Pop Culture Essays (Examples)



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Influence of Popular Culture

Words: 1005 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44967201

The theory of culture industry, developed by the Frankfurt School (Horkheimer & Adorno, 1944), explains that popular culture is the result of a culture industry in the West that seeks to maintain control over the minds and hearts of the working class in order to prevent social uprising against the ruling elite. In effect, the culture industry is the tool of the ruling classes in that what is produced has an effect like that of an opiate: it removes the desire of the working class to strive for control of the means of production, which is what Marx and Engels (1848) called for in their Communist Manifesto. The Frankfurt School consisted of neo-Marxists who were disappointed to see that the workers’ revolution failed to transpire and that the class warfare that Marx had predicted never came to fruition. The Frankfurt School went on to explain that the failure of the…… [Read More]

Durden, T. (2019). Facebook bans Zerohedge. Retrieved from https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-03-11/facebook-bans-zero-hedge
Horkheimer, M. & Adorno, T. (1944). The Culture Industry. UK: Routledge.
Marx, K. & Engels, F. (1848). Communist Manifesto. Retrieved from https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/download/pdf/Manifesto.pdf
Weaver, R. (1948). Ideas Have Consequences. IL: University of Chicago.
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Neandertals and Modern Humans

Words: 963 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99574907

Neandertals and Humans in Popular Culture
Neandertals and “Cro-Magnon” (early AMH) have long held the popular imagination. From Boule’s unfortunate depiction of the old man at La Chappelle as a stopped, brooding primitive, to the tyranny of the Paleodiet, pop culture is frequently drawing attention on our hominin cousins and early forms of our species to make sense of our place in the world. This paper provides a critical analysis of Neandertals and humans in the popular culture. This critical analysis will be based on the film The Clan of the Cave Bear (1986), which is one of the films that provides a representation of pop culture of Neandertal and/or anatomically modern humans. Peer reviewed journal articles relating to the topic will also be incorporated in this critical analysis of the film’s depiction of Neandertals, AMH, and their interactions.
Film Depictions of Neandertals and AMH
The Clan of the Cave…… [Read More]

Hamilton, Anne. “Popular Depictions of Neandertals.” Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology 13, no. 1 (2011).
Twomey, Terrence. “The Cognitive Implications of Controlled Fire Use by Early Humans.” Cambridge Archaeological Journal 23, no. 1 (2013).
Villa, Paola & Roebroeks, Wil. “Neandertal Demise: An Archaeological Analysis of the Modern Human Superiority Complex.” PLOS One 9, no. 4 (2014).
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Culture and the Media An

Words: 696 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21499519

The major concern is the effect of violence, due once again, to studies that show a connection between watching violence and participating in it. For example, Bushman and Anderson (2002) conducted as study in which they determined that playing violent video games can "engender hostile expectations, leading one to expect that others will respond aggressively" (p. 1679).

The Grand Theft Auto series of video games has undoubtedly been a major instigator in the backlash against the gaming industry. Not surprisingly, most parents are not too thrilled about the idea of their children taking on the persona of a character who commits crimes to earn rewards, and runs over prostitutes so he doesn't have to pay them. There was also a major parental backlash against the PS2 game Bully before it was released, because parents assumed that it would glorify bullying. The frenzy turned out to be unfounded as the game…… [Read More]


Bushman, B.J., & Anderson, C.A. (2002). Violent video games and hostile expectations: A test of the general aggression model. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28, 1679 -- 1686.

Gunter, B., Harrison, J. & Wykes, M. (2003) Violence on television: Distribution, form, context, and themes, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

Rekulak, J. & Spangler, B. (2006) Let's Paint the '90s, Quirk Books
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Culture and Electronic Media

Words: 956 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66195185

American pop culture has been cultivated and molded by mass media. The recent iteration of mass media, electronic media, has a profound and significant influence on the daily lives, thoughts, perceptions and desires of every single person in the United States, whether people are aware of this influence, or not. The potential for media to influence people has been the subject of much debate since the earliest forms of mass media; newspaper, radio, and television have all contributed to our individual and collective psyche in America. This paper will discuss the roles that music, radio, television, and the motion pictures have played in the development of American popular culture as well as discuss some of the trends propagated by the electronic media and will provide a personal perspective on the relationship between media representations and consumerism, the human body and justice, law, and order.

Bagdikian (2000, pg. 185) notes that…… [Read More]


Bagdikian, B. (2000) The Media Monopoly, Sixth Edition. Beacon Press.

Bhattacharya, P. (July, 2003) Back to the future: Urbanization, globalization and consumerism. Boloji.com. Retrieved from http://www.boloji.com/opinion/0051i.htm

Zoubkov, P., Johnson, S., Young, N., Fletcher, H. & Thomas, B. (2004) Global Bits: Corporate influence in the media. Global Education Center, 3, 87-93 Retrieved from http://www.globaled.org.nz
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Culture Is Defined by the Pattern of

Words: 1030 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49176547

Culture is defined by the pattern of collective thoughts and behavior that people living in social groups learn, create and share. Characteristics within culture distinguish different groups from each other and highlight key differences between the human world and the animal kingdom. Anthropology emerged as a field of academic study of human culture in order to understand the diversity of the practices and values of different human populations.

With the advent of advanced technology, communication, and media capabilities, widespread globalization has emerged, resulting in an apparent decrease in the difference between cultures throughout the world. The results of this globalization may be observed in the homogeneity of certain aspects of pop culture, mostly due to media such as television and the internet. Although younger generations of people in different countries on different continents appear to behave similarly in a lot of respects, the question should be addressed as to whether…… [Read More]

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Pop Art David Hockney I

Words: 1137 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39484754

ichard Hertz writes that paintings like this reflect "the aspirations of ordinary people" and that is consistent with the demands for "rapid change on the part of the population at large, in the interest of what is ludicrously referred to as economic growth or well-being." What Hertz seems to be saying is art with popular imagery as a focus deals with things "everybody thinks about." Which is not to say "everybody" thinks about cool sprinklers and thick green lawns; but everybody does dream of owning property and many also dream of that property being in lotus land - Southern California.

Another Hockney painting is a very recent and huge venture called "Bigger Trees Near Water." In this work, Hockney has given his audience the biggest painting he has ever done in his entire career. The painting went on display at London's oyal Academy of Art in 2007. At its unveiling,…… [Read More]

Richard Hertz, Theories of Contemporary Art (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1985), 128.

Stephen Art-East, "Baby 'bigger Trees Near Water.'" Available at  http://stephenart-east.blogspot.com .

Martin Gayford, "David Hockney: Why I Paint Instead of Just Picking Up a Camera," Bloomberg.com, 2004, available at  http://www.bloomberg.com .
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Pop Stars of the 1980s

Words: 733 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24223919

Houston, young and beautiful, and the daughter of gospel singer Cissy Houston, niece of the famous singer Dione Warwick, and God Daughter of soul queen Aretha Franklin; emerged to fame at age 15 with Life's a Party single in 1979 (Bronson, Fred, 2002, p. 52). But her real fame came in 1983, after she signed with a manager, Clive Davis. She went on to release many major hits; in fact, nearly every song she ever sang became a hit; songs like Saving All My Love for You, Where do Broken Hearts Go, and Greatest Love of All; all hitting the top of pop music radio and sales charts (p. 52).

After having gained such fame and recognition during the 1980s, Houston even made The Star Spangled Banner a hit when she sang it at the opening of the 1991 Superbowl. However, like Boy George, during the 1990s Houston began a…… [Read More]

Reference List

Allaboutboygeorge.com, online, found at http://www.allaboutboygeorge.com/actor.html, retrieved 20 November 2009.

BBC News, online, found at  http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/london/7832565.stm , retrieved 20 November 2009.

Bronson, F. (2002). Billboard's Hottest Hot 100 Hits, Watson Guptill, New York, New

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Culture and Media Cannot Be Separated and

Words: 1292 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21664292

Culture and media cannot be separated and hence advertising has a strong impact on culture and vice versa. It is interesting to see how media influence behavior and at the same times, accepts cultural changes and reflects the impact through advertising. One major example of this is the use of wireless communication. With increase in use of all wireless devices like ipods, iPhones and cell phones, the advertising has also taken on a new meaning ad method. Mobile advertising is now a common phenomenon where people get offers and deals even simple advertising messages through their wireless devices.

This shows how cultural changes impact advertising and how advertising in turn affects cultural trends. Advertising serves a very important purpose whether we admit it or not. It allows us to choose from a wide variety of alternatives. But what happens when advertising becomes a little too invasive. There is a good…… [Read More]


1. Marguerite Reardon. "Advertising seeps into the cell phone" CNET News.com Published: September 14, 2006. Retrieved online http://news.com.com/Advertising+seeps+into+the+cell+phone/2100-1039_3-6115617.html

2. Matt Richtel, Marketers Interested in Small Screen, January 16, 2006. New York Times.

3. Sarah Lacy. Cell Phones Ring for Marketers. December 23, 2004. Retrieved online http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/dec2004/tc20041223_4480_tc119.htm

4. "Cell Phone Advertising has Promise" Sept 15, 2005. Retrieved online http://www.mobiledia.com/news/36373.html
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Globalization Culture US

Words: 1402 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21906299

Global Culture

I find the idea that the world is becoming homogenized to American culture to be parochial, offensive and ill-formed, the product surely of American thinking. Nobody from any other culture would see the world in that light, because they are actually informed about the non-American world. Writers arguing in favor of the idea that the world is becoming homogenized to American culture are laughably ill-informed. They make heroic errors in judgment in their arguments. The reality that there is some evidence of globalization, but only in the most superficial ways has this actually made its influence. Consider a moment the supposition that food and entertainment are changing -- not only is this a great leap but food and entertainment are rather superficial when one considers the depth and breadth of individual cultures.

The first thing to point out is that culture runs rich and deep. America is an…… [Read More]


Ghemawat, P. (Artist) & TEDTalks (Producer) (2012) Pankaj Ghemawat: Actually, the world isn't flat. [Web] Retrieved from  http://www.ted.com/talks/pankaj_ghemawat_actually_the_world_isn_t_flat 

Hall, S. (2000). The local and the global: Globalization and identity. Culture, Globalization and the World System. University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis.

Hofstede, G. (2014). National culture. Geert-Hofstede.com. Retrieved March 31, 2014 from http://geert-hofstede.com/national-culture.html

Tapscott, D. (Artist), & TEDTalks, (Producer) (2012).Don Tapscott: Four principles for the open world [Web]. Retrieved from  http://www.ted.com/talks/don_tapscott_four_principles_for_the_open_world_1
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Levine Centers on Popular Culture and How

Words: 1620 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4059682

Levine centers on popular culture and how it is an adequate mechanism in comprehending Depression America. The writer attempts to get away from austere adjective labels as often as possible. He notes that while culture may not be seamless, it is integrated or connected. The piece asks for the reader to re-evaluate a long history of preconcevied notions and images that prevent the serious study of popular culture. The image of the strictly docile, non-aggressive mass audience and the endless amount of consumption defines pop culture in the eyes of academics. Popular culture is percevied as purely formulaic.

The idea that popular culture was and still is "escapist" and the concept that popular culture is not considered to be cutting edge on knowledge or style creates the belief it is not an art form or does not represent art. ut what is popular culture? Popular culture is in its simplest…… [Read More]


1 Brookover, Sophie, and Elizabeth Burns. Pop Goes the Library: Using Pop Culture to Connect with Your Whole Community. Medford, N.J.: Information Today, Inc., 2008.

2 Danesi, Marcel. Popular Culture: Introductory Perspectives. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield, 2008.

3 De Groot, Jerome. Consuming History: Historians and Heritage in Contemporary Popular Culture. London: Routledge, 2009.

4 Foster, George M. "What is Folk Culture?." In American Anthropologist, 159-173. 1953.
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Blindness Technology and Popular Culture

Words: 913 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88238326

The level of access that a blind person can hope to achieve from these otherwise important pop culture resources will be somewhat lessened when contrasted to the experience of sighted individuals. As a result of this reality, there "is growing concern about a 'digital divide'. This divide [...] refers to the space between those who access, and therefore use, new technologies and those who do not" (Blair, 2006).

Of course, significant strides are being made to harness the technical wonders of modern pop culture in order to help blind people better navigate this new world. For instance, the ubiquitous cell phone has been appropriated to create the "smallest text-to-speech reading device ever built, a device especially useful for people with impaired vision" (Greenfieldboyce, 2008). This technology allows blind people to snap pictures of objects with their phones, which are then analyzed by the phone software to interpret to the text…… [Read More]


Blair, J. (2006, November). A computer and Internet future: enabling inclusion? Learning Disability Practice, 9(9), pp. 32-37.

Greenfieldboyce, N. (2008, January 29). Cell phone reads to the blind. NPR. Retrieved July 24, 2008, at http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=18504117

Rudman, G. (2006, April 3). The techno-flux effect. Brandweek, 47(14), pp. 22-23.
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American Sports of NFL and NBA and Their Influence in Popular Culture

Words: 2030 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70386722

ports and popular culture (NFL/NBA)


Pop Culture

Popular culture entails all forms of mass communication such as:





Books and Cartoons and comics


It is somewhat different compared to higher forms of cultural art such as:

Classical music


Conventional theatre

In terms of mass communication, popular culture means messages which are intellectually and artistically limited primarily designed to entertain and humor the viewers (Hollander, 2014). Following the industrial revolution, the people had a lot of time to spare which led to a huge demand for entertainment and amusement and gave height to media. The increasing supply of goods also made it necessary for the advertisers to attract the consumers and mass media could reach a large number of audiences at the same time (Hollander, 2014).


The physical activities have always been in the life of human beings in the form of different leisure…… [Read More]

Sports have played a huge role in the American society on the whole as they have become a necessary part of the popular culture. American football is quite a popular game which brings NFL (National Football League) in limelight. NFL is same to same as other sports have an off season too when they are on a season break. Leagues such as NBA (National Basketball Association), MLB (Major League Baseball) and NHL (National Hockey League) follow the same pattern which builds the hype for them (Lee, 2012). It enables the public to forget all about sports for a while until it swings back in action again. The off season usually consists of training sessions, gym, trading players, NFL Combine and NFL Draft. These activities are heavily kept watch of by loyal fans followed by intense discussions (House, 2012).

Super Bowl is intensely popular in United States. Even the non-followers are somehow influenced by it as they hear news about it or by viewing it. The news channels mention regularly and social media is definitely on fire with news and updates. A famous band plays during halftime while a draw exists for watching the advertisements during the game and halftime (Lee, 2012). Companies are compelled to dish out loads of cash to display advertise themselves as the Super Bowl progresses. These ads are usually creative and funny and sometimes mixed. People for the sake of fun choose a particular team and cheer it till the end or otherwise friends pick a team and contend that it will win the title. It's sort of a public gathering event where food is enjoyed and drinks are taken in huge quantities. Tostitos and Doritos are chips found mostly at super Bowl parties while in case of drinks Coke, Pepsi and Budweiser. For the sports fans, it's their day off as they spend the entire day in front of a TV or mocking the opponent's team for fun. TV shows often give reference to Super Bowl just as Christmas and Halloween. Betting on a high level is also involved for the winning team, people are cut some slack from office, schools and colleges as it's the biggest event of the year (Hollander, 2014).

In 'Popular culture and the rituals of American Football' by Mark Axelrod, several cultural practices in America regarding football are mentioned. Before the ports went global, there were a lot of rituals and myths
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Globalization of Art and Pop

Words: 1056 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2415014

Increasingly, the majority of black outh Africans became disillusioned with the political system and those ruling it. In the opinion of many, they had simply traded one form of oppression for another - they are now exploited not only by white rulers, but also by those who are black (Clark, 2007). This is expressed in the current forms of outh African Hip Hop. Artists working against the apartheid of the past are now working against the exploitation of the poor.

In addition to being politically oriented, Hip Hop also focuses on the African enjoyment of dancing. The earliest forms of this, also advertised and accepted via the media, included break dancing. Currently, outh African Hip Hop has evolved to a form of house music called kwaito. This music is very popular among the black youth, whether oppressed or not. As such, it is a well established form of music in…… [Read More]


BBC News (2007, July 25). South African Hip Hop. http://www.theworld.org/?q=node/11662

Clark, Msia Kibona (2007, July 11). South Africa - Hip Hop Revolution. Global Envision


Wright, Steve (1999, June 9). Kwaito: South Africa's Hip-Hop? CNN. http://www.cnn.com/SHOWBIZ/Music/9906/09/kwaito.wb
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Popular Culture vs High Culture

Words: 1538 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70524590

Pop Art on Society

During the fifties, America experienced tremendous growth in many aspects of society. As a result, technological advancements led to sophisticated aspects of American life. Media and advertising became mass media and the invention of the television paved the way to a new generation of communication. This was also an era of exploration among generations. Traditional forms of art began to experience growth and "culture" expanded into many sub-cultures.

Some of the trends that surfaced were New York City turning into an "international center for painting and architecture" (Davidson 1147), mass circulation of paperback books, network television suddenly becoming the world's most powerful form of mass communication, and rock and roll becoming the language of youth (Davidson 1147).

The explosion of such artistic expression was greeted with optimism, but mostly with pessimism, "warning against moral decadence and spiritual decline" (1147). On one had, the "highbrow intellectuals" argued…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Davidson, Gienapp, Heyman, Lytle, and Stoff. Nation of Nations. New York: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, 1990. 17 December 2002.

Metrailler, Edouard. High in Saccharine, Low in (Moral) Fiber. The Harvard Salient. 7 October 1996. http://www.digitas.harvard.edu/~salient/issues/961007/mediocrity.html17 December 2002.

Morse, Margaret. Pop Art. Biddingtons. 17 December 2002.  http://www.biddingtons.com/content/pedigreepop.html 17 December 2002.

Myers, Ken. What Distinguishes "popular" Cultures From Other Varieties of Culture? Modern Reformation. http://www.modernreformation.org/mr97/janteb/mr9/01distinguishes.html17 December 2002.
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Does Mass Media Reflect or Shape Culture

Words: 2980 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87546360

Mass Media & Values

The author of this report has been asked to answer a rather broad but still important question. The question at hand is whether the mass media is simply a representation of the broader cultural values, attitudes and stereotypes of a society or whether the mass media is involved with shaping the same rather than just being a reflection or representation. The author of this response does not mean to be non-committal or waffling but the answer is actually a little of both. There are some instances where mass media is simply just groveling to the masses but there are some instances where narratives are being established and cultural trends are being written. What is true in a given situation usually depends on the situation but it is not entirely hard or difficult to tell which is happening in a given instance. While mass media output is…… [Read More]


ABC News. 'Fox's Temptation Island Draws Fire'. ABC News. N.p., 2015. Web. 17 Nov. 2015.

Al-Jazeera. 'Hungary Journalist To Sue Syrian Refugee She Tripped'. Aljazeera.com. N.p., 2015. Web. 17 Nov. 2015.

Cassell, Paul. 'The Physical Evidence In The Michael Brown Case Supported The Officer [Updated With DNA Evidence]'. Washington Post. N.p., 2014. Web. 17 Nov. 2015.

Darren O. 'What's In A Name: Do MTV, History, And TLC Have Branding Issues?'. starcasm.net. N.p., 2013. Web. 17 Nov. 2015.
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Popular Culture That Is Prevalent

Words: 1588 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8700299

The youth in these countries has become more than just obsessed with the physical appearances as plastic surgery is also becoming quite common. China probably has the greatest plastic surgery industry where they work at everything from increasing heights to improving complexions to match those that of the white Caucasian race. As in Singapore, which is "a global city" we find it being "at the forefront of consumerism of popular and "pop" culture products. Indeed over the last few years "pop" culture influences have come from East Asia-Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan (J-culture), and most recently, Korean "pop" culture.(Donegan, 2003)


The popular culture has led the youth into becoming increasingly dependent on labels and brands in order to develop an identity of their own that's akin to that of the youth world over so that they can be accepted in the privileged world reigned by pop culture. This has not…… [Read More]


Greg Weiss Donegan. (2003). The Internationalization of Retailing in Asia. Routledge (UK).

Lorelei Narvaja. (2002) Teen rebellion through counterculture punk music -- A Brief Look at the 1990's. EM magazine. Volume: 2. Issue: 12.

Angela Nelson. (2005) Rap Music and the Stagolee Mythoform. The Journal of American Popular Culture (1900-present). Volume: 4. Issue:1

Steven Best and Douglas Kellner. (1999) Rap, Black Rage, and Racial Difference. Enculturation. Volume: 2.No: 2, 1999
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Sociology of Popular Culture

Words: 2411 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81906617

Sociology of Popular Culture

Popular Culture

A popular culture is a complex term defined by a number of already existing definitions which explore the different spectrums associated with the term. The initial understanding of this culture was based on the lifestyle adopted by the masses; the subordinate, lower class, which made them separate from the elite class. However, today, it is considered to be a lifestyle which includes different cultural practices, artifacts and other cultural commodities, that is widely accepted by the population. Therefore, in order to study a popular culture, it is important to focus on the varying aspects such as identity, representation, regulation, production and consumption where the latter two have an interdependent relationship. For this reason, this paper would look into the underlying fact of the contemporary popular culture where the producers are also the consumers.

The theorists of the cultural studies started studying popular culture when…… [Read More]


Bielby D, 2001, Popular culture: production and consumption, Wiley-Blackwell, United States.

Douglas, S, 1994, Where the girls are: Growing up female with the mass media. New York: Random House

Kellner, D, 1995, Media culture: Cultural studies, identity, and politics between the modern and the postmodern. New York: Routledge

Leadbeater, 1996, Urban Girls: Resisting Stereotypes, Creating Identities. New York: New York University Press
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1920s Culture American Culture and

Words: 1350 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2538019

It is noticeable, however, that despite illustrating the image of 'good life' among American consumers, it seemed that these ads were catered only to white Americans, which are often depicted as belonging to the elite to middle social classes. Further analysis also showed that apart from the under representation of minorities in these ads, white American women were the 'staple' elements contained in an ad. Although some of the ads appropriately use a woman -- that is, usage of a woman to advertise a food product -- there were also instances in some ads, specifically car ads, wherein women seemed to be objectified. Car ads are classic examples of the objectification of women in advertisements, wherein oftentimes, association between the cars advertised and woman depicted are inevitably linked together, creating the impression that a car is a want that needs to be achieved, in the same way that the consumer…… [Read More]

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Popular Culture Has a Pervasive Impact Upon

Words: 1450 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43074360

Popular culture has a pervasive impact upon children's lives today, particularly during the adolescent stage. According to the University of Tampere's Department of Translation Studies, pop culture is defined as "the differing forms and expressions which are characteristic of a particular society (whether local, regional, national, racial, or ethnic, to mention only a few of the different definitions of 'society' itself)."

It is a recent modern phenomenon that encompasses all aspects of cultural expression, which include but are not limited to, movies, music, television shows, literature, fashion, food, and sports. Everything deemed popular is considered to be the latest style or trend; items in pop culture are often meant to be superficial and short-lived, ready to be replaced by the "next big thing." Pop culture is sustained by continuous feedback from its consumers to its industries over determining what is to considered popular.

Pop culture has a dynamic influence on…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ferguson, Mitch, Eyzenga, Christina. "Music Influences." 25, March 2005


King, Samantha, McConnell, Jim, et.al, "Effects of rap and heavy metal music lyrics on Adolescent behaviors." (2002) Westchester University. 25, March 2005

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Popular Culture and the Development

Words: 2160 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64514455


One of the most recent technological developments which has precipitated a greater democratization of the Internet is the proliferation of networking sites that have become prominent recently. These sites attract millions of users and viewers or users and viewers and have become a source for the proliferation of popular culture.

There is also a view from scholars that the link between popular cultures and the Internet is synergistic. In other words, the increase in popular culture is a motivating force for the increase in Internet usage and at the same time the new online technologies that are being developed are providing the platform for increased popular culture activity. In a paper by Hakan Selg, entitled Popular Culture as a Driver of Internet Use, the author stresses how developments in popular culture have become associated with increases in Internet usage. (Selg)

There is little doubt that the future of popular…… [Read More]

Works Cited www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=107383706

Bell, David, Brian D. Loader, Nicholas Pleace, and Douglas Schuler. Cyberculture: The Key Concepts. New York: Routledge, 2004. Questia. 4 Apr. 2007 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=107383708.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=102726864

Bell, David. An Introduction to Cybercultures. London: Routledge, 2001. Questia. 4 Apr. 2007 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=102726866.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=107497020
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Popular Culture What Does Anne Cranny-Francis Mean

Words: 879 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11072455

Popular Culture

What does Anne Cranny-Francis mean when she defines popular culture as "a way of operating" and why does she find it a useful definition?

Borrowing from Morris' definition of popular culture, Francis speaks of popular culture as a way of operating. Therefore, whether or not a work of art is considered popular culture is based on how the art is produced and how it is consumed. Something is popular culture because of how it is used within the culture and how it is incorporated into people's lives. Popular culture becomes a way of understanding the society in which one lives.

Curry finds Morris' definition of popular culture as a way of operating useful because it places the emphasis on the relationship between the viewer and the work of art. Francis believes that popular culture is about formulating questions about both the society that exists and the society that…… [Read More]

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Popular Culture in the 18th Century a

Words: 990 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63461579

Popular Culture in the 18th Century

A number of different factors would conspire to make popular culture into a new and different thing in eighteenth-century Britain. There had been popular culture before the eighteenth century, of course: Shakespeare's plays in their original context being staged at the Globe amid bear-baiting, orange-selling, and prostitution definitely counted as authentically popular culture. And the remarkable efflorescence of religious and political tracts during the English Civil ar in the seventeenth century -- as outlined in Christopher Hill's seminal monograph on the topic, The orld Turned Upside-Down -- seems to define a culture not only popular but populist. But I would like to identify three factors -- the rise of mass literacy, the decline in religious values, and the increase in colonialism -- which marked out eighteenth century popular culture as uniquely different from what had come before.

The rise of mass literacy in the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cleland, John. Fanny Hill, or Memoirs of a woman of pleasure. New York: Penguin, 1986.

Defoe, Daniel. "The Shortest-Way with the Dissenters." In English Essays: Sidney to Macaulay. Cambridge: Belknap (Harvard Classics), 1914.

Davidson, Jenny. Breeding: A Partial History of the Eighteenth Century. Irvington: Columbia University Press, 2008.

Fielding, Henry. Joseph Andrews and Shamela. New York: Penguin, 1999.
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History of Pop Art

Words: 2016 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8724309

Mull over the relationship between art and popular culture since 1950. Focus your discussion on 3 or 4 artists.

The world of art has seen two distinct trends in recent decades since the mid-20th century. On one hand, high art has become less central to most people's lives. Other, more visceral forms of popular media have claimed the attention of the public in the incarnations of photography, film, and television. There is no longer a reliance upon visual representations such as sketching and painting to commemorate historical and personal occasions. But as a result of this divide between popular and high culture and the increasing significance of pop culture, high art has begun to adopt many themes and even the visual style of many popular works to justify its existence. As pop culture becomes part of every person's framework of reference, the elements of pop art have been co-opted and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Andy Warhol." The Art Story. Web. 17 Dec 2014.

"Barbara Kruger." The Art History Archive. Web. 17 Dec 2014.

Busche, Ernst A. "Roy Lichtenstein." Grove Art Online. Oxford University Press, 2009.

"Jackson Pollock: Early photos of the action painter at work." Time. Web. 17 Dec 2014.
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Art Pop Art An Aesthetic

Words: 1667 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67026770

Like many of the Pop Artists, Hockney frequently experimented with the media of his work, delving into both photography and film, and even set design. Photography, film, and other new media have proved to be a 'natural' outlet for Pop Artists. Since Pop Art cannibalizes the subject matter of popular culture, using the other tools of popular culture such as reproduction and the moving image seems like a natural progression. Some of David Hockney's most brilliant, acclaimed and interesting work have come from his use of collages, or composite photographs, designed to challenge the limitations of still life. Hockney said he strove to create a 'complete' picture of a moment in time in photography -- an impossible task, perhaps, but deliberately so. His use of composites also shows how a single moment, like a conversation, is made up of a multiplicity of perspectives ("David Hockney -- Photocollage," h2g2, 2000).

Pop…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Biddington, Jake. "Pop Art." Pedigree and Provence. 22 Apr 2008.  http://www.biddingtons.com/content/pedigreepop.html 

David Hockney -- Photocollage." h2g2. Created Oct 2000. 12 Apr 2008. http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A449921

Hughes, Robert. American Visions. New York: Knopf, 1997.

Excerpted at "Pop Art." Art Archive 22 Apr 2008.  http://www.artchive.com/artchive/W/warhol.html
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Globalization and Culture

Words: 1380 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63420311

Hip-Hop Culture, Its Origins and Its Culture

The hip-hop culture, according to Richardson, originated in the United States in response to the oppression of African-Americans. This art form is therefore deeply integrated with the social consciousness from which it arose. The art form created an outlet for creativity and repressed anger and other emotions resulting from the hardship of this particular culture. Therefore Richardson and several other critics criticize not only the commercialization of the art, but also globalization and its effects on the culture of hip-hop. oth commercialization and globalization, while proving a financial benefit to the music emerging from the hip-hop culture, nonetheless detracts some of the deeper culture and messages associated with the original art form. Indeed, when the struggle is removed from the art form, the unique culture from which it originated is lost, and the music changes accordingly. Thus globalization and increasing commercialization have combined…… [Read More]


Frazitta, Bobby. "Hip-hop Culture." 1998-2002. http://www.b-boys.com/hiphopculture.html

Hip-hop Congress. "Where is the Color?" 2004. http://hiphopcongress.com/yourworld/politics/columbusday.html

Johnson, Abra. "Globalization of Popular Culture:

Hip-Hop culture shaping and being shaped by pop culture in New Zealand, Japan, Cuba, and the U.S." 2004. http://www.hiphopconvention.org/issues/international/global.cfm
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Hypocrisies in Contemporary Hip-Hop Culture

Words: 1111 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63564268

Most fundamentally, virtually everything associated with Hip-Hop culture as it pertains to males relates to the portrayal of masculinity and a high degree of self-esteem, a positive self-image, and to being a powerful person on every level. This is portrayed in numerous specific ways, including the lyrics of songs, the adoption of certain physical mannerisms, manner of dress, and to inferences of social and physical dominance of men, particularly toward women (Price, 2006).

In many respects, these images completely contradict reality. For example, Hip-Hop artists have frequently appeared on prominent cable television programs profiling their success through guided tours of multi-million-dollar mansions and expansive estates complete with several brand new Lamborghinis, Ferraris, olls oyce, and Bentleys in their driveways. Aside from the social irresponsibility of promoting ostentatious displays of luxury to impressionable youth, in many cases, the portrayals are themselves largely phony (Price, 2006).

That is simply because much more…… [Read More]


Alim, a.S.; Ibrahim, a.; and Pennycook, a. (2008). Global Linguistic Flows: Hip Hop

Cultures, Youth Identities, and the Politics of Language. New York: Routledge.

Price, E.G. (2006). Hip Hop Culture. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.

Watkins, S.C. (2006). Hip Hop Matters: Politics, Pop Culture, and the Struggle for the Soul of a Movement. Boston MA: Beacon.
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Pop Is Tomorrow's Classical- Paul Mccartney Discuss

Words: 3141 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43780038

Pop is tomorrow's Classical"- Paul McCartney. Discuss this contention within the context of rock/classical music collaborations since the early 1950s.

Classical Rock and Popular Prophecy

To the average music-listener, musical genres are easily divided into homogenous groupings without any danger of overlapping one another. Certainly, there are rare occurrences of "cross-over" hits on the radio that find airplay on both Adult Contemporary and Country stations, or those releases which find an audience among both Easy Listening and Rock fans. Another seemingly strange occurrence that may be observed by the slightly more alert music consumer is that time shifts musical pieces from one genre to another, and yesterday's Alternative Rock is today's Easy Listening, yet even this phenomenon is considered an anomaly of the music industry. A simplicity is desired among musical elitists that preserves some musical forms as valid, labeling others as mere fads. However, the deep impact of musical…… [Read More]


"Classical Music." Heart & Soul. World Book. 2004. http://www2.worldbook.com/features/aamusic/html/classical.htm

Duxbury, Janell R. "The Nexus of Classical and Rock." Progression, no. 39, p70-74. Summer, 2001. http://www.geocities.com/Vienna/8660/article.html

Duxbury, Janell R. Rockin' the Classics and Classicizin' the Rock: A Selectively Annotated Discography. Greenwood Press, 1991.

Fissinger, Laura. "Jim Steinman: To 'Hell' & Back." BMI MusicWorld. Spring 1994.  http://jimsteinman.com/bmi.htm
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Pop Art Does Not Refer

Words: 368 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84804114

Therefore, Warhol offers a visual juxtaposition of capitalism and the arts.

ichard Hamilton used multimedia, collage, and three-dimensional objects in his work to capture the essence of popular culture. Hamilton's collage "Just What is it that Makes Today's Homes So Different, So Appealing?" is a seminal piece of pop art, offering subtle critique of the American Dream, of typical gender roles, and of consumerism. obert auchenberg's work, like Hamilton's, uses multimedia to convey the infiltration of materialism into popular culture.

Jasper Johns' work appears more directly political, based on his liberal use of the American flag and similar iconography in painting. Johns' incorporation of American nationalism into the pop art equation adds a special nuance to the genre, revealing searing and satirical political undertones. Johns suggests that former symbols of national conscience have become misappropriated, downgraded to consumer emblems. The use of the flag and American map in his art…… [Read More]


"Le Pop Art." Centre Pompidou. Retrieved Aug 8, 2008 from http://www.centrepompidou.fr/education/ressources/ens-popart-en/ens-popart-en.htm

Osterwold, T. Pop Art. Taschen, 2003.
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Culture - Commodities Are Good

Words: 887 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86951694

Other commodities are consumed to derive pleasure or entertainment which explains why one goes for a certain television brand or a type of car. The choice of cars among the youths and the purpose of owning the cars among other gadgets have something to do with what their peers will think of them not the utility part (Scott Atkins, 1995).

Baudrillard, (2012) another individual who studied material culture called it the sociology of consumption. He studied the objects and not the consumer; he asserted that consumption should be taken seriously as an important institution where social class status and prestige are displayed. Certain objects depict a certain class in the society and when one possesses those prestigious objects then there is a message to the society in terms of the social status. The objects therefore have symbolic value as he mentions the objects of the modern consumer, it is implied…… [Read More]


Baudrillard, (2012). The Consumer Society. Retrieved May 31, 2012 from  http://www.the-philosophy.com/baudrillard-consumer-society 

Geoff Stahl, (1999). Still 'Wining Space?': Updating Subcultural Theory. Retrieved May 31, 2012 from  http://www.rochester.edu/in_visible_culture/issue2/stahl.htm 

Kyle Grayson, Matt Davies & Simon Philpott, (2009).Pop goes IR? Researching the Popular Culture-World political Continuum. Retrieved may 31, 2012 from

Philip Smith, (2000). Culture and Charisma: Outline of a Theory. Retrieved May 31, 2012 from http://prisme.u-strasbg.fr/sites/10/File/7a_smith_charisma.pdf
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Consumption Society and Culture

Words: 4177 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93152147

Consumption, Society and Culture

Cultural Industry

There are two social processes which are linked with each other and provide the basis of popular culture in modern capitalist societies. These two processes are related with production and consumption of cultural goods. In the first step, the commodities are produced in the light of customers' desirable features and packaged in culturally acceptable methods. In the second step, the products are used by their respective target markets as status symbols to satisfy self-esteem needs. The identification of the target market as a considerable portion of society is largely based on its presentation in fine arts particularly TV programs, music shows and films (Benjamin, 1968).

Social system is a comprehensive study, whose knowledge is mandatory to understand the popular culture. Artifacts represent the cultural symbols, yet these artifacts are strongly influenced by the taste and choice of professionals and cultural elites. There are many…… [Read More]


Adorno, Theodor W., "Art, Autonomy and Mass Culture," in Art in Modern Culture: An Anthology of Critical Texts, ed. By Francis Frascina and Jonathan Harris (New York: Icon Editions, 1992), 74-79.

Adorno, Theodor W., Critical Models; Interventions and Catchwords, trans. By Henry W. Pickford (New York: Colombia University Press, 1998).

Adorno, Theodor W., "The Culture Industry: Selected Essays on Mass Culture, " (London: Routledge, 2001).

Adorno, Theodor W. et al., The Authoritarian Personality (New York: Harper & Row Publications, 1950).
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Cultural Review Film and Culture the Grimm

Words: 769 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40850020

Cultural Review

Film and Culture

The Grimm brothers began collecting folktales around 1807 and began a legacy that has been ingrained in popular culture. Although the tales that they collected were representative of the culture at the time, the brothers worked to canonize some of the archetypes that were present in their day. Instead of seeing them as just random works of literature, the brothers were able to identify various themes which served as the main focuses on their fairy and folk tale. These themes seemed to be generally available in the stories that the two individuals documented just as they are also present today. These archetypical characters which formed can make one wonder whether it is the culture that shapes the story or whether it is the stories that shape the culture.

Very few Grimm's Fairy Tales deviate from the stereotypes of the hero, villain, and damsel in distress…… [Read More]