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An organization's structure affects many aspects of the organization. Kanter (1999) notes that people within an organization tend to operate in line with the messages that they are receiving, so structural elements do affect culture and vice versa. An organizational structure reflects how the people at the top of the organization view how the organization works. So if you have, for example, few new products, you might just work with a geographic structure, and that would encourage people in the company to adopt a transactional mindset, building stability within a tightly defined context. However, if products are the basis of the organizational culture, this might have people working on a specific product become more oriented towards growing that product. The orientation of the company is different so the way that people within the company see themselves and their roles is also going to be different. Buhler (2011) also…
Buhler, P. (2011). Changing organizational structures and their impact on managers. Supervision. Vol. 72 (2) 24.
Kurtzman, J. (1999). An interview with Rosabeth Moss Kanter. Strategy & Business. Retrieved April 19, 2014 from http://www.strategy-business.com/article/19494?gko=df950
The Boardman Management Group has a simple organizational structure consisting of a single unit. All of the management is located in one facility, which is situated adjacent to the primary area of business. The group uses this structure because most of its business is the Baderman Island Resort. It is not known if the Group even manages the original portfolio of cottages and hotels, but there are some offsite properties that are also managed from this central location. Presumably the rationale is that these properties are not a major part of the business, and it is easier to have management centrally located than on-site.
This type of organizational structure is typically utilized for firms that have a single business, and a narrow geographic scope. All of the functions can work closely together when they are in a central location. The company's units have a higher degree of cohesion,…
Resolution often needs to be imposed from above.
A third type of communication problem at firms operating a matrix structure is that of corporate culture clash. In the case of Spectrum, the regional head office may wish to impose upon the different product functions the head office corporate culture. Each of the functional firms, however, may have its own culture and may find that it benefits from certain cultural differences. These differences, however, can cause communication problems and discord.
ithin the multidivisional structure, one type of communication that can occur is that the company only shares some types of information well, but not others. hen Apple reorganized into a multidivisional structure, some groups communicated very well, but ultimately the results did not generate any congruencies or economies of scale advantages -- the wrong people were communicating about the wrong things (Grant, 2002).
Another form of communication problem that can occur…
Kerzner, H. (2009). Project management: A systems approach to planning, scheduling and controlling. Wiley p. 109
Hoskisson, R. (2008). Strategic management -- concepts and cases: Competitiveness and Globalization. Cengage, p. 318
Grant, R. (2002). Contemporary strategy analysis: Concepts, techniques, applications. Wiley. p.207
With each organization looking for the most efficient ways of getting work done, there has a risen a necessity to try out several modes of operation that would enable the intended results in an organization to be realized. This was one of the driving forces that prompted Best Buy to change their mode of operation to the ROWE model.
The other very significant reason behind the ROWE model is the employee burnout that is experienced by the majority of the people who are stuck to their desks from morning straight to evening with very short breaks in the name of working from the office. This results into loss of balance between the work-life aspects.
It is also significant to note that the employees looked at the clock system as one full of dogma with the bosses requiring them to be physically present at all the working…
They do this by supporting the different functions and subgeographic groups such as those outlined in Exhibit C. Exhibit B. illustrates the role that each of the different functions plays - they are on a par with Ground Operations in the structure, but perform a staff function.
c. The organizational design at FedEx best serves the company's needs. Despite the company having operations around the world, there is little need for matrix structure. There are several reasons for this. One is that the company's core Express operation requires close coordination globally. The company presents a face to the consumer that is united globally, a function of the global nature of the service. Therefore, it is logical that each operating company be run from one head office, with operations managed at the regional level, because all areas must be working closely together within a given operating company.
Another reason is that…
Some corporate information from Reuters. Retrieved December 16, 2008 at http://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/companyProfile?symbol=FDX.N
2008 FedEx Annual Report. Retrieved December 16, 2008 at http://files.shareholder.com/downloads/FDX/491475030x0x223284/b51e2e11-6edc-44a3-bcad-e5379c70a765/FedEx08ar.pdf
They might have a different structure at higher levels where more innovation and creativity is required, but at the lower levels everything is based on a machine-like system -- that system is what the franchisees pay for.
Another type of organization is the professional bureaucracy. This type of organization also has a high level of bureaucracy to its nature, but differs from the machine bureaucracy in that there is also a high degree of specialization. Organizations that rely on knowledge workers often have this strategy. While there are a lot of rules and procedures, the actual output is produced by highly-trained professionals, not unskilled labor. An example of this type of organization is a hospital or university (Mantkelow, 2014).
For any given company, there might be differences in the optimal structure. Many industries will gravitate to one structure over the others because it best suits firms in that business. Other…
Davoren, J. (2014). Functional structure organization strengths & weaknesses. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved April 25, 2014 from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/functional-structure-organization-strength-weakness-60111.html
Mantkelow, J. (2014). Mintzberg's organizational configurations. MindTools. Retrieved April 25, 2014 from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newSTR_54.htm
As more organizations begin to realize there are new and innovative ways to involve everyone in the process, then more organizations will see the benefits of changing the way people report to one another, and how they solve problems. Removing the layers of management and hierarchy create more open communication, and remove the fear many staff feel when discussing new ideas and innovations. Having many people "in charge" in an organization may work for some people, but for most it stifles their creativity and need for challenge and growth. I reject the type of management that cannot learn from everyone on staff, and look forward to a time when organizations have the capacity to learn from within, as well as from the outside. I think that will be a new and better day for American business.
This conflict over change is actually very productive as it forces innovation into cultures (Flanagan, unde, 2009). The bottom line is that organizational structures can be changed, and it often takes a CEO to bring lasting and significant innovation to their company as they lead. From being more customer-centered (Peterson, Anand, 2004) to embracing the need for greater innovation (Tellis, Prabhu, Chandy, 2009) organizational structures can change as the underlying cultures do. It takes exceptional effort however and often an external set of circumstances to force change over time.
Tim Flanagan, Craig unde. (2009). How teams can capitalize on conflict. Strategy & Leadership, 37(1), 20-22. etrieved January 27, 2009, from ABI/INFOM Global database. (Document ID: 1626513761).
ichard a Peterson, N Anand. (2004). The PODUCTION of CULTUE PESPECTIVE. Annual eview of Sociology, 30, 311-334. etrieved January 27, 2009, from ABI/INFOM Global database. (Document ID: 691462791).
Gerard J. Tellis, Jaideep C.…
Tim Flanagan, Craig Runde. (2009). How teams can capitalize on conflict. Strategy & Leadership, 37(1), 20-22. Retrieved January 27, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1626513761).
Richard a Peterson, N Anand. (2004). The PRODUCTION of CULTURE PERSPECTIVE. Annual Review of Sociology, 30, 311-334. Retrieved January 27, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 691462791).
Gerard J. Tellis, Jaideep C. Prabhu, Rajesh K. Chandy. (2009). Radical Innovation Across Nations: The Preeminence of Corporate Culture. Journal of Marketing, 73(1), 3. Retrieved January 27, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1611531261).
business organizations and environment facilitates a complex flow of information through each segment of the business corporation. It is therefore advocated that efficient and timely management of information is the backbone of all business organizations. So for the sake of acquaintance of effective information management of business records the organizations are now taking more technological approaches rather than manual ones. For that many organization have installed business software than offer customizable tools for different business and even various departments of the same organization. These customizable features have offered a great deal of satisfaction to the entrepreneurs and cooperation who basically seek for authenticity and accuracy.
Role of Information Technology in Business Organizations and Its Structure
As a matter of fact information technology is the core determinant of the contemporary organizations. The business landscape has been exposed to a wide variety of information management tools that offers instant solutions to…
Dawe, Richard L. "An Investigation of the Pace and Determination of Information Technology Use in the Manufacturing Materials Logistics System." Journal of Business Logistics 15.1 (1994): 229+. Questia. Web. 2 Mar. 2012.
Delmonte, Anthony J. "Information Technology and the Competitive Strategy of Firms." Journal of Applied Management and Entrepreneurship 8.1 (2003): 115+. Questia. Web. 2 Mar. 2012.
Edwards, Sebastian. "Information Technology and Economic Growth in Developing Countries." Challenge 45.3 (2002): 19+. Questia. Web. 2 Mar. 2012.
"The Information Technology Revolution." World Economic Outlook: 105. Questia. Web. 2 Mar. 2012.
THE INTENATIONAL BOTHEHOOD OF THE TEAMSTES
Administration and membership of the Teamsters Union and its Organization
The Teamsters Union refers to one of the biggest labor unions across the world. It contributes significantly to the revenues realized by the U.S. The union has a unique structure that facilitates the effective running and management of organizational activities. The president leads the union who plays the responsibility of overseeing all the organizational activities and making decisions that influence the performance of the union and its ability to provide its services to its global consumers. The general secretary, international vice presidents, and international trustees play the responsibility of providing the required support to the president and implementation of the planned organizational activities (DeLancey, 2003). The Teamsters employ the use of top-down organizational structure to ensure effective communication and creation of order in the execution of organizational activities. The top-down organizational structure ensures…
DeLancey M. (2003).100 years of Teamsters history: a strong legacy, a powerful future. United States: DeLancey.
Jacobs, J.B., & Cooperman, K.T. (2011). Breaking the devil's pact the battle to free the Teamsters from the mob. New York: New York University Press.
Search Results. (n.d.). Teamsters. Retrieved August 19, 2014, from http://teamster.org/ search-as_q=002804770644527135998%3A4zrokwi71xm&ie=UTF-8&as_q=leadersip+structure&sa=Search' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Large amounts of employees cannot be easily dealt with by one, or sometimes even a few, corporate officers, as the Nucor example makes clear. Corporate officers often can make better use of their time in other ways. If a company begins with a large number of employees, simple structure may not be the answer for them. Similarly, if employees in plants are large distances from the corporate headquarters, or the company has a variety of plants, a separate structure must be adopted for each plant in order to best deal with the problems that arise there. Relying on a single CEO or small group of officers in this case may lengthen reaction times and end up in financial or literal disaster for companies. Finally, a complex structure encourages a great deal of respect while a simple structure can be interpreted as loose and informal, with every day workers appealing decisions…
Google Company Analysis
The company under scrutiny is Google Inc. At Google's new parent company, their employees stand at 72,053 full-time employees (Statista). The vision of Google is "to provide access to the world's information in one click." The mission statement is "to organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful." Google operates in all countries where the Internet is but is operates in 100 countries around the globe but has 25 countries that have partially blocked Google's services (Google Inc., 2015).
Google is a global technology company that deals in designing. Moreover, it offers various products and services to its subscribers. Google Inc. has a primary focus on web-based search and tools of display advertising, consumer content, desktop systems, hardware products, commerce, and enterprise solutions. The customers of Google are worldwide. The main competitors included Yahoo (YHOO) media company AOL, and Internet pioneer. Moreover,…
CNN. Alphabet Inc. Retrieved from money.cnn.com/quote/quote.html?symb=GOOG&source=story_quote_link
Geier, B. (2015). This is Google's secret to making work less awful. Fortune.
Google Inc. (2014). Google Inc. Form 10-K, 2014.
Google Inc. (2015). Company -- Google.
Bon Secours Organizational Structure
I n 1824, in Paris, amidst the devastation following the French Revolution, a group of 12 women came together to form the congregation of the Sisters of Bon Secours, French for "Good Help" and the Sisters' purpose was to nurse the sick and dying in their homes (Bon Secours, N.d.). The group later arrived in the United States towards the end of the nineteenth century and has been operating there ever since. The organization has grown to include many locations in several states on the East Coast. The organization still operates with their Catholic heritage in mind and much of the cares provided in these organizations are charity cases. The organization consists of a staff of over 21,000 and well over 60 facilities in six states
Figure 1 - Bon Secours Locations (Bon Secours, 2013)
Figure 2 - Community Benefit (Bon Secours, 2013)
Bon Secours. (2012). 2011 Annual Report. Retrieved from Bon Secours: http://www.bshsi.com/assets/hso/BSHSI_Annual_Report-2011FINAL.pdf
Bon Secours. (2013). Community Benefit. Retrieved from Annual Report: http://richmond.bonsecours.com/assets/pdfs/BSGN-1579_BSR_Annual_Report_2012_final4_OL_FOR_WEB.pdf
Bon Secours. (2013). Locations. Retrieved from Careers at Bon Secours: http://careers.bonsecours.com/locations.html
Bon Secours. (N.d.). About us. Retrieved from Bon Secours Health Systems: http://richmond.bonsecours.com/about-us-about-bon-secours.html
Organizational Structure Analysis
Why Flattening Hierarchies and Empowering Teams Is a Strategy
Flattening, also called delayering, simply refers to the removal of layers in the organizational hierarchy of a company, and the expansion of the manager's span of power. The supposed benefits of flattening run basically from pushing decisions down to improving client and market responsiveness to enhancing drive as well as responsibility. This is a strategy because the basis of flattening seems positive: to stay competitive in the face of more competition, for example, companies should pursue a streamlined, effective organization, which could respond to clients more rapidly (Wulf, 2012).
An empowered worker has the power and responsibility of making decisions, instead of the need to get instructions or consent from the manager. In an empowered team, every teammate has a say in group discussions. The team might make alterations to their product or project at will. An organization…
Boundless. (2015, July 21). Divisional Structure. Retrieved from Boundless Management. Boundless: https://www.boundless.com/management/textbooks/boundless-management-textbook/organizational-structure-2/common-organizational-structures-25/divisional-structure-147-3977/
Corcoran, C. K. (2000). The Intersection of Technology and Organizational Culture. Retrieved February 21, 2016, from http://www.studentaffairs.com/ejournal/Fall_2000/corcoran.htm
Harris, S. (2015, December 9). Global expansion -- the essential enabling technologies. Retrieved February 21, 2016, from Orange Business: http://www.orange-business.com/en/blogs/connecting-technology/emerging-markets/global-expansion-the-essential-enabling-technologies
Marzec, E. (2016). What Is Team Empowerment? Retrieved February 21, 2016, from Small Business: http://smallbusiness.chron.com/team-empowerment-12716.html
The healthcare organization that this paper will focus on is Carolinas Healthcare System. In particular, this is one of the top healthcare organizations in the Southeast region and one of the most wide-ranging, non-profit healthcare organizations in the United States.
The governing structure of Carolinas Healthcare System is led by the Board of Commissioners. These people are a set of individuals who have shown awareness and interest in the health and well-being of the public. In addition, the organization has a Board of Advisors, whose members are selected by the Chairman of the Board (Carolinas Healthcare System, 2016).
Mission, Vision, and Key Values
Carolinas Healthcare System's mission is the formation of an all-encompassing system to provide comprehensive healthcare associated services, in addition to educational and research prospects, for the benefit of the consumers. Secondly, the vision of the organization is to be nationally acknowledged as a…
Arnwine, D. L. (2002). Effective governance: the roles and responsibilities of board members. Proceedings (Baylor University. Medical Center), 15(1), 19.
Bonn, I., & Fisher, J. (2005). Corporate governance and business ethics: Insights from the strategic planning experience. Corporate governance: An international review, 13(6), 730-738.
Carolinas Healthcare System. (2016). About Carolinas Healthcare System. Retrieved 4 August 2016 from: http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/about-us
Carolinas Healthcare System. (2016). Carolinas Healthcare System Governing Boards. Retrieved 4 August 2016 from:
firms, the organizational structure will have an impact on how well they are able to achieve operational objectives and increase profit margins. In the case of Southwest Airlines, they have redefined the way carriers are interacting with customers and the kinds of services that are provided. This is illustrating how the kind of structure will influence the way a firm is able to reach out to stakeholders. To determine the kind of model that Southwest is utilizing requires looking at: the organizational structure, how it functions and the design. Together, these different elements will show how Southwest Airlines is able to use them to increase revenues and meet the needs of various stakeholders.
Describe the organizational structure of Southwest Airlines. Compare and contrast that structure with two different organizational structures.
The organizational structure that is used by Southwest Airlines is a hybrid model. This is where the firm is utilizing…
Organization Structure and Design. (2009). Slide Share. Retrieved from: http://www.slideshare.net/mubeena/org-design
Organizational Structure of Southwest Airlines. (2010). Word Press. Retrieved from: https://tortora.wordpress.com/2010/04/15/organizational-structure-of-southwest-airlines/
Southwest Airlines. (2012). The Official on the Board. Retrieved from: http://www.theofficialboard.com/org-chart/southwest-airlines
Writing, A. (2012). Different Types of Organizational Structures. Chron. Retrieved from: http://smallbusiness.chron.com/different-types-organizational-structure-723.html
al-Mart Organizational Structure
The most successful companies have something to teach us. al-Mart has proved its successful business approach by adapting with changes throughout the years while maintaining a certain organizational system. The purpose of this essay is to examine al-Mart and its organizational structure methods. I will specifically analyze three different organizing functions for this company. I will evaluate the organizational structure of al-Mart and compare it to other forms of structuring. Next, this essay will evaluate al-Mart in terms of its organizational functions. Finally, I will demonstrate how al-Mart's organizational design suits its business model.
According to al-Mart's corporate web site, this company serves over 200 million customers a week providing consumer items including groceries, clothing, electronics and more. al-Mart sells its goods to customer through various outlets including retail, online and mobile devices. al-Mart employs more than 2 million people throughout the world and its…
Gereffi, G. & Christian, M. (2009). The Impacts of Wal-Mart: The Rise and Consequence of the World's Dominant Retailer. Annual Review of Sociology, 2009, 35: 573-91. Retrieved from http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/pdf/10.1146/annurev-soc-070308-115947
Hartung, A. (2012). Wal-Mart's Wrong-Headed Reorganization. Forbes, 30 Jan 2012. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/adamhartung/2012/01/30/wal-marts-wrong-headed-re - organization/2/
Wal-Mart Corporate Web page. "Leadership." Viewed on 25 Jan 2013. Retrieved from http://corporate.walmart.com/our-story/
Multidivisional Organizational Structure
Organizational Structure of Large Corporations
Effective management of any organization is a function of keeping track of the details. hen the day was over, a profitable enterprise is one which can answer the questions of how much was produced, spent, sold, what kind of problems occurred along the way, and what the organization is doing to solve the problems in order to remain on the path toward profitability. hile this list may appear overly simplistic, everything that a business does can be mapped along a path begins by purchasing raw materials and ends at selling a finished product at a significantly higher price. hether the company sells paperclips, pomegranates, or purple SUV's, their purpose is to buy and sell at a profit while satisfying the needs of the consumer and working community which they serve.
During the last century, as businesses morphed from corner stores and family…
Baliga, B.R. & Alfred M. Jaeger. 1984. Multinational corporations: Control systems and delegation issues. Journal of International Business Studies, 15(2): 25-39.
Birkinshaw, Julian, Configurations of strategy and structure in subsidiaries of multinational corporations.. Vol. 26, Journal of International Business Studies, 12-01-1995, pp 729(25).
Chandler, Alfred Jr. (1962) Strategy and Structure: Chapters in the history of the American Industrial Enterprise. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Child, John. 1973. Strategies of control and organizational behavior. Administrative Science Quarterly, March: 1-17.
The structure of the organization plays a key role and ING's organization has sustained it and helped in its expansion this far. Basically then it can be assumed that the current structure is functional with some problems. The views regarding the typical system can be explored first so that the INGs system can be placed better. In the basic framework it seems to be working, and it is better to leave the structure which is working till there is found a very sure alternate. Some things that would be essential to understand would be what work specialization is, chain of command and span of control. These are the basis of any system.
Traditional and Contemporary views of work specialization, chain of command, and span of control
The span of control relates to the number of managers needed at each level of the system, in other words the…
Allen, Thomas J; Morton, Michael Scott (1994) "Information Technology and the Corporation of the 1990s: Research Studies." Oxford University Press: New York.
Daft, Richard L. (2009) "Organization Theory and Design"
Gitman, Lawrence J; McDaniel, Carl. (2008) "The Future of Business: The Essentials"
The number of levels between CEOs and the lowest managers are dropping. In terms of pay it is stated that pay and incentives become more like a partnership. A concrete example is the outline of organizational flexibility of University of Phoenix. In terms of pay, the old structure promoted a fix sum, regardless of the hours worked, while the new one introduced the notion of salary exempt that allowed a flexible pay system; the salary new structure allows for retribution according to performance as well. The same flexibility can be noticed in terms of hiring techniques, which added a background check to the original procedure. The job descriptions suggest that the new way involves a wider span and a horizontal dispersion of hierarchies suggesting a more collaborative approach. However, the power remains somehow centralized due to the preservation of some hierarchical levels.
Daft .L, Marcic D. (2004), from Understanding…
Daft R.L, Marcic D. (2004), from Understanding Management, 4th Edition, Retrieved from www.monroecc.edu/wusers/mmarriott/bus204/ch07.htm
The Move from Tall to Flat: How Corporate Hierarchies Are Changing, Retrieved at http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=834
Acer has carved out a niche as a cost leader in computers, a business that made the Taiwan-based company popular in the past few years. However, as the personal computer business has generally struggled the last couple of years, Acer has also struggled. This paper will analyze the performance of Acer.
Acer's mission is "to contribute to society," meaning that the more people have access to technology, the better (Acer, 2014). The brand values are curious, progressive and human. While this provides little insight into what the company does or how it seeks to do it, Acer has been most active recently in the personal computer business. As this business has transformed since 2000, laptops have become the number one product in the industry, but standardization of this product has been a boon to low cost providers. Acer, a former OEM manufacturer of personal computers, has become one of the…
Acer Group, (2014). Brand
Retrieved: 27 January, 2014 from http://acer-group.com/public/The_Brands/index.htm
Acer Group (2014). Management
Retrieved: 27 January, 2014 from http://acer-group.com/public/The_Group/management.htm
The company that we will be examining is Apple. They are one the largest computer and electronics manufacturers in the world. At the same time, they also provide support to their various products through additional services they provide (such as: the I Tunes store). It is currently divided into several different divisions to include: Personal Computers, Network Solutions / Peripherals, Media, Digital Content and Third Party Digital Applications. ("Apple," 2011) ased on how Apple is structured, one way to improve economic performance is to re-establish its alliance with Google. What made the partnership fall apart is that Steve Jobs (the founder / CEO) believed that Google stole key I Phone features and placed them in the Android. This created contention between the two sides, as it appeared as if Apple was trying to prevent Google from releasing a competitor to the I Phone. If the company…
Apple. (2011). Yahoo Finance. Retrieved from: http://finance.yahoo.com/q/pr?s=AAPL+Profile
Apple. (2011). Yahoo Finance. Retrieved from: http://finance.yahoo.com/q/ae?s=AAPL+Analyst+Estimates
Apple's Core Values. (2009). Manueal Corpas. Retrieved from: http://manuelcorpas.com/2009/03/08/apples-core-values-according-to-its-ceo-tim-cook/
Apple is a Good Employer but Not as Amazing. (2007). Glass Door. Retrieved from: http://www.glassdoor.com/Reviews/Employee-Review-Apple-RVW35192.htm
Unlike a media conglomerate like Disney or Time arner, an advertising firm has a large number of creative talents that work as a part of teams or cells, on particular accounts in a fairly independent fashion. For example, the Omnicom Group is an advertising, marketing and corporate communication conglomerate, rather than an agency with a singular and notable figurehead that manages such accounts as Gillette and has thirteen corporate branches under its letterhead. But this largeness makes it easier for the firm to take risks in accounts in selecting clients and launching campaigns, in case one campaign fails or a client is lost, another campaign may be just as likely to succeed. hen businesses cannot standardize their product, diversity is key.
Borgatti, Steven. (1996) "Organizational Structure." Last updated April 2, 2002. Retrieved http://www.analytictech.com/mb021/handouts.htm
Omnicom. (2003). Company Profile. Retrieved 17 Sept 2005 at companyprofile.asp?userID=33881961&h=w4VDAyJ6QAzSMrELlnYDMA&username=runner12&symb=OMC
Borgatti, Steven. (1996) "Organizational Structure." Last updated April 2, 2002. Retrieved http://www.analytictech.com/mb021/handouts.htm
Omnicom. (2003). Company Profile. Retrieved 17 Sept 2005 at companyprofile.asp?userID=33881961&h=w4VDAyJ6QAzSMrELlnYDMA&username=runner12&symb=OMC
Strategic Management: Management, Organizational Structure, And Corporate Strategies
Manager, management, and organization
The significance of managers .
Size and strategy of a company
Mission, vision, and corporate strategy
In an organizational setting, strategy has always been more of a high stakes game where the management team identifies the company's mission and makes important decisions that focus all the company's capital, resources, and energy towards its attainment. With the dynamic nature of the current business environment, managers need to constantly analyze their internal and external environments to avoid losing their customers to the competition and losing grip of their market share. This text evaluates the importance of managers to an organization, the importance of organizational structure and culture, and the formulation of corporate strategies.
Manager, management, and an organization
To understand the operations in any business environment, it is important define a manager, management, and an organization. An organization…
Daft, R.L.,2013. Organization Theory and Design. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning
Dransfield, R., 2001. Corporate Strategy. Oxford: Heinnemann Educational Publishers
Flamholtz, E., & Randel, Y., 2011. Corporate Culture: The Ultimate Strategic Asset. California: Stanford University Press
Griffin, R.W., 2013. Management. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning
When considering motivation, a person might lose his or her motivation at work by losing the satisfaction of his or her main lower-order needs. An employee who is obliged to work under dangerous or physically unpleasant conditions, for example, would be likely to lose his or her motivation. Another factor is compensation, which is the most immediate motivator for job performance. Salary is directly related to the ability of employees to meet his or her own immediate needs in terms of food, shelter, and clothing, which are at the bottom of Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
If this is no longer sufficient to meet these needs, an employee's motivation would be unlikely to last very long. This can then also be seen as the main reason behind striking for higher salaries; when employees no longer feel able to meet their own and their families' basic needs, they are likely to become…
Appraisals. Purpose of Performance Appraisal. 2007. Web: http://appraisals.naukrihub.com/purpose-of-performance-appraisal.html
Archer, North and Associates. Performance Appraisal Basic Purposes. 2011. Web: http://www.performance-appraisal.com/basic.htm
Baena, S., Calle, C., Fernandez, P., Garcia, I., and Garcia, A. The Impact of Managerial Style on Task Performance Considering Nature of Task and Individaul Motivational Needs. 2011. Web: http://www.slideshare.net/clase5pt09/the-impact-of-managerial-style-on-task-performance-considering-nature-of-task-and-individual-motivational-needs
Envision. Maslow's Theory of Motivation -- Hierarchy of Needs. Web: http://www.envisionsoftware.com/articles/Maslows_Needs_Hierarchy.html
organizational culture and diversity helps me to understand my current workplace and the issues we face. All organizational theories provide some insight into the organization, with diversity theories and organizational culture and management theories being especially relevant because we are a small company with a diverse workforce. In spite of the tremendous benefit and opportunities presented by diversity in the workplace, I do not see that our current owner/chief executive understands well enough how to capitalize on diversity. The chapter on diversity in the text points out how diversity management is fast becoming a critical management strategy not just because of ethics and social justice, but also because diversity is good for business.
A business-focused diversity management strategy would help our small private ambulance/paramedic company improve our branding, attract a broader clientele, and expand the business. Equally as important, a cohesive diversity management strategy would help our company retain top…
Arvinen-Muondo, Raisa, and Stephen Perkins. Organizational Behaviour. Kogan Page. 2013.Skillsoft. (Accessed May 16, 2017)
Organizational structure is defined as a framework that a company uses to distinguish roles and responsibilities, power and authority as well as the method information flows within the organization. A company may choose a structure that will assist in reacting to changes and uncertainties from both external and internal environments. A suitable organizational structure will assist a company to implement proper decision making and operating procedures, which will aid the organization to achieve their goals and objectives. A common approach in assessing the organizational structure is to examine both the mechanistic and organic structures, which is the effective tool to rate an organization business process. (Dust, esick, & Mawritz, 2014).
The objective of this study is to assess the Apple Inc. organizational structure and uses the 10-likert scale to evaluate the structure of the company. The study provides the recommendations for Apple to improve their organization structure.
Dust, S. B., Resick, C. J., & Mawritz, M. B. (2014). Transformational Leadership, Psychological Empowerment, and the Moderating role of Mechanistic-organic Contexts.
Lunenburg, F.C. (2012). Mechanistic-Organic Organizations -- An Axiomatic Theory: Authority Based on Bureaucracy or Professional Norms. International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Property. 14(2):1-7.
Phillips, J.M. & Gully, S.M. (2013). Organizational Behavior: Tools for Success. UK. Cengage Learning.
Ronda, R.F. (2001). Measuring Organic and Mechanistic Cultures. Engineering Management Journal. 13(4): 3-8.
Organizational Change and Management
Organizations have set goals and objectives that should be achieved within a specified period. For organizations to achieve them, they should have structures that would ensure that the needed activities are done in the desired way. Maguire (2012) defines the organizational structure as the way in which people are grouped to get work done in a firm. It forms the basis for the development of an effective relationship between different stakeholders such as managers and the employees. Organizational structures can be grouped into different types that include matrix, functional, and divisional structures among others. Evidence shows that the type of structure used in an organization influences its members significantly.
Organizational structures affect job satisfaction among the staff of a firm. According to a literature review performed by Thomas (2015), it became evident that nurses who worked in hospitals where decentralization was used in task execution and…
Technology: Influence on Organizational Structure and Future Practice
Influence on Organizational Structure and Future Practice: Technology
Technology has changed the way people interact, and how they conduct business. Social media platforms have made it easier for organizations to market their products and extend their coverage beyond geographical boundaries. This text analyzes the role of technology in the modern-day organization, including how it influences organizational structure, organizational authority, and future professional practice.
Technology has, and continues to change the way we live our lives, including how we interact with each other, and how we conduct business. Social media networks such as Facebook and Twitter are an integral part of the modern-day organization. These technologies assist organizations in interacting with their customers and also marketing their products beyond geographical borders. Through technology, organizations are able to maintain authority over their counterparts that rely on traditional methods and techniques. Technology can be a…
Couldry, N. (2012). Media, Society, World: Social Theory and Digital Media Practice. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Zimmerman, J. & Ng, D. (2015). Social Media Marketing All-in-One for Dummies (3rd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
MANAGING OGANIZATION'S STUCTUE
Managing the Organization's Structure; McDonald's case study
McDonald's represents the biggest fast food chain in the world, with its key products being burgers, soft drinks, French fries, desserts and shakes. Increasing health consciousness and trends against obesity have called attention to the company, which, by all accounts, has contributed majorly to rapid growth of obesity in its customers. Foods marketed by the company (all fast foods, in fact) are unhealthy, being loaded with salt and fat, and having minimal nutritional value (About McDonald, 2015).
The organization I work in shows the following scores, based on the McGinty/Moss survey:
It has a deliberative traditional culture
Questions 6-10: It doesn't portray a stable/established culture
Questions 11-15: It has an urgent or seat of the pants culture
The question category 1-5, which labels my company's culture as traditional showed the most number of 'true' responses in the McGinty/Moss 'true/false question'…
About McDonald's. Retrieved on 19 September 2015 from http://www.aboutmcdonalds.com
Cameron, K. S., & Quinn, R. E. (2006).Diagnosing and changing organizational culture: Based on the competing values framework (Rev. ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Jacobides., M. G. (2007). The inherent limits of organizational structure and the unfulfilled role of hierarchy: Lessons from a near-war. Organization Science, 18, 3, 455-477.
Kraut, A. (1996).Organizational Survey: Tools for Assessment and Change. Josey-Bass Publishers
.....organizational structure. Please make specific reference to pages 160-168 in your textbook Advancing your Career. In your opinion, is the structure of your organization effective or ineffective? Please defend your position -- what is working or not working and state specifically ideas which would make it more effective.
Elizabeth's organizational structure would best be described as an adhocracy, or an organic organizational structure that is relatively fluid and dynamic (Nunnery, 2012, p.161). Different components of the organization attend to various needs of elderly adults and persons with disabilities, spanning from long-term care, adult daycare, hospice care, and other supportive services such as assistance for elders experiencing abuse at the hands of their caregivers. An organic rather than a bureaucratic structure is needed because there is often overlap between the different services required by patients. Some patients may begin with a need for treatment of a specific ailment like a fall…
Complexity as a Driver of Organizational Structure Technology
Complexity as a driver in organizational structure and technology is ostensibly an attempt to create value as a function of technological innovation. However, the question of uncertainty arises when technological progress is exceedingly complex. In fact, according to a study (Perrow, 1973), there are technologies that are highly complex yielding uncertainty in performance and "availability of inputs, and the variability of the transformation process. More complex technology leads to more uncertainty, fewer programmed decisions, and a greater use of discretion." (Perrow, 1973)
If such complexity in technological systems causes these issues, then why do organizations elect to invest into this complexity? According to Perrow (1973), "Technology is often seen as tools or equipment that converts inputs into outputs of some kind. This is not the only definition of technology, it is a modernist view, but even they introduce the terms of core,…
Hatch, M.J., & Cunliffe, A.L. (2006). Organization theory: Modern, symbolic and postmodern perspectives. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Perrow, C. (1973). The short and glorious history of organizational theory. Organizational Dynamics 2(1), 2 -- 15.
United States Postal Service (2008). Vision 2013. Five-Year Strategic Plan.
Bureaucratic structures exist in organizations in order to provide a means by which to exercise control over the organization. This type of structure focuses on chain of command and reporting. This structure usually sees strategy formulated at the top of the organization, then disseminated downwards. The managers play the role of assigning tasks and control over their employees. Multiple layers of management are typically used in order to ensure full and effective control over the company (Ingram, 2015).
There are several benefits to flatter organizational hierarchies, and the Xerox case exhibits several of these. One of the most important is better communication. Management at Xerox needed to encourage greater creativity, in particular getting feedback from all levels of the organization in order to innovate. The flatter hierarchy lowers barriers between workers and key decision-makers, enabling communications to flow better throughout the organization (Griffin, 2015). This is what occurred at…
Ingram, D. (2015). What are the advantages and disadvantages of a bureaucratic organizational structure. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved November 21, 2015 from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/advantages-disadvantages-bureaucratic-organization-structure-2761.html
Griffin, D. (2015). Benefits of a flat organization structure. Houston Chronicle Retrieved November 21, 2015 from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/benefits-flat-organizational-structure-281.html
Jointly, with the Board of directors and legal counsel, maintain legal status of the firm at all times.
VP Finance: Shondra Wilcox
Reports to: CEO
VP/Finance reports to the CEO and manages BottleMax's financial and accounting policies, systems and processes, tax and regulatory requirements regarding finance, budget controls, financial modeling and forecasting, and works with the CEO to present annual business plans to the Board.
• Oversee external audit; review and analyze audited financial statements
• Prepare the annual financial report
• Oversee cash management and banking
• Ensure BottleMax complies with all internal policies and relevant regulations and ensure filings are completed on time
• Develop and oversee internal review to ensure that finance and operations controls are complied with.
• Manage the payroll systems with the VP of Production and Personnel
• Implement financial systems that ensure maximum productivity
• Oversee the continuous improvement of accounting and financial…
Management: Tesco Supermarket
Tesco's Goals and Targets
Functions of Management
Internal Analysis of Strengths and Weaknesses
Creating more Innovative Organizational Cultures
Benefits of Effective Communication
Understanding Management: Tesco Supermarket
Tesco supermarket is a British multinational grocery and general merchandise retailer. Tesco is headquartered in Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, England in the United Kingdom. Tesco deals with a wide range of products, which has high demand in the market aiming at full customer satisfaction. Tesco was founded in the East End of London, London in 1919. The fist chief executive officer was Dave Lewis. Tesco was originally dealing only with grocery, but it later diversified to various products in various geographical regions.
Tesco has opened many branches in different countries, and it is aiming to reach even people in rural areas. Tesco has stores in 12 countries all over Europe and Asia, and it is the leading grocery…
Alanezi, A.S., 2015. Communication Satisfaction and Its Relationship to Organizational Commitment among Secondary Teachers in Kuwait.
Chen, I.S., and Tseng, F.T., 2016. The Relevance of Communication Media in Conflict Contexts and Their Effectiveness: A Negotiation Experiment. Computers in Human Behavior, 59, Pp.134-141.
Da Fonseca, M.J.M., Silva, J.R. and Menezes, A.M.F., 2015. The Internationalization of Portugal Telecom and Its Impact on the Company's Organizational Structure. International Journal of Engineering and Industrial Management, (1), Pp.209-230.
Egeberg, M., Gornitzka, A, Trondal, J., and Johannessen, M., 2015. The European Parliament Administration: Organizational Structure and Behavioral Implications. In The Palgrave Handbook of the European Administrative System (Pp. 227-245). Palgrave MacMillan UK.
Patrol crafts would be deployed along the coastal areas waiting to act upon any information provided to confiscate drugs and arrest drug traffickers. For this purpose, the city police would be armoured with 2 well-equipped fast patrol crafts. Communication services between the stations and the patrol crafts would be state of the art including GPS systems and radar networks to facilitate identifying and tracking down of suspicious activity in the coastal waters. Further, the use of latest thermal imaging and laser optics tools would provide effective supervision at nights.
The police department has immense responsibility in maintaining law and order and providing safety and security would necessitate a strong police force based on a clear and sound organizational philosophy. As a coastal city with its growing population, the urban city of Metropolis is faced with numerous problems, in particular the high drug trade activity along the coastal regions. The…
NCWC, " Police in Society," Accessed 16th Apr 2007, Available online at, http://faculty.ncwc.edu/toconnor/205/205lects.htm
Author not Available, "Community Policing," Accessed 15th Apr 2007, available at http://law.jrank.org/pages/1648/Police-Community-Policing-Definition-community-policing.html
James T. Quinlivan, Burden of Victory: The Painful Arithmetic of Stability Operations, Available Online at, http://www.rand.org/publications/randreview/issues/summer2003/burden.html
City of Phoenix, 'Police Officer Processing Procedures', Accessed Apr 16th 2007, available at http://www.ci.phoenix.az.us/POLICE/pdjob3.html
organization familiar present items relate organization: • Describe organizational structure selected organization. Compare contrast structure organizational structures. • Evaluate organizational functions ( marketing, finance, human resources, operations) influence determine organizational structure selected organization.
My company choice is Microsoft, mainly because it best reflects one of the newest and most used organizational approaches in the 20th and 21st century. There are several interesting considerations worth pointing out in the case of Microsoft.
Microsoft uses a team-based organization, often combined or embedded on a project-based approach. The idea of a team-based organizational structure is to synergize individual skills and competencies into a larger, more overarching framework (Thareja, 2007). In the case of Microsoft and, in fact, of many other software producers, the team-based organizational structure is also determine by the necessities that arrive in software development and the particularities of the different phases in this process that require employees with particular skills…
1. Thareja P. 2008. Total Quality Organization Thru' People,(Part 16), Each one is Capable, FOUNDRY, Vol. XX, No. 4, July/Aug 2008
Organizational Environment Starbucks
In-depth Analysis of Organizational Environment - Starbucks
Starbucks Organizational Culture and Environment
Global Perspectives of Starbucks
Social esponsibility embraced by Starbucks
Starbucks Planning Process
Decision Making Process of Starbucks
Starbucks Corporate Strategy
Organizational Structure of Starbucks
Starbucks uses a mechanistic structure as a contemporary design
Starbucks Organizational Culture and Environment
Starbucks Corporation is considered as one of the leading coffee house chains that offer best quality coffee to its customers. This retail corporation is based in the United States, initiated in the early years of the decade of 1970. Due to its popularity, the company rapidly expanded to various locations around the globe. The vision, goals and strategies designed clearly indicated the fact that the owners did not believe in having growth that can abate the corporate culture, therefore, the corporate culture was considered to be one of the integral aspects for the company. The mission statement…
Anthony, W.P., Gales, L.M., & Hodge, B.J. (2003). Organization Theory: A Strategic Approach. 6th Edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
BCG. (2012). Howard Schultz on Global Reach and Local Relevance at Starbucks - An Interview with the CEO. bcg.perspectives. Retrieved from: https://www.bcgperspectives.com/content/videos/leadership_management_two_speed_economy_howard_schultz_global_reach_and_local_relevance/
Behar, H. (2007). It's Not About the Coffee: Leadership Principles from a Life at Starbucks. USA: Portfolio.
SeaZone. (2012). Successful Application of Organizational Behavior: Starbucks - Achieving Success the Starbucks Way. Yahoo Voices. Retrieved from: http://voices.yahoo.com/successful-application-organizational-behavior-2435551.html?cat=3
Organizational Theory #1
Create a code of ethics for an organization of your choice. For each point in the code of ethics, describe an ethical dilemma that would be resolved using the code of ethics.
All employees will conduct business honestly and ethically. We will constantly improve the quality of our services, products and operations and create a reputation for honesty, fairness, respect, responsibility, integrity, trust and sound business judgment. (Provides a clearly stated, over-arching business philosophy for honesty and fair dealings that every employee can follow).
No illegal or unethical conduct on the part of company employees or affiliates is in the company's best interest. All are expected to adhere to high standards of personal integrity -- not allowing their personal interests to conflict with the interests of the company, its clients or affiliates. We will not compromise our principles for short-term advantage. (Encourages all employees to seek the…
Beauchamp, L., & O'Connor, A. (2012). America's most admired companies: A descriptive analysis of CEO corporate social responsibility statements. Public Relations Review, 38(3), 494-497. doi:10.1016/j.pubrev.2012.03.006
Jones, G. (2010). Organizational theory, design, and change (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
The Walt Disney
The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
An organization is any social entity that has a well-designed structure to coordinate its functions, and the organization has to have a specific goal. Most organizations hardly work internally alone, but rather involve the external environments. Some organizations are profit oriented, like the business organizations, while others are non-profit making (Daft et al. 2010). In this context, a contemporary focus is overlooked towards the Walt Disney Company, a profound firm dealing with mass media and affiliated industrial operations.
Brief Company Profile
Walt Disney Company was founded in 1923, and has always kept the reputation in providing quality and extremely creative products, which consumers have loved ever since. The organization specializes in providing quality entertainment, services of media communication, broadcasting, television programs and live performances. The company, which is located in California (United States), exemplifies exponential characteristics that…
Barry, L. (2009) Think Like an Iconoclast: The Principles Of Walt Disney's Success: Rotman Magazine, Pg 108-110.
Daft, R.L., Murphy, J. & Willmott, H. (2010) organization Theory and Design: New York, Cengage Learning EMEA.
Forester, M. (2002) Table-Talk Perspective: Chain Store Age, 10870601, Vol.78, Issue 11.
Gershon, R.A. (1996) The Transnational Media Corporation: Global Messages and Free market Competition: New York, Routledge.
The debate regarding which form of protocol is more appropriate, custodial vs. treatment, is indeed one of the more controversial subjects in criminal justice today. Custodial treatment refers to the act of putting the convicted criminal in an institution of some sort, such as a jail or prison (hence the term, "custody"). Those who are in favor of this option stress the pros of this type of method, stressing that it is one of society's oldest forms of punishment: "When someone is sentenced to jail or prison, that individual is physically separated from society (the modern version of banishment- society's first form of punishment. In doing so, the person is quite literally deterred from committing any further crimes against the general public because (due to their incarceration) they simply no longer have physical access to the community" (Bayley, 2009). Bayley stresses one of the obvious advantages of custodial…
Bayley, B. (2009, July 1). Custody Vs. Treatment Debate: Deterrence -- The Two Great Lies.
Retrieved 8, 2012, June, from Correctionsone.com: http://www.correctionsone.com/corrections - training/articles/1851841-Custody-Vs- Treatment-Debate-Deterrence-The-Two-Great-Lies/
Doj.wisconsin.gov. (n.d.). What Is the Difference between Probation and Parole? Retrieved June 8, 2012, from Wisconsin Department of Justice: http://www.doj.wisconsin.gov/dles/cibmanuals/files/TIME/HTML/whatisthedifferencebe tweenprobationandparole.htm
Opm.gov. (n.d.). Position Classification Standard. Retrieved June 8, 2012, from U.S. Office of Personnel Management: http://www.opm.gov/fedclass/gs0007.pdf
This report focuses on the study of organizational behaviour in the hotel industry and most especially in the food and beverage department. Focusing on the organization I am attached to, the aspect of groups and group dynamics is widely explored. The paper first introduces with an introduction in which a brief explanation of the discussion is established. Part of the factors addressed in this section includes the aim and scope of the study. Additionally, the methodology of the research, the assumption, the limitations within the organization and the background of the problem are explored within the discussion. The paper then goes ahead to focus on the literature review. Here, definitions of organizational values and individuals values are provided. Also demonstrated is the manner in which organizational and individual values intersect. Further, the relationship between individual values and organizational structure is established. The report goes further to demonstrate how…
Bilsky, W & Jenh, K (1998) Organizational Culture and Individual Values: Evidence for a Common Structure, Personal Communication
Black, Richard J. (2003) Organizational Culture: Creating the Influence Needed For Strategic Success, London UK
Dean, KW (2011) Value-Based Leadership. How Our Personal Values Impact the Works Place, the Journal of Value-Based Leadership, Valaparaiso University College of Business Management
Kimbro, M, (2012) Organizational Behaviour in the Hospitality Industry, Retrieved From: http://voices.yahoo.com/organizational-behavior-hospitality-industry-13137.html
Organizational Management Models
Change Management Models
There are several change management models that have been advanced as useful for most organizations in their daily operations. Though there are numerous change management models companies may choose from, there are three models which a company is likely to select as far as change is concerned. Nonetheless, a company only selects the model best meeting its needs after the strengths and weaknesses have been compared. Presented in this paper are three change management models; McKinsey 7-S model, Lewin's change management model, and Kotter's 8-step change model. The models' differences as well as similarities are compared; but, only one of model can be considered as a best fit for a company needing a large amount of change.
The first model; the McKinsey 7-S model is a holistic approach to company organization, which collectively determines how the company will operate. This model has seven different…
Manage. (2007, April 90). 7-S Framework (McKinsey). Retrieved January 10, 2013, from www.12manage.com: http://www.12manage.com/methods_7S.html
Mind Tools. (2007). Lewin's Change Management Model: Understanding the Three Stages of Change. Retrieved January 10, 2013, from www.mindtools.com: http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newPPM_94.htm
Rose, K.H. (2007). Leading Change: A Model by John Kotter. Business Source Elite.
Intermountain was started as a small healthcare nonprofit organization, situated in Salt Lake City. With its well-crafted mission, a clearly stated vision, patient's oriented philosophy and a strategy to manage the organization effectively; it was soon able to manage over 32,000 employees. Helping the acute healthcare needs of Southeastern Idaho and Utah's residents, Intermountain's well-managed system of about 23 hospitals, clinics, physicians and health strategies; deliver clinically exceptional medical care and at an affordable rate.
Intermountain health care has a properly drafted and well-communicated mission. Intermountain understands that a mission lays the basis of an organization and is a pre-requisite for its ultimate success. It explains the reason of an organization and identifies the type of business that it intends to engage in. Understanding these basic requirements, Intermountain has setup a mission which promises:
"Excellence in the provision of healthcare services to communities in the Intermountain…
Business, E. o. (2012). MISSION AND VISION STATEMENTS. Retrieved from http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/management/Mar-No/Mission-and-Vision-Statements.html#b
Datamonitor. (2006). Health care industry. Retrieved from http://h20247.www2.hp.com/PublicSector/downloads/HP%20blade%20sols%20in%20hc%20-%20final%201%20case.pdf
Healthcare, I. (2012). Strategic Partnerships. Retrieved from http://intermountainhealthcare.org/about/overview/Pages/partnerships.aspx
Healthcare, I. (2012). Vision and Mission. Retrieved from http://intermountainhealthcare.org/about/overview/pages/mission.aspx
Organizational Case Study -- Nutri Systems
Company Background - Nutrisystem is an American company that provides weightloss products and services. Originally, the company's sales and marketing model focused on Brick and Mortar stores, in-person counseling and exercise sessions, and the sale of prepackaged supplements and food products retail. In 1999, however, largely due to the number of diets on the market and exhaustive competiton, Nutrisystem began selling online with support through 800#s and email. The company expanded to QVC in 2001 and Costco since 2009 (www.nutrisystem.com).
The foundation of the organization is portion-control and a diet that has a low glycemic index. Separate plans are offered for men and women that support a 1-2#/week loss. All plans have love sugar, cholesterol and sodium and cost from $280-400/week. Users must also purchase additional fresh items locally, but 2009 clinical trials showed that persons with Type-2 diabetes consistently lost more weight and…
Organizational and Diagnostic Models. (2008). Retrieved December 2011, from Leadersphere.com: http://www.leadersphere.com/img/OrgmodelsR2009.pdf
NutriSystem Investment Guide. (2011, December 17). Retrieved from Wikiinvest: http://www.wikinvest.com/stock/NutriSystem_ (NTRI)
Liu, Y., & Yang, R. (2008). Competing Loyalty Programs: Impact of Market Saturation. Journal of Marketing, 73(2), 93-100.
Lowman, R. (2005). Importance of Diagnosis in Organization Assessment. Manager Journal, 8(1), 17-28.
Organizational Theory #2
What core competences give an organization competitive advantage? What are examples of an organization's functional-level strategies?
Core competencies are those capabilities that are critical to a business achieving a competitive advantage in the marketplace. Typically, core competencies can be identified by certain common characteristics -- offering a benefit to the customer, difficult to imitate, uniquely identify the organization and easily leveraged to create many products or operate in many markets (Kern, 2010). The organization that is best able to use its resources to create value is in an ideal position to outperform the competition, thus creating advantage (Jones, 2010). Core competencies tend to change in response to changes in the environment. They are flexible, evolve over time and enable the company to enter apparently different markets with a clear and distinctive brand proposition. Examples of core competencies include manufacturing, research and development, new technology or organizational design…
Jones, G. (2010). Organizational theory, design, and change (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Terry, L.D., & Hoefer, R.A. (1995). Making politics and power respectable. Public Administration Review, 55(3), 298.
Organizational Change in the Public Sector
This research proposal explores the feasibility of management in the public Sector as an organizational paradigm and new model in organizational development. The literature review reviews numerous journal articles that explore on the key concepts of change management strategies from a public sector project management perspective. The authors suggest that employee's participation, effective feedback across the board, and empowerment of subordinate staffs is a major step in transforming public organizations. This proposal further hypothesis that establishment of long-term and productivity advantages are crucial throughout the organization.
SCOPE AND PURPOSE
Factor 1: Need for change
Factor 2: implement a Plan for change
Factor 3: create political internal environment for Change
Factor 4: Support and Commitment from managers
Factor 5: enhancing External Support
Factor 6: Provide Resources for change
Factor 7: establish Change
Factor 8: ascertain comprehensive Change
Determinants of implementing…
Abramson, Mark A., and Paul R .Lawrence .2001. The Challenge of Transforming
Administration and its influence on organizational change. Management Decision,
50(10), 1843-1860, Review 62: 555-67.
Armenakis, Achilles A ., and Arthur G .Bedeian .1999 .Organizational Change: A Review of Associates.
ASDA Stores is a large scale retailer in the United Kingdom. It has grown over the decades by regularly expanding its business operations all over the country. Currently, ASDA Stores is present in more than 564 locations and offers a wide array of grocery items, general merchandise, and financial services. The business operations of ASDA Stores are affected by a large number of environmental factors. These factors fall under political and governmental forces, economic forces, social, cultural, and demographical forces, technological forces, legal forces, and environmental forces. All these forces have a direct impact on the company's sales, operations, and financial performance. In order to encounter the environmental challenges and operate in the most competitive and profitable fashion, ASDA Stores has to carefully analyze these forces and design its strategic directions in the best interest of its business affairs.
The resource management practices of…
Armstrong, M. 2007, A Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice, (10th ed.). London: Kogan Page
Armstrong, M. 2000, A Handbook of Management Techniques, (3rd ed.). London: Kogan Page
ASDA, 2013, About ASDA. Available from
[Accessed January 31st, 2013]
Organizational eframing Program
Four Frames of Organizational eframing
Human esource: -
Structural Contingency Theory
Structural Contingency Theory in Human esource Management:-
Social Network Analysis
Impact of reframing plan and ethical issue's
Impact on the department being reframed:-
Impact of reframing on other departments:-
The study shows an organizational plan of a department. The aim of the study is to emphasize on how the theory of organizational life is applicable with the help of utilization of the action research process.
eframing means to redirect or change the way of thinking and look at things with a complete different mindset. In simple terms reframing is change of plans or basic details of an idea. Looking at events from a complete different mindset helps you to avoid individual biases. It also emphasizes the importance of adjustments and flexibility in the organization. The process of reframing suggests finding out…
Hatch, M.J. (2006), "Organization Theory: Modern, symbolic, and postmodern perspectives." 2nd Ed. Oxford University Press
Kanigel, R. (1997). The One Best Way, Frederick Winslow Taylor and the Enigma of Efficiency. London: Brown and Co
Robbins, Stephen P. (2004) Organizational Behavior - Concepts, Controversies, Applications. 4th Ed. Prentice Hall
Fredric M. Jablin, Linda Putnam (2000). The new handbook of organizational communication: advances in theory. p.146
Emphasis was placed on resource allocation, remuneration of the top managers -- through sometimes luxurious premiums and bonuses -- or financial sufficiency -- often created through loans.
2. The leadership style
At the level of the leadership style, a distinction has to be made between management and leadership in the meaning that leadership refers to people, whereas management refers to technical details -- such as resource allocation, financial consideration and so on. As a general specification, the Enron leadership style was that of the follower. The employees were not encouraged nor empowered. Transparency was virtually inexistent. Whenever conflicts or intriguing findings would arise, they would be hushed up.
3. The organizational structure
The organizational structure at Enron was complex and it lacked an adequate control and audit system. It failed to adequately delegate responsibilities and it also failed to implement and demand accountability. The company did not keep an account…
Clark, D., 2010, Leadership and organizational behavior, Bog Dog, Little Dog, http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/leadob.html last accessed on August 9, 2010
Hunter, S., 2007, What brought about Enron's collapse? Associated Content, http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/167610/what_brought_about_enrons_collapse.html last accessed on August 9, 2010
Miner, J.B., 2002, Organizational behavior: foundations, theories and analyses, Oxford University Press
Analysing Organisation: Using relevant theoretical perspectives frameworks, critically analyse organisation choice.
Analyzing organization is the process of assessing the organizations systems, functionality and capacity so as to increase the organizations performance, efficiency and overall output. This is done by using various theories and models whose aim is to understand the structure of the organization, technology and behavioral relationships Bate, Khan, & Pye, 2000.
This should be a periodic and detailed activity that assists the organizations management to identify any inefficiency or problems that may have risen and have not been dealt with the management will then come up with strategies to deal with them.
Compulyzed Telecommunications is a telecommunications company dealing with telephone, cabling, and internet provision services for both home and corporate clients. Compulyzed Telecommunications had an increase of 1.7% operating profit in the fiscal year 2011 as compared to the previous year this was…
Barney, J.B. (1995). Looking inside for Competitive Advantage. The Academy of Management Executive (1993-2005), 9(4), 49-61.
Bate, P., Khan, R., & Pye, A. (2000). Towards a Culturally Sensitive Approach to Organization Structuring: Where Organization Design Meets Organization Development. Organization Science, 11(2), 197-211.
Becker, I., & Flaxer, E. (2008). Analysing the Hierarchical Organization of Text by Using Biologically-Inspired Statistical Methods. [Article]. Journal of Quantitative Linguistics, 15(4), 318-339. doi: 10.1080/09296170802326657
Bloodgood, J.M., & Bauerschmidt, A. (2002). Competitive Analysis: Do Managers Accurately Compare Their Firms To Competitors? Journal of Managerial Issues, 14(4), 418-434.
Organizational Change and Development in Public Sector
Additional points are in red per
Rewrite Edition April 6, 2012
Organizational Change and Development in the Public Sector
One of the most challenging aspects of organizational change is defining a compelling enough vision for associates and employees to concentrate on so they see the value of changing how they work and why. Empirically-based studies indicate that transformational leaders are the most effective at clearly defining and executing a compelling vision that leads to long-term change in an organization (Pardo-del-Val, artinez-Fuentes, Roig-Dobon, 2012). The following proposal for a capstone project focuses on the qualitative factors that contribute the most to successful change management strategies that lead to long-term, permanent change occurring throughout an enterprise. Transformational leadership is essential for the development of an organizational culture that values long-term learning, which is the foundation of long-term productivity gains in an enterprise (Pardo-del-Val, artinez-Fuentes, Roig-Dobon,…
Change management is inherently qualitative in nature as it is often an internalized aspect of behavior in organizations (September, McCarrey, Baranowsky, et. al., 2001). Translating these inherently qualitative aspects of organizational behavior into quantitative measures of performance requires a research method that captures the quantitative, external perceptions and actions of respondents throughout an organization. The research method is therefore predicated on attitudinal measures of perception and performance. The research method therefore includes the research design based on random sampling and Likert scaling to quantify attitudinal
The Children's Hospital of Massachusetts has a fairly basic and regimented structure. There is some lateral movement in some of the layers but it is mostly top down with a clear demarcation and assembly of who is in charge of what and who reports to whom. This report will briefly cover that and will also answer questions about how this organization compares to other organizations, the overall stakeholder relationship relationships that exist and how to improve all of the above, if possible. The organizational chart for the company in question is shown in the first appendix.
The purpose of this report is to critique, analyze and pontificate about the organizational and stakeholder structures and frameworks in a healthcare setting of the author's choosing. The hospital selected is the labeled as Children's Hospital of Massachusetts but is actually the University of New Mexico hospital as the source…
Docstoc. (2014, June 9). Childrens Hospital Massachusetts Organizational Chart. Docstoc.com. Retrieved June 9, 2014, from http://www.docstoc.com/docs/66508904/Childrens-Hospital-Massachusetts-Organizational-Chart
Olden, P.C. (2003). Hospital & community health: Going from stakeholder management to stakeholder collaboration. Journal Of Health & Human Services
Administration, 26(1), 35-57.
Rudin, R.S., Simon, S.R., Volk, L.A., Tripathi, M., & Bates, D. (2009). Understanding
This means training that is focused on increasing the knowledge economy of the transforming firm rather than in simply standardizing processes. According to the text by Chapman (2009), this may even call for a change in the linguistic approach to this process. Chapman advises that "training implies putting skills into people, when actually we should be developing people from the inside out, beyond skills, ie., facilitating learning. So focus on facilitating learning, not imposing training." (Chapman, p. 1) It is conceivable that an appeal to this approach might have spared much of the uncertainty that permeated Cutting Edge Paper during and after the changeover in ownership.
Another recommendation is for the opening of dialogue during the process of transformation so that leadership can become more attuned to the needs of personnel. It is conceivable that during this transformation and Cutting Edge Paper, some ambiguity might have been reduced if leadership…
Chapman, A. (2009). Organizational Change, Training and Learning. BusinessBalls.com.
Corley, K.G. & Gioia, D.A. (2004). Identity Ambiguity and Change in the Wake of a Corporate Spin-off. Administrative Science Quarterly, 49(2).
Eisenberg, E.M. (1984). Ambiguity as Strategy in Organizational Communication. Communication Monographs, 51, 227-242.
Eustis, J. & McMillan, G. (1997). Technology Initiatives and Organizational Changge: Higher Education in a Networked World. CAUSE '97.
Smith provided the appropriate managerial direction which struck the right balance between creativity, performance and productivity. His farsightedness which encompassed a wide vision was long-term, ambitious and the same time entirely practical and feasible. (Section 7: Leadership and Management, p. 243)
Having earlier steered a floundering company towards a successful path, Smith's work was uphill. He had to drastically change the organizational culture and structure while reducing conflict within the very talented set of employees and provide them with a collective direction. He was also expected to reduce the atmosphere of uncertainty prevailing in the organization and use the "countercultures" of the earlier two companies to foster innovation and creativity and thus get a competitive advantage for the new organization. (Section 2: Organizations & Culture, p. 64)
d. Organizational goals, vision, mission, objectives and values
Organizational mission defines the very reason for its existence. It basically refers to a general…
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Bryan, Lowell. L; Joyce, Claudia I., 2007. Better strategy through organizational design. McKinsey Quarterly, no. 2, pp: 22-29.
De Laurentis, Giacomo., 2004. Strategy and organization of corporate banking. Springer.
Gitman, Lawrence J; McDaniel, Carl. 2009., The Future of Business: The Essentials. South Western Cengage Learning.
Organizational Models and Design
Organizations come in varying shapes and sizes and this can also be said about organizational structures. Organizational structures can be 'flat' which means there are few levels between the owner and the common employee. They can also be 'tall' which means that there are many tiers that exist between the common employee and the owner of the company. This paper will look at the three major organizational structures and highlight their main advantages and disadvantages.
The functional organizational structure is also refereed to as bureaucratic organizational structure whereby the company is divided on the basis of specialty. For instance, under this type of organizational structure separate divisions would be assigned for accounting, marketing, sales and so on.
The advantage of this organizational structure is that individuals are totally dedicated to one particular function. Another advantage is that this structure goes along way in saving…
O'Farrell, R.(2009). Describe Each of the Three Major Types of Organizational Structure.Retrieved Aprl 26, 2014 from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/describe-three-major-types-organizational-structure-10765.html
For the most part, I would probably not want to work at Cisco. The convoluted structure devalues individual responsibility, which to my mind removes incentive for individual excellence. A manager's output is dependent on others, but there does not appear to be a mechanism to hold underperforming managers responsible. hen the team is entirely comprised of internally motivated individuals, Cisco's system will work brilliantly. However, the system encourages managers to be passengers, allowing the best managers to carry the teams to everybody's benefit. The result of this is that over time managers will be encouraged to be passengers and elite managers will leave for organizations where their compensation is more directly tied to their own abilities.
hile the textbook description of Cisco's culture does not explicitly outline a problem to be solved, Cisco has to consider the long-term impacts of its current organizational culture and structure. The collaborative approach has…
Organizational Behavior, 9th Edition, Chapter 3. In possession of the author.
Cisco. (2010). Corporate overview. Retrieved June 18, 2011 from http://newsroom.cisco.com/dlls/ekits/Public_Corporate_Overview_FY11Q2_NewBackground.pdf
Cisco.com (2011). Corporate overview. Retrieved June 18, 2011 from http://newsroom.cisco.com/dlls/corpinfo/corporate_overview.html
The company that is today FedEx Office was once Kinko's. Kinko's was a successful chain of office services stores. Prior to the takeover by FedEx, Kinko's was known for a casual corporate culture and decentralized organizational structure. By the late 1990s, Kinko's consisted of 128 different joint ventures, small companies and partnerships, but had not franchised its operations. A restructuring during that period streamlined the structure, resulting in a Kinko's that was a singular corporate entity (Quittner, 1998). The company went public and eventually faced another restructuring when it was acquired by FedEx in 2003. At this point, the company was no longer independent, but part of a larger organization. Culture clashes began almost immediately and over the coming years the Kinko's organization would face restructuring and a shift in the organizational culture to integrate it into FedEx.
Before and After the Change
Before the change, Kinko's was…
Bachrach, A. (2009). 6 management strategies for organizational change success. eZine Retrieved October 11, 2011 from http://ezinearticles.com/?6-Management-Strategies-For-Organizational-Change-Success&id=2472621
Deutsch, C. (2007). Paper jam at FedEx Kinko's. New York Times. Retrieved October 11, 2011 from http://www.nytimes.com/2007/05/05/business/05kinkos.html?_r=1&oref=slogin
PR Log. (2010). What happened to Kinko's? PR Log. Retrieved October 11, 2011 from http://www.prlog.org/10835819-what-happened-to-kinkos.html
Quittner, J. (1998). Why Paul Orfalea didn't franchise Kinko's. Business Week. Retrieved October 11, 2011 from http://www.businessweek.com/smallbiz/news/date/9809/e980923.htm
My most recent organization has a structure that is mechanistic in nature. This is, however, conducive with the organization's business and its goals. The organization's competitive advantage lies with efficiency and economies of scale. The ability to perform routine tasks is critical to the success of this organization. The mechanistic structure allows management to determine the optimal means of performance of these tasks, and then transfer that information to each employee. This structure relies heavily on management's abilities in work design, so that all jobs are done, and there are people in place to perform each task, even under unusual circumstances should they arise. The company's goals are of course market share and profit, but these are achieved through performing the routine tasks better than the competitors perform them.
The mechanistic structure relies on the abilities of management, and the training of the workforce to ensure that they…
Organizational Changes in Telefonica
In this paper, we will assess the recent organizational changes made in the telecom firm Telefonica. Our analysis will be based on the 5w's and one how. Let's first overview the changes in general, the whole organizational structure of the firm is revamped targeting the medium and long-term future in terms of proper growth, more participation in technological world and acquiring more opportunities based on the firm's global presence and alliances.
Changes in detail
Let's first analyze by the "How" part in the 5w's and see how the changes were made and the reasons for their application. The whole organizational structure focused on three modules namely the commitment, growth and competitiveness alongside the midterm objectives as well as a proper series of "waves" of achievements which each lasts a year. Here, the top level management is supposed to get together by the end of the year…
Read, William. (1996). Telecom Strategy for Economic Development. Connecticut: Praeger.
Jussawalla, Meheroo. (1993). Global Telecom Policies. Connecticut: Greenwood Press.
Mclarty, TM 1998, 'Liberalized Telecommunications Trade in the WTO', Federal Communications Law Journal, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 1.
Gold, MA 1994, 'Telecommunications and Cost Savings in Health Care Services', Southern Economic Journal, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 343.