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Pastoral Theology Two of the
Words: 541 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47824672
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Paul, believed that all things material were acceptable as long as they were given proper thanks for. This really puts the idea of dualism in the marriage status and of the superiority of any of the two approaches on a very clear perspective: marriage, including for the clergy, has been regarded as something sacred in the Scriptures and, as a consequence, there is nothing more superior about leading a monastic life, just a matter of spiritual option.

Chapter 6 goes back to a concept that has been previously mentioned in chapter 1, the principle of economia. The principle of economia, as shown, referred to the capacity of the prelate to change or bypass existing religious regulation. In the paragraphs I am referring to, Joseph Allen discusses how this can be applied to the marriage of the clergy, in several distinct situations, such as marriage after consecration or marriage of a…

While the Gnostics believed that the dualism of the world was very clearly defined and that all things material (including, thus, marriage) were evil, relevant figures of the Church, such as St. Paul, believed that all things material were acceptable as long as they were given proper thanks for. This really puts the idea of dualism in the marriage status and of the superiority of any of the two approaches on a very clear perspective: marriage, including for the clergy, has been regarded as something sacred in the Scriptures and, as a consequence, there is nothing more superior about leading a monastic life, just a matter of spiritual option.

Chapter 6 goes back to a concept that has been previously mentioned in chapter 1, the principle of economia. The principle of economia, as shown, referred to the capacity of the prelate to change or bypass existing religious regulation. In the paragraphs I am referring to, Joseph Allen discusses how this can be applied to the marriage of the clergy, in several distinct situations, such as marriage after consecration or marriage of a widowed priest. The paragraphs again emphasize the usefulness of the concept of economia as a way of adapting regulation to human context.

The appendix discusses again, as an essay, the idea of whether Church should change its ways or not. A very important aspect is mentioned in one of the paragraphs here: the Church should take all measures necessary to ensure its own good. This means that it should not take into considerations things that were good for it 2000 years ago (namely, ancient rules and regulations), but elements that are good for it in the present time, in the current human context.

Pastoral Counseling
Words: 714 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 99228945
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Pastoral Counseling

A career as a pastoral counselor is fraught with several challenges but they are all offset by the many rewards. The primary challenge will be combining Christian ethics with modern psychology and therapy. I would like to specialize in pastoral counseling which focuses on youth who are wards of the state and have grown up in either foster homes or other group homes. Working with young people from troubled backgrounds in an age where the significance of religion is decreasing will be difficult. However, I believe that these adolescents are among the most vulnerable members of our society. I believe that faith which we are usually taught by our parents is likely to be absent from their lives. As a pastoral youth counselor I will be able to provide assistance to these youth both spiritual and practical in nature. I see a large portion of my work occurring…


Gartner, S., (2010). Staying a Pastor while Talking like a psychologist? A proposal for an integrative model. Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality. 16(1), p. 48-60).

Moon, S., & Shim, W.S., (2010). Bridging Counseling and Social Work Practice: An Exploratory Study of Pastors' Perceptions and Responses to Intimate Partner Violence. Journal of Religion and Spirituality In Social Work. 29(2), pp. 124-142.

Pop, J., Sutton, G., & Jones, E.E. (2009). Restoring Pastors Following a Moral Failure: The Effects of Self-Interest and Group Influence. Pastoral Psychology. 57(6), pp. 275-284.

Pastoral Counseling Guidance for Those Who Wish
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 62883228
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Pastoral Counseling

Guidance for Those Who Wish to Guide

For individuals who wish to use online educational pastoral opportunities to gain skills and expertise so that they can go on to serve the counseling needs of undergraduate students face a number of challenges. This does not mean that this is not a valid and appropriate method of learning, merely that those engaged in any form of distance learning that leads to accreditation within the field of counseling must be attentive to a number of specific challenges. This paper examines some of those challenges.

One of the key challenges faced by this type of student is to learn to differentiate pastoral counseling and psychological counseling within a Christian context from mainstream psychotherapy. This is a complex series of negotiations for anyone to make, and it is especially challenging to accomplish in the relative isolation of online learning. Online learning is an…


AAPC Code of Ethics. (2011). Retrieved from .

Paul, P. (May 2005). "With God as My Shrink." Psychology Today. .

Wicks, R. (1985). Clinical Handbook of Pastoral Counseling. New York: Paulist Press.

Elaine Graham's Transforming Practice Pastoral Theology in an Age of Uncertainty
Words: 4411 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 75473831
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Elaine Graham's

Transforming Practice: Pastoral Theology in an Age of Uncertainty

Major Schools of Thought and Actors

In Transforming Practice: Pastoral Theology in an Age of Uncertainty, Elaine L. Graham addresses Traditional, Postmodern, Empirical, Liberation and Feminist perspectives on Theology and ultimately on Pastoral Theology. In order to address these perspectives, Graham traces the historical development of each, current theological realities, and prospective "horizons." The result is an extensive review of the Pastoral Theolog (y)(ies) of the Church and its faith communit (y)(ies), viewed very strongly through the feminist pastoral perspective.

As presented by Graham, the Traditional perspective is built on Scripture that is rife with patriarchy and an overarching patriarchal hierarchy. hile providing conventionally binding values and norms, the Traditional perspective is decidedly male-centered: traditionally-based pastoral theology tended to focus on the traits of a good male pastor and was essentially restricted to the pastoral ministry of ordained males.…

Works Cited

Graham, Elaine L. Transforming Practice: Pastoral Theology in an Age of Uncertainty. London: Mowbray, 1996.

Spiritual Care
Words: 695 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85350549
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Nursing and Spirituality

How did the transport nurse manage the patient's physical needs?

When the patient was moved to a stretcher he was placed on a travel ventilator and the transport and bedside nurse had to suction his secretions. But he did not appear to tolerate the other ventilator well so the transport nurse instead used the manual resuscitation bag for transport. Since the manual ventilation continued to go well it was used in place of the travel ventilator for the duration of the transport.

How did the transport nurse manage the spiritual needs?

The patient was placed close to his wife's casket so that he could easily see her. The nurse allowed the family time and space for themselves but stepped forward to offer guidance when needed, such as the offering of a prayer. Later a life review was begun that gave the entire family an opportunity to begin…

Aanlyzing Pastoral Theology What it Means to Read the Signs
Words: 3410 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40628842
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Pastoral Theology: What it means to 'read the signs'

One basic belief that lies behind the social teaching of Catholics is that the Almighty has shaped human history. This biblical era perception transcends time, prevailing even today. Indeed, it holds true in areas and among civilizations wherein God's word is accepted as well as among civilizations that were completely unaware of Christ or the gospel. God is in action, redeeming and healing humanity and inviting it to contribute to this work. Perceiving God's historical actions and understanding His invitation, is now, typically called: "reading the signs of the times." In the modern social thought of Catholics, this term is based on the following statement of Christ's to Sadducees and Pharisees: "You know how to read the face of the sky, but you cannot read the signs of the times" (Matthew 16:4). Pope Saint John XXIII first utilized this phrase in…

Reference List

Armstrong, A., 2009. Everyday Theology: Money is the root of all evil - Blogging Theologically. [online] Blogging Theologically. Available at: [Accessed 28 May 2016].

Beth, L., 2004. Catholic Social Teaching - Theological Context: Reading the Signs of the Times - FAMVIN News. [online] FAMVIN News. Available at: [Accessed 28 May 2016].

Cassidy, J., 2013. Pope Francis's Challenge to Global Capitalism. [online] The New Yorker. Available at: [Accessed 28 May 2016].

Cox, H., 2006. Keeping faith with the secular city. [online] Keeping faith with the secular city. Available at: [Accessed 28 May 2016].

Counseling Model a Practical Pastoral Counseling Model
Words: 3760 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43723048
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Counseling Model

A Practical Pastoral Counseling Model

Counseling Setting

Where Will Counseling Take Place?

oundaries for Safety and Security

Relational Style

Relational/Communication Style




Supportive Feedback

God's Riches at Christ's Expense

Annotated ibliography

A Practical Pastoral Counseling Model

This is an overview of the counseling position that I will take when working with clients/parishioners. I realize that this cannot encompass every eventuality that may occur during a counseling session, but it should be comprehensive enough to account for most of the possibilities that present themselves. I acknowledge that this is also the treatise of someone who is going to be practicing as a pastor first and a counselor second, therefore the relationship of a shepherd to his assigned sheep is the most important consideration in all of this. Also, the counseling relationship that a pastor enjoys with a parishioner is not as extensive as that between a patient…



Carlson, Dwight L. 2000. Overcoming hurts and anger. Eugene: Harvest House. ISBN: 0736901965

This book is a real help when dealing with anger. The author gives you steps on how to prevent your anger and deal with past anger in a Christian manner. He gives examples of mishandled anger, biblical principles about anger, and how to handle anger in a Christ-like way.

LaHaye, Tim and Bob Phillips. 2002. Anger is a choice. Grand Rapids: Zondervan. ISBN: 0310242835

Mastering the Pastoral Role by Paul Cedar
Words: 716 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28516068
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Mastering the Pastoral ole by Paul Cedar, . Kent Hughes, and Ben Patterson. Specifically it will contain a critical analysis of the book. This book is one of a series of "Mastering Ministry" titles that help pastors learn more about their avocation and how to manage it. Each chapter covers a different topic, from fundraising to personal growth and church management, and the authors are all pastors themselves.

This book is really a "Bible" for pastors at any stage of their career. It covers just about any situation that a pastor might face in their ministry, and it gives concrete examples that the pastor can understand and learn from. The main contributions include "been there, done that" essays by experiences ministers, so readers can learn from them, and learn from their mistakes, as well. The authors express themselves very well, and they share the difficulties they face every day, along…


Cedar, Paul; Hughes, Kent; Patterson, Ben; Mastering the Pastoral Role. Portland, OR: Multnomah, 1991.

Spiritual Care Practices
Words: 639 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88018180
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Spiritual Care Practices

Mitchell, Andrea. (2011), Focusing on mind, body, and spirit while caring for patients and their families. Critical Care Nurse, (31), 69-70.

How did the transport nurse manage the patient's physical needs?

What is so extraordinary about the story of the transport nurse, as related in Mitchell (2011) is the degree to which the nurse, even while dealing with the emotionally-fraught situation of a critically ill patient going to view the body of his dead wife, was able to be mindful of Mr. L's physical needs. For the journey, the patient Mr. L was initially switched to a travel ventilator. However, when he did not tolerate this, the nurse suggested a manual resuscitation bag instead, although the travel ventilator was still brought along during the transport. The transport nurse carefully monitored the patient throughout the visitation. During the ceremony at the chapel where his wife's body was present,…

Role of Religion in Health Care
Words: 2205 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 31892040
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Health care and spirituality have long been linked and involved with each other. This involvement and linkage goes far beyond the stereotypical "faith healers" that have become the butt of many jokes. Indeed, faith is used by many to get through struggles and challenges of many kinds. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is no different in this regard. While medication and therapy are the more commonly cited ways to address and treat PTSD, faith-based options are also quite common. These spiritual methods are easy to apply in the patient care sphere given that many hospitals are religiously based and/or are willing to tailor a patient's emotional and mental care based on their specific faith. While there can be some pushback when religious and spiritual values are suggested as part of a care program, the use of these values can absolutely be beneficial to a person's mental well-being…


Bormann, J., Liu, L., Thorp, S., & Lang, A. (2012). Spiritual Wellbeing Mediates PTSD

Change in Veterans with Military-Related PTSD. International Journal Of

Behavioral Medicine, 19(4), 496-502. doi:10.1007/s12529-011-9186-1

Currier, J.M., Drescher, K.D., & Harris, J. (2014). Spiritual functioning among veterans seeking residential treatment for PTSD: A matched control group study. Spirituality In Clinical Practice, 1(1), 3-15. doi:10.1037/scp

Protocols Are an Important Part of Any
Words: 1069 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 3314622
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Protocols are an important part of any organizational paradigm as they provide a set of guidelines dealing with specific topics. This prevents potential legal issues, and allows for staff to be appropriately trained on specific issues. For our case study, we will use Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center (Shreveport). The purpose of this policy is to "define the services provided by the Pastoral Services Department for patients and employees of LSU-Health Science Center (LSU Health Sciences Center, 2013). The purpose of this paper is to provide information to help revise the current pastoral care protocol at the LSU Health Science Center.

Policy Overview

Pastoral care is a model of emotional and spiritual support that in the modern hospital is non-denominational and focused on the paradigm of servant leadership. During periods of high emotional stress, tragedy or situations involving the very sick, pastoral care can provide comfort for both patients…

Works Cited

Balboni, T. (2010). Provision of Spiritual Care to Patients With Advanced Cancer: Associations with Medical Care and Quality of Life Near Death. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 28(3), 345-52.

Bay, P., et al. (2008). The Effect of pastoral Care Services on Anxiety, Depression, Hope, Religious Coping and Religious Problem Solving Styles. Journal of Religious Health, 47(1), 57-69.

Bush, J. (2006). Gentle Shepherding: Pastoral Ethics and Leadership. Danvers, MA:

Chalice Press.

Magnum Opus Marital Spirituality The Search for
Words: 1074 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74978009
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magnum opus "Marital Spirituality: The Search for the Hidden Ground of Love" by Patrick J. McDonald & Claudette M. McDonald on how it assists a pastoral agent in making expedient counseling response in pastoral care. The orks Cited appends one source in MLA format.


Spirituality, a pragmatic science uniting the married relationship of couples with the pleasures and deep comprehension of God and His special ways takes the form of marital spirituality when two individuals enter a contract to lead harmonious and peaceful lives. "For a society plagued with widespread marital unhappiness and an intimidatingly high divorce rate" (McDonald P. & McDonald C, Backcover) pastoral care by a pastoral agent spreads the "message of hope" to the disturbed souls that have long tied knots only to discover that it takes one's inside out to make marriage fulfilling and successful. The McDonalds through their magnum opus have made a noteworthy…

Works Cited

McDonald P. & McDonald C. Marital Spirituality: The Search for the Hidden Ground of Love Paulist Press, November 1999, ISBN: 0809138913, 192 pages.

Child Abuse Pastor's Responsibilities With Child Abuse
Words: 851 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82060554
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Child Abuse

Pastor's Responsibilities with Child Abuse

Comment by abina:

Pastor's Responsibilities with Child Abuse

It is important for pastors and youth pastors to become familiarized with the child abuse laws in the state in which they serve. Many youth pastors encounter child abuse in their service to their church, and there are specific guidelines that should be followed for reporting child abuse. Failure to report child abuse can result in criminal prosecution for the youth pastor (Hammar, 2010). If a youth pastor gains information about a child being abused in their home environment, he/she must follow the proper protocols for reporting child abuse. The youth pastor should also inform the senior pastor about the abuse.

The senior pastor should ensure that the youth pastor contact the local child protective services and report the abuse. The senior pastor should also ensure the church has procedures for handling child abuse that…

Shelley, M. (1985). Well-Intentioned Dragons: Ministering to Problem People in the Church. Waco, TX: Word.

Unknown (1986). Restoring your Spiritual Passion. Nashville, TN:Oliver-Nelson.

Unknown (1992). Under the Predictable Plant: An Exploration in Vocational Holiness. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.

Innocent Child Archetype of the
Words: 1167 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17199265
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Jung believed that the unconscious mind has two very distinct layers. The first layer is the personal unconscious. The personal unconscious is where the individual's memories of experiences and events reside. The collective unconscious, on the other hand, is something that we are born with. There is a shadow that Jung also talks about, which is a darker side of the personality and the shadow may be filled with darker aspects of personality (violent tendencies, etc.); these are elements that we may not recognize in our personalities. Therefore, self-actualization is the most important step to take in therapy.

Bennett (year) discusses the integrative archetypal model and how it lends itself to two separate categories of self-representation ("and, by extension, personality as an epiphenomenon of self-representation" (year)). These are the horizontal and vertical factors and they are normally discussed in terms of "splitting" (year), "which is a defensive separation of various…


Bennett, C.L. Freedom and dignity. Chapter 8, pp. 67-83.

Palmer, P.J. (1999). Let your life speak: Listening for the voice of vocation. San Francisco: CCA Jossey-Bass, 56-72.

Schmidt, W.S. (1986). An ontological model of development. Journal of Pastoral Care,

40(1) 56-67.

Ethics and Church in Today's
Words: 4911 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13276603
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Their primary duty is that of guiding the spiritual and religious aspects of the lives of their community members. They should give the highest priority to their duties towards the community including church service, counseling and other ceremonial functions required by their profession. As part of their professional and ethical duties, pastors are also required to show an interest in community development and increase their participation in community activities. This has become a necessity in modern culture because people expect institutions to take an interest and an active role in the community development efforts. Institutions cannot expect to benefit from the resources of the society and not give back. This is why business organizations, universities and even political parties make community development a part of their organization's commitment to the society and the people they serve. eligious institutions like the church are also expected to follow this example. The pastor,…


Arnold, W.V. (1982). Introduction to Pastoral Care. Westminster John Knox Press.

Bush, J.E. (2006). Gentle Shepherding: Pastoral Ethics and Leadership. Chalice Press.

Gula, R.M. (1996). Ethics in Pastoral Ministry. Paulist Press.

Hewart-Mills, D. (2011). Pastoral Ministry. Xulon Press.

Counseling the Broken Hearted -
Words: 3946 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57065322
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" In the process, one learns to see oneself as strong and resilient, courageous, and empowered. Whether the individual can get up and go on and have a happy life after the loss depends on how the person views self

Is he or she a victim or a survivor? A strong person making spiritual progress or weak and debilitated? Whiting & Bradley (2007) argue that there must be an outcome for every loss. Whether the outcome is "reconciliation" or "vulnerability" or "victimization" depends on successful and positive identity reconstruction.

It used to be believed that the grieving individual had to achieve detachment from the person who had died. This was Freud's theory, that "grieving people need to break free from the deceased, let go of the past and reassert their individualism by charting a new course for life.

A healthy grief experience, according to Freud [was] one in which the…


Anderson, R.A. (2006). Immunity and grief. Townsend Letter: The Examiner of Alternative Medicine, 276, 128.

Briggs, C.A. And Pehrsson, D. (2008). Use of bibliotherapy in the treatment of grief and loss: A guide to current counseling practices. Adultspan Journal, 7 (1), 32-43.

Bush, H.K. (2007). Grief work: After a child dies. The Christian Century, 124 (25), 36-40.

Care of the elderly - bereavement: An essential guide (2006). The Practitioner (June 29), 22-29.

Theology and Psychology in Christian
Words: 2975 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 21934053
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(Paul, 2005) In fact, the AAPC survey found that African-Americans, devout evangelicals, people without a college degree, the elderly and people age 18 to 29 are most likely to fear that a professional counselor won't take their religious beliefs into serious consideration when treating them. (Paul, 2005)

People come to Christian counselors for two reasons," commented Randolph Sanders, executive director of the Christian Association for Psychological Studies, an association of Christians in mental health and behavioral sciences. "One is faith perspective; they want a therapist who resonates with their worldview. The second is moral ethics; they want a counselor who understands what guides their decisions." (Paul, 2005)

Christian counseling, more than secular counseling, has the ability to present a starkly positive viewpoint. In fact, the origins of Christian counseling were planted in the clergy, whom parishioners historically consulted about emotional and spiritual well-being and health.

According to Paul, The progenitors…


Tillich, Paul. 1951. Systematic Theology, vol. 1. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Friedman, Edwin. 1985. Generation to Generation: Family Process in Church and Synagogue. New York: Guilford Press.

Zikmund, Barbara, et al. 1988. Clergy Women: An Uphill Calling. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press.

Yust, Karen. 2002. "The Toddler and the Community," in Human Development and Faith, ed. Felicity Kelcourse. St. Louis: Chalice Press.

Gary R Collins Christian Counseling
Words: 8475 Length: 31 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 22721258
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Chistian counseling has become an impotant teatment modality fo a gowing numbe of health cae pactitiones and patients acoss the county in ecent yeas. Intoduced duing the ealy 1980s, Chistian counseling advocates integating eligious pactices and beliefs founded on eligious taditions with psychotheapeutic techniques to povide an optimal appoach to helping people cope with a wide ange of pesonal poblems and family issues. The pupose of this study is to povide a citical and systematic eview of the elevant liteatue in geneal and Gay R. Collins's book, Chistian Counseling: A Compehensive Guide (2007) in paticula, concening the oigins and tends in Chistian counseling and how this appoach can be used to povide the timely and essential inteventions that can help people bette cope with pesonal and family poblems. A summay of the eseach and impotant findings concening these issues ae pesented in the study's conclusion.

Table of Contents

1.0 Chapte…

references regarding prayer as a counseling intervention. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 35(4), 328-340.

West, W.S. (2004). Spiritual issues in therapy -- Relating experience to practice. Basingstoke:

Palgrave Macmillan.

Wood, G.D. & Ellis, R.C. (2003). Risk management practices of leading UK cost consultants. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 10(4), 254-262.

Conflicts in Marital Counseling Although
Words: 5050 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 54799142
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You can't simply say you're going to integrate the science of psychotherapy with scripture." Moore argues, "because there are only sciences and theories of psychotherapy that are contradictory and incoherent." The implication that pastoral care and counseling and not and have not been Biblical, Vicki Hollon, executive director of the Wayne Oates Institute in Louisville, insists, was creating a false dichotomy. Hollon contends that Southern officials created the proverbial straw man. "And their movement away from science reveals a lack of faith, or at least a fear that somehow science is outside the realm of God's creation and domain." Some secular counselors encourage clients, including those in marital counseling, to refrain from reading the Bible and to stop going to church if that made them feel worse. Stuart Scott, a former pastor and current professor and convert to biblical counseling, became disillusioned with the answers psychology gives. Scott states he…


Briggs, M.K., & Rayle, a.D. (2005). Incorporating Spirituality into Core Counseling Courses: Ideas for Classroom Application. Counseling and Values, 50(1), 63+. Retrieved January 24, 2008, from Questia database: 

The Columbia World of Quotations. (1996). New York: Columbia University Press. Retrieved January 24, 2008, from: /

Vacc, N.A., Devaney, S.B., & Brendel, J.M. (Eds.). (2003). Counseling Multicultural and Diverse Populations: Strategies for Practitioners. New York: Brunner-Routledge. Retrieved January 24, 2008, from Questia database:

Daniel, R.L. (2003). Chapter 10 Counseling Men. In Counseling Multicultural and Diverse Populations: Strategies for Practitioners, Vacc, N.A., Devaney, S.B., & Brendel, J.M. (Eds.) (pp. 189-207). New York: Brunner-Routledge. Retrieved January 24, 2008, from Questia database:

Causes Discernment and Treatment of Spiritual Abuse
Words: 1900 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24471625
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Ma Pastoral Theology -- Spiritual Abuse


Veenhuizen's dissertation explores spiritual abuse, using Relational Theology to understand a healthy spiritual relationship vs. spiritual abuse. In Relational Theology, God offers a bilateral covenant with Him and with others of unreserved love and commitment with the gifts of blessing to anyone accepting His offer. Spiritual abuse sharply contrasts with God's covenant. Spiritual abuse has existed for quite some time; consequently, theological writers such as Veenhuizen and mental health professionals have all addressed the causes, discernment and treatment of spiritual abuse.

Foundation of Relational Theology

Veenhuizen's dissertation correctly shows that there are various definitions of Spiritual Abuse (Veenhuizen, 2011). The most inclusive one found in my research is from Lisa Oakley's "Developing safeguarding policy and practice for Spiritual Abuse" (Oakley & Kinmond, 2014). After studies and interviews with numerous survivors of Spiritual Abuse, Oakley and her team concluded…

Works Cited

Anonymous, 2012. Spiritual abuse rising in many places, it seems. [Online]

Available at: 

[Accessed 19 May 2016].

Berry, B. O., 2010. Spiritual abuse in the Christian community. Orlando, FL: Asbury Theological Seminary.

GCSE Mathematics Teacher
Words: 1795 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38682236
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Personal specification for GCSE Mathematics position

Appropriate knowledge and skills related to the area of teaching required and a willingness to keep up-to-date.

In order to be a successful GCSE mathematics teacher, it is important that I must know appropriate knowledge about the course that I am delivering to the students and have good skills of communication so that the students understand my way of teaching as well. I have taken different courses of calculus, statistics, geometry and algebra in college as well as during the graduation level. Taking the courses has strengthened my command in mathematics and I can easily and confidently transfer the processes and concepts over to the students. Answer key in mathematics is one of the short-cuts that should be avoided so I do not allow my students to have the key with them at all as this would lower their confidence as well as mine.…


ITS. (n.d.). Retrieved from 

(n.d.). Pastoral Care. Retrieved from: 

Zeiger, S. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Role of Spirituality in the Treatment of Depression
Words: 6318 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 11568926
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ole of Spirituality in the Treatment of Depression

Over the last thirty years, one of the most interesting paradoxes in the study and treatment of depression has been that increased knowledge about the biomedical and genetic causes of the disease has been coupled with a renewed interest in the effect of religion and spirituality on human mental health and well-being. No matter how religion and spirituality are defined -- and many scholars and laypersons see no great distinctions between the two -- there are now hundreds of studies that demonstrate the beneficial effects of religion on both mental and physical health. Indeed, the more firmly held and intrinsic a person's religious convictions are, the more salutary the effect. eligious people are more optimistic, hopeful and trusting, and have more purpose and meaning in life than those with weak or no religious views. All of these qualities are of course lacking…


Ai, A..L. et al. (2005). "Prayer Coping, Positive Attitudes, and Cardiac Surgery" in Lee, A.V. Coping with Disease. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., pp. 23-64.

Auer, B. And J.A. Ang (2007). Torment of the Soul: Suicidal Depression and Spirituality. AuthorHouse.

Beck, A.T. And B.A. Alford (2009). Depression: Causes and Treatment. University of Pennsylvania Press.

Biebel, D.B. And H.G. Koenig (2010). New Light on Depression: Help, Hope and Answers for the Depressed and Those Who Love Them. Zondervan Publishing House.

Surviving Immigration The Role of Agencies in
Words: 1346 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56322536
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Surviving Immigration: The Role of Agencies

In establishing themselves in America, immigrants were subject to conditions to which they were forced to adjust without any control, such as places of habitation and adapting to American laws. However, immigrants also had some degree of agency that allowed them to take control of their lives. This paper describes three examples of individual or communal agency that were important for the immigrants in building their lives in America.

From 1892 to 1954, more than 12 million immigrants came to the United States (rown Foundation, 2000). The early 1900s was the period that brought in the most immigrants. Hospital buildings, dormitories, disease wards and kitchens were all quickly built between 1900 and 1915 in a constant struggle to meet this enormous influx of people.

During the early 1900s, Americans, who were predominately white, selected only those whom they believed fit to live in this…


Brown Foundation. (Fall, 2000). Story of Immigration in the U.S. Ellis Island. The Brown Quarterly. Volume 4, No. 1. Retrieved from the Internet at:

Du Bois. (1903). Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others. Retrieved from the Internet at: .

Franken, Mark. (January, 2004). The Catholic Church in the United States: Caring for the Newest Immigrants from Africa. Americans and Africans in Dialogue about Africa's Promise, Needs, and Image.

Kuchta, David. (2003). Assimilation America: The Melting Pot of the World. TCC. Retrieved from the Internet at:

Christianity and Psychology Personal Theory
Words: 2958 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 48124203
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Personal Theory Paper
Since mid-1970s, a serious matter for integration between Christianity and psychology developed among Christian counsellors. The integration movement developed as a result of reaction to psychology being accepted in the sector dealing with pastoral counseling where it did not face any criticism from the Christians’ point of view. The efforts for integrating psychology with Christianity developed more energy in the last twenty years since the time when Jay Adams refused to have psychology included in the pastoral care sector (Kim, 2004). Attempting to create an integration in psychology with Christian faith is a tedious experience as a result of the different approaches of the two academic disciplines.
According to Alan C. Tjeltveit (2012), the daunting questions that come as a result of taking psychology as well as Christian faith in a serious manner have to be dealt with. The queries that come from the sectors in…

Role of Education and Obesity
Words: 2274 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81789609
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ole of Schools on Childhood Obesity

Eating and Exercise Behaviors of School Professionals

What Should Schools Do to Make a Difference?

Address physical activity and nutrition through a Coordinated School Health Program (CSHP) approach.

Designate a school health coordinator and maintain an active school health council.

Assess the school's health policies and programs and develop a plan for improvement.

Strengthen the school's nutrition and physical activity policies.

Implement a high-quality health promotion program for school staff.

Implement a high-quality course of study in health education.

Implement a high-quality course of study in physical education.

Increase opportunities for students to engage in physical activity.

Implement a quality school meals program.

Ensure that students have appealing, healthy choices in foods and beverages offered outside of the school meals program.



ole of Schools on Childhood Obesity

Executive Summary

Schools have been identified to preclude eating disorders and child obesity as accurate…


Bryan, C., Broussard, L., & Bellar, D. (2013). Effective Partnerships How School Nurses and Physical Education Teachers Can Combat Childhood Obesity. (pp. 20-23). NASN School Nurse.

Cale, L., & Harris, J. (2013). 'Every child (of every size) matters' in physical education! Physical education's role in childhood obesity. (pp. 433-452). Sport, Education and Society.

Karnik, S., & Kanekar, A. (2012). Childhood obesity: a global public health crisis. (pp. 45-61). International journal of preventive medicine.

Lee, H. (2012). The role of local food availability in explaining obesity risk among young school-aged children. (pp. 1193-1203). Social Science & Medicine.

Dolci and the Counter Reformation
Words: 1823 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 11829637
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A Critical Analysis of Salome with the Head of St. John the Baptist by Carlo Dolci

Carlo Dolci’s Salome with the Head of St. John the Baptist (Illus. 1) is an oil on canvas painting housed in the Phoenix Art Museum. Completed in Florence, Italy, by Dolci in 1670, the painting reflects the style of the Baroque and the typical religious-historical type of subject associated with the Counter-Reformation underway throughout Europe as part of the Council of Trent’s mission to use art to reinforce the principles and doctrines of the Church at a time when Protestantism was undermining the Church’s teaching authority (Vidmar). Salome appears as though disinterested in the disembodied head, offering it up to the public as though it were a piece of overripe fruit that one may or may not like to partake of. Dolci’s use of light reinforces the idea that Salome is by no means…

Post-Modern to Contemporary Psychology
Words: 3161 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 16183152
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Diversity and Psychology

There were two major developments that influenced the field of psychology and the professions' views regarding multicultural competence, emphasized in 2003. The American Psychological Associations' 2002 Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct and the Guidelines on Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice and Organizational Change for Psychologists published in 2003 both stressed the importance of moving from a mono-cultural school of thought to a multicultural perspective and that these 'new rules' acknowledge an appreciation of differences as well as an "understanding of the inherent ambiguity and complexity in psychological practice (Pack-rown & Williams, 2003; Manesse, Saito, & Rodolfa, 2004). Knapp and VandeCreek (2003) said of these new guidelines that they articulate a need for greater sensitivity regarding linguistic and cultural minorities. The development of the new Code of Ethics and the APA's positioning were purported to be in response to a long awaited recognition of the need for…


American Psychological Association (2003). Guidelines on multicultural education, training, research, practice, and organizational change for psychologist. American Psychologist, 58(5), 377-402.

Barbour, I. (2000). When science meets religion: Enemies, strangers, partners? San

Francisco: Harper.

Blumenthal, A. (2001). A Wundt primer: The operating characteristics of consciousness.

Lutheran Church the Movement of
Words: 993 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9174559
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. Lutherans believe that it is only through grace and faith in Christ as the one true savior that one can be saved (Lutheranism pp). The Lutheran view of salvation can be summarized by saying:

All humanity is sinful.

Humanity is incapable of rising out of its sinful state on its own.

All who sin are under the wrath of God and are subject to His just and righteous punishment.

God's gift of grace is the establishment of faith in Jesus Christ.

God elects the faithful, declaring them just and righteous and forgiving their sins" (Lutheranism pp).

Great emphasis on a liturgical approach to worship services, along with music forms a large part of a traditional Lutheran service (Lutheranism pp). Lutheran churches have active music ministries, including choirs, hand-bell choirs, children's choirs, and sometimes carillon societies (Lutheranism pp). Johann Sebastian Bach was a devout Lutheran and composed music for the…

Works Cited


Martin Luther 1483-1546." The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 

Snyder, Walter P. "A Brief Look at the Lutheran Church." 

Roots of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America."

Curriculum Is a Matter Often Decided Based
Words: 1302 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30654651
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Curriculum is a matter often decided based on earlier curriculum, and not changed even when the changes are required and approaches have changed. This leads to opposition from existing students, teachers and parents to the recommended curriculum in schools. It is interesting to find out about the attitudes of these groups to specific subjects on the matter.

It is very important for the involved groups within the schools -- teachers, students and parents to find out regarding as to what is the general opinion on matters important to the school students. This is the method of deciding a curriculum which will be suited for the development of students and also meeting the needs for development of the school curriculum by the principals. The help to principals is in terms of their being able to mobilize their staff, students, parents and community interest groups in becoming proactively involved in the issues…


AARE paper. (December, 2000) University of Sydney. Retrieved from  Accessed 14 October, 2005

Boyd, Graham; Hemmings, Brian; Braggett, Eddie. The development of a career education program for gifted high school students. Retrieved from  Accessed 14 October, 2005

Conversion Therapy What it Is
Words: 2151 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 15692904
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Tragically, it harms the most vulnerable among us -- children. This must stop

Please, send Senate Bill 1172 to the Assembly floor for a vote. It is the right thing to do. Thank you. (Domi,, 2012 ).

My Opinion

Advocates of conversion therapy are correct in maintaining that as long as the therapy helps a quantifiable amount of people, and these people voluntarily choose that theory, it should be maintained. The question is, however, how many other people has it harmed, and what is the extent and intensity of this harm... As in every other aspect, an approach that is harmful needs to be curtailed by the government. The government restricts smoking and drugs since harmful to the person. Advocates label this system as 'therapy', and therefore, say that a patient can choose the type of therapy that he or she wishes. However, the Ninth Circuit addressed this point in…


American Psychological Association, February 2008 (PDF) Answers to Your Questions: For a Better Understanding of Sexual Orientation and Homosexuality

Buchanan, W (September 29, 2012). State bans gay-repair therapy for minors. San Francisco Chronicle. 

Domi, T (June 26, 2012 ) UPDATE: Prop 8 Witness Ryan Kendall Testifies on Conversion Therapy; Committee Approves 5-2

Conversion Therapy Is a Topic That Has
Words: 1289 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94727334
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Conversion therapy is a topic that has both critics and supporters and has been recently in the news ever since California came out with a law banning conversion therapy for teenagers and children (Buchanan, 2012). Critics say that the therapy is an example of pseudo-science that it forcibly tries to change the gay's person's sexual tendencies and that, since this is unnatural and impossible, only eventuates in guilt and depression. Supporters, on the other hand, maintain that, as like every other therapy, conversion therapy cannot be expected to help all. More so, there are some individuals who do wish to change their sexual tendencies and, therefore, they should be enabled to sign up for conversion therapy would they so wish. Finally, the government has no right to interfere unless conversion therapy has been shown to be destructive to all clients; and this is has not yet evidenced itself to be.…


American Psychological Association, February 2008 (PDF) Answers to Your Questions: For a Better Understanding of Sexual Orientation and Homosexuality

Buchanan, W (September 29, 2012). State bans gay-repair therapy for minors. San Francisco Chronicle. 

Gans, Laura A. (1999) Inverts, Perverts, and Converts: Sexual Orientation Conversion Therapy and Liability, The Boston University Public Interest Law Journal 8

Haldeman, Douglas C. (2002), Gay Rights, Patient Rights: The Implications of Sexual Orientation Conversion Therapy, Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 33 (3): 260

Confronting the Problem of Truancy
Words: 1246 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 58665959
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Attendance is a critical factor in school performance. But while poor attendance and truancy have been problems for schools virtually ever since anti-truancy laws were passed, as noted by Tomal, Schilling, & Trybus (2013), finding reliable data can be a challenge to accurately evaluate the extent of the problem, the specific groups most severely impacted by the issue of truancy, and thus solving the problem has been vexing for many educators. This paper will offer a literature review of different previous researchers’ perceptions of the issue in different contexts, the data they used, and the solutions they derived as a result of this data.

According to Kenneth Reid’s 2003 article “The Search for Solutions to Truancy and Other Forms of School Absence,” truancy is a significant factor in dropping out for many students. Reid’s article specifically focuses on the United Kingdom where nearly 35% of students leave school without any…

Spiritual Exercises
Words: 718 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 31412244
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Pastoral Counseling Spiritual Exercises

A daily spiritual routine

It is often said that the most important part of life is just 'showing up.' 'Showing up' to one's spiritual life is a vital part of religious practice. When the worldly aspects of one's existence, such as jobs and children, draw one's focus away from spirituality, it is easy to think that there is not enough time to pray and reflect. However, it is during these difficult times that it is all the more important that one has a spiritual connection to od. Taking time in the morning before the cares of the day intrude to reflect with a clear mind can be a valuable and cleansing practice. Just as we take time to 'work out' in the morning, we must also take time to work out the kinks in our soul, and press our reset button before beginning the day. For…

Gard, & Sara W. Lazar. (2011). Mindfulness practice leads to increases in regional brain gray matter density. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 191 (1) 36-43.

Ferguson, Jane K., Eleanor W. Willemsen & MayLynn V. Castaneto. (2011). Centering prayer as a healing response to everyday stress: A psychological and spiritual process. Pastoral Psychology. 59 (3): 305-329.

Grefe, Dagmar. (2011). Combating ageism with narrative and intergroup contact: Possibilities of Intergenerational connections Pastoral Psychology, 60 (1). 99 -- 105.

Organizational Behavior Case Study
Words: 1948 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 6563198
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Organizational Behavior Case Study


esidential care facility's staff plays an important role in the daily lives of residents; unfortunately these facilities are usually faced with organizational obstacles and lack of information that prevents them from taking proper care of residents (Smith, 1998). This organizational behavioral case study is about a residential care facility which is part of a parent company that runs six different residential care facilities. The management of the company observed, this residential care facility facing serious problems. Turnover rate was high, performance was poor and economic losses were high.

In order to diagnose and solve the problem; parent company conducted a culture survey in all of its residential care facilities in which each member was bound to participate. The results were satisfactory for all residential care facilities except this care facility which showed totally negative results.

Looking at this serious situation; management hired a new…


Atchison, J. (1998). Perceived job satisfaction factors of nursing assistants employed in Midwest Nursing

Homes. Geriatric Nursing.

Cunningham, J.B. & Eberle, T. (1990). A Guide to Job Enrichment and Redesign. Personnel, Feb 1990,

p.57 in Newstrom, J. & Davis, K. (1993). Organization Behavior: Human Behavior at Work.

Role Relevance and Future Potential
Words: 3295 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13863186
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For a country such as Uganda to possess sufficient health care is tremendously important to the people of the republic of Uganda. Even triumphant medical treatment for malaria can involve pain through injections of drugs and in the entire period of recuperating after the administration of the drugs. Furthermore, nervousness may crop up, threat and unavoidably a lot of money. The final thing a parent of a sick child suffering from malaria in a hospital needs to believe about is how he or she is actually going to pay out for all the costs encountered or the billing. In an ideal world, as a substitute of distressing about money, a patient or a mother or a father of a kid who is suffering from malaria should be focused on getting well or consoling the sick child respectively. Nonetheless, the entire subject of health cover can be puzzling (Trisha, 2007, p.…


Akhtar, R (ed.) 1991, Planning and Implementing Community Participation in health Programs,

in Healthcare Patterns and Planning in Developing Countries, Greenwood Press,

New York, pp. 6.

Baum, F & Sanders, D 1995, 'Can Health Promotion and Primary Health Care Achieve Health

Nursing - Spirituality Spirituality Prayer
Words: 1888 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 89474224
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In addition to lecture-based introduction to religious differences, video and/or live presentations from religious leaders and clergy from different faiths and role play exercises, the proposed implementation of training in this area should also include presentations from more experienced nurses who have already successfully negotiated the delicate issues involved.


Spiritual support undoubtedly provides measurable benefits in the hospital environment where it is well received by patients. In American society, religious pluralism requires the exercise of extreme sensitivity when it comes to offering patients spiritual support. While it is certainly possible to provide beneficial spiritual support such as prayer even where nurse and patient do not share the same religious beliefs, doing so dramatically increases the possibility of offending patients rather than benefiting them.

Maximizing the potential benefit of spiritual support while minimizing negative consequences requires vocational training designed to increase awareness of the full variety of religious belief systems…


Campbell CL, Reed-Ash C. (2007). "Keeping Faith." Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing. Vol. 9, No. 1.

Cavendish R, Konecny L, Krayuyak-Luis B, Lanza M. (2004). "Nurses Enhance Performance Through Prayer." Holistic Nursing Practice. Vol. 18, No. 1.

Galek K, Flannelly KJ, Vane a, Galek RM. (2005). "Assessing a Patient's Spiritual Needs: A Comprehensive Instrument." Holistic Nursing Practice. Vol. 19, No. 2. Grant D. (2004). "Spiritual Interventions: How, When, and Why Nurses Use Them."

Holistic Nursing Practice. Vol. 18, No. 1. Johnston-Taylor E. (2003). "Prayer's Clinical Issues and Implications." Holistic Nursing Practice. Vol. 17, No. 4. Nuss-Kotecki C. (2002). "Developing a Health Promotion Program for Faith-Based Communities." Holistic Nursing Practice. Vol. 16, No. 3.

Decision Support
Words: 976 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3609997
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Trust Between Management and Physicians in Hospitals

Trust: 1 a: assured reliance on the character, ability, strength, or truth of someone or something; b: one in which confidence is placed; 2 a: dependence on something future or contingent - Merriam-Webster Online.

Do families of patients who are hospitalized for injuries or illness "trust" that their loved ones are getting the best possible care? Of course families do, in all cases, have an "assured reliance" (Merriam-Webster) on a doctor's "character, ability, strength [and] truth," when it comes to care-giving of family members. So, there can be no doubt: the element of trust has always been part of the medical community's pivotal responsibilities when it comes to care-giving to injured or ill citizens.

And meantime, if trust is indeed a "key element" in forging strong work relationships between doctors and administrators - with the good health and well-being of patients at risk,…


Jones, Bradley E. Trust, Physicians, and a CEO's Skills. Healthcare Executive, 18, 54.

Succi, Melissa J.; Lee, Shoou-Yih D.; & Alexander, Jeffrey A. Trust Between Managers

And Physicians in Community Hospitals: The Effects of Power Over Hospital

Decisions. Journal of Healthcare Management, 43, 397.

Ada Maria Isasi-Diaz an Analysis
Words: 3845 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 2727505
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Moreover, Malachi Martin describes the theology as "a freeing from political oppression, economic want, and misery here on earth. More specifically still…a freeing from political domination by the capitalism of the United States."

Furthermore, though it grew out of the unrest in Latin America "with its political domination by strong-arm leaders and monopolistic oligarchies," viewed by members of the Church as a direct result of American capitalism, the events in Latin America were preceded by a much more basic historical development -- the "rights of man" extrapolated from the French Revolution and re-coined as the "rights of the working man."

The spread of Marxist doctrine in the early twentieth century saw its incorporation into Catholic theology by several prominent professors right up to the time of the Second Vatican Council, upon which Ada Maria Isasi-Diaz certainly based her theology, and pursued her concept of "evangelical poverty": union with the…


Barla, J.B. Christian Theological Understanding of Other Religions. Rome: Universita

Gregoriana, 1999.

Fowler, M. Zen Buddhism: Beliefs and Practices. UK: Sussex Academic Press, 2005.

Isasi-Diaz, Ada Maria. La Lucha Continues: Mujerista Theology. NY: Orbis Books,

Diary of a Russian Priest
Words: 1020 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97955623
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Priests must help these lost souls return to the flock and must do their utmost to prevent people from giving in to their desires for sin and venial pleasure. Sometimes this job might seem insurmountable, but it is not. They have the strength of God to help them fight against sin and they must be devoted and determined.

A Talk before Confession

The purpose of confession is for the sinner to confess his sin and to be absolved through some form of remuneration to God. Further, the one confessing must have a firm purpose to sin no more. Many people misunderstand the nature of confession. They come to think that it is a sort of a blank check where they can do whatever they wish for six days out of the week, provided they go to Church on Sunday and apologize to God for those actions. They do not really…

Works Cited

Elchaninov, Alexander. The Diary of a Russian Priest. Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir's

Seminary, 1982. Print.

Inner Way Toward a Rebirth
Words: 1318 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74859030
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" (omans 12.6 and 1 Cor. 12) This includes the gift of spiritual direction. Therefore, it can be garnered that the Holy Spirit provides the contemporary Church "with forms other than those used by the ancient elder to achieve this same purpose." (2000) Allen writes that it would be erroneous to claim that the Holy Spirit "could not again, in any age, raise up the pater penumatikos (the spiritual father) for the continuing ministry of the Church." (2000) in fact, since the Holy Spirit abides in the Church, then according to Allen, it "follows that there will be an ever-renewing form of pneumatophoroi, or 'bearers' or 'carriers' of that Spirit.

II. The Central Task of Spiritual Direction

Allen writes that the central task of spiritual direction in terms of its goal and historical goals is the leading of individuals "deeper and deeper into the struggle for the Christian life, that…


Allen, J.J. (2000) Inner Way: Toward a Rebirth of Easter Christian Spiritual Direction. Holy Cross Orthodox Press.

Empereur, J. (1990) Ennagram and Spiritual Culture: Nine Paths to Spiritual Guidance. Continuum. 6 Jan. Retrieved from:

Philip Roth Books the Plot
Words: 1260 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 89356678
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American Pastoral -- Summary

The novel looks at American history after WWII through the eyes of Nathan Zuckerman, the narrator of the story. Nathan thinks this age of the baby-boomers is a golden era of this country's history up to the discordant sounds of the 1960s and early 1970s.

Focal point of the book is Swede Levov, a Jew, who happens to be the "all-American" success story -- very smart, athletic, thriving businessman, and, of course, loving husband and father. Swede desires only to live in peace -- a pastoral life -- in New Jersey.

However, his not so peaceful daughter, Merry, 16, a rebellious type who is deeply involved in the anti-Vietnam War chaos, places a bomb at the post office which explodes and kills one person. She will later set off more bombs and go underground to hide from incarceration.

Swede's peaceful existence is gone, permanently. For the…


Roth, Philip. American Pastoral. New York City: Vintage Press, 1998.

Roth, Philip. The Plot Against America. New York City: Vintage Press, 2005.

Codes of Counseling Ethics
Words: 1316 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63426983
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ethics codes of the three following counseling associations share certain ethical responsibilities in common, while containing certain responsibilities unique to their organization. The three associations' ethics codes that will be studied about here are the American Counseling Association (ACA) 2005 Draft Code of Ethics, the American Association of Christian Counselors (AACC) Code of Ethics-Y2004 Final Code, and the American Association of Pastoral Counselors (AAPC) Code of Ethics.

The first level of comparison between the three ethics codes begins with finding the similarities and differences they display in their duties to clients. There exist several similarities in this regard between them. In terms of obtaining informed consent, the ACA codes of ethics states (A2. a) that clients can choose to either continue or terminate treatment at any time. This would be after the counselor discharges his/her duty in informing the client exactly how the counseling would occur, what the counselor's credentials…


AACC code of ethics-Y2004 final code (n.d.) Retrieved February 6, 2005 from WWW: 

American association of pastoral counselors code of ethics (n.d.) Retrieved February 6, 2005 from WWW: 

2005 ACA code of ethics draft (n.d) Retrieved February 6, 2005 from WWW:

Persona Christi an Analysis of the Priesthood
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Persona Christi

An Analysis of the Priesthood "in persona Christi" and "in nominee ecclesiae"

The questions that surround the functions of the priesthood and the diaconate today appear to be part and parcel of the greater uncertainty that surrounds ancient Church customs. This paper will attempt to analyze the meanings of the phrases "in persona Christi" and "in nomine ecclesiae" as they have reflected the functions of the ministers of the Church both in the past and in today. The conclusion of this research is that while the traditional Church maintained a clear definition (and reverent propriety regarding the mystery of the priestly aspect), today's Church is less sure of the role and function of the minister in relation to Church hierarchy and Church laity.

In Persona Christi

Historical Background: the Vestments

Pius XII's (1947) encyclical Mediator Dei describes for us the aspect of the priest in relation to Jesus…

Staley, V. (1894). The Catholic Religion. London, UK: Mowbray.

Tanner, N.P., ed. (1990). Decrees of the Ecumenical Councils. London: Sheed

and Ward.

Is Reparative Therapy for Homosexuals Possible and Ethical
Words: 886 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 46317732
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eparative Therapy for Homosexuals

The issue of homosexuality needs to be a major controversy within the social environment. All across the world people are still struggling with the idea that they may or may not be, homosexual, especially within the context of society that tends to look down and discriminate against individuals based on sexual orientation. In the light of this controversy, there are some therapeutic methods which have been created and regarded by many within conservative or religious institution as being effective in helping remold one's sexual identity. Also known as reparative therapies, these are psychological or other style implementations of therapeutic methods designed at rewiring one's sexual identity. Still, the majority of psychologists and professionals view these therapies as more harmful than beneficial; this makes it crucial for pastor therapist to help guide potentially concerned individuals towards more productive use of therapeutic models that would focus on self-acceptance…


Herek, Gregory M. (2012). APA council of representatives passes resolution on so-called reparative therapy. Resolution 97. Web. 

National Committee on Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Issues. (2000). Reparative and conversion therapies for lesbians and gay men. National Association of Social Workers. Web. 

Schumacher-Matos, Edward. (2012). The furor over gay conversion therapy. NPR. Web.

Mental Health Counseling Discuss the Role in
Words: 1923 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96482523
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Mental Health Counseling

Discuss the role in relationship to the prescription and monitoring of pharmacological treatments for mental health issues.

Unique advances have been achieved in the treatment offered to clients suffering from mental illness. Mental health care providers must understand the original causes of mental health disorders in order to provide treatment to clients with these disorders. Therefore, mental healthcare providers are able to treat disorders associated with mental health. This is being done with much success as physical disorders (Madden, 2008).

The profession of mental health provision has categorized strategies of treating mental health problems as either psychotherapeutic or somatic. Somatic methods of treating mental disorders include therapies such as electroconvulsive therapy, which have the potential of stimulating the brain. Psychotherapeutic method includes behavioral therapy strategies, hypnotherapy, and psychotherapy. esearchers have established that most mental health disorders require treatment strategies that involve both psychotherapy and drugs. This is…


Madden, R.G. (2008). Legal issues in social work, counseling, and mental health: Guidelines for clinical practice in psychotherapy. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications

Palmo, A.J., Weikel, W.J., & Borsos, D.P. (2011). Foundations of mental health counseling.

Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.

World Health Organization (2009). Mental health aspects of women's reproductive health: A

Western Civ V The Philosophes
Words: 1913 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 57432668
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) and towards the more practical needs for Aryan survival.

c. hy did a growing number of Germans support Hitler and the Nazi Party in the years leading up to his appointment as chancellor?

There are many arguments to this question, but one that surfaces more often than others focuses on economics and self-preservation. The German people were humiliated by the Treaty of Versailles -- their military and economic system had been stripped away, their debt unbearable, and their economy was being controlled by other countries. The ideas of National Socialism were attractive to many: unification of the German Volk, reestablishing the German lands as a country dedicated to certain ideals, focusing on ethnic and linguistic similarities, the overthrow of Versailles, the idea of German self-determination, lebensraum (room for Germans to live, grow and prosper), and an improvement over the crippling inflation and economic woes of the eimar Government, seen…

Works Cited

Burke, Edmund. Reflections on the Revolution in France. Primary Source

Documents, History 100.

Hitler, a. Mein Kampf. Primary Source Documents, History 100.

Marx, Karl and F. Engels. The Communist Manifesto. Primary Source

Older Woman Younger Man Relationships
Words: 2685 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92525814
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So, we see that women are committing to their partners even if they are older than their male companions, even if they rarely get married to them, they enter and stay in a stabile relationship. We have every reason to believe that women are in it mainly for the psychological comfort. But what about the men? Young men can date women of any age, given the fact that youth is one of the most powerful arousal-factors for all species of mammals. it's slightly unlikely for a younger man to stay in a common-law relationship with an older woman, as it usually happens in an average age-discrepant couple (Boyd&Li, 2003), just for one reason: sex, money, influence, etc. But the subject is open to debate.

How does society reacts to age-discrepant unions? Until now, not quite well. The significant difference in age for a couple, whether it's a young woman with…


Boyd, M., Li, a. (2003). May-December: Canadians in Age-Discrepant Relationships. Canadian Social Trend Statistics Canada Catalogue, No.11-008, 29-34.

Darroch, J., Landry, D., Oslak, S. (1999). Age Differences Between Sexual Partners in the United States. Family Planning Perspectives, 31(4), 160-167.

Chaucer's Canterbury Tales Chaucer's Masterpiece
Words: 1642 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75974770
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orks Cited

Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Canterbury Tales. Trans. Neville Coghill. New York: Penguin Books, 1977.

Works Cited

Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Canterbury Tales. Trans. Neville Coghill. New York: Penguin Books, 1977.

Antonin Dvorak the Merging of
Words: 1418 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 47348976
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Dvorak occasionally said he simply wished to convey the elemental feelings ordinary people for their native art and resented his musical project being used to serve politics: "But what have we two to do with politics? Let us be glad that we are privileged to serve our beautiful art alone" (Hollander 317).

Dvorak vacillated between the importance of politics in the context of art. At the time of the composition of Symphony No.5 in F Major, Op.76. "the composer was faced at that time with the tempting prospect of writing German operas for Dresden and Vienna -- offers that caused him serious misgivings, because if he responded he feared he would be betraying the Czech national cause" (Clapham 1961, p.105). But eventually he returned to the nationalist source of his original inspiration: "The main theme of the symphony was inspired by witnessing the arrival in Prague of an express train…

Works Cited

Clapham, John. "Dvorak and the American Indian." The Musical Times, 107. 1484 (Oct., 1966),

863-867. Stable URL:  Accessed: November 28, 2009

Clapham, John. "Dvorak's Symphony: The Creative Process." Music & Letters, 42. 2

(Apr., 1961), 103-116. Stable URL:

Melville and Irving
Words: 2232 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5515439
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Melville and rving

The dawn of the American nation brought with it a need for a decidedly American culture, one depicted with careful precision by many of the authors that came to paint the literary landscape of the new magnate across the Atlantic. Washington rving, the first American great, told the story of the nascent, colonial United States through youthful folklore limned with great detail and attention to the inner workings of the human spirit in its new land. Half a century later, Herman Melville entranced the same people with his swashbuckling narration of pirates, whales, and sailors; America's best, who, against all odds, battled sea, spray, and monster to find their way back home. While Melville declared his preference for creative genius over adept imitators like rving, he could not escape rving's influence, from which he learned that realistic details of rural life in American can be worked memorably…

Ibid, p. 23.

Irving, Washington. Rip Van Winkle. New York: Black Dome Press, 2003.


Message of the Poem This Narrative Poem
Words: 742 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21827308
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message of the poem. This narrative poem follows one, dynamic event - the death of a boy using a saw to cut wood. The poem does not have rhyming lines; it is simply a block of text that narrates one single and very important event. It begins very quietly, and seems to be one of Frost's poems that celebrate nature and American life, but the end is far more disturbing and tragic. Frost may have written the poem to show how life is fleeting, and everything can change in a split second.

The content of this poem is quintessential obert Frost. It opens with fine imagery of the New England natural world that immediately gives the setting and tone of the poem. It reads somewhat like a Normal ockwell painting, with a perfect setting, close-knit family, and chores consuming their daily lives. The unsuspecting reader expects a perfect family farm…


Frost, Robert. "Out, Out." 2005. 5 July 2006.

Kelly, William J. "Frost's Out, Out." Explicator 38.3 (1980): 12-13.

WB Yeats's Poem
Words: 1421 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Poem Paper #: 45956998
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Yeats' "The Stolen Child"

An Analysis of the Temptation to Flee Reality in Yeats' "The Stolen Child"

Yeats' "The Stolen Child" depicts a world in which fantasy and reality are in contention with one another. The conflict is between the sense of reality (barely perceptible and inundated by a flood of dreamlike perceptions) and the flight of fantasy. A parallel might be drawn between the poem and the social problem of addiction. If the poem on one level is about a child's escape/flight from reality into fantasy, it might also be said that the poem on a deeper level is about those who suffer from addiction are unable to face reality and must fly from it. Indeed, the imagery used by the fairy narrator evokes scenes comparable to states of inebriation or drunkenness. While fear and the ominous sense of death both appear to be underlying factors in the poem,…

Saundra D Nelson Written in December 2002
Words: 636 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Multiple Chapters Paper #: 43904999
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Saunda, D. Nelson witten in Decembe 2002; was witten fo the membes of Living Wates Chistian fellowship in Newpot News, Viginia. It was witten to addess the question on the best method Chistian lay leades, can develop and tain on how to povide pastoal counseling fo the congegational membes of Living Wates Chistian Fellowship (LWCF).

This liteatue eview is based on chapte two of the dissetation. It functions to citique the dissetation pape; it also gives the eade knowledge of ideas in the topic. It acts as a guide on the question being discussed while it gives summaies and diffeent efeences available. The autho wote the eview as a guide fo deacons, eldes and ministes in counseling due to the demand fo pastoal counseling by congegational membes.

The eseach poblem seeks answes as to the effective methods of developing and taining Chistian leades in an effective way. The liteatue eview…

references; hence, the author has formulated a review, which suits best the members of the LWCF.

Characteristic Features of the Basseri of Iran
Words: 2867 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 46648104
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characteristic features of the Basseri of Iran. Its first part will identify and classify "pastoralism" as the Basseri culture's primary mode of subsistence. He second part will show that "tribal chiefship" is underlies the organization of the Basseri society. Furthermore it will show that agriculture and trading determine the Basseri economic organization. Finally, as regards to gender relations, the paper will point out that the importance of the male contribution to subsistence in sheep herding leads to an emphasis on male social roles and patrilineality

Identify and classify the selected culture's primary mode of subsistence

The Basseri are a prime example of a pastoral tribe that is not self-sufficient (Pastoralism, p. 2). They are a tribe of nomads who inhabit the Iranian province of Fars and migrate along the steppes and mountains near the town of Shiraz (Johnson (1996), p. 1). In general, societies specializing in animal husbandry requiring periodic…


Barfield, T. (1984). Nomads: Stopped in their tracks? 1-5. Accessed 2 October 2011.Cached -- Similar

Basseri. 1-3. Accessed 2 October 2011.

Subsistence Patterns in Today's Modern
Words: 1762 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8001293
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While technological advancements have allowed for better planning around environmental conditions, a restriction on nomadic movement has been responsible for deciding economic stability. Care must be taken to preserve the pastoralist way of life in Mongolia, or the entire nation will suffer. Unless measures are taken, either by the Mongolian pastoralists themselves or by the government of Mongolia, the subsistence of the Mongolian pastoralists may be in jeopardy, and centuries of tradition will be lost, along with an economic pattern of survival that has sustained a nation.


Bedunah, Donald J. And Sabine M. Schmidt.

2004 Pastoralism and Protected Area management in Mongolia's Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park. Development and Change 35(1): 167-191. Academic Search Premiere Database. University of Maryland University College Information and Library Services. (6 November 2005).

Fernandez-Gimenez, Maria E.

2001 The Effects of livestock Privatization on Pastoral Land Use and Land Tenure in Post-Socialist Mongolia. Nomadic Peoples 5(2):…


Bedunah, Donald J. And Sabine M. Schmidt.

2004 Pastoralism and Protected Area management in Mongolia's Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park. Development and Change 35(1): 167-191. Academic Search Premiere Database. University of Maryland University College Information and Library Services. (6 November 2005).

Fernandez-Gimenez, Maria E.

2001 The Effects of livestock Privatization on Pastoral Land Use and Land Tenure in Post-Socialist Mongolia. Nomadic Peoples 5(2): 49-65. Academic Search Premiere Database. University of Maryland University College Information and Library Services. (6 November 2005).

Debussy Listening Prelude to the
Words: 1606 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43997705
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And the goal of Impressionist painting is always just that -- to given an impression, rather than to suggest a coherent, linear picture of experience. Impressionists depicted emotions and subjective concepts, rather than attempted to convey a singular view. There is no 'point' to Monet's paintings of water lilies; there is merely the artist's reflection on color. The story goes nowhere in "Prelude to the afternoon of a faun," but the atmospheric canvas of light, shade, and sound creates a scene. Backdrops rather than plot; emotions and desires and dreams rather than clear movements characterize this Impressionistic work of art.

The original inspiration of the work was a poem by the French poet Mallmarme. However, the poem's uncertainty and daydream-like quality is not a literal 'synthesis' of the poem (Lloyd 154). Instead, Debussy created something entirely new in his work. The music allows for a greater ambiguity in its composition…

Anthropology Origins of Inequality Human
Words: 1886 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38092335
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One can run up against the barriers of entrenched social class, or perhaps lack certain required distinctions or certifications that readily confer status. hile few modern nations claim to possess hereditary classes, most do possess groups of individuals who control vast amounts of family wealth, and the power that goes with it. Many other individuals, by virtue of the social status of their families possess at least the resources to obtain college degrees, or open businesses of their own - all things that will improve their social status. Others lack these things and seem, despite socio-political theories to the contrary, to be condemned to a life as low status individuals. As in the past, inequality exists today, even in a supposedly equal society.

orks Cited

Angle, John. "The Surplus Theory of Social Stratification and the Size Distribution of Personal ealth." Social Forces 65.2 (1986): 293-326.


Maisels, Charles…

Works Cited 

Angle, John. "The Surplus Theory of Social Stratification and the Size Distribution of Personal Wealth." Social Forces 65.2 (1986): 293-326.


Maisels, Charles Keith. Early Civilizations of the Old World: The Formative Histories of Egypt, the Levant, Mesopotamia, India, and China. London: Routledge, 2001.