Police Officer Stress
One of the toughest jobs is working in law enforcement. Part of the reason for this is because police officers are expected to go between two different extremes. As, their jobs can be very boring and tedious due to the routine patrols along with paperwork that they have to submit to their supervisors on a regular basis. Then, there are those times when they will be called to deal with intense situations that cause their levels of adrenaline to increase exponentially. As they must become involved in activities that are considered to be dangerous, to the general public based upon the action that criminals are engaging in (i.e. armed robbery, shootouts and car chases). These two different extremes can cause many officers to go through tremendous ups and downs as part of the job. Over the course of time, this can have an impact on their mental…… [Read More]
Police Officer Occupation Research
Recently, 163 police officers have been laid off in Camden and the community most certainly feeling the impact -- as "callers to 911 who report things like home burglaries or car break-ins are asked to file a report over the phone or at police headquarters; officers rarely respond in person" (Goldstein, 2011). When police officers are laid off and removed from the community, like in Camden, the safety of the community is jeopardized and the police officers that are still employed are in increasing danger, since the human police resources have been cut. The importance of police officers are evident so it is important to further explore the type of people that they are, the many different components of their occupation, including job hazards. The goal of this criminal justice research would be to capture a complete and detailed overview of police officers, specifically what the…… [Read More]
Police Officer Occupation
Police officers are probably the most visible law enforcers in our society today. Not everybody who clearly understands all what the police officers are supposed to do apart from cracking down criminals who at their own will or as result of undue influence break the law of their land. Apart from this widely known role, police officers ensure public safety by conducting traffic, educating the public about the law, provision of noticeable presence to deter crime and above all, they are the first responders in preventing a crime from occurring.
Being a police man is a call besides having a secure job or a financial reward one receives. It's a demanding job which can be very stressful but at the same time fulfilling when helping people and solving a society's problem. Though policing is one those lines of work which has little connections to social life, I…… [Read More]
Police Officer Murder Death Penalty Scenario
The case of 20-year-old Jesse James, who was recently arrested for the alleged murder of a police officer, is one which is sure to arouse the public's sense of righteous indignation, with friends, family and fellow cops demanding that James be tried, convicted and executed for his crimes. As a newly elected prosecutor charged with the unenviable task of handling this contentious case, it is important to remember the importance of statutory guidelines and legislative precedence as the case proceeds, because any errors will likely result in James utilizing the expansive appeals process to delay, and possibly overturn, a decision to impose the death penalty. Automatic appeals lodged in the Court of Criminal Appeals, direct appeals to the Supreme Court, Habeas Corpus reviews on the state and federal levels, the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals, and petitions for Executive Clemency are all avenues which…… [Read More]
Police Officer career in law enforcement is one of the most versatile, worthy callings a person could have. The wide variety of directions in this career choice caters to almost any interest, and offers many benefits as well.
General police work such as homicide and general crime fighting of course involves a high degree of risk. Police work has been seen to be extremely dangerous. During the 1990's for example, the average number of police killed in the line of duty within a year was around 150. Some may see this degree of risk as a benefit, since high danger also means a rush of adrenaline. Also, a high degree of physical health and fitness is required for this work, which is an advantage in terms of looking good physically.
Apart from the physical, high-risk opportunities there are also more mental work, such as office administration and detective work. While…… [Read More]
Describe the skills required of a law enforcement officer
Law officer officers play a vital role in society. They provide services that ultimately provided for the security of the community and the confidence to conduct routine activities without fear. As such, police officers, as they interact constantly with the community they are required to protect, must possess certain skills. These skills are essential to performing their tasks in a meaningful and profound manner.
According to recent reports, police officers have one of the most stressful jobs in the United States (Spielberge, 2000). The threat of retaliation from criminals, the lack of confidence in their skills, and a general public distaste for law enforcement all contribute to this stress. Therefore, police officers must be calm and calculated in their actions. These skills are essential as situations may require quick decisions based on strategy rather than emotion. If for example,…… [Read More]
Officer two believes that these requirements may help an applicant reduce on-the-job mistakes. What is the most interesting aspect of their answers is that both officers indicate a greater level of experience and/or education than they report having. The implications of that may point to a training deficit and reveal that the officers were not wholly prepared for the rigors of their job when they began it. On the other hand, it may simply reflect an admiration for their colleagues who came to the job from the military and/or with greater educational backgrounds that may have permitted them to embrace the more difficult aspects of the job with a reduced number of mistakes. Either way, it certainly indicates that there may be a need for greater training or enhanced applicant requirements, to ensure that officers are fully prepared for their jobs. In fact, when asked about his regrets, officer one…… [Read More]
It is evident that job stress is a reality for police or law enforcement officers; therefore, developing educating program as well as, providing counseling to the police officers will definitely increase efficiency of the organization. Study shows that programs implemented for individuals or for the organizations usually help in reducing organizational stress. In most cases stress can be recognized, but it cannot be taken out of police work, and as a result, this can reduce stress among police officers and their families. In conclusion, more studies are needed to evaluate the efficacy of stress management interventions among recruits and police officers. In addition, several recommendations such as the police officers should ensure that they conduct evaluation research in regards to their current stress management interventions such as random assignment should be proposed for future research. The second recommendation is that, stress management interventions for police officers should mainly focus…… [Read More]
police officers have discretion when dealing with domestic violence? Answer: YES with qualifications. An in-person survey might work best here because citizens don't all see police as protectors of society; some see them as threats.
Discretion is lately recognized as a "necessary evil" according to the police science faculty at North Carolina esleyan College (ncwc.edu). Discretion can be put to effective use in a domestic violence situation when it is "structured properly" but on the other hand there is a potential for the "abuse of discretion" when poor choices are made by the officers involved in the dispute (ncwc.edu). Discretion "as judgment" is the exact opposite of "routine and habitual obedience," according to ncwc.edu; police do not follow exact, precise orders like soldiers are obliged to -- they "…must adapt…rules to local circumstances" because every instance of domestic abuse is unique in some meaningful way (ncwc.edu).
In serious discussions involving…… [Read More]
A year before the riots took place, extensive telecast were made of the George Holiday video clip on the incident of LAPD officers beating odney King, and newspapers had brought out numerous articles attacking the LAPD. The 838 officers of LAPD deployed on duty at the time of the verdict were visualized to be demoralized and completely diffident to react. The incident has become memorable to the LAPD officers deployed actively at the time of the incident. While live coverage of the incident of beating the eginald Denny and others to death by the LAPD officials and burning of their dwelling and businesses and telecast of the same persistently worried each and every LAPD officer. (The 1992 Los Angeles iots: Lessons Learned, Changes Made)
At various moments this has been known as "LAPD's Vietnam' and 'the LAPD's Pearl Harbor'. Soon after the riots, the Webster Commission was instituted to probe…… [Read More]
Part 1 – Rights and Liberties of the Homeless and Poor
1) Do you believe the homeless and poor share the same rights and liberties as other citizens?
The rights and liberties of the homeless and poor people in the United States has been a major issue of concern in comparison with the rights and liberties of other citizens. This issue has gained considerable traction in recent years because of how police officers treat the homeless and poor. In my opinion, the homeless and poor share the same rights and liberties as other citizens on paper only. However, these people do not have similar rights and liberties as other citizens because they are treated differently and sometimes considered as second-class citizens.
2) How are the police caught in the middle by removing the homeless from public areas?
Police are caught in the middle because removing the homeless from public areas…… [Read More]
Recruiting Techniques: Realistic Job Previews
Realistic job previews (RJPs) are employed to hire individuals who will remain and perform the job due to personal fulfillment since these people have a practical perception of the work well before they take it. Elements of realistic job previews consist of collecting details from new as well as experienced law enforcement officers concerning the good and bad qualities of the work; summarizing data that trainees are extremely unlikely to understand or will probably have unrealistic presumptions about; creating a method to provide the details to trainees before they determine whether or not to accept the position; and employing and assessing the RJP. RJPS might invite potential police officers to leisure exercise in the law enforcement division; providing details about the position verbally to prospective police officers; or offering opportunities for prospective police officers to connect with law enforcement officials dealing with CVPD…… [Read More]
In places such as Richmond, that have an already checkered past in their relationship with the public, the public perception is further damaged by the rise in crime. This is true of the police department in the rest of the country as well. The rise in crime affects the perception of the public with regard to the police department, and not the government. In actions such as racism and extralegal searches the police department and not President Bush is implicated. Many of the harmful effects of current police actions and policies are the result of government policies. The police has thus become somewhat of a scapegoat as a result of the latest government policies.
The profile of violent crimes has also changed dramatically and dangerously. Fewer police officers mean more violent criminals, which raises the crime rate.
Government policy, rising crime rates, and police actions have therefore combined into a…… [Read More]
Bell was unarmed, yet the officers fired more than 50 shots into his car" (2007, p. 46). Following a grand jury investigation of the incident, three of the five detectives who were involved were charged for the shooting (Mayer, 2007). ccording to Mayer, "The incident is reminiscent of a similar situation in New York in 1999, in which a West frican street vendor, madou Diallo, was killed when police shot at him 41 times. Diallo was also unarmed" (2007, p. 46). The fact that these events occurred almost a decade apart and were unrelated was not the primary focus of the media coverage that attended them, and it is reasonable to assume that sensationalized media coverage of these and other instances of police brutality simply reinforce the perception in the minds of the merican public that the police are out of control.
ll of this is not to say, of…… [Read More]
If the economic/machine and affective/affiliation models are combined then the result would resemble the growth-open system theory of motivation (Cordner, 2013). The term 'open' in this model is meant to imply employees are influenced by their environment, including the environmental factors existing outside the workplace. The term 'growth' indicates that individuals will transition through several levels of need fulfillment depending on whether more basic needs have been met. This 'needs' hierarchy is based on the work of the psychologist Maslow, who proposed the first needs that must be fulfilled are the most basic, such as food, clothing, and shelter. If these needs are being met then an individual will next seek to protect themselves from threats to their physical and psychological health. The subsequent levels, according to Maslow, would be social needs, feeling valued and personal fulfillment, in that order. Since most police officers earn enough to meet their basic…… [Read More]
Police Officers and the Law Enforcement Code of Ethics
Many professions, including law enforcement, maintain a code of ethics to provide general guidelines for practitioners who are routinely confronted with ethical dilemmas that defy easy resolution. This paper reviews the literature to determine what a Law Enforcement Code of Ethics (the "Code") has to say about the acts of a police officer and the extent to which these guidelines are open to interpretation due to vagaries in content or guidance. In addition, recommendations for improving the Code are followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues in the conclusion.
Like the legal and healthcare professions, law enforcement officers have an ethical responsibility to their fellow officers, their organization as well as the general public they are committed to protect and serve. These obligations make a code of ethics an integral part of the law enforcement…… [Read More]
departments, police officer a generalist. Discuss inconsistent Max Weber's theory division labor? 2) Police departments written protocols including general orders procedures.
Max Weber promotes the idea of specialized division of labor, thus meaning that his theories are against instances such as a police officer taking on generalist roles. By carrying out specialized roles, individuals are more likely to assist the community as a whole in achieving positive results. This would also make it possible for the system to be better organized and for the idea of hierarchy to be less problematic.
Police departments need to encourage officers to take on open minded attitudes in spite of the fact that their role is to enforce laws whenever this is required. Officer discretion involves a law enforcement agent being able to properly understand the situation that he or she is in. Decision space is the information concerning the options that he or…… [Read More]
Moreover, due to the dynamic nature of the position, sensitivity to the diversity in society must exist, including tolerance of all genders, races, states of physical condition, and lifestyle choices.
STATEMENT of EQUAL OPPORUNITY- in the spirit of the requirements of the position of Police Officer, no candidate shall be excluded from consideration for the position based upon gender, race, political affiliation, or choice of lifestyle, provided that these traits do not disqualify the candidate in terms of the ability to perform the duties of the job. With all of this in mind, all interested candidates are encouraged to pursue this opportunity to serve the community, maintain the peace, and contribute to the enrichment of the communities in which the Police Officer serves.
Police Officer Job Description… [Read More]
POLICE OFFICE EQUIE ASSOCIATES DEEGEE CIMINAL JUSTICE CLOSELY ELATED FIELD?
POLICE OFFICES, DEGEE IN CIMINAL JUSTICE, AND OTHE QUALIFICATIONS
Police Officers, Associates Degree in Criminal Justice, and Other Qualifications
Police Officers, Associates Degree in Criminal Justice, and Other Qualifications
Police officers are individuals empowered by the government to limit civil disorder, protect property, and enforce the law. They are normally charged with the detection and prevention of crime, apprehension of criminals and maintenance of law and order. The minimum training and education required in order to become a police officer mainly varies among individual agencies, departments, and states. The education requirements largely depend on the position or rank that the individual is seeking. This report endeavors to explain whether the police officer is required to have at least an Associates' degree in Criminal Justice or any other close related field. It also explains whether police officers' education level plays a…… [Read More]
Research has shown that people who experience high stress remain more at risk for alcohol abuse (Violanti, Choir Practice:..., n.d.).
A prevention approach has the long-range potential to reduce alcohol abuse. Police departments should note that proactive prevention strategies designed to prevent alcohol abuse are more economical and practical than curing those who abuse alcohol.
Jared. (2008, October 28). Substance abuse among public safety officers. Retrieved April 4, 2009, from Treatmentsolutionsnetwork.com: http://www.treatmentsolutionsnetwork.com/blog/index.php/2008/10/28/substance-abuse-among-public-safety-officers/
Law enforcement wellness association. (n.d.). Retrieved April 4, 2009, from cophealth.com: http://www.cophealth.com/index.html
National Crime Prevention Council. (n.d.). Workplace substance abuse. Retrieved April 5, 2009, from Philadelphia police department: http://www.ppdonline.org/prev/prev_work_abuse.php
Page, D. (2005, September). Drug screening of police: on the high road. Retrieved April 5, 2009, from officer.com: http://www.officer.com/print/Law-Enforcement-Technology/Drug-Screening-of-Police -- on-the-High-Road/1$26,232
Violanti, J. (n.d.). Choir Practice: Alcohol abuse in policing:. Retrieved April 5, 2009, from Central Florida: Police stress unit: http://www.policestress.org/choir.htm
Violanti, J. (n.d.). Dying from the job:…… [Read More]
Ethics in Law Enforcement
"Sometimes [police officers] may, and sometimes may not, lie when conducting custodial interrogations. Investigative and interrogatory lying are each justified on utilitarian crime control grounds. Police are never supposed to lie as witnesses in the courtroom, although they may lie for utilitarian reasons similar to those permitting deception & #8230;" (Skolnick, et al., 1992)
Is it ethical for law enforcement officers to use deception during the interrogation process? It appears that when officers are attempting to extract a confession from a suspect, deception is, in many cases, commonly applied strategy. Does a code of ethics conflict with the way in which law enforcement conducts its interviews and interrogations? hat do the courts say about deceptive interrogation tactics? These issues will be reviewed in this paper.
Deception in the Interrogation Room
Is it ethical to lie to obtain the truth? No. Do the ends justify the means?…… [Read More]
Women Police Officers
In initial discussion post, briefly summarize readings Kleinig Banks' texts. In addition, initial post discuss journal articles Appendix A. The journal article choose discuss post article chosen week. The post include a question elicit responses peers.
Discussion post: Women police officers and the use of coercion
According to the article "Women police officers and the use of coercion" (Paoline & Terrill 2005), despite many advances in equalizing the treatment of the genders in hiring and promotional decisions, women police officers continue to face prejudice within the profession. Women are perceived as lacking the necessary psychological and physical strength to deal with unruly suspects or even members of the public. But is this true, empirically speaking? Until recently, most studies focused on excessive use of force and different gendered patterns. This study attempted to understand the impact of gender upon the reasonable use of coercion.
The data accumulated…… [Read More]
Administering a confidential survey to them would allow the researcher to discover how many of them report using alcohol as a means of coping with on-the-job-stressors. The random sampling that Valerie refers should refer to how the officers are selected for participation in the study, if it is impossible to administer surveys to the entire organization. To my understanding, randomization is not a means of ensuring confidentiality in research results, but, instead, of ensuring a representative group from the sample population. The research does show a good sample from the population, but I am not confident that it shows a well-randomized sample of the population.
Menard, K. & Arter, M. (2013). Police officer alcohol use and trauma symptoms; Associations with critical incidents, coping, and social stressors. Department of Criminal Justice, Penn State University.
http://ehis.ebscohost.com.vlib.excelsior.edu/eds/detail?vid=2&sid=dc4ec7eb-8fce-4a5a-9d25-1544039e154d%40sessionmgr13&hid=15&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWzLWxpdmU%3d#db=pdh&an=2013-01911-001… [Read More]
law enforcement agencies have often struggled with officer dishonesty and the impact such an action leaves not just in the criminal justice system, but more specifically in court proceedings. When an officer lies, their credibility may be threatened due to their previous dishonest comportment. Agencies must, on a continued basis, disclose information to prosecutors concerning the issue of officer dishonesty if the officer in question must testify against a defendant. That defendant must also be made aware of the instance of officer dishonesty and if this is not done, the agencies and officers may be held accountable as well as potentially lead to dismissal of charges against the defendant. An example of this was seen in Brady v. Maryland.
The landmark case of Brady v. Maryland demonstrated the effects of withholding information or evidence in case proceedings by the decision of the prosecutors to not submit Boblit's confession as evidence.…… [Read More]
Houston Police Department (Houston City)
A police officer holds the responsibility of maintaining peace and enforcing laws in the community he/she is assigned to. Apart from the basic qualification of graduation from high school, police officers are trained at police academies. There are some who even go in for criminal justice or law enforcement degrees, which aid with career advancement. Recruits into the police force are also administered a succession of examinations determined by the academy they are enrolled in, such as psychiatric review and physical fitness exam. (Study.com)
There are a few primary requirements to be met for being eligible for the police force. Every police department mandates a minimum educational qualification -- a high school completion certificate. Some police divisions pick recruits fresh from high school, but a majority of them have a minimum age requirement of 21 years. Therefore, individuals hired immediately after completing high…… [Read More]
San Diego Union
San Diego Police Officer's Association
The San Diego Police Officer's Association is a union that has represented the police officers of the San Diego area for decades. It was established in 1912 and fully incorporated in 1953. The association was formed in order to protect the interests of the police officers who are in the line of fire to protect the community of San Diego. Thus, the union promises its members to "to assist San Diego police officers in issues related to wages, hours, and working conditions" (San Diego Police Officers Association, 2014). Today, the union represents 98% of the San Diego Police Department, with the Chief of Police included in the union's roster. With so many police officers behind it, the union is very strong and well funded. It only continues to grow.
The San Diego Police Officer's Association works to represent its members so that…… [Read More]
Every day, our police officers put their lives on the line to defend law-abiding citizens. It is imperative that a police officer's judgment is trusted, so officers can with full confidence perform their duties and know that they will not be 'second-guessed' when they act in good faith. In this instance, the officer was pursuing a suspect who was apparently armed and dangerous. Given the circumstances of the situation, it was reasonable for him to believe that the suspect was holding a gun. The suspect was behaving in an aggressive and threatening manner. The officer in question did not 'shoot to kill,' but shot to disarm the suspect instead. He had a responsibility not only to his own safety but to preserve the safety of his fellow officers and the safety of the community, as part of his duties.
In this instance, it was fortunate that the officer…… [Read More]
Alleged Crimes -- Civil Action
The four alleged crimes in this scenario are: a) an alleged armed robbery and assault on a woman at 2:00 A.M. in a high-crime area; b) an individual refused to comply with an officer's commands; c) that individual was found to be in possession of illegal substances (possibly cocaine); and d) providing false information from the woman who alleged she was robbed and assaulted.
Review of the scenario
The officer was in full uniform and so even though it was nighttime, he could be recognized as a bona fide law enforcement officer. Clearly the woman was lying to protect her husband -- albeit he had apparently assaulted her because she was bleeding -- and that behavior (lying to a police officer) brings the possibility of criminal sanctions.
The assault on the wife is a felony domestic abuse incident, though even though the wife lied to…… [Read More]
Women Do Not Make Good Police Officers
Police is an essential unit of society and its function is as important as the functioning of a vital organ in the human body. If one removes this unit then the society will fall apart and become diseased and corrupted beyond imagination. It controls the crime within a society and within a nation. It protects the rights of a normal civilian and gives him security and shelter. This department aims to zoom in to the problem factors of society e.g. drugs, prostitution, thefts, murders etc. And eliminate the people who cause such factors to exist. These factors corrupt a society from within and causes harm to the well being of the general public. The department to prevent domestic violence is called "Police." Hence the proper and efficient functioning of a police department is of unprecedented importance. If one travels back in time, we…… [Read More]
The officer stopped and searched the three men, and recovered arms from two of them. Terry was found guilty of having covered arms and was send to prison for three years. Is the investigation and confiscation of Terry and other men against the Fourth Amendment? The Court in an 8-to-1 decision held that the investigation done by the officer was sensible under the Fourth Amendments and that the arms captured can be presented as a proof against Terry. The Court found that the officer performed based on his intuition and that a sensibly cautious man would have been reasonable in thinking that Terry was having weapons and thus pose a risk to the officer's safety while he was searching. The Court found out that the investigation done was in a restricted level and was intended to safe guard the officer's security during the search. (Terry v. Ohio: (www.oyez.org)
Fourth…… [Read More]
This leads to perhaps the most important qualification for this type of criminal justice work -- the ability to quickly, rationally, and unemotionally judge a situation.
These type of qualities represent the most important qualification of any criminal justice occupation. At the same time, it could also represent the biggest challenge for many individuals hoping to enter the criminal justice field. There are many incidents that could occur that would normally result in highly emotional and perhaps even violent reactions on the parts of police and corrections officers, but it is the job of the officer to restrain themselves and react rationally and coolly. Patience and a calm attitude are the main ingredients to success in the criminal justice field.… [Read More]
A police officer's proven dishonesty is not a minor matter. Ignoring or covering up that dishonesty, if discovered, could be devastating to the police department's credibility. Furthermore, due to Due Process laws in the United States, his/her dishonesty could affect the outcome of past cases in which he/she testified and future cases in which he/she may testify. Finally, the prosecution is required to hand that information to defendants' attorneys. Simultaneously, the officer has served the department for 15 years with only 2 "bad" incidents. Handling this officer's proven dishonesty will require swift action that is fair to the department, the Prosecutor's office and this officer.
Decision: Remove The Officer From Active Duty And Offer Him An Alternate Departmental Job That ould Never Entail His Testimony In Court
You are the Chief of Police of a municipality. Your Deputy Chief of Police advises you that one of your…… [Read More]
Policing Policies Analysis
This study seeks to strengthen the practice of policing by demonstrating the effectiveness of the problem-oriented policing. The information provided herein is useful to practitioners as it compares problem-oriented policing against community-oriented policing. Practitioners will be able to create much robust policing intervention when addressing real life situations within the field by grasping the theoretical mechanisms (Hess & Orthmann, 2011). In addition, by linking academic theories to policing, this review helps theoretical criminologists ponder about the most useful concepts for practical police level.
Zero tolerance Policing
Zero-tolerance policing lacks a specific definition; it can be understood in various ways. The recent definition entails non-discretional and strict enforcement of law regardless of the magnitude or circumstances of the crime. While this approach involves positive police actions, it does not equate to automatic arrests of trivial crimes. This is the most aggressive policing approach and cannot be equated to…… [Read More]
Stress Associated with Policing
A look at some of the stresses that are associated with police fulfilling their job duties in the line of fire
Stress on the Job 4
The police profession is a highly stressful endeavor that often places officers in highly stressful situations on a regular basis. Police work is one of the few jobs out there where the employees must deal with murders, accidents, and the constant threat of personal injury. The effects of this environment can be cumulative and build up over time. Furthermore, many police officers are resistant to finding suitable outlets to deal with the effects of stress in a clinical setting or through counseling. There are many common objections for officers seeking help for the psychological issues that can emerge through the course of service. These include items such as it is not consistent with the image of masculinity that…… [Read More]
Police, Terrorism, Ethics, And Corruption
The traditional mission of police forces in the United States is fighting criminality and upholding the law in the defined geographical area or boundary they belong to. This translates to the local police forces of towns, municipalities and cities engaging in policing activities in these respective areas. Outside of these boundaries, the state police forces have responsibilities and on the national level, the Federal ureau of Investigation (FI) has jurisdiction. Prior to the onset of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the American homeland, the mission and boundaries of the aforementioned police forces are clear and distinct. Immediately thereafter, there has been a tremendous paradigm shift in the mission of police forces in the United States because the growing threats of terrorism and terrorist activities have entered into the very heart of the nation. Even several years after the 9/11 attacks, terrorists have taken…… [Read More]
Not only doe s this approach include the participation of the community it also incorporates organizational change. Both community involvement and organizational change is necessary if policing efforts are going to be effective. This approach also emphasizes the importance of trust between the police and the community. The community oriented approach to policing is the most effective in the solving and reducing of crime within a community.
For the purposes of this discussion: Two police officers are arguing about the policies of community-oriented and problem-oriented policing as opposed to zero-tolerance policing. The research analyzed the advantages and disadvantages of these two approaches to policing. Both approaches seek to understand crime. However, both approaches had disadvantages related to the boundaries of community residents and the time required to solve crime using a problem oriented approach. The investigation also explained the ideologies that support these policy perspectives. The research will also…… [Read More]
The Functions of Policing at the Local, State and Federal Levels
The functions of police work are highly complex and filled with myriad unpredictable challenges. Officers must place their safety and their lives at risk every day in the interests of maintaining order, protecting the pubic and apprehending law-breakers. The result is an occupation that is filled with stressors, pressures and dangers. One way that the structure of modern police-work helps officers to contend with these conditions is through the division of jurisdictions. American law enforcement is a sector comprised of many interdependent and overlapping agencies. And correspondent to the broader structure of American governance, this overlapping is somewhat hierarchical in nature, with jurisdictions generally determined by the unit of civil incorporation with which a precinct or department is affiliated. Therefore, at the local, state and federal level, responsibilities are generally divided among these different types of policing…… [Read More]
Hidden Dangers, Real Weapons, and Potential Technologies
Police officers are, undoubtedly, society's primary protectors. These individuals undertake assignments knowing that they could be placed in lethal danger, and do so in order to help complete strangers and keep a community safe. For this reason, police officers ought to be very much admired. Despite the personal and professional satisfaction that comes with being a great police officer, these individuals are also well aware that, as mentioned above, there are various aspects affecting their daily professional routines, many of which are not present in other careers, and many of which involve great risks. Yet despite knowing this, many police officers absolutely love their job. The paragraphs below will thus discuss policing operations in detail in order to better understand this particular and very important field of work. The essay will be separated into five sections focusing on the dangers of…… [Read More]
Police Information Systems
In the scenario where your Uncle Bob is visiting Miami Florida from California and is pulled over for speeding, and after some discussion with the officer, Uncle Bob is handcuffed and taken into custody, it is likely that the officer on the scene has had contact with their local police department. This contact could have taken place through two way radio over police frequencies, but as more police departments come to rely on computers and Miami is a first rate department with adequate resources, it was probably done through the officer's "mobile office." This would include a dash-mounted laptop computer, called a mobile data computer (MDC), with access to the department's database and certain other information such as "drivers license, local, state, and national wanted persons databases and databases concerning stolen vehicles." (Foster, 2005, p.168)
Through the mobile data computer, and it is important to realize that…… [Read More]
Police Systems and Practices Question Set
Discuss how temperament can impair communication?
The ability control one's temperament at all times while working as a police officer is crucial to the performance of daily duties, because there are many instances when law enforcement personnel may be provoked to reaction in a purposeful manner. If an officer is unable to refrain from responding to insults in kind, or begins to yell or otherwise express anger, the course of an investigation or civilian interaction will become irrevocably altered. Simply put, ordinary people are less willing to cooperate with police officers and other authority figures who are openly frustrated, angry, spiteful, impatient, or otherwise perturbed -- so it is imperative that maintaining an even-keeled temperament become both a departmental and personal priority.
Discuss how failure of supervisors to act can impede future communication from subordinates.
A police officer's locker room is like any other…… [Read More]
Police Abuse/Problems with Guilty Pleas
From time to time, the media highlights stories about police abuse that can best be described as disturbing. It is unfortunate that some police officers do turn against the same people they have sworn to keep safe. Indeed, most victims of police brutality are left feeling frightened, betrayed and helpless. Further, police abuse triggers a cycle of mistrust in which case the community gradually loses confidence in those they rely on for safety and protection. Though a majority of police officers in the community I come from are dedicated and act within the confines of the law; there are a few bad elements (based on previous incidences of police brutality) who soil the otherwise warm relations the community shares with the police.
It is important to note that only a fraction of the total incidences of police abuse are reported by the media.…… [Read More]
Just like every other institution in the country, American policing system went through a long period of evolution to finally achieve the shape that it has today. And similar to other laws and institutions in America, even police recruitment methods were heavily borrowed from Britain. In the 19th century or at least for most part of it, American police was shaped after the British policing laws (O'Keefe, 2004). However the one important difference lied in the separation of national and local police bodies. Since in most western countries, police was under the direct control of the national government, it was easier to manage them from one central location and their development was also almost simultaneous. However that was not the case in the United States where every county and state had its own local police department, which is why development of sporadic and departments were created at different…… [Read More]
Policing Services and Programs:
Even as policing services and programs are being restructured across the globe, understanding this change in customary terms is rather difficult. In these new policing services and programs, the difference between public and private domains of policing is also problematic. However, understanding the ongoing changes is dependent on distinguishing between the authorization of policing and the way these services are provided. This is because of the fact that those who authorize policing services and programs may differ from those who provide these services (Bayley & Shearing, 2001). The restructuring of policing incorporates the weaknesses of the public police and is due to increases in crime, social structure, ideas and culture, character of government and the nature of economic systems. Due to the ongoing restructuring of policing, the role of the public police is significantly changing adopting a governmental rather than individual agenda. Furthermore, policing services and…… [Read More]
Policing in America:
As compared to the 1920's, policing in the United States has had to change over the years in order to cope with the numerous changes in the society.
Most of these changes have occurred during the 20th Century because of the rapid technological advancements and globalization. During this period, telephones, car ownership, and use of personal computers have become commonplace in the society. While these are positive changes, they have also contributed to significant changes that are sometimes negative in relation to law enforcement.
With the innovations of computers and telecommunication technologies in America, the police force and other criminal justice practitioners has really improved in terms of opportunity and challenges. These technologies have empowered the police force in the sense that they can now collect, store, study, and share records with stakeholders within and outside administration. The innovations of these technologies have created opportunities in the…… [Read More]
Identify the different domains police psychologists work in, and discuss some of the roles psychologists might assume when working in different domains.
A police psychologist will work primarily in the assessment domain. In many instances, police officers must be properly screened and evaluated prior to duty. In other instances, officers will be evaluating during duty to proper access their ability to fully protect society. As such, psychologists have the primary function or determining the adequacy of a police officers skill set relative to predetermined metrics of success. Through periodic evaluation, the psychologist has the distinct role of assessing the skills and abilities of current and prospective police officers.
Psychologists also operate within the intervention domain. This domain is particularly important due to the nature of police officer work. Law enforcement officers are unique to many professions, as their job requires exposure to very contentious issues. Particularly troubling, is…… [Read More]
Disclosing Officer Untruthfulness to the Defense: Is a Liar's Squad Coming to Your Town?
Officer misconduct scenario
Police officers must not simply be held to the same standards as members of the public. They must be held to a higher standard. This is illustrated in the following scenario: a police officers is found to have searched for pornographic materials on a work computer and when initially confronted about this violation of department policy he lied, claiming he had no idea how the search history of the pornographic materials made its way onto his computer. He only confessed once the link was made between his log-in information and the search. This combination of dishonesty and poor judgment is a compelling argument for the officer's immediate dismissal, despite the fact that he has an otherwise largely unblemished record.
If an ordinary citizen was found to have been searching pornographic websites…… [Read More]
Video cameras on police cars
Before the mounting of the in-car cameras for the police, there used t be several unresolved or wrongly resolved issues in the process of their duty. One advantage that came with the cameras is the possibility of verification of the racial profiling while doing their normal checks along the highways which was a major complain heard in courts across the U.S.A. In various cases in the courts, the defendants will try to skew facts in order to walk with crimes and this was a rampant happening especially in police arrest cases along the highway. With the recording of happenings between a person arrested and the police, the evidence stands out in the event the accused tries to twist facts. A clear instance is as depicted by ICAP Staff (2013);
"An officer was responding to a major incident requiring immediate police assistance. As he…… [Read More]
(Frederickson, 2000, p. 3) Police forces became the fodder for systematic research on the need for and development of improved minority representation in public service as well as a frequently attached public entity with regard to minority status in the community. (Frederickson, 2000, p. 3) As early as the 1960s and 70s police forces all over the nation began to be scrutinized for limiting their hiring pool to white males and began to make changes to support the reduction of this reality. (Broadnax, 2000, p. xx)
The development of police forces within the guidelines of public scrutiny as one of the most significant and public hiring authorities in the public sector has created a hiring protocol that though variant to some degree is similar in most agencies and is reflective of public demand for diversity in representation. Many would likely call the last frontier of this more egalitarian hiring process…… [Read More]
Police Applicants: What types questions police applicants interview phase determine possessed racist bigoted ideologies? 2. eligious Beliefs: 1. Should police officers pro-life forced provide security pro-choice demonstrators clashes religious beliefs? 2.
Police applicants: What types of questions would you ask police applicants during the interview phase to determine if they possessed racist or bigoted ideologies?
When interviewing a police applicant, it is possible to ask direct questions regarding his or her legal beliefs, such as "do you believe that all persons are entitled to equal treatment under the law" and "do you believe that the U.S. Constitution applies to all citizens, regardless of their race, creed, or color?" More personal questions are also valid such as: "do you believe that people of similar backgrounds should 'stick together' or not" and "do you believe that certain types of people are more likely to commit crimes and why?"
While such direct questions…… [Read More]
Police Mentally Ill
Policing and Mentally Ill Individuals
There is a significantly higher proportion of mentally ill individuals in the criminal justice system than compared to the same proportion of the United States in the society in general. It is estimated that a mentally ill individual is about eight times more likely to enter into the criminal justice system than they are a mental hospital. These individuals, as the video and the interview illustrates, have special challenges that make them difficult to deal with. Often they hear voices and are paranoid schizophrenics that require a host of special medications to allow them the possibility of being stable. However, many of these individuals face specific challenges that make it difficult for them to access and maintain an effective treatment regimen. This paper will provide a brief overview of how this situation arose and what implications it has for modern police forces.…… [Read More]
That female officers -- or any officers for that matter -- would feel uncomfortable approaching their chief or any other superior shows that our department is not doing enough to ensure the well-being of our employees. No matter that the men in question are becoming solid, reliable officers of the law. All members of our team are highly qualified and all personnel must be treated with dignity and respect. Any behavior that harms another officer or impedes their ability to perform duties as part of a cohesive team should be taken seriously.
2. Anonymous complaints and unproven allegations of slashed tires are not enough to warrant any punishment. However, the officers in question can indeed be watched closely and carefully for any misogynistic behavior. Female officers must be encouraged to complain freely and without fear of retribution. It would be wise to arrange an informal consultation with any officers concerned…… [Read More]
Because of the type of individuals police officers in mid-to large cities often deal with, they can engender a mind-set of violence and abuse of power. Certainly, the military approach is efficient; the command style authoritarian so it can get quicker results. However, in going with more modern leadership approaches, the servant leadership, or service style might be more appropriate in many areas. This would stress community service; keeping areas safe, but referring as many problems as possible to social agencies, trying for education and partnership, and working to improve society through a more egalitarian approach in which police are integral to the community's entire philosophy.
Part 4 -- Design for an effective police department would entirely depend on the size and composition of the area affected. For instance, large urban area with a concentrated inner-city would require a different organization than a smaller community of 30,000 people. Hypothetically, if…… [Read More]
Likely, there will never be a police department with a completely paper-less information system (Police report writing, 2011). Until then, the basics of report writing will remain the same and is the bread and butter of law enforcement.
Incident Data and Burglary Data
Time the police officer received the call- 1537 hrs.
Address of the burglary -- 2914 E. Indiana, Spokane, ashington 99207
Call sign of the police car -- Paul 302
Erynne M. Vodde
Name of victim -- Erynne M. Vodde
Date of Birth -- 5-31-77
Home Phone [HIDDEN]
Place of ork- Sacred Heart Medical Center -- Pediatrics
ork #- 474-5110
Missing Items -- Cell phone, change jar with around $15 in it (both of them were on top of the dresser in the bedroom next to the bathroom where the window was). There was also some Bud Light Beer Bottles missing…… [Read More]
In addition we have made, and continue to make, efforts to employ people of all backgrounds for Jupiter's police force so that people of all backgrounds see people from their cultures in law enforcement.
People, no matter where they are from, tend to fear the unknown (Carter, 1995), so we feel that a policy of community policing -- getting the officers into the various neighborhoods of Jupiter in positive ways -- is important. One of the things we have done to accomplish that is to put our officers in the vicinity of school crosswalks when children are traveling to and from school. This allows them to interact positively with children from an early age as well as allow the parents to see police officers in their most important role -- protecting all of Jupiter's inhabitants. I hope these comments will put any concerns to rest.
Carter, Ronnie A. 1995.…… [Read More]
Describe the impact of Sir obert Peel on American policing
Sir obert Peel was not an American police officer, or an American politician. He served twice as the Prime Minister of Britain as a Tory, passing a series of significant laws. Part of Peel's concern was in the field of criminal justice and law enforcement. He helped pass major prison reform legislation and also established the first significant metropolitan police force in the United Kingdom. In transforming British police organizations and law enforcement, Peel helped to lay the foundation for the modern American police force and its underlying philosophy.
Peel developed a law enforcement philosophy that was based on involving community residents in the process of crime prevention. The modern concept of community policing is in part based on Sir Peel's original "nine principles," which were outlined in the 19th century. The first of Peel's nine principles is that…… [Read More]
Policing in American Society
Describe and analyze the relationship between the U.S. government and the policing organizations throughout the U.S. And the impact of this relationship on American society as a whole.
Police departments in the United States exist on the federal, state, and local levels of government. "There are 65 federal agencies and 27 offices of inspector general that employ full time personnel authorized to make arrests and carry firearms" (Types of police/law enforcement agencies, 2011, Discover Policing). Examples of such agencies include U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Federal Bureau of Prisons, the FBI, and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, all of which have jurisdiction to enforce federal laws within these specifically-designated areas. On the state and local level, there are more than 17,000 state and local law enforcement agencies in the United States and these divisions "range in size from one officer to more than 30,000" (Types of…… [Read More]
The problem with hiring an internal investigator in that his judgment, in most cases, may be clouded by friendship, bias or even personal grudges. Another possible solution would be office shuffling. This police tradition is usually repugnant, superfluous to the public, and ineffective in dealing with the problems in the police. Office shuffle is only effective if competent officers and dedicated to combating police problems replace non-performing officers. For the case of Officer Joe who has had no previous criminal record, shuffling could be effective. The best solution would be progressive discipline for the case of Officer Joe.
To evaluate the success of progressive discipline, the manager has to monitor Officer Joe. Progressive discipline is not a single occurrence; rather it is a continuous process. For the case of Officer Joe, improved dressing, calm in the workplace and evidence of teamwork would be an indication of success of the process.…… [Read More]
The author of this report has been asked to conduct two interviews of police officers with six basic questions being the crux of both interviews. To protect the anonymity of the officers as well as a way to get the most honest and complete answers, the identity of the officers as well as the departments they have or do work for will not be identified in any way, shape or form. The answers garnered were insightful, honest and illuminating. The perspective they offer is perhaps not nearly as known as it should be given the reporting going on as it relates to the incidents in Ferguson and other places where cops have been shot or allegedly unarmed and/or innocent people on the street have endured the same. While there are two sides to each story, both the police and the people have the right to have their voice…… [Read More]
A relationship does exist between control and motivation in a police force. Generally police officers are used to working under a fairly individual and self structured environment. Thus when new order is established it is often the source of conflict. In any environment the tendency of personnel is to close up and become less motivated the more control they perceive is being forced over them. A more authoritarian environment such as that under Captain Frebe often breeds resentment rather than discipline and a loyal workforce. It is important however that a chief working in this environment maintain some level of control over employees to maintain order.
How does a unit create balance? Anderson (1999) suggests that managers of a police department should try to distinguish themselves by maintaining an equal amount of concern for the needs of officers as well as the needs of a department.
Further managers…… [Read More]
Police eform in Post-Authoritarian Brazil
A majority of new democracies entail an unbelievable illogicality of an immensely feeble citizenship coalesced with a stern description of the constitutional guarantees. In order to explicate this disparity it would be prudent to contemplate the significance of political institutions regarding representation of citizen, which were prevalent subsequent to the military establishments attributed as troublesome and a majority of the new restrictions. A few defined in the autocratic establishment, were implemented by quite a few new establishments prominently by the Brazilian Constitution of 1988 (Pinheiro, 1996).
The prominence out of such institutions of Brazil were the excessive illustration of lesser populated regions on the contrary to the regions with greater population: Sao Paulo in recent times incorporates 60 Congressmen (which is analogous to 11.9% of the entire constituents of a Congress) depicting a voting strength of 20,774,991. This strength makes up 21.9% of the entire…… [Read More]