authors focus on the conquests, strength, and spiritual purity of the European invaders while describing natives as little more than idol worshiping savages. Surely, by 1991, many authors have brought into their work a more understanding point-of-view. It also appears that the author focuses his claim of legitimacy on this fact; his book is claimed to be one of the first to provide a wider point-of-view, which includes the natives as more than savages. Perhaps an inherent weakness here is also the fact that it does not apply so strongly to a culture that has developed for 20 years since the time of publication. Currently, there is a definite trend towards rectifying history and considering all points-of-view.
Another weakness is the author's use of language. Despite his claim of including a universal view of the events that took place in New Mexico, the author has written a decidedly academic work. This means that the language is somewhat less accessible to the general public than it is to the academic community. Perhaps it would have been a more important work if the author had used a less academic tone.
In general, I liked the book. It certainly has merits in terms of providing a much more thorough history of the Pueblo Indians than had been the case before. I do like that the author focused his attention on a marginalized section of society, attempting to show a point-of-view that must have been completely alien to the Europeans at the time. From today's point-of-view, I admit that the author is not completely wrong in assuming that, even now, there remains a sense of prejudice against what we perceive as "the other." Maybe if more books like this appear, we can begin to acknowledge our common humanity before starting to focus on our differences.
The author of this report has been asked to offer a brief report. The main focus of the report will be a logic model that is presented in the appendix of this report and will be discussed throughout the narrative of the same. Prior to that, however, there will be a section dedicated to the organization and operation that will employ the use of this logic model in terms of its direction, actions and priorities. The general focus of the organization will be covered as well as the location and the general manner in which the organization operations and functions. Subsequent to that, there will be a focus on how the logic model is going to be applied to this situation. Further, there will be a discussion of the situation, priorities and inputs for the same. While the task at hand may seem daunting, the work of the…
Bosco, S. M., & Bianco, C. A. (2005). Influence of Maternal Work Patterns and Socioeconomic
Status on Gen Y Lifestyle Choice. Journal of Career Development, 32(2), 165-182.
Clark, J. (1995). The impact of the prison environment on mothers. Prison Journal, 75(3), 306.
O'Malley, S., & Devaney, C. (2016). Maintaining the mother -- child relationship within the Irish
She was terribly afraid. Ashina did not want to move, but her respect for her remaining parent kept her from saying otherwise.
She did not like it at first. Her mother was forced to work. Although she seemed to like it, Ashina felt that her mother missed her father terribly. When asked about it, her mother would smile and sigh, and return to grading her students' papers.
Ashina was first forced into a home education. Her mother employed some tutors to help her learn things like mathematics, English, and geography. Her mother also made her wear bizarre garments that left not only her face, but also her legs and arms, exposed. She said that these outfits would help Ashina make friends. When she was considered to be ready, Ashina's mother decided to put her into a public school in order to prepare for university and a career.
This was a…
Whereas in 1963, 70% of all African-American families were headed by married couples, that rate had dipped to 46.1% by 1996. In 2001, the rate had increased to 47.9%, the first uptrend in 40 years (Kinnon, 2003). The rate of African-American crime and incarceration, which is closely linked to males from single-parent households, has also dipped since 1996.
Concerns about TANF and current welfare programs
While the statistics are compelling, there are a series of questions which have not been addressed by these welfare reforms. There are still about 50% of the former welfare population which has not been able to graduate from the welfare-poverty cycle, nor have they been able to find work. In states where the TANF provisions were enacted, including the 5-year limitation on welfare benefits, there has been a back-sliding on the part of state legislatures to extend welfare assistance for the "hard core" unemployed.
Bush, L. (2000). African-American Mothers/African-American Sons: A Critical Examination of the Social Science Literature. Western Journal of African-American Studies, 145-167.
Cherry, F. & . (1977). Physical and cognitive development in children of low-income mothers working in the child's early years. Child Development, 158-166.
Garfinkle, I. a. (1986). Single Mothers and their children: A new American dilemma. Washington: Urban Institute.
Haskins, R. (1989). Beyond metaphor: The efficacy of early childhood education. American Psychologist, 274-282.
Maternal Risk Entity
Is there anything more important to a family -- and to the community of interest around that family -- than the safe and healthy delivery of the brand new baby and its mother? Modern medicine has provided technologies and training to alleviate many of the risks vis-a-vis mother and infant, however there is never going to be a situation absolutely free of potential risks surrounding pregnancy, childbirth, and the post-pregnancy period. Hence, nurses and physicians and other healthcare professionals must stay informed and be fully prepared to come up with solutions when risky situations occur. This paper presents the peer-reviewed literature on several maternal risks and there possible remedies.
Infants' Risks in Late Preterm Births
In the peer-reviewed journal Birth, the authors point out that the preterm birth rate has risen from 10.6 births in 1990 to 12.8% in 2006 -- a twenty percent increase (Kirby, et…
Hooker, L., Ward, B., and Verrinder, G. (2012). Domestic violence screening in maternal and child health nursing practice: A scoping review. Contemporary Nurse, 42(3), 198-215.
Kirby, R.S., and Wingate, M.S. (2010). Late Preterm Birth and Neonatal Outcome: Is 37 Weeks'
Gestation a Threshold Level or a Road Market on the Highway of Perinatal Risk? Birth, 37(2)
She never says "no," and always takes on these tasks, even though they might not be her direct responsibility. I think my mother is under-employed, but she does not see it that way. I think she could become a graphic designer or at least a document specialist, but she is content to remain in her own sphere.
I think my mother fears alienation if she changes job responsibilities. She has been at her present company for many years, and has seniority over many other office workers. She would be brand new and probably older than most of her peers if she went into another area of document creation, and I think that scares her. She will not say that to me when we talk, just that she's "content" where she is. I think my mother works too hard, and I wish that she would stop working, but she says we…
This is an interesting device because it indicates the author was looking at every aspect of the poem and thought long and hard about how to use words to convey meaning, emotion, and loss.
In contrast, Parks does not worry about rhyme; he simply uses meter and the rhythm of the words to convey meaning and emotion. Millay speaks about her mother throughout the poem, but Parks only uses three lines to show his father has passed away. Millay openly admires her mother, while it seems there was tension underneath the surface between Parks and his father. He seems to be watching events from the outside looking in, giving the illusion of emotional detachment, while Millay is clearly distraught and overcome by the loss of her mother. By using personification indirectly, Parks likens his father to a giant, while Millay prefers to instead concentrate on her mother's mental qualities and…
Millay, Edna St. Vincent. "The Courage That my Mother Had."
Parks, Gordon. "The Funeral."
After a literature review of existing studies on the subject, "we have clear indications that breast-feeding helps prevent an extra incident of gastrointestinal illness in some kids -- an unpleasant few days of diarrhea or vomiting, but rarely life-threatening in developed countries" noted Hana osin in a controversial article in The Atlantic (osin 2009). Despite graphic public advertisements that link breast-feeding with putting a child at great medical risk, the evidence is less certain than one might assume. Although breast-feeding has been credited with everything from improving babies' IQs to preventing obesity, the ability to prevent these conditions with breast-feeding remains uncertain, particularly when women's economic status is taken into consideration when evaluating the studies (osin 2009).
Cultural biases against trusting a woman to actively make choices about how they will be mothers may have more to do with the censure of women who choose to discount so-called common wisdom…
Baram, Marcus. (2006). Moms-to-be get mixed message about drinking. ABC News.
Retrieved June 30, 2011 at http://abcnews.go.com/Health/story?id=2654849&page=1
Hanley, J.J. (2002). Refrigerator mothers. PBS: POV. Retrieved June 30, 2011 at http://www.pbs.org/pov/refrigeratormothers/interview.php
Italy launches cocktail glass poster. (2011). The Telegraph. Retrieved June 30, 2011 at http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/italy/7764241/Italy-launches-foetus-in-cocktail-glass-poster-to-stop-women-drinking.html
Mary Beth Norton, Founding Mothers and Fathers. New York: First Vintage, 1996. 512 pp., bibliography, index.
Mary Beth Norton is the Mary Donlon Alger Professor of American History at Cornell University. In addition to Founding Mothers and Fathers, Norton has also published In the Devil's Snare: The Salem Witchcraft Crisis of 1692. These two books are part of Norton's ongoing scholarly examination of the intersection between gender and politics in pre-Revolutionary America. In the 1996 publication Founding Mothers and Fathers, Norton argues that power manifested in gendered ways, in multiple spheres of colonial American life including the family, the community, and the government. The author's goal is to show how gendered power impacted the social, economic, and political development of the colonies and the early United States. With an in-depth examination of the private, public, and family spheres, Norton explains how founding females were as influential as males in shaping…
interview was my mother Saleena Irani, who was born to Mexican and Parsi parents in Germany, and who spend the greater portion of her childhood in Berlin. Because Saleena attended an international school in Berlin and grew up in a multicultural and multi-linguistic household as well, her educational background and socialization experiences differed significantly from those of her peers. This interview elucidates many of the aspects of education that may be traditionally overlooked in the emphasis on test scores.
The interview took place in person, over the course of an evening. Having dinner and after-dinner drinks allowed for a long and pleasant conversation that allowed my mother to reflect deeply and provide her story in a non-linear fashion in accordance with the order in which her memories arose. Moreover, Saleena was able to bring photographs to the interview in order to trigger her memory and enhance the accuracy of my…
It can be seen that the mother of five, in the book, does not abuse them. Typically, child abuse is about intentional detrimental action or inaction of a care giver towards the children under their (caregiver's) care. Further, abuse is such action or inaction that leads to some form of suffering, injury or death of the vulnerable and dependent child. Child mistreatment takes many forms. It may involve physical abuse, exploitation, sexual abuse, emotional abuse or even neglect. When a parent or caregiver metes physical injury that is non-accidental to a child, then it qualifies as physical abuse. Whereas physical abuse also takes various forms, the following signs are common and can be noticed easily. Therefore, when you see them, you should raise an alarm, or notify authorities.
Sexual abuse occurs when an adult uses a child to satisfy their own sexual desires or fantasies or even leads…
Childhelp. (2015, October 23). The Issue of Child Abuse. Retrieved from Child Help: https://www.childhelp.org/child-abuse/
Parent, M. (1996). Turning Stones My Day And Nights With Children At Risk. New York, NY: Harcourt Brace and Company.
To make an exact copy of the Manhattan headquarters, the executives will create the exact positions in China. They will discuss the requirements of the positions with the American employees and will search for those Chinese that best meet them. Also, the American homologue should participate to the hiring process. For instance, if the Chine company is looking to hire a Marketing Director, the Marketing Director within the Manhattan offices should participate to the selection, hiring and most importantly, the training process. In terms of training, the programs will have to be offered to all employees, not just the top-management ones. The primary goal of the training sessions will be to introduce the new associates to the operations, partners and goals followed by the mother company as to aid them best perform their tasks. Aside from this however, a vital issue is that integrating the Chinese employees into the corporate…
China Daily. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/,last accessed on June 10, 2008
Management Info Systems
My mother often tells the story about one Summer as I was growing up. Each year, we would host a family reunion at one of the local parks. My mother hated this time of year because the guest list seemed to grow larger every year, and she was in charge of so many things. To her delight, when I was 9 years old, I offered to "manage" the reunion for her. I asked her for all the people who would attend, and spent days quizzing her on who would do what, who would bring what, and even what would the contingency plan be if the weather turned sour or some other unknown were to occur. My contribution to the event was a very precise and colorful chart in which I used up every single color combination in my crayon box, drew lines for responsible people and products…
Correspondence, all 1917
Hello. I hope this letter reaches you in good health. How are things in Lansing? Give my love to pop and Suzanne.
All is well here. It was snowing today, but we are well bundled here. We just finished a good, hot dinner, and I am readying myself for a tough game of cards with my trench buddies. Remember my friend itzgerald that I told you about in my last letter? Well I have to beat him tonight, or I'll owe him my hat when I get back!
Now, mother, I told you not to worry so much about how we're doing over here. The fighting is still pretty far away, and the worst we have to face is boredom. Keep your chin up, and I'll be back before you know it!
Remember, all my love to you all -- always.
Celeste is a wife and mother of two young children. She is in her mid-30s and has decided to go back to work. Her husband, a college professor, works an extra job, and so is tired all the time and does not spend enough time with the family. Celeste wants things to slow down for him. She will put the children in daycare. She'll have a 45-minute commute. The extra money will help Jim give up extra commitments. Economically, they will remain about the same but the burden will now be shared more fairly. She expects these changes will make the family happier.
the extra job of the husband leads him to being tired all the time
the extra job precludes husband from spending enough time with family
the children being put in daycare will not cause any affiliated burdens (tearing family apart)
enough money will be made from Celeste's…
Having a baby is a dream that many families have. Women in particular are associated with the idea and "dream" of having a child but men are pretty excited about it to when it comes, albeit also nervous. However, there is a danger when it comes to waiting too long before starting a family in terms of age. Whether it is career concerns, finding the right, the delaying of the marriage or what have you, there are multiple reasons that are common in today's society whereby women put off having families. An unfortunate byproduct of this pattern is that the risk of birth defects is much higher with children born of women over the age of 35. This report shall explore the precise and specific reasons that these birth defects why it is more common for women beyond the line stated in this proposal. Even with the increasing…