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Already, the instantaneous availability of thousands of references within a few mouse clicks has dramatically increased the problem of academic plagiarism on high school and college campuses. Off-site students, especially those whose course require no real-time audio/visual participation, have no worries about an instructor suspecting that plagiarized work is different in quality or style from the student's in-person class contribution. The combination of online resources and the anonymity and remoteness element of online education probably increases academic dishonesty substantially.
On the other hand, remote online learning in certain courses of study and at high levels of study, and for certain types of students (such as post-graduate students, or those with particularly strong academic achievements and aptitude) undoubtedly adds valuable flexibility to educational opportunities. They may also be well designed for use in connection with any course of academic (or vocational) study that is capable of objective (on-site) testing to verify…
Li, C, and Irby, B. "An overview of online education: attractiveness, benefits, challenges, concerns and recommendations" College Student Journal; Jun/08.
Trotter, A. "Voluntary Online Teaching Standards Come Amid Concerns Over Quality"
Education Week; Mar 5/08.
Online Education Outline
Online and traditional education may share numerous academic techniques, but online education better assists students by proposing format according to their skills, interests and requirements.
Online and traditional education can offer student-centered, teacher-facilitated learning opportunities.
Students can work independently or in groups on projects and assignments.
The teacher provides guidance and answers questions.
Online and traditional education offer many of the same degree options.
Students can choose a program that best fit their needs, taking into consideration geography, schedule, costs, and personal learning style.
The online option is an alternative for students who cannot pursue a degree in the traditional way because of work and/or family conflicts, or because a particular course of study is not located within reasonable proximity.
The stigma of an online degree is disappearing as more of the traditional colleges and universities add online learning as an option.
B. Assignments and projects can…
Online Education -- Research Method Response
Initial Research Methodology
I relied exclusively on online sources to conduct the research for this project. he first source that I consulted was the database archived on the website maintained by the former print magazine, U.S. News & World Report that ceased its hardcopy print publication last year. I selected that as the starting point for my research because I was aware of the long-term annual series of "Best Colleges in the U.S." And "Best Graduate Schools in the U.S." published by the magazine. It occurred to me that, in the Internet age and with the continually-increasing popularity of online education programs, the magazine would probably have also evaluated the various online options to a traditional "brick-and-mortar" institution of higher learning.
Because the U.S. News & World Report article (Clark, 2009) mentioned the importance of technological systems to the quality and capabilities of online…
There were three reasons that caused me to reject search results: first, those that were not published by professional or peer-reviewed, or mainstream news sources; second, those that were published by insufficiently scholarly sources (such as aol articles without author attribution); and third, those that were published by scholarly sources but that required a fee to view the articles in full text format.
During my research, I encountered two additional complications or limitations. Specifically, I used the same search terms as in my original search ("online" and "education" and "technology") on Google Scholar. That search yielded many relevant titles but almost all of those that were recent enough to be reliable were only available in abstract format and required a fee for the full text. One potentially useful source was a Google Books version of the book Distance Education: A Systems View of Online Learning (Moore & Kearsley, 2011) but I rejected it because only 83 pages (of 361) were available online and because the online book format is difficult to navigate efficiently. Finally, there were apparently several potentially useful sources published by
Teachers often make this task easier by using group work or asking students to discuss ideas in partners. Some who believe that online education is not as beneficial as land-based education often suggest that this type of discourse is unavailable in virtual classrooms. This, however, is not the case. Virtual classrooms often have discussion boards on which students can post questions and topics and respond to other students. Just like they do in land-based classrooms, teachers in virtual classrooms often give a question or a prompt, students answer, and then students are required to respond to their peers' responses. Some even argue that this processes, which is often held in discussion boards that work like message boards, is better than the discussions held in land-based schools. These people say that online education gives the students a degree of anonymity, allowing them to express what they really think or feel. Land-based…
Students should consider online education, because there are many advantages to it. Littlefield (2014) notes several key advantages to online education, including flexibility, good networking opportunities, open scheduling, pacing, savings, teaching and testing options, and effectiveness. Several of these are advantages even though they are normally considered positive traits of a traditional school structure. This paper will investigate these claims to provide the reader with a compelling argument that online education is beneficial for many students and a powerful force in the education system.
First, a little bit of history. Online education developed with the emergence of the Internet, since that streamlined the ability of people to learn no matter where they were. Before the Internet, distance education was much more limited, for example, in remote locations, for prisoners and in other situations where physical attendance at an educational institution was difficult. As technology has improved, so too has the…
Allen, I. & Seaman, J. (2004). Entering the mainstream: The quality and extent of online education in the United States. Sloan Consortium. Retrieved June 13, 2014 from http://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED530061
Littlefield, J. (2014). 10 reasons to choose online education. About.com. Retrieved June 13, 2014 from http://distancelearn.about.com/od/distancelearning101/tp/10-Reasons-to-Choose-Online-Education.htm
Parker, N. (2004). The quality dilemma in online education. Athabasca University. Retrieved June 13, 2014 from http://cde.athabascau.ca/online_book/ch16.html
Find three articles (in newspapers, journals, or online) that discuss the value, soundness, or impact of online education.
Over the last several years, online education is becoming increasingly popular. This is because there a number of benefits touted as a way to help address critical issues inside the education system. However, there are also many challenges that are having an impact upon these solutions. To fully understand what is happening, there will be an examination of three different sources. Together, these elements will highlight underlying strengths and weaknesses associated with online education.
In the first article, Overly (2010) is talking about the benefits and drawbacks that online education can provide. For many students these advantages include: more one on one attention, there are greater amounts of flexibility and they can receive a better quality education. This is important because these attributes are helping to create changes in the…
Clark, K. (2009). Online Education. U.S. News. Retrieved from: http://www.usnews.com/education/online-education/articles/2009/04/02/online-education-offers-access-and-affordability
Overly, S. (2010). Online Education Evolves. Washington Post. Retrieved from: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/09/24/AR2010092405983.html
Ruiz, J. (2006). The Impact of E-Learning. Academic Medicine, 81 (3), 207 -- 212. http://journals.lww.com/academicmedicine/fulltext/2006/03000/the_impact_of_e_ learning_in_medical_education.2.aspx' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
As Auburn University notes, online classes are especially appealing to adult learners, because of their flexibility and accessibility. They note, "No more giving up a career; no more driving hours each week to the nearest campus. All you need is contemporary communications equipment and the motivation to succeed in your courses" (Auburn University, 2002). Students who need to take occasional classes for certification or license renewal also have much more accessibility to relevant classes. If they are parents, this allows them the flexibility to work, attend school, and still take care of their family responsibilities. Another writer notes, "This means that parents can attend to their children, then sit down to class; working students can attend classes no matter what their work schedule might be, folks that travel for business or pleasure can attend class from anywhere in the world that has internet access" (Coleman, 2005). As noted, online classes…
Auburn University. (2002). Benefits of online education. Retrieved from the Auburn University Web site: http://www.auburn.edu/distance_learning/auonline/auol_about_benefits.php2 March 2007.
Coleman, S. (2005). Benefits of online learning:15 reasons to learn online. Retrieved from the Worldwidelearn.com Web site: http://www.worldwidelearn.com/education-articles/benefits-of-online-learning.htm2 March 2007.
Editors. (2006). The benefits of online education. Retrieved from the Online-college-degree-resourses.com Web site: http://www.online-college-degree-resources.com/benefits-online-education.html2 March 2007.
Jansen, T. (2007). Do online classes benefit students with disabilities? Retrieved from the Online-education.net Web site: http://online-education.net/resources/students-with-disabilities.html2 March 2007.
Since the advent of the Internet, online learning has increased exponentially. Online learning is utilized by K-12 schools, by public universities and colleges, and there has been an explosion in for-profit online schools as well. Twenty years ago, the industry did not really exist -- distance education was usually some form of correspondence course . In 2014, Forbes estimated the industry to be worth around $107 billion in the United States alone, to say nothing of the rest of the world (McCue, 2014). This makes sense, because all the world's information is basically at our fingertips every time we go online -- structuring that information in a manner that is meaningful is fairly easy to adapt to the online environment.
The industry has come under some criticism, in particular for its model with respect to student loans and the high default rate thereof (Taibbi, 2013). Yet, such business…
McCue, T. (2014). Online learning industry poised for $107 billion in 2015. Forbes. Retrieved April 29, 2015 from http://www.forbes.com/sites/tjmccue/2014/08/27/online-learning-industry-poised-for-107-billion-in-2015/
Taibbi, M. (2013). Ripping off young America: the college loan scandal. Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 29, 2015 from http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/ripping-off-young-america-the-college-loan-scandal-20130815
Bradshaw, D., Chan, W. & Clarke, C. (2014) The pros and cons of online learning. Financial Times. May 11, 2014.
Fedynich, L. (2014). Teaching beyond the classroom walls: The pros and cons of cyberlearning. Journal of Instructional Pedagogies. Vol. 13 (2014) 1-7.
Online Education Has on Students
The potential of an entirely virtual or online educational platform has many advantages over traditional in-class teaching, as the former can be aligned more accurately to students' needs. The effects of online education on students continue to show potential in math and science disciplines that require continual reinforcement of complex concepts through practice and problem solving (Calafiore, Damianov, 2011). Using online applications and platforms, complex concepts can be simplified and broken down for ease of learning. The intent of this analysis is to evaluate the effect that online education has on students.
Analysis Of The Effects That Online Education Has On Students
The most significant effect that online education has on students ins the ability to tailor complex concepts into relatively simpler frameworks for ease of analysis, reputation and learning by students. The cause-and-effect of using these frameworks and repetitive approaches to simplifying complex learning…
Calafiore, P., & Damianov, D.S. (2011). The effect of time spent online on student achievement in online economics and finance courses. Journal of Economic Education, 42(3), 209.
Mia Liza, A.L. (2007). Can interactivity make a difference? effects of interactivity on the comprehension of and attitudes toward online health content. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 58(6), 766.
Najjar, M. (2008). On scaffolding adaptive teaching prompts within virtual labs. International Journal of Distance Education Technologies, 6(2), 35-54.
The time honored debate about distance education versus conventional education has taken on new dimensions at SUNY Empire State College. There are students who feel strongly about each of these options. However, when attempting to compare which one is superior, there was a fair amount of insight recently uncovered by Reid Richards, a second-year science major partaking in the distance learning campus environment.
Richards’s experience makes for a fascinating case study because he actually started off his freshman year taking classes in the physical campus environment. However, he decided to take the remainder of his classes online due to a number of key facets of what he underwent, as well as findings that online education is superior to conventional education (Means ix).
The sophomore revealed that he prefers the overall level of sophistication to taking online courses versus those in conventional classroom settings. As a young father who is also…
Means, Barbara, Toyama, Yukie, Murphy, Robert, Bakia, Marianne, Jones, Karla. “Evaluation of Evidence-Based Practices in Online Learning: A Meta-Analysis and Review of Online Learning Studies.” U.S. Department of Education. Web. 2010. https://www2.ed.gov/rschstat/eval/tech/evidence-based-practices/finalreport.pdf
Even the traditional public school classroom now must compete with online public school classrooms that deliver their material to the student via the Internet.
The psychological and social aspects of online communication have been the study of many peer-reviewed articles over the past 15 years. The Internet is expected to have a greater social impact than television because if effects more areas of a person's life. The Internet affects their personal, family, school and work life (Surveying the Digital Future, 1999). It is not just for entertainment value. Some claim that the Internet has changed social relations (Civin, 2000), but others disagree and feel that the impact has not been as great as others claim (Katz and Aspden, 1997). There are many conflicting studies on the social and psychological effects of the Internet. The difficulty is in determining which ones are the most credible.
It was thought that the Internet…
Birnie, S. And Horvath, P. (2000). Psychological Predictors of Internet Social Communication. Psychological Predictors of Internet Social Communication, Journal of Computer Mediated Communication. Retrieved May 22, 2006 from: http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol7/issue4/horvath.html .
Civin, M.A. (2000). Male, female, email: The struggle for relatedness in a paranoid society. New York: Other Press. In Sarah A. Birnie and Peter Horvath. Psychological Predictors of Internet Social Communication. Psychological Predictors of Internet Social Communication, Retrieved May 22, 2006 from:
Why to Adopt Pedagogy Based on Digital Online Interactions with Students
With the arrival of the digital age has come a shift in the way information is pursued, transacted, shared, discussed, obtained, and processed. Students who have grown up in the digital age are digital natives and are more comfortable using digital technology than being without it. For design educators who are used to the studio-based pedagogy that has been in use for a century, shifting to embrace a digital-based pedagogy can seem like a transition that is too great of a leap for them to welcome. After all, the pedagogy of the studio-based design education has its own special uniqueness that cannot be replicated in a digitalized format. However, what design educators need to realize is that it is not about replication but rather it is about improving the pedagogy by way of innovation. The pedagogy of the…
Online Studio Education
The rise of Web 2.0 Technologies paves the way to a collaborative and interactive learning environment making the exchange of content and collaboration over the web (Loannao, 2018). The internet, since then, started becoming the reservoir of knowledge, giving free access to information and educational resources (Loannao, 2018). Because of these developments, online courses and online education began and were incorporated in different educational fields as the means of expanding knowledge and enhancing the learning procedure (Loannao, 2018). Studio-based learning is the practical education where the learning is done through doing, relying on the jury system for evaluating and assessing the student’s projects (Siddiqi, 2002). The entire course is designed in the traditional pedagogy.
Online Studio Education is more than just a different teacher and student interaction format as it involves consistency within the educational resources as all the students receive the consistent course material and access…
Based on the case study, select one country in the Arab world and critically analyze the market demographics, then select a lucrative market segment and for that segment argue a case for a product offering based on the internet usage that delivers some value to the customer.
In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), the population is 28,160,273 people with immigrants making up over 30% of the population (Index Mundi, 2017). Many expatriates from other countries come to work in the KSA, in fields like health care and IT, but the KSA is currently promoting a Saudization initiative which is designed to get more native Saudis educated, trained and into the workforce (Al-Dosary, 2005). 19% of consumers are aged 15-24 (nearly equally divided between males and females) and 46% are between the ages of 25-54. The median age is 27 and 83% of the population is urbanized.
Al-Dosary, A. (2005). Saudization (Localization)—A critical review). Human Resource Development International, 8(4), 495-502.
Appana, S. (2008). A review of benefits and limitations of online learning in the context of the student, the instructor, and the tenured faculty. International Journal on E-Learning, 7(1): 5-22.
Haynie, D. (2015). Opportunity for credit a new hook for MOOCs. U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved from https://www.usnews.com/education/online-education/articles/2015/05/27/chance-for-credit-gives-new-life-to-moocs
Index Mundi. (2017). Saudi Arabia demographics profile 2017. Retrieved from http://www.indexmundi.com/saudi_arabia/demographics_profile.html
Legget, T. (2013). 21 reasons BlackBerrys are better than iPhones. Retrieved from https://www.buzzfeed.com/tabathaleggett/reasons-blackberrys-are-far-superior-to-iphones?utm_term=.ihe7ma13A#.qekaADkKO
McCutcheon, K., Traynor, M. (2015). A systematic review evaluating the impact of online or blended learning vs. face-to-face learning of clinical skills in undergraduate nurse education. JAN, 71(2): 255-270.
Reuters. (2017). Saudi Telecom signs on to Saudi’s fiber upgrade. Retrieved from http://www.reuters.com/article/saudi-telecom-contract/saudi-telecom-signs-on-to-saudis-fiber-upgrade-idUSL8N1I903P
Trout, J., Rivkin, S. (2006). Differentiate or die. In The marketing Gurus (ed. Murray). NY: Penguin.
The Benefits of Online Education
To a degree, all educational institutions have migrated some of their services online, taking advantage of new media and new technologies to improve service delivery, cut costs, and enhance the learning environment. From eBooks to cloud-based collaborative work projects, the online environment adds depth to the classroom and expands opportunities for students from different backgrounds including those with special needs. It is therefore no surprise that enrollment in online education programs has been steadily climbing, with the greatest growth in the private non-profit school sector (Allen & Seaman, 2016). Online learning might never fully supplant traditional in person classroom learning, but it can help educators and students reach their mutual goals. Educational institutions should in fact work harder to improve their online education offerings, to promote social justice goals in education, enhance student engagement, and expand opportunities for a broader client base.
Online College vs. Traditional College
When considering the ever-changing and ever-growing world of globalization and technology, it is no surprise that such trends have found their way into the educational arena. Accordingly, with the computerization of classrooms and assignments many more worldly citizens have been given access to the valuable education they deserve. Regardless of the subject they teach, almost all teaching professionals have also had to become more educated in the world of technology. For, in addition to the computerization of assignments, technology has found its way into several other aspects of the overall higher education experience. In the modern collegiate world things like applications, grades, transcripts, library resources, textbooks and even exams have all been incorporated into the lives of students and faculty members. In keeping with this advancement of technological integration, countless universities have begun to offer online classes and degree programs, whereby students never enter a…
Certainly, pedagogy may be an issue. Whatever the case, human anxiety is a critical issue in the employment of Web 2.0 technology in nursing education. In an article in Nursing Education Perspectives, the issue is raised as to whether social media such as Twitter could bridge the gap. It appears that Twitter may provide a social media that ties classes together and builds classroom comradery and community in the online classroom. Faculty interviewed in the article have reported success in this area. They report that the ability to send an unshared message to the instructor was helpful and may help reduce student anxiety (Skiba, 2008, 110-111).
It appears to this author that Twitter has tremendous potential, not just in the area of class community building and reduction of student anxiety, but also in developing and adapting the tool because of the handy diagnostic tools available to analyze bands of tweets…
Skiba, D.J. (2008). Nursing education 2.0: Twitter & tweets. Nursing Education Perspectives, 29(2),
Sun, P.C., Tsai, R.J., Finger, G., Deschenes, Y.Y., & Yeh, D. (2008). What drives a successful e-
learning? An empirical investigation of the critical factors influencing learner satisfaction.
Do students lose more than they gain in online writing classes?
Kiefer argues that the online educational format for a writing class is inferior to the traditional classroom setting that is normally composed of a limited amount of students. In the traditional writing classroom students can be given the timely feedback that has been shown to be able to increase their writing capabilities. The online setting by contrast has inherent limitations that do not allow for the quality and timeliness that is needed to effectively study writing. Although Kiefer's overall argument has valid points, there are two considerations that must be taken. These considerations look at alternatives and the future of online education.
The first is that not all students are able to take a class in person due to work or a personal situation. Therefore, while not ideal, an online course can still be a worthwhile…
Kiefer, K. (n.d.). Do Students Lose More than They Gain? Chapter 8.
Any lack of candor with reference to how I approach my interview is unethical. If I am interviewing a professor about online learning vs. what he does in classrooms, of course I don't need to go into deep, involved detail about what I might do if "a" or "b" occurs during the interview; but a forthright introduction to my intentions is the best ethical approach. TO) No apologies need to be made in advance even though, let's say, the interview is to be with a housewife who has to babies at home and can't attend classes at the local community college. She may be suspicious of a college student's intentions. Consent is usually based on what the researcher plans to do with the information; my honest answer is, "I'm doing this for a research class and none of the information will be published or made public in any way." If…
Golafshani, Nahid. (2003). Understanding Reliability and Validity in Qualitative Research.
The Qualitative Report, 8(4), 597-607.
Schram, T.H. (2006). Conceptualizing and proposing qualitative research. Upper Saddle River,
NJ: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.
Money and Have Fun!
If you're looking for a recession proof career, a second job, or even a job where you can make great money with short hours, think about working in the Nightlife industry. What's the Nightlife industry? It's where you'd hang out every night if you could, and with a job in the industry -- you can! Working as a bartender, DJ, manager, or promoter is exciting, but it's lucrative too. Many people working in this industry make $50 to $100K a year and they only work 20 hours a week or so if they want to. That's the kind of job that's easy to take, can help put you through school, or adds to your income, and it's a fun way to earn a living, too. You'll meet a lot of people, have fun, and make a decent income at the same time. That's a job with…
Education Industry Marketing Distance Learning?
"Online advertisements by traditional and dot.com institutions is an indication of a new trend in mass marketing of education. The strategies are based on traditional transactional marketing approach where each transaction is treated as an isolated event" (Shaik, 2005).
The opportunities for getting a degree without having to physically attend classes have grown exponentially the past twenty years or so, thanks to the explosive growth of distance learning (also called online education). This paper delves into the marketing of distance learning, and presents a wide range of approaches by various educational institutions and marketing eb sites that promote distance education.
According to eLearners.com, a eb site that markets online colleges and universities, there are 222 colleges currently offering distance education, and there are 5.6 million students taking courses online. The eLearners.com site sells ads to online colleges and universities and offers a link to each…
College-Scholarship.com. (2011). College Scholarships, Colleges, and Online Degrees.
Retrieved October 26, 2011, from http://www.college-scholarships.com .
Education-Portal.com. (2011). Colleges and Universities that Offer Free Courses Online.
Retrieved October 25, 2011, from http://education-portal.com .
(Cole, 2001, p. 75)
The qualitative scientific theoretical model (Shank, 2006, pp. 97-101) best exemplifies the demands of this theory-based research as qualitative inquiry, i.e. subjective data might not explain the issue, with regard to anything but perception by students and instructors as to the effectiveness of the course. In other words the qualitative scientific theoretical model would best demonstrate an answer to the issue of quality, in a manner than can be generalized. It is accepted that math understanding is the best indicator of how well an individual understands and can work within math concepts, therefore pre-testing through remedial testing and then a comparison of post-testing (a repeat of the progressive computer-based math placement test) would better indicate success and/or failure of the students to grasp math concepts. The results would then allow the two classes, face-to-face vs. online to be compared on an equal footing. The hope would…
Bibliography. The entity from which ERIC acquires the content, including journal, organization, and conference names, or by means of online submission from the author.Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 29 (6) 495-500.
Shank, G.D. (2006) Qualitative research: A personal skills approach Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.
Education in the Community
A major issue currently effecting culture, population, and demographics is that of wealth inequality. As the global economic downturn continues throughout the world, wealth disparity is increasing rapidly. This affects culture, population, and overall demographics in a litany of ways. First, due primarily to lower wages, families are postponing child birth. The uncertainty surrounding the future creates an atmosphere of fear. Families are now waiting until the economic climate becomes more certain before they have their children. Furthermore, the median income for middle class families has plummeted within the last 3 years. The median income for the average American household was roughly $51,000 in 2008. Now the median income is roughly $48,000. This creates problems as families are less apt to spend money are discretionary activities that form the basis of their culture. Holiday spending, for example has yet to reach its 2007 heights. Families are…
1) "Employment Situation Summary." U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Web. 14 July 2011. .
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4) Breaden, M.C. (2008, Feb 6), "Teacher-Quality Gap Examined Worldwide," Education Week, Feb. 6, 2008. Education Trust,
Online discussions are asynchronous postings of electronic messages by members of a particular class in a conversation that is continued on topics that are designated by an instructor. Online discussions are useful since they help instructors facilitate online courses and faculties that teach remote sites through interactive television. These are quite beneficial for faculties that each traditional courses and only meet once or twice a week as well as faculties that are occasionally absent from class. This is just like any other type of learning and therefore theory will inform the facilitation of online discussion. Theory brings out the idea of what is to be learned and therefore will form the basis for the discussion. We can say that theory is what facilitates online discussion since the learners and facilitators have what they need to form the base of their discussion.it is therefore very important for the facilitators to have…
Brindley, J & Walti C.(2009). Creating Effective Collaborative Learning Groups in an Online Environment. Retrieved February 16, 2014 from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/675/1271
Raleigh, D.(2000). Keys to Facilitating Successful Online Discussions. Retrieved February 16, 2014 from http://www.uwsa.edu/ttt/raleigh.htm
Nichols.M.(2009).Online discourse. Retrieved February 16, 2014 from https://akoaotearoa.ac.nz/download/ng/file/group-661/n2304-online-discourse -- 4-in-eprimer-series-pdf.pdf
ADODCC. (2014). Best Practices from ADODCC Facilitators'. Retrieved February 16, 2014 from http://www.adodcc.ca/Generic.aspx?PAGE=Best+Practices+from+Facilitators&portalName=ADODCC
Logos in online communications changes because diction has changed such as in the use of slang. Words can be copied, pasted, and inserted into related documents that are then shared with the group via the online collaboration software and so words have become less sacrosanct, more a part of the common domain.
Online collaboration tools aid communication and make at-a-distance meetings possible. However, online communication has drawbacks. One major drawback with online communication is the potential for misunderstanding because of the lack of nonverbal communication cues. Unless the speaker uses video conferencing tools, his or her emotions are difficult to read. The use of emoticons does not make up for slight twitches in facial muscles, eye contact, or posture in helping viewers read the speaker. Therefore, online communication tools make the pathos part of the rhetorical equation more difficult to execute. Group members need to use creative means to convey…
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Other prevention techniques are open communication, conflict management training, resource allocation, communication (using "I" language), managing others expectations and focusing on others first. However, in an online environment, this process occurs quickly through interacting and completing the team charter that establishes teamwork expectation.
Team Charter: Managing Conflict
Team conflict is inevitable, and it must be managed effectively so that productivity is not affected. Hence, a team charter is vital to the success of an online workgroup. Such a document establishes ground rules, expectations, and communication tool that will facilitate team engagement in an asynchronous environment. Should a team member go missing in action, this document serves as recourse for consequences in not supporting team efforts. Since this document contains protocol for handling team conflict, team members can merely reference the document and be objective in handling the conflict.
Moreover, the team is better prepared for projects, understand each person's role,…
Wienclaw, R.A. (2010). Teams & team building. Teams & Team Building - Research Starters Business, 1-6. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Effective. (2011). In Merriam-Webster's dictionary online. Retrieved from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/effective
Bonebright, D.A. (2010). 40 years of storming: a historical review of Tuckman's model of small group development. Human Resource Development International, 13(1), 111-120. doi:10.1080/13678861003589099
Online Collaboration: How and Why?
What is Online Collaboration?
Online Collaboration bases the system on what have been started by the earlier PC networking system. Users in certain local area and other network are capable to communicate each other on their PC by swapping files and mails in text file, although during the early time it was limited to text data in small size. As technology has developed more sophisticated facilities, it is possible for people to use the complete system to transfer information anywhere in seconds, enabling people to cut time and travel and having the whole work, outline, discussions and commands transferred through the wire.
People are depended on computers to connect to each other nowadays. With the emergence of the internet, many industries will find an open door to spread the news and support the growth to anywhere in the world. Controlling the whole world's business will…
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Levitt, Mark. Jan 2002. Warning: Collaboration Can be Harmful to Your Employees' Productivity Unless Used Properly. Doc #VWP000083. http://www.idc.com/getdoc.jhtml?containerId=VWP000083 . (Apr 11, 2002).
Miller, Michael J. Oct 11, 1999. How to Build Offices Without Walls Today. PC Magazine. http://www.zdnet.com/anchordesk/story/story_3960.html . (Apr 11, 2002).
The motivations of those using LinkedIn are to find a better career and grow their circle of influence throughout the industry of which they are a part. On Facebook, the same goal may be present, yet it is more likely to be connecting with long-lost friends and also bragging about only the most glamorous parts of one's life (Ledbetter, Mazer, DeGroot, Meyer, Mao, Swafford, 2011). Facebook tends to bring out the worst in people, namely arrogance, pride and the tendency to flirt with long-lost girlfriends and boyfriends, no wonder it has been a catalyst of divorces recently (Ledbetter, Mazer, DeGroot, Meyer, Mao, Swafford, 2011). It is considered cheating if one flirts and entices another on a social network, just as it would be if it happened in person as well. The flipside of this is that Facebook has brought together friends and family who have not seen each other in…
Ford, C., & Lim, J.. (2011). Are You Linked in? Journal of Accountancy, 211(3), 48-51,12.
Ledbetter, a., Mazer, J., DeGroot, J., Meyer, K., Mao, Y., & Swafford, B.. (2011). Attitudes Toward Online Social Connection and Self-Disclosure as Predictors of Facebook Communication and Relational Closeness. Communication Research, 38(1), 27.
Online classes are presented with challenges that brick and mortar classes do not have to face. The challenge of not being able to see the professor to ask questions is limited to email, phone, and times the professor is available. There may not be immediate answers to questions because professors cannot be available 24/7, more especially where online classes are concerned. There are challenges concerning the learning of the online class environment to meet assignments and obtain instructions. Each class may be set up different ways. There are time management concerns because, with Asynchronous classes, for example, the week is set up from Sunday midnight to Sunday midnight. There are time differences between geographic locations that also play a part. Determination has to be made between the time differences.
The online environment can be especially challenging to someone who has never done online classes. Learning the different functions…
Education today has become more interesting and challenging than it has ever been before. This is particularly the case with the teaching and learning of English as a second language. Immigrants to the United States and other English speaking countries, for example, are faced with the challenge of not only learning a new language sufficiently to be able to communicate in their new environment, but also of fitting in with a lifestyle and culture that is more often than not completely foreign to them. These challenges can have both a motivating and demotivating effect on EFL and ESL learners. Teachers who are aware of these effects can then more effectively plan their lessons and work with such students to help them obtain optimal results. Hence, a myriad of research articles have seen the light regarding the challenges faced by this sector of learners. "EFL learners moving to an ESL context:…
Adriaensens, D. (2011). Further Destruction of Iraq's Higher Education: Blazing Fires, Forged Degrees And Silencer Guns. Countercurrents.org. Retrieved from: http://www.countercurrents.org/adriaensens021211.htm
Bao, D., Abdilah, H., and Chowdhury, R. (2012, Jan.). EFL learners moving to an ESL context: Motivating and demotivating factors in English language learning among Iraqis. The New English Teacher, Vol. 6.1
Griffiths, M. (2010). A Situational Analysis of Girls Education in Iraq. UNICEF. Retrieved from: http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/A3F345FEB60FD713C12577AD00341F90-Full_report.pdf
McTaggart, R. (1996). 'Appraising reports of enquiry', in Social Science Methodology for Educational Inquiry: A Conceptual Overview, eds D. Caulley. H. Moore & J. Orton. Beijing Teachers College Press. Beijing.
Online AntiTrust Issues
Antitrust law is a United States legal code that helps to maintain market competition by regulating anti-competition actions by organizations. The Sherman Act of 1890 was one of the first attempts to restrict large companies who fixed price, output and then manipulated demand to maximize their products. Standard Oil was one of the prime early examples of a company that controlled markets to the point that the government felt was detrimental to the entry of other competitors (Bork, 1993). In our current example, companies like Facebook and Google are being investigated, similar to Microsoft and AT&T, for controlling the Internet search process and/or network effects. This does not stop with Facebook and Google, but moves into many of the giant e-tailers (Amazon, EBay, etc.) that often use predatory or collusive practices to force customers into either advertising on their site, pricing to their scale, or in the…
Is Microsoft a Monopoly? If so, why does it matter? (2009). Thisnation.com. Retrieved from:
Monopoly. (January 20, 2005). The Linux Project. Retrieved from:
Imagine that you are providing professional development on these topics. Which strategies from your reading would you use? Which strategies would you omit if time constraints did not permit you to use all of them? How would you assess their understanding and implementation of the training?
Adjustable assignments, compacting and grouping are used in conjunction with one another to improve the quality of education. This is accomplished through using each method to increase the student's comprehension of key concepts. In differentiated instruction, this is addressing individual styles of learning through various formats. (Gregory, 2007, pp. 71- 86)
Adjustable assignments are when there is a focus on understanding different skill sets of the student and identifying potential strengths / weaknesses. The way that this can be implemented, is by pre-assessing individual capabilities through: quizzes and other formats. Compacting is when specific curriculum is presented to the student that will address their…
Brown, D. (2004). Differentiated Instruction. American Secondary Education, 32 (3), 34 -- 64.
Desimone, L. (2004). Are We Asking the Right Questions? Educational Evaluation and Policy, 26 (1), 1- 22.
Gregory, G. (2007). Differentiated Instructional Strategies. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
Gregory, G. (2003). Differentiated Instructional Strategies in Practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
This places distance learning at a great advantage to traditional educational systems.
After learning new information, the student must then move on to the development of logical reasoning, and use newly acquired information in combination with pre-existing knowledge to come to new conclusions. Distance learning can provide students with this opportunity. Of course, there is a danger in the distance-learning environment that students will simply be asked to regurgitate facts or figures. However, this danger is not unique to distance-learning, and can occur in any type of learning environment. Competent distance educators go beyond asking students "what?" And ask them "why?" By challenging students to address why things happen, educators in any environment help students synthesize knowledge and learn their reasoning skills.
Finally, distance education provides students with a way to acquire maturity. Unlike the traditional educational environments, distance education forces students to be completely personally accountable for their educations.…
Education - Classroom Management
Relationship etween the Use of ehavior Contracts and Student's Ability to Stay on Task
An Introduction to ehavioral Contracting
In dealing with children, there are cases when a teacher encounters a child who does not behave in a normal way as other children do. For instance, a child may show constant inattentiveness to learning, or may demonstrate irresponsiveness to discipline. A child with such disruptive behaviors oftentimes requires special attention and monitoring as part of a process of modifying an unpleasant behavior into an appropriate one. One strategy used to deal behavioral difficulties of a child is ehavioral Contracting. From Family Education Network (online), the following is a definition of behavioral contracting.
A behavioral contract is a written contract that specifies the child's behavioral obligations in meeting the terms of the contract and the teacher's (or parent's) obligations once the child has met his or her…
Watson, Christopher. Behavior Modification, A Proactive Intervention for the Classroom.
2003. University of Minnesota. 28 November 2003. http://ici2.umn.edu/preschoolbehavior/tip_sheets/behmod.htm
Gale Encyclopedia of Childhood & Adolescence. 28 November 2003. http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/g2602/0000/2602000079/p1/article.jhtml
It is no longer necessary to attend a class in person, but instead attendance is online at the student's convenience, and that means it is much more possible for students to get an education and support an institution at the same time. Thus, technology has revolutionized education, and has made it much more possible for everyone to attend a university or other school, and that is certainly something to celebrate, rather than grumble about.
It is certainly true that every culture must deal with technology in their own way. Americans have embraced technology, and it makes sense that it would spread to education. Today's young people are a familiar with technological devices as they are with their own families, and this makes them ideal candidates for more distance education in the future. They are already whizzes at texting, camera photography, and video games, so developing additional methods of delivery and…
As Moore continues, he notes, "Such time spent in designing and producing high-quality materials, planning teaching strategies, training trainers will increase the chances of success. There is a direct relationship between the institutional the effectiveness of a program and the time and money spent in its design" (Moore,). He cannot overstress the importance of this early design and strategy, and without it, the class will never be as strong or as instructional to the student.
How to implement this strong foundation is another element of this tip. Clearly, the designer and the instructor have to be on the same page. The instructor may not be familiar with distance learning on a large scale, and in that case, they should receive training and education on how to effectively develop distance learning course materials. It is a skill, and not one everyone automatically understands, and so expert training should be available. Moore…
Moore, M. Tips for managers setting up a distance education program.
While popularly associated with the advent of web-based technologies, DE is not a new phenomenon (agusa et al. 2009, 679)." The author asserts that during the nineteenth century many universities had correspondence programs. These programs remained popular for many years because they were different from more conventional learning environments. At the current time, distance education is driven by the pace of technological change and such changes are occurring globally in a manner that is rapid and complex. There are currently more than 130 countries in which institutions of higher learning provide students with distance courses (agusa et al. 2009). These courses often have as a foundation new information and communication technologies. The author also explains that
"In Australia, DE has particularly been embraced, at institutional and policy levels, as a means of extending higher education to rural, isolated, and often structurally disadvantaged learners (little or no access to a reliable…
Bradley. Review of Australian Higher Education. Retrieved online from: http://www.deewr.gov.au/HigherEducation/Review/Documents/PDF/Higher%20Education%20Review_one%20document_02.pdf
Filan, G.L., & Seagren, A.T. (2003). Six critical issues for midlevel leadership in post-secondary settings. New Directions for Higher Education, (124), 21 -- 31.
Gray K. & RadloffA. (2010). Higher Education Research & Development
Vol. 29, No. 3, 291 -- 305
According to both testimonials and statistics, educated people report higher levels of personal happiness and job satisfaction. In her book, Nickel and Dimed, comfortably wealthy author Barbara Ehrenreich reports being taken out for a "$30 lunch and some understated French country-style place" and discussing "future articles I might write for [the editor of Harpoer's] magazine" (1). It is lunching with this editor from Harpers that she decides to take on a monumental task: leaving her posh environment and working in a blue collar job in order to prove, or not prove, that such one can get by making so little.
It is not only her work, but also her ability to take on such a task that proves the importance of education in both personal happiness and job satisfaction. Here, in the first few lines of the introduction, Ehrenreich alludes to her education and the choices it has allowed her…
Ehrenreich, Barbara. Nickel and Dimed. New York: Holt Paperbacks, 2002.
Gamoran, Adam. Standards-Based Reform and the Poverty Gap. Washington D.C.:
Brookings Institute Press, 2007.
In this report on the No Child Left Behind Act, author Adam Gamoran looks
3. Hispanic, White Communities Forge Ties in Alabama (2003) a UA Center for Public Television and Radi9o Production. Online available at:
4. McDade, Sharon a. (2002) Definition of a Case Study. Faculty Center for Teaching and Learning - North Carolina State. Online available at http://www.ncsu.Edu/fctl/Programs/Instructional- Development/Teaching _Materials / CaseStudies/Materials / Case studyDefintion.pdf# search =%22 CASE%20STUDY % 3A%20DEFINIT ION%20OF %22.
5. UAB Wins $389,000 in Grants to Help Teachers Educate Non-English Speaking Children (200) UAB Media Relations. 27 Nov 200. Online available at http://main.uab.edu/show.asp?durki=46333.
6. English Language Development and Multicultural Education (2005) University of Alabama. Berkeley University Online available at http://crede.berkeley.edu/tools/directory2-/PDF/esl.pdf#search=%22Alabama%3A%20Elementary%20ESL%20SERVICES%22.
7. English as a Second Language (ESL) (2004) Baldwin County Public Schools; Bay Minette, Alabama. Online available at http://www.bcbe.org/Default.asp?DivisionID='824'&DepartmentID='958'.
8. UAB Wins $389,000 in Grants to Help Teachers Educate Non-English Speaking Children (200) UAB Media Relations. 27 Nov 200. Online available at http://main.uab.edu/show.asp?durki=46333.
9. Alabama (2006) KYTESOL Newsletter Vol.…
11. Alabama: Featured Facts (2005) From the SREB Factbook on Higher Education. Online available at http://18.104.22.168/search?q=cache:Mb3MWbM-0b4J:www.sreb.org/main/EdData/FactBook/2005StateReports/Alabama05.pdf+Alabama+Hispanic+education&hl=en&gl=us&ct=clnk&cd=6
12. Alabama Education Policy Primer: Chapter 2 Achievement (2005) Education Foundation - Online available at; http://www.aplusala.org/primer/ch2.asp
Education for Hispanic Students in the Elementary Schools of Alabama
The ease of use of email systems for example generally tend to relate to high satisfaction levels. According to the study, students find it extremely convenient to be able to contact instructors at any time according to their convenience and available time frame. This does away with the inconvenience of specific office hours or telephone availability. This satisfaction is however also related to the ability of the instructor to respond to email in a speedy fashion. In Enockson's study, for example, the instructor made an effort to consistently respond within 24 hours. Students also experienced the online system as particularly convenient, as physical barriers to communication were eliminated, and students were able to set their own hours for instruction and communication. The time and costs of commuting are also eliminated by the use of such a system. This is the basic advantage of a generally online system of instruction as…
He asserts that the online environment can be an even richer learning experience than in a traditional setup. It is however important to understand the dynamic that is necessary to achieve this.
6. It is possible that the author is overlooking the fact that the students he interviewed might derive their success not only from the strategies identified, but also from factors such as innate comprehension ability and compatibility with teaching techniques.
7. If the author is ignored, it is likely that the online learning environment will continue to be a "hit and miss" learning experience for students, with success being more or less random.
8. The author is regarding the online learning experience from the perspective of already successful students, rather than those who have begun the process and are in need of techniques to attain success. He therefore views success in…
The Paradox of Your Online eputation
The use of social networks as a means to screen potential employees, in addition to monitoring existing employee's lifestyles, has emerged as a common practice in many companies globally today. The fact that advertisers spend $6B advertising on social networks this year, up 72% from 2010 shows the future of these networks, they are meant for selling profile information to the highest bidder (Hof, 2011). The three aspects of the ethicacy of social network use, from screening candidates, to monitoring employees and finally the legality of using them for sales prospecting by other industries including insurance and lawyers are discussed here.
Evaluating Job Candidates on Social Networks
The privacy settings on Facebook have been the subject of many studies and debates in legal, marketing and social sciences with Facebook stating that once the data is on their platform it is considered public…
Hof, R.. (2011, July). Advertisers Flock to Social Networks. Technology Review, 114(4), 67.
McKenzie, P.. (2011). Weapons of Mass Assignment. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 54(5), 54.
The purpose of this work is to research precisely what factors should be taken under consideration when making a determination of what learning platform should be utilized and why. This work will further answer the question of "hat are the legal and ethical issues, learning tools, instructional methods, content or context that needs to be considered and why they are important?"
The platform when speaking of education is the structural base upon which the framework of education rests. This platform or base is utilized and often exploited in the pursuits of politicians and other key school board personnel in their gaining of elections to educational positions. However, there exists a real need for a viable, workable and sustainable educational platform particularly in the face of rapid globalization. Platform Learning's program called the "Learn-to-Succeed" program is a federally-funded tutoring program with a design specifically for improving achievement of students…
Platform Learning Calls on Civic Organizations to Help Stop Illiteracy (2003) Chairman & CEO Gene Wade Launches 'Campaign for Achievement' to Provide Educational Solutions Denver PRNewswire 2003 February. Exodus Online 2005 June 21 Online available at: http://www.exodusnews.com / education / education 040.htm.
Moritz, Jennifer (2003) Platform Learning Launches Supplemental Educational Services Program In Atlanta Metro Region. Federally-Funded Tutoring Program Helps Students Attending Struggling Public Schools Across Regions. Nashville and Atlanta 2003 September.
Platform Learning Launches Supplemental Educational Services Program in Northern New Jersey: Federally Funded Tutoring Program Helps Students Attending Struggling Public Schools Across Region PRNewswire http://www.prnewswire.com/cgi-bin/storiespl?ACCT=109& ; STORY=/www/story/11-16-2004/0002458802& EDATE
(2005) Platform Learning Calls on Civic Organizations to Help Stop Illiteracy - Chairman & CEO Gene Wade Launches 'Campaign for Achievement' to Provide Educational Solutions 22 Feb 2005 http://www.platformlearning.com .
http://www.unesco.org/new/en/education/themes/leading-the-international-agenda/education-for-sustainable-development/cultural-diversity / (UNESCO)
This is information about cultural diversity in education, particularly in education for sustainable development found on UNESCO's website. UNESCO is the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and I found the information about education on their website particularly interesting because it addresses education in a global, multicultural environment.
The first important aspect on their website is the institutional framework in which the educational segment operates at UNESCO, which particularly reflects cultural diversity. This is the Johannesburg Declaration, from 2002, which stipulates that "Our rich diversity . . . is our collective strength." Moving from this declaration, it proposes three general principles that link ESD to cultural diversity. These include the fact that the educational process (ESD, as UNESCO refers to it) has to be "locally relevant and culturally appropriate," but also that ESD requires "intercultural understanding."
According to UNESCO, the educational process has…
Therefore, instead of requiring non-science majors to enroll in general studies science courses such as biology, chemistry, or "physics for non-majors," the only mandatory science instruction should be courses that relate more directly to useful information. For example, obesity is a virtual epidemic in American society; therefore, a science class in practical nutrition makes mush more sense than the traditional focus of science courses for non-majors. Similarly, computer use classes would be more useful, as would classes emphasizing the logical scientific method rather than substantive science subject matter. Perhaps if mandatory scientific courses related more directly to useful information and to beneficial intellectual processes, American presidential election politics would not feature potential candidates with college (and advanced academic) degrees who still believe that Creationism or "Intelligent Design" are more plausible explanations for the existence of human life than Darwinian evolutionary theory.
As pertains to the study of foreign languages, it…
Carter, J. (2001) an Hour Before Daylight: Memories of a Rural Boyhood. New York: Touchstone.
Gardner, H. (1991) the Unschooled Mind: How Children Think and How Schools Should Teach. New York: Basic Books.
Gerrig, R, Zimbardo, P. (2005) Psychology and Life. 17th Edition.
New York: Allyn & Bacon.
Strehorn states that:
To begin, I try to design a syllabus/course outline that is not only readable, but something that will be utilized more than once per semester (the first day!). This document, aside from basic course information (names and dates), emphasizes my expectation that all students must accept responsibility for their own learning as well as my flexibility in teaching style. I try to make the course syllabus available on disk, and it is always useful to have a clear, legible copy that can be blown-up, or scanned if needed."
What kinds of materials or activities has the teacher used with success with English learners?
Answer: Strehorn states that materials used are: Dictionaries and thesauruses, audio tapes of each class period, books on tape, additional reading/reference sources, study guides, support information, sample problems however, it is not so much the fact in the type of the materials…
Strehorn, Kregg C. (2004) the Application of Universal Instructional Design to ESL Teaching [at] yahoo.com Universidad Cat lica de Temuco (Temuco, Chile) [Online available at http://iteslj.org/Techniques/Strehorn-UID.html
Education Teaching Methods - ESL
Thus, an instructor and his or her assistants may actually spend more time with an online class, and it seems many instructors and administrators simply do not understand that concept before they begin designing and programming an online class.
I believe that many people who are still unfamiliar with online programming and development also misjudge the time it takes to create a class and upload it to the Web. Many may be at least a little familiar with old HTML techniques, and unfamiliar with newer programming, like Java and XL, that require a lot more programming knowledge and understanding, and most classes today need sophisticated programming techniques to keep much more Internet-savvy students interested in the content and the course. An old-fashioned basic HTML course might be good for older students, but for young, college-age students, the programming and design need to capture their attention, like a sophisticated video game,…
, 2001). Based on the proliferation of the Internet and the near-ubiquity of personal computers in many affluent homes, these rates can reasonably be expected to have increased even further in subsequent years.
In fact, it would appear that the more people of both sexes are using the Internet for these purposes, the more ways they are finding to do so. In this regard, Green and her associates point out that, "The fact that one can access sexually related materials and interact with others anonymously on the Internet has opened the doors even wider. Using anonymous screen names, individuals can explore and express their sexual interests with little fear that friends, coworkers, or even spouses will discover their activities" (2001, p. 303). Furthermore, the individuals who participate in these encounters can do so with other anonymous individuals without the risks typically associated with face-to-face relationships; if an anonymous online relationship…
Benotsch, E.G., Cage, M., & Kalichman, S. (2002). Men who have met sex partners via the Internet: Prevalence, predictors, and implications for HIV prevention. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 31(2), 177.
Giuseppe, R., Tiziana, T., & Anolli, L. (2003). The use of the Internet in psychological research: Comparison of online and offline questionnaires. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 6(1), 73.
Green, A., Katelyn, S., Mckenna, Y.A., & Smith, P.K. (2001). Demarginalizing the sexual self. The Journal of Sex Research, 38(4), 302.
Hill, R.J. (2005, Spring). Poz-itively transformational: Sex workers and HIV / AIDS education. New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education, 105, 74.
They worked with the FTC to define the following four Fair Information Practices, rules designed to prevent companies from abusing the information they receive through online profiling (Computer law tip of the week, 2000):
Rule 1 (Notice): A company must notify customers that it uses online profiling to track their online habits. If it collects personally identifiable information about customers, such as their names, addresses or telephone numbers, the company's website must clearly and unambiguously notify them of this fact before the company collects this information.
Rule 2 (Choice): Depending on the type of information a company collects, there must be opt-in and opt-out options. Opt-in, or obtaining the customer's permission, is required to link personally identifiable information that a company has about a customer such as name, address or telephone number with data acquired about Web surfing habits. Opt-out means that the customers have to be given the chance…
Arnis, D. (2000, Feburary 1). Online profiling: A threat or a benefit?. http://www.netfreedom.org/news.asp?item=106
Berman, J. (2000, May 25). Privacy online: Fair information practices in the electronic marketplace. http://www.cdt.org/testimony/000525berman.shtml
Clickstream concerns. http://cse.stanford.edu/class/cs201/projects-00-01/cookies/index.html
Computer law tip of the week (2000, August 14). http://www.mgrossmanlaw.com/articles/2000/online_profiling.htm
However, it is now up to me to develop my own "reasonable cause" rather than relying solely on hearsay. An interview with Mr. Brown might help me to clarify the issues. I would request his assistance, by asking for the names of his daughter's friends. I would endeavor to meet privately and confidentially with those students, and with no pressure placed upon them.
Next, I would contact my superintendent. The policy of the Trenton School District is that the principal must notify the superintendent in any case involving suspected abuse. This way, law enforcement can take over the investigation if and when that is necessary. I would consult my superintendent about how to proceed while continuing to gather as much evidence as possible before launching a formal investigation. When sure about how to proceed, I would then consult with Tom Brown. Because Tom Brown is a friend of the alleged…
New Jersey Coalition Against Sexual Assault (n.d.). New Jersey Law. Retrieved online: http://www.njcasa.org/sexual-violence-nj/new-jersey-law
Resignation of Professional Staff Members (n..d). Retrieved online: http://policy.msbanet.org/trenton/showpolicy.php?file=GCPB-C.TNT
Trenton Public School District (2012). Personnel. Retrieved online: http://www.trenton.k12.nj.us/qsac/Personnel_09.htm
Trenton R-IX School District (2012). Reporting and investigating child abuse/neglect. Retrieved online: http://policy.msbanet.org/trenton/showpolicy.php?file=JHG-C.1L
Online vs. Traditional Shopping
The tremendous growth of the Internet over the past decade has given a significant boost to e-commerce and made online shopping a part of every-day experience of many people. However, since online shopping is still a relatively new phenomenon, and has its advantages as well as disadvantages, it has not yet realized its full potential. In this paper, I shall compare and contrast online and traditional retail shopping; look at some of the reasons that drives consumers to shop online and discuss which shopping experience is more satisfying.
Online shopping provides the convenience of shopping from the comfort of one's home 24 hours a day, 7 days a week -- since online stores never close. It enables a customer to avoid braving the weather, the hassles of navigating traffic or trying to find parking places -- common requirements of traditional retail shopping.
Gilman, Alan. (1999). "The GC Tech.net guide to online shopping: The Advantages."
Gilman Computer Technologies. Retrieved on June 27, 2004 at http://www.gctech.net/textsite/advantage.html
Granovsky, Nancy (2000). "Consumer Decision Making Contest 2001-2002 Study Guide: Online Shopping." Retrieved on June 27, 2004 at http://fcs.tamu.edu/monman/consumerdecmaking2001/studyguidespdf/onlineshop.pdf .
This is also true of mail-order shopping
That leads to some problems with the new software.
We don't purchase some of the neat things that you can get. Fortunately, a number of us pressed for projectors a few years ago, and we have them in each classroom. That makes it easier for us to use the computer to teach the whole class. We don't use smart boards or other tools, other than the computers and the projectors.
What is the set up in the elementary school setting regarding labs and stations?
We generally have one or two computers per class in the elementary schools. Sometimes the teachers use it to do internet research, or to play a DVD for their class. The teachers sometimes assign remedial work to some students, who work on the computer doing exercises during school hours.
A understand from my elementary school teaching friends that there are no computer labs, and that they…
This is highly believable, but it is also quite believable that institutions that wholeheartedly support distance programs will never change their basic philosophy or outlook on education and its delivery, and that will keep institutions from advancing nearly as far as possible in the distance education field. In fact, the lack of experienced and transformation would hold most institutions back from achieving their true potential in the area. The entire structure and purpose of institutions is going to have to change and grow with the future, and for many that may be too large a problem to overcome. Beaudoin calls it an "elusive goal" unless leadership and ideas are transformed, and that certainly seems to be the case. It may take another generation or more before innovative new leaders are ready to lead some of the most prestigious institutions in the nation, and that may be too late for truly…
Beaudoin, M. Viewpoint about the future of distance education.
There is no subject that exists in isolation of others. This is especially true for social studies, which is inherently cross disciplinary. Social studies encompass economics, politics, sociology, history, geography, religion, and culture. Cross-curricular integration allows students to see the inter-connectedness between the Social Studies and the other subject areas in the school curriculum. The following analysis of a course on Trinidad and Tobago provides a detailed example of how Social Studies integrates with other subjects in the curriculum. Other subjects in the curriculum include mathematics, social sciences (psychology and sociology), hard science (chemistry, physics, and biology), art, art history, music, and physical education.
The syllabus of the course on Trinidad and Tobago includes the following: history and geography; culture and people; government, politics, and transnational issues; and the economy.
History and Geography
This section of the course addresses the history and geography of Trinidad and Tobago. It is…
"Trinidad and Tobago," (2012). CIA World Factbook. Retrieved online: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/td.html
"Values and Benefits of Interdisciplinary/Cross-Curricular Teaching." (1997). Retrieved online: http://www.eduplace.com/rdg/res/literacy/interd1.html
"What is Interdisciplinary/Cross-Curricular Teaching?" (1997). Retrieved online: http://www.eduplace.com/rdg/res/literacy/interd0.html
Nearly all failing schools fit this description (Six Secrets of School Success 2000)." If a country is to overcome educational problems, they must take into account the mentality that poverty creates and how that mentality deteriorates the wherewithal to do well in school.
Although poverty is the issue that affects most underachieving schools, the idea of the super head was conceived as the answer to poorly performing schools. According to Marshall (2001), recruiting exceptional headmasters to improve schools was begun with what was once known as the Hammersmith County School (Marshall, 2001). The local authority school was located in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham (Marshall, 2001). The neighboring schools were grant maintained and church schools (Marshall, 2001). The Hammersmith School was being closed because of poor results and OFSTED reports (Marshall, 2001). However, instead of closing the school the administration decided to reopen it and called it the…
Education. 2004. Official Site of the Labor Party. retrieved January 15, 2005 from;
Mixed feelings from 'super heads'. retrieved January 15, 2005 from; http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/2132516.stm
Superheads' call for £120k a year, (2000). retrieved January 15, 2005 from; http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/914516.stm
Fifth, the NCLB is devoid of any meaningful consequences for failing to achieve federal objectives other than the publication of such failures in conjunction with the rights of parents to request transfers of their children to better-performing academic institutions (Darling-Hammond 2004). Critics have suggested that the most likely result of enforcement of such limited consequences for noncompliance is the overcrowding of institutions who fulfill the federal requirements to their detriment by virtue of diminution in their ability to meet the educational needs of increased enrollment of low-achieving students (Sonnenblick 2008). Likewise, the NCLB Act authorizes increased federal funding of home schooling and for-profit institutions that further reduces necessary funds to public institutions.
Sixth, whereas George H. Bush articulated the connection between adequate nutrition and access to healthcare and preparedness to learn in school, the NCLB Act ignores this element entirely. Many critics and career educators believe that any proposed educational…
Adams, D. & Hamm, M. (1994). New Designs for Teaching and Learning: Promoting Active Learning in Tomorrow's Schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Caillier, J. (2007) No Child Left Behind Act: Are States on Target to Make Their Goals?; Journal of Negro Education, Fall 2007 Issue. Retrieved June 26, 2008, at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3626/is_200710/ai_n25139930/pg_10
Crawford, J. (2004) No Child Left Behind: Misguided Approach to School Accountability for English Language Learners. National Association for Bilingual Education. Retrieved June 26, 2008, at http://www.nabe.org/documents/policy_legislation/NABE_on_NCLB.pdf
Darling-Hammond, L. (2004) NCLB Implementation Challenges: The Local Superintendent's View; Peabody Journal of Education, 80, 156-169. Forgary, R. (1997) Brain Compatible Classrooms. Andover, MA: Skylight Publishing.
Thus one teaching strategy or method of lecturing will not serve the adult learning population as a whole. ather the teacher would do best to incorporate tactics that allow more active participation, interaction and creative teaching principles in the adult learning environment.
Because an adult serves as his/her own architect, it is feasible to consider the possibility that the adult learner actually recognizes the teaching methods that will best work in their situation and assist them in their pursuit of knowledge. Teachers should investigate this notion and inquire about students learning preferences in order to facilitate an optimal classroom environment conducive to the highest levels of learning.
Boulmetis (2000) further supports the notion that alternative methods may enhance the process of learning for the adult, suggesting that teaching should be colorful and unique to be effective. The teacher has an obligation in the adult learning environment to modify the curriculum…
Boulmetis, J. (2000). "A potpourri of approaches to adult learning." Adult Learning,
Lones, P.S. (2000). "Learning as creativity: Implications for adult learners." Adult
Learning, 11(4), 9.
Major: Sport Management Minor: Business
Financed 100% of tuition with merit-based scholarships
Bank of America
Executive Development Program (Sales Manager)
Dec 2011- Present
Managed a $10 mortgage collections business by leading and coaching a team of 31 associates
Exceeded sales plan 9 out of 12 months as manager.
Increased same store sales by 4.2% within the Mortgage Collections business
Helped develop the community service initiative "Bag Hunger," generating $2,900 to feed low income families in the South Florida area
Personal Training Intern (30 hours per week)
Jan 2010- May 2010
Pioneered a successful corporate fitness program for over 60 employees designed to increase productivity and overall efficiency within the work environment.
Generated over $9,000 dollars of revenue through successful implementation of corporate fitness programs
Sears Holdings Co
Executive Management Intern
May 2009-Aug 2009
Learned successful operation and management…
This proposal seeks to create an organization that will help train students to fill positions in information technology (IT). It is proposed that this entity operate as a non-profit to maximize its influence on the youth of today. Its products and services will revolve around hardware, software and valuable instruction to students at after school programs. It will attempt to procure funding from typical non-profit sources (in the public and private spheres).
This company will be formed to directly address the skills gap for the IT industry. The company will provide training to after school programs regarding the various facets of technology in which students can pursue careers. The company will effectively function as a non-profit entity (and will potentially have 501 c status) which should considerably help its financing and even management options. The company will contact a number of different after school programs and…
Clicking on the links reveals that some of the topics provide more information and information in different formats than others. For example, the Aging Driver topic lists the following clickable PDF files:
Tips for Safe Driving, How to Help the Older Driver, Getting by Without Driving, Am I a Safe Driver?, and Successful Aging Tips.
Other topics, such as Health Disparities, do not provide information directly but only link the user to external resources and other databases. This might discourage many users, especially those unfamiliar with online research hoping to find printable information with a minimum of further searching online. Meanwhile, another topic, Breastfeeding, does provide easily accessible information that includes illustrative diagrams along with the text-based information, as depicted below.
How should I hold my baby while breastfeeding?
You can hold your baby in a number of ways. Your baby shouldn't have to turn his or her head or…