They could see that nursing staffs were spread more thinly in some hospitals than others. They knew that nurses believe they provide valuable, sometimes life-saving services.
The authors connected their issue directly to nursing practice and the quality of patient care. They found that when nurses were responsible for more than six patients, mortality rose 7% and nurse burnout rose 25%. Based on their research, they predicted that 20,000 more patients would die if nursing ratios in hospitals rose from 4:1 to 8:1.
The authors predict that nursing will have to be seen as the vitally important role it truly is before hospitals will realize that cutting nursing staff cannot save money without putting patients at risk. They noted some changes going on in the nursing profession right now including significant numbers of nurses approaching retirement age and technological advances, which increase the demand for nurses to run and monitor…… [Read More]
Daryl J. Bem, Ph.D. is a social psychologist who formulated the self -- perception theory as it relates to attitude change in attitude development. He has exhibited many research interests in his career but is also notable for theories regarding the development of attitudes, sexual orientation, and research attempting to demonstrate the legitimacy of such parapsychological phenomena as ESP. This paper discusses his early life, educational background, his major academic influences during his training, the political and cultural climate that occurred during his upbringing, and his major academic contributions and published works.
Dr. Bem's Education, Personal Life, and Employment History
Dr. Bem was born on June 10, 1938 in Denver, Colorado (Bem, 2001). Dr. Bem has two siblings: brother and a sister. Dr. Bem's father, Darwin Bem, owned a small manufacturing company named the Colorado Badge and Trophy Company in the city of Denver, Colorado and his mother…… [Read More]
Program in Economics
Knowledge and learning is for me at the base of any process and I have dedicated most of my life to both. My initial preference for Physics, where I have obtained a B. Sc. With honors was directed towards a better understanding of the material world we live in and at how we can master the environment in order to achieve the best results from our interaction with it. However, in time, I was more and more attracted by the financial markets and issues that seem to govern our society more and more. In the beginning a hobby and an interest, it became more and more of a passion. I have gained over the years an increasingly high interest in financial econometrics, incomplete market theory and statistical properties of price fluctuation in financial time series, gaining the conscience that a better understanding of these issues will help…… [Read More]
It has been performing this role for more than three decades as an immigration-neutral and non-profit organization. To-date, it has evaluated more than 450,000 internationally educated nurses and other healthcare workers for jobs (Pinoy Abroad).
February 16,19 and 24 -- President Arroyo ordered the Philippine Department of Labor and Employment to formally appeal the decision made by the CGFNS (GMA News Research, 2006). A task force was created for the purpose and was headed by PRC chairperson Dr. Leonor Rosero. In a telephone conversation on February 24, CGFNS head, Dr. arbara Nichols, confirmed with Dr. Rosero that the panel's decision was final as well as unanimous. Dr. Nichols also said that the CGFNS did not have a provision for appeal or reconsideration. She explained that the Commission is a private organization but it follows the U.S. immigration law. Its decision to require a retake of the affected tests was based…… [Read More]
(16) The drug has better coverage against Gram-positive cocci and atypical pathogens, and it is able to achieve excellent penetration into respiratory fluids and tissues. One particular adverse effect of the drug is that it may result in gastrointestinal disturbances, and thereby affect the individual's metabolism. (17) e) How does metabolism influence clearance, bioactivity and elimination?
At times, the metabolism does tend to affect the absorption and the clearance of the drug from the system. For example, the changes in the INR or the International Normalized Ratio may happen in certain patients who have been receiving oral anticoagulants, with antibiotics, such as oxifloxacin. The age, the state of the infectious disease, and so on are all risk factors. However, the drug does not interfere with the 1A2 subtypes of cytochrome P450 enzymes, and in the same way, there was no significant effect on apparent body clearance and also on the…… [Read More]
50)" (MEE, 2012). One must not forget this is indeed a progressive disease; thus as it worsens and the pH gets higher, "the PaO2 and the PaCO2… for example, the PaCO2 reaches 20 mm Hg and the pH reaches 7.60" (MEE, 2012). Thus, the lungs gets to a progressively worse state where they're unable to get rid of excess carbon dioxide; the PaCO2 elevates and pH plummets as well, but the PaO2 also plummets; as an asthma attack worsens the rock-bottom level PaCO2 and the elevated pH start to fall again (MEE, 2012).
In the case scenario that we're examining, the patient's factor of age could have a direct impact on how the disease is manifests. Childhood allergies could mean that the disease progresses more rapidly, and that the child is more vulnerable to certain irritants. Children might not quite understand how to regulate stress in their lives and how…… [Read More]
Leachate. This term refers to the liquid that has passed through or emerged from phosphogypsum.
Liner. This term refers to a continuous layer of low permeability natural or synthetic materials which controls the downward and lateral escape of waste constituents or leachate from a phosphogypsum stack system.
Phosphogypsum. This terms refers to a preparation of calcium sulfate and its byproducts that are produced by the reaction of sulfuric acid with phosphate rock to produce phosphoric acid. Phosphogypsum is a solid waste within the definition of Section 403.703(13), F.S.
Phosphogypsum stack. This term refers to any defined geographic area that is associated with a phosphoric acid production facility in which phosphogypsum is disposed of or stored, other than within a fully enclosed building, container or tank.
Phosphogypsum stack system. For the purposes of this study, this term means the phosphogypsum stack (or pile, or landfill), together with all pumps, piping, ditches,…… [Read More]
Furthermore, social software will only increase in importance in helping organizations maintain and manage their domains of knowledge and information. When networks are enabled and flourish, their value to all users and to the organization increases as well. That increase in value is typically nonlinear, where some additions yield more than proportionate values to the organization (McCluskey and Korobow, 2009). Some of the key characteristics of social software applications as they apply to crowdsourcing techniques are listed below.
Personal profile information ("personal brand") to build user-driven skills taxonomy;
Knowledge sharing, creation, organization, storage, and retrieval;
eally simple syndication (SS) content feeds replace or restructure the e-mail in-box;
Content rating to rank value of contributions by others;
Practitioners can self-identify as subject matter experts;
Social and professional interaction around hard problems, like practitioners, communities of practice and interest;
Business intelligence (BI) dashboard or analytics portal captures the interactions and transactions…… [Read More]
It is only a guess what extremophile might be found next.
There are several advantages, and notable disadvantages in terms of the extreme habitats in which these organisms reside. First, and foremost, there is no competition. There are virtually no threats from predators, which is the most common problem for life on earth. Much research has suggested that the existence of extremophiles may have allowed for the beginnings of life on earth to start. According to research, "Their study not only shows us how life functions at what we consider environmental extremes, but also teaches us much about the nature of life itself and about the possible properties of the first organisms that colonized planet Earth at a time when conditions were far more extreme," (ainey 2006:2). However, there are disadvantages. The extreme conditions do limit the evolution of the species living there. Based on the demanding needs of the…… [Read More]
Ralph Nader is one of the most famously incorruptible characters in modern American history. Born of Lebanese immigrant parents, Nader obtained an exceptionally good education, and then single-mindedly took on the entire automotive industry's dangerous automobile designs. After Nader's initial victory and fame from Unsafe at any Speed, he was certainly not a "one-hit wonder," prolifically writing more than ten books dedicated to enhancing the public good, and founding several key organizations that doggedly fight for that same public good. Unfortunately, famous people are often subject to forces that tear them down; Nader's popularity was damaged by his Presidential campaign of 2000. As a result of the Republican election to the hite House, Nader is alienated from the very people who would normally support him. His explanation of the 2000 Presidential bid dovetails with the personality and dedication that was once widely admired.
Ralph Nader was born on February…… [Read More]
Viability of Coconut Production and Sales in the Philippines
Marketing and Trade
A World Leading Producer
Coconuts are grown and sold mostly as copra and in fresh form (UNCTAD 2009). Most of the big coconut producers process the copra themselves and extract the oil in their own oil mills. Of the total exports from coconuts, copra accounts for only 4% and the rest is coconut oil. There has been a large demand for coconut oil exports in the two decades for its high lauric fatty acid content. Only a little more than 2 million tons were supplied to the world market in 2008. In this year, the Philippines supplied the most at 42%, mostly to the U.S.A. And Europe at 24% and 25% of their imports, respectively. International organizations provide preferential tariffs and price support for these imports from the Pacific in order to encourage them About 279,000 tons of…… [Read More]
Because of the est's "strong influence and forceful implication of their civilization, the locals' forms of expression on national issues and self-consciousness were replaced through political essays, novels, poems and religious prose -- a form of learning, however, that led to ultimate awakening of Filipinos regarding the unreasonable colonial rule in the country. Famous examples of these Spanish-adapted writings are the novels of Jose Rizal, El Filibusterismo and Noli Me Tangere" ("Philippine Literature," Camper's Point, 2007).
Freedom, liberation, and establishing an identity apart from those who would eradicate the national heritage and faith of the nation thus became a dominant theme in Philippine literature, relatively early in its gestation. Even the ethno-epics became subject to the pressures of colonization. For example; "The Agyu or Olahing of the Manobos is a three part epic that narrate[s] the exploits of the hero as he leads his people who have been driven out…… [Read More]
Nurse' intends to pursue the role of a Nurse Educator in various academic institutions in North Carolina.
s. Nurse's" educational background and years of work experience is very much aligned with her plans. She received her BSN degree and Pre-Law major (BA) on ay of 1998 from the University of North Carolina at Pembroke. After which, she became a self-employed, certified legal nurse consultant. From 1998 to the present, "s. Nurse" gained a wealth of knowledge, experiences and training from working with insurance companies, Defense and Plaintiff attorneys pertaining to medical malpractice, negligence, personal injury, disabilities, and workman's compensation cases.
In order to become a professional health care systems analyst and to be able to assess, develop, implement and evaluate Community Health Nursing programs and public policy of North Carolina as a whole, a graduate study will provide the necessary skills and knowledge required for the role. "s. Nurse" is…… [Read More]
Symptoms of schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is perhaps the most harsh and cruel mental disorder because it gives the sufferers views and insights of reality that are extremely uncommon and psychotic. People suffering from schizophrenia tend to hear unusual voices from within and also feel afraid, mystified, nervous and apprehensive on a consistent basis (Taken from; Janssen-Cilag http://www.psychiatry24x7.com/index.jhtml?product=schizophrenia).
Onset and course
Many people believe that people suffering from Schizophrenia actually have "split personalities," however; contemporary research has negated this theory asserting that people experiencing Schizophrenia actually suffer from distorted reality, in laymen's terms (Taken from; Janssen-Cilag http://www.psychiatry24x7.com/index.jhtml?product=schizophrenia).
"Approximately 1% of the population develops schizophrenia during their lifetime -- more than 2 million Americans suffer from the illness in a given year. Although schizophrenia affects men and women with equal frequency, the disorder often appears earlier in men, usually in the late teens or early twenties, than in women, who are generally…… [Read More]
Educational Philosophy Comparison: John Dewey vs. William Bagley
There have always been philosophical battles between progressive thinkers and conservative thinkers when it comes to the education of America's children. Those wars were waged in the 18th, 19th, and 20th Centuries, and educators from both sides, and some in the middle or the far left or far right, are still involved in the same philosophical scrimmages today. It's healthy though, to look back at two of the brightest minds in the development of the American educational structure, the classic progressive John Dewey, and the quintessential conservative William Chandler Bagley, and examine what they had to say. Many of their debating points are as poignant and pertinent today as back then.
Introduction to educators John Dewey and William Bagley
John Dewey was born in Burlington Vermont, graduated from the University of Vermont and received his Ph.D. At Johns Hopkins in 1884. He…… [Read More]
For the temperature portion of the investigation (conducted first), eight test tubes were placed in four temperature controlled water baths ranging from water and crushed ice (2( C) to near boiling (98(). The other baths were kept at room temperature (23( C) and an intermediary between this and boiling (75( C). Test tubes were left in the baths for ten minutes, until their temperatures at equalized. Starting with the coldest bath, the amylase mixture was poured into the starch solution and briefly stirred. Leaving the test tube in the bath, a single drop was removed every ten seconds using a plastic pipette and placed into a well containing the iodine solution. When the color remained orange, the reaction had been completed, and the time (i.e. length of reaction) was noted. This same process was repeated with the other three sets of test tubes at the other temperatures, washing and replacing…… [Read More]
Perry M. Smith Ph.D. discusses several relevant issues of leadership in his work of non-fiction entitled ules & Tools for Leaders. The vast majority of the concepts the author elucidates pertain to change efforts. In terms of leadership theory, there is a general motif associated with Perry's ideas that is in accordance with transformational leadership in which leaders attempt to effect change in a positive way. The book spans issues of leadership from the intensely personal and innate characteristics of a leader to extrinsic qualities exemplified in leading entire organizations or enterprises.
Perry presents a framework for leadership in which the requisite qualifications for inspiring and producing positive change in others begins within oneself. The author posits the notion that the first step towards leading others is having a full understanding of oneself. Personally, then, individuals must analyze their own character and realize the sort of qualities that they first…… [Read More]
Iso-Electric Point and Iron Content in Iron Hydroxide Impregnated Aluminosilicate-Based Geopolymers
Rahil Abou Saleh
Dr. Kiril Hristovski
Iron hydroxide impregnated aluminosilicate-based geopolymers (Fe-ASG) is a novel water treatment media currently under development for simultaneous removal of arsenic and inorganic contaminants. The goal of this study was to determine whether varied iron contents impregnated aluminosilicate impacts the surface charge in different pH conditions. The study tests for media types of virgin and iron impregnated ASG diluted in potassium nitrate (KNO3) for charge dispersion. pH of the sample was gradually adjusted using potassium hydroxide (KOH) and nitric acid (HNO3). Results demonstrated no significant relationship between iron content impregnated ASG and iso electric point, which suggests that surface area properties impacts the relationship.
I am especially appreciative of the guidance, encouragement, and patience exuded by Dr. Hristovski throughout the duration of this research project. Also I would like to give special thanks to…… [Read More]
Raising Cain: Protecting the Emotional Life of Boys
Dan Kindlon, Michael Thompson
The Raising Cain: Protecting the Emotional Life of Boys by Dan Kindlon, a researcher and psychology professor at Harvard who is also practicing psychotherapist specializing in boys and Michael Thompson, a child psychologist, workshop leader, and staff psychologist of an all-boys school. Both are Ph.Ds and two of the country's foremost child psychologists. In this book they have very successfully shared the experience of what they have learned in more than thirty-five years of mutual experience working with boys and their families.
The book is an important and a fascinating read to all boys and their families. Both authors have been convincing in their argument that for boys it would be good if they become more 'emotionally literate,' in order to comprehend their own feelings as well as of others. The valuable and insightful proposal given by these…… [Read More]
..hile older children and adults understand the inherent bias of advertising, younger children do not, and therefore tend to interpret commercial claims and appeals as accurate and truthful information," said psychologist Dale Kunkel, Ph.D., Professor of Communication at the University of California at Santa Barbara and senior author of the task force's scientific report. (Kunkel, et.al, 2004)
The Lego ads, when seen by younger children who "do not understand persuasive intent in advertising," might feel as if the balance of the world really does hang in their hands -- and an older child might be confused by the overlapping techniques of advertising, which blur the lines between advertising with a persuasive ulterior motive to encourage consumption, and entertainment in the form of cartoons. This confusion might be another reason for the greater efficacy of movie and product tie-ins with children's advertising."(Briesch, Bridges, & Kim, 2004) This fact is seconded by…… [Read More]
Family Background Plant, Breeding History Plan
isconsin fast plants were developed in the mid-1980's by professor Paul illiams as a way of enabling individuals to study the life cycle of plants in a relatively short period of time. isconsin fast plants are of the brassica rapa species, and are ideal for short-term studies because they develop celeritously over a life cycle which is completed within a year's time. They typically bloom in the winter. Although there are many different varieties of brassica rapa (which includes strains such as brassica rapa ssp. campestris L., brassica rapa ssp. sarson and others) (Itis), they are all part of the family known as cruciferae. These plants look like many types of vegetables including mustards, turnips and cabbage. Virtually all of the plants in this family have four petals that cross one another similar to a crucifix, which is where the name of this family…… [Read More]
Milk from the cow is one of the most versatile and important substances in the human diet as well as in the diets of many animals and in particular in the diet of poultry that are being raised as layers, broilers or for other purposes. The fact that this milk can be processed into many different forms adds to its versatility and provides a wide array of by-products from which specialized uses can be determined. Understanding the basic array of materials that can be obtained from processing milk is the first step in understanding how those products can be used in the diets of poultry. The next step of understanding the relationship between dairy by-products and the benefits they can provide to poultry comes through examining the nutritional content of those by-products for the feeding and development of poultry. As these two explanations are provided it becomes evident in…… [Read More]
At times, marvel how far have come. Ever since was a young boy, under the influence of my father, a molecular biologist, dreamed of researching genetically inherited diseases. Today, live that reality in my current field of work and research as a graduate student in neuroscience.
Thus, long before most children, because of my early exposure to the field of biology, was intimately aware that one's genetic inheritance could determine an individual's future physical and emotional health. Perhaps it comes as no surprise that soon decided was genetically coded to become a medical researcher. will receive my Ph D. n the summer of 2006 in neuroscience. But my current studies in the field of genetics have also soberly reminded me of how far both my own learning and the field of genetics need to be stretched, before the objectives of genetic research into inherited diseases can be realized.…… [Read More]
This study demonstrates that different total P. fraction releases may differ between two bodies of water under similar oxygen conditions (Kisand & Noges, 2003). This study is important in that it highlights the complexity of understanding P. fractions in any given body of water. There are a multitude of potential reactions in any body of water. Oxygen plays a role in the reactions of any individual lake, but one cannot make predictions based on oxygen level alone.
Shallow lakes differ from stratified lakes in many ways. A stratified lake typically reaches equilibria in such a manner that it becomes divided into regions. This is not the case with shallow lakes. With a shallow lake, the entire lake may change from clear water to macrophyte dominated to algae dominated, each phase has its own state of equilibrium (Dokulil & Teubner, 2003). Total chlorophyll to phosphorus ratios are different in these various…… [Read More]
It is therefore quite important to evaluate each experience on its own merits, as well as to how well each experience is integrated into the overall picture. An evaluation form has been developed for each participant as well as the parents of that participant. The evaluation form will be handed out at the end of each of the camps (whether the attendee stayed for a one-week or the full three-week course will be noted) for completion and return to the directors of the camp.
After the evaluation forms have been returned, the responses contained therein will be analyzed and broken down into categories pertaining to each camp experience and how it (they) were perceived by the campers. Follow-up questionnaires can be sent to each participant on a bi-yearly basis in order to gauge what type of long-term effects the camps continue to have on the participants.
The project is proposed…… [Read More]
eview of Symptoms and Lab esults
The reported nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain may indicate a GI disorder, but combined with the patient's diabetes, unusual thirst, constant urination, and fatigue, the symptoms are more indicative of an endocrine disorder (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006).
Some of the patient's lab results fall into the normal range: BUN of 16 mg/dl (normal is 8 -- 25 mg/dl); creatinine of 1.3 (normal is 0.5 -- 1.7 mg/dl); sodium of 139 mEq/L (normal is 135 -- 145 mEq/L); blood pressure of 90/60 (normal is less than 120/80); and temperature of 99 .1°F (Chernecky & Berger, 2001; Pagana & Pagana, 2003).
Other lab results fall outside of the normal range: glucose of 420 mg/dl is very high (normal is 60 to 110 mg/dl); 4+ glucose and 3+ ketones are very high (normal is no glucose or ketones present in the urine); pH of…… [Read More]
Millionaire Next Door:
The Surprising Secrets of America's ealthy"
hen most Americans think of millionaires, they most likely conjure images of flamboyant characters leading exciting lifestyles. Most people probably believe that the majority of millionaires inherited their money and that few have put in an honest day's work in their lives. Millionaires are imagined shopping at designer stores and would easily be picked out in a crowd. Moreover, most believe that millionaires drive expensive cars and live in posh homes in upscale neighborhoods. Common belief is that millionaires would never shop at alMart or bargain hunt at the local flea market. This is the stereotype image of the American millionaire. Far from it according to Thomas Stanley and illiam Danko, authors of "The Millionaire Next Door: The Surprising Secrets of America's ealthy." Their research found that these stereotype images are far from reality.
Stanley and Danko focused on individuals with…… [Read More]
, 2006). Soliciting client's self-report may be another helpful practice (Landry et al., 2009).
To deal with both attrition and ethnicity factors in conjunction with an adolescent or school-aged client, the counselor may be well advised to consider the fact that the client may better benefit from a school counselor's intervention rather than from her own. Studies (for instance Cummings, 2009) have shown that "schools may be the best setting in which to provide mental health services if the objective is to reduce the unmet need for mental health care among adolescents living in disadvantaged and/or ethnically diverse communities." (Cummings, 2009, 1).
At times, the counselor may have to deal with trauma-related matters. Since trauma may traverse several generations and is comprised of complex issues, Goodman and West-Olatuni (2008) recommend a transgenerational trauma recognition and assessment approach as well as historical and contextual knowledge of the trauma.
Of particular interest…… [Read More]
globalization and its effects in different countries. We do this by considering the potential costs of the globalization process and the analysis of the major issues involved. We then present an analysis of how globalization has impacted the telecommunication industry.
Globalization is a term that holds different meanings to different people according to the context. Beerkens (2004, p2) defines globalization as a global interconnectedness between states that is supplemented through processes of social arrangements such as culture and ideology and then become disembedded from the existing spatial context as a result of the acceleration, flexibilisation, massification, expansion and diffusion of flow of persons, products, information, images and finance across nations. In economic terms, it can be used to refer to interdependent world economies (Pearson Education, 2010).
The cost of Globalization and the analysis of the major issues involved.
Globalization, though inevitable, is surrounded by various issues that are less likely…… [Read More]
Communications -- Personal Statement
Say the word 'communications,' and immediately people think of the written or the spoken word. They think of a page of newspaper, a conversation with a friend. But corporate communications encompasses so much more than merely the verbal exchange of ideas.
Corporate communications is kinesthetic. Through my work at my current place of business, Alcoa I communicate by email to all Alcoans worldwide, regarding the Earthwatch program, including its guidelines and the application process. Earthwatch expeditions are hands-on efforts designed to add to the knowledge of Alocan personnel to give them personal knowledge of the different needs that must be met to build a sustainable future. My communication efforts for this program are personal as well as technical, and facilitate the communications process between employees on a personal level, and for the fifteen individuals ultimately chosen to become a part of the program, on a physical…… [Read More]
(Books Published by aha! Process, Inc.)
uby concentrates on sources of co-operation, or resources, which would or would not be available in a student's life by means of realistic teaching techniques. esources are significant assets including mental stability, emotional co-operation, and physical health - and the other resources which students have, the more they would be to attain their objectives. 'A Framework for Understanding Poverty' is thus a book which is useful for teachers. It derives from several years of experience in multiple school systems, and also a wide level of academic positions. In this popular book, the author shows the issues which are primary to teaching students who live in poverty, then takes the next step by providing successful solutions teachers can apply immediately to better the quality of teaching in their classrooms. (Books Published by aha! Process, Inc.) significant caveat for purchasers would be that the book is…… [Read More]
CRISS- Annotated Bibliography
Annotated… [Read More]
hopeful and preparing to do something I deserve by achieving my Masters in Finance for several years and am eager to now be working to turn my visions in to a certainty. I have come a long way from being granted a scholarship from the Ministry of Higher Education in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, under The King Abdullah Program, earning the opportunity to be successful in a graduate school and accomplish my Ph.D. My efforts in finding out what career I was interested in and pursuing it has been honest but challenging which has made me stronger and more determined, nonetheless now I am a prominent and reputed senior graduating this upcoming semester in May 2011at 24 years of age.
I first attended California State University at Northridge and adjusted quite well with an inner concentration in my Bachelor's program; and have always been intrigued by the research and…… [Read More]
Dante's journey through his 'mid-life' crisis. It uses 7 sources in MLA format and it has a list of bibliography.
Mid-life is a period in life in which adults take on new responsibilities, in the family, and at work and changes are often wrought within, not only in the physical but also in their spiritual self. The realities of life often stare them in the face, a very real possibility of death begins to strike them, their faith or lack of it is in doubt, very often there are crises in personal or work life, there is a general need to "reappraise previous life structures with an eye to making revisions while there is still time" (Huyck, 1997).
The term of "mid-life crisis" was originally coined by Jaques (1965) who claimed that people encounter a crisis as they realize their own mortality and a change in time frame from "time…… [Read More]
Pan's Labyrinth: Ofelia's Coping Mechanism
Pan's Labyrinth is one of the most notable fantasy films because it is able to anchor the more mystical motifs within the reality of war while still being able to portray events from the unique perspective of the child. Directed by Guillermo del Toro (2006), the film is not for children even though the heroine of the film is a child. The film in many ways is a rejection of classic stories as it doesn't skirt around the horror which lurks beneath; instead, it addresses the horror head on. As one critic illuminates, it can be challenging to understand a film which can provide fauns, fairies and other fantastical creatures, while still showing the monstrosity and reality of Franco's fascism. However, del Toro is able to marry the two seamlessly. However, given the tragic fate of Ofelia in the film, the ending does beg the…… [Read More]
Tuskegee Syphilis Project
In the Tuskegee case, there was a lot of information gained. Most notably, that African-Americans were affected somewhat differently by syphilis than Caucasians, especially when it came to heart problems. Other information collected included how long the people in the study lived when compared to the control group, what they died of, and what kinds of abnormalities they had on their tests. In nearly every case, it was found that African-Americans with syphilis had higher percentages of health problems than those who did not have the disease. The study concluded from that information that African-Americans who acquired syphilis developed health problems from that disease, and suggested that those problems would not have been seen at such high rates without a syphilis diagnosis. This was similar to a study that was done in Norway, and conducted on Caucasians, both male and female, in order to determine how syphilis…… [Read More]
Hypoventilation and hyperventilation are respiratory conditions related to differential intakes of air. Hypoventilation refers to the inadequate (hypo) intake of air, causing decreased levels of oxygen and increased levels of carbon dioxide in the body. The necessary gas exchanges for maintaining equilibrium become upset. Hypoventilation is caused and characterized by shallow and/or excessively slow breathing. As a result of inadequate gas exchange, carbon dioxide cannot be properly removed and levels of CO2 in the blood become elevated, a condition called hypercapnia. When levels of CO2 in the blood change, the body's pH changes too. Hyperapnia causes the blood to become more acidic, a condition called espiratory Acidosis. A person who has lost control over his or her respiratory system may not be able to self-regulate by breathing deeper or faster (Agrawal, n.d.).
Hyperventilation is the opposite of hypoventilation. Too much (hyper) air is being taken in and cannot be…… [Read More]
Hypokalemia occurs when the blood plasma level of potassium is too low (below 3.5 mcg). This is the most common electrolyte imbalance. It effects cardiac conduction and function.
Calcium is a cation that is stored in the bone, plasma and body cells. In plasma, it binds with albumin. It is well-known that calcium is necessary for healthy teeth and bones. However, it is also necessary for blood clotting, hormone secretion, maintaining the integrity of cell membranes, cardiac conduction, transmission of nerve impulses and muscle contraction. Calcium levels in the body are regulated by bone resorption.
Hypercalcemia occurs when calcium levels rise above 5 mcg in the plasma. One of the most common symptoms is cardiac arrhythmia. X-rays will show calcium loss in the bones when blood plasma levels are high. This is frequently a symptom of and underlying disease with excess bone resorption and the release of calcium. It…… [Read More]
Acid Denaturation of Catalase
The enzyme catalase is an integral component of endogenous antioxidant defenses in both plants (Blokhina, Virolainen, and Fagerstedt, 2003) and animals (Hermes-Lima and Zeneno-Savin, 2002). These defenses are required to keep reactive oxygen species (OS) in check, otherwise accumulation would result in harm to cells and tissue. OS species include the superoxide radical (O2), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), hydroxyl radical (HO), singlet oxygen, ozone, lipid peroxides, and nitric oxide. However, under conditions of oxidative stress, OS species can accumulate and threaten cellular and tissue health. For example, hypoxia causes H2O2 to accumulate in the roots and leaves of some plants (reviewed by Blokhina, Virolainen, and Fagerstedt, 2003) and in mammalian cells, over 100 genes involved in antioxidant defense are induced (reviewed by Hermes-Lima and Zeneno-Savin, 2002).
Some enzymes are able to withstand extreme conditions, in terms of pH and temperatures. Although catalase activity has been studied extensively…… [Read More]
A newer and easy test is the OSOM Vlue, which mixes a swabbed specimen from the vagina with a reagent. The test yields sialidase activity or presence in the vaginal fluid in 10 minutes. Sialidase is produced by V pathogens (Mashburn).
The most reliable criterion for detecting V is a pH>4.5 (Mashburn, 2007). A normal pH should, therefore, rule out V. A pH >4.5 can also indicate trichomoniasis or muco-purulent cervicitis. Vaginal inflammation more strongly suggests trichomonas or muco-purulent cervicitis, in turn associated with gonorrhea or chlamydial trachomatis (Mashburn).
The patient's pH level is 6, indicating V.
These are an inexpensive and relatively easy screening procedure for the most common sexually transmitted diseases, such as V (Iglesias, Alderman & Fox, 2000). The practitioner should be appropriately trained and experienced in using this procedure. Hence, the proper protocol and quality control are needed to insure accurate diagnosis.…… [Read More]
evidence-based practice use in nursing for making decisions using evidences to provide care to patients. This assignment has highlighted five main principles of EBP. These principles should be considered while implementing EBP. Moreover, there are certain challenges and barriers in implementing EBP. This assignment focused on strategies for implementing EBP.
Introduction of evidence-based practice to the workplace:
Changing the accepted confirmation of an NG (nasogastric) tube
Currently, I am employed at a medical and geriatric unit in a rehabilitation hospital. The unit is such that the majority of the nurses (60%) have over ten years' experience of practice. Thus the nurses on the unit are highly-trained professions who are extremely competent at their jobs. However, nurses of this level of experience are also often extremely change-resistant. Due to the level of the morale on the unit, nurses are often reluctant to alter the standard operating procedures with which they have…… [Read More]
Verification of Nasogastric Tube Placement
Feeding through nasogastric tubes is an integral part of the care of critically ill patients. Improper placement of nasogastric tubes is not a rare occurrence and has been estimated to occur in 3% of all placements (Borgault and Halm 2009). Improper placement can lead to complications including esophageal perforation, pneumothorax, pulmonary aspiration and intracranial tube placement. Asphyxiation can result from aspiration of large volumes. Unfortunately, incorrect placement may remain undetected, resulting in enteral feed and medications being introduced directly into the lungs. Currently there are several methods for verifying proper placement of gastric tubes such as radiographic, auscultation, pH testing of aspirates and detection of CO2. eviewing the recent literature may help to clarify which techniques are preferred for both proper positioning of the gastric tube on insertion and ensuring that it stays in place after insertion.
eview of the Literature
Bourgault and Halm (2009)…… [Read More]
ut neophytes should not attempt to do this. Halved coconuts can be dried in one of two ways. The first is by letting them dry by the heat of the sun, which takes a longer time. The other and faster way is by heating them. A bamboo house or shack without walls is built at about 3 feet above the ground. It has only a roof and a floor. The halved coconuts are piled on the floor. Some coconut husks are piled beneath the shack but not too close to burn the shack. A torch is used to set fire on these piled coconut husks but they are monitored carefully. More fire is set if it turns low. The halved coconuts turn brown and separate from the shells when ready for scooping. Just enough heat from medium to low is used to avoid burning. When the fruits at the bottom…… [Read More]
They should be informed in advance and as thoroughly as possible what the study would be about and how their participation would be used. That consent must be constant from the start to finish of the experiment, study or survey. These studies have their worth to society. They are intended to save lives and promote optimum health. There are risks taken in exchange for the ideal, but the involved parties should be fully aware of them and willing to take the said risks. At any stage of the experiment, the participants should be free to back out if they wanted.
Institutions and committees sponsoring or evaluating medical studies using live human subjects should clearly make a choice between the fundamental rights of these subjects to information and the future benefits to be derived by society from the researches. They should refrain from using live human subjects unless absolutely willing to…… [Read More]
Acidic and Basic Solutions and the Mechanisms of the Body to Balance These Solutions
The objective of this study is to explain the difference between acidic and basic solutions and the mechanisms the human body has to balance acidic and basic solutions. According to The Merck Manual the "degree of acidity or alkalinity" is an important blood property. (2014, p.1) The acidity of blood increases at the time that the level of "acidic compounds in the body rises" and this may be due to increases in production or increases in intake as well as decreases in elimination or when the "basic (alkaline) compounds in the body falls." (The Merck Manual, 2014, p. 1) The alkalinity of the body is reported to increase when the process reverses. It is reported that the balance of the body between the alkalinity and acidity is spoken of at the acid-base balance. The Merck Manual…… [Read More]
The fact is that numerous rooted macrophyte structures are not full of naturally strong and healthy particles and sediments and nutrients. It is because of the restriction or absence of these particles, sediments and nutrients that the study of these systems has not been as extensive and thorough as the concentration on the terrestrial structures when understanding the fate, sources and sinks of Co2 levels in the ecosystems and the plants structures (e.g., Drake and Leadley 1991). Researchers assert that "rooted macrophyte systems can be sources of CO2, Chapter 4 and other gases through microbial processing of organic matter in the sediments and direct emission from leaves" (Delaune et al. 1990).
Table 1. Total net primary production (NPP) from world systems (Modified from Valiela, 1984)
% of Total
% of Total
gC m-2 y-1
15,355…… [Read More]
I'm going to look at the time line very carefully to make sure I have enough time for each task. I will allow several months to prepare for comprehensives, and at least three months to produce a proposal. I won't aim for the minimum standards for my department on that but do everything I can to make sure that I have every contingency covered. I will look at my data collection tasks to see if there are times when it might be particularly difficult to gather data, as it was for Millie during the summer.
Most of all, I am going to emulate Millie's confidence. It didn't occur to her that she couldn't do it. She ad a full time job, and a husband, and a daughter, and she was 42. She didn't see any of those as reasons she should not get her Ph.D. They were just facts of…… [Read More]
If left untreated it may lead to tetany, seizures and decreased mental status. It also decreases coronary blood flow and predisposes persons to refractory arrhythmias. This condition may also cause hypoventilation, leading to hypoxemia and impair weaning from mechanical ventilation. This is also associated with hypokalemia and may precipitate hepatic encephalopathy in susceptible patients.
Third simple acid-base disorder is respiratory acidosis. This is a clinical disturbance due to alveolar hypoventilation. The production of carbon dioxide increases and there is a failure of ventilation, which increases the partial arterial pressure of carbon dioxide. This in turn decreases the HCO3-/PaCO2 and decreases pH. This condition can either be acute or chronic. Acute respiratory acidosis occurs when an abrupt failure of ventilation occurs, whereas, chronic respiratory acidosis may be secondary to many disorders, including COPD. This disorder can be manifested depending on the severity and on the rate of development of hypercapnia. Patients…… [Read More]
Acidic Fluid on Enzymatic Activity
The aim of the experiment is to investigate the effect of an acidic fluid on enzymatic activity.
Enzymes are the class of molecules referred as proteins having one or more chains of amino acids, which are joined together by peptide bonds. The role of an enzyme is to speed up or catalyze the chemical reactions as well as reducing the amount of energy that an enzyme needs to enhance a chemical reaction. (Al-Hakimi, 2008). In other words, enzymes are the protein molecules found in living cell used to speed up a reaction in the cell. Catalyze is an example of an enzyme found on liver and potato. However, the level of enzyme activity is affected by factors such as PH, temperature and salinity. (El-Beltagin, Mohamed, Mekki, et al. 2011). For example, PH has the ability to affect the state of ionization of basic or acidic…… [Read More]
This teatment, albeit, does not poduce 100% chitosan, but basically poduces a mixtue of 10-15% chitin plus 85-90% pue chitosan, called "pue CC." In the U.S., chitosan constitutes a mixtue of appoximately7% chitin plus appoximately 93% chitosan. Outside of cost-effectiveness, the biological effects of chitin poduced fom each souce appeas identical. "Chitosan oligosacchaides (CO) takes chitosan a big step futhe," Matsunaga (2007 explains. "When CC is ingested, a small amount of it is boken down into vey small molecula paticles by the enzymes of the body, thus poducing CO. CO can also be manufactued by using an enzymatic pocess" (Matsunaga, as cited in Levine, p. 1). The body moe eadily absobs CO, although CO contains less fibe than egula CC.
In Case Histoy 1: Low Pulmonay (Lung) Function, Matsunaga (Levine, 2007) teats his fist patient, also his fathe, with the administation of CC. Pevious teatments had yielded no esults…… [Read More]
Monosodium glutamate, otherwise known as MSG, is a commonly discussed food additive used throughout the world today. While some countries use it minimally, and place high restrictions on its use, other countries use it on a consistent basis, in many foods. This paper will examine MSG, and its uses. Additionally, this paper will examine each step of how MSG is made, using fermentation. The discussion will include technical details of the process, the equipment commonly used, the use of enzymes and bacteria, as well as an examination of the product packaging and quality control procedures. Finally, this paper will include a brief description of the market of MSG, and the socio-economic aspects of the product.
Monosodium glutamate, or MSG, is the sodium salt of glutamic acid. Glutamate is an amino acid that occurs naturally in many foods known for their flavor, such as tomatoes and mushrooms. Additionally, glutamate is found…… [Read More]
Nursing elated Case Study
Tom's vitals, in the emergency department, revealed an elevated respiratory rate, heart rate and blood pressure. His oxygen saturation was also considerably low. Tom's Body Mass Index (BMI) falls in the overweight category. He was also a-febrile, at presentation, indicating that infection was not a precipitating cause.
Initially the ABGs were normal, indicating an acute severe exacerbation or life threatening asthma. Later, when the ABGs were repeated, carbon dioxide levels were above normal. A raised carbon dioxide level is the differentiating bench mark between life threatening and near fatal asthma. The ABG analysis also reveals acidemia which cannot be solely attributed to a respiratory or metabolic cause alone, and hence can be safely classified as a mixed disorder.
Tom's history is typical of atopic asthma which usually begins in childhood and is triggered by antigens from the environment, such as pollen, animal dander or dust. Upper…… [Read More]
Psychology of Multiculturalism: Identity, Gender, And the Recognition of Minority Rights
This paper looks at the issue of multiculturalism, its development, its use by society and the ways in which the field of psychology have reacted towards, and used, multiculturalism. Firstly, a brief history of the meaning of multiculturalism will be entered in to, next a brief discussion of the work of five authors (in particular Kymlicka, Taylor and Gerd) who have been influential in the development of research about multiculturalism will be presented, and then the psychology of multiculturalism will be discussed, from the viewpoint of how multiculturalism has been embraced by psychologists.
What exactly is multiculturalism? Everyone has a different idea of the meaning of this word in their minds, and consequently many different meanings of multiculturalism float around in the literature and in popular speak. Multiculturalism has gained particular significance in the United States, where there have…… [Read More]
No efforts have been made to create a strong consumer base in the Philippines itself by improving the lot of the Filipino workers (Bello 3). Had a local market been created and some protections afforded to Filipino workers, development may well have proceeded in a more positive direction as the nation would have been better able to take advantage of those aspects of globalization that offered true benefits, rather than sinking all economic hopes into the long shot that the small nation could compete with nations like India and China as a source of cheap labor. Despite this reality, economic reform in the Philippines has consistently focused on re-creating the nation as an export economy, specifically in the it industry. It probably seemed like a natural extension of economic development in the 1980s and 1990s when the Philippines was attempting to embrace globalization. Globalization offered a way to integrate with…… [Read More]
attitudes each takes on with regard to the field of study. Studies concerning research are directed at making a contribution to the society they are designed for while those addressing applied sciences only play an important role within the field itself. Applied degrees only involve practice that is limited because of the circumstances it develops in. Doctorates concentrate on theoretical aspects and typically provide significant information with regard to how research actually reflects on the field.
Individuals writing Ph.D.'s have to use their documentation with the purpose of playing a major role in the domain they work in. The ideology behind higher education has been seen for hundreds of years as only being accessible to persons who are able to bring something new and who can thus use their position effectively. In contrast to a Ph.D., an applied study can actually be written about a previous study or any other…… [Read More]
men are a growing academic minority in graduate schools?
During the Second ave of the feminist movement of the 1970s, one of the key lobbying points of the women's movement was the need for women to achieve parity amongst males in undergraduate and graduate education. Today, the reality of gender disparities in education is far more complex. omen already outnumber males as undergraduates and are beginning to outnumber them in graduate schools as well. However, before 'victory' is declared for feminism, it is important to view these statistics with some caution. Although the trend may indicate that males will be outnumbered by females at the undergraduate, masters and Ph.D. levels this does not mean that women are on a sunny and uncomplicated path to economic enrichment and personal fulfillment.
A recent study by the U.S. Council of Graduate Schools found that between the years of 2008-2009, "women were award 50.4%…… [Read More]
" (Dietz, 1998). Obese children are often taller than their non-overweight peers, and are apt to be viewed as more mature. This is an inappropriate expectation that may result in adverse effects on their socialization. (Dietz, 1998). Overweight children and adolescents report negative assumptions made about them by others, including being inactive or lazy, being strong or tougher than others, not having feelings and being unclean. (American Obesity Association, 2000).
This epidemic did not occur overnight. Obesity and overweight are chronic conditions.
This study was concerned with genetics, family dynamics and parenting, and nutrition and dietary intake, all three of which contribute to childhood obesity. Specifically the researcher will attempt to determine what factors are contributing to the nations epidemic rises in obesity among children and what the effects are of the growing girth that is plaguing the nations children. The objective of the research study will be…… [Read More]
So, although the reverse of these characteristic is not indicative of depression, their expression within the context of grief suggests the lack of clinical depression.
ith the fundamentals of depression outlined, it is reasonable to wonder why such symptoms and behaviors manifest themselves in certain people and why they do not in others. Many different researchers coming from many different scientific backgrounds -- from psychology to biochemistry -- have investigated the fundamentals of depression, and each have constructed models as to what its underlying causes are. Each of these investigations has attempted to explain the causes and symptoms of depression and has offered treatment possibilities.
The psychological models of depression have focused their attention on failed early attachment, inability to obtain desired rewards, impaired social relations, and distorted thinking." This approach to depression has yielded some valuable information regarding the disorder; yet, much of the results make it unclear as…… [Read More]
Solid Waste is generally described as:
• Trash (for instance dairy boxes and even coffee grounds)
• eject (for instance metallic scrap, wall panel, and even empty storage containers)
• Sludges coming from waste materials treatment facilities, drinking water supply clarification facilities, or air pollution control establishments (for instance scrubber slags)
• Manufacturing waste products (for instance manufacturing process contaminated waters and non-waste-water sludges as well as solids)
• Other dumped supplies, such as liquid, semisolid, solid, or even contained gaseous supplies caused by industrial, business, mining, farming, and local community pursuits (for instance boiler slags).
The phrase solid waste isn't restricted to waste products which are physically solid. Numerous solid wastes tend to be liquid, whilst some others happen to be semisolid or even gaseous.
The word solid waste, as based on the Statute, is extremely wide-ranging, including not just the conventional non-hazardous solid waste products, like…… [Read More]
The Surgeon General remains a respected figure, but the job is ill-defined, budgetless, and subject to the whims of political appointees at the Department of Health and Human Services and the hite House.
The Surgeon General is widely considered to be the doctor for the nation and an ombudsman for the public's health. But in reality, modern holders of the office are tightly constrained by the increasingly politicized environment of ashington. It is difficult to imagine a modern Congress creating the office of Surgeon General. Politics wouldn't allow it to happen. Fortunately, and to our nation's great benefit, the position and the tradition already exist. But the job needs help (Mullan 2007).
According to Mullan, legislation is needed to do three things: provide an independent budget for the currently mendicant position; mandate an annual Surgeon General's Report on the state of the nation's health; and, essential to all else, insulate…… [Read More]