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U.S. Navy Aviation History: Celebrating 100 Years
The history of aviation in the Navy is actually quite recent. Beginning in 1910, the Navy has really driven its aeronautical program to new heights. From its modest beginnings before World War I, aviation in the Navy has come a long way. It was not until World War II that the Navy really understood just how important aviation capabilities were and the investment in aircraft carriers helped win the war in the Pacific against a heavily fortified Japanese navy with landing strips on a variety of islands throughout the region. Innovation seemed to stall until new threats in the Cold War once again demanded the Navy to invest in innovation to protect the nation's waters. The height of the Cold War saw the introduction of jet planes and nuclear capabilities on aircraft carriers. In the years after, the Navy has continued to play…
Ackerman, Spencer. (2013). U.S. Navy Makes History by Landing Unmanned Drone on Aircraft Carrier. The Guardian. Web. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jul/10/us-navy-x47b-drone-aircraft-carrier
Dann, Capt. Rich. (2010). Naval Aviation Historical Narrative. Centennial Documents. Web. http://www.public.navy.mil/airfor/centennial/Documents/Naval%20Aviation%20Historical%20Narrative.pdf
Naval History and Heritage Command. (2014). United States Naval Aviation 1920-1995. Naval Aviation History. Web. http://www.history.navy.mil/research/histories/naval-aviation-history/united-states-naval-aviation-1910-1995.html
An Historical Account of the United States Navy, 1775-Present
The history of the United States Navy should be divided into two parts: the first part consists of (roughly) the Navy's first 100 years; the second (and modern) part follows. It is the difference between the Old and the New, the days of sailing ships and the days of industrial and technological advancement so astounding that the "Old Navy" must now surely seem quaint. This paper will detail the history of the U.S. Navy and describe its transformation from a small force of six frigates in 1794 to the naval superpower of the world that it is today.
In October of 1775, the Continental Congress knew it ought to have some sort of American sea power, and it "passed a resolution urging each colony to fit out armed vessels for its individual defense."
Rhode Island had been the first to…
Baer, George W. One Hundred Years of Sea Power: the U.S. Navy, 1890-1990.
Stanford University Press, 1996.
Dorwart, Jeffery. The Philadelphia Navy Yard: From the Birth of the U.S. Navy to the Nuclear Age. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001.
Hearn, Chester G. Navy: An Illustrated History: The U.S. Navy from 1775 to the 21st
Navy Yard Shooting
Suspect and circumstances surrounding the recent Washington, DC Navy yard shooting
Characteristics of workplace violence and categories of workplace violence
The "red flags" that existed with the Navy Yard shooter
What could have been done to prevent the tragedy
How employers can reduce workplace violence
The research is aimed to provide a detailed account of the characteristics and categories of workplace violence. The workers are intimated through various psychological and physical pressures to adopt a violent behavior with the workplace. However it is the responsibility of the management to ensure that the workers are provided with adequate organizational culture and facilities in reducing the mutual friction. The outsiders influence is also a major cause of workplace violence in most of the cases. The Washington, DC Navy yard shooting is also an incident that could be prevented through effective measures at organizational level.
Characteristics of workplace violence and…
Doocy, P. (Performer) (2013). Red flags missed as navy yard shooter descended into madness [Television series episode]. In News. Washington D.C: Fox News. Retrieved from http://video.foxnews.com/v/2679884140001/red-flags-missed-as-navy-yard-shooter-descended-into-madness/?playlist_id=921261890001
Harris, P.M., & Keller, K.S. (2005). Ex-Offenders Need Not Apply The Criminal Background Check in Hiring Decisions. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 21(1), 6-30.
Van Fleet, D.D., & Van Fleet, E.W. (2010). The violence volcano: Reducing the threat of workplace violence. USA: Information Age Publishing.
This allowed the British to be able to fight numerous battles inside various theaters of operations around the globe.
At the same time, this was used to ensure that there were adequate protections in place for their different colonies. If the fleet had not been this size, there is a realistic possibility that Great Britain would have lost areas of support and influence in these regions. This gave them an advantage economically by having control over vast amounts of natural resources and wealth. The oyal Navy was a part of protecting these interests. In this aspect, these beliefs helped to ensure that they were capable of dealing with a variety of threats and issues simultaneously. Over the course of time, this allowed Britain to impose its will on others and safeguard its self-interests at all times.
A fourth idea of British naval doctrine was the development of an all professional…
Baer, George. One Hundred Years of Sea Power: The U.S. Navy, 1890-1990. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1996.
Bell, Christopher. The Royal Navy Sea Power and Strategy. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2000.
Black, Jeremy. Naval Power: A History of Warfare and the Sea from 1500 Onwards. Palgrave MacMillan, 2009.
Rodger, N. The Command of the Ocean: A Naval History of Britain, 1649-1815. New York, NY: W.W. Norton, 2006
Navy and Heritage
The United States Navy, as with all of the armed forces of the U.S.A., has a rich history. Since its creation, the Navy has been directly responsible for the continued success of the America's war efforts as well as for the continued protection of the country from its enemies. It is because of the many heroic actions performed by the naval forces since its inception that the navy is currently held in such high regard. Only by reflecting upon the past can we appreciate the present. It is only because of veterans of the armed forces that the country still exists and that the citizenry are free. Heroism in any form always earns respect and the military has more heroes than any other organization. By remembering and acknowledging the actions and the sacrifices of those who came before, the current naval forces can prevent making the same…
Faram, M.D. (2005, April 4). Pledge has found place in boot camp, academy and training schools. Navy Times. (54:27).
Ryan, D.W. (2012, May 11). Naval history and heritage are key components of Makin Island's
CPO 365 program. United States Navy. Retrieved from http://www.public.navy.mil/surfor/lhd8/Pages/NavalHistoryandHeritageareKeyComponentsofMakinIslandsCPO365Program.aspx#.UwhiYYVI_Lk
Historian Lloyd concludes, "Sixty-four ships were lost and over 10,000 men before the remnant of the Invincible Armada found refuge in the harbours of Northern Spain" (Lloyd 30). This marked the pinnacle of the British Navy's power and prestige. After they beat Spain, they ruled the waves, and that continued until the 18th century.
In conclusion, the rise of the British oyal Navy during the enaissance period is still legendary in naval circles and in history. The British Navy was powerful, formidable, and managed the seas of the globe. Much of the oyal Navy's success is founded in the practice of privateering, and had it not been for men like Sir Francis Drake, the British Empire might not have had the funds to develop their navy, and dominate the world's oceans for so long. The Navy was not initially formed to defend the country, but rather to defend the privateers,…
Corbett, Julian S. Drake and the Tudor Navy: With a History of the Rise of England as a Maritime Power. Vol. 1. New York: Longmans, Green and Co., 1898.
Lloyd, Christopher. The Nation and the Navy: A History of Naval Life and Policy. Revised ed. London: Cresset Press, 1961.
Mattingly, Garrett. The Invincible Armada and Elizabethan England. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1963.
Rose, J. Holland, a.P. Newton, and E.A. Benians, eds. The Cambridge History of the British Empire. New York: Macmillan Company, 1929.
Old Navy needs to pick its own niche, perhaps in the over 30 crowd where the competition isn't as entrenched. Old Navy needs to be careful to avoid overlaps with Gap and Banana Republic which are all part of the same company. Once Old Navy hones its target, it can do a better job of determining the product mix and positioning that will appeal to its intended audience.
Despite its advertising attempts, it's questionable if Old Navy has really gotten its message out to consumers. Brand image is hard to change especially since Old Navy catered to a different market for more than a decade. Consumers simply don't change their image of retailers that easily, particularly one that was as well branded as Old Navy had been in the past. it's campaign slogan, "get your fash'on" at Old Navy" is very weak for convincing consumers that Old Navy has made…
Marketing myth of January. http://www.copernicusmarketing.com/discover/docs/myth.htm
Weiss, T. (2006, July 24). Old Navy goes to war. Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/business/2006/07/21/gap-retail-fashion_cx_tw_0724oldnavy.html
Old Navy's Mobile Marketing Campaign
Over the last several years, there has been a shift in consumer tastes. This is because the overall demographic is changing with more of a younger audience becoming the largest segment. To reach out to this new audience, requires changing the basic strategy that is being used during this process. This means that traditional approaches are no longer valid. Instead, there must be an emphasis on using alternative tools to reach out to customers. The most effective approach is to concentrate on mobile applications and online tools. ("Digital Marketing Works Better for Millennials than TV," 2012)
In the case of Old Navy, the firm must be able to redefine itself. This is because the parent company, (i.e. Gap) has been facing challenges associated with reaching out to consumers. Moreover, the recession and slow recovery have made this more challenging for the company. As a result,…
Digital Marketing Works Better for Millennials than TV. (2012). Tech Journal. Retrieved from:
Gap Inc. Names Global Brand President. (2012). Gap Inc. Retrieved from: http://www.gapinc.com/content/gapinc/html/media/pressrelease/2012/med_pr_Old_Navy_Global_Brand_President043012.html
Listener Profile. (2010). NRG Media. Retrieved from: http://nrgmediaomaha.com/resources/winter10/qual/KOZN%20Listener%20Profile%201_2011.pdf
Old Navy has gone through many evolutions of marketing campaigns in the last decade. The mannequin approach needs to be retired in exchange for something more fresh and exciting; especially for the target demographic of young males. It is recommended that smartphone advertising be utilized as the delivery platform to reach this demographic.
The common idea about men is that they do not like to shop. However, this isn't quite the case. Rather, they just shop differently. Reaching out the men in the twenty-five to thirty-five demographic requires new skills as marketers. The previous generation of Old Navy advertisements used mannequins to try to attract the attention of its target market. The campaign was described like this in the New York Times (Elliot, 2011):
Old Navy is sending its spokes-mannequins back to the sales floors and storerooms. For almost two years, the Old Navy discount-clothing chain has run a…
Advertising Age. (2011, June 8). Behind the Campaign: Old Navy Goes After Men in New Ad Push. Retrieved from Adage: http://adage.com/article/news/navy-targets-campaign-men/228051/
Elliot, S. (2011, February 17). Old Navy Replaces Mannequins With Music. Retrieved from The New York Times: http://mediadecoder.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/02/17/old-navy-replaces-mannequins-with-music/?_php=true&_type=blogs&_r=0
TechJournal. (2014, January 24). Digital marketing works better for Millennials than TV. Retrieved from TechJournal: http://www.techjournal.org/2012/01/digital-marketing-works-better-for-millennials-than-tv/
Some brands will be stylish, others vintage, still others cheap and some high quality etc. Old Navy needs to find its niche. Why should customers visit their stores and not the rivals? This distinction must be attained and heavily advertised. This must be done with customer's buying behavior in mind. What will lure the customer to Old Navy for its own products?
Seek Joint Promotion
While cross over products are not always a good strategy for waning businesses, it can definitely help if some mutual benefits can be achieved. Instead of inviting and keeping cross over products as KMART did with Martha Stewart, it's better to seek joint promotion or what is known as inter-firm collaboration. For example if Old Navy has some cashmere products to display, find a top-notch firm that sells matching scarves and this would bring in more customers. In such ventures, customers of the other brand…
Navies in American Revolution
For hundreds of years, maritime expansion represented the only way to reach distant shores, to attack enemies across channels of water, to explore uncharted territories, to make trade with regional neighbors and to connect the comprised empires. Leading directly into the 20th century, this was the chief mode of making war, maintaining occupations, colonizing lands and conducting the transport of goods acquired by trade or force. Peter Padfield theorized that ultimately, ritish maritime power was decisive in creating breathing space for liberal democracy in the world, as opposed to the autocratic states of continental Europe like Spain, France, Prussia and Russia. The Hapsburgs, the ourbons, Hitler and Stalin all failed to find a strategy that would defeat the maritime empires, which controlled the world's trade routes and raw materials. Successful maritime powers like ritain and, in the 20th Century, the United States, required coastlines with deep…
Black, Jeremy, "Naval Power, Strategy and Foreign Policy, 1775-1791" in Michael Duffy (ed). Parameters of British Naval Power, 1650-1850. University of Exeter Press, 1992, pp. 93-120.
Black, Jeremy. European Warfare in a Global Context, 1660-1815. Routledge, 2007.
Dull, Jonathan R. A Diplomatic History of the American Revolution. Yale University Press, 1985.
Kelly, J.K. "The Struggle for American Seaborne Independence as Viewed by John Adams." PhD Dissertation, University of Maine, 1973.
Military -- ritish Royal Navy
Great ritain's geography, society, economy and politics are all ideally intimately connected. The interplay of these forces, along with Great ritain's early and continuing recognition of their importance, fostered the strongest navy possible for protecting the nation's economic and military interests. As a result, the Royal Navy eventually grew to become the dominant maritime global force by the 18th Century.
The interplay among Great ritain's geography, society, economy and politics was so organic in the rise of the Royal Navy to a dominant maritime force by the 18th Century that it is difficult to examine one aspect without also speaking of the others. Geographically, Great ritain's financial districts had access to national and international markets through its multiple ports on the sea, which gave even the smallest ports of the nation the advantages and difficulties of international trade.[footnoteRef:1] Unlike France, for example, Great ritain's economic…
Kennedy, Paul M. The Rise and Fall of British Naval Mastery (Paperback). Amherst, NY: Humanity Books, 2006.
Rodger, N.A.M. The Command of the Ocean: A Naval History of Britain, 1649-1815. New York, NY W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 2005.
Starr, Chester G. The Influence of Sea Power on Ancient History. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, Inc., 1989.
The Nordic Apollo vessel radioed for help on Monday, December 19, indicating that it was being fired on by pirates in a small skiff, according to Philip Ewing, writing in www.military.com. The U.S.S. Pinckney responded with a helicopter (an MH-60R Seahawk), saw the pirates' skiff, and hovered over them. The pirates threw their weapons into the sea, along with their ladders. Soon the Pinckney arrived, launched a small boat and basically disarmed the pirates and threw one of their outboard motors overboard, leaving them just enough power and enough gasoline to get back to Somalia (Ewing).
Should the Navy have shot the pirates dead on the spot, sunk their boat and sent a message to other pirates? Probably their orders are not to kill unless the pirates are threatening the lives of innocent civilians. But the point is, the Navy is doing a wonderful job against this threat and it…
Ewing, Philip. 2011. U.S. Navy Stops Somali Pirate Attack. Retrieved December
23, 2011, from http://www.military.com/news/article/2011/us-navy-stops-somali-pirate-attack.html .
Ooko, Daniel, and Mutai, Peter. 2011. Somali pirates still hold 200 hostages: EU mission.
Retrieved December 23, 2011, from http://www.coastweek.com/3451_piracy_03.htm.
U.S. Navy Leadership Change
There are many operative processes regularly employed in the 21st century that are decidedly at variance with traditional ones. The increasing trend towards globalization is affecting nearly every industry, including the armed forces. As such, it is no longer advantageous to continue conducting operations and managing resources in a manner that does not reflect contemporary organizational practices specifically designed to accommodate the myriad opportunities and challenges of globalization. If managed properly, the boons of diversity, heterogeneity, and the multitude of skills and experiences from various realms of the private sector can enable the armed forces (and the United States Navy in particular) to transform from a static form of leadership to a dynamic, decentralized one that significantly enhances its efficiency and effectiveness as an organization.
The principle obstacle in achieving this objective is also the primary strength of the U.S. Navy. Like all of the armed…
Sewell, R. (2008). "Why write a leadership philosophy." www.cgsc.edu Retrieved from http://www.cgsc.edu/repository/dcl_leadershipPhilosophy.pdf
U.S. Marine Corps. MCDP 1-3, Tactics. 1997.
Wember, T. (2013). "Kotter's 8-step change model." www.leadershipthoughts.com Retrieved from http://leadershipthoughts.com/knowledge-articles/kotters-8-step-change-model/
U.S. Navy: Use of Databases
The Internet has completely changed the way business is done around the globe now. It has revolutionized e-business completely at a speed that is faster than lightening. This has led to escalated growth in new business models, products, services, and marketplaces. With this major change, many businesses find it very challenging to keep abreast with the new economic trends.
With continuously changing technology, it is important to comprehend how technological changes affect business and what are the methods through which maximum potential can be extracted to attain better performance and also profitability.
Navy makes investments on the basis of their individual needs to make maximum use of technology to achieve the set goals. One of the software's used by the Navy is the Navy Training Management and Planning System.
NTMPS is a database system that is used by the Navy as a Training Management System…
Amazon.com: Software: Microsoft Access 2002, available at http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/B00005B0BZ/002-2,accessed on: November 16, 2003
CSC: CSC WINS $30 MILLION NAVAL UNDERSEA WARFARE CENTER CONTRACT March 4, 2002, available at http://www.csc.com/newsandevents/news/1679.shtml , accessed on: November 16, 2003
Navy Training Management and Planning System Web Page, available at http://www.ntmps.navy.mil/,accessed on: November 16, 2003
CSC: CSC WINS $30 MILLION NAVAL UNDERSEA WARFARE CENTER CONTRACT March 4, 2002,
letters written by Navy doctors about certain cases regarding injuries to Navy personnel have an important impact on how the cases are decided. This is a worthy topic because when Navy personnel are injured they are eligible to file for worker's compensation under the Federal Employees Compensation Act (FECA); when their petitions are accepted and funds are forthcoming, the cost of paying the injured Navy employee is paid for out of pubic taxpayer money. But this is only part of the reason why this article is worthy; according to the authors the Department of the Navy "…typically leads all other Services in total chargeback" (Hammett, et al., 2012, p. 17).
The hypothesis offered in the article was that there "…was no association between the claimant's age and the category of the case" (Hammett, 19). It was rejected by the findings. It was also explained that when Navy doctors have intervened…
Hammett, Mark E., Jankosky, Christopher, Muller, John, Hughes, Elizabeth, and Litow,
Francesca. (2012). Military Medicine, 177(1), 17-21.
High magazine readership of fashion and lifestyle magazines including Self, Shape, Lucky, InStyle and Glamour.
That fit the following psychographic and attitudinal segmentation profiles:
Social, mobile, active, valuing style and career, with a strong interest in alternative and pop music. The proposed partnering with the musicians mentioned earlier will strengthen and amplify the branding of unpretentiousness and being real about who one is.
See friends and time spent with them as a sanctuary and time to relax; clothes to fit this lifestyle and attitude are comfortable, stylish and affordable
Integrated Marketing Campaign and Strategy
The following are the suggested media sources to use for the revised branding message. Print Advertising - Self, Shape, Lucky, InStyle and Glamour all need to be targeted with the initial advertising stressing the new branding.
Internet Advertising and New Web Site - it's essential that an entirely new website stressing the values of…
arbary Pirates and U.S. Navy
As early as the American Revolution, the establishment of an official U.S. navy was a matter of debate for the newly formed Continental Congress. Supporters of the idea of a naval service argued that the United States needed sea power to defend the coast and make it easier to seek support from foreign countries by becoming part of the international seafaring group. Detractors pointed out that, at the time, Great ritain's Royal Navy was the preeminent naval power, and the new country had neither the funds nor expertise to match ritish naval might (Palmer 2004). Of course, once the war was over and the United States began to assert itself into world trade affairs the issue of protecting American merchant ships became an important part of international commerce. This actually came to a head in the area near present day Libya, the southwest Mediterranean with…
Clark, G.N. "The Barbary Corsairs in the Seventheenth Century." Cambridge Historical Journal 8, no. 1 (1944): 22-35.
Davis, R. "British Slaves on the Barbaray Coast." BBC- British History in Depth. October 15, 2010. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/empire_seapower/white_slaves_01.shtml#two (accessed November 2010).
Folayan, K. "Tripoli and the War with the U.S.A." The Journal of African History 13, no. 2 (1972): 261-70.
Fremont-Barnes, G. The Wrs of the Barbary Pirates. New York: Osprey Publications, 2006.
This led to the development of different techniques such as ramming. As the presence of the Athenian navy, meant that there was a focus on those tactics that will benefit everyone the most in battle.
Once they disabled the enemy's ships, is the point when they had a significant advantage. This gives them the element of surprise by utilizing tactics that no one else is expecting. Furthermore, the Athenians continually were drilling for a variety of scenarios and exercises. This helped to better coordinate their fleet and prepare them for different situations they encountered.
These tactics were used in the Second Peloponnesian War to defeat the Corinthian fleet. In this particular case the Athenians deceived them; into thinking that they were retreating. However, after they were chased to a certain point, is when the Athenian navy turned around and attacked. This resulted in the Corinthians experiencing significant losses. These elements…
Baer, George. One Hundred Years of Sea Power: The U.S. Navy, 1890-1990. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1996.
Starr, Chester G. The Influence of Sea Power on Ancient History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.
Turabian Format http://www.libs.uga.edu/ref/turabian2009.pdf
Baer, George. One Hundred Years of Sea Power: The U.S. Navy, 1890-1990. (Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1996).1-9.
Fisher saw the ritish Navy as overstretched, deploying unnecessarily large numbers of the wrong types of ships in all the wrong places. He scrapped the light cruisers, sloops, gunboats and guardships that showed the ritish flag across the world from the Caribbean through Africa and India to the Far East, seeking to concentrate the Navy's strength in a smaller number of much more powerful ships based mainly in home waters - where he believed the main threat to ritain to be located, in the form of Germany. His belief in big, efficient, modern warships was embodied in his two great creations: the battlecruiser 'Invincible' and the revolutionary all-big-gun 'Dreadnought'.
The principle characteristics of both these vessels were speed and firepower; the main difference between them was armor protection, the battlecruisers being much more lightly armed than ships of the 'Dreadnought' type on the principle that a fast ship could always…
Evans, R.J.W. And Hartmut Pogge von Strandman, the Coming of the First World War (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).
Ion, a. Hamish and B.J.C. McKercher, Military Heretics: The Unorthodox in Policy and Strategy (Westport, CT: Praeger, 1994).
Jane's Fighting Ships of World War I (London: Random House, 1990).
Kennedy, Paul, the Rise and Fall of British Naval Mastery (3rd edn., London: Fontana, 1991).
Military Bearing to the Mission Readiness and Camaraderie
The Military culture is extensively wide-ranging, but distinctive amongst them (Branches). This is for the reason that its affiliate are drawn from across the citizens as well as resident aliens from other countries and it's as diverse as every personality, except attached together with core principles as well as customs inherited from generation to generation of Military. In almost every military setting, the official as well as unofficial customs of the Military Corps serve up to strengthen camaraderie as well as set the service separately from others. The solders clinching of its loaded traditions as well as accounts are quoted as grounds for its elevated esprit de corps. For this reason, this paper is going to give a brief definition of the words Military Bearing and camaraderie and goes further to highlight the effect of military bearing to the mission readiness as…
These other Gap, Inc. stores have more of a core brand image, even if their clothing is more expensive.
Step 3 - Determine MC Objectives
Convey the uniqueness of the Old Navy brand. It is fun, gives the consumer value for his or her dollar, and has insight into youthful 'hip' trends.
Step 4 - Develop Strategies and Tactics
Old Navy is making use of Twitter and YouTube with its SuperModelquins campaign, which uses interactive as well as old media to sell its clothing with plastic, created dolls, all with unique lives and personalities the consumer can follow online (Anderson 2009). The approach is edgy, yet will not alienate mothers who shop at Old Navy for their children.
Step 5 - Set the Budget
The use of new media can act as a method of cost-containment, given that advertising through such sources will reach more of the target audience. More…
Anderson, Mae. (2009, February 29). Old Navy's new ad campaign heavy on 'quirky'
Money AOL. Retrieved July 4, 2009 at http://money.aol.com/news/articles/_a/bbdp/old-navys-new-ad-campaign-heavy-on/359240
Duncan, T. (2004). Principles of advertising & IMC. New York: McGraw-Hill.
S. Navy has an excellent product mix as they are working to attract, recruit and retain key members of each position segment they have. The recruitment of the most highly skilled areas including nurses and physicians is the most pressing and requires the greatest level of consultation and one-on-one recruiting effort. The recruitment of Naval physicians is a critical need; it's clear from its position on the website and often there are face-to-face discussions and recruitment efforts on the part of the U.S. Navy to gain physicians directly into their branch of the service.
How is the product (good and/or service) of the organization you are auditing, currently distributed?
The U.S. Navy distributes it current set of recruitment offices throughout 26 American cities, which are accessible from the following Website: http://www.cnrc.navy.mil/.The focus of each of the 26 city sites is on tailoring the recruitment process to regionalized needs…
Friedman (2005) - Thomas R. Friedman, author. The World is Flat. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. New York, NY. Published 2005
Guided Selling (2001) - Defining your direction in guided selling AMR Research Report. November 1, 2001. Retrieved from the Internet on June 3rd, 2007 at http://www.lwcresearch.com/filesfordownloads/DefiningYourDirectioninGuidedSellin.pdf
Judd (1987). "Differentiate With the 5th P: People," Industrial Marketing Management, Vol. 16 (1987), pp. 241-247.
Johansson and Nonaka (1987). Johnny K. Johansson and Ikujuro Nonaka. Market Research the Japanese Way. Harvard Business Review. May - June, 1987. Pg. 34-45.
[footnoteRef:24] in the Archaic Period, Ancient Greece's initial maritime power was critical but also "sporadic."[footnoteRef:25] During the Classical Period, Athens in particular "pursued a policy of naval imperialism"[footnoteRef:26] and this Period saw the development of "siege warfare" in which the Greeks -- particularly the Athenians -- developed the skills to wage war on the open sea.[footnoteRef:27] in the Hellenistic Period, the scope of warfare was enlarged considerably, as whole areas of land were now in dispute. Consequently, there was an "ancient naval arms race"[footnoteRef:28] in which various kings extending beyond Greece fought for control of mainland Greece, islands of the Aegean, western Turkey and southern Syria.[footnoteRef:29] [21: EH.Net and C. Michael Hogan. "Economy of Ancient Greece." www.eoearth.org Web site. May 1, 2010. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Economy_of_Ancient_Greece (accessed January 17, 2013).] [22: Chester G. Starr. The Influence of Sea Power on Ancient History. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, Inc., 1989, 7.] [23: Ibid.,…
Mission and vision statements are important ways for organizations to express their purpose and goals; they are also important methods of establishing organizational culture. Developing clear mission and vision statements provide "synergy" for the members of the organization, a sense of worth and direction; and a basis for planning and strategy (David, 2011, p. 50). Moreover, large organizations especially benefit from clear mission and vision statements in that they help the members to reconcile their differences and resolve divergent views (David, 2011, p. 50). A mission statement and a vision statement are similar in their impact on the organization, but different in that a mission expresses "who we are" and "reason for being," whereas a vision expresses "what we want to become," (David, 2011, p. 44-45). Mission statements set the tone and "ensure unanimity of purpose within an organization," and vision statements offer employees motivation for work that goes beyond…
COMOPTEVOR (2013). About COMOPTEVOR. Retrieved online: http://www.public.navy.mil/cotf/Pages/aboutus.aspx
COMOPTEVOR (2013). COTF Command mission and strategic vision. Retrieved online: http://www.public.navy.mil/cotf/Pages/mission.aspx
David, F.R. (2011). Strategic Management. 13th edition.
What all of the above makes clear is that, while Navy pilots may have played a smaller role in one-on-one combat than pilots from other service branches, naval support was critical to the victory in Gulf War I.
While it is easier to view war as a collection of nameless, faceless soldiers, the reality is that a war is really a collection of personal stories. On January 22, 1991, a downed American Navy pilot was rescued by an Air Force team. It was "the first successful such mission over hostile territory in the war with Iraq."
The pilot "had ejected after being hit by Iraqi ground fire, and had parachuted into a bleak, empty stretch of the Iraqi desert."
The operation to rescue him took eight hours, four of them in Iraqi territory. To rescue the downed pilot, members of the rescue crew had to destroy an Iraqi…
Atkinson, R. (1993). Crusade: the untold story of the Persian Gulf War: Chronology.
Retrieved October 3, 2009 from Frontline
Web site: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/gulf/cron/
Marolda, E. (2001). The United States Navy and the Persian Gulf. Retrieved October 3, 2009
Likewise, a similar study by Desai et al. (2000) that compared traditional lecture format training with CBT found that, "The CBT subjects' overall end-of-training and one-month-after-training performance was significantly better than [the traditional lecture method] subjects' performance" (p. 239).
By sharp contrast, the analysis of the effectiveness of CBT by Bowman et al. (2009) found that the effectiveness of this alternative can be adversely affected by a number of Navy-specific factors, including the pace of operations in some settings, an enormously diverse population that often requires more individualized instruction, and that self-paced formats can actually serve to increase student failure rates. Nevertheless, Dye (2004) emphasizes that the Navy has taken steps to integrate lessons learned and best practices into newly developed CBT curricular offerings, and notes that improvements in the support technologies continue to provide better ways of individualizing computer-based training opportunities in the future. In fact, one of the…
Bowman, W.R., Crawford, a.M. & Mehay, S. (2009, August 24). An assessment of the effectiveness of computer-based training for newly commissioned surface warfare division officers. Monterey, CA: Naval Postgraduate School.
Computer-based training. (2009, March). Navy Inspector General report to the Secretary of the Navy. NAVINSGEN computer-based training study.
Desai, M.S., Richards, T. & Eddy, J.P. (2000). A field experiment: Instructor-based training vs.
computer-based training. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 27(4), 239.
It would seem there should be some time limit on recovery, and if items are not recovered before that time limit, they are officially abandoned. It is quite interesting to note that all branches of the government are not as zealous about abandonment and recovery procedures. An aviation archaeologist notes, "Not all military services protect their old property as aggressively as the Navy does. If you're dead-set on recovering a B-29 stuck on a frozen lakebed in northern Greenland or a P-38 rotting away on the Aleutian Island of Attu, the Air Force couldn't care less" (Heck, 1998). Thus, the Navy and the Supreme Court are upholding laws that other branches ignore, which seems to give even more credence to the claims of the salvagers who want to retain ownership of the planes they recover.
The Navy sued Champlin, who initially won the right to salvage the plane in the…
Editors. (1999). Collector wins rights to sunken World War II bomber. Retrieved 30 Oct. 2007 from CNN.com: http://www.cnn.com/U.S./9907/09/sunken.plane.dispute/.
Heck, T. (1998). Whose planes are they, anyway? Retrieved 30 Oct. 2007 from a Personal Web Site: http://members.tripod.com/~manchurianhitchcock/asnov98.html .
The book is constructed on two main theses, the first revolving around the relevance of the Barbary wars in the freeing of the American population and in its formation as stable and confident people. The second thesis focuses on the Tripolitan war played in the formation of the modern American Navy. However the general history courses place little emphasis on the wars against the Barbary States, the naval forces commemorate them and recognize the role they played in the formation of the modern U.S. Marine. A third specification which could be made relative to the book is that, however not implicit, it also presents the historical conflict between the American and Islamic forces, relating as such to a contemporaneous matter, which is not as new as one could think.
"Wars of the Barbary Pirates: To the Shores of Tripoli, the Birth of the U.S. Navy and Marines" is written in…
Gregory Fremont-Barnes, "Wars of the Barbary Pirates: To the Shores of Tripoli, the Birth of the U.S. Navy and Marines," Osprey Pub Co, November 2006
Wars of the Barbary Pirates: To the Shores of Tripoli, the Birth of the U.S. Navy and Marines, Random House, http://www.randomhouse.com/catalog/display.pperl?isbn=9781846030307 , last accessed on October 1, 2008
Teamwork requires good communications skills and the development of respect. Most people do not have such amazing opportunities to develop character; we in the Navy do.
The Navy has enriched my friendships, which is one of the reasons why I love my job. I knew that I would meet new people in the Navy, but had no idea how many of them would become life-long friends. The Navy puts us in close quarters with people from all walks of life and from around the country. Our work and living situations demand that we learn how to resolve conflicts quickly and develop compassion for people that are different from ourselves. We have different political views, different ethnic backgrounds, and different personalities. Instead of focusing on our differences, we pay attention to our common goals. My friendships have been enriched through the service we do as naval officers.
Another reason why I…
History Naval Warfare
What was naval power in the age of sail and how did different sea going states exercise it from the period 1650-1850?
"There is a deep landlubber bias in historical and social research," writes Charles King. "History and social life, we seem to think, happen on the ground. What happens on the water…is just the scene-setter for the real action when the actors get where they are going. ut oceans, seas, and rivers have a history of their own, not merely as highways or boundaries but as central players in distinct stories of human interaction and exchange." Current essay is an exploration of the naval power and sea command during the period of the age of sail (1650-1850). The author has mentioned the war history and war strategies of major navies and sailors during this era. The author has also discussed how different sea going states exercise…
BibliographyAmes, Glenn Joseph. "Colbert, Mercantilism, and the French Quest for Asian Trade." DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Press, (1996).Black, Jeremy. "Britain as a Military Power, 1688-1815." London: UCL Press, (1999).Boxer, C.R. "The Portuguese Seaborne Empire, 1415-1825." London: Hutchinson, (1969). Brewer, John. "Sinews of Power: War, Money and the English State, 1688-1783." Cambridge: Harvard University Press, (1988).Charles King, "The Black Sea: A History" Oxford: Oxford University Press (2004), 3.Diamond, Jared. "Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies." New York W.W. Norton & Co., (1997).Kennedy, Paul M. "The Rise and Fall of British Naval Mastery." Malabar, FL.: Robert E. Krieger, (1982).Pearson, M.N. Merchants and Rulers in Gujarat: The Response to the Portuguese in the Sixteenth Century. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976.Timothy Brook, The Confusions of Pleasure: Commerce and Culture in Ming China (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1998), 12.Warren I. Cohen East Asia at the Center: Four Thousand Years of Engagement with the World (New York: Columbia University Press, 2000), 88.]
The author discussed the sea power in the age of sail i.e., 1650-1800 and how different countries adopt this power. For this purpose the author analyzed main sea powers during this period i.e., Purtogues, Dutch, French and English in the Atlantic Ocean and Chinese navy. The author concluded that sea power was the main source of authority for any country. The courtiers with powerful fleet ships and navy were dominant in the world.
Mostly the countries having command on sea used this dominance to expand trade. There are also evidences of unfair means to occupy other countries as well to maintain this occupation. The author also discussed how the British Royal Navy used impressments system to forcefully include the seaman in the Royal Navy.
F-35 Joint Strike Fighter
The F-35 Lightning joint strike fighter (JSF) is being developed by Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company for the U.S. Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps and the UK oyal Navy. The fighter is described as a "stealthy, supersonic, multirole fighter" which is being built "in three variants: (1) a conventional take-off and landing aircraft (CTOL) for the U.S. Air Force; (2) a carrier variant (CV) for the U.S. Navy; and (3) a short take-off and vertical landing (STOVL) aircraft for the U.S. Marine Corps and the oyal Navy. (American Federation of Scientists, 2010) The concept demonstration phase is reported to have started in November 1996 when contracts were awarded to Boeing and Lockheed Martin. The contracts were made for the construction of demonstrator aircraft for three different configurations of the Joint Strike Fighter.
The research questions in this study include those as follows:
Gertler, J. (2010) F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) Program: Background and Issues for Congress. Retrieve from: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/weapons/RL30563.pdf
Tiron, R. (2010) Senate Appropriators Reduce Funding for Lockheed's F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. 14 Sept, 2010. The Hill. Retrieved from: http://thehill.com/news-by-subject/defense-homeland-security/118661-senate-appropriators-slash-funding-for-f-35-joint-strike-fighter -
Axe, David (2009) Report: Two-Year Delay for Joint Strike Fighter. Danger Room. Wired News. 24 July 2009. Retrieved from: http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2009/07/report-two-year-delay-for-joint-strike-fighter/
F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) International, Air-Force Technology. Line retrieved from: http://www.airforce-technology.com/projects/jsf/
NMCI Project Management
Need a prelimary scope statement-based NMCI project provided, analyze critique NMCI project term organization handled estimation, handled quality communication. 2.Explain challenges.
The NMCI (Navy-Marine Corps Intranet) project was meant to link all the Navy's disparate networks, into a single network operated by one contractor. The project was not well estimated in terms of time and money required to fund the whole project. According to Verton (2002)
the contractor EDS (Electronic Data Systems) discovered there were many legacy applications that could not be incorporated into the new system. This increased the number of multiuser kiosks that were required to operate these applications. The amount of time taken for a decision to be reached and approved was longer than had been initially estimated by the contractor. This delay has caused the project to lag behind schedule and if drastic measures are not taken it is likely the project will…
http://www.utsandiego.com/uniontrib/20040729/news_1b29eds.htmlCalbreath , D. (2004). EDS cites losses on military contract, from Feeney, M., & Sult, L. (2011). Project Management in Practice: Implementing a Process to Ensure Accountability and Success. [Article]. Journal of Library Administration, 51(7/8), 744-763. doi: 10.1080/01930826.2011.601273
Joyce, E. (2003). SEC Checking EDS Navy Contract, from http://www.internetnews.com/bus-news/article.php/2208171
. NMCI officials press for big changes. (2004), from http://gcn.com/Articles/2004/06/25/NMCI-officials-press-for-big-changes.aspx?Page=2
Onley, D.S. (2002). EDS: Despite report, NMCI project's on track, from http://washingtontechnology.com/articles/2002/05/16/eds-despite-report-nmci-projects-on-track.aspx
The case is simple. Doug Champlin, a collector an owner of an airplane museum in Arizona, spent $130,000 to recover a sunken Navy BD-1 Devastator off the coast of Florida. The plane had been lost more than 50 years prior to the salvage effort, and as such, Champlin felt that the plane belonged to him. However, the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that since Congress had not officially abandoned the plane, that it still belonged to the government, and had to be turned over to the Navy. Champlin felt that if he has to give the plane to the Navy, the least they can do is reimburse him his salvage expenses. This scenario raises a couple of questions.
First, whether or not the government should be subject to the same rules and regulations concerning property as civilians. The answer is no. Special rules must be applied given…
Adams v. Unione Mediterranea di Sicurta. 2000, Aug. 14. Admiralty and Maritime Law Guide. May 26, 2004 http://www.admiraltylawguide.com/circt/5thadams.html .
Bouckaert, Boudewijn. Original Assignment of Private Property. 1999. FindLaw.com May 26, 2004 http://encyclo.findlaw.com/1100book.pdf .
Inequalities ampant Among the DOD and Associated Agencies: An Analysis of Affirmative Action Efforts in the Military and Civilian Workforce
There have been numerous initiatives in recent years targeted at eliminating discrimination and under-representation among minorities and the disabled in the civilian workforce. However within the Department of Defense/Navy and other branches of the military, there is still a discrepancy of representation with regard to minority candidates. Today the DOD is working together with multiple agencies in order to establish affirmative action oriented recruitment, retaining and promotions programs that will specifically attract minority and disabled candidates, in an attempt to eliminate the discrepancies that currently exist with regard to representation. There have been numerous articles and reports that have analyzed the DOD's and Navy's combined efforts to improve representation, two of which are closely examined below.
Analysis of DOD and Civilian Workforce Initiatives
There is ample evidence that suggests that…
Bowling, J. (1995). "Equal employment opportunity: women and minority representation at interior, agriculture and Navy." U.S. General Accounting Office, Retrieved May 1, 2005: http://ww.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt-GGD-95-211
DOD. (2003). "DODD 1440.1, May 21, 1987." November 21, 2003 Department of Defense. Retrieved May 1, 2005: http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/html2/d14401x.htm
Sample, D. (2003 -- Feb). "EEO staff encourages black students to consider DoD job opportunities." American Forces Press Service. United States Department of Defense, Retrieved May 01, 2005: http://www.defense.gov/news/Feb2003/n02262003_2003022610.html
Admiral's Advantage -- U.S. Navy Operational Intelligence in World War II and the Cold War
The Admirals Advantage
The Admirals Advantage is a book that is based on an Operational Intelligence (OPINTEL) 'Lessons Learnt' symposium that was held in 1998 at the National Maritime Intelligence Centre. It also borrows from studies conducted by the reserve units of the Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) that were conducted in the period between 1994 and 2004. The book is written by Christopher Ford and David Rosenberg, who received assistance from Randy alano. Christopher Ford served as the Republican Chief Counsel to the U.S. committee on appropriations and among other previous roles; he had served as U.S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence's general counsel[footnoteRef:1]. He is also a graduate from Yale and Harvard. At the time the book was being written, David Rosenberg worked in the Institute for Defense Analyses as a professional staff…
Ford, Christopher and David Rosenberg, The Admirals Advantage: U.S. Navy Operational Intelligence in World War II and the Cold War Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2014
Undeclared War in the Atlantic
America's move to escort convoys into the Atlantic meant America was ready to enter undeclared naval war with Germany during World War II, and yet these very actions have been subject of many criticisms. That is, many claimed it happened because during the time of this war, the oosevelt administration did not establish clear defense tactics that would have defended the U.S. during war. The United States may have been a sitting duck until a time when it was attacked. Some claim the U.S. security was deeply influenced by what was going on elsewhere in the world. For example, if Britain were to crumble under the weight of war, then the Axis powers would essential control the resources of the entire Old World. The New World would then be living in war. This paper discusses more about the United States' undeclared war against…
Bailey, Thomas A. & Ryan, Paul B. 1979. Hitler vs. Roosevelt: The Undeclared Naval War.
New York: Penguin.
Kershaw, Ian. 2007. Fateful choices: Ten decisions that changed the world. 1940-41. New York:
Penguin, p. 624.
Ability of USA to Counter terror
DHS and enhancement of Special Operations Forces structure
Posse Comitatus Act of 1878 proscribed the use of military in civilian law enforcement. Currently, there are terrorists who are born and bread within the United States territory. These terrorists sometime carryout their heinous acts using Weapons of Mass Destruction (Brown, 2005). They also have networks that cannot be easily broken down by the Homeland Security agencies. It is the Department of Defense that has such capabilities. That is why the Coast Guards use facilities that belong to the Navy to ensure that banned drugs are never shipped into the United States. Special operations forces can train officers within the Department Of Homeland Security on how to reduce vulnerability to terrorism. They can also help in evaluating the adequacy of existing physical security systems. Department of Homeland Security has got no capability of combating terrorists threats…
Brown, T.D. (2005). The Role of Special Operations Forces in U.S. Homeland Security and Homeland Defense. Retrieved October 22, 2012 from http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA433677
Mann, W.R. (2010). Duvdevan: Israel's Most Elite Counter Terrorist Unit. Retrieved October
22, 2012 from http://www.realfighting.com/duvdevan.php
Malvesti, M.L. (2010). To Serve the Nation: U.S. Special Operations Forces in an Era of Persistent Conflict. Washington: Center fir a New American Security.
Military Dualism in Culture
According to the argument presented by Scarborough, there is a persistent and pervasive divide between the cultures of the United States military and civilian, American culture as a whole, viewed in its entirety. Scarborough argues as if the United States military is a separate entity that stands apart from the fabric of ordinary, daily life as a special institution. Given the extremity of Scarborough's stance, and the author's perhaps own biased view from the vantage of the then-recent (at the time of the author's writing) Navy scandal, the attitude that the United States military is so unique it transforms within its framework members of ordinary American culture may be allowed to some degree. But ultimately, Scarborough's central thesis is problematic, given the leaps of logic deployed in the essay, particularly Scarborough's use of hasty generalization. The United States military is a profession and has a professional…
Works Cited and Consulted
Scarborough, Rowan. (17 March 1999)"Army to try video cameras for mixed-barracks safety." The Washington Times.
Scarborough, Rowan. (, 1 July 2004) "Zarqawi Targets Female 'Soldiers.'" The Washington Times.
(Although he also credits "good fortune" as well as his own prowess, showing how he has become more modest with age and wisdom.
Clearly sometimes fortune saves Hornblower, as the sudden dismissal of Captain Pellew concealed his misadventures with the Marie Gallante) (p.208) But now, Hornblower can act quickly and decisively, without thought for his own safety -- and yet, he has become more sure of moral orientation, again showing that he is learning to strike a balance between discipline and compassion that will stand him well in his career later on. His fearless fighting eventually results in his temporary promotion to lieutenant, unlike other men who lack equal "quickness" under pressure in battle. (p.208)
Hornblower also learns, by comparison that intelligence and compassion is not enough -- rather it is the way that one uses one's intelligence and strength in action. Subsequently, Chapter 8 "Hornblower and the Examination for…
Forester, C.F. Mr. Midshipman Hornblower. Boston: Back Bay Books, 1959.
He also contends that guerilla warfare is not a tactic that is practiced without discipline or structure. The structure and adherence to rules or laws, as Guevara, suggests, are elements that directly contribute to the efficacy of guerilla warfare as used by terrorist organizations and small countries.
It is often said that guerrilla warfare is primitive. This generalization is dangerously misleading…it can be conducted in any terrain, in any climate, in any weather…Its basic element is man, and man is more complex than any of his machines. (U.S. Navy & Marine Corps, 1989, 13)
This quote comes from the headquarters of the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps, two extremely talented branches of the United States military, which is arguably one of the finest militaries in the world. If leaders from these branches of the military have this to say about guerilla warfare as it is used…
Guevara, Ernesto "Che." Guerilla Warfare. 1961.
Irish Republican Army. Green Book, Volumes 1 & 2.
United State Navy, United States Marine Corps. Mao Tse-Tung on Guerilla Warfare. Washington, D.C., 1989.
Battle of the Atlantic was one of the most significant and important battles that was fought during WWII. In order to understand the value of the battle and how it was won, it will be necessary to take a close and careful look at the strategic, operational, and organizational factors behind the Allied victory. The victory for the United States and Great Britain was significant, and a turning point in the war that should not be forgotten - but that is often misunderstood and overlooked. The Battle of the Atlantic was an attempt by the Germans to cut the sea lines of communications between the United States and Britain, mostly be using U-boats. If the Germans had been successful, Britain would have been isolated and the U.S. would not have been able to bring such an enormous amount of manpower to Europe. The Battle of the Atlantic was designed to…
Baer, G.W. 1996. One Hundred years of Sea Power. New York: Stanford University Press. pp. 189-205.
Cohen, E.A. & Gooch, J. 1991. Military Misfortunes. New York: Anchor. pp. 59-94.
Murray, W. & Millet, A.R. 2001. A War to be Won. New York: Belknap Press. pp. 234-261.
Overy, R. Why the Allies Won. 1997. New York: W.W. Norton & Co. pp. 44-62.
Tuition Assistance Cutback esponse
Military Tuition Assistance Cut: A Personal esponse
An effort to kill the Tuition Assistance program in 2011 sparked off a furor in the lines, and the remunerations were swiftly restored. This time though, there has been almost no outcry; with Navy carrier groups not capable to install because of a lack of money -- and the services dropping their ranks by in excess of 250,00p recruits, it's not easy to justify a $600 million expense for off-duty learning. However, in the past week we are not starting to see a lot of protests both online and offline.
This specific cut is extremely short-sighted. In fact, Tuition Assistance delivers outstanding defense fund value, compared to other military education curriculums. With service members attending classes while in uniform (characteristically online, during their off-duty times), the military payback from the information and expertise they achieve. Many recruits have reported…
Patton, Mark; Svan Jennifer H. And Robson, Seth. Military students left scrambling after services halt tuition assistance programs. Stars and Stripes. April 5, 2013.
Sisk, Richard. Marines Halt Tuition Assistance Program. Military.com Mar 05, 2013
Gore, Leada. Air Force, Coast Guard are latest service branches to end Tuition Assistance Programs. Alabama. March 12, 2013
Gura, David. Military tuition cuts: A tangible sequester impact. Marketplace. March 11, 2013
America and the Great War" and "The New Era"
Brinkley, Alan. The Unfinished Nation. Vol. 2: A Concise History of the American People .4th Edition. McGraw-Hill 2004.
What were the causes of WWI in Europe in 1914? Why was President Wilson so reluctant for the U.S. To get involved until 1917 and what finally put the U.S. "over the edge" and decide to enter the conflict directly?
Nationalism, imperialism, and secret treaties all played a role in the instigation of WWI in Europe, but President Wilson was initially reluctant to become involved, because of a long history of American isolationism in regards to entangling European affairs, particularly the secret alliances that stimulated the conflict. His refusal to involve the U.S. In WWI became a crucial part of his re-election campaign. But President Wilson began to protest German violations of American neutrality more vehemently in his public rhetoric than British violations,…
The United States after the Great ar
orld ar I, also known as the Great ar, officially came to an end in 1918 and reshaped the country in a variety of ways. One of the most immediate changes was the way the world perceived the United States. Before the war, most of the country and its leaders preferred an isolationist stance to any international conflict. In 1914 the U.S. had only a small army and a pitiful navy, yet as the war progressed many Americans began to disapprove of the German's use of submarines to sink neutral ships such as the infamous sinking of the Lusitania (Hickman). However, it is interesting to note that the German's were actually correct in their assertion that the Lusitania was being used to carry military ammunition, as divers have recently uncovered from the wreckage, which did actually make the ship a legitimate…
Arnesen, E. "Red Summer: The Summer of 1919 and the Awakening of Black America' by Cameron McWhirter." 18 November 2011. Chicago Tribune. Web. 27 October 2012.
Greenhill, S. "Secret of the Lusitania: Arms find challenges Allied claims it was solely a passenger ship." 19 December 2008. Mail Online. Web. 27 October 2012.
Hickman, K. "World War I: Sinking of the Lusitania." N.d. Military History. Web. 27 October 2012.
Kaldor, N. "Inflation and Recession in the World Economy." The Economic Journal (1976): 703-714. Web.
The Navy's HM strength lies in both its employee selection process and criteria and performance appraisal management program. However, these processes are not without their inherent weaknesses. While ideally, employee selection processes should be objectively conducted through job analysis, it is inevitable that HM personnel will have to depend on both objective measures and intuitive judgment (i.e., based on their experience screening applicants for the organization) to screen and determine the suitability of each applicant for the position. Fortunately, "A school" will ultimately determine the applicant's fit in both the job s/he is chosen for and the organization that is the U.S. Navy. However, to minimize the errors in the process and analysis, it is suggested that the HM should quantitatively determine the minimum mandatory requirements that will help them assess who is the most suitable candidate given that HM needs to screen numerous applicants and must come up with…
Armstrong, T. (2006). "Current recruitment and selection practices: a national survey of Fortune 100 firms." North American Journal of Psychology, Vol. 8, No. 3.
Bohlander, G. And S. Snell. (2010). Managing Human Resources. OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.
Bourne, M. And Borman, W. (2006). "Development of New Navy Performance Rating Scales and Counseling Procedures)." Available at: www.internationalmta.org/Documents/2006/2006019T.pdf
"Navy's Total Force Vision for the 21st Century." (2010). Published by the Department of the Navy Human Capital Strategy.
In terms of the organizational development style to be used throughout the change process, this should best be the pathfinder style. Despite the complexity of this approach, fact remains that it combines the benefits of other styles, while reducing their limitations. The pathfinder style virtually focuses on both high levels of organizational effectiveness, as well as high levels of member satisfaction (Harvey and Brown, 2001). This means that the approach will focus on improving senior-junior communications, for the satisfaction of the employees, as well as the increase in the performances of the overall entity.
Given that the process of change cannot be structured onto a strict plan, but that the plan has to be tailored to the unique features of the Mobile Mine Assembly Group, the levels of formalization at this stage are reduced. Nevertheless, throughout the actual implementation, or the time in which the change strategy comes into direct…
Ewing, P., 2009, U.S. Navy Readiness Flaws Exposed, Defense News, http://www.defensenews.com/story.php?i=4058309 last accessed on December 2, 2009
Harvey, D.F., Brown, D.R., 2009, An Experiential Approach to Organization Development, 6th Edition, Prentice Hall
Kieschnick, F., 2008, Mine Warfare "Shifts Colors" to Southern California, Pentagon Brief, http://pentagonbrief.wordpress.com/2008/12 / last accessed on December 3, 2009
McNamara, P., 2008, Organizational Performance Management, http://managementhelp.org/org_perf/org_perf.htm last accessed on December 3, 2009
Admiral Hyman ickover
Admiral ickover was known as one of the most brilliant people to have ever become part of the U.S. Navy. He was rude to some, aggressive in his approach, unconventional in his ideas but was still the only man to serve the Navy for 63 long years. The man who blatantly ignored rules is known as the man behind the introduction of nuclear technology in Navy. This is believed to be his biggest achievement for which his services will never be forgotten because nuclear technology is now an inseparable part of the Navy and without him, this technology would have never made its way into this segment of the U.S. armed forces.
Admiral ickover was four years old when his family moved to United States from Poland. His Jewish parents faced hardships initially and ickover began working at Western Union after high school. But in 1918, he…
1) Michael Duffy. Reported by Bruce van Voorst/Washington, NATION: "THEY BROKE THE MOLD" Hyman George Rickover: 1900-1986., Time, 07-21-1986, pp 27
2) John W. Crawford, Steven L. Krahn. The naval nuclear propulsion program: a brief case study in institutional constancy. Journal Title: Public Administration Review. Volume: 58. Issue: 2. Publication Year: 1998.
3) Duncan, Francis, and Richard G. Hewlett (1974). Nuclear Navy 1946-1962: Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
4) B. Scott Titsworth - An ideological basis for definition in public argument: a case study of the individuals with Disabilities in Education Act. Journal Title: Argumentation and Advocacy. Volume: 35. Issue: 4. Publication Year: 1999. Page Number: 171.
growth and development of the United States military from its origination to its present status in the 21st century. It will specifically examine the fostering of both the U.S. Navy and the U.S. Air Force. Moreover, these two branches -- which will serve as case studies for the overall development tendencies of the military in general -- will get deconstructed in the context of the martial encounters that were most seminal for them: The evolutionary War and the War of 1812, and World War I and World War II, respectively.
this paper will delineate the history of the U.S. Navy and the U.S. Air Force to indicate how military sophistication has paralleled the developments in technology and applications knowledge of America itself.
B.U.S. Naval History
The American evolutionary War
The War of 1812 and the establishment of the U.S. Naval Academy
C.U.S. Air Force History
1947 Third branch of the…
Deeben, J.P. (2012). Stoking the fires: The impressments of Seaman Charles Davis by the U.S. Navy. Prologue Magazine. Retrieved from http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2012/summer/1812-impressment.html This is an excellent source which helps to contextualize the sentiment that contributed to the War of 1812, It not only covers the events of that time period at a macro level, but also includes a number of salient personal details as well. This source emphasizes the importance of the Navy in this war.
Dzurec, D. (2013). Prisoners of war and American self-image during the American Revolution. War in History. 20(4), 430-451. This source provides an explanation for much of the anti-British sentiment during the Revolutionary War. It principle does so by discussing the experience of those captured by the British in this encounter.
National Archives. (2010). Teaching with documents." www.archives.gov. Retrieved from http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/369th-infantry / This source provisions a decent overview of World War I. It does so largely through a consideration of the involvement of African-American troops. These troops were necessary to implement in combat situations for the simple fact that the U.S. did not have enough men without their addition. It illustrates some of the wider social implications of this war and its effect both within and outside of the military.
United States Naval Academy (2015). A brief history of USNA. www.usna.edu Retrieved from http://www.usna.edu/USNAHistory / This source provides a fairly detailed history of the development of the United States Naval Academy. As such, it provides an overview of the history of the navy as well. By emphasizing the level of development that the academy underwent since its inception, this source indicates the sort of improvement that characterizes the military in general through the years.
Military -- Naval Role Post-WWII
The period from 1945 to 1991 is commonly known as the Cold War period. Stretching from the end of World War II to the fall of the U.S.S.R., the Cold War saw a decades-long struggle between Communism and Democracy. With dramatically expanded capabilities, the U.S. Navy in particular and its allies by association were engaged in a "Containment Strategy," walling off Communism and preventing its spread throughout the World. For its part, the U.S.S.R. And its allies were equally dedicated to spreading Communism throughout the globe. In addition to its multifaceted containment role during the Cold War, the United States Navy engaged in Japanese security measures and notable Space Program contributions.
ody: The Main Roles for Navies and Naval Power in the Post-World War II and Cold War Eras
During the Cold War Era, running from the end of World War II in 1945 to…
Ambrose, Stephen E., Caleb Carr, Thomas Fleming, Victor Hanson, and Robert Cowley. The Cold War: A Military History. New York, NY: Random House Publishing Group, 2006.
Baer, George. One Hundred Years of Sea Power: The U.S. Navy, 1890-1990. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1993.
Craven, John Pina. The Silent War: The Cold War Battle Beneath the Sea. New York, NY: First Touchstone, 2002.
Lear and Comodore Barron, the commander of the American fleet in the Mediterranean agreed in 1805 that Ahmad was no longer useful to the American cause. As a result, Lear met with Muhammad D'Ghies, Tripoli's Minister for foreign affairs, and eventually reached an agreement. War prisoners would be mutually exchanged, and America had to pay a sum of $60, 000 to Tripoli. However, this sum was considerably smaller than what the Pasha had asked for in 1804. Legendary Commodore Charles Morris wrote, "On the 3rd of June, a peace was concluded with Tripoli by Colonel Lear, who had been authorized by the President to negotiate."
One of the most important consequences of the war was its power to produce some of the earliest American war heroes. In the absence of news correspondents, and the far-reaching means the press has today, the accounts of the war were given by the people…
Operations in the Military and the Navy
Planning in Military and Navy
Leading and Organizing in Military and Navy
Staffing in Military and navy
Every organization needs proper planning, leading, organizing, staffing, and controlling are aspects that are critical for the success of any organization. The aspects and principles of management are applicable to every organization. Proper planning is the first step to accomplishing any objective and as the saying goes "a project properly planned is half done." Therefore the aspect of planning is very important. Following the planning, the peripheral activities like organizing, leading, controlling and staffing are done. However these are done with respect to the master plan so that the aims and objectives of the organization for which the plan is made is achieved (Hartmann, 2012).
In this aspect in this paper we would try and understand how the managerial functions of planning, organizing, leading, controlling…
Basil, D., & Cook, C. (1974). The management of change. London: McGraw-Hill.
Campbell, S. (2012). Managing organizations. [Place of publication not identified]: Kendall Hunt.
Drucker, P., & Maciariello, J. (2008). Management. New York, NY: Collins.
Hartmann, T. (2012). Wicked problems and clumsy solutions: Planning as expectation management. Planning Theory, 11(3), 242-256. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1473095212440427
System Design: Oahu Base Area Network
The aim of this paper is to examine and discuss the Navy's decision to build the largest local area network (LAN) connecting the U.S. Pacific Fleet using information-gathering techniques and design methods. The system has the capacity to connect sailors and marines within the 102-million square miles of the Pacific Fleet's command coverage. Moreover it will provide the indispensable access for supplying and training the U.S. Navy. The Oahu Base Area Network (OBAN) will be the largest LAN in the world when all the phases are complete. It was started way back in 1998. It is the supporting network for the six naval commands in the Pearl Harbor, Hawaii area. Phase one has been completed. Other phases have begun in San Diego, the Pacific Northwest and the Pacific Far East, following the original business model (Kaylor, 2000). The uniqueness of this system is in…
African-Americans reaking arriers in World War II
African-Americans and Non- Combat Jobs
First General: enjamin O. Davis, Sr.
Doris Miller: "The Hero"
Phyllis Mae Daliey
African-Americans reaking arriers in World War II
History shows very well that African-American soldiers were a group of men that played a significant role in World War II. Furthermore, it actually shows that more than half a million had actually served in Europe. In spite of the numbers they still encountered racial discrimination: prior to the war the military maintained a racially segregated force. In recent that have been done by studies from the military, blacks were most of the time classified as not being the best fit but being very unfit for combat and were not permitted on the front lines. It is also important to note that they were typically given support duties, and were not permitted…
Bennie J. McRae, Jr. African-Americans in World War II. December 9, 2013. http://www.lwfaam.net/ww2 / (accessed April 18, 2014).
Charleen E. Mcgee, Ph.D. Smith. "Tuskegee Airman: The Biography of Charles E. McGee, Air Force Fighter Combat Record Holder ." 1-204. New York: Branden Pub Co; 2nd edition, 2014.
Miles, Johnnie H. "Educator's Sourcebook of African-American Heritage (Book of Lists)." 1-456. New York: Jossey-Bass; 1 edition, 2005.
Nalty, Bernard C. THE RIGHT TO FIGHT: African-American Marines in World War II. October 8, 2013. http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/npswapa/extContent/usmc/pcn-190-003132-00/sec1.htm (accessed April 18, 2014).
Frank Lambert's The Barbary ars: American Independence in the Atlantic orld is a look into a time when the United States was insignificant on the world stage; a time when the U.S. didn't even have a navy. The book literally begins with the tale of an American merchant ship named Betsey, which was captured by a band of Barbary pirates in November of 1784. The Crew, commanded by Captain James Erwin, were taken prisoner and held captive in the Moroccan port of Sale on the Atlantic coast. The newly independent United States of America was unable to act against this heinous act of piracy due to the fact that it had no navy. All naval ships authorized during the course of the Revolution had been sold off to help pay the expenses of the war. In 1784, the United States had no navy to speak of, and it's…
Lambert, Frank. The Barbary Wars: American Independence in the Atlantic World. New York: Hill and Wang, 2005. Print.
" This clause highlights the business the company is in, at the risk of stating the obvious, but it also highlights the close relationship that the company has with respect to national defense. hile a word like "best" often means next to nothing, in this case when coupled with the national defense angle, it actually highlights that HII plays a role in differentiating the American military from others around the world.
The lack of vision statement is not necessarily a major blow to the strategy of the company. As a company that has one major industry, few competitors, and basically one major customer, there is an implicit clarity and sense of purpose for the organization. Mission and vision statements serve to define the organization and provide a sense of focus, but that already exists by virtue of the company's business. hat it does, why it does it and how it…
HII Fact Sheet. (2012). In possession of the author.
HII 2011 Annual Report. In possession of the author.
HII Q4 2011 Earnings Presentation. In possession of the author.
Huntington Ingalls website (2012), various pages. Retrieved May 16, 2012 from http://www.huntingtoningalls.com
Pirates off the coasts of Africa and Southeast Asia have put forth the argument that they are merely defending their coastlines from international shipping polluting their coastlines and violating their fishing rights. What do you think of this argument?
Piracy has a negative effect, not simply for the persons suffering from the attack, but also for the residents living in the areas from which the piracy springs. Piracy causes substantial economic losses for the populations in regions where piracy is a way of life. For example, "unlike pirates along Somalia's coast, who are often only after ransom, pirates in West Africa also steal goods, particularly oil. Many attacks end up with crew members injured or killed. But pirate attacks do not only result in killings and injuries, tragic as those are; they also damage the economy. In some cases, affected countries in West Africa have become less concerned…
With such result, estimates for the 2,400 F-111 (including their exports) were significantly reduced, but nevertheless, General Dynamics still managed to obtain a $300 million profit with this project.
Grumman started also to build the F-14 Tomcat, using many of the F-111 innovations, but build solely for its purpose of serving as a carrier-borne fighter.
General Dynamics eorganization - it was in May 1965 that the company reorganized its activities into 12 operational divisions, having as a base their production lines. The board took the decision to have all future planes built in Fort Worth and thus ended the plane production in San Diego, which had been Convair's original plant. At the San Diego location the production of space and missile development continued.
The second CEO in this period, David S. Lewis required the headquarters of the company to be moved to St. Louis, event that took place finally in…
Canada's Air Force, Historical Aircraft - Canadair F-86 Sabre, retrieved online October 6th at http://www.airforce.forces.gc.ca/site/equip/historical/sabrelst_e.asp
Defense News Top 100, retrieved online October 5th at http://www.defensenews.com/static/features/top100/charts/top100_08.php?c=FEA&s=T1C
General Dynamics Annual Report 2007, retrieved online October 6th at http://library.corporate-ir.net/library/85/857/85778/items/284657/GD%20AR%202007.pdf
HLTH Press releases, HLTH Announces Agreement to Sell ViPS Unit to General Dynamics for $225 Million, retrieved on October 6th at http://investor.shareholder.com/hlth/releasedetail.cfm?ReleaseID=313710
In this sense, his parent's influence was obvious. Since his early childhood he would listen to stories from the war period without any practical consideration of the actual facts those stories conveyed. However, his parents would later choose for him by guiding him towards the military education. In this sense, "in the early years of his life, Johnny's parents made one decision about which they would be unwavering: When Johnny grew up, he would follow the family model and attend the Naval Academy and would then enter the navy (...) the first demonstrative move Jack and Roberta made toward realizing their goal came in September 1946; they enrolled Johnny, then 10 years old, in St. Stephen's School in Alexandria, Virginia" as part of a higher type of academic preparation that would make him eligible for the Navy Academy later on.
In the current society, the one in which the idea…
Alexander, Paul. Man of the People: The Life of John McCain. Wiley: Hoboken, 2003.
Feinberg, Barbara Jane John McCain: Serving his country. New York: Lerner Publishing Group, 2000.
Kaczor, Bill. McCain Divorce Settlement Outlined. Associated Press, 2000, accessed 29 February 2008, available at http://www.usvetdsp.com/mcaindiv.htm
Kissinger, Henry, Diplomacy. London: Simon & Schuster, 1995.
More recently two schools of military history have developed that attempt to consider its object from a more eclectic, objective perspective, dubbed the "New Military History" and "War and Society" history. New Military History "refers to a partial turning away from the great captains, and from weapons, tactics, and operations as the main concerns of the historical study of war," and instead focusing on "the interaction of war with society, economics, politics, and culture."
New Military History is a relatively broad category, and its perspective can be evinced both on the level of a particular methodology and ideology.
Along with the "War and Society" school of thought, New Military History seeks to uncover the multifarious factors driving and influencing military conflict, with a particular view towards the interaction between these factors and the actual practice of war. That is to say, these schools of thought do no entirely abandon any…
Alexander, Joseph G. "The Truth about the Opium War." The North American Review (1821-
1940) 163, (1896): 381-383.
Bello, David. "The Venomous Course of Southwestern Opuim: Qing Prohibtion in Yunnan,
Sichuan, and Guizhou in the Early Nineteenth Century." The Journal of Asian Studies.