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To prepare: • eview article "A Population Health Framework Setting National State Health Goals," focusing population health determinants. • eview information blog post "What Is Population Health?" • With information mind, elect a population health issue interest.
Population health interest: Access to health care
The United States is one of the few major industrialized democracies that does not regard healthcare as a right. 55.3% of the U.S. population is covered by employer-provided insurance vs. The 14% covered by Medicare (the federal government-sponsored program for the elderly) and the 15.9% covered by Medicaid (the state government-sponsored program for the poor). Some individuals are covered by a combination of different types of insurances. "Among the non-elderly, 18.4% of individuals were uninsured in 2010" (Overview of the uninsured in the United States, 2011, ASPE). Because of the recently-passed Affordable Care Act, (ACA) "18- to 24-year-olds were the only age group to…
Access to health services. (2012). Healthy People 2020. Retrieved:
Galewich, Phil. (2012). Access to care in the U.S. worsens. St. Louis Dispatch. Retrieved:
There are biological considerations as well, and men' bodies often give out faster.
Birth rates and death rates are only loosely correlated. The drivers for each are different, so the numbers can at times have significant divergence. For example, Albania reports a death rate of 5.7 but a birthrate of 24.7. Both of these figures our outliers for the Eastern Europe group, giving Albania a very large spread compared with the other nations, and figures more akin to a developing nation.
There is a much stronger correlation between both birth rates and death rates and GNP. Nations with a low GNP tend to have higher figures for both birth and death rates. Those with a high GNP will tend to have lower birth and death rates. GNP contributes to death rates in a couple of ways. One is that wealthier nations tend to have better access to health care and…
Rosenberg, M. (2007). Life expectancy. About.com. Retrieved November 11, 2009 from http://geography.about.com/od/populationgeography/a/lifeexpectancy.htm
Annual Register 1992 and UNESCO 1990 Demographic Year Book.
Population Crisis & Birth Control
The objective of Ehrlich is to prove that the developed countries have a relatively moderate growth in the increase of population, but they use a lot of the natural resources that are available there and thus cause problems of pollution. (Too Many People) While this is true to some extent, there are other accompanying problems and that is the feeling of being that one is has mastery control of all being surveyed. This happens to all countries which happen to feel that they are the source of development and guidance for all the nations and people of the world. Such a role was being enacted by the British till the Second World War when they used to say that the Sun would never set over the British Empire.
The Americans never felt this about themselves till the Second World War. Subsequently they became the leaders…
Larsen, Janet. Iran: A Model for Family Planning? 3 August, 2003. Retrieved from http://www.theglobalist.com/DBWeb/StoryId.aspx?StoryId=2269 Accessed on 22 May, 2005
Larsen, Janet. Iran's Birth Rate Plummeting at Record Pace: Success Provides a Model for Other Developing Countries. 28 December, 2001. Retrieved from http://www.earth-policy.org/Updates/Update4ss.htm Accessed on 22 May, 2005
This means that smaller segments will require lower numbers of respondents. As a result, 20 people were selected based on the small group of executives that can discuss the cultural challenges of working overseas. (Thomas, 2006, pp. 9 -- 14)
Describes the Eligibility Criteria for Study Participants
The eligibility requirements are all respondents must have worked in an overseas location for at least nine months. This was selected based on the focus of the study and the experiences that respondents can provide. These results will identify specific attributes that corporations can adopt as part of their strategy.
Describes and Explains the elevance of Characteristics of the Selected Sample. Criteria for Selecting Participants are specified and are Appropriate to the Study.
The most relevant characteristics are: those individuals who are currently overseas or have served in foreign locations for at least nine months. Moreover, all of the respondents have to be…
Purposive Sampling. (2011). Changing Minds.org. Retrieved from: http://changingminds.org/explanations/research/sampling/purposive_sampling.htm
Bamberger, M. (2006). Real World Evaluation. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishing.
Thomas, R. (2006). Blending Qualitative and Quantitative Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
Weinreich, K. (1996). Integrating Qualitative and Quantitative Methods. Social Marketing.com. Retrieved from: http://www.social-marketing.com/research.html
Although this is a geat oganization fo the community, the downfall, o weakness is you have to be a membe of this oganization, it is not fee fo the community .
In 1972 Half Pice Books was founded in Dallas, Texas, by Ken Gjeme.and Shaon's mothe, Pat Andeson . Today, it emains a family-owned and opeated business with both etail and wholesale divisions. Today stength of this company is it gowing acoss the county, with moe college students using this oganization to buy books fo classes . A weakness in this company is you'e not always able to find what you'e looking fo, and then you have to wait fo the books to aive, so they might not be thee in time fo you fist class. This is awesome company, with geat pices on books, and othe liteatue .
Today in Noth Texas, thee ae liteally thousands of esouces .…
references, animal rescue organizations, health resources, adoptions resources, housing resources, daycare resources, the list is endless . As you can see throughout the decades, more and more resources are available for Texans, who reside in North Texas. The strength of these resources is there are numerous resources available, the downside is where to you start, and how do you know what organization is good, and which one is not good . Are there enough resources to accommodate everyone in North Texas, and is there a language barrier with more Latinos crossing the border into to Texas, this is what North Texas is working how, so they can help every individual who research out for help, guidance, jobs, schools, communities to live in, farming, export, and importing goods, etc. .
National Resources Conservation Service ( 2009). Retrieved March 20, 2010 From http://www.tx.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/watersheds/ws_info.html
Population Groups Served
This services target persons in Anchorage Municipality who are home based and suffer from Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders as well as individuals above 60 years of age who suffer from physical or cognitive disability. The services target mainly those who are at risk of institutional placement giving highest priority to those with the greatest socioeconomic need especially low-income minority.
Seventy percent of the clients covered by this program are persons with Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders at various locations in Anchorage Municipality. Their ages vary between 60 to 90 years. These individuals receive round the clock care giving; the caregivers help them live comfortably with their medical conditions. This makes in home service acceptable since all the support they already have is solidified and they can still reside in their homes while enjoying the provided benefits with increased satisfaction.
Thirty percent of the clients are individual…
Therefore, developing a set of measurable population health objectives will aid in the establishment of clear priorities and objectives. Once those priorities are set, the team of healthcare professionals can begin the task of implementing the programs that will achieve the healthcare goals. Without effective prioritizing, funding can too easily be wasted, resources squandered on poor organization. A well-organized team is one that is highly effective and cost-effective too. Limited funding for population health programs constrains the ability for policy makers to be too open-ended about their programs and interventions.
Setting priorities and developing collaborative partnerships go hand-in-hand to promote population health goals. For example, when the immediate goal is to make access to gynecological care more accessible for illiterate women in Ethiopia, policy makers first outline the plan for designing the infrastructure including transportation services for village residents. Then, members of the team work with the heads of pharmaceutical…
Health Canada (1999). A population health approach. Retrieved online: http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:COOUo2fLmUIJ:www.ssdha.nshealth.ca/a%2520POPULATION%2520HEALTH%2520APPROACH%2520ARTICLE.pdf+Population+Health+Issues+setting+priorities&hl=en&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESj-KqgF-2PPymL24ORz2objMe_CaYMIJ1KyCrFjn5wa_zDPKxXdXxQfBRufQnMLyzReXLtWh2s34nPI9moHhiBz2h7BHC20Y4pIvGf7e9K89-Qu49vYFCY-gIk-xCYeYuW6eFaP&sig=AHIEtbSy5d8bIU_BCDbS7KCKcvh4lnxFgQ
Jamison, D.T., Mosley, W.H. (1991). Disease control priorities in developing countries: health policy responses to epidemiological change. American Journal of Public Health 81(1).
Public Health Agency of Canada (2001). Population health approach. Retrieved online: http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/ph-sp/implement/index-eng.php
Roussos, S.T. & Fawsett, S.B. (2000). A review of collaborative partnerships as a strategy for improving community health. Annual Review of Public Health. Retrieved online: http://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/hw2020/infrastructure/partnerships/annurevpublhealth20090911.pdf
, 2000; Sullivan et al., 2007).
ecidivism data typically comes from a record review and record follow-up with the probation officer of the clients. More long-term data can also be implemented in the form of clinical interviews for clients who have successfully completed their probationary periods. Probation officers are good sources of information regarding recidivism and also regarding any potential relapses and substance abuse or psychiatric issues. Variables in the analysis are typically compared to similar offenders in a treatment as usual group (e.g., Leon et al., 2000). Outcome variables of interest are alcohol or drug use, crime, HIV risk behavior, psychological symptoms, and employment status (Grella, & Shi, 2011). These variables can be operationalized such that they can be comparable both within and between groups. Within groups comparisons can look at pre/post measures of substance abuse, psychological symptoms, and employment status. Between groups measures can look at all of…
Beck, A.T., Brown, G., & Steer, R.A. (1996). Beck Depression Inventory II manual. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation
Center for Co-Occurring Disorders (2006). Overarching principles to address the needs of persons with co-occurring disorders. Retrieved July 25, 2013 from http://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content//PHD1132/PHD1132.pdf .
Evans, K. & Sullivan, M.J. (2001). Dual diagnosis: Counseling the mentally ill substance abuser (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
Feinstein, A.R. (1970) The pre-therapeutic classification of co-morbidity in chronic disease.
"And Sarah said unto Abraham: Behold now, the Lord hath restrained me from bearing" (Genesis 16:2, quoted by Thomlinson). But a more scientific approach has been forwarded and it aimed to find solutions. For instance, in the case of couples where the man is sterile, the woman could choose to be artificially inseminated; or in the cases when the woman is sterile, the man could inseminate a surrogate mother. But these alternatives are sometimes frowned upon and seen as equal to adultery (Thomlinson, 1976).
The population dynamics and their environmental effects can also be analyzed from three different angles: size, distribution and composition.
Despite the increasing infertility, the population size continues to increase, directly impacting the surrounding environment. "Population size is inherently linked to the environment as a result of individual resource needs as well as individual contributions to pollution. As a result, population growth yields heightened demands on air,…
Hunter, M.L., 2000, the Environmental Implications of Population Dynamics, Rand
Lorimer, F., Osborn, F., 1934, Dynamics of Population: Social and Biological Significance of Changing Birth Rates in the United States, the Macmillan Company
Richter, O., Sondgerath, D., Suhnling, F., Braune, E., Impact of Climate Change on Population Dynamics and Temporal Patterns of Benthic Assemblages of Rivers, Modeling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zeeland, Retrieved at http://www.mssanz.org.au/modsim05/papers/richter.pdfon May 12, 2008
Thomlinson, R., 1976, Population Dynamics: Causes and Consequences of World Demographic Change, Random House
population of the Caulfield postcode 3161 is 14,554 based on the 2011 census. The male population consist of 7,002, while female population are 7,552. The median age is 37 years of age as being revealed in the Table 1. (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011).
Caulfield: post code 3161
As being revealed in the table 2 below, the total private dwelling in the area is approximately 6,393. However, the median weekly income is $1,735, while the monthly median income is $6,940.
All private dwellings
Average people per household
Median income per household (weekly)
Median mortgage repayments (monthly)
Median weekly rent
As being revealed in the table 3, the Australian consists of the 58.5% of the whole population of the postcode. The South African and people from Poland consist 3.4% each, while the English people constitute 2.7%. Based on the data, the Australian will form largest…
Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2011). 2011 Census QuickStats All people - usual residents. Australia.
My Data (2013). Caulfield North, VIC, 3161 Suburb Profile and Statistics. Australia.
Real Estate Review (2013).Norwood Road Caulfield North, VIC 3161 House. Australia.
Suburb Profile (2012). Caulfield North, 3161 VIC. Australia.
Population Services International (PSI) is a non-profit organization with the declared goal and mission of controlling the population growth in poorer countries through the implementation of specific birth control and family planning programs. One of the countries they have approached ever since 1976 was Bangladesh.
The setting was propitious: Bangladesh was having one of the fastest growing populations in the world and was at the same time, one of the poorest countries, with limited resources and economic possibilities.
PSI introduced two birth control products into the country: condoms and contraceptive pills. The former were called Raja and had properly adapted to the specific economic environment of Bangladesh. The Raja condoms had benefited from a good choice of name, as Raja meant king and this had a double significance: it was associated with strength and potency and was easy to understand by relating it to the card figure (in a country…
Population: odent Infestation and Air Pollution
The objective of this study is to use the PICOT format to examine the homeless population and problems with rodent infestation and air pollution.
The patient population at focus in this study is the homeless population. amesh (2014) reports that formerly homeless people are "increasingly trapped in homes riddled with damp and infested rodents" and that those who were previously homeless were "housed in shocking conditions often at the mercy of unresponsive and at times aggressive landlords who threatened eviction if tenants complained." (amesh, 2014, p. 1) The most commonly mentioned problems were "damp and mold" as well as "rodent and inset infestations." (amesh, 2014, p. l) According to Hamill (2014) reports the death of a four-year-old child living in a homeless shelter in New York City due to having ingested rat poison. When the mother of the child spoke out, she was…
Hamill, D. (2014) Death of a 4-Year-old Boy Reveals Rat-Infested City-Funded Homeless Shelter. Daily News. Retrieved from: http://www.nydailynews.com/new-york/city-funded-homeless-shelter-rat-trap-article-1.1776406
Ramesh, R. (2014) Homeless Living in Rat Infested Conditions. The Guardian. Retrieved from: http://www.theguardian.com/society/2014/feb/26/homeless-shocking-rat-infested-conditions#img-1
Population Query (2014) PUBMED Database. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=homeless+population
Hispanic-American Population Assessment
POCKETS OF MISERY
The Hispanic-Americans of Santa Ana, California are the population to be assessed.
The total U.S. population is 312 million, according to the latest U.S. Census ureau report. Almost 50 million of these are Hispanic-Americans. Nationwide, 10% of them are in fair or poor health (NCHS, 2011). The death rate for this population is 297.8 per 100,000 people. Their leading causes of death are heart disease, cancer, unintentional injuries and infant deaths at 5.51 per 1,000 live births. And 33% of Hispanic-Americans 65 years and older has no health insurance coverage (NCHS).
The psychiatric or mental health needs of this growing ethnic majority have yet to be covered adequately (Lopez & Carrillo, 2001). Hispanic-Americans or Latinos greatly differ from the general U.S. population in physical and mental health indicators. Non-Hispanic medical and mental health professionals need to understand these differences better in order…
AOA (2011). Student service project award recipients. Irvine College of Medicine:
University of California. Retrieved on October 3, 2011 from http://www.alphaomegaalpha.org/ucirvine_spar.html
Area Connect (2011). Santa Ana Population and Demographics. Area Connect Santa
Ana: MDNH. Retrieved on September 28, 2011 from http://santaana.areaconnect.com/statistics.htm
The accessibility and affordability of medical care is significantly promoted and influenced by health insurance since it protects against risks of costly and unexpected medical events. However, many underinsured Americans i.e. both the uninsured and those with inadequate health coverage experience difficulties in acquiring and paying for care services. Consequently, the plight of this population has become a major aspect for the national health care reform throughout the country. Despite of the importance of health insurance, the number of the underinsured population has continued to increase because of the in-affordability of health coverage. Actually, this population is described as people with certain forms of health insurance who lack the financial protection that is required to cater for out-of-pocket health care expenditures.
Demographics of the Uninsured Population:
The number of people with some form of medical care coverage that does not adequately prevent them from high expenses in health care…
Kavilanz, P.B. (2009, March 5). Underinsured Americans: Cost To You. Retrieved June 21,
2012, from http://money.cnn.com/2009/03/05/news/economy/healthcare_underinsured/
Nunley, R.M. (2008, March). Issues Facing America: Underinsured Patients. Retrieved June 21,
2012, from http://www.aaos.org/news/aaosnow/mar08/reimbursement1.asp
There are a number of ways by which people are affected tremendously by population density and noise. When people contravene other people's privacy, personal space and territory with chronic noise, it may have an effect in a variety of ways ranging from mere frustration to harsh interfering depression-causing infirmities (Straub, 2007). With the increase in population, the three mentioned elements i.e. personal space, privacy and territorial confidentiality of people are encroached. This may require demand recognition of housings for the prevention of the psychosomatic consequences of population mass. Such circumstances also necessitate the prevention of hostility, fretfulness, and annoyance. In order to understand the effects of population density and noise on the individual, it is exceedingly important to first understand the three concepts of personal space, privacy and territoriality, privacy, and personal space.
As far as the notion of privacy is concerned, it is a right of every…
Brown, G., Lawrence, T.B., & Robinson, S.L. (2005). Territoriality in Organizations. Academy of Management Review, 30(3), 577-594.
Clayton, S. & Myers, G. (2009). Conservation Psychology. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.
Hutchison, E.D., & Kowalski, S. (1999). Dimensions of Human Behavior: Person and Environment. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press.
Kennedy, D.P., Glascher, J., Tyszka, J.M., & Adolphs, R. (2009). Personal Space Regulation by the Human Amygdala. Nature Neuroscience, 12(10), 1226-1227. doi: 10.1038/nn.2381
The projected population for the United States in the year 2025 is 349,419,000. Current trends indicate more people moving into areas such as Las Vegas and the desert southwest. Las Vegas is the fastest growing city in America, and if employment opportunities continue in Nevada because of gaming, there is little reason to see this change in the next five to ten years. However, if water shortages begin in the desert southwest because of too many new residents, then the situation could change. Immigrants can be a large determinant in population distribution. They tend to settle in port, immigration cities, such as San Francisco, Seattle, New York, San Diego, and Miami. "Indeed, the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service reports that about 70% of all newly arrived immigrants intend to live in one of just six states: California, Texas, New York, New Jersey, Florida, and Illinois" (Editors). Therefore, if immigration increases,…
Editors. "Data Finder." Population Research Bureau. 2004. 21 Nov. 2004. http://www.prb.org/datafind/datafinder5.htm
Population Health: Childhood Obesity
Of all of the current factors impacting population health, childhood obesity may be have the greatest threat for long-term damage, as well as being the one most highly linked to culture, socioeconomic status, and personal liberties. As a result, efforts to reduce childhood obesity have been met with ambivalence and, sometimes even hostility. Part of the reason for this hostility is that the two factors that contribute greatly to childhood obesity, junk food and a lack of exercise seem ubiquitous in modern society. It can be difficult for parents to avoid junk food, and, for those parents whose children do not struggle with weight issues, it can see unduly burdensome for them to have to avoid junk food (such as not taking birthday cupcakes to elementary school children) to cater to the health problems of other people's children. Likewise, it can be difficult for some to…
Ax, J. (2013, July 30). Bloomberg's Ban on Big Sodas is Unconstitutional: Appeals Court.
Retrieved November 18, 2013 from Reuters website: http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/07/30/us-sodaban-lawsuit-idUSBRE96T0UT20130730
Benaroch, R. (2013, February 3). What Every Parent Should Know about BMI. Retrieved
November 18, 2013 from WebMd website: http://www.webmd.com/parenting/raising-fit-kids/weight/kids-bmi-for-parents
The main purpose of this assignment is to conduct a statistical analysis of community health project by making a comparison of the City of Phoenix to Houston City. In terms of demographics, Phoenix has a population of 1.615 million people whereas Houston has a population of 2.303 million people. Houston is one of the largest cities in Texas. The population of the city of Phoenix constitutes of 46.5% whites, 6.8% blacks, 39.9% Hispanic, and 3.2% Asian, 1.8% mixed and the remaining 1.9% comprising of others. On the other hand, for the population in Houston, 49.3% are White (including Hispanic or Latino), 25.3% are Black and 0.4% are Native American, 5.3% are Asian, and 16.5% are from other races. In terms of household income, the average income in the city of Houston is $47,793 declining from the preceding value of $48,064. On the other hand, the average income in Phoenix…
Data USA. (2018). Houston, TX. Retrieved from: https://datausa.io/profile/geo/houston-tx/
Data USA. (2018). Phoenix, AZ. Retrieved from: https://datausa.io/profile/geo/houston-tx/
Para, J. (2017). Study: Houston among cities with poor sustainable transit systems. Houston Business Journal.
There may be other reasons that have to do with cultural implications as well when it comes to population / fertility growth. Some people in LDNs may have religious reasons for not wanting to use birth control and may have major issues with abortion. In DNs, most women go to college, they have a career, they put off marriage, and when they do decide to get married, they may have one or two children. However, in LDNs, women may marry quite early, sometimes as early as fourteen, and may believe that having as many children as possible is what life is about. There are so many cultural factors in LDNs that people in DNs are unaware of.
It's interesting to note that in some countries in Europe especially, the government is actually trying to promote pregnancies because of the slow population growth rate. While this hasn't happened in the United…
Asian Info. (2011). Bangladesh. Asian info. Accessed on January 29, 2011: http://www.asianinfo.org/asianinfo/bangladesh/bangladesh.htm
Food and Agricultiral Organization of the United Nations. (2011). Media Centre: Feeding
Bangladesh's growing population amid rising climate challenges. FAO. Access on January 29, 2011: http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/46153/icode/
population" by Thomas Malthus
Thomas Malthus, in his discussion of the relationship between population increase and food supply in "An essay on the principle of population," proposed that his essay was an attempt to provide an explanation, though a speculative one, of the nature of the growth of human society in terms of its population and food supply. Working on the assumption that "population must always be kept down to the level of the means of subsistence," Malthus tried to bring forth his argument and position that this assumption was an ideal one. In fact, this assumption was proven not applicable with the histories of early societies in the Eastern and Western nations, as what Malthus proves in his discussion, wherein he stated that as the population increases geometrically, food supply increases arithmetically.
In proving his thesis, the author sets out to discuss the basic principles which he had used…
Malthus, T. (1798). "An essay on the principle of population." Available at: http://www.ac.wwu.edu/~stephan/malthus/malthus.0.html.
population identified and described? Are eligibility criteria specified? Are the sample selection procedures clearly delineated? Yes. The sample consisted of 350 college students at a Midwestern University. All the students were enrolled in a personal health class as a social science elective.
Do the sample and population specifications support an inference of construct validity with regard to the population construct? Of n=350, 86% were White, 5% African-American, 4% Asian-American, 3% Latino, and 2% Other. This is not representative of the collegiate population in general, nor is it representative of the baseline population breakdown for most of America. However, because the classes are a social science elective, the sample does serve as an adequate representation of a cross-section of this particular Midwestern University.
What type of sampling plan was used? Would an alternative sampling plan have been preferable? Was the sampling plan one that could be expected to yield a representative…
Again, all groups were by the end of the study essentially the same in that they had each served as controls, placebo recipients, and recipients of either one or two interventional medicines. The same periods of medication and testing were utilized for all participants in all groups of the study throughout the period during which the research took place.
According to the researchers, the completion of a crossover study such as this by forty-five participants is equivalent to 80% power at 5% statistical significance that the results could be extrapolated to the wider population. Though a higher level of certainty could be desired, this study's findings are still worthwhile.
The results are presented as average rates of the effects of the varying interventions (or lacks thereof) among the participants during the different phases of the trial. The differences between these averages were compared as different levels of…
Wald, D.; Law, M.; Mills, S.; Bestwick, J.; Morris, J. And Wald, N. (2008). "A 16-Week, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Trial to Quantify the Combined Effect of an Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor and a f3-Blocker on Blood Pressure Reduction." Clinical therapeutics 30(11), pp. 2030-9.
First, can the research be performed safely on the subject? In some cases, the answer to this question may be no, but the research still be justified, if the possible benefits of the research outweigh the risks to the subjects. In this study, there is no safety danger to the subjects. Second, the researcher must attain informed consent from the research participants. It will be easy to obtain this consent, which can be done in writing, prior to having the subjects participate in the study. Informed consent does not have to describe the nature or purpose of the research, but it does need to inform the subjects of the risks and benefits of the research, any possible dangers, and the subject's ability to opt-out of the research. There are no inherent risks in this project, therefore the subjects will be informed that there are no inherent risks in this project.…
AllPsych. (2003). "Chapter 1: Introduction to research." Research methods. Retrieved November 1, 2011 from AllPsych website: http://allpsych.com/researchmethods/selectingsubjects.html
, 2006). Soliciting client's self-report may be another helpful practice (Landry et al., 2009).
To deal with both attrition and ethnicity factors in conjunction with an adolescent or school-aged client, the counselor may be well advised to consider the fact that the client may better benefit from a school counselor's intervention rather than from her own. Studies (for instance Cummings, 2009) have shown that "schools may be the best setting in which to provide mental health services if the objective is to reduce the unmet need for mental health care among adolescents living in disadvantaged and/or ethnically diverse communities." (Cummings, 2009, 1).
At times, the counselor may have to deal with trauma-related matters. Since trauma may traverse several generations and is comprised of complex issues, Goodman and West-Olatuni (2008) recommend a transgenerational trauma recognition and assessment approach as well as historical and contextual knowledge of the trauma.
Of particular interest…
Abe-Kim, J., Takeuchi, D., Hong, S., Zane, N., Sue, S., Spencer, M -- . & Algeria, M. (2007). Use of Mental Health Related Services Among Immigrant and U.S.-Born Asian-Americans: Results From the National Latino and Asian-American Study. American Journal of Public Health, 97(11), 91-8.
Barrett, M., Chua, W., Chistoph, P., Gibbons, M., Casiano, D. & Thompson, D. (2008). Early withdrawal from mental health treatment: Implications for psychotherapy practice. Psychotherapy, 45(2), 247-67.
Bird, T. (2010). Approaches to patients with neuropathic disease. Clinics in Laboratory Medicine, 30(4), 785-93.
Brach, C., Falik, M., Law, C., Robinson, G., Trent-Adams, S., Ulmer, C. & Wirght, a. (2005). Mental Health Services: Critical Component of Integrated Primary Care and Substance Abuse Treatment. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved 6(3), 322-41.
population for my proposed research will be college students ages 17-22 at three different educational institutions. The purpose of the cross-sectional study will be to survey the study habits of college students and the effect of those study habits on student's grades. Students will be asked to identify themselves on the questionnaire in terms of their age, gender, ethnicity, college major, whether they are the first member of their family to attend college full-time and their GPA. They will then be surveyed upon a variety of study habits, such as what time of day they study, where, how frequently, if they study alone or in a group, if they study with music playing and for how long.
All of the categories will be narrowed down in the final statistical analysis, for ease and clarity (such as noting if their major is in the humanities, social sciences, or natural sciences). GPAs…
Creswell, J.W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
population (or data) you plan to sample for your study. There are a variety of sampling methods from which to choose. Your choice of sampling method will depend on your research design and method. For instance, if you are using a qualitative method you might use purposive or snowball sampling. If you are using a quantitative method, you might use simple random sampling or systematic random sampling. Like research methods, sampling methods each have specific strengths and limitations in terms of reliability and validity. There are also ethical considerations when using sampling methods with certain populations such as children, the elderly, the developmentally disabled, and individuals who are institutionalized.
Write a brief description of the population or type of data you plan to sample for your dissertation. Then describe the sampling method you plan to use and explain why you plan to use it. Finally, describe at least two issues…
Elderly in Monrovia, CA
The population of people aged 65 years or greater is steadily escalating, as baby boomers come of age. It is estimated that this age bracket accounts for 10% of the total world population, and is statistically increasing. As this sector of the population steadily increases, there are of course, accompanying health care issues: osteoarthritis, cardiac and kidney issues, Alzheimer's or dementia, and an ever-growing problem with depression. For this essay, we will concentrate on several health issues that plague seniors nationally, but will specifically focus on the aging population over 65 in Monrovia, California.
Monrovia is a smallish city located at the foothills of the San Gabriel Mountains in the San Gabriel Valley, Los Angeles County. Monrovia was settled in the late 1800s as a central hub for the growing orange grove industry, but has now become more of a bedroom community that supports the urban…
Breathe California of Los Angeles County. (2009). Cited in:
California Department of Public Health. (June 2009). "Healthy California -- 2010
Midcourse Review." Executive Summary. Cited in:
This exists in the military, where quality of service and dedication is more important than one's status as a civilian. Similar haircuts, similar uniforms, and similar duties are a great leveler: while there is a hierarchy, the hierarchy is respected because it is based upon merit, not upon the financial status of one's parents. Rank must be earned, respect cannot be bought.
Perhaps this sense of equanimity is why the fact soldiers must live in such close quarters is tolerated with relative ease. Also, the small spaces we do possess must be kept clean and orderly. Although we may personalize things to some degree, we do not have the freedom of someone living in a college dorm to create an entirely individualized space. In many ways, this is a relief. There is none of the rage and resentment that often results when someone with morning classes must struggle to deal…
Using a random sampling helps to insure that there will be a randomly equal number of learning disabled students, gifted students, underachievers and overachievers in each group. In addition the random sampling will help insure a statistically close to equal sampling of males and females in each group.
Assumptions will also be made that the students will put forth their best effort in the class work and instruction so that the semester test results will be a true reflection of what they have learned in the American History course that semester.
This methodology section is designed to produce the most pure results with regard to the research question. Care has been taken to explore the different elements of the research topic and produce the best possible method by which to test that question.
Dobrosielski-Vergona, Kathleen a.; Gallagher, Judith E.; Williams, Theresa M.; Wingard, obin G. More (2005) Web-based…
Dobrosielski-Vergona, Kathleen a.; Gallagher, Judith E.; Williams, Theresa M.; Wingard, Robin G. More (2005) Web-based vs. traditional classroom instruction in gerontology: a pilot study. Journal of Dental Hygiene
Beard, Lawrence a.; Harper, Cynthia (2002) Student perceptions of online vs. On campus instruction.(Brief Article)(Statistical Data Included) Education Journal
Piotrowski, C. & Vodanovich, S.J. (2000). Are the reported barriers to Internet-based instruction warranted?: A synthesis of recent research, Education, 121, 48-53.
Rossman, P. (1992). The emerging worldwide electronic university: Information age global higher education. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
eart Failure in African-Americans
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are among the top killers in the world population and number one in the U.S. eart failure is the number one killer in the U.S. And stroke, number three. The African-American Population has even higher numbers that fall victims to these killers. The main factors that lead to heart failure and stroke are: "high blood pressure, high cholesterol, cigarette smoking, diabetes, poor diet and physical inactivity," with their natural consequences: "overweight and obesity" (http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=21).
Although heart diseases are the number one cause of death in the U.S. today, they are also among the most preventable diseases. An unprecedented opportunity to prevent heart disease and stroke exists today in the United States. "We know what causes these conditions and how to prevent them, largely because of the decades of research supported by NI, the American eart Association, and others" (http://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/action_plan/pdfs/action_plan_full.pdf ). The African-American Population…
Hansen, Jeff. The Birmingham News. "Health Department Wins Double Grants $13 Million to Fight Obesity, Tobacco." Available at: http://www.jcdh.org/misc/ViewBLOB.aspx?BLOBId=270 Retrieved: Sep 29th, 2014
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention. Addressing the Nation's Leading Killers: At A Glance 2011. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/resources/publications/aag/dhdsp.htm Retrieved: Sep 28th, 2014
On the Move to Better Heart Health for African-Americans. U.S. Department of health and Human Services. 2008. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/files/docs/public/heart/aariskfactors.pdf Retrieved: Sep 29th, 2014
Book Report: The Population of the UK
Daniel Dorling’s The Population of the UK is based upon the premise that the ways in which maps are conceptualized has a dramatic effect on how citizens perceive their nation. The book depicts different ways to look at maps of the United Kingdom, including in terms of its racial and geographic diversity. “The disadvantage of using a conventional map is that those areas that are home to most people are obscured in comparison to sparsely populated areas that appear to be most prominent” (Dorling, 2012, p.3). This can give greater significance to remote and rural areas and less significance to densely populated and diverse areas which more accurately reflect the real United Kingdom.
While physical topography has generally-accepted notations on most maps, there is no general consensus about how to depict a nation’s social landscape (Dorling, 2012). Population depiction on maps, Dorling makes…
Body Mass Index (BMI) is thought to be an indicator of overall health. Quite frequently, health researchers choose to include the measure as a possible predictor of specific outcomes of interest, such as death or incidence of a particular disease. Studies that have established an association between BMI and the incidence of cardio-vascular disease, for example, are quite common in the current literature; however, such studies do not always account for other possible contributors to cardio-vascular disease, such as smoking or other latent disease. In the study, Body-Mass Index and Mortality among 1.46 Million White Adults, researchers were interested in determining the existence of an optimal BMI level. The investigators pooled 19 prospective trials, which were initially designed to specifically address cancer related inquiries, in order to arrive at a better understanding of the association of all-cause mortality and BMI. In specific, the researchers' primary interest was, "to assess the…
de Gonzalez, A.B., Hartge, P., Cerhan, J.R., et al. (2010). Body-Mass index and mortality among 1.46 million white adults. N Engl J. Med; 363:2211-9.
Gordis, L. (2004). Epidemiology. (3rd ed.). USA: Elsevier Inc.
They are noo logner able to live; it is the etchial obligation of the hostpital staff to ensure that they die in peace. t is cruaical, tehore, we work towards and test methods for alleviating pain.
mplementation of 48-hour Pain Management System in Hospice Care
The American Pain Society (APS) issued a set of guidelines in the 1990s intended to standardize and improve pain management, thereby providing a framework for assessing care quality. n January 2001, the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) began to assess pain management as part of its accreditation process, through the use of evidence-based standards ( Gordon et al., 2002). n 2002, a set of six consensus pain management standards were revealed by a meta-analysis of 20 research studies from 1992-2001 (Gordon et al., 2002). These were (1) the use of a numeric or descriptive scale to represent pain intensity, (2) frequent pain…
Implementation of 48-hour Pain Management System in Hospice Care
The American Pain Society (APS) issued a set of guidelines in the 1990s intended to standardize and improve pain management, thereby providing a framework for assessing care quality. In January 2001, the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) began to assess pain management as part of its accreditation process, through the use of evidence-based standards ( Gordon et al., 2002). In 2002, a set of six consensus pain management standards were revealed by a meta-analysis of 20 research studies from 1992-2001 (Gordon et al., 2002). These were (1) the use of a numeric or descriptive scale to represent pain intensity, (2) frequent pain checks, (3) avoidance of intramuscular analgesics, (4) regular analgesic administration and preferably multimodal in nature, (5) keeping the patient informed about the pain management approach, and (6) treating with the goal of improving function and quality of life.
Such efforts to identify benchmarks or key performance measures (KPM) were intended to address many significant shortcomings related to effective pain management. A series of reports in the 1990s revealed these shortcomings and they included inadequate pain management, lack of coordinated care, and shortsightedness in terms of the long-term costs (Twaddle et al., 2007). In the past, palliative care would also be deferred until it became obvious the patient was dying. In essence,
2005, the British publication, The Economist, published an article regarding immigration and the parties who benefit from it. At the time, a decade ago, Prime Minister Tony Blair failed in his attempt to rally support against illegal immigration throughout the European Union (EU). Countries across the continent experienced intense political division regarding this issue. Those who favored politics argued for illegal immigration to cease; those who prioritized economics supported immigration, legal or otherwise. The article explains that to ease tensions within the British government, Blair proposed official supporting of legal immigration and the intensification of stopping illegal immigration. Blair ensured that the administration and bureaucracy regarding legal immigration was streamlined. The article then proceeds to question which parties in society benefit from immigration and how.
Immigration, from the perspective of The Economist is an occurrence that should be calculated, regulated, and firmly enforced. The article questions who benefits from immigration;…
Hirschman, C. (2005). Immigration and the American Century. Demography, 42(4), 595 -- 620.
The Economist. (2002). Britain: Who gains from immigration?; Immigration. The Economist, 363(8279), 30.
Student last name
This created problems in the care of patients that should have been admitted to other units, as well as for all patients receiving care in the emergency department on an inpatient or an outpatient basis.
In addition, research was undertaken that examined alternatives to simply increasing the efficiency with which ED patients are either treated and released or admitted on an inpatient basis, and it was found that increasing staffing level and other practices were still insufficient. The research all quite clearly suggested that the practice of inpatient boarding in emergency departments was detrimental to patients as well as to medical, nursing, and support staff, and was also not cost effective for hospitals. It was recognized that a huge benefit could be derived from a comprehensive and conclusive survey of the issue, which would lead to clearer recommendations for nursing and medical staff as well as hospital administrators than have…
Worldwide Population Increase Affect Planet
The world population is a lucrative endeavor that has influential effects on the immediate environment. One of the changing or growing avenues of the planet is that of the enlargement of the human population. Initially, the human population was perceived as a small entity within a vast planet. Nonetheless, the human population has been on the increase over the past centuries. Many lucrative approaches and human activities are part of the changes that have occurred because of the increase in human population in the planet. The avenues of performance within the spectral and planetary stratifications account to the many steps that have been taken by human beings in the environment. The environment is a fragile structure and body that deserves equitable management and security. In order to foster equitable management of the environmental sustainability avenues, there is a need to have a long-range of performances…
Axelrod, R.B., Cooper, C.R., Warriner, A.M., & Kennedy, X.J. (2011). Reading Critically,
Writing Well ninth Ed + Writing and Revising. Bedford/St. Martins
Baer, H.A. (2012). Global capitalism and climate change: The need for an alternative world system. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press.
Gilbert, G. (2006). World population: A reference handbook. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-
It deals with inbuilt societal problems that cannot simply be dealt with due to the fact that they are so internalized. They therefore require a restructuring of societal systems -- that is, a transition and this can be done -- according to Rotman and Loorbach (2008) - by looking into the social structure of the problem
Transition management has already come a long way. As Rotman and Loorbach D (2008) observe:
The progress made in practice as well as the theoretical developments shows that modern times require experimental, innovative, multidisciplinary and participative forms of governance like transition management. In line with the underlying philosophy we cannot be certain about this, but transition management seems to be in tune with present societal demands, research and policy.
At the same time: "We are, however, also a long way from realizing a sustainable society, which means that there are ample challenges for the…
Australian Govt (2007)Tackling Wicked Problems. pdf.
BBC How many people can live on planet earth?
Castro (2004) Sustainable Development: Mainstream and Critical Perspectives Organization Environment; 17; 195
Care for Populations
When it comes to the well-being of the overall population, community and public health are both vital areas to consider. However, how the community rallies around its members and how it bands together in times of crisis are not the only kinds of issues that have to be looked at. Those are important, but it is the day-to-day workings of a community that provide more indication as to how it treats the population and whether an overall sense of well-being can be expected. How that same community responds to public health issues is also worthy of consideration. If a community does not take public health seriously, that could be very disastrous for the overall population. Sickness can spread quickly when people are not taking care of themselves and one another.
It also spreads when the people in a community are not focused on the severity of the…
Barzilai, G. (2003). Communities and law: Politics and cultures of legal identities. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Chipuer, H.M., & Pretty, G.M.H. (1999). A review of the sense of community index: Current uses, factor structure, reliability, and further development. Journal of Community Psychology, 27(6): 643-658.
Cohen, A.P. (1985). The symbolic construction of community. Routledge: New York.
Garrett, L. (2000). Betrayal of trust: the collapse of global public health. New York: Hyperion.
The future of professional psychology:
The influence of special populations on the field of professional psychology
According to the American Board of Professional Psychology: "It is expected that clinical psychologists will demonstrate sensitivity to and skills in dealing with multicultural/diverse populations....Individual and cultural diversity recognizes the broad scope of such factors as race, ethnicity, language, sexual orientation, gender, age, disability, class status, education, religion/spiritual orientation, and other cultural dimension" (Clinical psychology, 2012, ABPP). In other words, the special needs of specific population groups must be taken into consideration when offering care, to ensure that treatment is commensurate and sensitive to the population's needs. The reason for this emphasis on culturally-appropriate care reflects a greater awareness of how not all forms of treatment are appropriate for all population groups within the field, and the degree to which special population needs have and continues to shape the point-of-view…
Asian-Americans need culturally competent mental health care. (2012). APA.
Clinical psychology. (2012). American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP). Retrieved:
Indigenous populations in epublican ome (ca. 500 BCE -- 31 BCE)
Citizenship in colonial era
IV Comparison and Contrast
The issues citizenship of indigenous populations in the oman epublic and during the colonial era in Europe provides comprehensive information regarding how the indigenous populations were treated by Europeans. The right to get justice and to self-determine their politico-social life is the main issues that political philosophy is confronted with (Kabeer, 2002). The internationalization and globalization phenomenon has increased the debate on the issue as the indigenous population demands the rights that only citizenship status grants to individuals. espect and rights are demanded by the indigenous populations and these are accompanied with obligations as well, that being argued by the nation states and expansionist regimes. Citizenship has been regarded as a humane word with plethora of rights and obligation associated to it. The oman epublic is considered as a spearhead of…
Acemoglu, D, Johnson, S & Robinson, J 2003,'The rise of Europe: Atlantic trade, institutional change and economic growth',The American Economic Review, Vol. 95, No. 3, pp. 546-579.
Dodds, S 1998,'Citizenship, justice and indigenous group-specific rights-Citizenship and indigenous Australia',Citizenship studies, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 105-119.
Fantham, E 2005,'Liberty and the people in Republican Rome',In Transactions of the American Philological Association, Vol. 135, No. 2, pp. 209-229.
History.org 2013, 'Voting Chain of Events Directions', Viewed on 15 Apr 2013, [ http://www.history.org/History/teaching/enewsletter/volume4/images/ChainDirections.pdf ]
He is made at himself for not coming to terms with himself earlier in life and he is mad at himself for spending so much time "giving his love" to people - men -- who didn't deserve it. He says that if he could go back, he would go to school, he would embrace who he is, he would be honest with family about his sexuality, and he would have found a spiritual life sooner. Bruce is quite spiritual now. He is no longer Baptist, but rather he has taken up belief in the tenets of Buddhism, which he claims has brought him much peace inside as well as has made him more tolerant of others -- including whites.
One interesting fact about Bruce is that he says that he has never had a very strong identity to gay men either -- whether they are white or black. He seems…
Gay Men of African Descent (GMAD). (2010). Gay men of African Descent. Accessed on October 28, 2010: http://www.gmad.org/index.html
Sue, D.W., & Sue, D. (1999). Counseling the culturally different: Theory and practice
(3rd ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
(de Zuniga, Mencia Manso., 2001, 1-2)
Socially, the rise of the Hispanic population is propelling their cultural mores into mainstream acceptance. There has been the advent of media TV channels specifically catered to the Hispanic market by only screening programs that solely speak Spanish. Many jobs now have the requirement for the candidate to speak more than one language (e.g. English and Spanish), and the census even allows respondents to put down more than one nationality in relation to their cultural identity. (Rural Migration News, 1998, 1) Concerning health care, Hispanics suffer some diseases more profoundly than other cultural groups in the population because they are not as medically aware. Also, compounded with the language barrier, older Hispanics who don't understand English tend to bring their children in to translate and the situation can get a little difficult explaining to a child what is medically wrong with the adult. There…
Cato Institute & the National Immigration Forum, 2001, "Effects of Immigration on Natives' Earnings." Immigration: The Demographic and Economic Facts. www.cato.org
Cato Institute & the National Immigration Forum, (2001) "Effects of Immigration on Native Unemployment." Immigration: The Demographic and Economic Facts. www.cato.org
De Zuniga, Mencia Manso. (2001) "Companies must Innovate to Reach Diverse Hispanics." The Spain - U.S. Chamber of Commerce, www.spainuscc.org
Lee, Jonathan & Siemborsk, Robert (2001) Laws Restricting Immigration. www.bergen.org
Exercise 5: Population Survey
It was in October 1997 that the Office of Management and Budget or the OMB announced that the standards for the gathering of federal data on race and ethnicity in the United States of America would be changed from thenceforth, and that the minimum categories for race would be form then onwards, divided into the following categories: American Indian or Alaska Native; Asian; Black or African-American; Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; and White. This meant that any individual, when choosing to self-identify himself, would not have to place himself according to the multi-racial perspective that had been in use earlier, but rather; he could select one or more races when he would have to identify himself for any purpose. In addition, the OMB has today made an added provision, which is known as the 'Some Other ace'. (acial and Ethnic classifications used in Census…
Berardinelli, James. "To Kill a Mockingbird, all time 100" Retrieved From
Accessed 27 October, 2005
Dirks, Tim. "To Kill a Mockingbird (1962). Review by Tim Dirks" Retrieved From
Population Implosion in Europe
Roughly thirty years ago, a global think tank declared that population pressures would devastate the world by the mid-1990's, however, they did not foresee that women in the developed world would be producing fewer children (Specter 1998).
ith life expectancy rising as the fertility rate drops, most developed countries may find themselves with lopsided societies, a large number of elderly and not enough young people working to support them (Specter 1998). Thus, every program that requires public funds, such as health care, education, pensions and military spending will be affected (Specter 1998).
Due to prosperity and freedom, millions of women are staying in school longer, putting more emphasis on work and marrying later, resulting in a rapid birth rate decline in many countries (Specter 1998). In Italy, women produce on average fewer than 1.2 children, the lowest figure every recorded among humans (Specter 1998). It is…
Specter, Michael. "Population Implosion Worries a Graying Europe." New York
Times. July 10, 1998.
Eberstadt, Nicholas. "The Population Implosion.(demographic trends toward decreasing birthrates and declining life spans)(Statistical Data Included)."
Foreign Policy. March 01, 2001.
Richard T. Wright, Dorothy Boorse, Population and Resources
Before sewer systems and water treatment plants, there were many people who were still able to live hygienically. Even today, there are a number of people whose homes are not attached to city sewer systems, and whose waste products do not make their way to a water treatment plant. These people generally have septic tanks buried in their yards, and a drain field extends from the tank, also buried in the yard. This allows the waste products to be safely and hygienically removed from the home, and these products eventually go back to the earth. This takes time, and there can be problems with the system. Tanks can crack, become too full, or the drain system can fail to drain properly. If the slope in the pipes from the sinks and other facilities to the septic system are not correct, there could…
Exploration - Populations
Population pyramids symbolize graphically the age/gender arrangement of a population. Basically is shows how many men and women of a given age or age group are present in the population. They are detailed kinds of histograms, in which the male population is displayed on the left side of the graph, and the female population on the right; the youngest are the base of the pyramid, and the oldest are at its top. The very oldest are generally absent from the representation of the pyramid because it is unfeasible to depict this open-ended interval that includes a few of the oldest-old. Percentages are figured using both sexes combined or the total population as the denominator. A lot can be read from population pyramids as they can trace the history of a populace, as well as project its prospect. In particular, one can deduce the likelihood of population…
Malcom, C. (2012). Types of Population Pyramids. Retrieved from http://www.ehow.com/list_6370548_types-population-pyramids.html
Population Pyramids. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://healthandrights.ccnmtl.columbia.edu/demography/population_pyramids.html
Population Pyramids 2. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.martinsclass.com/aphug/population-pyramids-2/
S. Census ureau statistics, which disproportionately omit U.S. Latino-residents and, as a result, understate the population bases on which congressional representation and decisions on program funding are made. This kind of resistance has repeatedly resulted in an incomplete policy agenda and the formation of the appropriate and responsive management of demographic change. The fast-aging character of the American population places the burden of caring for the elderly on minorities and immigrants. Current and projected demographic patterns indicate that the economic success of the nation depends more and more on the fate of the growing Chicano population. Their education and welfare can, therefore, not be ignored by policymakers (aker).
Confronting and realistically addressing the significance of the education and welfare of the growing -and mostly young - Chicano population in America is a primacy concern in policymaking for the 21st century (aker). The focus and direction of policies must be the…
1. Baker, Susan Gonzales. Demographic Trends in the Chicana/o Population: Policy Implications for the Twenty-First Century.
2. Shrestha, Laura B. Changing Demographic Profile of the United States. Congressional Research Service Report for Congress, May 5, 2006. http://www.fas.org/sgf/crs/misc/RL32701.pdf
Future of Healthcare as it Relates to the Geriatric Population
Description and Problem Statement
The geriatric population in the United States is growing and compared to the population of health care providers the geriatric population growth is advancing much more rapidly. This presents a problem in making provision of health care to the future geriatric population. While there is a growth in the demand for geriatric health care services, there is not a matching growth in the population of health care providers and in fact, a shortage presently exists.
The population of geriatric patients is experiencing rapid growth while the population of health care providers specifically trained in geriatric medicine is seriously lagging behind. In fact, of the approximately 650,000 medical doctors who are practicing, only a small percentage receives the training and education required to provide geriatric care. Exacerbating the problem is the fact that only three medical schools…
Bagel, LM (2011) Designs to Support Aging Acute Care Patients. Elder Care. Health Facilities Management. Retrieved from: http://www.hfmmagazine.com/hfmmagazine/jsp/articledisplay.jsp?dcrpath=HFMMAGAZINE/Article/data/04APR2012/0412HFM_FEA_interiors&domain=HFMMAGAZINE
Gottlieb, S. (2013) Medicare Has Stopped Paying Bills For Medical Diagnostic Tests. Patients Will Feel The Effects. Forbes 27 Mar 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.forbes.com/sites/scottgottlieb/2013/03/27/medicare-has-stopped-paying-bills-for-medical-diagnostic-tests-patients-will-feel-the-effects/2/
Graverholt, B., et al. (2011) Acute hospital admissions among nursing home residents: a population-based observational study. BMC Health Services Research 2011. Retrieved from: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/11/126
Healthcare in America: Trends in Utilization (2004) U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/misc/healthcare.pdf
Psychology -- the Effects of Population Density and Noise
Population density affects territoriality, privacy, personal space and noise levels. These four psychological elements involve perception and high population density affects all of them in ways that are physiologically and psychologically harmful to humans. Through decades of experience and study, experts have learned to use perception to reduce the harmful effects of high population density. The introduction of nature and the use of design to create the perception of ample space can dramatically reduce the harmful effects of high population density on territoriality, privacy and personal space. In addition, the uses of noise masking and noise-absorbing materials have reduced the harmful effects of noise. Just as perception can increase harm, perception can also decrease harm.
a. Population Density
"Population density" is the number of people residing in an area divided by the size of that area (National Geographic Society). Population…
Lebednik, Christine. "Types of Noise-Absorbing Materials." n.d. www.ehow.com Web site. Web. 6 July 2014.
Merriam-Webster, Inc. "Proxemics." 2014. www.merriam-webster.com Web site. Web. 6 July 2014.
National Geographic Society. "A Look at the Population Density of the United States." 2008. http://education.nationalgeographic.com Web site. Web. 6 Hykt 2014.
ProAudioSupport. "What is auditory masking?" 2014. www.proaudiosupport.com Web site. Web. 6 July 2014.
Evidence-based nursing interventions that will provide quality care to vulnerable populations
There is evidence in innovative health programs whose outcomes are Hospice care with increased patient and caregiver satisfaction costs lower than the conventional care; programs with community-based care reduces the severity of symptoms and results in a rapid functioning; for the frail elderly, it results in improved satisfaction; Patient empowerment, especially with the frail elderly and disabled adults, brings satisfaction and knowledge about their care; for the mentally ill, it lowers the rate of homelessness and for patients with diabetes or congestive heart failure, it decreases the morbidity. Usually, the beneficial effects were limited to the duration of the intervention (Aday, 2001).
There is evidence for enhanced patient satisfaction in the health care that emphasize continual care, multidisciplinary approaches, patient empowerment, and innovative approaches. Health care providers should also practice evidence-based care as it demonstrates the effectiveness. Patients with…
A fishbowl draw (or a similar method of physically randomizing the selection of numbers from the population contained in the table, such as dropping a coin from high above an enlarged version of the table and allowing it to bounce onto selected numbers) would be preferred for this study. This means of selection would fully randomize the selection, ensuring the validity of the sample, while at the same time would be fairly easy to accomplish. The creation or utilization of a computer program to randomly select numbers form this population would also be a highly valid and reliable way of accomplishing the necessary sampling, but this would be much more time-intensive as it would require the inputting of the entire population into the computer before the sample could be created. Analysis would be accomplished much faster by the computer after the data had been input, of course, but the data…
health care to an indigent population.
As illustrated by the case, there were many unique problems associates with delivering health care to the indigent population. First, communication was an issue plaguing all parties involved. Difficulty in regards to understanding overall objectives and health care plans made operations inefficient and costly. Massive errors resulted from communication issues that ultimately hindered the access and quality of health care to the indigent population. Communication is the foundation of delivering health care. Everyone, from owners to employees must be able to effectively communicate in order to offer the quality of health care needed to support the indigent population. Without simple and comprehensive forms of communication, the overall health care program will falter as stakeholders are unaware of the overall vision and plan for the health care system.
Education also is a very profound problem in delivering health care to the indigent population. The community…
1) "Cooper Green Hospital & The Community Care Plan" (2011, July 16) http://www.*****/Details/Cooper+Green+Hospital/43335
2) Swayne, L.E., Duncan, J., & Ginter, P.M. (2009). Strategic management of healthcare organizations (6th ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass
3) Velasco, Anna (July 15, 2007) "Renovation transforming look of county hospital." Birmingham News
Pretesting a problem for generalization is helpful because the researcher can check to see if the groups are equivalent. Researchers can also assess mortality effects and determine if the people who withdrew are different from those individuals who finished the study. Pretesting may affect the ability to generalize results because the results can not be generalized to people who were not given a pretest, and pretests are rarely conducted in day-to-day living (Cozby, 274).
4. Distinguish between an exact replication and a conceptual replication. What is the value of a conceptual replication?
n exact replication is a researcher's attempt to exactly duplicate a study's procedures to determine if similar findings can be obtained. conceptual representation tries to replicate the findings of a research study by manipulating the variables in a different way. conceptual replication is valuable because the researcher can determine whether or not the results of the study are…
An exact replication is a researcher's attempt to exactly duplicate a study's procedures to determine if similar findings can be obtained. A conceptual representation tries to replicate the findings of a research study by manipulating the variables in a different way. A conceptual replication is valuable because the researcher can determine whether or not the results of the study are generalizable by manipulating or measuring the variables differently than they were used in the first study (Cozby, 2009, 277).
5. What is a meta-analysis?
A meta-analysis is a quantitative technique for comparing a large number of studies in an area. The researcher examines the results for many different studies and combines the results of the studies using statistical procedures to compare given findings. A meta-analysis has several advantages over a literature review. First, definitive conclusions can be drawn from the findings. Secondly, relationships between variables can be examined by comparing the different studies. Last, the meta-analysis can offer comparisons between effect sizes (Cozby, 2009, p. 278-279).
Children with AIDS
The Centers for Disease Control estimate there were 217 children with HIV below the age of 13, in 2010 in the 46 states. The report indicates that seventy-five percent of these were infected prenatal. By the end of 2009, approximately 10,834 people diagnosed with HIV at the age of 13 and below, were living with confidential, long-term name-based HIV reporting. Of the prenatal infections, 63% were from the African/Black community, 22% were Latino/Hispanics, and 13% were whites. The CDC estimates that the number of new children infected will increase by 30%. This is because the number of women giving birth in the U.S., with HIV increase at a rate of 30% in 2006. New York has the highest number of children with AIDS in any area of the U.S., as half of the children diagnosed with HIV / AIDS in the country reside in the…
Holmes, A.M., Ackerman, R.D., Zillich, A.J., Katz, B.P., Downs, S.M., & Inui, T.S. (2008). The Net Fiscal Impact of a Chronic Disease Management Program: Indiana Medicaid. Health Affairs, 27(3), 855-864.
Peters, V.B., M.D., Liu, K., Robinson, L., Dominguez, Kenneth L, M.D., M.P.H., Abrams, E.J., M.D., Gill, B.S., PhD., & Thomas, P.A., M.D. (2008). Trends in perinatal HIV prevention in New York City, 1994-2003. American Journal of Public Health, 98(10), 1857-64.
Schackman, B.R., Gebo, K.A., Walensky, R.P., Losina, E., Muccio, T., Sax, P.E., Weinstein, M.C., Seage, G.R. III, Moore, R.D., & Freedberg, K.A. (2006). The lifetime cost of current human immunodeficiency virus care in the United States. Medical Care, 44(11), 990-997.
Dasgupta (2018) shows in his article on urban growth around the world, that by the year 2050 approximately 70% of the world’s population will live in urban areas. This means that cities are going to have a major impact not only on the lives of human beings but also on the planet, as there will be a concentrated amount of energy and activity in these urban parts of the world. Moreover, aside from environmental concerns there are likely to be social issues that emanate from this intense localization of the population into vast cities. As Coleman and Kerbo (2009) point out, how these areas are socially organized will be very critical to how well they are maintained and how well the inhabitants of these areas are striving to take care of their world: “Young people may be inadequately socialized because of problems in the institution of the family, or society…
" And as for this article's information on mortality among slaves in South America, "Death rates among slaves in the Caribbean were one-third higher than in the south...and sometimes Latin American slaves were forced to wear iron masks to keep them from eating dirt or drinking liquor." It was cruel to force slaves in Latin America to produce their own food "in their free time" (Digital History), but that was what was expected of them.
So while slaves were dying in huge numbers due to the difficulties of working in the mines and in the sugar cane plantations in Brazil, many slaves in America were actually working indoors in kitchens, doing domestic work, helping white mothers raise the white children. They received, by all accounts, ample food to eat, and even were treated with some dignity in some instances.
hile there were no doubt numerous instances of brutality on the…
Cooper, Joseph. The Lost Continent: Slavery and the Slave-Trade in Africa in 1875. London:
Frank Cass & Co. LTD, 1968.
Digital History. "African-American Voices: American Slavery in Comparative Perspective."
2006). Retrieved Dec. 2, 2007, at http:/ / the.net/encyclopedia/article/wahl.slavery.us.
psychographic population segments. Part B: Discuss (6) main social/Cultural
In order to discuss the three primary psychographic population segments that are existent today, it is necessary to clarify the meaning of psychographic segmentation. This term merely means stratifying people according to their attitudes, belief systems, opinions, activities, behaviors, and interests. The most readily available and convenient way to stratify the current population, then, based on these factors is to do so by generation. Thus, the three principle psychographic population segments involve the so-called Baby Boomer Generation, Generation X (which is sometimes grouped together with Generation Y) and the generation known as the millennials or "Generation Me" as affectionately termed by renowned author Jean Twenge.
There are several really salient social and cultural trends that have impacted online exchange. Of these, one of the more relevant today includes reputation. eputation is best defined as the public perception of a certain company,…
Boches, E. (2011). The next five social media trends and their impact on marketing. Creativity Unbound. Retrieved from http://edwardboches.com/the-next-five-social-media-trends-and-their-impact-on-marketing
Twenge, J. (2012). Millenials: the greatest generation or the most narcissistic? The Atlantic. Retrieved from http://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2012/05/millennials-the-greatest-generation-or-the-most-narcissistic/256638/
Malthus and Overpopulation
Malthus was correct in a limited context regarding population. In some parts of the world, cities -- such as Dhaka, Hong Kong, and Mumbai -- are very densely populated and may be considered overpopulated given the square footage per person ratios (Smith). They are overcrowded and individuals are packed into these cities in much the same way sardines are packed into tins. In these regions, Malthus's assertion, that population increases geometrically while food supply increases arithmetically, can be discerned as evidently true based on the configurations of the people in the region. However, when one looks at whole countries, such as Germany, Japan, or even the U.S., one can see a decline in population that Kotkin calls a "death spiral" -- i.e., in that long-term low birth-rates are causing populations to dwindle.
The issue here is that Malthus never saw the expansion of birth control to the…
Perinatal HIV Transmission
One of the more tragic consequences of the HIV / AIDS pandemic is the prevalence of infected children. An estimated 4 million children have been diagnosed with the disease worldwide since HIV was first described in 1981 and greater than 90% of these infections occurred perinatally (Lundy and Janes, 2009, p. 468). Children's immune systems are especially vulnerable to HIV and they typically progress to developing AIDs quickly; rarely to they survive to adulthood and are often are faced with losing one or more parents to the disease.
Causes of Perinatal HIV Transmission
In more developed countries almost all HIV infections in newborns are acquired from HIV-infected mothers perinatally (Lundy and Janes, 2009, p. 468). In the United States these infections are more likely to occur because the mothers had little or no access to quality prenatal care. Access to prenatal care in the United…
Lundy, Karen Saucier and Janes, Sharyn. (2009). Community Health Nursing: Caring for the Public's Health (2nd Ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers
Wang, Xu and Ho, Wen-Zhe. (2011). Drugs of abuse and HIV infection/replication: Implications for mother-fetus transmission. Life Sciences, 88, 972-979.
Disadvantaged population: Young, African-American Men
ecently black males have been openly described as an endangered species. This crisis of the black male has been accredited to more than a few factors and is noticeable in literally all features of society. They are primarily absent from institutions of higher learning and from the labor force. They also quit school and are imprisoned at an elevated rate. These matters can all be accredited to the position of black males inside the area of education. The current problem covers several issues: an elevated drop-out rate, low test scores, and small pace of entrance into colleges and universities (Poorman, 2008).
According to Milner (2007), black males in city schools are frequently thought to be troubled students whose futures are not known. Black male students are completely underrepresented in gifted education and overrepresented in special education. According to the author there are five things…
Milner IV, H. (2007). African-American Males in Urban Schools: No Excuses-Teach and Empower. Theory Into Practice, 46(3), 239-246. doi:10.1080/00405840701402281
Poorman, Melissa. (2008). Assessing the Crisis: Black Males and Secondary Education.
Retrieved from http://www.wlu.edu/Documents/shepherd/academics/cap_08_poorman.pdf
Whiting, G. (2009). Gifted Black Males: Understanding and Decreasing Barriers to Achievement